Seerah – 46 The Battle of Uhud Part 1

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi


File Size: 38.19MB

Episode Notes

The lecture delves on the next big battle that took place after Badr – the Battle of Uhud. Shaykh Yasir attempts to elucidate vividly on the battle .

The battle of Uhud was a war that was undertaken by the people of Mecca or the Quraysh to avenge Badr. the calamity and loss incurred by them ignited the battle of Uhud as a means of revenge. There were many reasons for this war which included religious, political, economic and social causes.

The Battle of Uhud took place in Shawwal, 3H. The Quraysh set out for Uhud on the 7th of Shawwal, 3 H and reached there in a meagre 7 days.The Quraysh boasted of an army of 3000 men, 200 horses, 700 armours for men (which they managed to gather due to the support of the two major tribes of the time – Kinana and Tihama).  Abu Sufyan was the chieftain and was flanked by his strengths -on the right was Khalid bin Waleed and on the left flank was Ikrimah ibn Abu Jahl.

With the timely help of Al Abbas, the Prophet ﷺ is informed of the news of the Battle and he immediately rushed to the leaders of the Ansar particularly Sa’d ibn Rabi’ah. The Prophet ﷺ began his preparations for the war by dividing his army into three main groups – The muhajiroun under Mus’ab ibn Umair, the Aws under Usail ibn Hudhay and the Khazraj under Al Hubab ibn Al Munthir.

The geography of the mountain of Uhud is explained which is that it is not just one mountain but a whole series of mountains stretching over a mile long situated in the north or northwest of Madinah. The Prophet ﷺ has said “Uhud is a mountain of Jannah”.

Why did the Prophet ﷺ go to Uhud? What was the military genius behind this decision? Shaykh Yasir unfolds the answers and we will be truly mesmerised by the reasoning.

Eventually 700 muslims reached Uhud and they set up their camps.

The Battle of Uhud is an excellent illustration of the trust and Iman one should have in Allah. Indeed when we have Allah on our side we can accomplish anything. In spite of being under armoured and lack of enough animals and everything against them, the Muslims under the able leadership of Prophet ﷺ displayed impeccable valour, strength, trust and Iman in Allah and they were rewarded generously as we shall see in the upcoming lectures.

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim

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al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi mehreen about.

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So inshallah tada Today we will be starting the first of a series of lectures about the Battle of Orford, we have finished a bottle of butter. And we've also done our summary of the entire Mac concealer, and I apologize about my voice, but I'm still suffering a little bit from the flu, so apologies about that. So, let us begin today by setting up the battle, we talked about the incidents that took place after the Battle of other what are some of the most important incidents who could remind me those who are taking notes?

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What are some of the most important incidents between Biden and

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the word

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fans attack? Yes, he attacked Medina. There were minor skirmishes gathered in Russia as well his assassination all of these took place in between by the end.

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Now, the Battle of boyhood is of course the next major battle and the mccanns the Quraysh began planning for this battle immediately after budget. So the loss of

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the disaster averted the calamity of better it was the immediate cause for the Battle of ordered and unlike better offered was an all offensive but it was a reconnaissance mission whether it was something that was meant to save the the caravan and then protect the caravan from attack, or heard was the first full out battle, or what was the first battle that they armed to the hilt that they are prepared for an offensive war? And why are they fighting for reasons number one religious, that by now there is religious animosity, that the Quran the idol worshipers have now developed a religious animosity to Islam to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam to monotheism, number two

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social reasons, social reasons, what are the social reasons? Well, revenge number one is revenge within the social reasons, they have embarrassed themselves at better. They have lost many relatives, they have lost their fathers, their brothers, and especially the leaders of the kurush. In particular, Abu sufian, who was in charge of the caravan is highly embarrassed, and edema, his father, Abu jihad, and soft one his father, Romania have all lost their lives at better. So there is now blood on their minds, they want revenge, and so they want to now get revenge and retribution for what has happened to them in budget. Number three is the exact same reason as better and that is

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economic. The third reason is economic. And by economic, we obviously mean the exact same point that Medina geographically, it intersects the caravan that goes from Makkah to, to Sham, it's directly in that region. And if you remember what happened, that they were not able to really send a successful caravan that the Muslims basically, were waiting for them even the second time the caravan came around after the Battle of butter. And therefore, they made up their minds that they really don't have any option other than to fight. And remember that their attempts at finding an alternative route has been had been spoiled, Allah subhanaw taala informed the process of them, their

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alternative route had been spoiled, they were not able to find an alternative route. Therefore, effectively, they cannot trade with Syria anymore. And this is a big loss. In fact, it will destroy their economy. Because as we have said many times, the Mexican economy was based upon that pipeline between Syria and Yemen, between Syria and Yemen, there was this pipeline, there was this trade route, and the orange were in charge of it. And they were the ones who basically profited off of this, if you cut off one side of the pipeline, the other side is not gonna function, you need that full back and forth, you need that trade to go all the way. If you cut off one side, the whole trade

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is gone. So they're definitely in a desperate situation economically. And then of course, there are political reasons as well. And the political reason is that the Profit System is now becoming a political threat to the corporation, that the Profit System is increasing his alliances with the tribes of Medina.

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The size of the Islamic Republic is growing, and therefore, no doubt there is a political threat as well, therefore, religious, social, economic, political, all of these reasons, are reasons why the Horace felt the need the necessity to launch a counter offensive to launch a an

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actually started out defended it is really an offensive against the Muslims now in his house tells us that as soon as Abu sufian returned with the caravan of butter and the news of butter returned as well what happened at that Abu sufian immediately made up his mind at that point in time that he has to go and fight. So, this was something that was not on the spur of the moment moment this is something that is being planned for more than a year is being planned basically from but up until basically show was so an entire year because brother took place when did it take place? 17th Ramadan is the second year and although it takes place basically in show one of the third year, therefore an

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entire year of planning has gone and Abu Sofia took with him a crema in Abuja hell and so far, it's been over a year. Now why these two because Abuja and omiya were their most prized leaders. They were the cream of the crop. I wish I had we don't need to talk about him enough we have spoken at omega as well. The famous omega ebonheart of the owner of Bella this is omega right? So he is that also prestigious leader. So he takes their two sons and he goes knocking on the doors of the kurush everyone who had contributed to the caravan of whether everyone who had given money to the caravan he goes and he tells them we need your money back now give us your investments back what you have

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profited because remember the brothers caravan had come back safe and sound so they got their profit remember right that Allah Subhana Allah said you wanted the easy one by the had a higher thing in mind for you you wanted the more luxurious but I had a higher goal. So the luscious prize booty comes back to the Polish and it is distributed to all of the shareholders each one gets their percentage then of course also fans in charge he knows who who got how much right so the same person who knows exactly his your accountant now he comes knocking on your door because he knows exactly how much you got. And he says handed back now

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he says handed back because we now have to go on an offensive against the courage we have to go on the offensive against the Muslims and Allah subhana wa tada references in the Quran by saying that in the Latina, cafaro Unicode and wider homely also do answer be the law. Those who have disbelieved. They are willing to spend their money in order to stop people from the weight of Allah. In the Latina cafaro Unicode and wider home, Leo sudo unsavoury de la fossa Yun Fukunaga, they will spend it so much Hakuna Allah him has certain and they will regret spending it from my yoga boon and they will lose all of this in the future, by the way. So Allah is predicting what's going to happen

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this year, by the way suited and fun to to unfold was 36. And interesting, filleted and fire was revealed right after better, and yet a lot is predicting or hurt. And he's talking about the preparation of one right after another. Because as we said, right after whether the money is being raised. So once you do that, and file comes down, which is right after, but within the surah Allah is referencing, but of course, when it comes down with SOS don't realize what's going on, right, but the references here in the lead in a cover of quantum whatever your pseudo has to be the first corner, they're going to spend their money, then they're going to regret spending that money, and

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then they shall in the end be destroyed. And then they will go to janam humiliated. So Allah subhanho wa Taala references the spending and the collecting of money right after brother within the surah of unfound.

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from the kurush now they decided that they needed help, because they didn't have enough people to fight the Muslims.

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And realize that the Quran being the business owners that they were, they had plenty of tribes that were interested in keeping this economic pipeline taking place. And the two largest tribes that they reached out to working on anti hammer. So they reached out to these tribes of kwinana anti hammer, basically saying and they also have a vested interest in having this pipeline running. So they're saying help us out with your money with your

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armor and even with your men artillery everything lend us your money, give us your people, whatever you're able to help us out with. So the cannon and the T hammer as well they added to whatever the number that the Quraysh had. And the entire group as we know came to around 3000 a lot what Adam what was the percentage of each I was not able to find it in abundance hopper other early sources, but nonetheless, we can estimate we can guesstimate that the bulk of the army would have been Quraysh. Why? Because banana and Tahoma would have helped them more with armor with weapons and also with slaves because when you have sought help in this manner, they got plenty of slaves.

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So in terms of actual military people, most of them would have been Quraysh. But the kwinana and tiama, they might have sent a few token people, a small army or small expedition, but the main Help would have been with, with logistics with armory with saddles, these types of things that would have given to the brush.

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And therefore, what we are seeing with the barrel of oil, is that for the first time the conflict is now getting between Islam and Cofer, because before the conflict was between the Quran and the Prophet system, it was a very local, if you like conflict, in every single conflict, the circle will widen, until finally it is an all out Islam versus paganism.

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And what happened was that the animosity of the Prophet sallallahu, Alayhi, wasallam. United the Arabs for the first time, just like the religion of Islam, united the Arabs for the first time, up until the coming of Islam, the arrows were always disunited, no to whatever, agree, you know, two different tribes, Islam came and it made the Arabs into two camps, those who opposed and those who accepted and then eventually, of course, those who accepted one over and therefore, for the first time in human history, the Arabs were united under the leadership of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that will, of course happened at the end of time. But let's get now at the end of his time, let's

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get back to the Bible of word here. So the the circle of conflict is being winded. Why didn't we now have some of the largest tribes to Hama kwinana, these are some of the largest tribes of the region are now participating as well. And on the seventh of chawan, in the third year of the hedgerow, literally, a year, a year and a few weeks after the Battle of budget on the third on the seventh of chawan, in the third year of the hilldrup, the Quraysh set out from Makkah, and perhaps it was as if they wanted to mark the anniversary event as well, that this is basically almost a year after the Battle of whether they set out. And what especially shows their eagerness is that typically, this

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journey would have taken two weeks at a very leisurely pace. And if you wanted to speed up a little bit moderate, you will take 10 days, but in their eagerness, they actually traverse this entire distance in seven days. And that is showing us how eager they were to get to the battle to get fighting with them that they did this in seven days. Now, as we said, the Quraysh had managed to gather around 3000 men, and they had 200 horses, and that is a large amount of horses. And they had obtained 700 armors for men 700. And again, this is most likely coming from Oklahoma and Canada, that put together now for the first time they have 700 armors. now realize back then, the average

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person did not have weapons for fighting. Remember, there is no, there is no army that's being paid. These are people that are living in Mecca, they are tradesmen, they are craftsmen, they are doing their job to invest in armor is a lot of money. And if you use it once every 1020 years, it's not worth it. Most people would not have had

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the weapons or the armor to fight. And this is where the Tianmen Canada people are coming in, help us out. So then they'll lend them the armor that they're not using here, take 200 hit 300 This is a very big amount. also realize that again, most of this armor is coming from elsewhere from Yemen or from Syria. And because the Arabs were not experts at metallurgy, they were not the experts at iron Smith, this is being imported. And this is very expensive. And that's why when you read the books of history, and the books of battles, one of the most prized possessions for a warrior to obtain in a battle was to obtain the armor of his opponent, he would love to obtain this. This was more precious

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to him than many other things. Why? Because armor is a big investment. It's a very expensive item. And it is something that once you have it you can use it basically for a lifetime. You can keep it for a long period of time. So they had 700

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basically arm armors basically armed men wearing their body suits if you like, you know they're, you know, the males, the the chain, the chains, the chains of armor that come this is how they would have the protection. And this time they decided to take many have their wives with them. That is set up to two dozen of the women of the aurash participated. Why was this? Because when you have the women participating, they can serve as a incentive that if we lose, we're in big trouble. Right? cheerleaders, you can say cheerleaders as well. Okay. And frankly, they were types of cheerleaders and their own way because the women would give their poetry. The woman would sing out

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Poetry Out Loud. And this poetry was somewhat sensual in nature, somewhat sensual in nature, that they are encouraging the men to basically show their manhood and discouraging them from coming back empty handed. And, you know, so they're basically, they are in fact that type of cheerleaders, they are encouraging them and forward. But there's also in more and more important than this is when you have women you really have to fight, or else, you know, there's going to be a big problem. So they're so confident that many of the leaders took their wives with them, including Abu sufian, who of course, took hindutva that famous hint that we will talk about for many times throughout the

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Sierra, and I will soufiane was the main leader of the army. And he put on the right flank, he put in charge, highly dependable lead, and on the left flank, flank, he put in charge a crema, even a big reclaimer, even a big hill, and therefore, these three people were the main leaders of

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Abu sufian is that the head of the army, the right flank is cognitive that will lead the left flank is a crema even Abuja. Now, an Ibis, rhodiola, one Ibis.

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We mentioned that he most likely converted at the Battle of butter,

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after the Battle of whether we mentioned that in the prisoner of war situation when he tried to hide his money, if you remember, right, and the prophets of doom said, well, you say you have no money? How about that money that you hid in such a such a place, and you told my father, that in case I died, this much goes here, this much goes there. That's when he said you have a school of law, no one could have told you this other than Allah subhana wa, Tada. I said back then, that there is a very plausible theory. And we're never going to know facts, because we can't know for sure that he was a secret convert. And He then returned to Makkah, as a secret convert, publicly, he is not known

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to be a Muslim at this time. publicly, he converts later on. But there is a theory that he converted after the Battle of but that he was not to convert in bed, even though he didn't want to fight. And he said, and the processor said, You are telling me the truth. He said, they forced me stuck, or only they forced me to fight, I didn't want to fight and I didn't really participate, didn't do much, you know, in the battle. And the problem is that he's telling me the truth, he didn't want to fight. So most likely, he converted secretly in the process that I'm sent him secretly to as a secret Muslim to Makkah. And he remained there up until almost the conquest and before the conquest,

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he made the digital. And the point being that this incident seems to suggest that that is the case. What incident Abbas as soon as the whole he left, and he felt the situation was clear for him. Immediately, he sent a trusted servant to go to the Prophet sallallahu, ala he was setting them and inform him in explicit detail, how many people how much arms, how many horses, the entire layout of the army. Now why did he delay until this very day? Well, one of two reasons come to mind. Firstly, perhaps the holidays themselves were not trusting a bus. After all, he is an uncle. And after all, he has not shown his animosity, unlike a Buddha, unlike a Buddha have did, for example, in his

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lifetime, right, so he's not shown his animosity. So there's always this doubt is he is he not? So perhaps they didn't inform him until the very end. Or, and this is also a very plausible theory, he couldn't send anybody until the city is empty, or else there would be this clear indication, if you send his servant, it's pretty clear. I mean, you know, it's very dangerous for him to do that. So he waits for them to leave. As soon as they leave, he then sends a trusted servant, and this servant goes as fast as humanly possible. And that was three days. So the clock is ticking, because the orange did it in seven. So the clock is ticking. So as fast and this is you cannot get faster than

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this, you cannot do the journey between mark and Medina, in those days on a camel faster than three days. And so he gets to Medina, in three days, and he finds the Prophet system in Oba he was visiting over at the time, and he has the letter to Him and obey have been kept is there and he tells obey to read the electric because obviously, the processor cannot read and the below me, so he tells obey, to read the letter, and obey tells him all the details. And he says to obey, do not tell anybody until I tell you don't tell anybody about this news. And he immediately rushes back to Medina.

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And he speaks to some of the leaders of the unsought in particular Saudi Arabia, one of the leaders of the Assad telling him what's going on, because this is the first time Medina is going to be attacked.

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And then after this, he sends out two or three spies to check on the production before he calls the general meeting. And this is very interesting. Did he doubt his uncle Abbas? Of course, not.

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He trusts his uncle. Yet still, this is a very big news. And it will affect everything. And you cannot operate on the presumption of maybe even a genuine mistake. What if the Quraysh have duped us even? How does he know what's going on? Right? So the Prophet says and first thing he does, he sends out two or three spies

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to find out what's going on, and they go and they actually see the 3000 army close by and they come back and they basically say the Orisha grazing and such and such a pasture, which is basically a deer to away. Literally, they're on the outskirts now. So everything falls into place. And again, this shows us the meticulous care. The Profit System was not an emotional reactionary. He did not just act on the whim or the spur. The processor is acting very cautiously. He's thinking he's making sure everything is appropriate, right. And he told us many ideas Elijah to ministry upon acting in haste comes from shavon. And attorney or acting in

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predetermine thought, this is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. being cautious and thinking things through this is from Allah, and acting in haste is from shavon. And we should learn from the stat, the situation is critical. I mean, they're about to face the largest army. But still, he does not panic. First thing he does he makes sure is it really this case? Is it really that case? No doubt, some time was lost. But it is better to be sure than to cause a panic and then find out that it was a false alarm. So he finds out that indeed, the Quraysh are close by, and any probably we don't have exact dates, but we can estimate or guesstimate, the probably this is now by the 11th of show. Well,

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basically, our Prophet system has confirmed that the orange are

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a day or two away. And the orange basically got to the outskirts of Medina, it just said, in somebody why a 12th and somebody was 13th, they got to the outskirts of Medina. So he literally has like a window of 48 hours, give or take a little bit, he literally has a window of two days to do something. And therefore he calls a large meeting of the Muslims. Now

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there is a dream that has been narrated that the Prophet says that I'm saw. And

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he told the Muslims about this,

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according to evidence, how before the battle and according to Bahati after the battle, which makes more sense.

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And he saw this dream again, according to him in his house before the battle. So according to him in his hops version, he saw the dream he told it to them. But it doesn't make sense body's version makes more sense body's version is he saw the dream in Mecca. And he did not understand its interpretation until after.

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Then he told the Sahaba of the dream afterward. And this makes sense now. Okay, so he saw some dream that he could not interpret until it took place. When it takes place. He then understands the dream, then he tells the Sahaba after to calm them down to console them that look, this is what I saw. And this version makes more sense than if it is hawks version, because if it is hawks version basically has him telling them of the defeat before the defeat. And that doesn't make sense, right? So the body's version seems more authentic. What is the dream? The dream is cryptic. Dreams are typically cryptic, the dream is cryptic, and we need a little bit of explanation. The process of them said,

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Hadeeth is in Bahati, I saw in a dream that I had struck with my sword. But my sword broke.

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But my sword broke. And this is what afflicted the Muslims at offered, this is the disaster of word.

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Then I hit it again. And it came back as good as it ever was, as strong as it ever was. And this was the victory that Allah gave to the Muslims, and the coming together of the believers, meaning after all heard, there shall be victory. This was the victory and the joining together, because what separated them as we'll discover what brought them into Muna 15 and mortman. And then the president said after heard, the Muslims now knew who's right and wrong. Now we are now one group again. It was a disaster. In one sense, there were many sensors we'll talk about, was it a full disaster or a partial, but one of the negatives of was that the Muslims for the first time showed open disunity.

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This had never happened up until this time, the Muslim should open disunity, meaning the mon africaine broke away. That's what I mean by this right then when I first broke away, so the president saying after we will gain our unity again. And after that, we'll have our victory again. And then he said, and I saw cows because I saw cows will law who hate and the law is hate Allah is good. And this was the relievers on the day of OSHA. This was the believers on the day of work in the version of human rights Muslims. It is added the process and said I saw myself wearing

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protective armor. I saw myself wearing a protective armor. So I interpreted that to be Medina.

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So the dream is telling him that stay with your armor, which means stay in Medina. I interpreted that to be Medina now body's version has all of this taking place after which makes sense that after all, he's now seeing what's happening. Meaning the dream of MK comes back to him. And now he's interpreting, okay, now it makes sense. If you look at the other version, it doesn't make sense, because it's as if he's predicting that you guys are going to be killed, and then we're going to come back together. That doesn't make sense, right? You guys are going to separate, they're going to be united, rather, the dream was cryptic. And the process of did not tell the Muslims because he

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didn't know what it was about. And then he only told them after or hood, so that he then interpreted himself. Now, what is the meaning of cows because everything else is interpreted, the sword is interpreted, I struck with my sword, it broke, this is the calamity of it, then I struck again, and it was as shining and perfect as it ever was. This is the next battles. And the Muslims were united. So they're going to be united, right? Then he says, and I saw cows right will occur. And this has given a lot of interpretation. What does the cow symbolize? What is the meaning of a cow? And even hedger says that the symbolism of a cow is that of the Shahada have offered, the marchers have

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wondered why, because a cow is an animal that is useful, dead and alive,

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if it's alive, and if it dies having to do that. So it's as if the Muslims are being told Look, these believers alasa agenda has chosen for them something better.

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This is the interpretation of images that you guys get the point here, that it's the Shahada of word that they're being symbolized, whether they're living or dead, Allah has something good planned for them. And Eliza knows best, but he did not explain what is the interpretation of the, of the cow. Now, as we said, time was of the essence, the Meccans were already outside probably a day or two away.

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And so the Prophet system after consulting with the leaders of the unsought, Saudi Arabia and others, he then called a general gathering. Also notice in this wisdom that you've handled the difference between a true any thoughtful leader or a person of responsibility versus the tattletale versus the sensationalist. The person who's thoughtful, if some big news comes, He will tell, firstly, a core group, then he's gonna widen the circle. Whereas the sensation of this guy, he's just gonna spread everything, spill the beans all at once, our Profit System first told the core group around him to get there much better to get some idea what to do. Then when he had some notion

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or idea now he opens the floor for everyone. And this is a part of hikma and a part of leadership. And even every one of us even if we're not community leaders, every one of us there are things that you don't need to go and tell the whole world or even if you do not immediately find out to me be Be careful, step by step. So after he gets this inner circle, he then calls it a gathering. And it's so happened that it was Friday anyway, so everybody was gathered together on the Friday anyway. And so what this means is that on Thursday, he is gathering information from the closest of his companions, and others, and he spends the day in the inner circle, then on Friday, he then tells them to stay

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after the hotel. But also urbanists have mentioned there was a janazah as well, and geneticists were not that common, you know, there's a small community, so everybody had come for the junos, as well. So it is as if any of us want that it will that there's going to be a larger gathering than usual. And so there is a janazah, one of the Sahaba one of the onslaught he had passed away, so there's a janazah. And so, everybody has now been gathered there. And now the Prophet system tells them everything, no holds barred, he tells them exactly as it is, that we have so many people outside and what do you think we should do? And then he said, without opening the floor, he first gives him his

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own opinion. Then he opens the floor. He says that and I see myself in a protected fortress basically the dream now I see myself in a protected fortress we are in his known Halcyon which is a protected fortress now.

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Medina as we have said many times, Medina was a very unique city in many ways. It had natural impediments on many sides and inshallah if not next Wednesday, then the ones they after will show you the Google Maps to see it from on top and you'll see a little bit of this. Medina had some natural protections on two sides work by now we should all know

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volcanic lava rock and Hydra, Hydra shall be called to this day, right the two houses we are talking about these large

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volcanic plains that walking is very difficult on and people don't go past these planes, especially horses and camels, they're not going to go past onto this area. This is on two sides. On one side, which is somewhat of the North, northwest side, you have the big stretch of Watford, you have this large mountain of overhead. And you have pockets towards pull by area of large date pumps, plantations, basically. Right?

00:30:33--> 00:31:14

North is or there's north. Yes, it is, I will show you the map where there's north of Medina. And you also have towards the southern parts a little bit Southwest, sorry, South East, you have the area of Oba which is full of luscious data plantations. And of course, when you have large data plantations, you're not going to have an army marching through those either. So this is why, by the way, in the Battle of hunt duck, they could dig a trench because the trench was not around the whole city. If it was around the whole city, they could never have done this. The Battle of conduct, the only reason they could have dug a trench is because there really is only one stretch of land that is

00:31:14--> 00:31:51

vast and open where the enemy can attack easily from and that's why they could do it. And we'll talk about that. How was it two three miles or something, but it was a reasonable, I mean, reasonable for the time, obviously to three miles it Can you imagine that long in our hands. But still, for them, this was what they did in that short period of time. So in the barrel of oil, so the process was saying we have now a protected fortress here in Medina. And the suggestion was that they should avail themselves to the natural fortification of the city. And the army, if it would have attacked Medina would never have been able to, you know, this would literally result in street to street

00:31:51--> 00:32:02

fighting, and street to street fighting, who's gonna win the people who know the street, the people who know the layout of the ground, they could have set a barricade, they could have split themselves up into so many different pockets. It is even said that,

00:32:03--> 00:32:31

if this would have happened, the women and children would have been participating from the roof by throwing things down, you know, they would have had projectiles or hot, you know, oil or something like this. So because this is their city, they know it. And they're going to split up the entire army into these small little enclaves and then fight them straight to St. So this would have been protected fortress. So the profitsystem suggested to remain in Medina. And amazingly, Abdullah Ave Bay had been settled, agreed,

00:32:32--> 00:33:18

not because he was somebody who appreciated the Prophet system, but because it was the correct opinion. And Abdullah even obeyed. And Soto was a seasoned warrior. He was the most seasoned warrior amongst them. And he understood as well the tactics of remaining in Medina. And so he said, Yes, this is the correct position that and he said this Medina has never been successfully attacked from within when we stayed as a city. So he's now going back into historical precedent. We have never been defeated from within the city. The city has always protected us. So Abdullah hypnobabies agrees with the process, because it is the right opinion not because he respects the process. And because

00:33:18--> 00:33:30

it is the right opinion, the processing was right. And I believe nobody knew he was right. So he said, Yes, we should remain in the city as well. However, there was a group of younger companions,

00:33:32--> 00:33:43

many of whom in his house says became Shaheed so they were sincere in this. They were eager for battle. They wanted to fight. And they said,

00:33:44--> 00:33:57

Why should we remain in our houses like cowards. Rather, we should go out like brave men and fight them on the battlefield. And these were people who had regretted not participating in better

00:33:58--> 00:34:00

and they wanted to show their

00:34:02--> 00:34:09

manly manliness, their feats of bravery, their war, if you like. And they continued.

00:34:11--> 00:34:59

pressuring the profits are set to go out. All the while the seniors have were silent. And they didn't say anything. Until finally when the process of them felt that the majority were saying he should go out. He then agreed to this and he went inside to wear his armor. And as soon as you went inside, the older Sahaba opened up, and they began reproaching the younger Sahaba. And they said the Prophet system told us his opinion at the beginning. And yet you persisted in suggesting the opposite, until finally he agreed to your in your opinion. How could you have done this? And the younger Sahaba felt very embarrassed at what had transpired. So when this happened, they said

00:35:00--> 00:35:38

In Hamza, and of course Hamza is the uncle that is going to be a shahidan, as we know, they sent in Hamza into the house, because obviously it's his private houses chambers, they sent an Hamza into the house of the Prophet system to tell him that we changed our minds. And when Hamza entered in the process and had already put on his armor, and he had fasten the the straps and everything, then he comes in and he tells him, the Sahaba are now they have now rethought this too, and they've changed their minds. And so the Prophet system said, It is not possible. Once a prophet has worn his armor, that he takes it off until he fights the enemy. This is a hadith which is narrated in a Muslim mom,

00:35:38--> 00:36:03

the other Heidi miombo. It's not appropriate, it's not befitting that a prophet wears his armor, and then takes it off without engaging in battle, meaning it is too late. Now we're going to go to ward, this was decision decision, and we're going to go to war. Now, look over here, it's apparent so many benefits from this incident.

00:36:05--> 00:36:11

Look at the status of Shula in the life of our Prophet salallahu it who was setting them, he felt confident staying in Medina.

00:36:12--> 00:36:29

But he knows like any good leader knows that you need the people behind you. And you cannot just impose your will on them, even though if anybody could impose his will. It was a prophet sallallahu it he was sending him. And as Allah says, we've said this so many times, Allah tells us what to whom should obey know,

00:36:30--> 00:36:33

their way of dealing with matters is to have Shula

00:36:34--> 00:37:19

to have consulted voices, what do you think let's all reach some type of consensus or majority. And therefore, when the majority of companions, according to the processes interpretation, we don't even know was the majority, we don't know. Maybe it was a vocal minority. But when the others are silent, the impression being given is what that this is the majority. And so once this impression is given, he then gives them to the demand. And then he puts on his armor. Notice as well the wisdom of the older companions. Firstly, they wanted to accept the advice of the prophets of Salaam. And secondly, they did not argue in his presence. This is amazing the height of Adam, the height of etiquette,

00:37:20--> 00:37:59

because they could have told the younger companions right then and there. Can you be quiet, please, we've already made up our minds. He's already made up his mind. They could have done this. But isn't this rude? To have this bickering dispute in front of the leader in front of the profits of the law seller. They could have had this harshness, but out of respect to him, they kept their mouths quiet. And this really shows us the amount of respect they had, that they're not even going to rebuke the younger Sahaba for something they know to be wrong, just waiting for him to go out of earshot, then they're going to rebuke right. And this really shows us the height of respect that will let you it

00:37:59--> 00:38:24

is unimaginable really, that that type of respect can now be replicated in front of any living person. This is an amazing amount that only our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam you know is going to be able to get because of his macom also notice that it is the son of Allah subhana wa Taala that young men in particular are always overzealous and rash.

00:38:25--> 00:38:48

It is in their character and nature impetuousness. rashness quick acting, a little bit of arrogance and cockiness generally speaking, we're not i'm not just this will ever generally speaking, it is in their nature. And this is really what makes them young men. That's what young men are right? That always we find those who are young, are more overzealous than they are required to be.

00:38:50--> 00:39:20

And Allah azza wa jal mentions, and by the way, this could work both ways. that it could be overzealousness within the religion, it could be against the religion it could be exaggeration, you know, that is not in the spirit of the religion but has a good Nia, all of this is doable. So allies origin mentioned in the Quran, they were you know, we're kind of in with Finn Medina. titas Adorato, new Suna fellow, there were a group of nine lads that were causing a lot of chaos in the land. And they were the ones who what do they do? Who are the nine lads decide to run? What did they do?

00:39:23--> 00:39:45

The camel the camel, they were the ones who then who then decided to do this prank quote unquote, on the camel of God, then Allah will show them what's going to happen. Right? So again, the point being this is Elementary, there was this article often, and also the cyber cafe as well where young men in the home fit to tune up to him. They were a group of young men, they had that strong emotion in a law. It is human nature that young men.

00:39:46--> 00:39:59

Sometimes they go in the positive, sometimes they go with good intentions but not in the positive direction. The Nia is good, but not in the positive direction such as right now. Right. And sometimes it is the exact opposite which is they have bad

00:40:00--> 00:40:35

intentions and they're still overzealous in that. And, and it's apparently even to this day, if you look at, you know, these extremist militants and tactics that are taking place around the world that we disapprove of in the name of Islam, the main people who support these tactics are always some of our overzealous youth. They're the ones who think that this is the way forward and this is a legitimate Jihad and this and that, and we know that this is not the way forward and in their anger in their overzealousness. Anybody who dares to criticize them, Hala sees Mona Phil, he's a sellout. He's this, he's that this is typical, it is a part of any being

00:40:36--> 00:41:16

overzealous without having the knowledge, right. It's human nature. And, of course, amongst the Sahaba, we're not saying this or that we are saying they had good intentions, but they didn't have enough as much wisdom, as the older Sahaba did. And it's always helpful for the youth to listen to what their elders have to say, this is the general rule. It's always helpful for our younger men to be patient and realize that their elders have been there done that their elders have lived through, much more than they have lived through. And they have much more experience than they have. And the same applies throughout all of our centuries today and throughout all of our history, in any case,

00:41:16--> 00:41:29

so the process of war, his armor, and the fact that he said I cannot take it off now shows us something very interesting. And we know this from other ayat, and ahaadeeth there is a special shediac for the profits,

00:41:30--> 00:41:58

that they have certain laws that nobody else has, there's a special shediac for the profits, that they have a code that they have to operate by. And this code is unique for them. And we know of many such aspects that the processor was able to do or not able to do, he would fast three days without ever eating or drinking 72 hours, 76 hours without one more so one sip of water.

00:41:59--> 00:42:36

And when the Sahaba tried to do it, they fainted. They couldn't do it. So he said I am not like one of you. Allah gives me food and drink in a way he's not going to give to you. Right? So he would fast to three days non stop and he forbade the Sahaba from doing this. And according to one opinion, it was wise for him to pray to God every single night it was wajib because Allah says in the Quran, truth Elena was for the truth offer them in Medellin back home la la pallida. And according to with me, it was wajib for the prophets of Islam, to pray to hedge it. Whereas for the rest of us, it is not wajib but it was for him it was watching. And of course, the issue of multiple wives we know

00:42:36--> 00:42:54

also, this was a concession for him. And here's another quote we have in the media, that if a prophet wears armor, he's not allowed to take it off. This is in there shediac unique to the profits. So once he has worn armor, why because taking it off could be interpreted to be

00:42:56--> 00:43:31

defeat hesitation cowardice, right. So it's not be fitting Maryam Berry, even the phrase used not be fitting, it's not appropriate for one of us to do it. Okay, let people say what they want. How about a prophet of Allah? Somebody who puts on his armor, then he goes, Okay, I'm gonna take it off. But why anybody would say any and they would say this non Muslims, how is this a prophet, you can take it off, take it off. So the process I'm saying, We're not allowed to do that. Once we put on our armor class, we have to go all the way through. Now also notice you we all know what's going to happen. And that is this advice was not the best advice that advice with younger companies was not

00:43:31--> 00:43:31

the best.

00:43:33--> 00:43:42

What is really amazing perhaps one of the most amazing things about the whole incident is that once the decision has been made,

00:43:45--> 00:43:48

the Sahaba were not criticised after that for what happened.

00:43:50--> 00:43:55

Nobody came back to them and said, See, I told you so.

00:43:57--> 00:44:03

Nobody came back and said, Look, now Are you happy? You know this type of attitude we all have, right? Nobody?

00:44:05--> 00:44:09

Because for either assumpta fatawa colomba sinequan.

00:44:10--> 00:44:16

Once you do Shula and then you make up your mind, then how last don't look back.

00:44:17--> 00:44:53

You thought this was best. You did it. Now don't look back. And our Prophet says that I'm said none of you should say what if I did this, then this would have happened. Lo and the fight together the Kanika Saudis. None of you should say, if only I had done this then that would have happened, but rather safe but De La Hoya Marcia fine say whatever Allah has willed has occurred. Because saying what if opens up the door to shape on saying what if opens up the door to shake on, you start doubting you start getting with swass you start doubting stuff a lot even a lot better.

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

And therefore, once you make up your mind properly, and that's the key here.

00:45:00--> 00:45:38

Right, you're not hasty. And the process was not hasty. He spoke to the elite of the Sahaba, he spent a few hours discussing, then he felt this is the majority, then call us now the decision has been made. Now that the decision has been made, no one should blame anybody else after this now. And that's what happened. None of these younger Sahaba that made this decision within criticize for the rest of their lives, because that was their sincere desire, that was what they thought was best. And under a lot, their will was accepted. And that was the plan that was accepted by the process of them. And the story life goes on. And this is a very big lesson for every one of us. But once we

00:45:38--> 00:46:17

make up a decision that was done properly, then after this, we should not blame anyone or anything, our mouth should be free of see what happened. Didn't I tell you this? This is not the etiquette that again, if we have done it properly, what is properly? It's the hardest shot two things. Keep this in mind. Right? It's the harder you know, prayer is the shadow asking people, these are the two things anytime you have a major decision, Islam tells us it's the harder it's the shadow. Praise the harder get is the shadow is the shadow is advice from those who are people that are working to advise you close friends, family, relatives, experts, whatever, you get the advice, you make up your

00:46:17--> 00:47:02

mind. Now suppose it turns out to be a disaster hallas you did what you thought was best, Allah has something better planet, you don't see it yet. Now this is exactly what happens in the Battle of but so. So the Prophet system, he wears his armor. In fact, even his house tells us that he wore two suits of armor, double armor. And this despite the fact that of course, Allah has promised to protect him. And he doesn't need armor at all, but to show his followers and to show the oma that if one wants to engage in any, in any type of endeavor, you have to engage in it according to the means, according to the level according to the rules of the game. You don't act foolishly in Santa

00:47:02--> 00:47:28

Clara law. You don't act foolishly and say Allah will do everything. No, you have to do everything possible. And if that means arming yourself to the hilt before you go to the battle as he did, then Soviet this was to demonstrate to the Sahaba that it is foolish not to dress up for the battle. It is foolish not to have your preparations. And Eliza just says in the Quran regarding battle, who do

00:47:30--> 00:48:08

take your precautions. And Allah says going for Hajj. What does Allah do? Make sure you have your food and water and drink with you find the Hydros at a taco. So whatever you're doing, make sure you do it with a lot in mind, of course, but you have the means the physical means necessary. And so our Profit System wore two layers of armor on him. And again, this was done so that the leader demonstrates the religious leader demonstrates to the followers that look you need to be armed, Don't be foolish and say oh, I'm going to go out like this and put my token and Allah to what could allow means tying your camel and then put into a code in a law and this is his time of the camel and

00:48:09--> 00:48:14

the Prophet salallahu it he was sent them divided up the army into three main groups.

00:48:16--> 00:48:27

The Maha Joon under the leadership of Mr. Libin, who made the oath under the leadership of say they've been laid, and has Raj under the leadership of Bob Ebner.

00:48:28--> 00:49:06

And so these three were the leaders on the Muslim side. And because the situation was so dire, they only had a few horses, a handful of horses, and amongst all of them, they only had 100 suits of armor, so only 100 of them were wearing full body armor and the Muslims in the late afternoon of Friday. They made their way to the mountain of offroad. In the late afternoon, Friday, after the Salatu Juma taking place after the Easter shadow had taken place, probably we can say an hour an hour and a half would have taken place. Then they made their way to the mountain of orchard. And the mountain of boyhood

00:49:07--> 00:49:21

is a actually a misconception that many people have. They think the mountain of water is one mountain. And this is wrong. The mountain of boyhood is not a mountain it is a range of mountains.

00:49:23--> 00:49:37

It's a whole number of peaks, not just one peak. It's a whole series of mountain mountains. And the mountains of boyhood are over one mile long. So very long the mountain

00:49:38--> 00:49:59

and the mountains of what hood are north of Medina, north northwest. So north northwest of Medina, little bit to decide. And there are a range about the shoulder next class. Hopefully you have the class after I'll show you the slide on the screen and these days by cards.

00:50:00--> 00:50:37

It takes less than 10 minutes from the message to the processing them to the mountains of Medina, not to the word less than 10 minutes by car. And because of the increased inhabitants of Medina, the city of Medina now goes all the way to the mountain of word in terms of its city, in terms of the people living there, and there are plenty of people living under the shade of the mountain now, and this is considered to be a part of the city of course, in the time of the process of them, there were big gaps, obviously, the city was very small, as I've said this before, that the entire core of the city fit inside what is now the masjid

00:50:39--> 00:51:04

the whole city, the core of the city, because Medina was actually a number of small cities Oba had a small city than the Berkman Center had a small city. So, they had little small campus either the core which is the downtown, if you like where the actual Medina it fits into the entire Masjid, that is now constructed. And that is why the graveyard book here was outside the city.

00:51:07--> 00:51:22

But it was outside the city. Of course, now Medina has increased 1,000% or something you know. And so this is now booklet and the the process of mystery there is basically right in the center, and the whole city goes outward. And of course, there are many a hadith about

00:51:23--> 00:51:28

the Prophet system said, well, hood is a mountain of Jenna

00:51:29--> 00:52:10

herd is a jumble of Jenna, what does this mean? Some scholars say that this means that offered is a beloved mountain. Others say that offered will be transported into gender. whatever the case might be, or heard is a mountain of gender. This is an authentic Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And in one Hadith when the prophet of Islam came back from one of his expeditions, the first thing they saw was the mountain of work before they got to the city. So they're coming back from the north, so they see the mountain of work. And so the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said Hadith is in body or Javelin, your head buena Juana, hey boo. herd is a mountain that loves us, and we love

00:52:10--> 00:52:13

it. So it is a sign of a man to love ahead.

00:52:15--> 00:52:32

It is a sign of a man to love or her job and in your head, Boo. Boo. Oh, there's a mountain that loves us and we love it. And it is narrated in a Muslim that once the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was climbing or heard with Abu Bakr and Omar and earth man,

00:52:33--> 00:53:23

the three of them they were climbing or herd, and the mountain began to shake and tremble. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam tapped it with his feet. And he said, with Butch offered, calm down offered, the firm offered for in Emma lake and maybe you can also do washer heating. Because you have on you now you only have an abbey and so do and Tisha hits on you. It's good for enema, Allah can be you can also do one word shahidi. So he is saying, to offer the speaking in order to calm down for really there's only an abbey and so do unto martyrs on you. And offered is one of the markers of the holy city of Medina. Medina is a harem. Medina is a heroine

00:53:25--> 00:53:28

who can remind me what is it how long this goes back many months.

00:53:31--> 00:53:34

You're not supposed to kill anybody in it, so we can kill everybody outside.

00:53:37--> 00:53:37

Carefully, okay.

00:53:41--> 00:53:43

Everybody who enters is protected.

00:53:50--> 00:53:52

So cutting the trees,

00:53:53--> 00:53:54


00:53:55--> 00:54:14

So basically, certain things are held on inside the or halaal outside. That's why it's called how long from the same group was how long, how long? It's sacred, certain things that would otherwise be highlighted. Or how long of them for example, you're not allowed to carry a weapon unsheathed.

00:54:16--> 00:54:50

For example. Right? You can't carry a sword unchi that has to be inside. In our times class, Second Amendment guys. The the bullets have to be somewhere else. Maybe there's going to be in the trunk. Yeah, there's going to be as the Second Amendment guys anything like that. You can't have it inside. Let's say any this type of harem is going to be that of course there's always exceptions when there's more slots or the guards for example, any they're doing this for the protection of the heroin. Right? So they're doing it for the protection of the heroin. They have an exception But otherwise, generally speaking, how long has certain laws that

00:54:52--> 00:54:59

make it sacred and therefore what is the site what is the boundaries of the atom, Makkah has its boundaries, as for Medina

00:55:00--> 00:55:12

profitsystem himself told us exactly what are the boundaries of this hadith in Bukhari and Muslim in many Hadith that the process of them said, and Medina to hold on one minute I didn't either. So

00:55:14--> 00:55:51

and in another Hadith been elaborate a a, so I and so are two mountains and lab data or it's hard to tell her which is east and west. So the two mountains are north and south. And then the two planes are east and west. So the process of literally he specified the four points of the compass. And he said and Medina to help them. Medina is a sacred land between eight and four, and that's north and south. And between the two rocky volcanic plains that's Eastern West, so we can draw the map of Medina then the hollow map of Medina, which is perfectly been allocated. So I admittedly had a woman it didn't either.

00:55:52--> 00:56:02

So it is on the south side, it is on the north side. AI is a small mountain, that is after hood.

00:56:03--> 00:56:06

Right after hood, there's a small mountain of ice.

00:56:07--> 00:56:10

So a herd is included inside the huddle.

00:56:11--> 00:56:25

I repeat, it is what a Medina north south west, north northwest, okay, up up that way. I is north of a small little mountain. I have a personal anecdote here. I was very honored

00:56:26--> 00:56:36

to have a private tour of Medina. With my chef, many of you know, my chef, Mo is Chef saphira Manuel foodie, the author of

00:56:38--> 00:57:11

The one who wrote the zero, that allows origin, blessed me to study with him one on one side body and have ijazah for from side body. And it was a very humble and we're lucky and his very, very sweet, very humble man. He died of cancer A number of years ago, but Allah blessed me to study with him and I asked him, can you give us Can you give me, you know, a tour of Medina, the sights of Medina, and especially the Battle of whatever they wanted from him, the bottle of water. And so, one morning, so long ago, SubhanAllah.

00:57:12--> 00:57:18

When was when this had been 1996 or seven, long time ago.

00:57:20--> 00:58:02

One morning, I remember 7am we had to meet up somewhere. And we went to went to a number of sites, we went to Oxford. And he gave us his interpretation. There was one more companion with me, a Kuwaiti student, that was also his student. So the two of us went with him in his car, and we went to Ohio, and he gave us his interpretation of the battle which I will present to you because it's different than other people's interpretation of what happened, who went where, and then we drove all the way around or hood and he showed us is it is that this is if we saw we saw this small little mountain is that this is is that the process of said Almudena two had a moment I didn't eat, I

00:58:02--> 00:58:33

thought, and that was the only time I ever saw it, because who's gonna go all the way around? Or there's a winding road. I don't know how I even knew about this. But apparently he wasn't even Saudi. He's Indian. He's from robotic food. You know, he's from Assam, right. But his interest, his eagerness in the sealer, he knew much more than any of the locals there, you know, so, and he's talking about this brings back those memories that actually saw I with him, and I pray that Allah azza wa jal, he blesses him immensely for all that he has done for me. And for the oma, that book is an amazing book.

00:58:34--> 00:58:59

In any case, so the process of him said, and Medina to Harlem and it also, as we said, it's a small mountain on the other side of Medina. And the question arises, why did the Prophet system go to Medina? Why did the process of go to Medina, the response very simple now that the younger Sahaba have basically said, we have to go out and fight, he needs to think about the best location to face the enemy.

00:59:01--> 00:59:01


00:59:02--> 00:59:06

there's only one of two options, either you meet them in an open battlefield.

00:59:08--> 00:59:53

Or you meet them in a constrained area that you know the territory better than them, that there is an advantage because of the layout of the land, open battlefield would have been disaster, because there's one to four ratio, open battlefield would have been pure folly. There's no way you're gonna win. But by going to Ohio, as we'll see Sharla next Wednesday, Charlotte has to be next Wednesday. Now, by going to what is effectively done is to maximize that small quantity of 700 or 1000 people, they will be the most effective. Why? Because three areas are now blocked off. three areas are blocked off, and there's a narrow patch of land a focus patch where the enemy has to attack from and

00:59:53--> 01:00:00

he is protected by three sites. One site is open. That's where it puts the archers we're going to talk about that right. So the overdispersion

01:00:00--> 01:00:39

basically two sides are protecting him, they can't come from behind. There's a mountain, one side is open. But there's that small mountain Jebel aroma, which we'll talk about. Right. And that's the mountain, he puts the 50 archers, so a third side is now blocked. Right? Then he has one open side left. And that open side. Now you can concentrate, your your Battalion, your troops and the courage, you're going to have to come from this narrow place, and therefore you've maximized the effectiveness of a small army against a large army. That's the advantage at work. And again, we don't even need to point out the military genius of the profitsystem to figure this out, without

01:00:39--> 01:00:54

having gone through any academic training without going through any military academy or Sandhurst, or West Point or something. Of course, Allah azza wa jal taught him. This is in in in his manifesto to figure this out. So he chooses to go to Oxford.

01:00:55--> 01:01:40

And he's the one who gets there, obviously, so that the correlation now No, they have to come here to battle, if you're going to fight outside the city is going to be on our terms on our ground on our soil in a land that we have chosen in a place that we have chosen. And so the profits of the LaGuardia set of marches out, as we said on Friday, and this is on the 14th of chawan, in the third year of the hedger and on the way there, we all know what happens and that is Abdullah Ivanova, even salute. They slowly began retreating, and then going behind the army and then slinking away. He didn't even have the manhood to tell the profitsystem what he's doing. He didn't even have the

01:01:40--> 01:02:17

courage to make an announcement. He literally, amongst his own group, they're talking and whispering and mumbling, and then they just start withdrawing, back and back until finally they literally turn their backs and start marching away, breaking away from the army. And when this happens, the Sahaba began rebuking them saying, Where are you going? What's going on? And they said, of the Liberty obey said that he listened to some of our youth and left my advice. Why should we risk our lives fighting him when he hasn't listened to us.

01:02:18--> 01:02:37

So I'm not looking to bait now. This is the first time he's really showing his colors. Now. One of the main benefits of that Allah Himself mentions in the Quran, Allah wanted to demonstrate the reality of the hypocrites. The Muslims, up until this point, were innocently unaware of how evil the hypocrites were.

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And they needed to know how evil the hypocrites were, in order to make sure that they're not stung from the same hole twice, that in hand, duck and other battles, this is not going to happen. And so Allah says that he is doing this Liam he is a law hobby seminar. So that Allah azza wa jal can separate the filthy from the pure. So one of the main points of the Battle of word is to separate the evil from the good. And in this series of incidents, the true colors of the hypocrites are shown Abdullah bin Ahmed and how long he is the father of the famous jab at him now Abdullah is about to die in the Battle of Jabba who is about to die. Sorry, Abdullah is about to die. Abdullah even know

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how long he's one of the most famous companions. When he sees a MW saloon going away. He runs to him on his horse. And he says, I remind you with a cute Oh, can I remind you to fear Allah subhana wa Tada. And to not leave your prophet or the people at this time when the enemy is about to attack, Fear Allah, you're going to leave us at this critical point in time. And he says do not promise him that you will protect him and defend him like you defend your own families. He's referencing the treaty. He's referencing acaba. He's referencing the Constitution of Medina. We all agreed, Didn't you promise him so notice he reminds him of a law and he reminds him of human morality like you made

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a promise. And that's really all that you have right? of Allah subhana wa tada and of human dignity and decency. If you're not going to fear a lot at least remember your promise that you made him a promise right? And Abdullah Ave vague gave that response.

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If we knew they would fight, we will go with you. No, no, no more than that.

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If we knew there would actually be a fight. We would not leave but we don't think they're going to attack and Allah subhanho wa Taala explicitly quotes in absolute in the Quran, and calls him a liar that he knew full well was going to happen. But he invented an excuse and thought he could get away with it. And Allah subhana wa tada mentions in the Quran, when makanda La Jolla Dora minion Adam and tamale had a amazing hobby seminar that Allah is not going to allow them

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Muslims to remain in status quo until he separates the hubby's from the top. So one of the main purposes of boyhood was to separate the filthy from the pure so that Allah could demonstrate what happens. And it is only during times of fitna during times of trial, when once a man is really shown.

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This is when you really see a person's faith. When you see a fitna happen, and we'll see what comes down. What is the response of the person now you find out how much demand he has. And he did this. And Allah says also in sort of Milan, and by the way, for the number of students came down large sections of Milan came down, also sort of denisa sections within this I came down as well. And so suta and Milan, verse 166, Allah mentions and this is about a woman, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Germany for the evening that he was eliminated in Africa. Whatever happened to you on the day the two armies met, it was by the permission of Allah, and it was done so that you could know the

01:06:00--> 01:06:45

hypocrites Well, yeah, I lived in Africa, while kalola hometown Oh, they were told to come Partido de Sevilla, he always go fight or at least defend if you're not going to be offensive, at least be defensive. Or to feasable our the pharaoh or Lu. They said it will be saloon, low level Catalan that this is quoting a salute. If we really knew they would be fighting, we would have not abandoned you, we would have gone with you. Allah says home Lil gouffre omate and okkervil min home Li man yo punto de acidity, Marisa de Colombia, him. They're saying what they're telling us what is not in their hearts. A lot called him a liar. That this is not what they are really intending. And they are

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closer to Cofer than they are to Eman. So when the Muslims saw such a large group of people leaving two things happened. The first was that the Muslims themselves began talking amongst themselves. What is to be done with this group of 301 group said we should turn back and fight them as traders before we get too awkward. And another group said, well, let's leave them deal with them later. Let's get on to earth. And this began raising of voices. And this is a positive argument meaning it's an argument for the sake of Islam. But Allah subhana wa Tada. reprimands reprimanded even this type of argument from Allah comfortable enough enough to attain Allah says in the Quran. This is the

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sort of the Nisa verse at a certain servers for 88. from Allah Kung Fu, not enough to attain, why have you disagreed about the hypocrites and gone into two groups, while Allahu arkessa home be marketable, and a law has thrown them back meaning to their disbelief, because of what they have done. In other words, you don't worry about them don't disunite in your attitude towards the hypocrites. And so Allah subhanaw taala told us Sahaba very gently because this was a positive argument. They're angry about what they have done. The second thing that happened was that when these 300 people went away, some other tribes began wavering now, should we join? Should we not

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join? Should we go with the Muslim Should we go with a be settled, and one of the tribes of the OSI the bundle, and one of the tribes are the hunters, the bundle selama they were almost about to withdraw.

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They decided, you know, we should join even a B saloon. But eventually the Muslims amongst them won over. And the tribes decided to stay with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So Allah mentions this in the Quran as well.

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And so the other in Milan, and sort of Milan, Allah subhanho wa Taala says

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that there was a group that they were about to touch Shalu that they were about to untap shala will La Jolla, Houma that there was a there were two groups they were about to touch. shala means to give up. The Shadow means just to throw in the towel, right? There was they were just about to go with him. And he said, Oh, but voila, who will you Huma? Allah is their protector. So Allah protected them, why the law affiliates are clean, which are Kenyan, and in Allah, the people who put their trust should put their trust. So Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions that these two groups were about to go astray, but Allah protected them. And these two groups don't know how to attend the cinema

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forever afterwards, they always would boast about this boast about it, even though they were about to go straight. Why should they boast? Because the law says will law Who will you whom

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Allah is their protector? And because of this, the tribes and to this day, those who are descendants of these tribes, they boast that this is the tribe that Allah said a lot. What do you whom were the tenses will lower you mother, Allah is there

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protector. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala brought them back to the, the camp of Islam. And eventually, as we all know, 700 Muslims have reached the camp, and they set up their camps at home. And maybe this half mentioned that we'll talk inshallah tomorrow or next Wednesday in the diagram, we're even as have mentioned that their backs were facing the mountain. And there, they were facing the city of Medina. So their backs were towards the mountain of water, and they were facing the city of Medina. And therefore, the courage actually had to double across the entire city of Medina to reach them.

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The courage had to go all the way across, and basically, you know, go above where they had come from, so that they could meet the Muslims. And there is, of course, an added point here, and that is they're tiring them out even more, that have another half day's journey. So that to the very last, they're going to be marching. And there's also this added tactic that I'm jumping the gun, but you get the point here, instead of going to the south of the city, which is closer to the whorish, the process of goes to the north of the city. So I actually have to double back to have the war to have the battle. And this is another half days March. And this half it is March is going to tire them out

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even more. And that's one of the intended goals of going all the way to the north of the city. And one final point to shout out to Anna and then we don't want to start the actual battle obviously today because there's no time for that. One final point and that is 700 Muslims participated in.

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Therefore, in the whole world at this time, there were not more than 1000 Muslim men.

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That's all there was, from this small contingent from this small group. Look at how Allah changed the world. 700 people, that's all there were, this is the max every fighting man, I mean, you can't have the luxury of sitting at home now. Right? Every person above the age of 15, some even at the age of 14, as we'll mention. That's all they were 700 you can add a few dozen here and there some secret Muslims and MK Some may be in Yemen one or two that we know a dose and all of them. But otherwise, in the whole world, there are not more than 1000, even 1000 is really stretching it right. But let's say even 1700 of them are in Medina, from this small quantity. From this small

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quantity. Look at how Allah subhanho wa Taala changed the world. You know, we get, you know, six 700 on the peak of Ramadan, we get this much 500 600 How much do we get? Right? And this must be that we get that much right. Many of the massages are read gatherings are three four times larger than this here in this city. Right?

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And yet these 700 people, what did they do? How did they change the entire course of humanity? Look at now what's happening, right? within 1520 years, they will be knocking on the doors of Damascus, they will be literally wiping away the Persian Empire, they will be opening up call hero costumes. I mean, they they I mean a full stop back then, of course, but Cairo and then more North Africa within 50 years. They're going to be in Andalusia within 100 years from China all the way to basically trance look at now Subhana Allah where it's beginning how many people and yet they didn't have the weapons, they didn't have the army. They didn't have the horses, but they had something that we

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don't have.

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And that is that even in the loss of Hannah without that trust in a law, right? That trust that that amount that was so strong, that the mightiest superpowers in the world, the sassanid Empire and the Byzantine Empire, they could not stand up to this small group of men. They couldn't do it. Because when you have a loss of Hannah with that, it doesn't matter who's on the other side, a loss. He also como la who federal holiday, but the fella is going to help you who's gonna possibly conquer over you. This is what those who have ever had. And it is an amazing thing to think about 700 people that's all there is. And within a few years what's going to happen within a decade within two

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decades. But this is where we really see the difference between Mr. And Cofer, and a shallow dive. We will continue next Wednesday, have a few minutes for q&a. And also one or two announcements. So let's have some questions first and shuttle

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questions. Yes.

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The question is why didn't the Quran attack Medina,

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even the Quran have a sense of manliness and warfare? You have to attack the men. You have to have a battle and if the battle is won, then the woman and children will be yours. There is a

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was a good word here. There's a decorum even of war. There's a there's an etiquette there's no honor they would not have done this. There's no honor that we couldn't now this is not expressly mentioned but we will understand

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Obviously that when the processor is going to,

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then clearly the message is being given to the kurush. Okay, we know you're here, we're gonna fight, this is where we are.

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The message is clearly being sent to them, right? That hair loss, okay? You wanna you want battle, you got battle, this is where we are, and you can beat us there. So this is a sense of reality that even the courage they would not to stoop to that level of just, you know, rampaging an entire city. And also had they done this and obviously, the Muslims were there, they're only two three hours away. It's not as if they're on the other side of the world. This is not it would not have been in any sense expected. Neither the kurush would have done it nor the Muslims have entertained that local item. Yes.

01:15:46--> 01:15:49

You mentioned about the sort of somebody went to

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01:16:03--> 01:16:11

So, brothers saying when the Prophet says that I'm said with with fighting them, it can be also their culture, he then how did he know this? Isn't this

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alone Allah subhanho wa Taala gives of his knowledge to whomever he pleases,

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ultimately, means knowledge of everything.

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And that only Allah has.

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But there's another type of vibe which is called vagueness. B. And vagueness, vv is relatively cheap, and relatively is something that is so trivial that even sometimes physically, it depends on what is happening in the next room. This is life to me and you, but it's not up to the person in the next room. Right? So there is lightness B, which is relatively cheap. And then there's labor block, which is ultimately and ultimately only Allah knows. Hola. Yeah. momentus Emma what what are the labor law? Only Allah subhanho wa Taala knows the ultimately, but Allah subhana wa tada says whether you're going to be shaming me he

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did levy Masha, right? So Allah azza wa jal use him to whomever he pleases, and therefore I will process them definitely had much more knowledge than we have, obviously, is anybody going to say that he had the same knowledge we do. And Eliza just showed him things of gender, as of now, and of the angels and of those heavens in the Mirage, and of the animal hype that we don't know about. There's no denying this, and of the things that he knew, he knew abubaker and Omar and Horace Mann and Ollie, you know, would basically be in the V. And so those are so different

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shades shahidan, and he knew many things as well. He knew that audience, I sure would have a civil war. And he encouraged the both of them to be calm about it. And he knew this was going to happen, he knew her saying would be killed. And he cried over this. And he said, people of my own will kill my grandson, you know, and he cried over this. So he knew these things would happen that jabril told him these things. And so there's nothing you know, difficult or sad about this? Yes, for the good.

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Why did a law called Avi Soeul alive because he was a liar. Because he said something that he didn't mean, he knew he was lying. He gave a cowards excuse. He knew that there would be war. He knew there is going to be a battle. But he didn't want to fight. He was scared of his own life, losing his life. So he just made an excuse that he knew to be a lie. And this is what Allah is saying. You're gonna be acidity, Himalayan Sufi, Guru boo boo him. So he intentionally said something that he didn't have to be true. And the question for the sisters before very good brother good.

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Is there any particular

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so the brothers thing I had mentioned, before we take an undertaking a major decision, we should always do is to harder and is to shadow. The Quran and Sunnah does not tell us a particular order. But rather This is what we learn from the Sunnah and the spirit of the Prophet system and the Hold on, I'm sure avena home. And

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either a million for your cattle campaign. Well, you know, we'll just hit that one of us is facing a major decision, let him pray through the curtain and make it harder, and our process and when he did face any major issue, he would speak to the Sahaba. So much so that as we know the incident of who they be, he spoke to a machinima and machinima is the one who told him what to do. So the concept of getting advice from other people that you trust that you love, that give you other perspectives, this is throughout the series, and also making it harder to Allah. There is no there's no need for an order. They can both be done in the span of you know, a few hours journey. And before you

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undertake a major decision, both of these need to be done.

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Allahu Allah. Yes.

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01:20:04--> 01:20:21

In terms of oil itself, it is not mentioned at all that anybody told him. So once the decision was made that they should go out this appears to have been his decision to go to Oxford. And Allah knows best with his books have not mention at all, this habit telling us

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that Muslim women accompany

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01:20:35--> 01:20:37

in terms of women participating.

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It is narrated that on some rare occasions, Muslim women acted as nurses if you like or delivering water or whatnot, but by and large, they were not allowed to go on the battlefield. And in fact, when a lady came to the process and said, I want to do jihad, the process of them said Jihad akuna al Hajj, your jihad is the Hajj. And therefore by and large in the time of the Prophet system, women did not accompany the battle in Ohio, because it was so close to the city. It is narrated as some of them came as basically we would call them nurses meaning taking care of here and there but this is not participating in the actual battle.

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Okay, finally,