Tafsir Surah al Qasas #13 S28 V68-77

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Taimiyyah Zubair

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Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuhu

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our weather Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim was Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah al Karim rubbish Rahim Saudi were silly emri Washington rock Delta melissani Yakubu Kohli. Allah Matthew Colby was sadly Sani wetsuits of him at the Colby Armenian mean. inshallah, we will continue with Sudoku puzzles and today we will begin from verse number 68 Alhamdulillah we are nearing the end of the sutra. And so there are some very important lessons that we will be looking at

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which, which cover what we have learned so far in the surah as well. Allah subhanaw taala says what up buka loco Maja shell Oh ye,

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McCann, Allahu Allah Subhana Allah He with Allah, you Shri Koon What up buka loco Masha, and your Lord creates whatever that he wants. And he also selects, he chooses whatever that he wants. And it is only Allah subhanaw taala who decides what to create, and what to choose what to select over others. And this is a matter, that McCann Allah whom will fear that people do not have any choice about meaning this is exclusively Allah subhanaw taala his decision, his right, to decide what to create and what to give preference to in what way over another, people don't have any choice with regard to this matter. Subhana Allah, Glory be to Allah, Allah is perfect. So he would not decide

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anything that is unjust, or do anything that is useless with Allah, I'm usually Kuhn and he is high above exalted over what they associate with him, meaning he is free from any association, any equality to any, to anything whatsoever, meaning there is nothing that is like Allah subhanaw taala and there is nothing that has a share in deciding what Allah subhanaw taala wants to do. So here, this is an idea which is actually a very important idea that teaches us about the concept of other the concept of Divine Decree. Now as Muslims, we believe that everything happens, according to the decree of Allah, meaning there is nothing that occurs except that Allah subhanaw taala has decreed

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it. So whether something appears to be good or something appears to be bad, whether we find something beneficial or something harmful, any It doesn't matter how it's it is in relation to us, whether it turns out to be played or shut up for us, but everything is decreed by Allah subhanaw taala All right. So we so we believe that that, that Allah subhanaw taala does will his decree prevails. So here it is mentioned that what are buka your local Maya your Lord, your local Jaco is from Hulk to create. So he creates whatever that he wants. And then while he also chooses, selects, whatever that he wants, now, the word yokkao is from Kiara FDR and FDR is to have the freedom to

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choose whatever what it is to have the freedom to choose whatever one considers to be played, right? Meaning it is to select to choose whatever that one wants, because of course, a person would choose or or or one would choose what they believe is what they know to be good. Right. So way out, oh, Allah subhanaw taala chooses right meaning he selects some creatures over others. So what up buka lucuma Yasha way after now, this means that Allah soprano thoughta creates whatever that he wants, and then he draws close to him, whatever that he wants, and he guides whom He wants and he lets go astray whomever that he wants, in sort of to hedge is number 75 we nerd Allah who yell sloughi

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meenal Mela ekati roussillon wamena ness, Allah soprano Tata chooses, he selects

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messengers, right to deliver his messages from among the angels and also from among people, meaning Allah subhanaw taala has created many angels, right and certain angels have been chosen for the privilege of taking of delivering Allah subhanaw taala his message to humanity, right, Allah subhanaw taala has created many people, but certain individuals have been chosen to be recipients of divine revelation and then conveyed meaning messengers and prophets. So, what up look if nakoma Sha, Allah creates whatever that he wants, and then from his creation, he chooses whichever creation that he wants, for whatever blessings that he wants to give them. And here we see the sooner of Allah the

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way of Allah with regard to lead the fleeting meaning giving preference to some over others, and this is something that we see in every in every creation, basically, we see that all people are not the same, all the matters, which exist are not the same, right, all times are not the same, all places are not the same, right? Meaning that there is no meaning that that there is diversity in in the creation and sometimes the diversity means that one has been given preference over another. Now, it is important for us to understand this concept of lead because sometimes we think that you know, we falsely assume that if if one creature has been given preference over another, that means that

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the one who has been preferred is more beloved to Allah subhanaw taala right. So, remember, that there are two types of the fleet, okay, meaning the preference that Allah subhanaw taala gives to some creatures over others, this is of two kinds, the first type of stuff Li is definitely Jubilee, all right Jubilee as in, in the matter of creation. So, for example, one person has been created taller than another, right, or they have more physical strength, they have more health compared to another, right. Now, of course, these two individuals are not identical, right, we see this, that if there's two siblings even and one is taller than the other than then this means that the one who is

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taller has a certain degree of privilege over the other, right, which means that they can easily access things from you know, high places, you know, just just with the stretch of their arm, but the the the sibling who is shorter, has to go get a stool or a chair or something, and then use that or ask someone for help, and then they're able to access things that are placed high. So, we see that this this kind of definitely exists within the creation, where one creature has been given something that is better or more than what has been given to another this could be in terms of physical appearance, this could be in terms of, you know, wealth, this could be in terms of strength, this

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could be in terms of health, any in different ways, right, we see that certain people have more money compared to others. So this is this is all definitely Jubilee. All right, meaning in physical matters. And then there's a there's another type of the field which is the lean shutter, alright or Dini, where Allah subhanaw taala has given spiritual or religious preference to some over others,

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meaning that Allah subhanaw taala has given some a religious advantage or you could say not religious advantage, but you could say that Allah subhanaw taala has has granted them

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a higher status, right? a higher position

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in terms of nearness to him, okay. So for example, we see that all people of course, they have been created by Allah subhanaw taala. Right. But all people are not going to go to jedna. Right, people who go to Geneva, they have been given preference, right? over those who end up in hell. And then we see, for example, that when it comes to land, right when it comes to different parts of the world, different parts of the earth and there are certain places which Allah subhanaw taala has chosen above others. Not this doesn't mean that they're more fertile.

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No, this means that they they have more religious blessing associated to them. So for example, the masjid is more beloved to Allah than the marketplace, right? Likewise, the muscular Huron, the Kaaba and its surrounding area, that place has been given preference over the, you know, the rest of the world. Likewise, we see this in, even in trees, right? That Yes, in one way, all trees are not identical, right, that they're not the same, some trees are better than others in the sense that they, that they they're taller, right they live longer, they yield more fruit etc. But then we see that the the dead palm tree right has been given you know, a different kind of preference over other

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trees, where we see that the dead palm tree has been compared with the believer right with Kalamata yerba and and it has been mentioned in the Quran so many times. So, it has certainly been given a higher status compared to others. And then we see that even within this variation, any Oh sorry, within this the fleet is variation. So for example, from among people, Allah subhanaw taala has chosen profits, but then from among the prophets, Allah subhanaw taala has chosen some over others till Caruso loofa Birla Baba Han, Allah BB, for among the Knights of the year the the nights of Ramadan are special, right? But then the last 10 nights and from among them also, specifically, the

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odd nights, they have more virtue over the over the rest of the nights of Ramadan. All the verses of the Quran are good, right. However, there are some sutras some verses that have been given more preference over other verses and other sources ikusi you know, SoTL, airfloss, sutra, Fatiha, etc. So, this is a very important concept that we must remember and we must believe in that well our book a young loco Maya shatta. wale, your Lord, Allah subhanaw taala is the one who gets to decide, he is the one who creates He is the Creator, and he is the one who gets to decide what to give preference to over another in what way so we should not, you know,

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the basically

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erase this definitely that Allah subhanaw taala has kept within the creation, because sometimes in the name of, you know, diversity that we say different, you know, that, that when people are different, it doesn't mean that one is better than the other, it just means that you know that they're just not the same, right? So in the name of diversity or in the name of equality, we tend to erase that of leave that Allah subhanaw taala has, has kept within the creation, Allah Subhana Allah mentions in the Quran about how those who believe are not the same as those who disbelief, right? Those who believe and do righteous deeds are not the same as those who commit transgression and

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facade and corruption on the earth. They're not identical. So, the difference that Allah subhanaw taala has kept within the creation, acknowledge that, acknowledge that. And also, remember that every popular slogan and every Western principle to be very frank does not necessarily conform with our beliefs. So we should, you know, understand these principles and these concepts, you know, especially those which are proposed by creation, as as evolving ideas, they're not absolute truths. Because when is it that that that research has stopped any people continue to do research? You know, these ideas are constantly evolving. So don't hold on to these ideas as if they were absolute truths

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and deny the truths that Allah Subhana tada has mentioned clearly in the Quran.

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So what up buka yakugaku Maya Shatta Wale, McCann Allah who will Fira

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people do not have any fear people do not have any choice meaning people do not have any say in this regard. That who is created in what way and who is given preference in what way over another know that it is Allah subhanaw taala who decides with his wisdom, McCann Allah whom will theater and we should understand our place that we are not the ones who choose it is Allah subhanaw taala who chooses

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sudo TL MBR verse number 23, we are told to use a new amya for our low volume use alone. Allah is not questioned or asked about what he does, but it is people who will be questioned about what they do. So understand your place, and instead of always trying to question Allah subhanaw taala is wisdom. That why did Allah create this? And why did Allah decide this and that any instead of criticizing the decree of Allah, focus on your actions, because you will be held accountable and responsible for what you do.

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And also remember that we don't get to decide who Allah subhanaw taala bestows his favors upon whether those favors are religious or their worldly. And we don't get to decide who Allah subhanaw taala chooses to bless, and who Allah subhanaw taala chooses to deprive us of any of these blessings, religious or worldly. We see in sort of the Zohar of IRA number 31 that, you know, some people have mcca they they said that, how come Muhammad Sallallahu earlier son was given Prophethood they said Lola Newsela hadal, Anwar La Jolla, middle Korea tanea, I'll leave the why was the Quran not revealed to a man from you know, a great man from one of the two cities, meaning a great man a

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man of power, you know, a man of wealth, someone like we live in Madeira, who had a whole lot of wealth, who was, you know, a great poet, and who had a huge family. He He was known he was respected. He was, you know, a man of authority. How come? They're not someone like him? Why Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam? So people are reminded here that no, my Canada will feel that you don't have any choice. You don't have any say in this matter. It is Allah subhanaw taala. Who decides? And remember that just because we want something, it doesn't mean that it will definitely happen. Our wishing our wanting does not, you know, give us the power to to, you know, to to bring

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about what we desire. It is Allah subhanaw taala is will that prevails? And the prophets of Allah, we're taught this beautiful lesson, right? Muhammad Sallallahu earlier he was sending him, he was told in sort of calfire 23 that will add a coolin. Alicia in in the fire Ilan velika, Harada, in insha, Allah, that don't even say that I'm going to do that tomorrow. Except that Allah wills, meaning. Remember, that you can only do something tomorrow you can only accomplish something tomorrow with the will of Allah, not merely by your intention and your wish. So if this is for the prophets of Allah, then what about us? So Americana lonewolf era. And this also means that when

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Allah subhanaw taala decides something, then we don't have any choice over there. Meaning when Allah subhanaw taala has decided, has decreed, you know, something for our lives, or something with regards to the dean that we that He has given us a command to observe, then we don't have any choice over there. Our Place is to is to obey, to accept all right, and certainly has I buy a 36 Wheeler and women can only move meaning. Well, I mean, I think either cada la hora, Zulu, Amman, any akula homophobia, that it is not. It is not appropriate for a believing man or a believing woman, that when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter, that now the believers have a choice, no way,

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that this is not a matter of choice. When Allah has commanded us something. Then what befits a believer is to hear and obey not say that oh, I choose to disobey. I choose to do something different, because this is not what befits a believer. So McCann, Allah who will say Allah Subhana Allah and never think that Allah has been unfair, because Allah subhanaw taala is perfect with our Allah or my usually Kuhn and he is high above what they associate with him.

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And then it is said what are buka jamoma to kindle so the rowhome one or your linoone and your Lord knows Matt to kindle so do rowhome what their chests conceal. Now the word to kinu is from calf no noon. And

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this is basically to, to to conceal or hide something, you know, for example within a case, okay, so Allah subhanaw taala knows what the chests are

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People conceal when you're linoone, and what people reveal what they express what they share what they declare, meaning, it doesn't matter whether we keep certain thoughts and feelings hidden inside of our hearts, we never verbalize them, we never express them. Or that we're always expressing them. And we and we see this in people, right? We see this in ourselves that there are certain matters about which we are very quiet, we never mentioned them, right? We have those thoughts in our heart, we keep those feelings, but we never dare speak them or share, you know, them them with anybody. Right?

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And, you know that and at the same time, there may be certain thoughts or ideas that were very loud about, that we're constantly talking about. And, you know, we're kind of obsessed with those issues. And so it happens that when we're sitting with our family, or with our friends or online, you know, we're always expressing those those ideas, those thoughts, so Allah knows what we hide and what we declare. It's sort of the Lord I number 10. It is mentioned so our main common assemble cola woman jollibee, it is all the same to Allah soprano, Tara, right? Whether among you is a person who conceals a word, a statement, or says it out loud. So whether you keep it in your heart, you're

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you're saying it in your head? Or you say it with your tongue? Allah subhanaw taala knows about it. Now why is this mentioned right after the verse that we just read? Because if you think about it, when people are not pleased with the decree of Allah, right, or with the commands of Allah, then what happens? There are for example, feelings of jealousy, right, or feelings, offsuit olan Billa, thinking bad about Allah subhanaw taala thinking that this is unfair, Islam is unfair, that the Sharia is unfair. And, and and these kind of thoughts and ideas, right? And then,

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you know, sometimes what happens is that people don't just entertain such thoughts, they actually get very angry and very vocal, and they start, you know, talking about these matters out loud and they start spreading this, you know, feeling of hatred or dislike of of Allah's, you know, law, they start spreading that among people. So, whether someone is keeping such feelings quiet, or they are openly loudly declaring them, Allah subhanaw taala knows. And when Allah subhanaw taala knows, then what does this mean? This means we have to be very careful about what we think of Allah subhanaw taala when something happens in our lives, something painful, what is our response? That, well

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Allah, why did you do this? No, this is not how we should think we should remember, Allah is the master, Allah is our rub, and we are His slaves. Right? And it is not we are not in that position, to criticize the commands of Allah, to criticize Allah subhanaw taala His judgment, Allah subhanaw taala knows everything we know very little, Allah subhanaw taala is all wise, we we barely have any wisdom Subhana Allah, you need what is our place? How little is our knowledge, our wisdom, our experience our understanding. So, he you know at such moments, we should not jump to conclusions and an entertaining negative thoughts about a lot about Allah zoologia. So, our response should be

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literally to Billa Europe, I am pleased with you. Alright Hassan Allah, Allah is sufficient for us. All right, Subhana Allah, Glory be to Allah and handling all praises to Allah, any we should. We should express our you know, acceptance of Allah subhanaw taala is decree at such times, and, you know, these kind of feelings. We should also, you know, keep in our heart and express them, right positive thoughts about Allah subhanaw taala so what up buka yarlung mama to Kim no sudo ruin wema your linoone and the thing is that if we were to become upset and angry and displeased

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And we become rebellious and we say, you know what, I don't care anymore. I'm just going to go and do whatever I want. Fine. Live in that anger, live in that rage, what's going to happen move to be lately calm? Is your anger going to change the reality? No, it's not going to change the reality. Right? Who is it that can change your circumstances? That is only Allah, Allah subhanaw taala has power. So you can be angry all you want but your anger cannot change anything more to be a liquid. Right? So, the our success our salvation lies in what? in turning to Allah in realizing that there is no escape from Allah except to Allah. So what are buka jamoma to kin no Sadhguru home? What are

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your linoone

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and then it is said wahoo Allahu La Ilaha Illa who, and He is Allah there is no deity except Him. Meaning Allah subhanaw taala is the only one who is worthy of worship. So we can criticize all we want, we can rebel, all we want, right? But our rebellion and our criticism is not going to make any difference to Allah. Because he is he? He is the one who is worthy of worship, meaning he is all perfect. So no matter what we do, we cannot damage His perfection. Whoo Allahu La Ilaha Illa who and love will handle Phil Allah will appeal to him as do all praise in the first life and the hereafter, He is worthy of how He is worthy of praise. Phil owner in in the first one, you know and the last

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What does this mean? an owner can refer to the world and an affiliate can refer to the hereafter. Right? So whether we are you know whether something happens right now in the world or something happens in the hereafter. It happens by the decree of Allah, by the permission of Allah, and Allah is praiseworthy, for the decision that he has made. Because no decision, no decree of Allah is bad is wrong. Or stuffit Allah and he it's it's difficult to even say such things for the purpose of explaining, but love will handle will Allah will any every decision of Allah, every command of Allah is perfect, and he only deserves praise. Now, sometimes we wonder then, okay, if that is the case,

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then how am I supposed to feel grateful and feel thankful? At a time when when I'm in difficulty when I'm in pain? Right? I was expecting relief and I was so hopeful that things were going to get better but they're not getting better. So how exactly am I supposed to praise Allah subhanaw taala at this time, remember that? Allah subhanaw taala decrees what is good? So even though something Yes, you know, at the moment, it feels very painful. At the moment it is very difficult. But what did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam teach us that for the believer, everything is good. Right? for the believer, everything is good. In the Quran, we're told a lie You see, but not in the

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market of Allah who learner that you should say that nothing will will reach us It will strike us except that which Allah has decreed for us. Meaning even if something apparently bad happens, it is actually good for us. It is actually good for us. It is in our favor. Because every you know difficulty that a believer experiences Then what is it it is a means of purification for him. Right? It is an opportunity of patients and great and reward. And we learn, for example, that on the Day of Judgment, the football are the people who are poor, they will enter way before the people who are wealthy. Any poverty is not easy, right? living in poverty with financial constraints is not easy.

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It can take it can really affect a person's mental health, you know, their well being even, you know, even their physical health is so poverty is difficult. All right, no, no doubt about it. But is it bad for the believer? No, it's not bad. Allah subhanaw taala can bring so much good out of it for the believer. So now we'll have an older one.

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Right? And this is why in every situation, any instead of just focusing on the pain

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Painful aspect. Let us also take a moment to reflect on how that painful experience is, is also a blessing for us. And and do this, you know as as an exercise with your family, with your spouse, whoever it is that you live with that whatever difficulty you're experiencing as a family, what good Have you received through it? And what good do you expect from Allah because of it. So luck will handle Phil Allah will

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will help move what he told your own. And lol hawkmoon To Him belongs the judgment meaning it is only Allah subhanaw taala who gets to decide what should happen? What should take place? And how come command judgment This can include the shutter command that the religious commands that almost panatela gives and the country comments, meaning the decrees that Allah subhanaw taala makes. So what I will hook mu and nahoon hochma means he alone has the power to judge law who will help mu y la Hito Jerome, and in total can have verse number 26 we learn that man or woman dooney Hema Mulligan well are you sure ecoffee helped me a herder that will are usually coffee hook me a Haida

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almost prenons holla does not include anyone in his judgment meaning a judgment that Allah makes it is made exclusively by him, law who will help him what he told your own end to him is your return meaning there's no escape from Allah, you are going to be recompense for what you are doing. So we're surrendering to him surrendering to Allah subhanaw taala is really the only thing that is going to help us right it brings contentment in the world and it brings endless reward and success in the hereafter. So our job is to praise Allah subhanaw taala no matter what condition we are in, now in the next verse, we see all our item. Now some examples of Allah soprano TARDIS favorites are

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given in in the following verses that how

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you know we should really reflect and see and appreciate the blessings that Allah has given us. All other items say have you considered Have you reflected

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that in jaren Allahu arlequin Layla Selma then that if a lot were to make our lay come on you over you I Laila the night Selma then continuous

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meaning of Allah subhanaw taala were to make the night continuously upon you and notice the word that I lay come upon you because what is upon you, you know, it overwhelms you. So, you don't have any power against it alright. So, if the night was made continuous right, and the word settlement is what settlement is actually from the word seen rodden Okay. And it is said that the meme, the extra or additional letter is for additional emphasis, all right. And settlement is basically

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that which has no beginning and no end. All right, no beginning and no end meaning it is continuous, unchanging, all right. So imagine if the Knight was continuously

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on you, Eli omokri until the day of judgment,

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any Imagine if the night never ended? Always dark, the sun did not rise, you did not see any sunlight, then what would happen?

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What would be the consequences of that if there's no light, that means plants don't grow? Right? That means a major part of the you know, food chain is is destroyed. Right? And that means that the the lifecycle is now greatly affected. That means there's no plants, there's no bees, there's no food, and eventually, there's no people. There's no life on Earth. Alright, so if the night was constantly on you until the day of judgment, men Isla Hoon ladle Lahiya Deacon Billy

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man Isla Han, who is that God later lub is besides Allah, Who could have taken Biblia who could bring you lights of another smartphone, will you not listen? Do you not listen?

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via his light? Now think about it. If the night was continuous, who could be that God to bring you light so you could live on? You could continue to exist. There is no God there is no god besides Allah

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Law, right? Who can bring you light that you need to survive? And notice how it has been said, Who was that God besides Allah? Because this is beyond your ability? Right? There's, there's many things that you know, we have the power to do. Allah Subhana Allah has given us that ability that power, but we don't have power over the sun, we don't have power over the rotation of the Earth, right? We don't have power over gravity and and you know, where the earth is, etc, any, these matters are completely entirely beyond us. This is why it has been said that who is that ILA? Who is that power that you would reach out to in order to bring you the light that you need? Any it's completely

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beyond your your power your control. So, I fell out the smartphone Will you not listen? Now, notice here Will you not listen has been mentioned listening has been mentioned. Because in the night because of darkness, when we're not able to see the ears our hearing is able to grasp what we cannot perceive with our vision right. So, if another summer Will you not use that same kind of listening that sharp sense of perception right and listen to what is being said over here

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and and not miss out on the truth that has been clarified to you over here. So for that the smartphone and remember that listening is not just to you know perceive a sound right listening also means to comprehend to understand, you know the sound that has been perceived, but and then accept and then reflect pay attention. So I felt that this maroon color item, say have you considered in German Allahu la como una hora, Salma, then if Allah were to make upon you the day continuous Li o will pm until the day of judgment. Now the day means what there is sunlight, and, of course, you know, we need that in order to live. But as beneficial as it is, we also need a break from it, in

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order to rest, right. But imagine if the day was continuous until the day of judgment, then again, man ILA on vital lahia tiecon belay Lin, the schooner fee, who is that God, besides Allah who could bring you the night so that you could rest in it the school Luna, this is from sukoon. Alright, and sukoon is, is to find rest. So who could bring you the night so that you could rest in it fly to Pluto? And then will you not see the notice? The vision has been mentioned over here, because

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vision enabled you to perceive what you're hearing cannot, you know, during the hustle bustle of the day, so a fella tip soon will you not see Will you not see the see the truth that is being explained to you over here, your need of Allah, your dependency on Allah. And also, the fact that Allah subhanaw taala his decrees are perfect, right? Because you see, where light is essential for us. Darkness also serves a purpose. Right? darkness also serves a purpose. If the day was continuous, there was no night, then would that affect our sleeping pattern? Definitely, it would? Absolutely it would. We need darkness in order to in order to have restful sleep, because it is darkness that

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triggers melatonin release in our bodies. Right? And because of that we're able to, you know, have restful sleep. So

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we need that darkness. So we see that where light serves a purpose, darkness also serves a purpose and Allah subhanaw taala has created both right? for our benefit. So there are you know, pleasant things in life, which are welcomed, right by us. But then there's also unpleasant things in life, which, as much as we don't like, definitely serve a purpose. And that purpose we might not fully understand, but there is because who, who decided that it should happen? Allah subhanaw taala did and you know what? We trust Allah, we put our trust in Allah, we know that Allah subhanaw taala does not do things in vain. Right? There's always a reason a benefit. And then we see here that when it

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comes to the matter of the day in the night, right

00:40:00--> 00:40:54

These are matters which are completely beyond our control, we don't have control over the length of the day, the, the length of the night, the alternation of the night and the day, you know, these matters are beyond human, you know, power. And this is for our own good. Because imagine if people were able to control the night and the day, what disaster we would cause right? Any Think about it, we have some control over some power over cutting down trees and we are destroying forests like nothing like you know, we are so irresponsible, right. So, when Allah subhanaw taala has given us freedom in some matters, right, that is for a test. And when Allah subhanaw taala has taken control,

00:40:54--> 00:41:37

away from us in regard to our met in regard to some of our matters, that is for our own good and well being, that is for a for our protection and safety, because if we were given control over those matters, then we would end up destroying ourselves. So, there is mercy in this right there is wisdom in this. So, whatever the last panel Tata decides for us, our response should be that we accept we surrender and we are pleased with the decree of Allah. Then it is mentioned woman rahmati he jerilyn Akuma Layla when the hub and it is out of his mercy that he has made for you the night and the day.

00:41:38--> 00:42:30

And why is it that the last panel Tata has made the night and the day, you know, with so much contrast, and how you know, that the night and the day, they are, you know, they're they're consecutive right coming one after the other, right, they all they there, they alternate. So, it is out of his mercy, right, because we need both and it is mentioned Lita school no fee in order that you may find rest in it. Well, he Tabitha home in Fort Lee and in order that you may or may seek from his favor, well Allah conditio Quran and in order that you show gratitude, three benefits are mentioned over here. Alright, specifically, with regard to the day that you will find rest in it,

00:42:31--> 00:43:23

sorry, the alternation of the night and the day, right or, or the existence of both the night and the day. There's three benefits in that. What are these three benefits first, you rest in it. Now of course generally rest is in the night, but it can also be during the day All right. And sometimes we need that rest. Well, he took the Omen fugly secondly you seek a last panel tortoise favor meaning because of the daylight you're able to work longer hours you're able to go and you know work different places make money, and then we'll our local dish grown in order that you show gratitude. Because you know, what happens is that when you when you realize that the day is limited, you set

00:43:23--> 00:43:50

certain targets for yourself, that before motive, I'm going to finish this right? When you realize that the night is limited again, you set certain targets for yourself that I'm going to finish this before fudges, right I'm going to get this done before 5g. So this you know the the fact that the day is limited, the night is limited, they're constantly they're constantly alternating. It helps you

00:43:51--> 00:44:11

you know do good. It helps you accomplish something this the sense of time that Allah subhanaw taala has given us It helps us focus on you know goals and accomplish them. And and that also breeds gratitude while our look on the schoolroom

00:44:12--> 00:44:45

and then it is said well my unit D him and warn them of the day right where Yama and mentioned the day which day unit D him the day when Allah subhanaw taala is going to call them call who people which people the people who associate partners with Allah for your cooler than he will say Angel Okay, are you Where are my partners? Meaning the partners that you associated with me shoulder care is the plural of shriek and Latina quantum does Ramon which you use to claim

00:44:46--> 00:44:59

does it remove Zam sometimes means to claim or to or to assume something without any evidence. So where are those partners of mine, which you claim

00:45:00--> 00:45:51

Without any evidence without any proof, and it is because of those, you know, so called partners that you forgot me you, you criticize you. You criticized my decrees you you criticized my messengers, right you oppose them. So where are those files God's inserted Eunice is number 66. It is mentioned when I attribute or Latina de una Min dunlea he Shoraka he has to be a long one. We're in hum la hora zone that the fact is that people who associate partners with Allah, they are just following assumption, right? They're only guessing they don't have any, you know, solid evidence. So Allah subhanaw taala will ask them this question on the Day of Judgment, then where are they? Where

00:45:51--> 00:45:57

are those Gods which we use to worship? And why will this question be asked? Why?

00:45:59--> 00:46:54

This is a question for the purpose of Toby. Toby's means to reprimand to if you know to to humiliate them, to show them their false hood, when Azhar Nam in coolly omitting shahidan and we will extract from every nation a witness, meaning from every nation, a witness will be brought out, someone will be brought out to testify against that nation. And who is that witness going to be? It's going to be their profit, right? for Allah. And then we will say to who to the people who associated partners with the love from among every nation, that had to go Hanako bring your proof, produce your proof, your proof for what your your proof for the multiple gods that you believed in? Or for for the

00:46:54--> 00:47:27

falsehood that you practiced? Where is the evidence present it bring it and bullhead is is a clear proof, all right. So bring your proof, but then finally more unhelpfully and they will know that the truth belongs to Allah, they will know that they are at fault that their their loss will become evident to them. Well, the Learn humor can we have thrown and lost from them is that which they used to invent? So

00:47:28--> 00:47:34

a scene of the Day of Judgment is basically described over here and you will notice that in McKee Sutras,

00:47:36--> 00:47:40

there is a lot of discussion of the matters of the Day of Judgment.

00:47:41--> 00:47:50

There is a lot of emphasis on the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala, the prophethood of Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and also a man will

00:47:52--> 00:48:19

believe in the hereafter these matters are clarified because unless and until our belief in the Hereafter is correct, our actions cannot be correct. You see, we're bill our karate whom up known in the hereafter there are certain he we need to have this end in mind always. We need to have that up in, in in the hereafter. Because only then can our actions be proper.

00:48:21--> 00:48:24

Now an example is given in the next verses,

00:48:25--> 00:49:28

the example of our own, right after the story of God wound and qarun What does he symbolize Caron had a lot of wealth, right? He even had a following. He was a person of knowledge, right? A person of status in his community. But we see that with all of his power and wealth and knowledge and status. His ultimate end was what? complete loss Why? Because he turned against Allah zoologia he turned against the Messenger of Allah. Right? musala his center. And so the lesson over here is that what a book I have leukemia, shall we have dogma can Allah who will feel we don't have the choice to disobey Allah? Yes, we can, in the sense that we have that freedom to do so. But if we were to

00:49:28--> 00:50:00

disobey Allah, it would be to our own detriment. If we were to turn hostile, right, and oppose and refuse and get angry and upset, this will be to our own detriment. And it doesn't matter how much of a following we have, and how much wealth we have. All of that is useless before Allah xojo it's not going to save us from the decree of Allah, McCann, Allah, whom will feel our

00:50:00--> 00:50:30

Salvation lies in in surrendering to Allah xojo. So the story of qarun What is it verse number 76. Allah mentions in Nepal Runa CanAm in comi Moosa phurba la la him that indeed our rune was Can I mean call me Moosa, he was from the people of Masada, his salon. However, our own feber ha la him, he tyrannized them. he rebelled against them.

00:50:31--> 00:50:40

Now who is caught on very clearly it's mentioned in this verse that he was from the people of Musashi who sent up people of Mossad s&m who were the who was the Bani Israel.

00:50:42--> 00:50:57

So, the meaning qarun was not from the people of our own. He was not mean pomi fit our own. He was mean comi Moosa he was from the bunny is slightly In fact, we learned that he was actually the first cousin of Masada, his son,

00:50:59--> 00:51:02

and he was from the children of the prophets.

00:51:03--> 00:51:35

He was from the nation, Bani Israel, whom Allah subhanaw taala had chosen above the world's right. And Allah subhanaw taala had given them preference over all the nations of their time. And Allah subhanaw taala has had bestowed many, many favors upon them. Right. So, any qarun he was from a nation of, you know, supposedly righteous people, people who had been given

00:51:36--> 00:51:45

privilege, great privilege by Allah subhanaw taala. So, what what befits such a person is

00:51:47--> 00:51:55

someone who is from a good community, someone who has received many favors from Allah, what benefits them what befits them is that they

00:51:56--> 00:52:11

show gratitude to Allah and they show mercy to the creation of Allah. But our own did the exact opposite. For barley him he teacher denies them. He he rebelled against his own people

00:52:12--> 00:52:13

against his own nation.

00:52:15--> 00:53:06

Now, we learn in the Bible in the book of Numbers that because Koran is not mentioned, any historie is not mentioned anywhere else in the Quran. His name is mentioned elsewhere, but the story is mentioned only over here. And also padrone has not been mentioned in Hadith either, right? So because the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam allowed us to, to narrate from the bunny is so evil without meaning from from Israeli sources, without affirming or denying. This is why it's, it's okay to look at the Bible not not so that we affirm everything in it, but but, or deny everything in it. But just to see what has been said about this particular individual. So according to the Bible, in

00:53:06--> 00:53:59

the book of Numbers, we learned that our own was the leader of a rebellion against mozarella his setup. Alright, we learned that he was actually born in Egypt, and he left Egypt with the bunny is slightly with Musashi Salaam, basically, and on their way to, to Palestine, right, which is the place that they were supposed to go to, what he did is that he he had some, you know, personal grievances against mozarella his center, right. And because of that, he, you know, he felt that he was able to take a stance against minorities, and because he was wealthy, and, you know, he was a man of status. And so, because of some personal grievances, he actually rallied a couple 100 people

00:53:59--> 00:54:55

against musala his center, right. Now, this reminds one of nefab right off hypocrisy of Abdullah ibn obey, for instance, who also because of his jealousy, right, he turned against the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. But the the painful thing over here is that caught on was actually a relative of Masada, his Sunnah. Right, but still, he rebelled against them. And then in the Quran, we learned he didn't just rebel against musar lists and he rebelled against his entire people. Right. And we see in the following verses about how patroon had been given a lot of wealth right? And how he would actually show off that wealth to his people. right he would just boast and you know, display his

00:54:55--> 00:54:59

wealth and and you know, beat belittle his people.

00:55:00--> 00:55:51

Instead of showing mercy and compassion to them, he actually belittle them and and hurt them by showing off his wealth. Alright, so Ferber Horley him, he rebelled against them. Now bully can be in the form of tyranny and oppression, and it can also be in the form of, you know, opposing someone. So, in the corona Canon COVID musavat barelli him now, how is this relevant to the situation in Mecca that the Prophet sallallahu earlier son was in? Remember that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his own people, right, his own kinsfolk his own relatives, some of them had turned against him. salallahu alayhi wasallam we see, for example, that his uncle Abu lahab, right, his own uncle,

00:55:51--> 00:56:30

Abu lahab, what did he do? He turned against Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and he, he didn't just say, Oh, I don't believe in you. He didn't just belittle him or mock him, you know, mock at him once in a while, know when the Prophet sallallahu radiosonde would be walking around in Minar. Right calling the different people who had come for the pilgrimage to the oneness of Allah, or Buddha would be right behind the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam humiliating him right and and and putting him down in front of everybody Abu lahab and his wife in it they were very active in opposing the Prophet sallallahu early he was setting up and imagine how much this would have hurt

00:56:30--> 00:56:44

him so it's as if the Prophet salallahu earnings and was being taught that musalla his salons close relative hurt him and turned against him. Right well sorry they said I was patient so you do the same

00:56:45--> 00:57:05

so in a car owner can't even call me Mustafa Baba Ali him and then it is said we're at a now who and we had given him meaning while this The fact is that Allah subhanaw taala is the one who had given our own mineral koulos treasures, okay. koulos is the plural of cans and cans is basically

00:57:08--> 00:58:00

you know, a certain cans is basically a hoard meaning it's, it's wealth that has been hoarded, okay? In the sense that knows the cat is being paid on it, the right of the poor is not being given to them. All right. So for example, if a person has gold, and they just put it in the locker, and for years, it's just sitting there, and the cat is not being given, right? Or person has a whole lot of cash that's just sitting in the bank, you know, and then the poor are not being given anything from it, that that wealth would be cans. And because of the same reason Some say that cans is actually any amount of wealth regardless of how much it is right any amount of wealth, when the cat is not

00:58:00--> 00:58:51

given from it, then it is called Ken's. So what I say now, let me close any tharun had a whole lot of wealth. All right, Allah subhanaw taala is the one who had given him because remember what a book is leukemia Sha, Allah subhanaw taala had given him this tough lien, right, which was worldly of Lille. And that that does not necessarily mean that the last Pantheon was pleased with him. So he was given all of this wealth, but how much wealth was it? Right unless prarthana explains it was ma ne It was such that in number 30 how who is keys mfat is the plural of Mr. And Miss that is, is a key for the house to open. And with that is, is the tool with which you open something. So the keys

00:58:51--> 00:59:16

of the treasures that really shows what kind of wealth it was, it was just hoarded, right and locked up. So the keys of that treasure, right of the wealth that Karen had been given, they were such that let her know ob nurse Betty, they would burden a band of who only

00:59:17--> 00:59:38

have strong men. And there were so many keys and such heavy keys that a band of strong men, a group of strong men would find it difficult to carry all of those keys. So just imagine if there's so many keys, how many

00:59:40--> 00:59:59

you know, treasure boxes, or whatever it is, how many wallets are there, right? How many storage places are there and how much stuff is kept inside of them. Now the word letter no this is from the letters known well Hamza, and no is to be heavy and due to the weight

01:00:00--> 01:00:21

something, you know, you're you're basically pressed down. So, this is the idea of No. So, who who is the new rosebud? rosebud is, is a is a group of, of men that can be anywhere between 10 and 40. Right The brother is abusive to his son and they kept saying National roozbeh we are

01:00:22--> 01:00:29

you know a band, we are a group, you know we are a group of strong men.

01:00:30--> 01:00:50

And then this response is, is is possessed of what kind of people only poor people of strength, right people of physical might now imagine a group of strong men together would find it burdensome to carry the keys to the treasures of bottom

01:00:52--> 01:00:54

this is how much wealth caught on had been given.

01:00:55--> 01:01:50

So, now what happened? How How was it that he rebelled against his own people is called Allahu como hula for when his people said to him, Do not exalt Latifah do not exalt because in Allahu Allah you have bulverde hain. Indeed, Allah does not like those people who exalt. So this shows us that qarun would exalt he would show off, he was very arrogant about his wealth. And he would boast about it a lot and belittle people because of it. So this attitude of his ne it was, of course, very disgusting. But then his people also advised him that don't do that. Let the fry Now the word Latta for the for a lot of this is from for Pharaoh now for is to be happy, right? We learn about the

01:01:50--> 01:02:12

people of Jenna, that Fuddy hayner that you had that specifically the Fuddy hanaa they will that they they're the ones who rejoice, right? So is there anything wrong with being happy? No, there is nothing wrong in being happy. In fact, we should show happiness when Allah subhanaw taala gives us a blessing. But there's different kinds of

01:02:14--> 01:02:28

or different ways of expressing joy. All right, one way of expressing joy is in the form of gratitude, right, in the form of kindness, in the form of helpfulness in the form of

01:02:29--> 01:02:47

you know, sharing. And, and that kind of expression of joy is what we have been told to do. Right? What a millionaire material because I had this when a loss. And in hedis, we learned that when Allah subhanaw taala gives a blessing to a slave he likes to see it's its effect on him.

01:02:49--> 01:03:02

So this kind of expression of joy is good that you you mention your blessings, you talk about them, in order to acknowledge them, you, you use them, you share them with others.

01:03:03--> 01:03:55

So this kind of expression is is praiseworthy, but then there's another kind of expression of joy, which is blameworthy and what is that? It is when a person begins to think that I am better than others. Right? And I, I have a right to belittle them because I am better. Right? It it creates a a wall between this person and others. So this person now becomes arrogant, he begins to show off, he's not being thankful to Allah, or nicer and Kinder towards people. But he's becoming more selfish, more greedy, right? arrogant thinking that he can do whatever that he wants. So it is this kind of expression of joy that his people told him not to exhibit. They they said lots of do not

01:03:55--> 01:03:59

exalt because Indeed Allah does not like those who exalt.

01:04:01--> 01:04:32

And then this they advised him that Weber Tilly FEMA attack Allah who darnel a hero, but seek through that which Allah has given you the home of the hereafter. Any wealth itself is not evil, the wealth that Allah has given you is is not is not evil, right? It's the use of that wealth, which makes it evil, or or beneficial. So you can use your wealth to cause corruption. You can use your wealth to,

01:04:33--> 01:04:59

to hurt people, to abuse the planet to abuse the creatures of the world. Or you can use the wealth that Allah has given you for good causes. Right? And of course, the best thing is to use it in order to earn the home of the hereafter. And how is it that you can do that that you seek the home of the hereafter through the wealth that Allah has given you in a number of ways

01:05:01--> 01:05:46

And this is very, very important because remember, as I mentioned earlier, that the poor people will enter Jannah way before the wealthy people, the wealthy people will be stopped, right, they will be interrogated. Because remember, we are going to be asked on the day of judgment about where we got our wealth from, and how we how we got it and how we spent it. So the more we have, the more hisab there will be, right. And also remember that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you know, he mentioned about how the people of wealth are basically in danger, except for those who spend like this, like this, like this, like this, and the Prophet salallahu earnings, and I'm pointed towards

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four directions in front of him behind him to his right and to his left. And basically what he meant was except for those who are constantly generous, right, so how is it that you seek the home of the hereafter through the wealth that Allah has given you, in a number of ways, first of all, you use the wealth in permissible matters, right? And as you use it in permissible matters, then you you also show gratitude to Allah subhanaw taala for it. Now, is that better than not having wealth? Yes, in a way it is. Because the more wealth you have, and the more you use it in permissible matters every time you use it in a permissible way, and every time you show gratitude to Allah subhanaw

01:06:31--> 01:07:22

taala for that you earn reward. Right? Secondly, use wealth in obedience to Allah subhanaw taala. And, and this is something we really need to pay attention to. Right? We are careful about halal haram and hamdulillah majority of them, many of the Muslims are right. But when it comes to spending money on on religious matters, that's where we we become very stingy, very, very cheap. Okay? For example, if we're buying a makeup product for $80, no problem, right? Because of course, I have to get it. Everybody's got it. It's the new thing. It's the new palette, it's this, it's that right? It's the new kind of makeup brush, etc. So yes, we will happily spend money on makeup makeup that's

01:07:22--> 01:07:35

going to be washed, and it's going to go down the drain. Right? And we know that, but we don't mind spending over there. I'm not saying that spending on makeup is hold on don't don't don't extract that, from what I'm saying. What I'm saying is

01:07:36--> 01:07:52

spend money on religious matters as well. For example, when it comes to paying for course, right, that you can take in order to gain more religious knowledge. Right? Then what happens over there

01:07:54--> 01:08:41

when it comes to spending money on it on a university course no problem 1000s of dollars, right? And these days, Subhan Allah, everything online, the quality of, of, you know, of education has really declined, but still we're paying the same same amount of money, right? But when it comes to spending money on a course to learn the Quran, etc, then we become very cheap over there. But remember that what you spend in order to in order to you know, do something righteous, that is extremely rewardable that's going to benefit you now and it's going to benefit you in the hereafter. Right? Likewise spending money on you know, for instance going for hedge going for saving money these days

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100 all because you're not traveling, make the intention that the money I'm I'm saving right now. Insha Allah I'm going to go for an RA inshallah, I'm going to go for Hajj, start that fund now. So that inshallah when when doors open, you're, you're able to go, right. So, so, so, spending money on acts of obedience, on acts of righteousness in in worshipping Allah subhanaw taala. And then, thirdly, spending money in order to

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especially, you know, with the intention to to earn reward in the hereafter. So, for example, when you give Souther, right, when you give in charity, whether it is in the way of Allah for a religious cause, you're not getting anything out of that immediately, right? You're just spending FISA be the law to to support a religious cause. Right, or you are giving to those who are in need. Okay. Now, you don't get

01:09:45--> 01:10:00

anything out of that right now at the moment except for maybe a tax receipt. However, you're giving this with the intention that insha Allah and the hereafter I'll get what is better, alright. And, and this is something that we should believe in because remember, when you

01:10:00--> 01:10:07

Give something in charity, but from wealth that is pure. Then Allah subhanaw taala

01:10:08--> 01:10:54

You know, he accepts it and he makes it grow he he takes care of it like one of you. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said would take care of a baby horse, right? And Allah subhanaw taala causes the charity to grow until it becomes like a mountain. So use your wealth that Allah has given you to earn the home of the Hereafter, don't just spend it on your home of this world. And this is again something that we need to pay attention to because these days the more time we're spending at home, the more obsessed we are with home decor and home renovations and home this and home that and that's fine as long as it serves a purpose. But just to take those photos and just to imitate what

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people are doing online, any have better priorities, what Vitaly faema attack Allah who doesn't wanna tense honestly become in a dunya. And they said to him, Do not forget your share of this world. Meaning Don't forget to you know, use the wealth for yourself in the world, right? Meaning the the matters that will last panel tada has permitted, don't feel guilty over there. So for example, if you're spending on on food, on clothing, you know, on permissible comfort, etc. That's not wrong. So this is moderation. And what an excellent lesson This is, use your wealth to earn the home of the Hereafter, but do not deprive yourself in the world either. And they said what I said

01:11:45--> 01:12:27

come on along the lake and do good, just as Allah has been good to you, and specifically be generous, right? Because Allah subhanaw taala has been so generous towards you, you also show generosity to the creation, what a double facade the fill out and do not cause corruption in the land do not desire corruption in the land. Because when wealth is not used responsibly, then what happens it leads to corruption and our own because of the wealth that he had, he felt that he was able to rebel against Mozart a sinner. Right? So don't use your wealth

01:12:28--> 01:12:40

as as a means of causing corruption or seeking corruption in the world. Because in the law hilarya hibel muscadine Indeed, Allah does not like those who cause corruption.

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Our time is up. So inshallah we will stop over here in the story and inshallah we will continue in our next class. So panicle lahoma be handig shadow Allah illa Anta esta hirokawa Tobu La Casa La Mora Alaykum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

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