Lives Of The Sahaba 17 – Umar b. al-Khattab – PT 06

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

In this motivational talk, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi culminates the other major battles that were fought under the able leadership of and during the reign of Umar ibn Al-Khattab RA.

Dr. Qadhi discusses the conquest to conquer the capital city of the Persian Empire which was by far  the largest and most populous city at the time – Tesifon (Al-Madain). The intriguing aspect of this conquest was that it was achieved in the absence of an actual battle.

Also mentioned in this video are the critical details of the battle of Nahawand in 640CE, 21 AH, which is often nicknamed as the “Conquest of all Conquests.”  We are also made to reflect on the astonishing fact that this mighty superpower – the Sassanid Empire that was ruling over the world since time immemorial, was annihilated in a matter of just ten years at the hands of our powerful and great Sahabas RA.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi.

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inshallah Allah Today we will finish the battles of the reign of a mobile hotspot because I feel that we have been going too much into the history and kind of been sidetracked about what we were supposed to be doing, which is,

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at the same time, I realized that this is the one and only time that we're going to be going over these conquests. And so I thought that we should spend some time on it, nonetheless. And I do give the disclaimer, and I've given it many times that this is not a history class, this is the class about Bob. But because these incidents took place in his khilafah, really, we have to kind of it is essential to at least go over it to a certain level. And in the end of the day, those that are interested should go beyond this series.

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Now today, we will finish up so we talked about the conquest of Sham Syria, we talked about the conquest of North Africa, Egypt, and yesterday or last week, we started talking about the conquest of the sassanid Empire. Today, we will finish the sassanid Empire and that is basically the primary conquest of a mobile hotspot. And next week, we'll move on to other issues about mobile hotspot. So today we'll finish off what we had begun. And who can remind me what did we do last week? Where are the note takers? What did we do last week?

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We did or this year. And we talked about the next major battle which is going to be the conquest of which city

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today was what we said last week,

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the capital, the capital, and the capital is called

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muda and an Arabic telephone in English, okay, telephone and English medallion. Now telephone

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was the capital city of the ancient parthian and the sassanid Empire. So it was the capital of Persian glory for over 800 years, from 250 bc to 650 ce when the Muslims conquered it. So imagine you are going to conquer the capital of the Persian empire that has been the most glorious and magnificent city. In fact, when the Muslims conquered, testified, testified was the largest and the most populated city in the entire world at the time. It is not something that is a trivial matter, there are going to conquer the city that is now the the most prestigious city of the entire world and testified today. As I mentioned last week, it is around 35 kilometers south of Baghdad. And to

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this day, if you go to that region, you can still see the remnants of the palace of kisara. And of the Emperor's and it is called Baltic is Sarah Baltic is Salam it is still there to this day. And it is the largest man made freestanding vault constructed in human history. It's a massive vault that goes more than 100 feet 110 feet high. And it is a massive vault that has no other structure supporting it. So for that time and era to not have something supporting it and is so big, obviously it seems very magnificent. And in fact, it is one of the wonders if you like of the ancient world. And of course, that exact same structure has been standing for over 1500 years. So imagine that

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structure even predates the Prophet system. And we still is still present to this day, that very structure under which the Roman Emperor is basically extended, not the Roman Emperor, the Persian emperors, extended their audiences, they sat in their thrones, that very boxy kisser is still there to this day. And

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because the city was so old, it is literally over 1000 years old 800 of which it is the capital, because it is so old. In fact, what had happened was that it was composed of many smaller settlements, each one of which had fortifications. And then there was a major fortification around the entire city. And that is why the Arabs call it al muda. In which is the plural of Medina, the many cities el Medina in it was the many small cities because it is the largest city. Imagine something like New York something it's not just one city Is it right? You got queens, you got Manhattan. Similarly, you can imagine that such a large congregation of people, it wasn't just one

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place it was many smaller places, and each one of them have their encampment. And so after the victory at qadisiya, Ramadan hottub realized that he needed to mount march on to testify to that in so he commanded saddam who cos to basically go and move on to

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The capital tests are fun, because with the conquest of the capital, then the rest of the Empire can be considered to be one over, obviously, you're going to capture the capital. It's a huge symbolic victory. And in fact, it will be very difficult for the sassanids to regain after that, and that is exactly what happened that after, after Odyssey was the great battle of medallion tested fun. And then there is one more battle we will do today. And that is basically the end of the sassanid Empire. So the Army began to march towards test sifan on the way they conquered many of the other smaller cities, they conquered Babylon Babylon is of course everybody who has heard of Babylon. It

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is the most ancient civilization known to man. There is no civilization that predates the civilization of Babylon, Babylon, and of Allah mentioned in the Quran as well be babila haruto wrote that Babylon they conquered it, and then they moved on to another city called El kusa, and del kusa was a great symbolic victory for the Muslims because el kusa was the area or the region or the land where the Emperor Nima rude, had attempted to kill the Prophet Ibrahim alayhis salam. The fire that had been built had been built at El kusa, and to this day they say I have never been there. They say that they know exactly the place Allah knows best, but they say the place is still known to this

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day, the place where the fire was built, and Ibrahim alayhis salam was attempted to be killed. We all know the story. This took place at El kusa. So the Muslims conquered this land as well, and slowly but surely, they kept on moving on until they made it to the river Tigris and the river Tigris is where the capital was located. telefone was located on the banks of the river river Tigris, of course, the river Tigris is one of the two major rivers of the region, what is the other river? Euphrates, right? So Euphrates and Tigris are the two major rivers of that region and testify and sits on the river Tigris. So when they made it to the river Tigris, on the other side of this

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massive river, that is where they could see testify on. And most likely, they reached the walls of testify on January 637, c. Now, the city of course, had great fortifications, it had many catapults, it had many other weapons, you know, those things that they not just kind of polls, but similar things to kind of polls, they call them with ballistics, other things of that nature, basically, things that can trampoline off, they can throw heavy objects or throw fire, or throw oil and gas, or throw small, sharp objects, far distances. And the Muslims, obviously, by now, are not the Muslims that have left Arabia, they have learned much in the last few years. And they also have plenty of

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Persians who have converted over to Islam in their army. And they also have non Persian, non Muslim Persian converts, sorry, non Muslim Persians who haven't converted, but they have converted politically, not religiously, because in every civilization, there will always be people who don't like the current rulers who don't like the leaders, and they're willing to side even with the enemies, if it is against their leaders, dare I remind you, in certain segments of the Republican Party, let's say their hatred of the current administration is so much well, like we understand, they're more than happy to go side with people they would have hated before this, we understand that

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hatred, we see it now. So it's not surprising in those days the same, there were people who hated the royal family so much, they're more than happy to cooperate with the Muslims against the royal family. And that is exactly what the Muslims did. They took advantage of all of these people that are now joining their ranks. And therefore, the Muslims as well have plenty of equipment and new tactics. And they also have locals who will inform them of the layout of the land. And most importantly, they have one amongst them whom they can trust what their life and limb they can trust completely, and he is yet one of them. And that is salmonella fantasy. salmonella. submodel fallacy

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was a part of the conquests of Persia. And salamander fallacy, even though was too old to physically fight. He is now we don't know his age. You know, they say he died when he was 200 years old one knows best. But clearly he is definitely at least at nine years old, bare minimum, no matter what how you want to permutated he's got to be at least 89 years old. For our era. 8090 is a lot for their era 8090 was almost unheard of. So submodel pharmacy is now a part of the army. And even though he himself was too old to physically fight, said modifiers he played a primary role as an interpreter as a negotiator as a diplomat.

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While Unfortunately, we don't really know too many of the details because the books of history are sparse. It is very clear that Sandman and Farsi was a lot had a lot to do with the brains behind what's going on. And we can only imagine the tactics, he would have used the conversations that took place, we can only imagine that he would have been able to convince many of his fellow Persians at the end of the day, he is one of them. ethnically, he's one of them, learning language wise, he's one of them, looks wise, he's one of them. And yet he is of the greatest of the Sahaba. And so Selma and Farsi must have played a amazing role. Unfortunately, the books of history, as with many things

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are simply sparse on this regard, but just imagine the effectiveness of who he is and his background. So they get to the walls of telefone medallion. And they decide that they have no option after they're bombarded with catapults and whatnot, then just to lay siege to the city, just to lay siege to the city. And so in January of 637, they surrounded the city to cut off its supplies, and to basically wait it out, because in the end of the day, they need food, the people in the city need food. And even though they had water, because the waters flowing still, you need me to you need supplies, you need barley, you need grain, and the people of the city cannot grow their own food,

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can they? And so the Muslim decided to basically basically cut it out, cut off the supplies of the city. And the days turned into weeks, the weeks turned into months, at least two months there waiting it out. And there are sparse battles here and there. But the major there's no major battle. In fact, it is mentioned there was one of the battles and again, small battles, nothing major took place. The tests upon conquest will mention over and over again, took place without a major battle. It was a siege. But there were many battles, you know what always happens every few days, some people are going to come out some contingencies are going to come out. And in one of these It is

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reported one of the more interesting stories that one of the early battles, the sassanid contingent came out and at its head was a trained lion, a lion that was used in battle. And this obviously was a tactic that was working because the horses were basically

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Bolton when they saw the lion, the Muslims as well you you really can't battle a lion in the in the battlefield, can you so they had this ferocious lion and it is said that one of the Muslims by the name of his Sham had been finally managed to basically rush towards the line with his sword charged directly onto the lion and then basically dealt it the death blow and he shall have been about managed to kill the lion. And as the reward side of Nebbiolo costs in front of all of the other Muslims kiss Tisha on the forehead, to reward him and to honor him that this that he had killed the lion. In any case, there was no major battle as we said, minor skirmishes here and there soon

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afterwards. The Emperor Yes, the job was his name. Yes, the job the third, but we call them here's the job. Yes, they just sent an emissary to the Muslims. And he had an offer. He had a proposition.

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What is the proposition?

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You guys have entered our lands and you've conquered all of these lands all the way to the river Tigris? Because they've conquered Kufa buster, I mean, not cufon buster, but the cities that are now Kufa and Basra where the land that was occupied by the assassin is you've conquered Halo, you've conquered all of these major cities. Let's call it a deal. You keep what is on the other side of the Tigris, and we will be on this site.

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Now, what does this demonstrate?

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weakness, weakness, the same army, the same peoples that had mocked the Muslims?

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Barely a year and a half ago. What are you guys doing here? quote back to your lands and we'll forget this ever took place? The same people are now saying Okay, you know what? You can keep 30% of our land just don't worry about it. Just we'll call it a day here. Let's call it a truce. Don't fight us. And we'll let you keep everyone fight you back. Now, obviously, do you think the Muslims are gonna accept Obviously not. They're come so far, so close. And so sadly, nobody will cast refused. And he said, Your MLG Xia malfatti. That the either you pay the jizya because he knew they wouldn't convert or we will fight and so obviously they refuse the jizya and so they insisted on

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remaining in the siege, they insisted on remaining inside the city. Now of course, in the meanwhile, as the month dragon two as the week's dragon two months, the city begins to be deplete depleted of its resources and its people and the richer people basically leave. And this is the reality that happens without Allah. May Allah protect our brothers and sisters, what's happening in Syria.

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What's happening whenever any type of war happens, what happens? The people that are able to get out, no matter how they can they get out. And so even as this is raging, the city of testify begins to lose people by the hundreds and the 1000s. And the nobleman and the rich and the Warriors, they defect, they just move on the and so the city becomes smaller and smaller. And it is said that even a stage was reached where the people were so depleted of their resources that they had to start eating cats and dogs inside the city, this greatest city, that was the jewel of the world, the most advanced civilization, the largest city in the world, at the time, is now suffering a calamity, the

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likes of which they have never seen since its founding. And eventually, as the season goes on, and on, some of the new Persian converts, tell sad and maybe we'll pass that look, if you march so many miles up the river Tigris, you will actually come across a point which is more narrow. And if you go at this particular time of the month when the tides go up, and now you might be able to cross over it. In other words, basically, I'll tell you a way that you can go across the river to get to the other side, because where they were, the river was too big and too deep. And that was the advantage that the capital The testifier had, and that's why they built the capital. They're so sad, here's

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our or learns of one of the converts from their site. And again, this shows us how Allah blesses Muslims from ways they will never expect. Who would have what Muslim would have known this? How would they ever have figured out but Allah azza wa jal guided one of them, we don't even know his name. These are all now lost in the books of history. But certain people must who must have been very well known very well connected, they genuinely embrace Islam, they flip over to the other side. And now they are helping the Muslims against the people that used to be their own. So sad hears of this particular place, and he sends 600 riders to cross over. And of course, even these points are

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being manned, but by much smaller groups. So the 600 Muslims do manage to cross over and the small group of Persians that are stationed there are overpowered and killed. This rouses up the the spirit of the Muslims, and so they all march up towards that area, and they begin to cross over by the 10s and 1000s. And when the people have testified here, that the Muslims are on our side of the river, they pack their bags and flee. They pack their bags and flee. And including yesterday, yesterday jarred himself had already sent his own wives and children to other cities. And he himself was in the capital, when he heard the Muslims had crossed over half a day away, it wasn't obviously

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immediately there was up north, they had to go Mark March a little bit and then come back down. When he heard they're on our side. Even he packs his bags and fleece. And so who's going to remain in the city once the Emperor has left? And so the Muslims arrived and found a city that was essentially abandoned by maybe 80% of the population. Hardly any army was left, hardly any resistance was there, and the remainder of the people, however many there were 10 20% we don't know they were rounded up and brought in front of them who costs and they agreed to pay the jizya and so they were allowed to remain in they were allowed to remain in the city. And it was at this point in time that Sadiq who

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cost basically enters the palace and by the way, the palace was called not the white house but the white palace is called the white palace. And that is because

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much Mashallah I can see why Mashallah. That is because it was white marble. Okay, you forgot to mention the marble. It was the white color, and it was beautiful palace Mashallah. And as I said, still remnants of this day stand and so he entered the white palace, and he converted its massive Hall, which was the splendor of the palace. He converted that into the masjid, where the Muslim army would pray where Juma would be given or Salah would be basically LED, until after a few months, the actual Masjid was built, obviously, the proper messages, that palace became the messages now, to be honest.

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Words fail me in attempting to describe even my own emotions as to try to visualize that scene. I mean, I don't even know what to say. Even if you think about what's going on. If you try to understand the realities, just imagine the most beautiful palace in the world. The most powerful

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center of political authority in the entire world, the oldest capital of the world again, the center of the Persian civilization, the grandest pavilion, that 1000s of ambassadors from across the various civilizations were entertained by the Persian Emperor. Imagine if you like the the pillars, imagine the chandelier is imagine the fountains imagine all of this wealth, and who enters, sad, even a be walk costs, the same Sahabi, who was one of the earliest converts to Islam,

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who was tortured and persecuted from the earliest batches, who participated in the hegira, who was of the most gallant warriors of butter, who was amongst the elite who was defending the profitsystem in the battle have ordered, so much so that the processor said it'd be a sad feedback it'd be well me. This is that sad. When he's throwing his spirit, his bow and arrow in front of the process of protecting the process will lie the mind just boggles my tongue becomes silent. I don't know how to even describe my own emotions, that sad, just walks in without a fight.

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And the keys of the greatest Palace in the world are his for the taking. And that magnificent pavilion that Allah knows had witnessed how much grand jury splendor, drunkenness far harsher. Now, what is happening in that very palace, that very room, the other end is being called Juma is being given the five daily Salawat and that very Sahabi, whom the Profit System promise jenica side is one of the 10 sad is one of the 10 that very Sahabi even though he's promised genda he is already sitting literally on the throne of hospital Purvis literally the throne. Of course, the current Emperor's is the job. But Clozaril was the one who made the grand jury. The palace was before his

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for his time, but it is known as Crystal Palace. This is the same hospital that the process of them wrote the letter to, that's where he was, and sadly have never walked past is now in that very room on that very chair. Honestly, just imagine that civilization now. And this is so symbolic of the conquest of Islam. This really summarizes how quickly from where to where this is the same side, he is worried for his life in Makkah, and now he is on the throne of the kisser of the sassanid Empire will lie. What other civilization Can we say this happened so quick, so fast, and zero corruption? This is the beauty that only Islam can claim. The heart of side is the same side that was the side

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of 4050 years ago, that heart is not craving, the wealth and the power and the seat of kisara No, not at all. It is the same heart that was there at birth and at offered at hand and at the death of the Prophet system, and all through and now Allah azza wa jal is blessing him, and through him the Muslim oma, and honestly, this is so symbolic of what is taking place during the early time of Islam. And I think for me personally, this imagining this scene is one of the most amazing scenes of early Islam, one of the ashampoo Bashara, one of the earliest converts is now in charge of literally the Palace of kisara. And, of course, who do you think his side's gonna go on? He has to conquer

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other cities, he has to leave a governor, who is the most logical choice to be the governor of the capital of the sassanid Empire, salamander fallacy. And another amazing snapshot Subhana Allah salmaan Alpha See, from where to where,

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from where to where will lie again, one of those just bizarre. We shouldn't call it ironies as other. But still it is ironic from our perspective, it is the beautiful irony. It is the son of Allah subhanho wa Taala, who is self managed fallacy. He was the one who was tortured as a young child sold into slavery. Remember the story, he was deceived and sold into slavery? Why? Because he wanted to meet Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he left his land because he loved a person he hadn't even seen Rasulullah saw so he left his people in a civilization because he wanted to meet the one whom Allah had promised to send. And how does Allah bless him? How does Allah reward him 50

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years later, he comes back at 90 years old and he is now given the governorship of the very civilization. He left the

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capital is now his. And he remains as the governor until he dies in the time of birth might have been fun. salmonella pharmacy will not be just one of those amazing snapshots again of from where to where this is how Allah rewards he gave up his people for the sake of Allah, Allah gave him all of his civilization back and said, Yes, this is yours, because you gave it up. So again, one of those amazing snapshots of Islam as well. And of course, by the conquering of the capital telefone It was after these conquests that of course Sadiq Nebula cos sends all of the booty and the goods to have khusro because again, even though Yes, desert is the Emperor, so who throws personal items are in

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this very bad kept palace, obviously, right? The very close that hostel used to wear, you know, in every society, the kings, goods are kept, even to this day, you go to England, you find all of the kings and queens, their jewelry, you go to Scandinavia, Norway, their jewelry and whatnot for 1000s of years, you still see it. So this was the palace, where whose rose belongings were kept. And so a number of no hakab received massive amounts of gold and silver and jewelry and wealth, untold wealth. And this was perhaps the largest of aneema that almost time had ever seen with the conquest of Metatron. Because obviously this is the capital, how much can use does your take when he flees,

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he tooks takes whatever he can the rest is all left in the Treasury and Islamic Sharia law says that every battle one fifth of it will go to the

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the baytril man, okay, this is the end of Islam, four fifths is distributed to the people who are fighting, and one fifth of it is sent to the battle man. And so sadly, nobody will cos calculates how much and the best of the best and especially hospital personal effects and his sword and his bracelets as we know we're destroying everything. That is when he sends it to the top and the removal of the hotdog. He came into the masjid when the treasures had arrived. And the entire Masjid is just full, up until the the height of men it is full of all of these treasures and trinkets and and jewelry. And I'm going to call Tom said any group that is as trustworthy in returning this

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amount to me is certainly a trustworthy group meaning how can anybody be so trustworthy, that this amount is coming without any armed guards, nobody's forcing anybody. There's no security station, what to civilization that was, this is what Amanda brings. Any group that can send this to me is truly a trustworthy group, that this amount literally is beyond what anyone has ever seen. And this was one the famous incident took place that Omar sat on the member. And he looked at this huge pile of wealth, and he went around it and he picked up those personal items of kisara. And he then called Soraka, Eben Malik, and he put on not just the bracelets, by the way, he put on the cloak, and he

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put on the crown, and he put on the the bread, everything of kisser and of course the prophecy was fulfilled. And then he said, that Oh Allah, you deprive the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, of all of this wealth, and he was better than me and more beloved to you than I am. And you deprived a bucket of this wealth, and he was better than me and more beloved to you, but you have given it to me. So I seek refuge in You that You have given it to me in order to tempt me. I seek refuge You know, this is a temptation for me, I seek refuge in You. And he began to cry so much that the sobs overtook him until those around him began to feel pity for him. And he commanded up the Ramada mouth

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to distribute this entire wealth to them was to happen and the more gene to give it to those who needed it. And therefore, before even the sun fell, these in our equivalent 10s of millions of dollars, were given all to what is needed because the Empire is being run, so sad, not sad, who cloud now is one of the ministers and he knows who needs to go where and he distributes it, and every city and every land that needs this is given to them. So this was the conquest of medallion. And as I said, it is very symbolic that medallion was conquered without an actual battle, the greatest city in the world without an actual battle, and this was a miracle from Allah subhanho wa

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Taala. Otherwise, truly, it is amazing.

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Now the final battle that we will discuss, so I want every one of you to know the three major battles that you should know are the three major incidents and the conquest of Persia. Of course, there are many, many more smaller battles. There are three major ones the beginning, this and the end. The beginning is hardest

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Then the cap the capture of testifying the siege of testifying. It's called federal muda in the conquest of medallion. And then the third big battle, and that is now one, the Battle of New Holland. Okay, these are the three battles that every Muslim should be familiar with. These were the biggest and most important milestones. As for muda, in, it was simply a symbolic milestone, because it's the capital, there was no actual battle that took place as for how to see or we discussed it. As for now, one will very quickly go over it, that the Battle of number one was fought in the year 640. To see and so this is basically one year, after a sorry, a few years after medallion is

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captured. The Battle of now one is fought in 21. Ah, and the Battle of no one is in Arabic is called fat handful to fat helpful toy, the conquest of all conquests. And by the very title, you understand how important this is, for telephotos the conquest of all conquest. Why? Because

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this was the battle that yes, the gjerde

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managed to gather all of the remnants of his army, and to launch the final major offensive.

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After this battle, which we all know we won, there was no major battle to this level at all. That's why it is called photography.

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It is the conquest of conquests. This was the final big battle between 10s of 1000s, or maybe even 100,000, or something 150,000. On one side, that's the Persian side. And the Muslim side. Again, these numbers are difficult to come by, but somebody says 30,000 40,000 on the Muslim side. And so typical one to four or one to five ratio that is standard in these in these battles, and it takes place in the land that is called number one in the land that is called number one. And the Emperor Yes, as I said, had managed to regroup. Few years have gone by since medallion has been traveling the other provinces, getting together armies to come and recapture his capital, and to finally get

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rid of the Muslims. And so Sadiq who also writes a letter to omoto hottub, begging for reinforcements, and asking for advice. And he is telling Omar that, yes, the Jordan is on the march, and he has gathered together the largest army that we have ever seen. And we need every single person in order to fight. And so he writes this letter to Bob. And

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it so happened that another incident that was taking place at the exact same time. And that is a Norman even more Korean, one of the leaders of the Bedouins and one of the Sahaba of the process. So LaValle, who was setting them, and in Norman is indirectly praised in the Quran in surah Toba when Allah says one minute Arabi minute minute reliable human after there are some of the Bedouins who believe in Allah and the Last Day. So remember, there are verses that criticize the veterans, that the better ones are the most hypocritical. Most of them are hypocrites, the better ones are but Allah says, but there are some veterans that are level one is messenger and they believe in the last

00:33:21--> 00:34:08

day and Allah will reward them and forgive them and cause them to enter agenda. And it is said that a normal day with more Quran was one of them. There are even a hadith that mortality that one so this is Norman is one of them. In any case, Norman is respected. So Hubby, for sure. And so Norman even mccullen was placed as the governor of one of the new cities, one of the new cities, and he's a veteran. And veterans don't like cities, that it was not like Hezbollah and and and being a part of, you know, just a sedentary lifestyle. And additionally, there was plenty of wealth now and plenty of, of basically opportunities. And a Norman wrote a letter to or multiple hottub. And he said that

00:34:08--> 00:34:20

oh Amira meaning. My example is that of a young man who has a beautiful, perfumed prostitute, enticing him.

00:34:22--> 00:34:32

I beg you in the name of a law to relieve me from my duties and send me back to the battlefield. What's he saying?

00:34:34--> 00:34:59

I don't want power. I don't want to be the a meal. I want the battle. Get me out of this politics and send me to where I want to be. And that is the battlefield. So when he got this letter, so Omar said, Norman Eben McMullen will be in charge of number one. You will be the battle the leader of the army.

00:35:01--> 00:35:43

So it just and again patrulla that this is coming and this is coming. And so he answered Norman's request and Norman was sent to be the leader of number one, and are multiple hot top as well wrote to many other major companions and governors, and he commanded quite a number of the companions to go and participate in the Hawaiian. And so we have some of the most famous of the Sahaba who they favorite man went Abu Salah Shadi went his own son, Omar son, the most famous son, who is Abdullah bin Ahmad went on other famous Sahaba they all went from various cities and lands from Basra and Kufa from Medina from Makkah from the newly conquered territories, groups and groups are being sent,

00:35:44--> 00:36:24

Bob is sending them. And you know, when I was reading all of these, like, the thing that is coming to mind is how can I move in a hot tub micromanage so meticulously? How can you take care of so many things simultaneously, but that is what he is doing that he is being conscious of who is where, who's doing what. And he knows who to put in charge of what issue and he knows how many troops to request from every garrison and from every city and all of this without keeping track and record. There's all in his mind, truly an amazing and amazing persona. So he wrote to all of these Sahaba and he wrote to every city to send so and so and so on so until finally around perhaps 30,000 people

00:36:24--> 00:36:46

gather towards the the land, the city of Napa one now, the Persians were the ones who had chosen the city, they knew exactly where they wanted to fight. By the way now one is still standing to this day, the city now one is one of the most ancient cities of Iran, it is still a very beautiful, very, very well known city. And of course no one is also known by the way for its

00:36:47--> 00:37:16

macom they have music and poetry. And they have a rhythm number one. And so one of the famous rhythms called mahkumat is called mahkamah number one, and it is a very beautiful one and some of the famous Quran that all of you like to listen to they recite in a macom that is called number one. It is called number one after the same city because the city was an area of civilization. And they were known for their their restaurant not recitation their their their melody.

00:37:17--> 00:37:23

What do you call the musical tones? Whatever it is, I don't know the musical terms. You know, the the musical, there's a

00:37:24--> 00:37:25

scales What?

00:37:27--> 00:37:51

notes, whatever, there's a certain there's a certain pattern. That is how you recite Arabic poetry. And the people of know how one had a certain rhythm or pattern. And they were known for this and that is why there is a Maholm called more common one. And it's well known. And when we had the car two or three months ago, he recited sometimes in Holland. He said this is what he liked in any case. So this is the same city of number one.

00:37:53--> 00:37:57

Why did they choose number one, because number one was

00:37:58--> 00:38:47

the most heavily fortified city that had not yet been conquered. It had massive walls, few feet thick, and most significantly, it had a huge moat dug around the city. Now why was this? Because no one was a fortress city. It was used in the ancient Persian times, I mean, from the time of searcys, who's like one of the most ancient parthian kings. So he used this as one of the cities to fight against the Romans and the Turks from so this was a fortress garrison city, and it was heavily protected. And the Persians are the sassanids knew that we need to now basically get rid of the Muslims once and for all. So they had stocked the city with plenty of supplies because they realize

00:38:47--> 00:39:31

from the Battle of telephone, that sieges, the Muslims have a lot of patience, and they will remain and eke it out. And so they stocked this city with supplies to last them for at least a year. And the city is known for not just its walls and its moats, its catapults as well. Again, it is a city that was used historically in many battles from the time of the parthians. And it was used also by Clozaril as well for a major battle in his time. And so now how one was chosen by is the job to basically intentionally be the final battleground. And the Muslims attempted once they got to the city to make some headway. But again, you cannot fight against a walled fortress that has a moat

00:39:32--> 00:39:33

that has cannibals they

00:39:34--> 00:39:39

they really could not do much. And once again they decided to wait in a seed.

00:39:41--> 00:39:45

But this did not work this time because supplies were plenty.

00:39:46--> 00:39:59

supplies were plenty. And the Muslims were getting a little bit frustrated, what exactly can be done, and here it appears that they resorted to a tactic and we know that a horrible headache

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

Or, as the famous Chinese military tactician, Sun Tzu said,

00:40:08--> 00:40:09

deception is.

00:40:11--> 00:40:14

Sun Tzu didn't say that that's a, that's a heavy

00:40:16--> 00:40:18

deception is what nine tenths

00:40:19--> 00:40:41

decide deception is nine tenths of the battle, something like that. So in Suhas if you know Sun Tzu's the famous military General of the Chinese, and he has the Art of War, which is considered the classic manual of ancient times, and one of the rules in it is basically deception or deceiving your enemies. 910s and our profitsystem said, the Hadees that you quoted, a horrible hitter.

00:40:42--> 00:40:48

And when did he say this? For what circumstance? Remind me? Remind me we covered this in detail.

00:40:50--> 00:40:51

So which battle?

00:40:54--> 00:40:54

Exactly.

00:40:56--> 00:40:57

So

00:40:58--> 00:41:15

it appears that the Muslims resorted to another handout, which is, of course, hell at this particular point in time, and the details are a bit vague, but it appears that one of the main people who thought of this was polite, and sad, and totally How sad was

00:41:17--> 00:41:18

towards cola.

00:41:20--> 00:41:20

Huh?

00:41:22--> 00:41:23

No, no, no,

00:41:24--> 00:41:25

no, no, no.

00:41:26--> 00:41:33

Today, how sad was one of the false claimants to profit would we talked about him in the temple workers.

00:41:34--> 00:42:21

And he was the only one who publicly repented, and who was forgiven, because of circumstances we mentioned, he claimed to be a prophet, one of the false claimants right to be a prophet. And then, in the time of this video, he publicly repented before he was captured, and he really accepted Islam. And he became a good Muslim. And in this battle, and a number of battles in the conquest of Persia, he demonstrated his Eman over and over again. So that is why he is considered a noble, basically Muslim, because he showed his sincerity in this regard. So the tactic, by the way, is really not mentioned that explicitly. There's a lot of controversy what exactly it was. But it

00:42:21--> 00:42:34

appears one theory appears that the the rumor was spread, that Omar had died. And the Muslims had were appearing to panic and pack their bags and leave.

00:42:36--> 00:42:39

So the books are vague.

00:42:40--> 00:42:47

And that is why we don't know too much, but whatever it was, to trick

00:42:48--> 00:43:00

30,000 people sorry, 150, or on the other side, to trick 150,000 people, and to coordinate a plot amongst 30,000 truly is a feat of art.

00:43:02--> 00:43:49

But that's in essence, what happened, that whatever was the ruse, there seemed to be this mass departure of the Muslims. And the Persians were convinced that Omar had died. And they decided to go out and attack the remaining Muslims. Because now there was only a small group there. And of course, this was the ruse. These remaining Muslims appeared to flee and panic, and more and more sassanids came out until finally they all are racing behind. And of course, there's a lot of loss of life wants the Muslims, this was a very, very bloody battle, because it was a decoy. And whoever is in the decoy, you know what's going to happen to them, okay. So it was a very brave stand, very

00:43:49--> 00:44:43

courageous, and it was also just truly an amazing tacticians, basically feet that took place here, and the Muslims continued to basically pretend to flee until they reached an area that was pre planned, and that is where 10s of 1000s of Muslims had already been stationed behind the scenes, unaware to the Persians, so when the Persians came, then the Muslims came out. It was basically a trap. And it worked hook line and sinker, the Persians fell for it. And it is said that over 20 or 30,000, Persians lost their lives. Imagine 20 30,000 the victory was stupendous, so far telephoto. Now, one, it's also called, turned out to be the greatest victory, or the sia was great because it

00:44:43--> 00:44:54

was the first because it was such a miracle. Now how one was great because of sheer quantity, because of the victory because of the quantity of the Persians that had been killed. And

00:44:56--> 00:45:00

after this years, the job was never, ever

00:45:00--> 00:45:46

We're able to summon that type of force ever again. Yes, there were smaller skirmishes for the next decade or so. But less than a decade, but never could 150,000 never could his primary generals after this, it was as if their backbone snapped into two. And they could never muster they lost their capital. A few years later, this photography tour takes place. And that is that the end really of sassanid glory. As for a Norman, the leader, and Norman made a dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Right before charging at the end of the trap, he was leading the trap, right before charging. And he said, our law I asked you that today, you give me my Shahada. And today you give the Muslims the biggest

00:45:46--> 00:45:48

victory for Islam and the Muslims give it today.

00:45:49--> 00:46:32

I want you to accept my soul, and have my soul be witness to the biggest victory for Islam and the Muslims. And indeed, he was wounded on the battlefield severely, and he passed away on the battlefield. But at the end of the battle, and he heard of the good news, as he's bleeding to death on the battlefield, he hears that the Muslims have one. And the last thing that he says is, go tell Omar that, that Allah has given us victory. Go to terminal hope that Allah has given us victory. And he appointed on his not even deathbed he is on the battlefield whatever you want to call it in his lap, he appoints her they have known the man to take charge after this and so her they are basically

00:46:32--> 00:47:20

becomes the next leader of the army, and other battles take place after this but none of them even come close to the one and the Muslims began conquering many of the smaller cities and provinces one after the other. And each time there are is a fight, but here now the table has turned the Muslims have 1520 30,000 and the Persians are all scattered in their various cities. And so Hamadan and Georgian and hora sand in 22 hedgerow array in 23 hedgerow another army is sent to Azerbaijan, which is finished in the time of retirement. But it begins in the time of Omar in 22 hijra, by the way, so for us of our blood in this audience. Bob also sends the first Muslim army to India to Macron to

00:47:20--> 00:48:08

send basically right, and the interesting story takes place here that he actually the the, the army is under the command of a heck of a banana. And I'm gonna fight one of the local lords, the Hindu rajputs over there, and actually wins some military victories, and he makes it to the Indus River. He makes it to the Indus River, but he sends an envoy back to our modal hot top and this envoy It is said his name was so how to how and when this envoy entered to the presence of Omar or munakata asked him, What is this land of India? What is this land of that you have conquered of? Macron? Tell me about it. And so so how responded yeah amirul momineen Audubon San Lucia Jebel wha hoo ha What

00:48:08--> 00:48:18

shall what tomorrow Hadouken what what what I do have bottle hydro have khaleel or chartreux health or we'll work here we have khaleel while Caillou well Cali Ruby Ha.

00:48:20--> 00:48:48

While it will be held on air, warmer water showroom minha In other words, he gave some very dense rap dense poetry. And so a mobile hot top said Are you a poet? Are you a messenger? What are you? Now this translates as O'Meara meaning this is a land San Lucia Jabal it's flat land is mountainous. Okay, wha hoo, ha, what shall its water is dark and muddy? What tomorrow?

00:48:50--> 00:49:05

It's tomorrow is basically the worst like, very, very, there is no dates, the tumbler is very date. What I do have a bottle and the enemies that we're fighting our warriors will hate to have clean.

00:49:06--> 00:49:33

Very little height, right? What shall we do? How are we? Okay, the evil is very big in it, okay. And even this, well, Kali who will kill you will be Hellboy and even the good that it is is very lost and not at scatchard. And what is beyond what we have conquered is even worse than what we have conquered. Okay. And so Omar said, if that is the case, then stop and come back.

00:49:35--> 00:49:37

Forget about it. And so

00:49:38--> 00:49:59

Pakistan had to wait 1300 something papers. That was a joke, the point being called back the army. And it was only the time of Earth man that another army will send that to was called back. And then in the time of Moscow, we're a third was sent and that kind of established a somewhat permanent base. And then eventually, there was the

00:50:00--> 00:50:03

Land of Moulton and

00:50:04--> 00:50:14

Panama. I know this. Which one? No, no, no costume. Yes. But what's the other city called those two cities that were established? Still in Pakistan? The remnants are still there.

00:50:16--> 00:50:19

Which one? No, no, no, no, no, no.

00:50:21--> 00:50:33

I know this, I wrote a whole paper on it. I know I said this before, when I mentioned it. There was two city that that was also one of the earlier cities but not so there were two very ancient cities. And the remnants, by the way, are still around to this day.

00:50:36--> 00:50:49

I'll have to look it up myself. But the remnants are still around to this day, the remnants of those original cities, and they're still in Pakistan, in Sindh province to this day, and their archaeological sites, not in Karachi or not garaje. Okay.

00:50:53--> 00:51:30

close to it. These are close to it. These are cities in Sindh. And to this day, there's lands are there and I and I wrote a paper about a dynasty. I remember the paper I wrote, The Hobbit dynasty was established over there. And I mentioned that, that this is anyway, that was a different story. The point is, I'm a little hot Bob got to India, what is now Pakistan, he got to that region of sin. But they decided to come back and unearth mine again, and then where are we as well, in any case, so let's finish up our assassinated. And this is the final as we said, the final class about military conquest of Ramallah hottub. Next week, we'll continue other things about top and maybe even finish,

00:51:31--> 00:52:27

and move on to earthlite. After that, we'll see inshallah, but no more military about Ramadan. So, the conquest of the sasanian Empire continued for another decade or so. And finally, in December of 651, see, during the first or second year of the reign of Earth management, I found the Emperor Yes, the job was eventually killed. And with his death, the rule of the sassanid Empire came to an end, over 750 years of sasanid rule, and before that, over 600 years of parthian rule, and so over a millennia of Persian glory came to an end because of the Sahaba Tulkarem because of the whole of Russia. And as I said over and over again, this military conquest truly represents the pinnacle of

00:52:27--> 00:53:04

Islamic conquests. The Holika did a lot against the Byzantines, but they didn't eliminate them. As for the sassanids, they eliminated them and they couldn't eliminate eliminate division T's because our process of them said that our processing them said that heraclius honored my letter, Allah will give His kingdom some honor for a while. And horserace tore my letter up, Allah will tear his kingdom up, like he told my letter up. So they couldn't eliminate the Byzantines, but they indeed eliminated the Persian Empire. And by the way, the the story of the death of years, the job

00:53:05--> 00:53:20

is also one of those absolutely amazing twists of human history. One of those tragedies, well, it's a not a tragedy, meaning we're happy I did, but still, nonetheless, at some level, it's a tragedy from where to where that is the job.

00:53:22--> 00:54:10

After the defeat, after the defeat of number one, he kept on going from one province to another, trying to fight the Muslims over and over again for the next. So now one takes place 642 he dies at 651. So for the next nine years, years, the George is going from village to village town to town. And he does put up maybe at least six or seven other smaller battles until finally he keeps on having to flee more further eastward. inland, away from testifying, and he ventures into smaller areas with smaller armies and entourages until more and more of his own people abandon him. And eventually he is entering the final frontiers of his kingdom with only a handful of men. And the

00:54:10--> 00:54:56

only power that he has is the name of him and his father. That's it. He has no other power, no army, no wealth, and he barges in thinking that these mini governors are gonna kiss his hand and feet. But Subhana Allah, this is other law. This shows you how much power these people have that 10 years ago, if he as the judge had given them even some attention, they would have jumped up for joy. Now here's the job comes into their palaces, and they couldn't care less about him. None of them helped him. Some of them outright refused and said get out. We we have nothing to do with you. These are the same people the same Iranian Persians that swore him loyalty, right? But now the tables are turning

00:54:57--> 00:54:59

and who is dissolved and what power does is does it have

00:55:00--> 00:55:16

All of this, this this illusion of power that people have will law, he is just because of the temporary is not coming from the heart. And this is the difference between Islam and between every other system. The respect that we give to our Prophet system, it comes from the heart.

00:55:17--> 00:56:02

There is that the Sahaba gave to the Muslims gave to the Sahaba. It comes from the heart. And as for us desert, and the glory that he had, it was just because he had an iron fist. And when the Iron Fist fell, all of his glory fell with it. So this guy who is the emperor of Rome, is now begging for handouts, literally, give me some money, give me some army, and one governor after another. And even as he's traveling, more and more of his entourage abandons him, until finally, to make a long story short, so the final city that he goes into, the governor rudely tells him to get out literally tells him to leave, I'm not going to help you at all, and he is abandoned completely by everybody. So he

00:56:02--> 00:56:46

has to disguise himself as a common man, for fear that somebody might harm him. And he wears the garment and the cloaks of the common folk. And he enters the city of Morrow, which is famous Iranian city to this day, he entered the city of modal as a complete stranger, anonymous person, and he's begging for food and shelter. And he finds a Miller, somebody who's basically grinding and Miller, and this mother was also basically a thug, an evil person. And the Miller befriended him said, I'll take care of you don't worry Come and sleep at my place, and you can be a guest and he has no clue who the person is. And he kills he has the job in his own house. So a commoner who grinds grain,

00:56:47--> 00:57:31

kills the emperor of Persia, and he only discovers he was the Emperor, when he opens his bag and belongings and finds the crown and finds the stamp and finds all of the possessions of the governor Subhanallah these are lessons will lie in every datacolor ayah that these are a little more tourbillion these are Signs for those who think and reflect Where was the as the job and what was his end and fate. And he dies, an anonymous unknown mage who Nikita completely unknown amongst his own people, and one of his own lowly folks is the one who eventually ends up killing him. And of course, with his death colosse, the emperor of the earth assassinated dynasty comes to a complete

00:57:31--> 00:57:56

end. And with that, of course, the smaller provinces and and again, our modern historians, we said many times, they point out that there was so much inner politics between the sassanid Empire, each one is selfish for its own and not wanting to help others out. And this was a tactic that allow us to help the Muslims gain victory and command, one final footnote in shallow data and that is that

00:57:58--> 00:58:05

the people of Persia Of course, are Zoroastrians or they weren't Zoroastrians and

00:58:06--> 00:58:25

zero Aster. Was there a legit profit now, there's a lot of speak of Colombia talk was the restaurant profit or not. And in the end of the day, really, it's not our it doesn't concern us whether he was or not, is definitely not a matter of al Qaeda. We do not know from his teachings.

00:58:26--> 00:59:09

I looked into it a few years ago, I couldn't sense that much monotheism. But Allah knows best, Alan knows best and who really, it's nothing to do with us whether he was or not. And whether it he had an actual true message that was corrupted over time. Or he was just a false basical prophet. It doesn't really matter to us, but the Zoroastrians had one of the most ancient civilizations and religions. In fact, it is said that the Zoroastrian religion is the most ancient religions still around, and the people of Persia were, of course, the recipient. So the Sahaba when they conquered, Persia assassinated land, one of the first questions they asked are more hypno hottub what do we do

00:59:09--> 00:59:38

with these guys? Because they're not alikat up? There are not yehudah nosara what do we do with these people? And this was the CR server model hottub which became a GMR. So all of the mme agree to this because our giveffect one what was almost fatwah Emilio who Mama takita treat them like you treat advocate up except that you cannot marry their women or each of their meat.

00:59:39--> 00:59:48

So this is now a Gema all of the meta have agree that the Jews, the Arabs called the Jews

00:59:49--> 00:59:59

and in English, they call them the mag guys remember the three mag guys came the front in the even in the New Testament, the two Jesus allegedly right they were the Medusa the

01:00:00--> 01:00:18

The modules are the the the Zoroastrians, by unanimous consensus of all of them without him. They are allowed to pages here and live amongst Muslims and practice their laws inside of their own communes and they will be left alone.

01:00:20--> 01:00:34

But they will not be allowed. Muslim men cannot marry their women and their that is not halal for us. This is by unanimous consensus now, by the way, interesting point as well. Based on this, the Hanafi madhhab said,

01:00:35--> 01:00:39

this should be the case with every other religion as well.

01:00:41--> 01:00:45

And that is why the Hanafi madhhab had no problem with

01:00:46--> 01:01:03

pagans and idolaters, ie Hindus living in Muslim lands. Because the Hanafi madhhab allows any faith and the other mme say, No, only your hood and Lazzara and reduce are allowed.

01:01:04--> 01:01:14

And this is the classic they laugh amongst the mothership. So, so the 100 thieves took almost photo and they said if extrapolated to the Medusa, we can extrapolate it to

01:01:15--> 01:01:58

everybody else. And frankly, honestly, that is a very solid opinion. And I'm very sympathetic to it. Okay. It seems to make the most sense that when Omar is saying, treat them like alligators, except that you cannot marry and you cannot have their food, what he's saying is, they're allowed to live, and they have the same freedoms, and they pay the jizya. And they can follow their own Sharia in their own gatherings. And the Hanafi madhhab, in my opinion, has a very strong point. That is very, it makes a lot of sense. Now, it is true to point out that perhaps the Jews were not treated as nicely as the houden nassarawa. And that probably is because they did have some bizarre rituals and

01:01:58--> 01:02:17

customs that perhaps the Muslims were not that sympathetic to. Okay, so there is a lot of tension between the Jews and the Muslims. This is true to say, and even though maybe the holy father didn't instigate it, or whatnot, but the Jews, the Zoroastrians, they really felt under pressure.

01:02:18--> 01:02:50

And a number of incidents took place, especially in early Islam, where they felt that this is not the end, especially also, they had an immense amount of pride, because of their civilization, because of their heritage and background, they had an immense amount of pride that they're not going to basically accept. And so what happened was that over the course of the first 100 years or so, a large group of them decided to leave Islam.

01:02:52--> 01:03:17

They decided they don't want to live under the Muslims. And this is unique, and that this did not really take place, for example, in Egypt or Sham to that much extent, as much as it took place here. And perhaps the reason, as I said was, maybe this did happen, that the Muslims were not as nice to them, as they were to their handicap. Okay. And there, as we said, I mean, they had some really interesting or bizarre, for example, it was common practice that

01:03:18--> 01:03:23

may Allah protect us from these types of things. But incest was very common amongst them.

01:03:24--> 01:03:29

In fact, the no built in the nobility would especially want

01:03:30--> 01:04:05

marriages to take place. Let's just say within one family, let's just put it that way, you get the point, okay. And they felt that this would remain pure blood, for example, obviously, when you have these types of practices, you're going to attract the criticism and the mocking. And, and so other things of this nature, that obviously their practices are a little bit different from from those of al Qaeda, Al Qaeda, the Muslims understood, and you could have the Muslims kind of, they could understand what they're doing. And the Medusa and there's a lot of fire involved in this. So it's like they're just there was, perhaps too much. Maybe it was maybe it's true, I'm not defending I'm

01:04:05--> 01:04:44

not criticizing maybe it's true. So a large group decided to leave and they left to Baluchistan, and from there to Gujarat, and they settled in Gujarat, and the people of Gujarat call them those from Persia, or policy Yon by the Seon. And so they then were called policies which every one of us from our land knows what the policies are. So they're called policies because they're from Persia, by the sea on those from Persia. And interestingly, and ironically, Zoroastrianism dwindled in the land of zero Aster, Iran. Until

01:04:45--> 01:04:59

and there was no forced conversion. Again, there was never forced conversion, but what's going to happen slowly, but surely, people continue to convert until in our times, there's probably less than 20,000 Zoroastrians left in Iran. Just

01:05:00--> 01:05:15

20,000 is nothing, it's nothing. In some cities here we have more muslims for eat than entires restaurants of Iran and Houston we have more than 20,000 just for eat, right. And the largest group of restaurants is where then

01:05:17--> 01:05:54

Gujarat, India, India policies, okay, the largest group of restaurants is now actually in India, and there are called Persians policies because they left under the Muslim rule, and they left probably 750 around 707 50. c, they just did not like living under the Muslims. So they left. And so there are probably 70 80,000 policies left and even that's a small number. So policies, by the way, are very dwindling. By the way this all tangent not related to mental health. But I know everybody's interested in these types of things. Policies are very few, very few a number there's probably around in the whole world is probably less than 150,000, nothing. They're gone. They used to be

01:05:54--> 01:06:02

billions now, they're just gone, and they're very, very dwindling. Ironically, there are more policies in America than there are in Iran.

01:06:03--> 01:06:07

There are more policies in America than Iran. And in fact, I myself have met

01:06:08--> 01:06:11

two or three converts to Islam who are policies.

01:06:12--> 01:06:40

I met two or three converts. In fact, one of my very close students is a Parsi convert as well. And it's just amazing to hear from them their stories and everything about their culture and society. Oh, US Pakistani should be no Parsis very well, because our founder, married apostasy. And his daughter converted to parasitism, and his daughter, his daughter and son, basically the grandchildren of the Asilomar policies, because he married a policy.

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That's the reality we're going to my attention stuff Well, anyway, back to our topic. So in any case, the whole the whole point was what that sassanid Persia, after having this magnificent, glorious civilization came to an end in less than a decade. And for me, this symbolizes the the the swiftness and the beauty, and the sheer amazing

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if you like conquests of early Islam, how could a group like the Sahaba How could sad even cos walk into the very palaces of Giza, and sit on his throne without even shedding one life Think about that. Well, lucky if this is not a miracle, the largest city in the world, the most advanced city is handed to one of the ashram wabasha if this is not a gift from Allah, what is

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and to me again, that my I don't have words to describe the emotions, the thoughts, the images, this is the reality and Omar will hottub with this we conclude inshallah Tada, Ramadan will hottub wrote a very long letter to sad when we were cos I wanted to read all of it with Allah, He is too long, it will take at least 20 minutes to give a shout out however, it is a page and a half. But the gist of the letter is a lot is going to give you victory through your piety and not through your weapons.

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Be aware of your own sins more than you are aware of the enemy, because they will hurt you more than the enemy will hurt you. And never think that because you are Muslim, and they are not alone will give you victory just because of that. Look at the Bani Israel. They were the believers in a law and look at the Persians. So the Persians did what they did to the Nebuchadnezzar and the others day they did what they did, the massacres that took place and the ancient Babylon, the the reconquest of the Temple of the sorry, the destruction of the temple and what what not look at Bani Israel in and a lot destroyed them. As Allah says in the Quran, he's going to send people against them. And these

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were the same people, the Persians were sent against them, even though they were the believers in a lot. So the whole letter that Bob sent to saddam, they will pause, and I wish you can read it, and I want you to do it. But it would really honestly take literally if I were to translate it and give a shout out of it. It's an entire hood but in and of itself, but the gist of it is a low will give you victory through your Eman and taqwa and not through your weapons. And this is the reality of early Islam. It is impossible for a group like the Sahaba to militarily win the sassanid Empire impossible. And yet, are the CEA testify on federal food under one and all of these other cities one

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after another? Yes, there were some minor setbacks. But in the end, in less than a decade, the greatest civilization that mankind had seen for a millennia, simply cease to exist from the face of the earth. And that to this day, is one of the most amazing unexpected

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Did you turns of human history that for us is a miracle and for others is still the art debating it to this day. And one final point. For those of you who are interested I actually have a picture of the Roman Emperor hospital Pervez minted in his very time, a picture of the coinage that he had as you know, I'm a numismatist I collect coins, and some of my more expensive or rare coins are the ones right here in front of you. These are actual coins of hospital pervis cassava is the actual Emperor that the profitsystem

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corresponded with. And afterwards you can come and look at it you can actually you cannot see it there. You cannot see it. You can actually see his image carved into the coins. And you can look at it these are actual the real coins the silver Yeah, yes, there's written on it. So these coins were both basically they were struck in the time of hospital Pervaiz. And the early Muslims the whole of Russia don't they did not meet their own money. They did not mint their own money. The Obama years were the first to mint their own money. So

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what

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I found legislated was that he would take the money of the Persians and they would just right on one corner Bismillah

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to Islamic sides of the coin Okay, to Islamic sides of the coin literally that's what they did. And so both of these coins are actually Earth mined in advance coins from the era of Earth might have been 111 actual coins from the earth.

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And these coins were minted by holstebro and risk management fund basically in his era they were taken and the Muslims basically added some silver and brought Bismillah so you can clearly see

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you cannot you cannot see it you cannot see it. Okay, you can

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who's going to zoom in? Are you going to zoom in? I don't know if you can zoom in roughly I don't know if you can zoom in or not okay. Okay where my finger is you can see Bismillah right where my finger is right above it and for those of you who want to can come afterwards and look at it afterwards okay. After the sudden after the sudden after the sunset. Anyway

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I trust every one of you like Bob trusted saddam Well, not that much, but still

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to a certain extent. I trust all of you inshallah. Tada. So these are coins. I actually wanted to get a coin of yesterday.

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But they are much more rare. Why are they much more rare than the coins? Of course. These are rare. Obviously rare, but the coins of yours digital even more rare. Why?

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No, no, no with one

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shorter time civil war going on. He has to run everywhere. He doesn't have time to mint coins. Okay, so there are coins of yours that shirt on sale but a little bit above my budget as of yet. So when any of you wants to give me something I'll tell you where to buy the coins of yours the Jordan shallow to either and

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it depends, it depends. I mean, and the prices vary immensely. But these ones are less than 1000. These ones Okay, I didn't get so there are ones that are even more expensive than these obviously but so it depends which one and the meaning and the year. So this one

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this one that I have over here.

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One second.

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While they keep on going up and down in value, this one is in the year 30 digital and this one is 25. Digital. So when is 25 This is one of the earliest coins that I have. One of the earliest coins that I have is this 125 Pedro my most of my coins I specialize in the early oma yet, so I have hundreds of early omega coins. I specialize in the oma years and also domains of underdose. I have some domains of underdose as well. But I also have some of what are called the Arab sasanid coins. These are the Arab sasanid coins. I also have, by the way, some pure

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pre Islamic

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satellite coins as well. And those are cheaper. Because what is really expensive are the Islamic sassette coins, which is this one. Okay, this is like five times more expensive. You can get a coin of hospital, maybe one third, one fourth or one fifth of the price of these ones, if it doesn't have Bismillah on it. Because Clozaril was no 35 years in power 1000s and 1000s or 10s of 1000s of coins. So but the these ones with the Bismillah that's where you get the market obviously much more because I mean I'm not interested in history without but what I find very

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Personally, you can actually see holster again you cannot see from there. You can see holster on here. He is carved out as an image here. This is closer and he has desert. You can also see him I don't have it personally but I know what it looks like. And yes the job is beardless. whose role is an old man on this coin? Yes, the yard is beardless, young man young kid. So it's interesting to see the the contrast between the two in Charlottetown. In any case, inshallah next Wednesday, we will be doing the

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maybe the final We'll see. I'll see how it goes. But we'll be finishing up and then we'll take a bit of a break for the Thanksgiving and then come back. So next Wednesday will be the final and then take a bit of break for Thanksgiving and then come back inshallah to Allah for

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a few more weeks in December and then I'm going for another trip so we're going to have intermittent inshallah