Tafsir Series – Al-Fatiha – Part 1

Wasim Kempson

Channel: Wasim Kempson

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West London, Cultural Centre

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim

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in Alhamdulillah hinomoto who want to stay you know who want to stay

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when all the Billa human surely unforeseen a woman say Dr. Medina

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Miyagi level fella mo de La MaMa you Berlin follow howdy Allah, Masha Allah illallah wa Alessia Cara,

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Juana Mohammedan. Abu Matsuda

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provide Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. Respected brothers and sisters.

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Continuing with the CW Cathy are

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in which the great Imam Abu Fida, Li Li Rudy's great work on the explanation of Al Quran

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and we reached in the previous lesson,

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or the last thing that we spoke about, I should say is the furball of the best Mullah or the saying of Bismillah.

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Now what we're going to do now inshallah tada

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is continue in breaking down the state demand to Bismillah

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R Rahman. R Rahim.

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And then we will begin.

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What we say is the first area at hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen.

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So, we've mentioned the usage of the word of Bismillah. And its meaning,

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that in general, that the believer the Muslim should say Bismillah on all occasions before they undertake anything, seeking the help, and the aid of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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And of course, there are known occasions, specific occasions which you should mention the name of Allah subhanaw taala.

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We will mention now is the meaning of

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Allah

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lavandula Allah

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and Allah subhanaw taala the name of Allah is the name of our Lord of our Creator

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of the one whom we worship and we submit them that we struggle and strive for.

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And it is said that Allah is the greatest of all names.

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Allah subhanaw taala has many names mentioned in the Quran and in the sun.

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However,

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you find that one self is drawn towards in the usage of the word that ally is central to them.

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When you begin, you didn't say Bismillah Rahim or bismil Hakeem or business Ahmed, that you say Bismillah

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and Allah subhanaw taala in the Quran, and likewise in the in the sooner you find the same usage, miss me, Allah Bismillah. So this is one opinion to say that is the greatest names which all Names of Allah spawn, Tada. Go back to,

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of course, the creator aloha Allah,

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the fact that he has a number of names.

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And all of these names of Allah subhanaw taala have individual meanings, separate meanings that we extract from these names, Smurfette attributes.

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So Allah subhanaw taala Samad and Al Hakim, those names have meanings, and that they are specific and perfect in every way to Allah subhanaw taala.

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So, when we look at the verse which even consider he mentioned, there's a verse in

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Surah Taha shall,

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in verse number 22,

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when Allah subhanaw taala, he begins, who Allah, that he is a law.

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Allah, Allah, Allah in

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that he is a law, with whom

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no one has the right to be worshipped, except he.

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And then Allah subhanaw taala continues diverse by stating a number of names and attributes to our last panel. Tyler is an early model, he was Shahada. He is a Rahman and Rahim.

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And then under verse 23, his panel data begins by saying again, who a law that he is a law

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that he has al Malik could do a cellar and movement and the verse continues, but the two verses number 23

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or 22 and 23, like many verses in the Quran, that he is a law and then you find a number of names of Allah subhanaw taala they follow that?

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So this is his name suparna. Who, what does it mean Glory

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be to Allah subhanaw taala the most high

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but it is almost that

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as an appetizer servant as a slave

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that even when you

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Speak to your own your own mother. If you like that you you say her name and in a respectful way,

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in the way that you say it in the manner that you say it. Likewise,

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if you just say, a law and you choose, it's allowed for you to say, a law, but out of your humility out of your servitude tala Kannada Allah you say, Allah to Allah, the Most High or subpanel to Allah or as the Virgin, you just feel within yourself that you add something to magnify and glorify Allah subhanaw taala even more

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than enough sex that you have

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an extra amount of humbleness if you like, that you don't just say, I'm sorry, you cannot say that. But within yourself, you just get used to saying, Allah Subhana Allah to Allah subhanaw taala to Allah as they were Gentle, gentle or other, praising Allah even further, and this is how you should be as a servant and slavery velocity counter.

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So everyone can hear him all the time. He mentioned that after the mentioning of the name a law and sort of Hotshots apparently either you find many names and attributes are mentioned after that.

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Allah subhanaw taala he says in

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in Surah, two out of

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a loss of penalty and he says one Illa Hill

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further obeah that and the most beautiful names that they belong to Allah subhana wa Tada. So call upon our last panel tada with those names.

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So, Allah subhanaw taala has many names. So, for example, if you have a particular need

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if you have a particular need you want something then you will try your best to find that particular name that is suitable to call upon Allah subhanaw taala with

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so you are in need of

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sustenance,

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sustenance whether that'll be well. sustenance, whether that be Hidayat guidance don't restrict risk just to you receiving food and money, because a more specific form of risk is that also penalty Allah will guide his servant

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so you choose the appropriate name that to call upon Allah subhanaw taala with

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concerning your need

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yo Rahman

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are handy

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or the Most Merciful have mercy upon me. Yeah, Rosa, Rosa Penny, oh the one who provides the old provider provide for me and so on. So use the the appropriate name to call upon Allah subhanaw taala with

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an abuse of Allah while he was seldom said in an authentic hadith which is reported by

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or related to us by Abu hurayrah hora de la hotel

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and it's a hadith in and Bukhari

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which is Hadith number 2736 in which an AVI sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said

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in Allah He to certain what is in this min me attorney, lower headed man, I saw her the huddle agenda.

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But to Allah subhanaw taala belongs 99 names 100 minus one

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that whoever saw her will enter the gender.

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I saw her What does that mean? How do you translate that word? This is one of those words that is you find in the Arabic language, which you can't just put into one word in English just to memorize them. Because it doesn't just mean to memorize them. In fact, many of them are even harder from them. Rahim Allah talks about the meaning of saw how to remember them is what is to memorize them. The names of Allah jell O Allah, to know their meanings.

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And thirdly, to act upon the meaning of that word. So when you know that Allah subhanaw taala is a Rahman r Rahim Allah for Allah for that you know he's a pinata is the most merciful and he is the one who forgives you of your sins.

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And he's a penalty Allah is also undiscovered shadow.

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He is Severe in punishment. So this brings about within yourself hope and fear. love for Allah subhana wa Tada.

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I tell werb that he's the one who is off to accepting the repentance of his servant. So you memorize them, you know their meanings, and you act upon the meanings that you have understood from those names of our last panel to add. It doesn't mean that our last panel alone has 99 names and that's it.

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Because you can find when looking for

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Through the Quran and the Sunnah you find that there are more than 99

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the word

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of the name of Allah subhana wa tada is not to be given, and nothing has the right to have this name, except Allah. None of the creation can be called Allah. It is a name that only belongs to him subhanho wa Taala.

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Now, regarding its meaning, does it have a meaning the name of law? Where did it come from? Because it's from the Arabic language and as you will know, that the Arabic language is very rich language, though you mentioned a word that it has an origin and the Arabic language where did it come from? What did it What does it mean? Here you find that there are generally two opinions. Some say that it is just a fixed the name it doesn't have any origin in the Arabic language, it is just a law.

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Another opinion is that it can be derived from one that is worshipped

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Allah Allahu Malou something or that is worshipped. And that is of course I lost a pinata, it is a well known difference of opinion about the origin of the word name, Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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There are some linguistic

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issues to do with

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this particular matter. However, we will go over them because maybe some of them, these linguistic issues are beyond what we need to know at the moment. But for those who

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are more interested in discussing or reading about these issues, one can go back to the Tafseer itself and find out what even gets here, or himolla to either mentions about the origin of the name.

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Then we go back now to or Rahman and Rahim.

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These are two other names that belong to Allah subhanaw taala.

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And both of these names of Rahman and Raheem are taken from an Arabic language taken from a Rama, meaning mercy.

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Allah, Allah, in an exaggerated form, meaning is not just merely just merciful. It is mercy in its purest and most perfect, the purest and most perfect way that you can imagine mercy to be.

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Now because the origin of these two names of man and Rahim come from Arabic language, Rama merciful. Is there a reason that you call upon Allah soprano as a rough man? Or raheen? Do they not mean the same thing?

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Know that no two words in the Arabic language have the same meaning.

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No, two words in the Arabic language have the same meaning even though you might translate those two words into your language as the same word.

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Okay, there is 100% and difference between two words.

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For example,

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who smashed the window.

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Mohammed. Oh, Mohammed.

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Mohammed. Ahmed, I used in the middle of all Oh, Elif well,

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or Mohammed

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Ahmed,

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as another way of saying, oh, but there's a difference between Oh, and

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there was a difference between those two that word? There's a difference between that. So now with language no two words are the same.

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Okay, so Rahman, and Rahim what is the difference between these two?

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Because here it is. You're calling upon Allah subhana wa Tada. And you want to use the name and understand the name or Rahman

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is

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of course Allah subhanaw taala means the Most Merciful

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but it is urashima meaning that he serpentine is the most merciful to all of his creation.

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Whether they be believer or non believer that also pinata Allah is a rough man over Jimmy and Hulk over the whole of the creation that he is a man.

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Whereas a raheen is a specific type of mercy that allows a pinata I will show

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so lots of panels that listen to everything, all of the creation at all times. Whereas a Rahim is a special type of, of mercy, which is shown to who shown to the believers only

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as a type of mercy that last pinata will go

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only show and give to the believers. So for example,

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when we look to a sort of a zap, which is the 33rd chapter

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of the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala says, Oh, can I build meaning or femur to adore him, as mentioned here, that he's a pinata, and he is that ever of him that ever Merciful to the believers.

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Even juries

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who, of course, is the famous professor that I mentioned previously in the introduction that he didn't get here or himolla quotes from quite a lot. He says even God said, because he's an authority for him. Even though he proceeded they've been considered by for centuries, 400 years before him. Eventually there is an authority for him as he is for all of us, Ilan

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is a is an authority when he mentioned something is to be taken serious.

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Or IMO law so everyone can hear him all he says concerning even Juliet.

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Even God ever said,

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as sort of libnah yahaya autonomy narrated to me that was mandibles offer related The last item he said about Ar Rahman and Rahim that he is a rough man with the all of the creation

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and he has laheem with the believers.

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Hence,

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whenever you find the word or a man,

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you understand that is encompassing and over the whole of the creation.

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For example, when Allah subhanaw taala says, so must Our Allah,

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who are rough man,

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that he's repented data, rows over the throne of the creating heavens in the earth, some Mr. Allen in a way that befits His Majesty. But who is that man

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over the whole creation,

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over the whole creation, not enough man.

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However, when the word that Rahim has mentioned it has to do with mercy shown to the believers more specific,

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as for a rough man, that it is a name that is only given to Allah, just like a law, it can be given to anyone any of the creation. However,

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Rahim or Rahim, without the Elif Lam, Allah him, you and I can be merciful.

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You and I can be merciful to one another. Therefore, you make give somebody the name, Rahim is merciful

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or Hema.

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Or you can give somebody the name as his,

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or Aziza. These names can be given in the restricted sense, meaning restricted either creation because they're limited, that you can have a part of that meaning of that word, but in in its perfect sense.

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Our Rahim then of course, Allah is only Allah subhanaw taala. So you don't give somebody the name of Rahim

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or al Aziz, because that is belonging to Allah subhanaw taala However, in its restricted form, without the Elif, let me call somebody as his or him, how do you choose that is allowed, there are certain Names of Allah subhanaw taala. However, that cannot be given to any of the creation under any circumstance,

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like a law, alcoholic, the creator

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I don't know Isle of Man as I have just mentioned, there are certain names that can be only and they can be given to Allah subhanaw taala alone, and that the creation cannot have any part or take that name in any way.

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So that is a Rahman. And

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now what we'll do, shall we now go into the first, the first verse of anarchy now of course, there's a difference of opinion of Al Fatiha.

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Now before

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one starts

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going into the column of Allah subhanaw taala you really have to have

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the correct

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frame of mind.

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And that is that whenever you write an essay, whenever you anyone writes any book, that is subject to being edited that a subject

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To be unchanged, the first time that you do it, when you write something down,

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inevitably, there are going to be mistakes, there's a better word that you can change, there's a different order that you can use in those words. However,

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I look for an

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that from the beginning until the end,

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there is no such thing as a need for any of the column of a lot of being edited, changed or any anything to do with them, because this is the column of a law which is perfect.

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The choice of words, the order of the words is perfect, no Bishop, no human being none of the creation could equal bring anything forth to the column of Allah.

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And as we will mention, and we get to the some of the verses and sort of tillbaka but you

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will also know Tyler,

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he challenges

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for those who have any doubts in quantum theory the man has and if you have any doubt, what we have revealed to you

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fact will be sorted in the middlee mithya

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bring a surah a chapter

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that is like it,

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bring a chapter that is like it.

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And of course, I just

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that they were never able to do that.

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They will and they will never be able

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well and

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and that you will never be able to do such a thing.

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So really, when you hear the Kalam of Allah when you read the Kalam of Allah spawn tada really feel and they have this you know, presence of mind and presence of heart of what you are reciting.

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This is not the words of any man or human being. These are the words of Allah, the creator subhana wa tada The one who guided you, who created you, sustains you, who gave you your life will take your life, who will raise you

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will reward you may punish you.

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These are the words of Allah subhanaw taala.

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And that alpha if one understands sort of alpha one has understood

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in general the whole Quran in general, not specifically Of course, but in general, you've understood what Allah subhanaw taala wants from you. In general, if you understand Al Fatiha, if a person does not understand Al Fatiha,

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then they have missed a great portion they have missed out on something they cannot truly understand what Allah subhanaw taala wants from them.

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It is the beginning of the Coronel 30. How the opening for a reason. And these often repeated verses in which NW Salallahu audio seldom shut. He said to obey you have no carbon. How did we mentioned previously in the previous lesson, should I inform you or teach you that a verse that was revealed to me that was never revealed to any other prophet previously.

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And he and the release of salah and then taught al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil aalameen

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so Alhamdulillah

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not assure crew, no all madho Thanks for gratitude all of these words have very similar meanings, but also pinata dimension Alhamdulillah

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because of the richness and the deepness of this word that encompasses so many things,

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because a person may say, a shoe karela

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Thanks, is and belongs to Allah. However Alhamdulillah

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encompasses

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hand sugar, and mud.

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Ham demeaning praise.

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Medan is a form of praise, but explain the difference shortly. And the shortcode which is like being thankful being grateful.

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Hand and mud is the same three letters but in a different order. Ha ma de

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matar is the path.

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Just a different order but there's a big difference.

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Alhamdulillah

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when you say Alhamdulillah

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you are saying all praise, all forms of praise

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that they belong to Allah.

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That is what you are saying. All forms of praise all forms of thanks

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They belong to Allah subhanho wa Taala.

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Not because of any reason,

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not because that he's not Allah guided you, not because he sustains you, not because he gave you Islam, not because of anything

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except that He is Allah subhanaw taala

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he's do priests, it belongs to him,

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whether that person recognizes it, whether that person likes it, whether the person does it,

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it belongs to Allah.

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And for those who recognize that it belongs to Allah subhana wa Tada, and then in turn, praise Allah, thank Allah, they are rewarded for that, because they have recognized the right of Allah subhanaw taala, just as this happens to be worshipped,

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we submit ourselves that we are servants and slaves to Allah azzawajal we recognize that, so therefore we submit to Him Subhanallah to Allah, so you're rewarded for that.

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Because this is his right?

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Even if the whole of the creation, they was to turn away from Allah subhanaw taala that doesn't take away the fact that he deserves to be worshipped.

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Even if the whole creation were to worship Allah subhanaw taala that does that raise the rank of what it does not raise the rank of our last panel to add at all.

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So cool, hand was shocker, Walmart, all forms of thank praise and gratitude, that it belongs to Allah subhanaw taala.

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Because simply, He is Allah.

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Not because he guided you as I mentioned, but because He is Allah subhanaw taala

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everyone can see Rahim, Allah Tada. He says, The meaning of Alhamdulillah

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is that all thanks are due purely hard, listen,

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they belong to Allah subhanaw taala alone, not any of the objects that are being worshipped, that instead of him no of his creation. In fact, it belongs to Allah.

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There was a fundamental issue, that when a person that they say Alhamdulillah,

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there are two things which have to be present, for that praise, to be a true praise from the servant and slave.

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Allah muhabba what tells him these two things

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as you as a slave of Allah soprano that these things have to be present in your heart, when you are praising Allah subhanaw taala otherwise it is not. The

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first one is

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that you truly love.

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Allah subhanaw taala.

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And Calvin

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is a few words you can use in English,

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to magnify to glorify, to place a lost pantalla beyond an over everything.

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to exalt Him. That's talvin

00:28:14--> 00:28:31

if you don't have that in your heart, then you are not truly praising Allah subhanaw taala there has to be talvin and muhabba love and exalting and glorifying Allah subhanaw taala in your heart, you have to have that if you don't have that. It is just

00:28:33--> 00:28:40

lip service, just movements and things and sounds and the come out of your mouth. It's not true praise. So there's two things are fundamental.

00:28:47--> 00:28:48

So Alhamdulillah

00:28:50--> 00:29:01

is what is that praise of Allah subhanaw taala which includes which stems from the servant in that he loves them, he loves his creator, a lost pound Tyler and exalts him and glorifies us and praises him.

00:29:03--> 00:29:10

This is present. Whereas mud, as I mentioned, same three letters but in a different order.

00:29:11--> 00:29:16

And mud. Mud has worked is praising somebody.

00:29:18--> 00:29:19

You don't love that person.

00:29:20--> 00:29:29

You don't respect that person, possibly. Just as just as a person who

00:29:30--> 00:29:47

you know, to give, you know, there's olden days examples. You know, there's a king and you have people wanting to praise the king. Well, maybe it still exists. Sure it does. They want to praise the king because they want something. So they praise Him. They have nice poetry about him. They don't love the king,

00:29:48--> 00:29:59

then exalting or, you know, have no care for him. But they know if they say good things and they praise him in a way. They might receive a few bags of gold or a call or a villa.

00:30:00--> 00:30:01

depending what century you in,

00:30:02--> 00:30:03

so they praise Him.

00:30:05--> 00:30:08

And there's no love for him this matter that's

00:30:09--> 00:30:10

not hand

00:30:11--> 00:30:12

and hand

00:30:14--> 00:30:20

is not given you don't give that to the Hulk the creation, because it belongs to unlock All praise belongs to Allah subhanaw taala.

00:30:22--> 00:30:25

And then Hamza is given, not because of any reason.

00:30:26--> 00:30:27

Whereas, shocker.

00:30:28--> 00:30:43

The third word I mentioned to you sugar is what is when you think somebody shukran somebody gives you something, somebody does a favor for you, a school rock shukran school, thank you in other ways you can say it when they do something for you.

00:30:47--> 00:30:55

So, you say thank you when somebody does something for you. Thank you, brother. You may ask me, What for? I didn't do anything.

00:30:56--> 00:31:03

You may think that's a strange comment and it is a strange comment on thanking you for something that you didn't do anything but I thank you. Doesn't make sense.

00:31:05--> 00:31:10

So sugar thanks is different when what, when something is done for you.

00:31:13--> 00:31:21

Whereas, praise Alhamdulillah is given to Allah, Allah without Allah subhanaw taala as I mentioned, doing anything for you.

00:31:32--> 00:31:35

So al hamdu Lillah

00:31:37--> 00:31:42

not handle but al hamdu Alif Lam at the beginning,

00:31:43--> 00:31:52

Al hamdu, which means all praise, all all forms of praise, that they belong to Allah subhana wa Tada.

00:31:58--> 00:32:04

So when you begin the Quran by you know, and you will begin reciting Alhamdulillah Hello, beloved, I mean,

00:32:05--> 00:32:06

these are the words of who?

00:32:08--> 00:32:18

The words of Allah. And here it is, this column, this speech, is he speaking about himself, immediately.

00:32:19--> 00:32:21

It's not introduction about

00:32:23--> 00:32:25

this is how the creation began,

00:32:27--> 00:32:33

or story of something else know that the Quran begins a lot of spontaneous speaking.

00:32:34--> 00:32:36

And he's praising himself.

00:32:39--> 00:32:45

Now you need to put that into context as a servant as a slave, a loss of power subhanaw taala begins this end.

00:32:46--> 00:32:56

And he begins by mentioning his own name, and that All praise belongs to him, that he is the one to be worshipped. He is the one that you submit to

00:32:57--> 00:32:58

immediately.

00:33:00--> 00:33:04

Immediately, the authority of the speech of Allah subhanaw taala is apparent.

00:33:08--> 00:33:19

The authority of Allah subhanaw taala is established for on immediately. You don't go into a few pages for you to realize what's going on here. No, it's not a storybook.

00:33:21--> 00:33:36

I look around informs you immediately. That it is Allah subhanaw taala is Europe. He is your Lord, your Creator. He's the Most Merciful. He is the Most Beneficent. He has the owner and the king of the Day of Judgment. And it is he alone, you alone we worship you're alone.

00:33:40--> 00:33:44

This is the way that also pinata has revealed his book to us.

00:33:49--> 00:33:50

So

00:33:52--> 00:33:53

Alhamdulillah

00:33:55--> 00:33:57

hon belongs to Allah subhanaw taala

00:33:59--> 00:34:07

which is another name of Allah subhanaw taala. And Arab again is not to be given to the creation, it can be

00:34:08--> 00:34:09

if it is

00:34:11--> 00:34:22

attached to something else. Of course, what does that mean? you translate it as Lord, the closest thing that you may find in English is like, like it means like master as well.

00:34:24--> 00:34:26

You cannot call any of the creation of up

00:34:28--> 00:34:32

in Arabic language, which you may say it's permissible, if you say

00:34:34--> 00:34:35

the master of the house

00:34:36--> 00:34:42

or bus era, the owner of the car, that's permissible, because you are restricting

00:34:44--> 00:34:52

the usage of the word and its meaning to the owner of the car, or the owner of the house, which is restricted.

00:34:53--> 00:34:54

But just Rob

00:34:55--> 00:34:57

and it is only Allah subhanaw taala the Lord.

00:34:59--> 00:35:00

Now when you say about

00:35:00--> 00:35:00

up

00:35:03--> 00:35:12

what is it that you are affirming? You are affirming, number one, three things, we can add a fourth, some scholars they add a fourth one. When you say

00:35:13--> 00:35:27

you are recognizing and affirming that he is your is your Creator, because Rob we are talking about what Robbie His Lordship, his lordship over the creation

00:35:28--> 00:35:37

and what constitutes or makes up his rubia his his lordship over the creation is that number one he is alcoholic, He is the Creator

00:35:40--> 00:35:42

and that there is no creator besides him subhana wa Tada.

00:35:44--> 00:35:45

So he's alcoholic.

00:35:48--> 00:35:48

Number two,

00:35:50--> 00:35:51

that he is Al Malik.

00:35:53--> 00:35:54

He is the owner

00:35:55--> 00:36:04

of the Dominion that all of the heavens and the earth, the owner of the universe, everything Phil Cohn everything within the creation

00:36:05--> 00:36:07

thereof belongs to Allah subhanaw taala.

00:36:09--> 00:36:37

Thirdly, a Teddy's, which means he is the controller of all the affairs in the universe. Nothing happens. Not a raindrop falls from the sky, not a leaf drops from any tree on Earth. Not any creature that moves upon the earth, whether you can see them with your naked eye, or that you need a microscope to see it.

00:36:38--> 00:36:43

It does not move except that a loss of penalty either gave it permission,

00:36:45--> 00:36:51

and allows it to move and allows it to live and allows it to be sustained.

00:36:53--> 00:36:57

So nothing happens, moves, stay still.

00:36:59--> 00:37:02

Except by the command of Allah, Allah Allah.

00:37:03--> 00:37:09

So the first three things are to create, he's the Creator, the owner, the control of the affairs.

00:37:10--> 00:37:20

And the fourth that some of their ultimate dimension is the Sustainer. Isaac, he subpanel data sustains everything in the universe.

00:37:30--> 00:37:32

So he's up.

00:37:33--> 00:37:36

He's the love of Ireland mean,

00:37:38--> 00:37:39

which

00:37:42--> 00:37:46

is the plural of Ireland, I mean, is the plural of Ireland.

00:37:48--> 00:37:54

Of all the worlds. For example, you say in Arabic, I lm for you,

00:37:55--> 00:37:57

the world of the birds,

00:37:59--> 00:38:01

or smack,

00:38:02--> 00:38:04

the world of fish element,

00:38:05--> 00:38:07

or the world of human beings

00:38:09--> 00:38:11

in the world of gin,

00:38:12--> 00:38:17

that is a penalty It is not just a rub the lord of one atom is or a bola

00:38:18--> 00:38:20

of all of the worlds

00:38:21--> 00:38:26

of all of those worlds. And in one word, if you like the universe,

00:38:27--> 00:38:28

of everything.

00:38:30--> 00:38:31

And what is an island?

00:38:33--> 00:38:37

ILM is everything except Allah.

00:38:38--> 00:38:41

Because Allah lm is what has been created.

00:38:43--> 00:38:50

Allah subhanaw taala is not part of the LM. He's not part of his creation. He's not inside his creation.

00:38:54--> 00:38:55

But he said penalty it is that

00:38:56--> 00:39:03

He is the Lord of all of that. And remember, in your mind, what does that mean the Lord, what does it mean? Those things we just mentioned.

00:39:04--> 00:39:18

So here's a deeper understanding when you say, Rob, creator, sustainer, owner, control of all of their affairs, it has meaning. It's not just a word that you say, for lahoma it has a meaning.

00:39:23--> 00:39:26

So Alhamdulillah here a bill I mean,

00:39:28--> 00:39:35

and with that, when that servant the slave makes that statement, which you say 17 times a day in your soul and your prayer.

00:39:38--> 00:39:42

What is established is what it should be is a trip.

00:39:44--> 00:39:46

Sahib, what is that?

00:39:47--> 00:39:57

This is you, humbling yourself, bringing about a fear and an awareness of who Allah is

00:39:59--> 00:39:59

for

00:40:00--> 00:40:05

Example, when he left in methylone, and a belongs to Allah azza wa jal, the best of examples,

00:40:06--> 00:40:07

let's say

00:40:09--> 00:40:12

you're going for a walk in the countryside,

00:40:14--> 00:40:16

and you take a particular path.

00:40:17--> 00:40:19

And then suddenly somebody stops you.

00:40:21--> 00:40:24

And says, You're walking on private property.

00:40:25--> 00:40:27

And this property belongs to land belongs to so and so.

00:40:30--> 00:40:37

That person who has a beginning has an end, who needs to sleep who needs to eat. However,

00:40:38--> 00:40:40

I don't know, maybe you're very courageous, you don't care if you're walking on the land.

00:40:42--> 00:40:54

But maybe, when somebody says to you, this is so and so's land, you shouldn't be walking on it. In fact, without saying you shouldn't be walking on it, you're walking on so and so's land. Maybe within yourself you think

00:40:58--> 00:40:59

this is the feeling

00:41:00--> 00:41:09

that when you say Alhamdulillah hero Bilal, I mean, immediately you know, whom you are engaging with,

00:41:10--> 00:41:16

whom that you are worshiping. And the information that is being told to you this is x bar what by the way?

00:41:17--> 00:41:22

This is no question for you. It is not Do you want to accept this information?

00:41:24--> 00:41:28

This is Allah azzawajal telling you telling you how it is.

00:41:29--> 00:41:33

That All praise belongs to Allah, and He is the Lord of everything.

00:41:37--> 00:41:38

This the first verse,

00:41:40--> 00:41:42

the second verse,

00:41:45--> 00:41:52

after Allah subhanaw taala instilling this affirming and informing us of what and who Allah subhanaw taala is.

00:41:54--> 00:41:57

He says that he's a pinata is

00:42:01--> 00:42:02

that with

00:42:03--> 00:42:07

all praise belonging to him, and him being the lord of everything.

00:42:09--> 00:42:15

No matter what title is given to any muckleneuk any creation, that light is the Lord of them.

00:42:17--> 00:42:22

He then mentions to us and informs us to have his most beautiful names,

00:42:23--> 00:42:26

that He is the Most Merciful, the Most Beneficent.

00:42:29--> 00:42:33

So they brings within yourself immediately, there's a balance.

00:42:35--> 00:42:44

Just as when that person they told you, this is someone so privates, private land, but it's okay for you to walk on it today. Okay,

00:42:45--> 00:42:48

here was a loss of penalty, Allah telling us that he is allowable, I mean,

00:42:50--> 00:42:55

but he supernote Allah is with all of that power, which is limitless,

00:42:57--> 00:43:04

that He is the Most Merciful, the Most Beneficent that there is none more merciful

00:43:06--> 00:43:07

than he subhana wa Tada.

00:43:09--> 00:43:11

And when you combine

00:43:13--> 00:43:18

ultimate and perfect ownership, and lordship,

00:43:19--> 00:43:22

and at the same time perfect and limitless mercy,

00:43:25--> 00:43:32

then you understand, to some extent, to our, the extent of what a human can can comprehend,

00:43:33--> 00:43:35

who Allah subhanaw taala is.

00:43:37--> 00:43:49

Because when you understand with the creation, for example, when the creation is given some power, when the creation is given some dominion, how that they can abuse that

00:43:51--> 00:43:52

how they can oppress.

00:43:54--> 00:44:02

And no one has to question them if they're going to be merciful to whom or how they will be merciful, if they have to be merciful at all.

00:44:04--> 00:44:09

To them, they don't have to be because I'm not to be questioned, I cannot be challenged, because I'm in charge.

00:44:12--> 00:44:13

Where is

00:44:14--> 00:44:23

one who is given the ultimate power and at the same time has the ultimate and perfect mercy as well it can only belong to one and that is a loss of power.

00:44:25--> 00:44:29

And as we have spoken about the two names of Allah santella previously,

00:44:30--> 00:44:32

there is no need for us to go into great depth again.

00:44:33--> 00:44:44

Except that even Kathy Rahim, Allah tala, he mentioned this particular issue that I mentioned, of him instilling a heap and at the same time as well, a total heap.

00:44:46--> 00:44:47

And he mentioned a few verses,

00:44:49--> 00:44:50

while also panel to Allah

00:44:51--> 00:44:53

mentioned these two things about hope and fear.

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

The first example that he gives is in sort of a hedger

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

Verses 14 and 15.

00:45:03--> 00:45:06

where lots of panels Allah says in a bit a birdie unni Anelka for

00:45:07--> 00:45:14

inform my servants my slaves, that I am a law for all our Rahim

00:45:16--> 00:45:19

what another be who will other limb

00:45:20--> 00:45:24

immediately after and that my punishment is a very painful

00:45:25--> 00:45:29

punishment. Those two things these two are mentioned

00:45:32--> 00:45:33

also in sort of an

00:45:34--> 00:45:40

inverse 165 Allah subhanaw taala says in a burqa sorry earlier

00:45:41--> 00:45:49

Indeed Allah subhanaw taala is quick and hasty when it needs to be there was a punishment to be given or in noho LA for writing

00:45:50--> 00:45:55

and that History panel down is also allow for an outline.

00:46:01--> 00:46:02

So these two verses he mentions,

00:46:04--> 00:46:10

which is a sort of Legends for Rotterdam he also mentions even casiotone mo la Hadeeth which is in Sahih Muslim

00:46:12--> 00:46:17

image and Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Hadith, narrated by Abu hora hora de Allahu anhu

00:46:19--> 00:46:21

that interview sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,

00:46:23--> 00:46:24

lo yeah Allah movement,

00:46:26--> 00:46:30

if the believer in you, ma in the law him in an akula

00:46:31--> 00:46:36

if he knew what there was with Allah subhanaw taala into in terms of punishment,

00:46:38--> 00:46:40

that he would have no hope for the gentle.

00:46:43--> 00:46:57

wallow your animal character, and if the disbeliever knew more in the law, he may not Rama, if he knew was with the last panel in terms of mercy, he would never despair disbeliever would never despair from the mercy of a lost pounder

00:47:02--> 00:47:03

in English Arabic.

00:47:04--> 00:47:04

Yeah.

00:47:07--> 00:47:08

The Hadees

00:47:09--> 00:47:19

is that the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam said that if the believer knew what was with a law, in terms of punishment, he would never have any hope for his gender.

00:47:21--> 00:47:30

And if the disbeliever knew what was with a lie in terms of mercy, he would never have any despair, from or for his mercy.

00:47:35--> 00:47:36

So this is our man.

00:47:42--> 00:47:44

We'll take one more first, and then we'll stop with

00:47:48--> 00:47:48

the next verse.

00:47:50--> 00:47:52

Maliki only Dean

00:47:56--> 00:47:57

Malik

00:47:58--> 00:47:59

is the owner.

00:48:00--> 00:48:05

It can also be recited Maliki, Maliki, oh, Dean,

00:48:06--> 00:48:09

which is the King.

00:48:10--> 00:48:17

This is why at times when you look at the translation, in other languages, at times you find it the Owner of the Day of Judgment.

00:48:18--> 00:48:20

You also find it the king of the Day of Judgment.

00:48:24--> 00:48:29

I remember a good A few years ago, when we were discussing with

00:48:31--> 00:48:35

some Christians, and they were saying, because they were talking about translations.

00:48:38--> 00:48:46

And they were saying, Well, you know, you have issues with translations of the Bible that we have. We have issues with the translation that you have.

00:48:48--> 00:48:53

On the one hand, it says owner and and then it says King, what is it?

00:48:55--> 00:49:00

Now for a person who is unaware that the air can be recycled in both ways.

00:49:02--> 00:49:21

And because it was cited in both ways gives you a different meaning. If you didn't know that, that may cause confusion to a person. However, the air can be cited both ways. Maliki and Maliki. He's apparently is the owner and the king, which again is perfection. And examples have been given to you before

00:49:23--> 00:49:25

that you might find a king who don't own very much.

00:49:26--> 00:49:29

And a person who owns a lot but has no authority.

00:49:31--> 00:49:32

But also Canada has both.

00:49:34--> 00:49:46

Allah subhanaw taala is and then the perfect and most complete sense, kingship over the whole dominion over the whole of the universe, the whole of the worlds and at the same time, he is the owner of everything.

00:49:48--> 00:49:59

Whereas with regards to a Hulk with regards to the creation, both are restricted. kingship and ownership is restricted.

00:50:00--> 00:50:02

It in that in many ways,

00:50:03--> 00:50:05

because there is no king of the world

00:50:08--> 00:50:24

there is no owner of everything. There's no owner of everything in the world. Everything is distributed, shared, watered down, you have a partial ownership. You have a partial kingship and that your ownership and that your kingship

00:50:26--> 00:50:35

has a beginning of the habido Wallonia has a beginning had a beginning and for sure will have an end.

00:50:37--> 00:50:39

Whereas the kingship and the ownership

00:50:41--> 00:50:42

of what

00:50:44--> 00:50:45

why y'all Medina

00:50:47--> 00:50:49

why the Day of Recompense?

00:50:52--> 00:50:59

Allah so panel done is already mentioned in verse number one, the History panel to either is Rabbil aalameen.

00:51:01--> 00:51:04

That he is the owner of the world's

00:51:06--> 00:51:10

the old world that we are living in now. LTM hasn't happened yet.

00:51:11--> 00:51:18

But I'll also point out in verse number three now is telling us that likewise, as he said penalty mentions in verse number one,

00:51:19--> 00:51:23

that he is the owner of all of the words now.

00:51:25--> 00:51:29

When the day recompense Yeoman, he said

00:51:30--> 00:51:34

the day of accounting that he's paneled, either his kingship, his ownership

00:51:37--> 00:51:45

is there as well. It's not restricted to the here and now why things are happening. It's eternal.

00:51:46--> 00:51:50

Allah subhanaw taala is kingship and ownership didn't begin.

00:51:52--> 00:51:54

When he began creating una

00:51:56--> 00:52:03

Allah subhanaw taala. His ownership and creation of ownership and kingship of everything will not end when this world ends.

00:52:06--> 00:52:10

Was he alcoholic? Was he the creator before he created the heavens and the earth?

00:52:11--> 00:52:13

Or did he become alcoholic?

00:52:16--> 00:52:21

Question did he become the creator when he created the heavens and the earth? No.

00:52:24--> 00:52:30

He was always at Japan or Thailand which has no beginning and will have in his power will have no end.

00:52:32--> 00:52:38

So Allah spawn tada informs us in verse number three, that he is the owner of Yomi Dean

00:52:39--> 00:52:48

the day of a dean the day recompense the day where every human being every McCulloch will be given their account.

00:52:58--> 00:53:01

So al Malik, Malik and Malik.

00:53:08--> 00:53:10

Now, the word Malik the owner,

00:53:12--> 00:53:14

is is taken from

00:53:15--> 00:53:16

something which could milk

00:53:18--> 00:53:18

ones

00:53:20--> 00:53:22

possessions or ownership of, of something.

00:53:28--> 00:53:30

Allah Subhana Allah says in Surah Merriam

00:53:33--> 00:53:34

in verse number 14,

00:53:36--> 00:53:38

as well as in Sora Xs

00:53:40--> 00:53:42

call will be Robin nurse.

00:53:44--> 00:53:50

What's the next worst mannequin nurse? There's not just one place in court and this mentioned

00:53:51--> 00:54:00

at the beginning of the Quran, and the very end of the Quran, Allah, Allah tenza tells us that He is the King suparna.

00:54:07--> 00:54:17

So the fact even Kashi Rahim Allah He mentions, just because he subpanel to Allah mentions that he is the king of the Day of Judgment, doesn't mean that he's not the king of anything else. You're not to understand that of course.

00:54:22--> 00:54:23

But it is a day

00:54:24--> 00:54:32

when nobody nothing will be able to speak except if Allah subhanaw taala gives them permission.

00:54:34--> 00:54:38

Allah subhana wa Tada. He says, In surah two never

00:54:43--> 00:54:55

would you know, maybe no sort of Imam Maya said, the end of the verse. In verse number 38 a loss or penalty Allah says, yo moto Maru one acre to suffer.

00:54:57--> 00:55:00

That day when jabril and Amanda aka the angel

00:55:00--> 00:55:02

They will stand in rows

00:55:03--> 00:55:06

later kalamoon no one will speak

00:55:08--> 00:55:10

nothing will speak later kelderman in

00:55:11--> 00:55:13

otherland ohana

00:55:14--> 00:55:16

except whom the Most Merciful gives permission

00:55:24--> 00:55:29

so many meaning is also mentioned in Surah two hood in verse number 105

00:55:36--> 00:55:43

so he's a penalty Allah is the king and the owner of yom a dean Yomi Dean

00:55:44--> 00:55:44

the day

00:55:47--> 00:55:50

a day what 24 hours when we say yom

00:55:51--> 00:55:53

when we say day because yo means day?

00:55:54--> 00:55:55

Does it mean 24 hours?

00:55:56--> 00:55:58

Does it mean 1000 years?

00:56:00--> 00:56:03

Does it mean 50,000 years

00:56:05--> 00:56:13

the History panel to either however long that day is that he is the king and the owner of that day a dean when

00:56:15--> 00:56:17

meaning what Dean here Meaning what?

00:56:22--> 00:56:24

In Edina and the law he

00:56:25--> 00:56:25

and Islam

00:56:27--> 00:56:28

sort of a moron a dean meaning

00:56:30--> 00:56:31

the only religion

00:56:32--> 00:56:35

accepted to a loss is Islam.

00:56:36--> 00:56:44

So, a loss of penalty is the king or the Owner of the Day of religions. Is that what it means no.

00:56:45--> 00:56:57

A Dean here because of course when you look at the you see the Arabic language is a very deep and rich language. A Dean here means a high SAP it means the accounting

00:57:04--> 00:57:09

and even casier why Malta he mentions versus supporting this.

00:57:10--> 00:57:12

For example, you mentioned the verse in

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sort of the North

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while also penalty Alice's yo ma ad your fee him Allahu Dena Humala.

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On that day, Allah will pay them Dino recompense, recompense of their deeds of the deeds, as a sort of to note in verse number 25.

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Also in sort of saw fit in verse number 53,

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where lots of contact also says concerning the issue in Loma de Lune. Shall we be raised up to receive our punishment or reward any recompense Are we going to be asked about these issues?

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He also mentions

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an aeration

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which is found

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when Wu sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Okay useful Mandarin enough so, well, I'm a lemma about Adele mote.

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Well Amina Lima about the note that the wise one is the one who reckons himself then then enough so

00:58:35--> 00:58:53

he takes account of his own self. Again the usage of this hadith is why is to support and clarify the meaning of Deen derner nessa who means he took account of his own self, well Amina Lima badminton that he did works for his when he when he dies for the future.

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And also I'm going to borrow the Allahu taala and who

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he said

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hold yourself accountable before you are held accountable her Cebu forsaken covenant to

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hold yourselves accountable before you are taken to account and weigh yourselves before you are weighed. and be prepared for the biggest gathering before he whose knowledge encompasses your deeds.

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And the verse mentioned he mentioned he oma in tour Auto donella mean

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that they shall be brought to the judgment not a secret of yours will be hidden. Nothing will be hidden

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and he will stop using only Taylor