Rulings of Salah
Channel: Abdulbary Yahya
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there hamdulillah Ahmed who want to start in Western Europe when all the bIllahi min sure rhodium fusino sejahtera Molina mejor de la who follow my Yulin fella Hadiya shadow Allah Allah I don't know what the Buddha's actually color were shadow under Mohammed Abdul rasool Allah. We are in the book of
prayers and also the first Hadith we covered the first Hadith in Baba Marathi, which is the prayer times inshallah we'll continue now, with the second Hadith which is the hadith of Aisha, Radi Allahu Allah, which we covered a little bit last week. So we'll continue with that in sha Allah right now. hadith is
from Aisha Hadith number 54. I think an Aisha Radi Allahu Allah, Pilate.
Look at Cana Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
You saw Lilford your
life I actually had to Mara Huni, seven minute one minute.
Then the prophets of Allah he has
prayed for budget, of course. And I just is telling us that look like Canada Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you solid Fajr he would pray for? For Yes. Yes, I do. Marco Nisa on minelute minute, there'll be a woman who used to attend the prayer in the masjid of the prophets of Allah and he was and then the message of the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there were two doors, so that you don't have intermingling one door was for women. And the other door was for the men. So the men would enter one door, but there was no, there was no barrier. The woman would pray behind, and the women would pray to be, you know, in the front of the masjid. And this is
this is how they used to pray. They didn't have a woman section in terms of like a separate woman's like, it was just in the masjid itself. But during the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, whenever the messenger of allah sallallahu wasallam would finish prayer, he would turn around and he would face the Companions, he would face the companions
and he will only do so, during fighted Maghrib and Isha.
Going the other prayers when we look at the narrations of shall come to us and many of the scholars have mentioned that he would face to the side. So he would face the side why? Because in Fajr, prayer, the McGraw prayer and Isha prayer, the Masjid in the time during time the Prophet SAW long did not have lights. So if you looked in the back, we couldn't see anything. Like right now if we turned off all our lights, like though all the brothers are sitting in the back, we wouldn't be able to see them. We wouldn't be able to recognize them. So when the messenger of Allah salon would turn around, he would just see the men and in the back most of the time, the moment that also did not
stay in the masjid, right the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would say selfhood, Allah sloughing Allah stuff that he would make is still far alarm and the salah will Minka salah
the Barak, the other Jalalabad
and then the Prophet son would turn around. And by the time he would finish in turn around, what do you think the woman
already out? There already said as soon as they finish, they can't they would come just for the prayer. They didn't sit down and they didn't hang out in the masjid. Even though they did have their own section, they stayed in the back. And so that's why during the time of
the after the time of the Prophet sallallahu so during the time of Roman Khattab, Medina, who needs a Khalifa and the whole of her what she do now Monica, Tara de la, I know used to on our Abdullah Ahmad
wanted to prevent the woman from coming to the masjid. And the his his reasoning was no, the woman during this time is not like a woman the other time.
Like there in the old days they were they would cover of course, then they will always covered properly, much better than what we have now. But the prophets of Allah who are someone who would finish they would all go they would leave the masjid and the Prophet saw them and IHS is he says with the Luffy Admiralty hidden from the year journey liability in my my iPhone and my iPhone, I had a menial virus that when she left when when when they would go home and they're walking home. Nobody would know. Nobody would be able to recognize them because of the darkness that was still there. So what does that mean? This hadith from Aisha Radi Allahu Allah, is a Hadith that's explaining to us
what time the prophets of Allah had
So prayed Fajr what time did he pray failure. And failure, of course, comes in when the streak on horizon, when you see, first of all before find the Cubs, there is a brightness on the horizon,
there's a brightness or like there's a light that comes out. That light that comes out is not familiar yet.
There's two lights that come back to to, you know, when when, when a shot comes, that's when you look at the horizon, and there's total darkness,
there's total darkness when is when there's total darkness and horizon. When the sun after the sunsets, there's a redness, and there's a yellow light on the horizon, right, reddish or yellow. On the horizon, you look at the color, and it's very beautiful, by the color of sunset. And even after the sunsets, the horizon, the color and horizon is very beautiful, the sky is not blue, right? It's not blue. It's reddish of a reddish color. And this reddish color when it disappears from the horizon becomes totally dark. And then close to the morning. There's a bright light, you can see the light, like the brightness of the light that comes in, there's two types of brightness. One is
horizontal and the other one is vertical, you'll see a vertical light, that vertical light is not fudging
the light that you see because it's only one section one area. But then there's a light. When the light stretches in it covers the whole horizon. When it looks like a streak a line,
a white line on the horizon, that's when Fajr begins. That's when 5g begins. But that light that streak on horizon, even though it's bright on the horizon, if you still look around, it's still dark.
It's still dark. So this hadith indicates that the Prophet sallahu alayhi wa sallam used to pray Fajr at the beginning of its time, he didn't delay. He did not delay the prayer, the Fajr some of us some some massages, and for some places, they like to delay the fajr prayer. So from this from this hadith here, we know that he says, We are here in Isla boo ut in my 400 I had an minerales that people did not recognize these women from there because it was still dark, you wouldn't even know you wouldn't be able to recognize them because of the darkness that was still there. And so in this, in this particular Hadith, you have a couple of things right first of all, the word with the laffy
Artemi Maruti when
they moto Luffy, it means they were covered up, they were covered, covered up.
moral to hidden is sort of like it's an idea that people were like, that covers from the head to, to all the way to the feet. And generally it's not too, right. It's just one. And sometimes, of course, sometimes people wear wear this over the clothing that's inside also, whatever they can, they can wear inside, but when they would go out, in the old days, they didn't have fashionable like hijabs and so forth nowadays, they would just take, and they would cover themselves just so that they would be covered up when the hijab was made obligatory. And so LLS is
what is the what is, what is the word of AleSmith umbrellas is a time in which there is a little bit of light, but the darkness still prevails over it. So it's like, sort of like
the darkness, you know, I think in English may be sort of like a twilight time that you see some light, but the light is not you can't see anything because there's darkness. So when you look at the horizon, then you'll see it. And if you look at the horizon, then you'll see light, but that light is not bright enough for you to recognize people. Recognize people that's the word OLS. And so here are
some, you know, the benefit What's the benefit of this hadith? The first benefit of this hadith is that when it's it's so nice to pray Fudger at the beginning of its time, right so I'll MOBA that we started we only work to her noble Dora, the salah till fajr. When Fidel comes in, to quickly pray the federal prayer at the beginning of its time, and sometimes like for us, especially in the summer, it could be five times very, very long, between failure and sunrise. And sometimes people delay
If you want to, and if there's a specific, there's a good reason for it, sometimes, sometimes you want to keep it.
You know, when the time doesn't change that often, you want to keep it,
you want to keep it like, consistent, because if you keep it consistent, it's easy for people to come to the masjid. They know exactly when, like, for example, right now, even though a shirt comes in 612 610, and then it goes a little bit further a little bit when we try to keep it, even though it comes remember before it was a few weeks ago is five something. But we do 585 5550 Something, but we try to keep it at six 630 Because it's more consistent people know, okay, if you're at 630. And we keep that three months in a row, it's easier for the people, it's easier for you. So what find your time, try to make we've talked, we've tried to make it consistent, so that people as long as as
long as we're not delaying the fajr prayer so much. It's still early, right, especially in the summer, it's very early, but it says you know, there's a few months, like, especially in June, around June, it's very early, but it's very consistent. Like right now it's consistently, like in Asia and even further, it's very consistent because it's at the end, right during spring and autumn. It moves quicker, right moves quicker, the time prayer changes, changes a lot more quickly. But if we can get more people to come because it can make something make it more consistent. As long as it's still early, as long as we don't delay it in sha Allah that's, that's the Sunnah of the Prophet
sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to try to pray as early, as soon as Fajr comes in and to pray it when it's still dark outside. The second Hadith or the second benefit that we have from this hadith is GWAS Hodor, ne se volatile 5g and Marija Mara.
It's permissible for women to pray to come to pray Fajr and in congregation near with the cook with a congregation, of course, some of the scholars and says, if they said Bishop amneal, fitna, as long as there's no fitna, so because why, why do we mention it? Why is it why is it why did the scholar sometimes mentioned them? Well, you shouldn't prevent women from coming to pray. But because it is sooner for them to come. And in fact, it's better for them to pray at home. And so that's why they're applying the Sunnah. And they're causing, and there's fits there and fits that can be maybe you know, there's a, sometimes I'd say, for example, you might, you might have a masjid, that's a
smaller masjid. And there might not be enough space. Right? If the if that's the case, then of course, he's trying to expand it and try to get make sure there's enough space in space, especially for women also, to do so. But if there's a reason for it might cause them fitna, and there's every, every situation is a little bit different. In every situation, every country is a little bit different. In some countries, in some areas, of course, to live are more dangerous than others. So you don't want let's say, for example, a woman goes out walks in the, in the streets, in some neighborhoods, it's not very safe for her to do so. You know, it's not very safe for her to come.
She might, you know, for a man, it's a little bit maybe, you know,
it's less of a problem. When when they come to the masjid maybe. But sometimes for a woman. In some neighborhoods, it's very much more difficult. If that's the case, then it's better for her to of course, it's always better to pray, but in this case that she should give there's a there's a possibility or there's a great possibility of harm that she might have. That might happen to her, then that's that's for specific cases. But in general, it's not permissible for
it's not permissible for men are for men, for anyone to prevent a woman from coming to the masjid. Including for the prayer because the prophets of Allah, Allah, Allah Allah, so, in his masjid, he said he used to have woman praying and he used to say, that have narrow him out Allah massages Allah. Well, we used to Hoonah highroller Hoonah let's have now EMA Allah masajid Allah do not prevent the female servants of Allah, from the houses of Allah. But their how their prayer at home is better. Mean praying and home for them is better. Another thing that we benefit one other benefit that we can extract from this hadith. I show her the love and she says so Maya Jelena. So Maya Jana
Isla booty henna. And then they will they would return to their houses. My daddy for HANA hudon Minella palace. And then they would throw Maya here and now that means they would go and people would not recognize them from the valets from the darkness. That's still there. And so what does that indicate?
That indicates that the woman during a time of the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam used to go out immediately after the prayer.
Because it's not bright outside, what did the what did the men used to do?
They used to stay in the masjid after fajr. But the time they would go out it totally bright outside, they would stay, and they make the alcohol. And they would stay longer. Right, they would stay longer, and the prophets of Allah and so on would stay also.
And it's so nice to stay until it's if you're able to stay until sun until sunrise in prayer, Doha prayer, and then many of the companions, they used to think tank because they would stay up at night time praying already. And so some of them were, even though they were tired, they would stay in the masjid. And they would make thicker, they would recite Quran, then afterwards, many of them would pray the prayer and then they would go, but the majority of the men used to stay after budget used to say after fighting, but the fact that I shattered the law harnesses my ERG and 11 Putin and then after prayer, after that they would return to their homes. It's an indication that it's mobile data
and they sat there Raju Illa, beauty hidden Villa villas, like that's they went back right away, because when they would go out, it's still dark outside. And who is mentioning this, it is Aisha and Abila. Honda. And
one of the another benefit, we find that the Companions, the female companions, the Sahaba, yet, when they used to go out, they used to cover themselves very properly. You know, when you say, with the Luffy, it be Marathi henna, this is something that, you know, sort of like a sheet that they would cover over their heads, and they would cover their bodies, which means what it's not, it's not tight. It's not it's not, they're not wearing pants or anything like that, like what they're wearing is very, very loose. And so even at nighttime, when you could barely recognize anybody, they would cover themselves every time they would go out. So if they covered themselves like that at nighttime,
well, what do you think data? Also, it's an indication that they used to pray for job very early, and the woman used to go back to their houses very quickly. And, and that's the indication they are here
is based on the based on the situation and the, you know, the light that's outside so that we know that they went home very early. So so it is best, it is best to pray Fudger in the early hours, the beginning, just like the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. We mentioned in the first Hadith, of this Bab of this chapter, as salata, Allah worked, he has a solid praying your prayers at its time as it's appropriate time, which means what if it's fudging the whole answer? Mother, you should pray that the beginning with Asia, it's permissible to delay it until the end till midnight. And the more you delay it, the better it is. But what if you delay it? He's like, Okay, if I delay, I'm not going
I'm going to be very tired. And I might not have concentration and so forth. Right? Sometimes you're like, Okay, I want to delay. But by that time, I'm like, I'm going to be praying really quickly.
Right, so what should you do? You should pray, find the best time to pray while you're still.
You're still you still you still can have full concentration and so forth. And you and so you're not you're not trying to hurry, right? You're not trying to hurry to try to give it it's to give each action that you do in terms of the prayer to give each it's right, and so sha Allah and so there's some scholars who mentioned now who are of the opinion that it is better to delay the perfect your prayer until the end until it's bright outside. And this hadith here seems to contradict that. And there are many other Hadith also, that seem to contradict that we mentioned last week, we mentioned the Hadith, the proof in which they said one of the hadith is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam said as favorable fudgier Fein who have them a little edgier, as Pharaoh will make you delay your prayer until it's bright outside as far as what is to
say is to make it clear. So that means what may wait until it's bright outside when it's bright outside to pray. So that's what that's what some of them said. And other scholars said no as funeral will tell you that means pray and touch bright outside. Like pray prolong the more you longer you prolong your prayer. For a budget the greater the reward is, the greater than that makes more sense if the Hadith itself is authentic, and Allah Subhana Allah knows best. And as scholars there's a miss
Scholars are indifferent in terms of their opinion on the authenticity of that particular Hadith.
But we say that in sha Allah, the general rule is that you pray when it's at the beginning of its time and there are some exceptions of why you should when you should delay and some of that one of the exception is the Hadith that we'll cover next, which is the Hadith the third Hadith in this particular chapter, is a Hadith of Jabir ibn Abdullah Hara the Allahu Anhu we said can interview sallallahu alayhi wa sallam you certainly though had been heard you will also have a shrimps nuclear was murdered either way the robot will Asia Yeah, yeah and either our homies tomorrow I jello either upto alpha alpha was gonna be Salahuddin some new Solea mirrorless so this is another Hadith. I
didn't number 46 is Hadith in Sahih Bukhari and this particular had and also of course, this is Hadith in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim this is what we're looking at these Hadith they are either inside Buhari only or cyber hottie and Muslim. So and in terms of its its wording, but generally these Hadith concerning FIP are in Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim. So Jabir bin Abdullah here are the Allahu Anhu. He said, Can enemy Salah and so the soleus over will Hydra. So jab, Nila about the Allahu Anhu. He said,
you suddenly have the hook. So of course you suddenly saw that the Lord he prayed the prayer and Bill hijra, what's behind you? Can you Sunday of the whole bill, Hydra. And here this is during the time of hydro, what's the Hydra? Hydra is the time it's midday.
That's what it means it's midday. And this is the time in which it's most it's, you know, it's really hot. Right? It's extremely hot. And it's, you know, Mantis FNR, which is like in the noon time High Noon. And of course, the Prophet did not pray. When the sun is right above the head, your head, as soon as it moves a little bit from the from the zenith, which is the tip the high point. After that, of course, in when you're in, when you're in an area that's closer to the equator, the sun is above your head. If you're close to the equator, if you're in, you know, Somalia, or
Medina Mecca, or if you're like in Indonesia, when it's noon, time you look up the sun is right above you. But if you're in America, where is the sun?
Is it right above you, never gets above you. It's never been it's always it's always, you know?
Yes. closer to the equator towards the equator towards south, of course, it's always closer to the south. And so it's never above you. But whenever it's its highest point. That's the zenith. And as soon as it passes that, of course, one of the times it's not permissible for us to pray is when the sun is right above. That means when the sun is at zenith, you don't pray, as soon as it moves from there. What does it mean? How do you figured that out? Well, if you're in Arabia, if you don't, if you look down, or if you're in Somalia, it's close to the equator, you look down, you don't have a look, you don't have a shade shadow, there's no shadow, so there's no shadow, then you don't pray
during that time. As soon as you see a shadow starts, then that's when that's when the work starts. So we'll have zero that's the time in which, you know, after, you know, after it's the hardest time, because in the mornings, it gets hot, right? But then the longer it is you wait, the harder it is. That's why if you look at the temperature, the temperature itself, you will see that that time after after Zilla after mid noon, high noon, that's when it's hardest. But for us, generally the hardest time is what
it's actually if you look at the temperatures in the summer, when is the hottest time?
Yeah, run acid time, right? Run acid and not doing that. And that's why why is that? It's because of the position where we are right now.
Right because of where we live. Right. And generally, when it's high doing it's, it's the closest foot for us. You know, as usually, the atmosphere takes a little bit a little bit more longer to heat up. And so usually during asset time actually becomes much more hot. And so why do I mention this is because if it's really hot, then you wait until it cools down. But for us at high noon, that's not the hottest time. The hottest time usually is much after that is a few hours after closer to us after that.
closer to us but during that time while she was here that the prophets Allah Allah Allah Allah so when it was extremely hot and you know in those days you come up you come out they didn't have a they didn't have air conditioner that's very difficult to you go out to extremely hot so he would wait until almost opposite time and we'd wait delay the door prayer and then he would pray. So here you suddenly the herbal Hydra will answer was Shams nappy said the Jabra Abdullah radula. Otto. And he said he said when
when the when the prophets and prayed he prayed answer. When the sun is naughty, what is not the year.
The pm means it's you know there's a you know, when the sun when it gets to like, towards the afternoon, you can see a change in color. Right? You change before before you see that redness. Before you see that redness you see sort of like a extreme whiteness. And that's the time in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to pray is also prayer. And so when do you pray us a prayer? What's the what is the view? Look at your shadow, when is it according to the majority of the scholars?
If you are at the equator, then it would be the same length as the
as your shadow. Right? But here, it's always gonna, it's never gonna be that. Right. So so how do you figure that out? Well, at the zenith, from the time of the zenith, and then have the law you know, we already for us, it's easy. We have our phones.
We just like okay, everything is calculated for us already. Right and we lose our phones, we don't know how we would know how when to pray, we would know we would not know when to pray. But when your shadow is twice the length, so because because you for us, because the shadow we never, we never get a time in which the sun is above our heads right away. So the high noon, whatever that shadow, that shadow is that high noon, we subtract that shadow, we subtract that shadow that we get doing noon time doing, you know when the sun is at zenith and the highest point and then if it's equivalent, the addition to that, if it's equivalent to that you can you know, it's a little longer than that.
Then in sha Allah, you can you can pray by adding the shadow at the zenith itself. So let's say right now, the sun is at its high point, what's our shadow,
the shadow, maybe like one foot or two foot right to maybe two. So of course, that's when we prayed over already. But then that's also we can't pray though, because it's right about it's a high point, once it passes that little bit. So we add that point to, to our chapter to the shadow itself. So if you have a stick on the ground, whenever noon is That's how much and then you the same when you add that length to that length that you have during noon time, then that's the beginning loss of time. Of course. In other words, the easiest thing is to of course, when you're living in the closer to the equator, is just as long as you see your shadow longer than you then that's the beginning of
ossifer. Of course.
Basically, according to the Hanafi when what's the what's the ruling on that?
They declare the prayer as a prayer even more, which is double this
double the shadow the shadow and that's why you know a lot of the Hanafi misogynist, they pray that also prayer much more late. So and when McGraw. And when the Prophets when did the prophets of Allah alayhi wa sallam know Primavera
the messenger of allah sallallahu Sallam prayed modem, when the sun either whichever whichever Mr. Fall, which means what which means the
when the sun has completely as completely
when the sun has completely set, and as soon as the sun has completely set, which means what which means the sun if it's still, if it's still setting, then we're not allowed to pray.
When it's still setting, that means if the sun has, you can still see the sun, the you can still see the sun itself. There's a difference between seeing that the sun and the sun going down. And sometimes, you know sometimes when you look at
the length of the sunset, what is the meaning of sunset? Some people say sunset is when the sun hits the horizon. Some people define it as that, but no sunset
is when the sun totally disappears. Sunset is when the sun totally disappears. And when there's a sun totally disappear. What do we mean by that? We mean that the sun. You don't see the sun anymore. But you can see of course you can still see the sunlight. You can still see the sunlight. That's the beginning beginning of McGraw prayer. And so he says Jabra Abdullah, he will ask, well, Aisha Jana, Jana, and he will pray isha, sometimes during this time, and sometimes during that time. In other words, sometimes he would pray it early. Sometimes he would pray it late, either on each demo,
where either upto a ha. So that you remember the old days, right?
You don't know you don't have an exact time.
You don't have an exact time. They didn't have watches, right? Everyone is looking at the horizon. And so when everyone's looking at Horizon, and some people are coming early, some people come in late. And you're looking at the horizon. It's not very precise. No, or people just, you know, they just come. So sometimes people would come early, he would come and he will look outside the masjid. And he will see like most people are coming here. Most people are early. Most people already here then he would pray. If he sees that there are people who are still coming, then he would delay it. So sometimes he would delay the prayer at a short prayer. And sometimes he would, he would
pray it early, sometimes early, sometimes late and was hoping can and maybe Salahuddin said you saw Lehigh Billa less. But fajr prayer, the prophet Salam would pray it when it was still dark outside. You know, when the Prophet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would still pray it when it was dark outside. So
based on this particular this hadith,
This is the Hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, this is the Hadith telling us when the prophets of Allah I'm used to used to pray. So the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he used to pray and the Companions used to pray during these times. This was after until the time it had judge. Judge is one of the like when the rulers when the governors and he was known for to know to be very, very ruthless, ruthless. He epidemiol Medina Senate the Arbonne arbeitnehmer serene and he was Emir and
Abdul Malik of number one, he was the one that made him the Emir and he for Jala. You saw that fossa Allen facile and as jagaran salata gonna be Salahuddin. So this hadith has its situation, or because when, when, at high judge, when he came, he used to delay the prayer.
They used to delay the prayer very often. And so that's why the Companions you know, though the tabby roll, they came and they ask Jabir ibn Abdullah hora de la and he said, Well, we know when How did you guys used to pray? Right? How did you get used to prayer? What time did you use to pray? And so this was one of the reasons why he mentioned he clarified it was trying to clarify to those who are there because the Emir was delaying the prayer was delaying the prayer. And so in Medina, people did not use to do that. And so what's the benefit from this hadith? The benefit from this hadith is that
it is best to pray at the beginning of its time, the beginning of each prayer time, based on what even based on what the situation, the Hadith When did jabot mentioned this hadith as because they were delaying their prayers. So he was telling them, he's trying to remind them to pray at the beginning of the prayer with the exception of Isha prayer. And when the Isha prayer, he will pray early, and we pray late. So what does that also indicate?
It also indicates that the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he wanted to pray, if it's permissible to delay
our prayer at the beginning of this time,
if you get more people to come to pray, by delaying as long as it's not extreme, you know, making difficult actually, if you're making it easier for the people, then that's something that's praiseworthy.
You're under understand, so something that's praiseworthy. So let's say for example,
let's say Father comes in, you know, like for in summers at three o'clock, right at three o'clock, and it ends, sometimes at six o'clock
or some five, five or six or maybe there's almost three hours or two and a half to three hours for Fajr prayer. So you have like a lot of leeway. Now if we pray at three o'clock immediately, we
When 5g comes in, you pray and it's still dark outside, you might get five people. But let's say we waited just a little bit, not extreme, not to the point where it's already bright outside. But because the time is very long, and we wait waited to four o'clock we will get more people. For example, you know, the delay when we get more people, then Inshallah, as long as it's not extreme to the point where we didn't know we're not delaying close to the end or past the half halfway, then maybe it's okay to delay based on what is easiest for the people. And the same with budget with with a short prayer also, same woman a short prayer. So if it gets so late, right, if it gets so late,
especially in the in the summer, yeah, it's good to delay it. But if you delay, it makes it difficult for the people. And that's why the Prophet sallallahu emsam would sometimes pray based on how many people came. If they came early, that he would start early. If they took a little bit longer, he would wait. And so he said, Lola Ashoka Allah Almighty in by Allah, this is the time and at the end of the time, Lola Ashoka OMA table wasn't so difficult for my ummah. And so the Prophet sallallahu, whom we looked at, also, the to make it easy for the people as long as it's acceptable, as long as it's not haram. And as long as it's permissible, he would do so. So he would choose the
best, but if it's the best was offering was also that which is best for the people, if it's not going against the principles of the deen of Allah subhanaw taala. And so, as I mentioned, maybe for us during a short prayer,
if you see that, also, have you see that people are having a difficult time, coming early, or if you're praying, also make sure you also
also recognize the difficulties, right, if people are having difficulties, shorten the prayer a little bit more, you know, because there are some people who are in a hurry, and some people can't stand very long. And so if you prolong it, prolonging it to the point where people don't want to come pray them in the masjid, then that's something that's negative. It's not something that's good. And so that's why for us, for example,
if it's a Sunnah prayer, then of course, there's if you want to prolong it, yes, but also you have to let people know, like, for example, throwaway prayer. A lot of people don't realize that doing a thorough prayer. It's sooner, right? And the sooner prayer as you can pray at home, where you can pray the masjid. And praying at home is better unless you
if you pray to home, you would be lazy.
So if we prayed in the masjid, during the time of the prophets of Allah, they have some how long did they used to pray when they when they gather,
during the last the last few days of Ramadan, in the last year of the life of the prophets of Allah? If so?
How long did they used to pray?
They used to pray almost all night.
They used to pray almost all night. So much so that I shadowed the ALLAH and he said that when the messenger of allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would pray,
I would be afraid that we wouldn't have time for so
like, because if it was coming, maybe we're not we might not have time. So she was afraid. So that means the Prophet some prayed very long. And how many rockets did he pray? He prayed a rock has but the eight rocket lasted a whole night.
Right? If we pray eight records, how long does our last last
record last lesson, but about an hour right or so sometimes a little bit more or less than that. And that's already difficult for the people. So that really hardship for the people. And people already complaining. And also you should also sometimes, for us, it's difficult also because sometimes the night is very short, and especially in the summer, and the winter, maybe we can prolong and pray a little bit more because a shot comes really early. But then if you're going to read the whole Quran in the summer, then people are gonna spend the whole night in the masjid and you won't even you might not even be able to finish, right because sometimes it's so short. The time for failure is at
two o'clock, a shot comes in what time 1130 By the time you finish, people won't have time for solo. And you can't there's not much to there's not there's not much time in the nighttime. And of course if you further north, it's even less than that. And so, from this hadith, we also learn to not to make it difficult for other people as the messenger of allah sallallahu Sallam also, he put it he put the difficulty of the people in consideration also.
Without inshallah we'll move on to the next Hadith and we will stop here but I just want to go through the next.
The next Hadith just just introduced
Until next time in sha Allah, the Hadith, the next hadith
is a similar Hadith. And of course, what we're talking about right now is the prayer type. And
this hadith, of course, all of that hadith that's coming up.
In this particular chapter, Bob, is related to prayer time. And for us, a lot of times we think we, you know, we mentioned, what prayer time is, well, we have our phones, why do we? Why do we need to learn this? Our phone is clear, I think, how did you determine that. And this is also very, very important for us to learn. Because
the reason is because you know, when you're dependent, this knowledge here used to be what used to be common sense. An old woman in any village,
an old woman in any village would know when prayer time is.
Right. And then if a person would travel before, they didn't have phones, how did they figure out everybody would know, just like we know when sunset is.
And they would know, when they did it, when a shot starts, and so forth. And so, knowing the prayer time is very important. Why because if you pray before the time, your prayer is not accepted. Right, and delaying your prayer. Past the time is a major sin, especially if you're delaying. And so it's, it's not something that we are allowed to do. And, and so, learning about the prayer time also, is something that is, of course,
in order for us to know when to pray, and which, you know, like, in terms of, not just the prayer time itself, because for us, the time itself, time is very, very important in our deen and being punctual is very, very important. And this will address how Muslim should be you know, sometimes when you when you have an event,
many, many Muslim events. They tell you, okay, one o'clock, if you go at one o'clock, nobody's there.
Like, why do you why have people come at one o'clock? There's nobody there.
And then you delay and then some people come early. And of course if everybody knows that, you know becomes it becomes like, Okay, everybody, you know, like some some some some weddings, right? In different cultures. There's different times for weddings. There's some different times for weddings different based on different cultures. Like if I go to a Somali wedding, I remember the first time I went to a Somali wedding. When you know based on the time I went there was nobody there.
Right? It says 11 o'clock, but only the families are normally there. Right? If you go to the charm wedding, it says 11 o'clock, and you get to 1115 Food is all finished
everybody comes on time, different cultures, everything come on time. And so it's Subhanallah like when I first when I first went, I gave birth and Vietnam in the village. I went into the masjid. And you know when I when I went into the masjid
as a hadith I was the last person to enter the Masjid.
I was the last person to enter the masjid when I entered the masjid everybody was already in the masjid waiting for me when they started
when I started nobody came except for this one little kid.
Little kid. He's you know, he's just a little kid just running around. That's the only look. I only saw one little kid into the Masjid. Everybody was already there. Everybody goes they sit down recite Quran. And it's a like it's very very, it's like shameful to enter the masjid after the hardship comes.
It's like oh, the biller How could you go to the masjid for Juma when the fatty body gave us started the football. Right so that the culture the culture is a little bit different. Culture is a little bit different. But for for us as Muslims, we should always we have to understand that you're going, you know, going early to Juma is something praiseworthy. Right? But nowadays, it's like it's the opposite. Like some people don't want to go early.
Right, but the reward is very great for coming early. And so the prayer time also praying on time. Punctuality is a very important part of Islam. In fact, if you were to eat before sunset, on purpose, just one minute, you knew it's not it's not Synthesia you ate that's only
as your as your fasting valid.
It's not if you ate after fajr, just one second, and you knew, and that's no, it's not, that five year has already come in and you still ate, you didn't care you just ate, there's only one, it's only
two or three seconds. No, if you knew already, then you're not allowed to eat after that. So that the punctuality like right on time. And for us also, when you promise somebody, and certain time, you should try to also do so on time also. And so Punctuality is also with our prayer is very, very important. But at the same time, also, you don't want to, you know, during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi, wa sallam the prayer time is, of course, it's not set, like the way we have here. And they used to wait sometimes if the messenger didn't come in, they would wait and waiting, you get reward for, there's a great reward for waiting, and coming early, and just wait. So waiting for
another two or three minutes, and so forth. In the especially in the masjid, you already be bad. You're already in worship, you're in worship. And so sometimes, for you know, of course, Punctuality is extremely important in when it comes to the acceptance of prayer and, and Latin, that acceptance, or, you know, the rejection of the prayer itself.
When it comes to fasting, and so forth. It's something that we should also know we should learn. We should try to get used to even though we're not used to it. But you know, some cultures, I'll share you with you and I want to coach, there's a brother, there's actually one of my teachers. He was invited to a wedding.
He was inviting This is in South and one in South American countries. He was inviting, invited to a wedding and the invitation. And the invitation says Thursday,
right, Thursday, at seven o'clock, something like that was Thursday, but it was Thursday. So no Thursday afternoon or Thursday, Thursday evening. Seven o'clock. That was the wedding, the invitation. So he went
And of course, he went to the wedding. There's nobody there. Except for the family. And they're looking at what are you doing?
Like, what are you doing it?
Those days? That No, I guess Thursday? Oh, no, it's supposed to come Saturday.
So when we say Thursday, we mean Saturday.
Two days later, like literally when they say Thursday in this country? Forget about two hours later, two days later.
When they say Thursday, you come in Saturday? Why? Anybody know why? There's a reason for it. The reason is, because every time you have a wedding, whenever there's a wedding, you need to you need a lot of people to help out.
Right? You need a lot of people to help.
And when you send your invitation out, it's the same invitation.
But if they're family members,
you know, they can't come just for the they can't come just for the wedding. You have to come early to help out. Right? How about the fact with the preparation for the wedding. So they put seven o'clock on Thursday for everybody. If your family then you come at seven o'clock
to help out because you're expected to come help. But if let's say for example, you consider yourself family. And they give you a wedding card that says how today like, I'm not family.
So they might feel they were worried they might feel like they're not part of the family. Right? They might feel like, Hey, I'm not I'm not part of the family.
They might feel left out, you gave me this invitation. That means I'm not part of the family. So they might not be happy with that. So but if you send the family invitation
for everybody, then it's based on what how you feel if you feel like you're part of the family if you really close. So the people who are really close to that person. Even if they're not family, let's say for example, your best best friend, right? Or you're somebody who you know really close to them, then you would come and help. You would come in Thursday. But if they gave you Saturday invitation, they like Oh, alright, I'm not gonna come. They don't fit. They don't think I'm a part of the family. Right? So who determines that it's up to you, man, it's up to you so you don't feel bad. So that's why you see Thursday. Some countries either they don't come on Thursday. And you come
in Thursday, you know, probably the fountainhead was looking at you like oh, like, like you're expected to eat now you're supposed to help now.
This is you're cooking. You're not eating. Two days later, may may use you get to eat. So if you're not part of the family, just a regular person. You know this, you know somebody who's maybe family or maybe your friends. You know, not that close. Then you come on Saturday.
But what I'm trying to say here is, as Muslims we should try also very we should respect people's time.
Very we should respect people's time. And when when the when lesson that we learn and sort of the use of, and so the use of
Allah Subhana Allah Allah tells us of when Yusuf alayhi salam was in prison
when use of his in prison in the people, the two prisoners that came to him, they came to him they asked they came to ask him about the their dream. And so what does he say? He says, Call Elia Tico matter. Iman todos de carne, Elana Bathukamma, betta Weili Cobla. Yet Dr. Comer.
He says to them, when they asked him, and he wants to take he wants to, he's going to answer them. They asked him what what is my dream mean? So he says, Call Elia takoma park. Okay, give me a few moments, I want to speak to you about something before I get to the dream. Okay, but you know what, les attico my time and that means a kiss because prisoners eat during certain times, right? Like, when it's lunchtime, they eat them. You know, if you're in prison, you don't eat whenever you want. You eat when they give you the food, when they bring the food, you don't choose when to eat, your meal time is chosen for you. Right? So he says, Don't worry, give me a few moments, I want to speak
to you about something like I take all my time into the colony, that means the next meal time will not come. Okay, I'm not going to take that much time from you. I'm going to finish this, just give me a few times I want to start talking to you about something before the next meal time. You know, I'll tell you about it already. So before net before lunch, I'll tell you or before dinner, I'll tell you the meaning of your dream, but just give me a few moments. So he's asking them he says, You know, I want to he's he's so respectful of them that he says I want Can I have a few minutes with you before I answer the question. But these are just just a few few moments, only a few minutes
only. Just give me a few minutes. So he's asking them for a few minutes of their time. So respectful. He says, You know, I will give you the answer before the next meal time comes.
But you know, we're prisoners, what is it, they have a lot of,
they have all the time in the world.
If they're interested, they're not going anywhere. They're not going anywhere, they're in prison they have all the time in the world, even though they have all the time in the world. He's still so respectful of their time,
that he says, you know, just give me a few minutes here. And that's the kind of person that he was. And that's how Muslims should be. We should be very respectful of people's time. And don't waste it. Because if you don't waste if you're, if you're not respectful of other people's time, that you're wasting your time. It's not you don't look at it, it's very valuable. For us time is very, very valuable, the time that we have, and so that's why he's very, very respectful. So when we speak about in Islam, look at our prayer time with our punctuality also, when it comes to our,
you know, our our daily
daily chores and so forth.
we are taught, we are taught
in all our actions in all our deeds, and our acts of worship, we are taught time management.
So that to not waste our time. And so that's why if you want to have bless blessing in your time Baraka in your time,
be focused on the prayer and prioritize the prayer. When you prioritize the prayer Allah puts blessing in your time. Why? Because a lot of times when we let's say somebody gets caught up doing something, right. One who doesn't pray, can end up maybe, like right now can go on a webpage and start reading it. And they might be reading about trees or some type of food. And they will continue to read it read it next thing you know, like, Oh, I just spent five hours
reading about sharks. I just spent five hours reading about trees. But as a Muslim, what's going to happen? Like we as soon as you start getting into something, right, hey, it's time to pray. And so you check yourself if it's really important, you can go back but it was not important that it's not important once you start something so it helps you to manage your time also your day more properly. Otherwise you get caught up in one thing and the next next thing you know your day is gone. And so the five daily prayers at a specific time. That in itself is something that's very very beneficial. And if you split those types of things and save you go to work for example, you know like it helps
you to helps you to learn
Some of the brother brothers like they drive like you know, they drove
Uber or taxis. If you go out, let's say you go out, when it's prayer time you come, and then you turn on a, you know, you go and drive pick up people. Then next prayer time comes again, you go, and then you can stop that rest, you know, like splitting up your time, also gives you, you know, gives you more energy more time, because you're not doing the same thing over and over again, also. And you'll have Baraka in anytime. And that's why I'll have the, you know, some, you know, some of the some, some people always wonder why why do like, why are there so many Muslims hamdulillah Muslim fear, like the Muslims driving Uber and Lyft it's because of the player
is because of the prayer because we want to come to the masjid. We want to have control of our time when it's time to pray. We want to feel comfortable going anytime we want. And if you do that in sha Allah, Allah, but we'll put butter Kenya in it because you're prioritizing the prayer. You're doing this because you feel prior prayer is very, very important. And anyone who prioritizes the prayer, Allah subhanho wa Taala takes care of the risk for Mama Yet Allah, Yaya Lahoma Raja warrior resume in high school,
where my Yetta work Allah Allah for her husband, Whoever fears Allah, Allah will make a way for him. And he will give them results from where he did not even perceive. So Subhanallah what a great, what a great blessing. The blessing is so great when you have Taqwa. When you are always conscious of Allah, and part of that is of course, your prayer. That Allah Subhana Allah will give you this. It is it comes from so many places that there are places you didn't even know that it can come from it comes to
and so inshallah prioritize the prayer especially the prayer time to pray on time praying the masjid and Allah subhanho wa Taala put Baraka in, and we ask Allah Subhana Allah to put Baraka in our time and to keep us strong on the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala till the end of time and I'll open up anyone has any questions?
First thing my brother was very ill and
we ask Allah subhanaw taala to cure him alone on the MFI, Allah how much female but mostly mean, Allah meshfree? Madonna Well, model muslimin allah how much we modeled on our mobile muslimin? Yeah, I mean, I could I'm an academic.
Any other questions? Yes.
We have some
then other people, random.
UPS chose different, different prototypes.
But what's the best one?
So they say 90 minutes? Should be enough. But
Usually what? Yes. Advice for what I've done since it's very important. Yes. On time, when it comes to Asia, especially in especially in the northern hemisphere. When you're the further north you are we in Seattle?
We in Seattle, we are the furthest northern city, major North northern city. There is no other big city that's more northern than us in the continental US. Like so if you look at the map, are further north than Ottawa. No, Ottawa, Canada, we're actually no further north in them. Because the it goes down if you look at the map. So we're further north and the majority of the cities in eastern eastern Canada forget about America and everything. Of course, America is below that. So we're the furthest northern city. You get to a point for us in Seattle there. There's like,
if you really look at there's like two there two weeks. Okay. That Fajr and Asia merge.
What do I mean by merge? That means there's no each chapter and we go further north. There's not a chapter. So when it comes to the prayer time, I think, I don't know. I think we're
like north of us, like towards Vancouver. That's where it merges. We have the longest the latest Asia
that's possible and see the latest Asia that's possible for anyone. So what is it Showtime. Showtime, of course is when the horizon when you look at the horizon, it becomes totally dark. So if you live like in a city like Edmonton, or Calgary north of here, you know like any
Other cities like Vancouver, are a little bit north of Vancouver, there are some times there are in the summer.
When Maghrib comes in, that means the sunsets and that the horizon is still still bright
in the summer, because the night is so short
that the sun, the horizon never becomes dark.
So what is it? So what is it? It remains in the state between the father and mother.
And Aisha never comes in?
You understand? So when a shot doesn't come in, then you calculate the appropriate calculations.
Do you understand what I mean? Calculate, that means that normally how many hours after the shot are normally they say now 90 minutes, okay? Pray, because it's never gonna get dark. If you look on the horizon, it's gonna stay light the whole time. And you understand. So if it's if it's to that point, where Maghrib and Isha merge are Muslim and faujasite. But we will find it merging, there's no Asia, then you can pray based on what's normal with normal time. But if there is an issue of time, even if it's just 20 minutes, or 15 minutes where the sun totally goes down.
Right, then you do have a Fajr. And you do have a shot. So you have to pay a shot during a shutdown, you have to refer your grandfather.
And so that's why there's a difference based on based on the, you know, especially in the northern for us in Seattle, we do have an a shot time, even though it's very late. But there is a time in which it becomes totally dark.
Because then there's some some places like for example, in the summer, if you go up to Alaska, you might have three weeks two or three weeks where the sun doesn't set. So where does the sun go? It just goes around you like this.
So how do you pray when the sun never sets? Munger doesn't pray. Okay, I'm gonna pray. Okay. And then the June 15.
Sun. I prayed.
I prayed. I said, I'm waiting for McGraw Hill McGraw doesn't come until July.
So the sun is not going to set again until mid July. So do you wait and if you follow the sun, when do you pray Maghrib it never set for the night it never set for almost a month. It just stayed on Horizon go like this around you. It never went down below the horizon. So do you not pray? No, you have to pray because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was asked, he was asked when the JAL comes the first day will be like a year. And so the Companions what are they concerned about?
They're always thinking about prayer. So they said O Messenger of Allah. On the day, that's like a year. How do we pray? The Prophet sallallahu sallam said, God, the ruler who podra
calculate the appropriate calculations. What does that mean? Normal time before it was irregular? What time when did you use it? When did you pray. So then you pray. Even though the sun hasn't set, you still pray, because you pray when it was last regular. And so some scholars are mentioned just take, you know, like most closest Muslim country, or you can just calculate based on the normal time that you would pray like a shot usually comes in at 1030 Pray 1030 because the sun's not gonna set
it's gonna stay the rise and for the next three weeks.
Yeah, and same thing with the same thing with normal luck. But if you do have a day and a night,
if the sun does set, then you have to wait in turn sets. And that's why the people of Iceland there are some Iceland, Reykjavik in Iceland, there's a Muslim community. And in the summer, when Ramadan falls in the summer, they only have a few hours, a few minutes, and further waiting for the sunset. As soon as the sun sets. It goes back up red.
And I remember also when I was flying one time, in the summer, I was flying. And I was looking at Horizon flying from the UK to the US. When I took off, it was you know it was the sunset. Then when I flew the sun rose. Then before I landed the sunset again. Then when it took off again the sun went up. Why? Because I'm crossing up and down up and down this area where the sun sets and rises so I could see the sunset. 20 minutes later, I see the sunrise 20 minutes later based on my position in the world at that time.
So how do I pray?
If I pray based on the Sun what I do? Like when we pray McGraw is McGraw began already. It's funny if I didn't have legs all up and down like this, like every time like, you know, I'm flying and I'm landing, I'm flying landing every time I'd go. And Iceland, then I go back take off again, the sun is already there again. But then it just said, like fifth 20 minutes ago, 30 minutes ago. And I'm seeing the sun rise and set because I'm right at that area where you can see the sun rise and set that position. And it was very, very strange. So what do you do in this case, you pray based on the last time that it was normal. Because if you don't pray, then you're gonna go 24 hours without
You understand? If you pray to you, if you prayed like this, you would be praying, like how many prayers
based on the sun, you'll be praying like 1520 prayers in like, in a few minutes, or a few hours, you will pray three days worth of prayer. Because the sun keeps on rising and setting rising, it's setting. So if it's irregular, like sometimes when you're flying east or west, and you take off from here, for example, in Seattle, as soon as you take off, if you pray according to the sun, I'm going following the sun. I have I remember. One time traveling, I was traveling for 28 hours, actually going east for 28 hours I took off at Fudger right before 5g. So I prayed for a year on the plane. And the whole 20 Something hours 1820 hours. The sun was there with me. And when I landed it was 11
o'clock not even the whole time yet.
But the whole day I didn't pray if I didn't pray, I would have not I would not pray the whole day. Over 24 hours you don't pray at all. So what do you do?
You pray based on the last time it was normal? When was it normal when I was in Seattle?
So it's the people who are praying or even though this is not nobody where I am because I'm following the sun. It's not going to be though because I came in fact it's not even though after I land 28 hours later
it's not even though yet like of course I stopped but then they went again but then I'm always following the sun the whole time. So I remember that that trip so what do you do? You pray based on the last time it was normal. And that was in Seattle. So the people in Seattle pray Maghrib you pray McGraw even though the sun is still up. Just like if you're delivering Alaska, the sun is still up. But as a matter of time really normally it's normal. This will be a matter of time that you pray