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Usool Al-Hadith – Part 01 of 03
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
File Size: 15.15MB
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi delves into the topic of the Sunnah and the Hadith and we are acquainted with numerous aspects related to it such as the legal status of the Sunnah, importance of the Sunnah, the proofs that depict Sunnah as the source of law and so on and so forth.
What does one mean by Sunnah and Hadith? Sunnah has been defined in various ways by different scholars:
- The scholars of Fiqh define Sunnah as an act which is not obligatory but if done, it will be rewarded.
- The scholars of Hadith define Sunnah as the actions, statements, tacit approvals and the actual characteristics of the Prophet ﷺ.
- The scholars of Aqeedah define Sunnah as what is believed and followed in Islam.
What does one mean by Hadith? According to the shariah, Hadith is the statement of the Prophet ﷺ. Sunnah is preserved in the form of Hadith.
There are 7 proofs which explicitly illustrate the importance of following the Sunnah and that it is something that we cannot do absolutely without. They are as follows:
- The infallibility of the Prophets.
- The role and purpose of sending of the Prophet ﷺ.
- The obedience of the Sahabas to the Prophet ﷺ in any given circumstance which Allah has praised in numerous verses in the Qur’an.
- The Quran contains verses that emphasize:
- Belief in the Prophet ﷺ.
- The Prophet ﷺ as the explainer of the Qur’an.
- The revelation of the Quran and Hiqma (wisdom) which is in reality the Sunnah.
- Obedience to the Prophet ﷺ is obligatory.
- Obedience to the Prophet ﷺ showcases your true love for Allah.
- The status of the Prophet ﷺ and the etiquette that he must be shown.
- The Hadith of the Prophet ﷺ that mention the importance of following his Hadith. Some among them are as follows:
- The Prophet ﷺ says he has been given something else with the Qur’an which shows that his Sunnah is also an integral part of Islam.
- The Prophet ﷺ told the sahabas to preserve the Sunnah and forbade them from lying about it.
- Application of basic common sense which makes us comprehend that when even the basic pillars of faith cannot be accomplished without the assistance of the Sunnah, then how can the rest of the things pertaining to Islam see the light of the day without the application of the Sunnah of the Prophet ﷺ.
- Unanimous Consensus also reasserts the fact that Sunnah has to be followed.
Episode Transcript ©
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I have a homeowner here in hamdulillah Meadow who wants to know who want to sell fiddle. When are we gonna Villa human Cerulean fusina woman sejahtera Marina, Maria de la dama de la forma, de la de la, la la la la la la la sharika
Mohammed an avid who wore a pseudo back
today inshallah we have a full one day seminar plant. The topic that was assigned to me was also oral hygiene or the principles of healthy. So what I've decided to do is to divide the seminar today into three mini seminars. So we're going to talk about three separate subjects, which are related to each other and which I feel are very important for the Muslim living in the west to
learn and study and even memorize the first topic we'll deal with the legal status of the sooner which is we're going to talk about now inshallah, in other words, why is this so important? What is the proof that the sooner is a source of law?
Is it more important than the Quran? Is it equivalent to the Quran? Is it less important than the Quran? We all know that the Quran is our source of data are filled by law. Where does the suddenness stand with regards to the Quran, and with regards to our Deen or religion, how important is the sooner
the second topic inshallah we're going to talk about this for perhaps an hour or so take a little break. And we're gonna start the second topic. And that is a very brief, quick summary of the preservation of the sun that the history of the composition of the center, and the most important books written in the center. So I will hidesign Muslims in today's I would, we're going to talk about, you know, 1015 works, which I think everyone should at least be aware of the names of these works, so that when we see them reference, we have an idea of where we're coming from where the artists coming from. So that's going to be the second lecture, we'll take another break in Sharla.
And then we'll talk about the last topic or the last portion of today's seminar, which is a basic introduction to the sciences of hygiene itself, which we call muster that terminology. What is a site hygiene? What is a diet? As is how do we know what is the hay? How do we know what is the ice, and all of the other terminologies associated with that science. And I'd like to point out from the beginning that this is a very, very basic introduction. It's just meant for general knowledge. For more detail, inshallah, there'll be a handout that I'll hand out at the end of the series, you can go and research, there's quite a lot of good books written in the English language, about the
science of pseudo hygiene, and all of the different topics that will sort of hygiene. So if anyone wishes to do further research, I've prepared a list of six books that they can go to inshallah, to develop your knowledge. This is, like I said, just the basic introduction to the sciences.
With that, let us start off with the first topic, which is the legal status of the swinger.
Now, why are we talking about this topic?
To be frank, the reason we're talking about it is because in my opinion, the vast majority of the Muslims of the West are absolutely unaware of the science of this topic.
They will, for example, prepare a lecture without even going back to the center going back to the Quran, going back to their understanding of the Quran, if they're going to give their opinions or akiza. They're going to give their ideas of Islam without caring without concerning themselves with what the Sooners says. And this is a phenomenon that is more common in the West and it is in the east. It is more common in the West, specifically America and Canada than it is in the east. This is because of a movement here, which is known as modernism, which is seeks to revise Islam, which seeks to change Islam with the times. And as part of this movement, they must reject either in totality,
or at least a major portion of the Sunnah, in order for them to achieve this goal, and this type of mentality is rooted in the minds of the vast majority of the Muslims of this country, in particular, the feeling that Islam must evolve, that it will change from time to place, that it will adapt to the situation that it's in, rather than the people of the time and situation adapting to Islam. So in order for them to achieve this goal, there is a type of mentality with regards to the sooner that it is not as important as the Hold on. And of course, no one no Muslim really, or hardly any Muslim is going to stand up and say, I don't believe in dishonor. No one can say that. He'll say, I don't
believe in the Profit System I don't believe in if the person told me to do something, I wouldn't do it. No one's gonna say that. But they have ways around it. They have ways to get out of it. First thing they'll say, Well, I had this wasn't really preserved. Human body dies, 250 years after the process, and we don't, we're not quite sure it was really preserved. Basically, if you say this, you're saying the same thing. I think we don't care about this enough. Because if someone quotes you a headache, or sooner, and you say, I don't even know what the profitsystem said it. It's as if you're saying whatever the process of him said, I don't care about it. The end result is the same.
Think about it. And you'll see what I'm saying. If you deny that the sooner has been preserved. The end result is the denial of the center itself. So they don't know what's going to stand up and say we don't care about the center, but they're going to say, Well, okay, that's your interpretation of the sooner you caught them a hadith in Bukhari and Muslim
Clear as clear as the light of day and its meaning there can be no ambiguity. And he'll say, Well, there are differences of opinion about this issue, you have your proofs, and I'm sure the other scholars have their proofs.
The fact that you quote him a Hadith, it doesn't mean anything to me will come in from one ear and out the other. So this is the mentality of his presence in many of the Muslims who say, unfortunately, and like I said, especially in this part of the world, for reasons which are historical and other factors, which you don't really want to get involved with right now. But I just want to point out that it is very sad to note that, especially especially in this country, this phenomenon is far greater than majority of the other countries Western and Eastern, for example, in England, the idea of modernism is not as firmly rooted amongst the Muslims as it is in America. So
this is why I think it is important to talk about this topic, the importance the legal status of the center. Before we start, we have to obviously point out the meaning of the word soon the meaning of the word Hadith, and what is the relationship between Suna and Heidi?
Certainly linguistically, from the Arabic language point of view means a path a way.
Okay, so as soon as is a simple path is like a simple road put out in front of you, linguistically.
And from a point of view, the sooner has many meanings to it, depending on who uses it.
Okay, the sooner has many meanings depending on who uses it. For example, we hear many people say, Oh, that's not fun, that's fun.
That's not fun. We don't have to do that sooner. Well, that's one definite that's one terminology, that is one
meaning of the term assume that depending on the context that it is used, the scholars have defined some that to be the scholars have defined certain that to be that which is not obligatory to do, but if a person does so he is rewarded.
An act that is not obligatory to do, but if a person does so he is rewarded. So someone will tell you, the tutor has asked his or her or not farther sooner by this meeting, and this is the most commonly known meaning amongst all of us here. When we hear the word Cerner automatically, we think of the opposite of fun, or if you'd like a degree less than sort of awaji.
But this is only according to the scholars and so again, when you use the word sooner you have to define which which meanings you intend, because for example, the scholars have had is similar is not this, the student according to the scholars of Hadith Now, the other definition is, all of the statements, the actions, the tacit approvals, and the characteristics of the process are sort of four things. According to the scholars of Heidi, the mohabbatein Bukhari Muslim scholars a compiled Hadith. According to them, the meaning of the word Suna is all of the actions, all of the statements, all of the tacit approval, do you know what tacit approvals mean? Everyone knows what
tacit approvals mean? If you don't understand anything, you can ask immediately. tacit approval means and act was done in front of the prophet SAW sent him and he saw it and he didn't object he agreed.
So this is the meaning of tacit approval. And the fourth thing is the characteristics, the physical characteristics, how the process was going to look, how he dressed, how he ate, what he did with his life, the Syrah all of this is included according to the scholars of headings in the terminology. So now, obviously, this meaning is different from the meaning of the focal hub, for example, is called ear headphones say it was appropriate sooner, to pray five times a day in the masjid. But in reality, we know that it is followed to pray five times a day. But when he's using the term soon that he doesn't mean sooner in terms of part of the watch even McLuhan and Haram is no, he means it
was the Prophet act was a profits habit, which might be thought of from the point of view, it might be sooner it might be mobile, or allowed. So all of this you have to take into account. Yet a third meaning of the word sooner is by the scholars of our freedom. And to them soon that means the aqidah of Islam. In other words, what a Muslim believes they called it sooner. And that is why
when a person asks you, of course if he asked you are you Muslim? He says yes, I'm Muslim, anonymous will ask you what type of Muslim are you? You will say I am from as soon as well, Gemma, the meaning of the word sooner here in this phrase, after the sooner was Yama, which we'll talk about more inshallah, and there was a few classes as well. Coming on Monday, we were talking about this definition. But the meaning of it here is that I'm following the beliefs of the process of the water system and the companions. This is the meaning of the term and as soon as you map when we say it, and the scholars have upgraded therefore, even Mohammed, when he wrote a book about Africa, he said
focus on the fundamentals of the sun. He wasn't talking about the sciences of Hades at all. He was talking about what a Muslim believes in this book, which is available in print, or food as soon as the book is about what we believe. Likewise, one of the scholars of Allah he wrote a book called as soon as
the book has nothing to do with the sutra in terms of headache is to do with happiness to his belief
So we see that according to who uses the term assume that can have many different meanings to it. Okay? When we're using it today in these series of lectures, we're talking about the meaning of the word sinner, according to the scholars of heavy. In other words, we're, this is the most broadest category of the Westerner, we're talking about everything that came from the processor is.
Okay, what is the term Heidi's mean? linguistically? haddie is the opposite of padeen, which means it's something that is new, has been something that is new. And that is why a person statements are called heavy. Because he said it, he said something new that he didn't say before.
And so obviously, from share a point of view, when we use the term heads, we're talking about the statements of the process of the law who I need to sell them. Now what is the relationship between soon and heavy?
This is slightly difficult to understand, but I'll try to simplify it by giving.
For if you like a brief example, the sooner is the abstract concept of the Prophet's life. And the Hadees is the reality of, for example, opening a body opening a Muslim and seeing it in print, you find an actual Hadees in front of you. So the sooner is preserved in the head.
Okay, when you say you cannot say it's advice from the RSI sooner, no, sooner is what the prophet system did. But you can say his wife had this answer. He had this because Hadees is a physical, the tangible methods by which the footnote was preserved. So as soon as you like the word sooner is more abstract than the word had.
I hope it's understandable. Okay. Basically, when we say the word sooner, it means that this was the methodology of the process. Listen, when we say the word Heidi's we're talking about a specific statement with a specific chain of narrators. It might be authentic, it might be inauthentic. Okay, it might be of the sooner it might not be of the sooner. The Hadith basically, is what preserves as soon as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
Okay, what is the status of the sooner in Islam?
The scholars of Islam have three very similar opinions. The first opinion stated that the sooner is second to the Quran. In terms of legal Wait, in other words, you find an ayah in the Quran, you find the Hadith of the Prophet, so the sooner we give preference to the ayah over the Hadith, but we still take the heavy this was the opinion of some of this causes like a shout out to me and others.
The second opinion which is the opinion of the majority of the scholars, is that the Quran and the Sunnah are equivalent in weight.
When I say equivalent in weight, I mean from a legal point of view, not from a blessing points of view. Without a doubt the Quran is more blessed than the sooner if you open up the Quran and you recite it, you will get blessings just for that recitation. The Quran is the actual speech of Allah, the Quran is preserved with its word and its meaning. The Quran is obviously superior to the sinner in terms of holiness. But we're not talking about holiness. Right now we're talking about the legal application of of discernment. Okay, for example, if Allah tells you don't do this, and the process and tells you don't do that, those two prohibitions are the equivalent in weight or not, this is
what we're talking about. If Allah says this is obligatory, and the process is that this is obligatory, those two obligations are the equivalent in wait for is one more than the other. So you see what we're what we're talking about. Now. According to the majority of scholars, they are equivalent in wait. We're going to discuss the proofs of that in a little while. So in other words, if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam says something, this is Hello, this is how long it is just as if Allah subhana wa tada said, this is halal. And this is how long it is equivalent in wait.
This is a second opinion.
The third opinion, which nobody actually explicitly stated, but there are some references to some of this called is hinting at it, that the Quran is in fact, our stronger authority than the sooner and they said that because of the fact that the Quran is more in need of the sooner than the sooner is the need of the Quran. In other words, you cannot understand the Quran without the sooner
so they said that because of the fact for example, Allah subhanaw taala will say something. For example, Allah will say that I was sad, of course it took about a year Houma, the thief, male or female cut off his hand. That's all it says in the Quran. If we were to take this verse, as it is, then we would cut off the hand of every single seat, no matter if he stole something as trivial as a pen or something, or something as expensive as a monument or a gold, any gold or silver or something. Likewise, we cut off which has right enough, whichever we want to. Likewise, where would we cut it off from from here from here from here, we'll be open for whatever we wanted to do. When
we go to the sun now we find that there's a certain minimum amount. If you steal a measly pen for example, into your hand is not going to get cut off. There is a minimum amount that you must steal before you
Your hand is cut off. Likewise, when it is cut off, it's only the right hand not the left is cut off and it is cut off from the wrist joint. Where do we get all of this information from from the sooner so they said that the Quran is more in need of the sooner the sooner is the need of the Quran. But no one actually accidentally said that the sooner is more of a more important than that of the foreign. They cannot say this obviously, the current dividend, like we said is a second opinion. And that is that the sooner is equivalent to the foreign in its legal weight. Make sure you understand we're talking about legality here, we are not talking about holiness about blessedness about Baraka,
there is a difference. The Quran obviously is superior to the Sunnah, when it comes to the recitation and the preservation and the fact that is the speech of Allah and, and and so many things. But the Sunnah and the Quran are equivalent when it comes to the legal status of both of them.
Okay, so for the next part, the remaining part of this lecture, we are not going to prove this point, the legal status of the sooner and I have divided into seven categories or seven proofs.
These proofs if a person were to understand them and memorize them, really, I don't think that any person would trivialize the thumbnail, once you understand the status that the student has in Islam. Therefore, it is it is imperative that especially those that are involved in Dawa, they understand these points. In fact, they memorize them with their evidences, so that when the situation arises, which is all too common in this country, and in many parts of the world, that people are trivializing this and they can easily defend the sooner and when a person defends the sooner realize that he is in fact defending the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam because this is what we have
left of the Prophet so
the Sahaba were blessed that they could physically defend the profits or sell them because they were there and alive at his time. As for us, we have nothing left to defend except the profits honor, the profit sooner the profit actions the profit statement, this is why we are studying the sciences of Hades. This is why we want to make sure that it is understood by the Muslims. So I've divided the proofs into seven different categories, or seven different points if you like. And under each point, there are other points. The first proof of the importance of the sooner is the fact that the prophets in general all of them were infallible. What is the meaning of infallible?
infallible means they cannot commit
mistakes, they cannot commit sins. Okay, we have to talk a little bit in detail. What do I mean by infallible? Obviously, all of the prophets were infallible when it came to spreading the message of Allah, no prophet ever, out of 124,000 properties that are less rather than sent. And 350 roughly messengers that he sent, none of them ever lied or made a mistake, or was incorrect in spreading the religion of Allah.
None of them.
Allah subhanho wa Taala says, Yeah, you are Zulu bellisima Arabic This is Surah verse 67, or you are messenger, or messenger proclaim what Allah has revealed to you? What Islam does and if you don't do this, from Allah, who then you have not fulfilled his message. In other words, you have failed as a prophet. And then Allah assures him, Allah can assure assures him and he says, while La Jolla similkameen and that Allah will protect you from mankind. In other words, don't worry, don't fear, spread the message, spread the message of Allah and Allah protects you.
Likewise, the loss of habitat it says in the last verses of Susan hapa in the hula po Rosalind Kareem, it is the word of a noble prophet will not hold the holy share. It is not the statements of a poet, nor is it the same as of a madman, either, until Allah says, if the profits low taco world I live in a bubble of Halloween, if he invented some lies against us.
Allah is saying in the Koran that hypothetically theoretically, if the Prophet sallallahu Sallam invented some lies against us what would happen? The husband I mean, who believe me, we would have held him by his right hand. Suma Papa Anna middle watin, when we would have chopped off his jugular vein.
When I'm in command, you will none of you would ever have been able to protect him.
Why is the law revealing this think about it? Was there any possibility that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam could lie? Was there even the remotest chance that the prophet SAW Selim could invent something and then attribute it to Allah subhana wa Tada. It is inconceivable, not possible. So why is Allah revealing this verse in the Quran to show you that whatever comes from the prophets mouth regarding the religion of Islam, it is from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
You understand this point, when it comes to spreading the religion of Allah, all of the prophets are infallible. They cannot make the slightest mistake, intentionally or
Okay, how about the sins? How about the sins.
As for the major sins, the prophets, none of them can ever commit major sins. As for the minor sins, there is some istilah. Okay, for example, other maladies from our father, he ate of the tree and ultimately forgave him. And likewise some of the other incidences that some of you are that I mentioned, but the correct thing that can be clearly stated is that it is not possible that any of the profits continue to commit or continuously commit a minor sin. Yes, perhaps they might fall into one mistake once and they are reprimanded and then they leave it like for example, Adam or father, May, Allah Samantha forgave him that once he ate of the fruit, he repented, and he became Yanni
repentant and remorseful after that. So, it is not possible for any of the profits to even continuously commit a minor sin. So therefore, if we see that the profits all of them have reached a certain level, where it becomes imperative upon us to follow them. Why? Because everything they say comes from Allah subhanho wa Taala, they cannot make a mistake with regards to the religion that Allah has sent him to preach. This is the first point you understand how it's relevant to our topic.
It is relevant to our topic because the fact that the profits are insoluble, when it comes to the religion shows you that you must obey them. The fact that a lot of thing if the Profit System invented a life against us, we would chop his head off, what does it show you that whatever comes from his mouth is from Allah subhanho wa Taala.
So the infallibility of the Prophet is a fundamental proof of the fact that the profits must be obeyed.
The second proof
was that this is the actual intent of sending the messengers.
if Allah wills, He could have sent down a book onto the mountains. And that book would have been a miracle as the Quran is so that people would have discovered it and believed in it and become Muslims. But Allah did not work like that, and never Has this ever occurred. Allah has always chosen prophets and messengers to be sent to mankind. Allah has never communicated with mankind directly, except through the prophets and messengers.
So the role of the Prophet then, is to be obeyed.
That is why Allah sends prophets that you look at this man, you see what he is doing, and you then put it into practice.
If Allah had not willed this, he would have sent down the book by itself and there was no need to send the Prophet
Allah subhana wa tada says,
woman of Santa Mira Sunil Illa Lupo have eaten in LA Sunita for 64, we have not sent any messenger This is a very important verse here. We have not sent any messenger except that he should be obeyed by the permission of Allah. Every messenger has been sent with the same goal in mind, why did Allah send messengers? So that you look at them? You see how they worship Allah and you put it into practice? If you don't put it into practice, what is the point of sending the messenger
likewise, know how to histogram and also solid and sure I and so many prophets are mentioned in the Quran. They say the same thing. But the whole law what alfre Rooney
obey Allah have fear of Allah and then obey me. have Taqwa of Allah and then obey me. 10 1520 prophets have all been mentioned with the same statement in the Quran. For example, look as soon as a shootout or every six or seven is every time a new prophet is mentioned. Allah says what did this prophet say practical law will appear only half step of Allah and obey me all of the profits. There is no exception here. Okay, so this is the second proof that the sooner is important in Islam. In fact, there is no Islam without the sooner the sooner it's no surprise that the prophet SAW sent him was sent. All of the profits were sent to be obeyed by Allah subhanho wa Taala.
The third proof of the status of the sooner is the fact that the companions during the lifetime of the prophet SAW Selim
would obey the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and Allah subhanho wa Taala would praise them, or the least was that he would not reprimand them for this obedience.
and wonder for how they disobeyed the prophet SAW Selim Allah subhanaw taala revealed verses in the Quran, reprimanding them censuring them for disobeying the prophets of the Lord. So, in other words,
while the Quran was being revealed,
it is beyond a shadow of a doubt that the Sahaba used to obey the Prophet system and Allah did not reveal any verses discouraging that. In fact, he revealed verses to the contrary, when the Sahaba disobeyed the Prophet at the Battle of words, Allah revealed verses in the Quran that are recited this day, centering them that the reason that you failed, the reason that you lost was that of your own sins that you disobeyed the Prophet Solomon
Likewise, when the Sahaba would follow the example of the prophet SAW Selim, Allah was present follows me and I will find that they say we hear and we obey Allah praise the Sahaba because they obeyed the prophets of the law.
For example, there are so many examples here, when the province of Britain was standing up in prayer for us to pray with an issue sometimes.
So once during follow up, he took off his shoes and put them to his left hand side.
All of the Sahaba in the masjid, they are in Salah. They took off their shoes, and they put it left to on the left hand side.
When the processor said set up, he said, Why did you do what you did? I didn't tell you, you know, we're in Florida, right? Why did you do what you did. So the prophet or the Sahaba respond to the other school of law, we saw you take off your shoes, and put on your left hand side. So we took off our shoes and put them on the left hand side. So the process that instead jabril came to me and informed me that there was some ledges on my shoes, therefore I could not pray in them. So I took them off and put down on your left hand side on my left hand side. So you see that the Sahaba the whole machine, the entire congregation, when the processor did something, all of them followed,
blindly, obediently, and Allah subhanaw taala approves of that. No verses revealed, essentially reprimanding, like, was in the process of took a ring of silver, or of a gold, excuse me, no silver, all of the Sahaba, two greens of silver, all of them. And when the process ends, after a few months, he threw it away, he decided not to wear it. Likewise, all of the Sahaba throw away the rings as well.
So there are so many instances that are reported of the process of doing something and the Sahaba following him immediately while the Quran is being revealed. Why do I say this because as I've been making a mistake, then the purpose of the Quran is to guide them. Just like whenever they made other mistakes, the Koran came down, that Why did you do this? Why did you not do this? Whereas whenever they obeyed the prophecies that have nothing but praise came down, or at least silence which is silence is approval. Silence is approval when Allah subhanaw taala is silent, and the process of them is silence at an act being done. Like in this situation it is approval, and when they disobeyed
the Prophet so senate verses came down, reprimanding them, censoring them, why did you disobey the Prophet? So this is the witch proof or we all know.
The third proof that the so na is a legal authority it holds weight, in the in our religion of Islam.
The fourth proof are the verses in the Quran that prove this point.
The verses in the Quran that prove to you that you must follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu it is tender, and these verses are more than 50 according to some 70 or so a number so much so that we cannot discuss all of them. Rather we will categorize them. I'll break them down into how many do I have here seven categories? Okay. There are so many verses in the Quran that we cannot mention them all, rather will categorize them. section one, Section two, Section three, those risks that pertain to this those risks that pertain to that because there are so many in number.
Is this better if I okay? The first category of verses are those verses in the Quran that tells the Muslims to believe in the Prophet sallallahu it was telling them
very general verse, For example, Perea you cannot say all mankind in Nero sudo la de la creme Jamia, I am the messenger of Allah to all of you sent to all of you, for me to be very well actually. So therefore believe in Allah and His messenger. Now the question arises, what is the belief in the messenger? When you say, well hammer the rasulillah? What is the implication of the statement?
This is the first point here.
Okay, this is for example, what we're talking about now is point number four, section eight. Don't get confused, keep along where we're going. Point number four of the proofs of the validity of the Sunnah. Now we're going Section A or section one however you want to divide it is the meaning of Muhammad Rasul Allah.
When Allah says have emerged in the Prophet for the center, what does it mean? It means that whatever the Prophet says, You must see that this is what a man is.
A man what is email? When a person says something, you must believe it? That is your email.
So when the Prophet Allah sent him tells you to do something,
if you have a man that this man is the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, that email will necessitate that you follow up what he said, if he said to do it, you will do it. If he said not to do it, you will leave it
and the more that you obey the Profit System, the more immersion that you have, and the less you obey the profit for the long term, the less demand
You have. So this is the first category of verses although those verses that mentioned belief in the messenger, and we said this is the meaning of belief. This is the meaning of email. The second category of verses
are those verses that describe the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam as the explainer of the Quran,
the process of love while you send them his main and primary role was to explain the Quran, Allah sent him to explain the Quran. If Allah sent him to explain the Quran, then it follows that we must obey him when he does that explanation. We must believe in that explanation or else What is the point of such an explanation? Allah subhana wa tada says,
one then the sick ones and the ilica dechra. We have revealed to you this Vicar this remembrance need to be in an anathema Musee de la him, that you may make clear to people what has been revealed to them,
that you may make clear to people what has been revealed to them. This is Surah
that the reason that we have sent you this Quran is that you may explain to mankind what has been revealed to them. So the primary goal of the prophets of Salaam was the interpreter of the Quran.
Then next category of verses section three now if you like or substance three is the fact that Allah mentioned again, when I say categories, there are many verses here I'm just mentioning one due to time restraints, but I just want to point out two categories and shallow hand that will hand out some handouts. There are some more verses here. And when you read the Quran, you will be able to find easily many verses that you can place in each of these categories as well. Okay, the third category of verses are those verses that show that Allah subhana wa Taala revealed something along with the Quran that Allah didn't just reveal the Quran to the prophets of the law, it is sudden, he
reveals something and along with it, he revealed he revealed the Quran and along with the Quran to reveal something else. What is it something else? Allah mentions it in the Quran as the word hikma which means, wisdom.
The fact that Allah has revealed the Koran, as wisdom shows you that there's something more than the Koran. If someone were to say what is this thing, you will not be able to think of anything except this.
What else has revealed or told you to follow? What under the law why they can keep tabs on what Allah has revealed upon you the key tab which is a hold on what is Shipman and the wisdom?
So the prophets of the law I sent him has received inspiration, not just as the Quran but also something else.
What is this thing?
It is the Sunnah of the Prophet. So that is what your mama shafter. He said, I'd hate to hear the wisdom that is referred to in these verses. It is in fact, the son of the Prophet of the Lord.
So the fact that Allah mentions that he has revealed something along with the Quran shows you that the sooner is also a part of our tradition of Islam.
The fourth category of verses is the easiest to understand and these verses number at least 50. In the Quran. those verses that explicitly clearly mentioned that obedience to the prophet SAW Selim is obligatory.
those verses that clearly mentioned that obedience to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is obligatory. For example, Allah says, when they use regular sudah, Picabo, Allah, whoever obeys the Prophet has indeed obey the law. If you obey the prophets of Salaam, you're obeying Allah. Likewise,
Allah says, alter your law well to receive these sentences in verses or obey Allah and obey the messenger, once again, showing you that obedience to the messenger is a part of our religion of Islam. And in fact, in Surah, Nisa, verse 65, one of the most explicit occurrences of this type of verse, Fela or uptick, Allah, you know, named by your Lord, they do not believe Allah has negated Imani from everyone until when had you had chemo Cosima shadowbane home until they make you meaning Mohammed sauce them to be a judge amongst them. In other words, whatever problem they have, whatever situation arises, they must come back to you.
Soon balayage superfoods and feroza mila COVID, then after you have judged, they don't find any constraint, any difficulty, by your judgement. In other words, they accept it.
They accept it willingly, openly, they don't have a problem with it. For example, a person might go to a court of law thinking that he's right, the judge rules against him is gonna go away and his heart will not be content. It will be like Oh, they did this. They did that. He they were not fair. And just with me. Allah says if you have this feeling when the profitsystem judges in any matter, you don't have enough similarity to feel him enough. Where you sell them with a cleaner and they submit totally to your decision.
This is the most exclusive verse because Allah has said if you don't have this, you don't have email.
You don't have a man until you make the profit your judge the law while he was sending them. Whatever difficulty arises, whatever situation arises, you go back to the Messenger of Allah, you find out what he said. And then you don't have any problem in your hearts with what he said and you follow it up immediately.
The sixth category of verses or those verses that
mentioned that obedience to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is in fact a sign of loving Allah. If you truly love a lot, you must follow the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Allah says in the Quran, for example, so to Allah and Ron verse 31. Say, quote, in consulting a boon Allah, if you truly love Allah phetchaburi Huni como la Follow me, Allah will love you.
If you truly love Allah, what is the condition? Follow me who is saying that the prophet in the Quran
if you can, if you claim, if you presume that you love Allah, then prove it by following me. Once you do so, you're welcome Allah, Allah will then love you. So you love a lot and you want a lot to love you, there's only one way to do it,
following the sun.
This proves beyond the shadow of a doubt, like all of these other posts who said that the sooner is an integral part of Islam.
This sixth category of verses are those that show the status of the prophets I send them and the etiquette that he must be shown.
For example, in circumcision, not the first verse, what is the first of July?
Yeah, you are Latina. Armando loves to cut the movie, the law. What are you who believe, do not go forward beyond a line is messenger. If there are bad that this means that you don't put your statements above their statements, and you don't put your understanding above their understanding. In other words,
what Allah has said and what His Messenger sallallahu wasallam has said, You must accept it without putting your own words in your own speech above that. This is the meaning of discourse. So the status of the etiquette for example, a less regular says lots of swastika football, sports and maybe don't raise your voice above his voice.
If you are not allowed to raise your voice above his voice, then what do you think of raising your opinion above his opinion?
Do you understand this point, if you are not allowed if you are prohibited from speaking loudly? And this is why when this first was revealed, some of us huddle would only speak in whispers in the prophets presence for the longest. It would speak in the lowest of tones, so that other people would have difficulty hearing after this race was revealed, if it is not allowed to raise your voice, above the voice of the processor for them, then what is the status or what is the situation of the one who actually raises his intellect raises his own desires above that of the Quran, and Sunnah.
The final category of verses are miscellaneous verses that you cannot really classify or categorize. For example, Allah says, In surah, number 73, we're in econetic room in our karate, Muscatine, verily, oh Mohammed, you guide them meaning mankind to the straight path. So the fact that the process is described, for example, as a shining light as the geyser, okay, as the one that takes out of the darkness into the light, all of these descriptions that are given to the prophet SAW how you send them, they show you the status of the Prophet says that and has that obedience to Him is obligatory, okay. So if we finished four evidences. General evidences the fourth one was verses in
the Quran. The fifth one is
the Hadith of the Prophet. So some that mentioned the importance The following is heavy. In other words, what did the prophets of Islam say about his own son? There are many, many Hadees every single book of Hadith mentioned some of them
will just briefly mentioned three points, the first point five a if you like, or five one, the fact that the province that him himself mentioned that he has been given something along with the Hold on, and this is a hikma that alone refers to like the profitsystem status in the Senate that would either in total or Ana will miss lahoma very early I have been given the Quran and something like it.
This is what the processor is saying. I have been given the Quran and something like it what is something like it means it means that the son of the processor is equivalent to the photon, something equivalent to it. And this is a proof that the Quran and the Sunnah are equivalent, like we said, illegal wait. So the fact that the prophet Nathan is telling you, I have been inspired more than the Quran. My son that is also an inspiration from Allah in general
shows you that his son also is a part of our religion of Islam.
The second point underneath the fifth category, is the fact that it is obligatory to obey the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. In another authentic hadith the Prophet
Islam says that it is it will soon happen, it will soon happen that a person will be sitting
and reclining on his couch. In other words, you will be in a state of ease and content. And he will say, follow the Quran
and whatever comes to you from the Quran is sufficient for you. In other words the process is describing and this is amazing actually, think about it because this is exactly the situation we are living in today. The Prophet phenom said in many many Hadees reported in mausoleum a mockingbird as soon as soon as that would. And also even imagine and others other collections the process of instead, that a time will soon come when a person will be sitting on his couch reclining, meaning he is lazy and content, he is not eager, enthusiastic, and he will say whatever comes to you take it from the Quran, you have no need of anything else. In other words, rejecting the sooner and then the
bathrooms that are the same idea. That No, no, that everything that I make Halloween it is as an online holiday. And everything that I make how long it is as if Allah has made it how long.
And this is a clear explicit proof that the Quran is equivalent to the sooner it's wait. Because the process empathetic and authentic it he says, Whatever I make highlight, it is as if a laminated holiday, whatever I make, how long it is, as an alum it is held on.
The third point underneath the fifth category that it is a process for them is the fact that the Prophet system
commanded the Sahaba to preserve his son, and he forbade them from lying about him.
Now who can explain to me why this shows you the the status of the students.
The fact that the processes have told the companions to preserve it, and forbade them from lying about him.
Can anyone explain how this shows you the legal status of the sooner?
Otherwise, there's no need to preserve it? Why would the process then tell us how you must preserve my son? Why would he?
Why would he forbid them from lying unless lying about the processor is a big thing, that something will be resulted from this line?
The prophets will send him said
May Allah brighten the face of someone who hears my heartbeat and memorizes it and then passes it on to someone else.
And he also said at the hedge of alpha that lets the person who is present tells the one who is absent.
And the most narrated Heidi's Do you know that has he that has the most change out of all of the Hadith of the Prophet system, the hundreds and 1000s of a hadith which has he has the most change says you know, you know,
okay, anyone else know
the Hadith that is the most widely narrated has this which is found in every single collection of hedges ever written. And it is narrated by over 70 ad chains, is the haggis, whoever lies about me will find his place in the fire of hell, man killer body and with me then tell us about a woman and now what I realized about me though, let him be prepared to face the fire of health. And it is of the miracles of Allah subhanho wa Taala that he made this Hadith, the most widely narrated headings to show you the dangers of fabricating hazards about the process of the law.
If we move on to the sixth aspect,
and that is very simple, common sense a practical viewpoint. In other words, common sense tells you that you must follow the similar practical How do you know you must follow the sooner Allah says in the Quran? What RPM was Allah established the prayer
does Allah mention how many times you have to bring the form
that Allah mentioned, you have to pray to the gods profession for God's provision for guys for Muslim, this Allah mentioned that you have to be frigid, right at when when the sun when you see the first streak of dark and you have to pray a book after the sun starts moving from isn't it? And you have to pray also when the person shadows does Elon mention any of this. There's a lot mentioned that you must do the core and then stand up and then you must choose to do and you must refer to him and you must do this and you must do that.
Nothing of this is mentioned in the Quran. So it is not possible to follow the Quran except by turning to the sun. Likewise Allah says gives the car gives the car anywhere in the Quran doesn't say give 2.5% of the car.
How often do must you give us a car once a year twice a year every month? Nowhere.
So you will not find in the Koran
any chapter of physics
Except that you must go through sooner in order for that chapter to be complete.
Specifically, with regards to follow up, which is the most important rule, Allen never mentioned the power of how to pray, now that you mentioned how many times to pray, now that he mentioned what times to pray, nothing is mentioned. That is why you will be amazed to know, there is a group in our time
started around 100 or so years ago. And it started in the Indian subcontinent. But the idea, the idea that this group are all over the world, but there was an actual group and it still exists to this day. They call themselves for VCs, because their founder was a person by the name of purveys, who lives around 100 or so years ago, in the Indian subcontinent.
This group, they deny, the sooner they say we don't have to follow the sooner. In fact, they say that it is shipped to follow the Profit System. This is what they say, Okay, I logged on to the website. And in the on that website, they describe how to pray. Do you know the prayer that these people have? Firstly, it is only three times a day, because the law says and so this law, basically, you can interpret it from that verse that the prayer is only three times, okay? Secondly, the way that the prayer is, is you stand up, and you recite facts, which by the way, there is nothing in the corner projection so far, then you record then you do. And then you say,
this is their prayer.
Why? Because Allah says God, no matter what you do, the only things that are mentioned in the Quran are record Institute. So according to this group of pervasive, they pray three times a day. And when they pray, they say the fact they have they go into court, then they go into servitude, and then they sit up and they finish their prayer, because this is the verbal thing that they have taken from the Quran. Of course, this group has been declared non Muslims beyond the shadow of a doubt. When you deny the sooner when you deny the sooner then you are not a Muslim. So this group has been declared outside the fold of Islam. But the point is just interesting, if not hilarious, to see
where they're coming from to see their other 15 points. And of course, they have whole chapters on on other chapters of fifth. It is just amazing to see the deviancy that has spread in this group, or how far they have deviated by rejecting the center of the process. And every Muslim knows you must pray five times a day. Yes, these people have denied. Every Muslim child knows the proper way to pray. Yet these people have denied it. And this group exists in the United States of America. They don't even call themselves Muslims. Because they consider the Arabic to be not important. They have translated the word Muslim into English. So they call themselves who knows the submitters? Okay, the
submitters, and they are based in Tucson, Arizona, you know who their leader was
Rashad Khalifa, who knows Rashad Khalifa was, he was the person who in 1980 1980, something, he was the one that propounded the 19 theory, although he must have been aware of the 19 theory, that there's a miraculous nature of the Quran, this there is a miracle 19 everywhere in the Quran, he was the one that had this idea, then eventually he declared himself to be a prophet, okay, in America, like the first Muslim prophet to be sent to America, supposedly. So this person declares that to be prophets, and hamdulillah Allah, that I read him by a London Zoo with someone killed him in his house. So I think in the late 80s 89 or so, he was assassinated, so that he himself died, but his
group to this day is existent. They still have conferences, they still have a website. And these are the people that pray three times a day, okay? Because they reject us in the fight. So I'm saying from a practical point of view, for example, has also
nowhere in the Quran is has described. So when you cannot even do the basic Pillars of Islam without turning to the sooner then what do you think about more advanced things in the basic version of Islam, it is not possible to have Islam without discernment. The last point, which is an easy point, the second point, there is unanimous consensus. In other words, there is no known difference of opinion amongst the Muslims. Forget understand religion are amongst the Muslims, that you must follow the promises or even the extreme groups like the rocker than the Shia. They have their ideas as soon as they don't follow Bukhari and Muslim, but they have their books as soon as as soon as
Kathy and others. So the concept is there that you must obey the prophet and according to them their emails.
Okay. For example, the college the Hawaii has, even though they did not study, the sooner they did not deny the validity of the sooner we find references that they would not study the sooner but they would not say we don't have to obey the promises that have no. So I'm trying to what I'm trying to say is that none of the Muslims of the past none of the Muslim groups ever denied the fact that you must obey the prophets of the law while he was setting them. So these are seven points that we have mentioned today about the legal status of the sooner the first one
infallibility of the Prophet second point,
the role of the messenger what is the purpose of sending messengers. Third point,
the fact that a lot approve the companions following the process of them, fourth points, various verses in the Quran and we have seven categories underneath the fifth points, various ideas that we have three categories underneath that six points, realistically practically seven points
unanimous consensus now that all of you have written down these points, I will distribute the handout which has all written down for you. But if you if I gave this to you in the beginning, then you wouldn't have paid attention for the rest of the lecture. So if someone the brothers and some of the sisters can come to take these handouts, I'd like to go over it quickly.
Okay, before we conclude another important one important topic before we conclude.
We'll give you a question, time for question answers. So think of questions answered. Before we conclude I'd like to just mentioned two of the main doubts that these people have about the center so that we can understand them and refute them very briefly. The two main doubts that they bring
is the fact number one the Quran is complete. And number two, the Sunnah has not been preserved. So these people, the submitters, and even the modernists of our times, how many Muslims have I personally met? If you were to quote them a Hadees? They're like, how do we know this has been preserved? In other words, they're saying, you know, or they'll say, if you go to my head, they'll say, well, it's not mentioned in the Quran. What you just said, it's not found in the Quran. So why should I take it from you, the Quran is complete, Allah says everything you need to know is in the Quran. So these are two points that they have. The first point is the Quran is sufficient for you,
you don't need anything else. And then of course, you the verses in the Quran that show you that the Quran is sufficient for you. And there are many verses obviously. Okay. The second point is they'll try to cast doubts about the preservation of the signal, you understand, there's a difference between saying that we don't have to follow the Sunnah. And between staying, the center has not been preserved. Even though what I told you, in the end result is the same for both of them. The end result is that you will reject this window. But to say that we don't have to follow the Sunnah. This is Cooper in and of itself,
to say that the sooner has not been preserved. This will lead you to confirm that it is not covered in and of itself.
Okay, so there is a difference between the two. Most of the morning, most of our times they're going to go to the second point is the ARB recording the 300 years and a Muslim and embudo than these long chains of men who knows what they are, you know, mean that these are like the gospel of Christianity? Some of them might be true, some of them might be not true, we don't know. So let's leave it as it is. Briefly, to refute these two points. Firstly, what we have studied today seven points should be sufficient. Okay. But specifically, the Quran is sufficient in and of itself. Is this true or not?
Quickly, yes or no?
Not true. Okay. It is true, not you we already took you cheating, because we know you went back to the notes for the last two years.
Once someone else
it is true, why
the Quran is sufficient in and of itself. But the Quran has told you that you must go to the sun.
You understand it's like a loop. It's like a loop here. The art described itself as being sufficient for mankind and Islam means radical kita Bulava, the Buddha.
But this team who then must attain has told you that if you want to worship Allah, you better go to the center, or else you're not going to worship Allah.
So the Koran has told you where to go, when to go how to use it, the importance of this and therefore it is complete in and of itself. However, if you if you say that the Quran you need to go to the cinema also is not complete this is correct, but it is not very nice to say. So you say the Quran is complete, you don't need anything else. But the Quran has told you to go to the cinema. Therefore, because of the fact the former soldier the golden semi, you can go to the center after that, it becomes obligatory upon you to go to the center. So this is the reputation of the first point is that clear?
realize these two points, you will hear them a lot and I want every single person to understand the answer to them is so easy. A 10 year old could do it. The first point the Koran is complete in and of itself. The answer to this is Yes it is. But it is the Quran that has told us to go to the Sunnah and then you can call them the seven points that we have just mentioned.
I apologize, I was sick and I still have some effects of that sickness, and therefore my voice is a bit low. The second doubt that they bring forth is what is that the student that has not been preserved? Okay. Okay, there are two ways to respond to this. doubt this out is now more difficult. If you like
The first one, but it's still very easy. The first way to respond to this doubt is the long, detailed drawn out study of this science of hygiene. So you start off, how was the sinner preserved? What did they do to preserve it? What did the family owned? What did Dentists have your own do? What books are written the history, and this is a detailed study, which is not that detailed, the books I have told, you mentioned, it is sufficient in a sufficiently scholarly way that a person for the West can benefit from it. But it is not something that you can give in two minutes, you need to give a whole lecture or a series of lectures to discuss the preservation of the sooner from a historical
point of view. The second way which is a shortcut, which which in which you must give when you're debating with someone because you don't have time to go into long argument is you say once they're going to circular arguments, which he cannot destroy, yes, it is circular. But it is a foolproof argument, he cannot destroy, you tell him the fact that the sooner is a part of our religion
implies or in fact necessitates that it will be preserved. It's that simple.
The fact that the sooner is a part of our religion
enough for for it is sufficient proof that along with preserve it, because Allah says in the Quran, we're in the house, we have revealed the Zika and we are going to guide it so we are going to protect it. Some of them I say the meaning of Zika here is Quran and Sunnah.
Realize even if it is only the Quran,
because of the fact that you need the sooner to understand the Quran. This verse also implies that a load preserve the
you follow me
very simple, circular proof but it is foolproof. The fact that Allah subhana wa tada tells you that you must follow the sooner proves that the sooner will be preserved. Because how can Allah tell you to do something when you don't have?
You understand? Allah tells you to follow the Prophet system is in our times we don't have the sun or it hasn't been preserved, how are we going to obey this command.
So the fact that Allah commanded us shows you that the sooner has been preserved, this is the simple argument that you can give in two minutes, and it is foolproof, you cannot find a way out. Allah Allah says now you can live alone nested in love with Allah will not burden someone more than we can what he can do. Therefore, Allah cannot come on and we must demand someone to fly he will not take grow wings and fly because you cannot do so, how can I command you to follow this and not preserve this?
You see the simplicity of this argument. So the fact that he has told you to follow this and it proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that the sooner has been preserved. Okay, so with that inshallah, we will conclude this topic of the legal status of the center. We'll take questions and answers followed by a 10 or 15 minute break, and then we'll move on to the second topic, inshallah, how to go along
with it. If I'm not mistaken, the questions must be written down and handed forward.
Okay, this question
is basically saying that unless I says as Kitab well, hikma,
that the book and the hikma Some say that the meaning of and here
is basically not on its proper sense. And it is a description of the Quran that Allah is saying before on is the hikma Okay, the Quran is the thickness. Now the this is all Arabic grammar here. The general rule is that when you have and it means you have two separate objects. This is our and they Okay, that's the moon and what you can have the moon and the sun at the same time unless you have a drawing in front of you say that's the moon and the sun. So the author or the general rule is that the word and if you like an Arabic I the Wow, Jacobi Moyo, this is the general rule. There are exceptions, yes. But if you want to have the exceptions you must bring the evidence is not simple.
If you want to get to the exceptions, you must bring the evidence. I don't need evidence to show you that. Iran is separate from the hikma because that's the general rule when Allah says the Koran well, hikma shows you that the higman is separate from the Koran. Okay, next question.
What happens when two hedges contradict each other?
There is a series of rules that must be applied here. Firstly, we look at the authenticity of the two hedges if one has this advice and the other say hey, there is no contradiction. Okay. Secondly, we look at both of them are authentic. We look at who soudal fifth is there any way to combine both of these to have it and that is a separate site in of itself. Okay, for example, you one one example for example, when Allah says to cut the hand of the thief, and in the process of him says, Do not cut it for person steals less than X amount. There is no contradiction here. You take both of them together. Okay, like where something might be general and then there's a specific way
We'll hear. So you take the general and the specific together, okay? There is no contradiction. In other words, it might be a contradiction for you. But when you study the sciences of student fit, which is a separate science, you find that there is no contradiction.
There is really an in reality, and realize I've graduated from the College of Heidi's who said in some detail, there is no recorded instance of two authentic hadith, right, which cannot be put together as huge there is no there is no recorded instance of them, because it cannot happen. It simply cannot happen. Yes, many of the scholars of Hadith have discussed this, but from a theoretical point of view, and what our teacher said was that there is really no benefit to this topic, because it doesn't exist and it cannot exist, you cannot have two authentic, Havi, which both of them are applicable. In other words, one of them might be abrogated, okay, for example, the
process of initiatives that don't visit the grave, then you can visit the grave. Well, that's because that one was abrogated by this one, that's another science, but you cannot have two IDs, which are authentic and applicable, and they cannot be put together. And you know, unless there's a condition that doesn't occur, it doesn't happen, and it never has happened. And it cannot happen. Like we said, It's from the process of the buffer, isn't it?
the narrator's of hedges are classified as trustworthy or not, how do we know that this is dependable or not? How do you know you wait another two hours until we get to the topic inshallah.
If you have to choose between sooner and obey the husband, which one goes first, I must ask you what do you mean by the term sooner here? Do you mean according to the definition of the fuqaha, the fifth scholars that something which is similar for example, to to prayers after loaded, as soon as your husband says, don't pray, and you want to pray, you want to fast for example, Monday and Friday, just assume that from the point of view, your husband says, Don't fast. In this case, you give preference to your husband, because of obedience to the husband, his father, and following the suit from the fifth point of view, it's wonder if you mean by son, the son of the 18, then you have
a broad question here. Because you actually classify what the process unfolds you do for example, a job this is obligatory and fun. So you cannot obey your husband, when it comes to disobeying the prophet or disobeying Allah subhanho wa Taala, like the prophets of the law, and instead, now for our son in law who can see massive hardship, you are not allowed to obey a creative being when it comes to do Sylvain Allah. So when Allah has raised something for you, no matter who tells you to do what to leave it, you cannot leave it and want to make something out on for you, no matter where it tells you to do it, you cannot do it. So you must if you mean by Sunday here, this call is a fifth
of them. Yes, you must obey your husband over the meaning of Sunnah in accordance called the fifth. And if you mean according to scholars of headaches, and we must clarify what you mean by this term.