Muslim Legends #1 Saif ad-Din Qutuz

Ahmad Saleem

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Channel: Ahmad Saleem

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AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the importance of learning history and the history of the past, including context and the use of "back" in the title of a book. They also touch on the struggles faced by young black men in Pakistan and India, as well as the treatment of Muslims by the speaker. The customer inquires about their account and has a question about their account number, but struggles to remember their account number.
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Bismillah neuro

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neuro

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Sweller handle Rahim over here in a stain or allow people to live with Tatiana Allah or one a lot of volume in the beginner Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa salam to slim and kefir off.

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We are here in sha Allah for the next eight sessions together, where we will be going through eight legends stories of our past.

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Some are male, some are female, some are Arabs, some are IgM. Some are Persian. And in the process of the selection of these legends, I wanted to give an array of this experience that we should have that you know, our history is filled with both Arabs and Muslims all equally participating in the rise of our OMA together. So it'd be really good for some of us. Today's story comes from the people that belong to the area of Kazakhstan, and that Turkmenistan and that whole Azerbaijan area, and China to some extent, China, and all of that area. So today's story is about a person who belongs from that particular era. But before we start off in sha Allah, our series legends untold. I just

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have a random question to ask, why do we study see history?

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You guys can blurt out the answers. If the people that are sitting at the back, it just feels like you know what I'm talking to a lot of people with a lot of energy at the back, like I have to reach out to them. So if they can get a little bit closer, it'll be just, you know, just become easier, you'll make the job of the angels easy to cover this gathering. Because they'll be gathering it with their rings, they really need to open their rings wide this way. So if we can get a little bit closer, I would really appreciate that. If you have to use the back for rest, please do. So if you want to grab a chair, feel free just to vary. So why do we study history? Yes.

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Why should we study tidy?

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Louder

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to learn humanity's past, okay, so one of the purposes of learning Sierra could be that we want to learn the chronological order of events that took place in the past.

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What else could be a reason why we should learn C? or daddy or history?

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What do you think could be a reason for us to learn that?

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Anyone? Yeah, go ahead.

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guys speak louder than

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the way you recite. That's how I need you to speak.

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Okay, many of the prophets came in the past. So it's good for us to know the daddy, because we get to know about their stories. But, you know, the orlimar they have boiled down three primary reasons why.

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No matter what your ages, we should have awareness of our history. Do you know what history means?

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Do you know what history means? No. Okay. So history means the past the stories of the past, the people who came with the, you know, be before you. And they did some big, big things like really great things, right. So it's stories of those individuals in the past, but there are three primary lessons that we learned and this this you can read in the book of, you know, Chef roundtable, sir Johnny,

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you know, the two more most famous historians, Muslim historians that we have alive today, Dr. Oliver, sir Gianni, and the you have oh, man, I know his name. I have his books. I forgot his name. At least a log. Right. Dr. Addison lobby is a lobby, obviously, he lives in Qatar, he is from the African Jezza air and Maghreb and Tunisia. And more importantly, Dr. rosehips, Gianni, is happens to be from Egypt. So he mentions in his book that there are three things we should be aware of when we learn history. First thing that we need to learn is it gives you context. So many times you're reading the Quran, and you'll be like, Oh, that's really interesting. What is this story about?

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Right? And you will, you'll read a particular event that take place, for example, sort of Zab you talk about an event, you know, or you talk about battle of her name is RJ but concasseur. Always if you don't know what battle of her name is, if you don't know what happened, if you don't know the number of people that were there in that battle, if you don't know what happened to the Muslims, if you don't know what happened to the Mushrikeen. At that time, you are not going to understand the context of that is sometimes the context of the Hadith, and sometimes the context of a particular ruling.

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Right, why was this ruling given such so for example, if you pick up the ruling of some of the fuqaha during the time of underdose, one of the factoids over there is it is absolutely okay to rip Quran apart and put it in your armpits. You're gonna be like, What?

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What is what doesn't make sense? Now context.

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It was said in the context that the Spanish Inquisition, were coming in

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to Muslim people's houses. And if they were found with any form of Arabic script, they would be taken into churches and they would be tortured. So the fatwa came from the Allameh that you have to protect your life and if that happens to be that you have to rip the Quran you have and put it in your armpits while you're being investigated it's completely fine. If we don't have the context of this photo you're gonna be like what kind of it was these people in analysts were given okay. So context very important. Second thing that we get when we talk about story, this is something which is called Maxim's right Maxim's principles, or in Arabic, if you want to call it it's called Sunon.

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I don't want to say sunnah. Sunon Maxim's these Maxim's are the way Allah subhanaw taala creates governance in this entire universe.

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So Allah subhanaw taala has this entire world. It's in operation, right? Imagine if you're running a small company, the amount of work you have to do the executive, the operational, the financial, all of that, right. And the companies that succeed, they happen to have what standard operating procedures. Similarly, you can say Sunon are like SOPs, standard operating was called SOP standard operating procedures, that Allah subhanaw taala governs this entire universe. Those are called Sunon. And Allah subhanaw taala talks about these Sunon and he says, well into G daddy soon Atilla heeta Videla, you're not going to find any alteration in the Sunnah of Allah in the maxim in the way

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Allah operates this universe, you're not going to find any change in it. Well, that's really interesting. Allah says, what energy that is when that Elijah Huila you're also not going to find any addition subtraction new advancements in the Sunnah of Allah subhanaw taala. So,

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examples of sunnah from the Quran I just read one of the verses is Isaiah but kithara to come. When your numbers made you believe that you can win a victory. And that numbers got to your heart and you became very motivated. Oh, you know what? We're so powerful. We're gonna win this battle because we're great in numbers. Right? Allah is like, number doesn't count doesn't matter. Right? The minute we start becoming arrogant, or proud of our numbers, that's where loss comes in. Now on the other hand, ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada says in surah, in verse number sorbitol Baqarah, verse number 249, he says, what he says that come in lady Latina holla, but phiaton cafiero that we attend cathedral that

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how many times has it happened, that a small group of people they become victorious over a large group of people, B is the Nila by the event of Allah.

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Now the word come in fee it means what? This is not one time this is Not two times this is not all rasool Allah one battle of other 313 1000 or but they had Rasul allah sallallahu Sallam I mean, I mean we don't we ain't got Rasul Allah with us, said, Allahu Allah, He said them. Well, don't we, but that was Abu Bakar. Or what about oh, no, but that was Abdullah Ahmed bin Abdulaziz. And, and what, what, but if you look at the history, you're going to find that so many times,

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people became victorious. And their numbers were did not logically it doesn't make sense. That's why many times the people who are writing their Wikipedia pages on Wikipedia, they're writing and they're like, you know, this is a really strange matter. The number was 12,000 versus 210,000. And how Muslims won this battle is still this day a mystery.

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That's

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because to them, it's a mystery is like, How's it possible? How is it possible that 12,000 People went in under loss and you had Crusaders? 60,000 and they had all the artillery and 12,000 Muslims that were not even trained

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until this became Muslim, at the hands of 12,000 How was it possible that when

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Selaginella UB when he took over Beta lock this after eight years of rules of the Crusaders, 12,000 versus 60, and other narrations, 70,000 Crusaders, fortress walls,

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eight to 10 days of onslaught, and they became victorious and they opened by telemarketers these till this day they can understand so these are called what soon and as we learn history and we learn through it we learn about the legends we will be covering some of the sooner we'll be covering some of these Maxim's that you and I can take in our lives. Number three that we third thing that we learn, is is the biggest lesson that we walk away from history.

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I write which is that you and I get a very strong sense of

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where does the when you start reading about the Sunnah about the history you start recognizing where the Muslim ummah is, at what stage is my life at what stage is my house at what stage is my company at what stage is the country. And if you have understanding of that Sunon, those Maxim's that are governing you can quickly tell this particular nation is on its downfall. And this is not the first time it is happening. It has happened consistently from the time of creation till the history was recorded. And this is the downfall you can know quickly that this change is not going to last you can know quickly when when change is going to last. Because you have that understanding of the

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history and you know, that these things are repeating. That's why the Arabs when they used to teach study, and many of the books of tarrif they say really who you are you don't have sir. You're either Enough sir. Sorry, Daddy, who you really don't have, sir, that that is like your EAD your EAD. You're either enough so it's like either what's one good quality of read? It repeats constantly comes back. Likewise, daddy history, it repeats itself. Have you heard that history? It repeats itself. That's where it comes from. So when we understand that cycle, no matter what context we apply, you will walk away with so much benefit from there. Okay. So our today's story begins Subhan

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Allah was telling brother president, I said, you know, this, this this person that we're going to be doing his story, he is going to be very upset from from, you know, from me specifically because I had to butcher his story. It was like a portion of his story. He was in one foot by one masjid and other portion was in another masjid, then another portion was another. It was in London, Ontario. So you guys, they're gonna just can you not tell my story in one setting? Like, why are you butchering me apart like that, right? So this time around, we'll get to go through his entire story collectively, from the beginning to the end. There's a lot of lessons for the younger kids. It's

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nice to you know, it's a bit scary. But again, it's a story. And I think we need to talk about these things. So this is around the 1260 1260 ad 658 Hijiri. Right around that timeframe. I just need you to understand the scope of the world that is happening. So I'll lay the foundations. So around 1266 58 HD, which famous

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scholar was alive at that time?

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650 Hijiri, 670 history when?

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No, that's 506 50 ish.

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Around that time, a very big scholar, you all know.

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And

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now when we, when we write him, I'm in Norway. So he saw the fall of this dynasty and the rise of the other dynasty that we're going to talk about, and he was, we don't although we're not touching on the mountain, right. So this is the thing. What has happened is Salahuddin up the story that I told you about 12,000 versus 70,000. You know, beta democracy is conquered. And now the UB dynasty has started. And with the rise of this a UB dynasty, as soon as Salahuddin up he passes away, you're having the scattered kingdom. So Egypt, Syria, all of these places, every little city is a kingdom of their own, and they're all scattered, they call it the life Morocco, if, right there were

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everywhere, they were just like every, you know, just groups, group groups, groups, groups, groups all over. And what is happening is the unity that the OMA had, is already at stake at this moment. So it is not only happening over here, it is also happening in Baghdad, which dynasty was ruling the the Baghdad at that time.

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ibrc dynasty, right by sea dynasty, Khalifa Al Mustafa, Mustafa Al sim villa, he was the belief of that at that time, right around that time. So

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all of this was scattered. And this is the state of the ummah. They're not united. They're this united. There's battles amongst them. They're fighting one another over power over small little battles. And at this very moment,

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there's this great nation great in terms of their their accomplishments, not really great in terms of the values they held. This great nation.

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Mongol Mongols, they started their eyes. So Cengiz Han, who has been building army army army army army, and he's doing smaller advances. So he's got little portions of China and stuff but he has not made his full onslaught. He has not made his full stride forward where he's going to take over this, you know, almost three fourths of the world. Right? So his Mongols eventually ended up going all the way to Cambodia down and all the way to Poland.

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On top, that whole region, they just basically took over right. And there were only two people who stood and stopped their advances. One of them is the story that we're going to cover today. The other one I'm preparing I don't have enough material for him. It's called Allah. His name is Allah Adina kanji, if those of you that are from

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India and Pakistan, stuff like that his image has been really distorted in Bollywood movies.

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Especially somebody sent me a clip of some recent video of his, where he's shown as this person who was, you know, fruitless and womanizing and stuff, but that's not the case. You know, Aladdin, and he was one of the only ones other than sayfudine and cortos, who's our story today, who actually stopped the advance of Mongols. As a matter of fact, like allowed in Silje story, like what as I'm researching I'm like, You know what it's like say for the opposite photos would be like a very small figure compared to what he was able to do. But unfortunately, not a lot of authentic sources are available for me because not a lot of Arab historians at that time, or historians of that time have

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written and some of the books are in Persian so I don't have access to that. But again, the next one that we are going to do when one of these is I do want to present that history of like the subcontinent and you know his accomplishments and it'll be very relatable story because we'll talk about it from Egypt and Syria, but it will all talk about the same timeframe what is happening in India and Pakistan at that time, so it'll be really inshallah good for us. So Genghis Khan and his diet, you know, it rises. And at that time, there was a massive Muslim empire called Dola. Al Howard is me. Howard is me dynasty. Okay. Now this Howard is me dynasty. It's goes all the way to the

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borders of sin in Pakistan, and starts over here, and it goes all the way to the Sahara, where you get to the ocean, Iran, Afghanistan, all of these areas are under their control. Because Pakistan, Azerbaijan, all these countries that we're ending with, on on, on on on, all of them are in there, if you just type in Dola al Hawa is me at the map, you're going to see that the massive nature of their dynasty and they were you know, a really powerful Muslim dynasty. Now, Mongols are advancing which is Han and now they their biggest chunk, the biggest Muslim dynasty they need to fight up against is this though Allah Allah worries me. They will holidays me over at that time, the leader

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was allowed in Hawaii prism SHA, Allah Deen horizen. SHA, those of you that are interested in knowing about his life, there is

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a seven series or eight Series TV show and O's buckle is it was nice it was what language

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what languages it didn't show.

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I can can't hear what she said.

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Was back. Okay, so it was back language show.

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And you can find it on I believe smart online. It is translated, it's dubbed. So Dean Howard ism SHA, this person that we're talking about? They have a whole seven to eight episode show on him. Right? So go and read that or watch it if you can. So you will get a lot of context of what we're talking about. And you will fill that story in. So it's a really good show. Right? It talks about Dean rising, it talks about Genghis Khan. It talks about the father not really taking decisive, decisive action. I didn't say no, this is a person we need to defend our lands, we're Muslims. We're not going to back down. He's like, No, let's do diplomacy. It's father's like, Let's do diplomacy.

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Like he's he's the ruler of this giant state. And he was like, no, no, no, there's no diplomacy with Genghis Khan. Like we got to we got to do it the way he does it. Right. So long story short, what ends up happening is in the army of Allah Dean, there is a person by the name of meme dude, there is a person by the name of Mahmoud Mahmoud is an army general and he is also aligning with the thought of Allah Deen. colourism Shah, he's aligning with this thoughts that we need to defend and we need to go and get them at the border lands not wait in our palaces for them to invade our country.

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No, ma'am, dude, right when he is about to

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leave on this journey. On the first defense battle. He has a small baby boy that is born.

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His name was Muhammad. Anybody named Muhammad over here?

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Anyone named Muhammad usually there is your mouth. No. Okay. So his name was Muhammad. Muhammad was around six months when the Mongols started their first attack on the Dola the Hawaii's me dynasty he was around six months. Now long story short what happens up happening is the Muslims I mean, this is not a story about the fall of the dynasty though lol Horus, meow. But bottom line, they lose the battle and seven years of defense comes down to a battle in the palace of Aladdin colourism Shah, the Mongols they enter the palace with

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They kill every single person, every single object that had root was killed

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every single chickens, goats, cows, dog, nothing was left alone. And not only that, when they would kill, they would kill. And I mean, they you know, there are some kids here so I'm just going to be like, you know, PG, you know they would kill and they would do things to the corpses that you cannot even imagine. Right from burning to all other things right and just use your imagination anything worst possible chopping and all everything possible, right? So it was horrible. There was this one seven year old anybody seven year old that says it's seven years old. Seven years old. I like to sister razor and I'm seven. Seven. Are you seven?

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Anyone? 70 who's seven years old here? I see some people that are seven. How old? Are you?

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Eight. Okay. Oh, have a cheeky eight. Yeah, I mean, I'm not seven. I passed that 10 years ago.

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Seven. Okay, so seven years of age.

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This person by the name of Muhammad, the son of man, dude, he sees his entire family that was taken away from him. Right? Just using words so that you imagine they were taken away from him by the Mongols. And they're all you know, didn't survive. And more importantly, when they come to get Mahmoud, he picks up a sword at age seven. And the first soldier that comes he kills him. Then they send another soldier, he kills him too. Then they send another soldier, he kills him too. So they're the Mongols. They're like so fascinated with this person. They're like, You know what, this is such a cool kid. We can kill him. We're gonna take him for some target practice. We're gonna take him to

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our camp back. And you know what, we'll let our soldiers argue with him fight with him and stuff. And you know what if he dies, he dies. Right? So they took him so he went from being a prince in a palace. Right? Mamdouh was the cousin of Isla Odine. So he was a prince, he was from a royal family. He went from being a prince to a prisoner. Right, he went from prisoner. Now for the next two to three years, his entire life was defending himself. When they would give him food, they would fix him up and then when he would be full energy that would put him in the ring, and they would have men that would fight with him. Now what started happening is this was meant for a practice, but he

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started getting good at fighting because he had that resolve that he's not going to let anybody die like you know, he was determined that he's not going to die. And he his mental resilience was powerful for his seven year old boy and then nine and 10 Now what happens is around 10 Anybody 10 years old here, raise your hands if you're 10 Was it don't 10 sevens? What's going on? Let's start with supposed to be your 10 Okay, circa.

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Two zeros, okay.

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Masha Allah. So at 10 years of age, anybody nine?

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If you're nine, raise your hands. Okay, Mashallah. Nine raised stand up, stand up. Nine, nine up, stand up. Right? You're nine two good. So 910 right around that same age? If you think about it, right. 910 11 anyone? 11 1111 Stand up.

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Yeah, so you know, 910 11 So you know, pretty decent. Like, you know, that sister like she could put up a good fight. Right, like 11 years old. If she had to defend herself, she can put up a good fight. So the hero is he's 1011. We don't know what was his height, he starts putting up he becomes stronger and stronger. And what is happening is something really interesting. The soldiers when they're fighting him, especially the ones in the ring, because of the expressions that he shows them that facial expressions that he's angry, and he's not going to let anybody kill him. They are terrified of him. They're scared of this kid. So much so that many of these soldiers when they will

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go to sleep, it is mentioned that they would see nightmares of this kid killing them. And what would happen is they would be like, you know, in the middle of the night, they would get up screaming the word Kratos cottle's Kratos, which means like a wild beast. Right in the middle of the night, they would be scared of this person. Now, fascinatingly enough, the general he's like, You know what, this kid is killing the morale of our army. We need to get rid of him. This is not good for us. This is this too powerful Muslim, you know? So I'll pause over here and talk about something really a lesson for us, right?

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Life. You know, we don't know what's going to happen to us. We can be struck with any difficulty. Anything can happen to us look at all the kids who are 1110 12 living in Yemen, living in Somalia, living in all those those are kids that are living in this world.

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All of you that are 789 10 there are kids out there that are living seven, eight life. But what happens when you meet that kid like I met a Syrian refugee girl

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Subhanallah I met her and she was 12. But if you talk to her, she was 40.

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Right? Because life sometimes has its ways. And Allah subhanaw taala knows that what was best for that person and what is best for you and what is best for him. So say for Dino quarters, the lesson for us is, no matter what happened, he didn't give up. And this is a message for older people that you have lesson for all of us from a 910 11 year old boy, alone, a single Muslim, in an army of Mongols who are barbarians who don't have any discipline, and he's still holding on to his faith. So the lesson number one for us as parents, is you can protect your children all you want. But if Allah decides to protect your child, then that's the ultimate protection you need. Right? So my parents

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came to me and the other day and he's like, you know, oh, you know, my husband, he was driving the car, and we were in a mall. And then we saw our son hanging out with this girl, we're thinking of taking him out of school. Like, what?

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That's not the solution. Right? That's not the solution. You can have a conversation you can or whatever, that's not the solution. The solution is you need to rely on Allah's protection. And then use all the means possible, right? Talk to him, maybe change his school and all of that, look at what he's watching environment. But if Allah decides to protect, there's nothing you can do about it. Nobody will be able to touch your children.

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And recently, I came across this inspirational powerful story of a 14 year old convert child, teenager, 14 year olds, convert, who works night shifts, so that he can go to an Islamic school and pay for his own schooling because his parents refused to pay for Islamic school.

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And he says, As long as I, until I'm an adult, I'm still bound to my parents. He's respectful to his parents, but he's working nights. And then he goes, and he's working with his uncle who's like, you know, on the side kind of deal. Like, you know, I'll pay you this much. How much do you need? 600? Alright, you will come and do and stock shelves in the middle of the night for me in my store, and off you go, I'll give you 600. But when I met him, I was in tears. So I told the principal of that school I said, I said, Why doesn't somebody in the community cover this kid's cost? Like he's, we owe it to him, right? And he said, we've tried, he says, I'm not going to take a single penny from

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anybody I want to, this is my Islam, I found it, I will protect it. So 14 year old child, in this country, in Canada, during pandemic, Allah is capable of protecting our children. So if we rely on his protection, and what is in your hands, is strengthening your connection with Allah, what is in my hand is sinex strengthening my connection. So when I make that dua to Allah, that Allah keep my child safe, Allah listens to that

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what your child does what your team does outside? Do you have any control over it, you don't.

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So let's not be concerned too much about it, focus on what is in our control, and ask Allah subhanaw taala for that, and in his story, you're going to see that how Allah protects, then safely Anacortes is sold into a market in Syria. The story goes on that, you know, he is he is there. And there's a person who, who takes him and this is a person who actually would go to slave markets back in the day, you know, children that were that were found in wars, young children, young girls, you know, women, if they were caught as prisoners, people would, you know, there would be markets and they would sell them off. And this you know, although slavery is not there, but this is what used to

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happen at that time. So he has sold into slavery in Syria. Now, what language do you think he's speaking?

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Some form of a dialect of Kazakhstan version of Ronnie Farsi, that type of language right? Because of his last name, how are ism Shah? Right, so you know that the his language was influenced by by a Persian influence of a language. So when he comes to Syria, what languages they speak in Syria?

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Arabic, so he had to quickly get with the program. What language is the Mongols speak, they had their own language, right? So he had to quickly get with the program of understanding what the Mongols are saying about him. Within two to three years he was in their camps. And then he goes to this new land Syria, imagine your child going to a completely new land where they don't even understand the language. And now they need to protect their Eman and they will have absolutely no control and autonomy over what they control. Odds are all stacked against this young kid. So he comes over there and fascinatingly enough, what happens is, he is sold but you know, the person who

00:29:53--> 00:30:00

buys him is a person who goes to these markets and he buys these young kids and he sends them to my dad as he sends them to

00:30:00--> 00:30:37

Whether assess, and there was a madrasa at that time that was run. I don't remember the name of the person who had to work for that. But he had all of these schools. And what they would do is they would go to these markets where these young kids were, doesn't matter where they were, as long as they were kids, they would take them out of these markets, and they would send them to these these schools, these schools would educate these kids, these kids would come up learning Quran, knowledge, Tafseer Hadith, then they would even teach them how to defend themselves, you know, modern day self defense. And many of them if they had interest in the canals actually go and learn how to be a

00:30:37--> 00:31:04

soldier and then register themselves in some form of a royal force for any of these kings. So there was a high demand for these private armies at that time. And most of these private armies were the monadic. That's where the word morality comes from the army of the slaves, because they were all slaves, and then the master would sell them to another person. But again, that Master would take care of this child. One of the very interesting stories that happened with say, 14 quarters when he was in Syria, is that

00:31:06--> 00:31:52

the first week that he's in Syria, one of the persons had lived in his land, and he spoke the language. So he told him, he said, You know what, eat your food, otherwise, it's not gonna be good for you. And this kid, this, this Muslim at that time, obviously didn't treat that young boy that time very, like he was pretty mean to him. And he said, some really, really mean words like your mom is this, your dad is this and really bad stuff. So say for dinner photos, he became so upset that he didn't eat any food for that entire day. And he kept crying the entire night. So one of the brothers at that time one of the brothers to this person who said this, he realized that he heard somebody

00:31:52--> 00:32:32

crying. So he goes into the room, and he finds sayfudine. And cortos was crying over there. So he says, My luck, I Boomerang, what's wrong with you? Why are you crying? So at this point, say for dinner quarters, he says that I'm not crying because that person, he hit me. I'm crying, because he said things about my parents that are not true. My parents are Muslim, and they are from this family and this family. And this, this, this. And when they told him that when he told who his parents were, and whose uncle is that I didn't call him, the guy who was like, Okay, time for you to go from our house, like, you're gonna be troubled, because now that whole dynasty and you're like, from the

00:32:32--> 00:33:11

royal family, the core of the family, they're gonna come after us. So he goes back running to his other brothers, like, listen, we need to get rid of this kid, like, ASAP, ASAP, we need you can mean this Mother Teresa, it cannot be in this mother herself. Right. And so they went back to the slave market and some other person who was also scouting for younger kids. He bought him for a different king at that time that they were preparing the army for them. And we're going to come to that that particular person is name, you know, later later down the road. So again, he went to a different madrasa at that time. And now he is fully established, and then safe with no quotas around the age

00:33:11--> 00:33:14

of 2425. He sees a beautiful dream.

00:33:15--> 00:33:20

And he sees in his dream, that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he comes to him.

00:33:21--> 00:33:27

And he says to him, What are you doing in Syria? You were meant

00:33:29--> 00:33:33

to be the one who leads the OMA from Egypt.

00:33:35--> 00:33:36

A slave

00:33:37--> 00:33:44

went from being a prince to a prisoner to a slave, no control over his life. He is ready to participate in an army.

00:33:45--> 00:33:50

And he sees this dream. So he's like, You know what, it's okay. He sees the dream again.

00:33:52--> 00:34:12

And the third time he goes to a very famous scholar alive in his area, that time, there is been Abdus Salam, very famous scholar of our history. His key was called soltanto odema. He was called the King of the scholars. So Tarnovo lemma is a bit of the salam. He says, Let me go and talk to your master.

00:34:13--> 00:34:47

And they have their little conversation and the master is like, you know what, I will let you go, I will let you go. And I will free you and you can go back and you can go and participate and become the king. It's, you know, become become a soldier at somebody's army in Egypt. I have no problem with that. But I only have one condition. It's like, what is your condition? The only condition I have is that if you see Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam against and my salaam term, that's my price for you. If you see him again, just say, you know I said to them, that's it, and I'll let you go.

00:34:49--> 00:34:59

So, next what happens is say for Dino quarters, he somehow miraculously, you know, now went from being in some area near close to eat on from there.

00:35:00--> 00:35:07

ended up in Mongo camps in China, then he comes back to Syria and from Syria. He is in Egypt now.

00:35:08--> 00:35:38

And this is where the story of sayfudine Lakotas becomes really interesting. Now, while the story of sayfudine Alcatraz is taking place the Mongols are not sitting quietly. They are in full force. So the Mongols around the same time have advanced and they have already destroyed though lol Horus Mia. They have destroyed other countries. They're having their battle with Aladdin and LG in India. They've lost to him. And now they said we can go India, let's go this way.

00:35:39--> 00:36:29

Let's go westwards. Right, we can go down south, let's go westwards. So what comes West, if they're coming from Mongolia, they cannot go to India, Iraq, Baghdad, right, so they can go down. So let's go to Baghdad instead. So now their first attack is about that. They arrive in Baghdad, and the fall of Baghdad is a story that is of its own really, you know, painful, but just a few highlights. So the Mongols the Enter of that. And in the war, or this conquest of Baghdad, for them. It took place. It took 40 days for Baghdad to fully surrender to the grasp of Mongols. And at that time, according to the least estimates, okay. According to the historians, least figures, Wikipedia shows a lot

00:36:29--> 00:36:37

bigger figure, but let's go with the least figure. What do you think was the casualties of that battle? Those of you that have heard my club I don't say

00:36:40--> 00:36:43

some of you have heard, you've heard my football. You can't say the figure.

00:36:44--> 00:36:51

Well, how many people do you think were killed? In Baghdad? at the hands of Mongols? Yes. Your Did you hear my football? Okay.

00:36:54--> 00:36:57

150,000 No more

00:36:59--> 00:37:01

500,000. No more.

00:37:04--> 00:37:06

Somebody else on the side?

00:37:08--> 00:37:09

Now you know the number.

00:37:11--> 00:37:12

You can say?

00:37:13--> 00:37:25

Yeah, you know the number you can say to? I know the ones who know the number. Give me a number. Come on. It's not that hard. Give me a number. It's not 500,000. It's more so what is it next? Just little bit shy of a million.

00:37:26--> 00:37:28

Okay, just a little bit. Yes.

00:37:30--> 00:37:48

So it's actually 850 to 900,000, roughly between 800 to 900,000. The higher estimates it's close to 2 million. Okay. So just imagine for one second in 40 days, entire city of Mississauga gone. The people of city, what do you think is going to happen on the streets?

00:37:50--> 00:37:51

Blood.

00:37:52--> 00:38:31

Now, obviously Mississauga has good drainage systems, but at that time, they didn't have drainage systems. So it is mentioned that blood was the, you know, the rivers, the cloud, because of the number of people that, you know, literally they have stories mentioned, where among all would capture 40 Muslims and he would take them by a river bank. And he would, he would want to just, you know, take care of them. And he would say, oh, wait a minute, my sword is not ready. Let me go and sharpen my sword and out of the fear of the mongos Muslims would not move from their place, complete surrender to the Mongols, and 800,000 to 1.5 to 2 million people were killed at that time, the

00:38:31--> 00:39:07

entire maktabah of Baghdad, the greatest library alive at that time, you know, in prisons at that time, greatest library was completely ransacked by the Mongols. They took all the books and they put them in forgot, they actually built a bridge over it. So because of the books they were able to create, you know, like a sand. You know, how they did it in Dubai, you know, they build those islands from the bottom, right. They actually dumped so many books in the river that they were able to then you know, solidify that and build a bridge over so their horses would cross the river. Right? It says Well, Ben Wylie hill just said that they were able to build using the books, the

00:39:07--> 00:39:20

amount of books they had, because those books were written by ink. The color of the river changed because as that ink was running off the papers, you could see the color turn into blue and black of the river.

00:39:21--> 00:39:59

And then mongos they said our next target is where our next target is CEDIA upwards Sham. So they crossed Jordan and now they are in the next dynasty at that time, which was a secondary dynasty of a huge dynasty run by a small king at that time, he completely diminished completely surrenders. They didn't put up a fight, then it didn't they don't put up a fight, then they go to another place called Hana. They put up a very strong fight and other 100,000 people are killed over there, and then say for the autos, while this just happened on the on the other hand, say for the interlocutors with

00:40:00--> 00:40:51

In two years, with it within two years of him being in Egypt, as a slave in an army, now he has risen the ranks of being an advisor, a major, major advisor to is the dean at that time, who was the Khalifa who was the math ruler of Egypt at that time, right. So he ends up becoming the main adviser. Now this person had another son by the name of it. Long story short, he was killed that not only the ruler at that time of Egypt, he was killed by his wife sheduled. Door. That was the name of the you know, the wife sheduled. Her daughter killed her own husband is and then say for Dina Lakotas goals and arrests her sent her to prison and she was executed in the prison. And now this

00:40:51--> 00:41:08

young boy 15 year old becomes a proxy leader. He is the front face but say for the photos at the back. Say for Donald photos is that back and he is leading the entire country of Egypt. And then as he is still establishing himself

00:41:09--> 00:41:19

he heard about what happened and he heard that Mongols are going to go straight to what's the next step after if they have taken Lebanon Syria. What's next?

00:41:20--> 00:41:23

What's the most sacred thing for Muslims they're

00:41:24--> 00:41:44

Jerusalem by telemarketers so they're going to take by telemarketers at that point, safe Dean quarters he says we cannot have a 15 year old boy running the country in such situations and we are the last dynasty left all Muslim kings and kingdoms have fallen at the hands of Mongols.

00:41:46--> 00:41:47

So at that moment,

00:41:49--> 00:42:25

he receives a letter. When sayfudine and photos he assumes power removes the 15 year old Khalifa becomes powerful. A letter comes from hula Kohan Genghis Khan has has died. Genghis Khan had two grandsons, hula coup and Kublai Khan. Coppola. He was more towards the feminine type of a man he was not really he you know, he couldn't like Yeah, I mean, he could definitely fight like compared to today. He was feminine for that standard those days standards not today's standards, he would be really masculine for today's standards. But you know, he was not like the real world changes Khan was looking for right. And so when

00:42:26--> 00:42:53

Hulagu Khan took over power, hula Kohan sent this following message and I need you to read it. This is an English and it says from the king of the kings of the east and the west, the great Han to the kowtows mum, Luke, the one who fled our who the one who fled our swords, referring to the fact that you know, when we conquered your dynasty, we took you then you ran, you know, you were in our in our camps, and we sold you and you were saved by our swords.

00:42:54--> 00:43:14

You should think of what happened to other countries and submit to us. You have heard how we have conquered vast empires and have purified the earth with disorder. We have conquered vast areas, massacring all people in it. You cannot escape the terror of our armies.

00:43:15--> 00:43:43

Where can you flee? What road will you use to escape or our horses are swift our arrows are sharp. Our swords are like thunderbolts, our hearts, our heart as mountains. Our soldiers are as numerous as the sand. Fortresses will not detain us, armies will not stop us your prayers to God will not avail against us. We are not moved by the tears nor touched.

00:43:44--> 00:43:45

Only those

00:43:47--> 00:44:02

who beg our protection will be safe, hasten your reply before fire of war is kindled. You are the only nation that stands that we need to march against at present

00:44:04--> 00:44:52

sayfudine Patos he hears this and he has four messengers that came and they delivered this message to him. Okay. Now, he has a council that is sitting and he says, What do you think we do? What do we need to do now? This is an open war like listen, if you don't do this, it's an open war. It's happening. So at that point, there was somebody else in the council there were somebody else in the council, by the name of barbarous. Now, two of these names sayfudine. Lakotas and barbarous are extremely important for us to learn this era. They were basically friends and they were both slaves. Now Bible says, Listen, I am of the opinion that we show these people how to respect Muslims. I

00:44:52--> 00:44:58

mean, he's talking about that, like we're Muslims. We're not afraid of anything. So we give them a proper treatment.

00:44:59--> 00:45:00

Well,

00:45:00--> 00:45:44

which is that we take care of them, they shouldn't live, they should be taken care of. And we should send a very strong message to lacO. Because if we surrender if we send a soft message, and that is going to be a signal to them that we're weak, and we're afraid, and this is an open attack on our lands, this is not diplomacy. He's already saying surrender, or we're going to come in attack. So he basically takes care of these people. Rather, the bodies of these individuals are hung in strategic locations within the city to create this awareness that we're not afraid of this. Everybody should know this. And then he responded to him. That's a long response. You know, some days I think, you

00:45:44--> 00:46:22

know, what we should do should be a series. It's called like SMS from history. And it should be the you know, the message from this guy and what he responded and stuff that would be just so fascinating to just just, you know, different big, big figures from our past. And they're correspondences between one another. Like that itself would be a really good series to look at like, because you'll you'll capture what is happening there. So he says over here, mean Jebi larger, daddy do Luthy root. Wow. He says, This is really astonishing and strange. You are trying to seduce a lion with a strawberry.

00:46:25--> 00:46:43

Imagine like it just who does that? Like you're you're talking about who that Gohan like, you know, think of the most powerful nation right? And then a small Muslim nation sending a letter like that to that nation. They're like, Oh, you know what, we're gonna put sanctions on you and all of this. He's like, You know what, you're trying to seduce a lion with strawberries.

00:46:44--> 00:47:25

And you're trying to let's see that the bat and you're trying to seduce predators with vegetables, like predators don't eat vegetables. And he says, and you're you're trying to seduce a girl Kamata Bill Cara, you're trying to you know, we eat the you know, the come out is basically the the thigh you know, the leg of the goat, like really meaty portion of the goat. You're we are that meat. And now you're telling us that you should using us for a dinner and in that dinner, you're going to offer us

00:47:26--> 00:47:42

Kira, which is basically the feet of the goat. Like genuinely you want us to come and attend to that feast of yours which is nothing but like feats of a goat. If he was a desi he would never say that because pies are really delicate and they see culture you know by boat musical thing, right?

00:47:43--> 00:48:20

But anyhow, then he says who you know about a Thea our horses are like lightning, see how old I am? Ania our arrows are made in Yemen, the best arrows in the world are made in Yemen. So you feel now Amadori our su are made in Moodle from the tribe of Banu Musa the best. So you've, as a matter of fact, one of the descriptions we were doing this book with my kids, Shama and, and it has mentioned, you know, somebody asks, that was the face of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam like the safe of mother was this was the face of Nabi SallAllahu Sallam like a sword.

00:48:22--> 00:49:02

And I was like, well, that what kind of question is that? Like? Why would somebody asked that? So the commentator explains he says, what this means is was his face like this like a sword? Or was it a round face? And the reason the word safe was used like a sword because sword has shined. So it had no, so the person responded, No, no, no, he said his face was not like a sword and Midori, rather his face was like the full moon it was round and filled with light SallAllahu Sallam right so that safe is this sword it is referring to. Then he says Furusato now do youth on either rocky but our nights when they ride their horses they become like lions

00:49:04--> 00:49:06

Wow for us Hoonah Allah wa headcorn is

00:49:07--> 00:49:58

that our our nights when they chase you? There is no running away from you. Then he says that for us. julu Dona do Runa our skins are our shields we don't carry shields we're actually not afraid to die our skins our shields. And he says for us you cannot make us afraid of anything. We're gentle hola hola Yura with daddy. Then you can send all your warnings we are not afraid of warnings. And then this is the part that I need you to all walk away with. He says I'm in so long message I'm just you know skimming through. He says, In slang. Come for till comfortable cat paw. If we disobey this message of yours in our then that is obedience.

00:49:59--> 00:50:00

We're in cotton.

00:50:00--> 00:50:27

And now come and if we were to fight you, and we win for Nirmal ba ba, how great of a victory that we're going to walk away with and a lot of booty. We're in cotton, we're in Katina. And if we are killed in the battle against you, ie we lose the battle for vain in our banal Jana TISA between us and Jana is only an hour.

00:50:29--> 00:50:34

And that was the response he gave. Now, the battle took place on September 3.

00:50:36--> 00:51:13

And really powerful that that time 1260 This was called the Battle of fine, dilute, the purpose of this story is not to go into the battle of Angel loot, those of you that would like to read about the Battle of Angel loot, it's a really good story, you can actually read it on Wikipedia, they've done a great job for once. Like many times, there's always one sided, but in this time, because they don't want to, you know, it was the mangoes and the Muslims. So they're like, let's choose the Muslims. You know, let's let's take the side of the Muslims this time. So the story is well written. If you speak Arabic, then it's even better written in the Arabic Wikipedia page. It's really sad

00:51:13--> 00:51:21

that there's a at least I would say, roughly 60% of the information is missing in the English page, which is available on the Arabic page.

00:51:22--> 00:51:35

But if you're able to do that, go and read the story of Angelo, I'm only going to present a few glimpses of that battle for all of us to walk away with and then a few lessons and we'll stop what time is Salah?

00:51:36--> 00:51:44

845 Okay, so if we stopped by 835 We're good. Okay, are you guys okay? If we stopped by 35? Everyone's okay. Okay, good.

00:51:45--> 00:52:04

So one of the some of the scenes that happened in the battle, there's something really fascinating. So this is the first time that Muslim army actually used trumpets, and drums. And I don't know what that music instrument is, when you hold those two plates and you hit. I don't know, whatever that's called. I don't study music. So I don't know.

00:52:05--> 00:52:05

What does it call?

00:52:07--> 00:52:14

No percussion is this. But those those two discs and you hit them like, you know, the brass discs? And you know, what are they call?

00:52:17--> 00:52:19

I can't hear symbols.

00:52:21--> 00:53:02

Symbols, okay, I will call it symbols. Okay, you have more knowledge than me on this symbols, we call them symbols. So three things. And what they did is you know how you create anthems. Right? Every country knows their anthem, there's a certain beat to that Anthem. Right? They created anthems. Four separate battalions. So they're like, there's no we don't we ain't got iPhones or smartwatches to communicate with another as a caveman. Now your turn to attack your turn to hit the arrows. You're no we don't know, how are we going to give signals to one another. And this is a massive battle that is taking place between 12,000 Muslims, and in one account 30,000 Mongols, and

00:53:02--> 00:53:26

another account 60,000 Mongols. I mean, this is a big battle. So if we are going to be bad at having this battle, we need to have ways of communication. The first time Wilson's actually created the strategic sounds and certain so these were musicians that were brought in, and that like your job is to create a tune. And when you play this tune of a drum and a trumpet and cymbals,

00:53:27--> 00:53:46

a particular army would only come up and attack. So this way, it was very easy for sayfudine helicopters in the battlefield to say, I want the green army and then the musician you know, the orchestra at that time, he knew that okay, this is the beat, I need to pray. And then it was a valley so the battle took place in the valley of angels, so the sound would travel

00:53:47--> 00:54:04

and they were able to, to attack now second thing the Muslims did is it was something first, a first for the Muslim armies. At that time, at least what is recorded Allahu Allah Muhammad was first or not, was colors. So what they did is in order to create

00:54:05--> 00:54:47

an impression of the unity of the Ummah at that time, although the OMA was disunited, but he was able to gather a really good army of 12,000. What he did is any army that came from a specific location, so if the army came from Syria, said you guys are we're going to wear green armor. If you're coming from this place, you're going to wear red. If you're coming from this place, you're going to wear black, so the color coded and sayfudine while he was preparing for that attack, he was able to infiltrate one of his spies who became a really good counsel to the general at that time by the name of cuttable law. His name was Khattab OVA, so he became really, really influential and in

00:54:47--> 00:54:59

the battlefield, this this infiltrator who was there? He would tell Katanga is like, Oh man, this is the army of Syria. I mean, like you have no idea what these people are.

00:55:00--> 00:55:22

And he's like, wow, Syria is here in the battle to, like, yeah, that's just a small portion of that army. And then they would bring the orange army. And he's like, Oh, these are the vicious fighters of Iran. Like what they're here to do. So he basically before even the battle took place, you know, you know, have you seen that?

00:55:23--> 00:55:32

New Zealand the people in New Zealand they have this dance that you know, the display of power they do. What is it called? Hakka, Hakka, right,

00:55:33--> 00:56:08

hook right hook up, they're gonna go ha and then like, watch it up. Like it's weird. Like he's all these men and they're making these animal faces and stuff. Like for me that's what I've visualized right? You know, say for Dino quarters doing these hacker things with this like, you know, these monologues because he knew that they are like these type of people. And we gotta we got to win the battle before it even begins. So this person who is the infiltrator he rather later mentioned that before even the battle begin Khattab Allah had already lost, because he said, There is no way in his because there's no way they don't have drone shots. Like let's send a drone and see how big the army

00:56:08--> 00:56:49

is. They didn't have that. Like they're like, they're just whatever was information was fed to him. He's basing it on that. So bottom line, they use colors. And that became the first time ever, that the Muslim army was able to outsmart their enemies, despite their numbers. So sometimes battle is not about just warfare, it's about being tactical, it's about being thinking about that. Second thing that happened is a beautiful story. And I'll end with this was the story of the death of the wife of sayfudine and of photos in the battlefield. So he hears that his white his tent has been attacked by Mongols in the Battle of Angel loot, and yours that you know, his wife has been affected

00:56:49--> 00:57:01

by that. So he gets really, really afraid. And he's like, oh, I need to go and protect my wife. So he leaves everything and he runs. When he goes, he finds his wife and last breath.

00:57:03--> 00:57:25

So he sees his wife. And he says, Why have you bet all my loved one like what have they done to you? So even her when she's dying? In her last breath? She says to her, to him, she says to save at the end of the photos. She says latter cool, wha Have you better don't say Oh my beloved.

00:57:26--> 00:57:30

Rather saying why Islam,

00:57:31--> 00:57:42

say oh onto Islam, ie that if you don't defend Islam today, there will be no Islam left. And she passes away. So that statement of his wife, where Islam

00:57:44--> 00:57:53

became such a motivating factor for sayfudine and photos that he started fighting on the battlefield on foot.

00:57:54--> 00:58:06

And when a person and a person came and saw him, he said you are the Khalifa you are the leader, if you are lost, people will be lost. You need to get a horse and go back.

00:58:07--> 00:58:13

He says there is listen to his response. And this is something you walk away with today. He says

00:58:15--> 00:59:02

As for me, if I am killed, then I go and meet my Hadith and Jana, I meet my wife in general. But as for Islam, if I'm killed, Allah subhanaw taala is going to protect Islam. It was there before I came, and it will be there after I go. And he did not take that horse and he carried on fighting until you know the Battle of Angel loot. You know every single Mongol that marched in the battle. And that came to battle. This, every single one of them was killed. Not a single one of them survived that battle. And if you go to Wikipedia, it says casualties entire army. It says that even their entire army and Encyclopedia Britannica casualties, entire army like there was nobody left

00:59:02--> 00:59:16

safe with things like I ain't leaving any one of you guys, like you have done enough facade in this world. Now, this is the story. The story ends here, but three main lessons for us. And the purpose of these stories is that we walk away with lessons. Number one,

00:59:18--> 00:59:37

life is going to have ups and downs. You're going to have moments when he became a prince, you're going to have moments when he became a prisoner. You're going to have moments when he became a slave, you're going to have moments when he became the king. You're going to have moments when sayfudine Cortez sadly was assassinated by his own army.

00:59:38--> 01:00:00

And his story is so powerful for us because it has all the stages of a person's life. Number two, time does not determine the amount or the strength or fear of victory, because he only lasted for eight to nine months his rule when he became the Khalifa when he when he took power. He only ruled that in

01:00:00--> 01:00:10

tyre or he only ruled Egypt for nine months. Within the nine months of rule, he was able to unite more than half of the Muslim ummah

01:00:11--> 01:00:34

in nine months as a person ruling a land where he does not say he is not native Arab in Egypt, speaking, not speaking their main language speaking with an accent, all the things are stacked up against it looking like a Mongolian. Everything stacked against him, visible minority all these words that were used today, but he didn't let that get to

01:00:35--> 01:01:19

slave, all doors closed for you a slave where you can't even own property. And he ended up becoming a powerful leader and documented his name in history, although he ruled for nine months. He is recorded till this day. And he's been given by many of the scholars the title that he is the one who actually saved he was the savior of Islam. Because today many of those countries because Pakistan, Pakistan, Iran, all those countries are Muslim today because he was able to stop the advance of the Mongols at that time. Last lesson for every single one of us that if Allah chooses to protect, then there is nothing you and I can do. And if Allah chooses not to protect what happened in about that,

01:01:20--> 01:01:28

then there's nothing you and I can do. Even if we reach at that pinnacle of the peak power, both died was the pinnacle of Islam at that time.

01:01:29--> 01:02:12

Armies, education, intellectual, every single thing and they were on morality. They were not that immoral, they were on morality, despite that Allah chose to show us that victory, rise and fall does not determine your end. Those are basically all but Maxim's and Allah subhanaw taala is life that Allah brings the Muslim nation in power, remove them from power brings a non Muslim in power removes them from power brings Muslim. This is the standard operating procedure of how this universe operates. Today you're in power tomorrow somebody else is in power. What is important for you in me to walk away with is how much effort and power do we put in in our connection with Allah subhanaw

01:02:12--> 01:02:16

taala? Right. That's the whole point of these stories in trouble.