Buloogh al-Maram – The Book of Fasting 04 – Hadeeth 530-531
Channel: Tim Humble
Series: Tim Humble – Buloogh al-Maram
File Size: 13.96MB
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hamdulillah Hello Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Abdullah what a soli Nabina Muhammad wa ala he also happy edge mine. Welcome to another explanation of some of the ahaadeeth of Bulu almarhum. Now because I am away from the masjid over the next few weeks, these classes probably aren't going to go out live, we might get one or two live depending on the situation and the circumstances but this is actually a pre recorded version of the class that's going out and also, it's quite likely the classes will be quite a bit shorter than usual. The reason we are continuing them even though I'm not in the usual place, is because of the fact that we're trying to finish ketosis before
Ramadan starts and shot a low tide and that's the goal and that's the aim. We ask Allah azza wa jal for his tofield
the Hadith that we have today is the Hadees of hafsa. Oman, what mean what and half sorta meaning robiola who and her and in Nabi sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a Nepal Muslim ubu to Sienna Pablo February philosophia Mela Raja Hamsa were Merlin nessa you were touring with you in a total gesture walk? Total jishu aqui also how morpho and Jose mal Wagner headband.
This hair is the highlight of half certain women in LA Viola and her the Prophet slice alum said whoever did not intend
and he didn't let you be it. He didn't intend
the fasting before Fajr there is no fast for him. This is narrated by the five that is us harbor sunon and Muslim lmm Ahmed
and unnecessary and ultimately lean towards it being more poof and it being the statement of hafsah rather than the statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam even Jose mandible huband declared it to be authentic model for and any authentic and attributed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and adaro cottony has the wording there is no fasting for the one who does not make it any obligatory upon themselves or obligated upon themselves in the nighttime.
These are how do you deal with intention in fasting, and that the fasting is not valid without intention.
And this can be taken first of all from the statement of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. In the morale vinyasa in the medical liberate man, our actions are judged according to intentions and everyone will have their award of what the intended
and there are two types of fasting there is obligatory fasting, which is the fasting of Ramadan, and the other fasting which is obligatory such as making up the fast of Ramadan, the fasting of Kufa
an oath the fasting of another an oath that was made making up for something and expiation, and there is swam. A total word, there is voluntary fasting and voluntary fasting is that which is not from those obligatory categories. So, as for the obligatory fast, it is only valid to make the intention before federal. So the intention has to be made before salado federal,
or before the advent of federal. Now, when we talk about intention, it's really important people understand what intention is, intention is not words that you say there's no need for you to stand there and say I love them in silver also more heavily on lecker mean variety, federal, or, you know, something like that there is no need for you to say all I'm going to fast this day, and I'm not going to break my fast and it's going to start at 500 and it's going to finish at moderate. There is no need for you to make any such intention like that. However, intention is an awareness of what you are about to do or an awareness of what you're doing. So you must be aware, prior to the Adana
fetcher that you are going to fast on that day. That could be before you go to sleep at night. Tomorrow, I'm going to be fasting, you're aware of it, you're conscious of it. It could be something that you do when you wake up. You wake up with a road because you're conscious that you're going too fast. It doesn't mean that at the time of the event of federal you have to be standing awake. You might have slept through the Atlanta fed
I woke up five minutes later. But before you slept before that, and at some point the previous night, before you went to sleep, as you woke up, you were conscious that you were going to be fasting that day, that consciousness and awareness has to take place before the event of failure for the fight at fasts, including the fasting of Ramadan.
As for the voluntary fast, that's going to be mentioned in a subsequent Hadeeth. So voluntary, fast, that doesn't mean you can eat and drink and then decide to fast. But if you had no intention to fast, and then later on, let's say 10 o'clock in the morning, you decide I haven't eaten anything, haven't drunk anything. It's a voluntary fast, let me fast today. There is no harm in that entire life of the voluntary fasten the Hadeeth are going to come
you know in that regard.
So it's not allowed for someone to wake up 10 o'clock in the morning and say, you know what it is I think I'm gonna make up a miss fast from Ramadan today, because making up the Miss fast from Ramadan is obligatory and obligatory fasts have to be decided upon, and the intention has to be made before the fasting time starts, which is to lower Alfredo Thani, the appearance of the true dawn, which is of course, the advent of fetcher.
Now here the question comes about, and this is something we will deal with, in sha Allah, Allah perhaps in more detail. But
let's say we're talking about the month of Ramadan, is it sufficient for a person to make a single intention to fast Ramadan? Or must there be every night a consciousness that tomorrow I'm going to be fasting next night? Yeah, tomorrow, I'm going to be fasting next night, tomorrow, I'm going to be fasting, or is it sufficient for a person to simply at the beginning of Ramadan to say, I'm going to be fasting the month of Ramadan, we're going to cover this perhaps in more detail later on in sha Allah, but we will mention generally that it is sufficient to have a single intention, as long as that fast is not broken by something. But if it's broken by travel, or if it is broken by sickness,
or something like that, then of course, restarting the fast. restarting the month is fasting, after travel after sickness that requires intention, of course, but generally speaking, it is sufficient for you, you hear that it's Ramadan, tomorrow, okay, I'm going to be fasting the month of Ramadan. That's your intention. You're aware, you don't have to say anything, you don't have to do anything special. But just be aware that you are going to be fasting the month of Ramadan. Now, when you wake up in the morning, your whatever time you wake up, before or after fetcher, the Adana feature, you're going to have that consciousness because it was made the night before that you walk up, aware
and conscious that you were going to be fasting Ramadan, the month of Ramadan during those during those days, yes, if you break your fast for any particular reason, and that could be something like travel or sickness, now you no longer have this kind of guaranteed intention that you're going to be fasting. So instead, what you have to do is when you're ready to resume your fast, perhaps a lady on her monthly cycle, when she's ready to resume her fast again before the event a photo she has to have made the intention here There comes another question, and that is what do you do if you hadn't made the intention? Let me give you an example of that. Somebody wasn't aware
that it's Ramadan tomorrow I
wasn't aware I had no idea that the month of Ramadan could be tomorrow they thought it was three days away. And they wake up you know, maybe after the event of federal Let's not say the administrator let's say they wake up after the event. 20 minutes after the event. They wake up as they getting ready for failure. Someone says to him You do know what's Ramadan today right. So Ramadan today, I had no idea. It's Ramadan today.
What should this person to
so once Ramadan is authentically reported, I as we mentioned in the last class through the sighting of the moon, you have to fast that day. But the day is not counted as a valid Ramadan fast, you must fast the day the person cannot eat or drink they cannot say Oh, let me just have a glass of water then I'll fast. That's it. You have to fast from the moment you were told you have to fast but that fast will not be counted. So it needs to be made up again. So you have to fast. Say for example, you received the news at two o'clock in the afternoon. You didn't realize, you know someone says to you, it's Ramadan, you do realize this Ramadan today, the person never knew. It's not like someone who
knew but then they just forgot in the morning. Somebody never knew it was going to be Ramadan.
They got the news this Ramadan, and they didn't have the intention. And so, what they will do is immediately know eating and drinking. The Fast will be continued until the nighttime until the time of Maghreb the advent of Maverick and they will not count that as a Ramadan fast. They will just count that as an obligatory fast they had to do it but it's not counted among the days of Ramadan, they have to make up another day from Ramadan afterwards, as for the wording of a double cottony
here, it mentions the word fuddled or you mentioned the verb relating to foreign so here foreign tells us that this refers to the fasting which is obligatory rather than the fasting which is
As for the wording of a double Courtney lousiana lemon lemmya fruit humann Elaine, the Miss mentions the word fault and therefore we understand that this refers to it's also the wording of it no matter where I'm allowed to add it. And this had Ethan shout out to Alex Heidi I'm sorry any both of the Hadeeth are so here morpho and resize and analyze with journals best that there is no fasting for the one who has not it has has not been made obligatory upon them from the night they have not a blood a blood made it obligatory upon themselves from the night. So this mentions the word obligatory. Now we're going to finish with the hadith of eyeshadow, the Allahu Ana and I shall not
be allowed to call it the Hala Allah interview sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Odetta young for Tyler holender comerciais
cornella call for in me he then saw in some attorney Yeoman alpha for Khulna or de Atlanta hasaan for Kyler and he fellow called aspire to saw even the actual Roma who Muslim
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brought the level and her she said, The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam came one day and he said, Do you have anything? I anything to eat? I she said, we said no. He said that in me. He then saw him on. In that case, I'm going to fast. This refers to the voluntary fasts. So we said the wording of a double cottony in the first Hadeeth informs us that this ruling of Nia before before the start of the fast refers to the obligatory fasts. As for the voluntary fasts, this refers to the or this can be taken from the Hadith in Sahih Muslim from the hadith of eyeshadow, the Allahu anhu for any he then sign in that case, I'm going to fast the prophets I some had not eaten anything,
you're not drunk anything. And instead when he asked, Is there any food and Ayesha? She said no, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in that case, I'm going too fast. So, he made his intention to fast after he realized there was no food, after he was told that there was more food in the house sallallahu alayhi wa sallam likewise also mentioned, she said then he came to us another day, we said, we have been given or dlnr haysom we have been given Haste, haste, it refers to a help a mix of something usually a mix of butter, and dates or something like that a mix of two things,
which are sort of combined together. Typically, for example, butter and dates. For Cod, he said, Show it to me, for I have woken up fasting I have, I have woken up with the intention to fast for akola and he ate. So this tells us the permissibility in the voluntary fast of choosing to break the fast
if a person wishes to, for example, if they're invited to food, or if they were intending to fast because they didn't think they had any food available and then find they find that food is available to them that is permissible for them to break their fast. So that's what we had for this particular class. It was a short class and also a pre recorded class. But in short, allowed to add we will try to get the live stream back up and going inshallah soon as possible. That's what Allah made easy for me to mention. And Allah knows best we want to remind everyone there are no tafsir classes at the moment and there are also no kids classes at the moment. And that's likely to continue until
Ramadan, where there might be some special classes and resuming properly after Ramadan. That's what Allah made easy for me to mention Allah knows best wa Salatu was Salam ala nabina Muhammad. While he was happy, he might just come along later on for watching. Please subscribe, share and you can visit Mohammed tim.com