Tafseer Surat Al Qadr #1

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Abu Bakr Zoud

Channel: Abu Bakr Zoud

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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah He was like the US Marine. All praise and thanks belongs to Allah subhanho wa Taala Allah made a piece of blessing of Allah be upon his servant and final messenger Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as follows my dear respected brothers and sisters in Islam, Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.

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Sha Mata Allah, today, we're studying solar power. It's also known as solar laylat. And other and it's consistent, or it's made up of five, eight. And there is a discussion among the olema as to whether this is a Maki solar or a maddening solar. And the correct opinion on Long Island is that it's a motherly solo, that means that it was revealed after the hegemony of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam Why do we say it's a Madonna? surah? And why are we saying this is the most authentic opinion is because the theme and the purpose of the Solo Solo together? What's the theme? What's the purpose of the solar is to encourage the believers to get up and worship Allah Subhana

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who at the island to make the most of Laila to cuddle? That's the purpose of the solar. And that encouragement only happened after Allah subhanho wa Taala ordained the fasting of Ramadan. And Ramadan was made obligatory upon the believers when, in the second day of usual, so definitely we're going to say that this is a maddening surah because the encouragement of getting up for Laila to cuddle and worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala happened after Rama bomb was made mandatory. And that was in the second year of his life. Now let's discuss some of the relationships between this solar solar

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and the solar that came before which is solid and Allah. Very interesting relationship you'll find between these two So firstly, solo Talal, of the surah before that we studied, it began by telling us the story of how the wind came down on the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So it was about how the revolution began, you know, if, and when the angel come down, came down and squeezed the Navistar send them and center in a client he said Man, I will also tell Allah discussed how revolution began. Now sooner than later, this surah here, it is going to tell us when the revolution began. So while the previous surah addressed the question of how this sorta is going to address the

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question of when did the revelation begin in a narrow field a little further, there is no doubt that we sent it down in the night of cupboard, I'm just going to say, for now, when we get to the word we'll explain in detail what it means. And that is first connection between the two soul. The second connection we find is that Allah azzawajal he said in the previous solo in Sugata, Lala, and he said this over and over again. Allah via Allah, Allah, Allah, and in Santa mellimelon, the word Allah May Allah was repeated over and over again, that he taught with the pen, and he taught the human being, that which he could possibly have never ever known on his own. Now in this soul on sort of Allah

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azzawajal He says, Why am I a dog, man, a little puddle, what will make you know what Laila The other is all about. And in the previous surah, Allah subhanho wa Taala he said, he thought the human being that which he could possibly have never ever known. And in this surah Allah is saying, when the Lord come Allah to other what will make you know what Laila The other is, meaning you don't have any knowledge about this night, allows origin will give you the specific knowledge about it. So the previous sorta it is a law who taught the human being which he does not know. And now the solar gives us an example of what that allows or shall teach us that we never ever knew. And that is a

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little further, we would have never learned anything about it, that it's worship in of this in this night is better than 1000 months. And so we could have possibly never learned this until Allah Xhosa taught it. So that sort of said, I'm insane. And then this surah is giving you an example of what did he teach us? He told us about Laila the other and its virtues and what it's about. The third beautiful connection you find between these two

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is that insalata Lala the last a Allah subhanho wa Taala said can lead to prayer who he said was your doctor it makes you and come close to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Now, what is the opportunity in which you can come close to Allah subhanho wa Taala what is the night of surgery in which you come closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala

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Unlike any other night, no doubt that is les little puddle. So the very first thing in the next order, Allah azza wa jal is telling us in that as Allah houfy Laila till further, this is almost an indication to the best time of making such day and being closer to Allah azza wa jal is in a little further. So we laid out the other columns, what is the thing that you should be engaged in the most sojka and with the search that you are becoming closer to Allah, and the beginning of the solar set in Tanzania who we revealed it, which is referring to the poorer. So, pretty much, that's the very best thing you could do in Laila to further engage in search. And the re citation of

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the fourth connection is that in the previous solar solar technology, it began with a commandment a club cannot recite. The question is what do I recite? So the answer comes in sort of the other in the hands and who we revealed it. And it is the Quran. So the previous sola said,

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and this is telling you what who read it, meaning the Quran itself? And this is any some very interesting relationships between the sword although there are there are many others for sure, but this is what we have any bro or shed light on. Now, there's a very interesting comment that is made about the sword on by some of the scholars.

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You know how there's this whole discussion about when laylat The other is? No, for the very least, every Muslim knows that it could happen on one of the five odd nights of the last 10 nights. That's for the very least, we all know that. So it could either be on the 21st, the 23rd, the 25th, the 27th for the 29th and Ellucian Rahim Allah, he said, it's beautiful that this soul has five, eight, and there is only five possibilities, which later than other folds into. And this is similar to the previous solar in well as the origin mentioned Santa Rosa urbania. And azania. Angels and azania are 19 angels, that's not. And he mentioned the inner soul of that had 1980, which is sort of the Lala

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it has 19 as and as early as 19 angels, this sort of had five and the possibility as of late at the cover of five nights. And by the way, Shogun Rahim Allah in his stuff seed, fertile fertile qadeer he mentions that there is about 40 different opinions as to when laylat The other is this 40 different opinions. And a very, really interesting one is the theory and the explanation have an Abbess lovely Allahu anhu.

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In one place, he used to believe it's the 23rd. That was his head. And a few years later, he formed this opinion. And he began to believe it is on the 27th. And this was his opinion. And this was many of the morphus sillones opinions. And there is no absolute evidence to any of the opinions other than what we know of the five possible nights of the last 10 nights the odd nights. But the most common opinion among the 40 is that it's the 27th night. But it's very interesting how what I wanted to share with you is

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the very interesting explanation of how of an Abbess lonely a loved one who explained to almost all their loved ones. Why he believes it's the 27th night.

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He said to him, let them these words.

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It's made up of nine letters had lamb Yeah, lamb Tamar, Baba Alif Lam cough, then all those nine letters, and the words they let the other comes up three times in the solar. It knows the name of the Latin public, madaraka Laila, Laila to

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Russia. So he said to him, nine times three is equal to 27. That's how he explained how it's on the 27th. But then another way,

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he adds further to his explanation to normal obey Allah Juan. And he says to him that so little color is 30 words, it is if you were to count it, it's 30 words The only like 30 days of the month, and the 27th word is Salim on here. Here it is the only referring to Layla.

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And since he is the 27th word, this may be a clue on low Harlem that it's on the 27th night. But anyway, these are not absolute evidences. As we said, this is just something interesting that even our best of all the alojado gave us an explanation to omalo the Allahu anhu why he believes it's the 25th seventh. Now our lesson isn't going to be on which night it falls. We all know that the safest position to have is that it falls on one of the odd nights of the last 10 nights

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We don't know which one but it's all one hour. And that's probably the safest position that you can take. And you know, especially nowadays, when there's a lot of disagreement among the oma as to where Bama bond begins, and when it ends, we say that the safest thing to do is at least take the last 11 1213 days, take them very seriously, you know, and so so that you make sure you don't miss out on this special opportunity that allows origin sends down once a day. So you take sort of the last 30 days really seriously and then inshallah to Allah, you almost have guaranteed yourself that you've made the most of laylat.

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In Angela who feel a little puddle, it is no doubt that we have sent it down in Laila to puddle there are many things in this air that need our attention. First of all, Allah subhanho wa Taala. He says, In we, Allah subhanho wa Taala he uses the pronoun we, for himself. The question that comes up is How come a lot of soldiers didn't use I?

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I sent it down in a little puddle? Why did he refer to himself as we, you know, first and foremost, we need to understand I want to give you a deep insight into these pronouns, so that you know how to respond to people when they come and accuse the poor out of being a book of [???]can. So

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the first thing we need to know is that the pronouns that occur in the Quran that Allah azzawajal uses to refer to himself are for there is Anna. I, there is we know, there's you enter, like in NACA until Aziz will Hakeem and there is who he will who will do it for example, so what Ana Rahim that's a pronoun that's for a law, known as Elena dicker, we sent down the vicar that is for law in NACA and you are allowed to use will Hakeem you allow use you for himself? Well, who were a law for or he, so these are for pronouns that occur for a loss of Hannah Donna Anna nano, who, and I, we up and of these four, the only one that is a plural is nano, we that is the only plural, all the others are

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singular. Now, the first thing we need to respond to is people that accused as I told him,

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of containing some [???]. They said, Where is the tauheed in Nepal, and where's the monotheism in the Quran, when a man's origin refers to himself in the plural sense, nano, or in another level, we revealed, we sent it down. So where's the monotheism? MSJC. Now our response is to response number one,

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the first counter argument we give these people, we say that if it really meant to be the plural, we would have seen the other pronouns in the plural format as well. So under, we would have seen it as unknown, but we never see antimonopoly or wahoo, and azeez, we would have seen what home and they are. But we don't see that in the poll. It only happens with the word nano. So we wouldn't just find who he, we would also find the home. And we will, and this doesn't occur, I wouldn't just find under you, we would also find until you are, and as well, we said that doesn't occur. So the national, even when it occurs, for Allah subhanho wa Taala. It's not literally we the plural sense that refers

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to a group, because it's not given the same consideration in the second person and the third person. So given the second person is under, we don't find until all of you, and the third person is who we don't find whom all of them. So this only happens in the first person when he says we know. And that's it. That's the first thing to know. So if it really did mean plural would have been for all the others as well, in the plural sense. The second thing to know

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and this is something that are that's obvious, but let me just give you why we say it's obvious is that first and foremost, we know that the Quran was revealed in simple clear, plain Arabic. Allah azza wa jal says Billy said in Arabi and mubin, plain clear Arabic And so the style of language that is used in the Quran,

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it was the same style that people used in their language, because therefore n is the speaking the people's language. If we understand this, then we know as a fact that when someone wants to give himself royalty and power, he refers to himself in the plural sense. Say instead of saying I did so and so if you wanna make for yourself some power, and give yourself some royalty, you'd say we did so and so.

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And you know, the kings and those in charge and leaders and so on. They don't say I have decided such and such, they say we have decided, but he's only one person. But he says we, and it's a show of loyalty. And it's a show of power. He speaks of himself. Like, Yang, he has the power of many people. This sort of style is used when a king speaks, and this was known to the Arabs and until this day, it's used. So in the Quran, when Allah subhanho wa Taala speaks about something majestic, when he speaks about something grand when he speaks about something that is special and Royal. For example, He says, when he provides his slaves water when Allah sends down water, when he gives the

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slaves food, it is when he gives them provision, when he takes care of their sustenance, when Allah azza wa jal creates all these majestic powers of Allah subhanho wa Taala, you usually find nano. We were Ansel Nam in a summer Emma and wahala as well here, for example.

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And in the Quran, there are two instances in where most of what Allah uses an eye when he refers to himself in the singular format.

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Either most of Anahata is extremely angry, you'll find honor, or he's extremely merciful. You'll also find Anna.

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So nano is for declaring the majesty and royalty of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But Anna is more personalized, it's closer and it has more of an emotional charge in it like no other word can do. For example, you know when Allah subhanho wa Taala accepts the Toba the repentance of the slave, he doesn't just forgive his sins. What does he do? He takes the evil sins and He converts them into Hassan and that's how allows origin repents on the servants. This is the nature of Toba with Allah subhanaw taala. This actually is a very, very powerful act of the last panel that is mercy. And it's an extreme act of observation is love towards the slaves. So you will find in the plan what Anna

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I am the one who accepts the Toba from the one who repents, and I am I am the Most Merciful. Because Toba is an extremely merciful act that a lot of social dance. So you will not find we you will find I that's how I is used when there's extreme mercy and love.

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Contrary to that, Allah is also used when there is extreme anger and punishment by Allah subhanho data, for example, when the followers of eSATA, he said, towards the end of his life, when they asked the ISA to send down a table spread of food, they asked this from the sky, this is the total lot to send us down in a stable spread of food. He said he said I was first response to his people's

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fear of loss of habitat. And why did he say this? Because bunnies slowly have been asking for miracles for generation after generation after generation. They've always asked for miracles. And after seeing the most amazing miracles, and after seeing the most amazing things, they still don't have a man. Their heart is still hard. So he said to them with Dr. la sala has originally said I'm going to send it down, I'm going to send you down a table for food. But Allah azza wa jal sat down with that awarding us all he said from a yet for bargain income, for me was the

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level of people who hadn't mineral me a lot of social, he said, I'm sending it down. But I'm sending this warning down as well. If anybody of you disbelieves after I send this table down,

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then I will torture him in such a manner that I have never ever tortured anyone before. So he said, I will torture him you refer to himself as I. Why? Because there's extreme anger. There's extreme punishment in these in these areas. And so this is very strong language, and the strength of the language becomes even tougher, because Allah subhanho wa Taala referred to himself in the singular eye. So there's a difference between how they are used in the poor. And

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one last point, which is very important to note as well on this plural and singular thing. You know, whenever the word national is used in the Quran, it occurs for a large version, either straight after it, or some way before. There was the there was the word Allah or the word or the word, be singular. By default, it's singular.

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And so it's never confusing. That national is really a plural in the sense that there's more than one

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Because immediately the singular form is used either a lot or so it's never confusing. And as an example is in the soil in there, we revealed it in a little further so that you don't be confused later on, you'll find the if near a be hidden by the permission of the Lord, not by the permission of their lords. So it's singular. So although it began with a plural and then it came with a singular at the end, it gave you the understanding that the first plural didn't mean a plural in the sense of a group. It was the plural in the sense of majesty and royalty. And this is found all over in the plan. And keep this in mind. Every time you'll see nano every time you see we somewhere

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either straight after or way before it's some way that you'll see the word Allah or for example, miles origin he says, What

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if we wanted let attina couldn't have seen who that would have given every single person guidance when I can help them Polo mini however, the word has been made certain from me. So he began if we wanted, and then he just a few words later, he said the word has been confirmed from me.

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National nine

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origin says Wanaka Khattab Nafisa boo, indeed we wrote in as a board member, the vicar after a vicar, what did Allah right he said, we wrote in azubu under our biorefinery by Dr. Saleh, that the land will be inherited by my servants, a bad idea. So he began cut up now we wrote, what did he write that the land will be inherited by anybody my slaves, he didn't say our slaves, my slaves, so that is singular. So there is no confusion whatsoever that when Allah azza wa jal says national in the poor and when he says we in the poorer it does not refer to the plural in the terms of it being a group, it is the majestic royal week

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in Navajo, why there are no more say not known as the Navajo. Why did you say in there? The difference is that in has one more added meaning that Nana wouldn't give in is a pronoun. And it's a word that implies certainty. In the mean, certainly not no, doesn't mean certainly. So the most powerful word to use was in there in an hour would mean certainly we know just means we so much. So jelly is is making certainty that he and he only is the one who sit down before I will say why this certainty is being brought up. But there is another thing to make any mention of something very important

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was later other because he says imbalance and now feel a little better. So the question is, was laylat and Qatar a blessed and noble night before the Quran came down or didn't only become noble and blessed because the poor and came down in it. So did this little cutter ever exist or only existed when the Quran came down a shadow with Mr. Meyers a very balanced statement. He says that my little brother was normal and it was majestic. And it was dignified by Allah subhanho wa Taala even before the Quran came down, and its dictionary enhanced after the Quran came down and after the Quran was revealed. So it was already there, which is why the name is used later

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in Angela houfy laylat and other suggesting that the title of it, let the other is already known by Allah subhanho wa Taala even before the Quran was revealed, in another place, Allah subhanho wa Taala says in as Allah who feel a Latin America, we revealed that in a Blissett mind, so that might was already blessing and then it was given that name a lot of other other opinions say that no, the First Lady left and other was when the poor and came down before that there was no such thing as Layla other but really that journey. We shouldn't get into a longer conversation more than what we mentioned. So shall carry Rahim Allah, when you look into his Tafseer and his works about laylat and

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others you will find that he wrote about this topic later and basically covered everything you need to know about laylat and other very concise and very precise writings. And we're going to go through his words bit by bit inshallah so we can understand, what did he do? He came to come up with these opening a lot of salt and pepper. He said, Allah azza wa jal said in that answer, now, we sent it down. He used the pronoun to refer to the lab. So the first program was for Allah in there, that's for law, where's the second pronoun in the ayah? who see that who we sent it, that's a pronoun.

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So it is obviously referring to what the Quran

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Now in language in Arabic in English or whatever language, you don't use a pronoun, unless the audience already know, what is being what what it is being useful. You don't use a pronoun, unless the audience know what it is being useful. For example,

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I own a house. It's in obon. If I asked What is it, you already know that it's referring to the house, don't you? Because I already began my statement like this. I said, I own a house, full stop. It is an omen. That it you already know what it means. Because I already started with over with owning a house. I already said the house already said there now.

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You know,

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if I was to say, say to you go buy milk.

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And after 30 minutes, I say to you, did you buy it? You already know what it is right? Because I've already told you the now. So show Canada Hey, Mama, he mentioned the benefits. Why did ally absorption say in Tanzania who we sent it down? When in reality, there was no Now I mentioned before.

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And he ate he said it Where is the noun before this idea that we're saying it is the

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So remember, show getting he says there's benefits? he said. So now you understood the question what we're going to analyze now, instead of saying in that answer now, feel a lot and other Allah said, who we revealed it? How would we know what it is when there still hasn't even been a mention of the Quran even before? So we need to understand why did he say it and he didn't mention the Quran first show cannibal Hama, Hama, he said it. The word it, who is used in the Arabic When something is too obvious to mention.

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Meaning the fact that the Quran is embedded in the heart of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. It doesn't even need to be mentioned, because it's too obvious. That's what we saw. Selim is thinking of their life. So for him, it's enough that our losses in others and now we revealed it. It's so embedded in his heart, it's too obvious you don't have to say

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that is one. And I'll give you an example on this. It is a like an example I experienced. I lived in in Egypt for about a year. And towards my end towards the state the end of staying in Egypt.

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Actually, Morsi was the was the president you all know most he was the president. During the last week I was there. It got really intense. There's a lot of protests during the day during the mind. People are calling for him to for his resignation to resign. They want him ousted and so on. And so people in the shop and people in the taxi, you jump in a taxi people on the street, they would ask you this question over but people are just asking themselves the question has, has he been ousted yet? They would have mentioned his name. Why? Because it's too obvious to mention his name. Everyone knows he is referring to him. Because it's the talk of the town. Has he been ousted yet? What

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happened to him? Is he still in office? Is he you know, no mention of his name? Because that's already obvious. So he obviously refers to him. And so there was no news or there was no need to mention his name. So when Allah subhanho wa Taala says we sent it down in dazzle who both the believers and the disbelievers Janya very clear what it is, they already knew what it is. And the Quran was the talk of the town. And the Quran itself was on the tongue of everyone. The gopher would go and listen to it. And they sort of stopped their youth from listening to it. Anyone that would come to the town I'd say put this stuff in your E and make barf around the garbage said that you

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don't hear what's resided. And then they go back to the people on what he told me put this in my yard Yani the talk of the Quran was around. Everyone was familiar. So it's too obvious. So you don't have to say it.

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Just say we revealed it and everyone already knows what it is.

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alberca mama has a very nice statement. He says a law refers to the Quran as who this is an indication that the love of the Quran and the recognition of the Quran lies in every heart. That's why it is enough to say

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now,

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we come to the word einzelner who the verb unzila itself.

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We know that jabril alehissalaam came down with these words upon an abyssal Allahu alayhi wa sallam before in the Quran in solid a shadow law surgeon says there's no broken I mean that the roof which is jabril came down with the Quran before the solar installer

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taquile must have had

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Anahata Allah He says in na hoona todo Su Ling Karim, that this Quran is the word of a Noble Messenger that was willing Kareem is referring to God. That is his word. He came down with it. La Cole meaning he took it from Allah azza wa jal, and he is delivering it to Allah Allah. That's in the previous word. That's what was established. We were taught that the Quran came upon the messengers of Salaam via Djibouti. Now this surah and the previous sola sola, that Allah, they stressed upon the fact and they make sure that you understand that gibreel is just a means of delivery, and that the words are actually the word of Allah subhanho wa Taala himself in unzila, who

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we we actually sent it down. There's a stress upon the fact that it's a law of origin who sent it down. Yes, gibreel brings it down, but the source is ourselves. It's Allah subhanho wa Taala. So Allah azza wa jal makes it a point to take credit for himself for his own word. The second point that we need to note is the word and zelner. In Arabic, for sending down there are two words that occur in the Quran, there's einzelner, and there's no zelner. These are two different words, in zelner alayka, one has a shutter, and then there's another word in

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no shutter. But here we find in Ansel now we don't find in zelner, who feel a little cuddle, there's a huge difference between the two we need to understand what they are

00:31:32--> 00:31:52

in nouns and now who here and as we said, there's a difference. In English, they are both translated as we sent it down with an a Zelda and Zelda, they say we sent it down, you won't see the difference in the English translation at all, obviously. So we need to study it from the Quranic perspective and the Arabic language and what's the difference between the two?

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The difference is that the word einzelner, like the one used here in Anza level, it comes from a family. This is an Arabic morphology. Basically what that implies, is something that comes down all at one time unzila without the shutdown, it implies something coming down all at once. So when a lot of Zoysia says in unzila who feel a little puddle, it means we sent down the whole pool and the whole thing was sent down in little puddle.

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And when Allah azza wa jal says Miss Zellner, when there's that shut, that shut the implies something that takes place over and over, over a long period of time. It doesn't happen all at once. It takes time. You know, I'll give you an example like the word analemma. And Alana. Allah is the one that has the shutter. And in Arabic, Allah means what to teach here doesn't mean to teach a lemon incented teach. And you know, teaching it takes time to teach. The student needs to absorb the information the teacher needs time to teach is a long process, it could take ease. So unlimited means gradually being taught something.

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Without the shirt, that doesn't mean to teach. It means to inform. And how long does it take to inform someone. And if I was to say to Salatin and fashion, economists at 430, I informed him I don't have to teach you. So I just gave you the information all at once. So our lemon, our lemon is when something is given at once you're being informed about something that happens once and never when there is there, that means you gradually it's happening over time.

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So two different words are used for the poor and being sent down. One word suggests that the Quran came down as a whole. That is what I'm zella and the other words suggests that the poor and came down over time bit by bit, that's the word what Nasrallah and of course we know that the Quran came down upon the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam over a course of 23 years. It began from his age, at the age of 40, at the end of the age of 63. So we understand that it came down over time, 23 years. So why did Allah subhanho wa Taala use the word einzelner that suggests that the Quran came down all in one go. And then our best lovely Allahu anhu he explains why he says that a loss of

00:34:20--> 00:34:59

Hannah who sent it and he said down the Quran, from a low when my phone was muffled in the seventh heaven, that Allah sent it down from the seventh heaven, all the way to a house that is in the first heaven. That's known as beta Lazar, the house of mite. All that happened in layer two, as a whole, it came down as a whole from the summit of Serbia from the seventh sky to the first sky and Laila. That is in that unza level when we read unza now it's referring to that type of Revelation. So the entire plan came down from the seventh heaven to the first a little further from there.

00:35:00--> 00:35:16

From the first heaven to the earth gibreel Allah He said I would come, and he takes some of it, and it gives the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on occasions. And that hope happened over 23 years. So someone would come and ask the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a question

00:35:17--> 00:35:36

and the answer would come down in form of a a, an incident comes up in the life of a processor, and it would come down some problems, some issue arises, some more iron come down. And this explanation we find in sort of the slot almanzora surely says, what

00:35:37--> 00:35:41

follows Faulkner who work for Adam farrakhan, our holy

00:35:43--> 00:35:51

books, when is zelner, who then Zilla masurian says this, this Quran is a recital we have slipped over time.

00:35:53--> 00:36:12

Meaning it wasn't set all at once we split it over time, so that you may recite it onto the people on occasions are laminated. Meaning when the appropriate occasion arises, then you recite the appropriate ad. And think about this. Nobody saw Selim is told Abba satola

00:36:14--> 00:36:47

those are yet there's an incident that happened. Then I had came down to give guidance to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam how to manage the situation. Similarly, in the previous solo, we said our 811 and have done either Solomon, the one who forbids the slave from pray. First the incident had happened. And then the ad came down, Allah moved for me occasion, when the occasion happened, the Act would come down, then almost said, What is zelner Hooton Zilla, we sent it down gradually over time, it really does. zelner Whoa, there's a shutdown. And you know that the cofell that they made a complaint against the plan.

00:36:48--> 00:36:55

Their complaint was, Why wasn't the Quran sit down as a whole from the sky, whether it just come down as one go upon the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:36:57--> 00:37:14

You see? If the Quran came down as one, what would have happened? You know if now if someone was to take the Shahada and enter Islam, and he had them a copy of the Quran in translation is a go read it all and imply it on the next day? What will happen the new Muslim will be overwhelmed by leave Islam the next day.

00:37:15--> 00:37:59

This person what does he need right now he needs to be guided through this. A A by A lesson by lesson commandment by commandment and you shouldn't overwhelm them. When someone comes into Islam that's that's how he should be dealt with. So how did Allah subhanho wa Taala teach those who have also lost the love of Allah, Allah? How did he teach the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself? How many years did it take for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to to internalize and grasp this photograph on occasions, gradually over 23 years it took him so then when the occasion came down, the Earth would come down. So the lesson come down bit by bit. And so that way,

00:37:59--> 00:38:22

you may be able to internalize the core and little by little, so we learned from this that the Quran in itself is a long term study, even for ourselves. And this is part of the Sunnah of Allah subhanho wa Taala and part of the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the Quran is taught and read gradually, not all in one go. That is not a symbol that is against the sunova laws.

00:38:24--> 00:38:41

And you know, the plan, as we say, it's not something that is casually read, like you read a newspaper or a magazine, just you want to finish the textbook. You can do that with the plan. It takes time to internalize. It's something deep, it requires deep understanding. So the word zela

00:38:42--> 00:39:09

means from the first Heaven, down to the earth upon the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam over 23 years, he understood this in Ansel now who that is referring to the poor and coming down from a lotion forth to the first guy. Whenever you see zelner then that is referring to the poor and coming down from the first sky to the earth upon them. influenceable normally you see them gradually, over 23 years, feel a little puddle.

00:39:10--> 00:39:19

Now we talk about a beautiful topic. What's this topic a little further? What is the little cover and what is covered? You know, laila Laila is what is

00:39:20--> 00:39:53

commonly translated as the night of power. The English language obviously doesn't give justice to the Arabic words. So literally, basically the Arabic language fundamentally It has three meanings and others are very beautiful word. It has three meanings literally, you open a dictionary you'll find three meanings for others. And the scholars they say since lay, let the other was mentioned three times in the soul. It has three meanings. It has a noun free Laila tiempo, Madoka, Elena, Elena to come three times it has three meanings. The first meaning,

00:39:54--> 00:39:59

other means honor, it means nobility. It means dignity. For example, you say

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

Who are as you don't know.

00:40:02--> 00:40:27

That means this person he owns nobility. He's a noble man the other. So it's called the mind of great dignity, a night of great nobility and night of honor. And it's also called the night of appreciation. Other also means appreciation. And an alpha zero say it's called the night of appreciation. Because in this night,

00:40:28--> 00:41:15

or it is in this night, when the people obey Allah subhanho wa Taala. Allah zildjian really appreciates it. This is the mind of the last panel medalla appreciating the worship of the event of the slaves. And obviously he appreciates it so much that he counts it that he counts this one Knights worship as better than 1000 months. That's how that's how much he appreciates, that He gives you a Holloman Alfie Shahar better than than 1000 months. He's not even similar to 1000 months, it's better laws or shall he he went even further than 1000 months. The professor will say that this is a beautiful night, in which Mr Xhosa decreed mercy for his close friends whilst allows him to make us

00:41:15--> 00:41:15

from among

00:41:17--> 00:41:24

the worshipers of a law firm. They realize their worth the worth of their own selves in this night.

00:41:25--> 00:41:26

You will realize the color

00:41:27--> 00:41:45

of your own selves, meaning the worshipers, they will realize the appreciation of their own selves to Allah subhanho wa Taala. What does that mean? That means the person who takes advantage of this night, they realize they are worth worth something with Allah Subhana Dada.

00:41:47--> 00:41:51

Because if you're not worth anything to a lot, you're going to slip straight through it.

00:41:53--> 00:42:27

And when you take advantage of it, that means you're worth something to Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the ones who really appreciate a lot of social, though find that they are worth something to Omar Xhosa, in this night, and those who really see, to recognize law, they appreciate the one that they are worshipping in this night, they really find an appreciation of Allah subhanho wa Taala during this night like no other. So the first meaning of other is appreciation that you appreciate your position with Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:42:29--> 00:42:58

If he allows you to wake up and worship Allah during this month, that means a lot appreciates this person. He appreciates it because he allowed him to worship and gave him the reward of better than 1000 months. So it's called laila Laila to cuddle the night of honor, the night of honor a man of power, because of the auto margin has given this night, what is the honor of this night that will last Sit down. And in this line, the fact that the Quran came down in this night on this night, so it's called the Laila to cover the night of honor.

00:42:59--> 00:43:12

The second meeting of other this is found in their head, if other means decree, the any determination, precise calculation, Alonzo shall he himself, he says wahala pakula, in

00:43:13--> 00:43:52

the last version had decreed everything, you know, to me, and I will either use it or surely to believe in the Divine Decree, while other means decree. So it's also called The Night of Decree. Why, you know how sometimes there are projects that are proposed for 10 years. For example, I come up with a project for this Masjid, I'll propose to the committee Here you go. There's a 10 year project for this machine. But then there has to be a yearly action plan. So every single he, I'll say that this is the action plan for this he that needs to be fulfilled. So that means Allah subhanho wa Taala. He knows everything. He knows everything.

00:43:54--> 00:44:41

But he lets his angels know of what the plan is, for this he every single he, Amal subhanho wa Taala gives the information to the angels what is going to happen from this level at the other till next later. So it was called later to cover the Night of Decree because the angels are given information, who's going to die in the sea, who's going to perform Hajj etc. All that is given to the A Ahmad already knows it. But all that is now passed on to the angels during later. So what happens in that he, the angels were told that layer to cover next level cover they're given what is going to happen till the next layer at the other end zone allows origin he says Fie had you for a minute hockey. He

00:44:41--> 00:44:49

says in that night, every matter is decreed every matter is given to the angels. That is the second meaning of Laila to alpha.

00:44:50--> 00:44:53

The third meaning that we find for other

00:44:55--> 00:44:56

the word other in Arabic

00:44:58--> 00:45:00

has a very beautiful

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

Meaning and this meaning here other means

00:45:04--> 00:45:05

cuz

00:45:06--> 00:45:52

it means congestion, congestion, constriction, that is other as well in Arabic, Allah azza wa jal, he says in Surah, Topalov woman, coup de la Allah here is coup, meaning whoever's provision became tight on him, meaning he's got a tight budget. We read in sort of Jews in Jerusalem and salt and Fisher will marry their mother Taylor horrible for Caldera, he discovered that whenever a large social test his servants he takes his it is premixes it is tight. So, a toddler who oblique toddler in Arabic means to put a need to close on something congested something that is tight constraint, it becomes restricted. So this is a night of congestion, let them cover night of honor Night of the

00:45:53--> 00:46:14

night of congestion, why not have congestion? What congestion is happening on this night What tightness is happening on this night, you know, later on we'll see then a Zulu Malaika that the angels are coming down from the sky. And so many, many angels are coming down on earth, and there is no space on Earth. So the earth becomes tight, so they let them paddle.

00:46:15--> 00:46:49

And you notice of Panama, the next day, what is the some of the signs of Layla is that the sun one has no race. Why? Because the angels are created from moon they created from light. And when they go up, so you have no set like you have a curtain of light in front of rays of light. So walks the rays when as they go up. So this is why it was called laylat. And now you know all of these meanings of nobility decree, congestion. All of these meanings are embedded in this one word pedal.

00:46:51--> 00:46:58

And if you take any alternatives of other so if Allah said Laila to shut off, that might have other

00:46:59--> 00:47:26

the night of mobility then the other two meanings are gone. And if you were to say Layla to bleak the night of congestion, then also the other two meanings are gone. So what is the most perfect word to use? Because it made up for all these three meanings for subpanel Ah, perfect word that captured all these three beautiful implications all at the same time, without compromising the integrity of the meaning for Subhana Allah how Mr. Social chose his word,

00:47:27--> 00:47:29

woman, lawyer, can I have a little cuddle?

00:47:30--> 00:48:17

What I'll give you any clue as to what laylat and other really is, is beautiful language. First of all, woman, this man in Arabic, it's used for many purposes. I one of them is for a man is used for doshu. It's used for amazement. When you're surprised and shocked by something you use the word man. So the best translation of a document a little further would be what in the world could possibly make you realize what in the world could possibly give you a clue as to what les little COVID really is all about? That is what later the matter like in my later two parter, that's what it translates to, you know, allows origin he didn't say what madaraka metal a little further. He didn't say what

00:48:17--> 00:48:20

will give you any clue as to when later calories.

00:48:21--> 00:48:50

And you know, Subhanallah a lot of our discussion is about a lot of our discussion when it's about laners and COVID is what it's centered upon the fact of when he's laid out to others. That's that's our discussion nowadays. But the question that Allah highlights in the Quran is not when is laid at the top. It's what is laid atop other women and men a little further. That's the emphasis on the Quran is given to what this Laila is all about, not about when it is

00:48:51--> 00:48:56

Subhana Allah, Allah azza wa jal, he uses two formats in putting forward a question in the format.

00:48:58--> 00:49:20

Sometimes you'll see one, a dog sometimes you'll he woman, you D. There are two formats. What's the difference between the two? When a dog is a past tense, or may you drink is a present tense. The past when the past is used like a dog, then you better know for sure that Allah will give a clue. He's going to give a clue.

00:49:21--> 00:49:33

And that's why we're going to find that the rest of the soldier from now on from after this, there is an answer to that question. Well Matt, will give you a clue the entire Solo is now clues about what later than color is about.

00:49:34--> 00:49:59

When the present is used when they are unique, then no clue will be given. This is something that only Allah subhanho wa Taala has the knowledge of and he didn't share it with anyone. For example, losses one add color and assata takuna Caribbean will give you any clue but it uses the present unique when the hour will be and we're the hour the knowledge of the hours only with a lot. We don't know anything about it.

00:50:00--> 00:50:07

In terms of winning ease, allows origin he says, What may you recall Allah Who is zeca about Abdullah Al Maktoum

00:50:09--> 00:50:45

when an episode of alia Salaam turned away from him, Allah told him one way you did he will give you any clue, maybe of the love and only Maktoum came to you say he can purify himself. But he used the word God. What does that mean? Allah is teaching us that never saw Salam could have never ever possibly known what the intention of the love and only look to me is because the intention of the people is for who? For Allah subhanaw taala. So he said, What are you de la la? Doc, is what my other work would mean that you will know, because Allah will give straight after some clues about the thing. So Lorenzo's jelly is telling the messenger you told the messenger one man after our

00:50:45--> 00:51:28

camel, a little puddle will ever tell you about what laylat and COVID is all about the past tense is being used. What does that indicate that the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is given the answer, and he is told about what it is. And as I told you, the rest of the surah is giving us clues about what makes this an incredible night. Laila to cut the human and fish out the desert Malaika water roho fear be if narrow beam minko li amarin sallam, he had them applied for six, seven clues that alarm zone gives us about laylat uncovered. All this is an answer to this question. This is a very important area this one one might have made a little puddle. The other thing

00:51:29--> 00:51:30

that I want you to know

00:51:31--> 00:52:10

since the Quran is revealed, or since it was revealed in this night, this is something very special at the Quran was revealed in this night, it makes this night very special. And so allows origin gives this surah a very special style, the event is special. So there's a very special style in the solar that only happens in the solar never happens to any other solar in Nepal. And let me tell you first the principle, there's a principle in Arabic, that using a noun is more powerful than just alluding to it using a pronoun. And if you actually spell the word, it's more powerful. What do I mean by this?

00:52:12--> 00:52:36

If I say Ahmed is here, Ahmed studies, Ahmed is intelligent. I repeat Ahmed three times then that is more powerful than saying Ahmed is he he studies he's intelligent. seen the first time I mentioned his name three times. That's much more powerful. Then referring to him after I mentioned him first then referred to in the pronoun he he he.

00:52:37--> 00:52:55

Now we find in many places of the Quran that Allah subhanho wa Taala he mentions a noun he asks a question he mentions a noun, and then he refers to it in the pronoun he doesn't mention it again. For example, I'll give you examples. One that I document Obama. Now the law in mocha

00:52:57--> 00:52:58

one I adore camel have

00:52:59--> 00:53:52

cats who do wild milk para madaraka Malcorra. Yo may akuna natsuko feroce. You know, you've heard of these before, in all the places in the Quran. Allah says one at a dock and then the area after it. He does not mention the noun again. So he doesn't say one I recommend Obama and Obama to narrow law he doesn't mention Obama again. He doesn't say what Matt, Damon Korea and Korea to Mexico national fellowship but it does mention it again. The second area doesn't mention the noun again just alludes to it. So allows origin says what will give you any clue as to what hope is. Then he says the fire of Allah that Kindles Obama wasn't repeated. He did not say Obama to narrow Moy. Allah azza wa jal

00:53:52--> 00:54:39

he says one madaraka mopod world give you any clue as to what opportunities The next is an opportunity for a national 30 apart is the brilliant stuff. No, he said a national circuit what wasn't repeated the noun upon it that wasn't repeated, you get me so far. That is an entire pool and everyone will find one man that thing the noun will be mentioned. And then it will be mentioned, just be alluded to and just move on. Look at this whole woman a de la comme la la to the expected area that is going to come after. According to all the other places in the Quran, we should have heard, why am I the LORD commanded Laila to powder hydro mineral fissure, as they expected according

00:54:39--> 00:55:00

to all the others. But Allah didn't do that what was repeated the noun itself was repeated. No one's come three times now. When I come Elena to other laylat will carry higher on me officially has been repeated. What does this create? It creates emphasis because the Quran was revealed in this night and that's a special event. This law was given

00:55:00--> 00:55:31

A special style that wasn't used anywhere else in the call and that was the style that the noun is mentioned. And I told you the principle is if the noun is repeated over and over, it's more powerful than just referring to it in the pronoun for subpanel law, how Allah subhanho wa Taala glorifies magnifies this night because of the fact that came down in it. And even in its style, he gave it something special that he didn't give any other soda in the corporate one my other rock Mr. Lee let one other lady level pottery Hiraman official.

00:55:33--> 00:55:44

Why am I learning? I'm probably I'm going to finish with with this question. Now. Before we conclude, why did Allah subhanho wa Taala tell us when later but that is

00:55:47--> 00:56:26

why was it it's information given? You know, the harsh time was told of how you're shown myeloma we know when hajis salata Juma, we know when it is all the prayers, we know when it is everything a lot of us worship without Allah born we know when it is when it starts when it ends. But it's very incredible. A little brother wasn't taught to us. And it is that my way and it's worth more than 1000 months. So you would have expected that's the first thing Allah will tell us so that we don't miss this opportunity. So Panama. There is there's a few reasons I'm going to mention with you two reasons. Two reasons. Firstly mentioned with a very famous narration. And the reason Allahu alayhi

00:56:26--> 00:56:27

wa sallam was in his house.

00:56:28--> 00:57:07

Allah subhanho wa Taala revealed to him when laylat of batteries he gave him that knowledge. When Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was coming out to the companions, to congratulate them and tell them and hamdulillah they let them cover is on this night. And that's it. We would have known when Linda was, as he came out, there was companions outside they were arguing, but some serious arguments. And their voice was was now it became louder than the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. They raised their voice over the solar loss on the Lavalier. So let me in their argument, service Allahu alayhi wa sallam, he said, I came out with the knowledge of Laila to Qatar. And I had

00:57:07--> 00:57:40

forgotten it. Because of this argument, Allah azzawajal took it away. And what we learned from that first is that arguing isn't good. Arguing results in loss of knowledge. argument, arguments result in loss of knowledge, and Nabi sallallahu, alayhi wa sallam by the father of a law, he made him forget some very serious knowledge, because of the argument. So that what we learned from this is don't get yourself in arguments, because argument will take away from the knowledge you have, leave the arguments to people that argue now.

00:57:41--> 00:57:57

So So why didn't allow us or shall reveal why they let them bother or when later but that is one and this is a very obvious reason, is obviously for laziness. Of course, imagine we were told would lay little calories, he said he 99% of the Muslim Ummah, what

00:57:58--> 00:58:38

29 days sleeping, one day would come, and then goodbye till next later, as what will happen. So out of laziness, a lot of zildjian removed the knowledge of windley little coverage, so you can get up and have a bit more any effort in the interim about all of it. And then especially in the last night, and then a lot of socialism, mercy said in the last odd nights of the last 10 months now. So that is one. So any that's a possibility. So that fitness that fitness won't be created in where people will just come for one day. And that is gone by the fact that law did not tell us when they little calories. That's one wisdom. The other very beautiful wisdoms. Palawan Ellucian Allah He

00:58:38--> 00:59:03

mentions, he brings it from another Hadith. But his analogy is is very nice. He said, listen to what he said. He said it's a mercy of a law that he covered the knowledge of when Laila The other is how is it a mercy of Allah is at the mercy that Allah did not tell us to take away any mentions this hadith. He says once the vehcile Allahu alayhi wa sallam, he was working with Ali Baba Allahu anhu.

00:59:05--> 00:59:12

And it was time for select and avisar salaam saw a Bedouin sleeping in the masjid. So nobody saw Selim told Ali, go wake him up.

00:59:14--> 00:59:49

For a little demo on when and work this Arab up, get up, get up, wake up, it's solid time. But then I really started thinking, why didn't the promise or sell them go wake him up himself? Because any good opportunity that comes up in the Resource Center is the first to run to it. He doesn't move it to others. He does it first. So only out of the Amano confused, he comes back to me besides Allah, and he says to me Rasul Allah, that was a good opportunity. That was a good beat. And you engage in good deed the first of people so why did you tell me why he came up and why didn't you go wake him up? So now we saw our cell let me say to him, yeah,

00:59:51--> 00:59:59

it was a mercy of my of me towards this error towards this better one that I sent you. Because if I went to him and told him, wake up

01:00:00--> 01:00:40

He and he kicked me to the side that didn't wake up. He's in serious, deep trouble. Because a lot of his origin says, Yeah, you're living in a monastery Bula Rasulullah dicho not listening to the process and that is a kaviraj is a huge sin. Not listening to him is a huge sit, you're in deep trouble, whatever he tells you. He tells you move from here to there, eat this eat whatever he tells you have to listen to it. So allows origin and he said, I sent you a link as a mercy upon him. Because if he doesn't listen to you, or kicks you on the side, then that's fine. That's alright. It's not as bad as not listening to the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So Allah azza wa jal,

01:00:40--> 01:01:23

he conceals the night of cuddled. Why? Because even if it was known, there would still be some people in this oma that are lazy, and wouldn't make the most of it. How huge would they cry be Now, a lot told you with a lot of calories and you still slept through it and he didn't do anything. So out of a mercy of Allah azza wa jal to those people that he and he really didn't do that much and then move forward in effort as a mercy of Allah subhanaw taala upon them, he did not tell us where Laila Takata is so that you can't be in that huge sin. Imagine that. You knew later on that night. You just didn't bother doing anything. That is that is a serious crimes Panama. So laws origin

01:01:23--> 01:02:01

covenant and that was a mercy of him subhana wa Tada. We asked Allah azza wa jal to make us of people who find Laila to cover every single arm about inshallah Allah next week, will be the last week with disorder. will explain. will begin with Dennis gentlemen I will begin now with the clues that Allah subhanho wa Taala gives. So this was like the introduction. Now the second half of the sutra is all about Laila to color. What makes it noble what makes it dignified? What is the thing that allows OSHA made the robot a little color special? What was the thing that was that made it special than a Zulu? Malaika? What is that a Zulu? Those that attended obatala? I did mention that

01:02:01--> 01:02:10

tennis gentlemen Aikido, the tennis generally Malaika. Tennis Sir, what's the difference with a tetanus tetanus then 10 US dollars an acre to a row.

01:02:11--> 01:02:12

And so that

01:02:13--> 01:02:34

is sort of another you may have two more rows one acre. Here, it's switched than a zero acre to a row. So why is this arrangement? Who is? Why is it called a row that we're going to explain also next week that has led to a roofie had beef near a beam by the permission of their Lord. What does that mean?

01:02:35--> 01:03:17

What does that mean by the permission of the Lord? There's something very important here. And it's also a very good reputation against a lot of religions, especially Christianity. So we need to understand the words have they come down by the permission of the Lord? mean Cooley ambreen Salim, some of the amount recited in Amritsar. That's correct. What does that mean Salaam Salaam of what he had to live with does my client visual mean and how do we tie the beginning of the solar to the end of the solar the beginning has a reference to the pole at the end has a reference to somewhere in solid to this law said we'll call an alpha so we're going to see exactly what does that actually

01:03:17--> 01:03:42

mean this pole and Fisher coming together shala Tada that's how we'll conclude the discussion next week. Before we enter the the solar after it may be he may be somewhere else solo till beginner. But what is very beautiful is is this solar the other said the man's Elena who we revealed it if you are still confused about it, and what it is, the solar after solid quarter is what albena what has been

01:03:43--> 01:03:45

the absolute clear evidence.

01:03:46--> 01:04:00

So Allah said in solar together We revealed it, if you're still confused about what it is, then the next solar that is after is called the clear evidence and the clear evidence the beaner in itself is also known minima here

01:04:02--> 01:04:35

is a prophet of Allah who recites the Quran albina is the Quran so who it's as though there was a void mentioned escaped there was some something missing. So little baby in a cane to say it's the absolute clear evidence that who actually refer to it, and then it moves along to sort of the center laughter and so on. in Charlotte, Allah asked Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us people of people who benefit from the reminders of the planet in harmony with each other. It was on the Maha cinema about a gallon of you Vienna Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Germaine