Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nur 35-40 Word Analysis and Tafsir 35
of the below him in the shade line over James Smith over him lesson number 182. Similar to note, ID number 35 to 40.
Insert the news. So far we have learned about various commands, commands pertaining to family life, basically community life,
that how people should be inside their houses, how people should be when they go to see one another, and how people should behave with one another outside in the public as well. that people should lower their gaze, they should guard their chastity and women should also cover their beauty so as to not create fitna for other people.
And now, in the ayah, that we will learn today, we learned that Allah subhanaw taala is the source of all guidance, that he is the move of the heavens and the earth. And these commands that have been given to us, they are not such commands that are taking us backwards. No, they're such commands that are taking us on the path of enlightenment. Because the one who follows the commands that have Lost Planet Allah has given such a person is truly enlightened. And a person who does not follow the commands that Allah has given, then who is he? Such a person is in darkness, he is in Dark Ages. So sometimes people think that if a woman puts on the hijab, for example, then she's going backwards.
How is she going to keep up with the world? But the fact is, that the one who follows the commands that Allah has given, that is a person who is truly enlightened, as we will see in the examples that are given in these ayah.
So let's look at these ayat. Allah paradigm says Allah who noodle semi wet he will,
Allah, He is the light of the heavens and the earth.
Allahu nudo, semi wet he will have Knuth is from the root letters noon well law. And the word news is a Muslim. It's the infinitive, it's the main word. And over here, it has been used for the purpose of mobile for the purpose of intensification, to intensify the meaning of light.
And the word North primarily has two meanings. First of all, the new is used for light meaning light in itself. And secondly, the word new is also used for mono which
and what is mono were mean, one that gives light one that enlightens. Now, the question is what is new because there are many words in the Arabic language that are actually used for light. So what kind of light is new and what is new,
there are many definitions out there to describe what new is. And there is one definition that is found in descendant Otto, which is that new is isn't liko Lima, who was I hear be that he must hear the lady
that new is the name of everything that is evident in itself. And it also makes others evident meaning something that is visible in itself and also makes others visible. So, for example, if you have a light up in the ceiling, that is visible in itself, and it also gives visibility because of that light, other things are also visible.
So this is what nude is, and it is said know what a como meeting he enlightened his people, he educated his people, he guided his people.
So, the word note is not just used for light, but it is also used for that which enlightens that which brightens its surroundings. And remember that the word new in the figurative sense it is also used for knowledge, it is also used for awareness,
because when there is light only then you know what is out there, only then you know what to do what not to do. And in darkness a person has no idea. So darkness is equivalent to ignorance and light is equivalent to knowledge. It is equivalent to guidance
and to remember that no, it is of two types. There is another categorization as well. And what is that? That first type of news is heavy, meaning real original light, light that is layer mahangu that is uncreated.
You understand, no heavy theme meaning real original light, such that is not created. So obviously it is whose light it is the lighter Allah soprano data the new rule of law because Allah is not a creation.
Rather He is the Creator.
And the second type of news is that which is not Luke meaning that which is created.
So, there are two types of light, one is the new of Allah and the other is the new of various creations that are out there.
And this must look new, the creative note that can also be divided into two types.
That first of all, we understand this to be tangible,
light, okay, this creative light must look like can be understood in two ways. First of all, in the tangible sense, like for example, the light of the sun, the light of the moon, the light of the stars out of this is what tangible physical, we don't insult it, use it. Number five, loss of prognosis, who led Jara Sham Serbia and will come out on
that he is the one who has made the sun, a bright light and he has made the moon neuron alight.
And secondly, this node can also be intangible. What does it mean by that? It can be understood as the light of the man the light of guidance, the light of knowledge, the light of hedaya sir lm is also
now over here when it is said that Allah who knows somehow what you will, Allah is the light of the heavens and the earth. What does it mean by that?
With regards to Allah subhanaw taala new gives the meaning of mana which it gives the meaning of Muna, which, meaning he is the one who enlightens the heavens and the earth. It does not mean that all the light that you see in the heavens and the earth that is actually a Lost Planet, Allah No, that is not what the meaning is. Because this is how some people understand that he is the light of the heavens and the earth meaning the light that exists in the heavens and the earth that is part of Allah. So in other words, allies everywhere, no, this is not the correct meaning, while we understand knew, for Allah subhanaw taala is in two ways. That first of all, nude is of the sifat of
Allah. It is one of the characteristics of Allah soprano.
And obviously, that is understood as new that is laden with Luke that is uncreated. So how do we understand that, that Allah is new? In his being in his attributes, his column is new. And we see that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said in one of his statements about Allah subhanaw taala that he Jabu who knows that his veil is light.
He Jabu mean the veil of Allah subhanaw taala what is that light? And if he removes it, the rays from his face would burn whatever his sight reaches of his creation.
So what do we see? That Allah is the new of meaning noon is his attribute, it is his cipher, he is light.
And obviously, because we have not seen him, we cannot imagine such a light and we cannot imagine his light and we cannot go on describing it,
describing it like the light that we know that exists. And secondly, Allah is the knower of the heavens and the earth, meaning he is the Mona where
he is the one who enlightens the heavens and the earth.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to make the surah that are all to be newlyweds. He can levy Ashoka fellows has Luma that I seek refuge with the light of your face by which the darkness is are illuminated meaning they're removed and they're overcome by light.
So what do we see that new is one of the effects of Allah. And it is also that Allah is the one who enlightens even our best will they learn who he said that Allah is the noodle somehow it will. What this means is that he is the head he, he is the guide. He is the one who guides the heavens and the earth.
And by the heavens and the earth, what does it mean that no matter what you will have, he is the one who enlightens He is the one who has created he is the owner, he is the guide and he is the Moodle.
He is the one who plans who regulates who runs all of that which is in the heavens and the year.
So we understand the meaning of mana wait to be had to be moved up there.
And we learn in sort of Taha number 50 that Allah subhanaw taala says that under the outlaw coalition in Colorado, some header that Allah is the one who has created everything. And then after that he has also guided it.
He has also instructed it
As to what it should do. So everything that isn't the heavens and the earth, who is guided by? Who is it led by who is it instructed by Allah subhanaw taala
he is the guide of the heavens and the earth, and in the heavens and the earth is who? human beings as well.
So, if we see that an atom functions at the guidance that it is given by Allah subhanho data, then how is it possible that the human being does not need guidance by Allah?
Of course it does. So, these commands, these instructions, this way of life, that a loss of powder has taught us, what is that it is guidance, it is light for us.
So, just as Allah guides every single creation, the heavens and the earth, He has also guided the human beings. Why, because he is the new summer where he will have,
he is the light of the heavens and the earth meaning he is the one who enlightens the heavens and the earth.
He is the one who guides every creature who guides everything
that isn't the heavens and the earth, He is the planet, he is the one who gives the instruction.
So, all human beings, the commands that are given to you are also from Allah subhanaw taala and therefore your benefit.
So, Allah who knows somehow it will have it He is the light of the heavens and the earth. Now, the example of his light as mentioned
the example of his guidance is mentioned that how does he guide how does he give this instruction?
minute he the example of his light, of whose light the light of Allah soprano
and we understood the light of a lot to be his guidance as well. So according to our best metal UI, the example of his light What this means is the example of his hedaya
the example of his guidance of his instruction that he gives.
Others have said, for example, in this route, he has said that Martha ludi he, over here nudie he it refers to noodle movement, meaning the light that is bestowed to the believer,
the guidance that is given to the believer,
that takes place in the heart of the believer.
So the guidance that Allah gives to the believer and he places in his heart. The example of that guidance is the example of the believers heart is such and such.
Others have said garban Radek, he said that Martha ludie, he, his light, it refers to the prophets of the lotus and because the prophets are about his son was also sent as a guide.
He was sent as a guide to the people. So the example of Allah's guidance, meaning the instruction that Allah has sent through through Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam
and others have said that new renewed ultimate refer to the Quran because the Quran is also guidance instruction that Allah has sent to the human beings.
So, the example of his light meaning the example of his guidance that He has given to the human beings,
what is it like? a las panatela says commish getting it is like a niche.
What is miska
miska is used for a niche, basically it is an indentation or an edge that is in a wall. You can think of it like a window in a wall, but the window is sealed. The window is sealed from the other side. There's no glass, it's sealed from the other side, it's blocked off. So it's like an indentation into a wall. Okay, this is what Muscat is and over here in such knishes back then people used to place lamps. Why? Because if a lamp is placed over there, the light of it is going to be contained. And once it is contained, it is going to be secure. And it's going to glow even more.
Because if you just place a light anywhere, what's going to happen. If some wind blows or if a person passes by, it's going to be extinguished. It's going to be blown out. However, if it's kept in a niche, then that niche What does it do? It protects the light and it also contains the light.
It also contains the line. So Muscat is the niche where a lamp is placed or it is hung, because it contains and it also reflects the light
And remember that this niche is closed from three sides and it is open from one side only.
So it is closed from the back and it is also closed from the sides and it's only open from the front and that is where all the light goes towards the light of the lamp
and the word Mischka is actually from the roof machine calf well and check one is to open a small water skin it is to open up a small water skin and expose what is inside to look at what is inside.
So if you look at it when it's opened up, all of the sides are closed except for only one
isn't it when you open the mouth of a bottle all of the sides are closed except for just one side. Similarly a musket is also like that that it's closed from all sides except for just one.
So the example of his light is like a niche
and in this niche is what PHY her in it meaning in the miscarriage is Misbah.
What is mismatched mean? Misbah is an app
and Misbah is from the roof address slot that the house so
what does it mean morning and it's also used for light and Miss there is actually what kind of now it's on the structure of may fall so it is Islam Allah so it is the tool through which light is obtained. It is the tool through which light is obtained
a tool through which a place is enlightened. So Misbah is what an AMP
and it is used for such an AMP the flame of which is very bright. Meaning it gives light because you may have seen that some flames they're very red. They don't give as much light as much as they give heat. However Misbah is used for such a lamp whose flame is very bright it's very radiant.
So yes, obviously it's going to be hot, but more than the heat What is there? The bright light. So this is what misfire is
and if you look at it the stars What are they called masabi lamps. Why? Because what do you see in them? bright light, you don't see redness in the stars as you see the redness in the sun and sometimes also in the moon. Right What you see in the stars is a bright glowing light sometimes it's almost white. So commish get in fi hemisphere
and just picture this as we go along. So imagine a niche and in the niche is a lamp and that lamp, the light is bright, it's not red
and unmiss Bahu the lamp Where is that? Allah subhanaw taala says that his fees to judge I think that is in a glass. So imagine the niche in the niche is a noun, but that lamp is also not just sitting like that it is put inside a glass okay. The flame is where it is inside a glass. So imagine allow, which is inside a glass case, a glass globe. And where is it placed?
It is placed in a niche.
So I'll miss veho fees will judge the Miss Val is in
other words, the judge is from the refectory say Jean Jean.
And the judge is used for a glass, something that is made of glass. It's also used for a bottle. It's also used for a reflector or a chandelier. You may have seen that in the chandelier there are many reflectors that are hanging glass pieces that are hanging and what's their purpose, what's their objective, that they spread the light, they make it glow even more, they make it more bright.
And the gaggia can also be used for a crystal globe like you can imagine around ball of glass that is made of crystal or glass vessel. And there are many benefits of this. Especially when this is around a nap
because first of all, since it is made of glass it does not obstruct or filter, any of the brilliance any of the light. If imagine you had you know a case that was made of wood, a case that was made of let's say some cloth then what would happen would that obstruct the light? Definitely. would that affect the brilliance the brightness? Definitely it would. So because it is of glass
It is transparent. Therefore, it does not obstruct any of the light
instead what does it do? It brightens it even more
it reflects the light even more.
Now, back in the day people would not use light bulbs and in order to preserve the flame of the wick the lamp would be placed inside a glass lantern
it will be placed inside a glass lantern even today, you may find some lanterns right you have a case where you put the oil then you have the wick and this entire lamp is surrounded with a glass case. Why? Because it protects the light
and it also close it even more it brightens it even more.
Now, this glass case it's not an ordinary glass case.
Allah subhanaw taala says that as Sujatha to this glass can under her as if it is go carbon as though it is a star and what kind of a star dude Region One that is purely.
What does it mean by this? That the glass is as though it is a star that is like a pearl. The word coca is from the Riveters gaff well caf
and the word coca is used for a star and in particular, it is used for a bright brilliant star, there is another word that is used for stars which is magic, right will be next to me who made the dune but Gold Cup is different cocoa is used for a star that is extremely bright that is extremely brilliant.
And compared to imagine coca is also used for a big star.
You know, in the sky You have many, many stars, some are very, very tiny. And some are very obvious why because of their big size and also because of their brilliance.
Now coca has been said over here. Why? Because of its brightness. So this glass case is as if it is a star.
Just imagine a chandelier and you have those glass pieces that are hanging. As the light is turned on what happens to those glass pieces they are like as though they're stars isn't it you can see the twinkle you can see the bright light you can see the radiance you can see them shining you can see them reflecting light. So just imagine this glass case to be as clean and as crystal clear that it is so pure that as though it is a star that it is so pure, it reflects so much light. It radiates it so much more.
So as though it is a coca as though it is a star.
And this star is the region. The review is from the letters then
from the word douche and the word is used for a bright pearl. What is it used for a bright burn? It's possible you come across a pearl maybe have a pearl necklace you haven't seen for a long time, it's just been sitting over there you see it and it's become dull, right? Or some pearls you see them they're so bright, especially in the store. Why? Because they're in glass cases with so much light right. So, there is a pearl which is very bright and the yellow at the end that you see the rain
this year is of Misbah What does it mean minus
when something is associated to something like for example, if a person is from Pakistan, what do you call him? Pakistani right. Similarly, our germy our B. So this year at the end is of mismatched meaning this person is from this country, this person speaks this language
Similarly, Qureshi meaning he belongs to the tribe of Quraysh okay. So the reason meaning fairly like Perl
and secondly, the word the Z has also been derived from the root letters then or Hamza, the,
whether or unhealthy either, but what does that mean? That is true to avert something to repel something to turn something away.
So, the re meaning one that repels the darkness, one that removes the darkness. So in other words, it is bright, it is glittering, emits light. So this glass case that is surrounding the lamp. It is like a star but a star
That repels darkness. Why? Because of its brightness because of its radiance, because of its glittering nature and Gabon, the region.
So just imagine going back to the beginning you have a niche inside the niche is a lamp, but this lamp is not just sitting like that this lamp is in a glass case. And this glass case is extremely clean.
It's extremely clear, it's as though it is a star and it's like a pearl in its brightness in its radiance and it repels darkness. So, this is the place where the lamp is this is the place where the lamp is now what about the source of this lamp?
The place where the lamp is it is such that it magnifies the light it brightens it even further.
Now, what about the source of this lamp? What is that like?
Allah subhanaw taala says you do it is late you order from the newsletters well off that
will go this used for a few right because what does fuel do it lights the fire it increases the fire. So, you do it is led what is let
the mist by the lamp the week the lamp that is burning. The source of it is it is being fueled by what means shadow rotting, mobile rockin zaytoun
meaning it is lit by it is fueled by a tree which tree that is mubaraka that is blessing, but which lesser tree is it? It is a tuner
the olive tree in other words, the fuel is the olive oil.
But instead of saying the olive oil what is a las pantallas a shadow rotting mobile marketing zaytuna
Chateau de mubaraka What does mubaraka mean? mubaraka is that which is full of goodness, it is full of goodness it is full of hate full of blessings. And remember that it is used for such hate that is it that is permanent. It is not temporary, because sometimes it's possible that you get some benefit out of something, but it is very temporary. You only see the good results for maybe a day or two. Right? But this tree is such that its benefit is permanent. It's not temporary, it is Sabbath
and mobile getting over here in the context. First of all, it is understood as the sefa of shadow
shadow rotten mobile rocketing a blessing tree
and which tree is that
the olive tree because the last parent it says they do nothing they do nothing further describes this blessing tree and why is the olive tree described as sheduled ottimo Baraka because it is a source of many many benefits it is a source of many benefits the fruit than the extract of that fruit which is the olive oil even that is extremely beneficial.
And if you think of it many different types of oil can be used to burn a flame isn't it many different types of oils can be used you can use olive oil you can use canola oil, you can use gas, right petroleum, you can use many different types. However, this oil is especially mentioned over here. Why? Because this oil gives the least amount of fuel
it gives the least amount of fuel.
Anytime you burn a candle. You burn a flame. What do you see along with the flame smoke, isn't it so you see smoke. And especially if you place the lamp or the candle in a closed place like for example a niche. What's going to happen after some time the smoke is going to get stuck onto the walls, isn't it and it's going to get darker over time. All right. However, this oil when it is burnt, it produces the least amount of fuel. It's extremely environmentally friendly.
It's very, very environmentally friendly.
And remember that this oil is burning the week and the week is in the glass case. Now imagine if the oil is producing a lot of smoke
Wouldn't that cloud the glass case? Wouldn't that obstruct its brilliance? Wouldn't that obstruct the light from coming out of the glass case? Of course, it would. This is why the olive oil because it is blessing,
it is from a blessing three men sheduled it in Marbella cotton, they do nothing.
And this olive oil is not from any olive tree, but rather it is from a special olive tree.
Because Allah subhanaw taala describes it as leisure creating whatever be
It is neither Eastern, nor is it Western,
meaning the tree from which this oil has been taken, it is neither from the east, nor is it from the west.
Again, the word sharqiya, the year and the tie at the end that you see the year, it is basically for Misbah and a lot of be Yeah, again the year is for Misbah and Sharpie is one belonging to the east, one belonging to my ship
and orbia, one belonging to Mahara one belonging to the west.
So what does it mean by this? This tree is neither shall the nor is it a little bit. Yeah.
This has been understood in a number of ways that first of all, that the olive tree
originally, where is it from? Or where does it generally grow in the earth? Where is it found, in the middle of these two areas, right in the middle of the Western lens and the eastern lens of the year.
It is neither in the Far East, nor is it in the West. But where is it found in the Middle East. It's Middle Eastern, it belongs to the Mediterranean region, the area of a sham,
which if you look at it, it's towards the center of the globe, towards the center of the earth.
So first of all, in that sense, lashley will ever be here.
Because if you look at it, if you go to either sites, it could be affected by extreme climates extreme weather. But however, because it's from the center of the earth, it's the Mediterranean region. Therefore, it's a very balanced place.
Secondly, luxuria will obeah this has been understood as that this particular tree from which this oil has been extracted, this tree, its position is central.
its position is central. And we can understand this to be that it's on an elevated orchard, that is unshaded by mountains.
It is not shaded by any walls, it is not shaded by other trees at any time of the day.
Because if it was more towards the east, then it would get more sun at what time sunrise, and if it was more towards the west, then it would get more sun at the time of sunset. However, its location is such that it is not obstructed by anything. Neither any tree nor any mountain nor any wall, nothing at all. This is why this tree is exposed to the sun all day long.
And remember that an olive tree, the more sunlight it gets, the more it is exposed to the sun, the better the oil is.
Typically what happens
a tree, it will be prevented from getting sunlight because of various things. Because of its location because of the other things that surround it. However, the location of this tree is ideal.
And as a result, because it gets the sun the midday sun and it gets sun in the morning it gets sun in the evening, as a result of that the oil that this tree produces, it is pure, and it is of the highest quality.
It is of the highest quality. So leisure creating whatever be yet
another meaning has been done of leisure to never be.
And that is that it does not belong to this dunya meaning it's out of this world.
It doesn't come from the east. It doesn't come from the west. It's from out of this world.
Just as the hedgehog is what the Blackstone it's from out of this world. Similarly the street is also originally from out of this world.
leisure will never be here. It's neither Eastern nor is it Western.
And as a result
The oil of this tree is extremely pure it is of the highest quality.
And this oil Allah subhanaw taala describes it as yucca do. It is near. It is about
It is as though they do have its oil.
The word is used for oil, okay. And it's oil hair hair can refer to shahidullah hair can also refer to the mitzvah in which is this oil.
So it is near that it's oil, you Leo, it would give light it would shine forth it would illuminate Willow and even if Lum them Setsuna even if fire has not touched it.
Meaning this soil is so pure. And as a result of that it is so clear. It is so bright. That although it has not been touched by fire, it has not been set on fire. Still It is as though it is glowing.
You can picture this as very very pure high quality olive oil in a glass bottle.
What is it like? If you look at it, it's almost shining light. Right? Because of its purity because of its good quality. So this oil is so pure that the academy they do pay you Li oh one oh lamb Setsuna even a fire does not touch it. You Leo is from the newsletters, but well Hamza low and low is to shine fourth it means to radiate. And Bo is used for such light in which there is heat, as well as redness,
though is such light in which there is heat as well as redness. So basically we're not just looking at the light, but we're also looking at the redness, the brightness, the glow.
So you can do they do how you Li Willow lamp themselves.
As a result, just imagine if it is lit on fire. Just imagine if the wick that is in this oil is burnt, what would happen? How much brighter would it become? How much further would it glow. This is why our last presenter says neutron light
This example what is it illustrate light upon light. Because if you look at it in this example, all the elements of pure and bright light have been combined together all those things that could produce a bright and pure light all of them have been put together over here
that first of all, there's a reflecting niche and then there's a burning lamp and then there's a bright transparent crystal globe and then the fuel the oil that is purist
so it is perfect in its place where the lamp is placed. And it's perfect in its source in its burning.
This is why neutron Allah new light upon light, if you look at it, light upon light that you have the oil that is light in itself, then you have the burning flame that is light in itself. Then you have the glass case that is light in itself. Why because it's so crystal clear. It's the reason it's fairly and then on top of that a Nish so it's like layers upon layers of light, neuron Allah news.
Yet Allahu Allah guides linearly to his light. Lamb over here gives meaning of Allah, that Allah guides to his light. And obviously light over here refers to his guidance, my Yeshua, who whoever that he wills,
Allah guides to his light whomever He wills. And remember that whenever in the Quran, the mushiya of Allah the will of Allah is mentioned that is always connected with his wisdom with his knowledge. So Allah guides to his light whomever He wills way up liberal law Hi, I'm Sally ness and Allah strikes examples for the people themselves the plural of method, why does he strike examples for people so that they can understand clearly,
because examples, they help us understand concepts,
such concepts that are abstract such concepts that are intangible will love will be cliche, in our name and Allah is Knowing of every single thing. And of his knowledge is giving such examples so that people can understand. He is the one who knows his creation fully, and he knows what instruction to give and how to give and who to give it to because he is arleen of every single thing.
Listen to the recitation of this I imagine it, picture it and then we will discuss it further.