Channel: Adnan Rashid
The efforts of Shah Waliyullah Dehlawi by Shaykh Adnan Rashid
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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh
brother and sister in Islam, today we will coming out weather shifts and land Russia to give us a talk about the efforts of Shah when he will get their way and share his money there we in spreading debate and sooner in India during the British Raj, check a non Russia has been to Cambridge to some extent and Mr. Nicklaus before and to just give you a little bit introduction about him. He has worked with IE RA, and presented on Islam Chairman amongst many other attributes, and inshallah we welcome our brother Adnan Rashid.
Thank you for that. Brothers solara manga Rahim al hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. I'm very pleased to be here. Once again, in much of the class Cambridge,
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Melis counselor reward you for your support, desire and love and masala sisters desirable location for attending this talk. Today we will be talking about a very, very important figure in the history of Islam.
Very well known to scholars around the world, whether those scholars are teaching or studying in the Hejaz region or whether those scholars are from Egypt, or whether they are from the far east or from a model, which is Morocco, or even even in Central Asia. This particular personality is very, very well known among
the students of knowledge and scholars and to the people of the subcontinent because he was the Indian subcontinent. He was born there in Delhi.
And his name is
Sha What do you love? This is the common name he's known by, although his name is kotoba been been abderrahim his father was shoved under him who was one of the greatest scholars in India alive at his time. And he was one of those people who took part in it.
piling a huge compendium of
fatawa based upon the Hanafi thick.
So India has a very interesting history when it comes to Islam, Islam in India or the Indian subcontinent before partition, because now the Indian subcontinent consists of three countries mainly
if you want to actually Lanka that makes it four countries okay, but mainly it is Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, this region, all of it put together was known as Hindi, in Arabic.
the English language, it is commonly referred to as the Indian subcontinent. So, before the partition of 1947, after the British rule ended,
this region was one region, one country previously governed by Muslim kings for almost six centuries. So, the rule of Islam started in the early 13th century,
when some of the Turkic
slaves who became kings
we are to slave dynasties in the history of Islam. When I say slave, I don't mean actually the word slave
as it is understood in the western history or Western world, because when you use the word slave, what comes to your mind, black people enslaved from Africa, taken across the Atlantic, put into slavery in plantations, branded as animals sold at will and family split, now they have no rights, they have no
human existence at all in those conditions. So this is what comes to your mind. But in the Islamic context, it isn't it is a completely different picture. So, these were servants bought
in from Turkic tribes in Central Asia by Muslim kings to serve as army personnel. And these forces are these armies. So we are two dynasties, one was in Egypt called the member of dynasty and one was in India also called the member of die dynasty. The Egyptian member of dynasty is very well known, very well studied. But the Indian mount of dynasty which was possibly far more powerful, and expansive than the Egyptian dynasty is, unfortunately under studied or underdeveloped even by Muslims.
So, we're talking about India today. So in
the year 2000 1206, man, one of the Afghan kings
attacked northern India,
and his name was Mohammed bin Salman, should have been avoided. He came from a place called the war in Afghanistan. And he had his servants with him who were originally Turkic, they spoke the Turkish language. They came from the Turkic steppe region, which is in Central Asia today, what we call the Asia Central Asia which is marvelous. In Arabic, we call it maharana. The allameh understand it, as maharana beyond the river, beyond the river means literally the river oxus Akio This region is also known as transit Sonia. Okay. Trans Estonia literally in Arabic means maharana have all the Land Beyond the river river oxes divides Central Asia from the region we know today as of Aniston, and
the rest of the Indian subcontinent. So these people came from that region, and they became the Kings after Shahabuddin Rory died in the early 13th century, one of the servants name as Kotaku being a book, who was Turkic came to power and he was a servant, a slave of Chavo delivery. And now begins the slave dynasty of India, also known as a daily Sultanate
or they are also known as a Latina daily, okay, these people were governing India for almost two and a half centuries. So they started in early 13th century 12 or six to be precise, and drove 10 portably in a book
He fell from his horse and he died in Lahore and his bird in Lahore in Pakistan. Then a man called ill took mesh succeeded him
Government for a very long time till 1236 So, from 10 to 1236 we have this man called Sultan, Sudan shamsudeen hilltop mesh, whose government
northern India and this Sultanate became known as the Delhi Sultanate and many more Salatin came afterwards, such as
futon, we also have Dean Baldwin, these are very Turkish names, you know, those who not heard the Turkish language culture, you know, these are very balvin you know, a buck or a buck, you know, these are very Turkic means, so, so Don Baldwin, he governed for nearly 20 years, with a lot of power, a lot of strength. And at the same time, Mongol invasions started, but dad, at this time was destroyed by pelaku con and a lot was happening on that side of the world. So, long story short, this is a complete the introduction of the situation in India of Islam. So, after Sultan bulgan, came another dynasty called the fugees. And one of the most powerful kings was Chopin allowed in
Fiji, who governed a large chunk of northern India and he even carried out incursions into southern India, and it became very rich. So this is why from this period, we find a lot of coins, a lot of coins and silver, in copper and in gold, because he became very rich. Suddenly, he got his hands on so much gold and silver. So he started to mint currency became very, very rich, very powerful. And then came a tablet dynasty, who was one of the most powerful kings from the dogleg dynasty was Mohammed bin Pollock.
Do you guys know even before
the rush law of urban Maputo, very, very famous work, you know, when this Moroccan or magrabi traveler in the mid 14th century 1300s traveled from a labyrinth and he crossed so many countries. So from the western side, we have Marco Polo, very famous, yes. And from the Muslim world, we have a very, very famous is recognized very famous, and what he described in it is very interesting. He went to India, at this time when Mohammed bin formula was governing India and he described some interesting facts about this king and the way he governed and he was even appointed as a party by one of the total of the Maliki Fiq in India amazingly.
So we move on, after the talks came on a dynasties such as
the Save dynasty and the low D dynasty, and then eventually the Mughals, they invaded India. Now these moguls are not the Mongols, although the term model is a personalized version of the word moon goals. Okay, a Mongo, but the Mongols and Mongols are two distinct people. Mongols are the early Mongol hordes which attacked the Muslim lands. Okay, they caused a lot of devastation. They were attacking India for a century. A lot of people know about Angel loot, the battle between sayfudine old photos and the Mongol army two years after Baghdad was destroyed in 1260. And Muslims are victorious against the Mongols. A lot of people know about this battle, but what was happening in
India was not many people know, Muslims protected India,
these Muslim kings, this Turkic dynasty, the Delhi Sultanate protected India, from the Mongols for over a century, for over a century for 100 years, Muslims with their armies of fighting the Mongols, protecting India, if the Muslims opened the doors to the Mongols, the history of India would have been different today. Like it is different in other parts of the world.
So Muslims fought the Mongols back never allowed them to enter India.
And they lost the sons princes, you know one of the value that the man who was going to succeed his father after they have been bourbon, the one woman I mentioned would govern almost 20 years from 1266 to 1286. His Son, Prince Mohammed, died fighting the Mongols near Lahore.
And there's a famous quote, in Persian language known as Castro, who was there in the battle he was with the cape Prince and
The prince was surrounded by the Mongols and he thought the Mongols are only coming with 3000 men. So any someone who wrote wrote a note to him with intelligence that the Mongols 3000 Mongols are coming to attack Lahore. So instead of writing 30,000 he by mistake wrote 3000 Okay, so this mistake cost, the life of where you live of India, the prince and he's also known as Shaheed Prince, the martyr Prince, so he thought okay is only 3000 I'll go with a small army. He went there and he realized it were 30,000 mongrels facing so many people lost their lives, including the prince himself, and they also been bumped and never recovered from that pain. He never recovered. He died a
very sad man because of this loss. He loved his son very much moving on. So the models are different to mongos. So models the first emperor, who was who invaded India, in 1526. His name was a European mamma Baba. He was a direct descendant of Paco Timo link, also known as timberlane in English language, or mood lung in Persian, which means literary Tamerlane. He had a problem in one of his legs. He was injured in one of the battles he never recovered fully and he used to, you know, he was a lame person in that sense. So, he was a great conqueror. He followed the ways of Ganga scan, instead of following the progress on the lysosome and he caused much devastation in the Muslim
world. He nearly killed the Ottoman Emperor.
He nearly destroyed the Ottoman Empire and captured SOCOM by his eat in a metro and he also invaded India in 1398. Long story. So barber comes to revive the legacy of his great grandfather, Timo he wants to be like him. So they know he wanted to be like Genghis Khan. And Baba wanted to be like che mode, his great grandfather, and then he caused much devastation, but he governed this northern part of India daily and his surroundings and surrounding area for about four years, he dies in 1513, Sun Moon comes to power and then the Mughals continue.
So, more things.
The peak of the power was during for rains or for kings. So barber only governed for years he died, he died young,
then came to power his son home on my own, this was the rise of the mobile Power BI he only governed for 10 years and he was ousted by one of his generals, and of one general known as for Econ, also known, also known as share sharp, The Lion King, who govern for five years and then another 10 years his sons govern. And then homayoun was able to come back in the Persian support the Iranians, the safavids, supported by us and he was able to take back his power and months later, he felt from his library and he died,
then comes to power, his son, jalala, Mohammed Akbar,
and some scholars called him Oxford
because of his apostasy from Islam, his initial days are very good. He's to pray in the masjid is to put the slippers on the alumni in front of them the emperor of India, this is how much respect he had for the Allah. Okay. So he had a very good start, but then some irresponsible Allah, Allah, so
people who were not very straight about the dealings.
Unfortunately, he became very disappointed
with these Allah and he blamed Islam for this because he himself was an illiterate man. He never studied. He didn't know how to read and write, he couldn't read books, or he was a very electric man. So he was easily persuaded by people who had the ability to speak eloquently and praise Him, you know, flatter him with flattery, and he would easily be persuaded by them. So some people, he was surrounded by changed his mind and put some strange idea ideas in mind, in his mind, and he started to come up with his own religion. This is a very superficial picture, by the way, for details, you have to go and study the books of history. I'm giving you a very quick summary so that
we can go on to showing you love. Basically, this is the background what's happening in India. So during the time of Akbar, Mohammad Akbar, who effectively apostatize from Islam, and initiated his own religion. So what he did was he mixed Hinduism, with Islam with Christianity with Jainism, all of them one Moroccan, you know, one buffalo religion, he said, this is the true religion.
And then he started to kill the Amazon started to execute them exile them, he had a policy anti muslim policy.
And amazingly, in Western media or in the Indian media now, he is hailed as a very generous, tolerant, progressive thinking, King. But he was far from that if you study history, actually, according to the sources, we've come to realize that he committed atrocities against not only Muslims, and Muslims as well.
And because he was
not in love with Islam, he is hailed as a hero. But the on the other side, we have another Emperor which who will we will talk about in due course, because he was very, he was a very firm Muslim, he is painted as a villain.
And this is not only in the British historical works written during the British period, even now, today, these Hindu nationalists who govern India right now.
The BJP version of Islam, they paid the Muslim period as very dark.
But hamdulillah some very objective historians, not Muslim historians, by the way, some historians from the west and even from India, they are challenging give you a bunch of liars, you know, you're painting the history as something else. It is not that what you're saying.
So, October caused a big problem for the Halima. And for the Muslims in India, what do the Muslims do now?
Because he is not actually you know, when the state is behind you, when the state power is behind a system, that system naturally becomes very powerful. So his ideas
were being promoted, and Muslim scholars felt themselves cornered, very, very cornered.
So he died in 1605, having governed nearly 50 years,
and this was the peak of the mobile period, he conquered many labs.
And he subdued many people, he had a harem of 300 wives.
Because he wanted more than four wives. He had a discussion once.
And you know, he had a place called about the foreigner,
the place of worship, not much about a foreigner, he made a place in his palace, where he would bring scholars from different backgrounds to come and argue in front of you, in front of him. And this history is actually narrated by one of the scholars known as Bala Abdulkadir by the evening, who himself witnessed all these things taking place in front of his eyes, he was there, he narrates the story as to what happened, what caused awkward to go crazy. What caused him to apostatize. So he would have Sunni scholars, Shia scholars, Hindus,
Buddhists, Jains, all kinds of this mishmash of people sitting in front of him debating with each other about the reality of law. And this man himself who's sitting as a judge is electric.
He doesn't know
any books, he hasn't studied them. He used to get them read to him, no doubt, we have references that he would get people to read the text to him in his court. So he would listen to the text, but wouldn't be able to read them himself.
these debates caused a lot of confusion in his mind.
Because, you know, if your opponent is more eloquent than you are,
then you You look like you're the one losing the debate, right? Even though you may have the app on your side, the truth on your side, you look like the one who's losing the debate. So there were many eloquent people who are upon the battle, and they were confusing, awkward. So Alucard by the unique who was there in South, he explained all this in his pie. For mom talk mom talk of a very interesting history wrote in Persian language, it is available in all the translations, I don't know if there is an English translation of it.
So, anger causes big problem, his son, Jahangir came to power. So we will be jagi to govern for almost 22 years he died in 1627. His time was also very, very peak morals are very powerful. They are expanded
on a huge magnitude.
So john deere, he had to disown a lot of his father's policies, because the allama rose against this idea of new religion. One of them was chef, Mr. Hindi, who was Sufi by his affiliation. He was a belong to the Naqshbandi school. And he stood up against this oppression, this anti Islam activity, and he wrote many letters to court officials to lobby them
To to revive the spirit Islam inside them like what's wrong with you people and he wrote works against non shallowly Sufi ism in India, he Sufi ism in India had many dimensions, many categories. Some people were completely out. They were mystics, they were not Muslims, they were just mystics, you know, they believed in everything, like a couple became now the Emperor himself is supporting that kind of view. Why wouldn't people follow that? Okay, when the court the king himself is actually following that view, it's like in England, what happened in England, King Henry the Eighth. In the 16th century, he broke away from the Catholic Church, Britain was a Catholic country.
There were no Protestants, there was no Church of England in Britain. Before the 16th century, the king changes his religion, because he wants to divorce his wife.
And he can't get around during you know, the pope is not supporting him. There was a lot of politics involved at the time as well, big story, big picture. Again, there's a long story we want to we don't want to go into that. So he changes his religion within within 70 6070 years, the population also converts
and things like this happened. This is why the alumni had to rise in India. So things started to change slowly for good. Jackie slowly disowned some of the policy of his father. Then his son, john Gibson came shajahan
he changed some of the policies of his father and he became more Islamic, you know, Sharia and started to support Allah sort of started to find Modarres, religious institutions, and Islam started to come back.
Now, shajahan had two sons very quickly, this is very important for you to understand why when he was facing what he was facing, very quickly, because usually my thumb he, my introduction is longer than the lecture itself.
But it's very important this information, such as Johan who
governed from 1627 to 1658, when he was deposed by son Aurangzeb alamgir shahjahan had four sons, two of them are more important than than others. One of them was his name was Dara shikoh
to put it in simple terms to simplify things. He was on the path of Muhammad Akbar, geology, Muhammad Akbar, who was trying to make a new religion and Borussia Chabot, he used to mix with a lot of Hindu philosophers. He would sit with them take a lot of knowledge from them, and then he would take a lot, not a lot of knowledge from the Sufi, some of the Sufi,
you know, Prophet propagators in India, he would sit with them and he would take a lot of ideas from them. So what he started to do, he wanted to like Akbar, like before him, he started to mix Hinduism with Islam. And then for that purpose, he wrote a book called much about Bahrain, much more Bahrain, the meeting of the two seas, when two seas in this book, he argues that Hindu philosophy and the Sufi mystic philosophy, which is originally Islamic, that's what he said, is actually coming from the same source. They are both the same thing and they say the same. So Hinduism like Islam, Islam is like Hinduism. So we are all from the same source. So you try to mix the two together to Allah,
who had already studied the time of Akbar. They knew what happened and the fitna the Muslims have to face at that time. They suddenly woke up, just upon Allah, this man and shajahan The king was favoring this son more than the others because he was the understand. And he was the closest to the Father. So the father kept him very close to him in the court. Do you understand he would send them like as governors into other provinces. One of them was orange, a Mohave been orange, orange de la, the most Islamic out of all of them, because he surrounded himself with all ama, so each mobile friends would have his own independent court, it would be like a moving country. So there is the
Emperor in Delhi or an agora in India, and he would have front so each son would have his own court, his own entourage of 1000s of people surveillance with women, men, children, his wives, his daughters, then his sons, the sons of the prince, and they have their own entourage. And they have their own funding from the state coming to them. Because the moguls are the richest people in the world, the richest state at the time of orange ape who would become king after his father, john 25% of world's GDP. GDP was in India. He was the richest King in the world.
richer than the English, the French and even the Ottoman Empire
or of the army. So these princes Shah, John's four sons, they would have their own. So orange they had surrounded himself with the Armani was very, very religious, very deeply involved in religion studying himself with a point, you know, very learned in religious sciences. So the Allah supported him.
So Allah said, this is our man, he shouldn't become the Emperor, not Dara shikoh. Because if you become the Emperor, the same situation will be repeated what happened at the time of the love of the Mohammed. So they supported it. So a rumor spread when shajahan became sick in 1250. So 1658 1658, that shajahan is dead.
It was a rumor, he was fine. He was well, he was not dead. So orange, they knew that his brother older brother died ushiku, who was already conspiring against him for a long time to get him in trouble with the Father. So the father had a very tense relationship with his son out there, not with data who was already in the court. So Don ushiku was not a military General, because he will remain to the court. He was one of those soft boys who grew up in the court with all the luxuries around him. Orange, there was a battle hardened General, he was thrown in the middle of the, in the battlefield at a very young age. So he was fighting in Afghanistan in production, and darker in the
south. He was moving all around India, so he knew his country well, and that's the advantage you took in the Civil War. So after the lowest read, the four sons fought each other cut the long story short, okay, that ushiku lost the battle. The other two also lost.
One of them was called
shujaa, who basically left India with his family going to us Burma, so he disappeared in the jungles of Burma, he didn't want to fight or flee because he knew he was gonna, and the other one. His name was moron, but he was also killed by orange live in a battle. And Chico was caught running away from India going towards Iran, at the border was brought back to the trial was conducted. He was put on trial for apostasy and for promoting, you know, wrong ideas in the name of Islam, and Allah mangled the fatwa that he must be executed. So by the orders of the Anima. And the king, he was executed in all nzme To this day, is accused of, you know, killing his brother unjustly. But when you study the
period and the other mogul kings, you come to realize this was the norm. Every mobile king who came to power, he had to kill off his brothers to suppress rebellion, because every they didn't have a system, they didn't have a proper system of succession. So now what is it comes to power cut the long story short, India becomes the most powerful entity in the world. Within the time of orange,
he becomes the most powerful mobile King, why? Because the finances and finances he had with him and the land he had conquered, he conquered almost 95% of India, he was the only King possibly after Mohammed bin Bullock, who governed the largest chunk of India,
the only Muslim King to have governed the largest chunk of India. So he governed from 15, sorry, 1658 to 1707 49 years, 50 years, very, very long period. In his time, a lot of good things happened dollar mark came to rise. India became very peaceful. Hindus Muslims coexisted, or they gave a lot of important positions to Hindu generals who were those who were loyal to him. So people when they accused him of bigotry and intolerance, they are a bunch. This is what the modern scholars are bringing up that why would he have because he had more Hindus employed under his government than all the previous mobile employees put together?
Because they were good at finance. The Hindus were good at keeping, you know, what has changed is still the same. Yeah. Some of the Hindus from from the region of Gujarat, they're very good at business. Right. So orange is a good point that he knew the qualities of people and he employed those four qualities in you know, when necessary,
in his time, was born, a man called Shah Abdur Rahim, the father of Sharia law. And this was the renaissance of Islam. Islam was very powerful. In India at the time, scholars studied many modalities or supported many people studying the text. You know, there were great scholars alive at this time, such as chef
Muhammad, Shaikh Abdullah, Huck, Mohandas Adela. We have a lady. He had written many commentaries in Makati, c'est la vie. He co wrote a country called bases
But they see Ropati, he shouted Bahati, which was in Persian. And there were other scholars who had started a lot of good work. So orange they, he asked a group of Roma to compile a collection of Fatah, for the use of the
people of the country Muslims, because India was possibly 99%, hanafy 19. I want to be safe yet. Maybe they were 1% apart from the western coast of India, where we had a people called the white or the Yemenis, you know, who had come for business from Yemen, that western coast was inhabited by the Yemenis. They were Shafi they were Sharpies, but the rest of India was happy northern India was kind of he it followed the path or the tradition of the people people have malware on the heart or Central Asia, because the moguls who came from their or the Delhi Sultanate, they brought the school with them. So, this fatawa for the collection of a tower which was sanctioned by orans it was called
oliguria also known as fatawa, to India, okay. And it is the largest collection of
rulings on Hanafi Fiqh in the world. To my knowledge, okay. It's the largest collection of about on the Hanafi Fiqh in the world. It was written in Arabic, by a number of Allah, of course, there is a lot in it, we don't agree with we are other police. There is a lot we don't agree with, but we admire the struggle and the passion, or the ultimate at the time and the king to help and serve the nation because the people are happy. So if people are happy, you're not going to give them a movie written by everyone Kodama, they're not going to accept it.
If you give them a new item, he you know, the shop have more time or Malik, they're not going to accept it. So they will only accept from halophila and they were very rigid. So there was a very strong presence of Sufi ism in India, very, very strong in the DNA of people flowing through the blood of people, because the people came from the Hindu background. Okay, so they were very spiritual naturally, you know, so they want to some mystical tradition, some gifts, you know, they wanted these practices, these spiritual dimensions of Islam and if they didn't exist in Islam, they made them up in some cases. That's why some of the Alomar wrote works in India condemning non
shadowy or non Islamic Sufi ism, that sometimes cause blatant [???]. like going to the saints and asking them directly is thalassa is tagata directly from the man in the grave, you the amount of money in the grave, please bless me with a child, my business is down,
etc, etc. And the people started to do that the Alma road people actually love him later wrote works against that practice. So shout there he was asked the father of Sharmila to take part in the writing compiling on this tower, he refused, he said, I don't want to take any part in it. But then his mother forced him to accept. And then he started to, you know, assist in the compilation of this power. And then he disagreed with the allama dealer on ama on certain issues. And then he was asked to leave the committee, and he left and the government or the Emperor tried to give him a grant of land, and he refused. He said, No, I don't want anything from God. So he lived in very humble
position. And then
he taught his son showery long was born in the year 1703. Now we talk about Sharia law. Sharia law is very important for a number of reasons, because he initiated a revival movement of Islam in India, at a time when the Indian subcontinent was going through a huge political change. The political climate had started to change by
or after the death of orange in RMB.
So, Shangri La was born in Delhi in the year 17, or three.
And orange died in 1707. So Shalu la kotoba been under him was four, at the time when
orange died, the most powerful mobile Emperor. So in his young age he had seen obviously if he remembered, or his father told him about the glory of Islam in the days of the year.
He knew about it.
And his father was very, very loving to him. In fact, showing love was born of the second marriage of his father. His father was 60 years old when he took
The second wife,
and he expressed his desire
and when people criticized him for that you're 60 years old and you're taking another wife and he said, Well I have been he had a vision from Allah subhanaw taala that I am to have a son, who will have who will achieve great things in the future. So, one of his disciples gave his daughter to him. So from this bond was born with a lot and another brother is called Allah, okay, known as Allah. So, two children are born, what do you allow was taught after the age of five by his father in his in other religious sciences, in montek.
And Hanafi Fiqh and also taught Sufi ism by his father's, in the School of Natural bond are nothing but the school he was initiated in that school by his father. So, he gave a lot of love to his son shafter, he, he gave so much love to his son, that his son became deeply involved in Islam, because he taught him to love. They didn't beat him up. He didn't, you know, teach him Islam, as if it's a punishment, you know, like we teach our children today in massage, then they come to the machine to learn the root root, or you're going to get beaten like that.
Like this, some of the some of the teachers that teach children like this, why would they love Islam? If you teach them Islam in this way? If you are beating them up for not knowing the subject, or they're Deus? Hmm. Why would the love Islam show when you love makes a point of this, that I loved Islam, because my father made me fall in love with Islam, the way he taught me, the way he gave his love and compassion and attention and respect, most importantly, respected as well.
And by the age of 10,
from five he started by the age of 10, while your wife is reading, complicated works in Persian language, he has been taught the Arabic language.
And when he reaches the age of 14, still a very young boy, his father insists that we should rush your marriage.
And is why do you want this child what you allow is only 14. He's studying, and he's such a good student. We want to get married so quickly. He said, I have my reasons.
And you know, we believe that Allah subhanaw taala.
Sometimes he opens doors of the unseen, aligned forms his people, whether in dreams or whether through inspiration, online forms people about certain events.
And we have many examples like this from the province of Iceland and the Sahaba. Okay, well, we call this era of Eros movement, you know, so, he said, I am a reason. So they got married at the age of 14, first marriage of what you love, and then they realized why this happened because soon after the marriage, many people started to die in the family. many deaths happened. And if this marriage did not take place at this time, his marriage would have been delayed for a very, very long time because so many people died in the family. And his father himself died shabda him When was the last 17 years old? In the year 1719 1719.
What do you love was 17 when his father passed away, and before his father passed away, his father gave him the jhaza now, shop there he met established a mother assigned daily called
a mother of subterranea. Okay.
And this was School of religious really learning how to learn self learned, and he would sit in the lectures of his father listening to the fear of the Quran. Okay. And there was a very close circle of special students of shabda Rahim who were advanced students, only the most advanced students were allowed to sit in that circle while you law was allowed to sit in that circle because of his sharpness and we will see why Allah blessed him with this in due course very quickly inshallah.
So, showery Allah, he took over from his father the responsibility of teaching Hadees and Tafseer and mother.
And his father gave him the Java to do so. So from the year 1719
to 1731, how many years is that? 12 years
12 years, shall you love, study 12 years. Study, thought studied thought study thought anyway.
astron asita obviously, you know, the Arabic language his father had already taught him in has mastered the books of fic. The Hanafi school is already been mastered by him
and the Quran and he started to write a translation of the Quran, which was tied to photography photo raha but for Rahman, and he, he faced a huge opposition. Some of the people in India said don't translate opera and he said no, if you don't translate the Koran, these people are so dialed involved in Shere Khan this golden beta, they involved in all kinds of things. How will they ever learn about Islam?
If they don't read the Quran in their own language, because they don't know the Arabic language which is clear. The Persian language is the language of the Muslims in India at that time predominantly.
Let them read the Quran in their own language so they can actually appreciate the word of Allah.
But if he faced opposition, he still continued with his translation which is a huge achievement. Then in 1731, having taught having studied in depth, he started to feel the urge naturally or from a loss of Allah to go to Hejaz for Hajj.
He wants to go to the Arabian Peninsula. Now, very quickly, what's the situation in India what's happening when showery was going through all of this, the background the political background, the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb is dead by 1707. When shower utilized for Yes, after his death, there is chaos. Chaos. His son Babu Shah defeats all his brothers income to power, bi Lucia is inclined to she
is inclined to share them strangely enough, being the son of orange,
the champion of Arizona, he is inclined to shares and he was so inclined to shares in the he issued an order in India that every member
must read or every amount on the member on Juma must read Alia Osceola,
part of the hotma Ali Patiala. So when this issue came to Lahore, you know, do you know anyone anyone's been to Lahore? Those of you who have been to LA you know this big when you enter Lahore from the old road, not the motorway, the old road, what we call the GT road or the grand grand trunk road, yet when you enter Lahore from the old road, the first thing you will see loud is the badshahi Mosque.
mother here is are you gonna call it an Arabic? Yeah, the king's Mosque, the badshahi Mosque orans a volunteer completed as much as in 1674 when he had been on the throne for a few years, and this must be this will lie is a gem
of architecture in the history of Islam. You just have to go on Google badshahi Mosque Lahore, it was one of the biggest massages in the world for a very long time. possibly one of the big, possibly devious machines in the world because a courtyard can easily take 100,000 people in Okay, it's a huge mistake. So when the issue of calling obtain the word Are you Osceola and muscle in the blockchain Mosque, the people of Lahore rebelled against the king Reza colosse. We're not gonna we're not gonna, we're not gonna change your religion. You're trying to change our religion. We're not going to the Imams, the automa of the mosque, they went against Bahadur Shah who was the son of
alternative Allah gave. And barbershop he commanded turn the guns towards the people. I mean, you know, what we call the cannon?
guns, turn them towards the people and start fighting. But his son, his son came to him. He said, Don't do this. This is going to cause a country wide rebellion and you will lose your power. Don't fight the people leave the people leave the religion don't change the religion. And then he said okay, no words in this format or in this message. So he abandoned the idea in Lahore hamdulillah. But then he died soon after, after his death.
There was chaos, internal fighting among the princes to take the throne. Eventually, man called folk car came to power from 1712 to 1719. He governed and he was very close to the father of chavela shabda haimo would advise him on government affairs and trying to try to bring him closer to Islam as much as possible. The Mughals that were conditioned had declined now. They were heavily involved in drinking, singing, dancing, they are learning parties, they've completely lost the track. They completely have completely lost the plot as they say, right. So now there is chaos in the country because of the central weakness in the government. What
happens, finances start to suffer.
Finances start to suffer. When finances start to suffer, the army stops when the army is not paid what happens? The defense of the country is weakened. When the defense was weakened, external power started to rise. The Sikhs in Punjab, they started to destroy the countryside, started pillaging villages, and destroying crops and buildings, and in many cases a lot of oppression took place.
Then came to rise, and other people call the jobs as a nation of Hindus who rose and they started to cause a lot of devastation in the land, Muslims government successfully then another menace, which came to rise from the south, from Maharashtra, in southern India, not completely solid, but it's mainly Southwest.
These people were known as Moroccans, or mahatama. writers, they also rose and they started to foster ideas to invade dei altogether and take it in a completely wipe out the Muslim government
for six centuries,
five centuries, from 1200 to 1700, from column 100, to 1700, no one could imagine in the wildest of dreams to think of Delhi, because most of us have strong and powerful now has come the time that everyone is looking at the cake, and they want a slice of the cake. And sure will you live now realize what's going on. The moral condition of the people has declined because the political condition of the kings and the court has declined
and the Muslim power is declining. So now we've seen all of this and he wants to travel to hijama for Hajj. In 1731, he leaves Delhi with his companions and he goes to Hajj, it comes to a place called Seurat, which is a port where you take the ship to Japan.
And the journey was very difficult for him. There are many details in his biography,
which he has written in South Korea, and fossati. In this he puts down a lot of things about his experiences in life. So it's called an unpopular opinion where he talks about his father and his love for his father. It talks about himself as well. It's like an autobiography.
So the journey was very difficult. So he eventually ends up in ages. He stays in jobs for 14 months. Look, this person is very cool. In 14 months, he studies with Allah Ma. He covers the entire text of multimer Malik
with a shake and macaco she was the law who was an authority on the Maliki fic. And it takes a jazza in
Mata from the shape to teach her this. Then, in Medina, there is a giant of a shape of Hadees from the Shafi school, his name was chef our target Allah could be the shortest chain of deeds in the world today, right now as we speak in the world,
in the Muslim scholars or among the Muslim scholars, is through shower uma and I will title for the this is a challenge. If anyone can produce a shorter chain, what we call Southern hourly,
going back to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam of Hades and Hades I'll stand corrected.
If anyone can produce a shorter chain amazingly from India, out of all places in India, and this is why a lot a lot of the Olimar Dr. alama they accept they admit that the service of Hades which has been done in India, we cannot find other examples of it in the Muslim world after the early one defeat the later disease. For example, people like Shere Khan man robotic foodie, who wrote
commentary on sanitarium as he is absolutely amazing. It was so amazing that when chef Mohammed Ibrahim Ali shake, the teacher of Sherwin Basel ally, they heard about it or read it. He sent a letter to him to give ijazah to Sheikh Mohammed Ibrahim, he sent a letter to share a Birdman Mubarak curry, who is in India, asking him to give a Java to this chef who descended from Sheikh Mohammed Abdul Wahab to give him ijazah, Cadiz the mostly of help.
Or Damascus if I'm remembering, remembering it correctly, wrote a letter to shake up the man who bought a quarry to give him a job.
Cadiz after this country. So, there is another commentary on without written also by other Indian scholar named Chef shamsul. azeem Abadi. And this commentary is known as Odin Mahmoud. He also came from the same group of Allah who were teaching in India, the size of police. This is another topic in itself completely, which will take us take us on a different tangent, but javelina is always there. Shaolin was always in the middle, standing in the giant, who facilitated all of this.
He was not like the later afternoon he is not out
yet know the alexandar split into different groups in India. After shower you love daily shower, you know died in the 18th century in the 19th century, and Asana split into few major groups some close to some, not others, far from it. One of the schools that came to rise was 100, Hades, the school of Hadith, who did not follow any school of thought blindly, they did not follow Hanafi school or Shafi school or homily or Maliki school, they directly followed the evidence Sasa, for example, authentic police and this tradition was actually initiated by Charles blind. So, he is the one who brought this open mindedness to India previously, you could not talk about
you know, even roughly then in a mustard in India, you could get killed.
And there was an incident which happened in the time of Chava Illa. I will narrated later on remind me, if I forget, so, very quickly Sharla goes to HR and he starts to study in with I start to start to study with these giant allamah. So Sahadeva is covered, which will be within 14 months. Allah put so much Baraka in his time, that within 14 months, he was able to do all these things and he was a very deep, he was designed a bit you know,
there are who used to contemplate a lot on the Quran and his connection with the Quran was very, very powerful, very strong. in Makkah, he wouldn't move from the Kaaba, he sat next to the Kaaba listening to the automatic knowledge from them. And during that period, Allah blessed him with a lot of visions and dreams, he has so many dreams, you know, getting messages from the unseen. And some of these dreams he has documented in a book, or visuals he has documented in a book called for you to haramain for you to Harmon literally means the blessings of
the two mosques, the blessing of the two mosques. So he received many visions and some of the visions actually, one of the books he wrote later on, titled projectile, projectile lion Valletta, which is a giant work about this book, Nawab Siddiq Hassan Al cologix, stated that in the entire history of Islam, a book like this has not been written. So Pamela does a very big statement. That's a very big because it's a very unique book. It took a very unique angle. It's in Arabic, it is available in all due Arabic. And in English, some translation is also available in English. maaseiah. Kate, her son man, is a woman. She has translated showery loss for jolanda into English
language. You can find it online, it's a very expensive print, unfortunately, it's over 100 pounds, the translation published by ej, bro, but you can find a cheaper version of it from Pakistan, which I did on vanilla. So you can find the same book for four pounds in Pakistan, same print, you know, it's just a matter of being able to buy books from different publishers for cheaper price. So this is this is the testimonial.
He said he said that in the history of Islam. A book like this has not been written because Bala is a very unique angle shower, you got took a very different angle to the book. What he did was he explained the Assad of Sharia, He justified Sharia because at his time, a lot of questions because there was so much political trauma like we have today. There was so much look, Syria, Philistine, Libya, you know, all of this turmoil in the Middle East Egypt, yet people start to question Islam. Why is this happening to us? Why is Allah do this to us? Why is this masiva Why is this killing? Why are they suffering? So Pamela, in the times of turmoil, people start to you know, those who are weak
among those who have little connection with Alaska, they start to ask the stupid questions Someone has to ask
have them write showery law. He wrote this book to answer these questions for his time. People are asking questions. So the book is very philosophical in his approach, yet within the boundaries of Sharia amazing job, you have to read it in order to understand what I'm talking about, what Nawab Sadiq has
meant by his statement. So when he stated that Allah had inspired him, during this journey of ages to write this book, The thought came to his mind that he must compile a word like this.
So he spent 14 months collectively in Medina and Mecca, taking a lot of knowledge from the Alomar different automa. More so from checking of the law and check of a vital COVID took ages from them and others. So no doubt me He studied and other texts of Hadees partly studied, and 14 months later, he returned should occupy records he died a year after Sharla returned as an active alive to give this authority to this man so that he can go in India and spark a revolution well like a jeep. Yeah. And
at times when he would be teaching a nice to be student when you walk forward is only allow 13 1731 He is 27 or 28 years old, young man 2728. But when he's teaching
with an older man in his 70s or 80s, teaching her these two are 20 years 28 year old young man, he said about what you love,
that I gave him the authority in words, he gives me the authority in meaning a lot more.
Because when I read the Hadees What do you love, he explains the meaning to me this is a sheriff who has taught these all his life this is all shot this young man was his connection is alive His Messenger and His love and His contemplation, the level of his contemplation and the number was so deep that shaped his teacher checkable dialog or the sadness about Charlene locked.
So, having conducted his studies in 10 studies, it comes back to
because we back to India, when it comes back to India. So pengelola whatever, he starts to teach completely differently. His methodology, his modus operandi has changed. His cousin who was William shed ashik quality. One of his cousin's his uncle son, who accompanied him as a companion. And this magic ashik polity is the man responsible for collecting shower laws works. And he is the one who made them available for posterity, like valuable Java, you know, who collected the works of image a mayor of London, Shere Khan Islam, it was a student, mainly, it was this effort, collecting the works on the shape and making them available for the posterity, just like that Chef ashik polity was
the one who took a lot of this knowledge collected it even his letters, even his letters he wrote to other people were collected by him. So he came back and share ashik of polity. He said, that
shower lot changed completely when he returned to India after this experience. After chaos, his content changed his delivery chains. And after returning, he started to write these books. So one of the big biggest contributions to the history of Islam or to the literature of Islam, he made was this book called pajetta linebarger. amazing book on Muslim philosophy of Muslim metaphysics if you want to call it that, he explained Islam rationally for the masses, and this book is so powerful that anyone who reads it the automatic Kabbalah microphone, and the Hejaz region, they were shaken. There was a panel that is a very powerful book, a very unique angle he took and he was very close to
everything. Yeah, some scholars even believe that NYU law there was a Moroccan there was a mixture of Allah bizzarri and ebrahimian.
So, he had the mysticism of Al ghazali, you know, the philosophy, the philosophical mind organizzare and the shery mind or the textual mind of Tamia. So he brought the text of because he was exposed to the works of shekel Islamism, Jamia and ages, so when he was taught in Hejaz, he came to know this giant of theology, check on Islam if the team here and then also Mr. Rosati and other ima he started from and then his works reflect that very much very powerfully. Other words he wrote were on for example, sort of see he wrote a book titled unfolding, unfolding Kabira hold
on a suit of t. Then he also wrote risala and insaf. fi solvy flf.
I don't remember the name
But this rissalah is on the causes of differences of opinion among different schools. So, when he came back, he came back a very open minded man, he was not a rigid hanafy like he was in the past. If you see his early works and his later works, there is a huge transition from one a lot of ages and only a lot of post ages. So after Hejaz when you law has changed, his mind has opened a line opened his mind to realities he couldn't understand previously. So he starts to write openly unistrut starts to support other opinions. For example, one of the first things and the most important things he does to open the minds of the Hanafi is in India were very rigid in the view and
sound to this day unfortunately, are very rigid and they don't want to listen to the the real or the strength of the elite. The Elite he wrote shabalala wrote a commentary on on water of Mr. Malik. Remember he took authorities motto from chef de la in Hejaz comes back in he writes a commentary called Mustafa in Arabic and masala sorry, Mustafa, almost number one in Arabic, and one in Persia. One of them is known as moussaka, the other one is known as the samba, okay. And both of these commentaries were made available to students and their minds opened. So he started to, for example, support non Hanafi opinions, because he found these to be very, very strong in favor of that. So
what happened was it his mustered A man came a scholar from another part of India. And he came and he did this along with refer to them. This was asking for trouble at that time. So people grabbed him who kind of period is this? We're doing
the crazy. We do. So the grabbing, and then we're gonna beat him up. So what do you love was not president though most of the time, and he came back and he rescued me. So
what's wrong with you people?
And they asked him that he's praying in a strange way. He said, No, this is not leaving. This is also not leaving and pray like this. And this man, when he was alone with what your wife said, you know, all this and you don't teach people this? Or you don't do you don't do it yourself in the masjid. He said, If I did it myself, who would save you today?
He said, If I was myself doing this, I would have been killed. I would have been killed by the people of India, you know, the people are very rigid in the school, they wouldn't didn't want to hear anything. So what do you want in this book? A gentleman by like I mentioned, he said, people will do I refer you then with this. Whatever it is, before you go into Roku, and after you stand from Roku, you raise your hands on your shoulders, this will refer you that yes, is that people who do it are better than those who do not do it. Why? Because the evidence is overwhelming. But then he also said that if it causes fitna if it causes problems, if it you know, if it if it causes a
commotion, then it is possibly better to avoid it. That's the opinion he followed, but later on his grandson sheis manager he went to the next level and he said colosse we have to do it is Sunday. So no, we have to do it. We have to practice it. But his life is another topic in itself. We will not have time to cover. The life of Shah is Vijay he and his son shot the disease giant giant all of them while you lie some of the disease and then his nephew, smile. He died in 1831 fighting against the Sikhs
in the region of Pakistan today, because he believed that the Sikhs were oppressing the Muslims at the time. When Jeet Singh, Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the king of Punjab government from the shower to have been one of the biggest Empire Sikhs I've ever covered systematically and these people from Delhi from the School of the negros and they came around from
behind the seats from Bashar when they started to conquer land from the Sikhs. And then they were betrayed by some of the bassoon tribes unfortunately, and they lost the battle of Bala court in 1831. Shai spreadsheet the grandson of Shangri La, and his mom is a meal. So your damage aid also killed the battle was lost, but the movement continued. And then in 1857, the mutiny people came up, and then eventually it ended up as the independence of Pakistan in 1947. But the point is going back to Charlotte, this man has served his people immensely to make the final points about his life and his importance. He wrote books on all necessary topics of his time. For example, another issue which
arose at that time was there was a very strong Persian influence in India. Very
Very strong Persian Shia influence in India. Okay, Shangri La wanted to tackle that. He wanted to do something about it. So what he does is he starts to write a book.
Because the main issue of confusion in India at the time the debate was about the legitimacy of three qualify
for a sonata who overcome America's man, the Shia scholars are proponents at the time. were arguing that their legitimacy is in question, or they will not make it to medical alpha. Legitimate Khalifa was only aluminum because it because he was appointed by Mohammed salatu salam, and that's why he was legitimate, so many confusion or confusion arose from this problem. So when you look and also some of the Shia states, one of them was Ahmed was threatening Muslim existence because they're excited with the maracas mulatos window attacking Muslims. Mehrotra, as you know, I talked about them earlier that when they were attacking Muslims, the state of our government by asking a bola
initially, and later on one of his sons, if I'm not mistaken, subtitle john, who had allied with the Waratahs and and the jobs and the jobs to attack the daily kingdom, the kingdom of moguls because if the kingdom Mughal falls, the Sunday power, effectively false, so shall we realize that politically now, the Shia entity politically is threatening the existence of Islam and Muslims are the Sunni Muslims in India. So he took on this task to write this book titled is Allah Toluca lava tilaka.
So this is again an encyclopedia of information originally written in Persian. Now fortunately for us, recently, very recently translated into Arabic by one of our
May Allah bless him, Chef Muhammad Bashir Sal Coty, he has translated the entire text from Persian into Arabic of this book.
And I recommend those of you who know Arabic language, you must read this book is our tofa on khilafah. Tila qualifies two volumes in Arabic, translated directly from pleasure and this book can be found it is available in Pakistan and you can get it from there. inshallah. So, he wrote this book and it had a huge impact on the minds of the people who had competed on this issue. It clarified the issue Subhanallah people did not have the time showery love for this, then his son also wrote a book on the similar issue. Top Five is Nigeria, which was dealing with the issue of Shia shewhart in India at the time, and sharp disease, the son of Sharla, when he wrote his book to
fight Nigeria, he writes in the Macondo, that there is not a house which is not influenced by Shia thought, in India. For that reason, I want to write this book to clarify the picture of the Sunni opinion on matters and Al Hamdulillah. That book took the Shia circles by storm and almost over 25 responses were written.
There is a Shia scholar from India, he has passed away not very long ago. His name is Dr. Abbas Louie. He has written a book on Charlie law and childhood disease. And when he wrote a book, wrote his book on Shark disease, half the book is dealing with Nigeria
discussing it and refutation about it. So Sharia law had a huge impact on educated minds, the intellectual side of the Muslims, and also on the masses, there was a huge movement and madrasa rahimian 1000s of students came to Cadiz knowledge from him and went back to the towns in India to spread all over India. So Islam as we know it today in India, as we know it today, in India, Islam in him
goes back to one house, one family, one madrasa, one neighborhood. It is Mother salvinia, the man is showing you love Dylan. He is the one who revived or possibly he, Reese resuscitated Islam in India, because Islam was facing a lot of problems in him at the time. And politically, he served the Muslims in a number of different ways. He wrote letters to Muslim kings and powerful logos to do something about the situation of the six of the jobs and the Waratahs. So because the Murata has a pillaging Muslim villages and Muslim cities, and now daily have been plundered, Delhi itself had been attacked by the maracas and
Learn of the city to such an extent that the people of day very civilized very, very, you know, very civilized very soft, very nice people, literary people educated people, they started to think of suicide, how suicide
they started to gather a woman and they wanted to kill them before the mulatos get their hands on them.
Show them not all these people not to do that this is not from Islam, and think of the situation of saying, When Illuminati Pilate, look what happened to him at Kufa in Karbala, what would happen to him, he didn't kill his woman. He knew these people are gonna get their hands on them. He didn't kill women or children. So don't do that. To protect them or protect the owner. Don't do that. Don't do this. So he protected lies like that. This is how much threats Muslims are facing. So what does she does he sit around and with his head in his hands and
what do we do now? mid barbecue and the machete? We do that? Like most Uzu Mashallah tomato lemondrop this is what's happening there. mcda brothers and sisters need to help make do I know he didn't do that. He started to do what he could do. In his capacity, he started to write letters.
He started to write letters to people like Najib bola, are very powerful rohilla Nawab in northern India who governed the state of Oroville country. Then, then his arm of Ducker, he started to write letters to him. And then the king of Afghanistan that was the decisive blow.
The kingdom of God Hassan, who had already invaded India a number of times. So he said to him, that you're the only man alive today in the world, who can save the Muslims of India from destruction.
The Muslims of India from destruction, if you don't come to rescue, Allah will question you. And then he explains the political situation of India in this huge letter is a long letter, which can be found in a collection of letters collected by colleague of mine Nizami and the book is an older primary is called showery lack of calcium up to box and the letters of chavela can be found translated into will do from pleasure in this book, and the letter he wrote to amateur abdali or dharani amateur Durrani, also known as avid shopper Ronnie is a huge lecturer.
Whether I'm a giant varied India as a result of that latter or not, is is another question altogether and historians have debated but in 1761, Najib bola
Nizam from Tucker, Atma Cha, three armies get together Muslims, so nice. And they fight developers in a place called panicles 1761. And they break the back of the neurotoxin. For the next 20 years mulatos are not able to stand up on the knees. 100,000 writers were killed in this battle. And another 100,000 ran with the lights 1761 and a year later 1762 shower a lot a lot he passed away he died in Delhi in his birthday. And he did his services to Islam politically, literally. You know islamically name it he was there to serve the Ummah he did what he could in his power. And he stands as a projected of the 18th century clearly in the eyes of the major Olimar this oma and this Homer
can never pay him back for his failures and we should as an oma pray for his forgiveness me alumnus and forgive his mistakes because he made mistakes, no doubt he made mistakes. But he spoke against benign check, which was rife in India at the time, against great worshipping, showered in law spoke against it, although it was not easy to do. So in India at the time, he tackled the Shia Shabbat, which was not easy at the time. He wrote letters to Kings of different states to come and rescue the Muslims not easy at the time. So Allah protected him all the way.
And after him came his son, sharp disease who took over from him and and he also has a very, very unique history, which we can discuss at another stage in the future is Akuma locker molesting Assalamu alaikum.