Yasir Qadhi – The Day of Judgement – #14

Yasir Qadhi
AI: Summary © The Day of Judgment is a part of human behavior and is used to indicate success and health. The scale of the scale is used to indicate success and weight, and the importance of good deeds and manners is emphasized. The speakers discuss various controversial topics related to the Day of Judgment, including the history of the calendar and the cause of the Meezan. They also touch on the importance of bringing physical proof of good and bad deeds to judge one's life and how it can impact one's health.
AI: Transcript ©
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hola buena

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de Cana

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unhemmed Allah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. While he will be here woman with a hammer bag we are continuing in our series about the day of judgment and what we know about the Day of Judgment. And of course, all of our information about the Day of Judgment is a part of our human behavior. It is a part of our knowledge of the unseen and the only source that we have about the information about the diminishment is the Quran and the authentic Sona and therefore whatever comes from these sources, we accept and we believe as a part and parcel of believing in the unseen now we've been talking quite a lot about various aspects of the Day of Judgment. Today inshallah to Allah will talk about one other

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aspect that is very explicit in the Quran and in the Sunnah, and in fact, it is mentioned so numerously in our sacred texts, that so many of our treatises about theology about it that they mentioned this issue as a part of our fundamentals, that in order to be a faithful Muslim, you need to believe in this concept and what is the concept it is the concept of the Misa and or the concept of the scales, the meezan or the scales, so today's shallow Tada, it will be all about a very comprehensive summary of quite thorough inshallah tada about the reality of what we know about the scales on the Day of Judgment. Now, of course, the word meezan it means the skills and the Quran and

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Sunnah is very explicit with this word, it has been used over a dozen some, some would even say two dozen times. If you look at all of the Hadith that mentioned the concept of the scales, and the concept of the scales, the meezan, it is something that would occur most likely after the hisab after the judgment after the scrolls, even though as we know, it is not explicit about the chronology of events. Now what does the word meezan mean? The word meezan comes from the Arabic was Anna was Anna, and wasn't of course means weight, and wasn't is your weight. And the classical meaning of course, the lexicon authors they mentioned that was in not only means your actual weight,

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but it also implies your status and your merit. And it also implies justice. And me Zan is the noun of the instrument that is used to do wasn't or the instrument that is used to weigh and by the way, just a bit of a tangent here. So the Arabic language is a morphological language is the language that is of the Semitic branch of of languages. And it is very, very unique. It is unlike the languages of the romance tradition, English and Latin and Spanish and French, the Semitic languages and in particular, Arabic is the most developed of all the Semitic languages. One of the unique things that really makes the Arabic language stand out is the conjugation of the verbs. The fact

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that one verb, let's call it fat, fine lamb, one verb, which is the verbs are typically three letters, sometimes two, sometimes four, but typically three letters, one verb can be conjugated to over 200 structures and those structures those morphological structures, this in Arabic is called the language of sort of the language of some of these morphological structures. Once you learn the morphological structures, you will come across the pattern, you will be able to extract the three letter verb once you know the three letter verb, you can automatically extract dozens if not hundreds of words from that one three letter root and this is unique to the Semitic languages. And

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so where is all of this heading just to give you an FYI, that the word means on it, it actually comes from the the morphological structure that indicates the the the instrument that is used to do the verb. There is a morphological structure for the advanced students is my file or my file, which indicates that whatever wording comes with my file or my file, it indicates the instrument that is used to do the verb. So for example, miftah is the key from Fatiha so Fatiha is the verb you can derive from the verb to have to open

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miftah which means the instrument for opening the door. The same is missed by which is candle. And of course, even those who just barely know a little bit of Arabic soba means Yeah, neither the light or what not miss ba is the candle. For example, mirror one, for example, the x. So all of these things, they occur on the morphological structure softened. That's one of the reasons why Arabic is so, so powerful and beautiful that you can take a verb and permutated conjugate from any verb, literally dozens, if not actually more than this. And so Me, me, Zan is the instrument that is used to wait wasn't and of course, it is well known that it is a scale which has been used from the

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beginning of times. And of course, the instrument itself of the scale has symbolized justice from the very beginning of time. In fact, even in our Western cultures here, that if you go to a courthouse, generally speaking, you will find you know, a person blindfolded person carrying the scales right. And the notion of the scales beat me meaning to impartially weigh the evidence is back and forth and to see which one is weighted by the way again, allow me to go into these tangents have been locked up without being able to go into tangents for quite a while. So let me now explore these tangents inshallah, we'll get back to the topic as well. But just FYI, interesting. The issue of

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scales, indicating justice is not just in the Quran, it is something in many traditions and cultures. In fact, even in the ancient Babylonian textbooks, in fact, in the famous Egyptian book called The Book of the Dead, the Pharaonic religion, the ancient Egyptians, they had a religion and their religion is preserved in something called the Book of the Dead. That's their holy book. And in this Book of the Dead, there are actually images of a goddess that they had that is carrying the scales of justice. And that notion was, of course, eventually transformed into Roman times into an actual goddess that they call the goddess of just justitia, the goddess of justice, and it was a

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lady who would have scales. And then, and in Roman times, the goddess, the justitia, Goddess will actually have a temple and a shrine, that notion trickled down to Christianity, which trickled down to Europe, and around the 12th or 13th century, we'll begin to see this notion of a lady that is blindfolded that is carrying the scales, that is symbolizing justice. And all of this actually goes back to the concept of the lady carrying scales. It goes back to ancient Egypt and has been trickled down all the way to our modern Western culture. And by the way, again, the tangent of the tangent but it's all inshallah interesting and is relevant inshallah, what if somebody were to say that,

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although you're on mentioned scales, as Justice, and it's found in Babylonian traditions, it's found in Egyptian traditions is found in ancient Christianity. So in fact, your Koran is the same motif as all of these other traditions as well. It's all this mythological folklore, the answer to this is very straightforward. And this is the response that I've also given when people have asked me about the issue of the the flood of Noah, the great flood, which they say that the concept of a great flood is found in every single tradition in the world, there is not a single civilization, except that it has a notion of a flood. In fact, not only ancient, you know, creation myths in Babylon, not

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only in ancient Egypt, not only in, in civilizations that were aware of, even when they were when they first came across the aborigine populations of Australia. And anthropologists studied the aborigines, they came across the creation story of a myth, they set up a great delusion of a great flood of mankind emerging from a flood. And so they found the notion of a flood myth, they call it this, what they call it, even in the aborigine people. And so of course, skeptics say, Oh, your religion is no different from all of these other faith traditions. And of course, this is very, very simple to respond to, we can flip it around 180 degrees. And we can say, the very fact that all of

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these civilizations have a flood story indicates that there was, in fact a great flood, at some point in history, and that all the civilizations preserved that notion of a great flood, the fact that justice is symbolized with scales, and is in fact mentioned in the Quran as well when Obama was, you know, Crystal, again, this is very exquisite in the Quran, we shall place the scales as a sign of justice is very explicit in the Quran, the fact that the Quran mentions it, and it's mentioned in the ancient Egyptian texts, all that it indicates is that this has been from the beginning of humanity that Allah subhanho wa Taala. In the earliest of early religions, he revealed

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this concept and so it kind of remained embedded in the human psyche and subconsciousness until we find it in all of these different cultures that are non Islamic, and we find it in the Quran as well. Anyway, that was a long tangent. Let's get back to

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Our lecture for today I was talking about the issue of meezan. And I mentioned that the Quran and Sunnah is very explicit about affirming the concept of meezan. And this is something that is quite clear. And I'll mention some of the main verses for example. So to our off, Allah says that while was new Yama, he needed help. And on that day, there wasn't and here, here it means the weighing. So Allah talks about the verb or the concept of weighing, the weighing on that day is going to happen with truth will Hawk and Allah says in Surah MB, verse 47,

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when l dot L, Mo, yz and nakiska Leo Milka Yama, and we shall place the scales of justice on the Day of Judgment. So Allah is mentioning the scales of justice, there's going to be scales, and the scales will symbolize and we'll execute this. And this is of course, justice. By the way. In another talk, I've gotten into the tangent of the English word justice and the Arabic word Christos, and why and how they are related together Christoph justice, they go back to the same route as I have mentioned Now, the point being again the Quran is very clear in pseudocode. From an ethical dilemma was in one moment Halford ma was you know, so the Quran mentions the skills being heavy and the

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skills being light. And this concept is mentioned in four or five verses in the Quran, multiple verses for example. So does that mean Allah subhana wa tada says, someone who was you know, who for lack of homophone, whoever skills are heavy, they shall be successful woman have Fatima yz know who and whoever scales was light for like a lady in a hospital and fusa home feed Johanna Mahal you don't they shall be in jahannam to abide there in forever. So we have here the concept of heavy and light scales. So Telegraph, Allah says, When I get in a car for Ruby, it robbed me Monaco for Habitat amerihome Fela naughty moolah home, yo malkia Mati was not those people who rejected a lot

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and disbelieved in him, their good deeds are destroyed. So we shall not establish for them the weight of scales on the Day of Judgment for those who claim widow was not they shall have no weight on the Day of Judgment. The fact that they have been negated to have weight because they have rejected a law indicates that those who believe in a law are going to have that weight or that scales on the Day of Judgment. So if you gather just the Quranic verses, it is quite clear that the skills are real, Allah says that we're going to make it build this negates metaphor. if somebody were to say, the scales are indicative, the scales are symbolic of a laws justice, we say. The fact

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that Allah azzawajal explicitly says when older animals eat healthy, that what will was numerated in Haku, that Allah is going to say we're bringing it with hok. Therefore it negates symbolism. The scales are not symbolic. The scales are real on the Day of Judgment. They are meant for justice. True, they symbolize justice, true, but there are actual scales that are going to come on the Day of Judgment. Also, the fact that Allah says the scale will be heavy, and if they're heavy, the person will be successful, the other skill will be light, and if they're light, they will not be successful. This all indicates the realities of the scales. As for the Heidi literature, there are a

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number of very, very explicit ahaadeeth about them, some of them authentic, some of them not so authentic, however, the most authentic ahaadeeth one of the most famous Hadith about the concept of scales, is the Hadith that Imam Al Bukhari chose to be the conclusion of his Sahaba hottie and he has a chapter heading, the chapter of establishing the scales on the day of judgment and the very, very last hadith of body body begins with intimate amount of money yet, and the body ends with the famous Heidi Kelly mahtani huffy. fatahna ella lissoni shakeela Tani filmyzilla Annie, hubby batan Isla Rahmani silverhand Allahu be hum de Suhana la hit Albion two are the phrases or words that are

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very light on the tongue and very heavy in the scales and very beloved to Allah Subhana Allah to Allah Subhan Allah Hamdi he supine a lot of the moment well, Heidi began with the concept of intentions and the intention must be pure. And then he ends his book with the concept of actions and deeds and words you have to act upon those intentions is not just good enough to have intentions. You have to do those intentions. And among Well, how do you also concludes his book with this notion of the day of judgment to remind us that all of our journeys because the first edit is digital, our life is a journey, the first heading in the intimate amount of money yet, we're in the mind of

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Columbia Manoa Herman Gannett hegira to whoever is his Europe, it's as if we are on a journey and the last Hadeeth he chose what is the end result of

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The journey where will our journey end up? It will end up on the Day of Judgment. And on the Day of Judgment, we have to answer to Allah subhana wa tada and our scales are going to be weighed and whoever is scaled was heavy shall enter gender and so emammal bodies reminding us in a So here, we have better have heavy skills, the point of that Hadith, our Prophet sallallahu wasallam explicitly said southdale, Attorney filmi Zan, they shall weigh heavy in the skills. And in fact, in one Hadith and Muslim Imam Ahmed, the mention of scales is actually listed in the famous hadith of what is emailed and what is Islam it's actually listed so as to how we asked the prophets of the law, why do

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you send them home messenger of Allah what is even, what is faith? Our Prophet sallallahu I said and responded, he man is to believe in a law, and the last day, and angels and the books and the prophets, and to believe in death, and life after death, and heaven and * and the hisab which is the accounting and the Misa and point number 11. And to believe in the Mi Zan, and then number 11, number 12. He said, Well coder and to believe in all of the good of it and the bad of it. So the man said, If I believe in all of this, am I a believer? The Prophet system said Yes, you are. So notice in this Hadith, which is a longer Hadith of the famous one of the six pillars of Eman, he mentioned

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a longer list and in that list, he specifically mentions what it means to believe in the visa and also in the famous hadith of Sahih Muslim our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, up to hooroo chateauroux a man doing will do is half of EMA, meaning whoever is concerned with will do and doing will do all the time and praying regularly, that is half of your mind will hamdulillah he temblor olmesartan and saying Alhamdulillah it fills the scales on the Day of Judgment tumbler with me Zan, and Subhana, Allah will hamdulillah fills up all that is between the heavens and the earth. And the prayer is a light and the charity is in evidence. And being patient shall be an illuminating force.

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And the Koran is either in evidence for you or against you. So this beautiful Hadith, it explicitly says, saying Alhamdulillah fills the scales what hamdu Lillahi tamela olmesartan. So one Alhamdulillah said from the depths of the heart and acted upon, it will fill the skills so once again, he is affirming there's something called the scales, he is affirming that good deeds are going to be in the skills, and he's affirming that good deeds are not all of the same size, some good deeds are bigger than others, and of the biggest of deeds is the vicar of a law. What ethical law he acabado Vicar of a law is the biggest and our prophets is missing one small phrase in the

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previous Hadith Subhana, Allah will hamdulillah that it makes the skills heavy in this phrase Alhamdulillah fills the scales. So the vicar of a law is something very important to have for the skills in the idea of Sunni Nativity, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, there is nothing that is heavier in the scales of the Day of Judgment, this session is going to filmyzila then then what horsnell holyoake having good manners. So once again, we have this notion of good deeds being heavy in the scales, and our Prophet sallallahu. I sent him as encouraging specific good deeds in order to have heavy skills, so we better be paying attention. We had better be contemplating that

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these aren't just abstract notions. And again, I've said this so many times in my entire series, when we talked about the science of data judgment, then we moved on to the bonus. Now we're talking about the judgment day itself and shall Lofa law gives us life and health and so on. We're going to move on to actually talk to you about the what we know of Heaven and *, all of these knowledge based lectures dear Muslims, they're not just meant for intellectual curiosity. They're not just meant to satiate What if we're supposed to believe and then act upon those beliefs. And so here we come across a set of a hadith about making things heavy in our scales, and our profit system is

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specifically mentioning Vicar and Savannah law and a hamdulillah. And also good manners nothing is heavier than good manners on the scales of the Day of Judgment. And in another Hadith in the Muslim Imam Ahmed with a slightly weak chain, our Prophet sallallahu I said, is reported to have said, back in back home soon mathcad ohana filmyzilla en la ilaha illa Allah Allahu Akbar, Allah Subhana la he will hamdulillah and a righteous child that passes away and the parents are the parents are a patient at the passing of the child. So the profitsystem is saying what will make you understand five or the things how heavy they are in the scales that in the halo law

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Allahu Akbar Subhana Allah what hamdulillah. And then the death of a loved one, if you're very patient, especially a child and your patient at that, it will be the heaviest you can imagine on the scales of the date of judgment. So this is, again, a very explicit Hadith, about the issue of good deeds being put in the scales. There's a very beautiful narration in the soudan, of Buddha wood. In the chapter of the scales, there's an entire chapter called the chapter regarding the scales, I should know the law one has says that one day, she thought of the fire of *, and began to cry. And so the Prophet sallallahu, I, you send them visited her that timber walked into maybe who's in

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the room, and he said, what is causing you to cry, so are a shadow the loved one has said, I remembered the fire of *, and I began to cry. So a messenger of Allah, will you remember your family on the Day of Judgment. So the prophets of the law are you send them said, three, or the times, no person will remember another person three, or the times no human should remember another human number one in the leizhan, when the scales are placed, until a person knows his his scale heavy or not, number two, at the time of the handing of the scrolls, until the person knows that which hand is his skull going to be put in the right hand, or the left hand or from behind him, and

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number three, when the bridge is placed over jahannam, and you have to cross that bridge. So these are the three timings now, by the way, this Hadith, beautiful Hadith, so much any wisdom and beauty at the same time, you should know that there is a very, very slight weakness in this Hadith, and that is hassanal boiserie, the famous nabire, who died, one 10 and has an adversity is narrating from our mother, Asia. And in all likelihood, he did not meet our Asia, he is simply saying from Asia. So there's an unknown middleman. And this is the common, very well known issue of the murase of Hassan al basri. And of course, that's another topic altogether. For this hadith students. It's

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well known there's in an entire PhD written about the murase, or the 100 scenarios from the Sahaba, because has an obesity is of the late tab your own and he's not of the early so there's a lot of companions he did not meet. But in those days, it wasn't a big deal. If they just said Oh, aboard Eva said, or whoever said and he didn't actually meet him, the missing link was dropped because it wasn't a big deal. Of course, laters call those we need to know, oh, has an obesity Who did you hear it from? So because of this, there's a very slight weakness, nonetheless, as you aren't aware by now, and this is I've been saying this for many, many years now in my lectures that look at the

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concept of weak IDs, we may narrate them, as long as we don't, you know, firmly believe that they are, they're not theology, but it's not a problem narrating them and to mention to the people that hey, there's a slight weakness here and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best and if the weak Hadith has an encouragement to do a good deed, no problem, we can then even do that good deed and believe that it is a weak idea and Allah knows if it's authentic or not, no. Anyway, the point being that there is a weak Hadith that mentions again, this issue, but we don't even need it. There are many a hadith that mentioned the concept of Misa. Okay, next point here. So we've talked about the Quran,

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and the Sunnah very clearly talk about the meezan talk about the marathon being heavy, talk about good deeds being put in the meezan talk about the fact that good deeds come at different sizes and different densities and different weights. Okay? What are the descriptions of the Misa? Well, when it comes to describing them is done. The fact of the matter is that the Quran and the Sunnah are silent on the details. We do have what are called Athar statements from students of the Sahaba. From the third generation, second generation, we have people who they took it maybe not necessarily from, you know, the sooner or whatnot, they took it from other sources, it's really at this call, for

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example. And so we find in the earliest books ever written about theology, we find sometimes descriptions. But to the best of my knowledge, I have yet to come across an explicit Hadith of the Prophet system that's authentic, that describes the scale. And so what we can do is just mentioned that look, in our earliest books, there was this notion that the scale is going to have to, you know, two sides to it. And of course, this is the common way scales are I mean, there's no scale, generally speaking, that is, well, there are but I'm saying there's no common skills as three or four, you generally have two skills, right? And that there's a middle you know, thing that is

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keeping the two skills in check. So these are things that we find in our books, and there's no problem in reporting them, but I have not found it in an authentic Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Allah azzawajal knows best. We also have mentioned in some of these books that gibreel alayhis salam will come with the skills or he shall be carrying the skills we have

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I mentioned that the scale, one side of it will be on the side of gender, and one side will be on the side of jahannam. So if the gender side becomes heavier going to go to gender, we also have that the scale will be placed in front of the throne of a law, and on the right will be gender on the left will be jahannam. And so if the scale is right, it will be here on the left or three there, we also have this notion of one side of the scale, she'll have a light shining on on it, and the other will be dark. And so the good deeds will be in the light side. And therefore if it is heavy, everybody will see and if it is light, everybody will see all of these notions, they are not found

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in explicit ahaadeeth that are authentic to the best of my knowledge. So no problem that we say some of our early scholars believe this, but it's not a matter of our theology to believe. It is a matter of our theology to believe in that reason. And again, just FYI, if you read some of our treatises of theology, the most famous treatise is of course ever written in the history of Islam. It is how we screed up to how we is creed and of course all of these Creed's were written by scholars at various timeframes and they are very interesting to study and read, but we also always have to remember that the creed of the howey is not from Allah subhanho wa Taala. It is something that a great scholar in

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the fourth century of the hedgerow or to how we die is 310. So is the fourth century a great scholar of the fourth century compiles. What he believes is the creed and he places it in this book to realize it is a great attempt. It is a blessitt attempt. No other creedal book has been accepted across the spectrum of those who believe in the Sunnah, like, how is creed but remember, it is not revealed from Allah. And there are other crews that have been written as well by people interested in this sooner and those Creed's have slight differences and whatnot. So the point being put that all in mind now, if you look at those early Creed's, and there are many, many in number, and they

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have been continuing to be written up until our times many of them explicitly list and of the principles of Eman is that we believe in the Misa and the how we explicitly affirms the Misa, and another authority earliest land had been bought. And I will have Shadi and alella carry and so many others of our early scholars of Islam who are writing about creed, all the way down to a safari as well who died 200 years ago, 300 years ago, wrote a very famous book about creed. And it also is a very comprehensive book and he says and of our creed is that we must believe in the Misa did any Muslim group deny the reason it is mentioned that one strand of the pseudo rationalist they're

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called the Morteza that one strand of Islam that they said the creed sorry, they said the meezan is metaphorical for justice, that there is not an actual meezan it's not going to be an actual physical scales. And they dismissed the Hadith because they did not follow the Hadith. And they interpreted the Koran to mean that whenever Allah says when Obama was email, Chris thought we should place the scales of justice, they said the reference is to justice and not the scales and the concept of meezan to imply justice, this much they are valid in but as we explained the Quran as soon as simply too explicit to be metaphorical over here, so Allah knows best we disagree with their metaphorical

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interpretation. And we say that the text of the Quran and the texts of the sooner or explicit the famous Imam is Safar Dini, whom I already mentioned, he says that the tradition has explicitly mentioned that the mazon is a real meezan, and that it has two sides, and that it has a middle pillar, and by the way, the two sides and pillar, I have not come across it in Hadith. But in any case, that is what the many of our scholars say. And this is the position in a bus and has no velocity. And it is a position of many trends, including the shadow trend and our scholars by fit. When he says our scholars he means the hamburger the decrease as well. And he says that the Hadith

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have become mutawatir. And there is unanimous consensus upon the people of truth of the Muslims that we believe in a literal, Misa. So it has become a big deal. The means and it's not a trivial thing. And so we believe in the reason je Okay, already mentioned a few lessons ago that the chronology of the Day of Judgment is not set in stone. And the question arises, when will the meezan be set up? Will it be set up during the hisab before the his app after the hisab? And if you look at the Quran and the Sunnah, there does not seem to be an explicit chronology about the marathon and the hisab. Nonetheless emammal Toby who is one of the most

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one of the most well written authors, he has written one of the most comprehensive books about the Day of Judgment, Mr. moto Toby says that the the Mi Zan is going to occur right after the hisab. So after the hisab the record

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And that's what I'm following in my series right now is that we did the his app, and then we're not doing the meezan. And so, the mizar will come after the his app. And he based this this on the common sense notion of what exactly is the his app and what exactly is the reason that his app is going to be the reckoning that will take place between a large origin and the person and the Misa is the manifestation of that reckoning, once the reckoning has been done, we need to see actual proof and whatnot. So he says logically that the meezan will occur after the hisab and again, all of this is no problem to to affirm. And we will all find out on that day We ask Allah azza wa jal to make

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that day easy for us. Another issue that comes when will the famous issue of the fountain the household come into place? Our next lesson inshallah, next week will be about the health and when the held will take place. Visser v. The meezan, is a point of controversy, many, many orlimar said that the fountain of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam will occur after the hisab and before the meezan. So there's going to be an interlude. And many have said that it is going to occur after the the Messiah. And we do not know for certain, but I will come back to this point next week. And I'll mention various controversies over this issue. And perhaps any, there is no chronological order,

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perhaps everything's happening somewhat simultaneously. And some people will be doing this and some people will be doing that. That's something that we cannot fully comprehend on that day. But just be aware that there is some discussion in our medieval tradition about this issue of when, what is the chronology of the marathon versus the hisab versus the soul health versus the how old all of these things we have done except for the * we will be doing that inshallah next week. Okay. Next point that we're going to be covering is that we talked about the reason we talked about its evidences, and that it is real. Now the question arises, that who is going to be subjugated to this reason? Is

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it going to be all of mankind? Or is it going to be only those who believed in Allah azza wa jal, and they will then be tested with the visa. And this is something that the majority of scholars have said that the meezan is only for those who claimed faith. As for those who did not claim faith, well, then there is no point of the meezan because if they didn't believe there's no hope, and so there's no point to have them resign, and so, there shall not have any means that whatsoever and this is the dominant opinion. There is a small group of aroma, Chef Russia of the last century writes about this in his element gelatin menara and he has an entire article about this issue.

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Shashi Tharoor died 1935 He is the greatest or the Ummah and thinker of the last century, 100 years ago, and he was at the forefront of scholarship of his time, and he impacted the entire globe. He was, I would say, the first global scholar who impacted globally while he was alive, most other odema they were regional, but because of technology because of publication, what not a lot of sujet gave him a certain status among teratoma because of what because of the time frame that he lived in the telegraph in the publication of the printing press. And he was the first to basically start a global magazine. So all of these things changed. Communication changed. And so Shockley was a

00:33:27 --> 00:34:15

household name in his own lifetime, from Jakarta, Indonesia, all the way, you know, to even the islands of the other side of the world. He would get fatigued anyway. So another tangent over there, Humphrey law, where was I? I don't have a live audience to ask what it was. I have to go back to my notes here what we were talking about, I was talking about the issue of Sharpe ratio, stating that the meezan are for the carpet and the Muslim and he felt that this is almost infinite justice. Now. However, it didn't pay me to be a no we many of the early Roman the medieval, remember many of them, they said that? scales, the meezan are only for the believers, meaning by believers, I don't need

00:34:15 --> 00:34:55

them alone. I mean, those who said they're believers because many of them are not actual believers and they're going to go to Janda, many of them are hypocrites, many of them are evil, even though they have semi man. So that's what's going to be the scale as for the calf, they said that there is no concept of meezan and they brought evidences of those evidences certain caha verse 105, which is the most explicit evidence that follow up Mola home yamaki. It was now that in the lead in a couple of those who disbelieved in Allah subhanho wa Taala that their deeds have basically gone to waste and we shall not even place for them scales on the Day of Judgment. This is quite explicit actually.

00:34:55 --> 00:35:00

Further an op mula homeo. Macavity was not and Allah says an

00:35:00 --> 00:35:37

poron la cadena Illa me lumen Amma ninfa Jana Hubba amento all the good deeds that they sent forward, Allah says we will scatter it into the dust and it will become useless why they didn't do something for the sake of a law, and so they shall not be rewarded by a law. So when there are no good deeds, when all of their good deeds have been scattered into the dust when they didn't do something that's going to be rewarded, what is the purpose of them to have eight me's that have been Tamia writes in his memorial fatawa, that there shall be no waiting for the cafard because they don't have any good deeds to be weighed in the first place for him. I've been Tamia says the Wayne

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is only for the believers, the first supper of them and the movement of them the Empires and the pious, they're going to be the ones that will be weighed, and the empires of the believers, their skills will be light, and then they shall go to jahannam. Now, this is an interpretation. At the same time, you know, shorter issue than others they argue, they argue alternative positions and of those positions is the

00:36:05 --> 00:36:46

the issue of certain certain mineral, excuse me, that woman Hufford was uniform at lackland Air Force division of Hollywood on that whoever's scale was light and the context a certain amount, moon, it is talking about the caffeine and the movement. And so it is as if there's an indication that there might indeed be a skills for them. In any case, to be honest, this is one of those issues where there's no practical difference of opinion between the two positions, you're not going to get changed or gain anything. And so whether you believe the calf is going to have scales, that's going to have the Justice there or not, it doesn't really, it doesn't affect anything. And it's one of

00:36:46 --> 00:37:23

those controversies of our tradition, that it's interesting for the students to read about, but there is no practical ramification in this regard. Okay, so we talked about this issue, whether they're going to be Muslims only for the scales, or Muslim and cafard. And I said, the majority position is Muslim only. And their main evidence is diverse in the Koran, there is a dissenting position with that both are going to be have the scales, and the Kaffir will have light skills. Now, the second to last, the penultimate discussion, is the issue of what will be put on the scales and the date of judgment.

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What exactly will be placed inside the skills. And once again, we have actually three opinions at once again, all of these opinions have some evidence. And once again, there's no practical implication of the actual difference, like doesn't really change the the end result, that's something going to be weighed. Three things are mentioned, the first of them, which is the most minority opinion, and in fact,

00:37:52 --> 00:38:32

it's pretty clear that this position is not the correct one, even though we respect those who sell it. They say the human being himself will be placed in the scales, the human being himself will be placed in the scales. And on that day, it's not going to be your physical weight. Thank God for many of us who have much too much weight in this world. We don't want to, you know, we don't have to care about that in the author. Those who have weight in this world on the weight scale means nothing and the accurate and this is actually a Hadith of the Prophet. So the lesson of Hadith is liable hottie Believe it or not, our Prophet sallallahu wasallam said that a large, literally the word used is fat

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in Arabic semi semi means lots of fat, someone is fat, a very big, bulky man will be brought on the Day of Judgment, and he shall not weigh on mosquitoes wings weight on the Day of Judgment, okay. And then Allah, the prophet system said,

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read, if you wish, the verse in the Quran, fella No, Kamala homonuclear. But he was not, we will not give them any weight on the Day of Judgment. So this had he seems to indicate that the human being himself will be put on the scale. And our Prophet sallallahu wasallam is saying, a large man will come. And because he did nothing, because there's no good deeds, he will not even weigh the wings of a mosquito, another Hadeeth in a number of traditions, including Sahih Muslim and also cinema and others. The longer version of his was Muslim and Mohammed, that our Prophet sallallahu Sallam once said regarding the shin of avian westroads, pause your footnote what is going on here? Even Massoud

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a great companion, one of the earliest of converts somebody who was beaten up by the kurush for reciting surah. Rahman in Makkah, somebody who was considered to be a low class worker by the courage, the courage to dismiss him because he was not of their socio economic and cultural status. He was an Arab, but he was not a kurachi. He was from one of the lower tribes and he was a manual worker a labor he wasn't a slave and they would dismiss him.

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In the suit under the law one and let let them dismiss him in our tradition, he is Mashallah at the top of the top, in the structure of the law one, he had an issue with his, his his legs, and his legs had a curvature, he had a bit of a deformity in his legs. And once he was climbing a tree to get us miswak to break from his, you know from his, for his brushing, they would brush their teeth using the miswak. And some of the, you know, younger Sahaba were sitting there. And because he's climbing the tree so his shin is visible, he shouldn't become visible. The Shin is of course, beneath the knee, and above the ankle, and so they could see the curvature of the shin. So some of

00:40:43 --> 00:41:27

them began to just laugh at that, which is, of course not good to do. And our Prophet system saw them. And he said, do you laugh at the shin of even Massoud for a law he it is heavier in the me Zan than the mountain of awkward. Now, this hadith firstly indicates we should not be making fun of people, and especially to make fun of people's appearance because a lot sorry, because even Masood did not create himself, Allah created him. So to make fun of the creation, is to make fun of the Creator to make fun of somebody of how somebody looks, is to make fun of the one who put him in that way. And so that's a very bad, and therefore our Profit System became angry. And he said that How

00:41:27 --> 00:42:04

dare you laugh, and then distract the point home Who are you making fun of? He said that leg that you're laughing at it is heavier in the scales than the mountain of offered. Now, what does that indicate? The idea seems to indicate that even resorted himself will be placed in the scales, and that one should have is that they're laughing at is going to be heavier than all of the mountain at words of heinola. But again, the point is that this Heidi seems to indicate that the person will be placed in the scales and what will be weighed is not the physical weight of the person, but rather the weight of his or her good deeds. The second

00:42:05 --> 00:42:14

point that they say the second opinion is that what will be weighed is the good deed itself, the good deed itself and

00:42:15 --> 00:43:06

the good deed will somehow transform into an icon, an object, an item, and it will then be a physical entity that will be placed in the scales. And the evidences for this are so many of them. The heaviest thing on the day of judgment will be good manners, so it's going to become something that we placed their ethical duty in of them is hamdulillah fills the scales of them is Hello Hamdi. He's about to learn how they mix the skills of heavy so what makes it heavy so Pinilla Alhamdulillah good deeds. So the point here is that the deeds themselves will become physical tangible realities, how we don't know we don't care, Allah will do it, that Allah subhanho wa Taala will transform these

00:43:06 --> 00:43:48

entities into actual physical things that can then be placed into the scales and each one will have a mass of its own and certain things will be heavier than other things. So this is the second opinion. The third opinion is that what will be placed in the skills is not the good deed nor the person. So remember the first opinion the person will be placed in the skill, the second opinion the good deed will be placed in the skill, the third opinion, the scrolls of the deeds, so the scrolls of the good deeds will be placed on the right side and the scrolls of the bad deeds will be placed on the left side, okay. And this opinion is the majority one, and inshallah tada it is the correct

00:43:48 --> 00:44:32

one, even though there's no practical ramification of the differences. And it also includes the second opinion within it, because when the Prophet system says Alhamdulillah fills the skills, you can also say what he means is that the scrolls that have been hamdulillah written on it, the good deeds that have the good manners written on it, when it is placed in the scale, it will be the heaviest thing and have the most explicit evidence is for this is the famous Hadith in urban margin others, that a man shall come with 99 scrolls of evil deeds, and they shall be placed on one side of the scale and he shall not have any good deeds until it will be said to him go to Johanna until

00:44:32 --> 00:45:00

finally an angel will call out Wait wait there is one deed left and so a card will come and on that card there is law either in the law on it and Heidi says that before that card shall be placed on the other side of the scale. So what is placed on the scale, the scroll or the card of deed, and this inshallah tada makes the most sense and inshallah incorporates Now, as for

00:45:00 --> 00:45:38

The Hadith of the man will come and he will be nothing I live in this region, it doesn't mean that even Massoud is going to sit in the scale. It means that this is a person whose deeds are so weighty that even one Shin of his metaphorically speaking here is heavier than the entire mountain of Orford, it means that you don't judge people based upon their outer looks, you judge based upon their deeds, it means that no matter how big you are, or wait to you are both physically and metaphorically, it means nothing on the day of judgment and how skinny or light you are. Or if you have a deformation, it means nothing on the Day of Judgment, what matters is your heart and your

00:45:38 --> 00:46:07

good deeds. So these are the three opinions number one, the person number two, the actual deed number three, the scrolls, and inshallah Allah, what makes the most sense is the scrolls, and Allah subhanho wa Taala knows best. Now, let's conclude with some miscellaneous points here about the reason and then inshallah we'll pause for this week, and then come back next week and talk about the house, which is, of course, one of the most interesting one of the most famous issues of the day of judgment. And we finish off the season by a number of very,

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very theoretical controversies, they don't have much impact. And again, the issues are the reasons you've heard a lot. It's very clear, very, very straightforward. But as usual, our rhythm I love to discuss in a lot of detail. And sometimes those details are interesting. And a lot of times those details don't have any implication on our day to day lives. And so this is one of those things I summarized many, many pages of Amazon into one lecture. But I would like you to know that there are discussions and of the discussions is that how many Muslims will there be? Some have said that every person will have a mini scale. Some have said there's going to be one scale for all of mankind. And

00:46:45 --> 00:47:24

Allah knows how all of us will be judged by it. Because again, this is in the realm of a law. Some have said that there will there's going to be amazon for every single oma. And so there are multiple positions. For example, Mr. Mr. Fire, Dini said, Every oma shall have its own scale. The famous has an apostle, he said, Every human being will have a special skill for him, unique skill for you. For to another set, there is going to be one skill that is going to be used by all of mankind. And at the end of the day, Allah azza wa jal knows best It is not something that we are, we are, you know, obliged to believe in about how many skills we need to know that there is a skill and that our good

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deeds are going to be judged by those skills, how we conclude by stating here, the purpose of the marathon is to demonstrate tangibly, in a manner that our eyes can see to show and to demonstrate a loss, infinite justice. And before we move on to the next, because now we're going to finish off because now we're finishing off one stage of the Day of Judgment. We're going to have at least a few more lectures, and we're now moving on but we were here for quite a few lessons. Talking about the actual reckoning. We talked about the art. We talked about the hisab we talked about the social now we're talking about the me Zan, and all of these put together, they demonstrate a laws, infinite

00:48:07 --> 00:48:48

justice, Allah is going to record Allah is going to ask us we're gonna have a chance to defend Allah subhanaw taala will bring evidences, our own body is going to testify the good deeds and the bad deeds that the angels have written, there's going to be the one on one with Allah subhana wa Tada, no one will be the intermediary Allah will judge every one of us no angel is going to be delegated, this is the judge of judges and every one of us will be judged and then to seal off all of this judgment to demonstrate the actual reality there is going to be a physical manifestation of the scales and there will be a heaviness and a lightness of the scales now before I finish off as well,

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a lot of people have this notion it has been mentioned in the concept of Shiva as well and what not what if the scales come and they are exactly equal in weight? And the responses the Hadith does not mention the Quran does not mention explicitly what is going to happen if the scales are absolutely you know, even and the reality is that these types of scenarios there is nothing mentioned. So there's not much benefit talking about it. Let us not try to be on that level person that will wonder what's going to happen. Let us make the skills heavy on the Day of Judgment. Let us increase our Vicar let us ask Allah subhana wa tada along with Dilma Xin. And we want our skills to be heavy

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on the Day of Judgment, we ask Allah subhana wa tada to magnify our DS We ask Allah subhana wa tada to put all of our good deeds on the scales of righteousness and to eliminate our evil deeds so that there's nothing on the other side, we ask Allah subhana wa Taala to make our skills the heaviest on that day, because that's the whole goal. Brothers and sisters of all of this knowledge is not just theoretical, it is practical in the sense that believing in the scales will impact us. We want to increase the quantity and quality of good deeds and we know from all of this data

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In Allahu Allah,

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Allah does not show injustice to anyone, no injustice, everything is perfect. And the scales demonstrate literally they demonstrate it is a symbol of justice to this day across all cultures and allies. So a gel will place the scales when Obama was seen and those skills will demonstrate to us in front of our own eyes. These are your good deeds, these are your bad deeds and see yourself What was your life worth it worthwhile or not in this regard, let us make our life worthwhile. Let us make sure our skills are heavy on that day finish our low data. I'll continue next week talking about the health of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Allah subhana wa Tada. makers of those who drink

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from that held are set on why the miraculous law he bought a casual

The Reality of the Scales (Mīzan) on Judgement Day

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