The Beauty of Iron – Tafsir of Surah al-Hadid – Episode 03

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Asim Khan

Channel: Asim Khan

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Episode Notes

An explanation of one powerful chapter of the Qur’an: Surah al-Hadid – The beauty of Iron.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Bismillah Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa salam ala nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa Salatu Hilario Medina bad Samadhi Kumar, archeological gutter brothers and sisters

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and welcome to lesson number three in our study of skeleton headed out let's start with just a point of advice myself really and for the rest of you inshallah.

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In a hadith the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said, in the La Jolla Farah, we heard that kita a woman well, there'll be a honey,

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that Allah, He raises nations by this book. And does he also debase nations by this book is well, how are we meant to be raised and honored and dignified by the book of Allah? One of the ways is that when you approach the Koran, you approach it, not as a critic, but as a seeker of Truth. There's a difference between the two. The problem isn't about asking questions Why? Why do I say this?

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or asking questions of any nature? The issue? Is the motivation behind the question. Are you asking a question in order to challenge the truth? Or I asking it in order to understand the truth as a difference? And in the Quran, we find that questions are asked. And the response differs based on the intent of the questioner. So for example, if I'm Alice, and I'm a prophet of Allah, if called Abraham want to be areni, kafer Toshi Ibrahim, he spoke to Allah and he said, Allah areni gave her to him on the show me how you give life to the dead. I want to think to ask, does he not believe even Allah said, Carla lll taught me that you believe?

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And he said, Well, he said, of course, I believe, but I want my heart to become even more convinced. And so Allah showed him how he brings life to the dead, answered his question. But in another place, when you saw the Israelites they asked Musa alayhis salam learn not mean Allah could have done Allah job. They said, we're not going to continue believing in you, until you show us a lot right now and open. A question.

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What was the response for a Harvard to moussaka that a lightning bolt struck them and killed them all? Look at the difference. Both asked questions, as for the question, but it was responded to, even though it was about questioning how a lot really does bring the dead back to life. The second question was asked by people to criticize the truth, to challenge the truth. And in response, did Allah answer the question with punishment? So in the same way, when you come to the Quran and study the Quran, it really is about your heart? Why are you learning from the Quran? What is it that you hope to achieve? Do you hope to achieve a station closer to Allah? Do you hope to achieve to

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understand his religion better to practice it better to be able to share it with humanity better? Or are you simply reading in order to find places that you can say, look, that doesn't make sense? I don't really understand that part. Why is he like this for why is another for and there's a big difference between the two where loss of how that makes of those who seek the truth, which sincerity in order to become closer to him? I mean,

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okay, so continuing on for our studio. So

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we are now on verse number four. A lot of other says, who will let the holla personality will be seated to me through muster while

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it is he who created the skies in the earth in six days, then he rose over the throne.

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This verse number four, is still part of the first section we said the sort of headache can be divided into five sections. The first one speaks about our belief in Allah subhanaw taala.

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The section number five, the last section spoke about our belief in who

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remembers

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the last section.

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Belief in the prophets that along with us, yeah, you're letting our army Nubira solely believers because of Allah and believe in His Messenger, salallahu alaihe, salam, section two and four were about faith and charity Eman and, in fact, yeah, faith and charity because both of them go together. If you truly do believe in a cause, you will spend your money for that. You will part ways with your cash if you believe in something, and then the final section in the middle was about hypocrisy. Yeah, and about what will happen on the Day of Judgment with hypocrites and the connection there is that they pretended to have faith

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They never used to give charging. Yeah. So if you neglect to listen to the advice in Section three, and section two and four, rather than you may end up being hypocrites as well. Yes, may Allah protect us from falling into boxy long, I mean, so this is section one is about our belief in Allah. And this verse, verse number four, it teaches us six things about a lot. Six aspects of our belief in Allah subhanaw taala. So let us count them, who are the Hala personality well, or Buffy, Sita, to me to Mr. Wang, gosh, three things I mentioned here. Number one, our belief that law he is the one who alone created the skies in earth, the universe that we live in and beyond. It was created by

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Allah and Allah Allah, He is the one who initiated everything brought everything into existence. This is the first point. The second thing he said that he he did it in six days. Six days was stipulated as the time a lot took to create this universe. Number three for Mr. Wilde. And then he rose above his throne or above the Throne rather. That's three

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Yeah, a llama URI to fill out.

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And he knows that which is inserted into the earth or that which enters the earth and that which comes out of it. This is number four,

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1 million zero Muna, sama Yama Yama to feed him and he knows what comes down from the sky, and that which ascends up into the sky as well. That 75 but who America may not come to him and he is with you, wherever you may be.

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This is number six. And then Allah seals a verse by saying, will long be metabo University Allah regarding everything that you are doing, he sees it all.

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So this was the main message of this verse is about the all encompassing knowledge of Allah, how Allah has knowledge surrounds us, encompasses us. And Nothing escapes his knowledge that somebody may say, how does the first part of the verse speak about his knowledge? Because the first part says, who will lead the halaqa sumati? Will and he is one who created the skies and the earth? That doesn't seem to be about knowledge, does it? So who can answer this question?

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How does

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a law being the one who created everything?

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relate to his knowledge? Or relate to knowledge?

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Yes.

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Okay, it takes knowledge to make something no doubt. Any other questions. Any other suggestions? Sorry?

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How does it bring the maker point to his knowledge? Yes.

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Very good. The maker. The manufacturer knows best about the product, right? Isn't it that's why he wants the money. That's why when things go wrong, it goes back to the manufacturer. So Allah is the one who created and made everything and if he is the one who made Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah says in the Quran isn't the one who created Novus. So every single one of those six points, is alluding to the knowledge about law from this different aspects, and is meant to bring your heart into a point of appreciation about the extent of knowledge and how that should affect you as his slave. Yeah, and that is why the verse ends wha hoo, wah, wah, Allahumma, Tamar, Luna, Basildon, Allah is with

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everything that you do, seeing meaning this, now that you appreciate how much he knows, think about how you behave in your life.

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Yeah, because if you know that his knowledge is so fine, detailed, then what does that mean about your relationship with him and how you conduct yourself in this world?

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Okay, so that's the basic meaning going into some details who one or the other person our tea party is the one who created the skies in the earth in six days.

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Have you ever thought about why the number six was mentioned? Or why six days were mentioned?

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Wasn't it possible for law to make the entire universe in the blink of an eye? No doubt it was. So then the question arises, what is the significance of creating it in a number of days? Forget about the number six but just the idea of it took a number of days.

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What's the wisdom behind that? Is

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Yeah.

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Okay, very good. So when you

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spend time on something. When you spend time on making something. How does that affect your connection with the thing that you made?

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You know,

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you show more interest in isn't it is more attached to you. And by taking more time on the thing that you made, does it also show that you spent not just time but effort and care. Now for Allah, the whole thing was effortless. But what it does demonstrate to us one of the things it does is that law, he cares about what he created, he cares about us enough to spend time on making the world that we live in.

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And so one of the reasons behind it is to show a loss of love and care for humanity, where he took time to make the universe he didn't just make it like that he created it in 16th human will quote to be said, it also demonstrates also shows at the top, which means the idea of deliberation that human beings need to learn that in life, things come gradually. Yeah, even Allah created the world in six days.

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Why is it that human beings are very ego, zealous, or act in haste when they load made the world in six days. So he said, one of the wisdom is to show the Sabbath, which means that there is due course for something. Another wisdom behind it is to show that Allah has a plan and a fixed time for everything in this world.

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The world is self was brought into creation in six days, in the same way as Allah fix the lifespans of human beings. And the amount that he has fixed it to has a wisdom behind it. Sometimes Allah delays the death of a sinner, an evil person out of wisdom and sometimes Allah hastens the death of a righteous person.

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Like for example, for our own, do you know how many years he was able to,

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you know, terrorize the Israelites?

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If I could use that word.

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You know, how many years?

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Yes, one opinion is that for 40 years, was he able to terrorize Israelites? Somebody may have thought during the course of the 40 years, yeah, what is it going to end?

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When when is the outcome? Isn't it 40 years, and then we learn about a story and sort of the our scene of a believing man.

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He became Muslim. And he went to give advice to his people and he was killed straightaway. Taylor the whole agenda. He was sold into paradise. Some of you may have thought, well, being a Muslim did him a lot of good. Since he became Muslim, he died, isn't it? Somebody will say that.

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But the the the belief of the Muslim is that Allah he fixes the times of everything. For a wisdom. Yeah, sometimes that wisdom is only not him, as far as we submit to that idea.

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So there are many reasons behind a law creating it in 60s and z are some of them fell muster. And then he rose over the throne.

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The idea of Allah being above his throne is mentioned some 21 times in the Quran. Yes, if I'm not mistaken, 21 times in the Koran. What does a throne represent?

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What does the throne represent when you see a throne?

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Yes.

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Okay, the majesty of the person, what else?

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Power

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status. So for most of us before it is a proof of the highness of Allah in the debates, it is an expression of a lot of greatness, his power and control of the universe.

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Do you understand that? Yeah. Though, this is a proof used by some to say that Allah is above his creation, before it is a proof of that it is an expression of a laws, supremacy of laws, greatness, His Majesty, Tommaso Allah, yada yada you fill out the form.

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And then Allah says

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that he knows that which enters the earth and that which exits from Israel, what enters the earth scholars they speak about, for example, rainfall entering the earth, or plants seeds being planted into the soil. What else enters into this earth?

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Yeah.

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Yes, corpses. Yes, corpses that enter this earth. And anything else that you can image the enters inside this earth, Allah says he knows about that. He knows about that.

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The word use will enter his religion. But there's another word for it.

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as well which is Yahoo. Here, Yahoo. What is the difference between the other Hulu and Hulu? Some of the scholars they say the difference is Yeti Joule refers to entering something into a entering something small, yeah, into a small area. So into a confined area or inserting something into something very small. They said the proof of this is inserted out of Allah says that the disbeliever will be told that he cannot enter the paradise and to have the Yeti, German ofI. Send millions until he can enter a camel into the eye of a needle. Yeah, entering a camel into the eye of a needle, you want to go to Paradise? Yes, you can go ahead and pull the camel through the eye of the needle.

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First, it's a psychological torture. We have but the word used for entering there yet the same word used here. So if you think about this, the Earth is vast, entering a seed into it is entering something very small into something vast. Yes. So it's about a lot of knowing the finest things that enter this earth. He knows about all of that, as well as that which comes out of it as well like plants that grow out of it. What else is taken out the earth,

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in Saudi Arabia,

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oil, metals, resources, all of these things that come out to the earth a lot. He knows about that.

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Well, my own zero miasma that which comes down from the sky.

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You know, one of the amazing things here is that after saying he knows what enters it and what comes out of it, Allah then says he knows what comes down from the sky. And that which a sense now in the physical world, that which comes down from the sky is rain, maybe sunlight. Yeah, that which ascends up is what?

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Water is in the form of vapor.

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Yeah, so it's going back to school times now. Yeah, so condensation and evaporation and all the rest of the lifecycle of water. Now, think about this, Allah said that he knows about all of, let's say water in this example, that evaporates up into the sky. Now, is it possible for human beings to calculate how much water evaporated into the atmosphere in one day?

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The the water that evaporates and oceans from the leaves of plants from the icebergs? Is it possible if all the scientists got together,

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and they made a committee to calculate the amount of vapor in this atmosphere one day, using all the equipment would they be able to?

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They would

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say it makes you appreciate how much knowledge how much he knows what he knows is beyond human capability of knowing.

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Also from a spiritual sense that which comes down from the sky, they said angels also urashima the mercy of Allah comes down. Also other punishment of Allah comes out in the sky. And that was your sense, spiritually speaking, the deeds of people. Yeah, and the sort of sub Allah says,

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la yesod, kellyboat beibu were lamelo salehoo, yellow Pharaoh, that, to him a sense the good word kalibak by a word that is good, meaning the words of remembrance, and hamdulillah Subhana Allah Allahu Akbar, when you say it, it ascends up to Allah. And he knows about that.

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Well, I am an assignee for you. And your good deeds, they they are raised up is going to a lot. So these are the things that they got up to Allah, He knows all of these things, well, who are American in America,

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and he is with you, wherever you are. Think about that for a moment, after telling us that Allah is the one who is praised by all of creation from an eternity to eternity, then telling us that he controls this whole universe, and then telling us that he brought everything into existence and then telling us that he knows everything that goes up and down and into the ground and out of the ground. He then said, and he is right there next year.

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How does that make you feel?

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And have you ever been driving down a motorway and all of a sudden pull the car slow down? I think it is. So why is everyone's falling down for the you know, because there's at least got some isn't there? Is that looking at Ric? makes sense now.

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Anyone? You're driving and there's a police officer somewhere?

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Everyone becomes the perfect drivers before they were James Bond. Yeah, all of a sudden, they become perfect drivers. And they start thinking about all my people who can up to scratch I did not renew my insurance. I'm on my third party. I'm fully calm.

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Stop coming, anxious, nervous. Just when you realize the police man is right there.

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Now

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Who is supposed to be more cautious of the police? Who a lot Seriously?

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makes you think, isn't it? Well, America in America, what does it mean in New Jersey said, it means that a lot with his knowledge is with you. And he said there is a complete agreement amongst the scholars of the Quran that this verse does not mean that Allah is with you physically. But that Allah is with you, through his knowledge, that he knows everything about you. Yes, he's with you. With his knowledge, American consumer law, we met our balloon, have a seat and he Allah, regarding that what you do is proceed

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and he sees it.

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Now, how should this impact your heart? How should it impact your behavior? Knowing this?

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This verse, like how could it change you? If you internalize its meaning?

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Yeah.

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Yep.

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Very good. It could serve as both a warning and encouragement. Yeah, as a warning. Allah is with you. A lot knows what you are doing. Now, when you're all alone, and you think about doing something a bit silly. You think to yourself, you know what the lies here.

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But as an encouragement as well, when you have an opportunity to give some charity, for example, no one sees you. They think to yourself, why am I doing this when you

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love him? Allah knows. Yeah, we're going through some difficulty. You think yourself, you know what, why is this happening to me? And you control yourself? You place your trust in Allah who knows about that? No one except Allah. So it's an encouragement as well. What else though?

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How else could this verse affect you? Knowing all these things

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they could make you become less less frustrated with the oppression that takes place in this world. Because if you think about if Allah knows this tiny things that enter this soil in the earth, then is the oppression of the rulers forgotten by Allah?

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is Allah not see and know the genocide that is taking place in Syria?

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If he knows what is entering the earth, of course, who knows what is happening there? Yes. So the knowledge of Allah can be a source of reassurance for us though, that Nothing escapes the knowledge of Allah, not their presence, and what they do they will be held to account what they do blah, blah, blah feelin ama Yamato volley moon law says Abraham Do not assume that Allah is unaware of what the presses do Allah said that in Napoleon

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Okay, I'm sure there are many other lessons but let us we want

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to somehow it will Earth To Him belongs the milk of the skies in the earth will allow you to the general mood and to allow all do move not going to translate it returning.

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Now this is repetition. Verse number two began in the same way that

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I explained that milk has two meanings. Does anyone remember those meanings?

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To Him belongs the mark of the skies and Earth. What do we say movement?

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No,

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sir.

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Huzzah.

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Don't be shy.

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dominion.

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Okay.

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Yes.

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Yes.

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Very good to So two things. One was control. Allah has control or is has control over that the skies and Earth. The second one is that Allah is the owner, Malik of the sky is the master of the skies and Earth. Why repeat the statement? Yeah, I lose. He said the repetition is there to serve to stress on the meaning to highlight his importance because the implications are quite grand. If you truly believe that law is in control of the skies and the earth, then you would learn to trust a lot more in times of difficulty, isn't it? Like jacobellis Rahman, his son was

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torn away from him, kidnapped by his own children, and then sold off into slavery. He was without it for 40 years and he cried, and he was hurting. But over the course of the 40 years, did he ever lose faith and a lot of the ever lose trust in Allah? No, he didn't. He knew lo Mercosur our allies.

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Control, not these people. Yeah.

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Another benefit is that if he is the master, then what does it mean about me, he is the master, that means I'm the slave.

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And if he is the master and he is the owner, then not only is this world is, belongs to him or his property, but so too are my limbs, my hands and my legs. We know in the Quran, Allah says that on Yamanaka model the hands and the legs will speak out against the sinner. Yeah, will speak out against the sinner. Why? Because they will never your property in the first place. And this is an idea that people have totally forgotten about. In fact, it's the opposite today, if you, you know, have a discussion with a youngster about tattooing the body, for example, having tattoos, or cosmetic surgery, or anything along those lines or even,

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you know, changing one's gender.

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The first line of argument is, it's my body. I do with it, why I want isn't that true?

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That's the first one, oh, it's my body, I can do whatever I want. But is it really overly? Seriously? Is it your body is your body it doesn't belong to

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our body belongs to Allah, in Isla De La La Jolla. So we believe. So the very first, you know, point you have misunderstood your body is not us. Your body is a gift from Allah to you, it is loaned out to you, in order to see whether you use it for the purpose for which he gave. And if you misuse it, you'll be punished,

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you'll be fine.

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So this is part of the reason why the repetition is given because of the importance of the message. And because people don't appreciate the implications of this meaning as well, what it allows you to move unto him to Allah will all the Omu be returning.

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Now the word or more, it is the plural of the word Amma which can be translated as issue or fail, issue or fear. So the translation would be all affairs and all issues are returning back to online. But in the context of this verse, it refers to the statements and actions of human beings. Yes, the statement the things that we say and do in our life life saying they will go back to Allah, what does that mean? It means that human beings will be held to account for the things they used to do, and the things they used to say, Well, you know, allow you to do more. Now, when you think about both of those things together, Luca sumati will add and will allow you to generate more You see,

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there is a complete picture that the human cosmological ad refers to allows control over the world as it stands right now.

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What it allows you to the journal more refers to his control over the spiritual world, in the future in the hereafter. Yes, so the present and the future both this world and the next is covered inside Lahu muku sumati will allow you to know more. Although scholars they said that the word a little more with Elif lamb,

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it connotates generality to say that every an any statement and action that you have done in this world, could be subject to interrogation could be subject to reckoning, where loss of power make it easy for all of us on that day. I mean,

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okay,

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the final verse For today, you will need to lay left in a hurry what you will need to know how often he makes night merge into day and day merge into night. The word for merging here is usually the same word that came up in the verse before. And it means to insert something into something else in this case by saying he inserts the night into the day and the day into the night. What does that mean? It means that

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Allah he splits the day into two parts, nighttime and daytime. And they both come about in harmony such that when one ends, the next one begins without any interruption without any distortion in complete harmony. And that's something to reflect over. Imagine I gave you if somebody gave you control over the Sun, Moon

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and the Earth, just to one day, and the only job you have is to make sure things run smoothly.

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Tell me what kind of capabilities would you need in order to make it happen?

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Wherever possible. Do you have control over the earth? The sun? Just one day make sure that day comes at the right time of the night on the right. Is it possible is not possible.

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But also not only to demonstrate

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Almost power but it demonstrates Alice k because the night and day come about incrementally not in like the flicking of a light switch. Have you thought about that? It doesn't happen that is daytime daytime daytime, all of a sudden nighttime. I was thinking about this Imagine if you're, you know driving down the motorway and it's daytime daytime but all of a sudden it goes nighttime like someone flicked a switch.

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What would happen? You may crash isn't it? So the fact that Allah brings the day and the night in splendid harmony incrementally also demonstrates his care and concern for his creation that he does it in a way that benefits you.

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That benefits you

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while while he will be there to support

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and he is alim he is knowing of that which is in the chests. And last time I mentioned the word alim is a more intense 10 spelling of the word ali ali means the one who knows we say this word as an artist is an artist. But the word Ollie is the sea of other modalities more intense feeling it means not just know what to know

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in detail in the context of Allah to have perfect knowledge that he has perfect knowledge about what is in the chests there what is in the chest. What does that refer to it refers to the deeds as well as the intention behind the deeds This is very interesting because firstly it is a connection between the night and the day phenomena and Alan knowing what's in the chest

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and secondly there's a connection between this verse and the previous one the previous one Allah said what is the law he told john what

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and what do we say more refer to

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the statement actions yeah the statement actions that we do

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that was already said here what is said to be that is so good and he knows that which is in the hearts

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now hear this answer these two questions. The first one is what is the connection between the night and day phenomena and alarm knowing was in the chests? They seemed like to be two different topics. Allah is the one who brings the day the nighttime in the daytime is spent harmony and topic number two he knows what is in the chests of man. The secrets of the heart. Anyone want to have a goal

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trying to explain the connection

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Do you think that the two things are just two different subjects?

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What do you think must be a connection I mean especially the place inside one verse

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is the one

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that is referred to as a man

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Okay, what is the disco happening?

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No Yes

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Okay

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Okay, interesting. So the you may behave differently the night and the day but a lot he knows what isn't? What is in your heart.

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Interesting. Is

00:33:39--> 00:33:39

Yep.

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It's good. As close as close as close Yes.

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Okay, very, very, very good. Very close. So I'm not sure he mentioned the point he said that.

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The nighttime it conceals that which is on Earth.

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But just a show as the sun rises to reveal that which was hidden in the night. So to will allows knowledge reveal what is hidden in this in the hearts of men?

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Yes, amazing, isn't it? That was in your heart? Who knows about that?

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You may think no one knows about it. But I think reflect off of the the world that you live in. Don't you see how things are hidden that night and then the day comes? And Subhanallah you see what was there? I am the one who does that. And I'm the one who will review what is in your hearts as well. So from see every word, every statement in the Koran has a powerful meaning and coherence to it. It is not just

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has one Oriental, he said, gobbledygook is gobbledygook it just doesn't make sense. So it's confusion. But it's the again it goes back to the advice in the beginning. Are you coming to the fore on to try and unravel the truth? And then appreciate you coming just to criticize?

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The other? Second question we end with this is what's the connection between what who are living with that is to do and what you allow him to do? both seem to be speaking about accountability and deeds. There is a different server.

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You see, to get perfect justice, the judge and the jury need to know not just what the person did. But why he did it, isn't it? The motivation is key. Sometimes a person could maybe kill someone by mistake. Isn't that possible? Like who?

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musasa so workers are Moosa falcoda co workers on moussaka de la musala Samhita. man and he fell down dead.

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That is he a murderer?

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Would you be able to label him a murderer? Of course not even legally speaking is not a murder because they did it accidentally.

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He didn't mean to kill him. So intention, and action is required to achieve perfect justice.

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The opposite is true is law. Somebody could leave the house with full intention to murder someone and they get run over.

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They go home.

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Now the guy is saying I'm hungry, like

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think about what would he be held to account

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for leaving his house with the gun in his pocket

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with the full intention of killing the guy

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except that he got run over?

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What do you question about that?

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But the act is not written there.

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It's not their

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intention was the

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You see, he need to know both intentions as well as the action statements. So who knows all of that.

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Only Allah Allahu Allah will be that is to do that when you come to Allah for accountability, it will be just because not only does not know the omoove everything you did in what you said, who Allah will be that is sudo. But he also knows the secrets in your hearts, your intentions and motivations. And again, that can serve as a warning and as an encouragement. A warning to be sincere with a lot does not be insincere or disingenuous. And an encouragement that sometimes you do good things that no one appreciates it. No one gives you a pat on the back is but don't worry, Allah observes you and he is eager to reward you as well. May Allah Subhana Allah give us understanding

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other ones that allow cinnamon and Amina Mohammed while early You're so happy Jemaine