Pivotal Moments in Islamic History (prt 3) Class #04

Abdullah Hakim Quick

Date:

Channel: Abdullah Hakim Quick

File Size: 50.57MB

Episode Notes

Share Page

Transcript ©

AI generated text may display inaccurate or offensive information that doesn’t represent Muslim Central's views. Thus,no part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever.

00:00:50--> 00:00:51

Okay

00:00:56--> 00:00:58

put the slides up on the screen

00:01:00--> 00:01:01

Yeah, they're there.

00:01:04--> 00:01:13

I can't I can't see it on the mainstream screen. Okay, we're just live right now. So as soon as seven hits well

00:01:14--> 00:01:15

you'll see it

00:01:16--> 00:01:16

okay.

00:03:12--> 00:03:13

You can go ahead check.

00:03:14--> 00:03:15

Okay

00:03:18--> 00:03:19

I need the

00:03:25--> 00:03:52

Smilla Rahmanir Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa SallAllahu Taala say there's more saline. Well, he was happy to hear about it was salam. All praise to do to Allah Lord of the worlds and peace and blessings be constantly showered upon our beloved Prophet Muhammad, the master of the first and last, and his family is companions and all those qualities wait and establish a Sunday to the Day of Judgment.

00:03:54--> 00:03:59

As to what follows my beloved brothers and sisters are Salam. Wa alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

00:04:01--> 00:04:28

Alhamdulillah we thank Allah subhanaw taala for the ability to express ourselves and to communicate, and it is so important for Muslims to share information today and to understand words and definitions. It is critical for the Muslim world that has such great potential that has the ability to change the whole planet.

00:04:30--> 00:04:47

We have some of the richest people on Earth, we have strategic position. We have youth, we have mineral resources. We have a great history and back of us so it is so important for us to use this potential in a positive way.

00:04:49--> 00:05:00

But to be able to use this potential to be able to benefit from who we are needs to have perspective when

00:05:00--> 00:05:02

You need to number one understand who we are.

00:05:04--> 00:05:08

And we need to have that connection with Allah subhanaw taala.

00:05:09--> 00:05:20

And Allah tells us in His glorious book, yeah, you are the inner harmony Taqwa law. We're calling them outside your pain, or you will believe have the consciousness of Allah and be with the truthful.

00:05:21--> 00:05:55

Be with those who are truthful, not only in their words, but in their beliefs, and in their actions. And that is so important today, because we are living in a world of deception. We are living in a world where people in the mainstream news agencies are spending more time distracting people and deceiving people. They're actually bringing authenticated news from the ground.

00:05:56--> 00:06:38

Everybody has an opinion, there's no doubt about that. But when people present news present information to you, in a totally distorted way, then this blocks progress, because we can't come together as nations, the young people cannot understand themselves and they will go into a state of rebellion and chaos. And so, truthfulness is so important, understanding the past because we have to recognize that the past shapes the present. And the present gives us that platform that we can move into the future.

00:06:39--> 00:06:48

There are many terminologies that are being used today especially that have come out since the intense fighting in Palestine and in Huzzah.

00:06:49--> 00:06:56

Dear different terms are coming out. They say the access of resistance. They say that the Shiite militants.

00:06:57--> 00:07:02

There's even a new group that has come to the scene, the Houthis of Yemen.

00:07:03--> 00:07:40

And they say that these Houthis are Zaidi. So the average person, average Muslim, does not understand what is a hottie what is ad what is Shia, what is Sunni, these are important concepts for us to at least have a basic understanding of in order to be able to make the right decisions today. And so we are looking at pivotal moments in history. When concepts were developed, when nations were saved, when Islam was spread,

00:07:42--> 00:07:48

when key decisions were made, that are still affecting us up until today.

00:07:49--> 00:07:57

And when we go back to the time of the prophets on Salam, we realize that his companions are critical.

00:07:58--> 00:08:38

And the Prophet SAW Salem was reported to have said Clara NAS currently Tomba Latina Yeah, Luna Han, Tomba Latina, your Luna, the best of people are my generation, and then the one that follows them, and then the one that follows her. So they were the best of human beings. And we can learn so much from them. But it is critical for us to always remember, they were human. If we think that the companions were a alien race, or they were angelic people, that's a mistake. Allah guided them

00:08:39--> 00:09:00

to be able to make the right decisions. Every human being has a struggle that is going on between knifes and hamara Bisou, between the evil side that commands with bad things, and not Salawa. And that is yourself, that is counseling you to do good.

00:09:01--> 00:09:26

And so the Sahaba were human beings, and they went to their differences of opinion. They went through the attentions, they made their mistakes. But what distinguishes them is their connection with Allah subhanaw taala and their ability to correct themselves and to continue the onward flow of Islam. They did not back off of their faith.

00:09:28--> 00:09:41

And so, when we go back to the time of the great companions, we recognize that one of the great sahab Sahaba Chris man Evany, our fan, read the loan.

00:09:42--> 00:09:59

He was considered to be one of the closest people to the prophets on Sunday, so close that the Prophet married him to two of his daughters to pay or an uncle to one of the daughters passed away. May Allah be pleased with her and the other continued

00:10:00--> 00:10:10

as his wife, this is the first time the only time in history that a person has been married to two daughters of a prophet.

00:10:11--> 00:10:12

And so it's man was special

00:10:14--> 00:10:32

with man was selfless. He had the ability to gain wealth at a rapid pace. But he also gave of himself and he showed us we learned in his life, how wealth can be used

00:10:33--> 00:10:39

in a way that it turns into a blessing and not a curse. And so Earth man

00:10:40--> 00:11:14

was thrust into a position of leadership with Omar bin al Khattab, the great Khalifa de la one, when he was assassinated, and the Shura Council came together from the 10 people promised paradise before their death, remember our lessons. When these 10 Or what was left at the 10 came together, they chose Horace Mann and he became a mighty Khalifa, who is the vice Sergent, representative of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:11:16--> 00:12:14

What distinguished was man What was unique about him is that not only was he close to the Prophet, who was from bento Hashem, remember the Hashem is coming down right to Abdullah the father of the Prophet. He wasn't from the Banu Hashim, he was from the Romanians. And before the time of the Prophet peace be upon him, there was a power struggle going on in Mecca, amongst the Quraysh, between the Hashemites and the Americans. So it was a power struggle. Islam wiped out tribal differences, but that tribes still remains. And that is the our reality today. We accept Islam, some are from Africa, some from Asia, some from Europe, from some from the Americas, wherever it is, but

00:12:14--> 00:12:22

we still have a tribe, and Islam brings us together, and Islamic movement helps us to overcome our difficulties.

00:12:23--> 00:12:43

And so with a man then seized the position, he was very strong in his leadership as the Khalifa. But unfortunately, poison had crept into the Ummah extreme extremism, and a hoodie man by the name of the live and Saba who came from Yemen.

00:12:44--> 00:12:54

He came with an extreme concept to try to destroy what was there, an Islamic lifestyle.

00:12:55--> 00:13:01

And he came in and he was aggrandizing. Alia will not be tolerated,

00:13:03--> 00:13:04

to the point of worship,

00:13:05--> 00:13:29

and it reached this height. And he tried to propagate this extremism in Medina, it didn't work. He went to Mecca, it didn't work. He was driven up. He went to Iraq, and they didn't accept him. Syria didn't accept him. But he found followers in Egypt. And these conspirators

00:13:30--> 00:13:40

came into Medina, trying to make trouble for the Khalifa where the Companions found out about the followers of life and Saba.

00:13:41--> 00:14:03

They wanted to expel them from the city. They wanted to imprison them whenever they could do, but with man wanted no violence and no confusion in Medina. And as we learned, some of these conspirators climbed over the roof, and they assassinated Horace Mann read the law and while he was reading the Quran,

00:14:04--> 00:14:06

this was a confusion

00:14:07--> 00:14:10

and the word started to spread.

00:14:11--> 00:14:26

The followers have been Saba hid themselves amongst the people. Some of them fled back to Egypt. And the word spread. Ali, and this is the pivot point. Ali radula. One

00:14:28--> 00:14:50

took the leadership. He gathered together the Shura Council. This is the Supreme Council of those promised paradise before their death, and they came together and Ally's decision was you cannot let the leadership of the Muslim world go unattended for even one night.

00:14:51--> 00:14:59

This was a crucial this was a pivot. And so he made that pivot the council came together and they chose ally to be the

00:15:00--> 00:15:11

fourth, Khalifa is an excellent choice. This is one of the first people to accept Islam. After Khadija Ali is really like the third person to embrace Islam.

00:15:13--> 00:16:06

He is the cousin of the prophets on Sunday, married the prophets daughter, he is considered to be one of the most learned of the companions. He grew up with Islam in his life. And so it was a natural choice for our lead to be put into this position. And to add to that Ali was courageous, and he was decisive. And that is pivotal for Islam at that point, because confusion was spreading in the land. The Head of State has been killed. What should we do ally then took the rates. But some of the companions, especially those who are emotionally attached with Usman, remember the old maid group, I was Sofiane Mao here, they were mainly living at that point in Damascus, Syria.

00:16:07--> 00:16:09

Bow here was the leader,

00:16:10--> 00:16:46

they decided that the most important issue was not the politics of putting a Khalifa in, but it was to get revenge to find the killers of woodsman and bring them to justice. This is an opinion. But a council happened. Ali was chosen and DDD, the movement of Islam was put into place. And the majority of the scholars say very clearly that Ali was correct.

00:16:48--> 00:17:02

Ali was correct. And so while we're being a very strong personality, disagreed with ally. And this disagreement, eventually led to a battle.

00:17:03--> 00:17:27

It didn't start as a battle, it was a difference of opinion. Many historians are Tabari, and many show that the followers of urban Saba, they were infiltrating both sides. And the province and Salem had said that our will not begin until two great groups fight one another. And there will be a great battle between them. Although their call is one.

00:17:28--> 00:17:29

This is the time

00:17:30--> 00:17:34

and the two great groups came together. It was Ali and wow, yeah.

00:17:37--> 00:17:50

They tried to negotiate. But Ali had made his decision. He was the Khalifa that the rule of Islam was being consolidated. And so it eventually broke into a battle.

00:17:51--> 00:18:02

How these forces were coming to the surface with such great strength. And it is reported for those who don't what was going on.

00:18:04--> 00:18:24

The Prophet SAW Salem had made certain predictions, and one was about her Maya vinyasa where the last one was a great companion. And the prophets on Psalm one said, you will be killed eventually you will be martyred by elfia Timberlea by the oppressive side.

00:18:25--> 00:18:27

A Ma was fighting with Ali.

00:18:28--> 00:18:45

And he lost his life. And when a companion saw this, those who knew that tradition, they said sadaqa Rasul Allah, it has come to pass this group is the fear to Bahria they're wrong. And Ali was correct.

00:18:46--> 00:19:01

When while we saw that his forces were losing, they took the call and pieces of the Koran as you see on the screen. That's the way the original writing looked. They took pieces of the original must have

00:19:02--> 00:19:07

put it on their spears, and they said, Let the Koran decide,

00:19:08--> 00:19:14

let it decide. And so naturally, everything stopped. Because Muslims did not want to fight.

00:19:16--> 00:19:43

They needed to arbitrate, they need to come to the table. Make compromise if necessary. And so am i able house was sent to represent Wow, yeah. And I will use all Ashley was said to represent ally, and they negotiated but they couldn't come to a conclusion. This difference of opinion was strong. Some of the people who were companions at that time they lost control of their minds.

00:19:44--> 00:19:48

And some of the elements that were coming in especially from Iraq

00:19:49--> 00:19:59

started to have a great influence. And this group is known as El Hawa adage they are the people who went outside

00:20:00--> 00:20:46

of everything. They are the total preservers, who completely lost their sense and their minds. And these coverage, threatened people, they were extremists. And we've looked at them last week with some of the details that we have here. They they appear to be devoted people. But they're extremist in nature. They have a distorted view of the world. They even take the position that if somebody commits sin, he's Kafir. He's not a Muslim. And they don't care about blood, especially the blood of innocent people. And so that is an extremism that came into the Muslim world. But ally and this is your pivot. Ally was decisive.

00:20:47--> 00:20:52

He was decisive. And he met the Hawaii region defeated them in battle.

00:20:53--> 00:20:59

And they went underground. They fled south to Oman.

00:21:00--> 00:21:15

But a group of them came together and decided that they would assassinate the leaders, they would put an end to this confusion in their mind. And they sent assassins to kill Ali. Wow, we are an homage of Alas,

00:21:17--> 00:21:23

Amar, very cunning crafty leader. They caught the assassin on the road.

00:21:24--> 00:21:29

Bow he was stabbed while leading solid, but they were able to extract the poison.

00:21:30--> 00:21:53

Ali Read the last one he was stabbed. And the blood went right right to his body, right through to his heart. And as he was dying, they came with his son and her son. And they said do you say yes, we want your son. Now remember the concept now? Remember the concept and that is that

00:21:54--> 00:22:12

not a kingdom. Okay, laugh It is meritocracy. Keep this in mind because Islamic rule is coming, inshallah in the near future. And we need to know this to be able to distinguish between those who are truthful, and those who are false. And so

00:22:15--> 00:22:23

Ali, read the last one. He said I don't say yes. And I don't say no. They chosen Hassan.

00:22:25--> 00:22:26

Ali passed away.

00:22:28--> 00:22:36

Al Hasan after a short time when he saw Maui's forces still there. And confusion still there. He said, You take it.

00:22:38--> 00:22:50

And that fulfilled another prediction of Prophet Muhammad Salah Salem, when he took Al Hasan on his knee as a young boy, and said, You will bring peace between two great warring armies.

00:22:51--> 00:22:56

It was a very decisive move. And the leadership then went to

00:22:57--> 00:22:58

Wow.

00:23:00--> 00:23:01

The leadership went to Maui.

00:23:02--> 00:23:03

And

00:23:04--> 00:23:05

at this point,

00:23:07--> 00:23:12

a new concept comes in now this is the concept of shear.

00:23:13--> 00:23:44

It's a deep study. But I want to give you a general overview and understanding of what it is because these terminologies are being thrown around today. And people are getting confused. And so you have to realize is that Abdullah bin Saba the poison that he brought into the Ummah is not as the karate who fought Ali, he went the other side. And he tried to make Ali seem almost like a prophet. And that poison spread.

00:23:46--> 00:23:48

Remember, the word Shia?

00:23:49--> 00:23:59

It originally came from? She had to Holly, and she had to malaria. She means a group, or it means a sect.

00:24:00--> 00:24:26

And at that time, you remember when Holly was facing Wow, yeah. How do you identify? They're all Sahaba. There's no schools of thought. There's no Islamic movement. It just companions and Tabin. So they said is the group supporting Ali? She actually and it's the group supporting Maori and she uttered Wow, yeah. So she was used for Mao is good, too. Okay. Now,

00:24:27--> 00:24:33

once Mao, we took over the room, Ali had been assassinated.

00:24:34--> 00:24:55

So she had to ally with the people who were who had been supporting Ali Hassan, on that side. She had to Mao was no longer needed because Mommy was the Khalifa. He was the rule. So that went down. And the dynasty that took over the Muslim world is called Blue mage it.

00:24:56--> 00:24:59

Will may it dynasty, my brother who made

00:25:00--> 00:25:11

In Mecca, and the Hashem is, so this is called the Romanian dynasty and Mao you took over as the first ruler. But

00:25:13--> 00:25:49

you have to realize that at that time, there was no major divisions in Islam. There was no Sunni there was no Shia, there was no Hanafi Maliki none of this. It's basically companions. And at that time, there was a fitna, a great fitna, that had gone on amongst the Companions, when Mao we are took over. And the great majority of the companions, they accepted Molly, because he was a scribe of the prophets on solemn. He had a lot of good qualities, even are saying,

00:25:51--> 00:25:52

who was famous for his

00:25:53--> 00:26:03

struggle is rebellion against the Romanians at that point in time, and this is a key point. And Hussein accepted well, how we are as the Khalifa.

00:26:05--> 00:26:09

And so this actually ended the major fitna.

00:26:10--> 00:26:22

And so now we are then went to work. And he set up naval bases, the companions were supporting him for the for the most part 99%.

00:26:24--> 00:26:35

The the Mujahideen went out in all directions. And so Islam was now back in its natural form, calling to the good and forbidding evil. And

00:26:39--> 00:26:44

who is Maui? Maui is the son of Abu Sufyan, great companion,

00:26:45--> 00:26:47

scribe of the Prophet SAW Salem.

00:26:48--> 00:27:13

He is establishing Islam, there was a difference of opinion with Ally. But while we are had good qualities, and that's important because people tend to go to extremes. And people tend to forget that this rule at the time of Maori at that time, it was called the year of the Yamaha.

00:27:14--> 00:27:25

It was the year when everybody came back together. Because there was no massive confusion. Al Hussein actually accepted the rule of Maori.

00:27:27--> 00:27:31

The other companions accepted it, especially those in Mecca and Medina.

00:27:33--> 00:28:13

Jai de was sent out, they even went towards Constantinople to try to take over because that was a thorn in the side of the Muslim world. Still, the Byzantines were using it as a base to spread confusion into the Muslim world to try to retake territory. And so even companions, an army went to Constantinople and Ottawa, Yuval on Saudi rodilla. One actually died on the walls of Constantinople. This is a great companion and you can still go to our our US resting place and his Masjid today in Istanbul, Turkey.

00:28:15--> 00:28:16

So, now we are

00:28:17--> 00:28:32

brought things back together. But his major mistake and we have to be honest about this. His major mistake is that he trusted in his son

00:28:35--> 00:28:41

as the year went by, and the next year and Hassan died from poisoning, well he had a biller.

00:28:43--> 00:28:54

Ma we are set his son as a Crown Prince. Now what had this done this change the concept of the Khalifa to a kingdom

00:28:55--> 00:29:15

because it is father son. Now it's still Islamic, you can say it's Islamic rule. It's real Midnight is majority Muslim socat has been collected fasting in Ramadan, Hajj salads being done halal food, all the things that you consider the Islamic lifestyle, but

00:29:16--> 00:29:22

the ruler himself on top, we have to recognize the fact he was not relevant.

00:29:23--> 00:29:59

And that is important for the justice to be established. Bow is main mistake was that he entrusted the leadership to his son, your seat. There were different opinions about Yazeed. The majority opinion said that he has he he had bad qualities. And he was not suitable to be the Khalifa. And so there were those who disagreed. And the main opposition there are a number of people who opposed Yahtzee taking over now it's

00:30:00--> 00:30:12

This is a deep history. I'm giving you an overview now because we need to understand certain terminologies that are being used. Al Hussein Ibn Ali, the southern valley right still there.

00:30:13--> 00:30:14

Abdullah he even Omar

00:30:16--> 00:30:18

Abdullah ibn Zubair

00:30:19--> 00:30:40

up Abdullah bin er bass, these are the famous Abdullah HISC sons of companions of Dr. Mann Gibbon Abu Bakr right. So, these are great sons of great companions, they oppose this, they did not agree with you as the taking over.

00:30:41--> 00:30:42

And it was an Hussein,

00:30:44--> 00:30:44

who became

00:30:46--> 00:30:47

well known,

00:30:48--> 00:31:10

and he left Medina and he went towards the capital to capital, remember how they move the capital to Kufa. So Kufa was the capital, political capital of Islam. And Al Hussein, opposed Yazeed who was based in Damascus, okay, so you have Damascus, Syria, and you have Kufa in Iraq.

00:31:11--> 00:31:20

And Hussein goes toward Iraq. And the people of Kufa, they sent out a message to another sane saying, We will support you.

00:31:22--> 00:31:33

But they're very fickle people, they wish you one day and against you another day. And unfortunately, before Al Hussein was even able to reach the city,

00:31:35--> 00:32:01

the conference changed their position. And Hussein found himself. He was but he was by himself. Yes, he set out an army. And they killed Hussein, read the law, one and his family, a terrible tragedy for all Muslims. Not one particular group. For all Muslims. This was a tragedy amongst the many tragedies that have hit the Muslim world. And so

00:32:03--> 00:32:06

the roommates then continued in their rule.

00:32:07--> 00:32:14

But what you have to realize is that those people who were supporting are saying at that time,

00:32:15--> 00:32:43

and this is what you could say, the family coming from Ali Hassan Hussein, these were people who were supporting who did not agree with Yazeed. That's the opposition. Okay, so But amongst the opposition was Abdullah bin Zubair who took over Mecca, and a lot of people don't realize that he will govern mecca for 20 years in opposition to Yazeed. And there were millions.

00:32:44--> 00:33:07

There were other Abdullah he's but what is critical to understand Shia? She isn't to understand where it came from, is that at that time, the follow is with Hussein, where it was political Shiism, because there was no difference between Sunni and Shia. Everybody prayed the same.

00:33:08--> 00:33:25

There was no Sunni and Shia. You have to realize this, because Sunday only means the followers of the Sunnah. Yo and that is, the Prophet SAW Salem. That's what all Muslims are doing. So there was no Sunday the Jama was the whole group.

00:33:26--> 00:33:32

And politically, they were people who were against your see that they were the Shia political sphere.

00:33:33--> 00:33:39

But those people who have left Hussein in the desert to die, the ones from Kufa

00:33:40--> 00:34:19

and he was killed in a place called Kara Buddha, present day Iraq. They went there and they hid themselves they did penance, the toe wa boom, they are called repentance. And from there, different celebrations came about this is where your Ashura celebration comes about. This is not son of the Prophet salsa limits long after his time. Okay, it only comes about because of this mistake, this terrible grievious mistake made by the coop, who fails to leave and whose ultimate sin Radiolaria.

00:34:21--> 00:34:37

But it's celebrated today as though it is the original part of Islam. That's a mistake. But let's look at it now in terms of the basis of the shear moving at time. At that time, it's political ones. Now, remember, Kufa.

00:34:38--> 00:34:59

Kufa is a very strange place. Because if we go back into history, we realize that magic was originated. It was brought by angels, her route and my route into Babel, into Babylon into Iraq, in that same area, and so, Kufa was a hotbed of conspiracy.

00:35:00--> 00:35:06

They were underground magical movements occult. The occult movements were there in Kufa

00:35:07--> 00:35:11

at the same time, they were great companions. In Kufa

00:35:12--> 00:35:29

there are people like Saudi but ABI Waqqas Abu Musa, and you know cos Ali and Abdullah and Masood, Salman and fantasy are my vinyasa on day 5 billion man, so many different kinds of Abu Hanifa. The great Imam was from Kufa

00:35:31--> 00:35:49

who fixed script is one of the key writings of the Arabic language when it was codified. So Coover is a very important place, but at the same time, it was a hot bed of conspiracies. And so this is where theological Shiism comes.

00:35:51--> 00:36:16

Because you have the opposition to the remains that is there. And the underground hotbed movements of Kufa began to infiltrate. There are people, al Qaeda, and people like that who are who are cultists who literally joined this underground movement, because they had to be underground, because they were maids were the rulers,

00:36:17--> 00:36:43

extreme elements, also from the former Sassanid dynasty, with a former Persian rulers who believed in Persian rule, some really important point. And that's why they invested in Hussein, because Hussein had married. He was given shutter bunu, who is one of the daughters of the shower, the leader of the Persians,

00:36:44--> 00:37:00

she became his right hand position because of the war, he freed her and he married her. So the children of Al Hussein, have the blood of the Prophet Prophet Muhammad, Salah Salem, and the royal blood of the Sassanid Persian dynasty.

00:37:01--> 00:37:14

So for people living in that area, this is a type of holy, you know, type of blood that is there within this. So this is the base of now what I'm calling theological shears.

00:37:15--> 00:37:17

Because up until that point in time,

00:37:19--> 00:37:40

there was no difference in solid. And if you look at one of the great Imams of GSM, Chaffer Sodick Rhodiola when he was a companion of Imam Malik, they both lived in Medina, and Imam Malik would describe him in glowing terms, there was no difference there was no movement over there Sunni and Shia. No.

00:37:41--> 00:37:49

Everybody was was was underneath the yields the Sangha, however, family of the Prophet SAW Salem had to be protected.

00:37:51--> 00:38:00

And that is where the theological form comes in. And that form now makes a different kind of opposition.

00:38:02--> 00:38:19

Because it not only opposes politically, but it starts to bring in this element of the divinity of ally to divinity of his descendants. This is where it starts to come in. And that's different than the original series.

00:38:21--> 00:38:52

Now, the theological, Shiism, the main body of that group is considered to be what is called yet na Sharia. And these are the 12 years, they believe that there are 12 Imams, starting with Ali, and then al Hassan Seine, and Hassan Al Hussein, and then they start going down, you know, and they believe that this 12 Imams, okay, so that's what's considered to be the ignatia or the 12 is okay. And

00:38:54--> 00:39:07

you have to realize that things start to change when this theological form comes in. And this is where the Imams were then considered by this underground group, as divine.

00:39:08--> 00:39:14

And this is where the split is. Also, what starts to come in is an extreme

00:39:15--> 00:39:23

relationship with the Companions, with this extreme version, even wants to curse the Companions,

00:39:24--> 00:39:40

the curse the companions of the prophets on Sunday, that is unheard of. And so this is where splits start to happen. Even amongst the so called Shia groups, because one of the famous

00:39:41--> 00:39:50

sons of Al Hussein, grandson, his name was Imam Zaid. Remember this name,

00:39:51--> 00:39:59

Imam Zaid ibn Ali, Ibn Al Hussein Ibn Ali ibn Abu Dhabi for the long run

00:40:00--> 00:40:24

Hi, this is Imam Zaid. He is a righteous member of a little bit of the family of the Prophet SAW Salem and a great leader. And so the theological Shia came together with him. And they said let us struggle against the limits. But the condition is you must curse Abu Bakr and Omar

00:40:25--> 00:40:47

and Imam Zaid rattler one Rahim Allah. He said, I will not curse those who were the companions of Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. I have great respect for them. And so when he refused to curse the Companions, the extreme form of Shiism left him

00:40:48--> 00:40:51

and he said referred to loony.

00:40:52--> 00:41:07

You denied me. That's what they said, and Imam say and so from that time, this group is called a rafidah. They are the ones who denied Imam Zaid Imams Zaid group, then

00:41:08--> 00:42:01

they continued on. And eventually he struggled and, you know, with his life, and his followers became known as ze D. Yeah. See, the terminology is now coming in. They became known as the ze ds. So that's the difference between Zaydi Shia and ignatia. It nationally the twelvers and then the extreme fanatical groups. Okay. But in this case, it's important for us to understand because people are confused who's this group in Yemen Houthi is what is the name of an individual right. So that's just a tribal name in Yemen. But they are Zaidi as to say these are the majority in Yemen. Okay. But the reality is that the followers of Imam Zaid, they went to Yemen,

00:42:03--> 00:42:19

and some of them went into the Caspian Sea up north into Asia, Central Asia, you'll even find amongst the good that the Turks, you'll find people who wear black turbans, and you'll find great emphasis on it. You know, this is because of the idea.

00:42:20--> 00:42:20

But

00:42:22--> 00:42:37

the reality of this idea is that in terms of the actual practice, they are very similar to the Atlas and there was there's hardly any difference between them, I brought you a few differences. And that is that

00:42:39--> 00:42:49

the political difference, you know, that they felt that alley, you know, should have been the Khalifa, you know, they are even before with men, they still felt that because of their love for ally.

00:42:50--> 00:42:57

And they, they still, there's another one where they add on some extra words, they retain that

00:42:58--> 00:43:21

they also retain what is called water. And water is temporary marriage, where you can actually marry somebody for the weekend. And then, you know, when the weekday comes back, then you're separated, that is not accepted by the 90% overwhelming majority of the Muslims. The Atlason that was your mind is not nothing like this, but it's acceptable. Okay. And,

00:43:22--> 00:43:37

but they're dynasties. For the most part, you know, in the Caspian region, in the north they integrated into it is the Houthis. It is the Zedi of Yemen. So this is where your terminology comes in.

00:43:38--> 00:44:01

And that is critical for us in our understanding of the world today. But let's look for unity in it. And you will recognize that the Zedi is of Yemen. There's not really much difference between them, and the Atlas Samila. Juma and that is why, theologically in Yemen itself, the people are basically the same. There are differences were more political differences.

00:44:02--> 00:44:03

Okay.

00:44:04--> 00:44:06

Now, continuing on.

00:44:07--> 00:44:48

What's important for us to understand is that the ignatia you see all the twelvers were mainly in the area of Iraq. At that time, they were an underground movement and this underground movement and continue protecting the island bait. family of the Prophet SAW Salem and making their activities they wanted to have power every once in a while, one would pop up and claim to be the Khalifa. But the overwhelming majority 85 90% of the Muslim world was ALLAH Sonoma Jamar at that time was like 95% the other Sunday

00:44:49--> 00:44:59

even more maybe 98% with the Alessandra Wajima tiny group was this year. Okay, so this concept of Sunni and Shia has to equal groups

00:45:00--> 00:45:14

That's a mistake. You have to realize, and this is this is another pivotal moment. For those of you who are marking in your histories. This is something to research. And this is in 1502.

00:45:16--> 00:45:36

Now, that's hundreds of years after the original political Shiism, because you have to go back to the seventh century. Okay, hundreds of years later, like six 700 years later, a dynasty called Safavid dynasty. They took over Persia

00:45:38--> 00:45:44

and the leader of the sufferer we dynasty Ismail

00:45:45--> 00:45:49

Shah Ismail. He was Turkish by the way,

00:45:50--> 00:46:21

he took over he united the people is a Turkish strength, united the people, and he accepted a form of the inertially, Shiism and he they claim dissent from the seventh Imam, Musa McCallum, and he declared this is this is suresmile. He declared that this would be the state religion of the area he conquered, which is now the present day, Iran and parts of Azerbaijan.

00:46:23--> 00:46:27

He declared it will be the state religion. Before that time,

00:46:28--> 00:46:59

the major form of Islam in the Persian area Corizon, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, all that area was the Sunda that is the reason why your great Imams of Hadith Muslim telling me the and they say you will see most of them are coming from that area, from the horizont area of Afghanistan and that mountainous area and Persia, that's where they came because at that time, it was all the sudden them.

00:47:01--> 00:47:42

So it wasn't the 16th century 16th century, that this becomes the state religion. And this is when, by force, the people accepted it became the state religion, and it then became a force. That's why now we say 85% of the Muslim world is the Sunnah, and 15% would be the shear. Okay, it's still the overwhelming majority. But you have to realize that large number did not come about until the 16th century. So understand your pivots in history.

00:47:43--> 00:47:48

Because if you don't understand that we get confused, and it's being used by the West.

00:47:49--> 00:48:09

To divide and conquer. We need to see what unites us. Number one, you need to see that this idea of Yemen is just about the same as the other Sonoma we need to see that even the Ignacio de she is of Iran, they are allowed to make Hajj. The scholars of Arabia

00:48:10--> 00:49:02

realize that they are within the Muslim world that is only the extremists. Remember those underground cults. And this is where you get groups called Israelis. And we have the Fatimid group that was in Egypt. You have the hashing the assassins, you have a group in Lebanon called de Roos. These are the extreme or cultish groups that in some cases are not even Muslims. But the mainstream body of the Shia naturally is considered within the Muslim world. There are differences of opinion, but it is within the Muslim world. And that is critical for us today. To try to find unity amongst ourselves. Okay, so it goes back to key pivot was a little bit a bit taller, but he saved the OMA.

00:49:03--> 00:49:29

He saved the OMA and he was able to consolidate, and that consolidation came out of the fact that to his son, Hassan came out of the fitna. And even though there was strife that went on, the Muslim world was able to hold itself together because of that key pivot that came with the great Khalifa Ali ibn Abi told him where the alarm

00:49:30--> 00:49:59

and so this is, these are terminologies that you need to study. We have a course called Sex s eects. And cults in Islam. You want the details, you can download it from islam.ca. You can download the course and you can go to the details, but it's critical to understand the differences. Today Muslims need unity. We need to come as one Muslim world and then we sought out our own

00:50:00--> 00:50:16

Francis, but one block. And if we can unite ourselves, then we will be the most powerful force on us. May Allah subhanaw taala bring about, you know that closeness to the Muslims, as soon as possible.

00:50:17--> 00:50:46

I want to open up the floor for any questions or comments that anybody may have, you can put it into the chat room, how they are concerning this, this is a very deep topic. But I wanted you to understand where the Z ideas the Houthis of Yemen come from. And you know, the difference between the mainstream and the Sunnah. And the breakaway group called the Shia, which got a state only in the 16th century, floor is open for any questions.

00:51:01--> 00:51:05

People are coming in from different areas. And

00:51:06--> 00:51:08

so the floor is open for any questions

00:51:09--> 00:51:26

that we have, there's a lot of confusing concepts that are in the world today. And it's really important, you know, for us to try to get our information straight. We have one person coming in from Reno, Nevada, are their 100 that they come so I'm gonna have to look.

00:51:27--> 00:52:14

May Allah bless all of our Muslims from Texas, some people coming in, you know, people coming in from overseas, it's important for us to stay together as possible. There's a question that said, you know, would we separate the Muslims in numbers, when we say that there are there are over a billion Muslims, like Sunni or Shia. Now, when we talk about a billion Muslims, we're not dividing up into groups. We are talking about the mainstream bodies of Islam, which would include the the mainstream ethno nationalists here, some of these small groups of de Roos, and, you know, it's my early days and some of these other groups Qadiani Amedy. And some of these would not be considered, you know,

00:52:14--> 00:52:37

in that billion of the Muslim world, and they're only small in number, actually. But yes, the mainstream, you know, sheer group is considered, you know, in that, in that billion, it's important for us to start thinking as little Qibla we'll straighten out our own problem. We don't want Orientalist and politicians from the west to divide and conquer at this point in time,

00:52:39--> 00:53:25

question is, was there any connection between Shia and the conflict between our Isha and ally? Know, at that time, the the conflict, remember ally had to make a decision in terms of the leadership and I you should disagreed that she went to Mecca, and eventually, you know, she went east. And she was joined by some of the companions. And so Ali went to straighten this thing out because Ali's decisive person, and there was a short battle that happened in between them, but you know, it was it was resolved quickly. And I you show them was, you know, was allowed to go back to Medina, and she never entered politics again. So there's no Sunni Shia at that time. Gotta remember, everybody

00:53:25--> 00:53:29

sunnah. When you say, suddenly, you're talking about Muslim.

00:53:30--> 00:53:49

So these concepts only come later, hundreds of years later. The problem is today, people are taking concepts, like the whole shear as a huge group that happened in the 16th century. Right? And they're putting it on as though it's right from the beginning this huge division, no,

00:53:50--> 00:53:59

there was not a huge division between the Muslims and it doesn't have to be a huge division, not we can sort this thing out amongst ourselves.

00:54:02--> 00:54:05

So floor is open for any other questions that anybody you may have.

00:54:07--> 00:54:57

After this, Inshallah, next week, we will be going on after the time of the great qualified Russia, Dean. And we're going to be looking at the spread of Islam, and some very decisive moments in Islamic history, some of the great moments where some of the great leaders came to the surface. And you know, about salobre Dean, you know, you've heard about the Seljuks. You've heard about, you know, many famous names, want to bring you some of these in the next few sessions to come. So you can see decisive moments in Islamic history. So I leave you with these thoughts. And I ask Allah to have mercy on me and you. I could have that 100 not belong to me was salam aleikum, wa Rahmatullah

00:54:57--> 00:54:58

Beckett.