Seerah 156 – The Story Of Hatib
Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
File Size: 13.62MB
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Lower salatu salam ala rasulillah you honor I think he was actually here at marine shala continuing with our study of the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a certain number we had the prophetic biography.
In the previous session, we started talking about the events that lead to what we know as fetch from aka the conquest of Makkah or the opening of Mecca.
And in the previous session, we talked about Quraysh, violating the Treaty of de BIA, and how that led to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam making the very difficult yet at the same time very critical decision of taking action against Quraysh.
In today's session, what we're going to talk about is basically the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam departing from the city of Medina and beginning the journey with the Muslim army towards the city of Mecca. However, before we talk about the departure on their journey, that was a very interesting story, a very interesting development that occurred, something very interesting occurred.
There was a Sahabi radi Allahu taala annual Companion of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, may Allah be pleased with him? His name is hotly but even.
Now, how could it not be? belta radi Allahu taala on who was a really remarkable person. He was a Mahajan. He was a Moroccan Muslim, who had migrated you know for the sake of the preservation of his faith and his eemaan for the sake of Islam. He had left his home his city of Makkah, and he had come to the city of Medina. So he has the distinction of being a Mahajan, somebody who performed and fulfilled the very difficult arduous task of the migration from Mecca to Medina during that very dangerous time. Number two, how about the language Allah who was also one of the companions of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was one of the 313 distinguished Sahaba who participated in the Battle
of Baba. So he is known by the title of being a buddy having participated in the Battle of Baba, those 313 people whose names are etched into stone and who have been their names have been preserved and recorded for over 1400 years. In the Sahara. Remember hottie Eman? Bukhari mentions all 313 names, and he is amongst them.
Number Number Three rather excuse me was that he was also amongst the companions of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam who had given the prophets a lot of the oath of allegiance, under the tree, at the place of who they be. la de la mina is you by your own shadow Allah, that God was pleased Allah subhanahu wa taala is pleased, was pleased with the believers who gave the oath of allegiance under the tree to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So these are three major.
These are three major milestones during the life of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that were considered a position of, you know, that something that distinguished a person from amongst the companions of the Prophet of Silla, the hinges on the participation about the budget, and also the oath of allegiance at the place of who they be, how COVID are the Allahu taala and who had all three of these distinctions. Now what exactly transpired
when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam when they were making preparations to leave and they were gathering together, the Muslim forces
gibreel alayhis salam comes to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and informs him that he has written a letter in that letter.
All right, no worries hopped over the Allahu taala
Who has written a letter. And in that letter, he has disclosed the plans of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and the fact that the Muslims are amassing together a force, and they are leaving the city of Medina.
And as I'll explain, as we go forward, potentially going to the city of Mecca, not maybe there was uncertainty about the fact that they're going to macabre, potentially, they could be coming towards Mecca. He has written this letter to the leadership of the Quraysh, informing them of the plans of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So do you believe that Nissan comes and tells the profits a lot from this, and he also informs him that this letter is already on its way to MCI.
And there is a woman who is carrying this letter, she seems like just, you know, an unassuming traveler, but she is carrying this letter. And some of the narration mentioned that she was a woman from Louisiana. Some other narrations mentioned that no, she was actually a freed slave of some of the
extended family of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. So this was basically the idea that she is either a woman from another tribe, or she is a freed slave have been allowed them upon him, some of the family members of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, but no one looked on him.
Sorry, we're having a little bit of microphone trouble.
I can actually just
so, as I was mentioning, that this woman who is carrying the letter is either from Rosina or she's a freed slave of bunnahabhain metallic. Nevertheless, there is this woman who is carrying this letter.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he sends Alibaba Vitaly Brody, Allahu anhu and Zubaydah, mula Zubaydah in LA Marathi Allahu taala. on who to have the very trusted Senior Companions of the prophets, a lot of them were also from the family of the prophets a lot he so he sends the two of them and he basically tells them instructs them. I need you to find this woman here is her description as given by Djibouti lolly Salaam, and I need you to go and recover this letter. They go and they find a woman and initially the woman basically, they stop her and they say you have a letter, and we need to confiscate that letter and take it back to the profits a lot of a sudden, she
initially just feigns ignorance and denies having any such letter, Oliver the Allahu taala and who basically tells her that look, this is a very serious matter, and we're not leaving until we recover that letter. She eventually gives in and she gives them the letter. They receive this letter and they bring it back to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
The prophets sallallahu alayhi wa sallam calls for hottub for the laquan home. Again, I want to reiterate what I've said before. This is a very senior companion of the prophets. A lot of them became Muslim Muslim. Back in the days of Mecca. He performed. He participated in budget. He gave the oath of allegiance ad today via Alright, he calls him and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says yeah how
my hammerlock Allah has
the prophets a lot of him had somebody read the letter to him. And in fact, of course, it was true it was given to him The news was given to him by jabril Ali Salaam.
But once he hears the contents of the letter, and just to kind of share with you what the letter said, mama su Haley Rahim Allahu taala amongst the scholars of the Sierra. He says that what hottap had written was in the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But the word jihad in a combination can lelee you see Lucas say? What oxen will be laggy lo sobre, la cama de vous, la la la la la la come Fina, who munchies Allahumma wha hoo.
So even listen to the contents of the letter. One report says that the letter had in it that the Messenger of God sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had is marching towards you with an army of people of Quraysh the prophets Allah bless him is marching towards you with an army like the Knights it will come like a flood. Like how you can stop the light from arriving you can stop a flood from just you know coming into the streets, you will not be able to stop
This. And then he writes, and I swear by God, that even if the prophet SAW The sun was coming back coming by himself, if he even if he did not have an army with him, even if he was coming by himself,
Allah would give him victory over you. Because Allah will fulfill his promise. So even the letter wasn't apologetic.
There were no signs, no elements of being a trader, when I ever believed the letter. He's just saying, Look, you're about to be finished. But it still did cross that line of the fact that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not want, you know, to disclose his plans and to kind of give them that heads up. In another narration, it mentions that in the defeat of Ibn Salaam, it mentioned that what he had written was in the Mohammedan anaphora the Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam the prophets allottee salam has amassed together an army for ima aleikum wa rahmatullah videocon Valley common however, I don't know if he's coming to you, your Quraysh right or no, if he's going to
someone else, but you should be careful.
That's what it says. So those were the contents of the letter.
So the prophets Allah, he said, when he hears this, he says, Muhammad, Allah, Allah has a habit of how to Why would you do this? You're the last person I would expect it from. He says, Yeah, Rasool Allah.
Allah, we're lucky in the meantime biLlahi will be Rasul Allah, He says, a messenger of God, first and foremost, I swear by Allah, I believe, I believe in a lion I believe in the Messenger of Allah. MFI get to Allah, but I have not changed my religion, nor have I lost my convictions.
What am I can equal to Imran
laserline Phil only min asuma asherah. But I am the type of person. I'm a Thai I'm a man who doesn't have the support of a tribe or a very large, powerful family back in Makkah. Well, can I leave a note of hoodie him? What am I doing? What am I alone facade, facade, or to whom I like him, but back in Makkah, I still have family. I have children that are still in Mecca. I was able to sneak out and get out. But I was not able to get my family out.
And I'm not I'm not from some powerful family or I don't have the support of a tribe. My family is basically held hostage over there. And so, I broke I basically divulged this information I leaked this information to try to win some favor for them. That here I gave you this information. I released my family let my family go. And he goes further. In another narration and mentions that he says
what kind of man ma kameena Mahajan, ina malankara ba taraba Muna, BIA, Allah him, Well, I'm one of them. He says jarocin Allah, many of your companions who came from Makkah, they also made the sacrifice that I made. they migrated here from Makkah, but they have families they have tribes that protect them and the people that they leave behind love to two in fat and easily come in and sob feed him and in the womb, yadon Yamuna carapace and what I wanted to do what my intention was, and I understand that my intentions were misplaced. What what my intention was, that while I don't have a family, a tribe, that would protect my family, that is still there and bucha through this leaking of
this information, I might be able to get some favor and be able to protect my family from them.
And yet in another narration, he also goes on to say, a man in the Lamb of Allah who recently Rasul Allah, He will and if happen, I swear to Allah yet so ly swear to Allah, I did not do this be as a as an act of betrayal against the Prophet of Allah. Nor did I do this sort of hypocrisy, because the anindo anila mosey Ron Rasulullah who won multiman law who amre who?
And I know I believe that Allah is going to grant you victory.
I know that the deen of Allah will be realized, the religion of God will be realized. I know victory is yours. Nothing can stop that it's the promise of a law. But I thought that this would be a way for me to be able to once again safeguard and protect my family.
He presents his case before the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
De La Cucina and Who is there? He says, Yeah, Rasul Allah, Allah
says, a messenger of God. Allow me
And I will execute this man because he has committed treason. He's committed treason.
So allow me and I'll execute him. For in a radula pattern Africa, he has betrayed us.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he says, Why am I UDK? Allah says, what do you what do you know? Or what are you talking about? Oh Rama, another narration. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam says attempt to do Raji Landman Alibaba, you would execute a man who participated in the Battle of brother.
What might you did eek Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah Allah, but then how do you know? How can you be certain that God has not already pardoned him and has already not excused him? Because Allah said to the people have been after brother maluma she
can do whatever it is that you do now because I have already forgiven you. The people who participated in bothered and made that sacrifice on the day of budget, who stood and faced annihilation on the day of budget with nothing but their convictions and their emotion and their love of align this messenger
that along forgave those people no matter what would occur afterwards. So maybe Allah has already forgiven him. Yeah, I'm not What are you talking about? We don't execute people who fought in bother.
What do you know? You don't know what his relationship with the law may be what his position with the law may be.
And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam forgave him an excuse him. And it's mentioned that the IRS of Sudoku Montana, were revealed that this particular time sewer number 60, in which Allah says yeah, you have Latina amanu letter tequila, I do we will do our I do welcome. Oh, Leah. Oh, you believe do not take my enemies and your enemies as allies to lacuna iligan build my word, Dottie. You tried to do some good towards them. What are they cafaro imagine a communal healthy, they have rejected and denied and refuse the truth that has come to you. Euclid jeweler Rasulullah er calm, they ousted the messenger and you from your homes, until May not be luckier have become just simply
because you believe in Allah as your Lord, encouraging Jihad and FISA believe Optiva amaravati to say Runa iligan Big Mama de la movie my fate to mama, mama many of whom income for doubleness, our Sabine and Allah subhanho wa Taala says, and then when you are going out, to strive in my path and to seek my pleasure, then you tried to do some acts, you tried to basically perform some deed that
endears you to them. Allah says, I know that which you hide and that which you do publicly, that which you do privately, and that what you do publicly, and whosoever will do such a thing, that they will collude with the enemy, with even the noblest of intentions, but anyone who will collude with the enemy, then that person has truly lost their way. That person has lost her way. So this was kind of the reprimand and the rebuke that came down from Allah subhanaw taala within the Quran in surah, number 16.
But the thing that I wanted to mention here, and this is a story that, you know, has been mentioned in all the books of Sierra, and is also mentioned in the Sahil remember, hurry, it's a very notable event, pre conquest of McAfee prefetch kamaka.
The thing that I really wanted to mention here is, you see here, the forgiveness, the understanding, the graciousness,
and even the empathy of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
What how to grow the Allahu taala and who did and he is a companion of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as I mentioned numerous times, and mohajir, a buddy of men who gave the oath of allegiance at holiday BIA.
He's better than me, his deeds are much, much beyond what I couldn't even imagine.
But just discussing the situation, he had, in fact, you know, had a serious error in his judgment
in, in writing that letter leaking that information.
And yes, he had some very human circumstances that he was dealing with, his family was still hostage there amongst the enemy.
And he had been looking for some recourse for years, unable to find anything, to be able to get his family out from there.
And he saw this opportunity and we see that his convictions were as strong as ever. I know that it was going He even wrote in the letter, God will give him victory over you. I'm just giving you a heads up that you're about to lose.
But it was still an error in judgment and it went against the wishes of the prophets allottee Center.
If we just think about we process, how anyone, any leader or even any one of us, who would find ourselves
In that position
of being a of having to deal with somebody who might have betrayed our trust.
How would we deal with that person? How vengeful how wrathful would we be?
And you one could even go as far as saying that a lot of that anger, or a lot of that wrath
could even be justified to a degree.
Because this is betrayal. This is treason. You have to make sure that you set a precedent that you let people know that this won't be tolerated are allowed.
But the profits allowed, operated with a completely different set of principles than the people of dystonia operate with
the profits allottee some operated with the principle of mercy
Yeah, you're hung
around Rahmani Raheem, O'Mara man, that have mercy upon the people, and God will have mercy upon you.
That be forgiving towards the people and God will forgive you. While for a man falling back.
As a man as a lake.
Forgive the one who wrongs you do good towards the one who has done wrong to you.
Show some loyalty to the one who has even betrayed you.
Think about how difficult that is.
The Prophet Somalis have operated with that graciousness says the kindness, the generosity,
the gentleness, we understood that this is a husband and a father
whose heart bleeds for his family
and how difficult it must be for him for years to having to endure his fate.
And the prophets Allah allowed compassion and empathy
to dictate that moment as the Prophet sallahu some todos maggiore, Larry spoofing che Illa Zana who were my luzia among che in the lashana, who,
whenever gentleness is put into something, gentleness is added to the equation, it beautifies the situation something beautiful comes out of it. And whenever it is removed from a scenario, it ruins it.
In the law, you ain't wonder if the Mullah you're alone.
There are law supports and AIDS and effort that is rooted within kindness
in a way that he does not aid and does not help and support an effort that is rooted within harshness and sternness.
This is a profound lesson in the compassion and the mercy, the forgiveness and I would even say the loyalty.
This is a man who had sacrificed for so long.
And when he failed, or when he made when he when he committed in air, when he had a lapse in judgment.
He was not discarded. But the prophet SAW this and remembered even told reprimanded or not. Nobody Allahu anhu
that Dr. Raja menos Habiba.
He's a man from butter, don't forget his deeds.
He might have messed up today. But don't forget who he is.
This is a profound lesson in the leadership of the prophets alavesa the mercy and the compassion, the understanding the loyalty, the empathy of the messengers a lot. And this is why people were so loyal to the profits a lot. So, this is why they followed him and they loved him. They cherished him, they sacrificed for him,
they would lay their lives on the line for him
was because this is what their experience with him was.
It was you know, as just an expression goes, it was better than advertised. It was better than advertised.
After this entire events
unfolded and occurred in the process of dealt with this.
It is at that point in time the prophets Allah appointed a man by the name of Abu consume ignore the same as he was from the tribe of the father of the family. He appointed him as the person in charge of Medina, the ward of Medina, he appointed appointed him as the person in charge of Medina in his absence, and then the prophets a lot of the sudden left the city of Medina, it was the month of Ramadan. There are different narrations seminarians mentioned that when they left, it was the second day of Ramadan. But some of the narrations mentioned when they left it was the 10th day of the month of Ramadan. Nevertheless, it was the month of Ramadan It was the first half of the month of Ramadan,
and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was traveling with as your underwear to canoes Aveda the Allahu taala and who mentions and narrates as narrated by mehaffey the prophets a lot of them had 12
1000 companions with him 12,000 companions It was not just all of Medina and Muslims of Medina, but even from surrounding areas and tribes, other people that joined in as well. And there were 12,000 people. There were Mahajan, and there were unsought there were just a ton of people with the prophets a lot, some 12,000, around that number, and they left in the first half of this month of Ramadan, and they proceeded. The other reason why this is also notable. This particular journey is as they were leaving the prophets, a lot of them was fasting. There was a month of Ramadan and he was fasting, when they reached the place of
the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had been fasting every day. But when they reached a point of fun, which is on the way to Makkah, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam who was daytime and some of the narrations mentioned that some of the Sahaba had come in enquired from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that many people are having trouble fasting. During the journey, it's very difficult. So the prophets, a lot of them called for some water, somebody brought the process and some water and the profits, a lot of him drank the water in front of everyone. And
the profits allowed me some showed them that it was permissible for them to not fast as well, even though it's a month of Ramadan, but because they were traveling, they were excused from fasting. And when there were those who fasted, so the process of fasting part of the journey, and he did and then when he opened his fast when he broke his fast on that day, the rest of the days on the journey, the process of did not fast. So he did both, he demonstrated both, and that's why ignore our bestseller the Allahu taala Anima he would tell the story, and then he would give the ruling the Fatah he would say sama Rasulullah sallallahu. Some facility was Tara, the process of both fasted while traveling
and he also did not fast while traveling in the month of Ramadan from insha Allah sama woman Shah of Tara, so whoever wants to fast can fast while traveling and whoever does not want to fast and will make it up, you know, afterwards, then that is fine as well, while traveling
and the profits allottee somewhat also, you know, issue the verdict may seminal bit Yes, the mo fees suffered, that it is not necessarily a mark of piety to fast while traveling. It is not necessarily a mark of piety to festival traveling but it is completely a valid option to not fast while traveling. But it is up to the person's discretion. But if a person does not fast, because they are traveling during the month of Ramadan, whatever number of days they do not end up fasting, they will have to make those days up obviously, after the month of Ramadan. So in this way, they continued on to their journey until they arrived in Mecca. According to again the different reports some
narrations mentioned on the 10th some mention on the 13th and some mentioned on the 17th. All in all, it's mentioned that this journey of the prophets Allah to summon the Sahaba from Medina to Makkah, the most authentic of the narrations mentioned that the journey lasts at about 11 days. So based off of that, you can kind of calculate backwards, even cathedra hammerlock which Allah prefers the narration that says that they arrived in Mecca, on the 13th on the 13th. And they left Medina on the second day of Ramadan. So it was an 11 day journey. The reason why it took so much longer obviously, there's a long larger army that was traveling and in Sharla in the coming session, what
we're going to be talking about is they stopped outside of MCI and over there, there were some meetings that were conducted about the uncle of the profits a lot. He came and met with him, Abou soufiane came and met with him and inshallah we'll talk about all of those different meanings. And what were some of the resolutions that were passed by the prophets, a lot of Islam at that time. And then we'll talk about the Prophet systems entry into the city of Mecca and how the prophets alarmism handled that very interesting opportunity that the prophets a lot of him was presented with. So inshallah with that, we'll go ahead and conclude, I know that the weather's a little wet and cold
and things like that. So we'll conclude a little bit sooner. Today And may Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to practice everything we've said and heard. So how to live humbly he Subhana columbium Nick, Chateau La ilaha illa Anta a search for the community with a