Fiqh of Fasting

Aarij Anwer

Channel: Aarij Anwer

Topics: Fiqh

Episode Notes

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Fiqh of Fasting and Welcoming Ramadan. Some questions that we discussed were:

1) Does a pregnant/nursing woman have to fast? If she doesn’t, then how does she make up for the fasting?
2) What happens if I have to travel during Ramadan?
3) How old does a child have to be before they start fasting?
4) How old does a person have to be before they are excused from fasting? What do they do to make up for it?

Also discussed were three things we should do to maximize the benefit of Ramadan.

Episode Transcript

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altavilla initiate on regimes with less. Human Hungary la salatu salam ala rasulillah ala alihi wa sahbihi omala roboshot uncle

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Sonny fo polio la Marina attina Tonia Hassan. Hassan, Okinawa Salam aleikum, WA

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Xochimilco, him for coming out after the slot. We will talk about Ramadan inshallah today

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and we will talk about two things inshallah we'll talk about Firstly, fifth of Ramadan, the fifth particularly of fasting, how what are the rules of fasting? What are the three what are the can of fasting? What is haram? What is halal, what is recommended? Who needs to fast? What happens if a sister is pregnant? What happens if she's breastfeeding? What happens if you like to travel, what happens the day the day you leaving the day you're returning all of those details, we'll talk about a child's data in the form of fasting, we will also discuss inshallah some tips and advices from myself inshallah. to myself, firstly, and then the rest of everybody else on how to make the most of

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Ramadan. Because Milan is the month where we can eat you can truly change our lives. You know, we can say that about many things. It is said about many things, but truly it applies to Ramadan, it can change our lives and transform us. So, some advice on that, inshallah I think it will be great. Let us begin initially by discussing the fact of fasting, because I think it is important that we understand why we're doing what we're doing, and how to do it. Clearly because unless Parker says, For Allah, Allah Hu La ilaha illallah wa Stouffer live in big, it says, know that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah. And that you should forgive are asked Allah forgiveness. And the

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Romans say that this ayah begins with knowledge farlam and Allah Allah Allah, Allah Subhana Allah if Allah Allah Allah which is the base of everything, tawheed that is the foundation of everything, even before that Allah matches know. So everything that comes after the Foundation, which is you know, the fit of the other vehicle muamalat a club everything, we have to know that as well we have to understand it the knowledge and and acting upon that all knowledge is the priority. So that's why we want to make sure that we understand what we're doing in Ramadan, let us define the word of cm right a cm and assume are used interchangeably to describe fasting a cm and assume about us. And

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they both have the same meaning. Okay? What they mean is insuk unashamed. It means to hold back something that's what it means in the language. So for example, we have in the Quran, Maria Molly's salam, when she is when she has delivered baby IE sorry, salaam, and he's and she's bringing baby and he said to the people, there is nothing she could do to explain what has happened, because people will What? accuser of blasphemy, so Subhanallah and you know, accusing her of of that, would it be considered blasphemy. So now she brings the baby and Allah tells her that

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if someone says something to you for pulling in in order to the Rahmani Soman, fallen cuca nimal Yama in sia,

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say to the people, whoever talks to you and says something to you say I have taken an oath to have a soul.

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And so I will not speak today. You see the word so misused in the ayah. In this ayah it means the linguistic meaning I have taken an oath to have a sewn, I'm fasting from speaking, meaning I will refrain from talking because as we talked about, she could not explain what has happened that was emerges as a miracle from last pattana and then of course, who spoke to explain what happened.

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The baby itself right he said Assad himself spoke as the baby. Have you seen the baby was in a day old or something? I it's amazing when you think about the merger of SLS as a one a one day old baby speaking about defending his mother alongside anyway that is the linguistic meaning of song and that it means to hold back from something in in the shower when we say fasting a song obviously mean holding back from a bomb shrub. We're

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gonna write three main things. It is holding us back from the

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Eating and drinking and having intimacy with our spouse. That is the three main things that everybody agrees will invalidate the fast. Alright, now let's talk about fasting fasting is very simple again the pillars of fasting are two number one pillar is you have to not eat anything or drink anything or have intimacy during the daylight hours from dawn Dawn is when the sun has just starting to rise. If you say sunrise that's incorrect the sunrise is you know Dawn is 515 year for Oregon is probably for 440 or something or 445 sunrises six o'clock okay. The correct word is Dawn right as the sun as it begins to rise until sunset sunset is when it is and Madrid and sunset means

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the whole sun has disappeared, not just that the sun has started to dip below the horizon, the entirety of it has gone below the horizon the daylight hours event is the time where we hold ourselves back from eating, drinking and having intimacy of course after the daylight hours everything is permissible again all types of eating and drinking of course was hollow you know, haram stuffs remains haram and all halal intimacy remains as such, okay. This is the evidence for that is, I think fairly obvious what the Quran speaks about this sponsor says,

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you know, falana vashi Luna, who macatawa la hola como Kuru shabu hot de un local hypo avialble, mineral, the mineral fetcher Tamati masama ayah number 187 of Surah Baqarah. So number two describing don't have relations with your spouses during the time of fasting, but afterwards, it's totally fine. In fact, before this Iowa's revealed the Sahaba would not allow to have intimacy even at the night that wasn't the beginning and later on alas Patil explains in the ayah, that you can do it in the night, no problem insha Allah and it is something you should seek market of Allah Allah, Allah has written this for you, Allah has made it permissible, Allah has made it has facilitated

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facilitated it for you. So go ahead, and you know, enjoy the fruits of intimacy, Mr. Babu macatawa la hola como so beautiful way to describe the the relationship. There are many enormous benefits from it, right? Just the bond it creates between the spouses, the fulfillment of desires, procreation, everything. I mean, so panela It is like eating and drinking, if you think about it, or light, it's just as important. So, Allah, Allah, Allah says, go seek that because of all the benefits and all the fruits of it, then eat and drink until the it's clear to you that the sun has risen like it is Dawn, then you stop eating, and continue to fast until it is in a lane, right until

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after the sun has set. So that is a broken world, the first pillar of fasting which is to hold ourselves back from those three things. The second pillar of fasting pillar, by the way, is something as Ian mentioned previously, in other talks, if you remove the pillar from a structure, the building will fall. Okay, if you remove the pillar from fasting, the fasting does not count. So obviously, this is a pillar number one, pillar number two is a Nia intention. That is a pillar of the fasting, if I'm praying fudger Okay. And I have the pseudonym of Virgil and the father of fudge, right? How many records is asuna? fudger?

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Tortugas? How many records is the fourth of June? Two records, okay, what differentiates the two?

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The intention, right? If you're praying it, they're exactly the same, right? You can pray the two records of the sooner fudger. And the two records for the future, exactly everything the same, but the only difference between the two is when you make the attention of the sooner it is sooner, the intentional the fourth, it is the fourth. So the first is what rather than near the intention is what differentiates. So when it comes to fasting, the intention has to be there. The intention has to be there that you are fasting. Now, how do you make the intention? Do you verbalize it? You say I am fasting today, right? You don't have to do that. Okay. The fact that you have woken up for So

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sure, as an example, is demonstrating your intention to fast. Correct. Do you usually wake up at 3am 3:30am to eat? You don't, right? You're waking up for school. Clearly, that's your intention. Okay. So even if you didn't wake up for school, but you prepared something for yourself, and then panela you overslept masiva

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but

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The fact that you had that intention, and to like in action that itself counts as intention will handle the law. So, the idea being is we have to, it's not just that you didn't have breakfast, so you're hungry, and then you'd like us today. That's not the idea. The idea is, you made up your mind before the fasting has begun. Alright, so that's the pillar. It's very straightforward

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for us because you know, you're going to be having so you have the intention to fast. So it's not it's an obvious thing, but it's still something to mention, and point out clearly. Okay. So this is when it comes to the

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fasting, its linguistic, meaning its pillars. Now, let's talk about

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let's mention one small thing about the beautiful benefits of fasting, Allah SWAPO says in the, you know, for example, correspondences in the corner for an quotevalet calcium kamakoti Valentina macabre comme la la comme Taku. The most important benefit of fasting is it allows us to attain the quality of taqwa. And the quality of taqwa is, you know, that is the goal. Right? That is what you would want in your life. So the court the fasting allows us to attain the quality of stuff, what is the interesting and the beautiful connection between the two? What is fasting fasting is

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holding back right, fasting is holding back, what is the one

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holding back as well, right holding back yourself and desires, holding back yourselves from looking at something perhaps that you want to look at. But it's haram to hold back from holding back from doing something that is perhaps Haram, you know, and it's very easy and very inviting. But you know what, I won't do it. This is haram, I'll stay away from it. That's exactly the idea of taqwa to hold ourselves back. And when we hold ourselves back from, you know, things that are halal, right food and drink halon when we train ourselves to hold ourselves back from that, that is training to hold ourselves back from harm. That is how the core is acquired. So it's a beautiful thing, the beautiful

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connection between fasting and duck, we're also the messenger of a loss. Awesome, said one comma later. positie email Allahumma Takata mentum v. Mon sama Ramadan, at 700 Matata momentum v. This is a Muslim, that whoever stands up for the night of the power later to other with a man and expecting a large reward, Allah will forgive the sins that that person has committed in the past. Likewise, whoever fast stumbled on with a man this is something I'm doing for the sake of Allah, and I'm expecting a lot to reward me, then that person's reward will be forgiveness from Allah. So it's a beautiful month. It's a beautiful action. It's a pillar of Islam. And with that, let's talk about

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who needs to fast. Who needs to fast the month of Ramadan.

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Okay, so let's see, we have five things, okay. Number one person has to be Muslim, excellent. If you're not a Muslim, you have bigger problems, you have to become Muslim first, inshallah. So let's say that you have the other pillar number one before you get to pillar number four. Yeah. Okay, Muslim. Number two, you have to analyze a Muslim.

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You know, we're not like being derogatory or something, you know, you are Muslim, you're not fasting in our Muslim, you're not to pray. This is a very simple idea. There's no, like, controversy there. And number two is, you have to be.

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So you have to be an adult who sin sin or sanity is like,

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it's a built in condition. Yes. But we're going to assume that there is nothing wrong with you. You're not like say in a exceptional situation where, you know, you're, you're disabled, or something, you know, we're going to assume that right? So with that assumption, somebody who's an adult, somebody who is an adult

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Bulu, right, mature, what is an adult in Islam, an adult in Islam is

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right from wrong.

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Excellent. It is, in fact, somebody who reaches the age of puberty,

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you reach the age of puberty, you are now considered to be an adult in Islam,

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irrespective of what that age might be, because there is a difference in age. But whenever a person reaches that age, they are an adult. So that means that if the condition is you have to be an adult, then who doesn't have to fast

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a kid right children don't have to fast, very simple and very obvious. Now. There is

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orlimar comment on this and they say, well, there's a child, you know, children are, you know, you can classify it as two major stages. One is when there is sabi radle mama use a child like an actual small child. And then you can say a subby. l mom is a child that is, you know, a little older not an adult yet, but he's not a baby either. Okay. So generally speaking, you have seven years and younger, would count as somebody who's like a little baby like a child. It's okay, he's just a child, right? But seven and above eight 910 11. And, of course, before puberty, all of those ages, you are sabinal mommies, you know, the parents expect some responsibility. You know, in the

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classroom, you have certain responsibilities, right? If you can act like a baby, you can just like cry on the street, like throw a tantrum, those things are unacceptable from a child at age, right.

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So a savvy mama is is expected to, you know, be on their way towards becoming an adult. Now, it's not why do you want them to fast, but the older man say it is recommended that the fast, same thing for like by as an example, a hijab, a girl who has to wear hijab, she doesn't have to wear hijab until she reaches the age of puberty. But

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it is going to be very difficult to like flip a switch and say, Okay, now we're hijab. So a Serbian woman is from that age, it's good to have the training, start wearing it, students. So Lisa, by the time she reaches an age, it's already part of her personality. Or our last one, okay, so Muslim and an adult. Yes. Number three is you have to be of good health. Your Health has to be good. All right. So now what are the two so there's a few details here. You can have a person who is extremely old

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or maybe just old, and not extremely old, but a person who is so old that they can't fast the health, their health is going to deteriorate, right? So for example, my dad is old, Mashallah is about to retire. But he is not old enough to not fast, right? He has to fast he's perfectly fine. You know, he can fast no problem. But, you know,

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there are certain people that I see in the masjid, the solo that I pray at, you know, very old people super late, you know, they're just, if they fast, they'll just pass out or something. Right. So for these people, because they're so old, they're not required to fast because it's too difficult while Alina, usually Punahou, Fabian affiliate and miskeen. Right? If the one who is not able to bear it, they have to read they have to make up for it. We'll talk about making up in a little bit. Okay?

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What happens if you are sick? Okay.

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But your sickness is law your boo, right? You're not very old, but you have a sickness that there is no hope that you're going to recover from

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a sickness where you have no hope that you will recover from obviously that person has to not fast if they have the option of not fasting okay? examples would be like you know, they are maybe you know, they have cancer or something it's very

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exactly right. So many many examples of those where you know, you've asked is going to be devastating for you, particularly a longer fast so no fasting as well. You have to make up for it. We'll talk about the making of it a little bit inshallah.

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And then there is a person who gets sick like say, if I get a flu during Ramadan, Allah and I'm just like, in the bed, you know, very, very difficult for me, then I have the option also of not fasting, right? Because if it's like sick, that I'm sick, I feel like I can't get out of the bed, then fine. You can also have the option of not fasting that is the flight to small things. I have a headache or I have a migraine brother, it's okay, inshallah you'll be fine. Right? Relax. It's something that's like a serious thing. Okay. So and we all have I think the prerequisite for to know when it is that we want when is that we're really sick right? I mean, no one is just going to skip fast because they

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have a headache inshallah.

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So, that person is also somebody who is exempted from that, all right. So, how do you make up the fast right? If you're not obviously if you have good health, you have to fast if you are not able to then not you have to make it make it up somehow. What is the making up of the fast there is two possibilities. possibilities. Number one is you make up the fast after Ramadan. Okay, possibility number two is you feed a poor person, what's equivalent to two meals, right, it is approximately, you know, it's called Nisar me

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book which is like or more autumn, right? barley or wheat or beets, two handfuls of it, which is approximately 1200 grams, approximately two meals, okay?

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Every fast you miss, you have to feed a person two meals, okay? Now, those are two possibilities for the person, the sick person who is unable to recover the sick person who is unable to recover for the old person, extremely old person who is unable to fast. All right, both of those two, what is the makeup for fasting that they miss, they have to feed a person for every single facet that they have missed, right? So for example, you have ns numatic. Now the last one who the great Sahabi, who lived for over like 90 years or something, like he was very old, when he passed away, the messenger have also made the app for him that all love bless him in his in his wrist, and his in his, in his

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in his age. And so Hannah law he lived to like reor 90 that was not the normal thing, by the way, people did not have like life expectancies back then of 90s people pass away like in their late 50s and if you over outlive that, that's considered you lived a lot panela so and has almost doubled the life expectancy because of the door of the prophets of Allah subhanaw taala what happens to a person who is

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in that situation, they would rather what the analysts do and so the old man who would feed every day a person to meals, you know, to make up for the fast so that's for the person who is surely old or who's sick and cannot make up for the question. So, they are in Java and the third option or the third case of the person who is sick, but you know will recover inshallah they have to do what

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they have to make up the fast after Ramadan they cannot just say you know what I was saying I'll free the free person and halus I don't have to make up the fast no rather you had to make it up okay. You have to make up the fast after Ramadan finishes, ideally as quick as you can know most most ideally, you do it or not most ideally, most definitely you should try to do it before the next time along comes around. If

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you have a whole year 11 months to do whatever fast you missed, ideally do it as quickly as you can, okay. So, that is

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the person who is

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able to recover they have to make it up the one who is not able to recover or the one who was because old age not able to fast then they have to feed a person. Okay. So overall conditions number one was you have to be Muslim. Number two, adult right, number three,

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same resume, right, but number three was healthy, right? Very good. Number four was you are not traveling. You are not traveling, you are looking, you're staying in a place. Okay? Because if a traveler the traveler has the option of not fasting, okay, a traveler has the option of not fasting so let's define what is the travel right so last month that's Mancha Maria's on our Safari vitamin A, I mean, this is clear if whoever is sick or they are traveling then in determine a Yamanaka they have to make it up in nature the other days. And the other eye Allah says Amen. Can Mr. Egan

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as a woman

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follow larina up akuna woofie. The atomic bomb is key. That's the evidence for the one who is not able to bear the fast because of old age and or a sickness that is very crippling. Okay, so now here is a traveler. What is the traveler? Right a traveler? What does it think if I go from I don't know. Milton to Pickering Am I a traveler? No, right cuz I'm still in the city. Right? I'm still in Toronto, even though that's a lot of kilometers Mashallah. And if you do that during rush hour, May Allah help you.

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You're probably on the road for like two hours, three hours. So

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it is not that you are traveling around the city. It is that you are traveling outside of your city, right? The definition of it is either la minakari it when you have crossed the boundaries of your city, that is when you are that's when your travel starts. Okay. So for example, you are leaving Toronto to go to, I don't know, say Waterloo. Once you have passed, Milton, which is on the west side, now. We have departed the

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I am euro Korea. Okay, the last border of what's considered GTA and now, at that point you have started becoming a traveler. Okay, that's number one. Number two, there's a distance, the distance is about 82 kilometers, roughly rounded up to 100 kilometers. Okay, just to make things easy. Basically, the distance between your house and the place you're traveling has to be 100 kilometers

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100 kilometers and you have departed from your city. Once that happens, you are what? A travel. Okay, so you go to Waterloo, definitely over 100 kilometers. You have crossed the city, you are

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traveling right? There's many definitions by the Members giving you a thing a simple one that also falls within the conservative opinions, right? that some people like I know some brothers who came not know but I've heard of brothers who came from Saudi, Mashallah the students and they've been praying their suffer prayer for like six months.

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You definitely are a student, you are living in this country. Right? You will no longer travel even if you don't feel like you belong in this country. Right. Assess abuse of the opinion, in my opinion, right. So people take this to extremes. So we try to keep it fair, but within a conservative, you know, in a conservative opinion channel.

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If I go to say Niagara Falls, am I a traveler?

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Toronto is not Niagara Falls.

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gta gta.

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Why do you? Why

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is it Oh, what what are the two things? Is it a 100 kilometers?

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Or 100? Like one point, right? Yes. Over 100? Yes. Do you cross the bounds of your city? Yes. So you are traveling a lot. Now. Just because you're a traveler. Just because your child doesn't mean you have to not fast. Okay? It's your option. majenta Sumo. highroller comala says that you fast is better for you. Okay, the message of a lost loss. I'm said at the on to put the other side of the argument clearly. It says the one who

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Allah wants or loves that you take the Russa. Allah loves it when you take the ease that Allah has given you. Right? So there's both arguments to be made. If you feel how do you combine the two that Allah says in the Quran? If you're fasting while you're traveling as better for you, the messenger says Allah loves him and you take the EAS that Allah has given you any concession that in the religion a lot smarter loves that how do you join within the to the way we joined between the two is as follows. If you feel you can fast while traveling hamdulillah hydro lacuna is better for you. If you feel that, hey, this is going to be really difficult. Then take the roofer take the ease, and

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that's better for you as well. Right. So it's a beautiful balance in our religion.

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Right It's not like a prayer prayer, it is recommended every time you travel, you know pray the shorten Salah el caso,

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but for fasting because it happens once a year. And this is a glorious month. There is some thought that has to be given to whether you are fasting or not. For example, if I am flying in Ramadan, I always not don't fast during the in the plane. The reason is because you get hyper dehydrated very fast in the plate. If I'm driving, unless it's like a really long drive. I will fast because I'm able to bear that I don't have to drink water while driving. It doesn't matter to me, right? But flying is very tough. You are just in awe Not only is the pressure really deeply difficult on the body, you get dehydrated just as a personal thing. I don't I'm not saying that you do that too. I'm

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just telling you as an example Personally, I don't do that if I am flying because it's very difficult for me I get dehydrated I get headaches. Very very dry throat so take a look so I'm driving once I drove to Ottawa and came back to normal on the same day. No problem I fasted all the way no issues because driving is not for me nothing right I handle I have no issues with it. So you figure out what it makes sense for you inshallah Tada. Now,

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there's a few details about the traveling that we will discuss. Okay. Assume you want to not fast while traveling. Okay, so you're flying out to Vancouver. If if you're flying out to Vancouver on say, Ramadan starts on Wednesday, okay. And you are flying out on a Friday, Friday. You're going to Vancouver, right?

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The day you are departing, you should start your fast. Okay, so Friday, then the night of Friday. I will have Soho and I will start my fast with the nice

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of fasting, then when I get on the plane, I'll still have my knee or fasting. But then once my plane departs, and I'm like, Oh, this is getting very difficult, then I will do what? Break the first I'll do if thought, right I will eat something or drink something and my first and this is completely acceptable. Then

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when I am returning, and for example, this is an SS Guna, Lucifer, Mondavi, follow your assignment.

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Allah, so if he says, We traveled with the Messenger of Allah, and some of us were fasting, others were not. And nobody criticized the other. Nobody said, hey, how come you're fasting? And no one said, hey, how come you're fasting, but something that this is, you know, a personal decision at the end of the day? Okay, so you're traveling on Friday, you start your fast, but then once you have started your travel, the plane has departed. Now, you feel like I'm traveling, this is difficult. If you will break your fast, no problem. When you are returning, when you are

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returning.

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When you and you are returning, and you're arriving in the city before if thought, okay, you're arriving in the city, before it starts. So say I'm returning on Sunday, Sunday, I will reach Toronto before it is.

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In that case, when you're coming back home, then you should fast that day. Even though you're traveling in that day, but you're returning home for a third, you should recommend it is that you fast that why is that

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you're coming home first. All right.

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Well, your normal theme and you start the fast, but you will clean by the time the fast ends. Right. So that's the recommendations for example, the handling will have that recommendation. And again, I'm going to say it is many many options that are available for everybody. Okay, so we are Muslim.

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Adult, healthy, not traveling, okay. Those are the four things the fifth one applies to sisters only Okay, brothers, you cannot do this. Sorry. Okay. The reason why you cannot do this is because allow me to that way that is biologically impossible. Yes.

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That refers to a sister who is in her period.

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Or a piece of sister who is in postpartum bleeding, and fasts. And a sister, let's add two more cases, a sister who is in was pregnant. And number four, a sister who is breastfeeding for situations for the sister, brothers, you cannot do any of that. Right? When I was when we had our first child, or from our first daughter, and my issue was I wake up a lot at night. So my wife would sometimes say, why don't you wake up? It's like, well, I cannot breastfeed the child, right? I can't breastfeed her right? That's why No, no, you can you wake up.

00:32:59--> 00:33:06

I was expected to provide moral support. Well, that whole thing is happening. A lot of us. So

00:33:07--> 00:33:08

we look at

00:33:09--> 00:33:26

the four situations. a sister who is in her period, and how does she have to fast? No, he cannot fast. She cannot it is haram for her to fast. In fact, even if she's able to do that I'm strong. I can do it. Sister Tom.

00:33:27--> 00:33:42

While you're in your period, it is haram. Now, here's an interesting way of looking at it. If I say something is haram if you know, say lying is Hara. Okay, and I don't lie. Do I get rewarded for not lying?

00:33:43--> 00:34:12

Of course right? If eating pork is haram which is it is haram. I don't eat pork. Is that do I get rewarded for that? Right so sister who doesn't fast during their period she's doing something that's not haram What is she getting? reward? So Pamela right, this is getting good men, no fasting and they get the reward alone. But she has to make it up the fast that she doesn't fast because of her period. She has to make them up after Ramadan ideally when

00:34:14--> 00:34:20

before next year, for sure, right. But ideally, as quick as possible, right as quickly as she can.

00:34:22--> 00:34:47

Exactly right as other people as quickly as you can, most most definitely before the next year right? Number one, that's the sister in her in a period. Likewise, sister in her postpartum bleeding and livers same thing. It's not allowed for you to pass her on. Mashallah, you're getting rewarded anyway. So make it up later. Okay, sisters and important thing you should track your missed fasts.

00:34:48--> 00:34:59

Particularly sisters who have kids and have had a bunch of kids in a row. You should track your fast because they can pile up really fast and you can forget so Pamela, this is not an easy thing. I traveled last year, Milan

00:35:00--> 00:35:27

I forgot how many fasts I didn't make up. And I had to go back in my Google location history, right, literally, and I calculated. And then I had a bill of like, I had ordered food or on the internet from skip the dishes to Panama. And then I use the bill to figure out on this day, I was definitely not fasting or like ordered food. Right. And this day, I was fasting, right? It just a few days, but somehow you forget, because I had to make it up. And I was like, you know, I have to know exactly how many days it is.

00:35:28--> 00:35:42

So you have issued a recommendation, write it down, make things easy in childhood for yourself. Sister, the option number three, a sister who is pregnant, and breastfeeding, for three and for both of them.

00:35:44--> 00:36:30

You have to speak to a good Muslim doctor, before you make the decision to not fast him a good Muslim doctrine should recommend to you whether you should fast or not. Now, sometimes a sister will know herself really well because she's already had like, two three kids, right? She understands herself. She can make her decision easily because she's she's he knows how things are in number one. Okay. For example, my wife festered through, I think, two of the three children that we had, because the third one was very difficult because of her condition, right? She had like a particular condition at that time, that only comes during pregnancy. So Subhanallah at that point, we took the

00:36:30--> 00:37:02

the decision that it's not, it's not safe for you to do so. Right. But other times, she's there was no problem she did it, right. So it has to be if you know, the sister knows or serve really well that she can do it or hamdulillah. But if she wants to take the option that you know what, I'm not sure what's happening here, in good Muslim doctrine needs to be consulted. You cannot go to Dr. Smith or Dr. Jain to get this opinion because they'll tell you don't fast. Okay. You have to go to a good Muslim doctor and a good one, a reliable one who you know, is also fasting.

00:37:03--> 00:37:32

I haven't listened doctor who I don't trust as a foreign Muslim opinion. I go to him because he's close to my house. But I will never ask that person like an opinion on whether I should fast or not because that person will always say, Don't fast. Right, nonpracticing. So you have to go to a practicing good person that I can recommend to you whether you should do it or not. And Mashallah. Many, many doctors are Muslims. So you would, I'm sure find somebody. Well, now, here's the thing.

00:37:34--> 00:38:01

The sister who was in her period, and the sister who is in postpartum has to make it up, okay. The sister who decides, with consultation that she cannot fast because she's pregnant, okay, or because she's breastfeeding. Okay. You have two situations. Situation one, she's afraid something's gonna happen to her. She's afraid that something will happen to her if she fast like she will faint or something in that case.

00:38:05--> 00:38:08

In that case, she has to make up the fast afterwards.

00:38:10--> 00:38:26

And that case, she has to make up the fast afterwards, because she's afraid First off, but if she's afraid something would happen to her, baby. She'll be fine. She's like, I'm strong. I can bear it, but I'm not sure if the baby will be okay, I'm not sure if I have enough milk for the baby.

00:38:27--> 00:38:51

In that case, she should make up the fast and also feed for every Miss fast a poor person. Why is that for example, this is the opinion of Mr. Amato Hola, this is opinion of that's narrated from rhombus who said that will move they will Good luck in the hospitality him after rota. automata. And, you know,

00:38:52--> 00:39:40

they would make up the festival if he, if a woman she feels that she is putting in dangering her baby, then she would feel a poor person, just like the old man. But also make up the fast because, you know, she is healthy lady. And she can do it afterwards. So there's a little bit of a detail there. Okay, so palasa sister, who is in her period, postpartum make it up. Okay, sister who is not fasting because she's afraid something's going to happen to her while she's pregnant or breastfeeding. Make it up. But the sister who is not fasting because she's afraid of the baby, while pregnant or breastfeeding, for her, make it up and feed him is key. Okay. Double she has to do two

00:39:40--> 00:39:59

things. Yeah. And this is again, this is many scholars, they have opinions and like just feed, some say just, you know, make it up. There's a spectrum of opinions on this matter. But what I'm quoting you the opinion from EMA and the wire from Abdullah bin Abbas

00:40:00--> 00:40:40

With Ilan Omar and like I said, if you have another fatwa or something else with Hamdulillah, again, the religion is the flow or the, the details of the religion are not something where things go wrong, right? If a sister is following the opinion of some scholar that she has to feed a lot, some of them will not hold her accountable for not fasting. If a sister is holding the opinion that she doesn't have to give the cat on her jewelry that she wears, that's the opinion of Melanie, my Malik and Jeffrey, almost mother will not hold her accountable for that because she's following his scholarly position. Okay, so what hamdulillah the dean has all this Rama in it that's built in. But

00:40:40--> 00:41:08

I am again presented to you the opinion that I feel is stronger from the point of view of the new source. And in my opinion, also a little bit more cautious at the alt right. There's a bit of cautiousness that we have with fasting, because it's the best time of the year. It's the most glorious thing. So Pamela, so we are a bit more cautious about it will lower. So those are the five things regarding the people who have to fast. I hope that clarifies many things and shall data.

00:41:09--> 00:41:15

Some questions, if you have any questions before I speak about some recommendations during a start up nothing.

00:41:16--> 00:41:17

But during fasting.

00:41:21--> 00:41:24

And some also recommendations to make Ramadan? Yes.

00:41:31--> 00:41:32

Before

00:41:33--> 00:41:35

hour to three hours.

00:41:36--> 00:41:38

Let's say that you've already broken.

00:41:39--> 00:42:21

What would be the point of fasting once you come home, when you come home? If you haven't, if you already broken the past couple hours earlier. So you've the day you're coming back home, you already you never fast you didn't fast that day. Okay. So why would you fast the rest of the day, you wouldn't fast the rest of the day, of course, what I'm saying is that if you're coming back, say on a day, like say you left on Friday, you're coming back on Sunday, okay? That when you leave on Friday, you cannot fall, you can have the option of not fasting. When you're coming back on Sunday, the recommendation is fast on Sunday, even while you're traveling, because you're going to reach

00:42:21--> 00:42:59

home for it Stop, don't get it. That's the thing. Now it's a recommendation. It's not like if a person chooses to not fast when they're returning home. That's still fine as well, because they're still most often for a part of the fast. Yes. So no problem. no issues with that. But it's just a recommendation. Because again, we're trying to be cautious while being fair. That's how we're trying to be cautious in the sense that a lot is no joke, right? And fair, in that we're trying to give whatever is there is to be given and taking it whatever is possible for us. Right? Does that make sense?

00:43:01--> 00:43:01

I'll have that.

00:43:05--> 00:43:05

Yes.

00:43:09--> 00:43:10

Yes.

00:43:18--> 00:43:18

Yes.

00:43:20--> 00:43:22

Yes. Of course. Of course.

00:43:26--> 00:43:26

Yes.

00:43:29--> 00:43:29

Yes, yes.

00:43:31--> 00:43:33

Yes. Yes. Definitely.

00:43:38--> 00:43:58

Well, light excellent handled the comment and the question is that, well, Niagara Falls is very close. You can go and come back very easily. It's not really like a difficult thing and I agree with you. I was just giving me an example of in the shower, who is a massage. Okay, who is a moussaka? So if you go to Niagara Falls you can shorten your prayer right? Yep.

00:44:00--> 00:44:02

Well Niagara Falls walking Mashallah.

00:44:03--> 00:44:04

You will reach in a few days inshallah

00:44:06--> 00:44:10

more than that, right. But the thing was that

00:44:12--> 00:44:56

when it comes to so it's I was just defining what was happiness. And for us for a while Sala the Russa is right away recommended shorten the Salah, but for fasting, it is more there's more details because Allah says and also hydrological. Right? So we try to fast if we can fast, right? I would say definitely, if you're going to Niagara Falls, you should be fasting because that's so close, right? There's not there's no difficulty in that. Right? But anything that has difficulty like a long flight, or a flight that's even like a few hours, three hours, that's still because you have to get to the airport waiting line. Those are exhausting moments. Then you know the plane taking off

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

and coming down the change in pressure. It's there's a lot going

00:45:00--> 00:45:04

On the right, and the Prophet said by the suffering of the atonement, Elijah,

00:45:05--> 00:45:45

Rama, Rama, that the Traveling is a piece of the punishment, because it prevents you your normal routine of eating and drinking. So I would say, let's evaluate what the travel is like. And then based on your personal like, situation, your strength, your resolve, right? You can make a decision, I can say, for me driving is a lot less difficult than flying. Right? So I would fast, much longer for driving than I would for flying. Right. So that's just a personal preference. And like you mentioned from the heartbeat, it was a habit while traveling. Some of them will be fasting, some of them will be fasting, and everybody is happy without this option. But exactly, that's a very good

00:45:55--> 00:45:56

idea. Yes, yes.

00:46:12--> 00:46:12

Yes.

00:46:21--> 00:46:22

Yes, yes.

00:46:24--> 00:46:26

Excellent question. So let me

00:46:27--> 00:47:10

Yes, when I was traveling, but but let me explain. Let me let me just rephrase the question and maybe make it a little bit easier, I think so everybody can relate to it. So assume you're waiting for Amara in Ramadan. Mashallah. Great thing to do, right? You're going to Amara in the last 10 nights Allahu Akbar. Even better, right? You are going to catch taraweeh in the harem and maybe make Africa for you know, a few days allowing but amazing thing, by the way, in Ramadan is extremely recommended because the Messenger of Allah said, Ramadan, fear Ramadan tardy. Who had gotten married in Ramadan is equivalent to making lunch with me. So heinola Amazing, right. So it's a really

00:47:10--> 00:47:13

beautiful incentive to do that.

00:47:14--> 00:47:27

Now, I'm traveling from Toronto to Jeddah. Okay. And the flight is a 12 hour flight, and the flight leaves at 12 noon, but arrives next day and at 9am.

00:47:29--> 00:47:32

That's when it arrives. That's actually the timing if I'm not mistaken. Okay.

00:47:33--> 00:48:15

What do you do? So when you're going from west to east, or when you're traveling east, you are going ahead in time, you're going past the time zones, you're going with the rotation of the earth. So time goes by faster, so you will get on the plane and 12. And by the time it's 5pm. In Toronto, you're already making a start on the plane. Okay, it will already be night, but wherever you are on the earth, so you will have your slot in the plane. All right. And then very shortly after that, you will have your soul food, because you are again, moving ahead in time. And when you land in Jeddah, it will be the next day. And you're fasting, right? So that was what you will do.

00:48:16--> 00:48:52

If you go the other way, now you're in trouble. Because then it's all the time is you going back in time. If you've ever been back from Jeddah to Toronto, now, you're coming back in time you will leave Jeddah say at like 12 noon and arrive to Toronto at 6pm. And every 12 hours, you've been in the blade. So suppiler law, that's a very tough fast because you're fast now went from, you know, like maybe 14 hours to like, if something like that razor, I would never recommend fasting on the way back. You know, from east to west, we're low on them. So that was a really good question.

00:48:53--> 00:48:56

Okay, quickly some recommended open question. Yes, sir.

00:49:07--> 00:49:07

Yes.

00:49:12--> 00:49:20

Yes. So the routing is, is not it's not a good thing. It's not like you have to do anything extra. The question was, what if like,

00:49:24--> 00:49:57

Yeah, so the I missed some fastest Ramadan for a legitimate reason I was traveling, I was sick. And then whatever, right. And then I have to, for instance, chosen her period. And then I have to make up the fast during the year before the next time along comes, but I didn't do it. So what happens? Well, there's no additional penalty. It's not like there's some extra penalty on you. It's just not a good thing. Right. It's like delaying Sala right? If you delay us a lot once in a while. You know, it's okay. It's not, it's never great, but okay, right.

00:49:58--> 00:50:00

But if you're doing it every second

00:50:00--> 00:50:13

single time versus delaying it every single time. That's a big problem. Right? It says it becomes sinful, it becomes highly disliked. So same thing with the fasting, delaying it to that point, it's the same analogy. But

00:50:15--> 00:50:19

you still have to make it up, though, even if the year has passed, you have to make it up next year. Right?

00:50:23--> 00:50:23

Yes.

00:50:29--> 00:51:02

That that, that that is an opinion. So what you were mentioning is if a person has gone past the whole year, and then next, they haven't made up the fast next year, they have to feed a person as like a punishment for missing it, and then still make it up. Right. So there is an opinion of that as well. We'll lower them. And there's again, like I said, it's always good to feed the person. But in reality, it really is only that you have to make up the fast below Allah even though you are late by a year you have to make it up. Right. So that is that other questions?

00:51:07--> 00:51:07

Yes.

00:51:12--> 00:51:12

Yes.

00:51:14--> 00:51:14

Yes.

00:51:16--> 00:51:16

Yes.

00:51:20--> 00:51:21

Yes.

00:51:24--> 00:51:26

They go well, or something? Yes.

00:51:32--> 00:51:44

Definitely, Allahu Allah. Allah knows best for sure. Right. The question is, what is the wisdom in feeding a poor person as a makeup for a fast right? Why not? Like, they go well, or why not? Like do something else? Right.

00:51:45--> 00:52:31

You know, or just give some money to somebody? Right? So what particularly is the wisdom of providing food? Right. So Allah knows best. This wisdoms in the Sharia and everything? Why is lower for our cars and pleasure to Rocco's his wisdom in that, but Allah knows exactly what it is right? Here, I think we can maybe discuss and think and contemplate what could be the wisdom, right? And allow them the wisdom could be that fasting is you are holding yourself back from food from eating, now you have eaten on a day when you shouldn't have eaten. So to make up for it, you give food to somebody who, on a different day won't even have any food. You see, it's like a person doesn't have

00:52:31--> 00:53:00

food on a day, that's not Ramadan, you give them food on that day, because a day You shouldn't have eaten like, not shouldn't, but you're not going to eat. You eat on that day. Right? So it's kind of like minjin Salama from the same category? Well, I wanna, but yeah, this is my thought. And if you have something better, you know, obviously, there's many wisdoms, you know, that can come across the channel. But this is one point is that, would you have some thoughts of that? Okay.

00:53:08--> 00:53:09

Yes.

00:53:11--> 00:53:13

Yes, I'm enough to

00:53:14--> 00:53:19

the point of like making, feeding a poor person, if they're already making.

00:53:21--> 00:53:29

So feeding a poor person, the woman does not do it. Who is in her period? Or is in postpartum feeding, she does not feed a poor person.

00:53:30--> 00:54:15

Not the person, the woman who's pregnant or breastfeeding. She doesn't have to feed a poor person, either. If she is afraid if she's doing not fasting, because she feels something will happen to her. Okay. That the in that case, she just makes up the fast but if it is that she's afraid for the baby, the baby's health, right, then she would make up the fast because that's her missing it. And fearful person because the reason that stopped her from fasting was the baby. Okay, so that is the reasoning provided. And again, like I said, this is not there is no, it's not like a clear howdy from the prophets of Sodom. It's narrations from the Sahaba. So whether it's haba give their fatwa and they

00:54:15--> 00:54:38

differ in their fatwa. That's where the difference of opinion comes in that we see. Okay, so this is based on the pathology of the Sahaba the one I'm pointing to is from our best or the lower right and that's opinion as well. And I believe that's the choice of even taymiyah as well right so there is if that's the way that's where I was coming from

00:54:40--> 00:54:59

some quick recommendations because we have a show coming up soon inshallah quick recommendations for Ramadan. Okay. recommendation number one, we have to aim to finish the poor onwards in to finish the Quran reading once. It will be ideal if you're doing it.

00:55:00--> 00:55:18

With some translation with some understanding, maybe with the dots on the Quran that you're listening to, that's all stuff that's ideal, but reading, it's the month of the Quran, we have to make it a goal. Okay, that is my recommendation number one. recommendation number two is lots of

00:55:19--> 00:55:28

the Prophet alayhi salatu salam said that after to learn to read Judah to him, there's three categories of people whose brows are not projected number one, or saw him

00:55:29--> 00:55:47

a person who was fasting until they have had a thought. Number two, Allah Mahmoud is a just ruler, number three, Alma zoom, the one who's oppressed these threes a lot except sidora and doesn't reject that one. Look at a song mo had

00:55:48--> 00:56:04

a person who was fasting until they have had a thought, meaning the whole time you're fasting. Your doula is not reject. So Pinilla, right? It's amazing. When you're having your soul. What time of the night is it?

00:56:07--> 00:56:41

Right. It's the last part of the night. Yes, the last part of the night is the most blessed part of the night. That's where a lot patola descends to the lowest sky and asks who is asking forgiveness? Why should forgive him who is making told Why should I so I should repent and accept his job would be a terrible social, I should accept his job. This is the time of that. That's the time of the night and every single night of Ramadan, we're awake at that time having some food. So do it during the fasting. Do it at the time of

00:56:42--> 00:57:21

drought when you're breaking your fast because in one rewire the Prophet says either you're the person who's fasting while he's having a thought that moment before it or those moments leading up to thought. That's the time for Dora. Time for drama brothers and sisters. So I recommend make lots of drama, I recommend make the doors of the prophets awesome. If you ask me to sit here and make dua for 10 minutes. Okay, I can I will probably run out of things after like three minutes, because I don't even know what to ask. Okay. But then if you give me the book of Doris, as the messengers also made, I can use that, and they go out for a long time, because they're so beautiful. They cover

00:57:21--> 00:58:06

everything, there is the height of the dounia and the Acura both of them in it, it is the best there is I can tell you 100% with 100% conviction that there's nothing better than the doors of the prophet SAW them. I have a small book that I translated from the doors of the Prophet Islam. And when I was the reason why transit is because I would use those two hours during Ramadan. And for me, it was like an amazing experience. So I felt I should maybe translate a few of them for the people. You can get that book each other if you want on best Dora book.com not because I wrote it as the best because the profit and loss as far as the best, best da da da book.com so it's a good thing to

00:58:06--> 00:58:30

get inshallah and that will you have do as in it. Each day you make a new door out of the profits of Saddam, you feel about a cut raining on your life to Panama for an da number three, add good deeds to your day. Add good deeds God that right now are not being done. recommendation number three and make it the final one that

00:58:32--> 00:59:16

we are doing in Ramadan. If I look at my Ramadan, and I look at my day before Ramadan, or the days before Ramadan, I need to be doing something in Ramadan, that's extra. There is something else what that is you can figure out, Okay, what exactly that good deed is that you have don't do during the normal days that you're doing in Ramadan. You can figure it out for yourself, but something has to be done. Why is that? Because this is the month where there is extra Baraka. There is extra incentive to do good deeds, the forgiveness of Allah is there to be taken. When the Messenger of Allah wa Salaam is fasting on Monday and Thursday what is the reason is because the deeds are raised

00:59:16--> 00:59:31

up on these days and I want to be fasting when the deeds have been shown to Allah so panel, right? So he's doing something good that he doesn't do in other days, when the opportunity of his deeds present being presented to Allah and forgiveness is present.

00:59:33--> 00:59:59

Now this is a messenger of a love with a guarantee for Jenna but he is so vigilant. So for us Subhanallah in the month of Ramadan where we have this opportunity, we should be doing something that we won't do in normal days. as a means to earn the forgiveness of Allah and the mercy of Allah. I asked last month to give us the tofik to reach Ramadan, to have a very blessed Ramadan and Ramadan they reread and remake lots of Dora and then he accepts our dharma.

01:00:00--> 01:00:27

We do good deeds that we haven't done and we asked a lot to make all of that a habit for us after a moment as well in the who Where do you think I will hold it all at home in Europe I mean with that will conclude panic alone will be in the highlands the suffering but everybody I hope this was beneficial shout out we have a few minutes so we'll stop. This is the last highlight up until Ramadan and Ramadan you will not have this obviously because people are having a thought at this time and then we will begin after Ramadan