Mothers of the Believers – 13 – Juwayriya bint al-Harith & Umm Habiba (Ramla)
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Series: Yasir Qadhi - Mothers of the Believers
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Episode Transcript ©
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salatu salam ala rasulillah
be here woman wahama Burg. We are now continuing our series of the mothers of the believers and a shout Allahu Tada. Today we are going to be doing two of our mothers. We begin with Julia bintelli Hadith he or the Allahu taala. On her joy dia, her name was Barbara. And this was not the only woman whom the processor married who was originally was Barbara zeyneb. To her name was originally Barbara and Julia as well. Her name was Barbara. And what does Barbara mean who can remind me I mentioned this two weeks ago.
Somebody who has built the feminine so it is the name of extra piety, and bara bentall Harris Eben lit or was the daughter of the chieftain of the tribe. So she's coming from essentially not a royal lineage because there are no kings, but the most royal lineage possible in terms of prestige of the Father. Her father is the actual chieftain of the tribe of bundler mystery. And the vulnerable status is one of the sub branches of the larger tribe of Hosea, that Quraysh there's Hosea and then within orange, there's been no Hashem. So within cozaar there's the bundle animal spirit, and the vulnerable stardock the Prophet sallallahu I sent him I heard that they are planning to raid Medina,
there were a non Muslim tribe, a pagan tribe. And this was in the sixth year of the hedgerow where the the news came that they're about to launch a surprise attack on Medina and so the Prophet system instead surprise attack to them to prevent this attack. And the surprise attacked was so successful that one day companions came the the the tribe lived close to a well, upon call the, the more and more I see it was the name of the pond. And so the has what is called either has what's called Maurice here after the pond, or was were to burn in masala after the tribe. Both names are mentioned in the Sierra. And I covered this in detail, obviously, when we did this incident. Now, why is this
incident famous? By the way, regardless of the issue of joy idea, the incident is famous because who can remind me who can remind me Why is the button what I see or what is interesting about what I see or what happened in what I see.
Okay, so that's true, not a single Sahabi died, but a very famous incident happened because of which allowed reveal pour on on the way back.
That was it is wondering why but there's nothing explicit in this one. And that is, Abdullah innovativeness saloon said that when we go back to Medina, Lake region that is zooming.
Okay, so Abdullah bluewave, in the saloon, became very angry at the fact that the Sahaba had house the unsought sorry, the unsoldered house, the Mahajan because of a fight that took place between the unsought and the Mahajan was about to take place and the process of calm them down. And Abdullah bluebay Vanessa rule said this is all your fault you took in these outsiders, you allowed them to stay you married into them, you gave them your lands. Now they are doing this, when we return to Medina, then the noble class is going to expel the the dishonorable class otherwise he meant himself that he meant the prophets of Allah from that. So then his steps on heard this, he went and told the
Prophet system, the process of them called our little interviews, hello, and Abdullah nobody gave hell of by Allah that this is ketchup, he's lying. I never said this. And of course, the young lad was very much in distress and whatnot until Allah revealed in the Quran that he had said this right. And so a large xojo revealed in the Quran and we recite this to this day. So this occurred after the incident of what I see. That's one of the main reasons why it is famous. It is also famous, because in this has was one of the most famous idols of the Arabian Peninsula was destroyed as mentioned in the Koran. And that is the idol of mine, not mine not was destroyed in what I see. Anyway, that's
besides the point we are interested in the marriage in this lecture. So
it is mentioned in the most of the document how it came that Barbara Jodi Barbara, three days before the process of attacked, she saw a dream that the moon had risen from the more ice pond that the moon is coming from, the more I see at Ponte, and on the third day of the dream, the prophet system attacked. So the interpretation was that the Prophet system is coming to more I see
And Barbara, at this point in time Her name is Barbara was married to a cousin of hers. And the Muslim surprise attacked, there was such a surprise that they were not even prepared the tribe the bedroom was stuck. So much so that when the Sahaba launched the offensive, the women were actually outside getting water from the well you know, early morning, they go outside to get the well, it was a complete surprise, so much so. So the Sahaba attack, not a single person died amongst the Sahaba. Amongst the bundle Masada a few people attempted to fight and rally the troops. And it was very minimal loss. One of the losses was the husband of Barbara, who was a cousin of her so he was one of
the losses of the of the battle. So she essentially becomes a widow, she didn't have any children. So you see, she essentially becomes a widow. And their army returns back to Medina with a lot of aneema. And of the aneema is Barbara as well, amongst all of those that have been enslaved her father with a group of the elite had fled and escaped. So her father had had it had escaped and left the the the encampment. And once she comes back to Medina, she is given to Sabbath have been placed in Seamus, one of the famous Sahaba he is mentioned in the series many times.
He is the one whom when Allah reviews for a lot larger for swatter confocal Sultan, Debbie savage began to cry, he locked himself in his house until his cousin came was going on. I haven't seen you. And he said that all of my goodies have been destroyed. Because a lot reveal diverse about me. He said, What is that verse? So he said, Don't raise your voice above the voice of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and savage was a person who had a booming voice. You know, some people when they speak, they automatically boom, their voices. It's like a deep throat it it just comes out. And the whole audience can hear, even without a microphone. This is Savage. So he thought the verse was
revealed for him, and they went and told the processor and said, and he smiled and told him it's not trivial for him. So tabet was that person now? She was assigned to sabbat and immediately, she demanded mocha Toba and I've already explained Wakata but and this shows you one of the reasons why it is very problematic to call this slavery according to the modern Western notion of the term slavery. The Islamic concept I prefer calling godrich or Buddha called mill can mean whatever you want. The term slavery evokes concepts and emotions and legal rulings and ideas that are completely alien to the Islamic concept have written about the end of the most obvious examples is mocha,
whatever it is in the Quran for karate boom, and I don't want to play around it is in the Quran. What is mocha? mocha devices said this many times, you should often know this by now. And so Pamela we don't discuss the fifth of Rick because we don't need it and and hamdulillah we don't need it. But I think because we don't discuss it. It becomes easier for people to number one attack Islam. And then number two for the crazies like ISIS and what not to implement a version of rock that clearly goes against the Sharia itself, right? If they understood the fifth coverack the fifth Rick, they wouldn't possibly do what they are doing because it goes against the text of the Quran and
Sunnah. So what is more kata? More kata is one amilcare mean, when an avid demands freedom from the Master, what type of slavery is this is not the type of slavery that's found in western lands, it's a different type. It's a different type. I'm not saying it's, you know, a contract of it's not just clearly ownership is quite clear. But it is a type of ownership that is not understood or found in the Western tradition, and you demand a price and you tell your master, I want my freedom, give me a price, the master gives a reasonable price. And then must provide time for the slave to go earn or whatever to go earn that money and then by his own or her own freedom, this is mocha. Okay, and this
is in the Quran, that if you feel that they're going to be good citizens, but not good people then give them more cotton but for God's sake, from Allah azza wa jal, if they're mentally normal, saying everything is fine, give them more katiba. So she demanded her macatawa and so he said, Okay, fine, seven Walk of silver 790 nuggets of silver. So it's an amount that was there seven, which is the fair price that would have been there, but this is how much I want for your freedom. Okay, so he never took her as milk. I mean that because she's demanding more Carbonell. Okay, so she then is now sending messages and seeing how she can get this money. And of the things that she does, she
immediately goes to the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, she is the daughter of the chieftain. Right? So she wants to basically, you know, get her macatawa done. Now, this is where we get to the narration of our issue directly. And
she says that joy dia was a beautiful jameelah to Molly Hatton, lady, right. She was a maleeha
What is made of an Arabic?
Salt? Why would a woman be described as salty?
Why would you want to get salty, right? So it's a psychological thing here that like salts. Now in our culture salt is so common salt is there. But in those days salt was exotic and rare. When you added salt the dish became exotic. So this is why you describe the lady as Molly had in our time salty, like what salty is like doesn't make any sense, right? So when you understand the psychology of the word itself, where is it coming from? So jameelah tone many how we all know Jamila Melih, Haryana, she was charismatic. She was a figure she stood out, she made the dish spicy, like her characters clear like this, right? So I was narrating her This isn't a widow. She was a beautiful,
charismatic, you know, lady, fiery lady. And this is from our issue statement, no one saw her, except that he became captivated by her. She had that personality, that wherever she goes, she attracts the attention. She has a powerful personality, and she is a beautiful lady. And I knew that, that so so I should say that. Julia went to the people asking for help. And when the profitsystem was sitting there, Julia came in. And as soon as I saw her career to her, I disliked her. Soon as I saw her, my heart just went down. Because I knew that the profitsystem would see in her what I saw in her. Okay, this is a very explicit phrase. And it really demonstrates that
the whole notion that we hear in later times the attempt to sanitize the multiple marriages, I don't agree with this. Let's be frank and honest, and it helps us to deal with these texts. And frankly, it humanizes the Prophet system for us within the respect that he deserves. Julia was jameela, Toon maleeha. She is a captive right now. And she is coming and asking for help. So she says that Yasuda law I am Jody at the daughter of an hateth, the daughter of the leader of his people say you don't call. I am the daughter of the Cejudo comb. And you know what has happened to me? And I am not I am too noble to be a slave. And he she is obviously she's arguing her case, like I'm not going to do
this, I'm not going to do this. And I've agreed for Macaca. Okay, I'm not going to do this. And I have agreed for MacArthur River. And I am now agreed with sabut for nine oltenia. And so I've come to you to see if you can in any way helped me, you know, whether it's a loan, whether it's a charity, whatever, can you help me to get my freedom? Completely Hello, legitimate request. So the prophecies that have said, What if I offer you a better alternative?
Free Enterprise bargaining? She said, What is that? He said, I will pay your opia on my behalf, and I will then marry you as that. Okay, you become my wife, it's an offer. There is no nothing, there's no music, I mean, when I was an offer, you want to become my wife, and I will free you, I will I will take charge of this and I will for you. So immediately, she said yes, I will, too. I have accepted, straightforward. I mean, there's nothing here to, to me. It's again, completely logical and whatnot. And so the processes are then arranged for the the PA to be paid, and the news of the marriage spread amongst all the people. And they began to speak amongst themselves saying, will the
in laws of the prophets of Allah said and be held as our captives? How can his in laws be our captives? So the people began to free them one by one, until the entire tribe of the Muslim was freed, up to 100 households were freed. Our issue said, I know of no woman who was a greater blessing for her people than joy do.
I know of no woman who did a greater good for her people than God because of because of obviously the issues that took place. And to me the incident is crystal clear. It doesn't require any explanation nor any problematization it is a straightforward situation and there is nothing wrong and of course this is both of the reasons are there Julia is Jamie Luton maleeha and by Marian Julia, everybody is freed. hamdulillah neurone Allah knows what is the problem with that no problem at all. So when he married her he changed the name from Barbara to Julia and not only because Barbara implies
That there's extra piety, but also in the case of the prophets, I send them It is said that, you know, he did not like people to say that he left the house of Baroda. So he left Bara means he left piety. So this also shows us that when we choose names, we have to think about the repercussions of those names. Right? And that is why, for example, Mr. Malik and others, they did not like many names that are common now. And again, this is their I don't I'm not if your name is this, don't change it. But, you know, Malik did not like, for example, the children to be named after angels, or he didn't like to children to be named after suitors of the Quran, for example, right? So for example, if
somebody named and again, I know it's our DC culture, that the scene is a common name, for example, Mr. Malik said, I don't want this. Why? If you want to rebuke your child, Dr. Scene, what are you going to say?
Parents, what are you going to say? Give me a phrase.
Emma is the name is fine, either and Milan is a problem, right? Hmm. You have been bad yacine for example, right? You're seeing Shame on you. And if somebody hears this, and they don't know the context, so out of other to the Quran, for example, right? If it didn't know, again, this is his position. It's not how long per se and our cultures are different. No problem. I'm not going to import that photo to our culture. But the processing was conscious of these small things, that words have to be pure and good. And so the phrase that Oh, he visited Bara, then he left butter. What an awkward thing Yanni, if somebody misunderstands, right that he left piety, it would translate us
right if he didn't know the context, right. So just to be that extra careful. So he changed the name Barbara. And because the previous Butler became Zeno, but now he has to have a different name. So he chooses the name Judea. So Julia, what does God mean? Yes, I'm looking straight at you because you had better know this right now or else you're in? No, you can't ask back there. You need to know
oh, that's what.
Okay, Julia is the simple slip of Giardia, Giardia, and giardia is a little girl.
And Julia is a little little girl. Okay, so Julia in Arabic You can you can do something called toss live. And this really means to take a noun and make it a small Noun. jabaal becomes Jubail small now okay? But it will become zero jail. It's a small noun. Okay. Amr becomes way more so you can just add the Yeah, and it becomes a little little one. The word Giardia even means little girl. And just as a teaser, just as a cute thing. Julia the little little girl. Okay, Julia. And why was she given the name of Julia because she was of the youngest of the wives after our issue. She was probably around 20 years old, 19 year 20 years old when this marriage takes place. So she was called Julia.
And in the meantime, this is a very funny story as well that
had it her father
now gathers together whatever they can and comes to try to ransom especially his daughter and his tribe and whatnot back. Okay. So it had it comes as a pagan as a non Muslim. And now he comes to negotiate a ransom and he doesn't know what has happened. I was gonna tell him so he comes and he he brings forth you know, his camels, whatever it is, before they enter Medina. He looks at the entire Campbell's of his people. And he really likes two of them. So he takes those two and puts them in Why did our pay coaches were our university of Medina was very far in front of it was whited out that there was a windy so he puts them in the side and he leaves a hole,
you know, a goldsmith or whatever to keep the camels there. And he brings the rest to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he begins the negotiation. It goes yah, yah, yah, yah, Mohammed, he doesn't want to Muslim at this time, that my daughter, as you know, she is a part of the captives and she is too noble to be a slave once again, the same thing here. And I am also a khadeem. I am a nobleman, I am nobility. So take these gifts and give me back my daughter. And he obviously had other negotiations, which the books don't mention, we understand this, that it's not just his daughter. He's negotiating on behalf of his tribe, but obviously, as a father, his number one
concern is the daughter. Okay, so he says, Take this and give me my daughter back. So the Prophet system said, and how about those two camels that you left and why that Arctic?
How about what happened to those two? So immediately, he said, A Chateau La ilaha illallah wa Chateau unlike a lot of pseudo law that there's no way you could have known this you know, my people don't aren't gonna tell you there is no way you know this other than you are actually a pseudo law. And
so, it is also said that,
at this point, the process of asking
Julia's hand, and Alan was was maybe it was just to confirm, but it had already taken place by this point in time, or maybe it was just a confirmation to make them feel good that he is marrying her, you know, with the permission of the Father, even though it's not needed because she was milkier mean, and now she's freeing herself as a freed milkier means she does not need to go through the woods is a technical issue. But anyway, the point is maybe just to make you feel good. And this also, by the way, photos are given. And I'm also supportive of this, that
if a convert sister, a Muslim who is a Christian used to be a Christian wants to get married, technically, her What do you cannot be her father, technically, there really has to be a Muslim. But and so she finds a wedding from amongst the Muslims when she gets married. But just to make the father feel happy and be a part of the ceremony, you can also have them stand in front, you can also just make him a part so that they feel they are a part even though technically, that we like it has to be to a Muslim, but there's no harm in making the heart, you know, sympathetic and whatnot. And it seems like something like this might have occurred over here at our last panel with Donna knows
best. And it is also mentioned that one of the wives name is not mentioned, because when these types of statements occur, it's best to leave it anonymous, one of the wise felt something and she said to God, that you are nothing but a military. I mean, you're not to wife, you are nothing but a military mean. And you you know, you were caught as a slave and you remain a slave. And she went through the process of some complaining about this. And he, you know, calmed her down shooter upset? Didn't I give you a good method? The Seven opia is more than I give my otherwise didn't give you a good map. And didn't all of your family members become free through you? How can you be a slave when I we paid
the man, that's the matter for you, I made that demand. And how can you be a slave when not only you, your whole tribe was freed. So the profitsystem basically praised her in this sense. And she embraced Islam enthusiastically and willingly and became an extremely ascetic worshipper of a lot out of all of the wives. She is known to be the one always involved and Vicar, and spending long hours just sitting and doing liquor and cider. And she lived a very, and she would also regularly fast as well, very frequently, and she also lived a very quiet his life after the death of the Prophet salallahu idea who was selling them, she avoided any fitna that took place between the
Sahaba she did not get involved at all, and she performed Hajj with the otherwise who performed Hajj. And she was one of the last wives to die because she was one of the youngest as well. And she died in 56. Ah, so one of the last wives to die, not the last one of the last rites to die. She died in 56 hedgerow in the reign of Mao and she was prayed over by Marwan dibden haccombe, who was to eventually become the halifa and buried in a clear, and that's all that we know about her. And we only have a few Hadith from Julia. So we will mention them. There's only literally like, you know, five or six that are mentioned from God. And there's only two or three that we're going to mention
here. And that's all we have information. That's all the books have said I scoured them. And that's all that we have from God abundant Hadith. So, of the Hadith we have that God didn't that Hadith narrates the prophets of the law why they he was seldom visited me one day, and said to me, is there any food? So I said, No, except for a small piece of meat, that and bone that was gifted to us from so and so from the charity that was given to her, that's all that we have. So the Profit System said, okay, bring it forth, because the food has now reached the place that it was written for it. Right? It's not saved has now come this is where it wasn't meant for. And so he ate from that. So
the simple thing here is that well, a number of things, obviously the most obvious one here and this has been mentioned in other ahaadeeth if something is given a sadhaka to one person, and that person then gifts it to the second person, it's no longer sadhaka it is now a gift. So there was sadaqa given to this slave lady whoever she was, we don't know her name, that slave lady then gifted it to the house of the Prophet so I send them a small amount of that and the process of does not eat sort of poverty is eating this. So a transfer of ownership transfers the ruling as well. Okay, so the sadaqa gifted to a and set up a den is and this is obviously understood, because when somebody walks
into a shop and purchases you don't find out what was the money what not transfer ownership transfers the hokum, all of them as well as the transfers ownership changes are one of the things that we learn as well from this hadith is the simple reality of other that the process is affirming other and you know, we have in our old expression, what is it? liquor, liquor, what is it? What is something? What is it
Smart to have a What is it? Danny? Danny Carnevale, what is it?
Okay, so that that phrase that said, Yeah, exactly. Okay.
Danny, Danny Carnevale gonna write that sort of thing. Okay, so that phrase is actually similar to this idea here, right? That collars Give it to me, it's my head that Allah had decreed has come for it. So there's nothing wrong with this phrase that we say. And our culture in this case is valid my shoulders of Oregon hamdulillah two thumbs up to our culture, that the Hadith actually does prove this point that this is what has been written for Allah had written this is going to come here, and now I'm eating from it. So this is now then I'll see of this food coming here. So this is something we all believe in it is something that is obviously definitely over all the parts of other and this
hadith proves it, especially for food, and especially for our local food. Because she goes, it's a small piece, whatever gift gives you a small piece to us it was okay. Now I will take it.
And another How do you the second How do we do that? The Profit System passed by Julia in the early morning on his way out, and she was in her place of worship, praying to Allah subhana wa Tada. Then he came back in the late afternoon, and she was still sitting there doing her Vicar and everybody. The whole day she was there. And she said he asked her, have you remained here in this state? She said, Yes. So he said, What if I teach you words, if you say them, it will be equivalent to all of this worship you are doing?
So she said yes. So he said suparna law he either the holiday he was the law, NFC he was in it out of she he won't be de Cali Mati the famous thing. This is narrated from Julia. Okay, the famous phrase, this is from Julia. And now you will never forget the Casa because it was God His entire day of worship, and the processes that I'll teach you this day. If you say it, then it is equivalent in reward. Now, this is an important point is not telling her don't do that is telling her, you've done great, and I'll give you a gift, because you've done so could do this. And it will give you all of that without having to do all of that. And if you were to do all of that with this dicker obviously
it will take it exponential right. So we need to understand this. So you all know so handle it either the holiday, some kind of either the holiday, I will say some had a lot to the number of his creation, either the holiday because the creation of a lot cannot be counted. Unless creation is something our mind cannot comprehend the number either the holiday what you bought NFC and until Allah is pleased, I will say Subhana Allah when we die that Kalamata he was in a town she saw it was in a towel she and the weight of his throne because the throne of Allah is the largest creation of Allah Akbar And mahalo pot is the throne of Allah. And that's why Allah calls himself will allow the
theme, the Lord of the alvine throne, the throne is called alvine. And Allah mentions the Quran in the Quran that he is not allowed in six or seven verses. And Allah mentions that on Judgement Day his outer shall be carried by angels, and the process of mentions in the headaches that I have been allowed to tell you one fact about one of those angels of the habitats without that between the lobe of his ear and the shoulder is the distance of 500 years of journey. That's how big one of those angels are. And Allah is saying that eight of those angels will be carrying the throne of Allah. So the zenith algae, the weight of his throne, and when we die, they can be mighty and as long as the
ink of Allah speech will be written down, which is infinity, Locanda battle maiden victory matter of blnr, Fidel bio, if the inks of the ocean were turned into inks, and Allah speech will be written down, the whole ocean would be diminished and gotten rid of, even if an entire other set of Oceans were added. So that is basically to infinity. Now, in one version of the Hadeeth, he repeated this three times. So Panama didn't have a lot of sea was in the DRC. When we did the calamity, he said it one to three times. So to say this three times is equal to worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala. That entire time, the next Hadith that the Prophet system visited joy, dia, and it was Friday and she was
fasting. So he said to her, did you fast yesterday? She said, No. He said, Are you going too fast tomorrow? She said, No. So he said, in that case, break the fast. So from this, we learned the basic rolling. We don't do nothing fast on Friday, to venerate Friday. This is not something we do, unless you link it to Thursday, Friday or Friday, Saturday, okay? If you are fasting every third day and that happens to be Friday, then you're fasting the third day it's allowed. If you're fasting every second day, no problem.
If you're fasting for any other reason that is a multi tab there are two fasting content collectively, but to choose Friday as nothing fast, no unless you link it together and why that is the case is the fifth class. Julia mentioned that the final hydrate will do that whoever where the history heard the process, some say, whoever wears a garment of silk in this world, then Allah subhana wa Taala will put on him a garment of humiliation in the era. Okay, so it's how long for men to wear silk and joinery that's all that we have from God, just a few, a hadith from God and that is all that we know from our mother Julia. And this leads us to our next mother. And that is Ramallah
Binti Abu sufian. Ramallah Binti Abby soufiane and Ramallah the daughter of Abu sufian Her name is actually not known for certain most authorities say her name was anomala and some say that her name was hynd Binti Abby Sophia, but she was known of course by her cornea of oma Habiba, and that is why her name is not fully known in Islam by the way Why did the Arabs name their daughters hint? Oh, people have hint. Why don't you tell me why did they name their doctors hint?
Yeah, I don't do you know why they named them hint?
Me because the spices so we had the madiha now we have the spices has a spicy lady.
They were sharp like a sword Mashallah. Mashallah hamdulillah
so we talked about a safe el Mohanad the Indian the Hindi sword. And the process of was described as the the safer one that as beautiful or as great as it when the sword the hint the sword was the the premier sword that the elders would use at that time. But that's safe and Mohanad. As for naming their girls, Hynde and their daughters and their feminine women? Most likely it was because it's something exotic and beautiful. So cultures, exotic size, other cultures and the Arabs would exotic size India. Okay. And so, she is an Indian hint like that. And it became a common name hint like that. But we most likely Her name was automata. But nobody called her ombre everybody called her oma
Habiba. So her name that is common in every book of history that mentions or she is called homie Habiba. Now, of course, she is famous for her father and her brother. They are legends in their own right. And of course, they are some of the most famous names of Islamic history, abou Sofia. And where does one begin with Abu sufian. Right, Abu sufian Sahaja even how to even omiya even above the shelves in the abdomen off. Of course the bundle omiya is the main rival to the bundle Hashem clan, Hashem and chimps were twins, and omega is the son of AB the chimps, and therefore a bootable palate and an Omega are first cousins and omega are first cousins and the bundle Hashem, which is
essentially the bundle and the bundle omiya. Their clans are the rival clans, the big rival clans of the Cornish and of course, the omiya its most famous convert is earthman even a fan right sort of man is a second cousin to our Sofia sort of worship hunter basically, relatives as well. Now Omer Habiba was and of course, his younger brothers Marawi. So while we I was randomly everyone younger way younger than him while he was much younger than me, Habib, so on the halo was born in the 17th, year before the.wa. Hence, when the Higgs occurred, she's around 30 years old, she was around 30 years old. And in terms of male lineage, she is the closest relative to the profitsystem from his
wife's male lineage. Of course, who is closer from female lineage.
Yes, from female lineage, his mother's sister, his daughter, Xena, Binti, Josh, from the female side is the cousin, but as you know, in that society, it is the male lineage that is preferred and also the nessip goes from the male lineage. Right. So then this goes from village so in terms of male lineage, the next step in terms of the the Arabic even Islamic nessa it is in fact Arambula who is the closest relation to the Prophet system in terms of the patrilineal societies okay. And of course she is a pure Cora she of course Janet your father's and he will Sophia and me What more do you want and her mother is also from the oma yet clan, and she is Sophia Binti, a Belarus and therefore
Sophia bent a bit else earthmen it'd been a fun it'd been a blouse. This is Earth man's aunt. So Sophia is the first cousin of Earth.
From the mother's side, okay, Sofia's mother, Earth man's father or brother sister, clear. So Earth man and Sophia are first cousins. And of course, they're only everybody from dodoma Yeah, they're gonna be immediate relatives
or Habiba. She married. Very she's sorry, she and her husband both converted in early Islam. And their conversion was a source of great anger and insult to her father, Abu sufian. However, it is my theory, it's a complete theory. And Allah knows best that having his daughter as a Muslim.
So early on, is perhaps one of the reasons that Abu sufian did not become ever as harsh and as antagonistic as a Buddha, or as oma even harder for us rootsweb little bit or any of the other leaders of coalition. That's because when you have a loved family member convert,
it changes the dynamics, sometimes usually, sometimes it does the opposite, and you become the worst enemy. But generally speaking, you know, your loved one, your daughter converts. How can you be like a Buddha Holden?
So I was soufiane was always as we know, he was an enemy. But he was never an ignoble enemy. You know, we mentioned this many times in the seal that some of the enemies they, they were crass and crude, they were just downright filthy and nasty. And some enemies were
relatively speaking noble adversaries. Hon. Sofia never. He'd like he wasn't, for example of those who would mock the Muslims. He didn't torture the Muslims to death. He didn't throw you know, the thing on the part. He wasn't that part of that level that we find from that group. And so even though I'm not saying he was sympathetic, he was clearly an enemy. And he fought at birth that he fought it or hurt, but this is war, gentlemen, war, you know, you fight you fight, you lose, you die, you win. He was not but at the same time, he was not an Abu jihad, by far. And Allah knows best is my theory. One of the reasons is his own daughter, when his daughter is a Muslim, what's he going
to do? He cannot be that type of, of enemy. Now, the story of heavy was first husband is actually somewhat problematic. And it has caused a lot of again controversies. Or we did have an injection I forgot to mention or obey the law. It been Josh, and Roberto Lubna, Josh was the older brother of Abdullah have been giants, the famous Sahabi, who has come up in this era, many times. The common story that is mentioned with a lot of inject which every classical book of Sierra mentions, so much so that I don't know of any afterlife on this regard ever in early Islam or even immediate medieval Islam that obeyed the love. And Josh was one of those few people who was a homophobe before Islam.
And he was thinking about many religions and he had converted to Christianity before Islam and the days of Jerry Lee,
along with the American Rufino the famous the few people that were there, the youngest of that group was a widow lagna Joshua, the most of them were senior to him. He was the youngest of that group of Maranatha. And he then decided to convert to Christianity in the days of Jehovah. And he traveled the world as well in meaning he went to Rome and whatnot. So he was that person who then converted to Christianity. Then, in early Islam, he converted to Islam. The first year or two of Dawa, he converted to Islam, along with oma Habiba, then they migrated to Abyssinia and they're according to pretty much all the early books of Sierra and this has mentioned it even as half that had been sad
and you know, Hopkins with any every book of syrup, so maternal Sana, then he returned to Christianity. Right. And there's also a famous story mentioned in some of the books that Omar Habiba saw a dream where she saw obey the law of a judge her husband, very disfigured, very discolored, looking, you know, like as very sick and ghastly, and she didn't understand what this was. And within a day or two, he announced that he is converting to Christianity, and he tried to force her to convert, but she refused and so she left him and he left her and he then died. A short while later in haberdasher. He died a motet. Now,
obviously, as I've said to you in our last lecture, which I went into a lot of detail about scratching the surface, it was a lot of detail, but honestly, there's so much more that maybe will never be public news. These are advanced classes that need to be taught.
Allahu Akbar amo
life I want to live. And I think we've all met people like that where it just seems as if the reason that the reader is not intellectual is just life is easier. So the fact that he turned to alcohol immediately after accepting Christianity, and he became mood mineral Homer, which is basically a drunkard in India. So they basically He always was drinking for the few weeks or months he had left to live and kind of illustrates that there might be another reason as well, that's not that problematic to then read in this to that and allies will not knows best. In any case, Roberto Levin dash dies in the land of Habesha law far, far away. And now oma Habiba becomes a widow in a strange
land. And her father is one of the most prominent chieftains of the coresh. Hence, one her it finishes, it is a no brainer, completely understandable. And again, I reiterate for you all that in that culture, the number one factor that made a woman attractive for marriage was her lineage. That's the way they raised. For us. It's somewhat somewhat foreign, right? We don't we don't make it a main factor. Well, at least the cultures I've been raised it but sometimes maybe it is that you're going to marry your your niece or nephew or niece or your your cut my my niece, the father is going to say you have to marry your cousin is in their minds, maybe okay. So the point is, it's there the
lineage issue, you can only marry within our village, that type of mentality, the outcomes at that time they had, that the most attractive feature of a woman was who her father was and the status of her father. And it makes it even more important than her physical beauty and her wealth, and anything else not to say that she didn't have that we don't know much about them saying that is the main factor. And our profits are the law. Why do you sell them, especially in the context of Abu Sofia, it is a no brainer. It makes complete even tactical and strategic sense. Forget the issue of she becomes the most attractive because of her father, even as a tactical you have the daughter
Sophia, in your household. So it's a no brainer. As soon as he finishes the profit system sends an envoy he sends an ambassador basically, you know, Rasulullah rasulillah, to Naja she because she doesn't have her father, therefore there's a pagan or whatnot. So he sends tuna joshy a letter saying that I want to marry Omar Habiba and you will then take charge as my representative because you are the, the the leader of the Muslims there, right. This also shows us therefore that in minority situations, the Wali becomes the community leader
of the JAMA, this becomes the word of the default what he is who it becomes the committee.
Lead here. So Naja, she then sent a slave girl to Habiba saying that the Prophet system has proposed for you. And Omar Habiba was so happy that she gifted jewelry that she had, she gifted it to the slave girl right then and there that this is a gift to you. And joshy called the same the same morning that the messenger came the same evening, he called all of the Muslims to his palace. And so they came to his palace, and the joshy stood up. So the way that nigga took place back then, and in our culture, it has changed no problem. This is just their culture and our culture, Islamic law allows although this in their culture, and this is how the marriage of the process will Khadija two
places, while all of these marriages, that somebody from the groom's side would stand up, not the groom, somebody from the groom side, like who stood up, right, and then somebody from the bride side would then stand up and propose, and somebody from the bride side would stand up and accept the proposal. This was how the nigga was done back then. Right? So they would give a lecture about, you know, their honor and who they were and etc, etc. And they would say, we have our noble young man, and we feel he's a great match for your tribe. So we offer him to you, and then the opposite, they would stand up and they will praise their tribe etc. Say, okay, your your Kadeem, your noble young
man has proposed for our Kadima and we believe they're a good match. So we accept this offer. And that was the nikka. That's how it was done. So again, that's in those days. As far as I know, it's not really done that way anymore. Any of the major cultures I'm aware of maybe it's done in some of the other cultures. So the Naja she stood up as if he is the Joaquin of the Prophet system, because he was the wiki that were killed here. And it doesn't mean lawyer it means representative. Right? What he actually means represent what color to delegate to that designate. So Naja, she then becomes as if he's doing it on behalf of the Profit System that I'm been appointed. And from her side, she
had a cousin and umahi holiday beside them that are also famous having his own right holiday we decided to also he stood up and accepted the proposal on behalf of oma Habiba. And that was Annika right there. And Naja, she said, I will give them a hug from myself as a gift to the Prophet system. And so he gifted now he's a king.
So he gifted 400 dinars. And hence on Habiba became the one wife who had the largest mother ever, because the process and would only give 12 and a half or fee of silver, right, and he gave much more than then was typically given. And when the Muslims stood up to leave, the agency said, Where you going, they said what we did the nigga, he said, it is not befitting that the nigga have a profit takes place except that there's food.
So they had a royal feast in the palace of Najafi. This was the most festive and the most exotic and the most luxurious of all of our processes. But he wasn't there.
Others in Habesha enjoyed and will lie they needed it. They needed something to enjoy, after all the hardships and whatnot. This was an indirect gift to them, that they were treated to a Royal Festival, and joshy treated them out with a beautiful feast on the day of the Gulf of Oman Habiba. And the next morning, in the jazz she sent her as hit her a slave girl as a temporary gift while she was there, as far as I did my research, and I could be wrong because I didn't have time to look up every book that I have. But as far as I could tell, this lady did not come back to Medina and I'll tell you why in a while, but this lady lived with her for a while. And this this slave girl and her
name was Uber, Oprah, Oprah, Oprah, Oprah, Oprah, her name was oboe, and she brought with her amber and rude and perfume and silk and garments. So royal gifts are being given to on the Habiba from the palace on behalf of the process. And even though he didn't ask the joshy but now Josh is so happy that he's gifting all of this to Omaha Viva and the marriage took place in the sixth year of the hedgerow. But where is the process of it? Where's Where have you been? So when did oma Habiba return? She returned when Java returned after the Battle of haven in the seventh year of the hitcher. So for one year, there's no contact at all. And oma Habiba enters the household, basically,
in the end of the seventh year of the hedgerow to only live basically two and a half years, three years with the Prophet solo set up her marital life begins after cyber, and therefore even more reason we have so little information about her who's going to narrate what happens and how should I proceed here and then
Obviously, they're in Medina, what's going to happen? And one of the things that is mentioned about this slave Lady obrah, as we mentioned this lady, that she ends up embracing Islam, and she would tell me Habiba that go make sure when you go to the process of you tell him about me and my field of view, go tell him what I have done. And so she kept on reminding him of this until the last thing that she said before him, Have you returned back was that make sure you remind the profitsystem about me, or not remind you tell him about me. And so when she did go to the process of she didn't mention the stories of Oprah. And this made the process of smile and laugh, and he made for this
slave girl, so many 1000s of miles away. So very beautiful anecdote that her main wish was, you just mentioned my name, he knows who I am, and the process and then didn't know who she was, and made to offer him inside the reports that went over. So if you haven't heard of the marriage, he became happy.
He became happy. And he used an expression in Arabic, which translates as it sounds crude, but it's not meant to be crude as an expression Arabic, that how the following this is a stallion whose nose shall not be injured, meaning, you know, in those days, they would they would either put the nose ring on, or they would put the stamp, what do you call that? Would you call it again, remind me the branding, they will do. But there were some animals that were so great, so beautiful. You don't do it. So that became an expression. And the expression means that this is so great, you should never do anything to hurt or harm it. So when he heard that the process of had married his daughter, this
jolly expression blurted out, which basically means that I can never now do anything to harm the image of the profit sources. And so what I said about the psychological impact now becomes 10 times more. And this takes place in the 60s of the Hydra, which is essentially after the Treaty of Westphalia. And the end is about to come anyway. Right. So it is very clear that this move had a tactical impact. Now, was this in the knee of the process of this tactical impact? We don't know. We don't know. But why not? It makes sense. You are marrying the daughter of one of the leaders of the Polish, it makes sense. So it is also mentioned one of the tap your own. When did that made it the
seal of the ayah. This is a tough seal from early Islam. It's not in the sooner it's not the president just say the Sahaba isn't one of the temporary said Isola who is and yet they know what they needed in our day to mean him but it is possible that Allah will place between you and those whom you despise love.
And one of the who said, this was the marriage of the Prophet system with oma Habiba. So some love came between Abu sufian and his version of Australia and between the process of made it the seat of the AI hasta la who a ninja anabaena calm web analytics data minim mawatha. So we don't have much information about Habiba of what we know is that very interesting anecdotes, some of which we will mention here in the mosquito, she also narrated around a dozen Headey. So God only has four or five home buyers, around a dozen or so. And I'll mention some of them right now. So of them is that at some point in those three years, she was with the profit center. She offered her own sister as a co
wife, another daughter, I was Sophia. And she said Yasuda law, why don't you marry my sister? And the prophecies and said, Would you want me to do that? You want me to marry another lady? Like you as my wife You want me to marry? What type of like is that? That's not normal. Right? So she said, Yeah, rasulillah it's not as if I am all alone with you. Just me and you. There's a lot of other ladies. So what will one more do basically, and I love my sister and I want her to have the hair that I have as well. Okay, so she has a very logical response. Like, look, if it was just me, I understand. I wouldn't want that. But there are already six now. So if I add my sister was the big
deal. So why is she offering her own sister? It is clear that she felt that the Quranic ayah
was for the rest of the Muslims, and it didn't apply to the professor's because we know that the four didn't apply to him.
The four didn't apply to him. So she felt that the prohibition of sisters also doesn't apply to him. And this is proven by the next phase. So
the processor said she's not allowed for me. It's not hard for me to know your sister. And she then replied, but we have heard that you are interested in the doctor.
Abu Salah, Abu Salim Ahmed Salama fame, oma cinema Cinema, and they had a daughter and the daughter's name was we went over her name guys.
Come on is the most common name of early Islam.
My own daughter's name is Xena. Xena Binti Abby selam Xena been to miss Ella I said she's one of the main narratives of Hadeeth remember mentioned is that she grew up in the household the processing. So
Oh my hubby was saying we heard that you want to marry the daughter of Abu Salim. So he quizzically said the daughter of Ole Miss Anima. Like from Alicia door, the daughter of oma cinema, even if she were not Myra Bieber, and Robbie, but is the daughter being raised in your household by text of the Quran? by text of the Koran? What about a bookworm A lot of you who do recommend the Minnesota community, the Halton beginner for ilam takuna. The whole domain of religion is the text of the Quran. of the women that are held on for you or your herbivorous, who is Aviva, or abeba is the daughters of your wife.
So he said even if she were not Myra Viva she issues around, even if she were not, she would still be held on for me. Even if I hadn't married or miss cinema, she still be around for me. Why? Because abou Salama and me. We both had through labor as a foster mother.
Right? So the President keeping track of who his foster brothers whatnot are so and then he said, so do not offer me your daughters and your sisters. It's not allowed for me, do not offer me your daughters and your sisters. So this is an interesting idea from the Habiba that she offered her own sister, another daughter of Abu Sofia, and of the incidents that are mentioned about her and I did this incident back when we did it, that after the orangish did something to break the Treaty of who they BIA and the process of then sent a message because of this attack. The treaty is broken. We went over all those details. So I was a fan became very worried. And he became
afraid that the process would attack Makkah. And so he traveled to Medina, this is one of those iconic moments that how we wish we had more details for after all that has happened now the tables have turned right from being the leader of the kurush. Now he becomes essentially begging for the freedom of boorish right. And he has to travel to Medina alone
as a representative of the whorish to beg the process of to not attack and he enters Medina and he doesn't go to the Prophet so seldom he goes to home. His daughter thinking
I will use her to get to the prophets of Allah setup. And she hadn't seen her since maka
because from Abby senior she went straight to Medina, right. So it says before the hedgerow like nine years have gone by, she hasn't seen him he hasn't seen her. So all of this timeframe, and there's been no visiting obviously, where awareness Oh, maybe we're gonna see her father. And I will Sofia enters in to Habiba complete surprise, she was not expecting at all I will soufiane to come as a complete out of the blue thing. And after the preliminaries and whatnot, he goes to sit down on the one mattress in the room. There's only one mattress and Habiba jumps up and for curls up the mattress. So I will soufiane said that, I don't know. are you saving me from this mattress or saving
the mattress from me?
Is it me who shouldn't sit here? Because of me? You're gonna give me a better mattress? Or is the mattress not good enough for me? What is it? So she said, this is the mat of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam will Antara Judo nudges on mushrik.
And you are not going to sit on the mattress of the prophets of the law. You said
when he heard this, he realized
there's no point in even bringing the conversation up about the shofar. Right? And he said, You have changed for the worst after me. Then he went to Abu Bakar kicked him out of his house, he went to Omar, who laughed and since you want me to make chifa for you against the profits, instead of they want to add to the law one and or the at least spoke with him a longer time but said no. And he turned to Fatima directly. And he said yeah, born a year old little girl, can you speak to your father and your husband and do something, nobody did anything and he left a humiliated man for a short period of time because a lot then guided him to Islam and of course he accepted Islam after
the conquest of Makkah as we know, and he died a Muslim and we're good
I mentioned a very
interesting Heidi's at the end of today's talk. So this is very clear her love for the process more concern for the process is shown and of the interesting ahaadeeth that are mentioned and I'm going to quote it straight from the Muslims of Imam Ahmed. Straight from the Muslim Ummah has a very beautiful narration and because it's so beautiful I wanted to quote it directly from the Muslim world it is
a later Hadith
Okay, so this is the one Yeah, so, Imam humbleness narrates from his teacher Mohammed in a jar from from short but from Normandy beside him from Aboriginal waste from Mombasa Avenue soufiane from his sister Alma Habiba. So I'm basa is a younger brother tomorrow we're okay, so I'm Besa Eben Abu sufian narrates from his sister to me Habiba the wife of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that she heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam say that any Muslim who prays to Allah every day 12 Raka art extra from the furry Oba shall have a palace built for him in Jen, you all know that Heidi right? This version says 12 By the way, some versions say 10 so Omaha Bieber's Version says 12 or
more Habiba said for all that omo Habiba
I have never ceased to pray those 12 that occur at the day since the day I heard the process of say that
her brother, Amma said as he narrated the Hadith, and I have never seen to pray those 12 record since I heard my sister narrate that. Then, Norman inside him.
Sorry, I meant I mentioned her brother than the narrator. Um, what I mentioned I skipped one. So her brother says the same thing. Oh says the same thing. I never cease to pray. 12 o'clock God since I heard ambus and narrated. And then normani beside him said the exact same thing. I never stopped praying 12 recart since the day I heard my chef would have been a waste from Ambassador Sudan from oma Habiba narrate this hadith. So the question is, are we now going to
that was the purpose here.
Baka Baka Vata
inshallah, we're going to now make sure we try to do this every single day. Look at the man for generations of narrators, right. From the teachers of Mr. Mohammed, all the way back to oma Habiba, everyone's saying as soon as I heard this hadith from that day, I never stopped praying. And every one of them is now doing it and then he makes it a point to tell his student this and this is called an Arabic has since it in science events called Silsila This is a means you are going to keep on doing what the teacher did so so beautiful headed the Silsila of praying 12 rock art every single day and it just started from on me Habiba. So from that obviously, we learn the the the the her
eagerness to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and of the narrations as well. We'll go straight to Muslim here of the narrations as well.
Where did it go?
I forgot this one. Oh, my Habiba. Okay, I will miss it from this one, then I'm positive. It was mostly my mom and maybe it could be in here too. Sorry, my bad. Okay. So
Xena, Binti Avi selama. The one we talked about, said I visited Omar Habiba. What did I say? Xena is the main narrator of the next generation from the woman's Sahaba. And we see her name over and over and over again. This is the same vein of that woman Habiba said I thought you're gonna marry her. What do you mean, I would never mind what that Zeynep said, that I heard that I visited Habiba Vinci Sophia, and
she had heard news that her father was found had died. And on the third day, she called for perfume and she applied perfume on her arms. And she then said, I have no need or desire for any perfume.
But I heard the Prophet sallallahu I said I'm c'est la jolla Hello number I tend to be level Yamanaka. And today I limited focus Allah tala Illa. Allah zildjian arbeiter shouldn't wash your hair is not allowed to perform, dad and that is to demonstrate your sadness by essentially cutting off from the world by wearing clothes that are not normal. Like they just don't care about your appearance. You know, just don't eat and drink. No
So and they will do an actual ritual and in many cultures and civilizations it's still very common in the Jewish civilization, there's something and others they have an actual ritual that when somebody dies, you demonstrate that by wearing different clothing for example sad clothing or whatnot right? Even this culture they were black and whatnot. That's the type of work that they do. So the Arabs had that and in our Shetty are a type of a that is allowed. It's not why'd you not muster up it is allowed for three days. So for those three days,
you just be extra morose, you know, sad life is not normal for you, you know is fine. Okay. Call us, Michelle. Hi, no big deal, Annie. It's not you're allowed to do that. But on the third day, you have to get your act together and move on to the best of your ability. This is what the Hadith is saying that only Solomon said, Sorry, oh, my Habiba saying, I have no desire. And I don't even know the president passed away. I have no desire, no need no desire, no need, what is the need, just to follow the Hadith that that should not be observed for more than three days, except for the wife. She does it for months and 10 days. And so she put on perfume, just to obey the commandment of the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And for the rest of her life, she lived a very quiet his life. And she passed away in the 44th year of the hitcher law during the life of her brother Mohan Subhana. Allah she lived to see more obvious khilafah. But very interestingly, she did not to get involved in the civil wars between Huawei and Ali. And that's very profound. She didn't do that, even though her blood was one way. And her statement would have had a big impact.
But she did not get involved. And this shows her her intelligence and her image that she stayed out of this, even though her own blood was involved. And we don't have any and it is authentic. Larry, that was our when he visited Medina, he would visit his sister were the few people that visit but she didn't get involved in politics. It remained, you know, blood brother, sister, but no politics there. And she on her deathbed. She called Isha to her chambers to her room. And she said to Alisha that we have had our issues between us as what happens between co wives. So now I pray that May Allah forgive me, and May Allah forgive you, meaning, whatever happened in the past, I'm about to
die, let's just forget about anything trivial that might have happened. And I should have said, May Allah forgive it all. And from my sight, I have no complaints against you, you are completely there is no issues from my side. You know, as we say, mascola everything is gone. No problem. We, you know, it happens between co wives is something that is natural, harsh statements, words happens. And so she wants to make sure on Judgement Day, I don't have anything. So she brings it to her chambers. She's on her deathbed. And she goes, look anything that might have happened, you know, can we now forget about it. And she says yes, from my side, completely gone. And so she says that you have made
me so happy. Now I pray that Allah makes you happy as well. And this shows the humanity of God that both of them had. And she then did did the same to Ole Miss Anima. These were the you know, the only two that were alive at the time when we set them on it. They both came. And this was done at that time. Now we conclude today's lecture with
somewhat of a problematic Hadith in terms of its content. It's not problematic in terms of political correctness, it seems to just jar a lot of things up. And the problem is compounded in that it is in Sahih Muslim, and this has caused a lot of controversy and Omar Habib His name is mentioned. So I need to bring it in here. The Hadith is narrated from Ibn Abbas who says that Abu sufian was being boycotted or treated harshly by the rest of the Muslim. This is after embracing Islam. So I was soufiane was being treated coldly pause here. Why wouldn't he be after all that's happened.
There's a lot of history and baggage, and it's difficult to ignore. People have lost their husbands, fathers sons daughters, because of her father, because of the tactics. And we've also found even if he's a noble enemy, he was an enemy. And much happened. He was the commander of budget. Right. And he was one of the commanders of Orford, and he was one of the leaders of the court show. Clearly there's a lot of irritation and whatnot. So people were boycotting and shooting and coldly. So he came to the profits of sort of asking him three things.
Number one, he said Yasuda law. I have Omar Habiba, the best of all Arabs and the most beautiful of all Arabs. I will give her to you a nigga. He said, Yes, I accept. Number two, my son will take him as your secretary. Khatib and carry
TIB doesn't just mean scribe hear all the times you see the books translated as a scribe, catnip is your personal assistant got to be your secretary. Right? Take him as your secretary. He said, Yes. Number three, command me to fight against them. We should again as I used to fight against the Muslims. He said, Yes, I commend you. And by the way, soufiane died in Sham fighting as the Byzantine Empire. So he died in the battlefield. Daniel Shaheed, so inshallah is all obviously, as I figured as a hobby. So he said, Yes. And the narrator says, Even my boss says, and I will Sophia knew the process and never said no. So he asked him these three things, knowing he would say yes,
Why is this problematic? Why is this narration problematic?
Then he has already done
the Nick has already done.
So what is this point of him saying, I have Oh, my Habiba marry her. Who's a widow Katya? I'm going to marry her to you. How is this there? And this has led to a lot of commentary in the books of Hadith about this hadith. And by the way, this also shows you the difference between Bukhari and Muslim. Generally speaking, there are quite a few problematic Hadith and Muslim, almost none in Bahati. If you know your sciences of Hadith, and you study Hadith and you study the books of Hadith. Truly, Bahati is in a category of its own. And anybody who studies this knows firsthand it is the creme de la creme, even number two Muslim is a market difference. And this is just one example. This
highly isn't such a Muslim. And it is quite problematic. And it has led to a lot of controversy and a lot of opinions have come. So some have said and this opinion is discarded. But there's one or two early historians that said oma Habiba was married after the conquest of Makkah, based on this narration, but that makes no sense. It goes against everything. Well, marriage took place in Abyssinia. And there are many narrations about this. And maybe we came back with Jafar, etc is like everything falls apart. This Hadith is not definitely going to contradict everything that we know. Okay, this narration so that's clearly wrong. Another interpretation is that
Abu sufian is saying, Let's renew the contract.
Let's reaffirm the contract. And the responses. Since one is that something Islam does
once then it got has been done. You don't have round two of the nigga. Right? It doesn't work that way. And by the way, I've been asked this question many times by people who might have done a smaller and a gas ceremony in the masjid. And then they're like, oh, but now we have the money to have a big feast. Can we do it all over again. I was like, you can do whatever you want. It's not going to be in a guy, you know, you can call it whatever you want, then the guy has taken place. You know, you can have a big festival ceremony, but you can't do GitHub and the job of COBOL is just going to be a show doesn't matter. So the point is a second opinion as well. It doesn't make sense.
You don't renew, you don't redo the contract. Once the contract has been done. There is no sense of this. So the third opinion is a modified and that is that no, he's not renewing the contract. He's basically saying that Yasuda law, now I happily give you my my, my permission because of my affirmation. Like you have now my blessings. Right? And the response is nobody needed his blessings. And that's not the wording of the head. It is a widget I will marry her to you. So that also doesn't make sense. And
they have the it says that
perhaps this phrase was uttered before the conquest of Makkah. Maybe Abu sufian met the process of somewhere else in the 60 of the digital and said this conversation with him. But we know about Savannah the person never had a friendly meeting until he accepted Islam. So again, these are all interpretations that alohar them even hasm says this hadith is mouldboard without a doubt Bella shuck, it is inside Muslim, which is also problematic. Okay. Many scholars have said Well, there's not a whole lot but
if a mistake has been made, one of the narrators messed up and they point to a particular figure. Well known narrator of Hadith His name is Eric crema. Eben Amar, a crema ebin Amar.
FYI, we have some time I'll give you a two minute personal anecdote.
So my undergraduate from Medina is in the College of Hadeeth
in our third year, so every year I I had the old system of Medina these days, they watered it down and everything has changed and it's nothing compared to what it used to be in the good old days in the mid 90s when I was there. So we had a term paper we had to do every single year. A major term paper like you know, seven
Many ad pages, big term paper. And so in the third year of our undergraduate, we had to turn paper on one narrator of
the whole 70 pages on one narrator of Hadeeth. And my narrator was this particular character actually might have been a mom. So I know academics are pretty well, because I have 70 pages written on him. I still have it in my, in my library somewhere. So I compiled everything I've written about economics or all the ahaadeeth. He's done. do a thorough, it's called Java idea. You do a thorough survey of what people have said about them as narrators, whatnot. And essentially in a nutshell, it could have been even more
is problematic. And he has like a C minus d plus type of ranking. Okay. He just barely passes. Yet there are some question marks about him. And this hadith is one of those problematic Hadeeth as well that he is narrating that his memory his memory I'm talking about his cmic was his memory was it as a Muslim he was a good person is in the the fourth generation of narrators, but he's basically a little bit off so a lot of said this hadith is weak because American women are not and frankly, there's a good that's what I leaned to alone is best. And if not, I am eliminated theater said. So it is weak even though it is a Muslim and I lead to this, I don't have a problem saying this, even
though I do think a theater. They have said that.
I will soufiane offered his other daughter the same way that omim Habiba offered her sister he offered another doctor, and one of the narrator's then made a mistake and mentioned it as Habiba. And Allah knows best. The fact of the matter is this hadith is not easy to reconcile. It doesn't make sense what is going on. And perhaps just to say that a creamer messed up, and his memory just faltered, and he just did something, you know, let's finish this. So, with that, let me just do with a few ideas that I still wanted to do from home Habiba and then inshallah, we will then open the floor for q&a. So while we are said, I asked Amir Habiba somehow he is narrating Hadith from Omar
Habiba. I asked Omar Habiba did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam pray in the garments that he would sleep in
his sleeping clothes?
And she said, Yes, as long as he didn't see any other, you get the point. Anything that was there that was Yes, as long as there's nothing that was visible there, who could put it so it is permissible to pray in the clothes you sleep in? As long as there's no spot something on there there should not be there, then in that case, you should cleanse that point. Oh, have you been narrated that and this is an additional panel, so many of our mothers and subpanel also shows us the the character of our Prophet system may have even narrated that the Prophet system would kiss when he was fasting doesn't break the fast and there's a narrative from almost all of our mothers and
already mentioned the hadith of putting perfume on the third day that is also mentioned there are heavy but said that when the Prophet system heard the event, he would repeat after the event until the oven was quiet. We all know this and it is narrated from for me, Habiba. oma Habiba narrated that the Prophet system said that the angels do not accompany a caravan in which a bell is used. So the bell that is being used those days they had a belt, the angels do not accompany that caravan. Or Habiba narrated that she said I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say,
whoever prays for records before though her and for record after the her, Allah will make jahannam hold on for him. Okay, so this hadith explains the 12 because
there's 2d Wyatt, there's 2d Wyatt, 12 and 10 Okay, and if you follow this one, Now, again, how you do the 12 there is between the diet one version is this one, for before the hook for after the hook the more common than one that would have his nose for before in two after, right and then other ones I have to before too after. So all of this is narrated, and the sooner a robotic or not for either, so you can have a little bit of leeway. But only Habiba was of the opinion it should be for before and for after. So this is what she would be doing as a part of her 12 and which means that she would then change around some other ones which again, I don't know which one it was how she would do that
Allah knows best, but with that inshallah tada we finish on the Habiba Binti Abby Sophia, and our next lecture will be the final lecture for the mother of the believers. And inshallah, in June before I leave we will have one
more misc inshallah inshallah lecture
Okay, any questions, your question quit.
So this is a, this is the third opinion there, that I mentioned, that he's basically trying to say that my daughter is your is your wife, right? So she's trying to give himself some prestige by saying this in public. And it's it's a, I mean, it's not unreasonable, it's not unreasonable, it's plausible, is simply the wording is like, I will marry you my daughter,
he should have said that my daughter is married to you.
So the only reason is the wording is problematic. The word was a widjaja er, which is as you know, I will marry her to you, which is I will shall do this and she's already married. It is very plausible, which is why I have these opinions. Two of them are essentially the same thing that either renew the contract or I'm reaffirming the contract. And that's
I'm not saying it's unreasonable. It could be the case Allah knows best and which case the Hadith should be considered authentic then no problem in that case, inshallah. Anything else? Yes, hedges.
macatawa. Does the MacArthur river have to be accepted? There are if they laugh amongst the mother who does the Merkava of the slave have to be accepted? And the Quran says,
Kathy whom in it Mattoon, fee him Hira? Do the macatawa if you see good from them, and the majority have said that the good here refers to
if you see good from them, you must do McCartin.
Islam is not very good Islam. So the Muslim slave it is Why'd you have to do macatawa off.
Now you will say, but isn't this making the slave want to convert? Because of macatawa. And we respond What? Why not?
Give him any and every perk.
Give him any in every book. So the Koran mentions, and this is the majority interpretation, the Muslim slave, it is wajib to democracy above.
So it's an incentive when the slave converts, then he demands freedom. How long do you have to negotiate a fair price, and then how last Bismillah. And that's why, like I said, the Islamic concept of risk was so different than the western concept. There was never a slave class.
In this culture, you had the master race, you had the slave race, right? And it was perpetuated for 400 years, we see now the problems that never happened in Islam never. You acquired one batch of rock, and they were absorbed into society. another batch comes, they are absorbed into society, another batch comes and that batch is not monolithic. You have people of all backgrounds and all skin colors, right? And they're not treated obviously the way the so the whole issue is very different in this regard. So this issue of macatawa is one of the main mechanisms that allowed slaves to integrate into Islamic state as free people and as fully equal. And as people who then
their children and grandchildren will be a part of the broader society and that's what we see in history. Shahla was another hand before we get to yes or
no. Today we have to do this with Mila anything else is good.
He just asked Can we ask non helpful questions? I said no.
Are you talking about we don't know jack? Sorry. I didn't get it. Okay. Okay.
So obey the lagna. Josh issue.
Obey the lagna. Josh,
in the sixth year, maybe the end of the fifth year of the original, right.
It is most likely plausible that the laws of read had already been finalized. By this time, most of the laws were revealed within the third, fourth, fifth years. So it is very likely the default would be at this point in time, the head of it that has been revealed. Now the question comes
Firstly, living in a minority situation.
The Muslims understood that they don't have the soul or the authority to
implement these laws in a minority situation.
And that is very clear from this incident. So obey the law. Even though Josh was free to become aborted, he became a mortared. And the max that the Muslim community do, which it did do was to socially boycotting, social ostracization. Like how as you go, we are local to commodity. So this is something very clear, and therefore, even the most ultra conservative or any math, heavy word to the tradition has this is your way out, you cannot implement the laws of punishment in a minority situation that requires the state to behind you, that is going to, and it requires a judge requires the law, you don't just set up your own informal kangaroo courts under a tree in the middle of
nowhere and you start doing this No, you need the law behind you. And you need the official sanction of and the blessings of the the the the state behind you. So in a minute is minority situation included, this is not something to be done, you're asking as well of a very, very sensitive issue. And, as usual, as I've learned from my experiences, people love to take these clips that I do and find 10 seconds and then put them on YouTube that Oh, so and so says this, and then they misinterpret it right. And I have gotten into a lot of trouble for 10 22nd clips that are taken from my Sierra lectures. And from this one, you're asking me a very detailed question, should they be
applied in our times? There's no easy answer, I will simply say, I am very open to rethinking through this,
this issue, for the simple reality that the modern nation state does not take the place of a philosopher
for the simple reality that any nation state, whether it is even the blesser Land of Pakistan, in the end of the day, Pakistan is a nation state, in which case, its citizens, by definition has to be equal. That's the definition of a nation state. Your citizens of Pakistan are all equal. If they're all equal, then you cannot have two sets of laws, generally speaking, between different sets of people, right? federal laws may be personalized. That's why in some countries you have so the whole nation state trying to reconcile it with the Sharia is a very difficult project. And you have of course, some very influential thinkers, like while helath mentioned it is impossible, he has a very
famous book called The Impossible Islamic State right. And in it, he basically argues that having a nation state based upon the laws of the show, it is impossible, not because the nation state is so grand, grandiose and beautiful ideal, but because the Shetty makes a lot. He's a non Muslim, Arab, non Muslim wildlife is a normal somebody is a very one of the most famous professors of Islamic Studies alive today. And he's written a book that went viral, it was the impossible Islamic State. and in it he basically says the laws of the Shetty are make so much sense. They're cohesive, they're logically we're talking about, by laws here, we mean, how you deal with your oma and the differences
between Muslim, non Muslim etc. And he said the nation state is actually an illogical enterprise, the concept of a country is imaginary. And so because the nation state is a somewhat of an imaginary figment of the collective imagination of the people who believe in it, and the shared era has these qualified laws that make sense, if you're a Muslim, this happens, a phenomenon that happens, you cannot reconcile the two, because this is not going to match with the imaginary is not going to match with the realist head. That's his premise here. And there's something very interesting to think about. Also, in the old times these blasphemy laws, they served a purpose.
Do they still serve that purpose? Now? LaWanda with the age of modernity and the freedoms to do everything. So I am somebody who definitely loves the tradition wants to stay with the tradition. But there are times when we have to ask ourselves, does the tradition allow us to break away from the tradition? If it does, and only if it does, then we should rethink through.
So even the social boycotting in modern times is a problem in the western lands, because the motet of our times in these modern countries. subpanel if you're going to cut off totally, they're going to go even further away. So it makes sense to have some relationship with them as well. So the point is, I'm not giving a concrete answer to your question. I'm not giving concrete answer, and neither am I qualified to. But I do think that we are between two extremes. And I'm a critic of both of these extremes. On the one hand, you have these, essentially progressives who are embarrassed at the loss of the idea, and they genuinely have an inferiority complex. So they just want to try
Change, change change, not because of the Shetty, but because they're embarrassed. And on the other hand as a reaction to those progresses, you have the ultra fundamentalists you have the Uber literalist. It's like colosse the textbook says it, or the books have fixated and I don't care what anybody says, and it must be out and what not. And real fix is not copying and pasting from 1000 years ago. Real fix is to really contextualize the laws of law in the world that you live in. And that requires sometimes you stay firm. And sometimes you modify is this one of those things that you modify? suddenly felt is not based on one man shows suddenly felt this collective work suddenly
fell, generally speaking, people come together and they and they find comfort in in groupthink in fatwas. Yes, individuals give their fatwas no doubt. But a solitary fatigue will always be looked down upon. But when you have many famous orlimar, saying the same thing, then it adds some credibility. And there are many discussions going on right now. And those countries that have the option to apply or not apply, they should be at the forefront of arranging international conventions, talking about this topic publicly bringing the leading minds together and having these collective as for us here in North America or any western country, it's a theoretical issue. And
anybody who says the Sharia says this, we say, well, maybe it does, it doesn't. I'm not intending to bring that aspect of Sharia to any land that is not based on the shadow would that inshallah we will conclude for today, and it will resume next Wednesday, inshallah dadums.