Jumuah 3 January 2020
Channel: Tariq Appleby
File Size: 16.20MB
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went to a Masjid in India, and you came from Malaysia, you'd be surprised that the Imam did not recite the bus mala loudly. You'd be even more surprised that when he gets to one of bawling no one in the masjid says mean, then you'll be even more surprised that if you were praying for God behind him that he will not recite the Quran note. If you went to a certain place in South Africa, people do not eat shellfish, they consider it to be mcru disliked. But if you travel to my city in Cape Town, we eat shellfish and it's one of the greatest delicacies We not only think that it is not macro, but that it is Mr. hub that's a joke not not to be taken technically. So, you travel around
the world and you see that people when it comes to certain practices, there seems to be a range of opinions on certain issues. And that is a phenomenon that we went to spend the hood by talking about it will become very clear to us why that is the case. Why is it that certain are lemme I mean Imam Abu hanifa Rahim Allah gave us a certain issue a certain way. And Imam Shafi Rahim Allah, he sees things quite differently, because the question that would would have certainly come up is if they both had access to the same Quran, and they both had access to the same Sunnah. How could they possibly differ on their understanding of this issue? Now that is a very, it's a good question to
explore and Alhamdulillah you know, I teach a class on a Friday morning where we explore this exact topic. Why do these differences exists? But that's not the topic of our discussion. What I do want to give you at least access to is a book that was written by me Tamia Rahim Allah it's called the Roth early my lamb and Emmanuel RLM, the removal of brain blame from the great Imams, it's available online as a translation in PDF. And I hope that you will go back today inshallah with Allah download that PDF and read it because the book is divided into two halves, the first half deals with the reasons why the scholar is different. And the second half of the book deals with why we cannot hold
our lemma in contempt or hold them, view them in, in any any negative sense because of the disagreement that they have. So I recommend that and I hope that you will read it today inshallah, tada, what I want to talk about is something that is more disturbing. And that is that today we have this phenomenon in the Muslim world, where people are using the differences between the AMA as a justification for the very large a fee, you know, lackadaisical attitude towards the Sharia. So someone will when you say to someone, that that's how wrong they say no, but there's a difference of opinion on this issue rather, and then you'll tell that person but the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa
sallam said, or that Allah subhanho wa Taala says in the Quran, they'll say no, but just so and so who lived many centuries ago, he was of the opinion that this is permissible, and they don't, this is the issue. They take that statement of that scholar, and they equate it with the revelation that Allah subhanho wa Taala has revealed this is the problem the
problem is not that they exists disagreement on any issue that we as Muslims are dealing with on a daily basis. The problem is when the evidence is clear, but that someone statement or a group of scholars they view constitutes evidence on its own. And we want to call some of the views of the NMR of the past about how dangerous this particular attitude is. So one of the first things I want to talk about is that the NMR, whether they are contemporary or NMR of the past, they warn us that we should not be following the concessions of the LMR. One of them, he says that whoever follows the concessions of the scholars in every matter, then Eve all evil will be gathered in that person. If
I, you came to me and you asked me,
is it permissible for me to get a tattoo? Then I would say, no, it is how long and I'll quote you the Hadeeth. And what the scholars have said about those narrations on the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but then you you watch something on YouTube, you read an article some way some tweet that someone has sent out they into the, you know, in on social media on the internet that says, Well, no, there's a difference of opinion. So what do you do now? You take that as evidence, and you go and get yourself a tattoo. Then tomorrow, you asked me, Do I need to take my Waldo in the sequence mentioned in the Quran? I'll tell you, yes, you must, because of the ayah in the Quran, because the
Prophet did not perform his booboo in any other way. So the vast majority of the scholars of Islam says, This is how we'll do is supposed to be done in this sequence. But then someone tweets or you read an article or there's a YouTube video, and that person says there's no evidence, which is another, another topic for another another day. But that person says there is no evidence that they will do what needs to be done in this sequence. Therefore, if you want to start with your feet first, go ahead, another tomorrow. And the third day you asked me what if I do this while I am fasting? Is my fasting still valid? I'll say no, it's not that this is what the LMS say. But there's
some obscure opinion. Let me clarify this with an example A few years ago, you know about the salado Joomla that was led by a woman in New York City. Okay. So one of the evidences that was used was a weak hardees from the Sunnah of Imam abida would, but no clarification of the Hadith authenticity is made, so that we have the hadith of America. And it seems to suggest that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, allowed her to lead the people of her household inside out, and therefore we can deduce from that, that it is permissible for a woman to lead the Juma or pray or any congregational prayer.
And then to further support that there is a view of a scholar who lived in the second century and another scholar who lived in the fourth century, and they seem to give further, you know, credence to this particular opinion. But if you ask yourself, What did the rest of the oma say. And you will come to the conclusion that they do not allow a woman to lead men and Sala in any situation,
but that all of that ignored. And so now we have this one person or this, this, these two people were scholars of Islam, but they held a different opinion. And now they opinions ought to be given preference over everything we know from the Quran and the Sunnah. And for more than 1000 years of scholarship, that is now the opinion that we take, we find that when we follow the concessions of the AMA, it starts out with this particular psychological or this choice that someone has made a stance or a choice that they've made, I want to get a tattoo. I want it to be permissible, and I will do everything in my power to find the fatwa the share, the mother have the Mufti that will
allow me to do that. I want to be able to marry a woman without a volley. So I will find that scholar that shift that must have that allows me to marry a woman without the permission of her family. I want to engage in this this particular business transaction. So I will go out of my way to find that but rather the objective of every one of us as Muslims is to know what is the intent of Allah and His Messenger in any given issue. That is our responsibility. It is not to start out with preconceived ideas, what my whims and fancies once the ruling to be, but what there's a loss of a handle at Allah and His Messenger one from me, what is that determination that they've made? What
happened to this concept of Sameera? Now we're apart enough, but instead of a year or a year and we obey, I'll only follow an elbow.
Except if it conforms to my desires, to my once what's convenient for me, this is the first issue, that if you start following the conditions of the dilemma, very soon, you'll be following a religion that does not resemble Islam in any way. Because you start saying that this particular drink is permissible, because some scholars said it's permissible this type of dress is permissible. As long as you know, my father once worked for a Jewish architect in South Africa, in Cape Town. And my father asked him, What is your view on, you know, the dietary laws that you know, that we find in Judaism, the man say, you know, for me, I think a very simple approach. I follow that view and that
interpretation of the Torah and the Talmud that says that as long as the percentage of of pork inside of the meal is less than the overall ingredients, like the percentage like let's say, 10%, no, 10% is pork and 90% is vegetable, then it's permissible to consume.
This is his approach, Mashallah, he's decided that he likes that fatwa best because it allows him. So this is not just a Muslim phenomenon, or something that we see in our communities. But everyone does this. And it doesn't start with this concept that we've discussed in many cookbooks before, the concept of submitting ourselves to Allah subhanho wa Taala, and to his rule, and his law, the next thing that's dangerous, and we find in this is that you start following all these different concessions. The second dangerous aspect of this is that you consider that as long as there is a difference of opinion, it must mean that that difference of opinion is valid. Let me illustrate
this. A few days ago, someone in the Muslim Arab speaking world passed away. This man became very popular for his books. And he's, you know, he's appearances on satellite television in the Muslim world, the Arab world specifically, I'm not gonna mention his name. But what I do want to talk about is east of seer of the Quran. This is a man that said that Zina is not wrong. If it is done between two consenting adults, and if it is done in private, Xena is only Xena. If the some coercion involved, and if it is done in public, in the view of others, as long as you follow these two conditions, then it's permissible. What do you think of this? So do we now say to young people who
come to us, they say, shift, you know, I'm in the relationship with this girl, I know it's hot. Um, I know, I should not be in this relationship, you know, but I feel that, you know, my sexual desire is going to overwhelm me one of these days, and then I tell him what this man has said. And just because he differs with the EMA and the consensus of the oma, I should view his difference of opinion as being valid and give this alternative fatwa to this young man or woman.
This is the dangerous nature of this, that we consider that every time we have this killer, often the issue, there's a disagreement, it means that that disagreement is somehow that that that other opinion, is valid in some way. And the answer to that is no, the scholars have very particular ways of deducing rules and regulations from the Quran and the Sunnah, and is a very particular methodology. Let me ask you, if I am your doctor, and you come to me, and you walk in, and I look at you for a few seconds, and then I say to you, you know, I think you have malaria. Right? Yours the the the prescription, the football? What would you think of me as a medical practitioner?
You haven't done your I, as your doctor have not done any examination. I've done what they can your blood or not check your temperature. I've never checked your breathing, your blood pressure, none of the things that are standard in a medical examination, then how is it possible that you take my opinion, just on face value, just because I'm someone that has a doctor's certificate on the wall, you will not feel satisfied that that is an accurate diagnosis of your condition. And this is what's happening today, just because someone who happens to have certain qualifications or happens to have worse than that, because they are those that have qualifications and the platform. And then they are
those who have qualified, no qualifications, but they have a platform. And they are allowed to give fatawa and millions of people watch them and listen to them. And all of a sudden that person becomes more knowledgeable than the person that has spent 30 years of his or her life dedicated to the study of Islamic law. That person has no value now in the community, but this person who has 1,000,002 million followers on Twitter, and on Facebook, and has you know, so many subscribers on YouTube, that's the person with knowledge, because this person that I was speaking to you about earlier, this man his background is in engineering. Imagine you at your UI you were sick, and you went to your
engineer or your architect, the one that helped you build your house and you see
demonym feeling or feeling well what do you think? What's your opinion? what's the what's the diagnosis of my illness? Would you do that no sane person would do something like that.
So we have two problems here. Firstly is the problem of who's qualified to give fatawa number one and number two whether or not the process of arriving at that fatwa is the valid scholarly process of achieving it. That's something that we need to take into consideration as well because you hear many people when they ask questions What do you think? Well, you know I don't see there's no issue there brother. You know, it's permissible inshallah permissible. And then, you know, with with no doubt in your mind, that no scholar from the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam until our time no one qualified to give fatwa has ever given that fatwa. But this person just, you know,
he feels, you know, I don't know, maybe this is some form of wanting some form of Ilham just gets inspired with this opinion that I think it's permissible. Well, law he is something I want you to take now and use it every time you come across some opinion, some fatwa, or ask yourself, what is the basis for it? Do you hear color law or color Rasool Allah says, or the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say when this fatwa is being given, do you hear that Imam Shafi Rahim Allah He understood from this is such and such, or that the scholars of this month have they understood that what the prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam meant in this hadith is such and such, so, what does Allah say,
what is the Prophet say, what is the what has scholarly consensus? What is that view on this particular issue? And then you say to yourself, Well, this is worth considering, let me learn more, let me see, you know what the merits of this case are? Obviously, it's much more complicated and technical than that, but that's a starting point. Because many of these photographers that we are now will lie you go and you check, people say that this is permissible, that is permissible, or they miss interpret, you know, what they've read in the books of the LMR. Yes, something that I personally disagree with a fatwa that says that music is halal. So he's a fatwa, and they'll quote,
certain lemma, okay. And they counter the evidence that most of the scholars use, you know, against music and musical instruments. So I just want to be very clear that my personal opinion on this issue, the one that I follow, and that I do that I practice is that music is not permissible. Okay, I want that to be very clear, but I want you to pay attention to the following. Those are an AMA that say that music is permissible. They have very clear and detailed conditions under what circumstances that music is going to be permissible, but what do we find in the discourse about this issue? musics? Holla
Holla music's Hello, there we go. Just that's the fatwa. What did they say? What was what was his reasoning? Under what conditions? Let me give you an example of this? If those who say that music is Hello, they say it's Hello. Okay. What's one of the conditions that the music and the lyrics of the song should not invite to anything that Allah subhanho wa Taala has prohibited? Let me ask you, and you can do this for yourself. Check the top 10 songs in the billboard today. And look at the lyrics don't you don't have to listen to it. I'm not encouraging people to listen to music, but just check the lyrics of the song of the songs and then you asked me and you come back and we have a discussion
how many of those songs are something that you can say while the lyrics of these songs are in conformity with the Quran and Sunnah they are completely What was that? That favorite word of ours? Sharia compliant? That's a that's one of those words we like to use it's Sharia compliant. So the very first condition that those who show the permissibility of music use is that the music does not lead to how it all no does it entail how long so if the man is rapping or singing, about committing Zina and drinking wine and smoking weed and doing everything that Allah subhana wa tada has prohibited, then the various scholars who you are now using as justification for the permissibility
of music. According to them, that song would be how long but that's not part of the conversation isn't. That's not part of the discourse. No one reads the What do they say the the fine print, they just read the headline. There's no in no one cares about the black and white the details. And this is another problem that we have the last thing that I want to talk about. And that is
we as Muslims, we have a duty to know what it is and Allah subhanho wa Taala wants from us. So what does that entail? What exactly how the how do we go about doing that? So the first thing that we need to do, and I've spoken about this so many times now people are probably tired of me speaking about it is that we need to improve our competency in the book.
Loss of a heinola China by learning how to read it properly, and also learning the Arabic language, we need to get a better understanding of fifth year in Malaysia Alhamdulillah, you can start out by reading a primer with a scholar in shafia, a fit and then advancing through that levels. Or you could do what we did an Islamic University of Medina. And that would be to take a book in Hadith, like the book nailer or, or the book that it's based on, and start with a systematic study of how the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam presented these issues that are normally covered in like Voodoo, and sila and Zakah and Hajj and business transactions and you know, and marriage and
marriage and divorce and all of these issues. So that you know, when you are faced with an issue that you don't understand, or that you are unclear about, you know, where to start, how to start, who to ask what books to read, but instead of having that, that, that opinion that says, well, as long as there's difference of opinion on this issue, I will follow whatever suits me instead of asking yourself, what is it that a loss of a high note to Allah demands from me? And that is the that that the answer to that question can only be answered through study and through commitment to learning more about your deen May Allah subhanho wa Taala grant us understanding when Allah subhanaw
taala increase our knowledge of Islam May Allah subhanho wa Taala increase us in our commitment to follow his Deen And may Allah Subhana Allah Allah bless us in everything that he has given us. barakallahu li walakum filopodial aldine whenever any way he can be MFI him in an IIT ridiculous Hakeem Akuma tessmer When was the federal law Holy walakum wa Elisa in Muslim e&m in Colombian Festo Pharaoh who in the who who will have affordable housing
wa Salatu was Salam ala Muslim Fany Mohammed Ali he was so happy when
we asked Allah subhanho wa Taala to send Salawat upon the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam so we say as the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam instructed us to say and this is the best of the salaat Allahumma salli ala Muhammad Ali Mohammed in Kumasi later Allah Ibrahim Allah Allah Ibrahima innaka Hamidullah Majeed alberic Allah Mohammed Ali Mohammed bin cammarata Allah Ibrahima vida de Ibrahima innaka Hamad Al Majid Allahu eisele Islam on Surah Al muslimeen, Allahumma eisele Islam on Sudan Muslim in Allahumma, Isaiah al Islam on Sudan muslimeen alone and so if one and waka Latina equally McCann, Aloma and Soto Allah The aim of Allah help our brothers and sisters
around the world in the difficulties that they face. Allah grant them victory over the enemy's ground in peace and security and prosperity of Allah. Guide us to that which you love in everything that we do. And we seek refuge in You from everything that you dislike and hate. Allah grant us to be in genda with the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen