Seekers of Knowledge 012 – Tafseer of Surah al-Qaari’ah
Channel: Tim Humble
File Size: 33.97MB
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah he was solina be you know Mohammed Wyler early he also he ajmeri we reach Sora through Korea.
Allah is that which has said a little Korea melchiorre wanna adore aka metal Korea
and Korea is
or this sort of sort of through Korea is a sort of that is macchia village mark. All of the scholars agree that this surah was revealed to the Prophet Salalah while you were sent them before the hijra, while he was in monka Sala La La he was in them.
And as for the name of Korea,
I will Korea is one of the names of yomo piano of the Day of Judgment Day of Resurrection.
And I don't know if you've thought about it. We spoke already in the class about the names of the Hellfire when we did soul to humans that we spoke about the names of the hellfire. We talked about jahannam jehane. And then hooked on the different names of the Hellfire and now many different names. And we said it's a good thing for you to research and remind yourself the different names that are like give Jana. So in this surah we have a different name for yom Okayama a different name for the Day of Judgment. So again, the day of judgment has different names.
From the names of the Day of Judgment we have we're going to come to a poem, a Saha. We're going to come to elk, Yama, Yama, Deen, all of these are names of the Day of Resurrection. And one of the names of the Day of Resurrection is Korea.
And why is it called El Korea? What does it
A Korea is a name for a calamity, a severe calamity a masiva.
And that's why the Arabs they say fula known naza Let's be here, Korea. This person, a big calamity happened to him.
A big calamity happened to him, say a party I happened to him. And it said linguistically, because
and I'll find the right word for it. I did find it before but I lost the word in English that I had a very good word for. for it, I will find it now.
It said a little Korea, because it will smite the the disbelievers with punishment. Like it will strike them with punishment. That's one of one of the things that why they said it is called a little Korea because it will strike the disbelievers with a punishment. And it said because it will strike fear into the hearts. It will strike fear or it will strike the hearts or strike fear into the hearts. That's another reason why it's called elkaar. But the main thing here is that the word cardiac is used for a severe calamity, a severe masiva that happens to a person.
And why is it that Allah azzawajal asked about el Korea or posed the question about Korea three times. I'll Korea metal Korea warmer either aka metal Korea
this year, this
repetition here or this question here. The scholars they say it is little lean,
lean, lean, because of the severity of it. It's repeated these three times. It's repeated these three times this huge calamity, what is the huge calamity and what will make you know what the huge calamity is?
Because of its severity, the question is posed again and again. And this is we've mentioned is a slope. It's a style of Arabic that the Arabs use when something is very, very severe. They repeat it and something is extremely serious. They repeat it so it's a style of Arabic to repeat it like that. I'll Korea
So here because the word party I can be used for a calamity in this in this life so the question comes Mel Correa, what is this huge calamity
warmer adara Carmel Korea
and what is this Striking Calamity?
What is this calamity that strikes?
So then Allah azza wa jal explains the calamity that he is referring to, and this is a kind of Tafseer Quran he will Quran explaining the Quran with the Quran that Eliza explains the kind of calamity or which calamity is being referred to the great calamity. The biggest one of all, yo mia kuno nasil CalHFA she'll remember source
it is the day on which the people will be
the people will be killed for lash
Faraj here refers to maths. That's one opinion of the scholars of Tafseer. They said that frosh refers to the month
and it is mega fouth. It's all scattered out, like scattered out.
moths, or dispersed moths all spread out everywhere.
Some of the scholars of Tafseer they said the word Faraj here is not specific to the month, but it means all of the little flying insects. So including the mosquitoes and the small things, the small flies, and the fireflies and these kind of small insects, they said it refers to all of them.
And why they said this is they said that in sort of karma, Allah said can home gerado Moon Tisha
like they are locusts that are being scattered or spread out. So they said that if we say the word Faraj refers to all flying insects, then these two ayat are the same.
These two is Kal Faraj and member foods, like the moths that are spread out cannon gelato and Moon Tasha, like they are the locusts that are
spreading out, both are the same, both refer to the same thing.
However, the most famous tetsuro, the one that is most common for for us is the moth is to say that it is specifically
it's specifically the mouth. So if it refers to the mouth.
First of all, there are a couple of features or things about the mouth that we want to pay attention to. The first thing is that the moth is attracted to the fire and the light is one of those animals that if you hang a light a lamp out, it will keep on hitting the lamp.
And it falls into the fire. It's an animal that if you have it's an insect, if you have a fire, it comes near to the fire and then sometimes it gets itself burned and it falls into the fire.
So this statement,
it shows the way the people will be on the day of judgment that the people will be lost, that the people will be scattered, that the people will be moving from place to place without any guidance, because that's how the month is right. It just goes around that the people will be scattered out and dispersed that the people some of them will fall into will fall into the fire in the way that the moths fall into, into the fire.
And here cannon Jordan tashia.
Again, this refers all sorts of the fact that they are motor recall they all dispersed and separated from each other and that they are also not together. In other words, there is no Alliance or allegiance on that day. There is no people coming together, like helping each other out. They're like the moths that are scattered. One month doesn't go with the other one. They don't fly together like in twos or threes or groups. Instead it's just they're scattered. Nobody is helping anybody else. Nobody is supporting anybody else because of the severity of that day.
Then Allah azza wa jal told us what's her Kunal Ji Bell okell A Neil men fouche
and the mountains they will be kelurahan la him
It is a safe rule
and the mountains in the Quran yomo Kiana are described with different different ways. They described as that as if they are
an E as if they are crushed as if they are
as if they are
moving as if they are like moving like the clouds. There are many descriptions of the mountains, Yom okay and so as we go through the Tafseer also, we want to, to think about that the different descriptions that the Quran gives for the mountains, yomo Kiana.
And here, Allah azzawajal gives the description that they are killing a man foosh they are like wool,
and the wool is men foolish.
And they said here that the word men foolish, it means kucera that happy What time is it started to get broken up and he started to like to lose its its strength. So it's not like the wool that you find in the in the knitting world which is all tied up together. But like frayed wool, that is it that perhaps is a good translation, like wool that is frayed, it's about to break apart. And this is one of the signs of the severity of the Day of Judgment. Because if you think about it, these mountains which are the strongest things that we have on this earth, and Allah made them like pegs and they hold the earth together, and they are like huge and firm, if the mountains are turned into
frayed will, if the mountains become just dispersed into nothingness into dust. This is something which shows us the severity of that day, which is yom Okayama.
And some of them said that it refers to colored wool.
It refers to colored wool only this is the opinion of Nigeria. And a group of the scholars Rahim Allah that I lay in it is a source al Mohler one
is that is the the guide rule. But in any case, these opinions are all Close,
close together. And it's also any tells us about the mountains and eventually the mountains will be as if they are a mirage, they will Allah subhanaw taala will completely destroy them as the this is a part of yom Okayama part of the Day of Judgment. Then Allah azza wa jal told us about the people and their deeds, analyzer which has said for a moment that Colette mela xeno for whoever you're initiating role here, as for the one who's malware, Xen or heavy
First of all, the word mozillazine here, there are two different opinions about it. One is that the word mela Xen is general meezan.
So it's the plural of the scales. So, Amazon is a scale and Morzine our scales. And we know that there will be scales yomo piano and these scales will be real, they will not be like imaginary or something like that, they will be a real set of scales.
And on these scales, things will be weighed.
And there are different things which will be weighed on the scales and no sooner they affirmed all of them, they affirm that the scrolls will be weighed, the scrolls will suffer,
that people have and the cedula that the scrolls and the books will be weighed
also the deeds will be weighed and
the deeds that a person does will be weighed. And likewise the people or some of the people will also be weighed all of these have evidences from them.
Have evidences from them in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu it He will send them for the different things that will be that will be weight. As for the people being weighed there is a hadith that a nodule assuming you are filmyzilla yomo Kiana fella is in wearing de la Hey Jenna harbor over
there will be a
Fat, Big Fat Man, on the day of judgment, a big heavy man who will be weighed on the scales, and his weight will not equal the wing of a mosquito in the sight of Allah, because he didn't do the good deeds that are weighty on the Day of Judgment, he didn't do the thing which really matters, which really has the weight.
As for the sort of endless agility, the, the scrolls and the books being weighed, then we have the Hadith of the pitaka of the man who will come with 99 scrolls as far as the eye can see. And then he will have nothing nor good deeds, except for a big talker, upon which is written La ilaha illAllah. And he will say, My Lord, what will this do against this, then all of the scrolls will be put on one side, and La ilaha illAllah will be put on the other side and La ilaha illAllah will outweigh the 99 scrolls of bad deeds, which were as far as the eye can see. So this is evidence that one of the things that will be weighed will be the, this the scrolls themselves the citylight themselves.
And as for the deeds being weighed, then this is
something which is proven in many of the ayat and most of the ayah talks about the deeds being weight.
And they will be weighed even as small as a mustard seed or atoms Wait for me, hmm is called as a rotten hiring era woman melamine call as rotten Sharon era, whoever does the equal of a seed, a small seed or an atom's weight of goodwill see it, and whoever does a small seeds worth of bad will also see it.
This is we've talked about the word mozillazine. Meaning means in the scales, however, there is another possible meaning for the word metazine. And that is gemo mo Zun. It's the plural of things that are wait. So here in this Tafseer it doesn't refer to the scales, whoever scales are heavy. The first one whoever's scales are heavy, whoever is me, Zan is heavy. ie it's the the good deeds are heavier than the bad deeds. Or the good scrolls are heavier than the good scrolls. So this is whoever's meezan is heavy, whoever scale. But some of the scholars have touchy they said marzin. Here, it means Mozu, whoever's things that are weighed or heavy, not the scales, but the things that
are weighed on the scales, ie LML, alhama, the deeds, whoever his deeds are heavy, whoever his deeds are heavy, so maybe it can refer to whoever scales are heavy. And it can also refer to whoever's deeds and actions are heavy,
heavy here, what does it mean? Sakina? What does it mean hear from an sakala, it doesn't mean that they are in themselves heavy, but it means that they outweigh
they outweigh, they are heavier.
They are arogya they make the scale go heavy on that side, compared to the say at the evil deeds and the bad deeds?
For who Effie a shatin? Are all the
this person is in a shatin? robbia?
Are you shooting RAW via
arratia here means that
he's living or she's living.
But what is the word araucaria mean here?
Because the word rovia is on the pattern. Fair enough.
So the scholars they had two opinions about the word robbia. And these don't contradict each other, by the way, like we saw. Remember, we said before in the classes, that most of the time the different opinions in Tafseer don't go against each other. So is it the scales that are heavy or the deeds that are heavy, it's the same, it's the same thing whether your scales are heavy or the deeds on the skills are heavy, it doesn't contradict the different opinion doesn't make it it doesn't clash with itself. Here also, some of them said roll the it means model D
BRAVIA, it means
model D meaning the person who is living this life
Yo da ha he's content with a cheese content with it.
Theory Shetty raw via living a life of contentment.
So the person is content, the person living that life whose scales were heavy, or whose deeds were heavy, that person is living a life of contentment, so content, pleased with everything. There's nothing more they could ask for.
The second opinion is that raw via
it is, as it as the word seems to be, as in it means ferula meaning
that the life itself
the life itself, is content. The life itself is content, what does that mean? Meaning that Allah has made that life
if you like, set out that life for the person to be exactly as they want it to be. So that life has no, there is no objection in it, there's no hardship in it. There's not there's nothing that the person finds difficult to do. Because the life itself is raw via its happy for what Allah has made it for, or its content for what Allah has made it for. And that's why some of them said that Raul Leah, it means Moncada, Leah, Leah, it means that it has been made for those people. Allah has made it subjugated and put it under control, so that it is exactly fitted for what those people want.
For who have Asiatic rodya, that person is in a life of contentment, and a life which has been made for them, which has been designed and created for them, which has in it everything that they want, and nothing is out of place, nothing is objective, nothing is fighting back. everything is as it should be. Everything is all there.
And as you see, these two opinions also don't contradict each other and you can bring them both together and say they're both true, the person is content. And the life is a life that Allah has created for them with everything fitting into place, everything is submitting to and designed around and created for the people who will be living that life. So it is more harder. It is a being Allah subhanaw taala and it is designed and created for the person that is living it. So there is no hardship there is no worry for them, there is no difficulty for them. Everything is easy. What am the man have FET mouse No. And as for the one who scales
have become light, meaning that their good deeds, the side of their good deeds are light, and their evil deeds are heavy. And again, we can say the same thing about memorizing it can refer to the scales, or it can refer to the things which are under skills. It can refer to enemies and or Alamos one and both are close to each other in meaning. So this is now going to tell us about the one whose scales are not heavy scales or light. In other words, the evil deeds and the sins have outweighed.
And here, this is where some of the scholars they used to say
they used to say war to the person whose individual things outweigh the things in 10s and 10s. What does that mean? That they're ones outweigh their 10s? Think about it for a second roll to the person waiting to the person who's once outweigh their 10s
whose ones outweigh their 10s the meaning of this is that your individual bad deeds are counted as one. Everybody Do you do is counted as one. Every good deed you do, what has to be actually and thirdly how it comes with 10 at least 1010 multiplied however
That 10 multiplied can be multiplied either RF in mobile iPhone to many other levels in certain deeds, how Allah wills allow will increase, but the minimum that Allah promises you is 10 How can somebody have 10 good deeds for every one deed, and one bad sin for every sin, and then have their sins be more than their
good deeds. And that is why they used to say war to the person whose ones outweigh their 10s or whose individual things outweigh their 10s outweigh their ashot
because it would seem like a person does all of these little good deeds, and they keep adding up, and they could end up with every day 1000 2000 10,000 because they keep on timesing by 10. And they keep doing as many small good deeds as they can lead to happier under menial marital vishay Don't belittle any good deed. And then he ends up with 1000s upon 1000s. How can he do that many sins in the day.
This is one of the things which gives you gives you hope. But on the other side, we see many people who will do that. So we have to be careful with ourselves, we have to remember that sometimes we're doing sins that we don't even think about. Sometimes we're doing sins that we didn't even reflect about.
So it's a serious issue. It's not a light issue.
But we should Allah has with so much mercy Allah has given us that our good deeds way 10 and our sins only way, only way one. So we have it an easy
Eliza gel has given us a mercy and an ease that our good deeds are multiplied by 10. And our sins are only kept as they are.
So we should be from those people who strive that our good deeds outweigh our bad deeds.
What a man hustler Hartford MOA xeno, for own mobile, how we are.
This is a little bit of a difficult one for translation. Because this statement for our own mobile hardware, so what we'll do, we'll take two different opinions and we translate them each one by one in shop. So the first one for all who have here is that the meaning of only here remember we when we said sort of 30 how we translated the meaning of Omar Khurana or multitap that the word on in the Arabic language obviously we know the word on generally in spoken it means mother but here also has a bigger meaning, which is that the word is used for everything which something goes back to it's going to go back to its origin. And likewise,
it goes back to things which are very important of great importance also, we use the word we use the word on.
here then, for Omaha, we are there are a couple of different opinions. One is that the meaning of omo Who here
is that it means Omar Ross,
it means the the the most prominent part of the head,
it means in the Ross meaning at the mouth like the brain
or the top of the head, the crown of the head may be the crown of the head, the peak of the head
and how we are here, if it means the peak of the head, it means that it is how we be O'Meara sihi phenol regenda that this person will be thrown or will be cast down into jahannam headfirst
for all Mojave
his his head or his demeanor, his mind his brain or the crown of his head, he will be thrown down and cast down into jahannam on his head.
And this or something similar to this was said by the Ibis and it Karima and Qatada and others. cortada. He said, Yeah, we've been nearly an hour see he, he said he will be cast down into the fire on his head.
And I will soiler he said, Yeah, wouldn't it be nice to see him they will be cast down
headfirst into jahannam.
And the second meaning here is that the own here, it refers to like we said what everything goes back to
So that the word omo who here means his destination Matt Well, who the place where he's going to, he's going to be there forever. For all Moo hoo how we
move how we are meaning that it is the Hellfire that will be his destination.
Meaning there is no malware and malware, Allahu la Roja, there will be no other place that this person is going to reside other than the fire. And that one of the names of the fire is and how we
Anil how we are here, if it's a name of jahannam if one of the names of jahannam is and how we are, according to the statement that I'm here means the fire, meaning that his own move or not? Well, the place is going back to for Omaha where the place is going back to is the hardware. Then here the hardware, it is the if you imagine two mountains, the gap in between the big, like a big hole or a big chasm that you look down and you can't see the bottom like you climb on top of two mountains. When you look down, you can't see the ground. This is what the Arabs call how we
that this is a how we're meaning a chasm a huge like pit, or a huge area that goes down from where you have two mountains and the gap in between. This is called how we're like a chasm, a huge chasm, or a huge valley where you can't see the bottom. And that's true of janin because we know that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said about a sound that came and he said it was a stone that was falling into jahannam since 70 years, and he didn't reach the bottom.
So buried in a hurry for 70 years, it was falling in jahannam it didn't reach the bottom.
So jam is not like the fire that people see in this life. Where you think about like a small, like a pit or a small space where you put the fire inside
something which is cast, it's it's cast. Yeah.
It's thrown into jahannam it takes 17 years to reach the bottom
70 years before it reaches the bottom. And that's why jahannam is called El Hawa the chasm, the pit the huge area which there is no bottom you feel like it's bottomless like a bottomless pit has no bottom but it has it's just that like the Prophet size him said it was falling into jahannam 70 years it didn't reach the bottom
for all Moo ha we are so either it means he will be thrown into jahannam on his head or by his head. So his head first falling into Johanna or it means that his return and his place of abode and his place of living now after that will be and how we will be Janna will be the fire the castle
wanna either our camera here
and what will make you know what it is?
How will you know what it is? And how we are this is when how we are refers to Jana. Now on Hermia it is a fire which is blazing and here
here hi Mia.
It means shady that will harm
how we are to learn that the fuel is burning very hot.
And that is why we find in a hadith that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he said steketee now in our obeah for quality are up Akela bow de Baba
the fire complained to Allah the Hellfire said my lord parts of me are eating other parts burning up other parts from the severity of the heat is so hot that parts of me are destroying other parts.
Then Allah azza wa jal for adding Allah pnfs saying, Allah azzawajal allowed the Hellfire two breaths. Neff Hassan, fishy Tao one Fs one for safe
the profit sighs and he said for a shed do murta g do an F a*a Eman, Baldy. Ha what I should do Moto G do an F is safe.
How to rehab. He said that this the worst cold you feel in the winter is from Johanna. And the worst heat that you feel in the summer is from Johanna. So the Jana was given two breaths, one breath to let out the heat in the summer, and one breath to let out the cold in the winter. So the severity you feel from the cold is from the cold from the breath of Johanna. And the severity you feel from the heat is from the heat of janome. And this is something that we don't see or we don't perceive ourselves, we can't perceive it. We believe in it because the Prophet size M told us that it is true.
Because the prophets I'm told is it's true in the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim.
But we don't know how that happens. Like we don't understand how it happens. We just note as the Prophet slicin said that the heat of the summer is from the breath of jahannam the worst heat not any heat in the summer. The worst heat, the unbearable heat is from the heat of Jana, the breath of Jana, and the unbearable cold in the winter is from the breath of Jana.
This also tells us that the Hellfire exists today
and that it's not something that will exist yamaki it exists today. That's one of the evidences that exist today and the Prophet size alum told as many evidences for that. That's what Allah made easy for us dimension analyzer General's best. Wa Salatu was Salam RB Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri Jazakallah, Henan for watching, please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com