Channel: Abdul Nasir Jangda
Salaah is an integral part of our deen, we connect to Allah by means of Salaah. Using it to fulfill our needs as well. A direct access line for communicating with Allah.
The protection of our faith lies within in Salaah and continuity of Imaan lies within Salaah. Whenever anything concerned Muhammad (saw) he would turn to Salaah. Rasul (saw) teaches us a fundamental aspect of Salaah by narrating hadith qudsi where Allah (swt) said that when we stand for salaah and recite Surah Fatiha, Allah directly responds to us after every Ayah in this Surah.
The quality of Salaah is worrying to everyone. How do we find quality and unlock the transformative power of Salaah (Khushoo). Quickest most practical way is to start to understand the meaning, beauty and eloquence of the words recited in the prayer.
The words of Allah
Two elements of our deen. Both combined in Salah
The tashahud is very strategic in Salah. After lowering yourself to Allah you sit to recite tashahud. There are five narrations from Prophet (saw) about the tashahud – so five variations of the tashahud. Though each of them are significant and correct.
Tashahud narrated by Ibn Masud- was taught by Muhammad (saw) while he held Ibn Masud’s hand between his hands.
Word Analysis –
At Tahiyaat – “The Greetings” Plural form of Tahiyya which means greeting someone. Comes from root word hayaat which means life. Pre Islam they would greet by making dua for the life of the person. With Islam came the greeting of Asalaamualykum. Always greet people with respect.
Lillahi – for Allah
The greetings are for Allah – to greet Allah means?
Abdullah bin Saleh al ‘Ijli wanted to know what it meant and so visited Al Kisaa’i and asked him. Who said it’s something like blessings, he was not satisfied with the answer and went to visit a different scholar Muhammad ibn Hasan Al Shaybani – This is a word that we use to worship Allah. He still wasn’t satisified and then he came across Imam Ash Shafi’ee (scholar and a poet) and I asked him about the phrase. He said: You have to ask a poet, When you enter into the court of the king one offers royal compliments (Your royal highness, your majesty etc.) At Tahiyaat means that Royal compliments fit for a king are exclusively for Allah.
Was salawaat –plural of Salaah – Prayers are for Allah
Tayibaat – plurah of tayyib – good and beautiful things are also for Allah.
Salawaat and tayibaat – Ibadah that is beautiful
Our conduct should be for pleasing Allah alone.
As Salaam – Salaam : Peace and Safety, sullam – stairs or a ladder from the same root of salaam… but stairs and ladders are generally unstable the opposite of peace and safety because we should be reminded to be careful as we ascend or descend.
Nabi – Profit from Naba – news that important and relevant (Nabi – someone who bring important and relevant news) Everything Muhammad (saw) brought was relevant and important
OR nabwun – elevation or protusion – Nabi is one who is elevated from the rest of people.
Barakaat – Pl. Barakah – Blessings that are long lasting.
Asalaamualyka – To the rasul? That’s fine – there is no implication according to narrations by Ibn Masud, ibn Abbas – Muhammad (saw) would teach us tashahud like he would teach us the surah’s from the Quran. 1. They’re important 2. Verbatim (learnt it word for word) so it cannot be changed – read Tashahud as it is.
Asalaamualynaa – Upon us is peace and safety Ibaad is exclusively used for slaves of Allah (Abeed) – slaves
Salaakh means righteousness – opposite of Fasaad
Making dua for ourselves as a group – plural to emphasize unity of the Muslims. The community that prays together is one that is united. Making dua for the righteous as a motivational technique – so that one strives to become of those righteous people.
The last part of the tashahud is the core –
Ash hadu – root for shaheeda – to witness something or shaheed – martyr (presented himself for sacrifice or angels are present when he dies)
La ilaha illalahu – la – special la – Absolutely, positively NO. Illah – no one else worthy of worship
Anna – Most definitely – emphasis here following the emphasis from la.
Second ash hadu is present to give the second statement equal importance. Because the shahada isn’t complete without it.
Muhammad (saw) as a slave of Allah is a very powerful statement because he is the best of creation! But he too is Allah’s slave. We should pride ourselves on being the slaves of Allah.
Rasul – from a word which means to send a message from a higher authority. Sent from Allah
Nabi is used – emphasizes the Rasul (saw) interactions with people
Muhammad – comes from the root word hamd – to praise. Muhammad – one who is praised often and commonly. This name occurs in the Quran 4 times while Allah speaks about him (saw) not to him. Allah, when addressing Muhammad (saw) always uses a title.
Tashahud (Ibn Abbas)
He says the Rasul (saw) would teach us the tashahud like he would teach us the quran.
At tahiyaatu mubaarakatu – mubarakaat means blessed things.
Second ashhadu is missing here not because it’s lesser but because it brings Allah and Muhammad closer together!
Abduhu is missing here – because Rasulullah is used instead – Allah’s messenger! Very impactful using Allah’s name.
Khushoo – thought process and focus while praying
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa rahmatullah wa salatu salam ala ZD mursaleen wa he was a happy woman to be our home base and in Isla de
soleil is a very very focal and important integral part of our Deen. It is at the core of our experience as Muslims that we connect to a las panatela by means of our Salah. We are able to fulfill our needs and ask a las panatela for whatever we might need or whatever might be troubling us by means of the prayer by means of the sola sola is literally a direct channel and a direct access line for us to communicate with the last panel with Allah. Allah in the Quran, he says mama can Allahu ngulia in Monaco. Allah literally substitutes the word Salah with the word he man, so as to teach us to remind us to emphasize to us that the core of our eemaan and the survival of our
eemaan the protection of our faith, and the continuity of our progress in terms of our own spirituality lies within Salah in our preservation of the salah and our commitment to the soma. So Salah is at the core of being a believer, it's an absolute fundamental value that a believer must embody that a believer must live by in the same token, Salah is as the Prophet sallallaahu sentiments observed about him, either has about either hypo Emraan faza lasala whenever anything concerned the profits a lot, he said, um, he had once would hasten towards the prayer, he would immediately turn towards the prayer. So the profits a lot decent through his own personal example,
he teaches us a lot is the outlet by means of by means of which we can fulfill our needs, we can solve our problems even. And we can connect with the last panel wattana find the fruits of our emaan began to taste the sweetness of having a connection and a direct relationship with Allah. And then the last thing that I wanted to mention quickly here in the introduction is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam also teaches us a very, very basic core, elementary fundamental aspect of appreciating the salah and understanding the importance of it to our Deen and that is in a hadith Pudsey in which the prophets a lot he said, he says that Allah has said that when we stand for this
Allah when we stand for this a lot and we recite Surah Fatiha within hours Allah, Allah subhanho wa Taala directly responds to us in our prayer. Famous Hadith puts a person to salata veiny, verbena, Aberdeen this way, when the obviously my son as the slave, the details as as the slave continues to go on reciting I after I after I, uh, a las panatela response to him. And so literally, we always thought this was a metaphor. This is figurative, that when you perform satellites, as if you were speaking to Allah, you are dialoguing with Allah, you are connecting with Allah. But that is a reality of the prayer and the reality of Salah. Now, having said that, one thing that concerns all
of us all Muslims, all believers, is there's one thing that is troubling to all of us, and that is the quality of our Salah. How do we find quality within our prayer? How do I experience what I'm talking about? How does it go from talk from theory into a practical realization? How do I start to realize this power, this beauty, this transformative power of salah and that is a word of crucial
concentration, focus, humility, submissiveness within the prayer, but I like to just refer to it as quality within our prayer, how do we get that? So the quickest, most efficient, productive and practical way to achieve who sure within our salon to find quality in our prayer is to start to understand the meaning of the words that we read and recite within this a lot, but not just their meaning, but their beauty, the eloquence, the power, and and just the sheer magnificence of these words that we recite within the prayer and Salah is a very beautiful combination of the two elements of our Deen the words of Allah subhana wa tada we recite the Quran within our Salah. So it is of
course the beauty and the majesty of a last word himself. And Salah also contains the prophetic supplications the prophetic Escada remembrance of Allah. So the prophets Allah listen with all of his eloquence and his conciseness in beauty and speech that is also included within the prayer. So Salah is a beautiful combination of the words of Allah, that we recite in Salah as an offering to Allah and also the prophetic supplications by means of which we seek forgiveness and we seek the blessing of Allah subhanho wa Taala
having said all of this one
The parts of Salah that is very powerful and very beautiful. And it's a very strategic point within the Salah is the Tushar hood, the sitting portion of prayer. The sitting portion of prayer in and of itself is a very
strategic thing. It is the culminating point the climax and the high point of this honor. Because if you look at it when you start your soul off from Tech bead, opening supplications, in which you either ask for forgiveness or you state your commitment and devotion to Allah, you praise and you glorify Allah, you recite Surah Fatiha, you recite another portion of the Koran. You go into a real core, and you attribute greatness and firmness and stability to Allah, you stand up from the ruku and you praise Him and you glorify Him, you go into your sujood and lower yourself to the lowest point possible by putting your face on the ground. And while you are at your lowest point possible,
you say Allah is the highest, the most exalted. After doing all of this comes to sitting portion of the prayer. So it's like a climax of the Salah. And so the words that we have been given to recite there by the prophets, a lot of them are equally as powerful and beautiful. So inshallah we'll be studying the language of specifically that the shot wood, the very first thing we recite whenever we sit down in the sitting portion of the prayer.
Now in the court, I teach a one weekend seminar from Vienna titled meaningful prayer vocabulary of seminar, this seminar studies from beginning till end, the eloquence the beauty, the meaning of the words within Salah, trying to achieve this quality within our prayer. And that the chocolate personally for me has always been one of the highlights of the course. And every single time I teach it. For me personally, once again, it's a highlight of the entire weekend. And the feedback that I've gotten from students is the same exact thing. One brother even told me recently just a couple of days ago that the part of the course that ended up transforming his prayer the most was that the
shockwave and so when I decided what I wanted to share something with the community and also have it distributed inshallah, as much as possible online, I decided that the two shot would be would be the ideal thing to inshallah share with everybody. And it's also something that we have little to no appreciation of, when when was the last time you read a book or read an article or heard a lecture about the beauty of the words of the phrase, barely ever, most of the time, our our involvement when talking about Salah is in regards to fit, but very little attention is paid to just the sheer beauty and the power and the meaning and the eloquence of these words. So inshallah that's why we decided
to that's why I decided to share that the childhood portion of the prayer. Now one thing that's interesting about that the Charlotte portion of the prayer, there are five different narrations coming from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So basically, there are five variations of the Tisha hood, narrated by five different companions of the prophets, a lot of them directly from him. And so each the Shahada is named after the companion who learned it and narrated it from the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and underline the meaningful prayer course we teach all five variations of that the Shabbat. However today, inshallah I'll be sharing too and if time permits, maybe a third one
inshallah, but we'll be talking about at least two of them. The first one we're going to study is that to Shaheed narrated by Mr. Rudra, the Allahu anhu. And it has a very beautiful story of a beautiful narration to it as well, where I've done up in Mr. odo the Allahu anhu says that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam taught me that the Shahada in my hand was in between his two hands, waka fi Bay in a cafe he so lovingly, he sat down with me, he took my hand in his hand, and he sat there and he taught me that the show was in a very loving manner. And then, he goes on to say, that he taught this same Tisha hood in the same manner to his one of his best students. Allah Rahim Allah in
the same way he says, I took his hand in between my hands, and I taught him to to show up on my says, I learned that the Shahada when my hand was in between the hands of women in this room, and then it brought him enough he Rahim Allah, He says, I learned that the Shahada in my hand was in between the hands of Allah.
And then Hamada boo salema Rahim Allah, He says, I learned that the Shahada in my hand was in between the two hands of Ibrahim and
my teacher. And then Abu hanifa Rahim Allah, He says that I learned that the Shahada, and my hand was in between the two hands of my teacher whom I didn't tell him or her mama, and in this beautiful manner, not just the words, but the habit, and the mannerisms of the prophets, a lot of them have carried on throughout the traditions, and the scholars have maintained this consistency, so kind of look. So we'll first study that the Shahada, women must read in full detail, and then we'll take a look at maybe one or maybe two more Tisha hoods, and we'll see what is the variation what is the difference and highlight the
eloquence in the beauty of that difference, and how each Tisha hood is equally as powerful and equally as beautiful. So the very first one is that the shop would have given Mr. Rude as a Hey attorney now he was one hour too uppity about Assalamu alayka yohanna bu warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu A Salah Marlena where Allah, Allah, his Salim
eyeshadow, Allah ilaha illAllah, WA shadow, Mohammed Anna Abu rasuluh.
So to begin with the word analysis, the word analysis, because each word needs to be appreciated, in and of itself. The first word is a yet a very interesting word. This is a plural word of the word.
The here means greeting. It means greeting, but to greet someone at the hayyat is the plural of that word greetings. And the word greeting in and of itself tells the story of the origins of this word, the etymology of this word. The word to hear comes from the root of the word hideout, which means life. So why does the word for greeting come from the word which means life? Will because pre islamically in the times of Jahangir, the Arabs when they would greet one another, they would greet each other by saying this application, they would say hi Yak Allah, hi Akuma Allah, May May Allah give you a long and prosperous life, and this was the way they would greet each other. It's a good
supplication nothing wrong with it. But like when somebody would walk through the door, this is what they would say they say, Hi Akela. And this is how they would greet each other. So because they would make the offer the life of the person, the word for greeting also became extracted from the root word of life, which means to greet, pray for somebody's life. Later on when Islam came and the teachings of Islam came, then of course, the Quran and the prophets, a lot of them taught us a difference of like a different greeting. And that is the greeting of Salaam Aleykum. That's the greeting of Islam. So even though the greeting changed, and our greeting today is a Salaam Aleykum,
the word for greeting, the title for greeting remained the same, the highest still means to greet and that's why the Quran even uses that term, we either need to be here for how you'll be asked and I mean, how old will do when somebody greets you with a greeting, then return that greeting back to them better or at least make sure that you return the equal greeting which by the way is a lesson that when people say Salaam to us, Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah somebody says a nice day somebody said Oh, so Salam should not be returned that way. should say get nice respectable Salaam to people. All right, it's a it's a it's a it's a command and instruction within the Quran. etiquette from the
Quran. So to hear means breeding at yard means the greetings. Now let's look at the next word lillahi.
lilla means for Allah. So if you put this together, the meaning that we got so far, literally speaking is at the here to the lad the greetings are for Allah.
Now, there's a little bit of an issue and a problem here. What does that mean? Greetings are for Allah. We don't greet Allah dewy. Allah is a center. We don't say salam aleikum to Allah Allah is a seller. So what does it mean to greet Allah greetings are for Allah. So there's a little story behind this behind the meaning of this that I wanted to share with you. And it will help you understand what it means a scholar by the name of Abdullah bensalah. Allegedly, he tells his story, he says that I was interested in finding out what this means, like really understanding the meaning the significance, the beauty, the power of it. So he says, I went to a scholar by the name of elkie
great scholar. And I asked him, What does he actually learning? So he said, misled Baraka, it's like blessings. So I said, Okay, what is something like blessings? And what does that mean? What does blessings mean? Say goes, I, that's all I know. I can't tell you any more than this. So he says, Okay, I obviously wasn't satisfied with the answer. So he says, I went to another great scholar of my time. Mohammed, Hassan Shivani Rahim, Allah great scholar. So he says, I went to him and I asked him, What does he actually mean? So he said, this is a word that we use to worship a lot. This is a word. We love them that we worship Allah using novel de la Herbie. We use it to worship Allah
subhanaw taala. And that's all I can tell you. So he says, I obviously still wasn't fully satisfied. I wasn't content with the answer. She says Finally, I came across Mohammed dibny Mohammed Idris, a chef Yuri Rahim, Allah, I came across him. I'm a chef, a low grade scholar.
And one thing I'll tell you before I tell you the, what he said, The unique thing about him I'm a chef here at our humble llama show. These were all great scholars. But the unique thing about him I'm a chef here at Ohio law is while being a scholar
of the Arabic language. He was a poet. He was a poet who's very skilled, very qualified in Arabic poetry. I mean, there's a collection of his poetry.
And so it gave him a very unique perspective and a very unique skill and the skill set and the talent. So he says, I came to him I'm a chef at mahalo. And I said,
What is the word? It's a handout will allow me. And then he says, I told him Look, I went to elkie site. Yeah, and this is what he told me. I went to Mohammed Hasina. Shivani Rahim Allah and this is what he told me. So your mama, mama, Chef, Mo, like he said, Lisa, whom I remember she says, Why do you ask them? They don't know poetry? You have to ask a poet that's asked the right person says, Let me explain something to you.
says when you enter into the court of the king,
how do you enter into the court of the king? You offer royal compliments. Even in English, we know this. When somebody enters a court of the king. What do they say Your Royal Highness? Your Majesty? Your greatness, right? They say these words when entering the court of the king in Arabic and classical Arabic, they would say things like a beta law now you've removed curse from the lens. As a slim one, I'm alright fine. May you find peace, may you find blessings. They will say if I say nama, you live for 1000 years, they would praise the king and in this manner, they enter the court of the king. It's protocol royal complements. So he says that's what the word at the hayyat means. So when
we say at the Haier to the law, we are saying well your complements are exclusively for Allah.
Royal complements fit for a king are exclusively for Allah. That's a utterly now. Now moving forward was solo ad was solo ads and solo ads solo ad is the plural of the word solo, which means prayer. So our prayers are also for Allah. What do I hear that? Like you, but this is the plural of the word play you. This means beautiful things, appealing things. So the beautiful and appealing things are also for Allah. And one thing that the scholars explained about this is that because it's being used in this manner in conjunction with the word Salawat. Salawat is like it's referring to the prayers, but it signifies all day by that the worship that we have to offer is for Allah. And because we're
thinking about this being used in conjunction with it. The word play about refers to the the beautiful character, the beautiful conduct, the way we conduct ourselves, our mannerisms are dealing with people. So now look at the comprehensiveness of just the first four words of showing you how to lilla Royal compliments are for Allah, wa Salawat prayers, worship a bada is for Allah, what fight the bad and the beautiful appealing things, our character, our mannerisms, our conduct is also dedicated and devoted to Allah. It's all done for the sake of Allah. And there's a very fine point in here. Because even when you conduct yourself appropriately, and you do it for the sake of Allah,
that is not only sincerity, but that ensures that you will continue to conduct yourself in such a noble manner. Why? Because if you are treat somebody good because of that person, because of what they did to you, because of that position of that person. What if tomorrow, that person doesn't have that position? What if tomorrow, that person does something that disappoints you, then what are you going to do? You're going to start treating him inappropriately and badly? What if that person treats you badly tomorrow, you'll treat him badly right back because your treatment of him was based on your view of him your perception of him. So Allah the prophet SAW said, I mean, this application
teaches us No, even the way we conduct ourselves socially publicly, is based on our commitment to Allah. We treat people good why because it pleases Allah. Because Allah told us to
Assalamu alayka yohanna Vu Rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu This is the second portion within the tissue, as salam Salam means peace and safety. Salaam means peace and safety. It's a very, very, it's a very profound and a very comprehensive word. There's so many things come from this as a derivative. Islam, which means to submit to Allah also come from the root of Islam. So Islam means to submit why because by submitting to a low we achieve peace and safety. Not only that, I found something really interesting you know, the Arabs were very fascinating in the way their language was constructed. They had a very, very interesting manner of naming things. So Salaam Salaam in the Arabic language
refers to like stairs or a ladder sulam
and that comes from the same root as the word Salaam peace and safety.
isn't stairs and ladders aren't the kind of treacherous a little bit
Little bit dangerous. You have to be careful when you climb a ladder, you shake it, you make sure it's stable. You ask somebody to hold the ladder for you. Right? When children when we have small children in our house, and we have stairs in our house, don't we put that little gate there so they can't access the stairs? Why? Because it's dangerous. So the Arab said, Look, okay, this stairs, these ladders, they're, they're dangerous things. So what should we name it? They named it safety. They call it safety solo. So anytime anybody approaches stairs, the first thing that pops into his mind is what Be careful climbing to safety. So it's very fascinating how they would even give names
to things. So as set out means peace and safety, Alagiah May peace and safety This is a form of supplication. This is a form of supplication. And the scholars even write that previously, when people would supplicate for somebody they make to offer somebody they would say a lot. Most of them are left alone. All up send peace and safety upon such and such person. The prophets a lot of them taught us even in our Salaam that we say to each other as salaamu alayka or Assalamu alaykum This is a more emphatic, this is the smear form. It's more emphatic, it's more powerful. It's more emotional overtone. So I said I'm on a May peace and safety be upon you. Now who is the you referring to the
supplication tells us a few 100 Abbey, old prophet? So this is speaking about the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam
Assalamu alayka. You heard
the word nubby let's, let's understand that we're gonna be thoroughly it means profit that we normally translated, this can come from either one of two routes, either it comes from the root of the word never. And the word never in the Arabic language means news, that is very important. And use that as relevant to you. News that is very, very important, and news that is relevant to you. So now think about that for a second, if nebby comes from the root of the word, which means news that is important and relevant, then that means Nabhi is the one who brings news that is important. And Nabhi brings information or news that is relevant, relevant. Now think about that for a second,
reflect on it think what key words they teach us lessons, when you understand what words mean properly, that means nothing, the profits, a lot of them said is unimportant, and nothing the profits a lot from Saturday, it is irrelevant. It's very profound. The second possible meaning or the second possible root of the word Nabhi. The second possible meaning or the second possible root of the word nubby within the Arabic language is that it comes from the root of the word number one, number one, and Naboo that basically means like an elevation a protrusion. So when something is all at one level, and then something is sticking out jutting out, then that's called number one, it's an
elevation. Why because then a V is an individual he is a person who is at an elevated status, he's at a higher level a higher status than the rest of humanity than the rest of people. He's a messenger of Allah. So I said I'm Monica you're gonna be my peace and safety be upon you. Oh, profit.
What are you meant to la rama means mercy and the mercy of Allah meaning me the mercy of Allah also be upon you. What about our cat to who wabarakatuhu but our cat, this is a plural of the word Baraka, which means blessing, but the word Baba in its roots, it means blessings that are long lasting, blessings that are long lasting, that's why the Arabs they would call like a pond of water, a small collection of water that had been sitting around for a long time. They call it Bitcoin. vilka if a camel sits down and is being stubborn, and refuses to stand back up again, they say bucklebury the camel just he's sitting now he's not gonna move. He's gonna sit there for a while. So
it It implies longevity, longevity. So Baraka means long lasting blessings, barakat, his blessings the plural, who refers to Allah, and may his long lasting blessings also be upon you. So, Mr. llega made peace and safety be upon you a un Nabi O Prophet warahmatullah made the mercy of a law also be upon you what Barakatuhu and may allows long lasting blessings also be upon you. very thorough supplication very thorough.
Now, one thing I want to clarify here before we go forward, is that we are speaking are we speaking about the profits also them are we speaking to the profits allottee. So when we say sell Mr. Malaika
it's to second person
You made peace and blessings be upon you. So what's the understanding of this? What's the implication of this? In reality, there is no implication of it. Why? Because it must ignore our bass or the alarm. I'm home. All of these companions they tell us in their narrations of which in which they tell us the prophets a lot even taught them that the showed they say Ghana Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam you only Muna at the Shah hood, comma you alumina, a surah terminal Quran, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would teach us that the Shahada just like he would teach us a pseudo from the Quran. That means two things. Number one, the prophets allottee some emphasize the
importance of the to Charlotte and the necessity of memorizing the to Charlotte, just like we pseudos of the Quran are important, and we have to memorize them correct? Absolutely. So number one, that they are important and you need to memorize that to show just like you memorize a pseudo from the Quran. The second implication of this is verbatim word for word. When we're reciting Sultan Fatiha we say iaca Nabu. yaka, Nabu. Only you do we enslave ourselves to only you do we worship do we enslave ourselves to? Who is it we are I? We? It's plural right? Now abou is plural. Only you do we worship? It's plural.
But what if I'm praying salobre my home by myself on my own? If I'm performing Salah individually, can I change it from week two? I can I say?
Can I change it? Anyone? Obviously not. can change it. We're honest. On you read it as it is
exactly what the prophet sallahu was emphasizing about the to show it. I've taught it to you like this. This is how you read it. So that's the answer to that question, in case anybody ever has that. The next portion of the Tisha hood as salaam Alena
assalamu. Alena made peace and safety be upon us.
US was meant to law he said Mr. Lee. Now why Allah, may peace and safety be upon us and upon? Are you by the law? Are you bad mean slaves. It's the plural of the Word of God. A bad and there are two plurals for the word object within the Parana a bad and a bead, a bad and a bead. The difference between them or a bad can only be used when you are talking about the slaves of Allah. Or you Bob can exclusively be used is exclusively only used when talking about the safety of Allah, the word rb, there's a general plural. It refers to the safety of Allah. But generally speaking, if you're just talking about slaves, you can also use the word RB but a bad is only for the sake of a law
where a bad man were a bad law. So it only speaks about the slaves of Allah subhanaw taala a Salaam Alena made peace and safety be upon us and upon the slaves of a law, a solid hain who are a solid hain they embody they have this quality of being saw the Salah, the word Salah means righteousness, to have your affairs in order. Salah means to have your is the opposite of the word facade. facade means chaos, corruption, Salah is the opposite of that. Salaam means to have your affairs in order. Salim is one who has his affairs in order Saudi is righteous saw the heinous the plural of that. So what we're saying in this application, what the dwad that were making a soleimani now made peace and
safety be upon us. What Allah Allah has on him and upon those slaves of Allah who are Sani hain who has the quality of being righteous. Now what are some of the implications of what we just said? Number one we're making to offer ourselves
but do we make do I in the singular form or in the plural form? Did we say made peace and safety be upon me? Or did we are we saying my peace and safety be upon us? It's us it's plural. Absolutely.
that emphasizes unity, unity of the Muslims.
We need to be united we never just think of ourselves, we think of the group, the unit, the oma the collective is very important, should always be at the forefront of our minds. The collective We are an oma so it emphasizes that unity and Subhanallah when you look throughout the Salah, certain fatty heart that the Shahada, the plural is always emphasized because Salah is the ultimate display of unity and Salah is the ultimate means of cultivating developing unity within the communities. Salah is the ultimate means to do so. Think about it. In Salah everybody stands right
next to each other, with no consideration of race, ethnicity, financial status, background, education level, spirituality, no difference. Even if you look at it religiously speaking, half of the Quran can be standing next to somebody who doesn't know two suitors of the Koran. Everybody stands right next to each other, and Institute everybody puts their forehead on the ground.
Unity the ultimate display of unity. And at the same time, the ultimate means of establishing unity. A community that prays together is one that is united and a community no matter how many other things they do, if they don't pray together, there is not strong in terms of Salah they will always struggle in terms of their unity and because the community of the prophets a lot of them which was the ultimate community was very committed to praying Salah together. So as salaam Alena we make the offer ourselves well Allah about the lack of solid him and then we make to offer others because in our though our we should never be selfish. In order we should never be selfish always make to offer
other people as well.
And some had a lot of really interesting incident from the life of the Prophet said on one time a Bedouin man came into my share of the profits of Islam. And he said, Oh, Allah, have mercy on me, and have mercy on Muhammad, and nobody else.
Have mercy on me and have mercy on Mohammed and nobody else. The prophets, a lot of them said, You took something huge, and you squeezed it into something very small. It's at the mercy of Allah encompasses everything what he was output
is very vast, it encompasses everything. So he said, No, no need to offer everybody. So we should never be selfish in Urdu. Ah, Sarah Marlena wahana arriba de la his honor him. But while we should never be selfish in our da, we should also not be
we should also be sensible in our da,
we should be, we should not be selfish in our da. But at the same time, we should be sensible,
practical in our law, we made to offer ourselves here and for everybody else, but who are we making law for first, ourselves or everybody else? ourselves first, that sensibility. That's not selfishness, you are making law for others. First make law for yourself.
You know, as an example, I always tell people, you know, when you get on an airplane, you're getting on a flight. And they made the security announcements, they give you the briefing on what to do in case of an emergency emergency briefing. And they say that if the cabin loses air pressure, then the oxygen masks will fall. Here the announcement nobody ever listens to nobody pays attention to. Right. So save the cabin loses air pressure, then the oxygen mask will fall. And if you're with a child, or an elderly person, or somebody who's in need of assistance, what should you do first?
First, put your own mask on, then help somebody else. Why? Because if you don't put your mask on first, and you're there helping somebody fiddling with their masks, and because of lack of oxygen, you pass on that you're dead and they're dead. You didn't help anybody, but you put your own mask on first you secure yourself, then you're in a position to help somebody else if somebody's drowning, and you jumped into the water to save them and you don't know how to swim. Now if there's two people drowning, alright, so let the person who can swim get in the water instead of him having to jump in and drag two people out then. So it's sensible. That's why in the Quran, nothing is by accident in
the Quran. What does Allah say in the Quran? Yeah, you have Latina, amanu and fusa. Comb? What? legal nano? Save yourselves and your families? Which one did you say first yourself or your family? yourself? Because if you haven't saved yourself, how are you supposed to save your family? If you're not even worried about saving yourself? How could you ever be worried about saving your family? What more I like a Bissell It was tobira Allah, tell your family to pray you will be very, very particular and regular about prayer. Because if you're not committed to your prayer, why would they ever be? So you have to secure yourself first. And that's what this application teaches us SLM.
Alena? Well, everybody, let me draw for yourself and then for others. The next thing I want to point out here before we move forward is did we make the offer others I bought the law or did we limited to a certain type of robot in a certain type? What is that type? Everyone saw the hain saw the righteous people? What's the significance of that? Why are we limiting the DA
This is a motivational technique. This is a motivational technique. I'll explain.
When I am making the draw May the peace and safety of a lobby upon all the slaves of a law who are writing
Now think about this, every single person, every single Muslim throughout the world performing Salah anytime they pray, and they read their Shahada are they making the same law? Absolutely. So if I incorporate the quality of righteousness in myself, am I included into supplications into the hearts of every single person performance a little all over the world. I'm included in their law, not just now but for generations and the generations that are to come. I will always be in the law of the believers and the people performing Salah
if I have the quality of Salah.
So it motivates you to have the quality of righteousness. So it's motivational. It makes you think I need to be a Sati.
All right. The last part of the Tisha hood is the core is the essence is the juice. It's the climax of the show.
How do Allah ilaha illa law, why should you enter Mohammed Abu rasuluh as
this comes from the root of the word shahida it means to witness something. So I shall do means I bear witness I give testimony, and a shot here they witness is called a witness because he was present at the scene of the crime or he presents himself for testimony in court.
Another word that comes from this route that we all know about is the word Shaheed martyr. How does that come from this route? Well, the scholars they explained that because he presented himself for the ultimate sacrifice. And some of the lexicons also state the fact that when this Shaheed falls, angels are present around him, the angels present themselves. So either way, it's Shahid, martyr also comes from the same route. So I shadow means I bear witness I give testimony, and that La ilaha illAllah. La this law, what does that mean in Arabic, everybody knows, now means no, but this is a special law. special law. Lally in Ephesians, this is a special law, this law means absolutely
absolutely, positively No. Emphasis, no possibility. La Ilaha. Illa means one who is worthy of one who is worthy of worship or veneration. So there's absolutely no one who is worthy of worship Illa except for Allah allows us to make an exception, La Ilaha Illa. Allah, there is absolutely positively no one worthy of worship except for a law.
What shall I do? And I bear witness and I give testimony.
And that means that most definitely, Mohammed? Mohammed is Abu who his slave who's the his referring to a law, his slave and last slave, what are Sulu and His Messenger, a last messenger?
So this is the last part of that the Sherwood Let me explain a few points in here. The first thing is that I had to Allah ilaha illa law was how to enter Mohammed Abu rasuluh. In the first part of it, you hear a shadow and
and in the second part about the prophets, a lot of them you hear what I shall do, and
which one sounds stronger and or
unless I'm stronger? That's because in meaning it is stronger, it has emphasis.
But the second question is, why emphasis here, but no emphasis in the first statement?
So if you think about it, you look closely, the law that comes after in the first part of it, what type of law? Did I tell you? It was special law?
It means absolutely no.
No way. Does it already have emphasis built into it? So is there a need for further emphasis.
But in the second part of the statement is their emphasis coming from anywhere else? No. So that's why instead of and the unknown with emphasis is used. So heinola you see the balance, you see the balance, the first one had emphasis through the law. So the second one got the emphasis through the unknown.
Next point to observe here in one of the show, who's actually stated in this manner, if and so and another narration of the Tisha hood, it also says, as a la ilaha illa law, what I know Mohammed Abu Rasul,
I shall do a la ilaha illallah wa and Nemo what's missing in this one? What I showed you the second eyeshadow. So if you look at this narration, isn't there a repetition of the word eyeshadow? So you saw
But he could argue it's unnecessary, it's extra.
It's an unnecessary, it's extra. But it's there for a reason. It's there to give it equal importance.
I said, What law, the law what I shall do is there to give an equal importance. Why equal importance, if somebody came up here stood up here came up right now and said that, you know, I'm ready to become Muslim. And we started giving him the Shahada. And he said that he's willing to accept the oneness of Allah, but he's not willing to accept them Prophethood of Muhammad Salah de Sena, what his Shahada be complete. Now, he wouldn't know obviously, everybody knows. Allah subhanaw taala emphasizes the same point, giving equal importance to the statement about the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad Sallallahu alisson being the Messenger of Allah. The next thing I want you to note
here is Look how it describes the prophets, a lot of them, well I know Mohammed, then I will do who has to do who his slave calling the prophets, a lot of the some of the slave of Allah is a very powerful statement. Because we just talked about Nabhi mean somebody who is at a higher station, than the rest of people, but even he is the slave of Allah. Even He is the Savior of Allah, Allah Subhana Allah, the prophets, Allah some he exemplified this quality. He exemplified this quality, the greatest day, in the life of the prophets, a lot of the sun was the day of Makkah, the conquest of Makkah, the most glorious victorious day, in the life of the person with fetzima. He's returning
back to a city after 20 years, a people who had kicked him out of his own town, who had oppressed him and tortured him who had killed his followers and companions. He's coming back entering into the sound victorious. Look throughout human history, anyone else who's ever been in a similar position of victory over his long standing enemies? Look how in read how he must have entered into the city, entered into that area, at the head of the army sitting on a big beautiful white horse, trumpets blaring roses being thrown, hell head held high, right? Victory is mine. But look at the profits a lot. He said him how he entered in the Hadith tells us that the prophets a lot, he said was at the
back of the army.
He was at the back of the army. And his head was down so low, that literally his beard was touching the back of the animal that he was writing.
hit his head to help so low back of the army, and he was reciting he was praying to Allah praising Allah, La ilaha illallah wa sada kawada one nassarawa whereas the agenda who hasn't been
who's praising glorifying Allah that Allah fulfilled his promise, he helped his slave didn't say messenger didn't say properties at slave. So proud station. In being the slave of Allah we find our nobility its honor and distinction to be a slave of Allah.
So saying the Messenger of Allah, Muhammad Salah Islam is a slave of Allah is very powerful. It's a lesson for all of us. We need to pride ourselves on being the slaves of Allah. What are Sulu and His messenger? Now Rasool the word Rasool it comes from the root of the word which means to send a message from a higher authority
to send in classical Arabic, classical Arabic, it means to send send a message from a higher authority. Rasulullah is one who carries a message, who brings a message from a higher authority is the one we call it a lawsuit.
Now, the profits a lot of SLM has been described in that the Shahada with two distinct terms nebby and rasuna. What is the difference? And what is the significance? Now the difference between a, b and roswaal This is typically an Akita discussion. So I'm not going to get into it here. Because the point of this lecture in this class overall, even the meaningful prayer course, the point of it, is to focus on the language of the Salah, the beauty of the language of the prayer. So I'm not going to get into the IP that aspect, but from a linguistic perspective, an interesting observation within the Quran is that whenever the word Nabhi is used, because the word newbie means to bring important
news, relevant news or to be at a higher level than the rest of people, wherever the word is used, it emphasizes the profits a lot of times dealing and interaction with people like it like yeah, you know, Ulema to hurry, Mama Holla Holla Yeah, you have to be fully as logical avenatti consoling him, it's addressing him in terms of his relationship with his wives and to tell his daughters and to tell them we're believing women. It uses the word nubby but when in the Quran, the the point and what is being emphasized is the fact that he speaks on behalf of a higher authority. He has been sent by Allah, what he says is not from himself, but he's bringing it to you from Allah. Kalia
yohannes any rasuluh logging in a calm Jamia? Tell them oh people
Humanity I have been sent. I am the messenger of Allah who has been sent to all of you. It's emphasizing I've come from a lie bring Yeah, you are assumed to have my own zeylanicum Arabic When Allah tells the messengers a lot of them to deliver convey the message that has been revealed to you the word Rasulullah is used to emphasize that relationship.
so, this is a real brief discussion on the language of the show and then some of the brief observations that we find within the Tisha hood.
Now, one last thing that I forgot to touch on is the name of the prophets, Allah Himself Mohammed, the name of the prophets are Mohammed, Mohammed it comes from the root of the word Hamed, which means to praise Mohammed it means one who is very frequently praised. Somebody who is praised very frequently very often Mohamed comes from technique that Fareed Musab al Mohammed means somebody who is very frequently and very commonly preached.
And the name of the prophets Alavi son, Mohammed, the given name of the prophets a lot isn't it occurs within the Quran how many times four times the word Mohamed the name of the process occurs in the Quran four times. First time in sort of La Milan mahamadou Nineveh soon. The second place isn't suited to Lhasa Makana Mohammed una bajada marriage Allah como la Qin Rasulullah Mahatma became third places in pseudo Muhammad itself. And the fourth place is sort of to fetch Mohammed or Rasulullah. And one other given name of the prophets along with him appears in the Quran once and that is the name of Ahmed, which also comes from the same root as the word have, which means the one
who is praised, who is was praised a lot more than others. So somebody who was praised frequently and somebody who's praised in a very, very beautiful in a very elaborate manner. So it emphasizes the praise worthiness of the prophets. alavesa. One interesting observation within the korando wherever last panel Allah mentions the name of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he's not speaking to him, he's speaking about him.
He's not addressing him, he's talking about him. And then three out of those four places the word rasuluh occurs within the same ayah
whenever Allah addresses the other messengers and the other prophets within the Quran, yeah, Ibrahim yah, yah, yah, yah, yah Moosa. Yeah, Adam, but when Allah speaks to the prophet SAW some he never calls him by his name. Yeah, you are soon. Yeah, you have maybe he calls him with titles,
cause him with titles. And so the last panel with Allah Himself teaches us the other way of speaking about the prophets, a lot of them within the Quran. Whenever we talk about the processing, we should just say Mohammed said, No, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu Sallam said
Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, the family members of the Prophet tells him his own wives his own children, he was a very casual loving family member. But even they felt compelled to call him messenger of alone when they addressed him and spoke to him because they knew how Allah speaks to him.
So we should be careful. The last thing I wanted to talk to tell everyone about the name of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is, has anyone ever read or ever heard, the fact that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was the first one to be given the name Muhammad? Anyone ever read that or heard that before? It's been published in some books in a theater? I'ma holla. He actually talks about this. And he says that this is something that was popularized by the police SOS by the storytellers, the people who exaggerate when they when they when they're telling stories, but he says in reality, this is not true. And there's a record of at least even Kathy himself finds the record of at least
seven individuals in Arabia before the birth of the prophets, a lot of them who were who also had the name, Muhammad. He says this much is true, though, is that the name Muhammad was a very rare name at that time. It was a name, but it was an rare name. It was not a very common name not like today. So when today when somebody tells you their name is Abdul Rahman, that's common. somebody tells you their name is Abdullah Barkley. Interesting. It's obviously people have that name. But maybe it's the first time you're meeting somebody in person was the name of the valley. So it was a more rare type of a name.
Now, just to take a look at maybe one more Tisha hood, to highlight some of the differences and the beauty of the different variations of the tissue. We'll take a look at the narration of the tissue who would have been abuzz about the Allahumma ignore bats or the laquan Hama one interesting thing in his narration is what I mentioned previously, that he says ganado solo la he's olalekan Selim, you only Muna a surah Kamali Muna a pseudo terminal Can you alumina Tasha hood camera you alumina pseudo terminal Quran that the Messenger of Allah Allah ism would teach us that the Shah hood, just like you would teach us a suit
law from the Quran
so he says that the sugar that he narrates from the prophets a lot Islam is at a certain mobile ricotta salata to pray about to Lila, Salah moon Arnica. yohanna Biggie Rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu Salah Muna Alina arriba de la historia hain, as head to Allah ilaha illallah wa ala Muhammad Rasulullah.
the very first difference, we'll just highlight the differences we've already done the full word analysis. The first difference in this Disha hood is that at the hayyan total mobile rakata solo out to tell you about Lila, there's a new fourth word here in the beginning. And that is a word album about our cat. That is a word album about our cat. Our cat comes from the same root of the word Buttercup, it means bless it things. So this is saying that blessing things are also attributed to Allah. Meaning we thank Allah for them, we give the credit to Allah for all the blessings that we have the kind of life all the blessings that we have.
The next difference in this the Shahada and the previous one was the previous one was at the Hyatt in lillahi. Wa Salatu was about a year the wow in there. What does well mean in Arabic everybody? And and it's used to combine multiple items together. Here it's a hayata Movado ricotta salata about there's no Well,
what's the difference between having a low and not having a while from a rhetorical perspective? In eloquence, how does it make a difference when you put a while, so when I say toaster and oven
What does that imply that there are two distinct separate items. There's a toaster and then the oven. But what happens when I say toaster oven?
What is that now? That's one item right? After one item that serves both functions.
Look at the difference. It's still toasts, and it still bakes. But what does it do? It does both of those separate functions within the same entity. And that's the difference. So when when did all these words are combined together? It's saying as if these all of these components together comprise that one individual
or our devotion, dedication to allies, a combination of all these things, it still has its own distinct features of royal complements, bless it things and Salawat prayers by you about the beautiful things it still has those individual components. But it is like one cohesive item, one entity that has multiple facets to it. The next difference is that the word lilla was in the middle of the first one Uh huh. Yeah to Linda here it's at the end of it. At the yard sale mobile ricotta salata. You about to Linda, the position of the Lila has been changed. What does the changing of the position of the law change? If I say Khalid is my friend
and zeda nama
holidays my friend NZ the nama did not just say holiday, the number of three or my friends, but which one did I give more importance to 100 that's exactly how this works. So the first one it's like cogat is my friend, NZ the nama Linda, Royal compliments are for Allah, and prayers and beautiful things. This one, it's like if I were to say Khalid ends, aid and armor, all of them are my friends that I just give them all equal importance. Yes, that's what this application does. At the hayata mobile ricotta salata, you're about to lilla, all of them combined. The next difference is this application says Salah moon, the first one said, As salam, this one says Salah moon, the
differences as salam was proper, the Peace and blessings which means the ultimate Peace and blessings. Here it said I'm on Peace and blessings of all type of all variations from all angles in all situations. It creates variety. When you make something common in classical Arabic, and Koran and prophetic supplications are Creed's variety, versatility, diversity. So assalamu the ultimate Peace and blessings Salaam on Peace and blessings of every type from all angles in all situations may be upon you all messenger.
And then the final last difference here, the show hood this one ends with a shadow Allah in law, what? Mohammed Rasulullah the shadow is missing. Didn't we just get done talking about why the shadow The second one was so important? Well, it's missing here. So I guess this is a lesser threshold, right? Don't read this one read the other one. No. This one is equally as powerful. What's the point that's conveying here when we remove the shadow?
In the middle, do we bring Allah and Mohammed closer together?
We say I shall do a la ilaha illAllah. Muhammad Rasulullah. Didn't we just bring these two elements closer together like toaster oven. So the first one was emphasizing the equal importance in believing Muhammad as a messenger of Allah. This emphasizes the fact that believing in Allah and believing in Muhammad as a messenger of Allah goes hand in hand.
It's one cohesive thing, both of them put together is called the mind. It's kind of like making the same point. But do you see how the same point is being made in two different ways? This is the beauty of the Arabic language. This is the point of this lecture. That's the point of the course, to see the profound beauty, the just baffling beauty and the precision the eloquence of the Quran and the prophetic supplication. So it makes the same point emphasizing you need to believe in Mohammed as a messenger of Allah, but it doesn't in two different ways.
And lastly, it says what a no Mohammed Rasulullah what's missing from the first one? I do, who didn't we just spend like 10 minutes talking by way abotu, who was so important, and it was such a powerful statement. It's missing in this one. So let's start there should great be
the point the benefit here, if you listen, the first one said, well, Mohammed, Abu who were rasuluh who this one says we're under Mohammedan Rasul law.
The first one uses a pronoun, says his messenger. This one says the name of Allah a last messenger,
which is more powerful when speaking about someone use referring to them as a pronoun or saying their name,
saying the name, who did it, heat it.
Who gave that you he did, or saying Khalid, Khalid gave it to me, or he gave it to me, Khalid shows more respect saying his name, right. So he's more respectable, more impressive, to speak with someone saying, and of course, what is the most powerful and the greatest and the most impressive name of all, the name of Allah. So even though this statue doesn't mention that Muhammad is the slave of Allah, so you think it loses some of its power and its beauty, instead of saying the rasuluh, who, instead of saying his messenger, it says Ross, who? Lula, a last messenger, it mentions the name of Allah, which in and of itself is very powerful. So this is just a brief little
comparison of two of the Tisha hoods that we recite within the prayer, and not just obviously think, if you were to if once you hear this, and you understand, what did the show could means, the next time you sit in your prayer to recite that the show would, will you be going
to heaven? There was no other whatsoever, so when are they gonna? Is that gonna happen? Oh, are you gonna say to Lila, and you're gonna think that that means royal competence.
I'm offering my compliments to Allah,
entering the court of the King
wasana, what the salon praying now is for the sake of Allah, like you, but all my beautiful conduct my character, everything is for law. You'll think about it, it's a thought process. And that in and of itself is what we call Sure. That is the quality that is the focus within prayer.
So this is the point of studying this, of learning this and this is just a comparison of the first two that the show would have been missing. And that the show who the women are ambassador, the alumni, there are three more shows that we teach within the course. And likewise, you get to see all the variations and all the beauty and all the power of the different Tushar hoods and overall the entire prayer study from beginning to end and the meaningful prayer course. May Allah subhanaw taala give us all the ability to internalize this material and May Allah subhanaw taala grants us the ability to understand this and implemented in our Salah, and May Allah grant us all horseshoe and
quality within our prayers and allow us to become closer to him by means of our prayers. Just knock on wood located on stone where they come