Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 82-93 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 89
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I number 89 Larry you either como la would be love Wi Fi a monocle. Allah will not impose blame upon you for what is meaningless in your own words, when I can you see the compliment of a man, but he will impose blame upon you for breaking what you intended of oats.
As I mentioned earlier, that sometimes we're very careful about the food that we eat, we make sure that it's helpful.
But when it comes to other matters, such as speaking, listening, then we're not that careful. Over here we see that sometimes the words even that we say, it's possible that those words are not acceptable to a loss of data. And therefore, we have to give a cafaro we have to pay a fine basically, for saying those words.
So let us see the con, meaning Allah will not blame you. You're not punishable, you're not going to be held accountable
for what? billowing for the meaningless fee, a monocle. in your own words, meaning the odds that you swear that are meaningless. You don't intend to swear them, but they're meaningless.
The word love is from the root letters lamb line well, and the word love is basically used for that which is a thoughtless utterance, a meaning their speech. And it's used in several ways. Sometimes it gives a meeting off useless conversation, idle talk, because it's a conversation in which you've been talked for like an hour, half an hour, but at the end, really, what did you talk about? What do you get out of that conversation? Nothing. So long was used for idle talk. Loud was also used for something that a person utters without intention.
For instance, some people have a habit of using particular words in their speech, it's a habit of the tank.
So they will continue to use those words and they don't even realize they've actually said those words. Why? Because it's habit. So love refers to unintentional thoughtless utterance, something that a person says out of habit, without intention, he doesn't really mean it. But he just said it without intention.
So if a person swears, out of habit, if a person swears out of habit, spontaneously, he doesn't really mean it, then he's not going to be held accountable for it. Do you understand? Like, for example, some people have a habit of saying level law, he but I will lie, he will allow you in every little thing.
Without swearing and also something serious. But if a person has a habit of swearing on every little thing that he says that he's not going to be held accountable for an oath that he makes, and if he goes against it, if he breaks it.
So now you actually do come along with love with a man he come when I can, but you will come he will hold you accountable, meaning you will be punishable.
If you break Bhima optimal Amen, of the oath that you firmly tied you firmly bound.
The Word of God to misunder fetters is often an act is to tie a knot. So I've got them, meaning you pledged, you swore intentionally and deliberately, you meant it,
you consciously swore that oath. Amen. And amen is a plural of yummy, what is a yummy?
You mean is to swear an oath,
that a person will do something or that a person will not do something or that such and such happened in the past or such and such did not happen in the past. So this is what I mean is that a person swears that he will do something, he will not do something that something happened in the past, or somebody intends to do something, etc, etc. So you asked me to come out of cotton with a man He will definitely hold you accountable for those odds that you swear intentionally and deliberately.
Now, what does it mean by you, as
you see, when a person swears an oath, then it is as though he's making a promise.
For example, if he's saying, I swear, I'm never going to eat this particular food again. Then what does it means?
He's making a promise that he will never eat it.
So if he eats that food, what is he doing? What is he doing? He's breaking the odds.
Similarly, if a person says that he will do something and he doesn't do it, then he is breaking that oath, he is going against that oath.
Now when is that a person out of habit? He says, Okay, well, I am never going to have it
out of habit. He says we're lucky all the time. The mother says to the child, don't have soda again. He said, Okay, fine. Well, no, he won't have it again.
Now, this is his habit saying we're lying. He didn't really mean it. So if he has soda, okay, after that, what is it that was lovely, I mean,
and for that he will not be held accountable. But if a person consciously, deliberately, intentionally swears a note, then yes, I will never do this again. I promise.
And there are people who are bearing witness, for instance, or the he's writing somewhere,
then what is this conscious, deliberate, and if a person breaks it, if he goes against it, then he has to pay a fine.
Why? Because it's a sin that he's committed. He said, He will do something or he will not do something, and he does it. So for the sin that he has acquired, he has to pay a co founder. So over here, last printer says, that forget fella to who so it's co founder, the co founder For what? For breaking a mean for breaking an oath, which oath, the deliberate one.
It's expiation is such and such.
Now, the word kosala is being used, the photos and the roof address, cat photo, and kapha, as you know, means to cover.
And the photo is that which nullifies the effect of a sin of a wrong action.
So a person does something wrong, what's the effect? What's the consequence?
He should be punished.
Or he will be held accountable on the Day of Judgment.
So what does a person do? He gives a cassava, so that he will not be held accountable on the Day of Judgment.
Like, for example, fasting,
fasting in the month of Ramadan, and obligation. But if a person is old, a person is old, they're not able to fast. If they do, they're going to become very sick.
Or, you know, it's going to affect their health. So in that case, they're not going to fast.
But fasting is an obligation. And they're McAuliffe. They're old. And they are required to fast. So in that case, what are they supposed to do? What is the last parameter, Dennis?
Don't fast instead, give cafaro so that on the Day of Judgment, you're not held accountable.
So similarly, over here, a person is going to give kafala
what is the Corrado
its arms from thought I mean, Tom, his arm is to feed. So feeding ashati my second 10 needy people, you have to feed 10 needy people, meaning 10 meals provided to the needy, you understand
10 meals provided to the needy feeding 10 needy people.
And the condition is Misaki. Misaki is a plural of miskeen. It has to be a needy person.
But what are you going to feed them?
men from meaning that food? Oh, sadly, most moderate standard meaning average of mirtha emona aliko of that which you feed your families.
So basically, the food that you generally eat yourself, the food that you generally feed your family with the same food you're going to give them
for instance, on average, you have rice, and a particular quarter of meat on average.
And sometimes you have rice, meat and some vegetables.
And maybe that meat is expensive meat. A very good quality cut of meat. It's possible right? But not an average.
So over here, oh sad. Also the scenario cutters wildstein thought What does What's happening? middle average.
So what you generally eat what you typically eat is that which you're going to feed the needy with.
Not that you're going to say okay, I generally have meat and rice and salad and I'm going to give them only plain soup without any bread.
Because soup is not really a meal. That's not something that you would have as a meal for yourself. You're having meat every day and you're giving to someone lentils
So you have to make sure that it is something that you generally eat
choice. Either you can feed the needy, or you can guess what, to whom clothing.
Guess what isn't newsletters gaps in Well, in case was used for clothing that is prepared for another, which is why the kiswa of the curb. What is it, it's the case where that is put on the car, but you don't wear it yourself.
Some people think that there's a lot of biotene wearing it, which is why they will cut pieces of that cloth and they will bring it home. That's actually theft doesn't belong to you, they will cut pieces of it. They will bring it home and they will think it's very righteous to wear it. And if they were they will be safe. kiswa is clothing that you prepare for someone else. And Levi's is what you wear yourself.
So okay, what are clothing, meaning either you can feed the needy, or you can close them close to
the needy. So basically, you have to provide 10 garments.
But what does it mean by case? What does it mean that you can for example, just give 10 belts?
Because belt is also like a piece of an outfit? Or maybe socks? Is that Guess what? No? What is this what?
an outfit a complete outfit.
So for a man, you will give him an outfit, which covers his outdoor which covers his setup so that he can press Allah in it.
So basically something that will cover his shoulders, and it will also cover his legs under the knees.
So what is that?
for a woman Also, if you choose to give it to a woman, it has to be such an outfit in which she can persona.
So for her, it has to be something that completely conceals the body covers the body, and there is also the head garment.
So a shawl, or a scarf or something like that.
So what is kiswa? A complete outfit in which a person can praise Allah
in which a person can praise Allah. And it has to be according to the culture of the people.
So for example, if it's wintertime, everybody's wearing winter clothes, you're going to give shorts and a T shirt. No, what are you going to give
proper winter clothes.
Similarly, if a person is living over here, for instance, are you going to give them show Archimedes there are people who wish to welcome us but it's only Pakistanis, right.
So if there is a person who is not a Pakistani, and you choose to give them the kafala then in that case, you have to give them something that they can actually wear. It has to be acceptable in the culture, culturally acceptable, don't forget maruf when it comes to our religion, because sometimes in the name of religion, we completely abandon culture. And we go to another extreme.
So guess what the home or clothing them
out or there is another option. So either you can feed them or you can throw them or you can the heavy rocker button, or you can free a slave brocklebank literally means neck. But what does it refer to? A slave.
But remember that when it comes to freeing a slave, especially in cafaro,
the slave could either be a man or a woman.
But what's the condition? Muslim.
Although it is not mentioned over here, however, we learned this from the Hadees from the son of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
For example, we learned that ermotti learn once he had to free a slave. And he brought a black slave girl before the prophet SAW the Lotus on them.
So he asked her ain't Allah, where's Allah? And she said, above the heavens, meaning she pointed up.
And he said, Man, Anna, she said the Messenger of Allah.
So he said, our three o'clock in the hammock, Mina, free here because she is a believer.
So this shows that when it comes to freeing the slave has to be a Muslim.
Could be man, woman, that doesn't matter. But what's the condition Muslim?
So whoever cannot find cannot find what
he cannot find a slave or he cannot find 10 Misaki Yes, there was a time where you could not find a Miskin. You could not find a person to whom you could give the cards to in the Muslim Empire.
So from a lemmya, whoever cannot find a slave to free or he cannot find 10 needy to feed or to cloth
or let's say he doesn't have the means he doesn't have the financial ability to feed 10 people
or to close 10 people or to free a slave.
He doesn't have the financial ability. So from Unlimited, what does it mean? two meanings First of all,
he cannot find the needy and the slave or he doesn't have the financial means.
Firstly, Mo, then in that case, what is he going to do? He has to fast. How many days the LSAT am in three days.
And these three days don't have to be consecutive.
It's just three fasts. It hasn't been said consecutive fasts. Therefore, we will keep it as it is, and a person can first three days, however he wants to meaning one in one month, the second and another month, so on and so forth.
Then he could that is casado to a monochrome that is expiation for your odds. Meaning This is the legal way to atone for the breaking of deliberate words.
This is the legal way to make up for what for breaking, a deliberate ot.
So Delica fell to a medical either Hello often when you swore
Hello often was from the roof letters halamka. And what has helped me alfalah is also an OT, as well.
Now we read the word Amen. And now we're reading the word hello. And what's the difference?
It isn't that high level is to remain firm on let's say, an agreement or friendship. So for example, a person is friends with someone and he swears that he will always remain friends.
So it's an old that a person swears
do remain firm on something,
do constantly do something to constantly be engaged in that particular thing. So either halftone meaning when you deliberately make the oath
because you mean is of different types, you mean can be an oath that is sworn with the intention of breaking. It could be an oath that is false. It could be an oath that is long.
But health in particular is that which is deliberate, intentional, and a person intends to do it. So then you can refer to a mannequin that is a pharaoh if you're a man either halftone
what why follow a man come and guard your oats, your follow from half Allah, what does he follow me to guard look after protect. So guard your oats? What is anyway guarding your oats?
First of all, that guard them from breaking them.
When you swear that you're going to do something or you're not going to do something, then be truthful.
Be truthful. Meaning don't go against your odds.
After making the odds don't break them unnecessarily.
So person cannot say that, okay, I'll swear an oath, but I will go against a different No, I will just pay the cafaro.
Because sometimes when we hear, they don't take a photo can be given. Then we do such things over and over again saying I'll do it and I'll just give the cafaro No, Allah says why follow a medical guard your oath, meaning guard them from breaking them.
Secondly, they said that we follow a medical what it means is lead to clear meaning. Be careful when it comes to swearing. Don't swear or on every little thing.
When you don't have to swear that you're definitely going to eat lunch or you're going to eat dinner, or you're going to go somewhere tomorrow.
Swear only on what on things that are important.
And thirdly, what follow a mannequin also means that guard your amen by not being negligent concerning their cafaro
that if you do break an oath and make sure that you give the kuffaar
karateka you obey you no longer come it. Thus does Allah clarify to you his command is verses that are looking for Sharon so that you are grateful, grateful for what
the deal is complete.
That Allah subhanaw taala also guides us with regards to the odds that we swear
And our local guru, also grateful for the fact that Allah has provided a way out of guilt and sin.
Because sometimes when a person swears a note, and he has to break it for some reason, how does he feel? Guilty.
So over here, this is a huge blessing of Allah subhanaw taala, that he has provided a way out for us from guilt.
That, okay, if you had to break your oath, for a genuine reason, then you give the kafala and get over the guilt.
And also be grateful for the fact that Allah Subhana Allah has created ease into the that look at the cafaro it's not just one thing, either this or this or this. And if you're not able to do this, then fast.
So there are no contest going on, so that you are grateful.
Now, in this ayah, the a manner mentioned author mentioned, and remember that there are three types of the mean. There are three types of boats. First of all, there is the old there's the mean that is love. Lamb lane, Well, no. And what does love mean mean? That which is habitual, unintentional, thoughtless, that a person says it out of the habit of the tongue.
That is a person saying, well, I will know he will love you and every little thing. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said,
Allahu Ophelia, meeny, qalamoun, virtually feeb, at he level lonely.
That lonely amine is what a person says, in his house law or law he on every little thing.
So the lovely mean is what a person's wears out of habit, in his normal conversation in his house very casually, when he says, and every little thing will lie, that will lie below.
So this is love. And what's the ruling with regards to that? What's the ruling? If a person goes against it, then there is no kafala.
But it doesn't mean that a person should swear in every little thing and say, Oh, it was only allowed, of course.
Because Allah, Allah says we follow a medical don't swear unnecessarily.
The second type of yameen is that which is removes lane mean, while seeing homos
and Vamos. It's basically a swear that is false. And all that is false. And a person makes it deliberately consciously.
Like, for example, a person says, I swear I bought this only for $100. Whereas actually bought it for $500.
So what is this a moose?
That he says it deliberately, and it's also false. Now one is that a person is really mistaken. For example, somebody asks you, did you see her over there? She's I swear I didn't see her. I swear I didn't see her.
Now, that is, I mean, out of mistake that she's saying that.
Actually, she didn't see her.
But she's mistaken. So, that is different. This is a moves that a person consciously deliberately makes a false oath. This is a moose
and this is a major sin.
Remember, that of a moose is a major sin. And because it is a major sin, scholars have said that there is good fodder for
some say that there is no kofod offered, but other scholars say that no, there is cafardo for it. And along with the cafardo a person also has to seek forgiveness from Allah subhanaw taala. He has to do Toba
because for a major sin What do you have to do? Is la parte if nobody's What? That you take the punishment and also that you make the promise that you're never going to do it again.
The third type of yameen is the moon RFP, the moon arcada. meme noon is the core of the term a Buddha
and one are up later. Is that oath which a person swears
How is it different from vamos
vamos and munaf either both are deliberate.
But vamos is deliberately false. He's lying. And moaner. acleda is that a person sincerely is making that oath and he intends to do it.
Now the owner operator Oh,
by the way, where's this word derived from?
From the word optimal, amen.
Well, how can you ask me to compliment a cotton with a man?
So for example, a person honestly swears an oath and he intends to keep do it
If a person goes against it, meaning if a person breaks it,
then in that case what does he have to do?
He has to give a photo.
So, to summarize for the level question, is there a photo?
No, for Hamas, is there a photo? Yes, according to others Naka fara but in addition to cafaro What else does he have to do?
sober for munakata only.
Now remember, that when it comes to swearing oaths in our Deen
an oath or a you mean is that which is sworn by Allah subhanaw taala only.
So, for example, if a person swears by his mother, or swears by the city of Medina
or the garba
or the Prophet sallallahu sallam,
then in that case, that is not a swear that is not an oath, that is not a you mean
okay, it's not considered a you mean a you mean is that which is sworn by the last panel data only? And by Allah as well as by history facts by his names and attributes.
So, for example, if a person swears by there is a of Allah,
there is the might of Allah is that permissible?
If a person says, By the honor of minority, is that permissible? Yes, it is permissible. Why?
Because there is a is a safe of a loss of
similarity of a person swears by the Quran. Is that permissible?
Yes. Because the Quran is the column of Allah subhanaw taala. It's the speech of Allah.
It's the speech of Allah, it's not no fluke. It's not a creation of the speech of a legislator. Therefore it is permissible to swear by the Quran even.
And it is not permissible to swear by anything else. A person is only allowed to swear by Allah or his SAFE Act. The profits are allowed a certain segment however, the lady lady for called the Ashoka whoever swears by other than Allah has committed chick, he has committed chick. And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that mankind, elephant folio, biLlahi, Olia Smith,
that whoever swears that he must swear only by Allah, or he should remain silent,
or history inside of me, you should not swear the oath is mentioned in it.
Now what can we learn from this ayah First of all, we learned from this ayah but the vastness of a loss of penalty of His mercy, that he does not hold people accountable for love you mean?
That many times people out of habit, they say things, they don't really mean them.
That isn't this immersive a loss of power, that he doesn't hold them accountable for what they say unintentionally,
out of habit.
It's a mercy of a loss of Pentagon.
Secondly, we learn from this I bought the importance of Nia,
the how important intention is or what an important role intention plays, that if you deliberately make an oath, and you go against it,
there is kafala.
And if you make an oath without intention, and you break it noca
you see what an important girl intention phase and everything.
That if you intend to do something, and you go against it, you're accountable for it. If you don't intend to do something, and you go against it, you're not accountable for it.
Then we also learn from this is about the obligation of giving the kafala in the case of breaking an oath,
that what is the kafala, either it is feeding the needy, or it is clothing, the needy or it is freeing the slave
any of these three that a person can do. And if he cannot do none, then only he should first
because some people think that the kafala is that he should fast for three days.
actual data is one, feeding the needy, clothing the needy or freeing a slave.
And if a person cannot do any of these, then he should fast for three days.
So basically, it's a secondary option.
The primary casada is what one of the three
that we also learned from this idea about the obligation of guarding the oats,
guarding oats, that when a person makes an oath, then he must not break it.
He must guard it. He must not break it unnecessarily.
Because he's swearing.
He's using the name of Allah subhanaw taala and he should take that seriously.
the other person is believing him. So, when he has taken somebody into trust, he should fulfill his trust.
Now, remember that in some cases, breaking the oath and the word that is used for breaking the author's and hence her known sir, hence, briefly oath in some cases is wider, meaning it becomes mandatory, breaking the oath.
In some cases, it is haram to break the oath.
In some cases it is Mr hub, it is preferable to break the oath
and in some cases it is mcru it is disliked to break the oath,
breaking the oath sometimes it is why, sometimes it is hard on sometimes it is mazahub sometimes it is mcru
the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that, either he left or Allah meaning that when you swear an oath for eight or eight or higher Amina, and if you see something that is better than it for the lady who are higher on work affair who are near Munich,
then do that which is better and give cafaro for your yummy.
So, what does it mean that you may break your old if it is necessary,
but as I mentioned you that sometimes it is hard on sometimes it is magic, in what cases?
Let's look at the case of YG.
If a man he swears an oath that he will never pray in tomorrow.
He will never pray in congregation or that he will never go for salata. Juma
is it mandatory on him to break the old?
Is it Why?
Because keeping to that oath means that he's going to go against the comment of a loss of penalty.
Similarly, if a person swears that he will drink alcohol, the process I swear I'm gonna drink it now. You stop me, I'm telling you, I swear by allowing you to drink it.
Is he supposed to break it? Yes, he has to break it, he has to give the cafaro now you cannot say oh, I swear. So I have to drink it. Okay.
Similarly, if a person says that I'm never going to speak to this particular relative of mine, never going to speak with them again.
Something common. People do that. They say I'm never going to speak to them never going to go to their house. I'm never going to call them I'm not going to keep in touch with them.
That in that case? Are they supposed to break the oath?
Yes, they are. Because if they don't, they're going against the commands of Allah. Similarly, if a person says that if I have a child, I'm going to devote this child of mine to a particular saint.
Sometimes people do that, that because they're not having children than this where an author or like if you give me a child, I'm going to dedicate this child of mine to a particular saint,
that in that case, what should they do? If the child is born? What do they do? They should break the earth and give the kafala
because dedicating your child to a saint or something like that, that is something that goes against the commendable lost parental data.
Now the case of heroin, for instance, a person swears
that he will not have 100
a person swears I swear by Allah, I will never have alcohol again.
If he breaks that oath, is it haram for him to break that oath?
Yes, it is. Why is it How long? Because if he breaks in what is he going to do? He's going to have alcohol which is an act that is haram in our the
Similarly, a person swears that he will never commit Zina. Then in that case, again, breaking it would be hard on
another case, which is Mr. Howe.
The third is was to help. So for example, a person says I will not pray knuffle Salah
I swear I'm never going to pray enough. I swear I'm only going to pray father and son, I'm never going to pray enough.
So in that case, what you do,
is it better if he breaks that oath? Yes, it is. Why? Because if he breaks that oath and he will be doing something that is good for him, he will be praying nephal Salah.
Now another case, which is more cruel.
For example, a person swears that he will not eat raw onions.
A person swear especially a man. He swears I'm never going to eat raw onions. If he breaks that oath. Is it good for him?
It's more cruel. Why?
Because if he eats raw onions and he has to pray five times a day in the masjid, and he's going to the mustard.
And his breath is smelling of onion.
And this is something that is forbidden is something that is not allowed. There's some
thing that is not permissible. I mentioned not going to the machine in the state where his breath is smelling of onions in particular.
So, if a person swears this, then breaking such an oath is murkrow.
Similarly, from this ayah, we learned that a person should guard his oats.
So, we learn about the obligation of giving the kafala. In the case of breaking a knot, we also learn about the obligation of guarding the odds.
Then we also learned that a person must guard his or otherwise tell that he should not swear unnecessarily.
We also don't want to side with the favor of a loss of penalty that he has clearly mentioned, clearly explained the deen for us so that we know about every aspect of our lives. That what are we supposed to do in this situation? What are we supposed to do in that situation?
This is a huge favor of a loss penalty. And we also learned from this is about the love that our last panel data has for sugar that Allah Khan, the guru, he has given all these details so that you have an opportunity to thank him.
This is how much Allah loves sugar.
That he's giving you the details of his Deen so that you can do sugar. He is giving you blessings so that you can do sugar.
This shows how much love Allah subhanaw taala has for sugar
focus to wash amati, Masaki nermeen.
You see the homos mean? Which one is that?
The false one, deliberately false one.
How many times people swear false or Why?
Just to make the other person believed
that I swear I never went there. Whereas actually you went there. And if you tell them that you went there, they're going to be upset with you.
So sometimes people swear false, or just to make the other person believe in them. But this is something very serious and everything. As I mentioned you it's a major sin.
And the prophets are a lot of them say that man hell of Allah, you mean in wahoo a few have fed you whoever swears an oath and he is sinful in that meaning. It's a false author is wearing Lia cotati rb her memory in muslimin. So that he can take a portion of the wealth of a Muslim brother. Like for example, he will swear that I bought this only for $20. So if I'm selling it to you for 22 Let me have $2 in profit,
whereas actually he bought it for $10 and he's making how much profit now. $12. So he says, I swear I only bought it for 20.
And by saying that he managed to get 10 more dollars from the other person.
So he's wearing a false oath. Why, in order to get a portion of the wealth of another Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said lucky Allahu RNA he helped burn, he will meet a loved one, Allah will be angry with him, while Allah will be upset with him,
and remember the meaning of other, it's such punishment. It's such anger that turns into taking revenge, inflicting punishment.
So we have to be very careful sometimes just to satisfy the teacher, the mother, the parent, we will swear and we know that what we're swearing about is false. It is incorrect.
We should remember that it's a major sin. There's cafaro as well as there is is still foul Toba because Allah is upset with such a person he becomes angry with him.