Tafseer Surah Al Mulk 04

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Abdul Nasir Jangda

Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda

Series:

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

Tafseer of Ayahs 16 – 19 of Surah Mulk

Nov 4, 2010.

Surah Mulk
Surah 67
30 Ayat
Verses 16 – 19

Summary –

We don’t know how fickle this life is – we don’t know if or when the earth might take us and swallow us and we won’t have time to do good deeds.

Wa ilayhi nushoor – verse 15 (And only to Him is the resurrection) a connector to verse 16.
Allah has created all the magnificent elements arounds us. And humbled the earth to us and allowed us to benefit us. The earth and its blessings are completely subservient to you, but one should never forget that Allah will hold you accountable for all that you do.

These verses refer to Allah (swt) with respect “The one who is in the heavens”

Yahsif – Khasafa – 1. suppress or envelope something OR 2. Humiliating word, harsh can relate to lunar eclipse (khasafal qamar)

Khasaf Al Ard – refers to the earth sucking something in (like quicksand) – punishment from Allah. Do you feel secure that Allah will not make the earth swallow you?
This imagery is very common to us (quicksand imagery) so that we understand Quran.

Obey Allah – The earth is ‘Thalool’ – easy submissive and manageable
Disobey Allah – The earth is Khasafal Ard – ready to envelope you and become violent

A amintum- have you gained security against Allah’s punishment?

Allah directly addresses the people here. But in the following ayahs speaks about them in the third person. (this shows Allah displeasure but Allah never stops advising and warning)

Haasiban – (used to refer to the people of Lut) about the sky refering to a very strong wind – tornado like (picks up stones and pelts them/ stones are from the sky with this strong wind)

“Very soon you will come to realise how was MY (warning) natheer” – STRONGER OPINION
“Very soon you will come to know how serious was my Nabi (the warner)”
Natheeri – (ya has been deleted but shows possession ‘my’ Allah is taking possession) comes from the word Inthaar (warn people). MY WARNING but can also refer to the person who does the warning…. Allah’s warning to the people was serious and they will realize when they beg Allah for another chance.

To create awareness: Allah talks about the earth and the sky – that which is above us and below us. Punishment may come from above us or below us.

Allah talks about the earth before the sky because in the previous verse Allah spoke about the ground. It follows coherence and a sequence. Also because we perform our actions upon the earth and the deeds go up to the sky.
Laqad – laam is for emphasis – concluding the rhetorical question.
‘Qad’ is also used for emphasis equivalent to a slammed fist – emphasizing the seriousness of the warning and the message

Nakeer – a substitute for punishment. A humiliating, debasing sudden torment. Also, a very unknown, severe and unexpected out of the ordinary punishment.

Ayah 19 calls our attention back to the sky. To a bird (appealing to our fascination with flying) which flies – spreads out its wings.

Sawfaat – and flies in a pattern with its wings spread (noun)
Yaqbidn – Qabd – form a fist (retract their wings) (verb)
Why use a noun and a verb?
Nouns are used for something consistent this adds to the imagery of the bird flying – the birds consistent action is that when flying it spreads it wings but when retreating its wings is sporadic.
“Do they not look to the bird, which has been made submissive in the middle of the sky by Allah’s command” – Surah Nahl

Allah alone keeps them suspended in the air.

Episode Transcript

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alojamento cobalamin knotty Lovato for an evening our shake will now continue the explanation from 16 tonight

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Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah

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Allah Allah savage mine obod

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just wanted to apologize for the late start today, got a little hold up but a couple of previous engagements before this in this evening, but inshallah we'll go ahead and get started.

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kind of works out for the best, I was actually prepared to do a bit of a shorter session today anyways as it is, so that way it fits right in with the time that we have left as well in sha Allah.

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The very first thing is that, as we do every week, just kind of understanding where we've exactly reached in our study of skeletal mulk. So in the last session, we studied the IRS, which brought to attention a very important fact, in this sutra, las panatela, of course, for the purposes of reflection, and for the purposes of Dawa eemaan. Allah subhanaw taala has called our attention to how miraculous and how absolutely amazing his creation, excuse me, his creation is and how Allah subhanaw taala has very magnificently created all the different elements around us. We look about this a lot told us to look up at the sky and appreciate the beautiful stars in the sky and how they

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function as well for our protection and for the protection of, you know, the amount of the people last funnel Rotella done in the previous session Allah subhanaw taala told us to look down at the earth, the very ground that we walk on with our feet, the thing that we take for granted probably the most and realize what a huge, unbelievable amazing blessing of Allah, it is that this earth Allah has provided to us. And he has humbled it to us and how Allah subhanaw taala has allowed us to fully benefit from this earth and all the blessings they're in. We know at the vet at the very end of

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The last idea that we studied last week session I in number 15, there were a couple of words there at the end, the very last part of the ayah, where a las panatela says, What la hinzu shoot. And that basically connects the previous discussion to the passage that we're going to study today. In sha Allah. Y la new food as we met, as we talked about last time means and only to him is the resurrection. And we talked about how the word new foods specifically refers to how the bodies will unfold down out of the ground, after they have completely decomposed and decayed inside of the ground, then Allah will bring everyone back to life and those bodies will literally unfold out of

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the ground. So today, we started with iron number 16 through 19. inshallah, is what we will try to accomplish today, and have recently recited them for us. I'll go ahead and read a very brief translation of these four ions. And then we'll get into the study of these four ions, Allah subhanaw taala and I in number 16, he says, Are you sure that he who is in heaven will not make the earth swallow you up with a violent shutter? Are you sure that he who is in heaven will not send a World Wind to pelt you with stones? You will come to know what my warning means. Those who went before them also disbelieved, how terrible was my condemnation, and an eye in number 19. Finally, Allah

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says, Do they not see the birds above them spreading and closing their wings? It is only the lord of mercy who holds them up. He watches over everything.

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So as I said, the last time I said we're in a new shoe called our attention to the fact that listen, while you walk around on this on this earth, and you enjoy all the blessings of this earth balloon, it is completely humbled and subservient to you. You have your way with the earth. Fung Shui Malacca, you can walk up to the highest points of this earth, you can traverse all over to the ends of the earth, and you can you eat from it. Well, Calomiris Lee, but never forget the simple fact that you will return back to a line you will be held accountable to him for the choices and the decisions that you are making. Here. Finally, an ayah number 16. Allah subhanaw taala now addresses

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us and he says a mean to manifest sama any oxy phobic will either he has a mood that have you be? Have you found a sense of security? Do you actually feel secure? Do you feel completely safe and protected? month is summer, that the one who is in the heavens? Now there's a lot of discussion here in this part of the ayah. From a theological standpoint about different points of arcada. I don't really wish to get into any of those discussions right now. However, just generally speaking, as well, this is referring to Allah subhanaw taala. And not only the The other thing that I want to put out here is

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the logic theological discussion is not the only thing we should have here because there is a certain point of linguistic appreciation here as well. This is another type of figure of speech. This is another type of a, you could even say an expression, referring to a las panatela with respect that the one who is in the heavens, that do you really feel safe, do you really feel secure, that the one who is in this in the heavens, and yuxi phobic that he would yucks, if now you're safe cassava, the root of the word it has two implications. The first implication of this word is that it means to suppress something, or to to envelop something to suck something in. And the second

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implication of this word is that it's a humiliating word. It's a very harsh word in its tone. And there's a lot of different phrases in the Arabic language that relate to this word hustle. One of the most popular ones is of course, a soul, a lunar eclipse, a lunar eclipse, when the sun blocks out the moon, then that is referred to as cosafa. Palmer, the moon has gone into Eclipse. So because it the reason for that is not only does the mood disappeared, do you no longer see the moon, but it doesn't happen all at once. It's not like the moon is there one second, and then boom, it's not there anymore. That's not the way it works. Rather, the way it happens is that it gradually the

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eclipse gradually overtakes the moon. And so it happens very slowly, and it diminishes the light of the moon. So that's why the word hustle is used for that. And there's a lot of different other implications of this word as well. So similarly here, whenever the word hustle is combined with the word of it refers to the earth sucking someone in, like in our culture, because of movies or entertainment or National Geographic, we're kind of familiar with the concept of

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the What do they call that?

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quicksand. That's the word I'm looking for. We're familiar with the concept of quicksand. And how somebody when they step into the wrong place, it kind of sucks them in slowly. So that's kind of a good visual for what this word means. But of course, it's referring to something that happens with a div, not just a, of course, even the quicksand works through divine permission, and divine injunction. But this is something that happens as a punishment from Allah. Hassan refers to a punishment, somebody literally being sucked into the earth, as Allah subhanaw taala refers to even fit out for herself. Maybe he will be that he, once again the word is there. So Fira Cardona, excuse

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me, and his, all of his wealth, everything was sucked down into the earth. And Allah uses the word hustle there for that as well. And so this is what this is referring to. So do you really feel safe? Do you feel secure that the one who is in the heavens, that he will not suck you down into the earth you will not make the earth swallow you whole yuxi for Beekman and the biosphere and become the scholars they tell us this isn't the Sahaba This means that this earth was completely envelop you and suck you and pull you down and swallow you hold, it will not leave you it will attach on to you latch on to and or completely swallow your. So this is what this is referring to. And yuxi for

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becoming for either here to move, and then it will suddenly very quickly move. Now, what does that mean that the earth will very quickly move. So first, let me tell you sort of how this works in with the subject of the ayah.

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Some of the movers Iran, they tell us that there's very This is there's very powerful imagery here. And there's something that we can grasp as a concept, something that we can comprehend.

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If you have a jar full of grain, let's just say grain, for instance, or a jar full of dirt, you have a jar full of dirt, and you put something into that jar, some type of a coin, or a pen, or a little piece of plastic or Lupita piece of wood, you put it into the dirt that you have in the jar, and you're trying to push it all the way into the dirt. And you own or even imagine like a jar of sugar, and you have that spoon in the sugar, you put it in there. Now a little bit of the spoon is still sticking out on top. Now what do you what do you do if you want the sugar to completely or the dirt to completely take over that little piece of wood that you put in there? What would you do at that

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point?

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You would shake it, you shake it. So what you do is you literally shake it and that thing would sink lower and lower and up because you're moving the dirt out from under it. by shaking, you're moving the dirt out from under it, and it slips up and it completely covers it up. That's what to say.

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It's very powerful when you think about it, and you put it into the right frame and you see it on very practically talks to us. So and why is such a violent, such a tormenting such a fearsome form of Allah's punishment? Why is he being described through something so common to us, because the point is for us to understand it. It's not supposed to be some supernatural thing like fireballs shooting out of the sky, and we say, Oh, I don't know what that's about. I mean, we have some type of modern entertainment, we have movies today. So at least our imagination works to some extent that we could figure out some way somehow, but otherwise, the common person would just be like, I don't

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know what that's talking about. But this is very understandable. You push that the spoon into the sugar, as much as you could, and then you shake it, and it completely gets drowned, it completely gets buried. And so literally, that's what will happen with some of these people, they'll be put down into the the earth will swallow them, and then it will shake back and forth, completely just closing up on top of them finished. So this is what this means. The other thing that I want to point out about this in terms of how this fits in with what's already been presented to us in the sutra,

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in the previous iOS panatela told us what are the jolly Rockman loulan that Allah has made the earth very humble and submissive to you. Meaning it's quiet, it's humble, it's submissive, it literally sits there, and it doesn't move, and Fung Shui right then you walk on top of it. It's stable, it stays in its place. This is the complete opposite. If you obey Allah, that's what the earth is there for you. The earth will be humbled to you, it'll stay stable. You'll walk on it, you'll build on it, you'll drive on it, you'll do whatever you want on it, you'll dig in it. But if you disobey Allah also realize that Allah sponsor that same Earth that's sitting there right now and you take it for

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granted. That same Earth roots are shaking violently. So fast, so quick, you wouldn't even comprehend. You wouldn't even understand what just hit you. Then the next day our last panelist, Allah, He says

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in the last panel, whatever he says, I mean to manifest sama, or the word I'm here is in the meaning of or continuing the line of questioning. It's like because

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The first idea was a rhetorical question. It was a question that has a couple of

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couple of special things about it. There are a couple of tones that are embedded there. And that question, the first one is that it's a disapproving question. It's like a question that is expressing Allah's disappointment in people, his disapproval of people's behavior. This is continuing that line of question. So, um, or do you think I'm interim or have you gained some sense of security? Have you do really feel secure? Do you really feel safe and sound? Memphis sama that the one who is in the heavens and you see that Aleikum housie been there that he will not send down rain down upon you house lieben

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Now the word house live in the Arabic language. Allah subhanaw taala uses it in another place in the Quran. Specifically when speaking about the people of Lupe Alayhi Salam in our in our Santa Ana him Housley been, and this is a very common word in the Arabic language it's used as a verb is used as a field as well as Sabatino refers to a land or a

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plot of land, a piece of land that is mostly full of stones. It's not soil bases, not a dirt, dirt. It's a stony place. A lot of rocks are there's

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similarly Maha sub with Assad. It refers to the place where the judge before they go to pelt the Gemma rod, where they pick up their their pebbles from is called Maha sub. So that's what it refers to. So the word house though, especially with connect in connection with the sky when it's being used this word in conjunction with the sky, it refers to a very strong wind almost tornado like a tornado like a very strong wind that one of two things either literally stones are being rained down from the sky, once again as a divine punishment. Or some scholars also say rather that storm that wind is so strong, it picks up stones from the ground, swirls on them around and then rains them and

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melts them everywhere. So whether the stones are just coming from the sky as a divine punishment, or this strong tornado is picking these stones up from the ground, Allahu Allah so Allah knows best. However, this is what this refers to.

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So Allah subhanho wa Taala says, I mean to manifest sama, and you will see that Aleykum house that he will not send down this type of a horrible, a very tormenting a very destructive storm of stones. He will not send this down upon you. Do you really feel safe? Do you really feel secure for Santa Monica? Nadine, very soon you will come to know very soon you will come to realize gave How was navidi navidi. Now when we do the pause we say moseyed but if you look at most half if you look in upper arm, you will see that this ends with a customer okay for now, V if you What this means is that there is supposed to be a UI here at the end. But the yeah is my view of the UI has been

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deleted. What the UI is for is to show possession, to show possession, and what it Who is it showing possession to yeah as a pronoun in the Arabic language as an attached pronoun, refer it basically means my it means my, so this is a las panatela speaking here in the first person saying that very soon, they will come to know they will they will come to realize how was My Naveed? How was mine the V. Now what does the word know the mean? Of course, it comes from the word in the the word invalid which we've been talking about that the whole one of the main themes of the sutra and overall this portion of the Quran, the very early part of prophethood is involved, which means to warn people, I

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liken it to like that alarm clock that wakes a person up in the morning, a loud blaring alarm clock. So nadeet also comes from that same word in the either it is used in its gerrant its muscular form, infinitive form, in that case, it means my warning, the IMG version of the word it means my warning. Some scholars have also said though, however, this actually the word Naveed can also be used as the person who does the warning. It can also be used in the the profits along the sentiments described as Bashi run when the run so either means very soon, they will come to realize how was My warning that my warning was serious. They made fun of it. They made jokes of it, they took it lightly. They

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thought they had lots of time long, lots of time on their hands. However, it was serious. It was urgent. They didn't take it, then they'll come to realize, and we've already talked about this last week how this is a very constant theme throughout the Quran. This is a very strong way in which Allah reminds us of the realities of the life of this world and the reality of the life of the Hereafter, that when death will approach to people or build your own ability on the

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Criolla Give me one more chance. On the Day of Judgment people will cry and beg for one more opportunity that there will not be someone new rekindle just one one more chances woke me up a little bit. Even the people in the Hellfire when they've been thrown in there plunged in there, even then there will cry robina of a sudden now What's that mean? For Jana mazzani Hannah, we even saw in this surah they will say low good Nana smell. Now, if we would have just listened a bit, if we would have just thought about what we were doing paid some attention processed, then we would have realized our mistake. But of course there are opportunity won't be afforded to them. So here Allah

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subhanaw taala is telling them that these people he's delivering this, he's telling all of us that very soon, you will come to know very soon all of you will know for Salah moon, all of you will very very soon you will know gave an odd how my warning was. The other meaning of this possibly, like I explained could be very soon you will all know how was My the Warner, my Warner the person who came to deliver the warning to you for on my behalf, which is Mohammed Salah Lisa, that he was serious. And he was speaking the truth. Because another way that people would discredit in the early part of the Nabu, especially in the early days of Makkah, the way that they would try to discredit the

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message of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was by discrediting the prophets hasn't been self. Majnoon saw him as rude. All these Sha Ada Majnoon, all these different accusations they made against him, all of it was really being done personally with him. They had no problem he was saw that Well, I mean, I saw the economy and he was very truthful, he was trustworthy, but they wanted to discredit the message. So Allah subhanaw taala here says, very soon you will know how am I, the person who came to deliver the warning on my behalf? Oh, he was serious and he was truthful. However, majority of them have us alone. They have given preference to interpreting this as warning, not as Warner. So

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how serious was my warning? Now a couple of things here. This is of course these two if they present something very profound. Allah subhanaw taala to create a sense of awareness, a wake up call. So you know, when you hit the snooze button, what happens Five minutes later, they're going to bells again. So similarly here, persons kind of faded out. strong warning comes again. First I LS patella says, Look, this ground that you've taken for granted, you're walking around on how do you know this is not going to start shaking violently. This won't swallow you whole wake up realize. And hearing the second Dyer, Allah subhanaw taala is now saying that how do you know this guy that you look up at?

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that sends down nice beautiful rain, the sun. I mean, if anybody saw how it was today, this evening out here in Texas, it was beautiful. Beautiful. You sit out there a little bit of sunlight, beautiful light, fluffy clouds, light rain comes down from there. It's such a beautiful scene. It's so comforting. It's so relaxing, such a blessing. But how do you know stones won't start falling out of the sky? violent winds won't come and completely destroy things and tear things apart. How do you know that's not going to happen? So this is that strong wake up call that's happening again. But Allah subhanaw taala specifically talks about that which is under us, and that which is above us in

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sudo to an IRA number 65. Allah subhanaw taala tells us who will you tell them that he is the one who is capable, Allah, Allah Allah Kuma Dabba min phobic of that he would send upon you a punishment from above you or mentality or junocam or from right below your feet, exactly what this is saying. So you see the same point being corroborated in the ayah. The other thing is that Allah subhanaw taala

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switched from warning us and trying to invoke some consciousness and awareness within the human being, by referring to that which we see and we know as reality and making a see the power and the anger and the Wrath of Allah in that which we look at every single day like the earth and the sky. And the other thing is that Allah subhanaw taala started, does Mufasa on the comment Adama daddy bill herself Aleta de bill house in the house of men in the world column Allah Allah, Allah, Allah subhanaw taala talks about punishment coming from the ground and punishment coming from the sky, the swallowing of the earth and the raining down of stones. Why did Allah talk about the punishment of

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the ground before the punishment of this guy, because in the IR previously Allah was talking about the ground, so it was more appropriate that Allah pick up and start off from there.

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And similarly, after this ayah in ayah, number 19, Allah will then call our attention to the sky again. So it's as if Allah spoke about how beautiful and amazing and what a blessing the Earth The ground is, then you warns us about the ground that look the punishment of Allah can come to you from the ground. Then he says, watch out, the punishment of Allah could even

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from up above from the sky, and then he talks to us about look up and admire the creation of Allah and admire the beauty of illustration up in the sky. So it's very fitting it's very sequence it's, it has a coherence, it has a flow to it. The other thing is that our last powerwatch Allah tells us in in this ayah will kulu marriage Lee and eat from his sustenance, he told us that eat from Allah sustenance assistance he provides you eat from it in I am number 15.

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And another another place in the Quran in surah 230 Allah tells us what is sama he is cocoa. And in the sky is your sentence. So you see this correlation disconnection, earth and sky, earth and sky. And so the same

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sequence is being established here. And the final reason that some of them are fuzzy, don't they give to us? Why Allah first warned us about the ground and then the sky? What up the only animal our man because of the actions of people are conducted on the earth? And what happens after we do our actions that we do our deeds? Where do they go? They go up into the sky, and from there back down the decisions and the panel was semi either after Roger, that isn't just some scientific phenomenon referring to it's talking about the deeds of people as well, our deeds go back up into the sky. So similarly, are we do the actions here on the earth, which go up into the sky, so it's appropriate to

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mention Earth, and then sky? The next III number 18, Allah subhanaw taala says, well, aka the kettlebell Latina men, probably him. And well above the lamb, of course, is for Tokyo for emphasis. And the lamb specifically comes when some type of either conditional phrase has been stated in the past, or in this case, a rhetorical question has been posed to us in the ads before, I mean to. So here, the alarm is almost as a response to that. It's almost concluding that rhetorical question that presentation that's being made. So the question was asked, Do you really feel safe and secure? So here now that conclusion is being given to us, that's why the alarm appears. God is for further

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emphasis. I always explain to people what pug means. But in the in classical Arabic, especially like, you know, puranic language is the equivalent of this.

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If I'm talking, and while talking in English like this, and I go, I slam my fist while talking about something, what does that signify to you?

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I'm serious. Whatever I'm talking about right? Now, when I slammed my fist on the table, I mean, business about that I'm not playing around. So if I say absolutely no food in the machine, that means Okay, nobody bring food from now on. He's serious about it. So if I slam my fist, it means I'm being very, very serious about whatever I'm talking about. God in classical Arabic, and onic language is the equivalent of slamming the fist on the table. So this is what that delivers emphasis, power, catches your attention. Kind of makes you do a double take. Whoa, wait a second, something serious has been said. And that's why even see, this is the beauty of classical Arabic.

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When I say audio doesn't sound very powerful. We have we have half the wisdom here that we teacher, he'll tell us all is one of the awesome letters, one of the heavy litterfall it's one of the heavy letters, awesome letters, and dial has. Alcala has that bounce, it has a bounce. So when you combine heavy letter with bouncing sound, it creates a very powerful almost like an echoing type of sound body creates very powerful sound. And that's exactly what it does. It delivers a punch while a body can double living in poverty him and definitely no doubt most definitely get there by now kuzava can mean either one of two things you can either mean that somebody deny something meaning somebody

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somebody consider something to be false, or somebody calls somebody else a liar, either to call somebody a liar, or to completely deny something say this idea is false. Either way, that these most definitely get the bernadina mean oddly him. There were people before them before that, meaning these people that Ally's addressing in the suta there were people before them who also denied for Tifa cannon a kid How was Nikki re once again this is that that possession has been shown here. So how was mine a kid. Now the word nicotine in the Arabic language comes from the root of the word which means to not know something for something to be unknown, for something to be unknown, or

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undefined is where the root of this word comes from. For the sake of punishment, this word is used as a substitute for the word either for the word punishment within the Quran. It specifically means a punishment that is very humiliating or debasing, or very tormenting, but specifically it means a punishment that will come out of nowhere unannounced. This punishment will come

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Out of nowhere and it'll come unannounced, it will catch you off guard for Keifa con and Akif. Once again, why is this word Nick easier? Why not?

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Why not some other words, once again, you think about the ground, swallowing you whole, that we don't expect that to happen, you know, walking down the sidewalk expecting the ground to swallow you. Stones falling from the sky. You don't expect that that's not the norm. You don't you walk outside expecting sunshine and rain or something, you don't expect stones to be raining down. So once again, those are types of punishments that Ally's mentioned here, which you wouldn't normally expect, which are out of the ordinary unknown. So similarly here this word is used for less punishment as well, that allows rebuke, Allah's punishment upon them, allows reproach to them will

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be very, very first of all unknown to them that will come out of nowhere and it will be very severe for Keifa cannon nikiti Now the other thing I want to add here, that's a very important observation is look at the previous two ir 16 and 17. A mean term for SATA lamona.

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If you look at these I add these two I attain these two is

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allays. Speaking to these people in the second person, I mean to him Do you feel safe and secure? For Salah Muna very soon, you will come to know you, you alesse talking directly to them, Eliza dressing them, talking to them will lead the janilla Alda even in the ayah before that he was saying he Allah alone is the one who has made for you. So let's talking to the people. And then all of a sudden I in number 18 here, a lot of transitions. Now he's talking about them in the third person.

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Well, I mean, probably him

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that similarly, most definitely. There were people before them who also denied before them. before Allah was saying you now here is aimed them.

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So lt fat we talked about a little bit last time, and it has a lot of different purposes and usages. I just want to stick to this specific instance here so that we can wrap things up.

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Switching from second to third to third person is almost like this, anybody who's a parent knows exactly what I'm talking about. You're speaking to your child, and then you become disappointed with your child, you turn the you turn your face away. I don't want to talk

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to you. It's almost as if the one parent looks at the other parent or looks at the older child and says I don't want to talk to him. Tell him to leave. I'm not speaking to him. It's to show that I'm very displeased with you. I'm very disappointed with you. I'm extremely angry with you right now. That's the last time

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that Ally's not even addressing these people speaking to these people. He's turned away from these people. So that's the transition here. But however, even in this, there's a beautiful point about the mercy of Allah.

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Imagine you were advising someone. You were you were advising a friend or an acquaintance or somebody you were giving them trying to give them good advice. Listen, don't do this, do this. Don't do this, do this. And you keep trying to tell them, tell them tell them talk to them, talk to him. And time and time again. They just don't listen to you. They're just not getting it. They keep ignoring your advice. They keep refusing your advice. Want to point eventually come on. You're just say that's it. I'm not giving advice anymore. So we

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and then somebody will come and say hey man, he's in trouble. You should help him out. You know, I'm done with him. I've washed my hands of him.

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Allah subhanho wa Taala turns away from them from transitioning from second person to the third person. But does Allah still stop speaking and stop advising and stop trying to talk sense into them. Now he doesn't. The way he shows his his disappointment. His transition from second person third versus other point gets across. Look, you're not getting this. But Allah doesn't just give up on them. He still look at the Iet Stokes coming. Not only this, but look at it number 19. Our lm euro Isla de Falco home saw fat were forbidden. Ma Yun SQL one Illa rush man in who because the Shea embassy

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Not only did the last panel attalla not stop talking to them and not stop trying to talk sense into them. But Allah subhanaw taala continues to present point after point. Evidence after evidence, amazing display of creation of one after another trying to make them realize so what does the law say? Oh lm er Oh. Do they not see Do they not look Illinois

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To the bird FOCA home above them. Now in this point the scholars he does very interesting Allah says above them, because most of the creation of a lot where do we witness it on the ground, ground in water.

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And even a bird is an animal that does walk on the ground. But then it spreads its wings and flies out on top of us. So it's a very fascinating creation of something that we know can come to the ground, but we can also observe above us as well. So Ally's calling our attention to something that's one of the most fascinating of illustration that's birds. And I mean, just speaking, kind of on the side here, culture wise. I mean, people have always had a fascination for that simple reason of flying as well. People have always had a fascination with flying, whether it be from just going on a plane, taking a ride in a helicopter, every kid wants to be a pilot when he grows up. You know,

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Jet planes are cool to everyone, everyone goes to watch the air show. To even today. These days, we have like some of the most craziest types of sports or activities people engage in like skydiving, and parasailing and all this. So people have always been fascinated with this concept of flying. And even if you look at even this, even entertainment, even entertainment like comic book characters and superheroes, and Superman has always been his fascination. Why? Because he flies. And so this fascination is always been there. So a lot closer attention to this bird photo of him above them saw fat. Now soft fab, this comes from the root word soft, which literally means to be in a straight

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line. But it refers to the wings of the bird when they spread them out. It has two implications. When the bird spreads its wings open, it spreads out its wings and puts them straight out like that, that is also referring to soft fat. The other thing is also referring to is birds flying in a pattern. Like when you see the birds lined up in a pattern flying together that also refers to that as well. So you look above and you see the birds with their wings spread out flying above you way up a bitten and yellow bitten comes from up, which means to pull in, like when I when I put my fingers in and form a fist up to bunch your hand up like that. So when they retract their wings, when they

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pull their wings back in, that is referring to

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my unicycle when

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no one nothing holds them there. keeps them up in the sky stops them from falling down. mean coming down to the earth nothing keeps them and holds them up in the sky and keeps them from falling down to the earth in law except for urashima the one who is Abundantly Merciful, in who becomes the chamber scene. Most definitely he in his reality shot to remove doubt no doubt he meaning a law. Be cliche in bossy bossy is a attribute of a law which means the one who sees all and grasps all at all times. Be cliche in means each and every single thing. But once again, here the order is reversed abnormal sentence structure. We talked about this time and time again. So here you have emphasis

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being created, and what type of emphasis. It's talking about exclusivity, that most definitely no doubt he alone is the one who sees and grasps everything at all times.

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Now, a couple of last points have pointed out in this ayah about the beauty and the eloquence of this ayah The first thing is Allah tells us two things about these birds saw fat, they spread their wings Jacobian and then they pull their wings in, they retract their wings. The interesting thing however, is that when the last panel Rotella talks about them spreading their wings, he says soft fat, which is a noun, he says it in a nominal way, uses a nominal term the noun for it is uses an ism to describe it. When a lot of talks about them retracting their wings he says Jacobian which is a fear which is a verb. So he says spreading their wings as a noun, retracting their wings as a

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verb. Why? hobby lot is a word you could have said soft, fatty, and we'll call it luck. But why spreading with a noun and retracting with a verb? Simply because of this nows are used when you're trying to show that something is done consistently.

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When something is done, consistently,

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verbs are used when you're trying to show that something is being done, or something is occurring

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in a more sporadic manner, something that is occurring, not so consistently inconsistent, it rarely is done. It's a limited word. nouns are timeless, limitless words, verbs are limited words. So when birds fly, the norm, the norm for a bird flying, the more consistent action for a bird when it is flying is for its wings to be spread.

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Normally when a bird is flying, majority of the time it has its wings open. Very rarely sometimes in between sporadically, it retracts its wings in and only does that to create some motion and spreads and back out and keeps flying. It slowly pulls them in to change some direction to dip down lower to gain some velocity, and then it springs its wings back out. So normally it keeps the wings open to Allah uses a noun to describe it that this is the consistent action. This is how you normally find a verb, a bird, then Allah uses the verb to describe the action that it just says every now and then you see how precise the puranic languages how precise it is just by delivering it in terms of a noun

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and a verb, it creates a difference. The other thing interesting here is

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if you compare this ayah to another ayah in the Quran, which is from Surah to Nahin, I am number 79 if you look at sort of denial, I am number 79 Allah subhanaw taala there says our lm euro innovatie Musa harati. fi Jovi sama, my UC Kahuna Illa Allah, Allah Miro Do they not see? Do they not look to the bird? moussaka rotten. This bird has been

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made submissive, this bird has been put under control. This prayer has been made submissive fijo with summer and it is in the the middle of the sky. You see it you just look up in the middle of the sky. And you see a job with some also refers to the sky that is closest to us, the inner atmosphere. So the sky that we can see Magnum saguna illallah. No one holds it there except for Allah. Now the two differences that you find these two ideas are very similar. If you notice, the differences you find is over there. Allah describes these birds as moussaka rod,

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that these birds have been made submissive. And over here you find the action of the verb being the bird being described as it spreads its wings most of the time, and every now and then retracts its wings. Why the difference? Well, because this scholars AC Quranic language, once again, is very specific. It's very precise. In Sultana Han. The point or rather, the overriding theme of that discussion sort of nahen is to establish to heed the oneness of Allah, and specifically by demonstrating the power and the control that Allah has over everything. So the word Mossad is more appropriate there, that the plaint in sort of a certain mood so far has been to make you feel to

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make you to put you in all to impress you with the beauty of a less creation, how magnificent and beautiful Lola's creation is zeggen SMR dimia be masabi. So here, our users were saw fatin way up a building, showing you the beautiful movement of the bird and how it flies to make you impressed by a less creation. So it's very specific to the places being used. The other major differences here and sort of denial, Allah says migrants are not in the law. No one holds the bird there in its place except for Allah. here in Santa Monica. Allah says my whimsical man, no one holds the birds in a place except for a rock man except for a law. Why use the word the the attribute or rough man here,

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but use his actual name a law in sort of tuna. So once again, as I explained, because the point in pseudo nahan is to explain how Allah subhanaw taala is one alone. And also it's talking about how the burden has been put under control. So the heavier, the stronger, the more powerful name of a law is more appropriate to be used there. Here in Surah Rahman extract keepsakes with Romani says resort to the milk because we're talking about the attribute of aroma here in Surah molk. Allah subhanaw taala is trying to explain to us look at all the blessings that he's given to you. Look at all the blessings he showered down upon you. Just look around, look at the sky, look at the ground you eat

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from the ground, the beautiful stars in the sky. Hear the tone is very different that Tony is trying to make you understand, listen, look, understand, he's blessed you with so much, just realize his right upon you your obligation to him and recognize him and appreciate him. So the word Raman is actually very frequently used in disorder. It occurs four times in the surah because it's trying to make this human being feel obligated to his master his Lord, his creator, Allah subhanaw taala. So the order of man is more appropriate to be used here in sort of to move. So this is a few observations in Sharla. about these four ayat above this holding in place, Allah keeps the bird up

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in its place, my whimsical hoonah Allah subhanho wa Taala has been talking about the ground. Allah has been talking about the sky, everything

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Anything that we see around us, Allah alone is the one who keeps everything in its place. It keeps everything going constantly with stability. Allah says in social hedge we use equals sama and Taka Allah, Allah holds the sky up in his place from it crashing down onto the earth.

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It just talked about how the ground is stable under your feet, but the ground could start moving, violently shaking, who keeps it there in its place a lot this, we talked about. It's suboptimal, authentically, bah, bah, bah. We talked about that, how everything is consistent, everything is systematic, everything is organized, and everything is smooth. And it's moving around and circulating and everything's

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in a system and it's working smoothly. Who keeps everything going Allah subhanaw taala this, it will just take one little thing to move off its orbit just a little bit. And it could completely destroyed life as we know it. But Allah subhanaw taala keeps everything consistent everything in his place. This is a very strong reminder. Realize who Allah is, what he's given to you, and the fact that you are accountable to him, and inshallah we'll continue on from here next week. Or rather, excuse me. Next week, we will not be having the tafsir lesson. I will be traveling I'll be out of town. So I won't be here next week. But inshallah the Tuesday after that. We'll pick up from right

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here from where we've left off, and we'll see in the next few is how now the Sula starts to come to a conclusion and it will start presenting the final choices that we have to make here at the end of this hoorah inshallah. So remember next week, there won't be this year, I'll be traveling and we'll pick up out the week after that inshallah. There's a lot going on. So Hanalei, we have the use of mechanical Lomi Hambrick. Allah Allah Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala