Channel: Yusha Evans
This is a high quality cinematic biography of Mohammed (peace be upon him) which covers his life, his rise to prophet hood, his character, his teachings, his miracles, and his legacy. It is a blend of documentaries, scenes from the movie ”The Message”, and commentary from Muslim scholars.
His name is spoken a million times a day on the streets of every big city in the world, often accompanied by the blessing, may peace be upon him.
Who was this enigmatic man, they call the prophet of Islam, like Jesus and the Old Testament prophets before him, he would sweep away the idols, preaching the return to the faith, in one God
is not superhuman is not like any other man. He's not divine. And yet he is not just like us who is he? He is the greatest human being. He is a human being who Allah subhana wa tada made possible via the CEO of all profits, he made him a mercy to the world. He made them the role model and example, he made him the greatest human being who ever walked on the face of this earth. We know he was born into the tribe that ruled the town of Mecca, the aurash and that his family was poor.
His father had died before he was born and left his mother Amina little to live on. When he was just a few months old. She handed him over to a Bedouin tribe living on the outskirts of the town, a tradition among the Arabs of the time. Mohammed had a Bedouin wetness, and live the nomadic life for the first four years of his life. When they set him away. There was a strange thing that happened right away the the people who took him were very poor, and even their goat didn't give any milk. Suddenly, this goat is giving milk like crazy. They're getting so much milk that other people are getting some of the milk and they thought it was some magic or something happened. At the age of
five, Mohammed returned to his mother Amina and lived in Mecca. But she was in poor health. She decided to visit some of her family in a town about 300 kilometers north of Mecca. But as the Camel Caravan made its way through the desert, ominous illness got worse.
The caravan stops here in the small oasis of Abuja in order to drop off Mohammed and his mother in the hope that she would recover her strength. But it was not to be after just a few days, Amina died.
With both his parents now dead, Mohammed was all alone in the world and often at the tender age of six. These searing events would have a profound impact on his outlook and his personality.
Mohammed's virtually alone at this resting place, watching his mother die. And it's only when the next caravan comes on. It's well established journey that he gets we integrated in society must have been terrifying and deeply pointed to disturbing.
The young Mohammed was to learn even more about loss and sorrow. He was taken in by his paternal grandfather, who died just two years later, before coming under the protection of his uncle Abu Talib, a powerful figure among the meccan elite.
Abu Talib was a trader taking caravans to Syria part of a business which from ancient times, connected Arabia to the popular centers and civilizations of the Middle East and beyond.
According to Muslim tradition, by the time he was 21, Mohammed had gained a reputation for integrity and was known as Al amin and also the the honest and truthful one. Then as he grew, the boy was known to be very truthful, very honest and very responsible. He never endorsed in any of the bad habits that others are constantly involved in. They were drunks and alcoholics. They never tasted a drop. And they had these orgies and things that they did. They were wild Arabs, you know, pretty well. The Prophet always defended the weekend, the poor even when he wasn't when he was a young boy. He joined a pact at Mecca, called helpful for
a party of people pledging themselves to do defense for the poor for the week for the sake for the elderly, he joined that pack.
So he was doing social work. When he was a young boy like one of these young boys sitting in front of us, yet he was not a prophet or a messenger at that time. This was demand.
Muhammad peace be upon him was one of the most handsome men to ever walk the earth.
A lot did not send a man who people did not like looking at men and women are not talking about any, you know, strange type of life.
You know, we're talking about just general when you see someone, I like his presence. I like her appearance. There's something pleased, pleasing something pleasant. It was pleasant. So what did Muhammad a man anything his prime actually look like? Although Muslim tradition prohibits any portraits of him we do have a detailed written accounts are one of the earliest biographies that describes him as a little above average height, he had a sturdy build with long muscular limbs and tapering fingers. His hair was long, thick and wavy, his eyes were large and black with a touch of brown. His beard was sick, he was a fair complexion, and now ready to get married.
He was asked by a rich older woman called Khadija to do some business for her in Syria. When Mohammed fulfilled his promise and brought her a good profit. She did a very unusual thing. She asked him to marry her.
Even in today's Islamic world, it would be unusual for an older woman to marry a younger man. But in Mohammed's day, it was almost unheard of.
Mohammed's marriage to Khadija brought him personal happiness. But it did not mean that he was content with his life, or the ways of the world in which he lived.
He from age 25 to 40, should have been the prime of his life got Khadija wealthy, youthful Arab woman who crushed him, he'd got four beautiful daughters, and her two sons born which didn't survive, it become a matter of respect. He was from a respectful clan anyway, but now he had the family to back him.
And then funny way, he'd risen to the top of his society, and it become sort of sickened. And what that meant was the sort of violence of clans society, and the way that wealth could buy you anything.
The fact was that Mohammed was not happy. He himself had experienced the extremes of Arab tribal society. And the iniquities of tribal life, disturbed him, made him uneasy. By all accounts, he'd reached a moment of personal crisis.
He was really upset by the bad treatment of the poor and the weak and the downtrodden people in society. There's definitely this great ontological anxiety he had, about, you know, the big questions, why are we here? What's the purpose of life? How do we make sense of the world around us? I believe he was looking for a connection, just like Abraham was looking when he was young, just like Moses was looking when he was wandering the valleys. That's like all the other prophets of the Old and the New Testament by looking probably at the heart of it also, is the most rooted issue for many who begin to question their society, and even question, if you will, the morality of the
society and the religious values that were raised with, which gets down to the nature of God.
According to Muslim tradition, at this time, Mohammed had begun to make regular spiritual retreats.
As Mohammed come down from out here yet. He's been out for three days.
Now, we haven't seen it.
Satish, I hope you might have come to you on his way home.
And he's still up there.
I'm afraid for him on the mountain. Because
I don't know what it means.
men say the world to well.
What was Mohammed after? What was he seeking and what was he doing? He was certainly troubled, and he was seeking some kind of spiritual truth.
Mohammed, spiritual retreats were becoming more intense and ever more frequent. And they were devoted to really intense personal reflection, and meditation. And he chose this spot Jebel nor which is a hill far up and a really challenging climb up from the city, down below. And he would climb all the way to the very top to a cave known as a hitter. And it was there that he would spend hours in fact, whole days and nights in evermore intense and fervent meditation.
Until one day, in the year 610, something happened that would transform not just his life, but the entire history of the world. When lo and behold, he saw a strange figure,
a figure that exuded light, and that figure came close to him, and then held him with both arms and squeezed him so tight, that he could hardly breathe
Then he let him go. And he said, if
if Cora Cora means two things in Arabic, the first meaning is to read something from a paper if you are reading, and the second meaning is to recite, from memory. When this being this angel commanded the prophets instead of equal. The Prophet system understood that he's commanding me to read something. So he said, my honor before it, I don't know how to read. Remember, the processor system did not know how to read and write. He was unlettered, he was not taught, and he never learned how to read and write. So he said, Man,
I don't know how to read. For the second time, the angel squeezed him so tight, even harder than the first time that he could hardly breathe, that he let him go. And he said, and for the second time, the prophet SAW and said, Man, it is, for the third time the angel did it. And then the angel said,
and then this angel disappeared. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was struck with a type of terror and fear. He ran to his own home, he ran back to his house. And he went to her deja. And he cried out to her deja zemli Louisa Milani Cover me up, you know, when you're scared, you are trembling, you're scared, cover me up, cover me up. And so Khadija covered him with a blanket and said, What is the matter what happened? So he told her what happened? He said, This and such and such happen. And he said, I was scared for myself, meaning what is the match with me? Am I going to die? Is he going to kill me? Why am I seeing these things? He said, I was scared for myself. I don't
know what is happening. Before we move on. Let's pause here for a second. Let me ask you, the reaction of the prophets of Allah while you send them? Is this not the most natural human reaction to such an incident? Is this not the reaction of any human being to be terrified or something of this nature, and to come running home to your wife and to cover me up? And tell her what is the majority? Why am I seeing this? It is not the reaction of a premeditated, calculated liar, who is going to announce a false hope to mankind that I am a prophet, believe me when he's not a prophet. This is the natural reaction of a human being. And this is a proof of the honesty of this man. And
100 he covered him up, he told her the story. Look at now the wisdom of Khadija, she said
will lie, I swear by Allah, Allah will never cause you any harm. You take care of the guests, you feed the poor, you shelter the orphans, you take care of the needs of society, Allah will always treat you with honor and dignity. Khadija thought it would be a good idea to go to consult her husband worker who was a Christian, she's saying, we need to go to somebody that knows about these things. Because if you're told you're being given a message from God, well, there have been previous messages. So let's go ask what aka who knows the Scripture, he knows the Torah and the Gospel.
And as soon as we heard about this, he immediately said, Muhammad is the Prophet.
The revelations Mohammed received would go on to form the Muslim holy book that
they came to him throughout his life and every time they occurred, it was a terrifying and exhausting experience. He frequently had to struggle to make sense of them. Some came as words, others as visions that needed intense concentration to understand their meaning.
He would always say that never once did I receive a revelation without feeling that my soul had been torn from my body. He'd go pale, and he'd sweat even on a cold day. It's an effort to speak the Word of God.
This example, Mr. Qur'an gives is telling us that the revelation of Allah subhanho wa Taala was so powerful as it came down
Like a laser beam, which is used
to make holes into mountains,
and like the sonar
beam which is used to destroy mountains. When this revelation came down, it had such power and more, but the most hi prepared the heart of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so it was able to receive it.
The only such heart that we could imagine, could receive such power.
and God gave a nice word.
His companions, they saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam when he was sitting on his camel and the revelation came upon the Prophet, and it was heavy, so the Prophet would begin to sweat, and even the camel on which the Prophet set began to sag and had to sit down from the weight of the revelation. His companions saw that.
Now, what do I mean by inevitability? What I mean by inevitability is that the Quran cannot be emulated, reproduced, matched or copied with regards to its literary and linguistic features. And this has a drive in the Quran, which is the book of the Muslims. In the second chapter, the Quran says, and if you are in doubt, talking to the whole of humanity here to the secularists, to the atheists, to the agnostics, those sitting on the fence, those in the sense talking to everyone, if you are in doubt about this book, which we have sent down to our seven, referring to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, then bring one single chapter like it, and call on your
witnesses and your supporters and your thinkers, and your philosophers and your scientists and your doctor and bucklers if you are actually truthful, and this challenge, brave China's is a historical backdrop to the famous Arab historian, even Russia. He states that the Arabs at the time revelation over 1400 years ago, were Arabic linguists par excellence, though the best expressing themselves in the Arabic tongues. This is why he says that the only time to celebrate was on the birth of the boys. And when a poet rose amongst them, the language of the boat opened a space open a space you love.
They said, We are an eloquent people, we are the Arabs, and the rest of the world is dumb. Compared to us, they boasted us, this is you in your language, you ask me?
How many words have you got for a horse in your language synonyms for a horse? Maybe half a dozen. So you see, we can give you 100 words
in our language. So you see, we are the elephant people, and new people are all dumb a jump.
So among Sachi people when he comes along, the greatest miracle that he gave was the Quran, that the language of the Quran, in the first instance was beating the people.
And they realized people with sense that this is not poetry. This is not prose. This is something beyond our understanding, and people accepted the fake. The Arabic linguist par excellence, failed to change the plan. They haven't even admitted that it could not come from a human being, for example, the best linguist of the time. His name was Walid Ibn Al mahira. He says, By God, this cannot come from a human being. And when he listened to the verses of the Quran, and the people came to him, and saw him when he listened to the verses outside of the house of Mohammed is dropping, because they wouldn't admit that they wanted to hear it. They would hide in corners, even the leader
of the Meccans used to come out in the night and listen in the valley, and he would listen. And then he'd get caught out by his friend. He was just going for a walk. And I'm gonna go back and I'll see you later. And the next night, you've come out again, and they bump into each other again, and they catch each other again. So what were you doing here? So I go for my evening stroll, and this is what's going on, and they would go back until they finally admitted This is strange. It's empowering. It is captivating. Where does he find his words?
I don't know.
How can an illiterate man go up in a mountain and come down three days later blazing with poet
says it's God.
If the Quran were his own production, we would have the curious scenario that he was actually speaking to himself. The Muslim believes that the Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad on whom bpce from on high
coincides with the fact that the Quran, speaks to the prophet and addresses him and on occasion even criticizes him. For example, the Quran says passages often begin with statements like coal, and is an imperative to the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him as to what he should say. So someone else is telling him what to say. Hello, say, Hello, recite, boldly proclaim
What is his job? And what do we believe about him? We don't really see Mohammed as being a God, or a son of a God, or having a relationship with God that makes him a partner with God but rather a servant of God. Now he has a distinct name in Islam as being a Rasool it's a title, and update, which means he is a servant of god of the law means servant of Allah. And certainly, Mohammed is this in for all of us really servants, and slaves of Almighty God.
Having said that,
Mohammed Muhammad as a prophet peace be upon he had certain things that he taught us that are essential to have the correct Akita, or belief in Islam. One of those is to believe in the oneness of God, that he's unique. He has no partners, he's never liked his creation. Another thing he taught us how to worship God, not by worshiping that something in the creation, but worshiping God directly. This was one of the most important points that he insisted on, when he taught us about what is the right belief, and what human beings need to do. All of the prophets came with the same message, including Mohammed, which was leave idolatry focus on one divine God, there is only one
God, there is only one true path to success here. And in the next life, they called upon what we call tawheed, the divine oneness all of the prophets, and they came with some rules here in there. But the rules, it's like when you when you're a child, you tell the child, don't do this, don't do that. You don't tell the child, you know all of the bigger rules and explaining because they don't understand. So humanity, mankind was the same. And God taught us to each profit, new rules, new things, and slowly each Prophet came with new influences. And when Prophet Muhammad came, this was time like graduating from college.
And this is why the Prophet Mohammed, may God's peace and blessings be upon him. He said, the religion of God is like a beautiful building. The religion of God is like a beautiful building. And the people go around this building, but there is one brick that is missing. So the people say, Oh, what a beautiful building, building, but if only this brick was in place.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, I am that brick.
I am the one who has completed that religion and the religion has been perfected through me. And some people think that they have to compete against the Muslims. I'm simply saying that Islam didn't come to compete, but to fulfill, to finish. And that's why I said that if the Christians and the Jews understood the application of Islam, then they would embrace it, that it is nothing more than a continuation of the same religion that the prophets brought. Even though now we have called the different names, because we believe that all the prophets had the same one religion, that God didn't have 1015 different religions. God had one religion, one religion and all the prophets, but the same
religion. Sometimes the details of the prayer and fasting may be a little bit different. For instance, a Lawson quote and quotevalet como cM camella katiba Allah Deen, amicably calm fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those who came before you. And we believe
that Allah has perfected the religion now. They're all to the time that the religion was being built and it was perfectly except for one brick, and that Muhammad completed what all the profits started in the difference between Prophet Muhammad and all the other prophets. every prophet said with color Moo Sally cow me the Moses said to his people with color a seven Amalia man Yeah, Benny Israel in Iran solo la la comb. And when Jesus said, Oh children of Israel, I am a prophet to you. But in the Quran, Allah says, cool. Yeah, you are Nance in the Rasulullah aleikum. Jeremy
Allah said, O Muhammad, tell the people I am a messenger of Allah, for all of you. So we believe that Mohammed represents, for the first time, a universal prophet for all of the people in this time as well as this time. For three years The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon, preached in secret.
It was during this time
that I first heard his teachings. I'm not sure we should be doing this. You have to hear him other will be all right.
Inside quickly, there's more tonight than ever before. Thank you.
Where do you go every night?
To hear a prophet of God.
The feeling to learn the way of Islam from God's Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him. His revelations, the Quran, offered the most beautiful words we had ever heard.
He told us, all the gods of Mecca are powerless. There's only one God, the God of Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, and you have to surrender everything to him.
There's no such thing as rich or slave in the eyes of God.
And the poor ought to be put down and despised that to be careful.
The Quran says, In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate, the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you.
Women aren't possessions. They're God's creations and just as important as any man. respect them.
The earth is a gift from God. Treated gently.
You are its caretaker.
And remember, you will all be judged according to your deeds.
Many became Muslims that night. We showed our faith with a simple pledge.
There is no god but God and Muhammad is His Prophet.
The first incident
is when Allah
He first ordered the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to call the people to Islam
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went to the top of Mount Safa.
Now the Arabs they had a tradition.
The pagan Arabs, they had a tradition that if Mecca was being attacked by an army and someone saw the army, they would have to take off their clothes and run to the top of Mount Safa and warn the people, people people and armies attacking and they would have to be naked.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Of course, wearing his clothes went to the top of Mount suffer. He started calling all the tribes of Croatia. Yeah.
Yeah, Benny Hashem. Yeah, buddy. I'm
calling all the different tribes, the Messenger of God has sounded the warning call. What is Mecca under attack? I don't know. Come on.
Come to the cover. Hurry. Yes, you quickly come until either the leader of the tribe game or he sent a representative so the people of Mecca were in front of him. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Oh my people. If I was to tell you that there is an army about to attack us from behind the hill. Would you believe me?
And the people said, Oh, Mohammed, we never heard anything except truth from you. Why should we not believe you?
Well, Allah, put on the mouth of the court. Ah, put on the mouth of the people of the Prophet Mohammed saw some on their tongues. Oh, Mohammed, we never heard anything but truth from you.
They testified that he sold the law while he was selling was acidic. He was the truthful and the prophet SAW Some said, I have come to warn you of a terrible punishment from your Lord.
All my uncles all my aunts all Fatima Daughter of mine
I cannot help you. And I cannot evade you a tool in front of Allah, except that you believe in Him and OBEY Him. And then Abu lahab
he stood up, he said, Whoa, yo Mohamed, have you assembled us for death
by the year 620 to add, Mohammed and his small community of Muslims were preaching their religion openly on the streets of Mecca.
But their actions soon anger the idol worshippers, and the tribal elders of the Quraysh.
their idols all around the Kaaba, and then they enclosure in Mecca. And they would have annual festivals also where people would come and they would have commerce there and trade and perform the pilgrimage, which is at that time connected with idol worship, they'll take broomsticks and tie them together and throw smoke around it and say it's an idol. The things they made were horrible. In fact,
one time one of the great companions who converted to Islam, and he was sitting with the companions once and he started laughing. And then he became overwhelmed and he started to cry. And I said, Oh, what happened? Why were you laughing? He said, I remember when I used to worship idols, before Islam, before monotheism and there was a God made of dates, you know, dates, the food, there was a god dates are squashed together and the idol is shaped out of him. So one of the idols I used to worship I used to sit in front of, but then sometimes I'd get really, really hungry, and no one would be looking I take a piece of the idol and eat it. And I thought if it is a God, then I'll be
As hosts of the Cabal, the Quraysh were embarrassed by Mohammed sermons against those pilgrims, who brought their tribal gods to its altar. Mohammed says, the idol gods are powerless.
powerless, powerless, he says, a slave says all the gods are powerless. Now what to all of you say about Muhammad's harmless teachings? If Muhammad's preaching becomes popular, and the gods are abolished, there will be no pilgrims. And if there are no pilgrims, there will be no more us.
The first Muslims faced a torrent of ridicule and abuse when they practice Islam in public.
attacked by crowds thrown stones, they retreated to the surrounding mountains to pray in secret.
Many pagan families split apart when their children converted to Islam.
You've kept your mother awake all night with worry. I'm sorry, father.
Have you been?
Forgive him. It was my fault. It is that God has helped us all our lives, but it fell.
It could not even help itself. Talk Have you been listening to
real God is unseen.
is not made of play.
We see the gods in the carpet every day.
phrase for you.
You're listening to people who will hurt you.
And listening to Muhammad.
Muhammad is generous, yes, it gives he shares. He buys no man without a smile. But he is spreading dangerous ideas. Dangerous ideas that don't management staff
that the rich should not defraud the poor.
The strong should not oppress the weak or these dangerous ideas.
People are continuously asking for a sign show us a sign as kalon was not sufficient. Even though Quran is the greatest miracle of any movie.
They were asking for a sign so Allah subhanaw taala revealed to him how masala tell him through jabril if they're asking for a sign will split for them the moon
the moon will be split.
And the time was set for some of us non carbon unbelievers and said the moon will be split and the non believers gathered at night. And they're right in front of them. They saw the moon split into two halves isn't it
Came back together. This is a very unique miracle. And it is firmly established in a highly hand Buhari and Muslim and the Quran. And inside Muslim it states that the Mexican people requested a lot of possible to show them a miracle. And so he showed them the splitting of the moon. Again in Muslim, another Hadith. This Hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abdullah the Messiah who said, we were along with a love messenger May peace be upon him as the moon was split up into two, one of his parts was behind the mountain, and the other one was on this side of the mountain, allows messenger May peace be upon him said to us, bear witness to this.
Allah subhanaw taala says the hour of judgment is here, and the moon is close asunder, but if they see a sign, they turn away and say, This is what transcends magic. They accused Mohammed Salah Salama performing magic,
this was not an optical illusion,
we will say that the moon actually did split up.
It is mentioned by some astronomers. And again, this information needs to be verified that there is what appears to be a long divide
that goes around the moon.
So some like you would have, even satellites can be able to detect continental rifts. So there is such a riff that is going around the moon. If that is true, then that is a clear sign
to prove the splitting of the moon. But again, that's something that needs to be verified. I've heard it from more than one source. But again, I wouldn't count on it until it's firmly established.
How do we fight someone whose strength we do not understand. Muhammad promises heaven trees in the sky. So naturally, he's found an audience, then we must make that audience less eager to listen to him.
We will begin with the weaker ones.
Finally, the leaders of Muhammad's tribe, the Quraysh, decided that harassment alone would not be enough to stop in the parade. They see it as our Honors being threatened. We need to deal with this. This is the point where they begin to really increase their persecution, they start sanction on the house of Benny Hashem, which is the sub clan of the Prophet Mohammed, they begin sanctions they begin to prevent them from from trading from transacting. And that meant that basically they were being starved out, they couldn't buy food they couldn't do business. Abu Talib was ruined.
The Hashem lived in one street, and Muhammad and Khadija and the children moved into this street, and this became a little Muslim ghetto.
And this leads to real hardship. There's a period of time where according to the tradition they're actually eating, from the leaves of trees.
famine, destroyed the fortunes of Muhammad's protector, Abu Khalid, and his farming aboubaker.
The survival of both the clan and Islam were in jeopardy.
Who is your God? I'm sorry, Say it. Say who God is your God
is only one God
is the messenger.
But for Muhammad, the damage even closer to home,
Khadija, Mohammed's beloved wife, perhaps we couldn't buy the privations actually died.
And that was just a crippling blow for him, and left him feeling alone and vulnerable and weak. He would miss all his life I think.
Then, the catastrophe happened that Abu Talib died, perhaps himself, we can buy the deprivation and food
now, without Abu Talib, Muhammad was fair game for assassination.
And there's a terrible moment where he utters this heartbreaking prayer, saying, Oh my god, I have no other protector, but you Allah, and how was he going to move forward?
A messenger a prophet. He's not presenting his own ideas. He's actually on a job. He's been told to present ideas and ideas. So
powerful and so radical, that the people around him are actually going to call him crazy. You know, the philosophers looking for praise. He's looking for people to say, wow, you know, people are writing books about me now. And I'm being elevated. And I'm being asked to speak on these audiences. But the messenger is entirely different. He's speaking about something that is getting him into trouble more and more every day, which is actually a sign of the truthfulness and the sincerity and the selflessness of a messenger and a prophet as opposed to a philosopher. The philosopher has an agenda for himself. And the messenger has agenda that is not of itself, he has been given a task,
and a task sometimes so difficult, we find in the revelation that was given to Muhammad sallallahu alayhi, salaam, the Quran, we find his task it would become so difficult sometimes Allah would reveal consolation to him to stay firm and continue delivering the message, no matter how hard it gets, first Darby martoma, remain committed to what you've been commanded. How often have you seen people when they say that, I'm in so much grief, I can't focus on myself or I'm in the middle of a divorce, or my wife has died. And everybody says, we understand, don't come to work. Don't, you know, don't you know, don't worry about this, don't worry about that. The person puts aside their
missions. But that wasn't an option for the prophets of Allah.
So he went to a party
to look for help.
that perhaps there would be someone in a thought it would protect it,
because they were going to kill him. Because he has no protection now.
So he went to a thought F.
And then I thought if he went to the chiefs of the people of a party, it's a city out on outside of Mecca.
And he told them about Islam. And he told them to believe in Allah, asking for protection and the great reward that they would have.
And so the people of life rejected the prophets analyze it.
And they said, Get out of our town.
And actually, this day, I said, Oh, the lohana, the wife of the Prophet said, a line assume, she said, was the Battle of where 70 of your companions were killed? She was that the hardest day in your life of the dour? He said, No, it wasn't said the hardest day of my dour was on that day of life.
When the Prophet said allies in them walked away from the chiefs, the Chiefs told all the slaves and,
and all the children, and all the foolish people to pick up their rocks, and to stone the prophets and allies.
So he didn't walk out of the town. He walked out stoned.
Until the Prophet said, he walked away from a thought if he sat by himself.
Sam came down to him.
And he said, Allah Spano, dada heard what you said to your people.
And you heard what they said back, and this is the angel of the mountains, at your command, he will destroy them. And the mountains will destroy the people of a title will be destroyed.
And then the Prophet said a lot he said them in that and I'm telling you it's it was a more painful experience than the Battle of
the prophets. Allah ladies have said no.
He said, perhaps, Allah subhanaw taala will bring from their children, people who believe that there's no God, but Allah and the Messenger of Allah
have thought if for those who don't know when the prophets of the Lyceum died, who was one of the few places that kept from under Islam, who was one of the most blessed places.
He done what Allah had told him to do. He proclaimed this message and all you seem to have done was stir up hostility and hatred
and split his tribe down the middle. This wasn't improving that as perhaps he must have felt it almost a sort of a dark night of the soul. He is at the low point of his mission. He's been almost 13 years now in Mecca and the results are not they are not impressed.
But at this point at this low as he is now being prepared for the most extraordinary mystical experience of his prophetic life, and that is what is known as the night ascension.
The story goes that one night he was sleeping near the Kaaba, and he was woken from sleep by Gabriel, who mounted him on a Brock, a magical steed. And they flew from Mecca to Jerusalem.
And then he began an ascent up through the seven heavens to the Divine Throne. At every stage of the heavens, he meets various prophets of the past, he meets Abraham, he meets Jesus and john the baptist, he meets Moses.
And finally, he enters into the Divine Presence and there, the sources are silent, because when you enter into the presence of God, you've gone beyond words, and received from God, the highest form of knowledge, and truth. And many injunctions of the religion itself, including the final form of the daily prayers.
When he comes back, somebody asks him, what have you been doing? And he says, I went to Jerusalem last night. And this man says, You went to Jerusalem last night? Are you willing to say that publicly. So they assemble this group, and they tell him describe for us Jerusalem, and he begins to describe it in very exact detail.
And they're shocked. They don't know what to make of this.
The story of the Night Journey not only incited Muhammad's enemies, it caused doubt even among some of his followers.
This is something they hadn't really expected, a journey that takes them a month to be made in an evening, and to come back. What aboubaker says is this and I believe that he's getting messages from God, that is certainly more extraordinary than making a night journey to Jerusalem. Mohammed's Night Journey was a seminal moment, it marks the ending of one period of his life and the beginning of another.
He was about to begin a new and even more dangerously radical phase of his mission, in which he would abandon his tribal life completely.
Rather than trying to defeat the operation Mecca, he would leave the city and start again, somewhere else.
One day, in a place here, which used to be a small Oasis, Mohammed met a group of men from the town of yesterday, which is about 15 days, camel ride to the north. The men told Mohammed about the warfare and the constant feuding that affected their community, Mohammed listened to them. And for his part, he told them about his mission, about the unity of God, but the importance of living a virtuous life and of the rewards of heaven. Now, importantly, the men sat, and we're even excited by what Mohammed had to say. And this was important because it was completely different to the reaction that Mohammed was used to getting in Mecca. The meeting ended with the six men from yathrib,
converting to Islam and agreeing to meet Mohammed once again, a community in yathrib was made up of a number of different tribes. Some of them were pagan. The Elson has the Raj. Some of them were Jewish, and three main Jewish tribes. And there was a lot of disagreement. In fact, in yathrib, between different communities about how they wanted to do things, there was sort of a lot of jostling for power and prestige. And they felt that they needed a mediator. And they had heard about Muhammad, who at that time, was a preacher in Makkah,
growing reputation in that part of the peninsula, and they perceived in him someone who could perhaps mediate in their disputes, and be a sort of neutral arbiter and come and help them resolve the problems within Yeah, through.
It wasn't till the following year that an even bigger delegation came all the way from yathrib, seeking out another meeting with the Prophet Mohammed. And this time they held it under cover of darkness and in secrets, and it led to a unity between the two between the Prophet Mohammed and the community in yesterday. I am of you, and you are of me, Mohammed said. Now, this agreement, it's important to bear in mind was something really new, something that was a radical departure because it wasn't
Based on clan alliances, on family or on tribal allegiances, it was based on something far more universal that went way beyond kinship. It was blasphemy the sacred tribe
was the most the absolute value in Arabia, and for him to
leave it like that, and create a new kind of community and Omar, a community based on ideology rather than relationship was unheard of.
If the rulers of Mecca got wind of Mohammed's plans, the consequences could be disastrous. So Mohammed now had to get his followers out of the city without alerting the Quraysh.
Over the next few months, a few of Muhammad's companions left the city each night so as not to arouse any suspicions, until finally, only a handful were left including his faithful companion abubaker, his young cousin Ali, and Muhammad himself.
Well, they're now what we should have done before. kalo Muhammad.
Come, come and see. They say that practice leads to perfection.
Seven young men, each from a different family, my own Sonic creamer is with them. They will stab him
If the responsibility for his death is shared, where lies the guilt?
I'm not sure I'm part of it.
Mohammed's body contains too much
But it is an ingenious
And the final one
he never stole
touched any property that was not his own.
He never abused anyone's property. In fact,
in Mecca, where he was born, he was known as El amin,
the most trustworthy
and Allah Ameen.
Even though his enemies had stole
from his followers, killed his followers, tortured, his followers confiscated their properties, he could have done
what others do
He could have been confiscated their wealth that he was holding.
But when they entered his home to kill him, they did not find him there.
calling his cousin later to die for him. Instead, they found his cousin IE, wrote their loved one.
And he left early in his house when he escaped for only one reason. So that I Li, la de la line could give back to them.
The valuables the money that they had entrusted with him years ago.
of non Muslims. Think about this kind of man. Have you heard of such a man? Have you ever seen such a man? Have you read about such a man never.
You cannot even imagine this kind of man.
Give 100 camels to the man who brings back
all his head.
Look for three of them.
And Nora Carter's bedroom guide.
Along with Abu Bakar Mohammed had slipped out of Mecca, unnoticed. He was now on route to his new home in yesterday. Even though Mohammed had fled. The Americans were really determined to pursue him. And within hours, they were hot on his trail. And they chased them all the way through the punishing steep climb on the foothills of Mount south.
If you come out we'll take you to Mecca alive.
They can't be in this way is unbroken. And these pigeons they would not build.
We were wrong to follow them we should have gone off, let's move them. We still have time to head them off
a few threads of a spider's web. Were all that was then between Mohammed and murder.
But he was a man not to be killed.
The Bedouin guide led him and his companion, Abu Becker in their escape through untracked spaces of the desert and the heat of the June days.
That Medina, his followers waited with our welcome ready.
But in great fear for his journey,
He went as he preached, he didn't go to conquer. They said, Come here and be our judge, a revered man whose word we trust. We didn't come with a conquering arm you came as a refugee as an exile as a dignified manner of respect.
The hitcher or migration from Mecca, to yathrib is the turning point, if you like in Mohammed's life.
The hedge run is so important in Mohammed's life and the history of Islam itself, that the year in which it took place is the starting point for the traditional Islamic calendar. All Islamic religious festivals and events are still fixed using this calendar, dating back to the moment Mohammed left Mecca in 622 ad.
I think it's a great theological significance that this books the beginning of the Muslim era, the Muslim era does not begin as the Christian era with the birth of the Prophet, but with the date of the hegira. This break with the tribal spirit is being undertaken.
When Mohammed and his followers first came here, what they found was nothing like the city of Mecca that they had left. Yesterday, as it was then known was basically a large Oasis, a series of villages, each village dominated by a different tribe. It was a situation that inevitably led to intense rivalries and conflict.
Welcome to the city of Medina,
your city messenger of God,
your friend would later habits name changed in honor of Mohammed, it became known as Medina to nebby, the city of the prophets, or Medina, for short.
They arrived but nothing. And they immediately had to integrate himself from being a great trading Mecca and aristocracy to being poor pinless wearing the rags of the clothing in a very, very wealthy Oasis, full of its own wealth hierarchies. Their ground corn, they won't match and they figured in when Muhammad came to Medina, what kind of a place was Medina? Okay, Medina at that time, it wasn't a complete city. It was what you call a sub communities collection of different tribes and communities in the center of Medina, which were the prophets and the main of Tsar or the people of Medina. And then you have people in Cuba, you have people in Al Qaeda. And then you have the Jew,
the east of Medina, and also in the south of Medina. So you have tribes surrounding Medina, but as a general they call it Medina.
Mohammed's newfound freedom allowed him to build his own mosque.
It became almost an extension of his own home.
Tell me about when the Prophet Mohammed built his first mosque here in Medina. He found the land in the center of Medina and he built this mosque. But this mosque the model that you have here is very different from the one that is in Medina now which is one of the big
It's 10 grand as most in the world, this is very simple Yeah, because at that time try to imagine or talk about 14 centuries before the building was very simple about 35 meter by 55 meter, but it was similar to the building around Medina which was built by mud and also stones in foundation and palm trees so they can cover part of the mosque and they make an open area in the back of the mosque.
You find For example,
when he migrates to Medina when he has performed the job of the first people to begin to assemble the stones and the mortar to build the first machine in Islam, it is
to me that
look like doing too much please consider
he was a person of action,
get up and do it
was his example
he went for more
than a tequila Manama.
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now that same mosque has been transformed into this one of the biggest in the world able to hold up to half a million worshippers at any one time.
Mohammed used his mosque like a community center. He not only preached here, but also made it his office where he could settle disputes, hold negotiations and have public debates. Everyone was free to enter and speak with him. Jews, Christians, non believers, even slaves. What about the better one man who entered the masjid one time when it was done and was sitting the companions were around him. He felt like going to the toilet to the bedroom when a rude man and it doesn't understand which one of the quarters of the message started to urinate.
Just went to the corner and began urinating in the middle of them in the masjid.
While the companions were still not ready for that they took out the swords.
Mostly what when take him outside and teach him a lesson. And that's what this habit wanted to do. If you don't think you're wrong, he's in a place of worship and they miss you. They want to what they want to deal with him in a way he should have been dealt with. And actually he deserved it. But the problem is I sent him because he
was so merciful, and he said to a celeb, he had a bigger picture. Because he knew First of all, he could be harmed. If they were to harm him as he was leaving himself, it could harm him.
Physically also, if he were to run away, the the, the ninjetta, the impure impurity is going to spread throughout the message. The prophet SAW sent him said that down,
let him finish.
Allah He said, Let him finish sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
When the men finished, he said, Bring some water and clean it up. And he called the men aside. And he addressed him with such a kind manner, that this better one has never heard it from even his mother ever. How compassion is the mother, he never even heard it from his mother. So then we sat with him, he explained to me as a place of worship, and this is not something you do inside the masjid. He was very impressed and he became a Muslim and then he made the dua to Allah subhanaw taala. He said, Allahumma hominy Mohammed no matter how Mahatma that he said, Allah have mercy upon me and upon Muhammad, and do not have mercy upon anybody else with us. Why? Because he saw the other
people wanted to do it to him. So he said, the process
is that you have what Allah does arise. So there's so much happening, we don't need to just for me and us enough for everybody inshallah, after this, and we see the effect the important thing we gain and benefit, and we're merciful with people the effect it has upon them. But Mohammed was now not only the prophets of a new religion, he was also effectively the political leader of the community here in Medina. And he fused these two roles right here in the courtyard of his mosque where he spends most of his days. Now, as his role grew, Mohammed decided that what he really needed was an agreement that would not only formalize his role in Medina, but also his relationship with the
various tribes. It became known as the Constitution of Medina, and it's thought to be one of the earliest written constitutions anywhere in the world.
This was the first attempt in Arabia to form a state based not on tribal ties, but mutual interest. To do it, Mohammed had to win over the trust of both the pagan and Jewish tribes and make them work with each other and with his newly arrived Muslim community.
Prince Hassan bin Talal, of the Jordanian royal family is an expert on the Constitution of Medina. The Constitution was necessary for the establishment of a new diversity in Medina, that is to say, Muslims, Jews, Christians, so it organized the relationship between Muslims, Jews and non Muslims, on the basis of a recognition of the importance of respecting the lives, the properties, the places of worship, and in particular, ultimately, in respecting the relationship between the descendants of Abraham. It regulated rights and obligations. In a sense, it was a Magna Carta if you will love the Muslims making laws like a king.
He has declared that loyalty to Islam is more than loyalty to tribal family.
What all Muslims are next of kin to one another. Don't be misled by that. It was changed the nature of the tribes before that.
The danger is here, equality. A man's neighbor is as good as himself.
Jews and Christians have equal rights with Muslims. The Jews have attached themselves to our Commonwealth shall be protected.
Women have rights when it comes, right. Next year, we're giving the camel rights he has, he has you can't overload them. Human beings are describing the crown as being vice Jarrett's on the earth as stewards of the earth. And we're required to take care of it including all living things. We're responsible for animals and must treat them ultimately, with respect, and they're entrusted to us. So whilst they can, you know the Quran allows you to use animals perhaps for work, you know, to be beasts of burden, if you like to travel on the land with them, you can't abuse that. So for example, the prophets has said, you know, if you're traveling in a green land with lots of lush food to go
slowly so the animals can feed but if you're in a barren land, to go quickly through that, so that the animals can again, go there to feed on better land elsewhere, and the companions of the Prophet when they wrote on their camels in the night, before they would, they would have to unload the saddles and make sure the animals were fed and watered even before prayer. So even before prayer the animal has to be taken care of and looked after, properly was very keen on on telling his companions to make sure that they looked after animals one day, one of the companions was wiping down his horse very nicely.
They said what you're doing he says, Oh well, the prophet reprimanded me the day before, about the way I care for my force. Now I'm making sure I look after it. Mohammed tried to create his own ideal society in his own lifetime.
By 627 ad, Mohammed had become a powerful ruling Medina. But by all accounts in his personal habits and way of life, he remained modest. He continued to live next to his small mosque that serves both as a place of worship and as a center for his work.
Muslim sources talk of his simple taste in clothes and his dislike of gold or silver or other luxuries. He did not care for possessions and gave much away in charity or as gifts.
If you read the account, it is clear that he's a very charismatic figure. He is a person that numerous people came for advice constantly came for advice, it was not just that he was dispensing sage advice, he was always listening to people, he comes out as a very human and one person
verbally, you have been created and sent upon
a high standard of character.
if the Almighty said it,
there should not be another character whose standard can be compared to that of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And it is said that the prophets Allah Salah
was a horrible person.
And when the people used to hear about his reputation, and they would come to Medina, they would be trembling, they would be afraid. But when they met him, they never wanted to leave. The Companions is to say to the Prophet, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, a messenger of Allah, when we are with you, when we are with you, we feel as if there are angels surrounding us, and we are about to be literally risen from the earth and placed into gender in paradise. We're about to flutter above the earth and go right to the heavens.
But when we depart from your company, and messenger of God, we feel empty, as if all good This has abandoned us as well.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to them, my companions, it is because you are with the Messenger of God,
whom God Allah, Allah has sent him with great mercy to all of the people. But in one of the most important narratives about the Prophet himself out even ever thought of it, the son of Abu Talib, he said that if anyone met the prophets, suddenly, they had never met him before in their lives, there will be an off.
So the scholar they commented on this, and they said, the reason that they would be in awe of him is because he was an obvious creator, the prophets of the lights enemies to get up and pray all night, sometimes half the night, sometimes more, sometimes less, sometimes a third of the night, as it came in the head of Ayesha Ravi Lohan had she said he will pray until his feet will become swollen at night. This is voluntary prayer. And that's something that's a must. And she said to him, why do you pray? Why do you put yourself through so much trouble? And Allah has forgiven all of your past and future sins. He said, a fellow called absentia Cora should not be a servant, who is thankful to
Allah subhanaw taala. He gets some praise all this time at night, how is that she would like to talk to him, sometimes there is time. So out of respect for his wife, because he knows is something that women like to they like to talk. he respected for this. And he listened to her throughout the day, she talked to him a little while he was seldom. But look at this, the character of Muhammad was so sweet and so gentle, that when his wife talks about him, now, you can imagine that Harry is an important man in these days. Now we're going to be talking later in his life. And he's got so many responsibilities, so many things to do. And then she sees some men out in there throwing spears, and
in a contest and so on. And she says, I want to watch that. Well, in order for her to watch, because his wife's needs to be sheltered from the people. And she has to stand behind him. She likes this idea. So she's standing by him looking over his shoulder and watching them in the doorway of their home.
And she had him stand there and standards and standards. And she said she didn't even want to watch him or she just want to see how long she can keep us there. But he didn't mind. And he used to run and play with her. And she said we used to race together. You know, and I used to beat him when I was younger. But when I got older, I got fat and then he could beat me. This was some of the personal things that we know about him and his character, his his kindness, sweetness, gentleness.
When we look at the Prophet, he will
Didn't want to keep even an extra morsel of food in the house, out of fear that somebody else might be going without. And that sort of utter devotion to ensuring that nobody was being deprived, that everybody was being cared for, is something that if you do model yourself as Muslims do on on the Prophet peace be upon him, you can't possibly be negligent, and ignore the real inequalities that continue to be rife in the world around us, whether it be in our community with a small Sikh community in in the biggest sense of society or in the world at large. And I think that one of the things that certainly has really stayed with me is that being a Muslim is, is to try and be the
voice of the voiceless. One of the things that the Prophet Mohammed told us
was that it is our duty to try to correct in justices in the world. And if you see something wrong, change it with your hands.
If you're not able to, then speak out against it.
And if you're not able to do that, then feel bad about it in your heart.
But that is the weakest form of faith.
Wherever possible, the Muslim should try to take action and not let an injustice go by without calling it what it is, and asking for change.
So we walked out of that with that property, where our mask is today, for $30,000. Can I tell you why we got it for $30,000. When we got the property then I understood this area man, the moment we went in, we start handing out guns by every day.
I mean, both flinging and mashing, be ducking, we try to pray we documented gunfire, ducking and, and people being robbed all over the place. And we found that on a block of our Masjid 15 crack houses, you know, crack houses, drugs, right?
We decided that we had abandoned buildings all over the place, we decided
that we were going to fight the closest drug houses down.
we rallied a lot, my witness. And we had a 24 anti drug program. And we closed those 15 drug houses down.
And you know, what, 24 hours a day, for 40 days and 40 nights. The men of the community stood in that area and didn't allow any drugs to be sold until all the drug dealers left. people begin to move in the neighborhood. And guess what? Someone offered to buy our Masjid from us for $500,000 that we got $30,000 Why? Because Muslims made a difference. Because we decided
that we're going to make our neighborhoods safe and secure for the people in that neighborhood. People Christians came in on Masjid for the first time in their lives. They say you know what? I used to think one way about the Muslims I think a different way now. And I appreciate it.
Allah has accorded such honor to the parents but particularly to the mother particularly to the mother.
She is the one who bore you.
For nine months in pain and suffering. She gave birth to you and cared for you. You could never ever, ever pay your mother back ever. There is nothing you can do to pay your mother back. This is what our Deen Islam teaches to respect the woman man wanted to know he came in the x O Messenger of Allah out of all of the people who are connected to me, my workmates or colleagues out of all of the people, my relatives, everyone, which human being has more rights for me to take care of her to look after her to be kind to her. He said your mother, the man said okay, I got that. I understand that. And then after who he said your mother, second time, okay. And then after who your mother the third
time, and then after who and then he mentioned the Father, and then after the Father, the sister and then after the sister, the brother. So this is a clear indication of how Prophet Mohammed came with a religion and wave a systematic law and the religion of Islam that guarantees and secures the rights of the women.
Muhammad and his followers had arrived in Medina, penniless, and although they were now free of the daily persecution they had faced in Mecca, the enemies still sought to destroy them in tribal Arabia. Vengeance was a very powerful move.
The Muslims in Medina now face the threat to their very existence, the much more powerful Meccans, who had driven Mohammed out, persecuted his followers by taking their property and their very means of survival was still plotting to destroy them. Mohammed had to find a way over their immunity and fast.
Then according to Muslim tradition, Mohammed received a series of revelations urging him and his followers to fight back against those who had expelled them from their homes, you are under oppression, the people are attacking you, you have the right to resist. So this is why from the mainstream classical legal Islamic tradition, it's the you know, the defensive what we call the defensive jihad, which is you are oppressed you can resist the suppression in the name of your rights. So all the people and and some of the Muslim groups who are using this verse to say we can kill and this is a carte blanche for war are wrong. This is not what is said in the verse. The verse
is, they are attacking you, you have the right to resist because at the end of the day, it's a question of survival.
Mohammed and his followers were engaged in a battle for survival. He saw these revelations as justification to attack the operation where it hurt most their caravan tree with the outside world.
during March 624, the prophet heard about an exceptionally large Polish caravan returning from Syria back to Mecca, he decided to capture the caravan in the desert. For that part two Quraysh had anticipated Mohammed might do this and so diverted the caravan away from Medina and instead sent an army to intercept him. The two sides met here at a remote watering hole in the desert called butter.
The two forces are forthcoming from Mecca, and Mohammed's force coming in from Medina meetup at the wall of Baghdad. And there is a confrontation that probably only lasts a few hours between certainly less than 1000 people, probably three or 400, on Muhammad side, possibly up to 900. On the Mexican side, I always tell them Africans are more numerous than the Muslims. But we've no real method of knowing whether that's a historical reality or not.
what was actually happening in the battle between Mecca and Medina in a sense, the prophet app in exile aptina was an ideological battle. We think we don't know for certain because it didn't happen. We suspect that if the Meccans had won, they would have exterminated the heretics as they saw them, the Muslims because they were too much of a threat. The Companions and the people said, Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
He was as gentle.
He was as shy as a virgin on her wedding night, hiding behind the curtain. He was that kind of man. He was that pious. He was that shy. He was that gentle in his speech. And he transformed. And
it was said that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam was met on a battlefield.
He was ferocious.
And when the companions of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam used to look for him on the battlefield, they said, We found him in the middle of the enemy's fighting.
And they said,
We used to seek the protection.
We used to hide behind the profit from the Lord while he was setting them on the battlefield. He was such a warrior and statesman on the battlefield, commanding and fighting for the way of Allah. But once he was off the battlefield, his eyes were downcast and he was speaking softly
and he was gentle. And he was warm.
And he was secret, and soft, and cherry and cry.
These are the disciplines the Prophet puts upon you.
You may not harm a woman
child or any old person,
you may not have cripples,
you may not harm the man that works in the field.
You may not cut down trees
strike only at those who have expelled you who have stolen your rights and enrich themselves with your possessions.
For Mohammed and his followers, the victory of butter had a deep religious meaning. It was a vindication of the faith that has sustained him and his followers for now nearly 14 years. They saw it as God's approval for their new movement. Ever since Muslims have seen this early victory as a divine deliverance comparable to the Israelites deliverance from Egypt at the Red Sea.
He could now turn his attention again to Mecca.
In early 628, Ed, he told his followers that they were going to set out to perform the annual Hajj rites of the Kaaba in Mecca.
For Mohammed and his followers, the Kaaba had become central to their worship, the place to which they turned in prayer. They believed it had been originally built by the prophet Abraham and regarded it as the ultimate symbol of their faith, the unity of the One God Allah. But access to the Kaaba was controlled by Mohammed enemies, the courage the rulers of Mecca. It contains shrines to the hundreds of Gods worshipped by all the tribes in Arabia. Mohammed was now determined to challenge their control of this sacred shrine.
Mecca is more than that.
It's where God spoke to man.
Mecca is like
homesickness of the soul of
this year they're going as pilgrims, what
boasts of young will slaughter them in the desert.
If you believe in God as they do,
might be possible not to get slaughtered.
But I agree with you,
they probably will be.
The Prophet announces that he is going to make the hash
must have been astonishing, because on the house, you are not allowed to carry weapons. He was going unarmed into the enemy territory.
It's when again you touch the magic of Muhammad as a man, you know, you fought wars and now you just had right we're off to pray to God.
Mohammed and the convoy of followers were forced to stop here today BIA which is about eight miles outside of the holy city, because the orange had reacted with characteristic aggression and they had sent a cavalry in order to stop the convoy
Do not let them provoked you That is what they want.
Another time of the Treaty of Libya, when they are camped outside of Mecca, they have been prevented from going inside and they don't have enough clean enough water anything. So the prophets have said bring whatever you have. So some persons brought one date and other persons what happened date until small quantity is placed. Some water is also brought. The Prophet system dipped his hands in the water may do out to Allah and he took it out. And the Sahabi is narrating this idea. He's saying for will lie I saw with my own eyes. That water began to come forth from between the fingers of the prophets of the law while he was sending
And so began a series of frenetic negotiations with emissaries going between Mohammed and the polish. They eventually arrived at an agreement. But the so called treaty of who they be assigned to the spots marked by the mosque just behind me look like the most humiliating of compromises from Hamlet.
Support he insisted that Mohammed and his followers returned to Medina without performing the hajj rights. They also insisted that all raids on Mexican caravans by the Muslim forces under Mohammed's command should stop in return that would allow Mohammed and his followers to return to Mecca as pilgrims to perform the Hajj, but only in the following year. And when it came to signing the documents which describes my
As the Messenger of God, the Qureshi emissary objected, saying that to them. He was only Mohammed, the son of Abdullah. For Mohammed's followers. This was an unbearable insult. According to Muslim tradition, when Mohammed's young cousin Ali, who was doing the writing heard this, he refused to strike out the words the Messenger of God.
Mohammed says, Give me the pain, point out the words, messenger of God, and he strikes it out himself.
See it as a striking out of ego, they're not standing on your rights. The Quran says that if the enemy asks for peace, you must lay down your arms immediately and accept any terms, however disadvantageous.
For Mohammed's followers, the terms of this treaty, and particularly the treatment of Mohammed were completely humiliating. It was only Mohammed's adamant attitude that kept them from mutiny.
What Mohammed was trying to do was totally unheard of in seventh century Arabia, in a society of honor. Traditionally, blood feuds ruled the day. But after years of bloody but inconclusive conflict, Mohammed now wanted to defeat his enemies not through war, but by peace is 10 years of peace.
We need time.
We will use that time.
Under the terms of the Treaty of today beer, he could embark on a journey that would take him back to the city of his birth, the city he had left nearly seven years ago as a refugee, penniless, and in fear of his life. He was now returning as the head of an ever expanding religious community, the most powerful leader in Arabia.
In February of 629, Mohammed agreed with the kurush to be allowed back into Mecca in order to visit the Kaaba, but what he agreed to allow Mohammed and his followers into the Kaaba for three days. And yet, during that time, it marked a change in people's perceptions towards Mohammed and his followers. The people of Mecca saw the Muslims enter the cabin, they observed how well behaved they were, how sincere they were, and it was important because it showed that slowly but surely, the stranglehold of the operation in Mecca, was beginning to crumble.
A year later, the crush broke the truce by attacking one of Mohammed's allies. It was a fatal mistake. In January 630, the prophet gathered a massive army of 10,000 men and marched towards Mecca, to koresh were powerless to resist and they fully expected Mohammed to storm into Mecca, and exact a bloody revenge for the many years of persecution and war. So, you know, this sounds like a scary word, the conquest of Mecca, like they're gonna come in here with everyone, you know, village everything and take over by force. So Pamela, that did not happen. So Pamela 10,000 Muslims came here. They came here from all the corners of the city walk inside, it was said anyone who's inside
their home will be safe. Anyone who wants to be safe will be safe, anyone inside or anyone who lays down their arms will be safe. It's upon Allah. So anyone who wants peace and security inside the city, as long as they don't attack the Muslims, there's no attacking them at all. So Palma, Muhammad peace be upon him in his mercy. He, they came here we're destroying the idols around the cabinet. So Pamela, when they came there, they were, you know, many of the disbelievers were frightened to death. They were seeking security and sanctuary at the cabin, because you know, even more than their house, they thought this was the holiest place, the best place in the world, the holy sanctuary. And
they came there for the security for their peace and security. Mohammed came to them. And he said, Now, if you are in my position, after all this, you know, killing people and taking all their goods and murdering him attacking them, even when they went away to practice their faith only because they believed in one God. He said, Now if you're in my position, I'm in yours, what will you do? And they said, Oh, pleased to know you're the most merciful, you're the most thankful you're the most honest. They were saying all these things that they didn't want to be killed, right? And he said, I will say to you, as Yusuf as Joseph said to his brothers, you're forgiven, you're forgiven, go free. This is
the mercy of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, even after years and years more than 15 years of persecution and killing and stealing all their goods and not letting them you don't have freedom for any moment. At the end of it when they want a security Mohamed Salah Sampson, okay, you can have it, you're all forgiven
by the universe 632, Muhammad had achieved almost all that he had set out to achieve. He created a level of peace and security that Arabia had rarely known. He laid out the foundations and the rules of Islam, and he created the foundations of a new Muslim community. But by this time, he was 60 years old, and his health was beginning to fail. In that year, he came to Mecca for the last time but he performed his first and only Hajj, the pilgrimage, and he gave what became known as the farewell sermon.
Hear on a camel in the plains of artifacts, he spoke to a vast crowd with strategically placed announces relaying his words. It was a deeply emotional speech in which, in his own words, Mohammed summarize what he felt he and his followers had achieved.
Oh people lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore, listen carefully to what I am saying. And take these words to those who could not be present here today.
You see in the final sermon, this heartfelt plea from the Prophet, warning the Muslims about certain things, advising them about certain things, you can see his worries for the future of the Muslims, and that these words are something that they should take note of, and they should hang on to and they should be aware, because in here is a very, very important message for every Muslim. Do not therefore do injustice to yourselves. Remember, one day you will meet Allah and answer your deeds. So be aware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
Remember what God's earliest message was? to Abraham, to Adam, to Moses, to Jesus, etc.
And remember that the only real reality the ultimate reality is the one true God and that God is the Creator sustainer and judge of the universe, all mankind is from Adam and Eve, and era has no superiority over a non Arab nor a non Arab has any superiority over an Arab. Also, a white has no superiority over black, nor a black has any superiority over white, except by piety and good action.
He's saying he all humans are what God has called you from the tribalism of paganism, and it's pride in ancestors. But remember, all men come from Adam, and Adam came from dust.
And then he quotes these words from the Quran, which really speak to our time owe people concepts to humanity, we have formed you from a male and a female, and have formed you into tribes and nations, so that you may get to know one another. Not so that you may fight or oppress or occupy or convert or terrorize that so that you may get to know one another. All those who listened to me shall pass on my words to others, and those to others again, and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listened to me directly. be my witness, Oh Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people.
And he asks them, oh people, oh, Muslims, have I fulfilled my mandate to
and they cry numb? Yes, and it rings around.
He asks them three times Hubei. And each time they reply numb, and I think it's the most moving moment.
But that's a submission with life. So he emphasizes all the principles that has been teaching for the last 23 years. He says, For example, there's no difference between urban nonaka look after your family, so it's kind of summation of his life. If you did nothing else, but simply read the last sermon, you will get the essence of the life of Muhammad.
prophets final sermon sets the agenda for modern contemporary Muslim society shows where we failed.
And it shows where we have to try to get to it sums up the transformative mission. That was the life of the Prophet.
After his farewell pilgrimage, Mohammed returned to his small house in Medina, exhausted he had begun to have headaches and fainting fits. He tried to attend public prayers in the mosque, but he was more and more confined to his bed where I used to nurse them.
The only thing that he left was a white new that he used to ride on a coat of armor that he used to wear.
A cloth that he used to cover himself with an a bowl that he used to eat from and he said, Give this to the Serbian. Give this to a wayfarer
saw the profits a lot of Sam he did not die.
owning property to be distributed to his family and his relatives because he said, virtually a prophet has no inheritance subpanel law
and when the profits and loss he was on his deathbed
he was dying.
He was in the house of Asia.
And he would
pass out and come back to consciousness, and he would pass out and come back to consciousness.
On the eighth of June 632, Mohammed died in the house of his wife, Ayesha, the news stunned his followers, some refuse to accept the truth. Panic began to take hold. How could the Messenger of God be dead?
His closest companion, Abu Bakar, calm their fears, reminding them that Mohammed had never claimed to be anything other than a mere mortal, and that only God is to be worshipped, not Mohammed.
He was buried here, next to his mosque, his face turned towards Mecca, a practice still common today among Muslims.
Within 100 years, Mohammed's message has spread across the world, as far as India and China in the east, and as far as North Africa, and Spain and France in the West.
Many became Muslims that night, we showed our faith with a simple pledge.
There is no god but God
witness witness that there is no god
worthy of worship Allah.
And I bear witness and I bear witness that Muhammad peace be upon him that Muhammad
is his seven and messengers is a seven a messenger.
Sister, you repeat them word by word again, I testified. I testify that there is no god
except from Allah.
And I testify and I
was the Messenger
there's no God worthy of worship. There's no God worthy to be worship, except the one true God except one true God. Allah, Allah, okay. And I swear.
Messenger is this messenger. Congratulations.
We only have to search through the pages of history.
And we will find
there is not another human being
whose character can compare with that of Mohammed Salah Lavoie, he was the third witness Gandhi, I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam. In those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self effacement of a prophet, the scrupulous regard for pledges his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his affinity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission. These and not the sword, carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle.
The fourth witness Lupo
Mohammed met all the harming and torturing with patience and endurance. If men are measured by their great achievements, Mohammed would be the greatest man ever in history.
William Montgomery watt, for example, in his book, Mohammed prophet and statesman says that during the early period of Muhammad's ministry,
if he did not have the conviction that he was actually speaking, for God,
he would have given up his mission, because he faced much difficulty. And in the face of such difficulty, it would have been inconceivable from a human perspective that his mission would ever take off that he would ever meet with success. The fact that he stuck through that difficult period
proves that he sincerely believed that he was receiving a message from God.
The revelations Mohammed received would go on to form the Muslim holy book that
they came to him throughout his life. And every time they occurred, it was a terrifying and exhausting experience, he frequently had to struggle to make sense of them. Some came as words, others as visions that needed intense concentration, to understand their meaning.
He would always say that never once did I receive a revelation without feeling that my soul had been torn from my buddy, he'd go pale, and he'd sweat even on a cold day. It's an effort to speak the Word of God.
prophets represent a blessing from Allah to mankind.
They came as guides, from ignorance, from idolatry, from
pagan beliefs, to the light and the guidance of Revelation,
bringing with them, the true religion of God, Islam submission to God.
The real God is unseen,
is not made of clay.
He was a great coach, because of what he was able to do with those who around him. A lot gave him raw material, but a lot of that raw material, and the Prophet did something to them, so that these people who were pagans yesterday, become some of the greatest people on the face of the planet Earth ever in the annals of history. Why, because of the ability of that leader, to do something with these people that nobody could do something with these people steeped in ignorance, but one man was able to come and make a difference, he was able to make a difference with these people because he inspired them to do things of greatness. It was to call humanity to the worshipping the recognition
of the one creator, and to turn people away from all kinds of idolatry and to remove human beings away from being under
the slave ship or subordination of anyone else. And to give human beings a paradigm of behavior and dignity and to remove injustice throughout the world. That was his message. This is what sets Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him from any other ruler, any other Prophet, messenger individual.
I have searched throughout the history for a role model to man and I found none but the Prophet Muhammad.
The Sunnah means what the prophet
said, and it was memorized and acted upon and preserved.
What the Prophet sallallahu wasallam did his actions which was
memorized and preserved and what he approved
and that was memorized and preserved.
things that were written, memorize preserved
it came in the form of some 60 or 70,000 documentation
from reliable people