Day 2 Tafseer AsSadi 2022

Ahsan Hanif

Channel: Ahsan Hanif

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Okay, it's for the

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cinematic matomo Evo Baraka

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Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Kleber to the Moto pain wala Organa Illa Allah Allah mean, worship Allah ilaha illallah Horta, hula Sharika who are overly Nola here in Washington and Amina Mohammed and Abdul Rasulullah Mustafa Al Amin sallahu wa Salam o barakaatuh. You are early he or sanbi Edge Marina my bat. So today is the second day from year two of the reading and the commentary of the book of difficile the serial Karima ramen, feet of Siri color milma Nan more famously and widely known as the Tafseer of Assadi by the Imam and the Allama undramatic Monoceros soggy, who died in the year 1376 of the Hijra Rahim Mahalo to either

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bureaucratic inertia. And we are currently on the Tafseer of Surah tool and file at the very beginning of the 10th jewels of the Quran, which is verse number 41, from Surah to landfill,

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or Lumina humanus shape on the regime where Aleppo and NEMA have on him to mean she in an arena he Homosassa who there was only one he didn't

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earn any law he Homosassa who and there was only one even caramba when he was in masa kini will be in his BD in Rome. In

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Rome B. He

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doesn't either either Dina Yeoman foreign con, Yeoman former cornea woman.

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Moran one law who foolishly in for the know that whatever spoils of war you acquire 1/5 1/5 belongs to Allah and his messenger sallallahu alayhi wa send them and to his close relatives, orphans and those in need and wayfarers. If you truly believe in Allah and and what we sent down to our slave on the day when the truth when the truth was distinguished from the false the day on which the two armies met and battle and Allah has power of all things is to be Lord over Indonesia, whom we rode over in Kosovo rock Boo is fine. I mean, come. Well, I

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don't know enough to fill me. The weather Kinley Jacobi young ma who am run MF Rhoda. Wanna kill me upon Leung LA who moron can MF rulinea Leka man Halakhah I'm Bina Nia. Lika man holla unity

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man Hi. Yeah. You know what in Allah, Allah say me wrong any. Remember, when you were on the narrow side of the valley, and there were on the father's side, and the caravan was on the lower ground than you. If you had made prior arrangements to meet there and fight you had, you would have failed to keep the appointments. But Allah calls you to meet so that he might bring about what was already decreed, and so that those who chose to Paris by choosing disbelief, might do so after seeing clear evidence. And those who choose to live by choosing faith might do so after seeing clear evidence. Verily, Allah is all hearing and all knowing, as we said yesterday, the Surah Surah to unfurl

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discusses many of the lessons that can be taken and deduced from the battle of Bhutan. And Allah subhanaw taala in the verses that we took yesterday, which was the first half of the sort of sorbitol and fell larger dimension, a number of incidents and mentioned a number of principles of benefit in terms of a person's Eman in terms of a person's submission to Allah azza wa jal and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam especially in times of trial and fitten and hardship and difficulty, as was the situation that the Muslims were facing on the day of battle. So Allah subhanaw taala now in these verses, continues within that same theme and within that same story and

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topic of the Battle of Bhutan,

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know that whatever spoils of war you acquire, that is, wherever you take of wealth of the disbelievers by force, and rightfully, whether it is a little or a great deal 1/5 belongs to Allah and his messenger sallallahu alayhi wasallam and the rest is for you. The rest is for you who captured it, because Allah subhanaw taala Glorified and Exalted is He attributes captures of the spoils of war to them, but he excluded 1/5 from it meaning what otter is saying is that Allah azza wa jal says while mo anima run him to know that that we do acquire of war booty who is the you that's been referred to you acquire the army of the Muslims? It is for you therefore, and then what

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does Allah azza wa jal do? He excludes 1/5 Min. shakin

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For Unadilla he Homosassa 1/5 of it belongs to Allah and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and his relatives and so on and so forth as the verse mentioned, and that is what the author is saying here. So, the four fifths of the war booty go to her, the Muslim soldiers, the army of the Muslims that participates in the battle 1/5 is reserved for who for these category of people that Allah azza wa jal is going to speak about here in this verse.

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This indicates that the remainder is this and is to be divided but as the Messenger of Allah, Allah, Allah, Selim divided it, one share for the foot soldier, and the horseman receives two shares for his horse and one share for himself. And this is mentioned a number of a hadith that is had the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam distributed boo war booty you would make shares, and he would allocate those shares. And the horse man would get a double share, meaning you would get a share for the horse to shares and the chef himself, meaning as the as the one who's riding the horse, and the foot soldier would get one share. And that is then the summoner, or the practice that the Companions

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continued upon.

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As for the 1/5, homeless, it is to be divided among five categories. The first category is for Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to be spent in the public interests of the Muslims without specifying any particular interest. Because Allah has ordained that it that it be for him and his messengers, Allah, Allah will send them but Allah and His Messenger SallAllahu Sallam have no need for it, no need of it. Thus it is known that it is for the slaves of Allah, because Allah has not specified on whom it is to be spent. This indicates that it is to be spent in the public interest. And that is the strongest of the positions amongst the scholars of Jacqueline difficile

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because the scholars differed over this when the larger genesis for Unadilla Homosassa to Allah belongs fifth, what does that mean to Allah belongs because Allah doesn't need the money. You can't give the money to Allah. What does that refer to? Does he mean you give it in his way? He said he dilla doesn't mean you spend on his masajid the houses of Allah, what does it refer to? And is that then distinct from the shed that goes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the delay Homosassa what he also did, or is it one in the same? And so many of the scholars of the position that the author natality said that they are one and the same, the share of Allah and the share of

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is one and the same. And what it means is that it belongs to Allah and His Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam meaning as author said, that they spend it as they see fit, that is spent in the benefit of for the benefit of the Muslims, whatever that may be. And after the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam that would come then to the qualifier and the leaders of the Muslims, they would give it to the treasurer of the Muslims, and they would spend it in the general benefit of the Muslim ummah.

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The second of these five categories is his close relatives, which refers to the relatives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Namely, when Hashem and Bonomo polyp, Allah mentioned the relatives here, so as to indicate that the reason for the share being allocated to them is the mere fact that they are his relatives, among whom both rich and poor, male and female, ought to be treated equally in this regard, and that is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his clan. He comes from the tribe of Banu Hashim. His clan has been Hashem and his first cousins are Benoit polyp. And there are other two other first cousins also that also belong to that same family of the

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Prophet SAW Selim one is Ben who know fell, and the fourth is Benoit Shams, these four are brothers metallic Hashem, our gems and Nofal. But the prophets Allah while he was selling when it came to giving the distribution at the time of Hebrew in the Battle of labor, he gave it to Ben Hashem and Bellomo Polish he made them one. Then he said to the Companions, we meaning when Hashem and Bernama polym, we are one in the same and excluded his two other cousins, but Nofal and Benoit chimps, and there is an aeration that giulietti been watering. Radi Allahu Anhu is from Ben who Nofal and a man about the Allah won the famous companion Khalifa, who's from the tribe of Burma options. They came

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to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and they said, O Messenger of Allah, why did you give to him, and you excluded us and we are all in terms of relation equal to you, meaning are all the same will lead you to exactly the same way those four brothers were all relate to you in the same way you gave to to your clan and been Muttalib and you excluded to and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said because we unbundle Muttalib on one in the same what does that mean? We are one in the same in the time of Jackie Leah in Makkah, when the Muslims were being persecuted, and they were thrown or excluded or exile into what is known as the shared buffer, butadiene. They were placed in

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that valley in Makkah, and they were ostracized from the rest of the Muslim from the rest of the community of Quraysh. Bamboo Muttalib entered the shared with them voluntarily. They entered because they said when Hashem are our brothers, our cousins, many of them were non Muslims, but just because of their relationship and their blood

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ties. They said if you're going to harm them, you harm us. And they voluntarily entered into the shed, whereas Benoit no foul and Benoit champs refused to do so. They said, No, that's your problem. We're not going to get involved in these politics of courage. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam recognized that stands that Balu polyp took. And because of it, he said, We unbeknown to him, are one and the same. And that is why the position of the majority of the scholars of Islam is that the Al of the prophets Elemis family, when we exclude his wives and his children and so on is why the family refers to these two tribes, Ben Hashem, and Ben Muttalib.

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The third category is orphans, who are those who lost their fathers when they were still small, Allah allocated 1/5 of the homeless, to them out of compassion towards them, as they are unable to look after their own interests, and they have lost the one who will take care of their interests. The fourth category is those in need, namely, the pool, both minors and adults, males and females. The fifth category is Wayfarer. The Wayfarer is a stranger who is cut off in a foreign land, he blew subete. In the Quran, when was mentioned, which is often translated as Wayfarer or traveler. What it refers to is the type of traveler who is traveling and then runs out of funds. So now they're stuck,

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they're unable to proceed on their journey, they're unable to get back home. And this is something which when we say a traveler deserves the car, today, a traveler is someone mashallah who, you know, the vast majority of times will be pretty comfortable, very easy for them to travel, it's not referring to that type of traveler when me and you go to America or Canada or Pakistan or wherever else we're not the travelers that Allah is referring to in these verses. It Noosaville is the one who is a traveler, and then runs out of funds and is stuck in a foreign land and able to return home, unable to proceed. And the only way that they can do one of the two is that someone helps them

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financially gives them money and gives them enough provision for them to commence their journey or to return to their home.

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Some of the commentators said that the fifth of the war booty is, is not to be spent on any categories other than these, but it does not have to be spent on them equally. Rather, that is subject to what serves a greater interest. And that is more appropriate, meaning that it goes back to the HTML of the ruler, the ruler decides how it is distributed amongst these five doesn't mean that they have to have an equal share. He may at times give one more, and one of those categories less depending on what he considers to be in the greater benefit.

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Allah has ordained that giving the homeless in the proper manner is one of the conditions of faith. As he says, If you truly believe in Allah, and in what we sent down to our slave on the day when the truth was distinguished from the false, this refers to the date of better on which Allah distinguished between truth and falsehood. And he calls truth to prevail and showed false or to be false. And so one of the days one of the names of the day of butter is Yeoman for con, one of the day one of the names of the day of but double the Battle of butter is also Alfre, Khan. And Infocomm means a criteria that distinguishes between truth and falsehood. The day on which the two armies met

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in battle, the Muslim group and the disbelieving group. In other words, if you believe in Allah, and in the truth, which Allah sent down to His Messenger, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, on the day when the truth was distinguished from the false, the day on which so many signs and proofs were made manifest, which proved that what the messenger sallallahu alayhi salaam brought is true. And Allah has power of all things. No one opposes him, but he will be defeated. Remember, when you were on the near side of the valley, that is on the side of the valley that was nearer to Medina, whilst they were on the father's side, that is the side that was further away from Medina, you were all in the

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same valley and the caravan which you had gone out to seek, but Allah will something else was on the lower ground than you nearer to the coast, if you had made prior arrangements to meet there and fight, that is, if you and they had made arrangements to meet in this manner, you would have failed to keep that appointment. That is either you or they would have arrived too early or too late, or chosen different places in which to camp and the like, which would have prevented you from keeping the appointments as Allah subhanaw taala. I mentioned in the verses that we discussed just today, that the Companions when they wanted to go out or promise that they would have one of the two groups

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either the caravan or mobile Soufiane or the army of Quraysh. And they would have preferred to have the one which is easier of those two. Here Allah subhanaw taala is saying that it is only because of Allah's decree and his planning that they were able to meet in this way. The Muslims leave from Medina with a different objective. The Croatia leaving with a different objective of Savannah has a different objective. And each one of them Moon maneuvers and moves in such a way that Allah subhanaw taala decrees that the tower venerable Soufiane will evade the Muslim army

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be returned to Makkah, but the Muslim army will meet with the Croatian army on the playing field of butter. And so Allah azza wa jal was saying that if you had tried to make that appointment and make that arrangement, your souls, you wouldn't have been able to do so because he would have been too difficult, logistically to do so. But Allah subhanaw taala, conferred and decreed vert before because Allah azza wa jal wanted to make that a day in which the truth became clear and manifest, but Allah cause you to meet that is he brought you together in this way, so that he might bring about what was already decreed. That is that which was decreed from eternity that it should

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inevitably come to pass, and so that those who chose to perish by choosing disbelief might do so after seeing clear evidence that is, so that proof and evidence might be established against the one who was stubborn, so that if he wanted to choose disbelief, after things had become clear, and he became certain that what he chose was false, he would be left with no excuse before Allah and those who chose to live by choosing faith. My do so after seeing clear evidence, that is so that the believer my increase in understanding and certainty, by means of what Allah had shown to both of both parties have proof, proof and evidence for the truth that would serve as a reminder for those

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who had insight. Verily, Allah is all hearing or knowing. He hears all voices in all different languages, expressing all kinds of needs, and he knows what is apparent and what is hidden. What is in people's hearts and what is unseen. And what is seen is Eureka hula who FEMA Anamika Paulina wallow raka

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official to manage and Azhar Tom Phil Emery Juana King nama has been in the movie that you saw more. Remember on Muhammad Sallallahu ala send them when Allah showed them to you in your dream as a few in number. If he had shown them to you as many you Muslims would surely have lost heart and would have disputed about the matter. But Allah saved you for he knows well that is in your hearts. Well, if you read como home even Wi Fi or Unicom Colleano, Lido, comfy or uni, him Leon, Leon Allahu Omran MF Rula, or Elon law, long term journal or more. And remember, when you met, he showed them to you as few in your eyes, and he made you appear as few in their eyes too, so that Allah might bring

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about what was already decreed. It is to Allah that all things will return. Allah had shown the polytheists to His Messenger SallAllahu sent him in a dream as a few in number, and he told his companions, all the Allahu Anhu of these glad tidings, which reassured them and put them at ease. And this is one of the many ways as we said that Allah subhanaw taala. Now in this passage, these passages of Surah Toulon file describes the blessings of the people of Eman when people trust in Allah, and they have certainty in Allah's promise and they submit to Allah azza wa jal, Allah subhanaw taala bestows upon them blessings, and gives to them divine aid in ways that they cannot

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imagine. And there are a number of these instances during the Battle of Bhutan before it and after it, and that as well as often in the Surah. If you look at the Arabic Allah subhanaw taala often begins verses by saying what if, and remember when and remember when and that reminder so that the believers understand that Allah subhanaw taala gave to them these blessings and that they focus upon them. In this verse, Allah azza wa jal is saying that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was shown that the believers will be few in number when Allah subhanaw taala says, If you rica whom Allah Who female Anamika Allah, and it is mentioned in a number of the narrations in the books of

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sera that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam saw a dream that the array should be few in number. We know the reality of Qureshi was that they outnumber the Muslims, three to one, Muslims are 300 odd number, the Quraysh number around 1000. So they vastly outnumber them. But Allah subhanaw taala from the blessings that He gave to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam. And then in the next verse, Allah will say to the Muslims in general, is that he made them seem few in number. And when you see an enemy that is few in number, or seems to be few in number, it gives you no doubt a confidence on the battlefield.

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If he had shown them to you, as many, and you have you had told your companions about it, about that you Muslims would surely have lost heart and would have disputed about the matter. Some of you would have thought that you should go ahead and fight them and others would have thought otherwise. So there would have been a dispute which would have led to your losing heart.

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But Allah saved you and was kind to you, for he knows well what is in your hearts of steadfastness and panic, sincerity and insincerity Allah

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knew what was in your hearts, which was a reason for his kindness and care towards you. Allah confirmed the dream of his messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and showed the believers the enemy as few in their eyes. He also made you all believers appear as few in their eyes. Thus, each group saw the other as few so that each would go ahead and fight the other. This is also mentioned in number narrations of the serum from them is the notion that we've been Masuda Rhodiola one that he said that on the day of birth, or someone said to me look at the army of Quraysh, how many do you think they are there? And he said, I looked myself to him, I don't think there are more than 70 or

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80 people over there. That is how few they seemed in the eyes. And if you're in an army of 300, and the enemy seems like it's only 70 or 80, that is what Allah subhanaw taala is referring to, and at the same time, the Muslim is made to seem even fewer than the US. So the Quraysh were able to go ahead or they went ahead with their full confidence and the arrogance that they possessed anyway. And Allah subhanaw taala helped the Muslims by making them steadfast and firm upon the day as well. So that Allah might bring about what was already decreed, namely, granting victory for the believers, humiliating the disbelievers, and killing their leaders and the leaders of misguidance

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among them, so that not one of them was left alive. Thus it was made easier for the others to submit when they were called to Islam. And it was an it also became a sign of Allah's care for the rest, whom he blessed with Islam. It is to Allah that all things will return. That is the affair of all creatures will return to Allah, then He will separate the evil from the good and will judge between all people on the basis of his justice in which there is no unfairness or wrongdoing.

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Yeah, you are living in a man who either beat on Fifth and fifth boo with Conan, ma Cathy. Come to flee Hone. Oh you who believe when you meet an enemy true, stand firm and remember a lot much so that you may try. We're opening your own ma rasuna who are the Turner's for adoption what Huberty hokum was Biru in Namaha Sabi Nene and obey Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and do not dispute lest you lose heart and your strength desert you and be steadfast for Allah is with those who are steadfast Borla Kuno can levena Harajuku me the him upon over the

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nursing way also Dona sebbene in one log will be mermen Warner more here and you're not be like those who set out from their homes incidently to be seen by people and to ball others from the Path of Allah for Allah has full knowledge of all that they do. Well in Xia Nana who mache upon murder who makalah love all the burner, Coolio mommy nun, she was in Niger Netcom for them, dada acting FIATA Nina casada after you Bay he will call in anybody mean Come, work all in the body.

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Come in the aroma Arona in ni a half law, one law who shall do recall and remember when she had long made the deeds appear fair seeming to them and said, no one among men can overcome you this day for I will be your protector. But when the two troops came in sight of one another, he turned on his heels and said, I am done with you. For verily I see what you do not indeed I fear Allah for Allah severe and punishment is the opponent Mona Fiona will levy interfere upon OBEY HIM marrowbone or Raha

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Ed norm, one may kill Allah He fell in Namaha season again game and remember when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease said their religion has deluded these people, but whoever puts his trust in Allah verily, Allah is almighty most wise. Oh you who believe when you meet an enemy troop that is a group of the disbelievers who are fighting you stand firm, to fight them. Be patient and adhere to this great act of obedience, the consequences of which our honor and victory and seek help in doing that by remembering Allah a great deal. So that you may try him that is so that you may achieve what you are seeking a victory over your enemies, patients steadfastness and remembering

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Allah much among the great means of attaining victory. And so in times of trouble

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Difficulty one of the two greatest ways of overcoming those trials and difficulties is number one, by making the Quran Allah subhanaw taala remembering Allah azza wa jal making the curve larger, which includes reading the Quran includes and includes general making a wealth card, and that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would constantly make a vicar of Allah subhanaw taala and make it still far and make to her. And it was something which was very common as Arusha or the Allahu Anhu said in the famous Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam can Allah fie Jamila Yanni, he would remember Allah azza wa jal at all times he was in a constant state of

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remembrance. And when the man came and he said, O Messenger of Allah, tell me something in Islam that I can hold upon. Hold on to, he said lie is truly sound Luca. Rockman mimicry law. Don't let your tongue become dry from the remembrance of Allah azza wa jal, and the second issue, the summer, being patient and steadfast because at times of trial and difficulty, that is one of the most difficult things to do to be patient and steadfast upon the hack upon the truth, upon worship upon being a large surgeon, upon taking the path that is most pleasing to Allah subhanaw taala. It's easier to do when things are easy, but when things are difficult to be steadfast is also difficult.

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And that is why when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam passed by the woman who was crying and she was screaming, because she had lost a close family member, someone had died. And so she was wailing, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to any toilet to be patient. And the woman responded angrily and she said to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, leave me be don't disturb me. You don't know what I'm going through. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam left her, and the people around her said to her, Do you not know that you just spoke that way to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the woman so overcome by distressed didn't realize who she was

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speaking to. So then she ran after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, she said, O Messenger of Allah. I didn't realize it was you. The Prophet said to us, Allah wa alayhi wa sallam in the Sabra in the submittal. Hola. True patience is when calamity first strikes, because it is difficult to do in times of calamity and fitna to remember Allah and to have patience is extremely difficult.

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And obey Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, by doing what they have instructed you to do, and following that in all actions, and do not dispute in such a manner that leads to dissent in the heart and division, lest you lose heart that is become cowardly, and your strength desert you that is you lose resolve and strength, for then you will no longer be deserving of that which you were promised promised a victory for obeying Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and be steadfast in obeying Allah, for Allah is with those who are steadfast with his aid, help and support Sophia your Lord and submit to Him. Do not be like those who set out from their homes

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instantly to be seen by people and to bar others from the Path of Allah. And that is all they tried to achieve by going out. That is what brought them forth from their homes for the purpose of incidents and showing off so that people would see them and they would, and they could boast to them. But their main aim was to borrow people from the Path of Allah and prevent those who wanted to follow it. And this is referring mainly to the army of cooperation, the Battle of Bhutan, Allah azza wa jal says without a conical levena Harajuku in the dream, do not be like those people who left their homes and arrogance and incidents. This referring to the likes of Abu Jamal. It is said that

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on the battle of butter or before the Battle of bizarro Naboo, John had heard that the caravan of Quraysh had been saved a booster fan had managed to evade the Muslim army, and it returned to safety towards Mecca, the Quraysh noblemen, the nobility, their leaders and chieftains different amongst themselves, what should we do? Some of them said, Let us go now we came out to protect our caravan, it's safe, let us go home as well. I boudjellal stood on that day. And he said no, by Allah, we will not leave until we go to Bhutan, and we will sacrifice our animals and we will drink our wine. And we will show all of the Arabs our position and I will place and we will defeat the Muslims so that

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people will know the strength of orange. And so Allah is already saying this man with Jan and his likes, even when they had no reason to go on to fight. It was the arrogance that led them to that path and their disbelief in Allah subhanaw taala and then wanting to wanting to show all of the Arabs that the origin what they were upon, was stronger and better and more correct than what the Muslims are upon and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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for Allah has full knowledge of all that they do. Hence, he has told you of the aims and warns you against behaving like them, for He will punish them severely for that. In contrast, your aim should be to seek the countenance of Allah

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subhanho wa Taala and to make the religion of Allah

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also praying to bar people from following the paths that lead to incurring the wrath and punishment of Allah and to attract people to the straight path of Allah that leads to paradise. And remember, when shaytaan made the deeds, a PFS seeming to them, that is he made them appear attractive in their minds and deceived them and said, no one among men can overcome you this day, for you have men and weapons and are in this and are in such a position that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam and those who are with him cannot stand up to you. For I will be your protector, lest anyone come near you and whose hand you feel at home. That is because it bliss had appear to Quraysh in the form of Soraka, Eben

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Malik, Eben Shem, and much more DJ matzo Raka, even Malik YBNL Joshan elementary G from Benoit middle EJ. And they were afraid of Benu ratledge Because of the enmity that existed between them. And this is mentioned a number of generations of the Sierra that on the day of butter. So we have the incident before butter, which we mentioned yesterday when they're discussing what it is or rather the incident of the Hijra when they're discussing what to do with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam a larger dimension that with Jim Crow, Liliana Cafaro youth we took a look to look at Job, should they kill him should they take him into house arrest or the exile him a police comes

00:31:22--> 00:31:36

in the form of a man on that occasion as well. And this is the second occasion now, and that is the battle of Bhutan. And it said that he came in the form of this man from the tribe of Banu medbridge. And he is came in the form of the leader, the tribal leader man

00:31:37--> 00:31:48

by the name of Surah IGNOU Malik evening. So, he came on that day and he said that I have bought my army, I will also support you meaning the Quraysh.

00:31:50--> 00:32:03

But when the two armies met, as Allah azza wa jal says he ran away. He believes it. He said in some narrations that when you saw GB value Salaam and his army of the angels, he fled from the battlefield, and that is what the author is referring to.

00:32:05--> 00:32:50

The shaitaan said to them, I will be your protector. Thus he reassured them that they went ahead with confidence. But when the two troops, the Muslims, and the disbelievers came in sight of one another, and the shaitaan, saw Gibreel Alehissalaam, leading the angels in battle array, he became very scared, and turned on his heels that his fled, and said, to those whom he had deceived and tricked, I am done with you, for verily I see what you do not. That is, I see the angels whom no one can withstand or fight. Indeed, I feel Allah, that is, I am afraid that he may Haston depends the punishment for me in this world, for Allah is Severe and punishment. And this is what shaitaan does

00:32:50--> 00:33:27

in this dunya he gives false promises, and it gives people false confidence, and then he abandons them. And that is what he will do on human karma as a last resort dimensions, and so I brought him a collared shirt on with all the ammo in Allah where the commander have to work to come to come shape, one will see on the day of judgment to those people who followed him who obeyed Him who took his path. Indeed, Allah gave your promise, and it was a truthful promise. And I also made your promise, but I broke it. And I had no power or authority over you, except that I would call you and you would respond. And that is all that shape and does even here. shaytaan doesn't force the parade. She

00:33:27--> 00:34:05

doesn't put them into a corner. All he simply says is I will stand by you. And we always believe in Shakedowns promise and that is why it has no buslee Rahimullah Tyler used to say about the Quran that Allah azza wa jal in the Quran over and over again in the Quran. Allah gives us promises. Allah promises us. If you believe if you obey if you do this, Allah gives us promises throughout the Quran, and we don't really trust them. And shaitan makes one or two promises, and we run towards the promises of shaitaan. And that is how humans often react because what shaytan gives to us is pleasing to our desires and our souls and it is in line with what we want. And what Allah azza wa

00:34:05--> 00:34:17

jal gives to us is better for us, but the path is difficult and it is one of hardship. And so here shape on money, so the army of the angels and Giuliani set up, he also fled and he went from the battlefield.

00:34:18--> 00:34:57

It is possible that the Shetland had enticed them and insinuated into their minds the idea that no one can overcome them on this day, and that he would protect them. Then, when he had made sure that they had reached the end of inevitable doom, he turned and fled and disavowed them, as Allah subhanaw taala says elsewhere, like the shaytaan when he says to a man, disbelief, then when he disbelieves, he says to him, I have nothing to do with you. For verily I feel Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. So the outcome for both of them is that they will be in the fire to abide therein forever, such as the recompense of the wrongdoers what the author is saying here, it is possible that the

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

shape Bond had enticed them insinuated into

00:35:00--> 00:35:39

their minds. The idea is because the scholars of Tafseer have two approaches of this verse with Xena Lahoma Shavon Shavon came and he beautified for arrange their actions is referring to the physical appearance of bliss. And this form of in the form of Sanaka, even Malik, or is it referring to shape on beautifying the ideas of people in their minds and in their hearts. And so some scholars said this, some scholar said that, and in reality both are possible we can reconcile between both, because one necessitates the other. They were people who were enticed in their minds to believe the promise of shaytaan. So, when shaitan appeared before them, they were people who are willing to

00:35:39--> 00:36:20

believe him. And so it is possible that both of them apply to this verse And Allah knows best. And remember, when the hypocrites and those in whose heart is a disease, namely doubt and confusion, those who are weak in faith said to the believers, when they went ahead, despite the small numbers to fight the polytheists, despite their large numbers, their religion has deluded these people. That is, the religion that they follow has caused them this trouble that they cannot handle, and they have put themselves in this difficult situation which is beyond their means to cope with. They said this by way of belittling them, thinking that they were foolish, but they by Allah were the foolish

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ones who were lacking in reason for Faith makes a person go ahead and confront serious challenges that huge armies would not dare to face. The believer who puts his trust in Allah Who knows that no one has any power or strength or ability except by the help of Allah subhanho wa taala. And that even if all people were to come together to do an atom's weight of benefit to someone, they would not benefit him. If and if they were to come together to do him harm, they will not harm him, except as much as Allah has decreed of harm or benefit for him. He knows that he is following the truth and that ALLAH SubhanA wa Taala is most wise and Most Merciful in everything he wills and decrees. So he

00:36:59--> 00:37:38

does not worry about the strength or numbers of the enemy, he is opposing, for he is certain of his Lord, and He is reassured he does not panic and he is not cowardly. Hence, Allah says, But whoever put his trust in Allah, verily, Allah is almighty and no power can withstand his power, most wise in all that He decrees and this was the general feeling and the general belief of the Buddha Philippine that they will often say hahaha, Hola, Edie No, these people have become swayed by their religion, meaning who goes and throws himself into an army or into a battle where they are number three to one, the mafia team because they don't believe in accurate they don't believe in Allah. They don't

00:37:38--> 00:38:11

believe in Yama. They don't believe in paradise and how fire doesn't make sense because when you look through it from a worldly lens, from the lens of just the dunya and for survival and life and the pleasures of the Dunya doesn't make any sense. Just as today people don't understand why Muslims fast a whole month they don't eat and drink for a whole month. Why? For what reason? What purpose? Why do you give us a cow? Why do you pray five times a day at night? You're awake early in the morning, you could sleep late at night you praying you're worshiping Allah azza wa jal? Does it make sense because when you look from the lens of only the dunya, then it's not important. But when you

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look through the lens of the Acura and you understand that there is a greater life and a greater purpose and that Allah azza wa jal will resurrect us and hold us to account then it does make sense. And so Allah azza wa jal is saying that the mafia kin were people who are short sighted, whenever they would see the Muslims going as they did in the battle or hug. They returned with a third of the Army, because they didn't, why would we go and put our lives at risk, and for what purpose for something that they don't even really believe in? Whereas the believers are those people who believe in Allah azza wa jal and the Eman makes them go through those hardships and difficulties of Salah

00:38:43--> 00:38:49

and Xhaka and fasting and Hajj because they have that belief in the Promise of Allah subhana wa Tada.

00:38:51--> 00:38:55

Well, Otara in the theater were funded in a formal manner

00:38:56--> 00:39:01

equal to your Bona Wojo home, your honeymoon ojo

00:39:02--> 00:39:38

Raha Magoo either been Harry Potter. If only you could see when the angels take the source of the disbelievers at death, striking their faces and backs saying tastes the punishment of the scorching fire Vernie CAN BE MY GOD DAMMIT ad coma, non law hurling Samuel Valda mean little r&b and this is because of what your hands set on ahead. For Allah is never unjust to his slaves that we earn if you drown Our Lady Nermeen Kabini him Cafaro

00:39:39--> 00:39:47

he for a Honda Houma ma who we don't know beat him in law, or we shut the door.

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That was the case with the people of Pharaoh and those who came before them. They rejected the signs of Allah so Allah sees them because of their sins. Verily, Allah is Mighty severe

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In punishment, here, Allah subhanaw taala says, If only you could see those who disbelieved in the signs of Allah, when the angels whose task it is to take their souls, and they become very distressed, striking the faces and backs, that is the angel strike that faces and backs saying to them, give up your souls, but their souls refuse and are reluctant to come out, because they know what lies ahead of paint painful punishment. And this is like the statement of our best of the Allahumma. He said on the day of butter, as the Quraysh came towards the Muslims, they were struck from the front. And as they fled, the angels would come and struck strike them from their backs. And

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so this is what Allah azza wa jal is saying here that the angels came and they strike them from the front and from their backs. Hence, Allah says, taste the punishment of the scorching fire. That is the severe burning punishment, that punishment will be for you not wrongfully or unfairly on the part of your Lord, but because of what your hands have said, sent on ahead of sins that have left their impact on you. This is the way of Allah with both the earlier and later generations. This is the case with these disbelievers and the way in which Allah deals with them, destroying them for their sins. That was the case with the people of Pharaoh and those who came before them, of the

00:41:19--> 00:41:40

disbelieving nations. They rejected the signs of Allah so Allah Sita sees them with the punishment because of their sins. Verily, Allah is Mighty severe and punishment, and no one whom he wants to seize can escape him. There is no living creature, but he holds it in his control by its forelock.

00:41:41--> 00:42:19

Las Panatela mentions here that'd be early for down our living in America blame like the people of Pharaoh, and those who came before them and Allah azza wa jal, often in these parts of the Quran, or in these stories of the Quran, he draws comparisons between the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, and the companions and between Musa alayhis salam and the people of Pharaoh. And we know throughout the Quran that the story that is most mentioned from the prophets of Allah is the story of Mousavi salatu salam, because of the many parallels and the many, many similarities between the story of his nation and the story of the Muslim ummah as well. And like just as the Muslims have to go through

00:42:19--> 00:42:45

difficulty and oppression and persecution, then likewise the people of Musa went through something similar, and just as Allah azza wa jal gave victory to the people of Islam on the day of battle, and Allah subhanaw taala destroyed the enemies of Islam on the day. Then Likewise, Allah azza wa jal did to Pharaoh and his armies as we know when they gave chase to Israel, and they came to the sea that Allah azza wa jal parted and then he drowned within it. Pharaoh and all of his people.

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Then he can be an Namaha lamb Jaco movie, you're on mutton and I'm comin Hatha Yoga euroma bn foresee him hooked up you Roman foresee him Namaha some year on any theme. That is because Allah would never change the blessings He has bestowed upon people unless they themselves change their own attitude and conduct. Verily Allah is all hearing or knowing that me Ernie Phaedra I own our Levine I mean commonly him

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to beat him for Latina whom we don't know beat him up on their feet on our own. Well couldn't can Oh, golly mean, that was the case with the people of Pharaoh and those who came before them. They rejected the signs of their Lord. So we destroyed them for their sins, and we drown the people of Pharaoh, for they were all transgressors. That, namely, the punishment that Allah sent upon disbelieving nations and took away from them what they were enjoying a blessings and a life of ease was because of their sins, and they're changing their own attitude and conduct very for verily, Allah would never change the blessings He has bestowed upon the people. Whether those blessings are

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spiritual or worldly, rather, He preserves them and increases those blessings for them if they increase in gratitude towards him, unless they themselves change their own attitude and conduct, turning from obedience to disobedience, thus showing in gratitude for the blessings of Allah and using them for sinful purposes. In that case, he takes the blessings away from them and changes them into something else, as they change their attitude and conduct. Allah is wise and is just in doing in so doing and, and he is kind to his slaves, as he does not punish them except for their wrongdoing. And this verse shows Allah subhanaw taala His mercy and His compassion delivering Allah,

00:44:53--> 00:45:00

that Allah azza wa jal does not change people's blessings until they change their conduct first. Allah subhanaw taala appstore

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His blessings in His grace and His bounty is upon an individual or a family or a nation or a community or society, whatever it may be, and Allah subhanaw taala does not remove those blessings from them until they change their conduct first. And this is the pattern that you will find throughout the Quran. If you look at the story of the people of North or art with the moon, all of them are given major blessings by ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada and Allah subhanaw taala kept those blessings going for them for many years and many decades and many generations. And it is only when they change their conduct from belief to disbelief from Eman to Cofer from obedience to

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disobedience, that Allah subhanaw taala then over time, withdrew his blessings. And when Allah azza wa jal blessings that his mercy are withdrawn, that is when Allah subhanaw taala is punishment, and his wrath comes upon the people may Allah see was from that.

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Verily Allah is all hearing or knowing. He hears all that people say, whether it is whispered or spoken out loud, and he knows what is in their hearts and in their minds. So He decrees for his slaves on the basis of his knowledge and will. That was the case with the people of Pharaoh and those who came before them. They rejected the signs of their Lord, when they came when they came to them. So we destroyed them for their sins, each according to his sin. And we drowned the people of Pharaoh for they, those who were dressed, destroyed and punished will all transgressors, who wronged themselves and strove for their doom? Allah did not wronged them, nor did he take them to task for

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some offense that they did not commit. So those who are addressed here should be should be aware of resembling them in wrongdoing, less Allah sent upon him, sent upon them his punishment as he sent it upon those evil doers in social work.

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Been a long long lead the Nokia phone often known Verily, the west of creatures before Allah or those who disbelieve and will not believe in the minimum phone

00:47:06--> 00:47:26

owner, home vehicle NEMA rato hula Poon. They are the ones who with whom you made a treaty, but they break the treaty every time and you do not fear Allah. But in matters often home feeling how beaver should read the beat him

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under the moon, if you defeat them in battle, then make a fearsome example of them for others, so that they may, so that they may be heat. Those who combine these three characteristics, disbelief, lack of faith and treachery, in the sense that they do not adhere to their treaty or keep their word are the worst of creatures before Allah. They are worse than donkeys, dogs or other animals, because goodness is lacking in them and evil is expected of them. Therefore getting rid of them and destroying them is essential, less than a disease spread to others. Hence Allah says and this verse is similar to the verse that we mentioned yesterday last Panthera and the rest was the beginning of

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sorbitol and Val said in the shower, our beer in the law is symbol Bookman. Levina. Afternoon. The worst of Allah's creatures are those who are dumb and deaf, and they don't understand they don't comprehend. And here Allah azza wa jal says the worst of Allah's creatures are those who disbelieve and they have no Eman, and the two are the same, because those who cannot understand Allah's

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speech and contemplate over it and they don't hear it, and they don't listen to it and they don't take the benefit of human from it, then they are exactly those that Allah azza wa jal says here, or describes them as being disbelievers, and people have no Eman.

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Hence, Allah says, if you defeat them in battle, that is, if you come across them in a war situation, where they have no covenant or treaty with you, then make a fearsome example of them for others, that is, punish them so as to deter others and inflict a penalty on them that will make an example of them for those who come after them. So that they namely those who come after them may pay heed to the consequences of their actions, less the same fate to less the same fate before them. These are the benefits that are connected to the punishments and prescribed penalties that are connected to sins. They are a means of deterring those who have not committed sin sins, and they

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also deter those who did commit them from repeating them. The restriction of this of this punishment to war situation indicates that it is not permissible to betray and punish the disbeliever if he is given a covenant, even if it is known that he is treacherous, and that he would not hesitate to betray what in the hoffen Amin comin, Nitin Fen be eating him.

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In Allah ohana, yo boo

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In. So, if you fear treachery from any group, then break off the treaty with them plainly and openly for Allah does not love the treacherous. That is, if there is a treaty or covenant between you and some people agreeing not to fight, but you fear their betrayal due to circumstantial evidence to that effect, without open betrayal on their part, then break off the treaty with them, that is, throw it back at them, and tell them that there is no longer any treaty between you and then plainly and openly so that both of you will be well aware of that, it is not permissible for you to deceive them or strive to do anything that is not allowed according to the terms of the treaty, unless

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informed unless you inform them of that, for Allah does not love the treacherous rather, he hates them greatly. It is essential to be open and clear, so that you will not be a not be accused of treachery. And these verses show the importance that Islam places on covenants and treaties, when you make an oath or you make a pledge, whether it's the leader of the Muslims on behalf of the Muslim ummah, or whether it is you as an individual me and you we give a pledge, we make a promise we take an oath we give a covenant establishes a great deal of importance and a great deal of weight upon it, and to break that covenant and treaty without due cause for no reason for no justifiable

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purpose. That is something which is considered to be a major problem in Islam. It is considered to be a major issue in terms of a person's Eman and their trustworthiness because the Muslim is honest, and they're trustworthy and they're truthful. And to break your covenant goes against all of those principles of Islam. And that is why our xojo at the beginning of Silicon Valley that he said, Yeah, you are letting me know Ofu Biller Code are you who believe fulfill all of your covenants, every covenant that you have every pledge that you make every promise and so this thing that we have unfortunate today amongst Muslims, that people make outs, they sign contracts, they see make

00:51:58--> 00:52:32

promises and it's like to them it doesn't mean it means anything that break them. And they'll think that it's just a piece of paper that they sign has no weight that goes against the very principles that Allah azza wa jal mentions in the Surah. Because Allah azza wa jal, he is speaking about the enemy's peoples who people who are your enemies want to kill you want to destroy you, even with them. When you have a covenant. Allah says, Don't break the covenant. And if you think they're going to be treacherous, then be very open, that you can sing the covenant, don't go around making covenants and then breaking those terms and those treaties behind people's backs. And that is why as

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we will come on to the verses in the next verse or two Tober that speak about the conquest of Mecca. The conquest of Metcalf to the Treaty of or the via the truth of her debut is the treaty between the Muslims and non Muslims. The conquest of Mecca only takes place because the Moorish broke the terms of that treaty. Otherwise, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would not have gone to conquer the city of Mecca. The treaty or the BIA was for 10 years that a 10 year pledge. Two years after it, the kurush break the treaty, meaning there were still eight or so years left of that treaty and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will not have broken the terms of that treaty, but because they

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broke the terms first, then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was freed from that treaty also, and that shows you the weight that Islam paces upon covenants and pledges and notes.

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This verse indicates that if there is no fear of treachery, in the sense that there is no indication of that, then it is not permissible to cancel the covenant with them, or rather, it is obligatory to fulfill it until the end of his term, and this will be mentioned in more detail towards the beginning of surah. Two Toba when Allah subhanaw taala makes the proclamation that the Muslims are free of the operation on Muslims. Allah azza wa jal mentioned this issue of oats because there were certain pledges and treaties that the Muslims were bound to. If you are bound to a treaty, then that treaty sticks here the author says it is not permissible to cancel the covenant it is obligatory to

00:53:59--> 00:54:05

fulfill it because that is what the verses of the Quran and the Hadith of the Sunnah clearly show

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when I Serban levena Cafaro Serpo in a homeland orgy zone. Let not the disbelievers think that they can escape. Surely they can never frustrate Allah's will. That is, those who disbelieve in the Lord and reject his relations should not think that they have escaped from Allah, for they cannot frustrate his will. Allah is watching them. There is great wisdom in his giving them respect and not happening to punish them. One aspect of which is that this is a test and trial for his believing slaves, which is aimed at motivating them to obey Him and do that which pleases Him so that they may attain a high status and acquire characteristics and attributes that they would not otherwise

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acquire. Hence, Allah says to his believing slaves, this was extremely important for all of those people who often question why it is that people commit oppression

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and they do evil upon the earth, and they get away scot free without any seemingly anyone holding them to account and this is something which unfortunately has become adult amongst many Muslims as well. Why do we see so much oppression in the world? Why are so many people oppressed? And nothing happens that only a justice How can Allah azza wa jal be just unfair and compassionate and merciful, and people are dying and being killed and the people who are doing the killing are getting away with it? Allah azza wa jal says here, well, ALLAH SubhanA Larina Cafaro Serpo don't think that they've escaped, that only works that narrative, if you think of it only in the confines of the dunya. But

00:55:35--> 00:56:07

when you think of the Ophira, and that judgment, which is greater than any judgment that could take place in this world, and it is more severe and more strict, and far more precise than any judgment that could take place in this world, and the punishment of the euro is greater than any punishment that could take place in this world and in this dunya then you realize that Allah azza wa jal is saying here that they haven't escaped. They haven't got away with their oppression. And the people who have been oppressed and killed haven't died in vain or that their actions will that their lives have been wasted. Rather Allah subhanaw taala says in the home languages soon, they will not be able

00:56:07--> 00:56:14

to frustrate Allah's will. They won't be able to stand against what Allah azza wa jal has installed for them on your monitor Yama

00:56:19--> 00:56:24

were a donor whom must upon to move over to Reba

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he born me here I do Allah He went to work on Toro he bone me here I do one Nah, he when I do welcome Karina, Dhoni him. Loretta Ala Moana Houma La Jolla demo home woman to feel to me, she in V. Sabine, you were feeling calm. You are in a coma, tuna, tuna moon, make ready against them all that you can have military power and steeds of war strike fit into their hearts into the hearts of the enemies of Allah and your enemies and others besides them whom you do not know. But Allah knows them. Wherever you spend in the Cause of Allah will be repaid to you in full and you will not be wronged. That is Make ready against your disbelieving enemies who are striving to destroy you and

00:57:19--> 00:58:00

your religion. All that you can have military power, that is all that you can have knowledge based and physical strength, and all types of weapons and so on that will help you to fight them. This includes all kinds of skills that are required to produce various kinds of weapons and equipment such as artillery, automatic weapons, rifles, war planes, land vehicles, ships, forts, and strongholds, trenches and defensive equipment, as well as wisdom and diplomacy. By means of which the Muslims may become advanced in these fields and ward off the evil of their enemies. They should also learn shooting fighting skills, courage and strategy. Hence, the Prophet sallallahu sallam

00:58:00--> 00:58:02

said, Verily power is in shooting.

00:58:04--> 00:58:45

That also includes preparing the means of transportation that are needed when fighting, hence Allah subhanaw taala says, and steeds of war to strike fear into the hearts of the enemies of Allah and your enemies. The reason at the time and today was to instill fear in the enemy. The ruling is always connected to the reason if there was a better alternative to what was available in the past for instilling fear such as land vehicles, and aircrafts that are prepared for fighting and could be more effective than it is enjoy to prepare them and try to obtain them. If they cannot be obtained, by learning how to manufacture them, then that must be done. Because whatever is essential to

00:58:45--> 00:59:24

achieving something that is obligatory is also obligatory, to strike fear into the hearts of the enemies of Allah and your enemies. Those who those who you know are your enemies and others besides them who whom you do not know who will fight you after this time when Allah adjust those these words to them last primadonna says here that you prepare these weapons and military preparation for your enemies and then he says here are Karina min Dhoni him later Ala Moana and for other enemies that you do not yet know. And the scholars different of Tafseer concerning Who are these other enemies that Allah azza wa jal is referring to, because these verses on the Surah, as we know, are in the

00:59:24--> 00:59:58

context of the Battle of battle. So the known enemy is Koresh, they are the known enemy of the Muslims in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Who are these other enemies who are hurting I mean, don't him. The other ones that you don't know Allah knows them, but you don't know them. This is where the scholars would see a different some of them said that refers to the the Jewish tribes that would later go on to commit treachery with the Muslims in Medina. Another said that it's referring to the mafia clean, the hypocrites, another set that is referring to the Romans and the Persians, the Byzantines and the Persians that the Muslims will later go on to fight towards

00:59:58--> 00:59:59

the very end of the life of the prophets.

01:00:00--> 01:00:34

Mullah Juan he was sent him and then during the reigns of the Khalifa, but the position that was chosen but even feel like to Allah and he said the one that seems to be strongest of this is that it is referring to the Mana 15 that they are the ones that are unknown because those other people are still known enemies even if they are not prominent enemies at that time of butter, because boorish is the primary enemy. But the Muslims are aware that these are the Pharisees of the Persians. Those are the Romans, they're aware of them, the ones that they are not aware of. The ones that are the hidden enemy are the hypocrites, because they are not necessarily known to the vast majority of the

01:00:34--> 01:00:44

Muslims even though the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew who they were. And so Allah azza wa jal, even Kathy Mattarella chose a position that is referring to the hypocrites and Allah knows best.

01:00:45--> 01:01:28

But Allah knows them. Therefore he commanded them to prepare to confront them. One of the greatest means that may help in fighting them is spending on jihad against the disbelievers. Hence, Allah Subhana Allah says, encouraging that, wherever you spend in the Cause of Allah, whether it be a small or great amount will be repaid to you in full, the reward for it on the day of resurrection will be multiplied greatly to the extent that whatever is spent in the case of Allah will be given a new course of Allah to the extent whatever is spent in the course of Allah will be given a 700 fold reward up to many times more than that and you will not be wronged that is nothing will be detracted

01:01:28--> 01:01:30

from the reward for that

01:01:32--> 01:02:17

we're in Jenna holy sell me for Jenna Hello her whatever Colorado na he in who was semi Alim if they inclined to peace, then make peace with them and put your trust in Allah for verily He is the overhearing or knowing what he would he do a dog walker in the hospital no wonder the other cabinet sorry he will be meaning but if they intend to deceive you, then Verily Allah is sufficient for you. He it is He it is Who strengthened you with his help and with the support of the believers will never mean up all beat him low. Forgot to fill out we jam he

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left in a porno beam mannequin non la la Verbena home in who as he is on Hakeem, he brought the hearts together. Even if you had spent all that is on earth. You could not have brought the hearts together. But Allah has brought them together for He is Almighty most wise. Yeah you can be your book Allahu Amani tambor aka Amina, meaning Prophet sallallahu sallam, Allah is sufficient for you and for the end for the believers who follow you. If they that is the disbelievers who are fighting you inclined to peace, that is, if they inclined to a treaty with you and assists

01:03:04--> 01:03:46

cessation of fighting, then make peace with them. And put your trust in Allah that is respond to their request, putting your trust in your Lord, for and that there are many benefits including the following. seeking peace and safety is always good. If they are the ones who initiate that, then it is more appropriate to respond that offers an opportunity to regain your strength and prepare against the fight them at some other time if necessary. If you make peace with one another and feel safe with one another, and each side starts to know the other that will facilitate calling them to Islam, for Islam by its nature will prevail and will and cannot be prevailed over whoever is

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possessed of a reason and understanding and understanding, if he is fair minded will inevitably prefer Islam of other religions. Because its beauty is manifested in his commands and prohibitions. And its way of dealing with people and spreading justice among them. There is no injustice or unfairness in it. In that case, more people will become interested in it and follow it and these positions at the automaton all these benefits to the author Hamlet Allah is mentioning here when Allah azza wa jal says that if they want peace, give it to them. And trust in Allah subhanaw taala and author is mentioning the reasons why Allah azza wa jal is saying that and the benefits from it

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from those greatest benefits is that it allows the Muslims to do what is their main purpose and that is to call people to the path of Allah azza wa jal to give Dawa and to spread the message of Islam. And no doubt when there is peace. It is easier for people to worship Allah subhanaw taala than when there is hostility and war. In your if you have peace and security in the land that you live in the country that you live in the town that you live in. It is easier for you and better for you in terms of being able to worship Allah. You can come to the masjid, you can pray tarawih you can fast in Ramadan, you should look and go to the masjid and so on. It's easier, but if you lived in a time

01:05:00--> 01:05:36

of hostility or this war or this fighting, you don't leave your home because you're afraid for your life, the life of your children, your family, you can't leave your house because you have other worries and other pressing concerns, then the element of worshipping Allah azza wa jal, especially in public becomes extremely difficult. And that is why the Prophet SAW Allah while he was sitting in the Treaty of Arabia, even though the terms of the treaty treaty were very biased in favor of the coalition against the Muslims. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam accepted it all. When so he did not Mr. Came to give that treaty, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to the Companions

01:05:36--> 01:06:10

by Allah, they will not ask me of something in which there is in which there is Talim or glorification of Allah's religion, except that I will accept it, meaning that so long as it doesn't go against the tenets of Islam, I will accept the conditions and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did, they said, if a Muslim comes to you, you have to return them. But if someone comes from us Do you have to give them back? And they said, We can do whatever we want, and you have to go back to comic aamra. All of those terms are against the Muslims. But the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam accepted, the more accepted the mole didn't have any problem with any one of them. Why?

01:06:10--> 01:06:52

Because he has a greater vision. And the greater vision is that now for the first time in the history of the Muslims, they won't be fighting, there will be peace. What can you do when there is peace, you will give Dawa, and people will understand Islam, and they won't be fighting so they will be able to come into the fold of Islam. And that is why the Muslims that the treaty of Arabia number approximately 1400 1500 1600 in two years time of peace, that 16 odd years of Islam, or more 20 odd years over 17 years of Islam 1600 Muslims, then in two years by the conquest of Mecca, 10,000 Muslims, and near fivefold increase. Why? Because the Muslims cannot give Dawa and that is the time

01:06:52--> 01:07:17

period when the prophets tell him let's go straight to the Romans and the Persians. And that'd be Syrians and all the other people because now he can focus on those other issues as well. And that is why Allah subhanaw taala always in the Quran. When you have the ability to give peace to people so long as there is not within that humiliation for Islam or it goes against the tenants of Islam. It is something which is always preferred for these benefits that the author is mentioning.

01:07:18--> 01:07:58

Thus, this piece will help the Muslims against the disbelievers. There is nothing to be feared from Peace except to one thing, which is that the disbelievers aim behind that may aim behind that maybe to trick the Muslims and to take the opportunity to harm them. Hence, Allah tells them that he is sufficient sufficient for them, and will protect them from the treachery of the enemies for that treachery will backfire on them. But if they intend to deceive you, then Verily Allah is sufficient for you. That is, he will protect you from that which may harm you, for he is looking after your interests and concerns. He has already sufficed you and supported you with that which should

01:07:58--> 01:08:41

reassure your heart for he, for He it is Who Who strengthened you with his help and with the support of the believers. That is he helped you with His divine help, which is support that nothing could withstand. And he helped you with the with believers, as he inspired them to support you. He brought the hearts together, and they united in harmony. So their strength increased because of the unity. This was not due to the efforts of anyone or the strength of anyone except the strength of Allah. If you spent all that is on earth of gold and silver, and other wealth in order to bring hearts together after the descent with an extreme division, you could not have brought their hearts

01:08:41--> 01:09:16

together because no one controls people's hearts except Allah subhanahu wa Tada and that's because I'm sorry, as we know before the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to Medina that also has Raj when civil strife they had civil warfare between them, even though they have blood relations between them non sar, the US and the hustlers are two tribes of Medina and they would fight and they would kill and they would have civil warfare between the Lord last generations. Allah subhanaw taala united their hearts upon Eman and that is when the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim on the day after the Battle of her name, when the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam distributed the war booty and he

01:09:16--> 01:09:55

gave the majority of it to the new Muslims. And the McCanns were accepted Islam after the conquest of Mecca because her name takes place after the conquest of Mecca. He gave it to them. And so some of the unsolved became upset. We spent all of these years with the province of Salem giving him sanctuary helping him fighting jihad, doing all of this and now that the money has come in now that Allah azza wa jal has given us a manifest victory. Now that the Muslims are wealthy, that money goes to everyone except us. And so when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam heard them, he said to them, What didn't I find you misguided? And Allah guided you through me? Didn't I find you por un

01:09:55--> 01:09:59

Allah azza wa jal gave you well through me, Did Allah subhanaw taala join us?

01:10:00--> 01:10:12

hearts through me. And Ansara said yes, and that is from the Mercy of Allah azza wa jal upon sound that Allah united them. And through the unity, there was strength for Muslim Islam and the Muslims.

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But Allah has brought them together, for He is Almighty most wise by his mighty united their hearts and brought them together after they, after they had been divided. As he says elsewhere, remember the favor that Allah bestowed upon you, for you were enemies, then he brought your hearts together, so that by His grace, you became brethren, and you were on the brink of the pit of fire, and he saved you from it. Then Allah Subhana Allah says, O Prophet, sallAllahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah is sufficient for you and for the end for the believers who follow you. That is He will take care of you and your followers among the believers. This is a promise from Allah is believing slaves who

01:10:55--> 01:11:18

follow His messengers all along, I do send them and that he will suffice them and support them against their enemies. Therefore, if they take proper measures, namely believing and following the Prophet sallallahu sallam, then he will inevitably suffice them with regard to that which concerns them of both spiritual and worldly matters, that support is not granted only when his conditions are not met.

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Yeah, you can be you have real meaning in return. He can mean commercial on Assam, your own or your libo me attain what he called me. Me at WWE ugly boo and Mira levy Naka for Ruby and Hong Kong moolah of Cohoon. Prophet sallallahu Essen urged the believers to fight, if there are 20 steadfast men among you, they will overcome 200 And if there are 100 Such they will overcome 1000 of the disbelievers, for they are people who do not understand

01:12:00--> 01:12:08

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One na humara saw be mean. But now Allah has lightened your burden, for he knows that there is weakness in you. So if there are 100 steadfast men among you, they will overcome 200 And if there are 1000, they will overcome 2000 But Allah has lief and Allah is is with those who are steadfast. Here Allah Subhana Allah says to His prophets, Allah, Allah, Allah listen them, or Prophet sallallahu Sallam urge the believers to fight that is encourage them and motivate them to fight by means of all that may strengthen their resolve and energize them, such as encouraging them to engage in Jihad and combat the enemies and warning them against doing the opposite of that. Tell them of

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the virtues of courage and steadfastness. And what that results in of good in this world and the hereafter remind them of the harm done by cowardice, cowardice, and that is a bad characteristic that is contrary to religious commitment and dignity. And that and that courage is more appropriate for the believers than for others. If you are suffering hardship, they are also suffering hardships, but you hope for something from Allah that they cannot hope for.

01:13:36--> 01:14:17

If they are 20 steadfast men among you are believers, they will overcome 200 And if there are 100 Such they will overcome 1000 of the disbelievers. So it will be a ratio of one believer to 10 of the disbelievers. That is because they are a people who do not understand they have no knowledge of what Allah has prepared for those who strive in his cause. So they fight in order to become supreme in the land and to spread Miss chips mischief they're in. Whereas you understand the purpose of fighting, which is to make the word of Allah supreme causes religion to prevail and defend the book of Allah and to attain the great success with Allah. All of this instills courage and steadfastness

01:14:17--> 01:15:00

and encourages you to fight. Then Allah made his reading easier for his slaves, and reduced the ratio of believers to disbelievers. But now Allah has lightened your burden, for he knows that there is weakness in you. Hence, His mercy and wisdom dictated that the burden should be made lighter. So if there are 100 steadfast among you, so if there are 100 steadfast men among you, they will overcome 200 And if there are 1000, they will overcome 2000 By Allah's Leave, and Allah is with those who are steadfast by his help and support. And so the initial ruling that Allah Subhana Allah the rest of the larger reveals this

01:15:00--> 01:15:34

If there is one believer to a ratio of 10 disbelievers, they must still go and fight. There is one to 10 They must have gone fight. And then Allah azza wa jal abrogated the verse in the following verse, and he made it a ratio of one to two. And that is what is mentioned in Sahih Bukhari in the narration of Abdullah. That's not the Allahumma that when the first verse was revealed, the ratio of one to 10 He said Shaka, daddy garden Muslimeen that became difficult upon the Muslims. So then Allah subhanaw taala revealed the concession, and that is that it was one to two and that is what these verses are referring to.

01:15:36--> 01:16:16

These verses appear in the form of description of the believers, as opposed to an instruction or prescription. If there are num if their number reaches this specific amount, they can defeat that number of disbelievers, for Allah has blessed them with that which will instill spiritual courage in them. But what is really meant is an instruction or command. Initially, Allah instructed the believers that one should not flee from 10 or 10, from 100 or 100 from 1000. Then he made the burden lighter, so it is not permissible for the Muslims to flee from double the number of disbelievers. But if the disbelievers are more than double the number, it is permissible for them to flee but

01:16:16--> 01:16:54

although I'm not to Allah is not going into a linguistic issue. He says, These verses appear in the form of a description, whereas in reality, they are an instruction or command. And what he's referring to is that Allah azza wa jal when he says iya commune commercial, if there happens to be 20, or 10 believers than they should overtake 100 disbelievers. It's as if Allah subhanaw taala is referring to or describing an event that is taking place, it is a Hubber there is a description of something that may happen. But actually in the reality of this verse is that it is a command that is given, but it's not issued as a commodity, you have to if you attend, then you must fight 100 If you

01:16:54--> 01:17:14

are one, then you can overtake two and so on. It's rather mentioned in a different way. The author Natalia is mentioning a principle of difficile, that even if it is mentioned as a description, it can still sometimes take the form of an instruction or a command, and that is what is now going to go into in more detail.

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But two objections may arise may be raised by others concerning this idea. One, it appears in the form of a statement. And the basic principle concerning statements is that they are to be understood as they appear to be, and that what is meant as a reminder of blessings and a description of reality, meaning that when it's a statement in the Quran, or Harbor, it's not necessarily in the strict instruction, but rather there is a benefit to be derived a blessing of Allah azza wa jal that you are being reminded of, too, it is stipulated with regard to that number that they should be steadfast in the sense that they should be accustomed to being steadfast and patient. What may be

01:17:52--> 01:18:33

understood from this is that if they are not accustomed to be steadfast and patient, then it is permissible for them to flee. Even if the number of the enemy is less than the double the number, if they think it, it most likely that they will be harmed, as it as is dictated by divine wisdom. The response to the first point is that the fact Allah says, But now Allah has lightened your burden indicates that this is a binding instruction and a command to be obeyed, that Allah reduced the number which clearly indicates that it is an instruction even though it appears in the form of a statement. So how do we know therefore this verse even though it's come in the form of a harbor, a

01:18:33--> 01:19:09

description is actually a command. Both are Mattarella says because Allah says Allah Hafiz Allah. Allah has now given you a concession, and a concession is only mentioned if there is a command. If there is no command, there's no need for a concession, which shows therefore that the first verse and the second verses are commands. And this is the point that the author Allah Tala is mentioning. You have a concession, someone says you can pray sitting down. That only makes sense if you firstly you have to play standing up. If you don't have to play standing up in the concession. You don't need a concession to play sitting down. Likewise here he's saying the concession Allah clearly

01:19:09--> 01:19:21

states. Now you have a concession. Now Allah has lightened your burden, that lightning of burden only can take place. If the initial disruption is also taken as a command.

01:19:22--> 01:19:57

It may be said that the reason why appears in the form of a statement as a beautiful meaning that would not be present if it appeared in the form of an instruction, which is that it is aimed at strengthening the hearts of the believers and giving them the glad tidings that they will defeat the disbelievers I was that so because when Allah azza wa jal in the Arabic language, when you mentioned something as a statement as a cover as a description, it's as if it's already taken place. Someone says to pray, you have yet to pray, but when you see the people who pray get such and such and such, it shows you that there are certain benefits of praying. And so likewise here, the author is saying

01:19:57--> 01:19:59

Matata that Allah azza wa jal mentions it

01:20:00--> 01:20:08

Almost as a foregone conclusion, that if you are people have patience and you are number two to one, you will have victory by Allah subhanaw taala permission.

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The aim behind the stipulation that they should be steadfast is to encourage that fastness and, and patience, and it is saying that they should take measures to achieve that, then if they do that, they will have taken measures on the basis of faith, as well as other material preparations that will raise their hopes of attaining what Allah has told them about victory for his for this small number. And that is a principle in the Sharia. When the Sharia assists to be patient, it also means train yourself to be patient. When the Sharia assist you have knowledge or be people of knowledge it means train yourself to seek knowledge. And that is why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in

01:20:47--> 01:21:12

the malaria movie tallow, or enamel Hill movie tandem, you only see you only take knowledge by learning and seeking knowledge. And you will only attain patients by training yourself by being patient. So you can't just be patient today. It's not something which you are just endowed with. Some people have more patience. Some people have less patience, but everyone needs to train themselves to be more patient and have more patience and have more forbearance.

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Mark and Elena be in a corner who had you screen fill out to the tune out over dunya one law who read hero, Allah who is ease on Hakeem, it is not befitting for Prophet to take captives until he has 30 suppressed the enemy in the land. You desire the fleeting gains of this world. But Allah desires for you the Hereafter. And Allah is might Almighty most wise loler kita boom Minam la he's up on Ms. Calm FEMA, to Mother Boone Eileen, where it not for prior decree from Allah egregious punishment would have befallen you for what you took of ransom. But Kulu meme, wanting to know

01:22:07--> 01:22:47

what happened na in non la food or Rahim so enjoy what you have gained in war as lawful and good, but fear Allah verily, Allah is oft forgiving, Most Merciful. This is a rebuke from Allah tiss and messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the believers on the day of better when they captured the polytheists and kept them alive for the sake of the ransom, where as the view of elements of a Mulan would mean, or Mahabharata Lohan, who in this situation was that they should be executed and eradicated. And this is the one long story at the end of the battle of Buddha, when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had a number of prisoners of war, and then the issue came up as to what

01:22:47--> 01:23:24

it is that we should do with them. And so the Companions differed in two different camps. One camp was the camp of Abu Bakar, the loved one who said that these people are our family, they're our kin. They're our kids that our blood relations, yes, they're our enemies, but they also happen to be our family and relatives. And we are weak meaning that we don't have much money or wealth. So what we should do is one some of them, get to give them back and get money on instead on their behalf. And the other position was the position of Mr. Abraham October the Allah one, and that was a We should kill them because they are enemies of Islam and they will do a great and further harm to us. The

01:23:24--> 01:23:51

Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam chose the position of Abu Bakr Radi Allahu Allah and as we know, and Allah subhanaw taala in this verse is correcting that position that the position of Amara about the Allah one was a stronger one Matt can Libyan in your corner, no Asara, he shouldn't have prisoners of war until Islam has strength upon the land. In this situation, the Muslims are still weak, these people that you freed today will come back and they will fight you again tomorrow. And so one long story in the seal.

01:23:52--> 01:24:28

And Allah Subhana Allah said, It is not befitting for a prophet to take captives until he has thoroughly suppress the enemy in the land. That is, it was not appropriate for him when fighting the disbelievers who wanted to extinguish the light of Allah, and was striving to eliminate his religion, so that there would would remain no one on earth who worshipped Allah, to ask them to capture them and keep them alive for the sake of the ransom that he could get from them. At the time, when that was a small gain in comparison to the interest that could be served by executing them and putting putting an end to the evil. So long as they were spreading evil and had power, it

01:24:28--> 01:24:59

was more appropriate not to take them as prisoners. If they are thoroughly suppressed, a stop has been put to the evil and their power has diminished. Then in that case, there is nothing wrong with taking prisoners from among them and letting them live. And the story shows the principle of jihad in Islam, which they had is when the scholar makes a concerted effort to arrive at the ruling that Allah subhanaw taala wants in a certain issue. And so each jihad is based upon the text of the Quran and the Sunnah and Allah

01:25:00--> 01:25:27

means that you have available and taking advice and so on and so forth. And then the scholar mixes he had that is what the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did. This is the first battle that the Muslims ever fought in the first time. They're prisoners of war. What do we do with these prisoners of war? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam makes, he had and he had on this occasion is something which Allah subhanaw taala corrects, but the map that the principle of the HT had is a correct principle.

01:25:28--> 01:26:12

You desire by taking the ransom and in them live, the fleeting gains of this world that is, there is no benefit from that in terms of supporting the religion. But Allah desires for you the hereafter, by supporting his religion and helping his close friends and causing the word to prevail over others. Therefore, he enjoins you to do that which will help you to attain that and Allah is almighty most wise that his He is perfect in might, if he wanted to defeat the belief the disbelievers without a fight, he would have done so but he is most wise and he tests some of you by means of others. Were it not for a prior decree from Allah for by his will and decree he has made

01:26:12--> 01:26:52

booty permissible for you and has fed this OMA from the punishment though lucky turbo min Allah is sub according not for a prior decree from Allah azza wa jal. What is the prior decree referring to two positions amongst the scholars of Islam number one, is that Allah subhanaw taala wouldn't punish, punish this ummah, doesn't punish this OMA like he punished the previous nations. And so Allah azza wa jal forgives this OMA even for the mistakes that they make in general. And number two, concerning the war booty that it is halal for the Muslims to take war booty, because in the previous nations, it wasn't a halal. It wasn't permissible for the armies of those prophets to take the

01:26:52--> 01:27:29

spoils of war. For other what they would do is that they would gather them together at the end of the battle, and they would leave them and if a fire came and consumed them, it means that it was accepted by Allah. And if it was left, it meant that Allah azza wa jal hadn't accepted their fighting hadn't accepted their efforts, that is what they would do, from the concessions or from the special characteristics that this woman was given that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has given us in the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim. Oh, he let DL ani or Aki to homestand, Murata Hoonah Hanuman probably, the prophet sallam said, I was given five things, no prophet ever before me was

01:27:29--> 01:27:37

given them from them, or he literally alone, and I was it was allowed and made permissible for me to take the spoils of war.

01:27:38--> 01:28:14

A grievious punishment would have performed in you for what you took of ransom. And the Hadith that says, if a punishment had come down on the day of better, no one would have been saved from it except Ahmad, on the eighth Hadith. So enjoy what you have. The additional body for hadith is from the editor, not from the author and Allah Tada. And the general thing is that that kind of stuff should be put into the footnotes. The author doesn't say it's a weak Hadith, maybe it's his position that it's an authentic hadith that is an acceptable Hadith. And so it would have been better to put that into four notes as opposed to in the main text.

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So enjoy what you have gained in war as lawful and good. This is by the kindness of Allah subhanaw taala towards this ummah, he has made Bootsy permissible to them, whereas he did not permit it any previous nation, but fear Allah in all your affairs and adhere to that out of gratitude for the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon you. Verily Allah is oft forgiving. He forgives the one who repent to Him for all his sins, and He forgives all the sins of those who do not ascribe partners to him. Most Merciful towards you as he has permitted booty to you and has made it lawful and good.

01:28:54--> 01:29:08

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Op the mean c'mon geography Lancome wall one of all marine, a prophet Sallallahu Sallam say to those who are captives in your land in your hands. If Allah knows of any good in your hearts, He will give you something better than that which has been taken from you and will forgive you for Allah is often forgiving, Most Merciful. Will he do Nautica? Fukada on na humming kaaboo firm kinda mean home. Wala who only mon Hakeem if they intend to betray you. They have already betrayed Allah before, so he gave you power over them and Allah is all knowing most wise. This was revealed concerning the captors of the Battle of better among whom was a

01:30:00--> 01:30:36

Embrace the paternal uncle of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. When the ransom was demanded of him he claimed that he had become Muslim before that, but they did not waive the ransom for them for this is a famous story also within the books of the Sierra and the Sunnah. And that is from the captors award that were captured on the day was the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and I best ignore I'm dead methodical the Allahu annualy Tron, as we know, go on to become a Muslim. But what he claimed on the day of Baba once he was captured, because he was in the ranks of the non Muslim army in the Quraysh army. When he was captured, he said to the Prophet

01:30:36--> 01:31:10

sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I was a Muslim, but I only came out because I happen to live in Makkah and part of cooperation, you know, peer pressure and whatever everyone had to leave, and so I had to be amongst them as well. But actually, in my heart, I'm a Muslim. And that is where Allah azza wa jal says, say to those people who are in your hands, your captives, Allah, if Allah knows goodness in your heart that Allah azza wa jal will give you better than what has been taken from you, what is going to be taken from him, the ransom that he has to give in order to free himself? And what would Allah azza wa jal give him in return something which is far better and cleaner Allah azza wa jal

01:31:10--> 01:31:49

knew that in his heart was Islam, because later on he would become a Muslim, or the Allahu Allah and he would become as we know, from the senior companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam Not least because of his relationship to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam the Hadith in the Muslim of Al Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah to Allah and our best when he was captured on the Allahu and was presented to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to him are best for yourself, pay your DHEA and for your nephew, his nephew was RTL. Even Abu Talib Rafeal is the older brother of God, Allah Quran was still a non Muslim at that time, and free

01:31:49--> 01:32:27

your other nephews that fought with you. So these are all the cousins of the Prophet saws from his first cousins. And our best is his uncle. And a bass set him that I'm a Muslim. The Prophet Solomon said, I can only judge in what is apparent. What is in your heart is between you and Allah, give your ransom and free yourself and your nephews are best set overs in Java. Oh, Muhammad Joe. He said I have no money I have nothing. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said what about that money that you gave to your wife whom will football and football is the eldest son of our best His name is on fundal. In our bass, he's mentioned often in the Hadith of the vegetal without the

01:32:27--> 01:33:04

federal Hajj. He was one of the people that the Prophet SAW Allah where it was still a medium right behind him on his camera. And fogal is mentioned a number of times in the farewell he said, your wife, Omen father, the mother of your son, you gave her money. And you said to her hide this money, and only spend it if I'm captured and you have to give ransom. Our best said by Allah no one knows of that conversation except me and her. No one else no one was there and I told no one else. So I know now that you are the Messenger of Allah, so Allah Allah you will send them so the prophets Allah, Allah will send a meeting pay that ransom, and he gave that ransom and he freed himself and

01:33:04--> 01:33:23

his nephews on the day of Budda, lambaste in moderation. He says, that by Allah, Allah subhanaw taala gave me far more. When I became a Muslim, Allah azza wa jal says you will come home, okay? I mean, come Allah will give you far greater than what was taken from you. And Ben says that when I became a Muslim, Allah azza wa jal gave me far more in return.

01:33:25--> 01:34:05

than Allah subhanaw taala revealed this verse to console that him and those who were in a similar situation, or Prophet sallallahu sallam, say to those who are captive, in captives in your hands, if Allah knows of any good in your hearts, He will give you something better than that which has been taken from you, that is of wealth, for he will make easy for you by His grace, something that is better and greater than that which was taken from you, and will forgive you, your sins, and will admit you to paradise for Allah is oft forgiving, Most Merciful. Allah fulfilled his promise to Allah, Bess and others, for he acquired a great deal of wealth after that, to the extent that on one

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occasion, when a great deal of wealth came to the prophets of Allah Sanlam Allah bass came to him and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam told him to take whatever he could carry in his garment. And he took so much that he was almost unable to carry it. And that hadith is one non authentic narration that are best for the Allah one, one scheme and he said at the person the person gave him well, he said, how much he said, Whatever you can carry, take, you took so much that he was barely able to stand up. So he said, O Messenger of Allah, as someone to help me processor. No, you took it, you carry it. And so he took what he could and he carried it back.

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If they intend to betray you, my striving to fight you and oppose you. They have already betrayed Allah before. So he gave you power over them. So let them be weary of betraying you for Allah subhanaw taala has power over them and they are under his control. And Allah is all knowing most wise, that is he knows all things.

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and is most wise in doing that which is appropriate by his knowledge and wisdom. He he prescribes these great rulings for you and he has guaranteed to suffice you with regard to the issue of the prisoners and the evil if they want to betray you following their release in novena man or her journal to meet him money him and forcing him visa been in one Levine one Asano one Davina one

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bound one levena Manuel them you heard you can mute your team mean she in her you heard you know well in his stones on on comfy Dini, Faraday Kumar nostro Illa comin Bina Kumar Bina whom me

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one lomi Mater, Amman Warner biopsied. Verily, those who believed migrated and strove and fought in the Cause of Allah, offering their wealth and their lives, and those who gave them refuge and help. These are allies and protectors of one another. As for those who believed, but did not migrate, you have no duty to protect them until they do migrate. But if they seek your help on grounds of faith, then it is your duty to support them, except against people with whom you have a treaty. And Allah sees all well, and Allah sees well, all that you do. This refers to the bond of alliances and love that Allah established between the MaHA Jean who believed and migrated in the last cause, leaving

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behind the homeland for the sake of Allah. And in order to engage in jihad in Allah's Cause, and unsought who gave shelter to the Messenger of Allah, Allah is in them and his companions and help them by sharing their property, wealth, and lives with them. They were allies and protectors of unknown of one another, because of the perfect nature of their faith and the strong ties among them. And we know that for them when they first came to Medina, the manager in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made what is called muah ha pact of brotherhood between the Mahajan and Ansari, we'll take one from the margerine, one from the answer, and they would be like brothers, they will

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live together and they would share their food and they will share all their wealth together to the extent that they would inherit from one another. If one died, he would be inherited by the other. And that was at the beginning of Islam. And as we will see towards the end of the Surah, that was later abrogated.

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As for those who believed, but did not migrate, you have no duty to protect them until they do migrate for the severed the bones of alliances because of their separation from you at a time when there was a great need for manpower. Because they did not migrate, they had no alliance with the believers at all. But if they seek your help on grounds of faith, that is, in order to fight those who are fighting them because of their religion, then it is your duty to support them and fight alongside them. However, if people fight them for other purposes, then you are not obliged to support them, except against people with whom you have a treaty, that is an agreement not to fight.

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If the believers who are distinct from others, but have not migrated, want to fight them, you should not help them in doing so because of the treaty that exists between you and them. And this is the same principle that we mentioned before the importance of treaty look at how Allah azza wa jal speaks about the importance and the weight of treaties in Islam. These people are Muslims, but they didn't migrate to the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam if they are fighting a group of non Muslims, but those non Muslims have a treaty with the Muslims, you don't help the Muslims because of the treaty that exists. And these Muslims didn't come into your banner. They didn't come under, under

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the the people who made his route to Medina that time shows you again, the importance of treaties and covenants.

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And Allah sees well all that you do. He knows your circumstances and he prescribes appropriate rulings for you will novena follow baboom only

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will bow Illa Fido water can fit not on fill out we Mufasa Dawn cabbie, those who disbelieve our allies and protectors of one another. Hence, if you fail to do what you were enjoined to do of supporting one another, there will be persecution in the land and a great deal of mischief. As Allah established alliances among the among the believers, he informed them that the disbelievers are united on the basis of their disbelief. Hence they are allies and protectors of one another. Therefore, no one takes them as allies except one who is a disbeliever like them. Hence, if you fail to do what you are enjoined to do, namely, take in believers as allies and opposing this the

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disbelievers such as taking all people as allies.

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or taking all pupils as enemies, not distinguishing between Muslims and the disbelievers or taking the disbelievers as allies and taking the believers as enemies, there will be persecution in the land and a great deal of mischief. And that will lead to unlimited evil because of confusing truth with falsehood and believers with disbelievers. And because of the Association of major acts of worship, such as jihad, hijra, migration and other aims of Sharia, which will be missed if the believers do not take only their own kind as allies and protectors

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when levena ermine or her job Wanda had often the same been in he wonder the one asado una Kahun me no nahi kar raha funeral to respond, Kenny. Verily, those who believed migrated and strove and fought in Allah's Cause, and those who gave them refuge and help. These are the troops. These are the true believers. They will have forgiveness and a generous provision will levena Amano mean

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incoming come we're all on Omaha amoeba boom owner be back when V kita been

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in LA hubby colletion in early. Those who believed afterwards migrated and strove and fought in Allah's Cause with you, the two of you, but Kindred by blood are nearer to one another regarding inheritance, according to the decree ordained by Allah. Verily, Allah has knowledge of all things. The previous verses mentioned the bond of brotherhood among the believers, the margerine, and unsought these verses praise them and speak of their reward. Verily, those who believed migrated and strove and fought and lost cause and those who gave them refuge and help these namely the believers that more hygiene and unsought are the true believers because they confirm their faith by means of

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the deeds that they undertook, namely, migration, mutual support, forming an alliance with one another and striving in Jihad and against their enemies, the disbelievers and hypocrites. They will have forgiveness from Allah by means of which the bad deeds will be erased. And they will have a generous provision that is much good from the Most Generous Lord in gardens of bliss. They may also have a reward in this world that will bring them a delight and reassure their hearts. This also applies to those who come after these hygiene and and saw those who follow their guidance in the best manner and believe, migrate and strive in the last course, they two of you, and they have the

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same rights and duties as you do. This brotherhood of faith, which appeared at the beginning of Islam had a great impact and was of great significance. Because the prophets Allah Allah, Allah Selim established a special bond of brotherhood between them hygiene and and Saul, something that's passed the regular bonds of brotherhood, as they even used to inherit from one another by virtue of this brotherhood, then Allah revealed the words but Kindred by blood on Neva to one another, regarding the inheritance, according to the decree ordained by Allah, so no one can inherit from a person except his male relatives on the father's side, and those who are given allocated chairs of

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inheritance. If there are no such as that, then the nearest of the other relatives inherit, as is indicated by the general meaning of this verse, the scholars with Sierra agreed that this verse Therefore abrogated the original ruling that took place at the beginning of Islam of Maha, the Mahajan and Ansara, or made brothers to one another during that pact. So if one died, the other one inherited, this verse Then abrogated that ruling. And what it's referring to, however, is something which the scholars differed over. The way that inheritance works, as we know is that it goes through the male line, the people that are inherited from you, or your relatives from your father's side. So

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your siblings, your parents, your children, your wife or husband, they inherit from you. But in terms of your uncle's, your aunts, your cousins and those people, your nephew, it is always through the male line, not the female through your mother's relatives through your father's relatives. That is how inheritance works. However, the issue here that the scholars differed over is that if a person happens to die, and they have no one from their father's side, someone dies and the closest person to them is their mother's brother. Their maternal uncle is the closest living relative. Does that person inherit or not? Allah is Dogen. Cynthia, what are Jaime baboom hola rebel, the people of

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your ties of your kinship your blood, they have more right to in the book of Allah azza wa jal, but who are those people who was referring to the position of the Maliki madhhab and the chef is Imam Malik and a chef Are you

01:45:00--> 01:45:33

Are the Hemara Matala and others from amongst the scholars and it was the position of a Lima macabre young Latina is that the oral or ham in this verse is the ones that Allah has already spoken about in other verses of the Quran in surah, Nisa, and that's essentially the same people that are inherited from you. If none of those people are available, none of them are living. You don't have any brothers, you don't have your father. You don't have your mother. You don't have a wife or husband. You don't have a son or daughter. No one from your male line exists. Where does the inheritance go? Those scholars say he goes to the treasury of the Muslims. That's where it goes to.

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The male the female line never inherits. They say that hola Langham. is referring to your male life. However the position of Imam Abu Hanifa Imam Muhammad and the one that you can see here therefore the author, Rahim Allah Tala also chooses is that know if you don't have any male relatives, that money doesn't go to the Treasury, it goes to your closest female relatives or from the female line. So your uncle, your mother's brother, oh, so on and so forth. Whoever is living from that side of the family, and they have a right to inherit because in Arabic they say a Rahim refers to anyone that is related to by blood, and the Arabs generally called the male line Asaba. From the spine,

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your backbone is called Asaba. Because those are the people that are meant to giving you strength and power and come to your aid in times of difficulty and your female line or the mother's line is called rhyme from Rama from Mercy, because they are come they come from your mother's side and that is the position that the author Rahim Allah Tada chose, that the inherit in this in this particular situation.

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The phrase according to the decree ordained by Allah means according to the rulings and laws that he has prescribed. Verily, Allah has knowledge of all things, which includes his knowledge of your circumstances, because of which he is which because of which he ordained laws and regulations for you that are appropriate to your circumstances. And with that, we come to the end of the series of Saurashtra unfurl inshallah Tada. I think we will end here for today, and inshallah Tala. Tomorrow we will begin with the Tafseer of Sora to Toba Baraka Lo Fi comm or some low cinema Vita Mohamed in early he or Sammy Germaine was Santa Monica mental ly well Baraka