Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
Tafseer of Ayahs 12 – 15 of Surah Mulk
Oct 10, 2010.
Verses 12 -15
Dawah should be based on Tawheed – an introduction to what He has created.
Rujoon Ash Shayateen – can also refer to the evil of people who cause mischief.
The stars in the sky created by ALLAH have three purposes:
They adorn the sky
They are signs by which you can navigate the land’’Those who turn away from Allah are those who will end up in the fire. A terrible place, and when they see the truth they will be in regret.
Inna – Indeed, certainly, surely
Fear the Lord unseen can mean 1. Fear Allah even though we don’t see him 2. Bil ghayb – can also mean absent, those who feared their Lord in absence (alone).
Iman manifests itself in private as well. It is to be humble before Allah. For these people is an exclusive forgiveness.
Ghafara – forgiveness (to cover [sins])
Ajr – is great reward or compensation
Allah speaks about reward, a great compensation then speaks not only about ghafara but “maghfira” which is complete forgiveness, wiping of the slate and not just a covering of sins
Why does Allah mention forgiveness first – because this frees you from the punishment of the fire of hell. And the burden of Jahannam is removed from the people who fear Allah. So first the harm is removed and then the benefit is made. Alhamdulilah.
Kabeer – GREAT, fits better with the theme of the Surah.
Asirroo – to say secretively (even the whispers are included)
A wij haro – Openly
Allah knows what is hidden in the chest (sudoor) (Reflect – Allah knows everything)
A la – is asking a rhetorical question.
Mun khalaq – mun (object) Of course, Allah is informed of what he has created.
Al Lateef – Subtlety – soft and gentle, merciful (paying great attention and detail). The maintainer of every aspect of our lives
Al Khabir – Completely informed
Verse 13 and 14
Be aware of your actions, realise what you are doing.
Ja’ala- created exclusively
Thalool – hyperbole in refernce to the earth. Allah created it manageable. Ways the earth is manageable – it is easy to traverse – not rocky or sharp or spiky or rough or mountainous. It is made soft and pliable for digging yet firm enough to build upon
Manakib – from mankab which means shoulder. Can be a sign of strength or an expression which means to explore the earth from all sides. Or that the shoulders of the earth are the mountains. Or that the shoulders of the earth are like a camel – strong but submissive.
Wakaloo – Mutawakkil – Trust in Allah, this means to do your best and leave the rest to Allah. Place your seed in the earth and trust Allah to let it grow.
Nashr – (to spread out) unfold oneself out of the grave. To be resurrected or returned from the earth and held accountable by Allah.
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inshallah, we're going to start today so to mulk, we're continuing to move surah number 67 and will be inshallah, starting with Ayah number 12. Today,
very briefly, inshallah, what we'll be doing is, we will begin by reading somewhat of a summarized translation of the IR that we'll be setting that day, and then inshallah, then we'll go ahead and get into the word analysis and explanation and Tafseer from then on. So from number 11, Allah subhanho wa Taala says, but there is a forgiveness and a great reward for those who feared their Lord, though they cannot see him.
Whether you keep your word secret or state them openly, he knows the contents of every heart. How could he who created not know his own creation, when he is the most subtle, the all aware? It is he who has made the earth manageable for you, travel its regions, Eat it, eat His provision, and to Him you will be resurrected? Are you sure that he Are you sure that he who is into heaven will not make the earth swallow you up with a violin shutter? Are you sure that he who is in heaven will not send a World Wind to pelt you with stones? You will come to know what my warning means? Those who went before them also disbelieved how terrible was their condemnation.
So we've been studying sort of turmoil for the last two sessions, we've covered the first 11 I outs for session recovered about four ayat along with the introduction of the sutra and this overall portion of the Quran thematically speaking, and then we did the next six or seven hours rather than the last week. And as I explained last week, what we'll do in the beginning of every session will take about five minutes to kind of reconnect where we're coming from there what's covered in the previous sessions, because an important part of the study of the Quran, or an important aspect of studying the Quran is not to just study each item individually, but rather to be able to grasp the
connection from one idea to the next how one topic or one issue segues and transitions into another and appreciating full passages and understanding how these arguments are developing. And because the Sooners that we're studying are a little bit larger. So it might take us, you know, anywhere from four to six sessions, to complete one sutra, we don't want to lose sight of what's being spoken about. Throughout the entire pseudo we want to grasp that entire lesson in that entire message in sha Allah. So the beginning of the surah and as I explained very early on that this surah is from the very early part of the message, the very early part of the mission of the Prophet hood salallahu
alayhi Salaam, the prophet Sessoms mission and is Prophethood. And that was the phase of prophethood or new Buddha that is called in that it was the wake up call. It was the warning and that's why the tone of this sutra and the sutras that come along with it
This surah is very, very harsh. It's very strong, because as I explained, it's that very loud alarm clock that you have to wake you up on the day, when you're very doubtful that you'll be able to wake up or not, you went to sleep, you sleep very deep, you're very, very exhausted, you're very tired. The little alarm clock in your watch isn't going to do the job. You need the big alarm clock with the bells on it to wake you up, snap you awake. So this is the purpose that the sudo serves specifically, sort of to milkier in our discussion. So the beginning of the surah started off by introducing us to our last panel with Allah because that's the basis of he man. And to think about
that just for a second, dow needs to revolve dow needs to begin is catapulted by introducing people to Allah, not by talking about issues on the periphery of Islam are talking about very, you know,
very small issues of jurisprudence, or different social issues within Islam. That's not what our dollar should ever be based upon. But our dollar should begin should initiate by introducing people to Allah to Baraka, Lady via de mulk wahoo Allah coalition Cody, Allah the helical moto Well, hey, Anthony, Leah Blue accom au kamasan llama. So most blessing is the one alone in his hand, in his hand alone is all the kingdom the Dominion the control, well, who are lacrimation Padilla and He alone is capable and in control over everything. He is the one who created lifelessness death mode typically just means death. But we discussed how this means lifelessness well hate and life. Now
what's the purpose of this creation of the system and this order? Why near blue Akuma you can mash anomala so that he would test you so that he may test you, which amongst you has the most excellent have actions and deeds. So we talked about how a theme of this sutra is telling us the purpose in the creation of mankind is a las panatela is testing us. Similarly, it's creating a sense of competition amongst people in the excellence of deeds. So it's not emphasizing quantity, but it's emphasizing quality. And let the Holocaust survivors Mr. De Baca now how can you really start to truly appreciate and recognize and be in awe of a loved greatness, look around you look at what was
created. So first of all, look at the sky, seven skies that are consistent connected, there's order maintained in those heavens in those guys. Matter of monumental forward. The other theme of this sutra, which is reflection, you will not see any inconsistency in any of the creation of a Rahman anything that has created he's blessed you with, you won't find any inconsistencies matter of
4g elbasan. So turn your gaze back, reflect again halterman photos, do you see any gaps? Do you see any gaps in the beauty of what Allah has created, and the magnificence of what Allah has created under the
thumb of Moto G obasa. Then after some time passes, continue to return your reflection back again, let reflection be a regular thing that occurs in your life. karitane very consistently, not just time and time again, but in terms of its quality as well. Young Calibri local boss on your perspective will change causing and it will put you in your place, what was it and it will exhaust you, you'll get tired of just looking around and seeing a lot of greatness all around you. I'll never be able to finish it. You'll never be able to completely fully appreciate what Allah has created. And therefore how great he is. Then allows parents Allah gave us something very tangible,
that we can start off by welaka designa sama dunya be masabi ha ha ha Rajim Alicia, Allah says, Look how we have beautified the sky of this world, the first the sky that you see, be masabi with lanterns with lamps, the stars, but they're not just beautiful. They have a function what is their function, which I know how to do militia thing. We've made them as a means of
basically shooting at and repelling the shouting when they come and they try to sneak information. They try to take information from the heavens, to come and deliver it to people and create chaos and confusion, create doubts in the minds and in the hearts of people like fortune telling and things of that nature. The other thing that I forgot I didn't mention last time we studied this ayah is another meaning of militia to him because the Quran tells us there are two types of shouting, shouting an NCO Elgin, this shouting that is talking about the gin, the gin goat, they're trying to listen to what's being spoken about in the heavens, sneak down some information, give it to the
fortune tellers, so that they can confuse people about their email and what is real and what is not real. At the same time they are shouting in an instant for analysis. There are people who also served the role of being shouting. This also me applies to them.
Because another connotation, another usage of this word rhogam, which I explained, it's like throwing a rock. Another connotation or another rather implication of this word is that if somebody like me called shooting in the dark, if somebody just wildly guessing things, somebody wildly assuming something guessing something that is also called the Roger mambilla vibe, like Allah says, in order to have that the people they talk about the people of the caves that people have gaff, they say, say una de la tourangelle boom, where Polina from certain Saudi soon calbuco Raja man, beloved, Allah says that they say there were three of them, and the fourth was the dog, or they say there
were five of them. And the sixth one was a dog, Raja mambilla. A, but they're saying this out of conjecture, they have nothing that they base this on. These are random wild guesses that these people are taking. Similarly, this is what it can mean here, that in the life of this world, the test for some people is every we all look up at the stars, we all look up at the sky, some of us will look up at the stars, we'll look up at the sky, and it will point us to a last panel matana will be like Subhana Allah, look how beautiful the creation of Allah is. how magnificent of a creator is Allah, it'll point to us, it'll direct us to Allah. But for some people, the same stars
will become a source of misguidance as well. The look of it, and then that's where you get astrology from. Astronomy is like the study of the science, just studying the science of astrology has to now start basing decisions off of it. Start making predictions based on the patterns of the stars, horoscopes and astrology. And this is where all that comes from. So Allah subhanaw taala, saying that this is the test for some people. And that's why the the people, the scholars of the past, the Sahaba and the Tabby own, are quoted as saying that the purpose of the stars has been very clearly defined to us by a large kind of wedge Allah in the Quran. Qatada Rahim, Allah says Allah Allahu
Allah. He said, Allah has created these stars for three, three specific purposes. Xena twin this summer. These are an adornment of the sky. rajamani shopping there used to defend and repel the shouting from eavesdropping from sneaking what's going on in the sky, while imagine use to their behalf. And they are signs by which people can find your way through the land. You can use the stars to navigate yourself at night. But that's about it. And so this is another thing that I failed to mention last time after our last panel which Allah establishes this, the look up at the sky and this is what you'll find. Now, people fall into two categories. The people who make the right choice, the
people who failed the test, or rather the people who make the wrong choice the people who failed that test, Leah Blue accom they failed that test. What happens with those people we studied in all the ayat we studied last week when in living in Agra phobia became Azerbaijan and obese and Nazi willing Latina cafaro Bella became the people and spoke exclusively for the people who have disbelieved in our ungrateful to their Lord azabu Johanna is the punishment of the Fire of Hell. Well beat said my seat is the worst place anyone could ever end up. He that will goofy how when they're put into the fire placed inside of it. Send me Allah hi Shaheed, and we're here at the food.
They'll hear like a roaring, grumbling sound of law, a very loud inhaling sound, that the fire of gentlemen is making very terrifying sound. We're here to food, and it will be boiling. It'll be boiling up to Chicago to make a swim in the lake. It's about to erupt. It's about to completely explode from the fervor from the vigor of the fire. That's how vicious and ferocious as fire is. It's like it's about to explode. That goddess omega ism in little faith, Kula folgen every single time they're placed in the fire. So it's not just a physical tournament, but the emotional tournament is there as well.
Every time they're placing.
sila home has to be the gatekeeper of the fire of hell, we'll say didn't somebody come to warn you call you by now? They'll say most definitely somebody came to warn us. But the jannetty somebody did come to warn us to talk sense into us for cadabra now
but what did we do? We refused and we rejected What?
He said Allah hasn't revealed anything about this. In antamina Ebola in Cubby, all of you, you most definitely are in very large, very clear air. And and to me Laffy lalala Gabby bakayoko Nana smarthalo knockin and then there will be regret. They'll say if you would have just listened to what was being said to us. If we would have just thought for a moment we would have pondered for a moment mokona feels happy sorry, we wouldn't be here right now. amongst the people in this burning blazing fire of hell. fighter forbidden by him.
Now they have accepted their mistake, their sin, what they did wrong, they accept it. But the Quran talks about this type of an acceptance, admission of guilt, there is an admission of guilt that we all have the opportunity of and that's the message we're going to see right now in the next ayah. And I am number 12 we all have this opportunity to admit our guilt right now. When it'll count for something, when it will matter. It'll wipe our slate clean, it's a means we call it repentance, forgiveness will be extended to us. But then some people will also admit their guilt will also admit their faults that they they'll accept that they were wrong, but it's like we say in English too
little too late. It will be after that time has passed. A law speaks about these type of people in the Quran is agile mode. when death comes to any one of them call he says rapid regioni he says Allah returned me back lolly Alma lasagna, Hanafi, matara, so that I may go back and do good where I left it. I'll make the right choices this time, but there'll be refused that opportunity. Had da da da, da da mode colorable john doe cry the pre lolly ama lasagna now just go back and do one more good deed. A curtain Illa Julian
akumina. Salim you should Allah please give me a little more time.
Just a little bit more time. I'll do good things. I'll be a good person this time. Some people when they reach the fire of hell sort of such that tells us they'll say their robina Allah subhana wa sameena for Jana masala in lahmacun. Allah we've seen now we understand.
We've heard we will do good deeds this time, we believe now firmly. But that opportunity won't be afforded to them. The proposition tells us individually speaking that in the La Jolla volotovo Abdi malum yuvaraj. Allah subhanaw taala accepts the repentance of a person, as long as his soul has not just reached here where it's like departing his body. So we all have that opportunity. But these people are also accepting what they've done wrong, but too little too late.
So now what's the flip side of the coin? What's the other group of people, the people who did listen? The people who did ponder and think about what was being said, they applied their intellect. They listened to what was being said, and then they thought about it. And they reflected on it. And they looked at the creation of a law, and they made the right choices and they did the better deeds and the better actions. What about those people? What will happen with those people? What's come of those people? So in number 12, Allah subhanaw taala says, in a loving a auction or above and below,
most definitely in nice for emphasis is Allah to shut to remove doubt that there's no doubt about the fact allatheena that the people you're shown are above them, that they've they fear their Lord.
They fear their master, beloved babe.
Now the word bill available, they means unseen, that which is hidden that which is unseen. What does that mean? Here, it means two different things. There's two different ways to interpret this that the scholars have told us, either it means those people who fear their Lord even though they don't see him
because we don't see a lot. And this is corroborated in the Quran in the beginning of Sultan Bukhara, Allah subhanaw taala says a loving human wanna be like the people who believe in that which they don't see. So that's the first meaning of it, that they believe in their Lord. They believe in their master, even though they don't see him.
That's why what did the previous I say if he would have listened, and we would have thought.
So they they reflected on what was around them. And even though they couldn't see a law, but they put their trust in Allah, they thought about it, and the everything around them made it obvious, made it apparent, made it left them without a single doubt, the fact that Allah subhanaw taala created them, he is your Lord their master. He provides and sustains them, and they need to submit to Him and they need to live their lives in devotion and dedication to him. That's the first way to understand this. The second way to understand this is Bill of aim. They've also can mean in certain situations based on the context, it can also mean not present absent, the word of aide can also mean
absent, meaning so that they they are the people no doubt, no doubt they are the people who feared their Lord in absence. What that means is that not only publicly did they behave themselves, did they conduct themselves properly, did not the day not indulgence, but even when they were absent, when they were alone, when they were not being seen when they were unseen by people
darkness of night.
Middle of the night, in the privacy of their home, the door is locked, the windows are drawn, the lights are off. I mean, there's nobody who can see them nobody who has a clue about what they're doing at this point in time. At that time, they still feared their Lord, they still feared their master, both publicly and privately. And this is a very, this is a very important thing for us to understand. True Eman is one that just not doesn't just manifest itself when we are in public when we are around people when we are with people. But true Eman is that force that also manifests itself when we are alone and we are in private.
Because that's what truly man is realizing a lot is watching me, Allah is aware of all that I do. And a lot excuse me, Allah subhanho wa Taala will hold me accountable for the decisions and the choices that I make. So in the lead in action, or above and below a no doubt they are the people who either they fear a lot they they feel like they don't see him or it means they fear a lot when they are not being seen by people what the whom, exclusively for these people. Once again, this is that issue that I've discussed a couple of times before. It's from the eloquence of the Koran This is a grammatical nuance of the Quran. When there is an abnormal sentence structure, it creates emphasis
or creates exclusiveness. So exclusively for these people, level mouthfeel is forgiveness. Now let me explain this word mafia. mafia. This comes from the root of the word law, which we know means forgiveness I talked about this last time, however, it means a specific type of forgiveness. The root of the word actually means to cover something. It means to cover something.
And that's why in the Arabic language middle for a helmet is called Milford because it covers the head, a huge crowd of people you know, when you were during the time of Hajj when they show you an aerial shot of Hajj and you can see all the people can you see the ground in between the people you can't that so that huge group of people where you can't even see the ground through them is called coffee. So coffee means a cover up something and we know it speaks about forgiveness, muffin lavado it means a type of forgiveness that is a covering of the sin. Not only does Allah forgive that person, not only will not hold a lot, hope not hold that person accountable. But at the same time
Allah will cover his sin, nobody will ever know he's committed to sin, nobody, his sin will never be exposed to anyone. It's completely covered up.
completely covered are completely hidden. Now one rule of Arabic language in sort of in morphology is when you increase the letters of the word, busy editing.
The meaning of the word increases when you increase the letters of the word. So this is not enough at all. This is mellifera mellifera tune, it has more letters to it. It's a very comprehensive word. So the meaning sophisticated develops as well. muffler doesn't just mean forgiveness, it means a complete forgiveness, like a complete wiping of the slate, full wiping of the slate clean. So lysing in the living as shown above and below a no doubt those people who fear their Lord, even though they can't see him or when people are not seeing them. lahoma Pharaoh exclusively for these people most definitely for these people is a complete forgiveness. What a genuine Kabir and a very great reward
a gentlemen's reward compensation. Cabin cabin means big, huge, great, very great reward. Now a couple of reflections on this ayah a couple of things to understand about this ayah
in this ayah Allah subhanho wa Taala states this other admirable group of people, and also states a reward for them is a complete forgiveness and a great reward. Now the scholars even discussed to this extent this issue that why does it mention forgiveness first, and then it mentions a great reward next, secondly, these are their two rewards complete forgiveness and a great reward but why complete forgiveness first? So the first thing is that what are these people afraid of? What was mentioned in the IR that are before this is Abu Jana, the punishment of Hellfire what frees you from the punishment of El fire, a great reward or forgiveness, forgiveness. So it's giving them what they
need and what they what their what they want first, and that is first they want to be freed from the fire of hell. And that will only be done through forgiveness and then it gives them the great reward after that. The second thing is that ducting will daphnia Alitalia.
That first one is doing it since removing the burden from them. If you have like a diamond, if you have a jewel that has dust on it that has mud on it.
The first thing you or if you have a pair of clothes that get mud on them. Do you iron it first.
Do you wash it? First, you wash it, first you wash it, you remove it, you clean it, and then you adorn it, then you iron it and you starch it and you do all the nice things. If you have your watch and got mud on it, first you're gonna wash it, then you put your Polish in your polisher pretty nicely. So similarly, first, you have to remove the dirt, remove the bad stuff, and then you can beautify the thing, then you can adorn the object. Similarly, we have sins were weighed down by our mistakes and our errors in our sins. So removing our sins must fit. And then it'll give us it'll adorn us with the great reward. And the third reason that the scholars say is that the motive
definitely da da Allah Jellybean nefa. That it's almost as if the harm is removed being removed first, before the benefit has been given. Because similarly, as this kind of ties into the same previous two points, but that's a very logical progression. First, you want to remove harm from yourself, then you'll think about, you want to get out of debt first, and then you'll worry about making more money after that. So similarly, it's removing them from the debt, and then it's blessing them with a lot of reward.
And the other thing is Allah subhanaw taala states what type of reward he specifically says agilon cabbie.
Now, whenever a lot talks about rewarding in the Quran, he uses different adjectives for reward.
Different adjectives are used for the reward sometimes can be used sometimes I believe. So different adjectives are used even for the word reward, I generally leave a German cabbie. So why specifically using the word COVID? Here, because it fits better with the theme of the surah. And it fits better with what has preceded it before it? What did those people say? In anthem, Illa, fievel, Allen Kabir, they said most you you guys are most definitely in a very huge error. So because they said they're in a huge era lie saying no, no, no, these people were not in a huge error, rather, these people get a huge reward. So it's, it's making, that it's refuting what those people have said
previously, Now, the next ayah
in this ayah it's talking about people in third person, and it's been doing this from within levena cafaro just talking about these two categories of people, the surah, in the beginning was addressing us directly, Leah Balu, welcome au come Amala it was addressing us allies testing you. And then it said, well, the people who disbelieved and will the people who feared their Lord, it talked about them in the third person. Now it comes back to the second person in I in number 13. What a sin rucola come with a sin rucola. A sin rule comes from the root of the word sin. Sin means to hide something, to keep something secretive, to keep something secretive with a set of rules. So it's in
the imperative form, it's commanding them as a challenge. Hide, keep it secret, overcome what you say. So speak secretively a weird hobby. Or say it out loud.
proclaim it loudly. Whether you keep keep it secret. Whether you speak secretively or you speak openly,
in a way that is pseudo, most definitely he meaning law. Most definitely he is I mean, constantly knowledgeable, constantly informed, be that to sudo of that which is within the chests.
what's being said here is basically so first thing I said was here, it's switching back to the second person, because it's making us reflect again, this is reflection. Now again, think about this, reflect on this for a minute, that it doesn't matter whether you're whispering it in a corner, or you're saying get into a microphone out loud, in the group of a bunch of people in the front in front of a bunch of people, it does not matter. For a lot everything is equal in Alameda to sudo. Because he knows it before you even speak it. A sin rucola means you say it secretly you whisper it to someone or which means you say it openly. But what Allah is saying it a lot doesn't even need you
to say it. He knows it when it's still hidden inside your chest. He knows it before you've even verbalize it. Well, I've got the collagen inside. When our alma mater West used to be He,
we created the human being. And we know that which is which is nuts, his inner self when it whispers to him, meaning we knows what's hidden inside his heart. We know those inner thoughts and those inner whispers that go on through his mind and his art. So for a law, everything is equal. We see it as a difference whether I whispered or I say it out loud, about my nose, everything. That's a very powerful message you're making reflect on the choices you're making. That don't think that you can make something secret and then Tao somehow makes it a lesser of a problem or a lesser Roberton or
Let servicing Allah knows it. So it switched back to the second person to make us reflect here. Now, the next thing is that did you notice from Ayah number six through Ayah number 11, it talks about the bad group of people, I N number 12 when I talked about the good group of people, the good group
and I talked about this in the beginning of this surah in the introduction, usually in the Quran, you find the reward B is elaborated upon as heavily genma, Israel elaborated upon the people of paradise. And then when it talks about the people of Hellfire, it's a lot briefer because the machine is heavy over in that but this is the remember the beginning part of Revelation, the wake up call is the purpose here. So it focused on what could go wrong. What do you have to lose what's at stake? And then it very briefly alludes to listen, if you make the right choices, there'll be a huge reward. But because their primary objective here is the wake up call.
So that's what it's doing. So it was heavier on the wakeup call. Now it's referring to referring returning back to reflection, a serial polec omorovicza. Rubino Illuminati pseudo I number 14, Allah says Allah Allah, Allah.
Allah, Allah, Allah. Ah, these are the cheese see in the beginning to Hamza is to ask a question. There's a rhetorical question here. La Yama, should he not know? Should he not be informed? Because what did it say in the previous ayah? He knows what's hidden inside the chest? Should he not be no? Who should not no man hallak? The one who created meaning the one who created shouldn't he know, it's making me think logically about it. People often ask this question, can you logically understand the emaan? A man is believing it's faith. But there's it's intellectual faith.
It's intelligent faith.
That Think about it for a second He created you.
So Shouldn't the one who created something know the ins and outs of it?
I'll give you the example. For our website. Sometimes somebody will have a question or somebody asked me a question. Or even I'm curious about something about the website. I don't know I didn't make the website. I don't know how to make the website. What I do is when I immediately I call up the brother who made the website, he made it, he created it, he knows exactly what functions it has what it doesn't. So when somebody makes something, when somebody creates something, they know the ins and outs of it, they know what's its capacity, what's its functionality. Similarly, here, we're being told to like just think about it for a second, Allah gave me this article, use it for a second
this intellect disability to process, this ability to think the one who created a law, shouldn't he know? what's what's inside? That's why he knows. So this is one way to understand that man halaqa, the one who created that this is the door of the verb Yeah.
Should he not know the one who created me, the one who created should he not know.
But there's another grammatical
application. And there's another grammatical structure that can be applied here in this ayah as well. Some scholars hate that the man halaqa the one who created rather than man cannot can also serve as the object, the MR own. In that case, the meaning will be gone will become should he not know that thing, or that person who he created. Meaning shouldn't allow No, because he's the one who created or the other way to understand is, shouldn't Allah know that which he had himself has created, meaning he created it, so he knows it. So when halaqa could refer to the holodeck, the creator or it could also refer to the loop. And this is kind of the beauty of the statement, that it
it has this versatility, this flexibility in its grammar. So you can understand it both ways. So it makes you think about this from two different angles, that both things are very logical conclusions, the one who creates something knows it best.
And he knows that thing which he created.
So both those meanings are being delivered in desire, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah.
And he is a lovely if a Latif is a very difficult word to directly just translate. It's often translated as the most subtle, the most subtle, it comes from the root of the word which has two implications. The first one is subtlety. And it also has an implication or the, the tinge or a meaning of being very soft, very kind, very generous.
So this can be understood in a lot of different ways. A lot is the most subtle meaning he is the one who pays a great amount of detail, a great amount of attention to every single little detail.
He pays attention to everything.
little detail, because the other attributes of Allah, whether He is the Creator, or he's most merciful, or whatever it is, but it doesn't necessarily address, you know, details. So what this is referring to is that Allah is the one who pays a great amount of attention to small details. He's the one who has mercy on us in every little aspect of our lives. He created and controls and maintains every little aspect of our lives, Nothing escapes him, he sees the finest of things, the finest of details, as a hobby, and hubiera is one who is completely informed of something constantly informed, and completely informed. Not just somebody who knows if something was a piece of
information, but he comprehends and he understands that information. That is the one who has copied. So Allah Allah, what should he not know, since he's the creator? Or should he not know that which he himself has created, what we're looking for hobbies, and he is the one who pays a great amount of attention to small small details, the most subtle, and also a hobby, completely informed everything at all times.
so now that these last these two is for a second, I want to pause here, take a look at these two wires, and understand how they fit into the theme of the surah. In the previous is number 13. Allah says whether you speak secretively or openly in a movie, that is sudo He knows everything that's hidden within the chest. Allah Allah woman, Hala Shin election, you know, since he created or you know, is that what you created? What we're looking for hubby? What What does this mean? And how does this fit into the theme of the surah? Because the surahs introduced us to a law, which Okay, this is doing to a certain extent. And then the surah talked to us about making a choice being tested. And
then they told us about the two different groups of people who either failed or passed that test. So how does this work into this theme of this hoorah. So the scholars explained that this can this once again, is being framed in such an open, flexible, versatile way, that it actually speaks to both groups at the same time. These last two is number 13. And number 14, equally speak to both groups. How, okay, let's just take the first group, for example, when we let the macabre become the people who disbelieved in their Lord in their master, how did these two is addressed them, it's letting them know that Listen,
don't think that you'll escape from the punishment of Allah. He knows when you speak secretively. And he knows when you speak openly. He knows everything that's going on inside your heart.
He knew, of course, you should know he's the one who created you. He pays attention to the finest details, the smallest things don't escape him. And he's completely informed of what you're doing. So be aware.
realize what you're doing. Wake up. And they can also speak to the group of people that are spoken about nine number 12. In alladhina, Schoener above and below the good people, the people who do fear to their Lord, the people who will get forgiveness and what a genuine Kabira huge reward, because it's telling them that Listen,
don't fret, don't worry, you know, when you're at work, and you're putting in hard time because the word agenda is also used for compensating like a worker for compensating an employee. When you're at work, what's the primary concern of a person who works, he wants to make sure that his boss realizes everything he's doing. He's always concerned about that, I want to make sure my boss realizes what I'm doing. And so that's why you clock in and clock out. It's not just so that the boss can keep track of you. It's for your protection as an employee as a worker as well. So your boss knows, look, I put in this much time of work. And also you keep a track of everything you do. If you have a job,
that's not so much of a nine to five type of job, then you keep like some type of a working log. Okay, I did this today. I did this today. I did this today. This is this. I had these meetings and these things that I took care of today. You see, see you copy your boss on on all your emails, why are you doing that? You're trying to make him realize, make him understand, look, I'm logging all this work. Don't underestimate what I'm doing, give me full credit for what I've done.
So it's consoling this good group of people as well that listen, in the world. In the life of this world, when you put in work, you put an effort to invest into something, you have to have that concern to make sure that person realizes what you're doing. He knows how hard you're working, and how much extra work you're putting into it with Allah subhanaw taala You need not worry. You don't have to worry about these things. Why a Cyril Hola, como esta Ruby, doesn't matter whether you're doing quietly or you're doing it openly. Allah knows everything that you're doing. And I am Allah He created you. Of course he knows
what will not even have been easy pays attention to every little detail and completely informed at all times of what you're doing. So this is the beauty of these two if it equally applies and speaks about both groups of people.
Now that it's conclusively very, very strongly talked about
the choice that we have to make the test that we're going through, and the two groups of people and how there will be there basically are two possible outcomes to that choice that you have to make the test that you're living through right now. Now, the next few, the next couple of I out here specific, I specifically want to focus in on this next I i in number 15, there's a lot to discuss here. This ayah is basically
it's establishing what's been said in the past. what's been said in these previous if so far, about the results of the decisions, the outcome, the consequences of the choices you make, it's establishing that it's like a delete, it's like an evidence for what's been said in the past. So what does the last kind of vitality, who will levy jalila Kumara loulan. Who will leave Eddie jalila, cumin, Luna, who are living he most definitely is the one jalila come, he made exclusively for you.
Now, once again, there's that abnormal sentence structure here, john.
But here it says john and akula, it's abnormal sentence structure, it's been flipped around. And we've talked about this a lot when it's abnormal exclusivity or emphasis, something is being delivered here. There's a punch in the statement. And so he has created exclusively for you. He's made exclusively for you. The earth violin, what has he made the earth for you? The Lula, in other words, the loon comes from the root of the word in the Arabic language, which means something to be submissive, something to be low, something to be easy, something that is soft. All these implications are there in this word, it has all these different connotations to it, this word,
specifically the form that is being used in the Loon. And the fact that it's talking about the earth, in classical Arabic, even in pre Islamic Arabic poetry. When this combination is created, it means that the earth is very manageable. It's tractable, it's very manageable. It's been made easy to work with for you. And that's why like in classical Arabic, they would say a general muralla olalia that let things sort of continue on, on the easiest of their outcomes that think let things continue and let the easiest or the most natural outcome come out of it. And similarly, this word has been used another place in the Quran, in the harbor rotten leather Lulu to feel that it should
not be a cow. You know, when when voluspa inserted asking about what type of cow when they were asked to sacrifice a cow and total Baccarat, one of the answers that was given to them that it needs to be a cow lather loom never learned that it should not be a cow that has been made submissive, and that it's used to basically cultivate the fields. It should not be that type of account. So here the fact the word the LOOOOL is describing how easy the earth is how soft it is, how manageable it is.
That the earth has been made in such a way that we can do so much with it. And the Mufasa rune they describe what's exactly meant by they say there's four different ways we can understand this. How the earth has been made easy to work with us. Work with for us how it's been made manageable the first ways myjalah has Sania Hasina behavior young 10 year old mushy Alia that it hasn't been made very rough.
And it hasn't been made very rocky and very rough, to the extent where we can even walk on it. You know, when the place is very rough or mountain is very rocky. It's very difficult to walk through there. But the earth has made like that for us. It's been a very easy for us to traverse to walk the earth to tread the earth. The second thing is Jada Nina 10. Behavioral younkin who have apnea Mina that has been made very soft. Is remain very flexible. So that we can dig in the earth we dig wells in the earth. We dig cracks in the earth, we're able to build not just build on top of it but but build with it. We use the earth to build use dirt to build so you can use it to build on top of the
earth. So you not only build on it but you build using it has been made very easy for you very soft in your hands. Locanda The other thing the scholars they say is that if it would have been made very rocky, imagine this entire Earth rather than main being made from dirt from clay.
It would have been made just all out of rocks and stones the entire Earth was just stones, organic misled that will Hadid where it would have been like iron or even gold. What would have happened first of all would have been difficult to walk like has been established. But the other thing is the candidate does come didn't feel safe in the heat in the summer. It would have gotten very
Very hot. You don't even when the sun is fully out, you can walk around on the ground you can walk around on the dirt. But if it would have been all rocks, we would have been iron or even gold. It would have heated up so much we would have been impossible for us to live with who didn't fish fish Cheetah and it would have gotten extremely cold during the wintertime. localities are Amina Montana will harasser Fie her Mata, Mata, Mata, mata adira, that we wouldn't have been able to cultivate anything within this land, it wouldn't have been fertile soil, and we wouldn't have been able to dig in it and plan things in an either, how would life go on to exist, but Allah didn't make the earth
like that made it very easy, very manageable, we can walk on it, it doesn't get too hot, it doesn't get too cold, we can build on it, we can build with it, we can plant things in it, we can grow things in it. And the other last thing that they mentioned is also at the same time, Allah has made it very manageable, very stable, very submissive, that we know we talked about in the previous session. Hello, Casa Martin de Vaca. This earth is moving around in the solar system and in the universe and in the galaxy, and it's moving around, and it's orbiting around and everything's turning. But unless that makes the earth stay very stable for us, we're able to walk around on a we
don't float away out of gravity, which is an aspect of the beauty of a last creation.
It allows us to walk on it. So Allah has made this Earth The Loon manageable. Very easy, very comfortable, very soft for us.
Fung Shui man akeeba. But while Allah has made it so soft, he's also made it firm.
He's made it very look allies using the word Velu. Very soft. It's a word that has mobile Aha. It's an exaggerated form of the word it's has hyperbole in it. So he's made it very soft, but at the same time, not so soft that you can't even really firmly walk on it, travel on it, build on it. So Allah says Fung Shui mokuba. So walk in it's monoket.
Now let me explain the word monoket. What the word monoket means the word monoket is the plural of the word Mencap. mancozeb in the Arabic language means shoulder, it means shoulder. So walk in its shoulders. That doesn't make sense to anybody.
This is rather an expression, there's a few different ways to understand this.
First thing that we'll do is let's take the word Mencap from its roots, neck, Abba, the root of this word, it means to go to the side of something, well, honestly, rottie naki boon that they stray away, they move off to the side of the straight path. So it refers to going to the side of something. And that's why the shoulders are called monka, because they're on the sides of the body. So one interpretation of this, if I'm shooting menarche, via this, this phrase from this ayah is a walk around in all different sides of the earth, meaning move around, walk around, look, it's stable, it's strong, it can take it, go around, explore the earth, look what you'll find the
greatness of a wall around you. The other interpretation of this is ignore a bass and patata rajamangala, a naturally, really a lot more uncommon. He also is narrated to interpret this as monoket refers to Jeevan, Jiabao, the mountains, because once again, the shoulders kind of protrude from the body, right? The inertia he saw, because they stick out from the earth, like the mountains, they stick out from the earth, the shoulders, they stick out from the body. And at the same time, shoulders are kind of a sign of strength, shoulders. That's why they say yes, broad shoulders, shoulders are a sign of strength. Similarly, mountains are a sign of like the strength of the earth.
It's very impressive when you see mountains. And so a las panatela is saying from truth, humanity may walk in its mountains, that the highest point in this earth, the mountains, the strongest place in this earth, that is a symbol of strength, Allah even giving you the ability to move around and walk around, and even these high, lofty, strong places of the earth. So Allah has given you the ability to move around, even in the mountains. And then the final understanding of this phrase from Sufi maccabiah, is that this is also a verbal idiom. This is an expression from classical Arabic, that this would be said about a camel. That's very big, very strong animal, very strong, very
capable animal, a very strong camel, that is extremely submissive, that even though it's so big, and tall and strong, it's completely humble and completely submissive.
That it would even let you stand on top because when you sit on the camera and you sit on its back, you don't sit on the shoulders, but it's so humbled that even if you stepped on it shoulder, it wouldn't move. It would let you step on the shoulder. That's how
Humble it is. So what Allah is saying that this is how humble he's made the earth before you and to you that you can literally it's like stepping on the shoulder of that camel, you can do whatever you want with it. And we do do it with your thumb, we, I mean, look at look at the things that we do, what we build and how we dig the earth and what we make in the ground. And last month has given us the ability to do whatever we want. So we'll let the Dalai Lama lunan that while he's made the earth, very, very humble, very soft in your hands, to the point you can do with it, whatever you want, you can mold it however you'd like.
And it's that soft, but at the same time, it's still a strong function of human activity, it can take your weight, it can take the pressure,
it can you can stand on it, it's firm, it's strong, you will fall right through it. What kulu Miller is the
worker Lumi recipe and eat from his sustenance
eat from his sustenance. Now, this is also explaining another aspect of benefit within the earth. That how Allah has not just made it humbled before us, and to us that we can do with it whatever we like, but also were able to grow from it, what were what we can eat, we can eat from it, we can gain sustenance from it. And this is basically
the some of them are fascinating, right that this is an expression of how appreciate all the blessings of Allah that come from the earth, because sustenance it is. We always take it to mean just, you know the word kulu is being used here kulu Mariska he eat from his sustenance. But that's because that's our primary need. That's how we think that's how we process things. The first thing on a human beings mind is what he's going to eat. But it's it's trying to make us think of everything that we can benefit that comes from the earth, all the blessings of Allah, that comes from the earth, we'll call luminosity, that it has this ability, Allah has put the ability there to
provide for it's a suburb, it's a means, by me, it's a means for us to gain sustenance, and to gain risk from it. We're Calomiris key. Another thing that the Mufasa explained very important thing that they draw As a conclusion from this ayah Allah saying move about the earth, walk around in it and also take from it draw sustenance from it. What this is explaining to us is that it's the land Allah Nesbitt, Sabu worldcast are the that this is an evidence for benefiting from the earth and using the earth as a means using it as a means to take sustenance from and also earning within the earth.
In the Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he explains in Allahu hibbeler movement
that most definitely Allah subhanaw taala he loves das together you have to connect all the points together. So you can just draw like a very general conclusion from this you can eat anything that you find in the earth, rather than saying that this is a means of sustenance, but then you have to specifically go and find that which you know allows punters made permissible by means of the other eye out of the Parana as well. Just make sure everything's up and running.
Okay, I think it's running play if we got disconnected there for a little bit so Allah subhanho wa Taala I was explaining how the scholars say that this is an evidence of
the the admirable aspect of going out and earning a living and going out and seeking your sustenance within the earth. This establishes that point because as a prophet sallallahu some explains Allah loves the slave who is a firm believer a movement of mustard if and also somebody who goes out and works with his hands. He has a skill he has an ability and he applies his skill he applies his ability. Another hadith of Timothy, an authentic narration narrated by more Are we out of the a lot more on who he actually observed. He was observing I might have a lot more on who he said Motorola Moto moto radi Allahu anhu becomming, Amara Delano passed by a group of people for parliament and he
said Who are you people? Follow al matoba chiune. They said we are the people who put their trust in Allah we rely upon Allah to walk in Pelican
tobacco. He said that but until
he made a little play on words, he said no, no, no, you're not people who have to look good. You're people who sit around waiting for people to give them something to eat.
There's a difference. You're people who feed off of people who eat off of people freeloaders is a good translation for the word of
your field freeloaders is what you are. You're not people who have trust in Allah. And he said in the millimeter Joaquin, who is a person who puts his trust in Allah Rajan on alpha Hubba houfy bottle of water waka Allah Ravi, Azerbaijan,
Muhtar Kent, the person we're talking with someone who puts the seed into the earth and then he puts his trust on his
Word on his master, Allah subhanho wa Taala. So he first plants that seed and then puts his trust in Allah, earthen through Metallica. So this I also explained function female akebia wakulla ministry he go out there walk around the earth and seek your sustenance eat from that which Allah pronto provides to you in that Earth, what he lay his shoe. Now after telling us some so many amazing things about this ground, this earth that we walk around on how soft and manageable, manageable it is, how flexible it is within our hands, and how we can walk around in it all parts of it, and we can eat from it and gain sustenance from it. Now a lot of the reflection comes back, because
remember that the primary theme of this sutra is reflection, what he lay hidden and only to him. Once again, this is abnormal sentence structure. So it means and only to him only to Allah is a new shoe. New shoe comes from the root of the word Nasha. National literally means to spread something to expand something to unfold. Something means national.
And so resurrection, resurrection, coming back after death when Allah subhanaw taala raises in the life of the hereafter on the Day of Judgment is also called Massoud for two reasons, either our last panel Rotella will versus hotshot, Alo will gather all of humanity together. And then there will be nuship that basically everyone will be spread out into their different groups and their different categories also refers to the individual, because when a person is buried into their grave, they're packed tightly, and they're laid down into their grave, and their body decomposes, and it rots away and just the bones are left. But when this person will come out of their grave, and Allah subhanaw
taala, will bring this person back,
then at that time, it's like his body will unfold itself, his body will completely unfold himself out of his grave. So that's how it's also called New shoot. So and the reason why the word new shoes, which is also used for raising after death, or bath, or this word, new shoe, why is this specific word use because this is most appropriate when talking about the earth, because Allah subhanaw taala has spread the earth, Allah has spread the earth. And this is a word that's also used when talking about the spreading of the Earth is the word Nasha. So similarly, Allah says that Allah only to him will be the return. After the Day of Judgment, your bodies will unfold themselves out of
the same Earth. So that's why this point is being made. So the reflection is being re emphasized here, you're walking around this earth, you're benefiting from this earth, but realize that you will go into this earth one day, and from here you will be resurrected, brought back before Allah subhanaw taala and realize that, all these benefits, everything that you're getting from ally in the life of this world, it all has a conclusion it all has an end, realize who's giving it giving all of this to you and realize you have to return back to him and that the fact that you will be held accountable by him what you let him know. Sure.
So inshallah we'll go ahead and stop here because the next couple of I have certain points that need to be talked about and discussed properly. So we'll stop a little bit earlier today. inshallah we'll continue on from here next week so that we don't go into the time for Salaam, Malaysia.