Seerah – 03 Why Study The Seerah and Pre Islamic Arabia
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Series: Yasir Qadhi - Seerah
File Size: 32.44MB
In this lecture in the Seerah of the Prophet ﷺ, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi attempts to unravel the actual meaning of Seerah and what is its significance. We are also acquainted with the innumerable benefits of the Seerah or why we should study the Seerah.
Firstly, Allah has commanded us to know the Prophet ﷺ and hence, primarily the one way to increase the love for the Prophet ﷺ and to demonstrate our love for him can only be made possible with the detailed understanding of the Seerah. Without it, we cannot also attempt to appreciate the Qur’an and follow the Noble Book in all earnestness ever. We can always defend the Prophet ﷺ by studying the Seerah.
Where does one study the Seerah from? What are the sources of Seerah? The number one source of the Seerah is inevitably the Noble Qur’an, the second is hadith and third has got be from the chain of narrators (isnad) – Ibn Ishaq and Ibn Hisham.
Pre-Islamic Arabia is the next subtopic in this amazing lecture on which light is shed upon and explicit details have been provided to have a clear indication of the genealogy (for instance, the types of Arabs) and it is advised to listen intently and be educated immensely.
No matter who want to start you know who and I still feel when I was a bit ly human surely unforeseen a woman say RTR Marina, Maria de la dama De La La MaMa you live hufa ha de la, WA shadow Allah in, in La la vida who la sharika was shadow under Mohammed Abu who was sued, my bad. We are still doing our introductory lectures before actually jumping into the life and times of the prophets of Allah Allah who was send them and all of these introductory lectures is background information and motivation for why we should be studying the Sierra. So today in shallow data, we will begin about discussing what exactly is the Sierra and why should we study the Sierra and we'll
try to mention something about pre Islamic Arabia. So we're going to set the stage and we're going to continue next week and the week after that setting the stage for the coming of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So before we begin with the birth of the Prophet system, we need to explain the world at his time. And so we're going to begin by doing that today and continuing for the next week or two, the story of Abraham and the benefit we can derive and so on and so forth. So we'll begin by talking about the word Sierra. What is the word Sierra mean? The word Sierra comes from the Arabic Burg verb soudha Yes, co2 siren, which means to traverse or to journey. So, the word
seal actually comes from the verb that means to travel. And the reason why Sierra meaning the biography of a person is called Sierra Be it is because you are traveling his journey, you are walking in his path, you are following his footsteps. So when we studied the life and times of the Prophet system, it is as if we are following in his footsteps. It is as if we are traveling in his journey. And that is why the Sierra or the biography of a person is called the Sierra because you are walking in his footsteps. Now, even though the Arabs would call Sierra the biography of any person. As soon as the Prophet system came, Muslim scholars used it exclusively for the biography of
the best human being. And so no scholar says Sierra, except that he means the biography of the life and times of the incidents that have been during the life of our Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu it he was sending them. Now in order to understand the Sierra, as I said, you don't begin with the birth of the Prophet system, you must begin with the world at his time. And that is why every single book of Sierra from the most classical books up until the modern ones, they have a number of introductory sections. And we're going to begin with that today. After we summarize some of the benefits of studying the co2. Why study the zero? Why should you be interested in the Sierra? Why spend our time
coming here and understanding the Sierra of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Well, the benefits are numerous first and foremost. Allah has commanded us to know this man. This is an obligation that Allah has put upon us, we have to know this person. And there are over 50 verses in the Quran that command us to take the Prophet system as an example of them. Lakota, Canada confy rasulillah, he was sweating Hashanah to demand can a yo yo la Yamanaka with Dakota law aka Sierra Nevada Canada can indeed there is for you feel rasulillah in the Messenger of Allah who swear tune has been an exemplary manner, a perfect conduct, which will mean something you follow has no means a
perfect, so you have in the process of Allahu Allah He was sending them the perfect example to follow. And therefore the study of the life and times of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the study of somebody we need to follow. And the amazing thing, no matter which angle you look at the life and times of the Prophet system, you will benefit from that. So no doubt the number one angle we look at it in terms of religion, in terms of how we worship a lot. Also, we look at the Sierra in terms of manners and morals, in terms of mercy and tenderness. Also, we look at the Sierra in terms of leadership, what did the process will do as a leader, we look at the Sierra in terms of
how he was as a father and the husband. And we will find benefit in this. So no matter which angle you look at the life and times the purpose of the Salah, the purpose of Allah sending prophets is that we have a living example to follow. Allah tells us in the Quran, that if we had wanted, we could have sent angels. There's a verse in the Quran, that if we had wanted, we could have sent angels, but what would you have done if we had sent angels? You would have rejected that concept we would have rejected it. Why? Because you would have said we can't be like that. These are not our species. How can we follow them? So of the perfection of Allah's wisdom is that he sends human
beings flesh and blood people like ourselves born of women
married and having children just like us. But the difference is they are chosen by Allah subhana wa Tada. And they are made role models and examples. Another blessing of studying the Sierra is that the sealer is the number one way to increase our love for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam the number one way there is really no other way as effectively, and as powerfully to increase our love for the Prophet system than by studying his life and his times. And this is a sad fact of our oma that, unfortunately, we have neglected this study, and we have sidelined it. And most of our children are ignorant completely of the spirit of the prophets of the long way that he was setting
them. They don't even know the names of his children. They don't even know the basic dates, when did he immigrate? How old was he when it came down. And yet they know so much of this dunya that it is embarrassing. It is embarrassing for us as parents, that our children knows so much of movie stars and actors and, and and sports personalities. And they have no clue as to the real person whom they should know about. And so by studying the sila, our love for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam increases, and conversely, it demonstrates our love, it's a two way street. When you study Your love goes up, in order for your love to go up you need to study. And if you truly love this man, you will
study him. And that is because a sign of loving someone is to want to know more about them. A sign of loving somebody is to want to know more about that person. And this is human nature. So for example, when I'm traveling, I call up my children, I say what did you do today? I mean, who cares what they've done, that doesn't affect me? What did you have for breakfast, I asked my children, who cares? I mean, it's not gonna affect me. But this is a sign of love. Because when you love somebody, you want to know everything about them. So anybody who claims to love the Prophet system, but he doesn't study His Life and Times, we're lucky. The fact that he doesn't study is a sign he doesn't
love. If you claim you love this man, and yet you don't care to study him. You don't care to read his biography. You don't get to find out facts about him. What type of love is this? This is not a love that we understand as human beings. So to study the Syrah is a sign of love. And through studying the Syrah, we increase our love, it's a circle, the more we love, the more we study, the more we study, the more we love. Understanding the Syrah. Also a third benefit is understanding the Syrah also helps us to understand the Quran. Because the Quran is a very complex book, it's a very profound book, and it cannot be understood without context. You cannot understand without context.
So when you hear For example, I just recited right now what what lady? Mauer, dakara buco makalah your Lord has not abandoned you, nor has he shown you any harshness. You will not understand this verse, until you understand the Sierra when it was revealed. Why was it revealed the context of His revelation that the Prophet says was facing persecution? And he was wondering why is it Allah helping me? Why isn't the Nasir of Allah coming? Why isn't the why he coming? Why isn't the Quran coming? For weeks, no Koran came down. And the Prophet system began thinking maybe my lord has abandoned me. What is that? And this is early on the first year of Revelation, the first year of
Revelation, and shavon is giving him bad thoughts. And so immediately Allah reveals we'll have a lady that Mauer Dakota her sign of optimism, Laura is what what is
the breaking of the light right? To this day amongst humanity, what is what has signified
new day light is coming. Right? So this is an optimistic sign. And Allah is telling him Mauer dakara buco Makana, hirato highroller come in and Allah Be patient, what's going to happen is better than what you're having now. Right is the beginning of the day the dawn is coming, the sun is coming. So until you understand the sila sutra doesn't make any sense to you. So by studying the Sierra, the Quran, gains meaning profundity without the Sierra the Quran without context without context, you will never appreciate the Koran. Another benefit of studying the serum, the Sierra, raises our hopes, lifts our spirit and blesses us with optimism, especially in our times when we're facing
Islamophobia. We're facing a little bit of persecution. Well, I hate to call it persecution is is even embarrassing when we look at what the prophet says some of the earliest Sahaba suffered, we in America are not being persecuted in that sense. Nonetheless, times have changed for the last 10 years, and things are happening now we're facing a little bit of the heat, we need a source of direction, a source of optimism. And by studying the zero, we can understand that the people before have suffered even more, and we compare our trials and tribulations to their trials and tribulations. And in fact, a beautiful point here, the Quran tells us that Allah is telling the
prophets I said of the stories of the earlier prophets.
Fits are in the earlier series why wakulla nagasaka min Ambar a rooster Li man with a b2b e Fu adeq. We are going to recite to you the stories of the previous prophets in order that your hearts attain affirmation new sub bit before other, we're going to make you feel more firm, increase your optimism. So think about this. Our profits are seldom heard the stories of the earlier profits. What did that do to him?
Gave him more optimism increased his email, how about us then don't we deserve even more so that our demand goes up, and we study the life and times of the Prophet system. So the studying of the life and times of the previous generations of the prophets of Allah, it brings about an immediate benefit, linear tap beta V for others, to resolve to affirm your chest IE to increase your Eman. Yet another benefit of studying the serum. And this is something many of us don't really think about. The Sierra itself is a miracle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when somebody asks you what are the miracles of the process? And we start thinking, the splitting of the moon, the talking
of the truth is that is that and we don't think that that in fact, his whole life is a miracle, from beginning to end. His whole life is an indication that he was a prophet of Allah, coming from where he came with the education or lack of education that he had, and yet coming forth with the message, the profundity the Scripture, the eloquence of the Quran. Where did this come from? And addition to that, his patience, his perseverance, his success, coming in the middle of a pagan, ancient civilization that had no there was no civilization. They didn't even have a script. They didn't have two storey buildings. They didn't have a library. They couldn't even read and write. And yet the
Profit System came from the midst of a backward and educated, uncivilized barbaric nation. We're gonna talk about this next week, they were really a barbaric nation. And within 50 years, within 20 years, look what happened. Within 50 years, Islam began to spread within 100 years it ruled the world. This is a miracle from Allah subhana wa Tada. And the Sierra is the beginning of that miracle, how he lived, the power that he wielded, and yet the simplicity with which he lived his life, the sacrifice that the Sahaba would have done had he asked them to do but he didn't. And it is impossible for a human not to be affected by that power, by that luxury by that wealth, unless there
is really a divine sincerity in him, a pure sincerity that this is being done for the sake of a lesser kind of what data and the famous scholar Eben hasn't from underdose, the famous and the Lucien scholar, even has them says that will lie. If the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had not been given any miracle, other than his life and his times, it would have been sufficient to prove that he is a prophet from Allah. If he hadn't been given any other miracle other than his sila. His Sierra is the best indication that he is a prophet from Allah subhana wa Tada. And of course, there are multiple facets here his own life and times how he revolutionized Arabia, and how he changed the
entire world from where he came from a humble origin, a shepherd of maca, and what happened with the message that he came with immediately becoming within 20 years. And we're gonna get to this point I'm jumping, jumping the gun here, but nobody could have ever predicted that a group would come from Arabia, and destroy the Persian Empire and start knocking on the doors of the Roman Empire and start diminishing it until finally it wiped it nobody could have ever predicted that a group would come from Arabia with a new religion, a new theology of force that cannot be equalled with the mighty empires of Roman Persia. And yet Allah subhana wa tada opened up the doors and Allah azzawajal
allowed these group of people who are less educated and less even if you like civilized meaning the Sahaba did not have the type of civilization that the Romans and Persians did. They didn't have the weaponry and yet Allah azza wa jal bless them because they were Muslims because they had this religion. So by studying the life and times of the Prophet says, and we see his miracle we see the fact that Allah subhana wa tada sent him. Another benefit of studying the sila is that the Sierra lays out a precise methodology for the revival of the oma, you know, there are so many groups out there, we call them these Islamist groups trying to revive the oma. Each one has his own ideology,
his own methodology. Well, why don't we begin with the methodology of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? Let us see how he began, if you want to bring about is an honor and glory, let us look at what the prophet system did. Because he began in the middle of nothing. He began literally from scratch, literally from zero and within his lifetime, look what happened. So you
Want to see a methodology of revival? We look at the oma today and our hearts bleed. We look at the old material, we see what is happening and we and we wonder why Oh Allah, why is this happening? And we asked how can we revive the state of the oma the response by studying the syrup we see a methodology a plan of revival. By studying the serum, we also see the life and times of the best generation who ever lived. And that is in a generation of the Sahaba the best generation who ever lived as we firmly believe that all the Allahu anhu modeled when Allah says this and over eight or nine verses in the Quran, there'll be a loved one who modeled one, Allah is pleased with them, they
are pleased with Allah and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that the best of all generations has been my generation Cairo matino. Currently, the best oma is my alma, meaning that of the Sahaba. And even Massoud said that a lot looked at the hearts of his servants. And he chose the purest and the brightest heart to be that of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu send them and then he chose the purest and brightest hearts and he made them the Sahaba of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So by studying the Sierra, we study the stories of obachan oma, the stories of unasyn jobs, the stories of sad had been more than thought hands obeyed. And we our image goes up as
well. These were legendary people. These were people their life and times. They inspire us, their sacrifices, their struggles, their perseverance, their patients, each and every one of them is a role model for us. And there is a thought that it might be slightly but the concept is authentic, that my Sahaba are like the stars. My Sahaba are like the stars, whichever one you follow, you're going to be guided. And the point here is that the Sahaba are role models for us. Each and every one of us have the benefits of studying the serum is that the Sierra brings about knowledge with which we can defend the honor of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa send them the Prophet systems honor has
always been attacked from day one, the kurush fabricated things against him, sat him down because they said this is if could move to LA. They said he is a madman. He's a magician. He's a poet. He's this he's that because nobody can explain how the Quran came. You have to invent some explanation. Right? Where did this unlettered Shepherd get the Quran from? Even the Arabs, the orange had to explain so they invent the most preposterous claims. They said he's a magician. They said he's a madman. They said he's this. They said he's that? Well, the propaganda began back then it continues to this day. And each one of the charges that the Prophet system was accused of the Quran defends
against it. And each one of the charges later people invent we need to turn to the serum and defend against the Prophet system. In our times, how many people are saying that our Prophet system was a bloodthirsty terrorist. This is exactly what they're saying. They're saying he was a womanizer. He married this he married that. My dear brothers and sisters, if you want to defend a pseudo law, how do you expect to do so when you don't know his life? And times? If you want to defend your profit? How are you going to do so when you don't know whether these things are true or not? And if certain elements are true, how do we understand them, and when we put them in context, then a shallow data
it is easier to explain. So by studying the Syrah, we will be able to defend the Prophet sallallahu idea he will sell them and there is no way to defend him other than by studying the serum. And that is why the early scholars of Islam, the Sahaba tabular interpreted their own, they would teach the Sierra just like they would teach all of the other sciences. Adi is known for saying the great grandson of the Prophet system, he said we would teach our children mahasi meaning the mallozzi is the early word for Sierra the expeditions of the prophets and set them just like we would teach them the Quran. You see this is how they would raise their children, Sierra and the Quran. You need to
teach your children the Quran and you need to teach them the Sierra along with the Quran. And so the curriculum in early Islam was really composed of Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and I encourage all of you to start the same with your own children, that instead of reading Bedtime Stories of ancient Greek pagans, right, why don't we talk about the life and times of our Prophet Mohammed, so seldom talk about the Sahaba. And there are so many books of Syrah for the children, that these are the stories that our children should be raised upon and listen to and hear. So to summarize the benefits of studying this era, we can say that the study of the CLR is in
fact the study of the best and the best and the best and the best. What do I mean by this? It is the study of the life and times of the single best human being who ever lived. Now we firmly believe as Muslims, that the prophets I send them all the prophets are good and pious and holy, and the Prophet system is the best of them, as he said,
said in a hadith say you do one or the other my yo mo gamma t whether I am the Sayed, I am the leader, the paragon of virtue of the children of Adam. And I'm not saying this out of arrogance, what I am not saying this to boast. This is a factual statement that Allah has told me. So by studying the serum we study the best person and the best time because the best time is the time of the Sahaba. The best people are the people of the Sahaba the best place and that is Makkah and Medina. These are the holiest cities on earth. And it is the Sierra that brought prominence to these two cities. We firmly believe that moko is holy but who believed it was holy, who knew it was holy,
who cared, it was only until the Spirit came and asked for Medina, it became holy in the life of the Prophet system or the Prophet system said, I am making Medina holy like Abraham made Mecca holy, by the permission of Allah. I am declaring Medina to be holy, like Ibrahim declared Mecca to be holy. So the Sierra is the life and times of the best human, in the best era, amongst the best people, and living in the best of all cities, in every angle, it is the best of the best of the best of the best, the best person the best time the best place and the best generation and therefore, studying the Prophet salallahu idea he was sent them his life and times is studying our religion. It is
studying the rise of the phenomenon of our religion. It is studying how Allah subhana wa tada brought about the revolution of Islam, he brought about an entire change of mind how Islam change the world. And by studying these 23 years of the life of the Prophet system, it's only 23 years from his rusada 23 years, the miracle of the Sierra will benefit us in each and every aspect. The next question that arises is where do we study the Sierra from? What is the primary or the primary sources of Sierra now here I am preaching to in Memphis, Tennessee, 14 129 years or 32 years after the hedger of the Prophet system. Where did I get this information from? How do I know what
happened? So the question arises very briefly, I'm not going to go into too much detail. What are the sources of the CEO of the profits of the LaGuardia who was in them?
Who can tell me the number one source of co2 out of the Profit System the most?
These are on
the head Hadeeth is number two, the Quran. The number one source is Koran. And this is a source that is overlooked by many of the people
is overlooked by many of the people immediately jumped to is it in his heart because it had been his Sham is the number one source of Sierra is the Quran. Because the Quran was revealed during this era, so it's catering to situations that arose during this era. And the Quran references almost every single major incident in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam In fact, even before his time, such as, for example, I'm not sure how to rock. The reference here is to when he was five years old.
When did you believe he came and visited him? And I'm not sure how to go by an anchor was rock solid rock. So the sealer references every single major story in the life of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and even before Is there any story mentioned even before he was born, Adam Torah gave a father a book of his habit.
This habit field was before the processor was born. And Allah mentions it in the Quran as habil feet. So the Sierra tells us stories from the beginning, all the way up until the end. Leo McLeod to law comm Dena Co. Well, it's meant to add a commitment it will lead to the common Islam Medina, one of the last verses revealed the completion of the benefits of the Quran. The Quran is the best source of serum for many reasons. For many reasons, first and foremost is the speech of Allah. So Allah is telling this to us. So can we doubt the speech of Allah and the eloquence of the Quran is something that is unparalleled. The eloquence is simply unparalleled, how beautifully Allah
describes buttered and offered how beautifuly Allah describes the feelings of the Sahaba and the munaf. You can even so another benefit of the Quran, any historian will record the outward, the Quran records the inward, the Quran tells us that is to say don't tell when Allah I hadn't rasuluh config. Right? The Koran tells us that you were terrified that day that your throats were what your hearts were in your throat. The Koran tells us you became cowards. The Quran tells them when you're born, you are scared that Allah will expose you who can expose the hearts of the people other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the Quran is an amazing source of serum, the eloquence the power, the
beauty, and in my life. The Quran explains to us phenomena we would not have understood
Stand, right? Whether Allah says in the Quran, we will reveal phenethyl Allah, Allah. mousseline, we're good. We sent down 3000 angels. Don't worry, we're going to help you or hood. Allah explained the disaster and catastrophe per day be enough for the hell of a time Rubina on an on every single incident the Quran tells us in my lab, and there is no source of finding this out other than the Koran. However, one of the issues we never say problems one of the issues of the Quran is that of course, it's not chronological, right? So we don't know the reference of the Quran simply because Bukhara, and Ronnie sama Ada are not arranged chronologically, right? They're arranged according to
how the prophecies of want them to be arranged. So baccara is an early Madani. Surah it comes first. And if Quran which is the first surah is the 96 in the Quran, so it's not arranged chronologically. And another problem is that a lot of times you don't see the reference mentioned. So Allah azza wa jal doesn't mention the word of God, we need to know that earlier marohn was revealed for that unfound was revealed. For better, we need to know this. And it's without so the Sierra and the Quran go hand in hand, in that you need the Sierra to understand the Quran, you need the Quran to understand the syrup, so the to go hand in hand. So this is the first source, and it is the most
prized source, it is the most eloquent source, and so on and so forth. The second source of Sierra, as our sister pointed out, is Hadith.
And in fact, every Hadith is one snapshot of the Sierra, is it not? What is the Hadith is the saying of the Prophet system. And what is the saying of the process of it except one incident. And so in one sense, every single Hadeeth is a snapshot of this era. But of course, when we mean haidet, we primarily mean those that describe some incidents, somebody came somebody did this happen. And so from the ahaadeeth, and there are lots of books of Hadith, lots of books. And the most famous ones, as you should know, are six of them. There are called the six famous books that could sit down, somebody call them some call them sit there, but that is not precise, because they're not all. But
the cookie sitter. These are the primary books, but there are lots of other books have had either dozens other books have had the the third source of Syrah is books written specifically for Sierra.
And the first people to began writing books of Sierra were the sons of the Sahaba. So habits children, can you imagine if your father was so happy, and he's telling you all of these stories of the prophets, I send them and there's so many you begin to write them down and have the greatest of those who wrote was otowa, the son of Zubaydah Oh, toward the center of azubi. odawara is the son of the Sahabi, the grandson of the Sahabi. His mother is also heavier. His grandmother is also heavier, his brother is also happy, but he was born after the death of the Prophet system. So he's not so happy. His brother is even happy, but he's not so happy. And his aunt his.
His aunt is the wife of the Prophet system. So odawa is one of the primary narrators of Hadith and fifth and tafsir. And of Sierra because he has access to Asia, nobody had access to Asia. He has a he's a Muslim, how she doesn't need to wear hijab in front of him. So Overwatch is the primary narrator from Russia, and lots of details of the prophecies that have come from Ottawa because he tells him those details and it is said that a little wrote a small pamphlet of the Sierra. Also, the son of mine had been a fan. His name was a band, a band, Eben earthman had been a fan the son of Earth might have been a fan, he died 105 hijra. He also wrote a little booklet of Syrah and some
other booklets were written, until finally a great scholar came by the name of image she have azuri even she has a zuri who died 129 and he wrote one of the first early treatises of Sierra. Now, none of these books has existed, none of them anymore. We simply have references in later books of these earlier books. Why aren't they existence? very easy, very simple reason. When later books came, they absorbed the earlier treatises. So a ban is saying My father told me my father told me my father told me are always saying, he narrated my father narrated my uncle narrated three, four people. Imagine somebody comes and he takes a band and an Oda and other books. And then he says, Let me make
a bigger book. Once the bigger book is written, who needs otowa? And who needs a band anymore? Right? You might as well copy that book and realize in those days, there were no printing presses. And those days if you wanted a book, what would you do? You would sit there and write it yourself cover to cover so if you had to choose one book, you would choose the bigger ones you would choose the ones with more details. And so it's a sad case for us. Now we wish we had those early books, but unfortunately, we don't have them but we do have both
books that were written in the very next generation very early. And this shows us that Sierra was compiled by and large even before Hadeeth. By and large, because they wanted to emphasize Cyril more than anything else. And the greatest I'm being very simplistic here because obviously we can go with there's lots of PhDs written about sources of seed, I'm summarizing, in a short sentences. The greatest scholar of Sierra is a name most of you would have heard of him in his health, care, even his,
even his how his name is Mohammed in his house, and he was born around 8500 I think about an 85 Pedro, which means he's living in Medina, he is born in Medina, right. This is where the process of them lived and died. This is where the children of the Sahaba are. He grew up around the children of the Sahaba and the grandchildren of the Sahaba 85 years very early, right. And the Sahaba lived up until around 100 110 hedgerow, you know, Java and others, they died 90 hedgerow. So, it Mohammed bin his house, or even his house for short, he met the sons of the Sahaba, maybe even he saw some of the Sahaba maybe, but it's very early 8500s, when he's born is very early. And he began writing
everything that he heard. And he just had a passion for this year. So he began writing everything and began compiling it in chronological order. Unlike the earlier treatises they weren't in chronological order. urbanists have begun saying, well, this happened in early America and this middle America, this late Mecca, then the hedgerow and then he goes so he compiled a very large book. And just to be on the safe side, he even traveled to other cities, where some of the Sahaba had went bust or Kufa, he went and travel there to discover the stories of Yvan Massoud who traveled to Kufa to the stories of the Sahaba who traveled to other places in the world. So he traveled to
other lands as well, but his primary source was always in Medina. And one of the best things about Muhammad Yunus half is he compiled everything with the chain of narrators. What is the chain of narrators called in Islam? It's not. It's not it's not as the chain of narrators, the chain of narrators is a uniquely Islamic phenomenon. It does not exist in any other religion or culture. So uniquely Islamic phenomenon. And the chain of narrators tells us where the story came from. Because in Islam, we always wanted to verify authenticity. We didn't just base our religion or superstitions and fables. Who told you this, Who told you that who told him that who told him that all the way
back to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, so we compiled the narrator's in his house from so and so from so as from so and so back to the son of Java from Java from the Prophet system. So we have a whole is that and we know every person when he was born, when he died, How good was he a Muslim? Was he a good memory? Or is he a poor memory, and therefore we can judge the is not. And so the process of abundance health began compiling the life of the prophets of the law while he was selling them. And he wrote a massive book. It was so big. It was they said it was in 1015 volumes. And this is in and he died, urbanists have died. 150 hedgerow, so he lived from 85 to 150. Very early on. It was so
big that it was difficult to copy. And so one of his students if you like, came along, not a direct student, a student of a student, and his name was Eben his sham. These are two names most Muslims are aware of Urbanus half that had been a sham, right, and even his Sham his name was Abdul Malik Ibn Hisham Abdul Malik Ibn Hisham and emin he Sham di 213 Digital. Now the reason why I'm going into detail here is that the average Muslim should be aware of these two source books of the serum is how can it been a sham, right? I know this is not directly to zero, we'll get there but you need to know some books. Where does this come from? Primarily the number one source is abundance, health, and
then urbanization. Now what's the difference between abundance shamanism is very simple. It's been his Sham realize that abundance health is too big 1012 volumes. So he decided to summarize it.
Even his Sham did not add anything he subtracted.
He did not rearrange. He deleted. Even his Sham simply cut, cut, cut, cut lots of cuts he made. And he made it into now imitation is available in four volumes. I have edition four volumes, let's say. So they say he made it maybe into a half or a third of the original size. Now somebody will say why did he do that? Why didn't he leave it a large book, you need to realize in those days, they didn't have printing press. If you wanted the book, you'd have to write it cover to cover. And he realized this was too much detail. And also one of the things that had been his house. He was one of the first people to write a history of humanity. He began from Adam. He worked his way down. Ibrahim,
Ibrahim Musa and then human
His way to the Profit System. And it's been it's been a sham said, You know what, we don't need all of this, let's begin with the life in terms of the Profit System. So he deleted the entire section about early history. And he deleted a lot of other information that he felt was not that not that useful. And so over time, people began copying urbanization. And if you want to buy a copy of the book, you have to buy Sierra Ebony a sham, you're not gonna find secrets. Which one is happy? You're not going to find that? Okay. You're not going to find that because it is now gone missing. However, just a side point for the little bit more interested enthuse amongst you. There was a very, very
famous scholar Indian by the name of Dr. Hamidullah, Dr. Hamidullah, very famous scholar, and he lived a very ripe old age around 93. He just passed away five years ago, six years no actually would be six, seven years ago. And he was from India. And then he went to France. And he became one of the greatest scholars in what we call Orientalism or, you know, specializing studying of Islam amongst non Muslims. He wrote book, wrote books in French and in English, and he became a great researcher, and Dr. hemiola, discovered many manuscripts. A lot of these manuscripts ended up in Berlin, in Paris in London. Now, how could ancient manuscripts ended up over there many reasons of them as
colonialism. When the West came, and they started purchasing art items, and they started purchasing the ancient things. They have the money, they have the political power. And so the sad fact of the matter is some of the most earliest neurons, we find them in Paris, the earliest most half that we have is in Paris, and another early most half is in London, and so on and so forth. So this is just the reality of the state of our oma that when they left, they took all of these treasures with them. Some of them were purchased, some of them were literally just taken by force. So after World War One, after all, it isn't there's a lot of manuscripts, and it's not just World War, I mean, to be
fair, a lot of them were purchased to people, when you have pound sterling or American dollars, people are willing to sell items, you know, and so a lot of these items were purchased by Rich businessmen who just valued it as art. So lots of manuscripts and to this day, by the way, the majority of early ancient manuscripts are found in let's say, Germany, one of the most largest repositories of manuscripts are in Germany, because Germans had an interest in Islam in the 18th century. So Hamidullah is obviously a Muslim he reads for in Arabic and whatnot. So he's going through all of these treasures in Germany, in Paris in London, and he discovered a lot of
manuscripts. One of the manuscripts he discovered was a partial copy of his half
the oma had thought about his health is missing and gone. The Omaha thought there is no more in his house, he discovered around one fourth of in his house. And so he edited it and published it. And when now we compare this is why it's good to have the earliest horses, because then we can show the people look, even if in a sham didn't just invent Syrah, he's taking it from it as hell. So when he compared Urbanus, half with even his Sham, he found that exactly as even his Sham said, he simply cut off around half around one third, he just cut off what did he cut off? Long poetry, the lineage of the Arabs, so every time in his house would mention a name, he taken back to let's say, Noah,
Allah, his setup, okay? lineage of 5060 people. So even a sham goes, look, you know what, let's just go back four or five people cut the rest off. So when he compared the two he found, yes, even his Sham was accurate in what he did. And therefore, we can now say Alhamdulillah, for sure, when we read even a sham, we're reading something written around 100 years after the prophet SAW Selim passed away. Amazing. Well, that's amazing, far before any book of Hadith, because Bahati died, 256, Muslim died to 61 and so on and so forth. So even even his half died 150 he wrote the book around 130 or so. So literally around 100 years after the death of the Prophet system a little bit more
than 100 we have the majority of the bulk of abundance have preserved through even a sham. So, the third source of Syrah is the books specifically written for the serum, the fourth source of the serum or the books written about the characteristics of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Arabic The word is Shama, Shama in a number of early authors, they wanted to describe the Prophet ism and they wrote books about his description, of course, the most famous you all know this book, what is the most famous Shama? Shama al
Timothy Shama Allah to me, this is the most famous Shama, Shama I have to admit it, but there were many Shama is written, and Shama is a genre of books that deals with the looks, the characteristics, the manners, the possessions, the houses of the professor squash Shama in speciality is another source of Syrah are the books written about the miracles of the Prophet system in Arabic called delta l is another genre of books that
In, and there are many books of miracles written. So by looking at the miracles, you can extract serum. Now the most famous book of the law is called the law in the blue. Well, very happy. And this is around in 12 volumes is a massive book encyclopedia. This is a book of a very happy, and then there are other sources of Syrah. There is histories of the Sahaba. So people recorded the histories of the Sahaba. By studying the history, that was a habit you extract sera. And then finally we'll mention the histories of Makkah and Medina, people wrote, Daddy Makkah, and Medina. And so by reading the acts of Mecca and Medina, we extract Syrah. And so these are the primary sources of
Syrah. To this modern people have added
sources that are not found in Muslim lands. And this is very difficult and rare. But there's a new genre of research in academia and in Islamic studies here in America in the Western world. What did the Romans say about the Arabs at the time? What did the Persian say? What did the other civilizations say? And what what stories did those Arabs tell the Romans, and this is recorded bits and pieces, and this is another complicated topic. But
this is not the time of place to get into that. But some of the sources that now we have access to earliest scholars did not have access to. So these are the sources of the serum. Now we begin talking about pre Islamic Arabia, pre Islamic Arabia, and we began by mentioning who exactly the Arabs were. This is a topic now of genealogy, a topic of ethnicity, who are the Arabs that the Prophet system appeared amongst? And this is a topic that even is how himself begins with the beginning of a business, how is the types of Arabs who are the Arabs? So let us begin the Arabs amongst you pay attention, especially this is your own lineage.
Some of you it is your lineage others, a lot of them.
I say this, because I say this because most of the Arabs of our times, they might not trace their roots back to the classical Arabs. So for example, when the Arabs conquered Egypt, the Egyptians at the time, were not the descendants of these classical Arabs, when the Arabs conquered Sham and Syria, they were Romans. But eventually the descendants of these Romans became Muslims, and they started speaking Arabic. And so what happened was, what we have now is that the Arab ethnicity is not what it used to be. And I don't mean this as any type of awkward talking about Arabs when I'm not an Arab. So I mean, nothing against the others believe me, okay, I love the Arabs, I'm doing
that disclaimer. I love the Arabs, nothing against the Arabs, but the Arabs in our times, they are not the Arabs that we're talking about.
The arrows we're talking about, trace their ancestry to specific people. Most Arabs in our times are not descendants of those people. They have become Arab through culture, through assimilation through language, but they're not now some of them are. So some of them, they can trace their lineage back to these people. Those are still this is the Arabs that we are talking about. So the scholars have divided Arabs into two broad categories. Eventually, I'm going to need a PowerPoint, but I was lazy today. I didn't do it. I do want to cover two broad categories. You might have this i'm sure right. You have this right. Okay. The first of these categories are the extinct Arabs and Arabic, either
extinct means they're obviously no more. And these are the earliest civilizations that lived in Arabia, pre Islam by 1000s of years. They're called the extinct Arabs. They're just a remnant of history. These are the earliest civilizations of humanity in the Arabian Peninsula.
And the Quran mentioned some of their stories such as we can tell me
and thermowood these are two of the earliest civilizations. They have nothing to do with the later Arabs. They're simply called Arabs because they lived in the land that was later called Arabia. It wasn't called Arabia when they were living there. And as far as we know, for mood is the earliest humanity that we find in the Arabian Peninsula. We don't find any remnants of humanity before. It's the most modern archaeological evidence suggests that the people of thermwood flourished around 3000 BCE.
In other words, 5000 years ago, flourished, which means they existed maybe 1000 years before then, we have documented evidence of the mood, flourishing 5000 years ago.
And we have the medallion of solder. The we have the civilization of people of solder, which was after the mood, we have them we see we can see we can walk into their territories, and we can see their living houses and their palaces and the people of add all of these people
They lived in ancient times, before Arabia, and even Haldane mentions that these people, they fled from the ancient city of Babel. Babel was the mother of all cities. The Bible tells us the Bible is the mother of all cities. They fled from the ancient city of Babylon, there was some civil war and strife, and they made their way to Arabia. So as far as we know, this is the earliest civilization that we have ever discovered in the Arabian Peninsula. And that is the mood and ad and others what happened to them, each one of them has an own story, some Allah destroyed some Civil War, some floods and migration. So in any case, all of these Arabs, they completely are extinct. And that's
why they're called the extinct Arabs allowed that either. So that's just a remnant of history. The second group of Arabs are the arrows we're interested in, they are called an Arab and bathia. The opposite of bad either, there's still remaining an audible dot here. Now the audible bacteria are composed of two categories, so don't get confused. One to two A to B. Okay, simple. One to One is allowable either to allowable bacteria, allowable bacteria two to a to b. allowable bacteria are composed of two tribes, two people, Bhutan, and Adnan,
Bhutan and Adnan. These are the Arabs katan and Adnan who is a man who is Adnan.
katan. is considered to be the father of the Arabs, his son was named. Yeah. Oh, yeah.
And, yeah, Rob Oh, yeah.
He is literally the Arab Father, the Word outcomes from the outcome, the son's name,
the father of the outcome. So yeah, is where the term outcomes from now later out, have tried to make a verb out of it that they were passing through and they were out of the blue. Allah knows best, it seems a little bit stretch to me to take a verb But anyway, the name Yara became the basis of our job. And it is said that Yeah, Rob was the first to speak Arabic. Now, once again, this is what we find in the books, but a little common sense tells us languages don't just come from one person languages evolve. So perhaps Yara was the one who, let's say, you know, began speaking differently. I don't know how he would say this. But they trace language to him.
They trace the Arabic language to him. And they trace the Arab race to him. Yeah, rob the Son of God on so this is called the cavani Arabs. baton is his father. Now, who is the Arab and who is spot on? Amazingly, we don't know.
We don't know. Who was caught on. There's two or three opinions. Where did he descend from? We all know he descended from Adam. Okay. hamdulillah. But I mean, which branch of Adam? Right. Where did he go back to? The majority opinion, says that Vaughn was one of the descendants going back a number of generations back to the son of Norse called Sam. Now this is something agreed upon that he was one of the children of Sam, who is Sam. Sam is the father of the Semites. All the same what is Sam Semite Semite means descendants of Sam Semite means descendants of Sam, who are the Semites, a group of people who speak were ethnically similar and who speak a similar type of language, the Hebrews,
the Arab Knights of the Old, the Arabs, these are all Semites, the novelty unit, it is these are all Semites. Now, legend has it? This is not in our tradition, even though there is a Hadith, which is slightly weak. Hadith is weak. It is not in our tradition, the tone of the Old Testament legend has it that no had three sons. No had three sons. First of these, we don't know the first one but the one that we're interested in is Sam. Sam is the father of the Semites, the Hebrew race, the Aramaic speaking peoples, the Ibrahim Ali, his son is a descendant of Sam.
His brother, yeah, fifth. Yeah, fifth is the father of they say the Roman race. The Caucasians are the white peoples. Yeah, fifth, and then his brother, ham, and ham is the father of the Africans. But this is legend, the Bible says it. Our tradition says it. There's a wife Heidi that intermedia that also says it. Allah knows best This is there's nothing to contradict it. So we might as well put this but Sam was one of the children of Noah and so on. They say this is the majority opinion. Bond is one of those descendants. Not immediate not the Son of Sam, but Son of Sam that brings back memories for Americans here. Not the Son of Sam but descendants of Sam. One of the
Maybe 10 or 15, we don't know how many generations, many generations after bond comes. If this is the case, this means that bond and Ibrahim alayhis salam simply come from Sam. But there's no direct connection, maybe 10 generations apart or something like this. So cotton is not directly linked to Ibrahim. Another opinion and this is a minority opinion is that Vaughn is in fact a descendant of Ibrahim. This is another opinion on is the descendant of Ibrahim. And a third opinion is that no athon is in fact, a descendant of the prophet who died in his Sunnah. And that's a very weak opinion and ally knows best but the majority position seems to be that often is not linked to Ibrahim
compound is not linked to Ibrahim katan is a descendant of Sam and Ibrahim was also a descendant of Sam. So there is some type of cousin re between them 10th generation cousins or something like this. There is no direct linkage. Now, one did often live one second, we have no idea but he is way before none. We have to make it a point. I had Nan and Katana. We mentioned them together, but they are not the same time. baton is way before Adnan. So we said that his son was yada, yada, we get the term out of we get the language out of where did they live? the photon is lived in the southern portion of Arabia. The husband is lived in southern Arabia, and they had a number of dynasties and kingdoms
and ethnicities. So Lakota Canada confy Sabbath is that sever the kingdom of Sabah Allah mentions they work Bonnie's Hemi rights work upon his law sonnets were katanas these were all from the Trump the descendants of Bath on the house and the Hudson Raj in Medina were catani.
These are called the original Arabs. Show no the arabic al arab, Allah Riba, the original Arabs, why are they called the original Arabs because they invented Arabic or let's say they spoke Arabic, allowable arriba these are the ones who spoke Arabic. This is the one
eyed Nan by you know, we know much more about Adnan where there's little differences I've done is well known guy Why? Because he's the ancestor of our profit center. The Profit System is not Bhavani he is a nanny.
The Profit System is Eid nanny. He is the descendants of Adnan who is Adnan. Adnan is one of the descendants of the Prophet is smart. He is
and is smart. He is not about money. He's from this Ibrahim alayhis salam, right. He's not from that, but obviously they go back to the Semite race. So both Bhagwan and Ibrahim are Semites.
But Ibrahim al Islam is not related to Asan. As we said, there's simply distant cousins, they go back to the same son of know how to his setup. So we all know the story of Israel. We're going to talk about it next week in a little bit of detail, because there's benefits and points we need to understand from this era is my email is not from Arabia. Where's he from?
This lady's Egyptian mystery, Annie,
north of Iraq, so they
were the Yemenis. Where do you want to say no?
Yes, we got it. Now. It's
Ibrahim, where is Ibrahim from? He is from Iraq.
Ibrahim is from
Israel, Iraq. Ibrahim is from Iran. And of course, Iraq is like the cradle of civilization. Right. Ibrahim is from Iraq. And Ibrahim fled Iraq, he made his way. With his cousin, they say Salah, he made his way through Egypt, the king tried to rape sada and kill him, Allah prevented that. So the king gifted him hajer. So Hadji is Egyptian but lineage in Islam is through the father with all respect to the mother, but the lineage is through the Father. And so Hydra is Egyptian and that is why the Prophet system said to the Muslims, you shall conquer Egypt and when you do so, for those who be earlier, higher offer in the local village, and when you do conquer Egypt, he predicted the
conquest of Egypt. So when you do conquer Egypt, be good to them, because you have Silla and you have Rahim with the people of Egypt, and that's from hydro. So Ibrahim al Islam is Iraq is from Allah, he's from Morocco. And so it's my ethnically is not from Arabia. He is from Iraq. So it's made it his Salaam. As you know the story we're going to talk about that next week. He is left as a baby with his mother hajer in Makkah, in an area that the cotton is do not inhabit the katana user down south. Makkah is in the middle of Central ages. The cost bodies don't live there. It's a barren civilization. Sorry, it's a barren land there is no civilization so bad.
inland, and one of the tribes have gotten Judo home passers by, and it's my eight marries into the Judo home. So it's my It is not about Bonnie obviously he cannot be funny, but he marries into the katanas. And so he began speaking their language, Arabic and his children, obviously are now the merging between the Ibrahim and Islam, his blood and the Bonnie's and a few generations down, a luminary appears by the name of Adnan. Adnan is a direct descendant how many will talk about maybe two lessons from now how many people we don't know but we'll talk about maybe seven maybe 10 between is made and then there's like seven or 10 generations so we can say around 500 years 400 years
something like this, between Adnan and his mind we have hundreds of years. So I've Nan comes and from Adnan, the Arab tribes spring forth, all of the magnanni tribes and the most famous is Pradesh, all of them go back to this person Adnan and Adnan goes back to is married, now is married had many other children. And those children had other civilizations which are not Arab civilizations. So there is an opinion that the nabateans Nevada Yun there is an opinion that the belta you were in fact descendants of Israel from another, not Adnan and then about the human are then considered them to be another civilization and another language now, the adnani Arabs, they are called. Again, this
is for the advanced students who are interested allowable, Miss tatoeba, the Arabs who learned Arabic, the Arabs who were aerobicized, why, because Arabic was not their language, they learnt it from the out of L.
allowable, they learned from the Arabic Arabic, the Arabic alphabet, learnt it from the Arabic. And as we said, Adnan was the descendant of Ishmael and his Salaam, and he was the 20th. Grandfather, we have an exact, precise lineage, there is no difference of opinion amongst all the scholars of genealogy amongst the Arabs, that the prophets of Saddam is the 20th offspring 20 generations Exactly. Between Adnan and the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, so the Prophet, so they send them his ad nanny, he takes his tribe, his lineage from the Adnan. Now, the allowable mustache actually became better in Arabic than the out of El arriba. Why so and how So, because we're jumping
the gun here again, but just a tidbit. They settled in central Arabia. And what this meant, therefore is that all of the other tribes of Arabia would go through them and to them and buy them. And because they interacted with all the honorable arriba. And because they're Central, they began to take the best of all the of all the Arab cultures. And so after a while, a lot of goodwill study by became more powerful and more eloquent and became more prestigious than an Arab, Arab. And that is obviously why Allah subhanho wa Taala, therefore chose the Prophet system to be from the Arab Alma study. So don't think there's a type of deficiency that the process of comes from was static,
but not it, but no, in fact that the most valuable became better and more prestigious than the arriba. Now, I went into a lot of genealogy. I know some of you are not that interested in this stuff. But we need to understand some thing about the history of the Arabs about the various dynamics between the tribes about the tensions between the tribes, if we're going to fully understand the Sierra, and I want to just conclude and open the floor for question that my methodology for the pseudo class will inshallah be something very unique and different. It will be more academic than maybe other series that you have heard. And the purpose is not just to narrate
stories, but the purpose is to tell you a little bit of where they came from a little bit of visit authentic or not, because I think it's very important. We know truth from falsehood. My stroke, my point is not just to tell you stories that will make you feel good, but to give you morals and benefits and wisdoms. So after every incident, we want to pause and ask ourselves, what can we derive from the story? How can we benefit from this story, especially in light of modern times, and I will try to be very exhaustive as you know, this is one of my speciality Syrah. And I have taught sera four or five times and this is now hamdulillah. Yet another time I'm teaching it, and every
time I teach it, I add a little bit and I go more and more because I love the Sierra, it makes me very proud to be Muslim, to be honest, it's a very it really empowers me in my Islam. It makes me feel that Allah has blessed us with this beautiful religion of Islam. And so I love to read the Sierra
Love to go into detail with this. So it will be a little bit frustrating if you want to cover the Sierra in three weeks, you're not going to cover this in this class, you know, I have, in fact, never finished the Sierra in English. Because wherever I've moved, years have gone by, and I never finished this year I was in Connecticut for five years, I got to the Battle of both worlds, I think I didn't finish any in five years, I wasn't able to finish the same because I love going into detail. And so this is my methodology. I mean, that's why I'm sorry, I'm not gonna, I'm not gonna water this down. This is what I love doing. And I'm going to take my time doing it and we're going
to analyze and dissect the Syrah and insha. Allah, my goal is that the Syrah is presented in English in a manner that really has not been presented before. Because they go back to the source, a lot of you asked, What book do you base it on? I don't base it on any modern book, I go back to a Venus helped guide him in his shop today that in the world, they helped me to even two sided Takata. Beside I go back to the original sources, I don't base it on the books that are written in our times because these all books are written off based on those classical ones. So you know, this is I go directly to the sources. But if and with this, we conclude I open the floor for question. If you ask
me, one of the better books of Sierra, I will say that the book of somebody who I had the great honor to study with and my chef and my teacher, chefs the future of non robotic food, he has written our history.
And this book has a story and I just want to mention the story and I encourage you to buy it. In 1979. Why me the world assembly the Muslim youth, Robert Adam Islamia, one of the largest bodies of Islamic scholarship and academics made an announcement that they want to worldwide competition in books of Syrah. They wanted to have a competition to see which book of Cyril could be written that was suitable for the modern place in times. And so they made a competition that the entire world is can contribute, anybody can contribute a new book in Sierra, and they will choose the best one. And so over 400 books were written in that one year, because the grand prize was $100,000, I think was
for the time was quite a lot of money. And so a lot of researchers are, this is a good thing for as good incentive, let's, let's try to do this. And so out of these 400 bucks or so, which written in multiple languages, the book that one first prize was the book of 100 shots of your man, my shift, and it was called a rifle module, which is the sealed nectar.
And it is a book that is a very simple, very easy to follow. Very beautiful book. It's a very good book, it does the job of the CIA in a very professional and academic manner. Unfortunately, the English translation is just terrible, is just completely terrible. I mean, I'm sorry, I can't, you know, it's really bad. The audio I've heard is very good. Now the chef was Indian hamdulillah. I have some bias here Hamza.
The chef was Indian so he could read or to do so he approved the order. He wrote it in Arabic. He's an Indian, he wrote it, he never stepped foot in Arabia. And he wrote it in Assam gutter, small village, small village, right. He told me the story that he said he literally locked himself up in his library for four months, just going out to eat and to go to the bathroom. That's all he was, for four months, he locked himself up. And he wrote this book on my husband Martin, in very beautiful Eric was really shocked that his Arabic was so strong, even though he was not had never lived there. And it won first prize. And it's a very good book in Arabic. It's also a very good book in English
and Urdu, from what I've been told the Arabic the English translation is really quite weak, whoever translated was not fluent in English. So anybody who reads it in English, understand that the style is much better, but you get the facts. You get the facts in English. So my encouragement to you if you want something that you buy are health and Mattoon. And there's another good book that has some major issues. We're going to talk about this but Martin Ling's book, Martin Lynx book, which is basically called the life of the Prophet system, right, the life Mohammed system. Martin Ling's book, is the most eloquent book of Sierra in English. And that's not surprisingly, because Martin
Lynx was a professor at Oxford on Shakespeare. And he's a convert to Islam, he converted to Islam. So he was a Shakespearean Adam, at Oxford.
It's an animal so funny isn't Adam and Adam means is a scholar, right? is an alum of Shakespeare is. So he's a Shakespearean alum, and he converted to Islam back in the 60s. And he lived a very quiet life. He didn't he wasn't a very public person was a very intellectual just kept to himself. And he wrote a book of Syrah the English of which cannot be compared to any other book because this is he is a master of English. There's only one problem with the book and that is there's two or three stories in there. That really should not be in there. It's not his fault.
He didn't invent those stories. But he's not a researcher. He's not a scholar. And so he just took some stories that he didn't really think about, are they critical or not. And he put them in there. And so this is the problem of that book that there's just really two three stories that are just out downright wrong. And, and they can use some fuel and fodder for non Muslims to say things about our religion, he wrote it at a time and place where Islam was not under attack, he didn't really think through, he just is innocent man. And he wasn't a scholar. In that sense. He was a Shakespeare, I'm not a hadith alum. So this is the problem. But I do encourage you to own the book and to read it.
And if you do, then you can download as well just do a google of you know, the problems of marking links, and you'll find a PDF or a file, which mentions number of stories that are dangerous, let's say are incorrect. So the love story, let's say the process and fell into love with Xena, we're gonna get to that someday in sha Allah, this is just not true. It's a complete fabrication. And I given a talk at Yale about this issue is a complete fabrication. There was no love story, there was no romance going on. Unfortunately, he put it in there. And he thought it was because he's a Western audience. So for him romance is a good thing, isn't it? You know, for him love stories are good
stories. So he he thought this is a good story, let me put it in. But that's not our profit system is it? You know, and so and so there are other issues like this that academically they're not good to have. Otherwise the book is superb. So these two books, I think are books that you should own and and and purchase and and read and inshallah as time goes on, we can mention other books as well. We just have a few minutes. Are there any questions about today's topic and the next week inshallah We'll begin with other stories? Yes.
So katan and I'd done i'd 90s married into cloth bunnies. But the males are from the Adnan I've done is from the children of this my smile is not from fun. It's not it is not funny, right?
No, I've done is of the descendants of smite eyed nuns, seventh, eighth, ninth 10th grandfather is mine. Okay, but between his smite and Adnan, there were other civilizations as well, as we said, the nabateans whose remnants are still there, from Adnan onwards, this is one they say that the Arab tribes from is married began to flourish. So we have the tribe of mobile, the tribe of Ruby, add the tribe of Nisa, the tribe of
courage, all of these tribes come from Adnan, from the descendants of Adnan. So all of the Arab tribes of Israel, not the outer tribes of Bhutan, because there's we said to Arab tribes, to groups and tribes, all of the Arab tribes of Israel in they go back to this one person at none. So Adnan is the father of one branch of Arabs. They're called allowable Masada and the father of the other branch of Arabs is called cotton. And cotton is allowed arriba Okay, and we sell cotton and Adnan we're not contemporaries. Cotton was way before Adnan baton was way before then, and therefore when it comes to Arabia, there are civilizations already there, correct. Where are those civilizations
from from cotton? Right from cotton. And to this day, the tribe kahaani tribe is basically the largest tribe I mean, they there and you know, they they consider themselves to be as we said that out of it, but the ones where Arabs came from
non came there. Yes. From after I've done that a number of tribes formed after him. Yes. Questions. Yes.