Tafseer Of Surah Maryam – Day 16

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Abdul Nasir Jangda

Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

Ayahs 47-50

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim Raheem was fulfilled kitabi below him

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who Ganassi de

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Cali Avi hiya abati de matar boo ma la yes mount what you will see to allow you me cache?

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Yeah I bet you need

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an E minella ilmi mala Mia Tikka biyani fut biyani decal sweet all so we yeah buddy law Buddha shape on in shape on again a little rock man honestly yeah yeah I bet he in the ahafo a guy that boom you know man Fatah Guna the shape on E Walia on rol e Boone.

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He had the Ibrahim that in London, je la Abdurrahman, Nicola dooney Malaya, Allah Salah, Muna la casa Sofia, it'll be in Who can I be happy? What is he

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doing in LA he will

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be

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happy to

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Europe be shopping iya

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ma desde la mama Yabu

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dooney la? Well haben Allah who is how Poway aku Bella coola

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BIA what will happen Allah

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Mira mattina

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hoon Lee Santa Cydia in de

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la hearable alameen wa hakuba children Watashi wa Salatu was Salam O Allah say you didn't know cirino Allah Allah He wasabi aumentar br homie sun la Gama de

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I want to start off today's lesson by actually mentioning a couple of things that I overlooked yesterday. In Yes, sir in the previous debates in the previous lesson. First one was that I started off by mentioning about the word Namibian. And when inventions and I number is number 41, about Ibrahim Ali Salaam in the who can assist the economy. And so I started mentioning how Nubian the word Nabhi for profits can come from one of two possible routes. And I did give the first route and then I kind of carried away there, so I forgot to mention the second possible route of the word. So the second possible route, that the loop will use the sub for you and the scholars of the language

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that they mentioned, is that the first one I mentioned was never one news that is very important and extremely relevant. The second possible route is never one noon ba and wow number one. And in that particular scenario, the word number one refers to an elevation refers to an elevated platform. All right, and so when it when if the word Nabhi comes from number one, then it basically alludes to the elevated status of a prophet. It refers to the elevated status of a profit or loss of profit is a human being. Nevertheless, he's a human being of a higher caliber, he is on a higher standing, and that is elaborated upon within the last I have sort of gap where Allah subhanaw taala commands the

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prophets a lot to proclaim amongst the people or in the Ummah and above shadow myth lucam no doubt about the fact I am a human being just like the rest of you, you have Elijah, however, there is one very significant difference and that is, I am sent divine revelation you have in a divine revelation is sent to me. So that is the distinction of a profit and that is what puts the profit at a higher level. Of course, they also live by a higher standard and therefore they are what we refer to as sweatin Hazara, right Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi salam is called sweatin Hashanah, the ultimate the most excellent role model. Similarly, Ibrahim Ali Salam in Salta, Montana is also referred to as

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swattin hacer una katakana cocoon feabhra Hema Canada confy. Ibrahima somebody remind me also to Hasina Lehman Cana

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How does it go exactly? Are they Canada Khun

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fi Ibrahima shorten hacer una either way regardless and I'm kind of forgetting the I off the top of my head but it's sort of a Montana refers to Ibrahim Ali Salaam as was what and has Anna so that is the same exact title that is

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bestowed upon Ibrahim Ali Salam. And again it refers to the elevated status and the very significant position of a prophet in a messenger.

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That was the first thing that are overlooked yesterday. The other thing that I specifically wanted to point out because we had reached a point that I number 41 where we could appreciate this I would like everyone who's has a must have who has a plan with them to go all the way back to the beginning of sort of medium. I'd like you to go all the way back to sort of medium and point out something significant to you. When you look at sort of money I'm of course the first I have begins in that very miraculous fashion of golf heya inside the disjointed letters from I in number two on look at the ending pattern of each and every single ayah All right, the karate Robic abita who's Acharya

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coffea Shaka Walia robbia Samia, RTR, and etc, etc. It goes on accordingly in that same rhyming scheme and rhyming pattern. And if you turn all the way to Isaiah number 33, it continues all the way through I am number 33, my Doom to hate and Jabarin shocky and viola, you want to move on to hayyan and then I in number 34. It says, The allegories of nomadic amapola hatherleigh de m Tarun the rhyming scheme, the rhyming pattern changes

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now, but here's the very the thing to make a note of it changes that is number 34. Young Tarun and then the next seven iaat including it number 34 is young tone feha Khun mustafi Mahalia Halim feeds Aladdin movie in rahula up noon with Elena Yo, Joan, those are the seven out with a break from the rhyming scheme and rhyming pattern is number 41. It goes right back to India who ganesa Deacon nebbia is number 42. What are you neon cache? For Tribbiani articles are often so we are in the shade on the Canada Romania SEO for takuna ni[???]ani Walia, till the end of the sutra, the rhyming pattern then consistent maintains and is consistent all the way through.

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Now, what's the significance of this? First of all understand this from the perspective of the study of the principles of puranic eloquence, one thing that is very important to make a note of is and the majority of the scholars are of this opinion Quranic scholars, that the Quran does not sacrifice substance, it does not sacrifice content, for the purpose of style and rhyming scheme. And that's why occasionally, sometimes where there is some type of a rhyming pattern and scheme, and one is in the middle of it kind of breaks that pattern that is done intentionally by Allah subhanaw taala, almost to,

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to, to explain or to, to set the example, that rhyming is not the primary motive here rhyming is not what's important. In fact, part of what made the Quran so baffling to the Arabs. The classical, the ancient Arabs at the time of the revelation of the Quran, were baffled them about the Quran was that it was so eloquent and so powerful, yet it did not follow conventional means of rhyming scheme.

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It did not follow the conventional means of rhyming scheme, it did not follow the philosophy that were popular and that were established within classical in ancient Arabic at that time, it broke from that, but yet had even more eloquence, far more eloquent than the Arabs could have ever imagined wherever perceived. So some of the scholars actually point out that this rhyming scheme is broken intentionally, occasionally, to set to establish this fact that the rhyming scheme is not what's important here. It is the content which is important, number one, and we even find a Hadith of the prophets a lot a Salaam which corroborates this fact as well, where the prophets a lot he

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sent him is narrated to have said, Now how Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and he said you're a fit to

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the prophets a lot. He seldom told people to abstain from he forbade people from trying excessively, very, very excessively trying to rhyme their while when they make supplication trying to rhyme their drive very, very excessively and very forcefully, the promises and forbid people from doing so. Because he did not want this culture to be created with it. This is a form of vanity at the same time. I mean, we see that today in terms of music and rap or poetry or anything else you might find it becomes a form of pride and a form of vanity. So that's why the for an Suna prayer, supplication is not meant for these purposes, that's that's, that has nothing to do with these things. It's not

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at all involved in the process of fulfilling these rituals or these obligations. So that's the first thing however, nevertheless, the Quran is is column of such a high level that sometimes there is that that significance of the difference of rhyming scheme. So where we will be able to appreciate something, make a note of something that's fine, that's very good. But nevertheless, we shouldn't be forced. We shouldn't force ourselves we shouldn't feel forced to try to make sense of all the rhyming in the Quran. But here there is a certain amount of

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significance, there's a certain significance. And that is the very first part of the eye all the way from i a to 233. That portion of the sutra was that very, very well, it was a general, laying out of the story of zecharia, and the miraculous birth of Yahuwah. And then you have the story of Medea and the miraculous birth of HRT his setup. So it's setting the tone for the entire story. And that is not just guidance, or that is not just a message to Christians or to Jews, that is a message and guidance to all of humanity and mankind. I mean, we sat here and we extracted so many lessons from it, even from the Muslim perspective.

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But when it reaches I in number 34, that when it that's when it specifically starts to talk about the sutra starts to talk about the ship that was committed with a Saudi Salaam, how their belief systems were corrupted in regard to race on the southern Valley Karissa monomorium opponent happen lady fi young Tarun, they're making stuff up, they're interjecting doubt into something that is free of any doubt. All right. And it then at that time, it's just very strong rebuke and a refutation of the of the Christian beliefs in regards to a Sati his salon, so to attract the attention, so it's almost like it's following this rhyming scheme. So the listener or the reader is flowing along with

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it, and it kind of put you into it, but then all of a sudden rendering behind you read the DVD, and

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then you can help but notice, even the average common listener, his ears able to pick up the fact that something's changed here. So it catches your attention. So it's meant to catch and catch the attention of the listener, particularly that listener which who has problems when it comes to believing in a Sati Salaam and how to perceive very Sati his Sunnah. So then it changes the pattern, and then it maintains the pattern all the way through to

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and then at that time, it follows that that changed pattern all the way through to is number 40. Where is that that strong reputation and that rebuke, and that message continues to tie in number 40. But then when it goes right back to talking about Ibrahim alayhis salaam, now the message is universal again. So when the messenger is universal rhyming scheme, then when the message is speaking to a very particular audience, it changes the rhyming scheme, it breaks the rhyming scheme, then when it goes back to talking about Ibrahim Ali Salaam, and the message is universal, again, it goes right back to the rhyming scheme. So you see that in this particular surah, we are able to

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appreciate the fact that the rhyming scheme does have an impact on the message itself, it is incorporated and consistent with the message. But nevertheless, I always caution when explaining something of this nature, that at the same time, we should not interject what is called in Arabic to cut loose, we shouldn't go beyond conventional means we shouldn't go too far in trying to make sense of the rhyming scheme within the Quran. And this has led to very problematic interpretations. In the past.

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Part of the the sheer series and Tafseer lectures that I've been giving, we've been covering just about up to 29 Jews in Surah Surah two handcock over there when it talks about the people getting their book in the right hand or getting their book of deeds in the left hand. It says how omocha Okita BIA

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how okra Okita BIA because there's a dama Buta there's around Thai at the each and every single one of those is in the button to unlock in Serbia. Again, you have the hardware for Wolfie Asia Denali. So when you pause it creates a Irelia kotova dhania. Alright, so it has that effect. It has that ha sound at the end of each and every one of the ions when you read that ayah kitabi. Yeah,

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there's not a timer Buta is just an extra ha that is added. And unfortunately, a lot of people just through a surface level reading. They've said that old extra ha, this is has that either. This is an extra ha that was added to maintain the rhyming scheme. And you know, and I know that that's something that doesn't make any sense at all. Allah subhanho wa Taala didn't add an extra hot just to make the sound cooler. Like that, that that's below the Parana that's beneath the column of Allah. But when you make a proper when you do proper research, and you study that ayah properly what we ended up finding is adding that ha as a tone of emotion.

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Like a sigh like when someone sighs and they breathe out, hmm. Right, so it adds that side in the van to aneema in Serbia. So when the person gets a book of deeds in his right hand, he breathes a sigh of relief.

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How omocha Okita BIA,

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finally, it's over in New Zealand on to unimodal. In Serbia, he breathes a sigh of relief. And that's the primary reason why that high was added not to make it sound cooler. That's beneath the Quran. So same thing I'd like to point out here that yes, there's a very beautiful observation about the rhyming scheme, but nevertheless, we shouldn't get caught up in this type of an issue because that has proven to be problematic.

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In the past, as with any other thing, like the issue about the whole consistency of numbers or number patterns throughout the Koran people can take those types of things too far as has happened in the past. And so they're always balance is very important.

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So anyways, we were talking about the story of Ibrahim Ali Salaam, and this specifically is referring to his situation, he's very difficult contentious relationship with his father, and we read that very, very heartfelt very emotional conversation between him and his dad.

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And we studied that in depth in detail yesterday.

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We then reached I am number 47. So from I am number 42 through 45 these four I out he begs and he pleads and he cries before his father Yeah, but yeah, but he four times. Dad, I love you, I care about you. And he speaks in a very respectful tone. He speaks very intelligently, trying to make sense to his father. It finally came to a climax and I in number 46, where the father finally after hearing God, Ibrahim Ali salam, he finally does respond. But what does he say? He says, are all people into an alley hottie Ebrahim that Ibrahim?

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What you're trying to tell he doesn't call him son? He doesn't call him my dear son. Nothing like Ibrahim. What you're trying to tell me is that you don't like my gods.

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You have no desire, no inclination towards my deities, my gods, my idols. Neelam tanta, if you don't stop this nonsense, loud, Yamanaka, I will stone you. And what we can understand in our common language, he's basically threatening him, he says, I'll kill you was Johnny Mulligan,

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I want you to get away from me, Mulligan forever and ever. That's it, you're dead to me. I want nothing to do with you anymore. We have nothing to do with each other anymore. We have no relationship. You're nobody to me from here on out.

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So such a severe such a strong response from the Father. Now again, you really see the character of Ibrahim Ali Salam on display. Because as I was detailing that contentious relationship that can exist even today, between maybe its converts and their parents, or it could be some youth that have become a little more inclined towards the religion, but their parents aren't quite there yet. that a lot of times this situation can exist between them and their parents. That, okay, fine. I'm able to be courteous, I'm able to be respectful, and I'm able to be loving and affectionate in my tone. But then when the father or the parent responds in this way,

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they you need to stop this nonsense.

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I'll take you out, I'll kill you.

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We have nothing to do with each other. You're dead to me. Imagine the type of response then at that time, the child the son, the daughter would feel okay now I'm within my means that was justified for me to retaliate.

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He started

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You started it. Alright, so now they might feel that it's just now look at the example set by Ibrahim Ali Salah is number 47. He says Carla Salah, bonallack

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Kala Salama Nanak. If we take it very literally in this linguistic meaning, he's basically saying that I have no bad feelings towards you. I never want anything bad to happen to you set on peace, safety.

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I only want good for you. I hope you find happiness. I only want good for you. I respect your wishes, that you want nothing to do with me anymore. But I want you to know before I leave, I have no bad feelings, no ill will towards you at all Solomonic.

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Now we can also be taken in a more technical meaning and that when he says Salama lake is literally offering like a full Farewell, Salam.

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A farewell salam, he sings Salaam to folder

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like we say Salaam Alaikum.

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Now this brings about a huge discussion amongst Mufasa rune classical scholars

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about that we know that the father of Ibrahim is a disbeliever. Is there any issue in saying set out to the Father? Is it because Is there any issue saying Salaam to a disbeliever to a mushnik? In this case? Is that permissible? Is that allowed? So there's a very detailed discussion here. And

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many, many different ions are quoted here.

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There are two a Hadith of the prophets a lot a set up around which this conversation revolves the first Hadith of the prophets a lot a sermons from Sahih Bukhari where the prophets a lot of sermons narrated to I've said, let them the only yahuda one nesara be Salam for either lucky to fidelity to Maha to whom I had the home photography for or who enter the RP that none of you should begin with the salon when dealing with the Jews or the Christians. And if any one of you meets them along the way, then basically hold your ground, hold your position.

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It's using a bet it's using a metaphor and a figure of speech but basically means hold your position hold your ground, meaning walk confidently Don't feel shy don't feel threatened. Don't be pushed aside. Don't Don't shy away and shrink away. So when none of you should begin the who then the Masada the Christians with a Salah, that's one Hadith However, there's another Hadith also mentioned in Sufi hain which mentions that and then the BSL alojado he said in Morocco brushy Mountain Allah He cares Doctor Who Qatif atone

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for the key yeah okay so it describes the profits a lot a seven was riding a donkey, a mule which was one of the trends modes of transportation for the profits a lot he said um, and, and it even describes the circumstance situation that the profits are some would put like a blanket, you put some type of like a rug on the back of the mule before he would ride the mule. And it was a very specific type of rug a very nice type of rug to profits. A lot of him I put over the back of the mule and Osama bin Zayed Road The a lot more on who was riding behind the profits a lot easier on the mule. He was riding with the profits a lot he said on the profits, a lot of them came upon a

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gathering in which there were many of the unsolved sabihin are bad or the Allahu anhu, who was a leader of the inside. He was there. And he had kind of called for a meeting. It was kind of like a community town hall meeting. So he had called for a meeting and there were many, many Muslims many of the unsorted there, but it says Manila fee much less in fee a lot. Amina Massimino mushrikeen Abba to Osan well yahood so this was a meeting in which there were Muslims. There were many mushnik and then it clarifies that all we have the Hadith he actually clarifies Osama bin Zayed clarifies Agata to the author. I

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mean, they were worshipers of idols and he even says that there were Jews there in that meeting as well. Female Abdullah bin obon Sulu and even the leader of the one African Abdullah bin urban saloon was there as well. Well fit much you see Abdullah in Rwanda and very eminent companions of the Prophet Sal sudden like Abdullah bin Rwanda were present there as well. For Lama Garcia tiene mucha agenda to Baba adjusted to daba hamara Abdullah bin obey and for who bit unfair who believe that he so when the prophet SAW sent him approached and the the just the natural smell that an animal has. So when the Prophet system came close in the smell of the mule could be noticed by the gap by the

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people in that gathering in that meeting. I've done up in a waving salute the leader of them when he covered her and for who be reader he covered his nose with his shawl so he's wearing a shawl so it covered up his nose. And he said La Jolla. You Alena he said that don't mess things up over here. Get away your stinking up the joint for salaam aleikum una bu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam but then the Hadith ends by saying that the prophets a lot of them said Assalamualaikum to everyone. So it's as if the prophet SAW some just approaches gathering and before anybody change any pleasantries and greetings, first thing I've deliberately begun to lose as sticking up the joint.

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So he's a very ill mannered individual. But the prophets a lot isn't when he finally got there, and everyone noticed that the process of matter ride for salaam aleikum una Busa the problem says Salaam to everyone there in that gathering. So you have these two various ahaadeeth one of the processes I'm saying don't start with Sanam here the profits a lot ism is saying Salaam to a gathering that has Muslim own bonavia own Yahoo then even more shikun

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so what's exactly then the conclusion? How do we reconcile this? So if you haven't been arena, ready, Ramallah great, Morehead ditson frothy, he actually has a lengthy discourse on the subject and topic. He says that it is permissible to say salon and he says when we look at all the evidences, we combine everything together. We see in sort of the Montana Allah subhanaw taala says lion Hakuna Allahu Allah Dena Lemieux, partido confit, Dini, whatever, you're free to come and do it again. And terbaru methoxy to him in a lot of oxiclean that Allah does not prevent you from those people who have not harmed you have not fought against you in regards to your deen and those people

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who have not kicked you out of your homes, that you can be good to them. A Love does not forbid you from being good to them. And one of the way of doing better one of the ways of doing good to people is to say Salaam to them to greet people. All right. The I am sort of monta. Hina also refers to Ibrahim Ali said I'm St. St. katakana, Turku Sutton has an attend fee Ibrahim for the candidates. Como swattin has an atone fee Ibrahim the most definitely for you is a very exemplary a very excellent role model and an example a standard set for you in the example of Ibrahim alayhis salam and Ibrahim Ali Salaam here saying Salaam to his father based on that and

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Then that lengthy detour the prophets Allah, Allah, Allah, wa fear Allah, through his own action, the prophets a lot of them is saying Salaam to a gathering in which non Muslims are included. He says that it is permissible to say Salaam to non Muslims and that one Hadith of the prophets, a lot of a sudden that does say, Do not begin that Salaam with the Jews and the Christians. Then he says that that is referring to very specific scenarios where there is a contentious relationship. And the latter part of the Hadith says and hold your ground firmly, lets you gives you that tone in that indication that this is referring to when you are dealing with people whom you might have some

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animosity you have some beef. You have some issues and some problems with that non Muslims that are aggressive towards you that are violent towards you. This is referring specifically to them. And then there's many many different opinions from many different fuqaha mufa Sharon.

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Ibrahima nahi Rahim Allah has a similar opinion, who is from the Tabby own from the students of Alabama and Abdullah bin Masuda the Allahu anhu so much so that other mufa students such as emammal to be Rama hula also have the same opinion and hustle and bustle he is of the same opinion he says either merata be majilis in fee Muslim una vaca far for Salim Allah him. Allah has an old bursary, a student of the Sahaba says, when you pass by a gathering and which are Muslims in Kufa, then at that time see salam to them. And even so much so that ordinary incident is narrated about Abdullah bin Masood, or the Allahu anhu

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that he was traveling, and with him was a non Muslim, a Christian by the name of de Haan he was traveling with him and Abdullah bin Masuda the Allahu anhu while they were traveling together said Salaam to him a few times. One of his main students from the best students of Abdullah bin Masuda de la Juan who is at savvier he by the name of Allah comma one of the most knowledgeable people of his generation he asked his teacher he said for hula who yeah about the rock man Elisa chakra Who is he up

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and up and up down be Salam is it isn't a dislike that we should start by saying salon to them that we should initiate salon with non Muslims? Isn't that disliked? He said, Now I'm when I can help us. He said something interesting. He said yes, there is that that that does exist. There is a particular instance where it might be disliked to say salon to initiate the salon with a non Muslim. However, this is the right that he has because he's our travel companion right now. So basically what I'm delivering Masuda de la Juan was saying that it is circumstantial. It is based on the situation. There's no blanket ruling here that is not allowed to say Salaam.

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However, this entire discussion, I wanted to end here by saying this entire discussion revolves around whether or not to say the words Assalamu alaykum the Islamic greeting to a non Muslim. This entire discussion is about saying the Islamic greeting to a non Muslim. And even now you've seen that based on the vast majority of the opinions, the majority of the scholars are of the opinion it is okay to initiate with a salon. It is permissible. However, even if we were to and we should definitely respect the difference of opinion, there are there is a minority amongst the scholars that say it is not permissible to say this aloud. But even then this entire discussion is around the

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fact whether or not you say the Islamic reading of Assalamu alaykum. But when it comes to greeting itself, to hayyat to give to hear, which means just give the cultural greeting.

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like to say hi, hello. If you're from Texas, you say Howdy. Right? And you're able to say how do you need to learn how to pronounce that properly. It's a hottie. All right, the wall was silent. All right. So but just greet people. There's no difference of opinion fact that is emphasized that is a part of the whole look of the Muslim as a part of our character and our conduct. That is part of the pleasantness of being around a believer. So there's nothing wrong at all. There should be no level of hesitation in greeting people. Good morning. Hi, hello, howdy. That's perfectly okay. That's completely alright. This entire discussion revolves around the fact whether or not we take a sample

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on a GM. Now subsequently, there's an extended discussion to this. And I'm only bringing this up because I get asked this question. A lot. I get asked this question a lot. And that is what what if a non Muslim says Salaam to you?

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What if a non Muslim system to you as you can't say wildings salaam back, you say while equal? Right? So people ask that question. Oh, people ask the question. The answer to that again, when we look at the Quranic evidences when we bring it all the way down. First of all, you're seeing here that it is the majority opinion of the majority of the scholars you can even start the salon with a non Muslim. So how would it be a problem to reply to this

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Salah it wouldn't be a problem plus the Koran tell tells us when I took Lululemon alpha in a coup Salama less Amina do not say to the people that give say Salaam to you that you are not a believer

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that you are not a believer right so when you when you refuse to return a person Salaam on the basis that there are non Muslim that's something that we just don't make the distinction we don't make the call about somebody says that I'm on a kumada set up

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all right and so this was a little bit of a discussion here based on Ibrahim Ali Salaam his interaction with his father

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so he says said I'm gonna Alec Salaam Ananda to either he's giving farewell greetings he's saying some farewell remarks a farewell Salaam to his father or he's just generally saying I will I only want good for you. I only hope Good things come your way. So laminitic he goes on to say saw stuff through lockerby stuff Hello Lockerbie the scene in the beginning here means in the future. In the future I will seek forgiveness for you from my Arab from my from my Allah. In the future I will seek forgiveness for you from my lord from my master.

00:31:11--> 00:31:36

Now, this again brings up another entire discussion. He's asking he's basically saying I will do is to fod. I will seek forgiveness for you father on your behalf. And we know that the father is a disbeliever a mushnik. So is that permissible to seek forgiveness on behalf of non believers on behalf of mushy Kuhn is that permissible or not? So that's another discussion because it's occurring here.

00:31:37--> 00:31:46

Again, when we take all the ions of the Quran into consideration, first of all sudo moon tahina, excuse me rather sudo to Toba

00:31:47--> 00:31:49

tells us in is number 113.

00:31:51--> 00:32:40

Or rather what is number 114. It tells us when McKenna's CFO Ibrahim Ali abbyy illa mo worry that in why the HA Yahoo that the ecfr that Ibrahim made for his father was only done because this was a promise that he had made his father so suited to Toba tells us that Ibrahim didn't make it so far for his father. And he did this because he made a promise to his father. And then we see in sudo, to SRA, that when he does actually seek forgiveness for his father that he says instead of to shut off. He actually seeks forgiveness for his father in number 84 was a well fiddly A B in the economy, not Barney. Well, the fiddly er B that are law, forgive my father in the academy, nobody because he was

00:32:40--> 00:32:54

from the people who were a straight, he's from the people who are lost. So we ended up finding out in the Quran that he did seek because here in sutra sort of money and he's saying very soon in the near future, I will seek forgiveness for you father.

00:32:56--> 00:33:43

But then we see in sort of the shadow he's saying to a law, so number 26 that Oh ALLAH forgive my father, and sudo number two sudo number sudo to Toba also confirms the fact that he did seek forgiveness on behalf of his on behalf of his father. Well my kindness to photo Ibrahima Leah be Illa Merida ting Raja because he had made a promise to his father, but then sort of to Toba also goes on to tell us the same II and number 114. And sort of Toba goes on to say for lamotta, baby and Allahu. But when it became clear to him to Ibrahim, and know who that his father was, I do only nahi that he was an enemy to a law, that he died on disbelief that he refused to believe that he was

00:33:43--> 00:33:45

aggressive in his disbelief.

00:33:46--> 00:34:25

Who I mean who then he spiritually distanced himself from his father, that at that time the mufa civil explain what that means is that that time, he stopped seeking forgiveness on behalf of his father. So but I ain't promises father here, I will seek forgiveness on your behalf. Other places in the Koran tell us he did because Abraham was a man of his word. He kept his promise to his father and it's sort of shroud also the number 26. It tells us it gives us the words in which he is seeking forgiveness for his father. Well fiddly, a viola forgive my father, but then sooner or sooner to Toba is telling us that but when he found out that his father had died on disbelief, and that he was

00:34:25--> 00:34:35

firm on his disbelief at that time, he spiritually distanced himself from his father. At that time, he stopped asking for forgiveness from Allah on behalf of his father.

00:34:36--> 00:34:57

And then to finally conclude the conversation. This discussion surah monta inna surah monta Hina tells us Allah subhanaw taala tells us but the guy that was rotten has an attorney Ebrahimi one Latina ma is commonly called me him in Abra women come with me my job una Min De La he Carfagna become more be

00:34:58--> 00:34:59

vain and our Bina como la da

00:35:00--> 00:35:03

To a Ba ba ba ba ba then Hata took me know biLlahi

00:35:04--> 00:35:10

Hata took me to be nahi Illa what took me no biLlahi

00:35:13--> 00:35:21

What does it How does exactly the ayah go? Anyone remember? No need to prepare for Ramadan. All right, so this

00:35:23--> 00:35:26

is number four. All right, let me look it up real quick.

00:35:27--> 00:35:33

What that took me know biLlahi wahoo Illa Antone, Ibrahima de la sera Melaka.

00:35:35--> 00:36:16

stuffit on Melaka. So what sort of the Montana I in number four tells us is that, Ibrahim, there's an excellent, excellent example. He's a role model for people of belief for people of Yemen. And then it goes on to talk about what was exemplary in the life of Ibrahim Ali Sana, that he firmly believed that he told the people that I have nothing to do with your disbelief. I distanced myself, I absolve myself from your idols and your idol worship and your disbelief. And you people have rejected us, you people have refused us, you people have denied us. And at the same time, he says that I will remain distant from you, and I will have nothing to do with you. Until unless you

00:36:16--> 00:36:19

believe in Allah alone. had that taught me no be like you.

00:36:20--> 00:37:03

But then Allah subhanho wa Taala says, so this is an exemplary role model. This is a role model to follow. This is an example to follow set by Ibrahim Ali Salam for people with V mon as long as they will continue to come. So for all of time, Ibrahim will be a role model for people. But then it says with one exception, with one exception, and that exception is in LA and only Ibrahim Ali Abele a sub Saharan Africa except for when Abraham said to his father that I will seek forgiveness on your behalf. So Allah subhanaw taala is saying, Ibrahim said I very soon I will seek forgiveness. He did seek forgiveness. He did that because he made He gave His Word. But then I lost kind of what's Allah

00:37:03--> 00:37:42

tells us believers, Muslims follow the example of Ibrahim except in the case of where he sought forgiveness for his father. And why is that the exception? Why are you not to follow the example of Ibrahim Ali Salaam in that particular situation? Because in sudo, Toba is number 113. Allah subhanho wa Taala tells the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam by candlelight, Alina Biggie Valentina amanu as Sofitel in Muslim, that it is not fitting, it is not appropriate for the prophets. And for those people who have believed that they should that they would seek forgiveness for disbelievers for people who have committed

00:37:44--> 00:38:21

that they would seek forgiveness for people who have committed shoot people who are disbelievers. So that's the total context of the conversation here. That's the entire discussion that Ibrahim is seeking forgiveness on behalf of his father. But that's because he was not forbidden from doing so. But when he realized that his father had died on disbelief, and at that time, I lost power till I commanded him to seize seeking forgiveness for his father. At that time he did stop, but later on in the shediac, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam this was me this was made very, very clear that we do not seek forgiveness on behalf of those who are in disbelief. Rather if they are alive, we seek

00:38:21--> 00:38:27

guidance on their behalf. If they have passed than the last panel, Rotella will deal with him as he sees fit.

00:38:29--> 00:39:02

So this is the a couple of things that come up in the context of I am number 47. So he says that I'm gonna alayka associato lockerby in the who cannot be happier. He then finally ends this by saying that most definitely he Allah gonna be happy again, gonna be happy that he has always been happy, refers to somebody that takes care of you, and takes care of you in a very gentle and very dignified manner, always takes care of you is always there for you.

00:39:03--> 00:39:19

So very watchful, very careful, very diligent and taking care of someone. So in the who can be happy that he has always taken very, very good care of me. Allah has always been there for me. And so he says this by saying that Father,

00:39:20--> 00:39:56

you might have discarded me you might have disowned me, but Ally's there for me. And he's also saying this on party while he's partying, to let his father know that Father, you need to reconsider. You need to reconsider, he might need to reconsider believing because if you will, alone will take care of you just like he's taking care of me. Just like he's taking care of me, my people, my family, everyone is disowning me, but my my Rob allies taking care of me, and Allah will also take care of you. You need to just reconsider your position, your your your, your issues and believing in Allah.

00:39:57--> 00:39:59

He then goes on to say and I number 48

00:40:00--> 00:40:01

What does he do?

00:40:03--> 00:40:16

Well, he says he lucam. And I will leave all of you here at ease as basically means to withdraw from the people, completely distance yourself from the people. Well, it says he will come, I will separate myself from all of you.

00:40:17--> 00:40:55

What matters their own time in doing the law, and now he's not singing. Now we go on observing the other vibrato him with his father, even in this situation. He's not singling out the Father. Now he's addressing everyone, so as to not make it personal between him and his father. He's addressing every lot as he will go. I will separate myself from all of you. Well, Matt did their own I mean, doing the law. And that what you call out to other than Allah, aside from Allah, besides a lot, anything else that you are calling out to that you're making to our to that you are supplicating to? I am separating myself, not only from you, but from those things as well. I want nothing to do with

00:40:55--> 00:41:07

that I disassociate myself from those things. But at the same time, don't feel sorry for me, don't feel bad for me. Why? Because I'm not alone. Well, I do not be.

00:41:08--> 00:41:20

But I am calling out to my ally, to my Rob, to my master to my Lord, what are the Ruby, I am and I will continue to call out to my Rob, my Lord, my master, I saw

00:41:21--> 00:41:31

I saw is a word that has the Raja that has a lot of hope in it, it means I'm very, very hopeful. I saw I'm very hopeful.

00:41:32--> 00:41:53

Allah akuna that I will not be be to Iraq be by praying to my Lord shucky in deprived, I'm very hopeful that I will not be deprived that I will not be left empty handed and I will not be abandoned. When I made the ultimatum, that he will not deprive me, he will not turn me back empty handed, he will take care of me

00:41:54--> 00:42:08

that I'm going to stick to praying to Allah, I'm going to stick to my relationship with the law. And I am confident I'm very hopeful that Allah will continue to take care of me, he will never leave me, he will never forsake me. He will not deprive me, but Allah will take care of me.

00:42:09--> 00:42:39

So he says this. Now one of the things is, why does he go ahead and just say with firm conviction? Why does he just say that I will be taken care of? Why did he just say, what are the root of b? When I akuna? When I akun will be dry? It'll be shocking. Why? Why do you say I'm hopeful? Because at the same time, he wants to convey this message to them. That don't feel sorry for me, don't feel bad for me, I have a law. And I'll stick to praying to a line of love will take care of me.

00:42:41--> 00:42:55

But then he says, then he says I saw because this is the wild door. Because at the same time we he is making dua to Allah. He's talking about his relationship with the law. So he doesn't want to come off as entitled.

00:42:56--> 00:42:58

So he says I saw to show that hopefulness,

00:42:59--> 00:43:15

to show hopefulness and, and this is humility, that our ally, I'm hopeful that you'll take care of me. But of course it is your decision, Oh Allah, you will deal with me as you see fit Allah. But I Nevertheless, I am hopeful that you'll take care of me. I saw a lacuna in a bishop here.

00:43:16--> 00:43:54

But then he ends by saying that I'm gonna keep praying to Allah. And I'm very, very hopeful that Allah will not forsake me. Allah will not deprive me alone will take care of me as long as I pray to him. But what does that mean? What is he trying to tell the people? I'm going to pray to Allah and Allah will take care of me and I'm hopeful, you are going to continue to pray to your idols. But are yous as hopeful as I am? Do you have as strongest convictions as I do? That along with that your idols will take care of you like Allah will take care of me? Why don't you reconsider that? So he puts his he Athene his eemaan on display, to make these people reflect on their own convictions,

00:43:55--> 00:44:17

that this is how hopeful I am about my relationship with the law. Are you hopeful about your relationship with your idols? Think about it. And this is something very positive, that again, he's not letting the tone here get ugly. He's not saying that you people are ruined. You people are hopeless. He states something very strong and very positive about himself.

00:44:18--> 00:44:21

Making them automatically reflect on their own condition.

00:44:23--> 00:44:25

So I am number 49 says fella,

00:44:27--> 00:44:28

fella.

00:44:29--> 00:44:35

So then when he had departed from that when he had separated himself from them, well my Yabu Duna

00:44:36--> 00:44:40

Well, my yagoona and that, that which they were worshipping,

00:44:41--> 00:44:59

so he separated himself from them and those things, those idols that they were worshipping, mean doing Allah, aside from a lot besides Allah, what happened Allah Who? Allah says, We gifted to him to Ibrahim, and I've talked about this word Heba. What however, that it may even

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

means that we gave, we gave as a gift

00:45:03--> 00:45:04

we gave as a gift.

00:45:06--> 00:45:29

All right, and this word gift is used whenever a last pattern with other speaks about giving people children. Children are a gift. Well Haven't we gift it to him? Who did we give to him his heart, his son, his heart, we are qub and his grandson Yaqoob wakulla and Jana BIA. And we made each and every single one of them and a B of profits.

00:45:30--> 00:45:38

Now, yesterday, I talked at length, about the contentious relationship between maybe more religious children,

00:45:39--> 00:45:48

more religious children, more more committed to practicing children, and with their parents who maybe are not quite there yet.

00:45:49--> 00:45:51

And there's a misunderstanding between them.

00:45:52--> 00:46:02

And then particularly in the case of maybe converts, and there are parents, who are very aggressive in their response in the response of their children's acceptance of a song.

00:46:04--> 00:46:46

So I talked about how the children need to always be very, very cautious and careful about maintaining that other than that respect with the parents, that just because your parents don't, maybe don't pray as much as you do, or they don't have as much knowledge as you do, and maybe they're being a bit negative towards your increased practice of the religion. That is not a good enough excuse to become dismissive, to become disrespectful of your parents, and how that other needs to be maintained. And we have a prophet of a law dealing with a very aggressive machinic father, who is threatening him talking about killing him, disowning him. But look how much respect

00:46:46--> 00:46:50

courtesy love affection, Ibrahim continues to speak to his father with.

00:46:51--> 00:47:13

But now I'd like to take the conversation the other way around. And this way, it becomes very in the Muslim community, it's relevant to maybe those parents who have children or youth, teenagers, and even beyond that, their children, who has now maybe found this type of an awakening the spiritual awakening, and they're, they're practicing the deen,

00:47:14--> 00:47:55

very, a very, you know, progressively they're starting to grow in their Deen and their emaan and their knowledge and their action. And that can sometimes become a problem in that relationship. And the parents can feel threatened at times very honestly, feel threatened at times, feel undermined at times feel a bit insecure at times. Or maybe they just don't understand maybe they think that these children are becoming a bit overzealous. And they're going to sabotage themselves in their lives. And they're become unproductive in their dunya in their education, in their jobs and in their careers. And that becomes an issue and a problem. What the parents need to understand

00:47:57--> 00:48:08

is that the Quran gives us these examples so that we can match ourselves up against these types of people. So the Quran isn't just telling us about Ibrahim, the Quran is also telling us about the father of the bride.

00:48:10--> 00:48:23

And what we have to do is we have to take a long hard look at ourselves as parents, and make sure we never become like the father of Ibrahim, but rather we become fathers like Ibrahim was to is how can this marry?

00:48:25--> 00:48:31

Like it's like his hack was to, to to Yahoo, like Yahoo was to use of like local man was to his son.

00:48:32--> 00:48:48

That's the type of Father we need to try to become. And we should make sure we never become like the father of Ibrahim. Because here's something that Allah tells us here in DeSoto. Okay, fine. Abraham's father threatened him rejected him, refuse them threw him out disowned him.

00:48:49--> 00:48:49

Okay.

00:48:50--> 00:49:09

And that very commonly happens in the Muslim community. Anyone who's in any position of spiritual leadership in the Muslim community, and people come to them for counseling for counseling, then they know that this is something that's very common predicament in the Muslim community is disowning

00:49:10--> 00:49:17

and so, we should be very careful about that because look what Allah tells us it Brian father disowned him. Fine.

00:49:18--> 00:49:20

Luca, Luca de las panatela did for Ibrahim

00:49:21--> 00:49:35

fermata. Salah, who Mumia Abu Duna medulla, when they brought him separated himself from them, and what they were worshipping, while having Allah who is happy aku Allah says we blessed him with children, not just a child, but love names a grandchild,

00:49:37--> 00:49:59

meaning we blessed him with the family and an extended family, a beautiful family. We give him children, and then we give them grandchildren and we gave him great grandchildren. We gave him a full family. He didn't live behind because of this. Because he was ostracized and outcasts advise people. It's not like he became this loner, and he died a lonely death alone.

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

miserable death man Allah says we blessed him with family.

00:50:04--> 00:50:07

Not just a child but even the grandchild Allah mentions Yaqoob.

00:50:08--> 00:50:11

And not only that, well Quinlan Jana Libyan,

00:50:12--> 00:50:20

but we didn't just give them children and grandchildren when we make them prophets and messengers. And we even know that even the great grandson was a prophet Yusuf.

00:50:22--> 00:50:30

So let's head over to Allah says, We blessed him. We gave him a family and extended family of blessing people, people who are messengers and prophets.

00:50:31--> 00:50:37

So Ibrahim didn't suffer because of this. A brother whose father should have taken that into consideration,

00:50:38--> 00:50:45

that I'm harming myself and I do this my own relationship with my son when I do this, I don't harm my son and his future.

00:50:46--> 00:50:56

And then we read on what what happened to whom midrash Medina. And Allah says, We also gift it to them, from our mercy, mid Rama, Tina from our mercy,

00:50:57--> 00:51:19

which Allah Allah whom the Santa dubby we continue to bless them with our mercy. What's your Allah Allah whom the Santa Sudan Alia, and we made for them the Santa certificate, a tongue of truth. And this is a figure of speech in Arabic, what it basically means is we give them honor and distinction in their reputation amongst the people, the sadness and the thing.

00:51:21--> 00:51:31

That people remember that people spoke about them in a very noble in a very dignified in a very respectful fashion. They had they became legends.

00:51:32--> 00:51:39

And today, around throughout the centuries, and around the world, how many people are named Ibrahim

00:51:40--> 00:51:51

and this hop, and it's married, and Yaqoob and use of how many people how many people feel honored, and dignified and respected, to be able to name their Sunday but I

00:51:53--> 00:51:56

look at the dignity and the honor Allah gave to him.

00:51:57--> 00:52:05

So this is something that we as parents need to take into consideration, that if our child if our children show

00:52:06--> 00:52:15

a zeal for Deen and religion, of course, if it's out of the limits of what is moderation, and what is the actual deal, that's a different issue. And that's not what I'm talking about.

00:52:16--> 00:52:38

But when we're just simply threatened, when we're just simply worried, concerned about the fact that maybe they're becoming more regular about prayer, about the fact that maybe they'd like to go and attend a lecture once a week about the fact that maybe they'd like to go to the masjid and pray Salah in JAMA. And we begin to grow very, very concerned about this, when we're concerned about the fact that she wants to start wearing hijab.

00:52:39--> 00:52:41

Oh, what are you doing?

00:52:42--> 00:52:44

You can sabotage and ruin your future,

00:52:46--> 00:52:49

then you'll only get marriage proposals from other crazy people.

00:52:51--> 00:52:55

And we don't want to put one crazy person with another crazy person, then they make a bunch of crazy babies.

00:52:57--> 00:53:09

Right? So those type of concerns start to come up. No, no, no need to take this into consideration. Alo will honor them and dignify them a little granted respect and honor and dignity.

00:53:10--> 00:53:17

And we need to be very cautious and careful about that. And then when we crack down on them, and when we are ready to disown them.

00:53:18--> 00:53:27

For these reasons, understand that you don't sabotage them in their future. You've only sabotage your relationship with your child. So be very, very careful about that.

00:53:28--> 00:54:05

The last couple of things I just wanted to mention from a linguistic perspective here in this ayah in these ads in is number 48 said Why does he look dumb, I will separate myself from you. And that those that those things that you call out to the idols, or my tenant owner that you call out to then and I am number 49 it says for that matter, Tesla hamama yagoona then he separated himself from them and those things that they would worship versus said those things that they you call out to and now it's saying those things that they worshiped? Why did it switch the word it switched to where to show that it's still talking about the same thing but to make that connection. When you call out to

00:54:05--> 00:54:46

something when you turn to something for your needs to fulfill your needs. That is a form of worship. That isn't if that is a form of a bother. So in the case of a law that makes it admirable make dua to Allah a dude who has a bad that like the prophets of Salaam tells us but also understand that when you primarily when you instinctively when you right off the bat primarily turned to something or someone else for your needs and your mind never turns to turning to Allah, your it never occurs to you to turn to Allah realize that that is not just a corruption in the process that you follow. That is start darkening to become a corruption in your mind and even in your process of

00:54:46--> 00:54:46

a bother

00:54:48--> 00:54:59

because our primary form of a bad day is to first turn to a law for our needs. The next thing is an EIN number 50. The last time we studied it said well we'll have another one mid right Matina and we gift it to them. We bless them

00:55:00--> 00:55:42

From our mercy, what does it mean from? Why from and I've told you before military minister used to use to show a portion of something. Why is a must saying we gave them a portion of our mercy to give you a perspective of how profound how great how limitless Allah's mercy is. Look at what a blessing man Ibrahim was. Ibrahim Ali Salam is gonna be, he is a prophet. He is blessed with two sons who are both prophets, his grandson and his great grandson is a prophet. So many miracles have occurred in his life. He survived by being thrown into a fire. A fire was made cool for him. He was told to sacrifice his son and then that exchange was made for him. He left his family in the middle of

00:55:42--> 00:56:24

nowhere. And through the blessing of that that place became inhabited, and the house of Allah was constructed there in Mecca. So many blessings. One after another we see in the life of Ibrahim Ali Salaam, Allah subhanho wa Taala says everything that you see in the life of Ibrahim, all of it put together just amounts to a drop in the ocean of what we call the mercy of Allah. Imagine how much how profound and limitless Allah's mercy is Ibrahim and all the blessings of Ibrahim only amount to don't even amount to a drop in the ocean of what we call the mercy of luck. That is how profound how great how limitless, the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala is what will happen Allah whom Mira mattina,

00:56:25--> 00:56:27

which anala, whom dishonor seduction Alia.

00:56:28--> 00:56:56

The last thing I wanted to mention here in to end off the passage of Ibrahim Ali Salam is a very beautiful narration that I found about it, but on Imani Salaam, when he had this character, one of the primary lessons we got from this is the character of Ibrahim Ali Sana, when he had this character, we see the virtue, character, his virtue, our conduct in our character determines what is our worth, what we are worth in the eyes and in the sight of Allah.

00:56:58--> 00:57:34

All right, and this that's why the prophets, a lot of them says that the most weighty thing, the weightiest of things in the scales on the day of judgment will be unequivocal will be good, excellent character and conduct. There's a beautiful Hadith narrated by a Buddha or the Allahu anhu that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam says, Oh Allahu Allah Ibrahim, Allah subhanaw taala revealed and inspired to Ibrahim Ali Salaam in Naka Khalili. Most definitely You are my very, very close friend, I described the word clean and I explained what the word clean means you are very, very close and intimate friend

00:57:36--> 00:57:38

has seen who lopaka

00:57:39--> 00:57:47

exemplifies make excellent your character in your conduct was Oh, my article five, even when dealing with disbelievers.

00:57:48--> 00:58:34

dahulu, modafinil abrar, you will enter into the realm of the pious and righteous people, make your character and your conduct excellent even with disbelievers. And you will enter into the realm of the pious and the righteous people. For in the academy at sericata. Lehman has Santa Hulu, because Allah says my promises first and foremost for the one who has made excellent his character who has dignified who has dignified his conduct and his character, Linda, whoo that Archie, I will give him shade under my arch. Well, what whose skin who has a little Pudsey and I will give him a place to live under the divine protection. What would you need him in Giovanni and I will make him close to

00:58:34--> 00:58:36

me and from my neighbors in Jonathan Phil goes.

00:58:38--> 00:59:20

So this is from the virtual Ibrahim Ali Salaam. And we see that the virtue of Ibrahim Ali Salaam was due to his conduct and his character, and especially when giving advice. He's giving advice to his father, which is a very difficult situation. But look how he advises his father. And that's why there's the sayings the scholars have said, they've given us these pieces of advice, these gems of wisdom, they say, a newsroom, giving advice on a national tequila. giving advice is very heavy. You have to understand from the perspective of the recipient, it's very heavy to take advice from people. So giving advice is a very heavy ordeal. advices heavy for two syllable Javelin so then

00:59:20--> 00:59:21

don't make it a mountain on people.

00:59:22--> 00:59:59

Don't send it as a mountain. So taking advice is already difficult. So don't come down with the hammer on people. But be gentle and soft. This person's already humbling themselves when they open themselves to taking advice from you. So don't feel like you have to sit there and bring down the hammer. When at Yahoo gentlemen, and don't turn it into a confrontation in a fight. And another. Why saying goes and ha ha ha eco. Murata and haka Murata. The truth is very, very bitter for seriola who have fought Albion so that's why when you were explaining the truth

01:00:00--> 01:00:30

Truth to people borrow take from being very gentle and very light in how you explain it to them. So the truth is very bitter. There's no way of getting around that. But what you can do is you can put it in candy coating and sweet coating. Be very nice and gentle when you explain the truth to people when you give advice to people. May Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything that's been said and heard Subhanallah you will be hum de Subhana columbium big national a la ilaha illa antenna saphira kawana to be like