Linguistic Beauty of Surah Al-Fatiha
Channel: Aarij Anwer
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Webinar – Linguistic Beauty of Surah Al-Fatiha
Episode Transcript ©
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Welcome everybody to the
to the presentation today on the beauty of soulful Fatiha
This is something that
I feel is important for us today.
Today as in like
not like in these times but more like today, like as a topic for today because sudo Fatiha is what allows patola called the kuratas sub admin and Matheny, Welker and allow him the seven oft repeated surah seven oft repeated verses of the Quran.
It is also something that allows patola
or the Prophet is of some calls as the
as the prayer.
It is a song to salata, benei webinar abdeen is fine. I have divided the prayer in two parts. And the prayer here is you're free to sort of attack. So as a topic for today or tonight's webinar, I decided to study Sudafed, because of its extreme importance, and because it is something that we read in our Salah, every single time we get up to pray.
Those are some factors. I wanted to actually highlight some of the linguistic beauty or pseudo Fatiha to you Charla the plan that we have is to read the translation of Soto Fatiha firstly
discuss a little bit about the
sub linguistic aspects of suitable for to have certain things that the facility would say about certain Fatiha and then finally, you know, some reflections on this beautiful parable surah before I begin, I'd like to actually ask people
we have a few people here, but only two of us. Where are you people from? Which part of the world you live in.
You can type your answers or you type and participate
in the chat box. We have somebody who Toronto which Allah
South Carolina, who were snippy with Allah, Malaysia, Maryland for auto saga, Australia.
I am based out of a place called london ontario. This is it close to Toronto, about two hours from Toronto. Netherlands Malaysia Mashallah very nice. Okay, a UK
a lot of people Mashallah from Toronto. Awesome. How many people
here are part of the steps to Arabic program I can recognize a few names
to somebody else just because I love
anybody else was part of the steps to every program
Mashallah very nice.
So, most of you it seems like an odd part of the program is that is that correct?
All right. hamdulillah. Let us
discuss throttle factor hi Charla.
The let's let's start with a bit of a trivia, shall we?
Okay, what is the first
first revolution in the Quran?
First revelation will be surah Allah, very good. That is a corrupt Miss bureau beacon levy Holla Holla Holla Santa min Allah. Correct.
That's the surah the first five ayat were revealed to the prophets also known
as the first revelation of the time, before the first revelation of the Quran. Was there any revelation that was given to the prophets of Allah?
Do you know
We have a lot of people saying no, give
anybody who says something to the contrary.
Nobody, okay. So, in fact, before the prophet SAW someone received revelation,
before any Quran was revealed to him,
the prophets of Salaam would see true dreams. And he would see true dreams for six months. That was a part of
the Salah of what's called the receiving the message from Allah, Allah as revelation. And as described as unstable cloudy, by eyeshadow, Yolanda, can Allah your earlier enlarger at Miss lafalot
II would see a dream at night. And then we'll come through the next day, like the rising of the sun, or like the daybreak like very clear, absolutely unambiguous. So the profits are some actually, those six months of dreams, the true dreams that he saw, were a preparation for the process to receive revelation eventually. But also that was actually part of revelation because we believe that true dreams are part of Revelation. In fact, the possum says in the Hadith, that what's remaining of the revelation is only the true dreams that a believer sees. Right, everything else is done. Revelation with the last part that has stopped. But that is an element that's a door that's still
open to somebody who could see a true dream. And that is a type of inspiration from Allah, tala.
That is actually the first beginnings of the revelation to the Basilan. Then you have sort of Accra, Arabic Allah The Hala for the first time I have a Quran is not picking it up revealed
which surah was revealed.
First in its entirety, to the Prophet some.
Indeed, Mashallah. Some of you know, the answer to that question, which was, the first word revealed in its entirety to the prophets was alone was indeed total factor. So, that, folks is something of an incredible
no distinction for the surah It is the first full surah completes were revealed to the Prophet Sunnah, number one. Number two, it's the first surah that we find sequentially in the Quran, you know, from the order of the Quran, that the prophets have left us with the first surah and it is
It is the surah that is read in Salah.
In fact, it is even Kafeel says that it's called alpha to ham Eva huddle, kitabi hacohen it is the first you know, it's the opening surah
when you open the Quran, the most of the first thing that you see there is sort of Attica, and then he says will be tough, the whole Torah, for Salah the first real citation that you recite is sort of refer to before sort of as how you don't read anything from the Quran. You there's some doors you read before that of course, but re citation of Quran starts with little thought in every regard.
That is, of course is putting aside the difference of opinion between the scholars when it comes to somebody who someone who's praying in congregation, right, someone who's praying in congregation there is differences of opinion of do they read social Fatiha are not a but putting that aside for a second someone who's praying by themselves, okay?
every single record that they're praying by themselves, the citation that starts their rocker or the first part of the citation of karate for them is sort of attack, you say.
So that's a third thing about
it is the thing that opens the citation of the Quran in our prayer. Because he says, it is called.
It's called monkey tab.
Monkey tab, which means literally the mother of
A book Okay.
Does anybody know what it means for something to be in will GitHub or almost something like what does this expression mean? Any ideas? Anybody?
summarize summarise? Excellent thank you to Java for that
a summary of things very good. The essence the start thanks, just lost the essence of it the start of it, all those meanings are very good. The meaning really is the core the essence of the message is in total Fatiha. So, the scholars particularly scholars of the Sahaba considered total Fatiha to be whom will keytab in the sense that it is a summary of the message of the Quran. So that's a basic virtue for the surah as well.
Then you have of course
the the title that alas Papa bestows upon the sutra, which is suburban, middle masani.
suburban middle, Bethany, if I was let me share my screen with you here to demonstrate something.
All right, those of you who are students of the program, this is a familiar set up for you. That's how we conduct our Arabic program, the steps to every program, we have the screen that are shared here. And,
and the, what's called
the screen that's shared here, and then I usually utilize a variety of tools online to share stuff and then I usually type stuff as well. So I'll type some stuff here which I'd love for you. So some names and virtues of this surah right. So we were counting a few of them right. So firstly, it was the
first full surah revealed to the prophets are not correct. It is also the first surah sequentially correct in the Quran.
Okay, it is the first recite ation
of the Quran in araca. Right. It is called Makita Makita
which is the mother of the book literally, that's literally what it means. What it actually means is the crux, the essence of the book, which is the upper arm, right, that's the title for it.
The old will get up then last month a lot of misters uploaded the title
well after that the NACA sobre el pasado de Waal por el all the okay
look at this it just
We have given you the seven off recited verses and the great quote and so the seven off recited versus the seven off recited verses This is sub
sub i mean seven right sub bond
sub Amina method the seven off decided versus Why is it called that? Any guesses why Allah calls it the seven off recite verses
You can type the answer
repeated onsala Very nice. It is repeated in the Sala it is something that is repeated again and again. So out of the first retype citation of the inner rocker. That's what this is right? So it is so frequently repeated sub Barbie doll Bethany.
Love check out this really beautiful panoramic technique here. Okay, look at this Alcor and allow him What does it mean? The Great Koran the glorious or correct look at the Al Quran that's the core Android there and allow them is right here.
all right question is Surah Fatiha part of the Quran?
Yes it is. Of course it is.
So Allah, Allah mentions sudo Satya here sebamed mineral masani you see that sebamed mineral
masani seven oft repeated
seven after repeated or oft recited verses
this part is actually part of the Quran.
This is actually part of the Quran, but Allah, Allah is mentioning it outside of the Quran, right? Like mentioning it.
Apart from it, even though it is part and parcel of that Quran, what's the wisdom behind that the wisdom behind that is to highlight that particular thing. In this case, it is sort of
this is called the oxygen hos alarm, you have something that is like a large collection of things.
And then from that large collection of things, you take out one thing and you put that either before in the sentence or after in the sentence before it before the thing that encompasses it, and that is done to highlight that particular aspect. Okay.
For example, let's look at another example of this principle in the Quran. If you look at
if you look at the last two verses of Surah Baqarah, right, so
if you look at the very end of Soto bhatura Ooh, that is not it. That is it. Okay. Manasa rasuluh Bhima owns Illa Illa Hema Ravi Waal, me known. Can you spot the,
the translation is the messenger blah, believes, sorry, the messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord. And so do the believers. Can you spot what is general? And what is specific here? What's general? In the higher?
Brother? Please type the answer because it's a bit more efficient that way.
If you don't mind,
the generic thing here correctly as typed care by brother or sister as hard I don't know if it's brother or sister.
The believers are general right? It's like a large group or brother or something. It's a large group, huh? Yes or no? off this group is what? In fact, the first of this group is
the messenger for Salah. Right? So Allah, Allah is highlighting the messengers or Salaam here from all the believers. You see that? That is that technique that he's using here out full arm a little hoarse. Let's look for another another Ayah gibreel the superduper deal.
All right, look at this ayah let's see if we can spot the same principle here again, man can I do one lilla he, when my lad he can he also read big Videla or mikala for in the lohar do will need caffeine. Whoever is an enemy of God, His angels or his messengers all or have Gabriel or Michael will surely find that God too is the enemy of those who deny the truth. Okay, what is
Large set, right? The Super set of people or or entities here.
So let's look at this from this part
His angels or his messengers, right angels are as the types of messengers have a lot to because they bring the message of a lot to people correct like Jerusalem. So the large group here is the angels. Let's consider to the angels for now. Okay? All of those angels which ones are highlighted here in the ayah
Sevilla for cloud has the answer lokeren the ones that are highlighted here is GB deal. And Miguel or Mika l depending on which recite ation of Quran you are choosing
gibreel Ali Salam is the one who brings down the revelation to the prophets. And also, you know, other great matters like on the night of power to read and Islam actually comes down to the earth. Every single laser cutter has a very beautiful distinction for that night. That that is the night that the angel would bring revelation who has sense sees coming because revelation has ceased coming to the earth comes down as a sign of a lost blessing for that beautiful, amazing night. gibreel Mika Miguel is the angel that is responsible for the rain. It is just like the rain is the
the sustenance of our body. Right when it's raining. We have irrigation we have plants we have, you know, the water cycle, you know, is running smoothly we have our drinking water, everything is smooth and running as it supposed to be as long as there's no drought as long as there is rain, right? So rain is really the thing that starts
our whole life the way we know it like the one that really sustains our material life. And that's what Mika is responsible for Juba de la Islam is responsible for the revelation which is like the nourishment of our soul is nourishment of our soul. The very beautiful how Allah mentions both of these together. This is part of the thing we hope to do. When we study the Quran is we're able we want to like learn enough Arabic to be able to translate these these verses to be able to know why is this Juba de la right is an Fatah here, right? Mika Allah right. We want to know, why is it I do one lilla he, you know, here is our do one? Why is these differences there? You want to be able to
tell with certainty why that is the case. That's one part of learning Arabic And then the second part is that once we have these tools to ponder, Allah, Allah mentions all the angels from them he chose gibreel and Mika gibreel brings revelation nourishment for our soul. Miguel brings rain nourishment for our bodies. So part of
both the things are covered. So as you can see, again, they're highlighted from the group. We go back to our surah here Saba mineral mahtani well Quran Allah, or I hear all of the Quran is great, but specifically the seven oft repeated verses are specially specially great, you see, so that's another beautiful name for
for Surah Al Fatiha cyber Amina Bethany.
It is also called a Salah. There is also called
what is the cold the prayer
Why is it called a Salah me because he mentions
cuando la sala
it's called a follow me over here Elisa to Salam and Nabil Carson to salata. benei babina IBD misfiring because Allah, Allah says or the Prophet Salam is narrating the speech of a lot. This is called Hades bootsy
in a narration, he is describing what a lie saying that's not an IT IS A last part Allah speaking to the Prophet Salaam or speaking in generic terms of the profit some describes that to us and that we consider also to be part of the Hadith scripture, okay.
salata, vainio may not be the spine I have split Sala
into two parts. Some people are asking a few questions let me just answer the webinars supposed to be about an hour we started about 810 so we have about 30 to 35 minutes, I will have some time for QA and then this will be uploaded offline shortly afterwards as well.
pasado salata, benei radar at this point I have split the prayer in two parts. And then a last part Allah it this hadith put see in this, you know divinely divine Hadith he then proceeds to call or proceeds to talk about al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen, the source of
meaning he is calling sloto Fatiha what he's calling it the prayer. right he's calling it the prayer for Sumit Al Fatiha to Salatin It is named Salah even though he says near the harsh open fear because it is a prerequisite of the prayer you have to recite it you know especially when you're praying by yourself Salatu Soto Satya has been recited
in it okay. So, again to tell you how important this surah is another name where you call Allah a Shiva and is called a Shiva What does a Shiva mean? Anybody?
the cure, right? The cure of Shiva.
Why is it called Shiva because what daddy me narrated from Abu Zubaydah laundry on who they thought they had to kitabi she found min Cooley sub game,
it is the sort of how to get up so to Atlanta is a is a cure for all types of ailments. Okay, so it is supposed to be something that we seek cure through. Now, this is an interesting question like, do we seek cure through medicine? Do we seek cure through poor and we seek your true, you know, like, like, what do we do? So, the answer to that question, that's actually a deep question and has some, you know, some, some discussion is required, and there's some, you know, precedents from the Sahaba
rizwana laid out on a him
but the short answer is, we're supposed to be patient when we're in a type of illness, to be able to seek Allah's reward, but also seek cure, because the process of said but at the level that Illa a lot, whatever Allah has sent down a, a type of a disease, Allah has also sent out a cure for it. So we seek the cure that Allah has sent down. Part of that cure is, you know, through medicine, any type of medicine really like this as long as not like detrimental to your to your own, like health, or it's not something that's Haram, you know, and it's in its nature.
And also we seek Shiva and cure through the Quran the words of Allah because Allah says when karate man was she found what I mean, we have sat down in the Quran, what is it? Sure, right, what is it? Sure, any healing for the believers? So we seek it through the Quran, and one of the sutras that we seek you through is
what you call Allah Rukia. Similarly, it's called a Rupa Rukia is the you know, the seeking of of cure through resuscitation.
Which is appropriate.
it is again something that
is a hobby, right? I'm
sorry. I will say don't be sorry, you know, Wroclaw be horrible. Raja Salim Apollo samudrika Haruka Casa de, you know, read Soto Fatiha and helped cure a person by the permission of Allah through his words. And the problem said when he can know how to clear that then what would you what would make you realize that this is the the seeking of the cure to citation or warfare shefa nuclear racing or weather forecast? Good question. They are very
Similar in their meanings,
Shiva is a cure leukemia seeking a cure ship is the end objective. And Rukia is is basically like seeking that end objective of the cure. I have tried it I was I wanted a really piping headaches and panela. And, you know, I was actually so tight, so sick, I couldn't do it myself but a brother does our lokeren you know, to drop this rookie on me and wrestled with her and hamdulillah Al Hamdulillah was a beautiful seeking of cure. So I encourage you to do that. Because this is what a lot patrulla has said to us as a type of cure. Okay. And we try our best to get whatever we can get from cure from wherever we can. Yes, you can post the QA post the questions here I'll take some QA towards the
end. Okay. All right. Rukia, Rokia
some, like even our boss said, it is a social program, it is the
that is the foundation of Quran
and then there's other scholars of Koran like Sophia and Eben Orianna and others that give it their own names.
And, and and, you know, this is something that you know, there's no like no real end to it, how many names a person would give it, but the point is, these are the ones that we find in either the Quran or through the narrations from the prophets or sanlam. The first full surah the first were real sequentially citation of the Quran in Iraq are almost 7 million Masonic a Salah a Shiva or Rukia.
So, these are some of the names that we find in this first little factor. Now let us go to social factor. Okay, question that we ask is
the question that we have to ask is how many are in total factor? Okay, so let's see people how many items are about to have
Are we have opinions like seven? Mashallah.
Okay, very good. masala.
A lot of us are saying seven. And the correct answer, of course, is seven.
Why is that? Because the law says it has subliminal mahtani. Right? seven verses
Yes or no?
That was supposed to be an easy question. Now the hard question.
Right. The easy question was how many I add?
I add insult to fat.
Right? And the answer, of course is seven. Okay. Now,
look, tricky question is, what's
seven? Because of the I A, from because of let's let's label it as 1587. Right. That's what the law says about minimum. All right. Now, let's see what's the first time
that is a question. Okay, people. Let's see. How many of you say is Mrs. Miller
type one if you believe the first ayah is Bismillah
or you can type this malarkey one
Mashallah a significant number of you
called in fact in Arabic the bus mala? That's the fancy way of saying
muskmelon is the fancy way of saying Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Miss
e. r ra
Alright, so we have a few people saying that a lot of people are in fact saying that
how many of you would say it is Alhamdulillah? type two?
A bunch of you are saying I'll
All right, a bunch of you are saying that ah, we were saying well, if it is Alhamdulillah How can you have seven ads? Because with Bismillah we have seven ad, how can you have Simon is with he started Alhamdulillah he would have six Okay. Now, here is the interesting and tricky part.
The interesting and tricky part is this is actually a difference of opinion amongst the scholars, okay. This is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars from the very early times.
If you were to read the Surah Surah Fatiha a large portion, and I say large I mean large portion, you can see how long this discussion goes. Ah, can you guess what this discussion is largely about
and is largely about which is the first is throttle.
So, this is actually a very old
an old time honored difference of opinion. Okay.
You have for scholars like Imam Shafi Rahim, Allah and others who believe that
the first ayah is misspelled.
And that is why you would have in my chef fairy, mandating that when you read the Sudoku Fatiha in your prayer, you must read what Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim out loud, like if you're reading out loud, you read Mr. Lyra him out loud. That is the opinion of Imam Shafi grep
others say that it is not Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim that is the first ayah of the surah they say it is Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. Okay. And their evidence for that is as follows. If you look at the hadith of where Allah pata talks about the Salah, the prayer
and he says I have divided the prayer into two parts. And he is talking about sort of the Fatiha which I add as you start with
he starts talking about Soto Fatiha from Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen so you say that if this villa was the first ayah that in that Hadith Allah Sparta should have spoken about Bismillah first, but he didn't
so that's the reason why they say it is in fact that handling rather the problem you would have if it's 100 lies How do you have seven is and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen number one are under him to be healed within three years now we do we are going to study for
the team five then you will do the following you would split the last II two to slaughter ladina rantala him six well you didn't know will be on a him on a ball in seven.
Okay. Both of these opinions are extremely well grounded in in precedence, precedence meaning like, you know, scholarly opinion.
Both of these opinions have elegance, as you can see it like honestly, we could spend like Hours just reading through the discussions of what which group believes what, huh.
And even there is a large difference of opinion between who like you know, if it's not part of the surah Nero, do you read it or not? Those are you know, that's a discussion in a fit of sinad class. Okay, I'm not going to delve into that. I just wanted to point out to you, for our purposes, okay. We are going to study all of the surah Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim Alhamdulillah all of the ayah trigonal studied, okay, but at least wanted to just allude to the difference of opinion to you which Allah and I would say that both of these are very beautiful.
opinions and both of them have lots of strong evidence behind it and a lot of knows best. Okay.
Now let us start our our discussion
with Mr. La Habra Rahim What does it mean Bismillah human beings in the name of God the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
Okay, here we have the word Allah. That's the you know
the name of a lot is one of the names of Allah is of course Allah. We have that there and then we have a rough man, which is a descriptor something that describes who allies are Rabanne the Most Gracious or Rahim the Most Merciful Okay, not only is this scripture there because of the meaning it is also there
is also there because of grammar. See, a law he has this thing will be called a casilla. m. a law he has a kasara maybe I'll use this thing. Okay. And that is the same thing we find on Ronnie. That's the same thing you find on arriving. Okay, that linguistically connects grammatically connects our man to Allah and Rahim to Allah.
why we would say the most gracious is a description who will law is the Most Merciful is a description of who Allah subhanaw taala is. Let's look at an example of this. Another example of this principle. If you were to look at all our second piece
of kids work
All right, look at this.
I live lamb Rokita buenas Allahu la Caleta de Sabina umatilla newly in your be him
in our salty lies ease in Hamid.
We have revealed to you this book but if labra We have revealed to you this book, so that by their Lord's command
you may lead people men from darkness to the light to the path of the mighty the Praiseworthy one. Okay.
You notice here that Allah zz, I'll Habibi when you have a law he, right? This is grammatically these are now connected. grammatically, these things get connected. It's not exactly analogous or not exactly the same grammatical tool that is found in sort of Fatiha here. Okay, but it's the same concept, that the skill at the end here is what connects these things together in meaning, okay, this is a very beautiful thing, by the way of Arabic grammar when you learn this, you start to see these parallels a lot more quicker. In in the Quran, okay, let us look at the
let's, let's look at the meaning of total sounds like the translation of it first, and then we'll do a deep dive into sort of factor. Okay. In the name of Allah, in the name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, okay? There is an assumption here that you're saying, I begin in the name of God, correct. Or I recite in the Name of God, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Okay.
And then you have al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen. All praise is due to Allah says God here is a translation of a lot. The Lord of the Universe, r Rahmani Raheem II The beneficence immerse the merciful, same we could say the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, same thing, Maliki omit the Lord of the Day of Judgment. He cannot do you alone we worship while he cannot stay in and to you alone return for help, ie the Nasir autonomous team guide us if Dena a sirata to the straight path or was the femur a Serato was the team the straight path? So Rocco Lavina anantha him the part of those that you have blessed. Okay, the path of those that you have favored? Okay, well, I eat in metal
goobie not the path of those who have incurred Your wrath.
Hola Pauline and nor nor those who have gone astray nor nor those who have lost their way.
If we were to look at another translation of of this
we look at athira salado studying serrato Latina naantali, he made him a movie on a symbol of Berlin.
And Professor of the Helene's translation says, the part of those who have blessed those who incurred though anger and who have not gone astray, okay, I like this transition a lot. Those who have blessed adapta lay him laid in about will be our nation, those who incur no anger when a law lien and those who have not gone astray. So it's like the description of the people on the path a
description of the people on the path, this is a basic translation of circle factor and if we were to break down the translation you know, basic breakdown
of Surah Al Fatiha right, what we find is the following. Okay.
We will find is
there is a part of Surah Fatiha there's
three parts Part Number one is the praise of Allah. Okay, part number two is our you know, our,
our our declaration
that lower ratio of employees but off of faith, of devotion
to Allah. Okay, and apart three
is the Dora, which we make
the doora at the end of Soto Okay, there's multiple ways to break it down. I'm just breaking down this way. Okay, because I think this helps in understanding the surah in a good way. Okay. There's more than one way to understand it. I'm just using this as a base
as a baseline. Okay.
All right. Praise of Allah.
Praise of Allah. Okay. What is it that we find in the praise of Allah? What's the first part that we find in the principle long Bismillah he
r Rahmani r Rahim he correct.
The most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Hmm. R Rahman. R Rahim. Is that right? That's a praise of Allah, isn't it?
So no people.
All right. I'll leave the transition for a second here. Okay. Okay, then we have the statement are this declaration Alhamdulillah he all praises to Allah robillard I mean, Lord of the, of the universe. Okay. Is this a praise of Allah? I've been alameen Lord of the universe. Is it a praise of Allah?
Yes or no? Indeed it is a bill Allah me around Rahmani Raheem repeats again, what I'm going to do is I'm going to times to
yes or no?
Maliki Yomi, de Lord of the Day of Judgment, is that a phrase of a lump?
Absolutely, it is.
okay. These are the four descriptions of Allah subhanaw taala and superfat
is a four descriptions of Allah in Surah Fatiha and again this is something as a small grammar point but just to highlight this to you. Look at this lilla he this has a customer here. He description number one has a customer
Okay, Robbie, or Ronnie number
or rukmani here as a customer number two Rahimi casilla three, my Nikki casilla.
This is I'm selectively selecting the customer there
because there's more than one grammar rule happening. But this actually these customers are what tie the meaning through the grammar.
That's an amazing thing about Arabic. It's not just the meaning, you know, like you read the transition and just the meaning that you know, you can understand from the translation or you may have like bullet points or like a numbered list or something. Okay? When every grammar word have, what happens is that when you understand it, the meaning is tied together by context, but also by the grammar. They all in all join together to create a very powerful meaning that when you understand that, you understand the Quran firsthand, it's like you are understanding it, you know, through the grammar that in which Allah has revealed his book. Okay, so you're protected from
somebody trying to mislead you. And this is something that Allah refers to. When he talks about money. It's like woman who?
Amani for in home, Eli also known for why loulan Medina yocto okitama, big infamous.
We are still Ruby Sameera.
There is from the People of the Scripture, who are known to be literate. Allah says from them is a group of people who are illiterate, who miyun they don't know the book. That's why they're illiterate. Even though they're able to read the book, like verbatim like, okay, you know, this is how it's read. But because they don't understand what they're reading last popular thing. It's like they don't know what they're reading. It's like they're illiterate. So panel, and then the eye after that, he says, the way Lula da da da da, da da,
the people, the the rabbi's who would write scripture by their own hands, passing it off as the scripture of, of God passing it off as the word of Allah. Why were they able to do this, because the people didn't know the word of Allah. Originally. That's why they were able to misguide the people today. So how the Quran is protected from this kind of this kind of
fabrications of these this kind of modifications. But people can mislead people.
If they have an agenda,
based on meaning based on interpretation, and then the versions like this all all, It's so confusing, nothing makes sense what's going on. That's because we don't know the book is because we don't know the book in its original form. And that some hannula is something that
is something that if we were to know the book in its original form, we will be protected from misguidance. From these kind of these kind of traps of a pawn, we will be protected from it. That's why it's very important folks to know the meaning of the words but also to know the underlying grammar and how we arrive at that meaning because that's what protects our understanding of the Quran and tries to mix it in sync with the understanding of the Sahaba.
Let's go back to our our, the praise of Allah part. This is the four aspects I'll translate this in a little bit okay, that I have our declaration of faith or a declaration
of faith slash devotion. What would that be people tell me
what do you think that will be?
Which I am referring to
he can I will do a
write you alone we worship and to you alone return for help. Okay, this I'm going to copy paste the is off. Okay.
You allow me worship and you allow return for help.
Then finally the door out
Let me make it dry supplication. What is this obligation that we make here people
either a Serato Stephane right starts from Guide us to the straight path and goes all the way to this last I'm going to copy the translation of professional haleem here
and guide us to the straight path.
The path of those
who you have blessed those who in Colonel anger and who have not gone astray, okay. This is like a base, a breakdown of certain Fatiha in three parts praise of a law, our declaration of faith and devotion. And then after that we asked the law a door right and this is you know
This is the, you know, the Makita This is the crux of the message folks. right that's the crux of the message is adore think about it the crux of the Quran is
the prayer or the citation that's always read in a Salah is a door. That thing that allows potluck calls the prayer is a door
because that is the reality is that's the crux of worship. That's the essence of our religion nor our relationship with Allah, tala connecting to him, humbling ourselves, asking him being very, like, you know, just like desperate and asking him trusting him the answer.
These are all less that's what worship is. That's what living a life of devotion means. So So Pamela, da, is like the proper subset. Dora Elijah Dora is worship, meaning it is the crux and essence of it. Almost Kitab the essence of the message is actually a door as well from Heidelberg.
Let us look at this.
Let us look at these words now. Okay.
All right, Manny are Rahimi Rabbil alameen, Maliki Ahmed D. Okay, let us dive deep into what these words are. Let's look at our rationale. Okay. All right, man.
Just trying to find it for you here.
This is a very, very nice book called The Arabic English Dictionary of Quranic usage.
And this is a very good book because it
it's a dictionary of the Quran. So Dictionary of the Quran. Now, Rahman and Rahim, both of these words have what's called an Arabic a shared root letter, okay.
Root letters in Arabic, are
common words, from which are common letters, a sequence of common letters from which many, many words are formed. And those words often share the common reading of the root just like if you have root of a tree, and the tree has a trunk and many branches, the branches share the same origin. So it's kind of the same idea here, the words shared the same origin, as there's a shared meaning quite often, in this case, raw heart and meme are the three words that are common in both of these in both of these words are Rahman and Rahim and you see first is raw, second is how third is mean if we call this r1 route letter number one, a route letter number two, and route letter number three, we can
label them as such, right? And you will find it to be the same thing here. r1 is ra r two is ha r three is MI, you can put your questions here, but SR mme it might get lost right now in the comments. How about when we do the QA at the very end? Shall you put the questions there inshallah.
Some people had some questions there, my apologies because of the answers. They are now way in the in the chat box. In Java, the author of the dictionary is Professor Abdul Halim was a professor hallym whose translation we are looking at here is the same professor who wrote this very good scholar of the Quran in Arabic, okay.
Now, let's look up these, these these root letters right here ah ha and meme.
Look what let's look up what this means here, okay. It means
it means what it means the womb, blood relatives, mercy, kindness, compassion, pity, sympathy, to show mercy to show compassion to let off to be kind, forgiveness bounty good, fortunate blessing of this route 11 forums occur 342 times in the Quran rahima 20 times over her moon eight times. 117 times a word Rama comes in the Quran urahara mean? Six times or Rama
57 times and 113 additional times in the best manner, right? What's the most similar again?
Those were smarter.
Right? Yeah, there we go.
All right, 150 115 times a Rahim. Additional 113 times in the bus melodious, Ruhama once or hum four times, model hammer once, or 12, times and Russian once.
All of these words, as you can see, have the same root letters, and the same basic meaning which is mercy, kindness, compassion,
bounty blessing, the womb and blood relatives are, you know, the idea is that a mother has the most mercy the most kindness shows the most mercy and kindness to the world, like the child in her womb. And likewise, the blood relatives that we have that Allah has tied us with, like, you know, that's his choice to make these people are blood relatives. They are someone worthy of mercy, kindness, compassion, you know, forgiveness, get bounty and good fortune, right. So this is something that you find
like these meanings are all like interrelated. Let's look at what this word rahima means, right?
urashima means to show mercy, right? But a lot of really, what are Hamlet, a communal hasui the drama of a prophet
have a new holiday slot. In fact, if you do not forgive me and have mercy on me, I shall be of the losers, okay. It also means to guide when I as I do not have to live in murrah hemara book, they will continue to be at odds with one another, except for those whom your Lord has guided Allah because when Allah guide somebody that, you know, like they end up being, they they stop being at odds, right? It stopped being at odds to become like one, and that is one of the greatest situations of goodness and bounty that you can think of right?
Let's look at the word, man. This is the Most Merciful, the magnificent, Lord of mercy.
Lord have mercy my MC Kahuna Illa. None holds them up. saith the Lord have mercy. Okay, a very beautiful name. It is the name of the Medina Surah Surah. Rahman. And so named because of the first iron or rough man animal, okay, now urahara has many, many meanings like the Most Merciful, the magnificent,
Lord of mercy, all of these meanings really what they're trying to show is a love heart. Allah's mercy is so much that really words don't even do justice. Right word don't even do justice to the mercy of Allah. subhanaw taala
Rahim likewise is the one who is endowed with mercy and compassion.
As a human being human beings can be Rahim.
Valentina Morrow should not well cafaro however, who may know whom, and those with him are hard against the disbelievers merciful amongst themselves, but it's also an attribute of a lost part of the most compassionate
in oneself through or self through law, her in alcohol or food or Rahim asked forgiveness of God, He is the most forgiving, and the most compassionate. So panela so what does let's take the meaning Lord have mercy or the Most Merciful?
Let's take these meanings here. The Most Merciful, hmm. The Lord have mercy.
And then we have our Rahim
which would be something like
the most compassionate,
the most compassionate in reality, in reality brothers and sisters, these two words are a similar and the idea that they're trying to present to us as a last part, the law is so merciful, so loving, so generous, so forgiving that really, our language can't even fully describe it.
words don't do justice to it, or rough model. That is a last first interview
right? That's his first introduction to us to remind us that always remember a lost part Allah is the one who is the Lord of mercy. The one who loves and shows kindness, one who forgives, and it doesn't matter what we have done
a lot pantallas Mercy is available as long as we're alive and haven't read our last breath. No one is beyond hope. No one is a lost cause. Nobody is at a point where it's, it's to them too much wrong.
Because Allah mentions these two things first, in total factor in the Quran before anything else to remind us, we need to be hopeful in Allah's mercy and love. And never let shavon think that we are so bad that it's beyond hope that is a trick of shape one, that is a trick of Geodon to make us think that it is its followers too late. It's too far down the road.
We believe our most popular is a friend of mine, Bob Miller, I mean, a lot, Robin, I'll admit if I was to find this word quickly for you,
Lord of the universe is a translation for it right.
And if I was to find it here, I will very shortly show it to you.
Right there, okay, look at the word ARRA lump.
It the word if I can
mean Rob means Lord. Okay. I am. So the ruler route letters, I mean, it means a mountain or a landmark, a mark or a flag Island, actually with a fatahna it.
It means to know to learn to be acquainted and form knowledge that's Akin with a customer. Okay? It has been suggested by some scholars that the word mean, meaning the world or the universe
is a very early morning from either Hebrew or Syriac. Okay, it is possible. That's something that's suggested by some scholars, but if you look at the word itself, the word is
the word it means knowledge, okay? Our limb is the one who knows knowledgeable the word
from that same route.
Explorer is I mean, is the world's, the universe, the creation all of mankind, humankind.
Every person, everybody, the idea is the follows. Or the idea is as follows.
The Lord of the, of the,
of the entire creation,
okay? And the idea is as follows the creation of a lot, everything that exists, tells us about who Allah tells us about his glory, his magnificence, you know, his creation tells us or informs us about him. He, that's what we learn from this. So one of the things that we need to do is to constantly ponder or his creation. One of the things as a believer that we must do is to constantly ponder over the magnificence of our last creation, okay, if you look at for example,
if you look at this surah Allah Emraan this surah at the very end of it, Allah describes people who he says are the people of understanding Oulu Al Bab and why are the people of understanding or what is like you know, like what makes them people of understanding? What makes the people of understanding is they remember Allah Yes, Guru de la have gamma makuta Allah God him. They remember Allah at every opportune time that they could remember Allah in, but also where Taka Corona he helped us somehow evil or they ponder over the creation of the heavens and the earth, the entirety of Allah's creation, they ponder over
They remember him in their hearts, they
examine his creation using their minds Ahlul Al Bab, people have clear thought. And these are the ones who then arrive at the conclusion or banaba kalocsa. Lord, you have not created created all of this without purpose.
So panaca Glory to you for free in our webinars save us from the trauma to the fire. So Pamela, this is a very beautiful, you know, a description of who these people are. In Surah Fatiha Allah reminds us of this, that He is the Lord of everything.
But not just that. So he didn't say, Rob be cliche, Alhamdulillah he'll be cliche. Okay.
Alhamdulillah he'll be somewhat he went out to use a quadratic expression, the Lord of the skies and the earth, heavens in the earth, you know, that he didn't say that this is our beloved. And one of the wisdoms here is that, to know our Lord, we must also look at the creation of our Lord. And that's an amazing, you know, way to discover and engage with who our Lord our master is Maliki Yomi. Dean, the
Owner of the Day of a dean is
he call it the day of
a back recomm Recompense. Yes.
It'll there's many meanings to it the actually means faith and religion.
In one meeting, but also means
like the same word or same route is used to describe a loan died, okay. So, a deed is often
in this context used to talk about the,
the day when everybody gets paid back, what they are owed, what they deserve, okay? And this is meant to be a threat, right? These two names are meant to be to inspire love of Allah. Okay.
This name of Allah, Maliki oma deed, is to inspire fear of Allah, he's the Owner of the Day of payback. If he wants, he can take us to task. If we are going to take his love and mercy and compassion for granted. He is going to then perhaps we will become misled by our desires, and forget that he is also the Owner of the Day of payback. Both of these things go hand in hand like evil, Josie says that this is like these are the two, two wings of a bird. If you chop one leg off the birds gonna, you know, tailspin
and then die, right fault can fly. These two things are go hand in hand, in understanding who our Lord is, praise of Allah patana.
Allah to us so many different names describe himself and sort of attack. He chose these four, okay. And these four fundamentally tell us about our relationship with the last patana He is the Most Merciful, the most compassionate is love, Brahma de was the art kulesza His love, His mercy overtakes everything, His mercy is far greater than his punishment, but he is also the order of the day of judgment.
They are payback, of you have to understand both things are there. And that's where the true believer is afraid of a las pantallas punishment. And that keeps us you know, keeps us in check. But that does not become paranoid, because that could become it could create paranoia. We are always remembering and happy and hopeful. Expecting allows mercy because he is our father he and balancing these two is like our life in between them is
how do you discover your Lord, to discover him because he's Rob he takes care of us. And you discover him by his creation, is creation informs us about who he is. So out on a very beautiful, very powerful, this park, the declaration of faith, he cannot do what he can to start you alone we worship and to you alone return for help. This is two parts, right? First part is you will not be worshipped. The second part is you will return for help. The worship part. Nobody disputes, right? You don't worship anybody but Allah. Allah Of course, right? This is a very, very it's a given thing, isn't it?
Yes or no? That's what Islam is. You worship Allah alone, right? But what about this part?
Turned for help? Is the same expression ear canal Buddha studied exactly the same expression. Can we ask people for help in Islam? Can we like get assistance?
Of course we can. Right? But why does the law say this here? This is you alone return for help. The idea is our hope in
when we need something our hope should be that Allah is the one who provides us. exactly perfect. God realizes that he's not like the last resort or last patola he's not like we asked this person we asked this person Yeah, this person. And everybody says no, there is no love is healthy. Our first resort, our entire hope is Allah will help us. So there's something that we need to say Allah help us will help me in this one will help me get through this will either help me
and I'll find another job. Help me get through this difficult time, how my family helped my kid, whatever it is, first resort is Allah, Allah, and he's the one we trust to take care of us. That He will send people he will open doors, he will make ways when the high schooler Yes, Sharon was up while sukhumvit High School is providing an opening, you know, opportunities for places we did not expect. But the idea, folks, is we just like we worship Allah alone, nobody else. We need to turn to Allah first and foremost, and only expects from Allah subhanaw taala.
This, what it does is that it creates harmony and peace, because we know our reliance is Allah, you know what something is good. Last part Allah has blessed us. But something is bad. Last part that is testing us. And in both cases, we have to be in the case of be blessed. We have to be thankful. And you know, continue to do good. And continue to pray. And in the situation where he's tests us. We have to be patient, and continue to do good. And continue to pray to Allah, Allah. But the, you know, the response in our mind is clear. Whatever a response comes from Allah, Allah, we are here to, you know, be thankful and be patient to him. He cannot do a yoga style. That's one thing to note
Second thing to note here, of course, is you alone, you alone, he Yaga Yaga.
This is a very strong emphasis, by Allah subhanaw taala, you will only worship You will only ask for help you don't worship anybody else. Anything that is supposed to be worshipped belongs to a law, not to any human being not anything, it only is from likewise our help our hope, our it'll like our faith in how things will turn around if things aren't going well. Shouldn't be in people has to be in a law alone. And our trust that a loss plan is perfect and supreme for us. That's how we should understand that you alone reach out for help. Yeah.
Very amazing. This is so powerful. Even Josie wrote like a whole book on it.
the word we worship and we turn for help it does that mean that we are trusting a lot. We don't be caught ourselves off for people. No, we are a part of a collective we live in a system we're not living in a vacuum. We need people to support us. But we don't expect and hope from them. We actually expect to the hope of a loss.
When we worship, we're not supposed to be worshiping a low.
We're not supposed to be worshiping alone. We're supposed to be worshiping worshiping Allah together. The best manifestation of this is the prayer in combination. It is 27 times more than the prayer that a person prays by themselves. When we are in whether we are alone.
You know we say or the people we say yeah, cannot will do what you have to decide. Because the ideas even if you are alone in worshiping Allah, understand you're part of the large Ummah and you're part of a community wherever you are. And as believers we have to work together like law says, but when we do it, I will not bow to him earlier about your lunamon biography where and how
you came with a solid, believing men and women are allies. They're together in this a, they command the good, they forbid the evil. They establish the prayer. They give the charity, right they obey a lot is messenger.
The idea is this is done collectively, folks.
We can't isolate ourselves from the people from our community from our you know, from the believers, because like the Protestant side the one who is alone in them, as it will be a lot of middle casia the the wolf preys on the,
the the sheep that is by itself. So Panama. So, this is three points from our declaration of faith, more devotion. The Ayah from Surah Toba, I will right here for you.
Where is it? Very, this is number 971. Right? I am number
we worse we are in this together.
Right. That's one of the important meanings here.
The derive the very general conclusions and chautala. And I've gone a little bit over time, Guide us to the straight path. Look at how Allah describes the path. Okay, firstly, this is the path right here. Okay, how does he describe it? He describes it as
a Serato masterpiece team almost up in the street. Right? The path is straight. Okay, it is.
Being straight. The path being straight is actually a affirmation that this is the right way of life. See, it's the right way to live. Even though it's a it's a construct an abstract thing. It's not like it's a road we're walking on, we're living our life, right? But it's as if imagine this is a road. And that road is if you're on it, towards gender, it's straight.
Because that's the right path. That's what the idea of slavery was the theme is, the other way the route is described is, is the people that are on it, and the people who are not on it, the path of those
who you have blessed, right, that is another description of the path, isn't it?
Another description is those who are not on and those who incur no anger, very little moldoveanu him and those who have not gone astray. So it's like the path is described in four ways as well.
There is four aspects of a loss, praise. And then there is four aspects to the door. Or the four aspects of the path that we are trying to walk to get to Allah, it straight was the key. It is the path of those Allah has blessed suddenly, not only him, there's a path of those who incur no anger at the moment to be
the ones who incur anger are the ones who have deliberately tried tough temper with this path or to temper with like the the religion. We have incurred anger, who have gone astray those who think living ignorantly and blissfully is fine, will be okay. At the end of the day, it was the most merciful, okay, that is an element of being a straight four ways to describe the path, four beautiful descriptions of a lot popular this phrase, and then the middle of it all the declaration of our faith that describes our relationship with the last part Allah, He is the one we worship alone. He is the one returned to help for just like you worship, he is the one that our entirety of
our worship is in worship is to and he is the one who is our entire trust is it and of course Lastly, we are in this together as believers. These are some points from this very beautiful surah. I could go on for a longer time. What's a mandala hit? The interesting thing is folks, that when a Razzie wrote his seal
a Razzie I think has the seal comes in 20 volumes is a massive books parallel volume, however the volumes 20. Okay.
The first volume of the 20 is what
solfatara has the seer only. That's how much time he devotes to sort of
soheila 20 of saying 20 off the top of my head. I could be 2025 you know 18 it'll be
I don't know the exact number. But imagine 20 parts, one of that part in its entirety is devoted to just one surah. That's only seven is barely a page of crap. Because there's so many beautiful things to discuss here.
But these were some thoughts, some things that I hope will collect connect us back to sort of half of the last upload any questions or comments, we can take those out the recording gets a shout out, I'll upload the recording and send it to you. differences of opinion is their opinion that if you respond to Mr. Salas, you have to make that up. In that regard, is that correct? According to the majority of scholars, whereas the majority will be the four bathhouse in particular,
the recitation of the Imam serves as your citation. Okay, that's about it for a while.
And others and according to some like me, Tamia, he says, and others, you know, beforehand, but after him, you have to read through to Fatiha even if the vibe is recited, get out loud, if the vibe is not precisely out loud, you know, the scholars like even
at a Batavia say you should read it.
Whether you've ever thought reading out loud, if the vibe is reading out loud, then the majority say hesitation is enough. But there's a few who say you should read it. If the above gives you a chance, or whether there's a break, but allow the correct opinion is if the man is reading out loud, that suffices Allah Juana but the verb is silent. You read if you're by yourself, everybody agrees you have to find out all right, what is the other question? The recording will be shared I can share this document as well the problem with shall I'll put it put a link to it on the YouTube description in sha Allah. Baraka fakie Surya Fatiha means to the one that opens right the one that opens or the
is Rukia like Dora Rukia is is a is a Dora or is your citation of Quran seeking cure of Allah? pata okay? There is a nuclear that's done by reciting Quran like total factor.
There's nuclear and dead by begin Dora like jabril Elisa once came to the Prophet Allah when he was sick and he made the offer him Bismillahi R. Min coolish a new week in Cali Sharia Hassidim with Kali shall we be equally shall read
typically Shabbat are I did has it in our it has ceded a law who you speak with law he at a peak, that is the law he made that oh by the name of a law I do Rukia audio asked a lot of pure you that he made a list of things that he's asking that for and have a deal superfast how I believe I'll have is called sub scholars call it a hub. But we don't have that and to the best of my knowledge in the books of Hadith. Like many scholars have many other names for it dictates for the syrup.
But it's not out of the ordinary because Alhamdulillah is one of the first is the first AI according to a whole group of scholars. So you could say Alam is the name of Soto Fattah Why do we call suburbian basadi ceramidin masani because a lot popper calls it the seven oft repeated or offer sided versus that's what he calls it. It's little
sort of age of either number 87 of surah 15
and this is some ambulant muthoni folks, is our last way of describing the glory of the surah it's recited so much it stands out from the Quran
m such webinars I think we should do more I guess yeah, share notes on social media chat Allah we can do that you by all means yes whatever though to bait you know you're free to share inshallah with whoever can benefit shout Allah Bismillah Rahim is it Maduro? dot Yes. What are what is the root? So Allah is the root and our body is that and our Rahimi is not what are these terms? These are Arabic terms for the Muslims, one of our students have the steps to every program so he's asking a question about the Arabic grammar here, Mashallah. How can we know in medicine or cure in particular is with our Arab? Well, it's best to ask like someone specifically about a medicine,
medicine cannot be necessarily be there because, you know, started to worship, but it could be Haram in the sense of its ingredients are Haram. For that you should refer to
Somebody who is more qualified in that matter is
what they use on people who are possessed budgets. Correct. That is a type of nuclear.
That is nuclear. That's one type of nuclear seeking cure for people who are possessed budgets. But opia is not just that nuclear is anything that ails a person. Nokia is seeking a cure for that, hello, while they might hear the US has treasurable me as the Lord of all systems of knowledge, a thought I would think that is a
I would think that's an incorrect translation.
Because Allah is not systems of knowledge I love is like described by the scholars of language,
like randomness for how he specifically talks about this, that it is the
everything except Allah is Allah, but it's called the island because it gives you a little more of a lot. It gives you knowledge of what law is, and it is like our lm, it's like a great landmark that Allah has created. So I don't think that's a good translation. Perhaps it is,
you know, a misunderstanding below Allah.
Lot of people Abdullah, I'm glad that all of you joined us have the land, we had a good discussion, I hope that we will continue more of these. This is the kind of setting that we have for our steps to Arabic class, I would encourage you to check it out. The website for it is right here. Steps to Arabic alcocer.org. If you are interested in learning more about the added Arabic shantala that is something you can find here being like Allah, regardless have the left we will be hopefully hopefully we'll do more of these
webinars be the lead data. And thank you again for coming out does that bulkhead
so helical hub we have the kadesh de la ilaha illa and that stuff will go to like Santa Monica or Amata lucky