Thrown in a Well – Episode 02

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Asim Khan

Channel: Asim Khan

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Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

Thrown in a Well
(Tafseer Ibn Taymiyyah of Surah Yusuf)

Join Ustadh Asim Khan for this tafseer.

Episode 2 Verses 4-5
Download the coursebook now:
bit.ly/1lKnLub courtesy of Sirat Initiative

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Salam ala MD mursaleen Nabina Muhammad and he was actually he was married from salaam aleikum, wa heuberger to

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the sisters and welcome to the second lesson now intercede so Yusuf Ali, salaam and Sharla Today we'll be covering verses four, five and six. Let's start inshallah by reciting those verses.

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That are also Billa hamina Shane banyule Raji Bismillah urine wash man you're Rashi is calling you so fully Abby

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Sharon co Cabo San Juan

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de to whom lease the

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telcos also gala tea cafe ki k the

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Shane ponnani

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Sanjana

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Obi Wan

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Kenobi

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karma and

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karma

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coming

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in Vanka Lehman hunky.

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Okay,

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Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or salat wa salam Amada, cirebon, ambio, masani Nabina Muhammad, and while he was happy at nine,

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okay, so last week, we took introduction to the course and also introduction if you'd like to the surah. And that's how you can understand the first three verses of surah Yusuf. Because they seem as though they're not really talking about the story, right, it seemed like the elephant brought the movie in, is that really to do with the story of usefulness, and I'm what we we explained that is very much to do with it. So it's kind of like laying down the foundation of the introduction to the story of usefulness, and I'm giving us the right framework. And the main message from verses 123 is a larger law, Allah Singh, National knockos, laliga certain costs, that only Alon Allah alone

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narrates the very best stories, and they are all they end up on. And one such story is this one

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use of a restaurant.

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And no one could ever know the detail of the story or narrate in a more profound and beautiful way, other than the last panel. So the introduction to the surah is there in 123. And at the end of the surah, you know, I think the last seven or eight verses, again, you might think, well, they're not really to do with the story, but we'll come to that inshallah. And so, that is a very powerful conclusion as well.

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So before we go any further, we mentioned last time, there will be a challenge Sharla will have something called challenge 500 which is to try and list 500 points of benefit from this sort of use of now it seems like a very big task and inshallah we'll have a big prize as well, whoever manages to come up with this list, but the idea is that this surah as I mentioned has how many points of benefit how many dimension

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1000 right is 1000 and we also showed that there is a book that we are going to refer into which has 1000 even even more than 1000 points of benefit just from this alone. So, but in order to make it a bit more

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to like

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real for us. I said halfway 500 Okay, and the idea is that inshallah we will generate those points of benefit those wisdoms and those lessons and your challenge is to capture them, and then to list them one by one. Okay, so an ongoing task for you guys. It's really

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Sisters and brothers. And it's not just about the lessons it's about any point of benefit and linguistic point of benefit and analysis and analytical point of benefit this compared to this in this world the story and actually lessons as well. So all of that put together and Sharla will be, you know, will be conveying more than 500 So, it is possible inshallah The winner is the first person who produces this list and obviously check to make sure that each of those points are you know, valid and then we'll gela with the prize inshallah for this challenge anyone got any questions about the challenge?

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Last time this Toll Brothers that said they up for the challenge, so

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anyone can participate on Shana Yes.

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You can use any resource this does any book whatsoever.

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Even the book dementia 1000 if you Mashallah go to the book, and write down 2000 then the whole purpose of the challenge is to get the brothers and the sisters to study. So I'm more than happy with the

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results.

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Okay, this

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one we have more than one person completes a challenge that like I said, is his first past the post so we'll get seen first. Okay, let's move on. Now inshallah. So that's a challenge, okay.

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If you turn to page number three of your course, booklets, there, you have a table that helps us to understand the difference between the seed and to the bush. Okay, it's a question that many people have, what is the book as compared to the seed? Now the seed is to uncover the meanings of the miraculous words in the Quran. What do they mean exactly? That's the job of the professor. However, once the meaning becomes clear, what can we learn from that? What can we derive from that? Okay, so in this table, if you have a look, you've got some differences. The seed, okay, on one side, the aim of it is to know the intended meaning behind the verse as for the dub book, it is to perceive what

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lies behind the intended meaning in terms of guidance and instruction. So an example we'll take the verse youthfulness Rob, he says to his father, I indeed I saw 11 stars or planets, the sun of the moon prostrating to me. Now the meaning is quite clear, right? What's the meaning? Well, the English translation is enough of what I've seen here, because it's quite clear the meaning. On top of that, you know, that this is actually a dream. Okay, so this is the meaning to Dumbo now is to say, what do we learn from this dream? What does this dream mean? How does it impact on usefulness? And on those who tell us about the dream? Yahuwah is, what do we learn from that? Can we take any benefit

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from this dream? Why did Allah gelada choose to show him this dream this early on in his life? Do you see this is now trying to extract guidance from the understood meaning? Does that make sense? Yeah, to the board. And to see another difference. See, the objective of the professor is to know the meaning of the versus the objective of the motor debit is to benefit from the versus act upon them, believe in them, and to be spiritually uplifted by them.

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Another another difference, as you'll see, this is done by those highly qualified individuals that have fulfilled the conditions of the absurd. As for the bar, it is required to be done by all people in general on condition, the meaning of the vs is known to the reader.

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So the morphus, that FC that's something only an elite group of people who are qualified to do as for the double, then that is what every single person and that's why modula said Mohammed,

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Fri

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Allah,

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Allah, Allah said, you know, asking a question, showing anger and contempt towards the monarchy on the Barranco don't you make the Double of the Quran? Don't you read it and try to reflect an act of why don't you do that? And who Ally's addressing here? One afternoon, you know, the more African can make the dumper are being asked, Why don't you then of course, as for the believer, you know, so much more so that he's supposed to make the number of courses of different levels.

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The last difference is

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to see it is a means for to double the series therefore the muscle and to double is what branches out from it. And to double it is the reason why the Quran was sent down or that people reflect of its meaning.

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Okay, so let's move on now in Charlotte. Today's there's

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the verse previous to this verse number three, Allah said that he alone relates the most amazing stories

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Most beautiful stories in the Koran.

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Then the next verse is called are you supposed to be here in New York, Asha Coca Cola shamsul camara, Tov Lisa gd. Now we dive straight into the story of usefulness. And

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it starts off with him telling his father about a dream. Now, in order to get as much benefit out of this course as possible, you need to empty your mind of everything you already know about his life, or everything you know about the story, just pretend like you don't know any of it. Just focus on what's being said. So if you were hearing the story for the first time,

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all you hear is a child says to his father, I saw this amazing dream. That's the first thing. Now you're thinking, who is this child? How old is he? Where exactly is this, those details are not mentioned. Okay? Which means that don't really need to pay too much attention to that. So with that in mind, you can say okay, so we dive into the story at a particular point in his life, this point is the beginning of the story. What happened before doesn't really matter too much. If the actual says Allah started, this was like, if God useful is usually translated to mean when,

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however, it's got two interpretations, it means either, remember, so the person is being told, you know, remember when for tell them to remember when this story happened, and it begins at this point. The second interpretation is is actually means that, you know, Allah just said he is the one who relates the best stories in the Koran. Well, one of those stories is this one here is one of the one of them is this one.

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What does the story begin with? usefully Sam says to that, what does he say? He said it used to be Yeah.

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Oh, father. Indeed, I've seen 11

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stars or planets here. I had the code cover this cover can it can mean stars or planets. We'll get to which one perhaps is more accurate to be used here. I saw 11 of them that I saw the sun and the moon. Right To whom I really did see them dead. Lisa GTIN to me they were all prostrating. Okay, so he tells us that

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some points to to really look at his linguistic points. First of all, how did you sort Islam speak to his dad? Now imagine he's supposed to be a young boy here. Now, how old was he? How old was he? Well indicated to him. Allah said in the day when he heard that he was below the age of puberty. However, do you remember what we said last week about the story that we're only going to rely on the Quran to get old information we said that didn't mean so here we kind of going outside of what we said was we referring to a book of history to find out the answer. However, we can actually come to a possible assumption about his age from the Quran itself because after this scene, what happens?

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He's learned to well, then the wire it comes the well drawer, and he pulls him out of the world. What does he say?

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Allah Kalia busara. Oh my god, Heather. accent una. This is a Hola. Oh, so he identifies him as an Arabic. You know you have a sabi which is like an infant going up to seven years old and seven to puberty. Age of a woman. And then puberty onwards, a Cheb. Yeah. Which is like teenagers you like?

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Okay, well, there we go. From the Quran. We've got some detail about how old useful Islam was. He was below the age of puberty. So eight 910 is just a young boy. So even though he's just a young boy, and I imagine, you know, an eight year old that you know, a 10 year old that you know, in your family, he sees something amazing. Maybe he goes to school and doesn't know, he sees something crazy at school. So he's at home, dad comes home

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that comes to the door. And you know, the young kid is there. When you know when a child sees something amazing. And he sees his dad or his mom. Does he really say the ability or the father can have a moment of your time until you go to the school. He doesn't jump straight in the new collar the dog is already grabbed onto his legs if you happen today. Let me tell you.

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So here one thing to show useful Islam has got a lot of respect for his dad. He says yeah.

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And he doesn't just say Oh Dad. Yeah. He says yeah. ABA t. This is what's known as kelemen. d This is more affection endearing way of saying father is like saying it or do we say you know about john you know

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My dear father, you know, my beloved father, you know, to kids really speak like that.

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Not really, so useless. And I'm already learning that is very respectful because he said, Yeah, but he actually addressed that before he tells him this amazing thing. He says, Can I model your time? Secondly, the way he addresses him very respectful. He ever respectful. So here are a few lessons we're going to learn but just take notes of these. So he tells him, okay, that in the Indeed, I okay, indeed, I saw 11 stars, planets, and the sun and the moon are at home. Now, he's already said, he has already said I saw can see the iterator. So then he's saying I saw this, this this, but I to whom I really did see them, you know, is so sure about what you saw as being a true dream. He's so

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sure. And he's also quite excited as well as repeating himself. right to own Lisa G. Dean. He doesn't say surgery Dena Lee. I saw them frustrating to me. He says to me, they were frustrating.

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Do you see the difference? There is humbleness there. Here. I mean, come on. If you saw the stars on the planet, it's frustrating to start thinking you're some big shot. It says I owe prostrating to me is the other way around saying Lisa gteen. To me, the prostrating is shocked and he's very humble about how it relates to dream.

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Now, within the wording of this ayah we actually come to understand the usefulness of though is just a young boy, he already knows the meaning of the dream.

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How can we tell that he already knows the meaning of the dream, there's something about the wording here, which kind of shows us he knows what the dream means, okay. So, the brother said because if you look at the wording in Arabic you know proves that can be made in the rational form and non rational form like we come across this living and nonliving clothes. So, here are you sort of saw though you saw the sun and the moon which are non living entities, he never said right? Oh, Lisa g dat, which is a plural reflecting non rational beings Rather, he said rational beings as if they're living things. So, in that wording, there is an indication that you should have some he knows what

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the stars the sun and the planets symbolize. Who do they symbolize

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living beings right? For the following me? Yeah, they symbolize living beings. So the 11 stars of planets today symbolize

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x, sun of the moon.

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What is it is the sun refer to?

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What does the moon refer to? What living entity does it symbolize? Mother Father was the father mother.

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Okay, so here this is some differences of opinion here. Okay. As for the 11 stars have planets in this agreement that refers to the brothers as for the sun and the moon is a difference of opinion. Some said the sun refers to the father or the son or the son refers to mother. Now the urashima line is the CD made a good point he said, Well, the fact is, number one, that religiously speaking the mother, you know, she holds a greater station regard to the child than the Father. The processor was was asked, you know, about who is most deserving of mind good conduct and he said the mother, the mother, the mother and the father. So three times over, she's given a higher station than the

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Father. So that's one thing religiously speaking the mother is always given a higher station linguistically is what we said chumps is a feminine is linguistically feminine, that's where the power is linguistically masculine. So those two points he said, you know, show that perhaps the stronger opinion is that the Shams refers to the mother and the father is symbolized by the comma.

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Okay. Then he says, I saw the word frustrating to me.

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So this is the this explains now what do we learn from this? What kind of lessons do we learn?

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one lesson that we learn is the respect that usefulness and I'm Hathaway's father shows us the respect that this Dean commands of children towards their parents in our ledger are teaching us a look how useful Islam the way he was, the way he was with his father, that he asked for his attention. And secondly, he spoke to him with calamata speed, which is an affectionate, endearing way of speaking it also is respectful and is very kind and gentle with his words as well with towards his father. The other thing is that is that you know, the fact is a young boy and he sees something amazing

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And he actually goes and tells dad about it. Now, if you imagine, you know what you see your father son relationship for the daughter relationship. You know, this if the child feels like they can tell mom or dad certain things in their life, what does that mean? About how they see their mom and dad.

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You know, think about those parents are very busy and don't have time for the children. You know, mom's working does work and child comes home and mom and dad coming home from work as well. They feed them, clothe the versity equipment to bed, five days a week, they see their children for about half an hour. No quality time. Now the child is what is out there school friends, teachers or the rest of it. Big things happen in the child's life. If a child feels like mom and dad, you know, they don't really care that much about me, you know really too bothered about what happens in my life when they go and tell them when big things happen. They don't when they they go on to the friend

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they go on to the next level they go on to somebody else, the teacher maybe so he'll, you know, asked me for him Alani subsidy mentioned that the fact that you said some told his dad shows that he that dad, jacobellis ROM played a significant role in his life the fact that he has a young kid you know he said Dad, I can tell dad this I feel like I can tell that this devil should know this you know of all the people I want to tell dad this first interesting point, you know, so already we're learning about this another dimension to these verses these lessons of parenthood here you know, the way jacoba Islam was with his child made him very close to him. Okay, meaning very close to him. The

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other thing is, there's another lesson of etiquette in relating dreams, the fact is that there is a dream that a larger law is telling us about which means as a Saturday, he said some dreams are true and not just true some dreams are inspired by Allah subhanho wa Taala and given to people and our users some will be come a prophet is not a prophet now, okay. So, this is a very you know, generalization that a lot you know, sometimes he you know, inspires people by way of dreams and you know, the Hardys person said, the true dreams 146 share of prophethood which means there are such thing as true deep NASA, the Russian mala said that this is a true dream. And modula inspires people

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with true dreams. However, most dreams, okay, they, they abort. Abort is a term we'll come to later on in the story. But it just refers to dreams that are just a figment of your imagination or things that you'd be thinking about during the day. You know, sometimes you think about something a lot, and that ends up becoming a dream. But that's just something from human nature. Then you have the dreams are from shaytaan. And he said that as well. What are these, if you can call them, you know, pointless dreams. As well as those nightmares that you get from shape. One of those two person told us that we shouldn't be relating them to anyone. The US for good dreams like this one here.

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You have a feeling that is a good dream. You might not know the interpretation. Okay. Who do you tell about this dream? Here we learn a lesson from all the people use for Islam told who his dad

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after his dad says don't tell brothers. Don't tell brothers. So here's Serra de la Mola said what one point we learn is that good dreams should be related only to certain people, to people who want higher for you. People who want good for you hear people who want good for you. Those are the people that you should tell the dream about, not just anybody.

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Okay.

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Another lesson that we learn here is something called foreshadowing. And flash forward. What does that mean? Well, it means that in storytelling, yeah. Certain any techniques about telling good stories, right? You know, some stories are okay. Some stories are amazing. Some stories, captivate the imagination, and some of the, you know, techniques using storytelling is this, which is called foreshadowing, which is hinting to something that is going to happen later on. Now, what does that do? Well, it makes a person anticipate what's going to happen, right? And like I said, if you don't know anything, what's gonna happen the story, you're kind of thinking, What's this all about? What's

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going to happen later on. The other amazing thing is that it's actually a snapshot of the end scene. It's a snapshot of the unseen, this symbolic, you know, frustration that happens, it does actually happen at the end. You know, and you know, sometimes in the movies, you people that watch any movies or those cartoons, and sometimes they use this where in the beginning, they show you a scene, and it's actually the scene that happens right at the end and you're left

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thinking what is the advance slowly the image is drawn up and right at the end is presented to you is like capturing the ending and bringing it in the beginning. Yeah, there's something called flash forward. And like I said, so panela these things we come to know about the 1400 35 is later on, people speak about them and teach them in university but somehow not going to disappoint on and you can see all of these things clearly laid out wonderfully. No.

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Okay.

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Now we're actually going to do a, an activity here. And I want everyone to get into pairs for this. Okay, so find yourself a pair Java, and we're going to give two minutes to do this activity. Then I'm going to select a pair and ask them what they what they came up with. Now, what's the activity?

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This is a dream. You understand what the dream means now? Now the question is, What purpose does it serve in the life of number one? usefulness?

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What purposes is serving the life of jacobellis? He's going to tell his father jacobellis about the dream result. And thirdly, any benefit that you can take from it yourself a lesson perhaps you can take from it yourself. Okay.

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So one thing that we one thing that was mentioned by a Saudi Rahim Allah, the impact would have on the life of useful Islam, he says,

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that through this dream, does Allah prepare us for this, to become a prophet and a person of authority? How exactly? Well, because a legend or showing you this is very much similar to what your brother said, which is that when Allah shows you that, at the end, he will be someone of high standing, where other people will show you some respect or honor, Allah is already preparing you for that. Do you see that? As a young boy, Allah showed you the dream and through the dream is already preparing him that you're gonna become like, you know, whether you like it or not, this is going to happen to you.

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The other thing is, that is a form of destinia, which is consoling you know, what do you just become like that? No, he's gonna go through tremendous tests, trials and tribulations. Now, the thing is, when he's thrown into the bottom of a Well, I mean, come on, a kid thrown in the bottom of will. I mean, that's searing death in the face, right? So unless delana already gave me the dream before that happens. So when he's at the bottom of the world, he's thinking, Man, is this the end? It's not the end. It can't be the end. I had that dream. That dream showed me no inside a well showed me on top of an Ouch.

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You know, so here, Sadie said, Allah preparing us for Islam for prophecy, and for our highest standing in society later on.

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The second thing for jacobellis time, you have to understand the Jacobian esalaam, you know, loved us around daily, okay, and when he's taken away from when he's basically ripped away from him, and basically, a kidnapping kind of occurs where he doesn't always son is he didn't he knows his son's not dead, but he doesn't know where he is like a kidnapping. Right? So his own children kidnap one of his sons for many years, okay, that has, you know, a tremendous impact on him, he becomes extremely sad, up to the end, where, you know, a double trauma happens where the other son Binyamin is also kidnapped. Then, Elijah, Allah says, his eyes turn white, when he became blind, meaning

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chosen from extreme sadness. The thing is, jacoba sounds going to experience great sadness. Yet at the beginning, he said, he knows that well, I saw that my son told me the dream. That dream was from Allah, this is not the end. And he's given something to places hoping, you know that a larger law Allah has something in store for my son, you know, and he continues to hope in the last paranoia, even telling his own sons, that they

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don't, you know, give up on the mercy of Allah yaku you for the first until you son? Yeah. But why? Because one of the things that allowed he showed me that dream of my son when he was just this small, you know, so that impacts on the output is

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the way impacts on us is that you have to appreciate that before Allah puts us for some through these tremendous tests. He gives him the strength to bear those tests. And Allah delana deals with a school like this, Allah says in Surah Baqarah that you can live alone Epson, Isla de la de la doesn't burden anyone be on this

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Meaning whatever tests come our way, Allah has given us the strength to bear them, given us the strength to be given us things we need in our life in order to overcome those tests and use it as long as given many things. One of them was a dream. Do you see that he was given this dream and that dream became a source of strength for him to stay firm in the will stay strong in the house of Aziz stay strong again in prison and keep his cool when it becomes you know, the State Treasurer of Egypt. You know, amazing.

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Okay.

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One other major lesson, okay, once is one major lessons, I feel it's an amazing lesson, as mentioned by Lucy, Lucy in Russian marani.

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This is a scholar of recent history, he passed away 1342.

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He said, look at this, all of the people in the story for the main characters they portrayed as light

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mother, father, evil brothers, who has the strongest light, the sun, you know, then the cover, and then the stars, but stars nevertheless, have liked. So he said, just based on the dream itself was telling us about the ending, it teaches us that America will have a team that the judgment placed on a person is based on how we end his life. That is the, you know, one symbolic lesson we can learn from this dream. So with that in mind, what do we say about the brothers of users? Who are incredibly cruel towards them? Right? I mean, they're thrown in a well believed to die. And later on as well, they even accused them of stealing. So what can we say about them? What do we how do we

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talk about them? Well, this dream, as well as what happens later on the Torah teaches us that in the end, they became righteous people. That's something because the Russian mala mentioned in the end, they became righteous people, you know, and Subhanallah, how you end your life, whether that's today, or in 40 years time, that is what really matters. And the person said this in a clear, how do we have a team that indeed the actions are based on the endings, ending of your life? ending of your week ending of your Ramadan? How good was your Ramadan? Look at how it ended?

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Amazing. How do you think this dream kind of ties into that? So with that in mind, there's one master we can take, which is that were these brothers of use of Islam, about us about to mentioned in the Quran as one of the prophets or the prophets for maximum profits? Were they those people, if they were, that kind of makes it, you know, difficult to can't stand? Like, how come they were so cruel, they were gonna kill him and they lie to the dirt and all the rest of it, they really did come prophets, really?

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So here, there's two opinions. One opinion is that yes, the sons of yaku these sons did eventually become prophets. That's one opinion. However, the second opinion is that no the offspring of yakou children that came afterwards, they became prophets. And they were about even talking about Mr. La say the first view is a weak view. Yeah, and you mentioned many reasons. But anyway, the second view is that those offspring have jacoba Islam, they're the about the prophets as for the children of the COVID, so these children will in the end, they may tober. In the end, they ask Allah to forgive them in the end user Islam, also populism as well.

00:33:43--> 00:33:46

Okay, any questions about this point?

00:33:47--> 00:33:51

Any questions? Nothing clear about this. Everything okay?

00:33:52--> 00:33:54

Nothing. Okay, let's move on.

00:33:56--> 00:34:16

Now, the response comes from the Father. Yeah, buena Yella topo Surya cada hortica ki do laka Qaeda in nice shape on an insane Yadu mubin. He said, my day son, don't tell your brothers your dream, bless they devise some scheme to induce a bond is a clear cut enemy to man.

00:34:17--> 00:34:25

So you saw that use of this and I'm told his dad, first of all, and the way he told his dad was using affectionate words he said here

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instead of saying the

00:34:29--> 00:34:33

interesting thing is that dad actually responds in the same way instead of saying, son,

00:34:34--> 00:34:59

he says you're born a year. Here, he says Yamuna which is kilometers clear. Again, this is another affectionate way of addressing your child, slicing day, son, you know, better come Let me speak to you. Let me give you some advice. Very nice kind of fiction away. But the thing is jacoba sam gives him a piece of advice, okay, based on what his son just told him. So the fact is

00:35:00--> 00:35:21

That jacoba Islam actually listened to his son in order to give him advice together. You know, imagine, you know your dad, you as a father, your young kid comes to you and says, you know, Dad, you know after 10 school year on playground, so all the trees, they were doing such that to me,

00:35:22--> 00:35:40

you'd say, I told you don't do the rings. Okay? How many times have I told you that? What's wrong with you? Oh, that will say What's wrong with you? I want you to go to Korea. Mom. I gotta have this right now. No. Isn't it true? No. kid comes to you, like, really good time with this one. Go to Bob

00:35:41--> 00:36:03

Jacobi lessons, how to law he listened to what you had to say. Then he responded to him. I gave him the time of day. And secondly, the way you spoke to him yagoona. My day, son. Let me give you a piece of advice. Okay. la de Paseo Yaga Aquatica don't tell your brothers about the Rukia.

00:36:05--> 00:36:14

Here he mentioned the word Roja. Roja means dream. You said Assam never said I had a dream. Yes. You just said I saw. Yeah.

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I saw jacoba some understands not just that he had a dream but he understands the interpretation of the dream.

00:36:23--> 00:36:40

That's why he says don't tell your brothers about the dream. Why? Because the brothers are very envious of you. That's why I'm telling you however he even elaborates why I'm telling you is that opposite Aquatica

00:36:42--> 00:37:09

of suburbia reasoning why son I'm telling you not to tell them because for your key dolakha Qaeda because they will plot and scheme against you a real plotting for your key Boudicca Qaeda Okay. Then at the end he says in the shape oral insomnia movie that indeed shaitan saying son look, another thing is, okay, remember shape one, he is a clear cut enemy to man.

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This so many lessons just from this one statement of the Oculus now.

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First of all, before we even go into that, just to let you know, he said, don't tell your Echo about this to your brothers.

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Now

00:37:27--> 00:37:45

jacoba staff has two wives, okay, from one wife, he has useless them and Binyamin from the other wife. He has 10 other sons. Okay, so for them useless songs from that stepmom. Okay, that's already one thing. Later on, we hear that they are extremely jealous of you system because

00:37:46--> 00:37:55

they are more beloved to us, then sorry, they are more beloved to that than us. We're not nervous, but here, so it's the fact that

00:37:56--> 00:38:02

of useless them and Binyamin more than US makes us so envious of the

00:38:03--> 00:38:06

Okay. Now, the lessons that we learn

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first of all, again, affection given by the father, okay, and the impact that has, you need to really appreciate this point because it seems like a small thing. Okay. The approval Islam said yagoona. He spoke to perfection. But you know, when you give advice and he said with affection has much more impact. Okay, and one brilliant way that we can understand this is by looking at what allows it to move around and Harun when he sent them to sit down in the last person to speak nicely to surround the words was

00:38:44--> 00:38:46

the most time Allah said in

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verse 44.

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That's all along and say to them both, as you both say to him, Bob Cole, lay in La La Jolla de Caro. yaksha say to him a gentle word, so that he may be reminded, or that he may feel now around Allah saying yes to Him, speak to him in a gentle way, addressing in a gentle way because a gentle way is more you know, effective in communicating your message. Now I've mentioned this point before but you have to differentiate between a strong message and gentle wording to get this there's a difference between you know, I said to Moses, you know, go and tell him a watered down version of Islam

00:39:35--> 00:39:59

La La Jolla taco yaksha say to magenta word that may make him reminded all fear. So the message is going to be strong, but the way you say the message nice kind and towards you know, the Hadeeth prisms angles Linda in a lot of people have noticed that a lot is Gen Tony loves gentleness and he places in gentle actions that which he doesn't place in harsh actions. So the

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Impact of using gentle words is something that we learn just from jacoba Islam here. Yeah, Buddha. Yeah. Now he says a few things which kind of seem a bit problematic, okay. Number one problematic in the sense that nothing's actually happened yet the brothers haven't actually done anything to use this. And you know, we're supposed to have what's called has not been good assumptions about other people right and it's supposed to stay well away from sort of a lesson sort of hardrada rigidity buka theorem you know been in the balconies that stay well away believe is from bad assumptions from people people. Some assumptions are in fact sinful. Here are Yeah, populism tells his son, la casa

00:40:47--> 00:41:05

Sayaka, Aquatica, fakie, Duda because they're going to plot against you have the plot against him yet? Now they have. So it's an assumption that they may well plot against you when they hear that you had a dream in which they are prostrating tea.

00:41:07--> 00:41:17

So how do you reconcile between this? How do you reconcile that is true, we're supposed to trust Obama people. yet. Dr. COVID? Islam is sending him No.

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To be honest, I assume that they're going to do something bad to you.

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How do we reconcile this point?

00:41:27--> 00:41:35

Okay, so as the brother mentioned, to be honest, this is what a Saudi rahimullah mentioned as well, he said that, the fact is that there is no

00:41:36--> 00:42:21

one really Oh, you can say that it is who have been based on Cora, and based on other factors, evidences. So what she is saying is that, look, sometimes you're allowed to have evil assumptions about other people, when it's based on evidence, when it's based on evidence, you know, when it's based on evidence, not really assumption that is it. And you see, you know, you're walking down the street, you know, Tobruk at night, and you see some who did brothers, or, you know, people in the corner, this smoking or smoking drugs and all the rest of it, and it looks shady and start walking up to you. I mean, someone says the IRS has not done anything to me, you know, they're fantastic

00:42:21--> 00:43:09

individuals and what they can do to me, across the road. Yeah. So here, and if someone should not have a misunderstanding, it has not been means a personal one, if you've seen nothing to suggest otherwise. However, if the person behaves in a way that shows that in this particular area is a bit shady, then you take your you take your precautions, which is what over here said, This is what we learn upon law, it's a it's an important lesson. The second the second thing is that isn't this, any type of Riba? Talking about others, you know, behind the back saying about them for keytruda Qaeda, they are, you know, people that scheme and plot against others in that type of eba as well. Isn't

00:43:09--> 00:43:16

that type of backbiting? But you know, hang on a minute, you know, we just said something about them. Which is kind of like backbiting, though, isn't it?

00:43:17--> 00:43:20

So, how do you reconcile is well,

00:43:21--> 00:43:34

the, for sure, as far as some said, The cuca, Hawker chakra, that the definition of backbiting is that you speak about somebody else in a manner that they will like now, will they like being talked about other? They won't like

00:43:36--> 00:43:42

that? Do you agree or not? Yeah. But no is of course not evil. How is it not evil?

00:43:47--> 00:43:48

you're wanting them about?

00:43:50--> 00:43:53

Okay, that's very close. Anyone else?

00:43:58--> 00:44:02

Okay, so again, he's pretty sure that they can do something. So it's warning against them? Yeah.

00:44:06--> 00:44:11

warning them against the harm. Okay. This is kind of all together coming together to give us an answer, which is that

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if a person is, you know, fairly sure that another

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will end up doing harm to this person here. Then you're in a position to give advice, okay. You assume the position of giving advice and when you give advice about somebody, it has to be truthful. Yeah, it has to be truthful. So for example, your brother says, look, you know, we're thinking of electing this brother as the head ISOC. Okay, what do you think and you're the being the brother's friend for many years. And he, you are in that position at that time allowed to say he has these good qualities. Unfortunately, these bad qualities and those bad qualities. If you didn't say as a piece of advice based on evidence, then it will be labor. But if you're in a position of giving

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

advice

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You're saying it based on evidence, it is not even just like approval, Islam is in a position to give advice. And the advice is giving is not based on assumptions is based on evidences, then this does not count as the bar. Just like when it's time for marriage, okay? sisters inquiring about certain brothers or sisters families inquire about certain brothers and they come to you say, What do you know about this girl? We know that you you know you're quite close to him, what do you have to say? So if you know that the brothers never had a job for the last two years, and he's struggling, he's in debt, all the rest of it. You can say we've got these good points, but as for

00:45:36--> 00:45:48

this area of his life, not looking too good. Okay. They should not consider Viva. Okay. But those two lessons that we learn here, they've given out to be mentioned in another lesson, which is that

00:45:51--> 00:46:37

the apple told him, don't tell your brother's hair. He said sometimes actually, why Jeep upon a person not to relate their blessings to others. Sometimes it's worship, not to relate your blessings to others. Why? Because when you tell those others, you end up putting yourself in harm's way. If he tells his brothers, okay, then they're going to end up doing something bad to him. What is he going to tell them he's going to tell them about blessing he's had in his life, this dream, once he tells them, it expose himself to harm. So in these cases, it is actually what you want a person I'm not going to tell this, these brothers or these sisters about, you know, how, for example, how fantastic

00:46:37--> 00:47:13

My wife is to me. You know, she's such a good wife, you know, and she lives with my parents and no problems in my home and all the rest of it. This is a tremendous blessing. Someone has this, you shouldn't go around airing it will because many people don't have this blessing. And in fact, many people become jealous when they hear this. So you should keep quiet. You should keep quiet until you see how he's teaching his son. Son. Don't be naive. Don't tell your brothers if you tell them bad's gonna happen to you. Okay, so keep quiet about your blessings, blessings in general versus in general. Okay, the last part before we stop what does the last statement have to do with the advice

00:47:14--> 00:47:47

in upon insomnia do we move in so dad says to Samson don't tell your brothers about the dream you tell them they get a plot the scheme against you and say part two, man, he's a clear cut enemy. So what does you know? How do we understand this is one whole piece of advice. What does a parent have to do? Really with all of this and how do you think what what do you think jacobellis love is trying to tell his son by mentioning that shaytaan his part of the picture and he is a clear enemy to concern

00:47:54--> 00:47:55

okay.

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Okay, it's very good pasta to the Bravo, Masha lots of Alcala so jacoba is saying here your brother's mother no good you know they they are envious of you that you know we can be quite mean to you to be honest however, shape bond is the shape bond is the one who motivates them to do this in now we need to qualify this because we're not saying shape bond and responsible for our evils is that what we're saying that we will do the same we say it wasn't me will shape on who don't say that we thought it was how do we understand this? Well as

00:48:37--> 00:48:44

the things that Sadie No no, I'm not sure we mentioned this point. But the point was that here that knifes

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wants to be evil sometimes and knifes amount of is to Allah said that is a type of our knifes our portion about loves that wants to do some evil sometimes. Now shape barn He called on that evil here. So what was the evil that was inside the knifes of the brothers? What was that evil? Very good, hasn't they festive? Has it in their hearts, then shaytan comes with was now get rid of him. Deal with him. Okay, say porn is inciting you to do evil because he sees evil in your knifes. how you dealt with your knifes properly shippon would have no authority whatsoever over you at all, you know. So here we are learning that the evil we are responsible for it because it originated from us.

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And then we were led on by shavon. But she thought nevertheless is part of the picture. So this brings us on to what the brother said, which is that jacobellis I'm telling him that look, your son, your brothers are going to be very evil towards you. However, remember shavon was there as well. Okay. And so Pamela that has an amazing impact on him. Okay,

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

Because if we go, I think I'm gonna skip here.

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Yes, because of time I'll skip to this slide here. Because later on in US citizens life he actually says some things which show us that the advice of his father lived with him for more than 40 years and helped him to deal with what happened when he was just a young boy with his brothers. Okay. What does he say? What when he's summarizing his life, and now he's become the state governor of the state treasurer of Egypt and his family have reunited with him He says, about Allah the US and I'll be in any ministry, God will be communal, better, we move bad the aneurysm was shaped born of a nearby Nicoletti. After 40 years, he says, you know, Allah, he does good to me, He saved me from

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prison. And he brought all of you my family from the, from the, from the, you know, living as bedrooms out there in the arid desert. To me after what that naza say, one of the sheep barn caused enmity between me and my brothers. He remembers what dad said, long time ago, yeah, dad told me his sheep barn, you know, he's part of the picture. And you know, what she thought was the reason why, you know, my brothers were inspired in order to, you know, create enmity between us I remember that, and that allowed him to show compassion to them.

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Everybody come along with no blame whatsoever on you today. How did he find in his heart to show compassion to them? Dad's advice that told me that look, they do evil but she bond is also the second thing is which we'll we'll mention next week, is that tells him about a larger law and who Allah is one of the things he tells him about Allah inara Becker, Lehman, Hakim indeed your master is all knowing and all wise and again, going to verse 100. Right at the end of the story at the end users after going through all the tribulations in his life, he says in Who? Who will even Hakeem Indeed Allah, He is all knowledgeable and all wise. Okay. Sharla will continue the next week and

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Charlotte's panic loan Hamdi shouldn't want

00:52:12--> 00:52:13

to winning