Quranic Seerah 04 – Revelation Begins

share this pageShare Page
Ahsan Hanif

Channel: Ahsan Hanif

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:00--> 00:00:01

Dona Rahim

00:00:04--> 00:00:12

Allah amin Allahumma salli wa sallim wa barik and arctica Veronica Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi edge Marina miband.

00:00:15--> 00:00:42

Loss of Hanna what Allah says in the Quran in surah Nanak there although Miller him in a shade parner watching smilla Rahmanir Rahim, Nicola Bismillah Robbie Kennedy Han Han upon in son I mean you're gonna want a book on quantum another year and a new column are normal in Sonoma Mia

00:00:43--> 00:00:55

these five verses are probably some of the most famous verses of the Quran because they relate to the first in Revelation that our Prophet received sallallahu wasallam.

00:00:56--> 00:01:36

In the previous lessons that we covered in this Quranic sirop series, we spoke about the situation of the Arabs, before the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and even touched upon some of the verses in the Quran that speak about the early years of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam before he received revelation. And those verses don't directly they don't specifically speak about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. from an SEO point of view, they are more generic, but they relate to some of those instances that we mentioned in those previous lessons. However, these verses in solid larnaka, these first five verses of Surah kalaloch, these are the verses that

00:01:36--> 00:02:16

primarily relate to the beginning of the seer of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And these five verses relate to the first revelation that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam received and this is the opinion of the vast majority of the scholars of Tafseer ansira that these were the first verses that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam received as revelation. Some of the scholars said that the first revelation that came to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were not these verses, but they were the first few verses of surah through madatha. Another scholar said no, that that was the second batch of revelation that was received. And there seems to be a issue of

00:02:16--> 00:02:54

difference of opinion among some scholars, the vast majority of the opinion that Serrano came first than some of the third, but others said that Sora mudassar came first. And there is and this is something which inshallah we'll cover in a subsequent lesson. But there was a pause between the first revelation and the second revelation. So after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam received these verses, there was a pause and a gap in Revelation. And then the next batch of verses were revealed. And so some of the scholars the way that the reconcile between these two opinions, is the sort of dialogue is the first revelation that was received and sort of madatha was the first

00:02:54--> 00:03:00

revelation received after that pause and that gap that took place either way,

00:03:01--> 00:03:39

we know from the Hadith about inshallah the Allahu anhu that is insightful Buhari and there has a number of narrations that are similar to it, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam are approximately the age of 14, according to the vast majority of scholars of Sierra and history and Biography at the age of 14, and by the time he had married and he had children and he was living with for the job of the Aloha, and he was part and parcel of the community of Makkah. He was someone that was respected and honored in someone that they consider to be trustworthy and honest, and a man of integrity amongst them. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came across a phase in his life,

00:03:39--> 00:04:21

in which he felt despondent, and he felt that he wasn't happy with these generation of the Hours of operation maca. He didn't like the way that they were worshipping the idols didn't approve of the practices that they had. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was searching for something. Our show the Allahu unknown generation, and they had Buhari. She says that the way that the revelation first began, the way that the revelation was first initiated, was that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would see righteous dreams, you will see why just dreams. So you understand from this, that even before Jubilee rallies Sonam first came to the Prophet sallallahu

00:04:21--> 00:04:59

alayhi wa sallam in the cave of Hurrah even before this incident took place. The prophet SAW Allah while he was still on would see good dreams, he would see why just dreams. And some of those dreams would come true, they would be truthful dreams. So the Prophet sallallahu wasallam would see this, but he wouldn't know that this was revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala. He had not yet been made a messenger or a prophet of Allah, that he would see why just dreams and as the Prophet told us, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that good dreams and righteous dreams are one of the 40 odd parts of prophethood. It is one of the 40 odd ways that the prophets of Allah received

00:05:00--> 00:05:37

Revelation. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would see these dreams, he wouldn't put any stock in those dreams. You wouldn't do anything in accordance to those dreams because you didn't know that they will revelation. And at the same time, we don't know how long those dreams continued for, what was the time period in which he had those dreams was a matter of days or weeks or months, or even perhaps more than a year we don't know because none of the ahaadeeth none of the sources of sera speak about these dreams in that regard. But the prophet SAW Allah while he was still in would experience and he would see these dreams and we know from the Quran, but Allah subhanho wa Taala

00:05:37--> 00:06:15

tells us that there are certain ways that he gives revelation to his prophets. One of them is dreams. For us, me and us, just general Muslims. It is not allowed for us to base our religion upon dreams. If you see a dream, which you think is good, was your dream, which you think is evil. You can't base your religion upon that, meaning that it's not surely for anyone. You don't go around saying, for example, that I think that I should marry this woman or not marry this woman simply because you saw a dream, that dream may be an indication, it may not be an indication, that dream may be righteous, or you may be from shape one, as the Prophet told us Allah, Allah, Allah Allah, He

00:06:15--> 00:06:55

will sell them that if you see a bad dream, then say all the learning machine upon a regime and don't mention it to anyone, for the prophets of Allah. However, when they see a dream, it is a part of revelation after they have been anointed as prophets of Allah. They reveal their dreams become a form of Revelation. And that's why we see in the story of Ibrahim alayhis salaam, when he saw in his dream that he was sacrificing his son is married to his son, he didn't just dismiss the dream thinking that it's just a dream or a nightmare or something which just came to him. But he understood that it was a commandment from Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so he went to his son is

00:06:55--> 00:07:35

Maria de sinarmas. Allah mentions in the Quran and he said, you're gonna you're in the offing man, me and me as battulga fumbbl mother, Tara, or my son, I saw in my dream that I was sacrificing for you. So tell me what you think. And then obviously, we know how the story progresses. The point being that it's a dream that is so very understood to be a commandment from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Likewise, in Surah use of use of alleys Saran, at the beginning of the souls use a dream is the dream of the sun and the moon and the stars prostrating gentlemen. And even though he doesn't understand that it's not a commandment from Allah. Later on, he will understand by the end of the

00:07:35--> 00:08:14

surah what that meant that the sun and the moon and the stars refer to his mother and his father and his brothers, when he was the leader of Egypt that they would come and they would bow down before him. And this was something which was allowed in the Sharia, the people will prostrate to one another as a sign of respect and honor and it is something which is haram in our study. The point being that the dreams are something which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam told us that it's not something which we base our religion upon. However, it is an indication, an indication that Allah subhana wa Taala sent upon you a blessing or gives you some type of sign. And that's why there

00:08:14--> 00:08:50

is a science in Islam known as dream interpretation. And there were scholars that were well known for interrupting dreams, such as the famous illustrious of the turbo green, Mohammed the blue Syrian, Rocky Mahalo to Allah. He will see a dream or someone will tell him a dream, and he would interpret it for them and he will tell them what it meant or what it signified. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam His revelation began in this way, he saw dreams, but he didn't understand the significance of those dreams or he didn't necessarily understand that this was revelation from Allah subhanho wa Taala. The Hadith are very shallow the Allahu continues and he

00:08:50--> 00:09:32

says, from my hobby, but you lay in holla then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam began to love solitude, he began to love to be alone. And this was a time where it seems from the sources of Hadith and Sira that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was becoming introspective. He was thinking about the creation of a large social thinking about the situation of the Arabs and the oration, their idolatry and paganism. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his heart didn't feel settled in this regard. And we spoke previously in the previous lessons, how Allah subhanho wa Taala preserved and protected the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from committing show. So even

00:09:32--> 00:09:59

though he lived in this time, and in this area, and this society, in which shock was rife, and the norm was that people would build and make idols and then worship them, and prostrate to them and ask of them and make to add to them and sacrifice towards them, and they will do so many acts of worship to them. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam never engaged in this practice, because it was something which didn't feel right to him. And because Allah subhanho wa Taala put

00:10:00--> 00:10:42

him from doing so, even before he was a prophet before he received revelation, he was protected in this regard. And so um you mentioned these the verses in the Quran that allude and imply this, that Allah subhanaw taala mentioned in the Quran that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would go to the cave of Hira. And he would love to be in solitude and isolation. And the hadith of Arusha, rhodiola, and her mentions that he would spend a number of nights there. So on the trot in a row, a number of nights, consecutive nights he would spend there, he will take food and drink from home. And he would go to this cave and Hera in this mountain. And it's obviously something which is one

00:10:42--> 00:11:21

long today you can see and visit that place, and he would spend his time there. And he would stay the and Allah azza wa jal knows best how long this continued for. And Allah soldier knows best exactly what he thought or what he experienced. But the head he says he will stay there for a number of nights. Now, whether that means that during the day, he would come back home and fulfill his duties, then go back during the night and spend the night dead and come back during the day, or whether it means that he just spent a number of days and nights consecutively without ever leaving large though Jill again knows best. However, when the holiday vacation does mention what the allaahu

00:11:22--> 00:12:01

the when he would finish his food and drink that he had with him his water and his provisions, he would come home and he would take more he would restock. And then he would go back again to the cave. And he would spend a number of nights there again. So this was a recurring process. over some time the profits on the low when he was selling them was staying in this cave. And he was thinking he was searching. And many of us know that when we have that pit in our stomach that doesn't seem or there's a void within our hearts that hasn't been filled. There's something there we don't feel contentment and peace. Even though sometimes we have everything that we could possibly want from the

00:12:01--> 00:12:36

dunya we have one we have family we have stable jobs, all the studying and we have many of the lessons that are learned so Virgil could bestow upon any person yet still, there is a void within our heart and that void is only filled that contentment and peace only comes when that heart is attached to Allah subhanho wa Taala when it is connected to its creator. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam perhaps he was feeling something similar, or he was going through similar emotions and a lot of soldiers again, knows best. But the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was searching for something.

00:12:37--> 00:13:18

Now he lived in a time as we said before, in previous lessons in a timer Sherpas wife normally shut up in terms of the religious aspect. We spoke about the social conditions of the way the race would act and behave, the concept of modesty and modesty, the way that they would, for example, bury their daughters alive because of the standards that they had in place. And it is sometimes difficult for us to appreciate this now. Living in the 21st century when we think of Mecca and Medina because if I was to say to you the word Mecca now, what comes to your mind? Mr. de l'homme the carrabba you know, maybe is today's special rain one of those reciters had your camera. This is what you think of if I

00:13:18--> 00:13:54

was to say to you, Medina, the first thing that you would come that would come to your mind, is the mosque of the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam and so on. These are the things that come to our mind because this is now what we associate Mecca and Medina with. And that's why sometimes even now, when a person goes to perform Hajj or Umrah and they leave the vicinity of the harem, in Mecca or Medina and they travel into the city. And the city is like any other city, you find people there smoking, you find people listening to music, sometimes you find people doing what they're doing. Maybe it's not as bad as some other places, but you still find people doing what they do. And so

00:13:54--> 00:14:33

people become shocked. And they think how on earth in a place like Mecca, can someone be smoking? How on earth in a piece like Medina, can someone be listening to music, and that's because the two homes because they full of pilgrims and people praying and making power off in Makkah, and so on. It is in a way of cocoon. And once you come out of the array, you find that people are normal everyday people just as you have in many other places around the world. That's the way that we are shocked when we leave Makkah now. But in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam there was no concept of Islam. There was no such thing as the head. Can you imagine now going to the Kaaba and

00:14:33--> 00:14:43

just try to imagine even from now that there were 360 idols, just inside and around the Kaaba 360 idols

00:14:44--> 00:14:59

of all sorts of various shapes and forms and sizes are in and around the Kaaba, despite trying to think about how they will make bow for walking in and out and around these idols. It's something which perplexes the mind. How is it that they

00:15:00--> 00:15:37

lived in that way and this is how they were. And then there were people who because they would come to perform hajj and umrah and they came from outside of Makkah, and they couldn't afford or couldn't abide by the conditions that the Maxim's placed upon them, they would be told to perform Ramallah naked. So you'd have people literally performing room run naked, with no clothes. And people would accept this it was normal to them. It was something which was considered to be normal. And so the levels of immodesty and the levels of vice people were drinking alcohol because alcohol was something which was Halla was something allowed in, in that society before Islam, something which

00:15:37--> 00:16:03

people frequently did, and they did in groups, and so on and so forth, and they drank wine. And so the levels of immodesty and vice and the things that we consider to be granted, take for granted. Now, in the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, the situation was completely different. And even after Islam in that early beginning period of Prophet one, when the Muslims were a minority living in Makkah, he would continue in that same way and fashion.

00:16:04--> 00:16:31

The point being that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was living in that type of society. And in order to appreciate the story of the beginning of Revelation, and the significance of these verses, in order for you to appreciate why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling to Iraq, you have to understand the Society of that time, and you have to try to imagine the situation that he was living in. Also, now if you were to go to Makkah, and it's somewhat

00:16:32--> 00:17:13

disproportionate, now in the sense that Makka now is a bustling city and it's a big city. And Makkah stretches out all the way to Mina and the sights of Hajj and so on. Whereas historically, especially in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Mecca as a city as the town of Makkah. Today we're all of the masjid is with all of its massive expansions and extensions and so on. That was Makkah. All of that was Makkah that was the city of Mecca. In fact, what we have today with the courtyard and so on was probably bigger than the olden day McCall's. Macau was very small. It was a village, if we could be called the village. Yes, people live there, people were dispersed, and they

00:17:13--> 00:17:51

lived in a different way to the way that we live now. So going to a place like the mountain of hirahara. Today, if you were to go on a zero tour of Mecca, you will go on a bus and it will take you 1015 minutes, and you'll still be in the middle of the city and people will be there the be shops and houses and so on. But in those days here I was outside of the city, it was something far away or something that someone would walk to is like in the desert. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam would make that journey, not just going from a place like small Heath to Boise, Reno, stechford, or one of these areas, literally leaving the city. And there's no other city beyond

00:17:51--> 00:18:05

it is just desert, then go into the mountain climbing that mountain to the top going into the cave, just to think and reflect and that is what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did, and he did this for a number of nights.

00:18:06--> 00:18:13

So I'm one of those nights that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was there doing this? whilst he was thinking and last he was

00:18:14--> 00:19:01

reflecting and so on and so forth was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was there that came to him the angel jabril alehissalaam and it seems an alarm soldier knows best publica he said I'm came at the first time in his original creation, in its original form, the way the last Hannah wattana has created him. And we know from the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam described gibreel salaam and he said that a single wing Jubilee Valley Cinemas 600 wings, a single one of them fills the horizon between the heavens and the sights, the heavens and earth, so vast is this creation and this angel of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And as we

00:19:01--> 00:19:24

know Jubilee rally histogram is the arch Angel. He is the leader of the angels, and he is the one that alerts villages interests with revelation. He is the one who brings revelation to the prophets and the messengers of Allah subhana wa tada Djibouti Ravi Salaam appeared before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and then the region say that he said to him, the crop

00:19:25--> 00:19:38

the crop, which means read, the crop means read, the prophets Allah Allah He was Sallam replied, and he said, My Anna Bukhari I am not one who can read.

00:19:39--> 00:19:53

Now some of the scholars of sera mentioned an interesting point here, and that is that the reply of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is something which we should think about because he doesn't say, if I was to see you, for example, read, write.

00:19:54--> 00:19:58

Your reply would be to me, what shall I read?

00:19:59--> 00:19:59

Right

00:20:00--> 00:20:40

That's your normal reply. If I sit you read you say what do you want me to read? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when he was commanded to read. He didn't say, what should I read? What do you want me to read? He said, I can't read. There is some of the scholars said that the reason why he says this is because there is a morsel narration and the musen narration is weak. It's not something which is accepted by the scholars of Hadith as being authentic. Marcel basically means that there is the companion is missing missing in the chain of narration. So the Tabby read, was a student of the companion. Never met the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't live during his

00:20:41--> 00:21:18

era or his time, he is narrating directly from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, there is a missing link the companion is unknown. And because the companion is unknown, generally this type of Hadith which is known as Morrison, is classified to be weak, it's not accepted. However, there is this generation that is mentioned in some of the books of history, that Jubilee rally his Salaam, bought to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in this first instance, in Iran. He bought him a piece of cloth upon which these verses were written. And he gave it to him and he said, the crop read and the profits on a long way away, he will sell him. That's why he didn't say what should I

00:21:18--> 00:21:48

read because he could see what he wanted him to read. But rather he said, my honor, because I cannot read meaning that I am illiterate. I don't know how to read. And this is something which, again, because it's so weak narration we don't know a lot of soldier knows best whether that was the case or not, but it's something interesting, which I thought that the scholars mentioned, based upon this weak Hadith, but they say that it shows to some extent, why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam responded in the way that he did.

00:21:49--> 00:22:27

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was told to read, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam replied, I cannot read, I don't read meaning I am illiterate. And we know from the Quran, as Allah mentions explicitly in the Quran as well. I mean, also from other Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu, wasallam, that he was illiterate, but he wasn't someone who could read and write wasn't someone who could read and write. However, he could do basic things, like for example, spell his own name. And we know this from the treaty with a BIA, where the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had to write his own name Muhammad. And there are many illiterate people, even today, people who can't read and write,

00:22:27--> 00:22:49

but they can do a signature if you ask them to sign something, they will sign it, or they will spell their name because they learned how to draw out the letters of their name, but they cannot read or write. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam likewise was illiterate. So he said, My Anna Bukhari so then jubril Ali Salaam hugged him, it took him close by and he hugged him.

00:22:50--> 00:23:28

Did he hug him in a way that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam from pain or foul terror? Or was it a hug of the way, for example, that you hug someone that's a long lost friend and so on, there are different interpretations in terms of the way that he was squeezed and the way that he was held, some of the scholars will say, and you will find this interpretation that it was a squeezing or hugging of someone that has long lost a loved person that you haven't seen for a long time, the way that you squeeze them and you hug them, because the gap or the the length of time that has passed between you meeting has been so long, either way. He squeezed the Prophet sallallahu alayhi

00:23:28--> 00:23:39

wa sallam and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, during this episode is in a state of terror is frightened, difficult. He doesn't know what's going on, and this will be played out as the narration progressions.

00:23:40--> 00:24:08

So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is squeezed and he's told again a second time a crop read by jublia his Salaam and again, his responses, exactly the same manner. Bukhari I don't know how to read, I am not a reader. I do not read. So again, he is hooked by jublia, his ceram and then Jubilee Nahin Salaam tells him what to read. And he mentions to him these verses of Surah lanap.

00:24:09--> 00:24:52

This muroc bicolor, the hornak lead in the name of your Lord who created now these verses, and I want to stop here, and this is one of the benefits of doing a course earning zero that is not just about the zero, but it's about the eloquence of the Quran and the Tafseer of the verses and the way that they are, they relate to the seer of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. These verses according to the vast majority of scholars, as I mentioned, they are the first verses of revelation ever to be received by the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. And so therefore, it is interesting to see where our religion began from the foundation upon which it was based, and the the basis upon

00:24:52--> 00:24:59

which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will then continue his mission from there are many things that that Allah subhana wa Taala

00:25:00--> 00:25:38

Could have begun this religion with could have began with for example ayatul kursi, which as we know, is the greatest verse of the Quran as the Prophet told us sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could have begun by Salatu Fatiha, which as we know is known as the mother of the Quran. And it's the sort of that we recite in every single record, every single prayer could have started with Sora to the class, which as we know equals a third of the Quran, as the Prophet told us themselves on Allahu alayhi wa sallam. Therefore it is interesting. And it is also important because there is a great lesson in this as to the way that Allah subhanho wa Taala began the revelation of the Quran, not

00:25:38--> 00:26:21

only the revelation of the Quran, the way that he began the message of Islam that was given to the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam, because the two are connected. It's not just this is how the Quran begins. But it is how Islam and the messenger and the prophethood of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will also begin. So that commandment is given and it is a commandment in the Quran, to read the Quran, the Quran if you know the Arabic language is fairly amok, it is a commandment. Small verb is not a noun, it is a commandment in order to read. Now the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam just said that he is illiterate, that he cannot read, that he doesn't know how to read that

00:26:21--> 00:26:27

he doesn't know how to write. So therefore the meaning of this person Allah knows best is not just about reading.

00:26:28--> 00:27:09

But it is about seeking knowledge, which one of the most fundamental ways of seeking knowledge is to read. And that's why even today across the Muslim world, Muslims who can't read and can't write, will still learn to read the Quran, you will have Muslims who are illiterate, whatever language they speak English, I will be called don't you ask them to write something in that language or to read something, they're unable to do so. But you bring to them the origin and you open it to them, and you ask them to read they will be able to do so. And this is also from the miraculous nature of the Quran, it is from the mergesort of the Quran, that Allah Subhana Allah has made it in such a way

00:27:10--> 00:27:52

that a person who even though they are illiterate in their own language, can still read in Arabic and still read the Quran in a foreign language. So loss of Hannah tala began this religion with a commandment, which is extremely important and that is a commandment to read and to seek knowledge. And it shows to us that the basis of this religion is upon knowledge. The soul religion, its precipice is upon knowledge, upon learning upon reading upon worshipping Allah subhanho wa Taala. Upon insight, knowing what you are doing, because one of the reasons the arrays were worshipping Allah in the way that they were worshipping Him, with the idolatry and their paganism and so on, was

00:27:52--> 00:28:31

because of a lack of knowledge. And whenever you look at any of the religions, or any of the previous nations, and so on, where they went wrong, and when they started to innovate in their religion, or bring shock into their practices, it was always because of a lack of knowledge. And a lack of knowledge can actually be seen as the root cause to many of the problems that the Muslim oma has today as well. Whether it's at an individual level, a family level, and my level, many of it comes down to a lack of knowledge, knowing your religion, understanding the Quran, or the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And that's why when Allah Subhana, WA tada began this

00:28:31--> 00:29:13

commandment of Islam, and he's speaking to a group of people who predominantly are mostly illiterate. So it's not just the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he wasn't just the odd case, he was the norm. The vast majority of them didn't mean couldn't read were illiterate. You only had a few of them. A few have the courage to noblemen, people who are businessmen and someone they were literate, they could read and write. But for many of them, the average people, they couldn't read and they couldn't write it even so the commandment to them is to seek knowledge to learn. Because even for a Muslim who can't read or can't write, they must learn about their religion, they must

00:29:13--> 00:29:53

learn about the heat of a large soldier, they must learn how to worship Allah, they must learn how to pray and make more dough and fast and gives a can't perform hajj, and all of the basic concepts of Islam, they must learn and they must educate themselves regarding them, even if they are an educated and other matters of the dunya and their lives. And so Allah subhanaw taala begins this religion with this commandment. And that's why you see that after this for the next 23 years of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. One of the major recurring themes will be about seeking knowledge, about learning about the importance of education, and how the Prophet sallallahu

00:29:53--> 00:30:00

alayhi wasallam stressed us and how much he dedicated his life, to the way that they would memorize and understand the world.

00:30:00--> 00:30:38

On. And even though it wasn't done in a setting, the way that we will do today it's not a university wasn't a classroom wasn't a lecture like this, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would teach. And he would mention throughout the sooner the virtues of those who seek knowledge, and the virtues of those who learn, to teach knowledge, and the Prophet toldos sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the example of the scholar over the worshiper is like the example of the moon over the stars. And he told us on Allahu alayhi wa sallam that Allah and the angels, and all of the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth, even the fish in the sea, they seek forgiveness for the one who teaches

00:30:38--> 00:31:20

God, the one who teaches and spreads knowledge. And so throughout the summer, you have so many Hadith and that's why the most famous personalities in Islam, especially after the level of the companions, mostly are scholars of Islam. They're more famous today than the leaders, the Holy Father existed, and the generals and so on and so forth. And we had many generals and many leaders are many believers in Islam, but the people that you hear most about are the scholars. And that is because of the importance of this concept in our religion. And that is where Islam began from this commandment to read. And Allah subhanho wa Taala leaves it as a general commandment we'd learn,

00:31:20--> 00:31:59

educate yourself, but primarily to educate yourself with regards to your religion, even though education in general is something which is considered praiseworthy in Islam. And that's what you I'm Shafi Rahim Allah, Allah Allah, for example, he would say that the most virtuous of knowledge after Islam is the knowledge of medicine. And there was hollows of Islam that Lapa in Ramallah and others, they were known for, having studied maths and philosophy and medicine, and so on and so forth. Because knowledge in general is something which is praiseworthy. But the knowledge that you begin with, or the knowledge that you also give much importance to, is the knowledge of Islam. And that's

00:31:59--> 00:32:31

when learnzillion says, this, me Robic read in the name of your Lord, because that is the knowledge that is most important and fundamental to you. The knowledge of your Lord, knowing Allah subhanho wa Taala, knowing who he is, knowing why you worship Him, knowing his names, and its attributes and his powers and its abilities, knowing everything you can about your religion, because that knowledge insha Allah will bring you closer to Allah subhana wa Tada. And that's why there's something well known in human nature

00:32:32--> 00:33:11

that we normally love those things that we know best. Human Nature is that way, when you learn more about something, you're in a better position to live in more. And that's why we as humans normally love our parents more than other people. Does that mean that our parents are the best people alive? There's no one better than them. No one more righteous, more noble? No, there's probably many people that are better to them, but in our eyes, we love them more because we know them better. And because we are more aware of the sacrifices that they made for us, and that in human nature instills love. You love people that you know better your wife, your children, your brothers, sisters, these are

00:33:11--> 00:33:54

people that you have formed a close bond with. So likewise, that's why the Prophet told us sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that we will never achieve true Eman until we love Allah, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, more than we would love our parents, and our spouses and our children. So that by necessity means that we must also know them better than we know our parents, our spouses and our children. And that is where Allah subhanho wa Taala begins revelation by commanding us to learn about Allah, the name of Allah, read in the name of your Lord, learn about Allah subhanho wa Taala and that's where the greatest solos and passages and verses of the Quran

00:33:54--> 00:34:37

Surah Surah Fatiha ayat Al kursi, all of them revolve around the single concept and that is knowing Allah subhana wa tada the tawheed of Allah azza wa jal because that is the most central and important concept that is mentioned within the Quran. Knowing Allah subhanho wa Taala. And when you know Allah azza wa jal, and based upon that knowledge, you come close to him and you worship Him, then it is one of the best ways to safeguard yourself from innovation and sure, no one can come and tell you to worship other than Allah. When you already know who Allah is. When you know that Allah azza wa jal cannot have a child or a son. No one can tell you to come and worship someone that they

00:34:37--> 00:34:59

claim is a child or son of Allah. When you know for example, the last panel to Allah is all hearing and all seeing and all knowing, then you know that these are attributes of Allah, and any god or anyone else or anything else that claims to be a God must also have these attributes by necessity. And that's why the Prophet told us on Allahu alayhi wa sallam for example, in the Hadith of the jungle,

00:35:00--> 00:35:40

That the john is one island and your Lord is not one island. You know Allah so how can then you possibly think that the journey is Allah when you know that his attributes and names and qualities and abilities don't match up with those, the big will belong to Allah subhana wa Tada. And so alara soldier tells us to take this most fundamental of knowledge, because this was the knowledge that the arrangement wrong in the arrange, they wanted to come closer to Allah, they wanted to worship Allah, they wanted people to see it on their behalf with Allah. But the way that they did it was in a way that doesn't please Allah subhanho wa Taala they took the words of Allah, and they gave them to

00:35:40--> 00:35:58

other than Allah, they diminished the station and the stature of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And so Allah so which tells us at the beginning of Islam, to worship Allah, and he doesn't see we In the name of Allah, but rather he says, read in the name of your Lord, and the word Rob

00:36:00--> 00:36:43

and that will be language and is one of the names of Allah subhana wa outcrop, that is the Lord. The word of the name or Rob means the one who created and the one who fashioned and the one who originated and the one who sustains and provides and he is the one who nurtures and educates. It is Allah subhanho wa Taala, who not only installs Eman within us and Islam, but then he will nurture that seed of Eman. He will help it to grow and he will help you to become stronger upon new Eman help you to become stronger upon your religion. And that's why perhaps an alarm soldier knows best that is the reason why this is the name that Allah began revelation with. Instead of reading the

00:36:43--> 00:37:07

name of Allah, or read in the name of the Most Merciful or the most generous and so on. He said read in the name of your Lord, because this is the beginning seed of Islam. And so Allah subhana wa tada from the seed, not only will he nurture the Eman of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam but it will spread out and he will establish a whole a whole oma and a whole society

00:37:08--> 00:37:53

Coronavirus mirabai kalevi haluk read in the name of your Lord who created an alarm soldier doesn't mention what he created doesn't say for example, the one who created the heavens or the earth or mankind or the trees or the stars or the sun and the moon, he leaves general and there is a principle in the Quran when you study the Quran, that normally when alarm so when you leave something general, it is meant to be all encompassing. When Allah leaves something general, it is meant to be all encompassing meaning that every type of creation that you can possibly think of Allah azza wa jal is the one who created weed in the name of your Lord created. That includes the

00:37:53--> 00:38:34

heavens, the earth, the sun, the moon, the angels, us as humans, everything. Allah azza wa jal is the one who created it. Not only did he created petite originated it meaning that Alonso john is the one who came up with the concept. Because sometimes a person creates something from an existing model. You have a chair, you make another chair. It's copying a concept over from something which already exists. But Alonzo Winchell is not only the Creator, but he is the originator. There was no one who created the heavens and earth before Allah. There was no one who created the sun and the moon and the stars and humans and jinn and angels before Allah subhana wa Tada. So modern social

00:38:34--> 00:39:19

order originated and he created and he shaped and fashion and then a large syllogism, placed everything in its proper place. And he gave every single thing. It's do whites and placed everything in extremely precise measurements. And when you see this and you understand this, then you understand the power of Allah subhanho wa Taala and his glory. And that's what Lars xojo Lin continues and he says, Han upon in Sun I mean, he is the one who created mankind not only to recreate everything else, but are the second verse and he created mankind. Because in order for you to appreciate why you should worship Allah, to understand the power and the ability of Allah subhana

00:39:19--> 00:39:59

wa Taala there is no greater sign than your own self, then your own body, the way that it works, the way that the blood flows around your body, the way that the heartbeats, the way that you breathe, the way that there are millions of of different types of of pulses running through your brain. And the way that you attach all of these senses together and the way that your kidneys and liver and all of these other bodily functions work. How amazing is what Allah subhana wa tada created. And if and if you were to just lose, for example, a single digit of your finger or your thumb, it is difficult to imagine how you would be able to live after that.

00:40:00--> 00:40:41

Yes, you can live Yes, you can carry on yes, you can adapt, but the difficulties that you would have just by losing a part of your index finger, how many things do we do with this part of the index finger, holding the spoon, breaking, ripping something apart, like a piece of bread, holding a pen? Imagine if we didn't have this. Or imagine if you didn't have a thumb, and you had four fingers, right? Nine out of 10 is not bad, you think. But how many ways does that diminish you in your normal everyday function. And so we don't appreciate the smallest of things, and we only appreciate them. When the last panel Motorola, bestow bestows his blessings upon us. Anyone that's had back pain, for

00:40:41--> 00:41:12

example, like severe back pain, you know how difficult it is simply to move to turn your head to do anything because your back doesn't function in the way that you have taken for granted. You have Allah subhanho wa Taala has given us all of this and the lines that were mentioned and look how precise the creation of Allah subhanho wa Taala is, in the sense that each and every single one of us has fingerprints that are different from all of the other 6 billion plus people around in this world. Your fingerprint is unique to you.

00:41:13--> 00:41:54

Who could have possibly done this other than Allah subhana wa tada who could have possibly created this with this much precision other than Allah azza wa jal. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala mentioned at the beginning of the Quran, the beginning of Islam and Revelation, that not only should you seek knowledge and knowledge of Allah, but you should see the signs of Allah subhana wa tada has pleased around you, what Allah azza wa jal has given to you from his blessings and so on. And the signs that Allah subhana wa Taala makes manifest for you. And that's why often then after this in the Quran, many verses come and speak about the signs of Allah subhana wa Tada. There is also another

00:41:54--> 00:42:36

interesting point here and that is that this surah in its order in the Quran, comes after surah to Doha, surah alumnus surah teeny was eaten. And surah to Doha is one of the songs that we're going to speak about also in a subsequent revelation, because you're also directly refers to some portions of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, but Allah subhana wa tada in Surah to Doha, he reminds the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam of some of the greatest blessings that he bestowed upon him and we mentioned this in a previous lesson, or the prophets Allah was an orphan and a legate from shelter, and now he was didn't have guidance and a lobster guidance upon him. And now he

00:42:36--> 00:43:18

was poor. And Allah azza wa jal gave him provision. Allah subhanaw taala. At the end of the surah he says, we'll be near and mature up bigger for her death. Then as for the Blessings of your Lord, discuss them from the ways that you come closer to Allah and you show Shakur gratitude for the blessings of Allah is by discussing the blessings of Allah not in a way that is arrogant or proud or boasting of voting, but in a way that shows that you understand and appreciate and acknowledge the blessings of Allah and you remind others that they too should be grateful for the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon them. Loss of Paradise after this he mentioned surah Allah, Masha. And so

00:43:18--> 00:43:51

Ramesh speaks in more detail about the exact types of blessings that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam received at a National Medical Center, Dr. Mullah, expand your chest baublebar nankervis rock, and he removed sins from you the weight and the burden of sins from you, allele and Cordova Huracan. those sins that burden was about to break your bank, or a foreigner letter, the crop, and then he raised your status and your name and your mention. So Allah subhanaw taala speaks about the specific

00:43:53--> 00:44:39

blessings that he bestowed upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but then Sora watin Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions the general blessings that he bestowed upon all of us, all of us as humans, number one, and then number two more specifically us as those who have accepted Islam and believed in Allah, Allah, Allah, in lava, the hollow panel in Santa Fe, actually took when, and recreated mankind in the best of form and fashion, the best of fashion, the way the last greeted you with two legs, two arms and all of the bodily parts. It is the greatest one of the best ways and shapes and forms that Allah has created his creation, from morada dinner who has fell as feeding,

00:44:39--> 00:44:59

but then from those heights of that collision of Allah, mankind will fall to the depths they will fall and they will go to the bottom. Why? Because of the disbelief because of the evil because of the rejection of Allah subhanaw taala and his blessings in the levina man we're um, you know, saw the heart attacks

00:45:00--> 00:45:42

For those who believe and do righteous deeds, so Larissa Winchell goes from the blessings that he bestowed upon the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam to the specific blessings that he bestowed upon this oma. And then in Surah April, Allah subhana wa Taala mentions how we should come closer the way that we come closer to Allah and the way that we know how to praise Allah and worship Allah and thank him for those blessings, and be appreciative of those blessings from which one of them is the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and that we are from his alma, Cora bismi Rob Baker levy holla. Read, seek knowledge learn, because when you know and you learn and you seek

00:45:42--> 00:46:23

knowledge, you raise in your ability or your rise in your ability to come closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that's why in South Africa half in the story of moose and feather it is Allah He must win, Musa alayhis salam is told to go and seek knowledge from cradle. He says the light will travel to the ends of the earth, to seek knowledge, because he understood the importance of knowledge. And that's what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam installed within his companions, and then as what the companions installed within their students, and they did so generation after generation after generation, and that's why one of the signs of Yama, Yama is that knowledge will be lifted,

00:46:24--> 00:47:02

knowledge will be lifted, scholars will pass away, ignorance will become more prevalent, even though there are narrations also in the science of your monthly ama that show that people are generally more educated. They are more knowledgeable just as we today are very educated. Compared to our parents and our grandparents and our great grandparents. We are more educated, more qualified. Yet even so when it comes to Islamic knowledge, it is possibly arguable that we have less knowledge generally speaking as an Ummah, not speaking to us individually. But generally as an oma, there is more ignorance. And that's why sometimes it's amazing when you think how possible How is it possible

00:47:02--> 00:47:46

that today in the oma of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam when you study the circumstances in which Islam came, and the shock that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to put a stop to how it is possible that today in the oma in that same oma, we have people performing show, people will pray a grieves, and they will ask for other than Allah, and they will sacrifice two things in the same oma, the whole purpose of which was to put an end to the chip. So we're not talking about Christians or Jews or any other nation, any other religion, we're talking about us as Muslims. And that again, goes to show that the problem therefore is that they have a lack of knowledge. Because none of those

00:47:46--> 00:48:25

Muslims across the world will will say to you that we're doing this because we know Chirk, they're not doing it because they think it choke. They're not doing it because they think that it's going to enter them into the hellfire. They have righteous intentions. They think that this is the way that they come closer to Allah. This is how they should worship Allah, this is what will bring a lot of pleasure upon them. Yet, Where have they gone wrong? The lack of knowledge, not knowing, not understanding, not appreciating Islam. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is ordered at the beginning of Islam, to seek knowledge to learn, and then to pass on that knowledge as well. And

00:48:25--> 00:49:03

it shows that Islamic knowledge isn't something which is constructed or defined by your social status, you don't have to be literate to learn Islam. You don't have to be educated, you don't have to be qualified in certain ways. Because even if you look at the set of many of the scholars with the tab you're in, in fact, some of the greatest of the scholars of the tambourine were freed slaves, people who are poor, people who had no money, people who didn't come from a social status where people looked up towards them rather they will look down upon and they will frowned upon. Here Islam raised them through the knowledge that they sought, and the knowledge that they acquired and

00:49:03--> 00:49:47

learned. And so this is something which we need to install. So Allah subhanaw taala says holla people insane I mean, he created mankind from an app, and an app is a piece of portrait blood. And we know from the Quran and we know from modern science as well that a child when they begin in the womb of the mother, they start from a drop of semen and that drop of semen then enters into a clot. It is a small morsel of fleshy, bloody clot sticky type of substance that is known in our in our because Allah and an account in Arabic language also is the name of a leech leech is a blood sucking type of worm type of insect that normally you find in swamps and so on, it attaches to your skin and

00:49:47--> 00:49:59

it will suck blood from you. That is also known as anaka in Arabic language. So last panel, Donna says He created you from this small substance, that is where you come from.

00:50:00--> 00:50:39

And if Alonzo Winchell by reminding us that He created us from this shows us the data we are fully fledged humans. We have, you know all power and ability we have strength and we have vigor and we have energy to do what we want to the extent that sometimes we fool ourselves in thinking that we own the world, right, the way that we sometimes walk and do things on this earth, you will think that we own the world. But a large soldier reminds us that this is where we came from. Hello, Paul in Santa manana. He is the one who created you. And so when you know that Allah azza wa jal is the one who created you, and originated you and fashioned you and shaped you, then doesn't it make sense

00:50:39--> 00:51:17

that Allah subhanaw taala is the one who deserves to be worshipped. Not only that, but then doesn't it also show that the one who created you in this fashion and this way will know best, what is best for you, just as a parent often knows best, what is good for the child doesn't mean that they're 100%, right? Because they're human, sometimes they make mistakes, but generally speaking, their experiences, their knowledge, their wisdom, and so on, they know what's good for the children. They know, for example, especially when a child is at a very young age, they know how to look after the child, what will keep them safe, we'll make them have a safe environment, and so on. They know, for

00:51:17--> 00:51:58

example, that if a child is playing with the knife, even though the child may be enjoying himself or herself, they know that it's detrimental to them and dangerous. Allah subhanaw taala has the best of examples, if that's the way that a parent is with a child, a teacher is with the student, then what about Allah subhana wa Taala, who not only created you, and originated you, and formed you and gave you life and provided for you and sustained you, but he is, by virtue of him being God, he is all knowing, and all hearing and all sin, an on wise, and he knows the future and the past. And he knows everything that will take place and he knows what is good for you, and what is evil for you. And he

00:51:58--> 00:52:36

knows what to give you and one on to give you doesn't he deserve them, I will worship and our trust and our reliance, and I will hope in Him alone. subhanho wa Taala. So Allah subhanaw taala, you can see at the very beginning of Islam, not only is he laying the foundation of the head of knowledge, sorry, but also have to worry that this is the God that you should be worshipping, not these idols or issues to make by the own hands, then in terms of family and poverty, they would eat them, or they would break them down for fire or they would do something else. But rather this. These are the attributes that belong in a loss of hydrotalcite that belong to God.

00:52:38--> 00:53:21

woroch bukal, a chrome verse number three and read, and your Lord is the most generous. Another command to read in three verses twice, are we commanded to read and to seek knowledge. And it is difficult to emphasize how important this concept of managers and if there was no other verses in the Quran, if this was the only thing that came in the Quran, that spoke about knowledge and education and so on, it would be sufficient. The fact that at the very beginning of Islam twice, Allah subhanho wa Taala mentioned the importance of weeding of seeking knowledge, there could be a crumb and your Lord is most generous, generous in the sense that he is the one who will teach you

00:53:21--> 00:53:59

generous in the one in the sense that he is the one who allowed the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. Despite him being illiterate, not being able to read or write, he gave him this knowledge. And he gave him the ability to convey that message and that knowledge and he gave him the village to memorize the Quran and to spread the teachings of the Quran. And he is generous Subhana huhtala because he is the one who when you seek knowledge and you learn knowledge and you come closer to him through knowledge, he is the one who helps you overcome the difficulties and obstacles that you face in that knowledge as well. And that is only a small portion of the generosity of Allah subhanho wa

00:53:59--> 00:54:03

Taala a small part of the generosity of a large soldier,

00:54:04--> 00:54:24

workbook and a chrome under the unnamable column. And he is the one who taught with the pen. Again, coming back to knowledge. These five verses all of them revolve around knowledge and the most important of that knowledge allow the learner built on him. He is the one who taught you with the pen.

00:54:26--> 00:54:59

The pen is mentioned here and it is mentioned also in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam as being one of the first things that olanzapine and Motorola created. The Prophet told us on Allahu alayhi wa sallam that Allah subhana wa Taala created the pen and he said to the pen up to white, and the pen said What should I write Allah and Allah subhana wa Taala responded and he said, write everything that will take place until Yeoman piano, right the decree of everything that will take place until Yeoman per Yama. So some of the scholars are of the opinion that the first thing that a lot created was the pen

00:55:00--> 00:55:20

And this is the opinion of in the meme of poverty rahimullah, for example, the famous scholar of Tafseer. Other scholars said that the first thing that Allah created was the ash, his throne. That is the first thing that Allah created. Because there are some narrations of this hadith that when the pen was created and told to write on last throne was above water.

00:55:21--> 00:56:04

So some of the scholars said that the throne was created first and that is the opinion of a rotimi or hemoglobin optium Rahim Allah are the scholars. And then there is also a third opinion that says that water was the first thing that a lot rated. Allah created water first, and then everything else on a large soldier knows best The point being that Allah subhanaw taala. In this verse, he says Alavi unnamable column, he is the one who taught you with the pen and lemon in Santa marlim yharnam he taught mankind that which they do not know. Loss of Hannah water Allah has bestowed upon us knowledge and all of the knowledge that we have, whether in terms of religion, or in terms of

00:56:04--> 00:56:45

science, or technology or all of the other things that we know, it is only a small sliver of the knowledge that is contained with the loss of Hannah Montana. Even the knowledge that we have of the religion, it is something which it is what we need to know. But we have many things that we don't know of in terms of Allah subhanaw taala and many of the things concerning Allah, many of the things concerning the unseen and the angels and the jinn and how fire normal to Yama and paradise and so on. This is knowledge that Allah has kept with yourself and the knowledge that Allah has is far greater than this. Let's well losses in the Quran. Hello Colonel baffle me daddy Kelly Matthew

00:56:45--> 00:57:30

Robbie learner Fidel Bahama. cobla anten further Karima Torabi will be Miss Lee mother. Say that if all of the oceans the water of the oceans were to be in for the words of my Lord, then that water would diminish before the words of Allah or exhausted, even if you will ocean upon ocean upon ocean. So vast are the words of Allah. And another verse learnzillion says that if the trees will undermine a lot of women shelter within a column, if the trees on earth were to be like pens and crayons, and all of the waters of the ocean would be ink, all of that would be exhausted before the words of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that's when Laura xojo says to us warmer will Tito minella read me in

00:57:30--> 00:58:12

that Padilla, you have only been given a very small part of knowledge, even the knowledge that we have of Islam is something so small, and to be able to seek knowledge, as the scholars would say you give you a life up for the pursuit of knowledge and in return, you only attain a small part, you only attain a small amount of the knowledge. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala at the beginning of these verses, he speaks about the importance of knowledge, but also the type of knowledge that we should be seeking and that is the knowledge of Allah subhanho wa Taala and his story we have a large part of the story still remaining of the beginning of Revelation and the rest of the Hadith a

00:58:12--> 00:58:29

variation of the Allaha but because our time is official medalla we're going to stop here and the next week inshallah we will continue with this portion of the beginning of revelation discipline Lafayette was set alight on the Buddha Mohammed was early he was suffering VH brain sulamani law he will Baraka