Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Isra 1-10 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 1
Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu
My mother who want to slowly or a little sweetie he'll get him a my birth for the Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillahi r Rahmani r Rahim. furbish rightly acidity were Sidley and re worship interrupted Emily Sani of Coco Lee probenecid in our
lesson number 141. So total Islam is number one to 10.
So total Islam is also known as surah, Bani Israel. Both are the names of the soldier.
And the surah is called an Islamic because an Islamic means the Night Journey.
And in the first half of the surah Allah subhanaw taala mentions the Night Journey the Islam, on which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was taken from Mr. Heron to masjidul AXA
and the surah is also known as Bani Israel. Because the Bani Israel are also mentioned right at the beginning of the surah in the following ayat in the second and following Ayah.
And this hole is a murky soda. It has 111 verses.
It is said that to have any sort of ill was revealed after so little costs, one was it revealed
after sort of courses
are shuttled the learner she said that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he would continue to fast one day after the other until we would say that he does not want to break his fast, meaning he's going to continue fasting without even one break.
And then he would not fast until we would say that he does not want to fast then for many days he would not fast and we would think that he's not going too fast. And he used to recite surah Bani Israel and Sora to Zuma every night.
And there is a hadith that is found in Muslim Mohamad
that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam used to recite Sora Bani Israel and serata Zuma every single night. And from other reports, what do we learn that he used to recite so to mulk, as well as sort of the such that every night? What does that show that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam would also recite the Quran before going to bed,
he would recite it in the middle of the night when he would wake up. Then in the federal Salah, also he would recite, and he would also recite during Salah throughout the day, and especially before going to bed as well. And this is something that we should also try to do.
Many times it happens that we have developed a habit of reciting Quran only after fragile, for example, and if let's say we are unable to read as much early in the morning, then we think that's it normal recitation for the rest of the day. Whereas it's possible that we can do some recitation perhaps after Salah perhaps in the car perhaps right before going to bed whenever you have the time. And we see that the prophets are a lot of them used to recite the Quran regularly at various times during the day and during the night.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam he said about sort of any Israelite you sort of have Sumerian pseudo Surah Taha and total MBA, he said about the sutras that they are among the earliest and most beautiful Sutras, and they are my treasure.
They are of the earliest and the most beautiful Sutras, and they are my treasure. Why? Because these swords were revealed to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam while he was still in Makkah. They're all murky. And in the soldiers, incidents, stories of the people of the past have been mentioned before we read through a narrative. And remember, there's always a connection between the soldiers. Many times people wonder that the arrangement of the soldiers in the Quran is not chronological. So why have they been put in this particular way? There is always a reason there's always a connection between the arrangement of the soldiers between the ending of a soldier and the beginning of the
if you look at it, the previous order was sort of the natural sort of the neon in which various blessings are mentioned. Isn't it so?
And and so money is very ill right at the beginning, Allah Subhana Allah mentions a special favor, a special gift that he bestowed on his beloved Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And what was that gift? The Nigerian, the Nigerian, it was a special gift on the Prophet sallallahu ala
insalata Nyssa I 113 we learn what can affect the law here I Laika Lima and ever has a favor of Allah upon you been great. Meaning the favors of Allah upon your profits on a lot of them are immense. And all those favors of those great blessings is the night journey on which
Prophet sallallahu Sallam was taken
Let's begin the solar Bismillahirrahmanirrahim
so Rihanna lady SRB OVA dg Laila mineral masjidul halloumi illa masjidul apostle.
exalted is the one who took his sermon by night from Al Masjid al haram to administer the XOR What is this must have the Aqsa and Lady Bella Can I Hola, hoo hoo surroundings we have blessed and what was the purpose of this journey linea hoomin Aya Tina in no hoo hoo assumere the bus lead to show him of our signs and Indeed Allah, He is the hearing and he is the see
Subhana lydie serhan is from newsletters seen by her.
And the words of Han isn't isn't. It's a muster, just as the word Earth men, Earth's men Subhan. And sopin means that the
serpent literally is to flow quickly to move quickly in air or in water. So basically it is to fly or to swim.
And from this, it is used to pass quickly to do something quickly. The word is also used for the orbit or the movement of the celestial bodies. For example, in sort of ambia i a 33. We learn good loan fi Falcon, yes, beehoon. All of them, meaning all of the planets, the stars, they are in their orbits, yes balloon floating, moving constantly.
Similarly, the word also applies to a swift horse, a horse that runs very fast. In sort of the nazirite i a three we learned was sat behind the server and the horses that run that glide that move very, very fast. And from this, this B is to mention a last panel data security dimension his exalted Venus dimension His perfection,
because if you look at it, what is the objective of swimming of flying? Why not walk? Why fly or swim? Why do you think so?
In order to move quickly, in order to get from one point to the other very fast very quickly.
So sapan is to remove imperfection far away from Allah serpentine
to remove any kind of deficiency, any kind of imperfection, any kind of fault, far away from Allah
Subhana Allah, the Exalted is He Glorified is He meaning he is perfect. He is free and high above any kind of undefined attribute, any kind of deficiency, any kind of associativity he doesn't have any partner, he doesn't have a child, and he is free from any trade of weakness or deficiency. He is perfect.
Why is this mentioned right at the beginning of the sort of super Hanna lady a celebrity?
Because taking someone on a night journey at that time, all the way from Makkah to Jerusalem is something great. Today, perhaps it's easy for you to travel long distances within an hour or two on planes, or on superfast trains. It's possible perhaps today, but at that time, taking someone on a journey from one city to another, within moments of the night within hours of the night. This is something very great. Therefore, Allah Subhana Allah says Subhana Allah Do you think it's impossible, it is not impossible for Allah because Allah is perfect. He is far from any deficiency and nothing at all is impossible for him. glorified as he Exalted is He Who? Allah subhanaw taala
The one who has sohrabi up to him, I saw from the routers seen ra Yeah.
From the word Israel and Israel is basically say relay say it is to journey to travel. But is slot seen the wire is to travel by night.
The journey by night to take a trip during the night instead of the budget number four we learn when lelee either yes sorry. When lelee either yes sorry. So by the night when it yesterday as it travels. So israa is to travel by night. So a small bit of the Allah. Duke by night he made to travel by night who were the his servant.
Who does this serve and refer to Mohammed salado center.
And notice the word that has been used over here.
The prophets are the loudest enemy has been called the servant, the slave of Allah soprano.
And yes, being a servant being a slave. For us, it is something that lowers the status of a person. It is something derogatory for human being. Why? Because for us, being a servant to another, another means a human being, that is definitely humiliating for a person. However, when a human being is called the servant of Allah subhanaw taala, that is the most respectable and honorable position that he can be at. Why, because that is the purpose for which he was created. Human beings were created for the worship of Allah subhanaw taala. And when they are called servants of Allah, when a person is called a servant of Allah, than that is praise for him, it is the most honorable position that he
can be in.
And the word that has been used, and the word applies to both the law as well as the just, they're just the body, it applies to both the soul as well as the physical body. The room itself cannot be called Art.
Similarly, adjusted a body without it cannot be called the art.
What does this word show to us? That the prophets are on the horizon and was taken on this night journey? How physically while he was awake, it wasn't that he was sleeping and he had a dream. It wasn't that he was taken on a spiritual journey. No, it was a physical journey in which he was awake, he was conscious, and he saw and witnessed and experienced everything.
And when was he taken? Leyland at night?
If you notice the word Leyland, it's Nikita. And this Nikita at the end gives the benefit of the clean of pillar.
What does that mean? shortage when something is small when something is less in number, so it gives a meaning off that he took him for only some part of the night. It wasn't that as soon as night fell, he was taken for the journey. And when the night came to an end, then he was brought back No, he was taken for this entire trip. And the entire trip was made in just a portion of the night.
And if you look at it, the word is slot it includes the meaning of life, doesn't it?
The word Esra gives the meaning of life that he was taken during the night. So I mentioned the night again, to emphasize that he was taken on the strip and brought back in just a portion of the night whereas normally it would take weeks it would take days. And this is not impossible for Allah because who is Allah Subhana Allah he is glorified.
And where was it taken from? What was his journey? million masjidul how long from the sacred mosque what is the sacred mosque refer to the Helen the Carver and its surrounding areas. And remember that the muscular how long it doesn't just apply to the masjid. In particular where people are worshipping, praying, but rather it refers to the garba and all of the area around it.
So the word can also be used for Makkah.
And we learned that from some narrations that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was taken from, by the Kaaba from the huddling from the area of hatred for the night journey. And according to other narrations, we learned that he was taken from his house. So the word muscular her arm has been used. Why because it applies to the carpet and its surrounding areas.
Where was he taken in almost to the AppStore to the muscular boxer.
Where is the mosquito
in Jerusalem in addition,
and the word oxide is from the letters of sod well,
of sod well,
which literally means to be far to be distant, and AppStore. farthest, most distant. We have done this word earlier as well. It's formed in total and fan I have 42 well whom below the bottom will swear that they were farther away from you.
And Mr. oxa is called an XOR. Why? Because according to Sam, due to its distance from the home,
the Arabs they call this mustard mustard absorb because of its distance from the huddle.
At that time, it would take around 14 nights to go from Africa all the way to Jerusalem. 40 nights or you can say six weeks it would take to make that trip one way
The profits are a lot isn't it was taken on this journey in just a part of the night.
And this must have absorbed Allah subhanaw taala describes it as anybody that which Barak now Hello, who, whose surroundings we had blessed,
meaning the surrounding areas of this must fit the entire city, the area of a sham Jerusalem, it has been blessed by a loss.
How has it been blessed in both ways, in the worldly sense, as well as in the Dini sense, in terms of dunya. And also in terms of the
in terms of donia, it has been blessed how that the land is extremely fertile.
It's a place with many fruits, rivers, streams, as well as trees, with CML and how us gel it's a very fertile land.
And secondly, in terms of Dean, that this place this city, this area is the molad, meaning it is the birthplace, then it is the muskan the living place, and it was also the mud fan, the place where many messengers were buried as well.
So it is the birthplace, the residents, as well as the place where the messengers were buried. And this is why this place has been blessed by almost because various prophets came over there many prophets, especially those from the descendants of Abraham Ellison,
what was the point of this trip? What was the reason behind this journey? Why was the Prophet sallallahu Sallam taken for this journey?
linaria who so that we can show him lamb over here is in the reason? So then we can show him, Minaya, Tina, some of our sites.
Because when a person sees something himself, then what does it give him? What does it give him? certainty. One is that you've just learned of something in books, or you've heard of something from someone. But the other is that you see it yourself, it will definitely give you your theme. It will open up your eyes, it will give you a better understanding of what you're learning of what you're seeing.
So the point was to show the prophets Allah said, I'm some of the Ayat of Allah soprano than
what I add, meaning the marvels of the power of Allah soprano data to show him the power of Allah soprano. How, what were these is?
That first of all, the journey of 14 nights was covered in only a part of the night.
Why did that show to the prophets that alone is the power of Allah soprano.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam was taken on the bedrock on the creature that is buraq, which travels with the speed of buck that travels moves with the speed of lightning, so extremely fast.
What does that again show to him the power of a Lost Planet Allah that Allah can create anything, it's not difficult for him at all, that there's so much creation of a loss of penalty that we do not even know of.
Similarly, when he was taken for this knight journey, he was taken all the way from Mecca to Jerusalem, and from Jerusalem, he was taken on Mirage as well. So again, that showed to him the power of Allah.
When the Prophet sallallahu Sallam went for Islam, over there, he met all the prophets, and he led them in Salah he led them in prayer.
And when he was taken to Mirage, when he was taken to the ascension, the journey up into the heavens, he was shown many, many things. People who are being punished people who are being rewarded the prophets of Allah, the citrato monta the angels he was shown many irons
in the hoop, indeed, he meaning Allah is who is Samir he is the always on hearing and he is Albacete. He is the see. Why are these two names of our last point I mentioned over here, because he is a Samir. He listens to the words of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, to the doors that he makes to Allah. And he is a Sameer, do what the people said in denial of the prophets of Allah.
Because when he went and informed the people that he had gone on this journey, this night journey, people began mocking at him.
So Allah is a Samir, he heard everything that the people had said, and he is basically he is seeing meaning he saw the entire situation, the reaction of the people how they reacted, and he sees what the believers are going through, and how the disbelievers are opposing them.
So in this ayah, we learn about the journey of Islam.
Remember, that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he was taken on the strip, there were two parts of the strip
First of all the slot. And secondly, the marriage, you should know the difference between the two. They're not the same. There's a difference, a slight difference between the two.
That is slot. Now that you know the literal meaning of the word, what does it mean? Night Journey. So it was a trip from where, from Makkah to Jerusalem.
And when the Prophet said a lot of time was taken to Jerusalem, what did he do over there? He led the prophets in prayer.
And this was an indication that the previous shot out there are all abrogated, because who is leading all the previous prophets? Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam.
So for any person to obtain guidance, what does it need to do? Follow the prophets of the Lord.
And in this ayah, what is mentioned, Islam. The second part of this trip was the mirror Lodge. And mirror Lodge is from Elijah, yeah, what would you urge which is to ascend to go up.
So the mirror Lodge is the ascension.
So it was the trip from Jerusalem to the heavens above, all the way to the first heaven and beyond consider the moon.
And the Mirage is not mentioned over here. It's not mentioned in this area, where is it mentioned, insula dimension. So in this ayah, what is mentioned the insula, and in sort of the Ninja mode has mentioned the mirror image,
that some people, they doubt the reality of this journey. And they claim that perhaps this was only a vision, or this was only a dream, or that the prophets of Allah said it was just taken on a spiritual journey.
Because for them, to believe in this, that a person could go all the way from Makkah to Jerusalem in a part of the night, and up from Jerusalem to the heavens above, it's impossible, they find it extremely difficult to accept.
However, if you look at it, nothing at all, is difficult for almost
nothing that was difficult for him.
For him, to take his messenger from one part of the Earth to the other is not difficult.
And for him, to take him from the dunia all the way to the heavens again is not difficult, because who is Allah, He is a de, he is all capable, he is as easy as mighty, he can do whatever he wants, which is why at the beginning of the soda, Allah soprano dialysis, so behind Allah de, never for a moment even to do you have a doubt because Allah is perfect, he is far above any inability, he can execute whatever that he wishes. And today especially, it must not be difficult for us to understand that this journey could have been possible.
And a person who believes in alive in the unseen for him, it is not at all difficult to believe in this journey of the Prophet sort of ourselves.
And remember, believing in this is a part of
because the prophets are allowed, as Adam said, he went on this trip. And if a person rejects that, then what is he rejecting the statement of the Prophet sallallahu
according to all the way up, we learned that Abu Salah even after a man he said that some people from the crush, they went to Abu Bakar of Iran who when they heard that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has said that he went all the way to Jerusalem during the night and up to the heavens above. So the people the machine, they went to the back of the diner and they said, Have you heard what your companion is saying? Have you heard what he has said? He is claiming that he went to beta mockers and came back to Makkah in one night, Abubakar Duran, who said, Did he say that? They said, Yes. So Boko Haram who said, then I have a witness that if he said that he is speaking the truth.
They said you believe that he went to a sham in one night and came back to Makkah before morning? He said, Yes, I believe him with regard to something even more than that. I believe him with regard to the revelation that comes to him from heaven. If I believe that revelation comes to him from heaven, Why can I not believe that he went from Makkah to Jerusalem? That's much easier to believe. And from this day onwards, Abu Bakar, the guy who was given the title of a city, the one who is very truthful.
When did this incident take place?
There is a slight difference of opinion. According to some scholars, this incident it took place approximately a year before the hijra.
And according to others about 16 months before the hegira, from Mecca to Medina
and if you look at it at this time, the Prophet sallallahu wasallam as well as the believers
They were going through a very difficult time in Makkah,
because the persecution had really intensified.
This was after army prison after the year of grief after the death of Abu Talib, and the death of Khadija later on her.
And this was after the profit sort of trip to earthlife.
Remember, when he went to a five, how difficult it was, he came back, and he had no idea where he was going to go. Because the people of Makkah, they were ready to kill him. The people of authority had rejected him. And at this time, a loss of panel data, gave this gift to the profit sort of artist.
Why do you think so? What was the reason behind that? First of all, to give him your thing, to give him conviction? That what you believe in what you were saying, what you were spreading, what you're telling people about is the truth. see it for yourself, and don't doubt in it, even for a moment.
Because many times it happens when you're telling somebody about something and constantly, they're rejecting you constantly. They're refusing to accept what you're saying, you begin to doubt yourself. Even if you don't doubt yourself, what do you think? Forget about it. It's okay, no big deal. But when the prophets are all of a sudden was made to see the punishment that people were given the punishment that people will be given the Hereafter, the reward that has been prepared for them, the angels and everything? What did that show to him? What did that make him realize the importance of conveying the message to people regardless of how they're reacting?
So this was to give him your thing.
And this was also to give him your pain, that Allah subhanaw taala will definitely make you victorious, he will definitely fulfill his promise that Islam will be victorious, this matter, this mission will be completed, it will be perfected. This is what the prophet said a lot of sudden was being shown.
Because the one who can take you from Makkah to Jerusalem in one night, and the one who can take you from Jerusalem, up to the heavens and back to the earth and one night, you think it's difficult for him to fulfill his promise with you. It's not difficult for him. So there are many, many wisdom, many reasons behind this journey.
Because sometimes people object that why did this happen? It has become so difficult for people to believe. But the fact is, there is a reason behind that there's a wisdom behind that.
And amongst the wisdom, the reasons is that from this point onwards, there was a clear distinction between people who are true believers who believed in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam wholeheartedly, and people who had doubts in him. There's a book in the footsteps of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam lessons from the life of Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam by Tarik Ramadan, and in that he mentioned about a little bit about the Night Journey. I'll just read two paragraphs for you so that you can also reflect on the wisdom behind it.
He mentioned that the night journey and ascension were to give rise to many comments, both when the prophets are allowed to sit and recounted the facts and later among the Muslim scholars. When Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam went to the Kaaba and reported his experience, jeers, Snickers and criticisms quickly followed. The kadesh believe that at last they had proved that the so called profit was indeed mad. Since he dared claim that in one night he had made a journey to Jerusalem, and that he had furthermore been raised to the presence of his one God, his madness was obvious.
The knight journey experience presented in classical accounts of the Prophet sort of artisans life as a gift from Allah, and the consecration for the messenger, the Muslim was a real trial for profits on a lot of cinema as well as those around him.
It marks the boundary between those believers whose faith radiated in their trust in this Prophet and his message, and the others who were taken aback by the improbability of such a story.
And then he has mentioned the incident in which the kurush they went to Abu Bakar Rondo. And they asked him that you really believe in that. So we see that this incident, this was a great gift for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam a great comfort for him. And at the same time, this was also a big trial for the people in distinguish between those who believed in the profit sort of Arsenal wholeheartedly, and those who doubted him and the machine at this point, they fell into a greater fitna. And what was that? That they doubted the profit sort of all the sudden even more.
However, we learn that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam returned, the people asked him that describe the masjid to us. Describe it to us because they knew that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had never been there before. So he said to
Describe it to us, the profit sort of all the sudden began describing, and he described it completely and fully without any error.
Similarly, they asked him, about the travelers on the way that if there was a trip coming from Jerusalem to Makkah, and the prophets are a lot of them again describe that entire caravan, where there were, how many camels there were, he described the caravan completely and fully. And when those people arrived in Makkah, the mushrikeen, again, they saw the truthfulness of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but still, they refuse to believe they refuse to believe in the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So we see a big lesson in this incident for us. And what is that lesson?
That no matter how difficult the situation may become, Allah subhanaw taala can ease that difficulty for you
a luck and create ease, because nothing at all is difficult for him.
He can do everything, everything that he wishes to do, he can do it. No one can stop him.
Just imagine in the midst of all that opposition, how sad the believers must have been, but the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was taken on this trip. He was given such a huge blessing for any ordinary person even going for a trip. What does it do? It relaxes you, doesn't it? It makes you refreshed. So similarly, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was given this great gift to show to him that nothing at all is difficult for almost a prenup.
Now, what exactly happened in the strip, the details of that can be found in various books.
And also various books of Syrah. You can refer to when the moon split you can refer to a vehicle motto and inshallah you will also study this incident in detail both of the incidents of Islam and El Mirage in your subject, skeleton Abuja, the seal of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in detail. But just from one Hadees I will mention the part of the Israel only and not the marriage, because it's very, very lengthy and this is not the time this is not the occasion of going into the details of that journey. Over here because it's always mentioned I mentioned to you that Islam briefly.
And remember, this is reported in various books of Hadith for Muslims, to Buhari to Muslim various books of Hadith.
Mr. Muhammad, he reported from another bin Malik that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that Albert rock was brought to me. And as I mentioned to you, Baraka is from bark, and bark is lightning because it travels by the speed of lightning.
And it was a white animal, bigger than a donkey and smaller than a mule. So what was its color, white,
and it was bigger than a donkey smaller than a mule.
And one stride of this creature covered a distance as far as it could see.
For example, when you're walking, you can only move forward as much as your foot will allow you as much as your leg will allow you, you cannot go beyond that. But the buraq, How far would it go?
As far as its sight would be, as far as it could see, this is how fast it would move. And only this is why it was possible to travel from Africa, to Jerusalem and from Jerusalem up to the heavens.
I wrote on it, and it took me two beta mock this, where I tethered it at the hitching post of the prophets.
Then I entered and prayed to Raka over there, and I came out. And jabril brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. You brought him two vessels. And I chose the milk. And gibreel said, you have chosen the fifth or
you have chosen the fifth.
And this shows to us about the importance of milk because many times people say today or milk, you know it's not suitable for human beings comes from cows. It's supposed to be for cows. It's supposed to be for goats, not for human beings. And they go to another extreme. But the fact is the profits are a lot of them chose milk. So what does it show? That it's definitely beneficial for us and you realize that you've chosen the fitrah
then I was taken up to the first heaven. And from there, the Prophet sallallahu ala met various prophets at each heaven. at the lowest heaven he met Adam and s&m. And all the way at the first one, he met Ibrahim Edison. And from there he was taken to citrato monta. And over there he was given the gift of five daily prayers. And if you wish to read the details further, you can refer to the CD of inkaterra as well. It's available in English, you can read the details over there.
So it was apparently mentioned in this ayah about the great gift that he bestowed on the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and also to indicate that from now on for anyone to be guided, he needs to follow who Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam