Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Ghafir 1-22 Tafsir 1-3
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Assalamu alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
My mother who sadly a lot of Sudan came about for our own we left him in a shape line of a jean Bismillahirrahmanirrahim Baba he saw that he was simply under the watchful eye of data melissani of koko de Robin has it in our in
Lesson number 247 suited to office, I am number one to 22
What does it mean?
One who forgives isn't fairy?
Sir the law it is also known as sudo to min who is an admin, the believer and in this surah the story of Roger min is mentioned which story is it? Very few people know about it. Very few people have heard of it. It's not that common, but it's mentioned in the surah inshallah we'll study it in detail
from certain movement
or sort of law fit all the way to sort of took off there are a total of seven servers
and these seven servers all of them begin with the Nakata ham him.
What do they begin with? hammy?
So this group of solos is also known as sobor. However, I mean,
the seven how I mean the seven solos that begin with honey. They're also known as the word Hamming. The word is the plural of that, which is the feminine of the so those that have Hamming meaning those that begin with Hamming.
They're also known as Al Hamming, the family of Hamming meaning the group of Hamming sodas.
And they're also known as hammy maths.
So they're different names that are used to refer to this group of sodas and the first group of these sources sort of movement are sort of off it.
And at the beginning of each of these Sutras, the Quran is mentioned, the revelation of the book is mentioned. Because, as you know, macatawa they're always followed by an ayah that mentioned something that exalts the Quran.
So what is mentioned in the sutras, the revelation of the Quran, because the revelation is from a loss of panel data, and that automatically exhausts the status of this book.
There are many statements of the center of the Sahaba, which tell us about the group of sutras of Hamming
and which tells us about their importance. Like for example, it is said that even our basketball they learn who said in Nanakuli, Shay in Lubin, when you babble an aloha mean that everything has Alabama as an essence, the crux, the main thing, the core, and the core, the essence of the Quran is the family of Hamming
meaning the source.
There is a narration that is attributed to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam I could not confirm its authenticity, however it is attributed to him that he said that licola Shea in some rotten way in the tomato qurani server to me that everything has a fruit and the fruit of the Quran are the halloumi.
Similarly, it is also said that everyone must probably know who he highly praised the sutras and he would say that whenever I reach the how I mean, then I take my time, because it is as though I reached a beautiful garden.
So whoever wishes to go around the beautiful garden then let him take his time. And this beautiful garden is like the source of the Quran.
And it is also said that Allah Hamid, they are devalued, earn the badge is silk. If you think about it, why do people wear so? Do they wear silk everyday? all the time? No, only when they want to be extremely comfortable or they want to dress up in extremely luxurious clothes.
So silk is a means of adornment.
So, the ad hominem they are the badge of the Quran, meaning they are like the adornment of the Quran. They're like the beautification of the Quran
or something woman. It is a Maki Sora.
And this was revealed after Sula to Zuma.
When was it revealed? After sort of to Zuma
and the primary message of the surah is Dawa in Allah. What does it mean by that?
Dawa in Allah,
calling people to Allah.
Now if you think about it, after having studied about two thirds of
what a person learns the Quran studies the Quran, then it's only natural that he begins to wonder what about other people
and we're not supposed to tell others about it. Do then
have a right to know about this should they not know.
So, in these sources, especially in this one a lot of hands on shows us how to call people to Allah.
And when a person is calling people to Allah, he should hand over his affair to Allah alone, meaning whatever difficulties whatever challenges he faces, he should trust upon who? Allah subhanaw taala
because when he is calling people to Allah, definitely he will face challenges, but who is he doing it for Allah. Therefore, he should hand over his affair to a law alone definitely in a law
as we will learn also from the story of origin woman
Bismillahirrahmanirrahim Hani heddles maka Tod
Tenzin Al Kitab. Amina la Hiller Aziza al earline. The revelation of the book is from Allah, the Exalted in Might, the knowing
Tenzin revelation, meaning monosol, meaning that which has been revealed. So revelation of the book, The Quran that has been revealed, it is from who mean Allah from Allah, meaning it has not been revealed from other than Allah, it has come from Allah alone.
This book is from who? Allah alone. nobody else's words are in this book. Every word is the word of Allah subhanaw taala.
And who is Allah, Allah Aziz? The one who is mighty, the one who is powerful, the one who has absolute authority control ability in His Kingdom, with regards to everything, he is an Aziz and he is also an early meaning the one who is always annoying, and remember that they're in love Allah, the knowledge of Allah, how is it different from the knowledge of others? How that it is perfect, it is complete. I gave you certain terms previously that Imola is common, meaning it is complete, and it is chairman meaning it includes everything.
And with regards to zemon with regards to time, it is not limited, meaning it includes the past the present the future,
and with regards to cave meaning, how is it again, it includes everything, every single detail, a las pantallas knowledge includes it. So the revelation of the book is from Allah, Who is the mighty and the one who is all knowing, therefore, give importance to this book, give importance to this keytab because it is not an ordinary book, it is from Allah, Who is the owner of might, and it was a possessor of all knowledge,
the one who cannot be overtaken, and the one from whom nothing at all is hidden, and what he knows, he never forgets and nothing at all is hidden from him. Therefore, give importance to this book, because what you find in this book, you will not find anywhere else. The way this book will help you nothing else can. The way this book guides nothing else can because this book is from who Allah subhana wa tada
and who is Allah off it is them be the Forgiver of sin wakatobi Toby and acceptor of repentance. Shadi kabhi, Severe in punishment, the lowly owner of abundance, law in a a level, there is no deity except Him. La Hill mostly to him is the destination
for attributes of a loss of data are mentioned over here. First of all that Allah is fitted them be the Forgiver of sin.
Profit isn't very This is what the surah is named after Mark 00 What does it literally mean to cover something? It is a sit to cover Martin wakaya along with saving protecting.
So like for example, Milford Milford is used for a helmet because what does the helmet do? Does it just cover the head?
Does it just cover the head? No, it covers but it also protects the head. It covers and protects.
It is said it's so bokeh filled with
meaning cover your clothes in the way or in the bag in the container. Why? When you put your clothes in a bag, why do you do that? to cover them and also to protect them so that in case are any liquids, they don't damage the fluids
Forgiveness is do things to cover the sin, do not expose it, do not hold the person accountable, and secondly to also save him from the consequence of this. Because every sin has an evil consequence,
every single thing, which is that will say, Yeah, don't say at the middle of the recommends of evil is evil, like, if you do evil, you get evil.
So, a lot of it is who one who forgives one who pardons His servants for what for the sins that they commit. And he doesn't just pardon them, but he also protects them from the consequences of their sins, meaning he does not punish them thereafter. Once he has forgiven, he does not punish he does not hold accountable.
And he is a Forgiver of what a dumb what is dumb.
A dumb is used for any kind of sin. As I mentioned to you earlier, it includes the very small amount of negligence even like for example, a person is negligent in his prayer to the greatest of crimes even.
So he is the one who covers the sins of his servants, protecting them from their consequences. And who does He forgive with servants? Does He forgive
all of his servants who turned to him?
Any servant of Allah who turns to him seeking His forgiveness, then Allah forgives him.
As we have learned earlier, instead of to Zuma Kalia Abadi alladhina Astra for Allah and for him la Katana Rahmatullah. Everybody means all servants.
We don't insult them Nyssa I 110 that one may Yarmouth Zoo and a yellow luminesce who so masterfully let her yejide leftover food over Hema, that who ever does a wrong action whoever anyone may or Matsuda whoever does the wrong action Oh yellow enough so or he wrongs himself and then he seeks forgiveness from Allah. Then he will find Allah forgiving in merciful.
So Allah, He forgives the sins of all those who turned to him. And even the disbelievers are not exempted from this.
That even if there is a person who's committed COVID, who has committed ship, but he turns to Allah, he seeks forgiveness from Allah, then Allah will forgive him.
We don't insult and fall i a 38 only Latina cafaro ianto you for lahoma called the center
that say to those people who have disbelieved that if they see is, if they stop what they're called for their opposition, then whatever has previously occurred will be forgiven for them.
say this to to those who disbelieve, so even the disbelievers if they turn to Allah, Allah will forgive them. But what is needed that we turn to Allah soprano.
So Allah forgives you, all those servants who seek forgiveness from him.
And Allah also forgives those servants of Izu perform good deeds.
You understand? Even if a believer performs good deeds, and he's not actively seeking forgiveness, meaning he's performing good deeds, he doesn't say Aloma fiddly. He doesn't remember the same, but because of the good deed he has performed, allow forgive him the sin that he has committed.
Because in AlHassan Earth, you have no say,
indeed good deeds, what do they do? They erase evil deeds. So when a person performs good deeds, and even if he's not actively seeking forgiveness for a particular sin, because of his good deeds, Allah will forgive his sins.
We learn from a hadith that a man was traveling and he felt very thirsty, and he found a well and he went down to have a drink. When he came out, he found a thirsty dog. And he said to himself, this dog is as thirsty as I was. He then went back inside the world and used his shoe to bring out some water for the dog. And Allah was so pleased with Him that He forgive him his sins because of what he had done. This is mentioned in a Buhari.
Another narration of a similar Hadith a delta is that it was a woman who was a prostitute. So just imagine the kind of crimes that she was committing, but because of the good deeds to perform for the sake of Allah, Allah forgive her her sin.
So Allah forgives you refer them to to those who turn to Him and to those who obey Him. Those who perform good deeds
like for example, and so on I a 31. We don't call in quantum to hipbone Allah has to be Rooney. You're welcome Allah. Well, welcome to Nova calm when a person follows the Sunnah
Then what does he get the love of Allah and also forgiveness for his sins? Because following the sun knows what a good deed isn't it so every act of Sunnah is an act that is Hashanah.
seminarians is 7071 we learned yeah you alladhina amanu de la wakulla Colin sadita
What's the result? Useless takumar Morocco, y el Villa Compton overcome. If you say correct words, if you speak correctly if you say that which is true, Buddha, Colin sadita. The what's the benefit along will rectify your deeds and he will also forgive you your sins.
So what do we see? That Allah is rocketed them, He is the forgiveness of sins, all sins, provided that a person turns to Allah seeking His forgiveness and he also performs righteous deeds. And when a person performs righteous deeds, Allah will forgive him.
So Allah Who is he law fitted them the Forgiver of sin, and he is also wakatobi Toby, and the acceptor of repentance carbon from COBOL COBOL is to accept an RB is one who accepts
so he is the one who accepts a job. What is a job?
It's a monster. And it means literally to return.
The job literally means to return to go back. So it is a four minute mark. So yeah, in Athar doba is what do return from marceia to
thorough meaning obedience to Allah. So a person who was doing something wrong, he leaves it, he stops, he goes back to what? obedience to a boss.
So when a person turns to him, when a person repents to Allah, then he will find a law at the web, because Allah is cognito.
And he accepts the elbow From who?
Anyone who turns to even a machine.
Even a mushrik schilke is what lumen alene it's the greatest crime, the greatest injustice. It's such a great crime that if a person committed, all of his good deeds are wasted, they're finished. But we see that even if a person commits sick and after that he turns to Allah, repenting to him, then Allah will accept his repentance
into the Toba and number five, we learned that the machine when the command was revealed with regard to the machine of Arabia that if they were to be found in the harem, then they were to be executed, isn't it? So and we learned about the context of that, but what is mentioned over there that fell into boo or accommo salata what was the catalyst for Hulu, Sabina home, in Omaha photo Rahim that even if these machine who have done the greatest crimes who have opposed the Muslims who have been so unjust, who have been treacherous, who have betrayed who have killed so many, even these mushrikeen if they do Toba if they repent, and they establish the solder and they give this occur,
then leave their way, meaning don't obstruct their way. Don't kill them because Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
So what caminito He is the acceptor of repentance from all those who turn to Him in repentance,
as long as the elbow of the servant meets the conditions, just as when a person is seeking forgiveness, he has to seek forgiveness with sincerity with feeling of regret. similarity when it comes to tell that a person has to do Toba, fulfilling all of its conditions and when he fulfills the conditions, he will find Allah.
Allah will accept as repentance.
And what are the conditions of Toba?
What are the conditions of repentance?
You have to sincerely repent First of all, it has to be sincere repentance.
that a person honestly like sincerely feels wrong about what he has done. And he makes up his mind that I want to change. I don't want to do this wrong action again, sincerely he repents. And when a person repent sincerely, then he will have regret over the sins that he has been committed. He will not be proud of them. He will not boast about them. He will not talk about them or you know, I used to do that. No, he will never do that. He will feel so horrible, so guilty, that he doesn't even want to think about what he used to do.
Regret, remorse, feeling guilty over the sin.
And when a person will feel guilty, what's the next step that he will leave
The same you will not continue doing the same, but he will leave it. Because if a person is doing the same and seeking forgiveness at the same time, are saying I repent at the same time this is mockery, because you're doing something else and you're saying something else. A person is eating, how long. And as he's eating, how long he says, Allah, forgive me, and provide me by your bliss. This is mockery.
This is mockery, because if you were really sincere, you would leave the sin. So part of the conditions of Toba is that a person must leave the sin. And as he leaves us in, what's the next step, he should also seek forgiveness for what he has done in the past.
And after seeking forgiveness, he should also have this firm resolve that he's never going to repeat that sin again. If a person is shaky inside, yeah, I might do it. Maybe if I want to, and he's not sincere. He's not sincere, then. And he does not really have guilt over the sin that he has committed, because if he felt guilty about it, he would never want to do it again. So part of the ways that a person must have this firm resolve, that he's never going to return to that sin again.
And when a person makes us firm resolved, and Allah also assists him, you know that
a law to assist the servant when he makes up his mind, because when a person wants to do something good, Allah gives him trophy. When a person wants to stay away from something bad, then Allah does not give him though feat to do that bad action.
So after seeking forgiveness, resolve to never return to the synagogue.
And part of Toba is also that if the sin the crime was committed against people, what should a person do seek forgiveness from them and also make up for the harm that has been caused to them. And another condition of doba is that it has to be done within the right time. And when is the right time,
before death until the injured of that appears before a person in certain Nyssa is 17 to 18? Allah subhanaw taala says in the matoba to Allah Allah He lilla Dena Yama, Luna sewerby, Johanna tiene su Maya to gulaman corrib for hula, aka tuba long running him, the repentance accepted by Allah is only for those who do wrong out of ignorance.
And remember the meaning of Allah, that it's ignorance that a person does not know what's wrong. And data is also being overcome by emotion that temporarily a person forgets
and then repent soon after
the conditions that obeys that a person was not delayed. He must not persist on the sin. As soon as he realizes, he turns to Allah is those who Allah will turn in forgiveness and Allah is Ever knowing and wise.
When he said the Toba to the Latina maluna say he had either had or had the humble mode color in neutral and
and Toba. Repentance is not accepted of those people who continue to do evil, up until when death comes to one of them. And he says, indeed, I have repented. No, no, that's always not accepted, when for their own tried to become a believer at that time, was this even accepted? No, it wasn't accepted. So towba a person cannot delay. A person cannot persist on the sin and he has to do it before the time of death. Only then it is acceptable.
When alladhina Muna home Kufa, nor of those people who die while they're disbelievers. So if a person does go by in the Hereafter, would it be accepted? No.
artisanal at home at Urban edema.
So what do we learn that Allah He is the acceptor of repentance? He accepts repentance of any servant who turns to him as long as a servant fulfills the conditions are Toba.
So Allah He is the half of them wakatobi little shady that are called severe in retribution.
If you think about it, where forgiveness is mentioned, acceptance of repentance as mentioned, a person becomes very helpful.
But in this feeling of hopefulness, don't become persistent on your sin. That he Allah forgives. Allah accepts though but I will repent Tomorrow, I will seek forgiveness later. No, because remember where Allah is forgiving. He is also shoddy that are a cop severe in retribution. shadie one who is severe, one who is tough, Stern, strong, and a cop from the rotators iron cloth belt. What does it mean? infliction of punishment penalty.
So when a law inflict punishment on those who deserve punishment, he is very severe.
Such that no one can escape his grasp in bottleshop beaker
Lucha de no one can escape it, no one can counter it. No one can resist it because Allah He is Jabba so shady.
And he should either a cop towards
those who don't repent, those who persist on sin, those who do not seek forgiveness those who do not bother to perform righteous actions, the door of forgiveness or repentance is open.
But if a person does not take advantage of that, and he persists on his wrongdoing, that unless God that are called
and we think that should either a club is only for who disbelievers only for machine, but we see that it has been mentioned over here in general terms just as well fitted them carburetor was mentioned in general terms that he accepts though but even from Michigan, when they repent. He forgives even though she came disbelievers when they seek forgiveness in the proper way.
So similarly, she didn't recover even towards a believer if he commits wrong,
she didn't recall.
And fourthly, Allah, He is his own person possessor off bounty, he is the tone, meaning he is the owner of might,
the owner of abundance, bowl is not mine, but rather it is abundance because food is from the root letters thought well, lamb blue and pool is length to belong.
And we have learned earlier woman lemmya set their men control and a young Gal masana. that whoever cannot afford to marry mercenaries, he does not have both meaning he does not have means he does not have resources, he does not have abundance in his wealth. So, this tone, meaning possessor of material means possessor of power, possessor of abundant bounty, possessor of wealth, he is the one who was most wealthy, no one is wealthier than him. And this all gives us double meaning. First of all, that he is abundant bounty, meaning he has a lot. And secondly, that he is the store of abundant grace as well, meaning he gives a lot as well.
So he is extremely wealthy. And at the same time, he's also very generous Leto. And if you look around you, if you look at your life, if you look at the lives of other people around you, before you how much they have, how much we have, how much we have consumed, if you try to figure out the money that you only have consumed from the day you were born till today. Can you try to figure that out? No. If you just count the money that you've spent on your books on your clothes, can you try to figure that number out when you can't? And less? And it's not just you that he's giving to is given to so many? If you try to figure out the food that you've eaten the number of apples you've eaten?
Can you figure that out? The number of glasses of water you've had, can you figure that out? No. So imagine all of this risk that Allah provides to his servants how wealthy he is, and how generous he is the toll La Ilaha Illa who there is no god except him. La Hill mostly to Him alone is the return
only to him not to other than Him la he when la he comes first it gives a meaning of hustle that only to him is the return only to him is the destination.
What does it mean by this, that la Hill mostly, this is understood in two ways that Indonesia and also in,
in worldly affairs, when people have disputes. When people have differences, what can we learn from the Quran? What is the last panel data say that we should refer the matter to align is messenger. So Elaine must lead to him as a return of people to disputes. Similarly, when we are planning something, we want to decide something What do we do? We do staccato, we make dua to Allah. So even for that Bill omoove illa Hill mercy. So in a mercy Indonesia, and not just Indonesia, but also in after that, after that, everyone will return to Allah subhanaw taala for the purpose of preserved for the purpose of desert instead of Hadith number three, Allah subhanaw taala says who will a will
well, that he is the first and he is the last so he lay he'll mostly everyone goes to him.
Now we see over here that at the beginning of the sutra,
the revelation of the Quran was mentioned that this guitar is from who Allah who is Aziz and who is it and after that
loss upon without dimensions is attributes, that he is the one who forgives sins. He is the one who accepts repentance. He is the one who has severe and retribution. He is the one who is possessor of great bounty, there is no god but him and to him is the return.
If you think about it, of the huge favours of Allah, to his people do mankind is the revelation of the book.
Because this book guides people to the best of this world and best of the Hereafter,
it guides people to what the straight path is. And why is this so because Allah He is Aziz and he is it he knows what's best for people. This is why he is offered this guidance didn't.
Now there's an incident which is narrative about this ayah that was remodeled later on who he was a halifa. When he was a philosopher, he had a friend. And this friend of his, he lived in the area of ashram and whether or not they learned
using Medina, obviously he was a philosopher.
And this friend of his who was an ashram, he was a very righteous man. And from what I've learned, he used to call him his brother, why
brother in faith, and he was also very close to him. So once a man came from a sham, he was visiting with Dina and when ermotti Darren who saw him he met him he asked him and he also asked him about his friend who was in a sham
so dismantled or most of the Learn how that this person, your friend, he has gone a little off track.
What does it mean?
He's gone a little astray. He's doing wrong things. He's doing what he should not be doing. So a little bit on who told him that before you leave for a sham see me? So the man came or modelled the man who gave him a letter. And in that letter from one of the learn who he had addressed his friend saying, men are motivated hottub LFO LAN sanguine. Aleikum, wa rahmatullah Allah de la ilaha illa, who are offering them the macabre Toby shadie, that are called with a tone law, either a lawyer who in a limousine you understand
what a brief letter
are that he had written was from automotive, no hip hop to so and so Peace be upon you, I praise Allah, the One besides Him, there is no god worthy of worship. And he is the one who forgives sins, He accepts repentance, he is severe in retribution.
And he is a possessor of great abundance, there is no god except Him and to him, we're going back to him as a destination. So he wrote this letter, and he made the offer his friend, for his guidance. And he also told the people in his company to make the offer that person and he sent a letter. And when that man on the other hand, when he received that letter, he read it, he cried, he read it again, he cried. And he kept doing this until he had completely done. And he completely changed.
A little bit on him. When he heard about this, he was very happy. And he said, when you see that your brother has gone off the right path, then this is what you should do with him. And do not be a helper of shaitan against him.
How can a person be a helper of shaitaan against his friend when his friend is making a mistake when his friend is doing something wrong?
But bad mouthing him speaking evil about him telling everybody you know, they've changed so much, I can't believe they do this wrong action.
By not supporting them in the wrong that they're doing, but rather stopping them that he did not leave him. He did not say I won't be his friend anymore. But rather, he wrote a letter to him, he made the offer him he made the people around him made the offer him he was so concerned for him.
So this is such a good reminder for everyone, that Allah He forgives sins, He accepts repentance. But at the same time, he severe in retribution.
And he has a lot to give. He's very generous. There's no god but him and to him we're going back. So in this ayah is a warning in this ayah is encouragement. So it's one of the best ways of reminding ourselves and also other people.
And we see that the person who wants good for himself he wants good for other people as well.
And what did they learn who he was concerned about? others? He was concerned about his friend and look at how he dealt with him with gentleness with affection with sincerity, making their offer him reminding him with the Ayat of Allah because they're the most effective.
So what do we learn from this ayah we learn about several attributes of Allah soprano data, which show to us His perfect Father and His perfect are the these attributes of a lower do this
To us, his perfect funnel and his perfect or the, what is for the favor. So what's his perfect favor upon us that when people turn to Him seeking His forgiveness, when people turn to Him in repentance, Allah accepts repentance He forgives, and his perfect other His perfect justice, how that he also punishes very severely, and the throne. He's very generous and he gives abundantly to those who perform righteousness
and decide There is also great encouragement that a person must perform all of those deeds which bring to him Allah's forgiveness, and what are those deeds, like, for example, a person actively seeks forgiveness, a stuff that allow us to really saying Allah homophily, then a person performs good deeds as well, then a person, he does expand on the creation of Allah as well. Because when a person performs good deeds, he does the creation of Allah that brings him the forgiveness of Allah.
And then this is also encouragement to repent fulfilling its conditions.
And this is also warning against the punishment of Allah because he's God that are called.
And then this is also encouragement to trust on Allah, in all situations, to turn to him,
because he's just told he has a lot
to trust on him Don't fear.
And at the same time, la Hill must lead to him as a destination. So in times of difficulty in times of hardship in times of ease, who should a person turn to Allah subhanaw taala.
Because Allah is the only one who can help you. He's the only one who can guide you. If you think about it, something so small as it was, was a which can end up something very big. But ours was at which we cannot hear even directly in our ears. And sometimes it's just a little bit just a little part, a small one. But uh, was was that even what is Allah subhanaw taala tell us to do at that time, turn to Allah.
In throttle arafa 200 Allah says we're in millions of undocumented shaytani there's one foster villa in the who sent me early.
So la Hill mercy to him as a destination meaning to him as they return. So turn to Him in every affair of yours, every matter of yours. Whether it is a state of hardship, a state of ease a state of confusion during to him, ask him for help.