Lives Of The Sahaba 31 – Ali Ibn Abu Talib – PT 02

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

share this pageShare Page

Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi continues to share explicit details on the blessings and life of Ali Ibn Abi Talib RA  in particular incidents that transpired in the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. His virtues and good qualities are to keep a tab upon, to such an extent that some of our scholars compiled books focusing only on them.

The Prophet ﷺ said: “You are of me and I am of you.” [Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 2699]

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said: “That is, in lineage, relationship by marriage, in seniority (in Islam), in love and in other ways.”

Also, we are provided with a detailed elucidation on prominent incidents relating to or having Ali RA in the picture such as battle of Khyber, slander of Aisha RA and many more incidents.

Please do watch the video to be enlightened about this great Caliph .

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:21--> 00:00:58

smilla Alhamdulillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah who Allah Allah, he was the woman with a hammer back. So we're still doing the life and times of it but nebuta they will do la hotel and, and today we now move on to the remaining incidents that took place during the lifetime of the practice of law. While you sort of know as we had done with a worker a moderate amount of the law on him, we always begin by talking about the famous incidents of the Sierra. And there is an overlap that, in fact, almost all of these incidents we have done before. But this is a refresher. And also it's been Mashallah, how many years, four years now, since we discussed these incidents and the Sierra, so

00:00:58--> 00:01:36

it's just a refresher, but the reality is, no doubt, I cannot add anything. I needed the loved ones. episodes in the Sierra are all discussed in this era, his brother and Anna has that we're going to do this today. So this has already been discussed when we did but it hasn't been whatever. But just a quick refresher for looking at it from the perspective of ITV net neutrality around the low tide on last Wednesday, I had talked about the mobile data of the Battle of button, and we had talked about better and we move on to the next incident which is the Battle of boyhood, and the Battle of war, as well Allium now, Vitaly participated in the mobile era. So Ali was the only Sahabi who

00:01:36--> 00:01:44

participated in the mobile era of burden and or hurt, the only Sahabi who did mobiles. And both of these two battles, everybody knows mobile as a

00:01:45--> 00:02:30

one on one before the battle that you do it. And in the barrel of a hood, the person on the other side, the the person on the kurachi side was a been Earth man, Paul had been Earth man, his son was Earth man emmentaler had the keeper of the cabas. The gate right, Earth might have been taught how who emigrated will hardly be loaded in right before, right before the conquest of Mecca the very last time that his son or his mind had been taller. So his father was the one walking outside of the quraishi camp, and shouting out insults to the Muslims calling them cowards, who's gonna come and fight with me. And it became enraged. So the last one, and he wanted to defend the Muslims. So he

00:02:30--> 00:03:12

jumped up and he rushed out into battle. And he said, Well law, he either I will execute you and expedite your departure to jahannam or you will end up killing me. And I will enter agenda means they're not going to be any middle ground here. We're going to finish this once and for all, and agreed to the mobilizer. So actually, in the Battle of water, there's only one without us at the end. So that's why he's the only Sahabi that did both but the end. And we did this of course before that I did on the last one was very swift with his with his sword. And before I even thought how could realize what's happening? Ali had pounced upon him and actually cut off his leg. And that

00:03:12--> 00:04:00

shows how strong Ali rhodiola and was that this is not something that is easy to do. And with one stroke to cut off his right leg and tell how was a warrior and he was taken by such surprised he literally obviously his leg is cut off, he fell back down. And his job became on top of him and his outer was exposed. And he begged his life from Ali. He begged for him to spare his life. Now he's literally he was about to die. And he begged him that oh cousin Oh by by the love of the Quran in overall Karachi now, please spare me. Now they cannot hear this back in the Sahaba camps, obviously. They simply see how he raised his sword to finish him. And then he put it back and walks away. So

00:04:00--> 00:04:41

they said to it when he came back with your loved one, like why didn't you finish him off, there was just one stroke left. And so I leave the other one said that he begged me by the rights of kinship, he begged me by the rest of koresh. And he was in such a pitiful situation, like on his back and his hours exposed, that I could not help but pity him. And the shows that Ali was a brave and a good hearted man. This is the forgiveness of the gentle warrior is the forgiveness of the warrior at the point of forgiveness, and so are they are they allowed to combine between bravery and strength and also forgiveness. And

00:04:42--> 00:04:59

in the Battle of offered when the news spread that the process of a die the false news, it was so taken with grief and shock that he threw away his shield, and he jumped into the battle, believing that there's no point to live now that the processor is gone. So he fought

00:05:00--> 00:05:42

Lately until the news reached that actually the processor is alive. And then he was of those who then became of the vanguard of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And when the battle was over Ali viola, Juan and his wife, Fatima, were the two who treated the wounds of the Prophet system. So he was of those remember the wounds that was bleeding, it was felt in an alley, who were putting the bandages on, and stopping those wounds. And it was after the Battle of butter that the Prophet system immediately appointed it to take a small group of people and check whether the Horus were coming back or not. So Ali was put in charge of the defense mechanism of offered, are they coming

00:05:42--> 00:06:01

back or not? So immediately after the battle, the next literally the next day, Alia Vitaly, with a small group went out and verified that No, they are not. They're not recouping. They're actually fleeing back to to Makkah. And the next major incident, the incident of the Escobar issue of the slander of Arusha.

00:06:02--> 00:06:26

Where remember, Abdullah bluewave, in the saloon was spread, spreading the slander of Arusha. And one after all, we're making a bigger deal of this and the prophets of Salaam called the closest of the family of the of his family, and ask them their opinion. And the two closest people were of the males obviously were highly polished. And

00:06:27--> 00:06:34

and who was the other Sahabi, who was of the close family of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam

00:06:35--> 00:06:38

who was asked in the midst of the if

00:06:39--> 00:06:51

Osama bin Zayed wisdom, even Zaid, because rusada is a is considered to be a family member, the son of zayde had been had it the right. This is Tom Gibbons date, and his mother is

00:06:53--> 00:06:55

only a man we talked about this many times. But this is that summer.

00:06:56--> 00:07:20

And he's considered to be basically as a hobby. He's considered to be of the family, because he's born in the household he's raised in the household. So he is considered to be family, and the process from called The both of them and Oussama praised, and said he knows nothing of her except good. And audio, the last one was said, and he gave an alternative viewpoint, which is not to dispraise of Ayesha, but it is not as

00:07:21--> 00:07:42

if you like the there's two perspectives given and the perspective of value was a different one, and it is also permissible. And he said, O Messenger of Allah, Allah has not restricted you in terms of who you can marry. So if you wish, you can divorce these wives and marry another batch. And if you wish to verify, then why don't you ask her,

00:07:43--> 00:07:50

her servant, her servant, who is with her all the time, and she will free any

00:07:51--> 00:08:28

doubt that you might have. So he calls the servant and of course, the servant obviously resides as well. But the point being that here, we see that a little below and we gave him two options. If you are in doubt, then there are other women you can marry. You don't have to remain married to these particular set of wives alleged, don't make it obligatory, that you have to remain. And if you want to verify, then verify, and the slave girl will tell you what you already know. Now here we find, and this brings up the awkward situation, we'll come back to this later as well, that there's a lot of talk about the relationship between the loved one and I showed the loved one. And of course, this

00:08:28--> 00:09:10

is going to exacerbate in a few years. When the incident of the camel takes place, the battle over the camel takes place. And as usual, we have an entire spectrum of opinion from the Shiri position, which is, of course we don't believe and that is that they did not view each other as being rightly guided. And that idea of the law one viewed the law one has suffered a lot being a lady who was not sincere to Allah and His messenger. And obviously we reject this. And then we have the extreme side as well from amongst our Mr. Sunni camp. And I would say that they wish to sugarcoat everything. And they say that there was not even any issue or tension between the two of them. And I think the

00:09:10--> 00:09:55

sugarcoating does not really, maybe in a certain time and place you would have been okay. But in the world that we live in, as you have known by now honesty is the best policy and for you to hear it from me and we mentioned it in a proper manner is better than you read it on internet sites and doubts coming to your mind. There's nothing wrong with to righteous people not getting along, eye to eye. This is a part and parcel of being human. There's nothing wrong with two people both of whom Allah loves and both of whom love Allah and His Messenger, not getting along 100% this is completely permissible and Helen, and whatever are the rhodiola one who said is legitimate, he's not doubting a

00:09:55--> 00:10:00

stock for Allah is chastity stop for Allah. He's simply saying look Yasuda if you want

00:10:00--> 00:10:13

You can marry somebody else. And if you want to clear the doubt, then go ask her slave girl. And she'll tell you that she's not, you know, the way that the wonderful corner saying. So are these are the loved ones choices is within the spectrum of the Sharia.

00:10:15--> 00:10:56

And there's no question that even suggesting divorcing, Artesia is not going to be pleasant to our issue, correct. It's not going to be something that she wants anybody to say. And there's no doubt that your loved one and I showed your loved one how they had their laugh from the beginning slightly. And this laugh is not a theological one. It's not a perspective of Islam. One is just personalities don't get along. And the fact of the matter is, once you realize that, you know what, even amongst the Sahaba, not everybody got along fully Well, in terms of friendship, and whatnot, this actually brings us a role model for how to deal with our own data, that not everybody gets

00:10:56--> 00:11:36

along with everybody. And it's okay to disagree about some issues, stay within the realm of Islamic adapt, and Sharia. And we're gonna come back to this point as well, that there was some minor issues, they just didn't see eye to eye. And that's the reality of human nature will lie, every one of us has family members, every one of us as acquaintances, we just don't see eye to eye with. So as long as we stay within the realm of the idea, this is permissible. And there's nothing wrong with this. And this is what we find really, between ideal of your loved one and, and and, and that showed the love line up from the beginning from early on, and it's going to get a little bit worse. And

00:11:36--> 00:12:18

it's going to get even worse when their followers go to war with one another. And we will talk about this when we get to the incidents of the camel. But I don't believe in sugarcoating and pretending that that there was absolutely no personality conflict, there was no religious conflict, ie, they didn't say to the other, you're not a good Muslim, that would have been going beyond the bounds. They didn't say to the other that you are not sincere to Allah, you are not loyal to the messenger as to what Allah that would have been too much. Rather, they did not agree on personal issues. And then later on, they didn't agree on politics. And it is helpful to disagree on political issues, and

00:12:18--> 00:12:25

have differences of perspectives. And we will get to that where we get to the story of the camel or the battle over the camel. And

00:12:26--> 00:13:06

one of the blessings as well that the Prophet system gave to our little the loved one, one of the powerful phrases, and we're going to mention today, three, or four very famous ahaadeeth that we should all be aware of. And all of them are used by the other group, the Shia as well. And we will claim these ahaadeeth as our own, and we will be proud of them. But we will say the interpretation of the Shia is not our interpretation, they have their version, we have our version, and of them is the statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa send them to ID if you thought that you are from me and I am from you.

00:13:07--> 00:13:52

antimony you are from me. One I mean Can I am from you. And this is an authentic statement that is mentioned in our books of Hadith and books of zero. And this statement was said after the conquest of Makkah right after the conquest of Mecca. In fact, when the Prophet said I'm sorry, not the conquest of Mecca, the the not the Hajj, not the Hajj, it was said it was said at Roma terkadang. Sorry, the Roma to Cabo Cabo, which took place in the seventh year of the history. So before the conquest of Makkah by one year, Okay, number two, the number two, which took place after her debut, right when the process went and did the umbra. And then when they were exiting, a little girl comes

00:13:52--> 00:13:55

running out and saying, Take me with you. Take me with you. Which girl is that?

00:13:57--> 00:14:41

Hamza, his daughter, Hamza rhodiola. His daughter. She didn't want to stay with the pagans. She wanted to leave with the Muslims. Because remember, this is not the conquest of Makkah. Right? So she was a young girl. But she was a Muslim, even though she's not bad. She's a Muslim, even though she's not balanced. And of course her father has passed away. And she's with her mother's side of the family. But she doesn't want to stay there. She wants to go to the Muslim side. Okay, so she comes running out and she says, Take me with you. Take me with you. And so Ali rhodiola one who takes her and says, This is my niece. And I'm going to take her, okay? And Jafar says no,

00:14:42--> 00:14:53

I'm going to take her because she's also sorry, not nice cousin. She's also my cousin, and her harder is my wife.

00:14:55--> 00:14:59

Her harder is my wife and Zaid, who is alive with

00:15:00--> 00:15:37

Time also says no, I will take her because she is my niece. Why and how? Because the Prophet system made Maha between Hamza and Zaid. Okay, so Maha Maha Mudra Hamza. So he said, This is my niece, I'm going to take her. And so they began disputing amongst themselves, who would take care of the daughter of Hamza. And it was at this point in time that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. resolved there were tension was rising. They all wanted to take care of the daughter of Hamza and the prophets of the senate resolve this and he said, she will go to Java.

00:15:38--> 00:15:48

She will go to Java y. For in letter B Manzella till home, this is a headache, memorize it, for England, holla demon Zilla till

00:15:50--> 00:16:04

the holla is the same status as the mother. So the holler is the same status as the mother. So she will go to Jafar. Now he has given a decree and what do you think Ali and Zed are going to feel now?

00:16:07--> 00:16:12

They're not good. It's it's human nature. Right? So he says things to

00:16:13--> 00:16:19

to make them feel precious. Make them feel good. And he says to a leader of your loved one,

00:16:21--> 00:16:22

and terminate our enemies.

00:16:23--> 00:17:06

We are together. You are from me. I am from you. We are together. It's not anything against you. And he says to Zed. Zed, you are our antiphonal mowlana You are our brother and you are our protector and Mola, antimo Nana, you are our and Mola, humans ally and friend and whatnot, you? Okay? So he is giving statements to them. So that, you know the verdict has been given. It's human nature. It's human nature, anybody, no matter how much in their hearts, there's going to be something. And this is the perfection of the Prophet system, that even as he decided for one of them, and somewhat against the other two, he cheers them up. And Subhanallah What beautiful o'clock of the process.

00:17:06--> 00:17:28

Obviously, he cheers them up so that they don't feel anything in their heart. So in this stage, he says antimony anomic. And it is true. We are together, we're together in this. And we are one family, you're my son in law, so many things here. So yes, we also believe this, I did nothing wrong with this idea. It is exactly what we believe, as well. And of the praises that the processing gave to it even that'd be

00:17:31--> 00:18:12

one of his highest praise is what took place in the Battle of labor in the Battle of hiber. The famous incident when after 30 days of fighting towards the very end when the morale seemed to be going low when the Sahaba were tired, when there just didn't seem to be any victory in sight. Because remember, they had built fortresses, right, they would have labored had built massive fortresses. And the Sahaba at that point in time did not know how to battle against the fortresses they didn't have. They didn't have the money or they didn't have the the catapults and the other things that had not yet been done. And so the Profit System then give a prediction. And he said at

00:18:12--> 00:18:30

night before they went to sleep and after so that the finisher, he said, tomorrow morning, I shall hand the flag to a person who loves Allah and His Messenger, and whom Allah and His Messenger also love and victory shall be given at his hands.

00:18:31--> 00:19:13

So the Sahaba all were wondering, and whole night we're thinking, who is that person? And remember, I said, I never desired leadership, as much as it resonated that night that I want it to be the one who will learn is messenger loved that I want it to be given the flag. And they're wondering who is going to be and the next morning after selecting the budget, the Profit System turns around, and he looks in the crowd, and he says a gnarly volume. And he said that Olive Nebula they said Olive Natalia has an infection in the eye basically he cannot see his eyes have been wounded or infected. And so he's not coming. He's not praying here. And so he said, Bring him to me. So one of the answer

00:19:13--> 00:19:57

had to leave earlier than everybody because his eyes were closed. He couldn't see whatever the infection was. He couldn't see. And the Prophet says and then made dua and spat into his eyes, and his eyes became completely fine again. And it was at this point where he handed the idea or the flag to adaminaby father, and he said, Go forth and do not turn back until you reach their camp. And so I lived there before they've held on to the flag and began marching. And then he realized he needed to ask a question. And the processor said don't turn back. So he shouted out loud, and the Sahaba in the process from behind, but he couldn't turn around. He said Yasuda Allah, Allah Manu kata, what

00:19:57--> 00:19:59

are the conditions that I should give when I fight them?

00:20:00--> 00:20:36

What are the conditions that I give? So he shouted out because he couldn't turn around and face because the president said now of course, this is his email and and taqwa. I mean, obviously if he did turn around, he's not disobeying. But this shows, generally speaking the Sahaba. Were very literalist in this regard. And that's a sign of their email. And, by the way, this also shows that an element of literalism is indeed a sign of your mind and taqwa, like the process of said it, I'll do it, no questions asked. Right? an element of literalism is indeed a sign of humanity. And this doesn't mean that all types of literalism aren't Well, that's another topic altogether. So the

00:20:36--> 00:21:06

process that I'm said that you will fight them on three things, you know, the famous three conditions, right? The first thing is you call them to Islam, right. And if they accept them, Alhamdulillah For verily, Allah guides one person through you, then it is better than a herd of camels is better than a million dollars, like the phrasing. And if they don't, then they shall give GCF they don't know they're going to fight. So the point is that he gave those famous three conditions. And of course, we know that it we never thought it was victorious. And he and he,

00:21:07--> 00:21:44

the conquest of labor took place at his hands. And we also know that it is also mentioned that he was the one who picked up single handedly, one of the doors of the fortress and hybrid, this has mentioned it is even his Hawk, he picked up one of the doors of the fortress, and used it as a shield. And then he threw it away. And later on, when the Sahaba tried to pick it up, they had to even six or seven of them attempted and with great difficulty, they could just lift it up. And there's no doubt this is a karma from a law, a type of mini miracle that is given to righteous people that he could lift it up single handedly and use it as a shield. And by the way, this isn't

00:21:44--> 00:22:27

the only time that the throughout the process of them helped him when he was sick. It's narrated in the midst of the rumor that the processor was visited only when he was sick. And when the processor was there, it made a beautiful drop. And he said, Oh Allah, if this is it, and my time has come, then ease my ending and let me go. And if this is not it, and my time is later, then lift this sickness from me. And if this is a test, then give me patience to overcome the test. So beautiful three options. If it's my endo a lot and make it easier let me go if it's not my end and cure me and leg make me fine. And if this is a test, and you're not going to kill me because it's a test, then

00:22:27--> 00:23:00

give me patience to overcome the test. Beautiful. So the prospect said repeat what you have said. So adaminaby Talib repeated it. And this please the process that um and he said, or La La mushy Aloma RP o la cure him, Allah make him Whole Again, and Adam Vitaly have said that immediately I was cured from that disease instantaneously. So this isn't the first time that the process of made dua for the sickness or the last one. And it was absolutely cured instantaneously of the blessings as well that the processing gave to it, even if you thought

00:23:01--> 00:23:02

of the blessings that

00:23:04--> 00:23:47

the product the Prophet system gave to it, as well was that he put him in charge of, he put him in charge of the of his family in the incident of the book, when the process of one photo book, he left it in charge of his immediate family. And when the moon after owned began to make fun of Alibaba beside him. And they said, You have only been discarded here, because he didn't want to take you You are a burden to him. So he felt in his heart. And the day before the process and left for a book. He came to him all armed, all ready. And he said Dr. rasulillah, why will you leave me with the women and children? So he felt in his heart that they will not own or continue to make fun of him? He

00:23:47--> 00:24:19

wants to get rid of this? Why are you leaving with the women and the children. And here is where he gave one of the highest praises for Ali. And again. So all that I'm saying today, it's used by us and by the other group in different interpretations. It's all authentic, but they interpreted and we interpreted the process of them said the famous Hadith that Ali orange is satisfied. Aren't you happy that your status with me is like that to hold on with masa. Except that there is no nebby after me

00:24:21--> 00:24:45

and decided this is a Muslim. That's highest authenticity, the halogen sign Muslim? Aren't you satisfied that your status with me is like that of how long and Mussa except that there is no nebby after me now. And so I obviously stayed in terrible state in sorry in Medina and even go for temple. Now. Once again, this hadith is used by

00:24:47--> 00:24:59

the Shia group to basically say that this clearly demonstrates that it should have been the halifa and again, all of this for us, you know, we just shrug our shoulders and say these are Hadid have nothing to do with your derivations

00:25:00--> 00:25:19

These ahaadeeth are all authentic. You are from me, I am from you and to me and among guests. And the notion that you are to me like hold on is to to Moosa, except that there's no end to be after me. All of this is authentic. What was the role of our own and Moosa? What was the role of hold on with Musa

00:25:22--> 00:25:50

the main supporter, the main supporter, right? This was the main supporter. So indeed, the processor was saying, You are a family member to me, You are like my brother. We all know they weren't biological brothers. We all know this, right? In fact, how old was older than Moosa? We're not reading in the way that the sheep are reading in. In fact, if you really want to be accurate, how long did not take charge after Moosa died anyway?

00:25:51--> 00:26:33

How long did not take charge? How don't die before Musa and Harun was not the next prophet after Musa. So really, the way that that group reads in is simply too much. We take all of these Hadith and we take them at face value. Indeed, earlier, even though we thought it was the closest family member within the inner circle of the Prophet system, to be the primary helper, we acknowledge and admit that a worker and amatola one whom were not from the lol bait, we acknowledge this, there's nothing wrong with this, that they were not from the island. But this doesn't mean that it was a help. kobilka was more rightly to be funny for this is a separate issue altogether. They're mixing

00:26:34--> 00:27:12

apples and oranges. And they are again we did although the blessings obaku. City one, the process almost asked Who do you love the most? He said Ayesha, who next her father. And we have over and over again, that when the process of them said, and I don't want to go into the incidence of a worker, but again, you don't just call one idea and ignore the rest. When the process of them said that, won't you leave my Sahabi alone? Why don't you leave my companion alone, leave him alone. Don't irritate him. For By Allah, I came to all of you. And every one of you hesitated before accepting except aboubaker and in the hood, but before he died, the prophet system said, No one has

00:27:12--> 00:27:48

helped me like Abubakar has helped me this he is saying it three days before he passes away. rhodiola one, right. So definitely learn the process of saying three before he passes away to abubaker in front of all of the Sahaba no one has helped me like Abu Bakar has helped me. So we don't just take one editor ignore everything else. Indeed, I live with everybody, every blessing we find we give it to him. But when we stack up all of the ahaadeeth it is pretty explicit and clear for us that the formula of a worker is most and then Omar, and then if man and then Ali, and this is what we

00:27:49--> 00:27:54

say. Another honorary role that's odd, even though you thought it was given

00:27:56--> 00:27:59

was indeed adjusted whether

00:28:00--> 00:28:46

or not in the hedgetrimmer that but in the hedge of Abu Bakar. Before the agenda, he also plays an honorable hedges Rhoda was the in the hedge of a worker Siddiq when the Prophet system sent Abu Bakar for the final hedge when both pagans and Muslims did hedge for the final time in the history of mankind. That was in the ninth year of the Hydra one year after the conquest of Makkah, when pagans and Muslims both performed Hajj and the prophets of Salaam sent Abu Bakar as the leader and he told him to announce certain things that from now on there's not going to be any nakedness in the round that off because remember they had that no more. It's not even that sure it didn't happen. And

00:28:46--> 00:28:59

from now on no idols and he had all long list. Whenever bucha leaves MK sorry leaves Medina alone reveals pseudo pseudo tober Toba so that the Toba bharatmala what a sudo l

00:29:00--> 00:29:53

machine that there is a cutting off from a lion is messenger to those of the people who are pagans that allows or just says that you have to leave this land and you have four months to leave this land. You're not allowed to remain as pagans within this holy sanctuary. And once those four months are over, then you will face the consequences. So this is similar to where it came down a worker has left already. So what did the processor do? He sent it to him. And he said, You shall inform the people of these conditions that they must either choose Islam or leave the Jazeera or the peninsula and they cannot remain here. Basically as pagans they cannot remain as pagans or else they will face

00:29:53--> 00:29:55

the consequences. So when I leave now Vitaly

00:29:56--> 00:30:00

caught up to obaku, Serbia and he saw it is coming from

00:30:00--> 00:30:39

Medina. So he knew that there was only one reason he could have come. And that is the process that I'm sent him. And he asked Allie, that, have you come to be my leader? Or will I be your leader under you which of the two meaning has the process that I'm sent you, so that I will now come under you, or you are coming and I am the leader, because we can't have two leaders obviously. And I remember to sort of know, he's not coming to replace you. Rather, I have been told to be the emissary to the pagans for these conditions of pseudo Toba. And so this clearly demonstrates in the lifetime of the process that I'm Abu Bakar, was put in charge over it, and it was given the deputy

00:30:39--> 00:31:20

position. And that's exactly what we accept, and we understand as well, that, you know, the law one became if you like the deputy, and even had your comments, the Prophet says, sell them put it in charge of this announcement, because the pagan tribes would not have accepted such an announcement, except from Ubuntu Hashimi because they're looking at the world from paganism. And then from the paganism perspective, the Jedi perspective, the prophet system is the Hashimi. So if he's putting a condition that everybody has to do this or that, we're not going to accept it unless it's from a Hashimi representative, and a worker is not a Hashi means.

00:31:22--> 00:31:31

He's not a Hashimi. And so there is a reason here as well for the broader Arabian tribes that that Olive Nebula is chosen

00:31:32--> 00:31:35

another incident that takes place at this point in time.

00:31:37--> 00:31:53

And it is also used again by both groups in their own way. Well, we don't use it we just accept it at face value. We don't read anything in we believe all of these blessings is the incident of the of the mobile hella and the MOBA hella is

00:31:54--> 00:31:55

what is a mobile hella?

00:31:59--> 00:32:00

Not an argument.

00:32:03--> 00:32:04

And then what?

00:32:07--> 00:32:14

close Close, close but little bit more. There is an invoking of mutual curse.

00:32:17--> 00:33:03

There's invoking of mutual curse upon the liar upon the liar. If you're that certain, then May Allah crispy upon the liar and each one curses in this manner. Okay, this is the mobile hella, okay, type of Leon. It's a type of course, that is for the specific for the marriage situation. And this is a more Booba Hello. And this MOBA had a took place or was about to take place in the ninth year of the hegira when the Christians of neuron came to visit Medina, and as you know, they stayed in the midst of the process of them and they had a long debate and dialogue. And the Prophet system invited them to Islam. They refused, they refused. And Allah then revealed in the Quran, from enhance jeca v

00:33:03--> 00:33:47

human body manager committed me supple da da da da, da, da come when he said no when he sokoine fusina officer come from my nebuta Hill, furniture Atlanta to La Jolla nobody mean that if they still refuse to accept after all of this, then come, let us bring our children you bring your children will bring our wives you bring our wives, we will come and you will come and then never to heal, we will exchange this mobilehelp the curses that the liner to law is upon the volumen whichever of the two of us is volume, we both invoke Alice Lana if you're that certain. So the Prophet says that I'm said Allah has told me to do MOBA with you. So tomorrow I'm going to come and

00:33:47--> 00:33:57

do MOBA Allah. So the next day, the prophet system bot has said, and her saying, and Ali and Fatima

00:33:58--> 00:34:08

and this is authentic, we accept this no problem at all. And he said to the Christians have not drawn Come let us do the mobile.

00:34:09--> 00:34:49

And the Christians balked. And they said, Nope. Sorry, we're not going to do that. What if you are the Prophet, just in case you are? We're not going to do it, which actually was the more sensible thing. Right? What if you are and this shows us that they actually they some of them knew and some of them were in doubt that they didn't want to do that. So they did not want to do that. And so they did not do the MOBA header, and they agreed to a condition that will pay you jizya and whatnot. So you know, the standard conditions that took place. And, of course, the the point here is that the point here is that what do the other group use this as? What did they read this into this, that he

00:34:49--> 00:35:00

brought it and felt the man has an interest? And this demonstrates that they are special and adequate? And in response we say yes,

00:35:00--> 00:35:41

They are sokolova no problem. Yes they are. Anything else? I mean we agree it's there's no problem at all we have whatever for Lila decided give Yes they are. They are indeed special there indeed a little bit. That's it. We have nothing there's, we don't read in anything more. They are there. Of course they're their family. Who else will be the children of the process? And other than for them and has an interesting, who else? What does that got to do with anything, so we have no problems at all. And again, Now perhaps the one that they really use more, which is similar to this is also narrated in our traditions, is called the hadith of kasap. The Hadith of the cloak or the Hadith of

00:35:41--> 00:36:29

the blanket, the Hadith of the cloak, or the Hadith of the blanket headed toward kisa. And it is narrated in Sahih, Muslim as well, and it's of a similar nature, that one day, I szenario, a Muslim One day, the Prophet says Adam put on, he just picked up a blanket or a clockwork Isa, and he called for his son and Hussein and Allie and Fatima to come underneath the kisser. And he said, Oh Allah, these are my little bait. Allah I love them, so you love them as well. And then he recited the verse from suited as in, you read the law, hulu's, HIPAA and kumada ll Beatty, will call Huracan tadahiro that Verily, Allah wants to purify you lobate from all impurities, and to cleanse you a perfect

00:36:29--> 00:37:08

cleansing Hadith in Sahih. Muslim? And once again, we say yes, absolutely. This clearly shows that Ali and Fatima and has an increase in the level and indeed, the immediate family of the prophet SAW Selim, how can anybody denied this, who else are his children and grandchildren, the other three daughters have passed away by this time, who else is alive of his children other than Fatima, and from Fatima, he has her son and her son, and he is the father of his grandchildren, and his cousin and his son in law. And all of this is indeed valid. But to claim that these are the only family members is invalid for very simple reason. The very verses that you're quoting have sort of tele

00:37:08--> 00:37:55

zap, the very verses in them up to load you to HIPAA and cameras and elbaite. The very verse begins with Yanis, and nebby, are wives of the Prophet or wives of the Prophet or wives of the Prophet, the whole section, explicitly Allah says, A wise of the Prophet you are not like any other woman, or why is of the Prophet. And in that section, Allah mentions a little bit. So by the text of the Quran, and by common sense, and by human logic and reason. And by the earth of the whole world. A man's wives are a part of his family, and the wives of the process amount of parts of lol bait. And Fatima, an alien has no Center also a little bit. This is what we understand the belief. And this is

00:37:56--> 00:38:14

the logical and rational and textual and organic understanding. So the wiser, the process of our Ll bait and Fadiman has an exam are also a little bait. And of course, what's really interesting for us, the narrator of this hadith is none other than Arusha herself.

00:38:15--> 00:38:46

She's the one who saw this and witnessing it. And clearly if if she had any tension from this, you know, clearly she's the one narrating it. She's not reading in anything. This is the family of the process. And she is also the family of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So this is another blessing for Ali Ali, that the Prophet system made special to offer them to purify them, and we have absolutely no problems with that as well. And of the tasks and blessings of the process, some mentioned and assigned to it

00:38:47--> 00:39:34

was that idea to be positive was chosen as one of the Sahaba that was sent to Yemen to be a Islamic teacher, a godly a judge, to rule between the people. So the people of Yemen were the most gracious of all tribes. We accepted Islam and our Prophet sallallahu Sallam praise them, in many, many a hadith that the people of Yemen will come to the softest of hearts and the purest of a man that Eman is Yemeni and wisdom is Yemeni and hickmott Emmanuel Emmanuel Romania. So he prays the people of Yemen By the way, I was in London last week, teaching actually three days ago, a Yemeni brother came up to me go chef, do you know you're really beloved amongst the many people I said Why? He said

00:39:34--> 00:40:00

because you always praise them many people I said, That's very true. I do, but I'm only praising them because the Prophet says and praise them. Right so the brother is well dressed in his Gemini thing. He's always good chef. You know all the people have you ever they really love you have YouTube clips of you just praising him and they put it off to my shell. I didn't even see that one. So I only praise them because the process of them praise them. And he told us that the people of Yemen are the best two peoples that they have come to you with pure

00:40:00--> 00:40:12

Hearts and good luck. And so when they and they embraced Islam and mass, the people have embraced Islam. So the Prophet system sent some of the greatest Sahaba to various cities of Yemen. Who else did the same guys, you should know?

00:40:14--> 00:41:04

Why the bingeable. Who else Abu Musab Shadi and adebola Vitaly, so he's sending some of the senior Sahaba to Yemen, because Yemen is a vast land and their provinces. So Ali, even a bit polyp is sent. In the end of the ninth, the beginning of the 10th year, he is sent to Yemen for around half a year or so to be a teacher, more alum audio of the Quran, just basically the religious personality, and to be the judge as well to teach the people of Yemen, about Islam. And there are some very few instances narrated that from our books about some of the rulings he had to deal with. And in fact, one or two of them are rather interesting. So I thought I'd quickly quote them, that it is said that

00:41:04--> 00:41:43

in one instance. So he's the body of the area. And these are obviously, people of Yemen, they're new Muslims. So it's there are things that are under Islamic law or things that are related to their customer and tribe, and tribe and tribal ways. So in one incidence, it is mentioned that a group of four people were trying to trap a lion, so that they could get rid of them. Now once upon a time, lions and zebras roamed the Arabian Peninsula, I mentioned this many times before. These days, there are no lions and zebras in the Arabian Peninsula, except in zoos, once upon a time, they would roam wild. And of course, the people were terrified of these lions. So the Arabs had a method of

00:41:44--> 00:42:30

trapping, trapping the lion, they would have a type of trap that they would build. And you know, they would put something in it and the line would come and then fall down. And then it would basically they would kill it, okay. And this was like something they would call the zoo bar, they would call it, they would have some type of thing that they would pull it put inside there. So these people, these four Yemenis had built this type of trap, and the lion had fallen in. So now they had come to this trap to figure out now what to do. And the trap collapsed. So the first of them falls down into the trap. And as he is falling, he held on to the second one. Okay. The second one then

00:42:30--> 00:42:41

falls, he holds on to the third one, the third one holds on to the fourth, all four, basically the trap collapses, but all four come in, and the lion

00:42:42--> 00:42:54

kills all of them. Okay, casualties of four casualties. Now the each one of them is from a different tribe. Each one of them blames the other tribe, and is demanding

00:42:56--> 00:43:01

the sauce demanding the nasty sauce, but there there is,

00:43:02--> 00:43:45

there is blood money in the Shetty and in pre Islam. And this is something for pre Islam that the Shetty I ratified and made sure that if you accidentally cause somebody's death, you pay dia, right if you accidentally cause somebody's death, and each one of the tribes said your guy caused the death of my guy, you see the point, right, your guy caused the death of my guy, because they're all pulling down each other, and then they all die here, and the tribes are about to go to war. So I live in every thought he was put in charge of this case. So he said, I will make my HD higher than my my judgment. And if you disagree, then go to the prophet SAW Selim and asked him his position or

00:43:45--> 00:44:28

his call as well. And they said, Okay, what is your verdict? So I live near the bottom said that the first one shall get his tribe shall get only one fourth of the deer because he's the most guilty. So his travel get the least amount, then the second one will get one third of the deer. And then the third one will get one half of the deer and the last guy, the most innocent of them all. He shall get the full deal. Okay, so he had his he had that he did it. The tribes didn't agree. So they went to the Prophet system, and they met him and had yet to do that. By the time they got through this hedgetrimmer da, they met him he had to adapt. And they said to him, he rasulillah we are coming to

00:44:28--> 00:45:00

dissolve a dispute. So he sat down with them, then what then they describe all that happened, and then he found out Ollie have never thought he had made his ruling. So he didn't look into it. And he said whatever I have never thought he has said that is what shall pass. Okay. And Subhanallah This is as well from the film, or from the CSO of government as well. In fact, most governments do this as well, even our country here by the way, once a judgment has happened. Don't look into it again. Don't

00:45:00--> 00:45:37

opened the door, that let it be and let it stand. This is the this is the the better thing to do. I mean, in this case, there's no clear cut what is going to be the deer, it's all HD Heidi here, and that is he had was the greatest he had, and the process and let it be that is fine. So he didn't look into it. And he approved it in every polyps, which they had another bizarre scenario that happened without even ever thought of as well. And of course, this happened before they accepted Islam, these people. So whatever they did, it is before they accepted Islam because again, it is coming right when they have just embraced Islam. So there's some really bizarre instances from pre

00:45:37--> 00:46:20

Islam. So a lady gives birth to a son. And three men simultaneously claim that that is my son, you understand how, okay, so she's not married. And all three men are claiming the boy as their own. And, of course, they all wanted sons, right to mean they want to Son Son is a very big thing to have. So each one of them is saying this is my child? And how are you going to decide? The lady admits that? Yes, it's possibility any of these three? I don't know which one is it? And of course, this is pre Islam. So it's not a matter of punishment. Now they are non Muslims, when they did this act, now that they have accepted Islam, who will the child be given to so early attempts to persuade

00:46:21--> 00:46:34

each one of them to withdraw so that at least we can get down to two or maybe even one, but all three insists that I want this child, this is my child. And so a little deal, no one decides to simply draw lots.

00:46:35--> 00:47:09

Because again, in this day and age, what else is there in our day and age, we can add DNA and whatnot wouldn't have a problem. And those days, what is he going to do? So he simply said there is no solution other than to draw lots. And so they drew lots amongst them. And the one whose thought it was he gave the child to this person, and he said you must pay her a murder now because now you must pay her a method for having basically taken the child and done what you have done, even though it's not a kneecap, but you must pay basically a penalty if you're like, I shouldn't use the word murder to change that, but you should pay a penalty for to her and the child is the newer so again,

00:47:09--> 00:47:15

these are interesting cavas of added value. Then the time came for hydrated water, which is this now

00:47:17--> 00:47:53

hedgetrimmer that is 10th. And Ali is where Yemen, so he has to go meet the Prophet system in Makkah. Okay, so he's gonna come from Yemen. And he's gonna take the process from told him to bring animals, right. So Ali's task was to bring animals from Yemen, and bring them up to Makkah and meet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And of course, he is going alone. There is no other, you know, the process of going from Medina, and he's going from Yemen. And from Yemen. The main part is a totally different place, obviously, then.

00:47:54--> 00:48:14

And so the adaminaby party passes the mascot, and he has to wear from, but he doesn't know, because the processor has not told him. What type of hedge is he doing? What is he going to do? So is he going to do tomato or he's gonna do karate fraud. He doesn't know look at here, the genius of it. If you look at his film,

00:48:16--> 00:48:35

the processor meets him and maca. They're both in a harem. And he says, What Tell me did you say the process is asking, what type of Tobia What did you say? What is your Nia when you did the head on? So he said, I said let Baker exactly as the process from said love bake.

00:48:37--> 00:48:54

He didn't even know what to say. He said however, the process of setting the bake that is my to bake. This really shows the fifth of Alibaba taught him that whatever type of had you're doing, I'm going to do that hatch. And which type did the processor do?

00:48:55--> 00:49:00

They're on the processing that's going on. Right? He did not the processing did not do to me.

00:49:02--> 00:49:27

He said lower stuff. But when Obama said to if I had gone if I could go back and redo it, I would have done tomato. Right. And from this, the majority have said the matter is the best. And then Karen and then if rod and all three judges. All three are judges. But the processing did that on and all of the Sahaba determine except for one. It would have decided

00:49:28--> 00:49:54

earlier maybe thought it did Karen okay. Not all of the Sahaba but a few of them had brought animals they did come on, but basically the bulk of the Sahaba determine the bulk of them. Except for Adam nebuta Devi is the only one who made the Tobia she said the baker Kamala bara solarsystem just however the process of Tobia I will do tell me as well. And of course, I live in had Joshua

00:49:56--> 00:50:00

he was the primary amplifier of the voice of

00:50:00--> 00:50:36

The profits are seldom meaning what you have 100,000 people, how is the whole TVA and the commands and the fatawa the process of going to be transmitted? I thought it was the main person, the processor would be sitting and he would say something or he would stand, it will stand at a higher place and shout out to the audience, because he had a louder voice. So I thought he became one of the main spokespersons who would amplify the voice of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and then of course unhedged through what that what does the daddy do? He slaughtered? How many camels guys, you should remember this from the zero.

00:50:37--> 00:50:45

No, no, no, no, no. Who slaughtered 63 Exactly. So how many do

00:50:49--> 00:50:57

9939 plus 6337 37?

00:50:59--> 00:51:00

Close enough. Okay.

00:51:02--> 00:51:49

Close enough. Yes. 37 plus 63 to give 100 Okay, and he brought 100 camels, the process of did 63 I needed the remainder. So I literally thought they did the final 37 after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And then of course, the next major incident that takes place is of course the death of the process of them. And Roberto was in the 11th year of the digital and of course, earlier whenever he thought he is the primary person who does the motion and the definition of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Of course it was the family members of the processor. There was an abacus there was the sons of Ibis put them and father. Okay, that's three. There was it if you

00:51:49--> 00:51:52

thought that is for there was

00:51:55--> 00:52:44

the the servant or the mode of the process. I'm sure Quran was his name, show Quran with the off show kalon. He was there. That's five. And then it is said that one of the unsolved was present as well, because the unsalted insisted that one of them at least represent the answer. So oh seven, how Allah six. So these were the six people who did the whole soul of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and they put the three Yemenis to holy clots on him. As the Hadeeth mentions three separate types of cloth from Yemen. They put them on the body of the Prophet system. And it is said that Ibis and awesome and father, were the ones holding the blessed body and moving it. And Ali evident Abu Talib,

00:52:45--> 00:53:26

along with us in a secondary role was the one who actually did the gospel. And show Quran was the one pouring the water. Okay, so Olive never thought it was the primary person to actually wash the blessing body of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And of course, that is something, again, understood they are the immediate and elbaite amongst the men. Who else is going to watch the body of the Prophet so seldom, it is always the close members of the family that washed the body. So indeed, this is a blessing that we of course, give with pride to ID Have you thought of. And then the final quick point that we'll rehash and reiterate that we've already covered this in much more

00:53:26--> 00:53:42

detail, is the issue of the oath of allegiance that it gave to obika Siddiq. We had mentioned this in a lot more detail. A few months ago, when we did it. Dakota Siddiq. And I had mentioned that

00:53:43--> 00:54:29

there are two narratives within Allison now within Sunni Islam. The first narrative, which is the more predominant one, is that Ali did not give the oath for the first six months. And there were some minor tensions between Ali and avocado law which mine and then after the death of Fatima, Ali rhodiola, one then gave the oath of allegiance. And then things were better between the two of them. And in another version, which is not as widely recognized, but it is reported, and then we'll still talk about hacking, and they've been concealed prefers this narration. He says they were to buy as given by ID and only by ID tubers. And the first of them was along with the rest of the people. And

00:54:29--> 00:55:00

then the second 112 people began speaking and rumors began spreading. After six months after the death of Fatima, he gave a special beta in public because there was a special beta given everybody acknowledges that after the death of Fatima, while the loved one ha, Ali, Abu Bakar climbed remember he gave an emotional hauteville praising the debate and praising Elena Vitali. And at the end of that hotbar Ali stood up and gave an oath of allegiance Now, why is this taking place six

00:55:00--> 00:55:03

months after, when everybody else has given the oath of allegiance.

00:55:04--> 00:55:05

The majority say

00:55:06--> 00:55:48

that it will be a law, one had abstained. And there was some misunderstandings or myths or whatever miscommunication. And he hadn't given the oath of allegiance until this point in time, until after the death of Fatima. We mentioned the tensions between Fatah and obachan. And that they had been resolved at the death by default. And I remember this, when we mentioned this that I will look into so did visited Fatima on her deathbed, and the tensions were finished. And so when that happened, then Fatima passes away. And then it then basically makes up and gives the oath of allegiance. And then there's another understanding, which says that he gave the oath of allegiance the first day.

00:55:48--> 00:56:29

And then people began to speak and cleavable call began to arise. And so he wanted to eliminate that. And then he gave a second oath of allegiance, and whatever the case might be, it is undeniable. And even the other group mentions this, that there was a public oath of allegiance, after six months after that the Fatima, and this oath of allegiance was given by Ali to obaku. Cydia, and that after this point in time, the tensions really seem to have become extremely minimal. And as we'll come to next week, abubaker appointed it in a various number of positions. And I'm going to call Bob and Rick might have been a fan. And things were seeming to be very normal after

00:56:29--> 00:56:43

that, and I had mentioned this earlier, when I talked about obrigado. So deep in his head after that, I don't see much of an issue in saying that, perhaps Olive nebuta felt that

00:56:44--> 00:57:26

there might have been some prerogative given to him. And he sincerely and genuinely thought that he might have done a better job. But when it became clear that it wasn't the case, so then he accepted this, and he didn't begrudge abubaker. So do and everything became back to normal, but there was a period. And it does seem to be the case, there was a period of slight tension. This was compounded by the issue of the inheritance of the Prophet system, that Fatima did not get anything. And when Fatima passes away, it does not get anything. And that was a large amount of wealth, right? And a worker deprived it for his own daughter, Arusha. It's not just Fatima, he deprived his own daughter

00:57:26--> 00:58:09

of the inheritance and he and Omar and earthman, they all said, the process of explicitly said we do not leave inheritance for our deceased whatever we leave is for the for the item and unguided for the forecourt and whatnot. So he said that we're not going to do we're not going to give it to any specific family member. So perhaps there was some minor misunderstandings and trivial grievances. And Alhamdulillah. It's very clear from our history, that those grievances were overcome. And that Allenby who then became a part of the inner circle of aboubaker and Omar amritanandamayi laquan home and when his time came, he was ready for that time in sha Allah from next week, we will then quickly

00:58:09--> 00:58:47

go over what and earthman and then really get to the philosophy of adaminaby talim so next week we'll talk about beginning the the some of the controversial topics as well. But I give you the disclaimer that I will not go into it in that much detail. Because as I have said many many times it is simply not healthy and not much benefit is to be gained tilcon Mattoon pothead llama cassava takamaka saboten What are too soon American Yamato that is a generation that has gone by, they have done and they have earned what to do whatever they have earned, and we have to earn whatever we have to earn and we will not be asked about what they have done. And with that,