Lessons In Fiqh 47

Assim Al-Hakeem

Channel: Assim Al-Hakeem

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Topics: Fiqh

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Not 100 Rahim hamdulillah salat wa salam O Allah. Allah Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa t he was an admission that he led me Dean Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh. And welcome to lessons in

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Hadith number 172 deals with the conditions of salaat as we're still studying this chapter, and it's narrated by Medallia, Adnan hakam. And I believe that brother Mustafa will read it for us, narrated by Marionette hakam May Allah be pleased with him of laws, messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,

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talking is not benefiting during the prayer, for it consists only of glorifying Allah declaring his greatness, Andrey citation of the Quran.

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Now this hadith definitely tells us one of the things that a person should preserve during his prayer. And that is, he should not talk to you throughout the prayer and talking is not acceptable. We will learn later on in Sharla, that this was the case at the very beginning of Islam, that Muslims while pray and prayer, they could talk together. So while they're in the congregation praying, he could look to his left and say, Hey, Mohammed, what are you going to do this night? And the guy says, well, they gotta go, you know, do some bowling or whatever you have anything in mind said Well, let's finish pray and talk afterwards. This was acceptable at the beginning. In Islam,

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they used to talk and you know, but until Allah azza wa jal told them not to do this and we will come to this inshallah, later on. And this Hadith, Malian haccombe spoke, he talked, and he didn't know that was not permissible. The prophet SAW Selim told him that this is not benefiting. It's not good. It's not suitable for prayer. And it should consist, the prayer should consist only of glorifying a law declaring his greatness and the recitation of the Quran. This is the only thing that is

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acceptable and prayer. There's another Hadith, and it might be related to this one, where

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and mollywood hakam could be this one, where someone sneezed, while in the congregation prayer, and of course, you know, that when someone sneezes, he should say, and hamdulillah.

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And those who heard him should say, your ham cola. So this man, whether it's while he or someone else, heard this companion sneeze, so he said, You're hung qumola during the prayer. So the companions themselves, you know, started to move in their places, as if they've looked at him. And he noticed that they are looking at him. So he's talked again,

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why are you looking at me? He shouted, why are you looking at me? That was during the congregation prayer. So they started clapping their, their their thighs, making a sound of God,

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asking him to shut up.

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So he did not talk after the prayer. He was called by the prophet alayhi salatu salam, and he did not he says, the companion, he said that he did not shout at me. He did not reprimand me. He just said, my

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own son, or son of my brother, or nephew of mine. The Salah is not acceptable for such things. It's only acceptable for this and this and this and this. So the prophet SAW Selim taught him what to do. And this is the way of the Prophet Allah so Simon teaching others, no shouting, no slandering, no labeling, no accusations. He had all the love in him to teach people. We were told once that

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That a bad one came from the desert, into the mosque, and look at the side, one side of the mosque and started to urinate in the mosque in the masjid. The Companions all stood up to beat this man and stop him. The Prophet told them and Leave him. Leave him until he finishes. Because if you start with him, he's going to spread his urine all over the mosque running away from you. And the danger in the filth would be spread. So leave him it's contained in one area. And after he finished the profit, called him and told him, oh, nephew of mine, this is unacceptable in Islam, these mosques are made for the recitation of the Quran, for glorifying Allah, and so on. What did the man do? The

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man raised his hand and said, Oh, Allah, forgive Muhammad, the prophet sins, and me are Allah have mercy on Mohammed and me, and don't include anyone else with us.

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Because the companions shouted at him and wanted to, you know, beat him when he was urinating. And then when the prophet SAW some clarified things to him, he he supplicated, he said, Oh, Allah, have mercy on Mohammed and myself. And don't join any of these

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guys with us. So the Prophet told him that this is Allah's mercy, why limited on only us, this is something that should be to all mankind. So it teaches us that the prophet SAW Selim was had his way with those who are ignorant, and he was nice and kind to them. And this is the way we should treat ignorant people.

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There are so many times that people complain of good and committed Muslims, calling for Allah are calling people to Allah in a wrong way. They go and accuse people of being not good Muslims, they shout at them, they talk to them as if they are teaching kids. And this nobody accepts this way. You have to be modest, you have to be sincere, you have to show people that you want all the good possible to them, only then they will accept your call. And this is the way the prophets or seller used to call

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the Muslims and his followers.

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Again, this is not this is the general trend of course. For example, when a man came to the prophet Elijah Salaam, complaining, he said, All prophet of Allah, I have committed intercourse I did. I had intercourse with my wife, during the day of Ramadan, and I was fasting.

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Now the Prophet, if anyone came to us with such a complaint, we would immediately say, Are you crazy? Are you insane? Aren't you a good Muslim? Don't you feel Allah? Don't you know it's a sin, you have sinned? You have did this, you have did that. And the guy would think that he's in hell did this. The Prophet did this ISO setup? It was very simple, simple and easy. The Prophet told him free, a slave.

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The man said, I don't have any slaves. So the Prophet said, Okay, then feet, fast, two months, fast, two consecutive months, to the mindset prophet of Allah.

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I did this in one day, you want me to fast, whole 60 days I can't, I'm unable to do this.

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So the Prophet says as Assam then feed 60 poor people,

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as any punishment, you have to pay, and feed 60 poor persons. So the man said, I don't have any money. So the Prophet told him to sit down, he sat down. After a while, some people came with their charity, their certified and gave it to the Prophet. So the Prophet said, Where is this man asking a while ago, so he stood opposite.

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So the Prophet told him, take this, and feed 60 persons, poor people. So then I said, Prophet, I'm the poorest person in Medina. I am the poorest person in Medina. So the Prophet laughed, and said, Take it and feed it to your family.

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So it tells us that how kind and merciful the prophet SAW Selim was with those who are ignorant, and those who did not know. But with those who were arrogant, the prophet SAW Selim was very tough with them. With those who didn't know, yet chose to choose the other direction. The Prophet was tough with them, as in the example with a Buddha

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when he had this

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dispute with Bilal, even roba. May Allah be pleased with them. And they had this argument that happens with among or between everyone. And a Buddha went out of his way. He crossed the Red Line. And he said to be loud, shut up, you, the son of a black woman. And this is an insult, if it's intended to be an insult, but if it's not intended to be insult, a black person's mother is black, and yellows person's mother will yellow meaning that a descendant of the of East Asia, not yellow meaning coward, but

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a person from Africa, his mother is African, a person from Asia has, she's Asian, a person from Europe, his mother is a Caucasian or whatever. So it depends if you're saying it with the intention of an insult, or with a pure and clear conscious Buddha, when he said, below, you are the mother, the son of a black woman. He meant it as an insult. So Bilal did not say anything, he went to the prophet and told him that I would have said so and so. The Prophet was so angry with a boozer and he told him that you are a person that still have this jelly and you your Islam is not complete you the eve

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behaved out of arrogance. So a Buddha went to Bilal and asked for his forgiveness. Some narration say that he put his face on the ground, and asked Bilal saying, oh, son of a black woman, put your foot on my cheek, just to show you that I'm not adding anymore. And Bella said, May Allah forgive you, brother stand up, and they made up. Another example of the prophet SAW Selim being tough, without with those who are were adamant and knowledgeable. When he saw a person eating using his left hand,

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the prophets Allah Sallam told him, eat with your right hand.

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And this is what we should do. Whenever you see someone eating or drinking with his left hand, you should tell him, brother, use your right hand because forbidden to do it with the left hand. But the man that the Prophet was talking to our system was arrogant. So he says, he said, I cannot

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do he can, but out of arrogance, he said, I cannot. So the Prophet said, and so some may, you cannot, well, this is not good English, this is awful English, the prophet prayed and said, I pray to Allah that you may not be able to lift

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your left hand, your right hand to your mouth, and his right hand was paralyzed instantly. And this was reported in Muslim, he could not lift it up to his mouth, because he lied when saying, I cannot use my right hand. So the Prophet said, then it should be as you claimed it to be, and it was paralyzed. So this tells us that it depends on the situation, when to be lean, and soft and good, when they're at when there are not knowledgeable or they need knowledge. And when they

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are arrogant with knowledge, but they would not comply to what you are saying, I believe that we should take a short break. So stay tuned.

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So this is something that you have to point out to the to them in the Bible, something which is I think, very rarely needed by the youth, which is staying firm on the cloth. This is just one of the greatest examples for me of how to control your anger within the framework of being the cleanest religion, the cleanest jurisprudence, and in the meantime,

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the kindest religion to animals.

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Let's talk with Helene amanat as he interviews guests and discusses a variety of topics, everything from youth issues, to religious issues. Join us here on houda TV.

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Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah and welcome back. The following Hadees Hadees number 173. I think

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MySQL read this for us.

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Now by the outcome rhodiola one we used to talk while engaged in Salatin prayer during the lifetime of Allah's Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and one would talk with his companion regarding his needs in solid, meaning prayer, till this verse was revealed. Guard strictly the prayers, especially the middle prayer, and stand before a law with obedience, then we then we were commanded to observe silence, meaning in prayer, and were forbidden to talk.

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Of course, this hadith falls in line in what we as Muslims, all do, there is no Muslims talk or speak during prayer, and this is common knowledge and common sense. Because you are praying you should observe your prayer and safeguarded without talking, too guarded strictly and not to talk it. Now, we mentioned this earlier that the very beginning companions used to talk during prayer, it was okay for them to do so. Until this verse was revealed half into either salatu salam, WA como de la carnitine. And what is the middle prayer

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Salatu Allah so that you have to guard strictly your prayers, especially after prayer, and why I say prayer because lots of people sleep over us or prayer after they come back from work or forget it, Mustafa. So if now someone talks in prayer, then his prayer is not accepted. If a person talks intentionally, during prayer, yes, it's not accepted. Okay, what about unless the Imam makes a mistake during the recitation of the Quran, and he corrects it? Yes. What about if sometimes children when they come to pray in the masjid they laugh?

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So, does this nullify their I'll kill you? We will come to that Sharla bumalik Oh, if like somebody praying and you know, like, they see there's a child going play with electricity or fire. If they like shout them stop or sit down or come back. Well, that regular prayer, if they talk intentionally, this nullifies their prayer, they pray again, if they move from their position, and climb the stairs and take the child before falling from the stairs, they this nullifies the prayer, they pray again, but they have to do this, it is a must, that they do this, this short movement or small amount that is not considered to be lots of movement. This does not nullify the prayer.

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Yes, well, how about

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I recorded that in Africa, I don't remember exactly verse, but uh,

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he met an enemy and he fought him while he was praying. So a lot of hope, you know, yes, just in my head. And he followed my he was in the prayer, psychological health, what this other half president to the prayer that one performs while in the state of war.

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When you have a war, and the state of war, you praying and your enemies in front of you or behind you or around you, you pray, you're allowed to pray a lot of health. A lot of hope is a different story all together, because

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in a lot of health, you may face the direction other than the Qibla. You may pray the four Raka into one, single rocker is shortened into one as In some versions of the Hadith, the way it's done, the movement carrying the weaponry, observing your enemies, maybe not frustrating all the way just to keep eye contact and so on. It's completely different. So it does not apply here. We're talking about the normal, a standard obligatory prayer. Okay, I'm sorry for interrupting but isn't there a hadith where it says that there are certain insects or animals we're supposed to kill or praying? Isn't that concern movement? Yes, it's as I mentioned earlier, you're allowed to move but within you

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know, an acceptable boundaries. Now if I see a scorpion in front of me, I'd kill it. But if the scorpion moves from my room to the other living room, and I ran after it, you know, holding my slippers and trying to catch it and here there goes up the stairs and I follow it. This is not prayer. This is too much this is taking the movement is a lot. So you're allowed to kill certain types of insects or things that harm you. Providing that it is not a lot of movement in itself.

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It's okay. For example, if I'm praying, and I'm carrying my child, whenever I bow a prostrate and put it aside, whenever I stand up, I pick it up and put it again, this is movement, but it's acceptable. If there's an opening in the row in front of me, it's okay, if I walk 234 steps until I fill this gap in the row in front of me, this is acceptable, but lots of movement makes the prayer invalid, such as you're in prayer, your mobile rings, you pick it up, you look at the name, it's a missed call, you try to see who's who was calling. And then I, it's my grandma, you send her a text message.

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Saying that, okay, I'll be home for dinner at nine o'clock. And then you put it back again in your pocket. This is this invalidates your prayer. So the movement has to be, you know, measured, in the sense that would this accept it be regarded as a lot? Or would this be regarded as permissible and Okay.

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What brought us to this subject? I forgot

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about science in the prayer, about silence in the silence in Britain in the prayer. So one should observe the silence in his prayer and not talk in his prayer. Muslim, I think was a question was about laughing children laughing. Now, scholars classified the sounds that come out of a person. So some of them say, if a person says two letters or more, then this is considered to be talking in this notifies your prayer. And there is nothing to ever say, Oh, this, this is a sequence of like, what, five, five letters? They say, Well, this is talking, your prayer is invalid. And there's no evidence on this. I didn't talk I coughed and sneezed. And did God knows cleared my throat. This is

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not talking. So this is not authentic. You have to have an authentic thing. As far as laughing. Laughing is even worse than talking. Because the essence of prayer is submissiveness. For sure, contemplation, and if you laugh in prayer, then this contradicts with the essence of prayer, then your prayer is invalid. Or what about a smile?

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If a person just smiles, this is not recommended, but it doesn't nullify your prayer. A smile does not nullify your prayer. We come to the before we come fight, he has a question. What about if someone is really submissive during therapy? And he says, as a replication to supplication? Oh, God,

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say to

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our friends, no, this is not not

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recommended. See, what's recommended. During salaat, is what the prophet SAW Selim used to do. The prophets of Salaam used to whenever he read or recite, recited wherever you cited a verse that had the mentioning of Jenna, or reward, you would say, oh, Allah grant me.

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He would ask Allah from his father and generosity. And when he ever he recited a sword or a verse, that had punishment and hell and torture, he will say, oh, Allah, I seek refuge in You. So this is acceptable. But to talk during the prayer, by saying you're a law, you're up and raising your voice, as a lot of people say this, this is not acceptable, unless it's done without your intention. And so many times people talk and do something without intending it. So I, I've seen this in front of me.

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My wife was once praying. And once she was praying, one of the kids was on a chair, and almost fell.

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And she noticed that they said, she said, you're loyal, not the kids, the kid. Once she was praying, and I jumped in and saved the kid from falling down, and she continued praying. And that's what she said. She said, What do you think? Should I pray again? The answer would be no, because this was done, unintentionally. If you do it intentionally, it's forbidden. And just to recap, I think Mustafa has a question but before we go to Muslims question. In China, we night prayer in Ramadan. You see a lot of weird things. You see a lot of weird things. People talk during the door, especially in the drop of the last record with a Mexican

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Are you hear people saying things? You're a B? Don't do this. Don't do that you're a lawyer and maybe sometimes you This is funny but it's actual. You hear people crying you ladies men saying, Oh today is the amount of the Haram May Allah preserve your mouth Islam, aka stays in the in the Salah. What do you What are you doing? And they when you ask them, they don't remember. Okay this happened. unintentionally, this took place because they did not intend to does this nullify their Salah that are hidden in the scene of Ghana do not

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punish us if we forget, or we make a mistake. And this is out of this is not within their hands. But if it were to be within their hands, if they did that intentionally, the prayer would be nullified. Mustapha if someone if you're praying and someone tells you Salaam Alaikum, should you answer back? No. You should not answer your back. But there are Hadith that you may answer by

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waving raising your hand. So if you are in prayer, somebody say Santa Monica, you may raise your hand. This is okay. It was reported by the prophet or a source of that he did this though. I believe this is okay. And of course this is depending that you are praying on your own because if you're in the congregation, it wouldn't be acceptable that someone comes into the mosque. He says, and this happens. A lot of people entering the mosque, the people are praying. He says I said, Why are you doing this for? So this is not recommended? Yes. Mustapha, I have a question about level assuming that you're in the mosque, for example, and there's a small child, and then he does something funny.

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That's so funny. That is can't control yourself. And you laugh. You don't understand why you actually laugh. There's this tool for you. Yes, yes. But you didn't have the intention. This is yes. But this took you off the prayer. See if you do something unintentionally, because, for example, you had to you're afraid of something. But when you are in the case of laughing, this conflicts completely with the submissiveness. It's different when someone is about to fall and you say, watch out.

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And you did not intend that. It's different than when you laugh. Because when you laugh, this means that you have no fear of Allah. It's funny, it's funny, but if you just read, write, try to recollect and think of Allah as your greatness. You cannot even smile, because you are standing before the creator of the earth and heavens,

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the creator of heaven and paradise. So, no matter what happens in front of you, it you have a serious face with a seed that that reflects a serious heart. But if you laugh, and I've seen people laughing from the recitation of the Quran, you know, people go and laugh, and they make they laugh because of this. I'm afraid that this is all the time we have for today's program, so Sharla till we meet next time, Fiamma Allah was sent Mr. de como de la jolla barakato