Umar Ibn Al Khattaab

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Ahsan Hanif

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smilla rahmanir rahim hamdulillah hinterland Ahmed who want to study

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whenever the Billahi min surely and fusina woman see Dr. Medina. Miguel de long Fernando de la la la hora de la marcha de la la la la la hora de Allahu Allah Sheree Kala hoshido Nabina Muhammad Rasulullah sallallahu wasallam Mahabharata currently he was early he also be he was seldom at the Sleeman kathira. And

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inshallah This is the first of the two lectures

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entitled to Hamas. And the dramas that we're referring to are Bob rhodiola one and Ahmad ibn Abdul Aziz Rahim Allah Allah. And there is a connection between the two parameters other than that they share the first name. So inshallah I will also mention this connection as we go along.

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The reason why I chose the two arms to speak about and why I've connected these two models,

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is because when we ever look at something like a sport, so you guys like we'd like your hockey and basketball and these kind of sports. Whenever you have a sport, or football or any other type of sport, you will find that there is always an a team and a B team. There's always a team that you feel when you're in the finals as the championship match. And then you have your Big B team or the reserve team, when the team gets injured, you replace them.

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And when we put this concept into practice with regards to the companions of the Allahu anhu, or the scholars of Islam rahima, whom Allahu taala we can also have an 18. Now, this doesn't mean that the rest of those scholars that don't make your 18 Ma, you know, worthless or that they don't have any worth of value. No, they are still great scholars of Islam.

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But when we look at the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chose some companions, and he gave them a special status over all of the other companions. So for example, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that those who accepted Islam before the conquest of Makkah, are better than those who accept Islam after the conquest of Makkah. And we also know that those who participated in the Treaty of Abia are better than those who accepted Islam after the Treaty of Abia. And we also know that those who are present during the Battle of butter are better than those who were not present during the Battle of

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butter. And we also know that the early ones to accept Islam are better than those who accepted Islam later, are from amongst all of those we also know that there are 10 companions that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam chose above all of the other companions, and he promised them paradise within this world before his death, and before they even died. He promised that they would enter into Jenna that they will be from the people of Paradise, and from amongst them is Ramada de la hora. So these 10 companions, if you like would be in the a team, they would be your star team, because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam chose them over all of the other companions. Now,

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this doesn't mean that all of the other companions therefore have no merit or value No, very means that these 10 companions have a status that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave to them over every other single companion. And we can do something similar also when it comes to the scholars of Islam. So there are certain scholars of Islam, whom the other scholars say we're from the best of scholars. And from amongst them is Omar Abdul Aziz Rahim, Allah tala. So this is the reason why I've chosen to speak about these two models when it comes to the law, and then we're going to start with him first.

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Many of us have heard of the life of our model, the long run, we've heard over and over again, we've read the articles, we've read the books, we've heard the CDs, we've attended the lectures. So what I've tried to do here for this lecture is not to go over those facts about animal's life, which are well known. Those things which everyone reads and hears, and is well known for. I've tried to pick parts of the life of Rama rhodiola one and aspects of his life that aren't as well known. So that inshallah won't be something which you've heard over and over again, and there will be too much repetition.

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One of the first things that I want to focus on when it comes to the life of automotive photography.

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I want to focus on his background. And this is very important, because when we think about rhodiola, the first thing that comes to our mind is what is harsh, is tough, is severe. You know, he has that personality, which makes people frightened. This is his personality. So we automatically think this about him or the alarm so to study his battery

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It will show us why I am one of the one who develop this personality and how he became the way he was.

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So the first thing that I want to discuss is his appearance. It is said that Rome would have been a hot tub rhodiola. One was a man who had a handsome face.

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It is said that she had beautiful eyes, a beautiful nose, beautiful cheeks. He was a man who was handsome. And not only that, but he was a man who was built. So he wasn't too fat, and he wasn't too thin. He was built. So he wasn't someone who was on the thin side know someone who had too much meat was on the fat side. But rather he was someone who was just right, he was built. And it was also said that armodafinil hottub rhodiola. One was taller than most people. He was taller than most people. So if people were walking in a group, I'm rhodiola, one who would stick out, you would see him first, he would stand above everyone else. And some of the companions mentioned, it was as if he

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was riding an animal. This is how tall you stick out. It would seem that everyone else is walking around what is on an animal, he's on something which is propping him up. This is how tall he used to be.

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And he would have long mustaches. So the ends of his mustache would come down and they were long. And they would slightly curl at the ends. And he said that when he would become married, or when something would worry him or distress him. He would play with the ends of his mustache was he was thinking this was from one of the alumni who was and he was also someone who was given this very beautiful description that I want to share with you. And I think the whole personality of Omar, the whole appearance of Amara de la langue, can be summarized within this. One of the people described him and he said, either Masha Assad will either tell me asthma, or either barraba three things that

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are Marathi, Allahu anhu, three things that describe him perfectly. The first is that if he walks, he walks fast. If he walks, he walks fast. So he's not one of those people that takes a long time getting from point A to B, he walks with speed, he walks with a purpose. And we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that one or more of the Allahu anhu goes down one Valley shavon leaves it and he goes down another path, he leaves the path of Oman, out of the way. He is an era of his harshness and his close station to a loss of panda Dinah. So this is the first thing we're gonna do Allahu anhu would walk you would walk fast. The second thing, why that to

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kalama smell. And when he spoke, he would make sure that you heard him. So he's one of those people who had a very commanding voice. When he spoke, you definitely heard him he wasn't one of those people where you thought, you know, what did he say? Should I go and ask him again? You definitely heard what he was going to say. And the third thing is what either bah bah, bah. And if he hit you, you found it. When he struck someone that a person knew that he was hit by Amaro, the alarm rang, and people would fear this about trauma, they would fear his strike. And he would often go around during his failover with the stick and stories are well known. And even some of the companions were

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great companions on the long run home. They were great companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Omar wouldn't hesitate when he came to beating them with his death. And it was reported that once he went into the masjid mushy the nabawi during the day, and he found some young men just sitting there, young men who spending their time in the masjid youth. So he went up to them. And he said to them, what are you doing? So they said, we're sitting in the mustard we're shelling out, you know, where we're sitting and spending our time in the masjid. So I'm one of the Allah who took his stick and he began to beat them. And he said to them, go out and work. We are not monks in our

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religion. There is no concept of being a monk in our religion. You don't stay in the machine all day, go out and earn a living, support your family go and work, and he would be the ministry. And people would remember this about our motto, the law one, some of the great companies like Apple Musashi and others. When it came to the beatings of armor, they would run, they would be scared. So we all know the famous story of Amara de Allah and Abu Musab actually goes and knocks on his door three times Rama doesn't respond. So Abu Musa walks away. So Omar comes and says, Why did you walk away after Three? Three times, you're not going then you walk away. And he says, because the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam commanded us to do this. Someone had never heard the Hadith. So he said, either you bring the witness, or I'm going to make an example out of you. So Abu Musashi runs and he goes and he looks for the companions and he's saying, who will support me, who's going to vouch for me? Who's going to say that he heard the prophet SAW Selim say this, otherwise Romar is going to sort me out. And this is an abusive Ashley's not just any companion. It's not like you know, someone that's unknown is one of the major most famous companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But this was the way that the loved one

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Who was?

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Now what's interesting here

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is Rama rhodiola Wang who develop this personality from his childhood.

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And he developed this personality because his father

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was a very harsh and severe father. He was someone who was very strict with his son, and armor of the law, one who mentioned that when he was a young boy, he would be a shepherd, for the sheep and the goat of his father.

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And in some narrations for the sheep and the goats of his Auntie's, and he would work the whole day being a shepherd is a young boy, the whole day, he would work as being a shepherd going into the desert, grazing with the sheep. And he would spend the whole day in the long, hot summer heat. And at the end of the day, all he would get in return was a handful of dates. This was his wage. And day in and day out, he would do this, he would be a shepherd. So he was someone who grew up in a very strict environment. And he would say that if my father found me doing something else, or slacking off on my job, he would beat me severely. He would beat me severely. So this was the way that I'm

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rhodiola one who grew up, and this helps you to know why he developed his personality. Many people develop their personalities because of the way they're brought up, because of the way that their parents are, and their own personalities. So remember, the Allahu anhu had someone who was a very harsh father to him, and is reported that one day Ramana deola Wang, who wants he was the halifa he stood upon the member in the mosque of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the people gathered around him, he was going to give them a sermon. So he praised Allah, and he sent Salatin Salaam upon the prophets of Allah while he was silom. And then he said, By Allah, I remember when I

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was a young boy, back in Makkah, and I would be a shepherd, for the goats and the sheep of my father and my Auntie's, and I would work the whole day without taking a break. And all they would give me in return was a handful of dates. And then he went off the minbar. That's all he said. So the people gathered around expecting to say something important, and this is what he said. He just told them his background and how he was treated when he was young. So when he came off the minbar Abdul Rahman who for the Allah who I'm one of the great companions, he came to Rama and he said, Oh, Mira, meaning old lead of the believers. All you've done today is humiliate yourself. You've done yourself

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no favors. All you've done is humiliate yourself. You didn't need to tell people how you were treated when you are a young boy. Now people will think oh, he was was a lowly shepherd, and you're the need of the Muslims. So Amaro, the alarm rang, who said to me, oh, my soul. My enough's was telling me that today I am the most powerful and richest man in the world. He's the belief of the Muslims. He's conquered the Persians and the Romans. He's the richest man if he wanted to be, he's the most powerful man on the earth. He saved my soul was telling me that today armor, there is no one more powerful to you. It was planting the seeds of arrogance and pride into my heart. So I stood

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up on the minbar and said, why I said, in order to humiliate and humble myself, to show myself where my origins were, where my roots were, this is how I started and that I'm nothing special. So Subhanallah Look, I'm one of the low one. And this small incident shows you the personality of Hmong. Yes, he was harsh. Yes, he was severe. But at the same time, he had this humble and he had this humbleness and humility, in his approach and personality. When it came to the religion of Allah. When it came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would have this humbleness and humility. But what's really interesting here about the personality of Omar, his background,

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is whenever we think about Rama, Rama radi Allahu anhu is always harsh. He's always severe. He's always a strictest person. He's always the most fiercest when it comes to defending Islam. But the question I have is that there is someone who even Omar was scared of. There was someone who even are more used to be scared of Does anyone know who he was?

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I will back up rhodiola one. Now when we think about aboubaker, we think gentle, and soft, and merciful. This is what we think of a worker. But Amar is saying that he's scared of a worker. How does this make sense? You know, when you think like if I was to ask someone who do you think are more scared of people who normally think holiday blend Waleed, or someone like one of the other warriors or one of the other powerful generals, they will think that this is these are the kinds of people that are more would be scared of, no, I'm also scared of any of them. But he was scared of Abu Bakar on the Illa one, and he used to say about the loved one about Abu Bakar come to the mean

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who Babel had when it came to the anger our Baba

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Or even I would stay away. Because Abu Bakar was merciful. He was gentle. He was kind, but when it came to the religion of Islam and defending it, when it came to the honor of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam, Abu Bakar was more fierce and more strict than even former. And this is why when you look through the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, whenever Amaro the Allahu anhu is doing something that and someone needs to calm him down, who calms him down. Who is the one who always says to him, oh, no, calm down, sit down, hold back. It's always Abubakar as Amara de Allahu anhu even though he says he's angry, and the people are staying away out of his way, because they

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don't want to be, you know, harmed by him. When aboubaker comes, he just says sit down, and he just goes away. Because he's scared of the wrath of aboubaker he knows Abubakar rhodiola one better than anyone else. And this is why I'll just give you one simple example of this. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam passed away a number of the love languages in Michigan with his sword out, and he's saying to the people who ever says that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is dead, then I will chop his head off. Who is there to go and say anything drama? No one says everyone just moves out the way. Let Romana say what he wants. Let him do what he wants. We'll just sit in

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the corners. So everyone goes until eventually Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu comes in. And he wants to speak. So what is this a trauma? Does he go and start negotiating? Does he stalls you know, calming him down? is some counseling going on? No.

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Sit down or Sonata. That's all he says sit down and just quietly Sit down. So I'm a rhodiola, even though he had his personality, and he had it for the sake of Islam, when it came to Abu Bakar the other one, even he would be scared as a panel. This is a beautiful concept in Islam, that is not about your personality, whether you got a soft personality normally, or whether you got a harsh personality normally, what matters is how you portray this personality when it comes to Islam. When it comes to the Quran, when it comes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, because Abu Bakar was the gentlest and kindest of people. But when it came to Islam, and something was Haram, or

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someone was doing something contradictory to Islam, then he was like a lion. And he was even more fierce than those people who normally lions. But if someone has that harsh personality, but when it comes to Islam, he doesn't even use it. When it comes to his fellow brothers and sisters, his harsh personality is oppressive and it's unjust, then it doesn't make any sense and it has no value or no merit. As a panna loman, Abu Bakar, the Allahu anhu passed away. When Abu Bakar, the loved one who was on his deathbed, he wanted to appoint or model the loved one as the next halifa. So he gathered all of the major companions, and one by one as they were coming in, he was asking them, who do you

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think I should appoint as the halifa? And then he would mention to them that I want to appoint to our model, the old one. So what do you think so early on Horace, Mann, and Ebony, and zubayr and all of the major companions, they said, Yes, appoint him. He's the best person from amongst us. There is no one better than him. All of them said this except one companion. The companion was telling her evening obey the law, or the law one was also one of the 10 that was promised paradise. When Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu mentioned it to Paul when he said, I want to appoint Mr. Paul have replied and he said, Oh Rama Oh Abu Bakar What will you say in front of Allah on your monthly Yama when Allah

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says key? Why did you appoint someone as harsh and severe as armor over the Muslims? What response when you give, you know his personality? You know how harsh he is? You know how severe he is. So why are you appointing him as the leader of the Muslims? So Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu responded. And he said, If I am asked on numerous pm about this, then I will tell Allah subhanho wa Taala that I appointed the one who was the best from amongst them. That's why I appointed him because there is no one better than normal. And then he said to Paul, how you see him as harsh, you see a severe, but by Allah He only does this because he thinks that I am too soft and gentle. And he doesn't want people

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taking advantage of my good side, my good nature, but when he becomes halifa himself, you will find that he will change you will find that his personality would become different. And so he is telling Paul here that he is only being harsh and severe to make a balance. And so Pamela chef will not be able to Tamia Rahim Allah He mentioned this beautiful point, that when the leader is someone who has a strict harsh personality, his deputy should be someone who is gentle and soft. And if the need is someone who is gentle and soft, then his deputy should be someone who is harsh and severe. So there's always that personality so that people don't think that they can take advantage of the salt

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One, oh, they don't feel that the harsh one will always oppressed and doing justice to them. There's always that balance. So I'm gonna do one who, when he became the halifa, he became soft. Another beautiful thing about the life of Mr. De La Hoya is that whenever you look at the life of Rama, he is always at the forefront. He's always at the top. He's always the one that's doing everything. He's always the one that's initiating everything, any major thing that you want to think about any battle, you want to think about any major incident during the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, or during the life of Abu Bakar. Omar is always at the forefront. And so Pamela, think

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about this. I'm one of their loved one who has been promised paradise, he can go into paradise, he's got a guarantee. But even so he is still at the forefront. He's still the one that's working the hardest, always aiming for better than best is not enough that he's just achieved paradise. He wants to continue and he wants the highest ranks of paradise. So he is always at the front. And there are many examples of this, where Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu first became the halifa

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or more of the a loved one who was walking during the streets. And he found that there was a woman there. And that woman was looking for Abu Bakar. So he went to look with her. He went to his house, he went to the masjid. He couldn't find him anywhere. Eventually he finds him in the marketplace. Abu Bakar is in the marketplace. What's he doing? He's Buying and selling. He's doing his trade. So Rama goes to him and he says, oh, Abubakar, you are the halifa of the Muslims. People are looking for you. They have needs, they have problems, and you're here Buying and selling. So Abu Bakr says, I don't have enough money for me and my family to live. Pamela, Abubakar is the halifa. If he wants,

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he can just go to the Treasury take as much money as he wants, who's going to say anything to him, but he would rather work. So he's in the market and he's saying there's not enough money for me and my family. So Amara, the Allahu anhu says to him, go back and do the work of the halifa. And we will give you a wage from the treasury of the Muslims. sermon of the Allahu anhu gives him a treasure away from the Treasury.

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And then, after a few days, again, he looks for Abu Bakar Anika Abu Bakr is nowhere to be found. So again, he goes to the marketplace and is there a worker What's he doing is buying and selling again? So he goes, Oh, boubakeur. Have we already given you a we've been through this and this is like deja vu, we've been through this. We've given you a wage, and you're back here again. So abubaker says is still not enough for my me and my family. What you gave me is not enough. So Omar says, Okay, we'll increase it go back and do the work of the halifa. So Amara de la huanqiu. Throughout this khilafah, Abu Bakar. He's always there with him, always his deputy, always helping him in another incident.

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When Abu Bakar first became the halifa, there were many, many issues that he had to deal with. There were people who refuse to pay the soccer. There were people who had stated from Islam, the Romans and the Persians were attacking the Muslims. There were people who claim to be prophets after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So there were many issues. So I'm one of the a loved one who came to Abu Bakar and he said to him, oh, Abubakar, allow me to be your Judge of Medina. You be the halifa you worry about the affairs of the Muslims. As for me, I will deal with the affairs the day to day affairs that the problems of the people of Medina have allowed me to be your judge. So

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Abubakar agrees. And he says to him, go ahead. So I'm one of the Allahu anhu remains in this position as Judge for a whole year. And after a year, he comes to Abu Bakar and he gives him his resignation. He handed in his resignation. So Abu Bakr radi, Allahu anhu says to him, I mean, Misha cotton he, Is it because of the difficulty of the job? Because there's so much pressure, there's so many problems with this job is this one, you're resigning? So I'm gonna do a lot one who says no, it's not because of this. But for the whole year that I've been judged. Not a single case has come before me. No two Muslims have disputed before me. So it's not that I don't want the job. There's

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just no need for the job. You don't need a judge. No one has any problems. Every single Muslim knows their rights. So they take their right to justice. And every single Muslim knows the rights of others upon them. So they give people their rights with justice. This is the community that they were living in, or the Allah

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Subhana Allah. And this doesn't necessarily mean that people didn't dispute they disputed people always dispute. But when they would know what the truth is, who's right is where they would solve it. They didn't need to go all the way to the judge, and they didn't need to go to a more rhodiola one. So I'm rhodiola. Anwar any time in any stage of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on the life of Abu Bakar

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He was always at the forefront, or the one who was the one who was always at the forefront. And then when he becomes hollyford, the Allahu anhu himself, he's still at the forefront. He is still the one that's doing everything under the law. And one of the most beautiful aspects of his life is that he throughout his life, preserved the heat. anytime he thought that someone was going to come in and destroy the heat, or cast doubts upon the heat, he would be there at the forefront defending the heat. And this is something which we need to realize. Many times we go about our daily lives and we go and we visit our friends and our cousins and our relatives, and they may be doing stuff which

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weakens that heat in one way or another shirt might be creeping in, or they may be performing with us and innovations, something may be happening, which weakens that oh hate, but we remain quiet. And we think it's not a big deal. And we move along Amara de la Juan when he would even smell anything similar to shell, he would put his foot down and he will stop it. So the Sherpa wouldn't come in during his life. And this is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that the fitten the trials and tribulations will not affect this oma until a gate is breached, until a gate is unlocked.

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And when the companions were asked Who was this gate, what did this gate refer to? They said it referred to Rama rhodiola one. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that during the life of Rama because of the way he was, no trials would affect this oma. And this is why during his life, there were no problems. The Persians were conquered, the Romans were conquered, beta knock this Jerusalem Mashallah Salvador conquered. And it was all during his life for the alarm. He was the gate that locked all of this. And I'll give you a couple of examples from this. One of them is when he's performing hajj or Umrah, and he's going around the Kaaba making power. And he comes to

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the Blackstone, and he kisses it. And then he says, not for his own benefit, but for the benefit of the people around him. He says, I know that you are only a stone, you don't benefit and you don't harm. And if it wasn't that I saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam kissing you, I will not kiss him, showing to the people showing to those around him, that we know that it is only Allah who harms and benefits only Allah subhanho wa Taala. So when we kissed a stone, it's not because we think the stone will answer our doors, or the stones will forgive our sins, or this black stone even though it is a holy stone. We don't believe that it will enter us into paradise to preserve us from

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Jenna from Jana, from the fire, but it's only because we're following the Sunnah of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And in everything we do, we know that a larger version is the one who is the real Lord, and He is the one who controls everything. So I'm gonna be along with Andrew throughout his life, he's always presenting to him. And another example of this.

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When I'm one of the one who first became the halifa, one of the first things that he did was replace the military General of that time, the general during the time of Abu Bakar of the Armed Forces, was hardly the leader of the long run. One of the first things that Amara, the Allahu anhu does when he becomes halifa is replaces Holly, the beloved one. And He replaces him with our VEDA genre, or the Aloha, another of the great companions. And so people will come into America complaining because harlot was a military genius. When it came to being military leadership, military leader, Khalid was the best. And he was fighting the Romans and he was fighting the Persians and he was winning. So

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they would come to Oman, and they would say, why are you replacing someone who's so good? Khalid is good. Why are you replacing someone that's beating everyone? So I'm going to be a loved one who replied and look at this beautiful response. Remember the loved one who says, because of exactly what you will see, people are becoming so attached to the leadership of harlot, that they think that we're only given victory because of her demeanor worried? When Holly dibner Waleed is in the army people think they'll win. When hardly they know Molly isn't there, they'll think they'll lose. Everything is interesting to Harlan, they put that tawakkol in Hollywood, all of their affairs are

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in the hands of Hollywood, they think Khalid is the one that brings them victory and defeat. So he wanted to show the companions and all the other Muslims that victory and defeat are not because of her liberal valido Anyone else? It's from Allah subhanho wa Taala alone. So he removed harlot imminent, worried and he appointed about obey the law. And what happened, the Muslims continued to be victorious, and they continue to dominate them versions and the Romans and they call

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Could be to knock this and they did so much. Showing the importance again of the hate when people become attached to a personality. And they think that that personality is the one that drives the creation drives the universe gives victory and defeat. Now shift is creeping into the oma. And it's not something which many of us would think about. Most of us will say no keep Khalid is doing an excellent job. But we don't think about how sharp can come in from so many different ways. And it's hidden forms, how many prevalent hidden forms of shadow there are. So I'm one of the one who was someone who thought of the future of the oma and he knew what it would lead to. So he told them, no,

00:30:41--> 00:30:46

Khalid will be removed, and he will be replaced by a plunger rah rah, the Allahu Akbar.

00:30:48--> 00:31:28

So He replaces him with our VEDA when Khalid dibbley, Dorothea Lange, who was about to pass away when he was many years later on when he was on his deathbed, he would say to those around him, me and Armand differed many times, we had a lot of differences of opinion. But now that I think, in hindsight, about what Amara did, I know that he only did what he did for the betterment of this oma, this is Holly didn't worry himself saying this on his deathbed. When I think about things in hindsight, when I look back at everything that Ramana did, I know that what he did was for the best of this room for the betterment of this room. It wasn't anything personal, he didn't have any

00:31:28--> 00:31:42

problems, there is hardly been worried. But it was for the betterment of this oma and for Islam. And this is hard, the global leader of the Allahu anhu saying this himself when he became Holly for the Allahu Akbar becomes the halifa.

00:31:43--> 00:32:30

he changes his personality, just as Abu Bakr radi Allahu anhu said he would. So he's still harsh and severe when he needs to me for is also very merciful and very generous and kind with the Muslims, especially with the weak Muslims, especially with the poor Muslims on one occasion, and Armando Hata, by the way, has the same problem that Abu Bakar did. One day they come to mow the lawn, and they find that he's complaining about his wage. And he's saying that it's not enough for me and for my family. So the companion say to him, choose a wage for yourself, choose what you want. So Tom says I want my wage, I want three things. Number one, I want an animal upon which I can go for Hajj

00:32:30--> 00:33:12

and Umrah, a writing beast. Number two, I want two sets of cloth, one in the winter, and one in the summer. And number three, I want enough food for me and my family. So Pamela, and the Muslims are a time when they have so much one. They've taken over Persia and Rome, the two superpowers, they have all of their treasures and all of their wealth. The Muslim Treasury has more wealth than at any time in its history. And Roman can take as much as he wants. And no one would have said to him or no, you can't take it. Everyone would have agreed and they would have happily given it to him. But Omar says no, just one animal, two sets of clothes in a year, not just like, you know, every week or every day

00:33:12--> 00:33:51

or every month, in the year, and in the food for me and my family. So Pamela during this fella one time, he doesn't even come back for the gym, I pray he comes out late. And when he comes out his old dripping and all wet. So the companion say or Where have you been? We've been waiting for you. So he says I only have one phone, only one pair of clones. So I had to wash it on a Friday in order to make it clean. So that's what delayed me I was washing my clothes. And it took me more time than usual. So Amara de la one. This is his wage as the halifa of the the leader of Islam, the halifa of the Muslims. And when one year when there was when there was a famine and drought in Medina, and the

00:33:51--> 00:34:33

people had hardly any food there was famine and drought everywhere in Medina, Amara, the Allahu Allah Himself, prevented himself and his own family from eating luxurious foods. And he would survive upon what everyone else was surviving on green and rice, and he would eat any type of fat or anything which the Muslims, the general Muslims could not get a hold of, even when he was given stuff from Persia and Rome, and all of these places, fruits and other stuff, he would say No, I will not eat anything that the general Muslims do not have. And this is what he inflicted upon himself about the law and something else which shows his nature whilst he was halifa was that he always had

00:34:33--> 00:35:00

time for the Muslims. Even though he's got this massive empire that stretches through so many continents, he still has time for the Muslims of Medina. So I'm one of the Allahu anhu is once walking along with Saudi Arabia will pass for the long run. And as they're walking, they find their own woman comes to them. And the woman comes and she begins to complain to Rama and she's saying uncomplete

00:35:00--> 00:35:49

trauma that she's too poor, that she's too weak that no one is looking after her. And she's complaining and complaining and complaining in front of the halifa. So Amara deola one who begins to cry, and he cries and he cries and cries until Saturday, bw waqqas says to the woman, a woman enough, do you not see that you've made the halifa cry? Isn't that enough for you? So I'm under the Allahu anhu turns to sourthern He says, oh, sorry, let her continue. Let her continue. For indeed, the one who is above the heavens, he hears her cry. So it is only befitting that the one upon the earth also hears her crying. So Pamela, this is the level of humility that Amara Allah has and his

00:35:49--> 00:35:58

humbleness, that the one above the heavens can hear you cry here cry. So it's only fitting that the one upon the earth can also hear her cry.

00:35:59--> 00:36:37

During another time, Amara, the Allahu anhu is doing his nightly patrols. And this is something which we know about our motto, the alarm rang during his whole life. Even though he was the halifa. During the night, he would still patrol himself. On his own many times, he would still go around patrolling the alleyways of Medina, making sure everyone is well, making sure everyone is safe. So number one of the a loved one who is once going through the alleyways of Medina. And he has a man shouting out for help quiet for how Samadhi Allahu anhu comes across this man. And he says, What do you need? And this man doesn't know that who is speaking to his family.

00:36:39--> 00:37:08

So he says to Rahman, my wife is in labor, she's about to give birth, and I have no wealth. I have no shelter, I have nothing. There is no help for me, where is the halifa? No one's helping me. So I'm rhodiola one who goes and he brings his wife, and he makes a shelter. And he says to his wife, go and attend to this man's wife. So she goes to attend. And he says to the man built a fire, I will bring food for you. So I'm rhodiola Wang, who goes back

00:37:09--> 00:37:13

and he carries sacks of grain and rice upon his own back.

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So his slave sees him and he says, oh, Rama, amirul mumineen. Allow me to carry this for you. Let me carry it for you. Now Ahmadi Allahu anhu is not only the halifa of the Muslims, the most powerful man upon the earth, He is also one who has been guaranteed paradise, he doesn't need to do anything more if he doesn't want to. But he says to his slave, no, by Allah, because on the Day of Judgment, you will not carry my sins for me, I will carry this myself. So he goes, and he goes back to the man. And he caught, he starts to cook for him, he begins to cook and prepare a meal for them. This is the halifa himself, cooking and preparing the meal. And then they hear the good news that the

00:37:57--> 00:38:02

wife has given birth. And so he gives him the food and he says, This is for you, and for your family.

00:38:03--> 00:38:11

And he says, Come to me tomorrow, find me tomorrow, and I will give you a monthly wage from the treasury of the Muslims.

00:38:12--> 00:38:29

I will give you a stipend, a wage for yourself and your family, from the treasury of the Muslims. So after he leaves this man is a means to is this man who just helped me so much. And tomorrow he's promising me money from the treasury of the Muslims. And then he finds out that it's the halifa.

00:38:30--> 00:39:02

Probably Allah Subhana Allah Look at this. And when we think about welfare, and we think about the government help the government help and support that it gives to people, we think that this is something which the West invented, or whatever, hottub, over 1400 years ago, was doing the same, giving money to the weekend for Muslims who couldn't afford anything, and it would give them a monthly wage and a monthly stipend from the treasury of the Muslims. This was the way Tom rhodiola, who was once they came to him,

00:39:03--> 00:39:08

an ambassador and a messenger from Persia. He came to give him a message.

00:39:09--> 00:39:51

So Omar, Abdullah hottub rhodiola, and who is nowhere to be found. This man's and ambassadors come all the way from Persia. And he can't find the halifa. So he knocks on his house and his son says is not home. I don't know where he is. So someone says to him, why don't you try the machine, he goes to the machine, and he's not in the machine. So he's looking around farmer and he can't find him anywhere. Eventually, he comes to our garden, and he finds that Amara de la who is sleeping under the shade of a tree, and his sword is hanging up upon the branches of a tree. So this man is amazed. Because he knows, he knows how the people are during his from his place where he comes from Persia,

00:39:51--> 00:40:00

how the leader is protected, how many gods he has, how much of an entourage he has. And here he's seeing the halifa of the Muslims, the one who's conquering Persians and

00:40:00--> 00:40:43

Roman's, and he's asleep in a garden under the shade of a tree, no one around him. And he's even got his own sword hanging on a branch, not even next to him. So he's amazed. And he says, How come to identify a mentor when you ruled, and you were just in your room, you had justice when it came to your role. So the people gave you security. And you were able to sleep like this. Because of the way he rolled, because of the way he was. He was given just to hear justice, and the people would give him security and he was able to sleep during the day not fearing anyone. And he was the one during the night who would walk alone, not fearing anyone, but the people would fear and whatever ohata

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rhodiola. Amara, the Allahu anhu was also someone who respected the scholars. So when he would have his Shura when he would have his counsel that he would ask for advice. One of the people that he placed within this council was undeniably our best for the loved one human. And even our best seller, the Allahumma was one of the youngest companions. When the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam pastor, he was only 11 or 12 years old. So even during the time of Ramon, he's only a teenager. So the people are saying, Why have you got a big abbazia? Why? There's so many great major companions, older companions, wiser companions? Why do you insist on having this teenager in your

00:41:21--> 00:41:35

council? So I'm one of the a loved one who wanted to prove to them that it wasn't about age, it was about knowledge. So he said to them, what is the what is the explanation of divorce of a law, either through law one foot

00:41:36--> 00:42:15

when the help of a law and the victory of a law comes? What is the meaning of this first, so that people started mentioning their different interpretations and the different explanations? And then after they finish essentially been our best, what does it mean? And even at best said, it shows that the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is coming to an end, that he will soon die. So Rama rhodiola one who said yes, this is what it means. So he wanted to show the people that it is based upon upon knowledge and not on age. And once there was a man who came and he traveled very far, he came to the mosque of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he wanted to meet the

00:42:15--> 00:42:46

companions. So he found that he came to the masjid. And the masjid was empty, and it was nearly prayer time. So he went to the front row, and he sat down directly behind the email, waiting for the prep. So the plan was given, and he was waiting and waiting. And then finally Omar comes out and the apartment is made, he standing directly behind the Imam in the front row. So as soon as the karma finishes, and Armando the Allahu anhu comes to the front, someone pulls him from behind. And he makes him go to the second row, and he stands in his place.

00:42:47--> 00:43:25

So the man's like, what's this? I've been waiting all this time. Now all of a sudden, this man just come. And he takes me from my place. So after the prayer finishes, he says to that man, who are you? What, you know, who are you to come and just pull me away? So what are the Allahu anhu hears this? And he says to him, Do you not know who this is? This is the leader of the believers. This is the leader of the believers, obey even he can rhodiola one. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam instructed us that when the Imam comes to pray, the people who stand directly behind them should be the people of knowledge and understanding. It should be those people who stand directly behind the

00:43:25--> 00:44:07

Imam, just in case he may make some mistake, or just in case he needs to leave. And this is what we are taught. And I'm one of the one who will show his respect to those companions, he would call them lead of the believers. And amuro meaning is something which is reserved for the halifa. But to show his respect for these companions, he would call them a mirror meaning another companion that he called a mirror meaning was beloved, even robber for the long run. The famous companion the mother of the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he would call him say you the Muslim in the leader of the believers, Subhana Allah, look how Islam propelled this man who was a slave. In jania. Before

00:44:07--> 00:44:25

the stub, he was a slave, he was owned, he was worthless, he was not worth anything. But because he became a Muslim, and Islam strengthened him. And he gave him honor, from a liberal hottub would call this man who used to be a slave, he would say to he is the leader of the Muslims, out of the 11 underwater,

00:44:26--> 00:44:59

or more of the Allahu anhu, during his time, was also someone who oversaw many of the conquests of Islam. And one of those conquests was the conquest of Jerusalem. And it's a long story, and I don't want to go into all of the detail, but one of the incidents that I want to mention to show you how mobinil hapa brought the Allahu anhu throughout his life, even though he's this leader of Islam. And remember, yesterday, we mentioned that one of the trials that a person will face is leadership. Look at how to model their loved one who deals with this. He deals

00:45:00--> 00:45:43

With it with humility and humbleness, with taqwa fear of Allah subhanho wa Taala. He never allows himself to feel arrogant or proud of what he's achieved. And he has a right to be proud. Because of what he achieved. He oversaw and over manage so many things that happened to the Muslim Empire. But he doesn't allow himself to feel proud or arrogant. He goes all the way to Jerusalem, because the people of Jerusalem at that time, they conceded defeat, but they said we will only give the keys to Jew of Jerusalem, to the lead of the Muslims to the halifa himself, no one else. So Amara, the one who goes all the way. And as soon as he comes, and he's coming, by the way with his old rugby

00:45:43--> 00:45:58

clones, and he's coming on a donkey, and he's traveling all the way from Medina, so is dusty and dirty and disheveled. And he comes towards this place, and he finds that there's a puddle animal obey the Matura, who is the general of the time he comes to greet or more.

00:45:59--> 00:46:08

So I'm one of the Allahu anhu because there's water in the way he gets off the donkey. And he takes off his sandals is carrying them and he wants to wade through the water in his bare feet.

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So I bought a bay that says to him, a mirror, meaning I don't wish that the people should see you in such a state. These are Romans, these are Persians. These are people who are superpowers. They have royalty nobility amongst them. If they see you like this, and you're the halifa they'll think, you know, what is this? This guy is just a bedroom, who is he? What's he going to do? But I want you to have the honor. So I want you to come in a presentable way. So Pamela barbadoes, not thinking about himself or almost personality. He's thinking about the benefits for Islam, that we should show them strength and honor. So, Barbara, the Allahu anhu says to our VEDA, our Buddha Aveda, if anyone other

00:46:51--> 00:47:35

than you had said this to me, I would have made an example out of them. A larger one john didn't give a strength based on anything other than Islam. We are a people who have honor and power and strength because of Islam. So whenever we leave Islam, Allah azza wa jal will cause us to be humiliated. Subhan Allah, look at this powerful statement. Amongst all of these people, he seemed to obey that his own deputy, his general, that our strength comes from our religion. Islam is not about what I wear, how much wealth I have, what kind of an animal I'm writing, how I walk, how I sit, our strength comes from Islam. And when we leave that, even if we have all of this wealth, we have all

00:47:35--> 00:47:39

of these appearances. Nothing will save us we will be humiliated.

00:47:40--> 00:47:51

Something else that took place during the life of our model. The last one was that he was always calling people back to Islam, to hold firmly to the son of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to be strong in the Eman.

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One year there was a severe earthquake in Medina. And after the earthquake, he gathered the people in the masjid and he said to them,

00:48:00--> 00:48:12

by a law this earthquake only came because of the sins that you are committing. He's saying this to the people of Medina. And the vast majority of people of Medina during his time will still companions.

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Very few of them are from the next generation, the Tabby in the majority of them are still companions, and many, many of them with a major companions. So he's saying to them that this earthquake, this punishment from Allah is as a result of our own sins. So he said to them, either you stop sinning, or if something else similar comes to this to Medina ever again, I will leave Medina I will leave staying with you. So have a look at this power that he had. He's saying to the people, you are sending so much that Allah is sending punishment upon us. So either stop sinning, or I'm going to go and live somewhere else. I'm not going to live with the people who sin so much that

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the punishment of Allah comes upon them.

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And what are the requirements? There are many many things to mention about our motto, the alone one boy will conclude and fast forward to the end of his life. Armando the Allahu anhu heard of this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that was narrated by Jose for the alarm. So he asked for the for Oprah V for June. Remember the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that he mentioned that there will be a time when fitna will strike this oma there will be many trials and problems that will strike this oma. But the only thing holding them back is a gate and that gate is locked. And until that gate is breached, there will be no fitness. So for the first 10

00:49:34--> 00:49:40

years or more, I remember this Howdy. So after armor went away one of the people sitting with her they fire he said,

00:49:41--> 00:49:48

What is this gate? What does it refer to? So he replied, he refers to our motivational hubbub. rhodiola. One

00:49:49--> 00:49:59

refers to whether or not the alarm rang. So the narrator asked and he said, Did Cromer know that he was the gate determined? No, it was referring to him. And her therefore replied Yes.

00:50:00--> 00:50:08

knew that the gate referred to him or the alarm on during the last year of the of his life for the long run, he went for Hajj.

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Amara, the Allahu anhu goes for Hajj, and Hydros the time that you will meet with all of his governance, all of his generals, and he would meet with the normal people and he would ask them about the governance. What is your governor doing? How is he treating you? What are the people saying about him? He was someone who always knew about the government is about the affairs of his people. And this was a time when there was no email or internet or phone or anything else. But he would ask the people and he would know about his governance during that year is less than the 23rd year of the Hydra. He had become old and weak. So he made the Ico last panda hood earlier in some

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narrations. arafa he said to Allah, Oh Allah, I have become old and I have become weak. And the people my Muslim, the Muslim community has become so far spread so wide. There are so many of them the Empire has expanded so much. It is difficult for me to keep an eye on them. It was difficult for me to manage them. So long, allow me to continue. He made the law that Allah subhanho wa Taala should allow him to come to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And in that same Torah, he asked that Allah subhanho wa Taala give him death by martyrdom. And that death should come to him in Medina. So some of the people who heard this they said Omar Medina is the safest place ever. It's the furthest place

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away from any type of battle or war. How in Medina Are you going to become a martyr who's going to kill you? But I'm one of the one who made this to her. And then when he returned back to Medina, during that final year,

00:51:44--> 00:52:11

Amara, the Allahu anhu, one day came out for the federal prayer. And whilst he was praying abou el mundo see one of the disbelievers who was assembled for one of the companions, one of his slaves, he came and he began to slash armor. And he cut him very deeply. So remember the old man who fell down and up the rock man who was standing behind him. So he came, and he led the prayer and he completed the prayer. And they caught a bola, and they killed him.

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So I'm one of the one who has taken home and he's upon his deathbed. And I'm rhodiola one who is so injured. He's so weak, that even if you drink something, it comes out of his stomach. He comes out of his intestines. He's been slashed so deeply, nothing will even remain inside. So they knew that he was on his deathbed that he would pass away. So he says to his son, Abdullah Miramar, oh Abdullah, go to the house of airasia, the wife of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and ask for permission, that I should be buried next to my two companions, meaning the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Abu Bakar rhodiola. When asked permission that I should be allowed to be buried

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there.

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And when you go to her and you knock on her door, do not say that meaning don't say that the leader of the believers is seeking permission, say Bob is seeking permission because today I am not the leader. He was on his deathbed. Today, I am not the leader of the Muslims. I am just today. So he goes and he asks permission

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from airasia. And airasia says that I had reserved this place for myself, but now that roamer has asked, it makes sense to me that he should be buried here, that he should be buried with his two companions. She knew how close they were. So when I'm delighted naramore comes back. Amara, the Allahu anhu says to the people when he sees him coming back, make me sit up. So having a look at how much enthusiasm he's on his deathbed. He's dying, but he wants to sit up to see what news he will have. So Abdullah Omar comes and he gives him the good news that our Ayesha has agreed. But he still says to Abdullah, his son died when I passed away. When I pass away, go and knock on her door again

00:53:56--> 00:54:40

with my body. So if she opens the door, very me there. But if she doesn't open the door, it means she's changed her mind. So go and bury me in the graveyard of bucktail bury me with the rest of the Muslims and wear armor of a loved one who was passing away on his deathbed. He chose the six people make a council and from amongst these six people, the next Khalifa should be chosen. So he chose six of the seven remaining companions who are promised Paradise by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he chose us man and Ali Abdullah of Saudi Arabia, Bo cos zubayr r1 and Paul had never been to LA, he gathered the six and he said one of you will be halifa and you should have a council

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assura and seek advice from the people and then choose the next halifa from amongst you. But there was a seventh one, a seventh one who was also promised by the Paradise by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he was still alive at the time. But Omar did include him. And he was sorry divinization

00:55:00--> 00:55:16

rhodiola and the reason why he was included was because he was the brother in law of Amr and his first cousin. So he didn't want people thinking that he was appointing his own relatives, his own cousins, his own family members. So he said to him, No, you will not be part of the Council.

00:55:18--> 00:55:48

This he's on his deathbed. He is dying. And if he had if he had mentioned serene, and he had said, making the halifa, no one would have said anything, no one would have disputed because he's been promised Paradise by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he is one of the great companions. He was even a Muslim before there was a Muslim. He was the one whose house armor went to in order to accept Islam. It was his sister was married to him in the famous incident that led up to Islam. But he said no,

00:55:49--> 00:56:05

he will not allow him to become the next halifa. So there was six that were chosen, and to show Furthermore, His justice upon his deathbed, even to such a level that when the prayer time came, that people came to Armada, and he said, Who shall we choose to lead the prayer?

00:56:07--> 00:56:09

So I'm one of the one who said

00:56:10--> 00:56:43

that if I choose one of the six, then the people will think that I am preferring him, that he is my preferred choice. And so they will make him the next halifa. So I don't want to influence the people. Don't let any of the sixth lead choose to hype of Rumi, one of the other great companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, allow him to lead the press. So So hey, Bob, roomie would lead the prayers. So that no one would think that Ahmad is trying to influence the outcome. So Pamela, look at this level of justice, even upon his deathbed, even though he's on his way out of this world.

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And so even when he passes away, and the people want to read the journals of Omar, who did they choose to lead it? They say, let Sahiba ruminate, because Rama didn't want anyone to influence the panel and the decision. So they allow Sahiba Rumi to lead. And before he passed away one of the companions, or the alarm rang whom he saw in a dream he was in Yemen at the time. And he saw in a dream that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was standing along with Abu Bakar of the Allah one. And Amara, the Allahu anhu standing off to a distance. So they said to that, so they both said to Omar, Omar, what are you waiting for come and meet us. And so when the companion woke up, he

00:57:25--> 00:57:55

realized that what he meant was that more of the alarm rang, who would pass away so Armando the loved one who passed away on that day, the 23rd year of the hedgerow rhodiola one who have done so this is like a brief glimpse into some aspects of the life of Rama rhodiola one and insha Allah after slaughter, Madrid will go on to Ramadi bin Abdulaziz Rahim Allahu taala and also the link between the two how the two are linked. So inshallah if anyone has any questions, I'll take a couple of questions always we can break for

00:57:57--> 00:57:57

what time is

00:58:00--> 00:58:00

630