Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
An-Nisa 163-176 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 174-176
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That's the number 67 sort of donessa I am number 174.
Yeah, are you 100 all mankind? Oh people are the Giacomo Han O'Meara pecan, there has come to you a conclusive proof from your Lord
or an zelner la con Nora Medina, and we have sent down to you a clear light
Sora danessa reaches its completion.
And towards the end, Allah subhanaw taala addresses all people.
In this order, three main groups have been addressed.
First of all the believers were addressed, and many commands pertaining family life were given.
Then the hypocrites, their hypocrisy was mentioned, it was detailed. And then the People of the Book were mentioned.
Now, a lot of panel data invites all people that all people, including the believers, including the disbelievers, the hypocrites, as well as the People of the Book,
because many times what happens, you know about the command of a novel, what is it that stops you from accepting? Sometimes it is arrogance, sometimes because that was a problem with the aggregator that if they submitted if they accepted, it would lower them in their status.
Similarly, with the hypocrites, what was it that prevented them from accepting the commands of Allah,
it was the loss of the benefits of this world, they wanted both the benefits of the being as well as the dunya. So sometimes the commands will be very obvious, but they would not accept why because it would compromise on their benefits of this world.
And with a believer as well, we face many, many challenges when it comes to accepting the commands of Allah.
So at the end, Allah addresses all people, that all people, every single human being by the jet, a combo handle, never pick up from your Lord, there has come to you about hand.
The word bow hand is from the root letter is bad, or Ha, ha. There are
Bara. Bara means to give a conclusive proof. What is borrow money, to give a conclusive proof to give a manifest evidence to support something.
And it's derived from the word Betty, which is to be white, to be radiant, to be very bright.
So the word bull hand is used for an evidence, it is used for a proof that is clear. That is self evident. And it also resolves the argument.
It also puts an end to the confusion, the argument that the people are in.
So basically, it is an evidence that removes doubts from people and it causes it to have it causes unity. It's a conclusive proof, it's clear in itself, bright in itself. Nobody can deny it, nobody can reject it. And it puts an end to the argument the confusion that is within people. So, over here, Allah says that called the Giacomo hanamura become a clear evidence has come to you from your Lord, what is this bullhorn?
This forehand refers to everything that the prophets are about us and it was given the Quran, as well as the miracles and everything that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was giving.
And why is the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and the Quran described as berghahn. Because they are clear, they resolve disputes, their resolve arguments.
You know, sometimes if you look at it, because many commands pertaining family life are mentioned. For instance, at the time of the distribution of inheritance, so many arguments come so many arguments, so many fights, everybody's fighting for their rights. No, I deserve this mature because I put in this much effort. My father loved me more. Therefore, I deserve more. He gave you this much. Therefore I deserve more. That slight occasions, even a different different occasions, many arguments break up between people. But when you have the command of a loss of Hunter, wonderful handguns, and that's it, all arguments come to an end. So at the jazz combo, hanamura become a
conclusive proof a clear evidence has come to you from your Lord. And this is going to put an end to the arguments to the fight to the chaos that you're suffering in your lives. Whether it is family life, whether it is personal life or in your collective society as well.
are the problems that you're suffering from what we'll put an end the score and the guidance of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and what einzelner eleiko and we have sent down to you neuron mabena a clear light.
What does this neuron bobina refer to the Quran? What's the evidence and then we have revealed we have center.
So, the plan is neuro moving, it is clear light.
And what does it mean by the word moving?
Movie means that which is clear in itself and it is also that which clarifies the other that which is clear in itself, and that which also clarifies the other
and the Quran is called New. Why? Because first of all, it is clear in itself. The message of the Quran is absolutely clear. The Quran is not a book of riddles that you have to figure out you don't have to decode the Quran. No, it's quite obvious.
And the Quran also clarifies clarifies what the reality of things, how to deal with different things, how to deal with different situations. It enlightens a person. So we're an Zenn La, la komuro Medina, we have sent down to you a clear light that shows you the truth that tells you what is right, what is wrong.
Just imagine you're in a dark place, you have no idea if there's a wall in front of you. Or if there is a piece of furniture in front of you, you have no idea what do you need? What do you need to save yourself from harm? Light. So without the plan, we are in darkness, that we will be harming ourselves and we will also be harming other people.
Just imagine if a lot of pantalla had not given these rights, these commands to us these responsibilities to us that are given to to NASA, I mentioned to you many incidents or many aspects about the daily society in which the women were deprived, the orphans were deprived of their rights. So when the guidance of the Quran and Sunnah is not there, then people harm themselves and they also harm others.
So Allah says one Zenda, Aleikum neuron Medina and we have sent down to you a clear light to guide you out of this darkness that you're in to save you, to help you. So when this clear evidence has come to you, that is going to resolve your disputes. And this clear light has come to you to guide you. Are you not going to accept it? Are you still going to say no, I don't like it. What an Zenn La La komuro Medina
What do we learn from this ayah
we learn from this ayah First of all, that the guidance that Allah subhanaw taala has given us, it resolves disputes, it puts an end to the difficulties that people are suffering in, in their lives.
And unfortunately, we think that if we accept the Quran if we implement the Quran, then we're going to have arguments that let's say if I start praying this What if I want to do something according to the Sharia, then people are going to argue with me, it happens, but eventually when they see the benefits, then they accept them they agree.
So first of all, we see that the guidance of the Quran and Sunnah it resolves the disputes that are in our lives.
Secondly, we also learn from this eye that the poor and enlightens all aspects of a person's life. The Quran enlightens all aspects of a person's life.
And if people accept the Quran with an open heart and all the doubts will depart from their hearts, and the disputes that they have will come to an end.
And if you think of it many times, it's religious people who are arguing its religious people, there are so many differences of opinion there's so many arguments or so many debates between religious people. Why? Because you're not holding on to the Quran rather holding on to the branches, the different aspects
we learned earlier that of osuna fit in Who are they, those who are firmly grounded in the basics, the Quran and the Sunnah.
And we also learned that this Quran is a guide for all people, for all mankind. Because everyone is being addressed that Yeah, you have nice oh people. So this call is not just for us, but it is our responsibility to convey to other people as well.
We are inserted out of I 157 whatever another lady Angela Mara who una ecoman Mufti Hoon that those people who follow the light which was sent down with him, mean which was sent down with the profit.
It is those people who are successful
Because if you are in darkness, you have no idea what's going on, you could harm yourself, are you going to be successful? No, you're going to end up wasting so much of your time.
But if you are following a light, if there is something that is enlightening your place for you, then you know what to do, what to avoid, and eventually you're going towards success. So Allah says, Allah ecohome will roughly who it is those people who are successful who, those who follow the light that Allah has given
for Allah Latina Amano Bella, then as for those people who believe in Allah, word does, some will be, and they hold fast to him. So first of all, they believe in Allah. And secondly, they hold on to him where it doesn't, it doesn't, is to hold on to something in order to save oneself from destruction. So what does it mean by this Eduardo Hassan will be they hold on to a loss of panel data, meaning they hold on to him by holding on to the Quran?
Because what is it that connects you with the loss of panel data? What's the habit? What's the hablan they're hidden within it, it's the Quran, where it does seem to be heavily lay.
So what is it that connects you with a loss of data? It's the Quran. So our thoughts on will be they held on to him? How? By holding on firmly to the
and what isn't even holding on for me to the Quran?
What does it mean by that? That you just read it all the time, that you firmly and constantly implement,
constantly implement the Quran?
And how can you constantly implement it continuously? How
do you remember when you know? So if you don't know, are you going to be able to implement the Quran? No.
If you have learned but you've closed the Quran, are you going to be able to implement it? No, because you forgotten
so it doesn't will be there hold onto the Quran. How? By applying the Quran and how does a person do that? When he knows when do you remember is when he has a constant connection with the Quran?
Secondly, where it doesn't move he has been understood as that they hold on to him How? By trusting upon him by relying upon him by relying upon him.
So if I'm a Latina Amman will be laggy where does one will be faster you the halo homefield mighty men, who
then soon he will admit them into mercy from him. And what is this mercy? What is this Rama? This Rama? Yes, it refers to gentlemen, because Allah says he will admit them into Rama into mercy into gender. And secondly, that because it has been said fossa you've seen indicates very soon, that even in this dunya they will be in the mercy of Allah, they will see the benefits of following the commands of Allah Subhana
they will see the benefits of following the commands of Allah subhanaw taala they will be at peace,
while falling and also further and what is follow the red line of Allah, the approval of Allah and remember that follows extra. So what does father refer to that more than what they deserve? That the bonus that are most apparent Allah gives is very high
where the Him and He will guide them lie to himself slid off almost Athena, a straight.
We pray everyday Athina serata Muslim Allah Guide us to the straight path doesn't mean that only guide me on the straight path with regards to my Deen. It means that guide me with regards to all aspects of my life. You know, sometimes you're confused, you're having a problem with someone you're now to deal with them. You don't know how to deal with the situation. So when you say it in a Serato mustafi Allah guide me do the behavior do the approach that is the most correct. So when a person who holds on to the Quran, when a person relies on Allah subhanaw taala then Allah will also guide him to the best way to that which is more suitable to that which is most beneficial for him. And
remember that life is full of problems. It's full of challenges. Today, you're dealing with a problem that is coming from one person tomorrow you have a problem with someone else. And we think that the way out of problems is cutting off from people. I don't like my mother in law. That's it. I'm never going to see your face again.
I don't like this friend of mine. That's it finished. I don't like my brother. I don't speak to him. I don't like my aunt. I don't go to her house. today. You have a problem with them. You're not accepting it tomorrow you'll have another problem. What you need is Allah's guidance.
As to how to deal with these problems. And this is why Allah has sent the Quran. We think hold on is only for reading only for recitation, only a book for Baraka. But Allah says over here that way de la Serato Mr. prima He will guide them to him, to his pleasure to his approval, do what do a straight by meaning they will be on such a way they will be doing such things that will lead them to the pleasure of Allah soprano.
Because what happens in this dunya when we're having a problem with someone who do we follow our heart and we just want our right at the end of the day, we don't consider if what I am doing is really going to be acceptable to Allah subhanaw taala never know if this action of mine is really going to be approved by Allah subhanaw taala or not. So this is the benefit of holding on to the Quran that a person will do that which Allah subhanaw taala approves of were de la serata Mr. pigma
so what do we learn from this ayah
First of all, the importance of holding on to the Quran. Because when a person holds on to the Quran, then he will have benefits in this dunya as well as the alpha in this dunya you will have you there in the afternoon you will have Rama and father.
Secondly, we learn about the importance of tawakkol ariola reliance upon Allah because it doesn't move he also means trusting upon him relying upon him. Because many times in problems who do we rely upon our knowledge, our knowledge, or other people, that they can't say anything to me, I have so much money, I have my mother, she's supporting me. They can't say anything to me. No, Who should we trust upon
that all I'm doing this because you have commanded me to do this and I trust upon you, you will help me through this. So we also learned about the importance of to look good. And
thirdly, we also learned from this is that when a person holds on to the book of Allah, what a person trusts upon Allah, then he will get mercy in the axilla and in dystonia in the Hereafter, as well as the knee.
And we learned that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, no people gathered together in one of the houses of Allah reciting the book of Allah and studying it amongst themselves, except that Sakina descends upon them, and mercy envelops them what it does, so maybe they're holding on to the Quran, they're regularly studying it, they're regularly revising it. So when they sit together, they do the record of a loss of panatela. They study the work of Allah, what happens Sakina descends upon them, they're peaceful at their heart. And secondly, the Lima of Allah envelops them and the angels around them and Allah mentions them amongst those who are with him.
So we see that a person who holds on to the book of Allah, He will be in Allah Rama in this dunya as well as the earth.
So who would like to share
and she just came to the ayah and malwa, Luna
and Subhanallah we should have complete faith and belief in Christine because I experienced the same thing when I was in confusion in any doubt in any difficulty. Every time I open Quran and I got 100 I sold my house, like I wanted to get rid of the river. I just visited one of my cousin and he bought the new house beautiful. And for a moment I got shaped To be honest, I got shaved I came home and I was thinking for a while What a beautiful house. And the moment I opened the grant because I had to do my lesson on that day. Same I was the same I was there and I started crying and I said you know when you hold on on carandang grant
this is why it's so important to stay connected with the Quran because you see what it does so maybe they hold on to a lot by holding on to the Quran. And when you hold on to the Quran, then you will get your answers from the Quran then you will get guidance from the Quran
and so many times it has
And you're having a problem in your house, you know, in your personal life, and you read the ad and you know, that's where you get the answer from. The other day somebody came to me asking a question and they said, You know, I had to ask you a question, but I already got the answer.
I already got the answer. So I don't need to ask you now, because it's already in the coupon. So this is the benefit of holding on to the Quran. And we think that the commands of Allah very difficult, this will happen, that will happen. But the fact is, this life is a test of Allah has sent these commands for our help. For our guidance.
Yes, they have to NACA, their request from you a legal ruling?
Yes, sir. Tunica fair. Yeah. And what is that what?
A legal ruling. And so if there is tolerable fatwa to seek a fatwa, the hokum Sheree, with regards to something that what does the religion say about such and such problem?
So yes, they don't occur. They ask you mean the Sahaba. They ask you or prophets or learning something
about what the question is not mentioned.
Allah says Padilla who use decom say that Allah gives you Fatboy Phil calella, concerning the color.
So this shows that the question was about what
about the canal? And this is the beauty of the Quran. That if the question or the answer can be implied by the statement that follows and it's not necessary to mention it twice.
So yes, you have to NACA only level you have to configure galera say that Allah gives you a fatwa concerning the Corrado.
If you notice the last ayah of sorta nessa, what is it about the canal
and the Canada we learnt about right at the beginning of the suta. And this is in particular about the inheritance share the distribution of the inheritance with regards to the Quran.
And the inheritance series, they were mentioned early on in this world I know a person might wonder, why is this I mentioned right at the end of this
many times people wonder,
it is said that at the beginning of the surah, Allah subhanaw taala mentioned the outcome concerning the inheritance concerning women, the orphans, etc. And Allah subhanaw taala ends the sutra with the same topic. So that the beginning and the ending is the same
beginning mentions these commands, and at the end also, the commands are mentioned.
And in the middle, who has mentioned
the hypocrites and the
because the hypocrites their behavior towards the commands of Allah is that they say they're going to accept but they don't.
The angle kita what is their behavior? That we know what you're saying is correct. But we're not going to accept why. It's their arrogance. It's their pride. So Allah subhanaw taala mentioned the command to the beginning, and also at the end, to keep the beginning and the end similar.
Yes, that don't occur only level up confocal Allah
Who is the canal, the canal is the person who leaves behind no children, no descendants, nor ascendance. So he's leaving behind no parents, no grandparents, no children, no grandchildren, however upwards or downwards.
So they asked you concerning the calendar.
I'm not a medical doctor. later on. He said, there is nothing that I asked the Messenger of Allah about its meaning more than the calendar. Meeting he asked the prophets of Allah about the calella a lot about the meaning of canal
meaning Who is he? And what about his inheritance here etc. Until the Prophet sallallahu wasallam booked me with his finger in my chest. So he persistently as the prophets of Allah saw them until the Prophet booked him in his chest with his finger and he said he had FECA a to slave allottee the FET Surah denisa
the air that isn't the end of sort of the NASA should suffice you meaning this should give you all of the answers because put it level you've taken a lie is giving you the facts concerning the commander
and what is that fatwah?
That anymore on if there is a man
meaning if the Kalina is a man, Hanukkah, he died. Hanukkah is also used for destruction, but the word is also used for that.
So in in rune Hanukkah, if a man died, lezana who and he does not have one I don't a child. He has no child. One who and for him often is a sister.
Remember the word what it is used for?
One and more children, male and female.
So he doesn't have any children. And by this lace Allah who wanted, what is implied is, whatever well it and he doesn't even have any parents. He's not leaving behind any parents. And this is the definition of Canada.
But he's leaving behind often a sister, meaning only one sister, whether she is a full sister, or a half sister, whether she is a full sister or a half sister.
So he's leaving behind often, one sister
father had done for her, meaning the sister will get this full half of what madaraka that when she left behind, so basically, the sister will inherit half of the entire estate of the canal. Okay, the half goes to her, and where does the other half go? Where does the other half go? No, it doesn't go to charity. And that's if the person even for that he can only get one third, not half.
So the other half will go to the other relatives.
Remember, we learned earlier that they're three degrees. So one is off one's immediate family, that the willful route, the immediate family of a person,
then if they get all their shares, or in their absence, who gets the share of inheritance, it's relatives from a person's father's side and in their absence then wrenches from a person's mother's side. So for example, aunt, uncle, cousin. So, whichever relative is alive, then the other half will be distributed amongst them.
The prophets are a lot of systems that give the floor to its people and whatever is left is the share of the nearest meal relative from from the Father side. And then in their absence, it will go to the mother's side.
So find a harness for metalock she will have half of what he left behind.
What what and he who does he refer to
meaning in the opposite case, where the woman is dying as a color, where the woman is dying as a cadet and leaving behind no parents, no children, then he meaning the brother, the full brother or the half brother, where he is the only brother, he will get his or her he will inherit from her. A Lamia cola her wallet if she doesn't have a child.
In the case of a man who is canalla and he dies, and he leaves behind only one sister She will inherit half and the other half will go to the other relatives. In the case where the woman is the Corolla, and she dies and she leaves behind one brother, then he will inherit what yetis who had he will inherit her meaning all of it. He will inherit all of her estate every single thing that she has left behind who will inherit the brother whether full or half in the case where she doesn't have children. So in the case where she is a collector
so in the case of the sister she inherits half in the case of the brother he inherits full. Why because we learned earlier later Kareem is to have when when say
for in Canada then if they do work Canada This is feminine. Why? I was at feminine, that if it was masculine, it would be Canada.
So for in Canada if the two word meaning two sisters are the deceased brother.
Up until now we learned about one sister, one brother now we're learning about for in Canada is not a uni
that if the Corolla man leaves behind two sisters, not one sister, but two sisters.
So find a woman. So for them to is a Sulu 72 thirds limit daraga of what he left.
So, the sisters will share in two thirds of what he left and the remaining one third, who will that go to the other relatives
were in cannot afford them. And if they are brothers, meaning the siblings, the heirs they're mixed up there is one that he Jilin when he said, men and women. So up until now we learned about the share of the one sister one brother or two sisters. But now you have let's say two sisters, two brothers, or three sisters, two brothers. So in that case, family Daiquiri then for the male, Mr. Healthy i'm saying is like the share
to females. So in that case, you will divide the status as you will divide between multiple children, that for each male, his share is going to be double of that of the share of the woman.
You bring in Allahu Allah, Allah makes clear to you and Tobin do lest you go astray.
Meaning Allah clarifies the shadow, the laws of your deen for you. Why, until the law so that you don't go astray
until they know the law is implied meaning allegedly law so that you do not make a wrong decision. So that you do not deprive anyone of their share of what they deserve. So that you are saved from making mistakes
will love will be called initiating earlier and Allah is Knowing every single thing, every single thing, including who, who deserves what and why.
Because if you look at it, the inheritance shares have lost panatela has fixed himself. Nobody can come and say that Oh, I like my sister more. I like my brother more. I want them to inherit everything. No, you can't do that. You can't divide your estate yourself. It has to be done according to the law that Allah subhanaw taala has given. Why? Because Allah is the condition around him, Allah is Knowing of everything, everyone, including what is good for a person, what is beneficial for a person and what is harmful. So we'll all be conditioned it, it gives us double meaning.
First of all, it tells us about that the commands that Allah has given, they are based on his knowledge. So therefore they are most perfect for you, they are best for you.
And secondly will not be condition or limb. This also tells us it also warns us that Allah has given you the commands. And Allah knows about what you're doing, about what you do. But whether or not you accept the commands as they are, or you alter them, or you reject them, Allah subhanaw taala knows everything. So in mentioning Allah habitually shine early, it clarifies that all of these commands are good for you. And secondly, it also holds a threat against us that if Allah has given all of these commands to you, what are you doing? What is your behavior towards the commands
to know how
long cliche in
the way that the sooner ends up you know, love will come until they
will be conditioned
that Allah is giving you all of these commands to save you from Bernanke to save you from making mistakes to save you from going astray. Because we make to our to a loss of control everyday Idina serata was the theme Serato Latina and I'm telling him right in moto brdu, one of Bernie, so you bail in along with them until the new law will be coalition Adam and this is applicable not just to this idea, but all of the commands that Allah has given to us in the
facility, NASA comes to an end over here