Lives Of The Sahaba 19 – Umar b. al-Khattab – PT 08

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Topics: Dhul-Hijjah

Episode Notes

As we watch this video, we are taken on a journey with Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi who unravels and attempts to divulge details on the rulings over non Muslims as said by Umar Ibn Al-Khattab RA, Ash-shurut Umariyah – the conditions he placed on the Ahle-Kitab. We are also provided information on the death of Umar RA.

Some of the rulings and limitations set on the non-Muslims at the time of the Second Khalifa Umar RA can be summarized as follows:

  • Non-Muslims were prohibited from building new places of worship and had to make do with only the pre-existential ones.
  • Shirk was prohibited in public and had to be exercised only in in seclusion.
  • Absolute prohibition of criticism and spying of Muslims.

Though these rulings may be deemed controversial or unfair in this era,  Umar RA had set these conditions at a time when conservation was at its peak and hence, we may deem these rulings  as progressive and liberal.We are also made to explicitly understand that these rulings cited by Umar RA have no founding to be a necessity of the Shariah and hence, it is not binding and compulsory on the entire Ummah.  

As was his dua’ in his lifetime of dying as a Shaheed (martyr) in Madinah, he met the same fate via an attack by Abu Lulu Al-Majusi (Firoz), a Persian slave, after Salat Fajr with a poisoned dagger and passed away  on a Wednesday, 26th or 27th of Dhul-Hijjah, 23rd year of Hijrah, at age of 63 which was synonymous with the age of Abu Bakr RA and Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. His wish was to be buried alongside his two companions during his lifetime – Abu Bakr RA and Prophet Muhammad ﷺ – and this wish was duly adhered to and fulfilled by Aisha RA.

 

 

 

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Mr Heyman hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad Ali he was happy as rain and mud. So inshallah to Allah today I hope to be able to finish the life of the law of the land. And the next one's day we will just wrap up with as we did with the case of overcoat has to do by talking about some of the ideas that he narrated to get get an idea of the Hadeeth are more of a hot topic. So that will be next Wednesday, inshallah Allah today, as I said, we hope to finish up the life and times of Komodo hottub. And in reality, there's really just one somewhat controversial and yet very necessary topic to talk about before we get to his death. So the law to death removal,

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however, the law one, and that is the

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something that is called a shootout or Maria Sharapova or Maria, and the schrute, or Maria, or conditions that allegedly or would have been a hotdog placed on the etiqueta when he conquered when he conquered a sham and he conquered, basically the other regions now realize that, in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there was not a large group of kitabi people living under the time of Islam. And in the time of obika, Sidious as well, there were no major conquests that took place that would entail large groups of non Muslims coming under the Sharia of Islam. So remember that no hotdogs time was the first timeframe when large groups of non Muslims are now being

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ruled by a halifa by a material hot tub. And, therefore, certain laws were enacted. And these laws are called the muddy conditions or should hold on Oh, Maria, there are muddy conditions as Sharon or Maria. And in our times, these conditions are used by the islamophobes to smear Islam, because they're obviously not progressive conditions. They are not conditions that talk about freedom of religion, quite the opposite. There are conditions that have different rulings for different religions. And therefore, this has led some Muslims to basically deny there was anything called pseudo to remedy some Muslims basically went here and there, and this is a very, very necessary

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topic, especially in light of what is happening in the world today. So a number of points to be mentioned. First and foremost, these conditions are generally not found in the books of Hadith, because it's not the Prophet system is a mobile hotspot, they are found in the classical books of history of poverty mentions them, and Jacobi and many of the classical historians. And of course, they've been cathedrals, a medieval historian, they are found, but from a technical standpoint, they are not mentioned by authentic chains. However,

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historical incidents don't need authentic chains when they are famous. And these conditions have been narrated in each and every classical book that talks about this time period. And the books have filled all of them have that had all of the four and five more than the four. So NEMA died, have at some level taken these conditions, and then derive their laws about how the Muslim society should deal with non Muslims. And they've taken the muddy conditions as a basis. In light of all of that, to be fair, we say we don't need and it's not, because it's not a saying of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam it is, and what is Jihad and everybody is narrating it as if it is a fact. So even if

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there's no it's not, we have to be fair. And we say we don't criticize each and every incident mentioned in the era of the Sahaba if there is an isnaad or not, because the era of the Sahaba is not as stringent to verify as the era of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And therefore as Ivanova mentioned, him his writing 700 years ago, even though you mentioned the story is so famous, it doesn't need an it's not the story is so famous, it doesn't need an instant everybody knows it. And therefore we agree with this as well, that even if there's no quote unquote, it's not the conditions that are placed upon the people by and large, there is something that happened and he

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placed these conditions on the non Muslims. Now, what are these conditions? This is where the various books of history disagree on some of the the the the minor details, the minutiae, nonetheless, the overall gist of it and I printed one of the more

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Common lists that are found the overall gist of it, I'll summarize some of the main points just read them without any commentary right now that remember the hotbar place the conditions upon the Zima, meaning the non Muslims, the Christians, the Jews, and the sabians. And the Medusa, everybody who is not a Muslim, because in those days, in those lands, you basically had Jews Christians, and you had Medusa Rastafarians, these are the three main religions that were there, that he placed conditions on them, that they should not take any of the Muslim lands, or either Muslim cities that are just been built as an area to build their churches, or synagogues or hermitages. And that any of their

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existing churches or synagogues can remain, but they cannot build on top of that, they cannot make it more than it is that they must allow safe passage and hospitality to Muslims for three days in any of these places of worship. So in the whole Muslim land, now that this land has been conquered, any Muslim comes to any church or synagogue, or temple, they have the right to stay for three days and be fed, and then they can go on their way that they they have no right to publicly practice shift, or to spread doubts upon the people of Islam. So they cannot practice sharing publicly, ie, anything they're doing, everybody must be known inside of their places of worship, it cannot be done

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outside, and that they cannot call others to their worship. They cannot give Dawa to Christianity. They cannot spread doubts to the Muslims, they cannot criticize Islam, okay? That they cannot build structures taller than the structure of the Muslims, that they cannot teach their children the Quran now why would we prohibit the alikat up from teaching their children the Quran, because the purpose of a a kitabi teaching his child the Quran would not be for Islamic purposes, it would be for what

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to argue, to debate to to, to basically learn how to basically from their perspective, look at the Chabot heart, and then cause doubt. So don't teach the children our book. That's if they want to convert when they're adults to something else, but don't bring this into their curriculum, that they should not be riding camels or horses, but only riding donkeys and mules, that they are not allowed to be spying on the Muslims, obviously, that they should walk on the side of the path and not in the middle of the path, that their stamps and their signatures should not be in Arabic, they should write in their languages, Arabic is our language, you have your language, that and these are some of

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the more controversial ones, that they must shave a part of their head so that they are recognized to be a Nikita, that they must wear the clothing that they are associated with. Now pause here. Once upon a time, people dressed according to their culture and their religion. So there was a dress that the Christians were there was a dress that the Jews wore. And then the Muslims of course had their films there or there is out and and basically, up and down garments. And

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Bob said you're not allowed to wear our clothing. Keep with your clothing. So they had their own clothing, it was important to note by the way, he is not enforcing another clothing on them. He is saying you keep to the clothes you used to wear don't wear our clothes. Okay, because once upon a time, identities were distinct, everybody could be recognized by how they dress. And he said to them, Do not pretend you're a Muslim basically, by wearing something that is not a part of your civilization or heritage that they should not keep uniquely Islamic names, nor uniquely Islamic corneas, nor to be called by Islamic Appalachians or addresses. So once again, there are names that

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are Muslim names. And then there are names that are Christian names, right? God, Jesus is a Christian name. Okay, it's not the name of a Muslim. So I'm just saying you keep your names, we have our names Abdullah use of whatnot. Now, once upon a time, these were uniquely Muslim names, it is true to say that some of these names now are used by both right some of these names By the way, not all of them, okay? As far as I know, Abdur Rahman is not going to be used except by us correct. And in certain names, for sure. Still, I mean, Mohammed is not going to be used by anybody except us. So almost rule here is that you keep your names and we keep our names

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and, and many other conditions of a similar nature that they cannot sell alcohol publicly. So you keep your alcohol in your

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synagogues and churches, you're not allowed to sell to anybody, which makes sense. Because even if the Christians are allowed to drink in their homes and in their churches, they're not allowed to sell to public, right in a in a land where you're not allowed to drink, they cannot sell in this work, and that they cannot wear the Imam, the pure white amount of the Muslims, rather they're gonna wear the Christian mama or the Christian turban. So they have their own turban and their own styles, and on and on and on. So it is very clear that these conditions, it is very clear that these conditions are conditions that would be considered to be in liberal, politically incorrect, unfair

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in the modern secular lands. And it is because of this, that islamophobes jump on these conditions and say, Oh, look at your shedding and look at what your halifa basically implemented upon non Muslims and they say this is what the Muslims are wanting to do. So

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what then is to be done? Well, as is to be expected. And by now you know, me, I'm not an apologist, I'm not a sugar coder, I don't whitewash and childlife speak the truth. And I fear none, but Allah subhana wa Tada. So inshallah with that, so what is to be done here, as usual, we have various responses from the Muslim community, you have the apologists who want to sugarcoat it, who want to deny this ever happened, or even a suffered a loss, some who criticize or multiple hip hop. And they say he had no right to do this. And they just reject that he has any, and they and they make fun of this. And they say that this was not correct or what to do. Then you have the flip side, and they're

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the ultra fundamentalists, the hardcore overzealous fanatics, and they think that each and every one of these conditions is basically a shediac formula. And that, theoretically, hypothetically, we should implement it in our times as well. And they think that it is equivalent to, let's say, a verse in the Quran, that this is now a part of the shooting of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And we find that some of these fanatical groups, such as what we see in these lands of Iraq and Syria, they try to implement some of these conditions in our times. And of course, this raises a huge hue and cry from all sides, Muslim, non Muslim, and we really have to deal with this issue. What exactly is

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this? Is it legitimate or not.

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And as usual, it's shallow with the other the correct opinion is kind of in the middle. It's not towards the apologists and the hyper liberals, it's not towards the ultra fundamentalist and the fanatics, shallow there's, there's a middle path here, and that is that we need to contextualize In what world is a mental health hub putting these conditions, we need to understand what else is happening. And the fact of the matter is that the religious freedoms we take for granted in secular lens in the Western world, are actually a very modern phenomenon, very unique in human history. In fact, it is true to say that the modern understanding of religious freedoms that we cherish, and we

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do cherish in this land, and we clamor for them, and we petition the government for them. To be brutally honest, these modern notions are very modern, they did not exist in Europe, they did not exist in the Middle East, they still don't exist in most parts of the world, the notion that all religions should be treated equally, and that all religions have the right to equally practice their faith and public is in fact, a very, very, very modern notion coming out of basically a post, if you like, enlightened poster formation, Europe, coming out of a very, very recent past. And the fact of the matter is that you only have to go back 300 400 years, 500 600 years and see how the world was

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the Christian lands. Forget about tolerating other religions, they could not even tolerate other strands of Christianity. People were burned at the stake for holding beliefs about Jesus Christ or the Bible that was slightly different than the beliefs of the mainstream. Why did the Puritans come to America, because they were fleeing from Christian persecution. This was something that was well known in so many lands from Germany, to Sweden to Norway and whatnot. They broke away from the papacy, and they adopted adopted their versions of Protestant Christianity, because the church would not allow them to worship under their dominion. They had to do mass and they had to do the prayers

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according to the Catholic teachings and doctrines. Anybody who wanted to modify would be fought, killed, burnt, exiled, excommunicated, claimed to be erratic, and this was within various Christian denominations. So in that type of situation, in fact, the lands of the sorry the conditions of unbearably hot Bob are very progressive. They're very liberal. They're very free. Because in essence, what Bob is saying is, you will not be persecuted because you are

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Christian in a time when nestorian Christians and Coptic Christians and Syriac Christians and wonderful sites and diverse sites, these were the Christian sects that those times were all fighting each other exiling one another. And you have to understand that one of the reasons why the Christians of Jerusalem welcomed the Muslims was what is their version of Christianity was not the mainstream what we now call Catholic, it was called melkite, melkite. Christianity back then, this is proto Catholics there, the melkite version, these Christians were historians, or they were cops or whatnot. And they did not like Roman Christianity, which is melkite Christianity, because melkite

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Christianity was forcing them, converting them to their version of Christianity. So in fact, they wanted and they preferred the rule of law top and the Muslim rule, because oma basically guaranteed them. Look, guys, sure, we're not going to treat you like Muslims, but we're not going to kill you or force you to adopt a version of Christianity, or persecute you or harass you, as long as you abide by our laws. And you acknowledge that, look, you cannot build churches, higher than mosques, you cannot preach, these are all the conditions. And as long as you abide by these, we guarantee that you can worship according to your doctrine. And your children can be raised according to your

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doctrine. And you will not be harassed or intimidated, unless you harass and intimidate us, unless you do something from your side. So the fact of the matter is that, in that context, it is ludicrous for us in 2015, to make fun of the children or Maria, it's absolutely backward for us to say, Oh, look at how backward they were no, for his time and place. The shooter normally are actually the most progressive, and the most modern conditions imaginable, that he is completely guaranteeing the freedom of religion in a manner that did not exist anywhere else. Is it like the freedom of religion in modern America? No, it's not. But why are we comparing it with modern America? Let's compare it

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with Europe at the time. Let's compare with Rome at the time, that's compared with any other region, then you can see the difference. And this is why I find it amazing for the islamophobes we expect it because they are ignorant, backward, racist people. But I find it amazing from the Muslims who somehow are embarrassed or they think that a member of a club does something wrong, or they don't understand a little bit of knowledge just contextualizing and there's nothing to be embarrassed or ashamed about the Chateau de la Maria are perfectly legitimate for his time and his place. And in fact, all you need to do is to understand that in our times, the dominant religion is no longer

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theology, the dominant religion is nationalism. This is the dominant philosophy, how you view the world through the nation state, and substitute religion, for nationality. Every single nationality in the world has a separate set of laws for people outside of its nationality, sometimes very pronounced, and sometimes less pronounced. But and we're not comparing the conditions of Bob to nation states. So visas were not mean. But the fact of the matter is, in many lands, you cannot own property, if you're not a member of the nation, state. And many lines, even in America, you have no right to petition laws or to petition your congressman, you don't have a congressman, even though

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you're paying his taxes, even though you're paying his salary, because you're paying taxes, you technically don't have anybody that can fight for you on behalf of the federal government, because you're not a citizen. Right? If you commit a crime as a foreigner, you have the right to be deported. Whereas if you're an American, you have you have the right to whatnot, you have a different standard of laws. And the point again, I'm not comparing the conditions of Omar with, like the modern nation state, but I am saying in every nation state, there are different rulings for those that are not a part of the nation state. That's what I'm saying. And we take this for granted

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from the very beginning. When you walk into the airport of any country, what does it say?

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Americans go this way. Everybody else go that way. Imagine if you substitute those times and said Muslims this way, non Muslims that way, everybody's in it, oh, how dare. But the reality is, every society must divide in some manner, fashion or form. It's just a matter of how you do it. Classical Islam divided according to their system, which frankly, makes a lot more sense in its own way, because Islam transcends ethnicity doesn't matter where your mother gave birth to you, which is how the nation state is based, right? It's in your hand, if you didn't like the shoe, Maria, guess what? You could get rid of them in one instance, How so? accept Islam. It's in your hands. And we said

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this many, many times. And I'm not going to sugarcoat it because this is the reality that classical Islam viewed itself as being correct and viewed every religion as being incorrect. And there

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For people of other faiths will be treated in a slightly different manner, let them realize that they are not the same as Muslims. And if they want to convert to become Muslims, Bismillah Allahu wa sallam, you're more than welcome to do that, get rid of all of these conditions and come join. And there is an intentional reality, as I said over and over again, and we should not sugarcoat this, there is an intentional incentive, that we feel so confident in our classical [???]ty as laws, that you know, what, if you do convert, all of these laws will be lifted, and you have exactly the same, but guess what conversion is in your hand, whereas the nation state is not in your hand. It's not my

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fault that my mother gave birth to me in Houston, Texas. So I'm a citizen, and your mother gave birth to you in Africa, or India or Pakistan or Timbuktu. And you have to stand in line to get a visa, who, why is it it's not fair that I have this birth advantage, and you don't. Whereas in the Islamic system, it is up to you, you make the decision, you can choose? Do you want to be a part of the system or not. And therefore, we don't have to apologize for the short term memory at all. We don't have to be embarrassed about them at all, these should make a lot of sense. And as I said, in our times, the nation state has its own shoe. And we can go on and on about how different laws apply

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to different people. And again, in our times, and we talked about this quite a lot.

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The simple realities of let's say, Guantanamo, and drone assassinations that when it was first discovered that there was a potential US citizen in Guantanamo, what happened? Everybody just said, How can you have an American over there? And that's why they got rid of him immediately. So why does an American have a separate law than other people? Why do you judge an American as being somehow more human or less human? Same with the drone assassinations, we're killing 10s of 1000s of people via our drones, the first time they killed an American citizen, what happened? Everybody's discussing his legal illegal whatnot. So all of a sudden, there's a different set of laws, right?

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The point being, we're not comparing their own body conditions with modern, but we are saying, there are different laws, whether it's because of a religion, whether it's because of a nation state, classical Islam, divided the world via religion. And frankly, as I've spoken about in other lectures, it makes a lot more sense because religion combines people who have the same values, the same philosophy, the same ethics, the same Shetty, whereas nation state combines nothing together, other than the accident of geography. Nothing is unique about any one nation state, other than the accident of geography. Neither religion, nor culture, or ethnicity, nor even language is just an

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accident of geography that combines everybody together. So in any case, the point being that the shuttle or Maria are valid and real. And we should not at all be embarrassed or ashamed, much less istockphoto law criticized or minimal hubbub over what he did. However, now we get to the other side.

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Are these conditions a necessary part of the Sharia? And to this, we say, a resounding no, they are not.

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I do not criticize them at all. And I'm not embarrassed at all at what Bob decided to do. But at the same time, the truth is the truth and that is his he had does not become the sheriff of a law until the day of judgment.

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It's not the Quran. Nor is it even the Sunnah. It's not the HTML of any man is the child of everyone. So it's the everyone has a high status, out of all of the HD heads of men, I will walk around occupy the highest. So we say this is something that is permissible. And perhaps in some times in places, it might be useful, such as the time of Ramadan, but to claim as some modern fundamentalist groups do, that the shoot armeria are binding upon the oma until the day of judgment. This too, is an exaggeration. And we say no, you don't have to apply the remedy conditions forever in every single land. And it is completely permissible for us to pick and choose or to simply delete

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the entire list as long as the Sharia is met, and the shadia has its laws. So we also say that the conditions of hormonal hubbub are not binding on the entire Ummah, until the day of judgment, and it is up to the scholars of any time in place. And it is up to the rulers and leaders to come together and decide that which is going to be beneficial for the oma and therefore, we do not have to at all resurrect these conditions and apply them even if of course this is a theoretical question. If there were to be a legitimate philosopher This is theoretical question. But even if there were to be one, we can we will say that these conditions are not necessarily binding on the rest of the oma and

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Allah Subhana what Allah knows best. So this was the

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final major point of the tumbler metal hotdog. And before I move on to his his his death and the details of his death, so obviously, I had to pick and choose and there are many, many, many other minor incidents and issues and I felt that any regrets going into too much detail, and we just need to move on and and wrap things up. Otherwise, there's so much more about particular incidents about even especially the physical or mental health club and the opinions of Omaha top, we did a little bit of it last time I had the session some of the physical positions, actually, as I said, there are entire dissertations done. And if we wanted to, if I wanted to, I could literally go over 300

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opinions of criminal hubbub and filth. I think that's a little bit too dry and advanced for for us here. So just do realize that we have a lot more material on top than we do upon abubaker also different not simply because he ruled for 10 years. And because it was a time of relative ease and peace, and much more compilation and writing was done. So this leads us now to the final act if you like and that is the death of our moto hardtop.

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And the death of a moto hottub of course is something that has already been predicted by the prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and it has been predicted in an authentic hadith that is narrated in the sight of your mom Muslim. Raja lozada Rahim Allah tala. And it is reported by her they finally a man or I should say that the Hadith is a conversation between her data and the number of Maha Bob, and it is reported in Sahih. Muslim and it goes as follows that once in his lava, Rama Papa was sitting amongst the Sahaba. And he said, Who amongst you remembers the Hadith that the Prophet has mentioned about Phaeton trials and tribulations. Her they said, I do.

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I do.

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And Omar said, You are a very daring man to immediately say I do. What do you remember? Like you seem very brave, confident. Here. Let me hear what you have to say.

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So they said the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said so this is one Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says that a man's feet and meaning the the sins of the wrong does that he does concerning his family and his property and his neighbors are kafala are forgiven through his salah and his car, and his commanding the good and forbidding the evil, ie all of the minor sins that a man does with his family, what would the eyes would buying and selling with the harshness of the tongue, all of this will be forgiven by the regular prayer the regular charity, the regular will do regular so we've done this many times here in our MSC when we do that the Hadith that that miner

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sins are forgiven by good deeds. Okay, so this was the Hadith he quoted, or almost said, No, I'm not talking about those minor sins. I'm talking about the big trials that will envelope the oma like waves coming from the ocean. So Omar is asking about

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major Phaeton major trials that will affect the whole oma. So they said, Yeah, Amira, meaning Malacca, voila, why are you worried about those? Why are you worried about those? You have no cause to fear them. For there is a closed door between you and those Phaeton. Now pause here, who is are they fair? Are they fair is the keeper of secrets? Who is are they fair? Are they for is the one whom the profits are some told things that he told no other Sahabi?

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So are they for knows many things that the other Sahaba do not know. And this is one of those things he's going to not mention. So they said yeah, mira mooning, why are you asking about those Phaeton? You have nothing to do with them. You won't see them, because between you and those Phaeton is a locked sealed shut door. You won't see them. So Omar said, will that door open? Or will it be broken? Will it open on its hinges naturally, or will it be broken? Or they first said no, it will be broken. So Omar said, in that case, the door will never be shut. If it's broken. It's not going to close naturally, again.

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Later on, when Omar was assassinated, people asked Are they for that? Did Obama understand what the dormant? And they said? Yes, he knew as well as all of you know that there's going to be sunlight tomorrow, just there's going to be day after night and after day, he knew as clear as that. And another another student of the day for said that we dared not ask

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Who they for what was the meaning of this? So we asked one of his students must look like what is all of this mean? What is the door What is it breaking? So masuku is a very famous scholar of the tab your own tab your own degeneration must look is very well known name from the tab your own masuk said the door was Omar and breaking it meant his assassination.

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So the death of Omar will come by him being killed. And when Omar dies, the oma will be afflicted with major calamities until the day of judgment.

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So the death of Roma is the end of ultimate Sakina in the oma and will lie It is so true, will lie this hadith signifies the status of

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that since the time of his death is within a few years after his death, from the time of arithmetic I found his will come to when we start his life series. trials and afflictions have been afflicting the oma, the likes of which I've never had to deal with did not happen in his time. And that was the breaking of the door. That was the that was the the assassination of Rambo top.

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And the death of Roma is also

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known to other Sahaba because they began to see certain dreams and certain indications. In a very famous word called daddy Medina, it is mentioned that Roman ohata perform the Hajj in the 23rd year of the digital that was his last year, normally performed every year. It was the time that was the it was the custom of the time that all of the whole of our performance every single year. And on his way back when he finished for a minute was that if I'm in out of fat when he when he finished, he rode his camel at Mina. And as he got onto the camel, he said, Oh Allah, I have grown old and I have become weak. And my responsibilities have grown immensely. So allow me to return to you without

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having failed these responsibilities. Meaning is getting too much for me is getting too much all of this burden. Allow me to return to you without before anything happens that I feel these responsibilities. And it is also mentioned this a horrible hottie that Abdullah bin Omar would regularly hear his father taught make dua that Allah I asked you to die as a Shaheed and I asked you to die in the city of the Prophet system in El Medina, the procedure of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. So eventually Abdullah said, Yeah, but

00:32:42--> 00:32:45

how can both of these us come to at the same time?

00:32:46--> 00:33:27

Now remember, where would you die Shaheed back then at the battlefield, right? You're not going to die Shaheed in Medina impossible at that time to imagine. A Shaheed in Medina and Omaha Paul would ask for both that your avatar I want to die a Shahid or sorry who would say that Oh Allah I want to die Shahid and I want to die in Medina to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, pause here. Of course, dying as a Shaheed is a goal of every true Muslim a true Shaheed not the types that we see sometimes in our time with the overzealous fanatics we're not talking about those suicide bombers. We're talking about a legitimate Shaheed that is a part a goal of every single Muslim to

00:33:27--> 00:33:48

die a legitimate Shaheed and our Prophet sallallahu Why did he was sending them said that whoever does not want to die as a Shaheed, he might be suffering from a type of nirach he might be suffering for family found that is the highest goal that you want to die. Now somebody will say, but how do we reconcile this with the Hadith do not wish for death?

00:33:50--> 00:34:43

How can you wish for Shahada and yet you're not supposed to wish for death? And the response as a note and others say is that wishing to die as a Shaheed is not wishing to expedite death? Rather it is wishing that when death comes, you die the death of a Shaheed so there's a big difference between expediting death which is not allowed, you should not want to die earlier because life is always good for the believer. And you should not ask Allah for an early death because once you die, you can't do good deeds. But to want to die a Shaheed is not expediting death. It is saying when death comes, let it come as a Shahada also, dying as a Shaheed does not have to occur on the battlefield,

00:34:43--> 00:34:59

because there are multiple types of Shahada. Drowning is a type of Shahada, our processor said specific types of diseases button for example, if you die from something in the button and some people say some scholars say that button here means what is inside bulk

00:35:00--> 00:35:40

And therefore, perhaps even dying from a heart attack or something of this nature, something of an internal disease that says sudden disease. Perhaps it is a type of Shahada again, although this is any there's no clear cut to his button only stomach or his button everything that is inside. So clearly somebody who dies from the button, let's say, the stomach insha Allah for sure. Our processor said whoever dies of a disease of the button, he dies a Shaheed so Shahada doesn't have to be dying on the battlefield. Shahada can mean multiple ways of dying, and some of them are what we would call natural deaths. And that too, is a type of Shahada. And as for whatever Hobbs wanting to

00:35:40--> 00:35:51

die in Medina, then the reason for this is because our Prophet salallahu it he was seldom encouraged in many, many, many ahaadeeth The,

00:35:52--> 00:36:34

the, the urge the desire to die in Medina, and one had the thought process and I've said many so far I'm in communion with Phil Medina to failure mode, whoever amongst you is able to die in Medina, then let him die in Medina, because I will be a shaffir for him on the Day of Judgment. So it should be this sincere desire of each and every Muslim to die in the holy city of Medina, la mina silicon motes of humanity, the Rasulullah saw itself we all want to die, the death of Medina and to be buried in Berkeley, a lot of fun. And that is a sincere desire that every one of us should make because our process of said whoever dies in Medina and is buried in Medina that I will be a shaffir

00:36:34--> 00:37:20

or a sharpshooter for him on the Day of Judgment. So Omar who wants to die a Shaheed and he wants to die in Medina. His son says, Yeah, but how is that possible? either this or that you have to make up your mind. I'm gonna have Bob response. Allah will do what he wants to do. Everything is possible, although we'll do what he wants to do. And it is reported in the top quarter we have been sad. One of the earliest books of history inside dies 230 that Abu Musab Lucha de Musashi was in Syria for far away, almost allegedly, and he was the governor of a province rather than not the governor of the ruler of a particular region that he saw a dream before rhodiola. Juana passed away, in which he

00:37:20--> 00:37:35

saw himself holding on to large crops, and the crops basically disappeared. He walked forward, and he saw a smooth mountain. And next to it was the Profit System or worker, and he saw the profits, I sell them calling out to Omar to hurry up and come.

00:37:37--> 00:37:54

So Moosa woke up and he told the people around him what he had seen of the dream. And the people said, Why don't you write to a motor in a hot tub, telling him the dream that you saw? And he said, I do not want to be the one informing Omar of the news of his own death means he understood.

00:37:56--> 00:38:40

I'm not going to be the one to tell him that I saw this dream, and I can tell him that he's about to pass away. And in fact, it is authentically reported even that he himself had a premonition that his death is coming to him. So as soon as he returned from Hajj in the 23rd year, he gave but 100 and that's it. And this is another By the way, positive sign that he passed away, literally days after performing the hajj. Literally days after performing the hajj, he came back to Medina, and he gave one hot tub. And then within a few days, he was stabbed in that hole tuba clear premonition that this will be the end. And this is by the way, well known amongst the Muslim Ummah, that righteous

00:38:40--> 00:39:26

people, they have this premonition, this is moto watch it in the oma. And there's nothing wrong with accepting this and saying this, we don't base our Shetty on it. But it is something that stories are simply too numerous to deny that righteous people towards the end of their times, they have this premonition and they say things and do things that only later on after their death. People understand Oh, that's what he meant. He realized, and this is what we see here with our mobile hop as well. That in his last hot tub, he himself said that the whole topic was about how Obama could have chosen him how the process him had basically left without a halifa and they chose Abu Bakar and

00:39:26--> 00:39:59

then Abu Bakr chose him. And then he said that I have seen a dream, and I cannot interpret it except that my end is near. So he said this on the member that I'm pretty sure my end is near. What was the dream? The dream was I saw a rooster Peck me twice. Now a rooster in Arab culture in Western culture is slightly different. For us. It's mainly the chicken that has this in the Arab culture, a rooster as well has the connotation of cowardly, allowed but cowardly, right and

00:40:00--> 00:40:30

Twice Allahu Adam. It could be that the Abu Medusa, he had the dagger that was double edged. As we'll talk about, we'll know who killed him. He had the double edged dagger that he did it stabbed him. And Allah knows best. That's what it meant. This is just one opinion. Allah knows best. The point is he said, I saw this dream, I was packed twice. And the people are asking me not now he goes on the dream is over. He, the people are asking me to name someone as the halifa.

00:40:31--> 00:41:20

And he said, If I don't name somebody, the process of did not name somebody. If I named somebody, a worker named somebody, meaning whatever I do, I have precedent. If I don't name nobody, the process of didn't name and that's fine. If I name somebody, a worker named me, and I can also name somebody. And he said, but I am sure that a law will not allow his religion and his profits oma to go astray, Allah will protect no matter what I do, a law will protect. So if my Metro finishes if I die, so on the hotel, in the hotel, and nobody knows he's going to die. Yet he is saying that if everything comes to an end, then the hereafter after me shall be a Shura amongst these six people, all of whom

00:41:20--> 00:41:24

the prophets of Sodom died and was happy with when he died.

00:41:25--> 00:41:42

So the last horrible he gives is a public we'll see about who's going to be the halifa. And clearly this is a premonition that he knows it is going to that he knows it's going to come. And are they fair as well reports that just three days before he was stabbed,

00:41:45--> 00:42:26

he was sitting with a mobile hotspot, and I'm going to help Bob had appointed him in charge of the taxes, the hot rods, not quite the taxes, a type of of taxes of Iraq, and he was asking about how he's going to spend it, what he's going to do. And then he said to him, If Allah gives me life, if Allah gives me life, then I will make sure that no widow, in all of Iraq ever needs anyone else to take care of her. We will take care of her from this hot Raj. Okay, so shows us number of things that Firstly, he's kind of thinking and is near, nobody speaks. If Allah gives me life, it's like, he kind of already feels this is the end. And secondly, look at his good intentions, that he wants

00:42:26--> 00:42:41

to take care of all the widows through the hard money, that if Allah gives me life, I'm going to make sure all of the widows of Iraq are taken care of, but he was not able to implement that policy, and he was stabbed. Now, we all know every Muslim knows that he was stabbed by

00:42:43--> 00:42:48

a boo, juicy abou Alma juicy, and some say his name was fayrouz.

00:42:50--> 00:43:23

And we don't know much about him at all. We really don't know much about him. One of these very little known characters. We just know bits and pieces. Of what we know is that he was the slave of Madeira, Eben shorba. And he was of course from Persia, and he was a Austrian. So he was of the newly conquered peoples, the newly conquered peoples. And Roma of Nepal had a policy that none of the newly conquered peoples should be living in Medina.

00:43:24--> 00:43:58

He had a policy none of the newly conquered peoples should be living in Medina. Why? Obviously Why? The anger, the revenge, the possibility of death and killing is obvious. However, and that was the policy however, there were a handful of exceptions with personal permission from removal hotpot, certain people had come and said, I have a slave with these talents. We need him to come to Medina, and he might give them on a temporary basis. And one of those exceptions was

00:43:59--> 00:44:36

juicy mahira had come to the top and said to him that I will not lose a skilled craftsman which he was he seemed to be one of those basically do it yourself types of people who do lots of different things. He was a metallurgist, he was an iron Smith he was a carpenter. So obviously one of those people who's you know those those handyman basically right, knows a lot of different trades and tools, and he can build and construct things. So this is juicy. Clearly he must have been very talented for him to get an exception. And then for him to make the dagger that he did as well. All of this is he has this so he is living in Medina. Now why would he kill Omar?

00:44:37--> 00:44:59

So possibly there's one reason that's given and there's another that is maybe understood as for the given reason, so the given reason the more common reason is that he complained to me we'll hop about a mohila avventura that'll mahira is basically not treating me nicely or overworking or whatnot. And I'm a little hotdog did not give him

00:45:00--> 00:45:45

The attention or the the Natarajan the attention, he didn't give him the verdict that he wanted to hear that he did not give him the verdict that okay, you can have this many days off or whatever, and he wouldn't, he wouldn't give him what he wanted. So this was a personal grudge. And this is the main reason. And perhaps one can add to this, that there must have been as well. The understandable reason of revenge that Omar has conquered my land has taken over my civilization, and I need to take my revenge on behalf of my peoples. And there's no denying this must have been an element as well, that there is a feeling of great anger, and he knows he has access and his countrymen do not have

00:45:45--> 00:46:28

access. He isn't Medina, and there are no other Persians in Medina. And they must have felt an extreme anger and humiliation, which is humanly understandable, okay, that his civilization has been gone, his Emperor has been killed and destroyed, and now he's living as a slave. And Omar did not treat him the way that he wanted to treat him. And so he decided to basically assassinate or modafinil hopped up, and it is even mentioned that once more passed him by him, and he was building something and I complimented him on a compliment to him. And he responded, just wait, see what I do next. And then you can see my true talents. And you know, when you speak in that type of tone, you

00:46:28--> 00:47:11

know that this is not meant as a positive tone. And Omar said to him way hack woe to you. Are you threatening me? Like you can tell the sarcasm, right? You can say, even though literally what he said there was no threat. But there's a way of saying it. There's a tone, there's an eye movement, all of this remote understood that something is not right about this person. But he for whatever reason, he thought What's he gonna do? Whatever reason he did not take any action at that. And in the meantime, abou el Medusa, fayrouz. He basically fashion doubt a dagger. That was double edged. So dagger on both sides, right, there's a sword on both sides, if you like knife on both sides,

00:47:11--> 00:47:53

double edged dagger, and he put poison on it. So he must have also known the traits of an assassin because these are not the common things. Once again, he's one of these these people who know a lot of different things so he knows to put poison on it as well. And he then decided to assassinate or Moodle hottub when he was praying, selected budget, and why fragile because fudge It was a time of relative darkness, where people are also not going to be paying attention. He can hide somewhere in the masjid or hide somewhere where people cannot see him and then attack mode will pop up. And he stood waiting for him in the shadows of the masjid. And when Omar had finished the second rocker,

00:47:53--> 00:48:30

why did he wait till the second laquanda maybe he himself was nervous, maybe himself was just waiting for the opportune time. But in the second record, when Omar finished the recitation, and it is said, he finished sooner Tila has ABS verse Wakanda, omro, la de la cultura that whatever Allah wills is going to happen. Okay, they said that that was the last verse, he recited what kind I'm going to call that a motto that bright before going into record, which is obviously a time where you're not paying attention, everybody's going down. That's clearly why he's doing this right before going to the court, he jumped forward from the darkness, and he stabbed on top, once from the front,

00:48:30--> 00:48:47

then once in the back, and then once right underneath the navel right above, basically the lower part of the body. And he that was the worst of them, where he actually basically dragged the knife and slit open the lower stomach below the stomach of

00:48:48--> 00:49:19

the lava Tada, and who and that was the fatal blow. That was the fatal blow the one that was at the lower part of the, the body below the navel. So the lower stomach basically, he just managed to basically move the knife and have a grace or not have a deep cut that cut across the lower abdomen. And he then rushed out of the masjid and the Sahaba were in a state of shock like what's going on. And it is said that Bob basically managed to cry out that

00:49:20--> 00:49:35

in one version is a little more juicy the Medusa has has killed me. And another version he said, the kelp has attacked me. So either he recognized or he didn't recognize who it was. And he then basically fainted or went to the komondor spot and

00:49:37--> 00:49:59

rushed out of the masjid. And in that chaos, he actually managed to get almost to the door. And in the process he was stabbing people left and right to get out. And because there was poison on there. It is said that seven of the Sahaba died on that day on that morning or seven of the people in the master whether the Sahaba tableland. Seven people died and over 13 were seriously wounded. Because of the

00:50:00--> 00:50:41

viciousness. And again, these were unprepared, I mean, imagine, and he's just running through, and he's just stabbing as he's going. It's a complete unprepared until finally, before he could leave, he was surrounded by the Sahaba. And he was figuring out what to do when a Sahabi took off his upper cloak and threw it over his face to blind him through over his face. And then the Sahaba jumped on him. So he realized he's dead at that time where he's going to be captured. So he took the dagger and stabbed his own heart, so that he died with his own wound. So he died with his own way he committed suicide. And he basically died from his own stab wound, and the poison on that as well. So

00:50:41--> 00:51:23

remember how Bob fell into a coma, and they carried him to the house of his son Abdullah, most likely because it was the closer house than his house. And so they carried him to his son Avila's house and they attempt to revive him. And in the meantime, the remainder of the Sahaba quickly finished up the Salah. And and and and this shows us as well that no matter what happens once you deal with the situation aside, it has to be finished. It's also shows us that the Sahaba that were not taking care of him obviously some of them want to take hormones to his house. The others finished up the Select quickly and then went on and are wonderful hapa was in a coma completely out

00:51:23--> 00:52:12

and Abdullah was crying Yeah, a butter Yeah, butter and he could not respond. Finally after the sun rose up after basically the the shock time basically he came out of his coma. And he looked around him and he saw all the people around him and he saw his bloodied body. And the very first question that he asked was a sullenness How do people finish their sauna? Who's leading them in Salah? Have the people finish them in Salah? And so they said, yes, they have finished praying. So he said hamdulillah learn how Ville Islamic Lima and taraka Salah This is one of the last phrases he said the help of Islamic Lim intellicus Allah, Who whoever abandoned the Salah has no share of being a

00:52:12--> 00:52:35

Muslim. Like his concern was have they prayed for God or not? So how they prayed for God? Yes, Alhamdulillah there is no share of Assam, who has basically stopped praying. And He then said to Abdullah bring me water. So Abdullah rotten water thinking that he wanted to drink it. But no, he wanted to do will do, because he hadn't finished his own fudger sauna.

00:52:36--> 00:53:17

So he's conscious that he has to pray fudger and again, this can only come from the heart of a true, like matcha tea movement, like what is bothering him now is that he hasn't finished fudger and this can only come from the heart of somebody who has completely absorbed himself in their ibadah and the worship of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the first thing he did was he finished praying fudger even as the blood was gushing from his abdomen. And from this pretty much all of the folks that have said that blood that flows from a wound that cannot be healed is forgiven. You don't stop prayer because of that. You just sit and you pray however you can. And then once he had finished praying for God,

00:53:17--> 00:53:33

then he said, Man catellani who is the one who has killed or stabbed me? They said Allahu Allah milma juicy. That Medusa Golem. He said the one arm of malayala had been sure they said yes, the whole arm of mohila ebben Sure. So he said Alhamdulillah

00:53:34--> 00:54:15

that the one who killed me was not somebody who claims to be a Muslim, now yet died Islam. Why is it a hamdulillah for two reasons both for him and for the killer. For the killer to be a Muslim means he has committed a major sin as a Muslim. And Omar did not want a Muslim to commit a major sin. And for the killer to be a Muslim also meant that that eventually perhaps this person will be forgiven. Whereas the killer to be a cafard he's going to be punished the way he deserves to be punished. So both cases and hamdulillah for me and for him Alhamdulillah persons not a Muslim is going to be punished the proper manner and I don't want a Muslim committing a major sin hamdulillah the person

00:54:15--> 00:54:56

who killed me was not a a Muslim, and a doctor was called and the doctor gave him some date water to drink basically the type of juice that they would have. They would put dates in water for a night. And then it would be the quarter we will call orange juice, whatever type of juice that would be some type of date water they would have. It was basically called newbies. And and he drank that water and it came out from the upper stomach. So then the doctor gave him lemon or Campbell's milk and it came out from the lower stomach a different orifice. Right. So the doctor said, write your will. I can do it. Rachel, obviously I can't do anything now. This is beyond my my healing right you

00:54:56--> 00:54:59

will see. So the first thing that he did was he

00:55:00--> 00:55:39

brought his family there, Abdullah and his other sons, and he said to them settle my debts in this matter. And he mentioned he owes this he owes that so what's on his mind is to make sure he dies without any debt without any gain. So he wants to get rid of his Do you. And the fact that he has done as the halifa demonstrates vandala that he is not living a luxurious life. And he says, if my money runs out, then bring the money of my family. If that runs out, go to the body. If that runs out, go to the corporation, ask them to help in their day, in case there is no money, then go and make sure my children are settled. And then he says to Abdullah, the famous requests that are

00:55:39--> 00:56:29

Abdullah, go to Oman woman in Arusha, and say to her, that Omar Abdullah hottub is asking and don't say Amira meaning is asking, say Roma hottub is asking, Can he be buried along with his two companions? And if she says, Yes, Alhamdulillah if she says no, or hesitates, come back, don't continue conversation with her. So Abdullah goes to the house of the Prophet sostenible. Of course, she is living, and he hears I should crying from behind the curtain because she is, obviously everybody is tragically sad and crying. And he says to her, what his father told him, and she answers the famous response that I had wanted this for myself, but I shall prefer Omar over my

00:56:30--> 00:57:08

desires, everybody else would have said no to but Omar, I prefer him over my request. I'll give it to him, and I'll sacrifice my position. And so when Abdullah returned, and what I was already in the coma again, so they told him that the people around him, Abdullah has come back, Abdullah has come back. So he opened his eyes, he said, sit me up, this is an important thing. He needs to hear it. Sit me up. And so they sat him up. And he said, What did she say? So he says, she answered in a manner that will please, you know, positive manner. Yeah, I'm being mean. So he said that Hamdulillah, there was nothing that was more important to me than that. You Subhanallah he's, he

00:57:08--> 00:57:51

wants to be buried next to the Prophet, scissor worker. There's nothing that's more important to me than that request right now. And he then tells Abdullah, again, that when you bring my calf and my body, once again, ask permission one more time, and if it is given good, if not, then take me to the macabre muslimeen and bury me with them. Meaning I want to make sure that Isha is happy, because it's her. It's her father is her husband is her house, and I don't want to take the heck of Arusha at an emotional manner. Now that I'm gone, maybe she might change your mind. So once my body goes to the house, ask her again. And if she says, Yes, hamdulillah if she says no, or hesitates, take me to

00:57:51--> 00:58:11

the macabre of the Muslims. And let me be buried along with everybody else. And again, the reason was, even towards the end, he did not want to take the help of anybody else. because technically it is I should, technically it's her right? Her house, her her property, and she can give it to whomever she chooses. And Omaha top

00:58:12--> 00:58:28

basically, we have a number of narrations for the last few hours that Abdullah ibn ad bus went to visit him. And I mentioned this howdy many weeks ago, when I started talking about the blessings of aroma. This is a high body that when Omar was stabbed, Abdullah bus went to visit

00:58:29--> 00:59:06

over the autobahn his last few hours or minutes, and he said to him, I give you glad tidings or should organic ciera be happy, give you glad tidings, everybody knows he's gonna die. He knows he's gonna die just a few minutes or hours left. So Obi sudoko Yeah, I mean, Romania, give you glad tidings or over obiano, meaning that you will get gender. And then he began listing all of the positives of Omar, you accepted Islam, when everybody else rejected, you fought alongside the process, and when others abandoned him, and he kept on mentioning the blessings. And he said, and the process of them left this world, and he was happy with you. So I give you glad tidings of

00:59:06--> 00:59:52

gender. So Omar said, repeat what you have said. And I've been abis repeated all of this, because at this point in time, you need this constellation is human nature. At this point in time, it is very important that you get this words of affirmation. But then Omar said, as to all that you have said it is true. And the process of did leave this world and he was happy with me, that is true. But my concern and my cause for worry, is all of you, meaning the fact that I have to answer to Allah with regards to you, having ruled over you, and if I were able to give everything of this world as charity as money, in order to avoid standing in front of Allah, I would do that. In other words,

00:59:52--> 00:59:59

he's so worried about the AMA, so worried about what Allah will ask him, that if I could give up everything to avoid that

01:00:00--> 01:00:13

I would do that and again, this shows us, his Amana, his taqwa, the fact that he's so conscious that I have to answer to Allah for all that I have done. And arthritis when I found also later reported that I was the last person to see him alive.

01:00:15--> 01:00:59

Meaning from outside of his immediate family that I entered in upon him, in the house of Abdullah Omar in the very last throngs of his death, and he was insisting to be put on the ground from the bed onto the ground. And he was saying, I want my face to touch the sad meaning as a sign of humility, as a type of he could not do such there because he cannot be turned around. But he just wanted some type of lowering himself in front of Allah subhana wa, tada, I want my face to be on the sand. And his son said, No, I mean, they didn't say no, but they wouldn't do it. And he kept on insisting until finally he said, What do you put me on the ground. So when he's insisting they put

01:00:59--> 01:01:43

him on the ground, so he wants to die? Not he wasn't quite insensitive, but that's the such that he could do with the, with the pain and the bleeding that he had. Okay, he wants to die with his face touching the sand. And he began basically crying out to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Woe to me, if Allah does not forgive me, there is no hope, if Allah does not forgive me. And so he passed away, begging for a loan forgiveness, that the last things that he kept on saying was the door for forgiveness. And that would be rights that he passed away on a Wednesday, either the 26th, or the 27th of the hedger in the 23rd, year after the hedgerow, at the age of 63, after ruling for 10 years, and six

01:01:43--> 01:02:17

months and some days, 10 and a half years, 10 years, six months and some days. And while we are even Abu sufian would like to remark in his khilafah that the Prophet system died at the age of 63. And a worker died at the age of 63. And Bob died at the age of 63. All three of them died at the age of 63. And his son Abdullah bin Omar was the one who washed the body. And this also shows us that when a person dies, the death of a Shaheed not on the battle, then hosel is given to him.

01:02:18--> 01:02:45

Only the heat of the battle. No, sir. But the Shaheed of any other circumstance, you give the hostile to him. So his son gave also to him. And so hey, even CNN, also known as so hey by Rumi, so I have the Roman was the one who led the janazah and prayed the janazah Why? Because none of the people that were appointed as the shooter should have led in the janaza. Because Why not?

01:02:47--> 01:02:49

Because it will be considered

01:02:50--> 01:03:29

as this is going to be the next califa. So another person was chosen that was so hype, even CNN. So how about Rumi cyberoam he was the one who led the janaza number of aloha top and the beer, the coffin was taken to the house of the Prophet so seldom. And of course, once again is his permission was asked and Ayesha agreed. And that is why they entered in to the sacred chamber, which is someplace they did not enter into right. The hedger of Arusha was not entered in the arena of Abu Bakar the reign of Roma, that's a private chamber, only our issue is there. And that's why they have to be so permission to what not so she has to basically take extra precautions as the wife of the

01:03:29--> 01:03:57

Prophet so they sell them and for the first time, the Sahaba re enter that room, and they of course, dig the hole there and hermit will help Bob is buried at the left shoulder of avocados to the right just like a bucket of sodium is buried at the hand at the elbow of the profitsystem. right a little bit, not really between the elbow and that and then aroma is buried at the shoulder or at the just underneath the head of Abu Bakar. Also deep and

01:03:58--> 01:04:38

the the well known incident as well takes place around 80 years later, that one there was a loud noise heard in the house of the Prophet system. This isn't the time of a lead. If NAB did medic, the Omega Khalifa. They heard a loud noise of crumbling under destruction, or a falling down and they understood that one of the walls of his house had collapsed, right. I talked about this when we finished the theater, and with great trepidation and great fear and concern that gather together some of the robots you had of the tub your own and they caused them to enter in and see one of the walls had fallen down. So they decided to build a fortified wall. That as I said, Nobody has entered

01:04:38--> 01:04:59

since that point in time. That inner inner inner chamber doesn't even have a door. There's no door, whereas the house of Ayesha had doors obviously. But they built a fortified wall that nobody has entered since that point in time. And they won they entered in and they began to reconstruct the original reconstruct to rebuild it.

01:05:00--> 01:05:37

To rebuild to build a new structure because they built a new structure, they fortify the old walls and they built a new structure. They came across two pairs of feet sticking out. And this caused a huge panic amongst them. Because, of course it is disrespectful if it is defeated the process of them and they went to the most knowledgeable person alive at the time. And that was otowa Zubair, elderly. Of course, the son, the nephew of Arusha, the grand nephew, you know, although he was not so happy, his brother Abdullah, the much older brother by 20 years was his hobby, but odawa was born after the death of the process and road was not as a hobby. So otowa his mother's as Abby's father

01:05:37--> 01:06:16

have his grandmother grandfather so happy his older brother's happy everybody's happy except him. So he's the oldest of those generation alive. And they said no, this he said, No, this is not the feet of the provinces and this is the feet of Omar when they described where it was, this is the feet of or would have been a hot tub. And so, they basically covered it up with sand and then they built the wall around the cover and as I said, No one has entered that inner inner inner chamber, there are people that have entered right outside that and that is even to this day possible that you can enter outside that chamber, but the inner chamber It is impossible to get into because there is no door

01:06:18--> 01:06:30

that has been closed and sealed shut for 13 centuries. And so these were the last people to enter into that particular region. And the final point that we conclude on inshallah tada

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is the issue of the shooter. Who did he choose to be on the Shura?

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That of course, we know that there were a shadow Bashara, the 10, who were promised Jenna, the eyeshadow Bashara, and of the 10 of the 10, of course, to have passed away clearly, oh, Booker and Omar have clearly passed away. That leaves eight, one more passed away in Syria. And that was

01:06:58--> 01:07:16

who passed away. Of these eight of the actual of this left now. We mentioned him, Khalid does not have the 10 will obey the umbilical Jarrod passed away in the plague of the 18th. Year. Right. Outside Damascus, not in his upper is actually his upper is in Jordan now.

01:07:17--> 01:07:22

His pumper is in modern day Jordan, aboard a very dominant ga as far as I know.

01:07:23--> 01:07:42

Anybody knows New Order news? shammies. As far as I know, it's an order don't it's not in? It's not in Sham, one of the villages of Jordan. So avoid amateur. So that's another one. So we have how many left? Seven. How many choose? Six? One of the of the 10 was not chosen.

01:07:44--> 01:07:52

One of the 10 was not chosen to be in the final six. Okay. Who was and he's still alive. Obviously that's

01:07:53--> 01:07:58

or there was not of the 10 or so I was not chosen he became the Honeywell could not be chosen.

01:08:00--> 01:08:04

course he's on the Shura houses are going to be chosen if he's not on the show.

01:08:05--> 01:08:09

His son is not of the 10. His son is not of the 10.

01:08:10--> 01:08:14

out of his chosen. He's one of the first to get out. Because I don't want to be the Khalifa.

01:08:15--> 01:08:18

Exactly. So he's in the he's in the six.

01:08:19--> 01:08:22

So who of the 10 is not chosen?

01:08:24--> 01:08:34

Who they didn't authoritarian and Saudi all of the 10 or more how'd you don't? They didn't elaborate is the one who compiled the Quran. He's not of the 10.

01:08:37--> 01:08:38

Suddenly, what classes in here?

01:08:39--> 01:08:40

Quickly Google YOLO

01:08:43--> 01:08:46

I see what you're doing there. I'm looking at this and okay.

01:08:47--> 01:08:51

So, even Zaid, even Alma, even Raphael,

01:08:52--> 01:09:18

who is he? Sorry, didn't say who failed? Who is he? So inshallah, when we talk about all of the Sahaba that's what we're doing now. inshallah sometime in 2016. Next year, we'll get to sightedness eight. And Simon is a is one of the 10 his father is a div novoline unified, who is one of the hanifah in early mcca. Home the process of the Met as a young man who would not worship idols, this is him.

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And his son Simon is eight is one of the 10 Okay, now, why was that? not chosen? So to be honest, we do not know for sure why he was not chosen. One opinion is that

01:09:33--> 01:09:47

say that news aid was from the tribe of bundle ID. And Ahmed is from the tribe of bundle ID. And so the accusation that might have been said that he's preferring bundle ID over others. So all the restaurant from bundle ID.

01:09:48--> 01:09:58

Allah knows best This is an interpretation. I have another theory and it could be right or wrong if it's right or similar. If it's wrong, then I asked us forgiveness. I have I

01:09:59--> 01:10:00

just

01:10:00--> 01:10:43

In interpretation, and that is that if you look at all of the actionable Bashara, the one who seems to be the least active in public life is sidedness eight. In fact, most of Muslims have not even heard of his name. And even now, many of you are like, who is the side of music. And what we seem to glean is that he was a very quiet person who's into a bother into like, he's, he's not the person maybe that is the best to be suited to be maybe a political figure, right? People have different talents, everybody has their own and perhaps Allah knows best. Perhaps Saddam Hussein was not somebody that are more thought would be the type of

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extroverted figure that you need to be the halifa because when you read all about him, frankly, what you get is a very pious, a very Zahid quiet any worshipping type of person and the halifa has to be

01:11:00--> 01:11:44

somebody that has certain other you know, characteristics. So Allah knows best if you look at all the others have done a lot of now tala has obeyed they're very active, very political, very engaged, nothing wrong right or wrong with being political, a political but to be a halifa requires certain characteristics, right? And perhaps Allah knows best Seidman is a was of those who had other talents and not and not something in this political issue. So I'm going to hop up, did not include him. Allah knows best, we don't know why. And these are two reasons that are given. In any case, the rest of the six were included, highly recommended, but not fun. Abdurrahman now sad him who passed

01:11:44--> 01:11:53

Zubaydah one and tall having a regular, all of these names, everybody knows. And they were very active. And they were governors. And they were, were sad.

01:11:54--> 01:11:57

He wasn't of that nature. So again, this is my

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opinion, and I could be completely wrong. And if that is the case, ask Allah forgiveness, in any case, side was not chosen. And the command was given that orbital hot Bob basically said that three days should be given for them to decide who will be the halifa. And if any one of them disagrees and the rest of agreed the command was executed.

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There should be no collapse in the oma, there must be unanimous. Now, this is in all likelihood, just the threat like in the sense that make sure they all agree after three days, they should all agree, which is exactly what happened, that they did all agree and so on whatever hotpot basically instituted a new method or mechanism of establishing the halifa. And if you look at it, and with this, we conclude a shallow Tada, all of the mechanisms of electing the halifa was different. The election of a worker was its own, the election of Roma was its own election of earthman. The election of Ali, each one was different. And from this is and then of course, while we are the one

01:13:03--> 01:13:53

who is the last of the Sahaba, to be a ruler, and he Institute's kingship, and Institute's kingship. And from this, we can say that kingship is indeed jack is there is this notion that kingship is not to jazz. And this is, if you were to say it's not jazz, you have disqualified 13 and a half centuries of paid offers, because all of our whole life other than the whole of our oshun were dynasties from the omega to the ibises, to the earth Monday to every single dynasty that has ever existed, and perhaps by Mauricio de la Juan, who beginning the institution, and none of the previous people doing it. Perhaps it is as if there's a divine wisdom, that this is not the ideal, but it is

01:13:53--> 01:14:41

just jealous, because the ideal is obok or Mr. Eckman it that's the best, that's the way it should be. But Maui rhodiola, one is a Sahabi, in the end of the day, and our methodology, as Sunni Muslims is not to ever be critical of the Sahaba. And we have nothing but rhodiola 101, even if it is to the different levels of the Sahaba. We do not say that Maui is like Abu Bakar No way, he is not like aboubaker, but he is still a Sahabi. And we don't see anything but good of all of the Sahaba. And even if we don't agree with each of their political decisions, we do not criticize their emaan. We might not agree or disagree with the political decisions, but we do not criticize their Eman and

01:14:41--> 01:15:00

their sincerity to Islam. And the fact that while we have began this institution of dynastic rule, we can say that perhaps there is a divine wisdom that Allah is demonstrating that it is something that is permissible in Islam, there is no doubt that it is not ideal, and that's 100. The previous qualified did it but to

01:15:00--> 01:15:41

Say naively that it is haram, which is what the average Muslim of our times says is frankly, no scholar has ever said this. None of our FOCA have ever said this and Islamic history belies this point to say that is how long means you have disqualified all of our qualified since the time of Adam. That'd be parliament. That's, that's ludicrous. And you're saying we never had a halifa. And again, that would be absolutely ludicrous to say, but the point that I want to stress here, what this demonstrates and with this, I conclude, the choosing of a leader is not something that the [???]tier has come with a specific methodology. And therefore, it is open for interpretation and it

01:15:41--> 01:16:21

is open for even modern trends to come. And it is completely permissible and headed for us in modern times to come and sit together and figure out what will be the best way then to choose a leader from amongst us when and if such a situation arises. And this is of the wisdoms that we learn in all of these different methods from electing the Holy Father and with this inshallah tada we come to the conclusion of the life and times of Moodle hot lava, the lava to Allah and who next Wednesday will be our final lecture on our Moodle hubbub, what is left, we will talk about some of the Hadith that he narrated, just like we do obaku so deep that we just went over some of it that's it, nothing

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about his life and times. But just to get an indication about some of the Hadith he narrated as Roberto Siddiq. We went over most of them because he only had a few as we're going to talk we cannot go over most of them, he has

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a one to say to 300 we cannot go over all of them, but it'll be a selection of some of the ideas that he narrated so that we get an idea into the personality and also that he Wyatt have a mobile hotspot. So it's going to be a different lecture is not going to be about Roman law. The other one is going to be about the Wyatt of Roman, the idea of a mobile hotspot. And after that inshallah we'll take our break for the holidays that take place and then come back and resume with earthman a bit of fun rhodiola who died and who charlo. With that we conclude for today and break for Sadat and Asia.