Ibn Taymiyyah

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Adnan Rashid

Channel: Adnan Rashid

Episode Notes

Preston City Mosque – 24_05_2019

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. Al hamdu. lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala l mursaleen Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri.

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Tonight inshallah, we will hear the lecture from

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this lecture is regarding the life of shameful Islam ignore Tamia Hola Hola.

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And if you will have any questions and a comment after you can do it in sha Allah for Baraka, la feeco we need your silent and good understanding of Allah.

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Rahim

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al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen or salat wa salam O Allah satomi lumby our cL mursaleen for Allah Allah He was happy lol my amin, Oman tabia home Bay San Angelo Medina I'm about to be live some Isla de menos shaytani r rajim Bismillah Bismillahi Rahmani Raheem

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Yeah, you're Latina Manu, odo hola filmmaker, y la quwata shavon. In LA come audio mubin call Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Abdullah delu jihad, Kalamata hockin in the Sultan in Jaya or come upon Allah salatu salam, respected brothers and sisters, I welcome you all to this very important lecture of today about a very important figure in Islamic history. And I am about to start this lecture with a very powerful Hadees from the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. The Prophet sallahu wa sallam stated in

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an authentic report that the best of struggles is to speak the truth in front of all with a tyrannical ruler with a tyrannical ruler. Why did I mention this hadith in the beginning of my lecture is a very important question.

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From the very start, I would like to clarify that our scholars have throughout Islamic history discouraged rebellions against rulers. Why? Because what they lead to, they lead to destruction, they lead to the massacres of

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the masses. They lead to genocides like what's happening today in Syria and Libya and all that.

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So our scholars, the scholars, we follow the scholarly tradition we follow other similar to

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what we do find is that our scholars have generally

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discouraged rebellions against rulers.

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Because a lot of people use this particular Hadees which I quoted, which states that speaking the truth in front of a tyrannical ruler, is the best of struggles. It has a context it has a meaning and that meaning we understand from the life of scheffel Islam, a blue Tamia lighly This is why his life is very important. Life of such a man that he's spoke the truth until the day he died, he went to prison, but never encouraged.

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Destruction never encouraged terrorism never encouraged

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the killing of innocent people in any shape or form rather, as we will see in due course, he stood for the rights of Muslims and non Muslims alike. We will see in due course, what shekel Islam Tamia was made of. For a lot of people today nowadays, unfortunately, they use his character, his writings, his example, to cause disturbances around the world.

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And a lot of these people use him out of context, as we will see, in due course, again,

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they ignore

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the general spirit of his writings and his works. His life was an example. So who is this man we are going to talk about today? scheffel Islam

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ableto Tamia? His name was

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che

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Hamad bin Abdul Halim also known as a blue Tamia.

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The name of new Tamia was given to him because one of his grandmother's core was called Tamia.

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And there are many theories about as to why she was called Tamia because she was from the land of tamer in northern Arabia. Therefore she was called Tamia from the

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Land of tamer a woman from the land of tamer. This is one of the theories. I'm not going to indulge in the details for the details, you must go to a detailed biography of Imam Abu Tamia Rama Lai LA. One of the best biographies you can find on him is by ship. I was

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from Egypt. from Al Azhar, he taught Al Azhar as well. He has written biographies of the 14 months as well as shekel Islamic potamia. So Shabbos O'Hara has written a biography of Imam Muhammad Imam, Shafi

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Malik and Imam Abu hanifa, moto Laila him

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and he he has also written a biography of Jebel Islamism, Tamia.

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So a mo Tamia was born

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in troll 63 See, in a very, very

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chaotic period.

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Let me explain what I mean by that.

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The Mongol invasions were.

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Were at the peak. They were going on for a very long time. As you know, Ganga Khan and his armies entered the lands of Islam from the very East in 2019, the exact year was 2019. See,

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and then he went on destroying the land of Islamic conquered summer Canberra and one of the authors one of the historians called Abdullah Thea was alive at the time. In a theory, Antonella, he wrote about the Mongol invasions and the refugee crisis caused by it. Many refugees were actually coming to Mosul were able to see actually saw them in person, he saw them himself, and he, he wrote about these refugees in their condition in his history.

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So this happened from 1219 onwards, these invasions continued, devastating decimating the entire civilization of Islam in the east. So Turkistan, or countries nowadays called Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and all. The other region called Mount Shahar or river beyond.

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Three Land Beyond river oxes is also called transit Sonia. All of this land was devastated. Bukhara, Samarkand, Herat usni.

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So land, Eastern Iran, Afghanistan and all of the region of

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Asia, Central Asia, was nearly devastated by the Mongols and this region was predominantly Muslim. It was a Muslim region, and the civilization of Islam was flourishing. Many big famous Muslim scholars came from this region, most importantly, who

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Mr. Buhari

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and there is behind me his book is there behind me. There is not a machine. Well, you don't have a book by Imam Bukhari. Sahih al Bukhari, his collection of authentic son of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam like Nisha Porter was also destroyed, destroyed by the Mongols, never to be

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raised again, unfortunately, never to be inhabited again, who came from knee support?

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Mr. Muslim, the second most important of the sudden, second most important person who wrote one of the books of the sudden, right, then we have therapists who came from therapists televisie.

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So all of these people came from all these cities that were later on destroyed by the Mongols, and other cities here are rosny. And, you know, the list is very, very long, I mean, the devastation, and I did a lecture on Mongol invasions. You can go and watch the lecture for details. Even that lecture is not detailed. You will only get introductory remarks on the Mongol invasions or the details you will have to go to books.

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So, the final catastrophe grand catastrophe caused by the Mongol invasions cut the long story short took place in 1258 1258 656 83. Five years before scheffel Islam Tamia was born.

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He was born in 1263.

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On the 10th 10th of robiola, one 10th are available. Mr. potamia was born in 661 Hijri, which corresponds to 12

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63 of common error

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and troll 58 was a year when Baghdad was destroyed completely by the Mongols. And the invader was one of the grandsons of Genghis Khan or Ganga Khan, called

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Colaco or Hulu.

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He came and he destroyed the city of Baghdad, it is a very painful long story, which I will not tell in this lecture. I just want to mention it passively, because it is directly linked to the life of immunity Mia.

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So in Baghdad died many great scholars, many great thinkers, intellectuals, the entire library of Baghdad, which consisted of millions of volumes of very rare important works works, which we find mentioned in our books today.

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Historic books today, but we don't find any trace of those books because many of them were destroyed in these wars and these troubles.

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So the Mongols put that entire library into the river Euphrates. And witnesses tell us that the water became black. Because of the ink coming off the books, the entire library was destroyed. Imagine the amount of knowledge and achievement Muslims had accumulated in the library about that, from the period of bonobos

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when they came to power because Baghdad was actually established by a bassins after they had

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taken power from the Armenians in 132 hijiri The year was 132 hijiri when the first ambassade killer Safar came to power, and the last Calif, of the Basset House of bonobos was killed by the Mongols, his name was almost as him almost as he was killed in 656 Hijri which corresponds to 1258 see,

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that was the last ambassade Calif. And there ended the

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basket helaba.

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And this was five years before he was born. So this is how peak

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This is how bad the situation was. This is how, you know, dire the situation was, and the Mongol invasions continued.

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Despite the fact the Mongols were defeated decisively two years after the destruction of Baghdad 1260 in 1260, in the Battle of angel loot, the Egyptian army consisting of Mamelukes slaves, who became kings and generals, they defended Islam against a Mongol invasion. And they came out of Egypt into the land of Syria. They chose a battlefield called Angel loot, and they fought the Mongols and the Mongols are decisively defeated for the first time. Until then, the Mongols were undefeated, invincible. There were small skirmishes where Mongols were defeated. But this was the major battle in which Mongols were defeated decisively.

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Otherwise, they were making their way towards Egypt. They were they weren't going to come into Egypt, they were going to destroy Egypt, they would have possibly gone into the rest of North Africa. The Mongols attempted to go into India. And they were defeated.

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Also in India, they were defeated by the Sultan's in India who were also Turkic Mamelukes. So the Sultan's of India, and the futons of Egypt, were ethnically the same people. They were Turkic servants, slaves were bought from Turkish markets and trained into military arts and they became generals and kings and sold bonds. And then they defended the Muslims against this menace or this huge

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force of destruction called the Mongols. The Mongols are defeated in India as well. Many battles took place. That's another topic. So ebru Jamia was born in these times. While all of this is taking place, the Mongols are still in power. They're still devastating the land to an extent that Abraham he was born in the city of Huron, which was a very important center of learning for the phenomena. The humbly school. There are four schools of thought predominantly, historically speaking, that received most of the attention and they are Hanafi, Shafi, Maliki and hanbali school.

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And

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a fifth school always existed, which was independent of all of these four schools. That school was

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The school nowadays is called the sort of here are other hobbies as hobbies, as harbored hobbies.

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Never strictly followed a particular school of thought they may have affiliations with a particular school, but never strictly followed, including Tamia. Tamia was regarded as a leader of the anabella. He was one of the humble ease, but he went against his school in a number of issues because of his conviction from Hades, the science of Hades, so he was on Hudis in that regard. Many of the scholars during the Middle Ages in this Classical Period went against the schools in the rulings because they found

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these literature telling them otherwise.

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So a potamia was born in Iran into a family of scholars.

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The woman he was named after a blue Tamia, that son of Tamia that woman that lady was a famous female scholar. Even one of the Grand i mean, ancestors even Tamia chef, Majid Medina potamia was also huge scholar who had written or who had compiled this book of Hades called Ullman takala bar.

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Right. And later on Imam a show, Connie wrote a commentary on this book called Alma bar.

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A mom joke and his commentary was called nasal Athar. And you might find it in this machine. Nella matar is a very famous book. Many scholars study many students study that book to this day.

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Simultaneous grandfather, much of Dean Shea Medina, Dean ebru, Tamia compiled his book

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ebru, Jamie's father of the halleen chef Abdullah Halima potamia was also a great scholar who had written a number of works. Tamia was born into this family of scholars. So from a very young age he had seen learning in his household people reading books, people writing books, people memorizing texts, and knowledge knowledge knowledge nowadays like we our kids when they grow up what do they see?

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They see Hollywood does he Bollywood does he gains they see GTA Grand Theft Auto they see Ronaldo on TV right? Yes. Football, huh? What else? wrestling?

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cage fighting? Yeah, UFC. Martial Law. A lot of brothers have smirks on their faces and smiling. They know why they're smiling. Because this is true. This is what we have. This is the culture we have given our children. This is what our children will nurture. Sorry. This is what they will cherish when they grow up. Even if they look like Muslims, they are European Ramadan. Mashallah kids, they also start wearing Islamic clothes. Mashallah, because it's good. It's beautiful. Ramadan has a culture. We need to promote this culture, we need to strengthen the identity of our children. We need to tell them about Islam and Islamic civilization and what it stands for.

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Right is good, but what culture do our children inherit when they grow up? What are they seeing around them?

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They don't see books around them. They're not seeing memorization of the Quran and the Sunnah. And books like that. Traditions like that. No, they see all these things. They see the father in the masjid. When the father comes home, he has no attachment to the Koran. He has no attachment to books, or he has no attachment to our civilization in general. And I'm not again

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saying everyone is like that, of course, there are exceptions. Alhamdulillah by the reasonable law, it is the exception to keep the tradition alive, right? ebru Jamia grew up in that household where he saw books everywhere. People reading writing

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intellectual discussions, discussions on Islamic jurisprudence and all that.

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So what time is your thought Jeff?

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colosse Okay, good.

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So he grew up in this household this culture, from very young age, he was memorizing books. But then came the Mongols to Iran

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is completely his family. His neighborhood, his city was completely destroyed by the Mongols. And then his father had to pick him up as a child, no Tamia. On the road to Damascus, he saw a Mongol horseman going back and forth, up and down. He saw them. You see as a child, when you see things like this, you go to Syria, you speak to a Syrian child who has seen conflict that child will remember that no matter how old that child become, might become, even when that child becomes 7080. Those flashbacks will come. You will always remember what happened to me.

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As a child, this is why war

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it destroys the generation.

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It destroys that generation. You know, those children were born into war, they will never forget it. So leukemia saw that as a child he when he was growing up, he saw that

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cut the long story short, his family moved to Damascus. They went through a lot of trouble, a lot of problems. They move to Damascus, whenever Tamia was about six to seven years old.

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And the Mongols are still devastating all this land around Syria, not directly in Syria, but around Syria. Iran was in the north of Syria, currently Turkey and it was a very famous center of the humbly school. So all of these scholars came to Damascus.

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So every Jamia started learning in Damascus and he was influenced from a number of scholars One of them was even if no Kodama maka see who was a very big scholar of Hades, who also wrote this famous compendium of the humblest school.

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It is called alimony. alimony is the largest compendium

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of jurisprudential opinions collected in a work

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based upon the humblest school of thought or humbly the opinions of humbly scholars. alimony is the largest collection of humbly ficky opinions.

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And there are other schools who have their own

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books to refer to, for example, for the Maliki's there's a book called atomic heat,

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it is a shot of Malta Mr. Malik, it is a huge collection of molecules opinions on matters Islamic

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Likewise, the Hanafi is they have a big collection of a tower called alpha tower India, also known as alpha tower oliguria,

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named after the Mughal Emperor.

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So ebru Jamia moved into Damascus, and he started studying with great scholars of his times.

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He studied Hadees, from close to 200 scholars 4040 of whom have been mentioned by scheffel Islamic potamia himself, for mentioned by him were women,

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women, scholars of Addis Ababa Tamia took knowledge from them.

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So 14, he mentioned by name

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as a teenager, he was attending lectures of these, and I don't want to exhaust you with too much detail with names and all the data and everything but I'm going to mention general things within his life so that you can appreciate what he went through and what he did as a Muslim luminary as a Muslim. Example, as a Muslim hero.

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He was a very colorful personality, when it comes to his opinions.

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A lot of people try to use his opinions for the, you know, the ends sometimes

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in a corrupted way. Unfortunately, a lot of people claim him as their own. A lot of people you see when someone is as big as him in scholarship, someone who has produced the work he produced, the magnitude of works he produced, it is very easy for people to manipulate his words, take his statements out of context and and stick the stick them to a particular situation and claim him for yourself. They often ignore the nuances

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and the bigger picture of such people and their works.

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So it one has to be very careful in reading imitate me, you have to read him holistically. You have to look at his works holistically. And you cannot pick and choose the statements from his work, either to follow him or to condemn him. Because a lot of people do do both, is they condemn him, or they follow him. And they follow him selectively or they condemn him selectively? No, study him. Before you talk about Tamia and his opinion, study him carefully. It doesn't take long, you can study his works within two to two to three years, you can finish them

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as big as they may be.

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So, as a teenager, it took a lot of knowledge from scholars around him. And there's no point of going through the list of the scholars. He took knowledge from other major scholars alive at the time teaching these fake Quran Tafseer history, grammar, the Arabic language, you know, dictionaries, all this knowledge, philosophy, mathematics, astronomy, you know, he was a polymath, polymath.

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There was no anyone like him alive at his time include, you know, even according to his own opponents, they said there is no one like him.

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If in our times

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one of our students remember, he said, My eyes have never gazed upon anyone like him, and I am sure his own eyes never gazed upon anyone like him. Does that make sense?

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My eyes amount of the hobby is student shall Islamic. You know how you know a person. One of the ways to judge a person

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is by looking at his works, of course, his books, the amount of literature and scholarship he produced. Number one, that's how you judge a scholar. The work not by

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talking talks are good Mashallah talks are good. But the amount of research deep research a scholar produces, that's how you know a scholar.

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Just because someone comes and delivers fiery speeches in front of you, and throws verses at you and

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hadiza you doesn't make that person of color that he could be boring that information from someone else, right? A scholar is known by his works.

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What he has produced in research, what is between those covers?

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That's number one. Number two, by looking at the results, the legacy left behind his students. Most importantly, students, when you look at the students of Tamia and study their works, you think if the student was like this, what do you think the teacher may be like?

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What am I talking about?

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Have you ever studied him Newcastle's tafsir and it's one of the shorter ones.

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Lucas here.

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Mr.

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McCarthy at the misspeak.

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Also a student of Shaolin Islamic Jamia, he wrote up the fear, he also wrote a history of called albedo and higher in Arabic, to fear when you open is the fear. And when you start looking at the opinions he gives on versus one after another, one after another one after another, I can guarantee you you can't even do that today with a computer. That kind of referencing.

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He gives one verse of the Quran. And then you look as he tells you a pass at this much I said this, Nkrumah said this outcome I said this solemn said this, dah dah, dah, dah. And the list goes on and you think, how did he remember this? or How did he even edit this? How did he bring these opinions from all these different books into one place? How did he do that? There were no computers with him. And that's a student of ignat Tamia. Then there are students like Kamal josiane

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in North Korea, He is known for his works. Allahu Akbar, he wrote one entire book when he was traveling for Hajj.

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causada Muhammad, is a Syrah of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. He wrote this book when he was on the back of a camel, not literally writing on the camel, when they would stop and rest he would be writing the book. He wrote the book when he was on his journey.

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I don't know whether he wrote the entire book on the journey. But a large chunk of the book was compiled, penned, when he was on this journey of no play Mr. jovia. Then in the hobby,

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a historian, I'm at this par excellence.

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The author of zero allama novella, but you know, you cannot understand what I'm saying brothers, I don't expect you to understand this until you go and look at these books. First, you look at them, your head will spin by just looking at them your head will spin.

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Like this book, this, each book is this big 2030 volumes you had will spin How did these people let alone reading and how did they write it?

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These are the students of shekel Islamic potamia.

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So imagine the teacher, imagine what the teacher was.

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So you know, shake by.

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So imagine the sheoak, the teachers of Tamia people who were teaching him, but he collected all this knowledge as a young man into his mind. He studied the books of grammar, books of Hadith, and Tafseer and all these sciences. So as a teenager, he was ready to teach. So he received a Java Are you listening everyone? He received a certificate. He received the authority from his teachers to give fatwa, what is fatwa? fatwa. What is fatwa?

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Does anyone know brothers? I want some feedback fatwa. What is

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sorry

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decision anyone else huh?

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Islamic ruling. a fatwa is an

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Islamic ruling

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and who can give the fatwa a Mufti?

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Right? And what makes you a Mufti?

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An intense study of Islamic sources, not a couple of books, not 10 books, not 20 books 1000s of books 1000s you have to study

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for schools, there are varying opinions, the opinions of them are the same. You have to master the science of Hades. You have the master of you have to master the science of thick, you have to master the science of grammar. You have to know you have to master the science of deceit. You have to know language you have to know pre Islamic shared pre Islamic poetry. The list is very, very long brothers.

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Very, very long. have all these qualifications. Then you become a Mufti. This is the ideal

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list of things a Mufti must accomplish. Nowadays, unfortunately, a Mufti.

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You go to an institution eight years study and you get a certificate. I don't know whether that certificate actually means something. But a Mufti is someone who has mastered all these fields. Right? A bro Tamia would became a Mufti when he was 17.

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This was phenomenal. This was unbelievable. Even at that time, when everyone was carrying a book 17 years old, he was giving Islamic rulings that meant to those people who had a very high standard of learning that meant this man was an extraordinary human. Why was he like this?

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When other children would be playing, he would be reading and memorizing books. When he was a child, once his father told him, why don't you go on street

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and play with other children?

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He said, I am busy reading. Then his father

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offered him to take him somewhere with other children, go for a picnic some something like that.

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He said no, I would stay home.

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I will read

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his father came back. He asked him what did you do? He said I finished this entire volume and he gave the Volume Two is Paul, when he was absent. His father was absent a britania as a child, as a child finish the entire volume.

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As they say in order to language, burry mushkil Chairman muddied our powder, it is very difficult to produce people like that

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it is very difficult. So, Tamia when we start looking into his mind and his level of learning, it is not possible for me to do justice in this short setting. So very quickly, we move on. So as a 30 years old man, Mo Tamia had already become very prominent. He was born in total 63. By 30. He was a well established scholar, even his elders respected him for the level of his understanding of Islamic sources. And for that reason, when you become big in knowledge, you are put in situations where you have to give fatwas where you have to give your opinions on matters.

00:33:28--> 00:33:41

And that landed a blue Tamia from 30 years onwards from the age of 30. onwards, until when he died in 1328. When he was

00:33:42--> 00:33:43

in his 60s,

00:33:44--> 00:33:55

he lived a very difficult life, because he had to give opinions on matters and those opinions very often landed, landed him in prison.

00:33:56--> 00:34:32

There are estimates that it will Tamia went to prison about eight times, eight times. And he spent six years, six years, at least six years and maximum 1414 years of his life in prison. Different people have given different timespan for his imprisonment, but he went to prison at least for six years. And he was imprisoned eight times throughout his career. I will request from the brothers to keep it very silent and peaceful. When you are doing your business in the back, keep it very peaceful and calm inshallah.

00:34:34--> 00:34:35

So

00:34:37--> 00:34:59

why was he sent to prison? What happened? Firstly, a blue Tamia was asked to join the campaigns waged by the rulers at the time against a number of different hostile powers. For example, they were always in the mountains of Lebanon. Alawis were a very strong political entity at the time in the Middle East, and they were causing

00:35:00--> 00:35:12

A lot of problem for the Muslims around the region. In fact one of the groups called the assassins you know the word assassins. You know assassins. The youngsters would know Assassin's Creed.

00:35:14--> 00:35:21

Who plays that game. Assassin's Creed. Put your hands up Assassin's Creed Ah, Mashallah.

00:35:23--> 00:35:40

There are people in martial you know the word assassin where it came from? The word assassin now is an English word, which means someone who is hired to kill others, right? Yeah, a hired killer. It means an assassin to put it in simple terms. But this word comes from

00:35:42--> 00:35:43

a group

00:35:44--> 00:35:50

known as the hash machines, the word was hashing, and hashing became assasin.

00:35:51--> 00:36:14

Who were the machines, hash machines were Alawis honors Azeris, who were a group of people who lived in the Middle East in the mountains of Syria and Lebanon, who were conducting assassinations of important political leaders. Everyone was sick of them. Everyone was terrified of them. They were basically

00:36:16--> 00:36:52

a group of terrorists who would go and commit terrorist acts against leaders. Not that others were not terrorists. Everyone was committing acts of terrorism at the time, including the Crusaders and others, all the people were involved in. I mean, we cannot apply our definition of political realities today to those people. If we start to apply it to the standards we have today to them, then every single one of them is out gone. So we have to look at people of the past in their own situations, what they were facing, what they were going through what the circumstances of their times were. So

00:36:53--> 00:37:03

a blue Tamia was asked to support the ruler of Syria at the time to subdue this menace and he joined the ranks of the ruler.

00:37:05--> 00:37:57

Then Tamia was asked also asked to give the fatwa of jihad against the Mongols who were devastating all this land, even though Tamia personally joined the struggle against the Mongols, because the Mongols were destroying the Muslims and the lands and the civilization. So Tamia Talalay, he gave a fatwa. In fact, someone will rulers had claimed to be Muslims at the time. One of them was poison. Poison, was the ruler of Eastern Iran at the time, he was a Mongol. By origin, he was a descendant of Ganga Khan, and he had allegedly accepted Islam. But in everything he did was against Islam. Everything he did was against Islam, to an extent that he started invading Muslim territories. And

00:37:57--> 00:38:22

the law he was governing by was the law of Genghis Khan. He didn't care about the Sharia, the Islamic law. So no Tamia went to see him personally. And Kazakhstan, the Mongol leader at the time of Eastern Iran, one of the most powerful leaders in the region in the mid and beyond, at the time was kazon augason, also known as Roseanne,

00:38:23--> 00:38:24

Roseanne Han.

00:38:26--> 00:38:39

So he invaded the land of Syria three times in the early 1300s. In the early 14th century, early 1300s when a blue Tamia was in his 40s

00:38:40--> 00:38:50

or he was not 40 yet, actually, you know, he was in late 30s. So a blue Tamia Mottola went to see him in person. When kazon came

00:38:51--> 00:38:55

near the land of Syria. A blue Tamia was known for his courage.

00:38:56--> 00:38:58

He was known for his

00:38:59--> 00:39:16

selflessness, he was known for his defense of the Muslims and non Muslims. Why did he go to see kazon because kazon had during an incursion into Syria, he had taken Muslim as well as Christian

00:39:18--> 00:39:58

prisoners. He had taken prisoners from the land of Syria. So a blue Tamia went to speak to him in person to free these capitalists from his captivity. And the captives included Muslims, as well as non Muslim Muslim is the maze we're paying jizya to the Muslim state. So ebru Tamia was a man who not only defended Muslims, he defended non Muslims. So he went to kazon kazon was in his tent with his entourage with his generals and his followers. So when Jamia went to his tent, he took a delegation of Muslim scholars with him

00:40:01--> 00:40:48

These scholars, they were terrified. They had heard about kazon that kazon is a very, very dangerous personality. He was known for executing people on the spot. ebru Tamia didn't care of care about any of that. He didn't care about any of that. This is how selfless and this is how brave this man was, he walks into the tent, and he starts speaking to kazon as if he is a nobody, and he tells him How dare you come to this land and start killing Muslims, you claim to be a Muslim, you claim to be a Muslim. Why are your ancestors like Hulu or Hulu? Were non Muslims. They kept the word with Muslims when they gave the word they kept it and you claim to be a Muslim and you claim to have scholars in

00:40:48--> 00:41:35

the scene and Allah Muhammad you and you are behaving in a way which is not befitting of a Muslim. What kind of Muslim are you? While Hebrew Tamia was addressing him like this? He became kazon became so angry and Tamia was so close to him that he Tamia his knees were joined with the knees of Kazanjian. He went literally as we as we say, talking in someone's face, talking in someone's face. When other scholars who went with a blue Tamia saw this level of courage, they started to gather their clothes. You know what that means? In that situation? What does that mean? They started to gather their clothes, these collars, you know, back in the day people used to wear Mashallah phobes

00:41:35--> 00:42:17

but those poles were not like Mashallah arthashastra you know, I thought was a very, you know, straight there, those are long they were they thought a lavish, you know, they had extra cloth hanging with them. So they started to gather the gowns in the clouds. You know why? Because now they were expecting kazon to command his executioner because the executioner was ready with the sword. That How did this man from Damascus comes to come to the ruler of Eastern Iran and Syria and the left all the talk like this in front of him. So they were now expecting the executioner to draw the sword through imitate me as Nick. Abraham, he didn't care. He could CEO, he could see all that

00:42:17--> 00:42:34

around him. He could see the actual execution he could see the entourage of kazon. But kazon was so awestruck. He was so awestruck by the roar of the shape by his How can you put it How is the strength of his character

00:42:36--> 00:42:39

that he could not say anything to imitate me.

00:42:40--> 00:42:50

And Tamia left the tent with the prisoners freed. So the Christians as well as the Muslims, were freed by kazon. And when he came out,

00:42:52--> 00:43:05

the scholar says they said to scheffel Islam, they said to me, Tamia, did you want us to be killed? Is this why you brought us here? You wanted us to be killed. He said, trust in Allah. When you fear Allah.

00:43:08--> 00:43:51

People will fear you. When you fear Allah, others will fear you. So trust in Allah taneous trust in Allah was so strong that he was dealing with one of the biggest killers of the time, and he had no fear of him. And that's my cousin had maximum respect for this man. This man, he deserves the respect he has among the people. So it potamia went back to Damascus cut the long story short he fought against the Mongols in person. There was a battle with the Mongols eventually lost Tamia himself in person. He was in the battlefield running towards the arrows you know where the arrows are coming down in wartime. He was rushing that way. He wanted to be killed Shaheed in this battle.

00:43:51--> 00:43:56

It potamia wanted to be martyred in this battle, but Allah subhanaw taala

00:43:57--> 00:44:41

had another plan for him. He survived the battle early 1300s. Later on Liberty Mira Talalay was put through a lot of trials. Due to his opinions he was put in prison a number of times scholars have addressed you know the reasons as to why potamia was imprisoned so many times. And they have listed the reasons one of the reasons is jealousy. A lot of scholars who were alive at the time, who did not see eye to eye with the potamia they were jealous of his advancement, his achievements in Deen and otherwise people of Damascus they were willing to die for him. You know when Allah loves you, people also love you. When Allah loves you, Allah puts that love into the hearts of the Muslims or

00:44:41--> 00:44:45

Muslims also start to love you. Allah will show you this.

00:44:46--> 00:44:53

Love and show you this when I love someone, Allah will honor that person. Well, I saw this, this Ramadan

00:44:54--> 00:44:59

last Saturday, today's Juma last Saturday, my mother

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

law passed away. earlier.

00:45:03--> 00:45:10

My mother in law passed away a housewife, a simple woman, very simple woman. Right.

00:45:12--> 00:45:14

And she died in Ramadan, obviously, last Saturday.

00:45:16--> 00:45:17

And

00:45:18--> 00:45:36

five days before that she was walking, I saw her walking with my own eyes. She was an advanced cancer patient, doctor that told her that she will die soon. But she looked fine to an extent that we thought she will survive the month of Ramadan, maybe another month. But Allah allow us keeping over Ramadan.

00:45:39--> 00:45:48

Immediately, something happened to her and she was taken. She went, she passed away. I don't want to lie to her. But the point I want to mention very quickly

00:45:49--> 00:45:54

is that the amount of response brothers we received from around the world

00:45:56--> 00:46:26

weird messages from the sheoak in Saudi Arabia making, you know, you know, do alpha in Harlem, right? There are you from Qatar a messaging as we're making the iron copper, people are praying janaza for her in South Africa. A woman who is not a public figure. She's not a public figure. And we were thinking I was thinking why is Allah honoring her in this way? Of course, I knew her good deeds. Some of them were known to me, but maybe there are there were things we didn't know about her. We found out when she died.

00:46:27--> 00:46:50

People were calling us from all over the world around the world. I mean, particularly mainly from Pakistan, where she was from the she was taking care of orphans. She was taking care of poor relatives he would send them money randomly every time they asked her to give them money. She bought a house for an orphan family or widow with children were orphans he bought a house for them.

00:46:51--> 00:46:58

For 1000s of pounds, over 10,000 pounds he spent on this family to buy them a house. This woman

00:46:59--> 00:47:11

Delilah, and Allah subhanaw taala honored her in ways we could not imagine the first honor his death in the month of Ramadan De Soto blossom said Raja Ramadan.

00:47:12--> 00:47:12

Baba

00:47:13--> 00:47:16

Baba Gnar Sufi, Dr. Shelton.

00:47:17--> 00:47:38

So when Allah loves you, Allah will honor you. Allah will show others that Allah has honored you. And Allah loves you for your deeds, your charity, most importantly sacajawea whether it's in books and knowledge like shekel Islamic Jamia left or whether it's in charity sacajawea. So,

00:47:39--> 00:47:51

the time of a thought is getting close, I'm going to have to summarize very quickly. Able Tamia was put through a lot of trouble because of his opinions. One of the opinions he gave was that

00:47:53--> 00:47:55

it is not allowed to make the era

00:47:56--> 00:48:03

for a Muslim of any other place. Then the three sacred mosques,

00:48:04--> 00:48:23

Machu Haram, Masuda, nabawi, and much of the Aqsa according to the Hadith of the Prophet Allah Salam that a Muslim visits three mosques and each mosque mosque has a reward for praying in it. But other than that are Muslim with the knee of Zahra

00:48:25--> 00:48:55

visiting or pilgrimage you cannot go It is not allowed. And controversy was sparked many people attacked him who didn't like him for this opinion because people believed in people people believed in going to the grave of Rasulullah sallallahu the Nia of making a visit of pilgrimage to the grave of Rasulullah sallallahu sallam, so those people attacked him they said no, no, no, no, no, no, no. But no Jamia was saying nothing against Sharia. Nothing against the Quran and the Sunnah. So he was put in prison for that.

00:48:57--> 00:49:43

That was the last time he was put in prison before that happened. He gave another fatwa that Pollock when a man gives the lot to his wife three times or 50 times or 1000 times and in one go, that clock is one clock, it is not three o'clock. It is not there. rogering you when you give the Lord like that It counts as one clock. It does not count as three clocks, as some schools of thought have you believe right. And Tamia his opinion was based upon the prophetic traditions all the prophets Allah Islam had stated when a companion came to him asked him Yara sola, I gave three talks to my wife in one module is the prime minister said that's one talaq same was said by Abdullah bin Abbas rhodiola.

00:49:43--> 00:50:00

Once a Muslim there's at least a potamia based his opinion upon this matter which most Muslims fortunately uphold. today. four schools of thought were unanimous after Ammerman, Katara de la and because

00:50:00--> 00:50:13

People were playing games with luck. They were play playing games, there was giving three tracks and they were going back to the so our, he said anyone who gives three catalogs from now on in the time of Amr, he said this is a talaaq done.

00:50:14--> 00:50:20

So, this was our opinion raviolo and later on four schools adopted this opinion,

00:50:21--> 00:50:47

including the humble ease, and it will Tamia went against his own school in this matter. And then he was imprisoned because of this opinion, even though the opinion was based upon authentic Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam. And you know, because people did not follow this opinion many evil things were introduced later on. One of those is called halala.

00:50:49--> 00:50:52

In the Indian subcontinent, predominantly

00:50:54--> 00:51:19

when a man gives fetal locks to his wife, it is considered to be a complete Tilak class is finished now the wife cannot be remarried. And now when the man comes back to his senses, he comes back to his senses and this is against the Quran is Willa Tanaka, Tanaka, merata, lochranza, calavo. Murata talaaq is in sequence, it is turned by turn it is not like a train.

00:51:22--> 00:51:26

unpatriotic Carrasco get lost? No, this is not how kolok works.

00:51:27--> 00:51:30

So, what happened? A lot of

00:51:31--> 00:51:34

these people who follow that opinion or three Deluxe means finished,

00:51:36--> 00:51:53

they came up with a solution that a woman gets married to another man for one night or for two days. She spends time with him. And then she's divorced by the second man and she goes back to the first the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in an authentic report condemned this behavior.

00:51:55--> 00:52:03

He actually condemned it in the severest words, this behavior of this way of doing things. The Prophet said halala

00:52:06--> 00:52:11

made the curse of Allah be upon the one who does halala and who it is done for

00:52:12--> 00:52:20

the one who does it and who it has done for me the curse of Allah be upon those, say authentic Hadees and people will do it.

00:52:21--> 00:52:33

And this happened because people went away from the sunlight and potamia wanted to bring this window back that three rocks or 1 million blocks in one sitting even if you pray, even if you play a tape, a CD with a lot

00:52:34--> 00:52:53

going on a broken record, it doesn't matter it is one rock, it doesn't matter. It will only count as one thought because the Quran says so in the sadness so and he was punished for that was sent to prison. So Edna Tamia Malala. Finally, to summarize very quickly, he died in prison.

00:52:54--> 00:53:32

He died in prison and this time when he went to prison for having that opinion on Sierra which I mentioned earlier. When he was in his 60s, he finished the Koran 82 times 81 times the Quran was completely finished. He Tamia read the Quran this time and he went to prison the last time because he died in prison in the citadel of Damascus. He finished the Quran at one time he was rude reading it the SEC at second time. He was reading the Quran the 82nd time when he reached the verse

00:53:34--> 00:53:39

out of the will live in the Chicago regime. This was our aim in the key feature not you wanna

00:53:42--> 00:54:01

in tokina feagin Tijuana, FEMA RDC rockin and Maliki and the mullikin mk tadiran when he reached in the Medicaid, in the end, the mullikin moqtada him when he reached this verse surah Waukesha No, Sarawak is

00:54:02--> 00:54:05

one before surah man which one is

00:54:06--> 00:54:08

the the one before Surah Rahman.

00:54:10--> 00:54:11

What is the surah because

00:54:12--> 00:54:47

Come on, struggle common. The last verse of Serato kamar Tamia was reading on the chest of his brother on the chest of his brother, Allah took his soul in that form when he was reading this verse, this particular verse and ignore him Nakayama jovia. His student was inside the prison with the shape and he gave his the shape gave his life in prison, while I did not do justice to his legacy in the short lecture will not make the other inshallah and we will continue after the other

00:54:48--> 00:54:52

to finish the talk. And later on maybe we can do questions and answers.

00:54:53--> 00:54:59

So I was talking about the mutineers death in prison. He was in prison for a number of issues. You will

00:55:00--> 00:55:08

Facing due to his opinions, unfortunately, he was put through that difficulty in his life. And

00:55:10--> 00:55:30

he went through a lot of trials. But what was his legacy? Primarily, his legacy was his own works, which he penned. And they run into multiple volumes. And he left students behind with their own legacies. So what was the legacy of his students?

00:55:32--> 00:55:36

his students, of course, I talked about talked about them early. earlier.

00:55:37--> 00:55:43

The best of his students were people who left behind huge works. Who were they

00:55:45--> 00:55:46

a mocha Mojo, Zia,

00:55:48--> 00:56:36

a mama, Daddy, and even Roger l humbly. These were students. And as for his works, he penned a number of works on a number of different topics. Some of these works caused a lot of controversy at the time, and they are still used by a lot of people for a number of reasons. So one of the most important works he compiled or his students compiled was fatawa, Alma jumuah alpha, the collection of his rulings on matters, people sent him questions. And he answered these questions. These fatahna or these rulings run into multiple volumes, depending on the publisher you follow. They cannot into easily 30 volumes of very, very important collection of entertainers, opinions on religious matters.

00:56:37--> 00:56:54

Then he wrote a book titled men Hodges Santa Maria, this book was specifically written to respond to some of the questions raised by a Shia scholar called Abu Musab al Henley.

00:56:56--> 00:57:02

Her raised had raised some questions about Sunni theology, and in return he wrote this

00:57:03--> 00:57:11

response titled men Hodges, Santa Ana Maria, this has to be right. Anyone interested in Sunni Shia dialogue.

00:57:13--> 00:57:18

Then he also wrote a book on creed, Islamic, Akira, Akira, Allah wa Sophia.

00:57:19--> 00:57:27

And this work also caused some controversy for a potamia. And partly, this was partly one of the reasons as to why he went to prison once.

00:57:29--> 00:58:21

Also in the book case, which he wrote to as a response to a Christian scholar who had written an attack on Islamic theology. Excuse me, I wrote a response. Alibaba, hey, lemon, Medina, merci, and authentic response to the one who has changed the religion of the Messiah. This is one of the most thorough and comprehensive treatment of Christianity on the part of a Muslim scholar during the Middle Ages. This was one of the best responses written at the time, one of the most detailed responses to Christian objections to Islam during the Middle Ages. Also, he had written a very large work on the reconciliation of religion and reason.

00:58:23--> 00:58:28

And the book is titled Dada. Dada wrote an article.

00:58:29--> 00:58:47

In this book image, Jamia argues or gives his reasons how as to how religion and reason can be reconciled. Very, very powerful work, very huge work for you to study. And then the book on creed was written by potamia called alakija, Maria

00:58:48--> 00:58:50

aqeedah, Maria.

00:58:51--> 00:58:57

And he also wrote a book on a small sofa. So brothers and sisters, the list is very, very long,

00:58:58--> 00:58:59

very lengthy.

00:59:00--> 00:59:42

I recommend that you go and study the life of Guru Tamia. And one of the biographies I strongly recommend is written by Mohammed Abu Zahra who has written a huge comprehensive biography on the life of potamia. Hopefully, you will study his life at length. This was a very short treatment, and introductory treatment to the life and the works of the potamia. This was no this was no justice to his life and legacy. To do justice to his life and legacy, we need to do a series of lectures on each aspect of his life, about his works about his life as in someone who struggled against the evils of his time and about his

00:59:43--> 00:59:52

response to different issues that were raised during his time. All of these are different topics that can be addressed in in different settings.

00:59:53--> 00:59:59

So for now, I think this will suffice. Thank you so much was Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa al hamdu. lillahi Rabbil alameen.