Unveiling the Muslim Civilisation #2

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Adnan Rashid

Channel: Adnan Rashid

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Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam O Allah carterville ambia for cL mursalin wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Allah oral my amin for mantova homebase signing Elijah Medina. I'm about rubellite Samia Li Min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim from La, La La, La La La me, brothers and sisters, I am live again today with another episode of unveiling the Muslim civilization.

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Today we will be discussing some very important points to do with this topic and I have

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I have

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come up with four points to be discussed in this particular episode. Those four points are number one, because we have discussed the legacy and the life of the Prophet. We have discussed

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some of the issues people raised about the life of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam In the previous episode, I want you to go back to the previous episode on either live Dean, Facebook account or my YouTube channel. If you YouTube My name Adnan Rashid, you will see my channel and I'm going to upload all of these episodes on my YouTube channel. Also. In that episode, I talked about the Prophet sallallahu sallam, how he behaved towards non Muslims, what he taught about non Muslims. And what was he a violent man? Okay, why did he marry Aisha at such a young age? Okay, all these issues, people usually raise about the life of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam were addressed in that

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particular episode, that previous episode. Today, we will move on to the Caleb's the four caliphs after the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Then we will talk about the expansion of Islam the early Islamic conquest. And we will also talk about the dummies and jizya

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these are the topics I will be addressing. Okay, and another issue I would like to address is the golden chain of events. And when I address it, you will see exactly what I mean. So inshallah before I move on to the 4k lives today, in this episode of unveiling the Muslim civilization, in this particular series, we are going to address a lot of questions to do with the Muslim civilization. And primarily, these episodes will be aired live on live Dean, Facebook account. Many people are joining us live on live in Facebook account, and people can post a question in the comment section and I will address your questions in the comment section in sha Allah. So brothers sisters,

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before I move on to four killers I would like to about I would like to talk about the advent of Islam the prophet of Prophet of Islam, Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam was born in 570. Some people say 571 and he passed away in 632. He became a prophet of God, he was given the revelation when he was about 14 years old. And for 23 years, he was put through a lot of difficulty because of the preaching of Islam. He preached Islam to his people. He preached Islam to wider

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Arabia, Arabian tribes, he also preached Islam, to external entities, powers outside of Arabia, for example, he sent letters to the kings of Persia,

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the king of for example, or the emperor of Rome, of Byzantium. At the time he was heraclius, then the governor, the Byzantine governor of Egypt, Cyrus, also known as mockus, in the Arabic language, so the professor sallam, he sent letters to the Persian king to the Byzantine King, to the Egyptian governor. All these people invited them to Islam. Many people, they heard about Islam within the Arabian Peninsula and they accepted Islam, others did not. Others are reluctant. And within the life of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he became the ruler of Arabia.

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Almost all of Arabia was taken within the life of the Prophet sallallahu taala. Now the question arises, what happened after the demise after the passing of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? This is a very important question.

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And before the Prophet passed away, salallahu alaihe salam in 630 to see

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The Islamic year was 11 hijiri, before the Prophet passed away, what did he tell his companions about the future? He told them that after I go, if you live long enough, you will see that you will conquer Persia. You will also conquer Rome, which was Byzantium, at the time, and you will conquer the the Arabs. This was said by the prophet, or this particular statement, or similar statements were made by the prophet on a number of occasions. For example, he was walking around once with one of his companions, called Adi been heartened,

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I'd even heard him was a companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. He, at the time,

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you know, had become Muslim, previously was a Christian, but he had embraced Islam with the prophet of Islam, Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So after accepting Islam, he was walking around with the Prophet and the security situation of Arabia was very much disturbing. So the Prophet spoke to Adi and he said he, you are worried about the security situation of Arabia. But remember, if you live long enough, they will come a time Adi, that you will open the treasures of kisara the treasures of kisara.

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Also, you will,

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you will open the treasures of Giza,

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you will open the treasures of kisara. You will also

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you will also see a woman come on her own

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travel on a beast, she will make the tawaf around the Kaaba, and she will go back to region without being disturbed.

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So, in other words, in other words,

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the prophet was telling, I'd even heard him, that you will conquer Persia, you will conquer Persia, and Persian territory will become your

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basically it will become your possession.

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Also, the prophet had said in this Hadees, that if you live long enough, you will see that there will be many people with a lot of money but but hardly anyone to claim charity or to demand zakat. So, brothers and sisters, in this Hadith, the prophet effectively foretold the conquest of Persia. Likewise, at the Battle of the ditch, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was

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he was effectively

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fighting a coalition of armies. This coalition had come to destroy the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and his community. So these people were besieged in the city of Medina. And the Prophet had ordered to dig a ditch around Medina to protect the community. This battle was called the Battle of ditch. It was also called the Battle of armies in the Arabic language, as was what will Azov It was also called the Battle of armies. So the ditch was being dug, and there was a rock that wasn't breaking, it wasn't breaking, no one could break it. So they asked the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, to come and break the rock. So the Prophet came, and he struck the rock three times, and each time there was

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a spark, there was, you know, a big, huge Spark. And the prophet SAW Selim seeing the spark, he would say, Allahu Akbar, three times. So the companion is asking, why did you say Allahu Akbar, each time there was a spark, the prophet said, a lot, foretold. A lot told me about a victory over the Romans.

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And then another Spark, a lot told me of a victory over the Persian, a lot also told me about a victory over the Arabs. And this was a gesture of encouragement,

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a gesture of motivation, and to boost the morale of the army that was with the Prophet, which which was, which were very few people, very, very few people who were there at the time. So now ladies and gentlemen, brothers and sisters, think about it, okay. He's being besieged. He doesn't know what's going to happen the next day or the day after, whether they will even survive this particular battle, the Battle of the ditch. Despite that, he is telling his companions, you will conquer pleasure, you will conquer Rome, and you will also conquer Arabia, even though the the Arabs are besieging, besieging the Prophet and his his community

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and what happened

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And amazingly this particular prophecy was actually even put in the Quran by Allah in chapter 24. So to know, verse 55, Allah subhanaw taala told the Muslims, the believers, primarily the Prophet and his companions, that it is a promise of a lot with those who believe among you.

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That Allah will give you succession in the land. Okay, so long as you do not ascribe partners with a lot. Allah will grant you succession in the land, like Allah gave it to those who came before you. What are the La La? Vina mahnomen calm, who do Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem y de Laval la Vina Armando min come while I'm in la sala hard layer stuff live unknown Ville camasta la la Vina min and probably him. So this verse can be found in chapter 24, verse 55. So the Prophet before he passed away, he had categorically told his companions, you will defeat the Persians, you will defeat the Romans. And not only that, before you do that, you will defeat the

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Arabs. And the Arabs are indeed defeated within the life of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and now was the turn of the Persians and the Romans, and why was the Prophet telling his companions this, you will defeat them? Because the Prophet knew, because Allah had told the Prophet that these empires, two empires were very, very oppressive. They were tyrannical, and people were suffering daily at the hands. Right? So Allah had revealed in the Quran to the Prophet chapter 21. So total ambia verse 107, where Allah said, I will be relying upon the regime, or ma or sanaka ihlara mattala amin, Muhammad salatu salam we sent you not accept a mercy except as a mercy for the words. So the

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Prophet came as a mercy for the words, this mercy could only be manifested for the people. Once Persians and the Romans had been defeated. So long as the Persians and the Romans lasted, so long as they had power,

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they would continue to spread mischeif in the land, which is exactly what they were doing. Persians and the Romans had fought each other, repeatedly, for centuries, for centuries, even to this day. If you go and see

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an inscription called nakshi, Rustom, Nakia. Rustom, is an inscription on a mountain in Iran, current day Iran.

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In this particular inscription, you see the Persian Emperor sharp or

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and you see the Roman Emperor, if I'm not mistaken, valentinian bowing to him in defeat. So the Persian Emperor, sharp or is on the horse is sitting on his horse, in his lavish dress with the crown on his head, and the Roman Emperor. I don't know if it was Valerian or valentinian, one of these two, who is bowing, who is kneeling, rather kneeling in front of the Emperor, and this happened almost almost more than 200 years before the Prophet was born.

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So the Persians or the Romans are fighting each other

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since the beginning, for for a long time for centuries, right. And because of this fighting, many people are suffering in Persia and in Roman territory. So Allah had revealed to the Prophet salallahu salam, Omar sanaka, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah mean, all Mohammed, we have sent you not accept as a mercy for the words, you will now give Vivek, you will be given the task to neutralize these two powers to neutralize these two powers.

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So

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this is exactly what happened. The Prophet was told in the Quran, that so long as you believe, and do righteous deeds, and do not ascribe partners with the law, you will be granted succession in the land. In other words, you will definitely defeat the Persians. And the Romans, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar.

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Now,

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the prophet, had given the Quran to the Muslims, they believed in it, they knew that they will take the word

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and then he had told the prophet or told them in his own words, that you will defeat the Persians. And that the Romans, and when you do when you do B just do not do injustice, to the Roman subjects to the Persian subjects, and this

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Exactly occurred in the time of the four caves. And this is why I had to introduce the topic to you in this way. I hope it is now clear why the Muslims went out fighting the Persians and the Romans, because they were given a task. They were given a plan by a law that these two powers primarily necessarily because they were the closest powers, to Arabia, them in particular, and others in general, they will have to surrender to the order of a law, they will have to surrender to the Justice which God had promised the world, centuries before the prophet of Islam was born.

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In the previous episode I talked about prophecies about the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam in the book of Isaiah, chapter 20, Chapter 42, verse,

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verse number 11, in particular, Isaiah 42, verse 11. That's where the prophecy is. The whole chapter is about the prophet of Islam. The whole chapter talks about the coming of an Arabian prophet. The whole chapter talks about coming off an Arabian profit, and that profit Allahu Akbar, came from Arabia. So when you read the book of Isaiah, Isaiah lived in the eighth century BC, somewhere around the eighth century BC, okay, when you actually look at the book of Isaiah, you will see in chapter 42, that it is talking about the coming of a prophet, a Masonic King, a king, who will be a Masonic figure, and he will also be a ruler, who will put justice on the land. He will, his law will be

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spread throughout the world. He will fight idol worshippers, he will take people out of darkness and bring them to light. Okay, all of these things are stated in this chapter, chapter 42, of the book of Isaiah, he lives somewhere around Isaiah Prophet Isaiah lived in the eighth century BC. And the Prophet was born, of course, in 571. So you're talking about almost a difference of 1000 1300 years before the prophet Isaiah, and the advent of the Prophet of Islam.

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And verse 11, in particular, in chapter 42, talks about someone coming from Arabia,

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from the wilderness of Qaeda, where k dollar Qaeda was the second son of his mind, and he specifically mentioned the spot seller. Salah is a mountain in the city of Medina. So now, this was foretold 13 centuries before the Prophet was born, that a prophet will come, he will have something to do with Arabia, he will put justice on the land, he will take people out of darkness and put them to light, bring them to light. And also, he will put idol worshipers to shame. So brothers and sisters in this we learn that what the prophet was doing, he was simply delivering the message that was given to him, by Allah, by God Almighty. The message was that you will defeat the Persians, you

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will defeat the Romans, you will defeat the Arabs. For what, what purpose. The purpose was, of course, to spread justice on the land, which was foretold 1300 years before the prophet of Islam, Prophet Muhammad wa salam was born.

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So now brothers and sisters,

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the prophet had passed away, so the lightest element 630 to see, he passed away.

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And then, after him, his successes came, who his successes, his successes, there were four rightly guided successes in particular, the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, he said that my rightly guided successes will govern for 30 years.

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30 years after me, and this report can be found in Muslim Ahmed and it is authentic. The Prophet said, My rightly guided kale, it's pallava men body, okay, will be for 30 years. Okay. So who were these people who govern for 30 years number one was Abu Bakar, who govern for

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about two years. Then came Omar bin Katara, viola one who governed for nearly 10 years. Then came or Salman bin Alphonse rhodiola Juan, who governed for nearly 12 years. And Ali bin Abu Talib was the fourth. Okay, so there are four people four in total

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Okay, number one, Abu Bakar number two, Omar number three of man number four Ali Baba Vitaly. And amazingly all four of them. All four of them were directly related to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Abu Bakar was,

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the father in law of the Prophet armor, was also a father in law of the Prophet of the man was the son in law of the Prophet twice, then I live in avatar live was also a son in law of the Prophet. They were closely related these people, they all came from the tribe of Quraysh. And the reason why only Qureshi were chosen to be the case of the prophet or the successors of the prophet to govern the Muslims and the affairs is because the Prophet himself categorically stated, in mataman Quraysh, the leaders for the Muslims are from Quraysh, they are to be from Quraysh. This was to honor the prophet of Islam because he himself came from the tribe of courage. So for that reason, in that way,

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the tribe of grace is honored by a law of leadership, legitimate leadership, Islamic leadership, or Caliphate, for that matter, will remain in place in the tribe of Quraysh. So legitimate Islamic caliphate, whenever it comes about, it remains within the tribe of Croatia, the leaders will have to be from Quraysh and this is based upon a Hadith of the Prophet. That's why when the Prophet passed away, there was a slight confusion. The unsought, the people of Medina, who were not courageous, wanted Saad bin or baba to be the leader. Okay, so I've been about to be the leader of the Muslims. On the other hand, the Pharisees, who were also in a state of confusion, because the prophets of the

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lives of them had passed away in the year 630 to see 11 Hijri 12th of robiola while the property had passed away, and this was the greatest catastrophe to befall the Muslims. So now what do we do?

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Who is the leader now? Who is going to be the leader? So these people, the followers of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in the city of Medina, they got together in a place called suceava. But he saw EDA, suceava when he saw that when they got together,

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the unsolved the people of Medina, they had chosen Sabino Baba, potentially, to be the leader of the Muslims. Now, when the Qureshi is heard about that, they immediately rushed to sa p for benissa. And they saw that there was a confusion. There is a very long Hadith in Bukhari, say sorry, Al Bukhari, there is a very long report, which is very, very, very highly authentic. And it is narrated by Omar bin photog who is narrating what happened after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away. And he the rates that we came to this place called Akiva minisite. And we saw that the anzar have already gathered there. So the Qureshi is also gathered there. So there was some confusion who is going to

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be deleted now. So Omar, when he saw the confusion, he could see that if this confusion is not neutralized, very, very soon, then it might cause problems. It might cause division, it might cause confusion, more confusion. So Omar immediately took the hand of Abu Bakar, the man he thought to be the best person to succeed the Prophet from the tribe of koresh, because Abu Bakar at that point had said already, before being chosen, Abu Bakar said, I'm mataman Quraysh. Remember all the believers, all the followers of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,

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the leaders are from kurush. So when everyone heard this, they became very relaxed, okay. This much is now established, that the leader will be from Christ. The leader cannot be from another tribe. That leader cannot be from us, or cosmic. And abubaker everyone knew is acidic. And this had been heard by many others from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam having clarified that, when confusion was growing, Omar quickly took the hand of a walker and he raised his hand and he said, I give Dr. I give my pledge of allegiance to

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a walker. Walker is the best person to succeed the profits on the lights on them. So when amaris such a strong man, who was held in a very, very high regard, did this, everyone followed him and everyone gave by our tobacco. Abubakar had a very difficult task in his hands now. He had been

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chosen. He didn't want to. He didn't want to be chosen particularly, you know, he knew what comes with caliphate. He knew what comes with this particular duty this responsibility.

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So abubaker

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was chosen cut the long story short, I will work I had a very big task at hand. Firstly, the JCR Osama, which was prepared by the prophets of Assam to go and confront the Romans, or the bordering tribes of Arabia, who had allied with the Romans, so that jaysh are that army, led by Osama bin Zayed was sent. Okay, Bible mocker. And many people said, Oh, Bill Walker, because the Prophet has had passed away. Many people had real belief in him. They are now abandoning Islam because they thought Islam is all about Muhammad. And Muhammad is dead. So therefore Sal, Allahu Allah, solemn, therefore, we don't need to be Muslim anymore, because the knowledge of Islam was very weak. They

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were not very close to the prophet and Islam. They had spent very little time with the Prophet. They were living in distant lands in Arabia. So the strongest Muslims were within the city of Medina and in the outskirts and people who had actually spent time with the Prophet, right, so a lot of these Arabs,

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who were Bedouins and amazingly, the Quran alludes to this, even when the Prophet was alive for Carla del arabo, Amarna. Okay? The Arab the Bedouins they say that we have believed but Allah says no, you have not yet truly believed rather, you have submitted, you have only submitted and this came true even this was a prophecy Allahu Akbar. Even this was a prophecy about the Bedouins that their faith is very, very weak. Allah is saying this in the Quran, the bedwin their faith is very weak, they have only surrendered. They've only submitted to the power of Islam, which was established in Medina. And when the Prophet passed away, this particular verse was proved absolutely

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right. These are up these bedrooms, they started to announce the apostasy. So aboubaker, who became the leader of the Muslims knew that this is rebellion. This is going to destroy the Muslims if firm stern action isn't taken, okay and abubaker of your lawn, he went out of his way to curtail or to neutralize this threat. And he fought the mortar been the apostates at that time to protect the community and Medina because a lot of these people were threatening politically, militarily, they were threatening the people of Medina, the community in Medina. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam

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had left this community behind, which was under threat. So abubaker For this reason, to put fear in the hearts of these people who were planning to attack Medina, he sent out the jaysh of Osama, he simply complied with the desire, or with the command of the prophets, Allah sallam, he sent the army of Osama and when the army of Osama left Medina, it left a very deep mark on the minds of the people who saw the army passed their regions, they could see that this huge army or this considerably or this significant army is passing the region. That means the Arabs have a good or sorry the Muslims in Medina have still have good ability to resist. So a lot of these people who are planning to

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attack Medina, they held back Okay, and then Abu Bakr sent other expeditions after the people who refuse to pay zakat with these to give to the prophet and also to fight the apostates who were planning hostile hostility against Muslims at the time.

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So I will boger spent his two years nearly two years in all of this right here, and he even spent a cent expeditions to the Romans. Okay, under the leadership of yazeed bin Abbey, Sophia, Abubakar games gave some golden rules of engagement. When Abu Bakr sent an army towards Bulaga, Sham or the land of greater Syria.

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He gave instructions to Jersey been a piece of yarn. Okay, what were these

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instructions? These instructions can be found in Qatar with jihad. In the book of Mata of Imam Malik Mata of Imam Malik has a chapter titled kitabi jihad in GitHub. Why do you find this report where Abu Bakar gave 10 instructions to God been a recipient before sending this expedition to greater the greater Syria? Okay, what were these 10 instructions and I will mention some of them. Do not kill women in hostility

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War in conflict Do not kill women and these instructions are about specifically about conflict in a state of conflict okay? Do not kill women do not kill children do not kill elderly do not destroy crops, do not cut trees, fruit bearing trees in particular, do not burn beehives, okay, do not destroy buildings do not destroy monasteries and do not kill monks within these monasteries. In other words, in war, you cannot do all these things. There is not indiscriminate violence in Islam. Islam cannot warrant terrorism or killing of innocent people under any circumstances. Full stop. And this is according to the Quran.

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The Quran in chapter two verse 190 190 192, Serato, Baccarat 190 292, clearly states, defend yourself if you are attacked, defend yourself. But when you defend yourself, fight those who fight you drive those out who drive you out. And in the end, Allah concludes, wala, todo do not transgress limits, do not go to extremes, do not start doing crazy mad things.

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This is in the Quran. And amazingly, when the scholars of Islam comment on this particular

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you know, part of the Quran or these three verses of the Quran in particular, what did they bring in to support this report from modify Malik the instructions of abubaker to use it been abuse of IANA was sent as a general. So aboubaker he set a beautiful precedent, even when you are defending yourself, even when you are doing a preemptive attack against the community that's hostile. Remember, these 10 commandments? are not the 10 commandments of Moses. Of course not. These are 10 commandments given by Abu Bakar as the successor of the Prophet of Islam, as the KDF of Islam, to his general, you cannot do these 10 things, right. Bob Walker passed away from the lower arm. And

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after him having gone for two years,

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he passed away. And after him, I might have been cut Bob was appointed by Abu Bakar himself. Before Abu Bakar passed away, he appointed Alma that Amr is going to be the next leader.

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And almost leadership necessarily constituted a strong leadership. Okay, stability, power, because armor was a very, very powerful figure. This man had come to Islam at the age of 27. And the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam is such a powerful man or was such a strong character. He was such an important figure he was that the Prophet had specifically prayed for him and his uncle.

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For them to come to Islam, why? They were very, very powerful figures highly influential. Okay, Mr. Mr. Martinez, he reports in his collection, that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam prayed Allah humma is that Islam be a hobby Roger a bee bee. Bee, bee bee hubiera Delaney alayka

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Allah miser Islam B abierto de la de la, caja b m. b. b

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or b Ammerman a sham okay all a lot strengthen Islam by one of these two figures by one of these two people. Okay, whichever is more beloved to you, whichever is more beloved to you. One is Omar min. Qatar. Okay, one is Ammerman he Sham Ammerman, he Sham was Abu Jamal, the prophet prayed for either Abu jahl or American Qatar because these two personalities are very strong. So Allah accepted armor into the fold of Islam. Omar accepted Islam there are many stories about him accepting Islam you can go and read a book. In fact, I will highly recommend a collection of books on four caliphs. Please, brothers and sisters, read your history. read and learn about it. And when you learn about it, you

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will learn from it and when you learn from it, you will implement it in your lives. an ignorant man cannot practice something he doesn't know.

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Or she doesn't know. But my brothers and sisters, all of you I strongly recommend a very powerful

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A very important collection of biographies from one of the

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one of the strong scholars of Islam.

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This one,

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one of the scholars of Islam, his name is Salafi. Okay, Chef, Dr. Ali Mohammed, the salami. Okay. This is an overview translation of his biography of Osman. Bina have fun. Okay. It's published by darussalam. Press, I strongly recommend for those who read or do okay. Now having said that, okay, you can see the name Dr. Ali, Ali, Mohammed, the Salafi Dr. Ali, Mohammed, the Salafi. And Dr. Ali, Mohammed, the Salafi has written biographies of all four Caleb's. He has also written a life of the Prophet. He has also written books on the Ottoman Empire. He has also written a book on manomaya. He has also written a book on Hassan and Hussein radi Allahu Anima. He has also written a book on

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mahaya. Okay, so he has written many, many, many, many great books, collecting authentic history from Islamic sources, modern scholarship, from a Muslim perspective, trustworthy, authentic stuff, okay? Please get hold of these biographies. So number one,

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Abu Bakar number two or number three, of man number four, olive in a victaulic for biographies written by Dr. Ali, Mohammed, the Salafi and you will find them in the Arabic language, in the oral language and in the English language. Choose Your Language, language of your preference and read these four biographies and you will be blown away with detail Allahu Akbar. So Omar, how he became Muslim is in this particular biography of Omar McLeod written by Dr. Muhammad Ali a Salafi or alima famila Salafi. Okay.

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And you need to get hold of these books and read insha Allah. Okay, so I'm Marvin Khattab came to power, okay, and aboubaker had appointed him. So when he came to power, the law one, he was some kind of law, he inherited some of these issues from aboubaker. And he consolidated them. And then he sent expeditions led by Khalid bin Walid and Abu Zubaydah in JIRA, to Syria and Persia, okay. The details again, can be read in his biography, okay. The details can be read in his biography, and if you want to specifically read about the conquest of Persia, okay.

00:37:48--> 00:37:58

And the conquest of, for example, Egypt and the conquest of North Africa, then there is a very, very good scholar who has written

00:37:59--> 00:38:21

in the English language on these conquests. Okay. And he has also written a book on Khalid mindvalley raga law. Okay? If I'm not mistaken, the scholar is I crown okay. I Ikram for I. Accra. Okay, I will quickly quickly Google it and I'll find for you Okay, conquest of Arabia.

00:38:22--> 00:38:27

I will quickly give you the reference, so that you can go and find these books

00:38:29--> 00:38:32

by crom for

00:38:37--> 00:39:31

once second, yes AI occur, the author is a AI Accra Okay, the the conquest of Persia by a AI Akram and he has also written other books, he has written a book on harlot been relieved, he has also written on the conquest of North Africa conquest of Egypt. So the works of ay ay occur on early Islamic conquest. And then you can of course read Western academic perspective for during the reign of amendments upon a lot of this land was taken. So with the kailis, on discussing the lands that were conquered in the time, right, and I'm also recommending sources at the same time, so that you can actually go and look into these sources, right. So when Omar came to power, Persia, and the

00:39:31--> 00:39:36

bison territory, a lot of it was taken, okay. I will keep it very short.

00:39:38--> 00:39:59

Persia or the the capital of the Persian, the sassanid emperors was stessi phone, it was called stessi phone and in the Arabic language, it was called muda. In Okay, that was conquered. In the time of urban fog, the leader of the army was Saad bin Abu Bakar. So but your loved one

00:40:00--> 00:40:39

Okay, under his leadership, the Battle of the CEA was fought in this battle, there were 12,000 Muslims. And also on the other side, the Persian side. They were, they were close to 100,000, Persians, well equipped, one of the most powerful armies in the world. And this army was defeated by the Muslims, mostly Arabs, in this particular battle called the Battle of qadisiya. And as a result, the Persian capital was conquered. And the treasure of kisara was opened by the Muslims exactly how the Prophet had foretold.

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For a David Horton, as mentioned in the beginning of this lecture, that I've even had them, one of the companions of the Prophet Mohammed was told directly by the prophet, that if you live long enough, you will see the treasures of kisara open and Adi witnessed this particular conquest. He was there, he witnessed this particular conquest.

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And Adi saw it with his own eyes. He saw two of those prophecies fulfilled. And he said, I am sure the third one will also be fulfilled this Hadees is in severe Buhari, this particular Hadees where I'd even heard him talks about what the Prophet told him and what was fulfilled inside al Bukhari. And he said, I saw two things fulfill the conquest of Persia, or the opening of the Persian Emperor treasure took place in front of my eyes, and the woman came riding a beast alone, from as far as he drove it in northern Iraq, and she made the offer on the garbage even back alone. Such was the security in the Arabian Peninsula, a lot of power because of Islam, the cause of the Islamic law

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applied within the life and immediately after the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, okay? And he said, the third will also be fulfilled, if you live long enough, and it was fulfilled indeed, in the time of Omar bin Abdulaziz, when

00:42:05--> 00:42:46

a lot had changed, a moment of disease, only governed for two years, but his time was so prosperous. This was the period ruled of governed by bunu omiya. Okay. And Muslims became very prosperous, hardly anyone was there to ask for the card or claim the card. If you have any questions, my brothers and sisters, those who are watching live, please post them in the comment section because I'm, I'm looking at your comments, I can see your comments and I will try to answer your question through the comments section. So, please comment your questions and I will address them in 10 minutes from now, this topic has gone on for longer than I thought because my plan was to cover

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four points in this particular lecture, but I think I will do so in the next episode, the remaining points inshallah Tada, the point about jizya and Demi's will be covered in the next episode and the point about the golden chain of events will also be discussed in the next episode inshallah, in this I will stick to for Caleb's. And the conquest early Islamic conquest, so called the car resulted as a as the conquest of

00:43:16--> 00:43:35

the entirety of Persia. Eventually, a lot of closure was taken, or some part of it was taken during the time of armor. Then afterwards, in the time of was the man in the 12 years of Earth man, in the first six years, some more land in Persia was taken. And then finally, after

00:43:37--> 00:43:48

the death of Earth man, and after the passing of Alabama, we are live, more Avia rhodiola, who came to power over 20 years, a lot of this land in Persia was taken

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and the time of mahavidya In fact, I have coins in my private my personal collection from the time of Monrovia minted enclosure. Okay, for example, I have a coin from Bishop, Bishop Paul was a Persian city where this particular coin was minted. I'll try to bring it with me next week so that I can show it to you in my hand in front of you on the screen in Charlotte Allah. So in the time of Mojave later on, a lot of this land was taken. Now this was Persia, coming to the land of greater Syria, or belaga, Sham collectively, Jordan, Lebanon,

00:44:31--> 00:44:46

currently Syria and Palestine. All of this land these four countries put together collectively recalled below the Sham or greater Syria also called the want today, okay, this land was taken by

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the Muslims in the year 636 and 637.

00:44:53--> 00:44:59

And again, you can read the details in the histories I mentioned earlier. Also in the histories of Dr.

00:45:00--> 00:45:18

Mohammed Ali, Mohammed the Salafi also is histories. They explained what happened in the Battle of Goddess here and in the Battle of yarmuk. So the Battle of yarmuk very quickly, I will summarize what happened. I will, I will obey them in Jarrah was sent as a leader by Ahmed Winnicott bomb

00:45:20--> 00:45:27

as a leader of the armies on the Western Front, okay, on the Eastern Front, we had leaders like

00:45:28--> 00:46:15

sir had been cast who was one of the one of those who was promised genda by the prophet. So I was one of the I should amavasya so was Abu Zubaydah bin Jarrah. He was one of the hashirama bashira people who were directly promised Jana, by the prophet himself. Okay, can those who were promised Jenna by the prophet so on the Eastern Front, on the Persian front, the leader of Assad bw cars on the Western Front, the Roman territory of the baizen territory, the leader of the Muslims, our Muslim armies was abou Aveda, in JIRA, and Khalid bin Volleyed the sword of Allah say foreign minister, youth in law, safe and safe women. So youth in law was basically used on both fronts. If

00:46:15--> 00:46:51

you was needed, needed on the Western Front, he would move to the Western Front if he was needed on the Eastern Front, he would move to the Eastern Front. In fact, once he had defeated the Persians, he was immediately wanted on the Western Front and he traveled through the desert to be in Syria immediately within some days, he was there to support our beta in JIRA cut the long story short, the city of Damascus was besieged by zbb soufiane. By a coalition of these generals, US economy soufiane Aveda injera and Khalid bin relief, okay, and

00:46:53--> 00:47:37

the city was besieged and the Muslims were trying to negotiate with the Christians of the city to surrender and have peace, just surrender, don't fight. And they won't be any problem. Because these Christians in the city of Damascus had never seen the Arabs come this far. And, of course, when these people came from the desert, they looked scruffy, they were looked very rough. And the Byzantines, or the Greek speaking Christians in the city of Damascus who were ruling and the Orthodox population of Damascus, at the time, who wasn't ruling, they were very iffy about the Arabs, or the Muslims.

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And the Muslims at the time were called Salah scenes of the people of the desert, or the Kadar Ian's are the children of Qaeda or the children of Ishmael. This is all the Christians knew them. So when they besieged them, so when the the people of Damascus looked at these people, they didn't know what to do, shall we let them in? And these barbarians scruffy looking people are rough looking people, what are they going to do to us? How do we know if they're going to treat us justly? So the Muslims waited, but when the doors are not being opened, the Muslims attacked, attacked, because the city of Damascus was strategically important. It had to be taken for the Byzantines lose territory. Right.

00:48:21--> 00:48:25

So long story short, the city of Damascus

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was

00:48:32--> 00:48:38

the city of Damascus was besieged from three sides if not more, and

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if not more, and because of the siege, many of these

00:48:46--> 00:48:59

Christians, many of these Christians were in a state of confusion. Right. So Islamic law at the time, basically ruled that

00:49:00--> 00:49:46

if a city is taken by treaty, then there is peace for the inhabitants. Whatever they possess, cannot be touched. The churches, the homes, the properties, the belongings, that businesses are to be protected under the treaty, a treaty of peace. But if the Muslims had to fight their way in there to force their way away in then anything that is within the city, belongs to the Muslims, they possess it they are the conquerors and the conquerors are keepers, as they say Finders keepers. The rule at that time was the conquerors The Conqueror conquered our keepers, basically. So from one side, the city surrendered because a bishop or a priest in the city could see that the wall of the city had

00:49:46--> 00:50:00

fallen from one front, if I'm not mistaken, the Eastern Front, which was being fought, which was being basically, you know, led by, or the assault and that on that side was being led by abortion.

00:50:00--> 00:50:20

I'm in Georgia. And we are the front was called it's been really. So this Bishop or this priest came running to college to negotiate terms from the top of the wall because he could see the The city has fallen from one side. So if they come in they will take the entire city by force. So, they knew that these Muslims because the impression or the

00:50:21--> 00:50:34

the news had reached these people of the city of Damascus, these people keep their word. So he came to college and he said we surrender by treaty and treaty the terms are agreed and the city surrendered. College entered

00:50:36--> 00:51:28

still had an abortion Zubaydah Brr entered underwater and what that means by force, I will better enter the city by force from one side, Khalid enter the city on the other side, Sol Han and both armies met in the middle of the city in the middle square of the city of Damascus. Now, the issue was do we consider the city taken by force and take everything all the positions are ours or is it taken by treaty Hollywood insisting it is taken by treaty therefore, give them respect the city should be given respect of obey double saying no, I forced my way in so the city was taken by force. And then it was decided and determined that half the city was surrendered by treaty. The other half

00:51:28--> 00:52:21

was taken by force. Therefore, the half that was taken by force belongs to the Muslims. Okay. It is their possession and the half that was taken by treaty, it is treated as taken under treaty. So nothing in that half can be touched. So half the city of Damascus was taken, and the other half was treated as if it was taken under treaty. So for that reason, the great church of St. JOHN, which is currently currently the Omega the mosque in the city of Damascus, one of the oldest mosque standing in the world, the Umayyad mosque was previously the temple of Jupiter. And when the Christians took the city, after the time of Constantine the Great, the Christians turned the temple of Jupiter in to

00:52:21--> 00:53:15

the mosque, or sorry, into the church of St. JOHN, St. JOHN of Damascus. So not john of Damascus or St. JOHN, john the baptist, okay. And then after the Muslims to get half by treaty, half by force. So, this particular giant structure was split into half, one half was given to the Christians, for them to worship in it the other half because half the city was taken by force goes to the Muslims. Okay, so this is how the people of those lands were treated those who surrendered by treating Allahu Akbar. And this was impossible if another civilization or if another army had taken this land because the Persians had indeed taken Damascus. They had indeed taken Jerusalem and even some parts

00:53:15--> 00:53:32

of Egypt from the Byzantines not long ago, less than 2030 years ago, Persians had come so far, and they destroyed everything. There devastated the cities. And those people who were still alive who had this Persian conquest in the memory when the saddam Muslims,

00:53:33--> 00:53:54

keeping to the word, keeping the law, and being that civilized with them, they could not believe it. Now, very quickly, the last point and the remaining part of the conquest will be addressed in the next episode. The last point, the Emperor heraclius, was absolutely devastated when he lost the land of Damascus.

00:53:56--> 00:54:14

And he lost the land of Damascus land, probably the best part of Syria. He wanted to take it back. So he mustered a giant army, a huge army to take the land back from the Muslims. So the Muslims had been informed by spies that Irakli is is

00:54:15--> 00:55:00

collecting an army a great on some estimates paid 200,000 Some say 300,000 men, he will raise any will come and take the land of Syria back from the Arabs and the Muslims, once and for all. So I will be live in JIRA had two choices either either to fight a siege battle from within the city, which is very difficult to sustain in the presence of such a large army, or the other option was to leave the city for strategic reasons and fight an open pitch battle near the Arabian desert. So that if the battle is lost, they can be brought to the desert to come back later. So our beta decided that we will fight an open pit battle and leave the

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

City of Damascus for the strategic reason for strategic reasons. So when the Muslims are leaving

00:55:06--> 00:55:09

the city of Damascus, led by a board of injera.

00:55:10--> 00:55:41

He ordered his Treasurer to return the jizya appoint which I will address in detail. In the next episode, brothers and sisters, you will be shocked to hear what happened when Aveda ordered the return of jizya to the Christians who have given this visa for their protection to the Muslims, because the Muslims had come to power in Damascus. The Muslims are charging its tax from the Christians to protect the Christians. So after after

00:55:42--> 00:56:06

jizya was returned to the Christian What happened? To find out what the next episode and I will continue from this very point. brothers sisters, I will end this particular episode of unveiling the Muslim civilization here and remaining points on the Muslim conquest and the golden chain of events, so called and

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jizya and the demeaned status of non Muslims will be addressed in sha Allah in detail in the next episode, which will be if I'm not mistaken, the third episode or the fourth episode of this particular series. Until then, I thank you all for listening for Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu, Afro Donna, and in handling layerable alameen. If there are any questions, please post them in the comment section. And I will respond to them as soon as possible. I will wait for 30 seconds, maybe for one minute for your questions to come through in the comment section. And then I will do my best to answer.

00:56:52--> 00:57:16

If there are any questions, please comment them on live, Dean. live feed. Okay, you might be posting them on my Facebook channel. Instead of doing that go on the live DNP page. Click live in page where the live is being broadcasted. And comment your questions in the comments section there in Sharla and other try my best

00:57:18--> 00:57:22

to answer a world there are so many questions in front of me and see them. Okay, very quickly. I will answer.

00:57:26--> 00:57:37

Can you please explain us testimonial evidence? I don't know what you mean by that question. Can you explain your question? testimonial evidence in Islam? Yes, of course.

00:57:39--> 00:58:08

for different things, there are different requirements. Okay. What if, for example, a testimony to proves dinner you need for you need four witnesses for male witnesses to testify to Xena. For example. For a financial transaction, you need two male witnesses, okay, or one male or two female witnesses. Right. Okay. And the list goes on. Okay. So testimonial evidence is quite a detailed

00:58:09--> 00:58:28

topic. Okay. Can you please explain the evidence of believing in testimony? Sometimes it gets skeptical. Okay. This topic will be addressed. Okay. Can we believe testimony? The epistemology of Islam or the science or the the notion of sorry, the

00:58:29--> 00:58:51

epistemology in Islam. Okay, how do we address the science of Hades? Is it trustworthy? Can we accept testimony? Okay. Testimony has been a valid source of information from time immemorial, from the very beginning. And I will explain this in more detail when time comes inshallah we can address it later on.

00:58:54--> 00:58:56

Thank you very much for your

00:58:57--> 00:59:02

encouraging comments, brothers and sisters, may Allah reward you for you for those who are making the army Allah reward you.

00:59:06--> 00:59:15

Okay, someone said, I think I can recall the Holy Prophet actually holding up the arm of Alabama with all of his cousin to announce him as the successor.

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Never did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam appoint anyone as his successor, I repeat, never did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam appoint anyone as his successor. He made.

00:59:37--> 01:00:00

He made. For example, He alluded to aboubaker Okay, when people use the hadith of Allah de or home, when people use the hadith of Olivia home to claim that in this particular study, so in this particular incident, the prophet was raising the hand of Alabama bizarrely to announce him as the successor. If that was the case, then all of those 100

01:00:00--> 01:00:16

2000 companions of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam would never on pain of death, they would never accept aboubaker as the Caleb never. In suceava bernisa not one of them said, Hold on a second. Hold on a second.

01:00:17--> 01:00:19

The Prophet raised the hand of Ali at

01:00:21--> 01:00:25

the home and said he is the successor.

01:00:26--> 01:00:47

Why are you making a Booker? Okay, let's find Sadhguru Baba is not from Croatia. Fine. He's not from Quraysh. Okay, he's from Medina is from the unsought. Okay, you are saying ally, mataman Quraysh, no problem. But Ali is from Croatia, he is the one who was appointed by the prophet. As Caleb, did anyone say that

01:00:49--> 01:01:09

100,000 companions heard the Prophet making that declaration. And in suceava, when he saw that none of them had the guts, or the gut, or the courage or the acumen, to come forward and say, hold on, you guys are a bunch of liars, you are doing injustice to eliminate the pilot. They never understood that

01:01:10--> 01:01:15

the incident of whether your home was a specific response to a specific problem.

01:01:17--> 01:02:04

And very quickly, I'll explain the context and you can go and read again. The biography written by Dr. Ali Mohammed has a lobby, read, please read his biography of Alabama with Taliban. He goes into detail. He talks about the home. He's an Arab. He wrote his biography in the Arabic language. And he collected all the sources on the matter. In fact, the very report itself explains what it's talking about. So some people came complaining to the prophets Allah Allah Allah, Allah subhanaw taala Okay, this is the long story short, they came complaining to the Prophet about Alibaba victaulic saying, Ali is doing this and he's doing that and the details can be read in books. And the Prophet became

01:02:04--> 01:02:55

very angry because he loved Ali daily. And we as Muslims, we believe anyone who hates Ali is a Mona afic. Anyone who loves Ali, okay. And that doesn't mean loving Ali at the expense of Islam. I'm not I don't mean that. I don't mean that you love Ali and you leave Islam No, no, no, no, no. Anyone who is a believer in Islam follows the Sunnah of the Prophet salallahu alayhi Salaam loves the prophet and an enlightened messenger loves Islam and then loves it been regarded as a sign of Eman like the promises elements al Bukhari is reported to have said I attorney FARC bodoland sar are I utterly man, hold on sorry. Okay. The sign of hypocrisy in the fog is that you will hate on sod. And the

01:02:55--> 01:03:01

sign of a man face is that you will love and fraud for example. So likewise,

01:03:02--> 01:03:04

anyone who hates art even if it bothers me,

01:03:05--> 01:03:47

and anyone who loves him with Iman is a movement. Allahu Akbar. Okay. Now that doesn't mean that loving Alabama without it doesn't mean that we attribute things to him that never belonged to him. Okay. So when people complain to the professor salon at home, he stood up and he said to them, am I not before you? Am I not more important than you? Okay according to the Quran and Allah will not meaning okay well as Raja Maha. Okay, so they said Bala jasola. You are over us. You are beyond us. You are above us lower than the province of Lyceum said, Man come to Mola

01:03:49--> 01:03:50

Mola

01:03:51--> 01:03:52

Mola

01:03:54--> 01:04:11

Mola, Allahu Murali Manuel, ah, y de mundo de la Cava. So anyone who would have me as his ally, as his friend, then Ali is also his friend.

01:04:12--> 01:04:56

Okay, Oh Allah, you be the friend of the one who is his friend, and you be the enemy of the one who is his enemy. This is gonna be your home. This is exactly what the prophet meant. Nowhere did he announced that Ali is going to be the successor of the Khalifa after him. If he did sallallahu alayhi wa sallam one lie we, the Muslims, the believers, the others are not evil Jamaat, we would accept Olive in Vitaly, but where's the problem? Why would he accept Him as as number four and not as number one, what's the problem? What's the problem? Why would he Why would we even insist for when evidence is imposed upon history? We have to clarify. Okay, another question.

01:05:00--> 01:05:11

Okay, some people want me to accept the friend request brothers and sisters, if I don't accept your friend request doesn't mean I don't like you is because my account is full. So please follow my page. I have a page,

01:05:13--> 01:05:24

a public figure page, you can follow that you can also follow me on my private personal Facebook account in sha Allah. May Allah bless you may Allah reward you for your love and your compassion. May Allah accept your doors

01:05:25--> 01:05:31

and May Allah Allah mela Unitas Hall in general because I mean inshallah, okay.

01:05:34--> 01:06:20

Okay, so I'm gonna go Will you be live every Saturday 7pm Park time? Yes, yes, I will be live in sha Allah every Saturday 7pm Park time I will be live I will be going through this series called unveiling the Muslim civilization. If there is a break for some reason, we will let you know we will announce beforehand that there is a break this week or this week. We cannot make it for whatever reason if I'm traveling if I'm doing some perform on a mission somewhere for example, our mission then of course, it would be difficult but every Saturday unless announced otherwise. 7pm Pakistan time I will be live on live Deen page to go through unveiling the Muslim civilization series where

01:06:20--> 01:06:28

we will be discussing a lot of these questions. Interesting question. You're all welcome to ask these questions live on live stream page and I will answer them in sha Allah.

01:06:31--> 01:07:08

Okay, I think I guess there are no more questions brothers and sisters. It is more than an hour now. We have been going on and May Allah bless you brother, sisters, may Allah reward you, thank you for listening. And I will see you next Saturday in sha Allah, Allah, Allah accept from us Zakouma la Heron and those of you who want to watch it later on. It will be available on Facebook as well as my YouTube channel and continue to watch the series you will inshallah, by the grace of Allah by the help of Allah you will take a lot of information and some of it may be beneficial. And finally, before I go very quickly, again to announce this or to recommend this.

01:07:10--> 01:07:44

The biographies series of Dr. Ali Mohammed the salami he has written many many beautiful biographies of for Caleb's. For example, Abubakar Omar Osman and Holly, get hold of them they are available in Urdu in Arabic and in English. And he has written other words, get hold of them. They are amazing works. Thank you so much for listening. Well handwritten letter bellami Hanukkah llamada en la ilaha illa eurocon oberliga Salam alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu hoo.