Tom Facchine – Allah’s Month of Muharram

Tom Facchine
AI: Summary © The importance of time is discussed in the Islamic calendar, with the numbers and dates being important for determining when to count time. Fasting is also crucial for affirming the presence of Moses, and the community of Muslims have experienced similar experiences. The importance of fasting is emphasized, with caution being taken when dealing with complicated situations. There is also a discussion on the history of Al Hussein's actions, including his use of shelling and the importance of respecting different opinions among oneself.
AI: Transcript ©
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yeah you hola Rena I'm an otaku la ha ha Katya Katya he was moved on in our anti Muslim Moon Yeah, are you Hannah Sakura Docomo Allah the Holika min naps in Wahida well hold up Amin has Oh Jaha What about some in Houma region Cathy wrong one is WhatsApp. Hola Hola, Rita. Luna b He will our ham in Allaha Cana Alikum Raptiva Yeah, are you Hallelujah Amen Oh taco La La Kulu colon sadita Useless ACOEM our Malecon young fella come on over come. What may? Allah wa Sula who for call affairs if I was on our Lima from Mr. Mustafa Hadith he Kalam Allah, or acts on a heavy heavy Mohammed in sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was Sharon Morimoto. Welcome LaMotta 13 Betta Nicola Dotson Bala.

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Today marks the second day of the Islamic month of Muharram.

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In our time and place here in Utica, in the United States, it's easy to let the days go by without noticing the changing of the Islamic months. Ramadan is probably the time of year where we become most aware of the moon and its phases. But then after Eid, we lose track again until the beginning of the hedger and the time before the next day.

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After a battle of HA, which is now most of us become oblivious to the Islamic months until the following Ramadan.

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This makes sense. We live in a society that marks time differently. All our deadlines and appointments. Our bills and our pay days are all on a different calendar.

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That calendar, the solar calendar, lets us predict what's going to come next. it orients us

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and while there's nothing wrong with ordering our worldly life, according to the conventional solar calendar, we have to realize that by losing track of the Islamic calendar, we're missing out on our spiritual orientation.

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Without knowing the Islamic dates, it becomes more difficult to know when the recommended fasting days are coming.

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Islamic history can't be remembered or celebrated because the days passed by unnoticed. Allah subhana wa Tada ordained the Islamic calendar for our spiritual orientation.

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If we can manage to order our spiritual lives, according to that calendar, we will feel closer to Allah.

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Allah says in Surah Yunus hola the agenda shumsa will come on on ora naka de la Humann as Isla laytown mo either the CDN or ASAP. It is He Allah who made the sun as a shining lights and the moon as a reflected light and determined for its phases. So that you may know the number of years and the accounts of time. Even Kathir explaining this idea he says when a law says determined for its Allah was talking about the moon, because we mark the days by the sun, and we mark the months and years by the moon. Here Allah uses what's called Lana Talia lays out Nemo to indicate the reason that Allah made the phases of the moon. He made them so that we could use it to mark time and to count the

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months. Allah says Similarly in Surah Tober in the Tasha hurry and Allah Hefner ash

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Russia, V Kitab Illa Yama follow up Osama YT well out bombing her orbera to and from that he could Dino time fella totally Morphe in full circle. Indeed the number of months to Allah is 12 lunar months in Allah's register since the day he created the heavens and the earth. Of these four months, four of them are sacred. That is the correct path, so do not wrong yourselves during them.

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Allah tells us here that our lunar Islamic calendar isn't something newly invented for the Nation of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Rather, it has always been used. It has always been the way that Allah has ordered and counted time. Since the moment Allah created the heavens and the earth.

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By observing this calendar, by observing this order, we're counting time the way that Allah intended us to. We're bringing ourselves in harmony with Allah's creation.

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Allah mentioned something else significant in this verse. Not all of these months are equal.

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Some of them have a special importance. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa salam explained this during his Farewell Pilgrimage, he said, Certainly time has continued in its present form. Since the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. There are 12 months in a year. Four of them are sacred. Of those four, three are consecutive, back to back, the little bother. But hija and Mahara. And then there's Roger, which falls between Jumada and Siobhan. In another narration of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam added, he said, so don't wrong yourselves in these months. This statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, as well as the previous ayat tells us that

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sins committed during these months, these sacred months are more severe than sins that are committed at other times of the year. The School of Imam Shafi actually increases the amount of blood money that has to be paid in compensation for manslaughter is committed in one of these four months. So the stakes are high.

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Not just because sin is even more dangerous in the sacred months, but also because the sacred months usually have opportunities to erase sin, that the other months simply don't have. This past month, we not only had either. We had the first 10 days of the ledger, and we had the day of fasting on Yamanaka

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on the 10th day of this month, Mahara which happens to fall on August 29. Mark your calendars. We have Ashura.

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The primary significance of Ashura is the significance that had during the life of the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam albacore Bukhari collected a hadith that he put in his sahih that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came to Medina, he found the Jews they're fasting on this day, the 10th of Muharram. He asked them why. And they replied that this was the day that Allah had saved them from Quran that he had saved them from Pharaoh. This was the day that Allah had drowned Pharaoh and his army in the sea. The Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam then turned to his companions, and he said unto him, a Huck will be Musa Minho for Su. He said, You all are more

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deserving of Moses, than they are so fast.

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In another Hadith in Sahih, Muslim the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, let in the key to in a common law, so men Natasha, if I were to live to see the next one, meaning the next Muharram, I would fast the ninth as well, in addition to the 10th.

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In addition to showing that fasting on the ninth and the 10th of Muharram, is recommended. These two Hadith taken together, show us the proper balance, that a believer has to strike in affirming what is true from other religions, yet at the same time, distinguishing ourselves from them.

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By fasting like the Jews on our show, we affirm the truth of Moses as a righteous messenger of Allah

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by expressing his desire to fast an extra day. In addition to that

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As the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam sought to make us different. And so we too, we don't erase or hide the differences between us and other groups or other religions. We don't pretend that absolutely everything is the same. But we also don't automatically reject whatever comes from other traditions. In doing so, we might unknowingly be rejecting part of our own tradition. What is the reward for fasting Ashura? So Allah and Sami Yomi Ashura thought you can fiddle Sena Amalia, the prophet civilize Saddam was asked, what's the reward for fasting this day, the 10th of Ashura? So he said it erases the sins from the previous year Akula Cody ha That was tough it Allah Lee welcome

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what he said and must be meaningful to them. First up Pharaoh who in the hood of all Rahim.

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Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Ashraful MBI. One more study in Vienna awkward watching Muhammad, Allah He offered a surah was kept asleep

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after the death of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. As history unfolded, Ashura took on new meaning. In the year 61, after the Hijrah, Al Hussein, the companion and grandson of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was murdered at Karbala.

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There are scholars who say that we shouldn't talk about these events.

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The idea is that if we avoid talking about the disagreements that happened between the Companions, then we will preserve their honor. And we will not put the average Muslim in a position where he feels like he needs to pick sides.

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And while that might be appropriate for people whose only source of Islamic history is their Imam, today, we live in a time and a place where we are flooded with false information and propaganda 24 hours a day, seven days a week. So if the Imam doesn't talk about what happened on that day,

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then people are just as likely to get their information somewhere else.

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This community in particular, is a place of unique and rich diversity Look around you. If we learn how the Companions navigated their differences,

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then we will to learn how to deal with our differences right here in our community.

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We can't deprive ourselves, the lessons of our own history, and what it has to teach us. What follows is taken entirely from Sierra ILM and Ebola.

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The 30 volume book of Imam, the Hubby, one of the famous scholars of our ummah. He tells that shortly after Ali Radi Allahu Anhu was assassinated. His son Al Hasan, handed over the Khilafah the leadership to more eylea Radi Allahu Anhu.

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He did it in order to stop the fighting that was happening between the Muslims.

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But not everyone was happy with Al Hansen's decision. At the same time, the people from Kufa, which is a city in Iraq, wrote a letter to Al Hussein, asking him to come to Iraq and to revolts against malaria. But Al Hussein refused.

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Wow, yeah, actually wrote a letter to Al Hussein, around the same time, said he, this is what he said. He said, Certainly he whom Allah has given authority is worthy of staying in authority. I have been informed that a group from Kufa has invited you to revolt against me. You have already had experience with these people. They ruined your father and your brother. So fear Allah, and remember your brother's agreements with me?

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I'd have seen wrote a letter back. So where are we at? He said, I got your letter. And I remain to the contrary of the news that has reached you. I do not want to fight you, nor differ from you.

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10 years pass an Al Hussein that has excuse me al Hassan dies. More Alia later makes his Sunday as either the successor to the philosopher, and he made everyone pledge allegiance to yours either before his death Malala on his deathbed, he has advice for his son as he he says to him, Look after Al Hussein, for he is truly the most beloved person to the people.

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Treat his father

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I'm really well and be gentle with him.

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When the iwi have finally passed away, Al Hussein and Abdullah even Zubair refused to give their pledge of allegiance to us.

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The governor of Medina confronted them about it. And they said, give us some more time, we need to think about it was around the time of Hajj, and so they all went to Mecca with many other companions to prepare for the Hajj.

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When Al Hussein reached Mecca, again people from Kufa reach out to him they write him a letter, inviting him to come to Kufa to revolt against this time is Eid.

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This time Al Hussein agrees. He agrees to revolt against the XID. With their support.

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Many companions were aware of this entire situation. And so they wanted to advise Al Hussein what to do

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is eat himself had written a letter to Abdullah in an ibis, asking him to stop Al Hussein. And then our bass wrote back to you as Eid he said, I hope he's not leaving for anything that displeases you. I have not ceased advising him against it. Whenever and I best met up with her saying he said, Oh, son of Fatima. Where are you going? And her saying said to Iraq, and my supporters. Even at that said, I don't like this. You're going to the same people who killed your father. I think you will be killed tomorrow to among your women and daughters just as Earth man was killed.

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When Abdullah even Arma heard of Al Hussein's plan, he hurried he jumped on his mount to go catch up with him.

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When he caught up with him and then I'm gonna said to him, Where are you going? At her saying replied to Iraq, either on or pleaded with him. He said don't go to them. At her saying gestured, he had a large stack of papers with people's names on it the names of the people who have pledged their allegiance to him. He said here is that are their pledges to me, if at all replied, certainly Allah gave his own messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a choice between this life and the hereafter, and he chose the hereafter. Certainly you are part of him.

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Allah has not taken this away from you, meaning the leadership except for your own good. So go back.

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And Hussein refused. And so I've been unlocked, hugged him and began to cry. And he said I leave you to the safekeeping of Allah. Later, even Armada would say his revolts overwhelms me because I learned a lesson from his father and his brother and I saw in the fitna between the Muslims and the people's deception towards these each other and tricking each other. That which made me believe that staying put was a better idea.

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But there were also companions that agreed with Al Hussein and encouraged him or agreed with him in principle to revolt against the XID but questioned how much the people of Iraq could be trusted. Abdullah Elena Zubair said to her saying, Where are you going? You're going to the same people who killed your father, and wounded your brother of Hussein replied to him, that he would rather be killed in Iraq than to see bloodshed in the heart of of Mecca.

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And for us, duck said to Abdullah in an honorable us, and Hussein has revolted. So what should we do? Abdullah bin Ahmed replied, I think you should go with him. For if you want the world, you will get it. And if you want the hereafter, well, you'll get that to

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the photostock left to join with him, but he didn't make it in time. He was stopped on the road when the news reached him that Al Hussein had been murdered.

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So are saying decides to leave for Kufa he brings his family and his companions. He had sent his cousin Muslim even our field ahead of him to secure the support from Kufa at that time, and our man even Bashir was the governor of Kufa and undermine was tolerant towards the people who opposed he has EADS rule. So he has He removed another man and gave his position to somebody else. This person's name is obeyed a lot, even Ziad maybe you've never heard of him, but he's a very important person to know to relate it to this story. He was the governor of Basra, another city in Iraq. So he has he'd sent him to Kufa to break up the revolt.

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VEDA laden Ziad was successful. In fact he killed Muslim Ibn IPL and the others who are coordinating the revolt from inside Kufa. For at Hussain

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the masses, the average people in Kufa, who had once sworn that they would fight with Al Hussein on his side and support him, started to lose courage.

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When these events started happening, instead of finding a way to oppose or beta LA, or to reach Al Hussein, they remained in their homes, abandoning Al Hussein and his family in their time of need.

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Therefore, the help never came.

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Al Hussein and his family were thus stranded and vulnerable.

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But Jose knew this. He realized what was going on and he gave everyone with him the decision. You can either leave or you can stay with me.

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Everyone decided to stay with her st.

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Or beit Allah ibn Ziad, He prepared an army led by another person that's important to the story perhaps you've never heard of before. His name is I'm not inside isn't available cos I'm on the son of Saturday, even ABI Waqqas

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I'm not even sad. I was tasked with tracking down Al Hussein and confronting him. Now Omar even sad, he was very reluctant to do this. He didn't want to fight Al Hussein. He pleaded with obey the law, even Ziad to not send them forth. But obey the law insisted and threatened him. If he didn't.

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I'm not even sides army soon and that's Al Hussein at Karbala.

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negotiations began between the two sides Al Hussein asked I'm not even sad to be allowed to go back. I know that inside readily agreed. This is what he had wanted. So he wrote a letter to his leader or beta law telling him about the agreement, but obey the law and then Ziad rejected it. He said, No, you can't let him turn back. You must apprehend him by force or obey the law. Even Ziad knowing that Omar was reluctant to do anything bad to Al Hussein. He sent someone else to make sure that the deed would be done. This person's name is the third person perhaps you've never heard of important to know his name. His name is Shiva. Shimon, the son of the ocean,

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he was sent to Karbala with strict orders. If I'm not even Saudi doesn't kill Al Hussein, than you are to kill Arma himself and finish the job.

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On the night of Ashura, Al Hussein gathered everyone with him and told them that it was likely that they would all be killed the following day.

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He tried to make a plan to use himself as a decoy, letting his family escape, but his family and companions refused to leave his side till the very end

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of her scene on the next day, he addressed Arman Eman Saad. He said, Don't be hasty for I swear by Allah. I didn't come here, except that I saw that the Sunnah had died. And that hypocrisy had grown and that the limits of Allah had been transgressed.

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So let us go to Kufa. Perhaps if you do, Allah will rectify the entire Ummah because of you.

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And if not, if you can't let us go there, then let us go back.

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Ask yourselves, does killing me seem right to you? Is my blood permissible? Aren't I the Son of your prophets daughter and cousin aren't Hamza and Allah Abbas and Jaffa my uncles? Haven't you heard the statement of the Messenger of Allah about my brother and I, that we are the leaders of the youth of paradise.

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But shimmer was there, and shimmer was the one that kept instigating the army to pursue Al Hussein. He said in front of everyone. He is pious, referring to Al Hussein, he is pious. Only when his life depends on

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on what I've been sad, said sadly, tell her saying, If only it was up to me

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of her saying reply to Rama. There will come a day. When this comes back against you. The people of Iraq have betrayed me and let me down and they will do the same to you.

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And her Saint tried one final time. He pleaded with the army. You won't accept from me something the prophets of Allah Azza wa sallam would accept from the idolaters if the idolaters wished to give a fight

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In the prophets of Allah Who said I'm would accept it.

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They said, No.

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He said, Then let me go home.

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They again said, No, he said, then let me go to yours Eid myself. They said no.

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Then a man from among them, brandished his weapon and attacked, and the fighting began.

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Among the martyrs that day,

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or her saints, four brothers, Jaffa, athlete, Muhammad and others, two others are saying sons, Ali Akbar and Abdullah, one of his sons, sons are awesome. They fought and fought, but most of the soldiers they were still afraid to do anything to Al Hussein himself.

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Once again, Shimon was there to instigate the army and push them forward. He demanded that they killed Al Hussein, until a man named CNN even honest enough, I

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approached her saying the stabbing him twice once in his collarbone, and once in his chest,

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and at her scene felt that

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I don't know if inside, the leader of the army said afterwards, a man never returned to his family with something more evil than what I returned with on that day. I had obeyed or obey the law, even Zia and I had disobeyed Allah.

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When he as he was informed of what had happened, he cried. And he said to his men, I would have been pleased if you had obeyed me without killing at her scene.

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When we study the events that led up to her scenes martyrdom, we can take many lessons.

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The most important of which is that not every disagreement is between truth and falsehood, sunnah and Bidda belief and hypocrisy.

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The companions have different opinions about the best way to handle us EADS rise to power. Some of the companions supported al Hussein's revolts, such as Abdullah even Ahmed in the US and other furrows duck. Some companions supported the idea of a revolt, but not the way that Hussein was about to do it, such as Abdullah Ivanov Zubair.

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And some companions were against the idea entirely, such as if an aroma and if not best, but no one at any point said, If you don't support my view, you're a Catholic.

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If you don't support my view, you're a deviant. You're a heretic, you're a hypocrite.

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And her strain never blamed him and Allah, or even our best

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for their refusal to join him. He didn't imply that the Companions who didn't support his revolts were on the same side as his enemies. He didn't imply that they had enabled the atrocities that they committed,

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nor that even or even advanced condemn Al Hussein. They understood his reasoning, and the validity of his interpretation of events.

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In fact, the only people in this entire story who adopted the attitude of there's no middle ground, the only people who implied the idea that if you're not with me, you're against me. Are the villains in the story are beta live and Ziad and Shimon,

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they're the ones that assumed that if Al Hussein didn't want to play it, pledge allegiance to z, that he must be at least a hypocrite, if not, someone who has left the fold of Islam entirely.

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Making everything into a black and white issue is very tempting. It's very appealing. It allows us to create clear sides, it demands simple obedience, and it shuts down any questions. But if the Companions can have different opinions about something as major as political remotes, then we can respect different opinions among ourselves, whether in politics, whether in fact, as long as our opinions fall within what traditional scholarship views is legitimate. We can't let our zeal for a cause even if that's a good cause, like promoting unity, or reviving the Sunnah allow us to villainize our brothers and sisters in faith, who see things differently than we do. And finally, we

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should be cautious when we hear anyone tried to take a complicated issue and make it seem like a simple choice between truth and falsehood. Allahumma Arenal Harper Harper was not going to tell ya

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What I didn't know about Tila belta What is it gonna just to Napa hola hola esta that's a been in a while as well as well, it hasn't been meaningful Rubina Allahumma Salli ala Muhammad Ali Mohammed canasa. Later Allah Ibrahim Ibrahim indica Hamid en Majeed Wildberry Carla Mohamed Ali Mohammed come out about Okta, Allah Ibrahim Ibrahim in the kehamilan Majeed Allahumma Eisele Islam one of Mercy mean what are the surecall? Mushrikeen? Well then there are the deen one so ridata can move meaning Allahumma Bilad al Islami Amina mocha my inner yeah Ramadan I mean all of whom have fallen Muslim in what minutes what mostly meanwhile Muslim ads and yeah even home Well, I'm what Yes, I mean, or do

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a Lahoma photo channel I mean, what the Dana I needed Medina in the amount of varna when multiple Muslim mean. Yeah, but I mean, well, after that wanna, I didn't hamdu lillah

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Allahu Akbar

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