Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 243-252 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 243-245
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Lesson number 33. So total abakada I owe 243. To 252
lm de la la la Vina hora, do you mean dare him? Have you not seen? Have you not considered those people who left their homes? How did they leave their homes? Well whom Ulu often in many 1000s, meaning they were in many 1000s? Why did they leave? Heather almost out of the fear of death.
And I'm Tara, Have you not seen? And I'm Tara,
his health is different. And as we know, that the health is different, is not always used for interrogation. It's not always used to ask a question whose answer is being demanded. But sometimes, this Hamza is used as a rhetorical question, meaning, there is no answer that is required. And the purpose is to encourage the listener. The purpose is to provoke the thought of the listener. The purpose is to make the listener wonder, and think.
And, and I'm Tara, Have you not seen? Dada? is from the root letters la Hamza? Yeah, from the word low here, which means to see. And remember that seeing is of different types, first of all, here includes blue here to Lhasa, which is to see, to look at something through the eye, it is to see something in the tangible sense to see something obvious, through the eye.
And the second type of role here is to fix which is to ponder and reflect upon something.
It is to ponder and reflect upon something to look beyond the apparent to not just focus on the physical part, but to reflect on the lessons to reflect on what a person can learn.
Over here, I learned Tara, Have you not seen? It doesn't mean that literally did you see those people? Because obviously, the incident that is mentioned over here was perhaps many hundreds, perhaps many 1000s of years ago. So none of the people at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and afterwards had actually seen this event. So by saying, and I'm Tara, what it means is, Have you not heard? Have you not reflected on this? Have you not considered this? Isn't it amazing? Don't you wonder?
So aldora The purpose of this expression is to basically encourage the listener, to be curious to wonder,
so that the listener pays attention to what is going to be said afterwards.
So don't you know, haven't you heard? Haven't you reflected over this? And if you haven't, then think about this and take a lesson from the story.
And in Alan Thoreau, you over here primarily refers to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but after him, you refers to any listener? Any person who is listening to this,
that Isn't this amazing? Haven't you thought about this? So we see that everyone is being invited to think, to reflect upon an incident that occurred in the history of human beings.
We know that the purpose behind mentioning stories, mentioning examples in the Quran is so that people reflect upon them. And people take a lesson from them.
When Allah subhanaw taala tells us a story, when he gives us an example. The purpose is not just to focus on the facts. The purpose is not just to tell us as to what happened,
but rather, the purpose is to explain something to us.
And for that, we need to reflect
we need to use our minds.
And I'm Tara, Have you not seen Have you not reflected? Have you not considered if you haven't, then reflect upon this and take a lesson.
So have you not reflected on who
even Medina heard you? to those people who went out who left?
Who went out from where
men do it in their homes. The ad is the plural of though and that is used for the house of a person
The home of the person. And when the floor is used the owl, then it doesn't just refer to houses, but rather it refers to the region or the land in which people are residing.
So they left their city, they left their land, they left their country.
And these people, how many were they? Well, home, olu phone, and they were many 1000s. In their number, they were in 1000s.
The word we know is a plural of n, from the root letters hums alpha and ns is used for 1000
alpha level means together, to unite together to join together
from the same root is the word alpha. What does alpha mean?
Because when people love each other, when there is love, then people are united, there together. And when there is no love, then even if people are living together, they will be miles apart,
they will be very different, there is going to be no unity. So Love is a cause of unity.
Which is why we see that sometimes people will be living miles apart from each other in the physical sense. But because they love each other, all they can do is think about the one whom they love, or talk about the one whom they love, appreciate the one whom they love, for example, all of us say that we love the profits out of them. And when we hear his words, when we hear about what he went through, tears in our eyes, oh, there's a smile on our face. Why? Because there is love for the profit sort of artisan.
So alpha is a cause of unity.
And the word elf is used for 1000. Because 1000 is a huge number. It's a huge number.
So we're home Oh, no fun, and they were many 1000s.
Why did they leave Heather on mode due to fear of death?
As you know about the meaning of the word Heather, we did the word fabuleux earlier. It is such fear that makes a person cautious. It makes a person alert
somebody because of the fear of death. What caution did they take they left their land? They left their homes, they left their country.
Now Who are these people? Which nation is this? which people are these?
We see that in the Quran. Their name has been mentioned. We don't know which people exactly they were.
However, the scholars have said that these people are living in ecology, it refers to the Bani Israel
and some have said that no it refers to some other nation.
Now remember, that the story that inshallah we will read, which is going to be mentioned soon after. In that story, also, many facts, many figures, many names have not been mentioned. Why? Because anything that is of benefit to us, it's not possible that our loss of planetary would not tell us about it.
If there is something of benefit to us, Allah tells us about it. Allah tells us about it either in the Quran, through the prophet sallallahu sallam. And if there is no benefit for us in something, then obviously, it's not mentioned.
So if the name of the people is not mentioned, that means there is no benefit for us in knowing the name of those people.
And if there was the benefit alone would have told us we learned earlier as well. When the mosquito was mentioned, the beginning of sort of Docker and the first use that Allah does not feel shy of giving the example of even a mosquito or something that is smaller than that. Why? Why? Because the focus is not the mosquito. The focus is the lesson. Similarly, the focus is not the name of these people. The focus is not the exact number of these people. The focus is not on why exactly they left their houses. The focus is on the lesson that Allah subhanaw taala is teaching us by mentioning their example by mentioning their story.
So therefore, instead of focusing on Okay, who were they, and why exactly they left, no, don't go into these details. Why should we focus on the lesson that Ally's teaching us over here?
So have you not reflected on the situation of those people who left their homes in many 1000s due to fear of death?
Now, we see that if a person leaves his house, if a person leaves his home, it's not something that is easy for him.
Imagine if you were told to leave your house immediately.
sometimes it happens that if a person is living in a building and there is a fire, they have to evacuate immediately. leaving the house is not easy. Especially leaving with the fear that you might not return, you may not be able to return.
And even if you leave, and you have time to prepare, you have time to wind up everything that you have, or give away everything you have, or backup everything you have. It's not something that is easy. There always has to be something very major, very important to force you to leave your house to make you leave your house.
So over here, we see that the fear of deaths was so great that it made all of these people, not just one family, not just two families, but 1000s of people to leave their houses all together.
If you ever traveled with your entire family, or a group of people, you know that traveling with a group becomes very difficult. Imagine traveling in 1000s, and leaving your home all together everybody is leaving. So we see that whatever it was that caused them to leave their houses, it must have been something very major.
Because when it comes to small problems, when it comes to minor difficulties, then people go to their homes, isn't it to find peace and comfort.
But when the problem is very great, then people leave their homes.
And what is it that made them leave their homes have their own mode due to fear of death.
It hasn't been said that this fear of death was the fear of dying out of plague, dying out of plague.
Some of us sitting some scholars have said that some plague had spread in this land in this particular land. And plague as you know, causes death it spreads very quickly. So in order to escape that, they left their houses, they left their country, thinking that leaving their place would save them from dying.
Others have said that they left their homes because of the fear of death. This fear of death was the fear of dying because of fighting in the way of
fear that was what fear, the fear of dying, because of fighting in the way of Allah. These people were commanded to fight in the way of Allah. And instead of mustering up some courage, to fight the enemy, they felt weak and instead they escaped.
So basically, they try to run away from death.
But what happened
for cornella Humala who moved to Allah said to all of them, all of you die, Allah said to them, they and this saying of a love the statement of a letter first to kalama Khan, all that alas to say, is just can be and it happens, it occurs. They tried running away from that.
And they thought that if they left their homes, they will be saved from dying. But when they left, Allah said to them die, and all of them died.
So we see that a person cannot escape from that. A person cannot escape from that. Allah just told him die and they died.
We learn in selective Joomla is number eight, called inland motor lady Runa. Men who for inner Humala, Pico, say, indeed the depth from which you are fleeing, indeed, it will meet you, it's going to find you.
And many times the person leaves a place thinking that he will be saved. And he ends up in a place where he's actually supposed to die, where he's actually supposed to die. I heard a story once that was mentioned in one of the lectures by a scholar in which he had said that a man fell from a building from like the eighth floor from a building from the top of a building. He was a construction worker. And when he fell, people thought he was finished. And when they sign in, there was not even a scratch on his body. They were amazed and what happened. He went to get some food for the rest of the people. And as he was crossing the street, a car hit him and he died at the spot.
He was meant to die. Were not at the foot of the building. But in the midst
Love the road.
So a person might think that just because he's going somewhere he might die, or just because he doesn't go somewhere, he might be saved from death. But the reality is, that wherever a person is supposed to die, he will die there.
So, wherever a person is today, he dies there and leaving a place or going to a particular place, trying to run away from that does not save a person from dying.
We also see over here, that it is not necessary, but there should be some physical or tangible reason behind the death of a person.
Over here, Allah said to them more to enter died. Was it the plague that killed them? Not necessarily. Was it the battle that killed them? No. Why did they die, because Allah told them die,
Allah said to them die. So, sometimes there is some physical there is some tangible reason behind the death of the person. And other times people cannot figure it out. They perform the autopsy, they do many things, they try to figure out but they cannot know as to what exactly caused the death. Why? Because it is the decision of
summer here him, then he gave life to them, meaning after some time, he gave life to them, he restored them to life. Why Because Allah is a lady you he will you meet, he is the one who gives life and he also causes death. So he gave life to all of them, despite the fact that they had died. In the law, indeed, of a little fuddling Island nurse, he is the one who has superiority over people. He is the one who is full of bounty to the people, when I kinetic fallenness hilarious guru, but most of the people do not show gratitude.
We see over here, that Allah is the Father, Allah has father over who, over all people.
The word father, as you know, means that which is extra, that which is surplus, something additional.
So do follow with regards to a loss of Panasonic is understood in two ways.
that first of all, Allah has fuddle over the people.
Allah has the
meaning superiority over them.
Allah is the one who has power over the people. It's not the people who have power over him. If people try to escape the decision of Allah, to escape the decree of Allah, they cannot escape. Why? Because Allah has complete control over them, he has complete power and superiority over them. So if he wishes to give them that through something, he can do so. And if he wishes to give them that without anything, just by saying gone, he can do so. Why? Because he has fallen over the people, he has to fumble over the people he has superiority over people.
Secondly, with regards to our last panel data, do follow is understood as follow gives the meaning of a thought meaning He bestows upon the people. He is generous towards the people, overall people that whatever people have, whether it is well, or health or freedom or time, life, anything that people have, why do they have it? How do they have it? It is a loss of hanadarko who gives it to them. Allah is the one who is most generous towards the people. He is the one who shows generosity to the people. And over here in particular, what favor is being pointed to the fact that he gave them death, and he gave them life again.
He gave them all that because they tried escaping that. And then Allah subhanaw taala gave them life again.
Allah is very generous to the people.
And notice our ness and ness again and deserve it gives meaning of all it is still rock it gives meaning of all mankind, whether believers or not, whether they're men, or women, children, or old, one or more. He shows generosity to all people. But what's the problem?
Most of the people are not grateful.
Most of the people do not show gratitude to Allah, for what? For the favorites that He bestows upon them.
We see that out of all mankind. How many really believe in Allah?
Because copper is the greatest in gratitude. How many really believe in Allah? Out of all those people who believe how many really show gratitude to Allah?
How many really remember Allah and say sugar?
So doctor or nurse
Most of the people, they're not grateful to Allah Subhana Allah.
He is the one who grants health. He is the one who grants prosperity. He is the one who gives all kinds of goodness to people. Everything that everyone has is because of the fuddle of Allah. But most people, they are not grateful, when I cannot act on us.
So we learn from this idea that no one can ever avert destiny. First of all, we learn that caution, prevention cannot avert destiny, and that a person cannot run away from Allah. The only refuge that a person can take is with Allah not from
if a person tries to run away from Allah, He will be unsuccessful. We see that these people left their homes, fleeing from what from that, seeking to enjoy life. But Allah subhanaw taala gave them that, wherever they were,
the exact opposite happened. They thought if we leave, we'll be able to live, but what happened, they left and they all died. So prevention and caution cannot avert the destiny of Allah. Now, does this mean that a person should not take any question? Does this mean that a person should not take any prevention where it is necessary? No, this is not what the meaning is. Basically, a person should take caution, he should take precaution. But at the same time, he should be certain that whatever Allah decides for me, I cannot escape.
The problem lies in the heart, the problem lies in the mind. What is the person thinking? Is he trying to flee from Allah? Is he trying to escape? Or is he trying to run away from the decision of Allah from the decree of Allah? If he's trying to do that, he will not be successful at all.
So anytime that a person takes question, anytime that a person takes something like medicine or anything, what should he think what should he know?
That this is what I'm doing. But at the end of the day, it's the decision of Allah.
Also, we learn from this, that any decision that a loss of power dynamics for us any command that Allah gives to us, we must not try to escape from it. As I told you, that hether all mode has been understood as that these people were commanded to fight in the way of Allah. And what did they do? They became weak, and they ran away, there anyway.
So Allah subhanaw taala, has also given us some commands. And if we try to run away from them, if we try to avoid them, who are we harming ourselves? Many times we think that if I don't follow this command, I will be happy. If I don't follow this command, everything will be fine. But the exact opposite happens. When a person tries to run away from Allah, he loses the protection of Allah, the mercy of Allah, the help of Allah, then how can he be successful, he cannot be successful.
benefit is in accepting and implementing the commands of Allah, not running away from them. As for playing in particular, there's a Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, in which we learned that if plague breaks out in a land that you were in, then do not leave that land to escape from it. And if you hear about it in a land, then do not enter it.
If you hear that in a particular place, there is play and you are in that land, then do not leave that land. Why? Because if you leave what you're trying to do, you're trying to escape that. And if you leave, if you've already caught it, and you don't realize it's possible that you spread it. And if you find out from outside, you're not in that place. If you find out that there's plague in that particular place, then you should not go there. So it doesn't mean that you should not take any precaution. Remember, you should take precaution, but you should not try to escape the command of Allah, the decision of Allah.
Another very important lesson that we learn from this ayah is that life and death are in the hands of Allah.
It is only a Lost Planet Allah who gives life it is only he who gives that and nobody else has any control over it.
Another important lesson that we learned from this is that a person should always remember the will of Allah.
Because remembering the fall of Allah is part of
Allah is the fuddling Allah nurse when I cannot throw nasty language, Quran, everything isn't the end of Allah. Everything we have is from Allah. And therefore we should do
Remember the favors of Allah? Because if we don't remember the favors of Allah, what is that? in gratitude? When I can act on acid is Kuru
we don't insult anyone. I number 26 kolinda homomeric and Mulkey to tell Malcolm and Tasha, what 10 zero Malcolm in mentorship. What is resume and Tasha, what are they lumen Tasha? Be a deacon Hi, in Nicola condition Cody, say, Oh Allah, owner of sovereignty, you will give sovereignty you will give power to whom you will, and you take sovereignty away from whom you will. So if anyone has something, it is because of the father of Allah, if anybody does not have something that is also from the father of Allah, you honor whom you will, and you humble, whom you will, in your hand is all good. Indeed, you are over all things competent.
So we should remember that everything that we have is from Allah.
And when a person acknowledges this, then only he is grateful.
And whatever we have, we should be grateful for it. Because gratitude leads to increase in the blessings in ceccato Let us see them. If you're grateful, I will increase the blessings for you. Well, I can act on nesina. And
then Allah says, What county roofie subida and fight in the way of Allah warnham anila Samir and Eileen and know that Allah is hearing, and he's also doing
karate. Who should you fight? a Latina yo katajanokka those people who fight you the enemy? Now the question is Kati Lu, is a command. It's an imperative. So who is this command being given to? Who who is being told fight in the way of Allah? This has been understood in two ways. First of all, it has been said that this has connected with the previous ayah that alladhina horologium in the area him were home alone, why did they leave their houses? Heather all mode because of the fear of death.
And what was one reason that I explained to you that these people were commanded to fight and they thought that if they ran away from the field from the battle, they will be saved from death.
So the same people, once they were given life, again, from what I hear when Allah subhanaw taala gave them life again, he told them, we'll call it roofie Sabina fight in the way of Allah. So basically, he showed to them that you're running away, is not going to give you life is not going to save your life. You have to follow the command of Allah. And secondly, it has been said, the coffee loo, this is a command to the Muslim woman.
Because the previous eye begins with a lamb Tara, Have you not seen Have you not reflected on this? take a lesson from this, that you're running away from battle is not going to save your life. Therefore, fight in the way of Allah.
Do not try to escape that because you're escaping is not going to benefit you fight in the way of Allah and in the way of Allah means. What does it mean by fighting in the way of Allah
for the defense of the deen in order to support the deen for the sake of Allah? partido fie civitella
wildermuth. And all of you should know, that Indeed, Allah is hearing and he is also knowing.
We see that the Muslims in Medina, when they migrated to Medina, they were in a much better position, they were in a much better state, compared to the state that they were in, in Makkah.
in Makkah, they were persecuted. They were tortured. They had no religious freedom. They even suffer from a social boycott. But in Medina, they were free. They had religious freedom. They were able to do whatever they wanted to. But still, because they had recently come to Medina and because the entire Islamic State was just being established and half of the population was of immigrants, those immigrants who came empty handed.
So obviously, they were still in a difficult situation, but compared to Makkah, the condition had improved a lot. But we see that even in Medina, what happened, the kadesh, they would continue to come and harm the Muslims. So therefore, the Muslims in Medina, they were commanded to fight why, in order to defend themselves, feasibility law in the way of Allah.
We see that in Makkah, there was difficulty, but it was different. And in Medina, there was difficulty, but that difficulty was different from the difficulty that they suffered in
life is about difficulty.
You will always have challenges you will always have difficulties. And they will be different depending on where you are and what stage of life you're in.
But because the Muslims in Medina, they were still establishing themselves, they still lacked strength. They were immigrants, they didn't have much. Therefore, when they were commanded to fight, they were worried. They were scared. They were concerned. So over here, the example of the previous people has been given that you're trying to run away from battle is not going to save your life.
You're trying to escape, death is not going to save you from that.
Caution does not alter destiny.
Similarly, abandoning jihad, abandoning fighting in the way of Allah, for those Muslims in Medina, it's not going to bring your death closer, nor is it going to take it farther away from you, your death is going to come at its appointed time.
So fear of death should not stop you from fighting and the
fear of death should not stop you from fighting in the way of Allah.
We learn into it and run it number 168 alladhina kanodia Juana him Ricardo lo Aruna makuti do confederal unfussy, Komal Mota in quantum sidling. They're the ones who said about their killed brothers, while they themselves sat at home. That the hypocrites they said about those Muslims who had died in the battle, that if only they had listened to us, they would not have been killed.
If only they have listened to us and not gone for the battle, then they would not have been killed. Allah Subhana Allah says, say to them, that avert death from your own selves if you speak the truth,
all of those hypocrites alive till today. No, not even one of them is alive. So death is going to come anyway. So the fear of death should not stop a person from doing what pleases have lost.
The fear of death should not stop a person from doing what pleases unless
we know about Harley, they've been worried whose holiday been Waleed
after he became Western, he was a commander of the Muslim army. He was called the sword of Allah Saifullah. And we know that he participated in many battles. But did he die in the battlefield? No, he died on his deathbed. And we learned that while he was dying, he said, I have participated in so and so number of battles, there is not a part of my body. That's but suffered a shot of an arrow, a stab of a spear, or a strike of a sword. Every part of my body is wounded and injured. Yet, here I am, I die on my bed, just as a camel dies, may the eyes of the cowards never leave
those people who don't go out of fear of death, let them look at me. Let them look at me that I have participated in so many. But look at me, I'm dying on my deathbed.
So what does that show
that death comes to a person when it is decreed upon him.
Therefore, he should not avoid the command of Allah, just because of the fear of that.
Now from this ayah we learned many lessons. First of all, we see from the context of this ayah that because the Muslims were not able to fight in Macau because the situation they were commanded not to fight.
And in Medina, when they were able to fight they were commanded to fight. So we see that fighting in the way of Allah is not a general command. It's not a command that has to be implemented in every situation all the time, that even in times of peace. A Muslim says that no kata Rufus obey the law, therefore, I have my sword. I have my gun, and I'm going fighting in the wave a lot. No, fighting is not a general command. It is implemented only in specific situations,
with situations when there is a need to fight. So for example, in Medina, the Muslims needed to fight all those years, they had suffered so much, they had to take revenge from the enemy. And even if they weren't taking rent from the enemy, the enemy was not leaving them alone. Every now and then they would come and harm the Muslims in some way or the other.
If there was any Muslim in Makkah, who was not able to migrate, living was so difficult for him. We know that in the sixth year of hijra in the year for davia was the Prophet sought a lot of settlements
The Muslims had gone to perform homeland they had candidate for Libya. And while the contract was being made, what happened? One of the companions came from Africa, who had escaped, with his hands tied up. And he was saying, save me, save me. And the Muslims could not save him. So if they would not fight, how could they save these Muslims?
So we see that fighting is not a general command, it is applied only in a situation where necessary, where there is a need to fight.
And what is that situation
that the Muslims have to defend themselves. And the Muslims also have the ability to fight
in Makkah, the Muslims should have defended themselves, they were being persecuted so much, but what are they told? No, go for idea. Why? Because they had no ability to fight.
And later on, when they had the ability in Medina, then they were told to fight. So it's possible that Muslims suffer, they suffer persecution, they have to defend themselves, but because of their situation, because they are not able to fight, then that command is not going to be implemented on them. Fighting is not a general command.
Also, we learned a very important lesson that fighting should only be for the sake of Allah. fighting the girl should only for the sake of Allah. And this includes the persons near and also the persons on what does it mean? That when a person fights his near should be only to please Allah subhanaw taala, to exalt the kalama of Allah, to defend the religion of Allah to support the religion of Allah.
And he should not fight just to promote his cause, or to earn more booty to gain more property to make his nation superior to get some medals. No, that should not be the purpose behind fighting in the wave Allah. We know of a man who came to the Prophet sort of artists and then he asked that a man fights for pride, and haughtiness, that he doesn't like that anybody should insult him.
Another person fights for bravery, to show that he's very brave. And another fights for showing off.
And others another fights are showing off that look, I have so much ammunition. I have so many swords, I have so many animals. Which of these cases is in a lost cause?
What are the profits or losses of them say to him, the one who fights that allows word should be superior fights in the waiver.
So we see that when a person is fighting in the way of Allah than the Nia should be for the sake of Allah.
Not to raise his own country's flag, not to raise his own nation's flag. No, the purpose, the goal should be to defend the deen of Allah to support the deen of Allah and not anything else.
So this includes photography Sabina includes the nia. And it also includes armor. What does it mean by armor? That when a person does fight, he fights according to the teachings of according to the instructions of Allah and some of them. We have learned earlier that you only find those people who are fighting against you. And you don't do it to that you don't transgress the limits. You don't kill the women, you don't kill the children. You don't kill the people who are like Rabanne, people who are monks who are just worshipping in their worship places. You don't kill them. You don't destroy the Earth, but rather you just harm the enemy because the enemy is the one who is harming
So photography Sevilla, includes Nia, and it also includes armor, and only when the Nia is proper and then ominous, proper than it is for the sake of Allah.
So person cannot go fine according to however he wants. And he says, well, we're doing jihad. No, it has to be proper.
And also we see that varnamo anila, Samir 90 know that Allah is hearing, and he's knowing
what is the IRC
wildermuth and the Lhasa mineralnye, that Allah hears all of your statements, whether you say them out openly, or you keep them in your heart. And he's also Arlene, what does he know? He knows about your state about the situation that you're in. And depending on your situation, he has told you he has commanded you he has instructed you as to what you should do. He is hearing and he's also knowing Marlon whoo and Allaha semir. And
then Allah subhanaw taala says, Mandarin lady, Who is it? Who and Lady you carry the law cotton Hashanah? Who is it that would loan Allah a goodly loan
Are you Laurie for hula hoop up if and Kathy so he may multiply it for him many times, will love who Jacobo whatever subtle, what a little German and it is Allah who withholds and grants abundance. And to Him you will be returned.
mentality, man, man over here is off interrogation, it is of Estefan.
So basically, a lot of that is asking, he is questioning Who is it, that would like to give to Allah, a beautiful loan?
Who wants to give a beautiful loan to Allah, a good loan to Allah? Because whoever gives a good loan to Allah, Allah is going to multiply that for him many, many times when he returns that loan to him.
And this question is for the purpose of this week, what does that mean? Do arouse interest, to make us interested to give us the sweetness from shock to give us some yearning or desire to do this particular action. Or when children are asked who wants a candy? What do children do? Me, me, me, who knows about this Me, me me. So similarly, Monday lady, who wants to give a good loan to Allah, Allah is questioning Allah is asking, whoever wants to give it, whoever wants his benefit, go ahead and do it. Go ahead and give a loan to Allah come forward. So who is it that would give to Allah ukri la escena
yukito urban is from the reflectors of la la. And out is alone
something that a person lends to another
something that a person lends to another.
And when a person lends something to another, what does it mean? That it is going to be returned to him.
It's given on the condition that it will be returned, it will be given back. Sometimes we borrow things forever, and we never return them. Borrowing means returning. And the word called literally means to cut something from the same root as the word McLeod and McLeod is used for scissors. Why? Because this is are used to cut paper to cut cloth.
And when a person gets caught, what is he doing, he is cutting apart a portion of his wealth and he is giving it away to someone else who will return it to him at another time.
So in order to give up, you have to give your own money, you can't borrow money and give that as a loan, or this action that you gave a part of your own personal wealth to another why is that he may fulfill his need. And what's the condition that you will get it back
and remember that if the time period is fixed, which time period of returning the loan, then it is called then that you know at the end of Sudoku, the longest verse of the Quran, which is an entire page long is the ayah today. So Dane is a loan that is given and the date of return is fixed. And if the date of return is not fixed, then the word card is only used.
Now over here the word card has been used, then has not been used. Why?
Because Allah is promising that he will return it to you, when he hasn't told you he can give it to you in the dunya or both the dunya and akhira are only in the after the return time is not fixed, but what is guaranteed is that he will return it to you somehow or the other.
So who is it who would give to Allah, a carbon Hasson and what does Hassan mean? That which is beautiful, that which is beautiful. hassen is anything that a person likes.
It could be something physical, that when a person looks at it, he likes it.
Or it could be something intangible that the thought of it pleases a person. The feeling, pleases the person
and has an adult or something that is worthy of being liked. It is something that should be like it is something that should be appreciated. Remember the word Xena is used for beauty? That is seen that is felt that is experienced? But it's not necessary that that thing is beautiful. But hasn't is what it is necessary. That That thing is good. It is worthy of being like it is worthy of being appreciated. It is something that
So who is it that would give to Allah? A beautiful loan? A good loan?
What does it mean by this? What does it mean by lending a loan to Allah, giving a loan to Allah.
Giving a loan to Allah means to spend in the way of Allah to spend feasts of Eden. To spend one's wealth once effort, once talent, a part of a person's life, a part of a person's day, a part of a person's year, whatever a person has been given, why? To support the deen of Allah to promote the deen of Allah.
Whether it is by learning the deen or it is by teaching the deen or it is by helping someone learn the helping someone learn the D. All of this is included in what lending alone to avoid.
And lending the loan to a lot also includes all approved charitable gifts or any approved sadock. That for example, a person gives out a cut to a poor person, a person spends on his family, a person spends on his relatives, all of the different places where a person should spend that we have read early in sort of
any sadhaka that is approved, that is also included in lending alone to Allah.
So what does it mean by lending alone to Allah? First of all, spending feasibility, to promote the deen to support the deen to spread them in whatever way it is, whether it is by knowledge or any other way. And secondly, lending alone to Allah includes spending were in charity, with charity that is approved by a loss penalty.
So who is it that would lend to Allah, a carbon Hashanah? Now the question is what is carbon has center?
But before that, why is it that South Africa or supporting the deen of Allah is called Earth?
Why is Allah calling it corrupt? Why is he saying that? Who will lend to Allah a beautiful loan? Why is the word loan being used? Why is the word cop being used? Why do you think
because it's going to be returned. Whenever a person gives something in the way of a law, whether it is something monetary, or otherwise, whether it is some money that a person gives in the way of a law, or a person spends his time a person spends his energy, a person does anything for the sake of Allah. Remember that it will be given back to him in some way or the other meaning Allah will reward him in some way or the other.
So it has been called Why? Because there is just app for it. There is reward for it, there is recompense for it.
And it has also been called cada to make us realize that the reward, or the recompense is guaranteed. Something that you do for Allah sake, it's not going to be wasted. The effort that you put in for the sake of Allah is not going to be wasted. And when you give a loan, what do you get in return? What you've given? Is it something less than that? No, it shouldn't be something less than that. When a loss, the panel data tells us that we should give in his way or we should work in his way, then the reward that he gives to us for that effort is equivalent or in fact, it is much more. It's not less, it's more than what we have done, than what we have given.
So what is other than has been? Because Allah hasn't said that, who is it that would lend to Allah alone, only God has not been set. Pathan has an alone that is good alone, that is beautiful. Cotton has an is used for that which person gives in the way of Allah without expecting any worldly benefit from it?
What is it that which a person spends in the way of Allah without expecting any worldly benefit from it.
So for example, the person goes to help out at a Masjid at an Islamic Institute.
What could be the worldly benefit that he expects, for example, a salary or for example, he expects that he should be given a high position. He should be praised. His name should be written on the publication that he has helped produce or helped publish in some way or the other
So this has some worldly benefit, worldly benefit includes monetary benefit, or some praise, or that people should appreciate you that people should acknowledge your efforts. But what is called an Hasina,
that when a person gives him the way of Allah, He does not expect any worldly benefit. Don't even mention that I have done this. Don't even put my name over there. No, I don't want even a single penny for this. This is what Colton has, in his
mind, as you see that when people get certified, they want to make sure that they get a receipt or something like that. Yes, for tax purposes, it is of benefit. But if the machine is not able to issue, don't make a big fuss. So other than hazard is what a person gives without expecting any type of worldly benefit. And also, what a person gives without fixing a date of repayment. So for example, a person says, All I'm giving $500, and you've said that if you spend in my way, then I will give you back, I want $1,000 by the end of the year, this should not be the knee of the person, this should not be the intention of the person.
And remember that there are many other conditions as well, for a sadhaka, to be considered one
of them. The first condition is loss of love,
to give it sincerely for the sake of Allah, sincerely, to earn the pleasure of Allah without showing off. without showing off.
We learn from a hadith which is mentioned it's a Muslim, that Allah subhanaw taala says, I am most independent and free from needing associates, whoever performs a deed, whoever performs an action, while associating partners with me, I will leave him
along with his setting up of associates to me, what does it mean?
That if a person doesn't action, for my sake, but also for the sake of someone else, or for the sake of something else, then that deed, Allah does not accept, Allah does not accept that deed. So if a person is giving some other kind at the same time, he expects appreciation from the people, or, for example, the person is volunteering somewhere, and he expects some recommend some reward in return. So when a person has this Nia then Allah does not accept that.
Because Allah is most independent and free from needing any partner, any associate, if a person does a good deed for Allah sake, and for the sake of someone else, then that deed is unacceptable to him. Allah does not accept that he.
Now does this mean that a person should not accept any benefit in return for the service that he's providing for the service that he's giving? For the hours and the time that he's putting into serve the dean? Does it mean that
we see that in our Islamic history, there were people who used to teach the dean who used to work for the DEA, there were people who used to fight in the way of Allah, and they would get benefits from the Muslim government.
So we see that when a person gets some benefit, in return, for the work that he's doing, that benefit should not be a condition that he sets from before.
It should not be a condition that he sets from before. Like, for example, he says, Only if you give me this much when I work, and if you give me any less, I'm not working, he should not set a condition when he's working for the deen of Allah.
Only if you put my name, then I will do it. If you don't put my name, I'm not going to do it.
Only if you give me this much money, then I will work and if you don't, I'm not going to work. So it should not be a condition that is set from before
it should not be a condition and if a person gets something, then you should accept it as the fundamental law without really desiring it. Because remember, the focus should not be the worldly benefit, the focus should be pleasing. Serving the lead up to the luck often hasn't.
So first of all, the condition for a charity to be called an hessonite is your floss Linda.
Secondly, the condition is that what a person gives the wealth that a person spends in the way of Allah should be hunted.
It should not be something that he has stolen. It should not be something that he earned as interest. Sometimes people get interest from their bank and they go donate that to the masjid. Whatever a person gives, it should be from that which is Hana.
The third condition is that it should not just be Hello, but it should be the best of what a person owns. It should be
The best that a person has the best that a person possesses. For example, some people say, Yes, I want to work for the dean. But I will work when I'm done with my school or when I'm done with my work. And later on, when I don't have much energy left in my body, when the school and university has consumed all of my mind and brain, then I will come to serve the team,
the best that a person has, he should spend that in the wavelength.
And a person has most energy when it is youth when he's young.
So while you still have your youth, while you still have your energy, use it for the sake of Allah. Use it for the deen of Allah.
And if you don't use it, the time is going to pass anyway. It's going to pass anyway. So before you run out of this opportunity, use it for the sake of Allah.
So the person should give that give the best that he owns.
The profits are the lightest itemset Yeah, are you an S in Allaha uban les acabado Illa for you, or people, Verily, Allah subhanaw taala is pure. And he only accepts that which is pure is are these that as mentioned in Sahih Muslim.
Another condition is that whatever a person gives, he should give it willingly and happily, because if a person is doing all of that work, or he's spending all of that money, but he is considering that to be such a big burden upon himself, and he's complaining about it, or he appears to be tired and frustrated and angry and upset, and then what is that doing, it's wasting his it's wasting his reward.
So when a person is working for the dean, when a person is spending on the dean, then he should do so with the happiness of his heart.
Because if a person starts to complain, if a person starts to become angry and upset and frustrated, then he's wasting his time.
And remember that when you're working for the team, you will definitely be tested. It's not possible that you will not be tested, sometimes, it's the burden of the work. Sometimes it's other people who you just cannot get along with no matter how much you try hard. Sometimes it's the management that does not make any sense to you. So these things happen. But it's a test that how sincere are you, if you're doing it for Allah, you will not care. And if there's some other Nia, then it will become a problem for you. So another condition is that a person should do whatever he's doing for the sake of Allah willingly and happily, not with dislike, not with the sense of you that it's such a burden,
it's such a big chore, he should do it happy.
Another condition is that whatever a person gives in the way of Allah, it should be given in the right cause it should be given in the right way.
What does it mean? That, for example, the person if he's spending some money in the way of Allah is lending some money to Allah, what does it mean that he gives that money to a person who is for a person who is needy.
Similarly, he spends for the welfare of the for the promotion of the team, he should stay away from spending money on that which is unlawful. For example, the person says, oh, spending on your family is also sadhaka. So I will go buy something that is haram for my family, a good intention does not justify a wrong action. Also, we learned that another condition of other lesson is that once a person spends in the way of Allah, or once a person does something for the sake of Allah, then he should not follow that charity, by man and other.
What does it mean by man and other by reminding the other of the favor that you've done? By following it with some injury? For example, if a person is volunteering at an institute or at a Masjid, he says to the management, I put so much effort in doing that. And he's constantly saying, you know, I tried so hard, I put in so much effort I put in so much effort, why are you saying that again? And again, I give such a huge donation, how come I don't see any changes? Don't follow the charity, by man and other.
Another condition is that when a person spends in the way of a low when a person does something for Allah, he should only expect the reward from Allah alone. How is it different from the first condition? The first is that he should that is lost, he does it sincerely for the sake of Allah. And this is specific with regards to reward any reward, he expects from a loss of data and no one else. So mundo la de la cauldon Hassan, who is it
Who would give a loan to Allah? And what kind of a loan, a beautiful loan? Who wants to do it? Who wants a candy, raise your hand, come forward.
If somebody asks us who wants this, who wants this, immediately we say me, alone is asking us who would like to give a loan to Allah, anyone who gives a loan to a man, what's the reward for you, Laurie for hula hoops, so he will multiply it for him, he will multiply that one good deed that one act of charity for him multiply, what does he mean by that, that he will multiply the reward for it,
he will multiply the benefit for it for that person.
Eudora is from both infant birth or birth, which is to double something to multiply something madatha basically is to add to something to increase something, so that it becomes double or more,
you continue adding to it so it becomes double of its original amount or it becomes more
so he will multiply the reward for him. How many times have they often multiple times Cathy rotten many, many other half is the plural of there. And there is the middle of something, the equivalent of something.
And remember, that it is not limited to two times only,
as often does not mean multiplied two times. It doesn't just mean doubled. But what it means is multiplied how many times Kathy written many, many times
and remember that of often kaseya multiplied many times, this could be in a number, this could be in the weight, this could be in the mound, depending on the thing that a person has given in the waiver.
Similarly, it could be in the effort that a person has put in, sometimes a person does only one action, and Allah gives him 100 opportunities. He gives him more and more opportunities. So who would lend to Allah a beautiful lawn, and a love will multiply it for him many times over? How many times over? There are two opinions about this. First of all, it has been said that multiplied 700 times as it is mentioned in one of the verses of Surah Baqarah. That matter Latina Yun Fiona is a billionaire committed he had written and but at savasana habila frequently symbol I think may have been the example of those people who spend in the way of Allah as we mentioned that one action they
do turns into 700. So one act of charity is multiplied how many times 700 times bringing the reward 700 times more.
Others have said that other often cathedra is not a limited number. But what it means is on limited, unlimited,
he will multiply it for him unlimited number of times meaning he will give him reward without any measure.
Out of You must have heard about the Hades in which we learned that a loss of power descends every night down to the nearest heaven, and in the last third of the night. And then a last parameter that says Is there anyone who would like to ask so I may give. And one of the things that Allah Subhana Allah says is my Euclidean Laila, Id mean, what else lumen who would give a loan to he who is neither for? nor is he and just if you give in the way of Allah, you're not giving because Allah is needy and unlucky, not supported in himself. No, he can do it himself. He's the one who has given us everything we have in the first place. But when he asks us to work, when he asks us to spend, it's
an opportunity for us to benefit.
He's not poor, he's not needy. He's calling this out. Not because he's needy, but he's calling it out, because he will give you the reward for your effort for your charity.
And whenever looming, noisy and just that he will ignore your effort, that he will ignore what you've done, know, he will recompense you, he will reward you.
The profits are allowed, as Adam said, whoever gives charity equivalent to a date, how big is the date, you can hold it in your two fingers, small, tiny, whoever gives charity equivalent to a date. And if you look at it a penny or loony is something very similar in size from his pure earnings from his halaal earnings, and Allah only accepts pure
then what's going to happen?
Alo will accept that charity with his right hand and then he will
nurture it for its companion, like one of you nurtures his full until it becomes like a mountain.
What's the fall,
a baby horse and a baby horse. Those people who love horses, those people who keep horses, they put in so much effort in looking after the horse.
If you give her the kind of wave Allah, this is how Allah looks after that.
This is how it looks after that effort that you've put in, in the way of Allah. And he nurtures it, he makes it grow. So that one day it becomes the size of a mountain, something that could fit in your two fingers, something so tiny, is so huge. Now.
Allah multiplies the reward many, many times. It's like somebody telling you, would you like to give me some of your money, so I may invest it for you sitting in the bank anyway, sitting in your jewelry box?
Give me some of it, I'll invest it and the profit is 700 times more. Or more than that, would you give me?
Course 100 everything you have to give, especially if the profit is guaranteed?
Who is making this offer to us?
Woman that's document Allahu Allah, who is more truthful than Allah.
Allah is the one who was most truthful. He is asking us, would you like to give some of your money? Would you like to spend some of your time? Would you like to put in some of your effort for my Dean? And if you do, so, I will give you an award and many, many times more.
And if you don't work, if you don't spend if you keep that money, is it going to grow? Is it going to increase? Is it going to multiply just sitting in the bank sitting in your jewelry box? No, it's not going to multiply.
If you preserve all of your energy and don't work for the sake of Allah, are you going to get more energy from somewhere? No. Is your time going to go away anyway? Yes, but if you use this time, money and energy for the sake of Allah now, you can reap the benefits in the dunya and also in the
for your diary for hula who have the Hierophant Cathy rotten many many times he will multiply the reward for you.
Then unless as well lovely Yakubu
Allah is the one who restricts Allah is the one who constricts Jacobi though is from top cough.
And what does pub mean? literally means to all something in all five fingers. When you hold something in your hand, it is limited it becomes constricted. So Jacobi double up, is to limit something.
So allow Jacobo meaning he constrict he limits the risk of some people, the money of some people, the wealth of some people, the age of some people, the life of some people, the knowledge of some people, the talent of some people, he is the one who constricts wherever suitable, and he is the one who expands Yabba Soto is from bust and bust is to expand to make something vast
well, Madhu, Jacobi double, whatever sootel what la Hito geralyn. And to him, you're going to return
what does it mean by this?
This has been understood in two ways. That first of all, Allah is the one who is the Rasul. Allah is the one who is the provider. So he is the one who gives limited resources to some and he is the one who gives more resources to others. It is completely in the hands of Allah.
If you look at it, when a person spend Something in the way of Allah, what fear does he have in his heart, if I give it, I will have less. If I give these $10 away, I will be $10 short. This is a fear that we have this is what we think. But allies of ours if he can give you more than 10 he can give you less than 10.
So just because you fear that you're giving your money away in the way of Allah is going to limit your money is going to limit your wealth. Don't let this fear stop you from spending in the way of
Secondly, it has been said that while lovoo Yakubu whenever super what it means is that Yakubu the hand of whomsoever He wills.
So, that person does not spend in the way of Allah.
Allah is the one who Yakubu, meaning he grasps he holds back the hand of one person. So that person cannot spend a penny in the way of Allah
And on the other hand, way, Episode Two, meaning way, Episode Two, they handle whomsoever He wills. And so that person he keeps on spending and spending and spending in the wave of.
So the opportunity that they'll feel to spend in the way of Allah comes from who comes from Allah. Sometimes the person may have a lot, but he might fear spending even a few cents in the wave of where does this bull come from? On the other hand, the person may be very generous, despite the fact that he has less than he continues to spend. Who gives him the trophy? Allah is the one who gives it a fee.
And notice that this is coming right after the I have began. What is it that scares people from Krita? The fear that if I go, I will die? What is it that stops people from spending in the way of Allah if I spend, I will have less, Allah tells us Allah is the one. Who Yakubu why Episode Two and remember that we're elated, Gerald, if you don't spend it now, eventually you have to leave. Eventually, you have to go all of your money, all of your possessions, the things that you love, the time that you love, the abilities that you love. The youth, the age that you love, is not going to go with you to the grave, it's going to stay in the dunya you're going to leave it behind what led
you to geralyn. Therefore, while you're here, spend in the way of Allah. Because if you spend now, you will get the reward many many times in the hereafter.
We learn from a hadith the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Man aka south south africa to me, man in South Africa does not decrease well, South Africa does not reduce well.
Many times we see that a person spends in the way of Allah, He gives something away for the sake of Allah and what happens, he gets something much, much better in return.
Many times a person spends his time in the way of Allah and he finds out he has so much Baraka in his time. Sometimes, a person puts in effort for the sake of Allah, and he feels the benefit feels the help of Allah in the rest of his life.
Sadako does not reduce well, working for the sake of Allah does not make your life difficult.
And notice how God has done is mentioned right after data. One reason is that fear of death and fear of death stops people from cradle similarly fear of poverty, stops people from spending in the way of Allah.
Similarly, in order to do what you have to do, spend in the way of Allah.
We don't say that though bio 20 would ya Hadoop, feasibility lay VMware to him. And they strove in the way of Allah with their wealth, how? By spending their money by spending their wealth in the way of Allah.
Listen to the recitation
wakatipu fi savvy
SME or nanny
when it comes to dealing with our money, always be thinking about how can I make this money grow? How can I make this money grow? Sometimes when people get a lot of money, when people make money, what do people tell them invested? invested, so that you will have more invested so that your money can grow? Okay, the money will grow? How much really can you enjoy? and for how long? For how long?
But if you invest it in your bank, if you invest it by giving it in the way of Allah, then the reward, the profit is guaranteed. It is promised. And this dunya is only temporary there's only for a short while. The real life is the life of the era.
Just how people as they're working, they prepare for their retirement RRSP. So people they save, they pay taxes so that they can have benefits when they have retired. Why don't we worry about are
what am I going to have when I go there?
The age or the period of retirement is only a few years, only a few years and we worry so much about it, but the little is eternal.
We learn about this idea that when this idea was revealed, as a hobby, by the name of a Buddha, he said to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, Allah is asking us for a loan, Allah is asking us for a loan. So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Yes, I would have said, I want your hand meaning the hand of the prophet SAW the Lotus Allah and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam extended his hand out. And Buddha said, that I have lent to my Lord, my garden. And this garden, it is said that it had 700 trees, 700 date bombs in it 700 not 100 700 and he gave that entire garden for the sake of Allah. And he went up to the garden, and he said, Oh,
come out from the garden, because I have lent it to my Lord. I have given it to my Lord.
Look at where the Sahaba Mandela de la COVID hacer una Allah is asking us who wants to give a loan to Allah. And along with multiplied for you many, many times and look at the companions. They acted immediately. Allah is asking me for a loan Allah, okay, because Allah was asking me, he's definitely going to give it back to me. And he gave his entire garden he didn't say okay, half of it. Okay, only the Prophet know, every single part of that garden, every single tree. Mandela, the Yoko de la kirtan Hashanah.
Allah is asking us, is it your time that you can give? Is it your money that you can give? Is it maybe some of your talents that you can use to support the deen of Allah? What is it that you can give, give something so you can reap the benefits? invest
that when we give something for the sake of Allah don't just focus on the quantity, focus on the quality as well. I should have the learner whenever she would give her that she would make it nice and clean. And sometimes depending on the thing she would even perfume it. Why she would say this goes in the hand of Allah, before it goes into the hands of the poor or whoever that I'm giving it to.
If Allah has given you the trophy, to do something for his team, to work for his Deen to spend on his Deen, then never take pride in that. Be happy about that, but never boast about it. Because it is Allah who Jacobo and it is Allah who you have to what was the meaning of that, that you have to be a Buddha yet the hand of whomsoever He wills, so he's not able to spend and allow yourself to the hand of whomsoever He will, so he's able to spend.
So if Allah has given you a little feel, be grateful to Allah for that though, feel for that opportunity.
So think about what you can give for the sake of Allah.
Even if it is something as small as a date, because if you spend even a date something tiny, something small, but if it's for the sake of Allah, Allah accepted with his right hand, and he nurtures it just as you would look after a fall until it grows and turns into a huge mountain.