Page 13 – Covenants And Disobedience Dr. Qur’An Tafseer Series
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said I'm Alec rahmatullahi wa barakato Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa cleaver to 13 on our agenda illallah wa the mean? Why should you Allah Allah Allah Allah who the hula Shakira hula hula Valina leading worship to another region and Muhammad Abdul who are assumed Mustapha Amin Allahumma salli wa Salam roboticle abductor Asuka Muhammad are the early he was r&b he married my bad Welcome to another episode of outer seal page by page and inshallah Tana today we are on page number 13 of the first Jews Surah to Bukhara. And in the previous episode, Allah subhanaw taala had spoken to us all mentioned the verses concerning very strong in and as we've seen now
throughout the surah even though we're still relatively towards the beginning of Surah Baqarah but it is a Surah there are a number of occasions already has spoken at some length and in some detail concerning this nation of people but he's crying. And we know that Allah subhanaw taala sent to Bani Israel in many prophets, and he received divine revelation books that Allah azza wa jal revealed to them over the ages and the generations and via the various messengers from Allah subhanaw taala. And Allah azza wa jal specifies, or he highlights many Surah In the Surah, to show to us the mistakes that they made. And that is they're often in issues or up either in belief in our worship of Allah
subhanaw taala there is a certain level in a certain way that we should behave in a certain way that we should submit to Allah subhanaw taala and Allah azza wa jal is showing to us that just because you may have a prophet or that you may have divine revelation doesn't necessarily mean that you will do what is pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala and Allah azza wa jal shows that the people have been a straw eel made a number of mistakes they fall into a number of the traps are shaytaan.
And one of the traps of shaytaan that they fall into and one of the misguidance is that they were upon is that they would choose and cherry pick part of their religions and part of that revelation, they would choose what was appropriate for them to believe in and they would ignore other parts of revelation that they decided themselves was inappropriate for them or maybe difficult for them to follow. And so Allah subhanaw taala gives to us a number of examples from those examples is one Allah azza wa jal mentioned at the beginning of page number 13. In verse number 84, Allah subhanaw taala says, are all bIllahi min ash shaytani R rajim. Or a hardener? Amida pecan lettuce we corner
Dima Kumada, to curry Jonah forsaken the come from aparato.
Tisha don't we talk and remember when we took a pledge a covenant from you that you do not share the one another's blood or drive one another away from your homelands? You acknowledge it at the time and you can testify to this. Allah subhanaw taala. In this surah he mentions a number of pledges, a number of covenants that he took from Benny Salatin. And the meaning of these pledges and these covenants is that this is the Shediac that they were given. These were the instructions that they were given either on the tongues of their messengers or in the divine revelations that they received from Allah subhanaw taala. Allah azza wa jal says that from the covenant from the pledges from the
things that they agreed to, when they accepted their religion, just as we as Muslims have agreed to do a number of things, you can't be a Muslim, and say, I don't want to pray. You can't be a Muslim and refuse to give us a car. These are things that we have taken the pledge, a covenant with Allah subhanaw taala, to uphold by the very virtue of us being Muslims. So likewise, with Benny is thrown in from the covenants that Allah azza wa jal took from them is that they would not shed one another's blood. This is something which was always with Benny slide in the Sharia and in their religion justice, it is the same in our religion in Islam is not allowed for us to commit murder or
to shed innocent blood of others. But Allah azza wa jal is mentioning this by way of highlighting the situation of Bani Israel in or the Jewish tribes that used to live in Medina during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. We know that before the hijra, the tribes of Medina, the two premier major tribes of Medina that would later formed on Tsar, those two tribes of arms being the ocean, the huzzah Raj were engaged in civil war. They were two tribes that lived in the same place but because of their competing interests, they will often often be fighting and killing amongst them. Within Medina and surrounding Medina, there were three Jewish tribes that settled Ben,
Ben or Eva and Bernardino, CA. And these three tribes took the sides of one of these two Arab tribes, either the ocean the cartilage, and so they would have essentially allies and they would have an alliance between them.
themselves and between these two Arab tribes, so some of them are with some of those Jewish tribes or with the Oh, some of them are with the hostage. So when they would be fighting with one another, most of the husbands, their allies from amongst the Jewish tribes would take their site and would help them in that killing. And what they will do as a result of the killing is that they would break this covenant from Allah subhanaw taala, that they are killing one another. So when Jewish tribe is fighting another Jewish tribe, what the Holy Jonah and forsaken Allah told in June and for sacrament Dr. Recommend Allah said, do not drive one another from your homelands, because part of the fighting
was to exile part of the fighting is that you take the wealth of others, part of the fighting is that you take any prisoners of war, and then once they had settled their disputes or that particular stage of fighting was over, then they would give back their you know, they would run some one another in terms of the, of the of the prisoners of war and their wealth and so on and so forth.
So Allah subhanaw taala is saying that this is something which you were doing, despite the covenant that Allah azza wa jal took from you. And this is very similar to the situation unfortunately for many Muslims, that there are a number of covenants that Allah azza wa jal picks up on us by virtue of us being Muslims that we know from the Quran, from the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, how often do you see Muslims not playing? How often do you see Muslims not giving Zakah how often do you see Muslims engaging in the Haram murder, taking alcohol, engaged in interest in Riba and so many other things that they are engaged in, even though they know it is something which Allah
subhanaw taala has prohibited? And that is why Allah azza wa jal concludes, verse number 84. And he says to sum up Aurora, Tom, welcome to the show, don't you acknowledge it at the time, and you can testify to this? Allah subhanaw taala then in verse number 85, he continues and he says, seeing that despite this despite this covenant that you have taken, what is your reality from toma Allah Utako to Luna full circle moto Cody Jonah fairy coming Camille the in the VA Haruna la him believe me? Well, the one yet here you are, Allah says killing one another and driving some of your own people from their homes, helping one another in sin and aggression against them. Allah azza wa jal says in
84, in verse 84, these are the covenants that we took, you won't kill. You want to examine one another from your homeland, you won't, you won't make one another leave their homes and so on and so forth. You own sin and transgress against one another. Allah azza wa jal is saying that is the covenant we took a now you hear meaning you the people of many slide in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is your reality, that you are choosing to engage in the very things that you are prohibited from, you are choosing to break the covenant and oath that Allah azza wa jal took from you.
Allah subhanaw taala continues and he says, what he to come Musa ra to do Houma Hua, Mohammed Ali Khan kraju, if they come to you as captives, you still pay to set them free, although you had no right to drive them out. So now when they're fighting these Jewish tribes, and maybe one Jewish tribe is fighting the other, and this tribe overcomes the second, and so they have captives of war prisoners of war that they take once the fighting is stopped. So what they've done essentially is that they removed those people during war, and as a result of the war from their homes, they've taken them as captives as prisoners, they have imprison them. And the prisoner as we know has very
many less rights than a person who is free. So now this person was a captive and prisoner of war, once the fighting has stopped, they know that what they did this very action of this is wrong, it goes against the teachings and it goes against the the guidance that they will given in the divine revelation. So now rather than just returning them, they will ransom ransom them instead, taking money in exchange for the freedom of these prisoners, even though they did what was wrong in the first place. So now it is as if there is a double wrong. And that is where Allah subhanaw taala says, effort, meno Nabi barbil kita we will check for owner beberg, Allah azza wa jal says, So do
you believe in some parts of the scripture, and you reject other parts of it? Is this your reality that you believe in the parts of the Scripture, some of it, the one that suits you, and you disbelieve in other parts of the scripture that don't suit you. So for example, they believe in the pot that says that they can ransom, the ransom is something which they are allowed to then take that because it gives them money. But they disbelieve in other parts of law, as we just said to them don't kill, don't expel people from the homelands. They reject that part of the Scripture. And this is one of the major downfalls or pitfalls of any person or any of the nations that came before. And
that is that over time, they would choose certain parts of their religion that they would consider to be convenient and they would accept them and the parts that they consider to be inconvenient for one reason or another. They would refuse to obey them. And that is why even the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to us as the Muslims, indeed you will follow the footsteps of those who came before
You, meaning that you will do as they did before. Today, you only have to look around our own families, our communities, our neighborhoods, the Muslim ummah in general, to see that often is the case that we as Muslims, and none of us are exempt from this. We as Muslims, often choose parts that we like, and leave the parts that we don't like. The things that are easy for us, we'll say were muslim, but the things that we find difficult some of the camps, some of the rulings, some of the commands of Allah subhanaw taala, some of the prohibitions of Allah azza wa jal, we leave them and that is essentially choosing parts of the book to believe in and denying other parts of the book,
Allah subhanaw taala gives a warning at the end of estimate 85 And he says, for managers will may argue that he can come in his young will hire dunya or Yeoman Yama to rot Dona Isla shut down either but while Allah will be laughing in Mad Men when Allah azza wa jal says that the punishment of you for the punishment for those of you who do this will be nothing but disgrace in this life and on human Qiyamah the Day of Resurrection, they will be condemned to the harshest torment. Indeed, Allah is not unaware of that which you do. Allah subhanaw taala gives these people a stark warning and that is the threat of punishment in this life. They will have disgrace or they're bullies evil
hayati dunya, oh, his Yun, Phil hayati, dunya, they will have disgrace in this world. And the disgrace that Allah azza wa jal gives to those people is that ultimately they will always fail. So in the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would conquer the whole of Medina, he would then go on to conquer all of the Arabian Peninsula. And so the, despite the wanting to be people of power and privilege of prestige and so on, Allah subhanaw taala, disgraces them in this life and humiliates them, just as those people who engage in Haram and they choose the Haram instead of the Hulen, Allah subhanaw taala will take away baraka and
blessing from the world, from their families from their offspring, Allah subhanaw taala tries them and test them in so many ways. Those people who have wealth, even the greatest amount of wealth, if they don't have contentment of the heart, they don't have inner peace and happiness, they don't have joy. And all they feel is that they've been attacked in one way or another. Or they feel that people are always after their positions and their wealth, that they can't trust anyone around them, that everyone around them is only is only with them because of what who they are or what they possess. That is not a life of contentment. And so that person despite having the trappings of the dunya, and
despite having the adornments of this life, despite having all of the treasures of this world, they still live a life of disgrace of humiliation, they find that they have no inner peace and inner joy. And you only have to look at a segment of those people that you find in the news or on the internet and so on that you will find that their lives don't really necessarily have the peace and contentment that the outsider will think that they would possess by simple virtue of them possessing money or fame or houses and cars and so on and so forth. And that is what Allah azza wa jal warns them off. And then he gives an even harsher warning subhanaw taala and that is when they will return
to Allah azza wa jal on the Day of Judgment they return to an even harsher punishment. Illa assured
that you will have a greater punishment before Allah subhanaw taala and Allah azza wa jal is not unaware. Allah subhanaw taala is not ignorant of what it is that these people are doing when they choose to believe in parts of the book, and they reject other parts of the book. Allah subhanaw taala summarizes these people and what it is that they do their actions. And he says in verse number 86, of hanno Tada, all he can let him finish Tara will hire the dunya era. These are the people who buy the life of this world at the price of the Hereafter, they have sold the akhira the hereafter to buy the 50 6070 years or whatever it is that they have of this dunya they have essentially made an
exchange. You see Allah subhanaw taala says to the believers as we mentioned later on in the Quran when we come in Sharla Tada to Surah to Toba in Allah hush Tara Nina Nina Fusa home will
be another human agenda. Allah azza wa jal has purchased from the believers, their lives and their wealth and exchange he will give to them Jana. So for the believers they sacrifice their life, they sacrifice their wealth in obedience to Allah subhanaw taala so your whole life is one of worship. Your whole life is one of submitting to Allah azza wa jal, your wealth is used to doing that which is highlighted and is pleasing to Allah subhana wa Tada. So you essentially exchange what you have been given of your life in this world and your wealth for what is pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala and in return Allah azza wa jal gives to your agenda. Allah subhanaw taala says that the
disbelievers have made a different bargain, they would have made a different transaction
And that transaction is one in which they sold off the Acura and instead they have bought the sport. As for the believer, we've sold the dunya for the eternity of the happiness of that era by Allah subhanaw taala His mercy and His permission.
And so Allah azza wa jal says that those people who look at this life and it is one of the most difficult parts of the dunya, that when you're in it, you become indulged within it, when you live within this dunya. The trappings of it make it difficult to focus and super focus on what it is that you have to really spend all of your time and effort on. And that is the era. And that is because when you're in this world, within the daily grind of this dunya within the problems that you face in the challenges the hopes and dreams that you have for yourself, and for your children and for your offspring, it is difficult to sometimes divorce yourself from that and to take a bigger perspective
or to see something which is further beyond the next 510 1520 years of what is the dunya but that is what Allah azza wa jal commands the believers to do, and that is the way that meaning should be. So Allah subhanaw taala says that when it comes to the disbelievers because the Eman in Allah azza wa jal is weak or non existent because the Eman and belief in human Piana the Day of Judgment is weak or maybe non existent because of that weakness or non existent faith in those aspects of belief. Those people have no issue or they don't find it so difficult to make that exchange. Or perhaps it's because of the belief as Allah azza wa jal mentioned in the previous verses that we already covered,
that they think that at the very worst, Allah will only punish them for a day or a couple of days or a few days. It is a small time of punishment, and in return, I will enjoy the dunya and do as I please deliver as I please, that type of thinking. It is from the whisperings of temptations of shaytaan and it is from the ways that shape upon destruction person from Allah diverts a person away from the path of Allah subhanaw taala until they go further and further away. So Allah azza wa jal says that those people have bought the life of this realm in exchange for the hereafter. And what is not said but it is implicitly understood is what a terrible transaction that reads, it is lost
making to spend your life of this world doing as you please and living how you please not submitting to Allah, even though you have no guarantee that you may live beyond a few days or weeks or months or years. And in exchange, you have sold off what is eternal happiness, what is eternal bliss and reward from Allah subhanaw taala and that is where Allah azza wa jal concludes, was 86. And he says, fella, you have one woman either boo Allah whom Yun Soran Allah azza wa jal says that torment will not be lightened, nor will they be helped those people, that punishment will never become lightened, the punishment of the fire never has any respite, there is no rest, there is no turning down of the
temperature of the fire. There is no less fire on Sundays than other days. Never will it be lightened Wallah who knows Sauron or no nor will they ever be helped? the eternity of the fire means exactly that, that the eternal punishment of the fire at its gravest or most heightened rage will continue to be like that for the rest of eternity.
And then Allah subhanaw taala gives the people of Bani Israel, He gives them this reminder of the blessings that Allah azza wa jal placed upon them, that they know better, that they you should know that they should make this transaction of this world for the next that Allah azza wa jal gave to them. A divine revelation sent to them prophets and messengers so that they will be aware of what it is that is truly lasting and beneficial. Allah subhanaw taala says in verse number 87, one other Earth in motion Kitagawa, Faina mean body able Rasul Allah azza wa jal says, Indeed we gave to Musashi CERAM the Scripture and we sent down messengers after him in succession. Musashi salatu
salam was not the first of the prophets of bene Israel, they would be many that would come after him in succession, the likes of the wood, and saline man, and you're here, and Zakariya and reciting usato Salam and others whose names that we do not know of some of them their stories are mentioned in the Quran, but the names are told to us and other times we know that they came but we don't know the story. It's not all their names. Allah azza wa jal says that this is from Allah's greatest blessings upon you that Allah sent you not only prophets and messengers, but he gave to Revelation in by way of the Torah that was given to Mousavi salatu salam, Allah azza wa jal says, well, Tina,
you said the NAMA Yemeni, a unit you are a Yoda now who are those? Allah subhanaw taala says, and likewise We sent down Jesus the son of Mary We gave him clear signs and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit from the blessings of Allah subhanaw taala upon the
extension have been destroyed, which is the Christians at them will come is that they had further revelation by way of reciting salatu salam, and that Allah azza wa jal gave to him the Injeel Allah subhanaw taala gave him the gospel, and Allah azza wa jal gave to him help by Roger codice Rohan padas, according to the vast majority of the scholars with dipsea is a title for the engergy plenary salatu salam, and that Allah azza wa jal helped him with the miracles that He gave him by way of Jubilee Valley salatu salam and he strengthened him and honored him. And these are all from the blessings that Allah azza wa jal bestowed upon the people of Bani Israel. How do they respond to
Revelation? How do they respond to the Prophets and Messengers? Allah subhanaw taala says, ethical lemma Kumaraswamy gemara Hawa fosu Comos that boultham February February on the tama ferry upon taco tune, so how is it that whenever whenever a messenger brings you something you do not like? You become arrogant, calling some imposters and killing others. Allah subhanaw taala says
that these prophets and messengers that came to you, when they would come to you with guidance from Allah azza wa jal, they would come with a message of Allah subhanaw taala they would come with instructions from Allah azza wa jal, so what would they do to them is stuck Berto you would show arrogance? Like for example the Prophet of Allah azza wa jal reciting salatu salam, when he goes to Jews refuse to accept it. When our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came, the Jews and the Christians refused to accept him. So they show a level of arrogance that they believe that their prophet or they wait is the only way and that they're not willing to accept the message or further
instruction from Allah Subhana Allah Allah. So Allah azza wa jal says FurFur recon can debitum some of them you denied, you rejected, you call them false prophets, you made them out to be imposters like these are the salatu salam and like our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will further your contact to loon and a group of amongst those profits you murdered and you killed. And it is said for example, that the prophets ZACHARY And Yaya Allahi wa salatu salam were from amongst those prophets that were killed and Allah azza wa jal knows best. But the point here being that Allah subhanaw taala tells us that from the ways that people used to react to their Prophets and Messengers is that
they would kill them, they would kill them and they would slaughter them. And that is therefore a warning from Allah subhanaw taala. So Allah azza wa jal says, and what is a worse way, or what is a more a more evil, more horrible way of responding to the revelation that comes from Allah, and the messengers and prophets from Allah azza wa jal sense that you respond by killing them, by rejecting them by calling them to be false. And this is exactly what the Quraysh tried to do with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the coalition other people who have previous prophets. They don't have previous revelation that are like the Jews and the Christians that can claim that they had
different prophets that came over time and revelations that they understand how this works, the Quraysh when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to them, at times they attempted to kill him. And other times, they just simply call them a liar or imposter, or mad or crazy or a poet, oh, all of those terms that we are familiar with that Allah azza wa jal mentions in the Quran. So their reaction is similar to the reaction of the people of Bani Israel, and what they did to the prophet as well. But the people have been instructed Allah Azza did the same should know better, because of the revelation that they had, because of the guidance that they were given. So likewise, we as
Muslims today, when Allah azza wa jal has given to the Quran, what claim can you make the you didn't know? What claim that do we have before Allah subhanaw taala that we had no knowledge that we didn't understand? When revelation has been given to us and we have the Quran before us in all of its beauty and all of its glory. And we have the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam preserved or recorded, studied, taught even till today. How can they make on claim that we don't know that we have no knowledge? It is also a type of rejection of the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala and that is why Allah azza wa jal in the final verse on this page, page number 88. He says, So
what do they say instead, these people were called who buena will they say our hearts are impenetrably wrapped against whatever you say they've been covered. To the extent that no knowledge will come to us we don't understand no guidance will penetrate this. This is the excuse that they have of Allah we couldn't understand our hearts were covered and sealed in such a way that we didn't understand this further message and instruction that came from you. Allah azza wa jal responds Billa Anna whom Allah will be called free him for Polly Elam, Menon, but Allah has rejected them or custom for the disbelief for indeed they have little faith. Allah subhanaw taala says that is not an
excuse. They chose to disobey Allah to display
even reject. And so they went further into that rejection, but this is the excuse that they use. And so when a person says My heart is covered, I can't understand my heart cannot receive guidance, then Allah azza wa jal makes the case that to be the case, and Allah subhanaw taala prevents them from receiving the credits that they themselves say that they cannot receive. And so Allah azza wa jal give us warning to us as Muslims, that we shouldn't behave in that way that we shouldn't be people who welcome guidance, that we should be people who go and study and learn what Allah azza wa jal has taught us and has given to us of this guidance. Let's be follow in the footsteps of the people of
Bani Israel and those who came before us Baraka low FICO masala on the Vita Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa Salam Alaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh Bismillah