Purification Of The Soul #01A – Shari’ah meaning of Tazkiyyah, Rooh & Nafs

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Sajid Ahmed Umar

Channel: Sajid Ahmed Umar

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. While early he also he was a limited Sleeman kathira en la Medina my bad Allah Houma La La Molina, el amor alum Tana in the cantle Alamo Hakeem Allahu alumna Maya and found that one Bheema antenna. Was it an Ironman watermelon? Yeah, Carrie, Frobisher, actually sorry, we're still really angry. Washington Odetta melissani Yakubu Ali,

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all praises belong to Allah subhanho wa Taala. We praise Allah subhanho wa Taala we seek his assistance, and we seek His guidance and we seek refuge in Allah subhanho wa Taala from the evils of our souls and the adverse consequences of our deeds. Also, if Allah subhanho wa Taala decrees guidance upon then none can misguide him, and will serve Allah subhanho wa Taala decrees misguidance upon then can guide him and peace and salutations. Be Upon the final messenger, Muhammad, Abdullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship besides one Allah, and that Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam is his final messenger. My dear brothers and

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sisters in Islam, by my dear mothers, my dear fathers, Assalamu alaykum warahmatullahi overcast, I welcome you all to our series on purification of the soul, or in the Arabic language, this kiya to neffs. This series, my dear brothers and sisters, is a very important one. Islam came and brought manifest importance to it. The Quran teaches it, those who lesson Allahu alayhi wa sallam taught it as well. It is from our Sharia, to purify ourselves. Because you and I, my dear brothers and sisters, my dear mothers and fathers are more implicit than we are explicit or should I say our implicit is more important than the explicit today Alhamdulillah a lot of importance is given to our

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outer appearance, how we look how people perceive us, and without us realizing and insha Allah that's the case, because we always think good in our fellow Muslim brothers and sisters, and this message is for myself first and foremost, before it is for you all.

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This happens perhaps without realization, this whole concept of giving importance to the outside or the outer, rather than the inner. And the poet very eloquently said, that you and I, we are more inner than we are outer, or we are inside and mankind because of our heart, because of our soul, more than the fact that we are bodies. So this is why a series such as this is important. And let me add from the outset that this series is just a short series is just a short series in this particular series, I hope to introduce to you all the meaning of desica the meaning of knifes, I hope to introduce to you all the discussion of the scholars pertaining to the actual study of this

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gear to knifes or purification of the soul and its ruling, I hope to share with you all certain principles pertaining to test gear to neffs or purification of the soul so that perhaps we could benchmark ourselves against these principles and try and formulate an understanding of how we can better purify ourselves, how we can better purify our homes, how we can better purify our schools, how better we can purify our work environments and how better we can purify our communities. So inshallah I hope to share with one in all certain principles pertaining to this and insha Allah insha Allah to kick things off, we will discuss just a few points cited for us by our scholars as

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they have deduced from the Quran and the Sunnah. Pertaining to those factors that bring about this gear to knifes or purification of the soul. In our lives. We ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to bless our time together, and we ask Allah subhanho wa Taala to make us a gathering. Yes, it's a virtual gathering, but nonetheless a gathering. We ask Allah to make this gathering one which is pleasing to Him, one which is only for his sake, one which he has a good word and follows it and we ask

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vasubandhu attallah to make the knowledge that we learn together evidence for us, and not against us, Indeed, Allah subhanho wa Taala is upon all able, my dear brothers and sisters, the term desica. What does this mean? This here is an Arabic term. And for some of us, we've probably heard the term time and time again, perhaps in a room. Perhaps at a weekend course, perhaps on a lecture that we've been listening to online or anywhere else. We've heard this term test gear, test gear, is an Arabic term. Now this term obviously existed before the advent of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Because the Arabs spoke the Arabic language. And when they use the term ghesquiere, the Arabic

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dictionaries teach us that they refer to one of two matters, they are either referred to talk here, or bahara, which refers to purification or they refer to the concept known as Ziad or increment. So linguistically, we say test here refers to two meanings, either purification, or cleansing something, or the concept of developing something, advancing it and growing it. These are two linguistic meaning cited to us by the Arabic dictionaries related to the term desk here, in the context of our series together desk here to knifes we would define it as gear as the purification of the self and its development. So basically, in the context of our series, we want to bring together

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the two linguistic meanings, the meaning of purification, and the meaning of substantial growth or development. So Ezekiel for the series refers to the purification of the self, as well as its development. inshallah, we'll understand this, when we go into the actual principles that bring about the scale, we will see from it, that those principles mandate and dictate a process of purification and as a result, development, insha Allah, then we have the term nefs, because Saskia to nefs. This is the title of the series. It's made up of these two words, here, and we've understood Alhamdulillah. What does akia means? What do we mean when we refer to neffs? Left, my

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dear brothers and sisters, again, is a term which we've heard of, perhaps sometimes we've heard it in the context of it referring to the south. And perhaps sometimes we've heard it in the context of it referring to the south end, in reality, this term nefs is comprehensive, it's universal, in a way or form, and does entail the soul. Sometimes, even though the soul in the Arabic language has a specific term known as the rule.

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And given its comprehensive nature, it also entails what we call the self, the self meaning, the body that exists with the soul, outside of the womb, of its mother. This is then so comprehensively, when we see the term left's being used, then most likely, it refers to this concept of you and I living in this world, where our souls and bodies are united outside of the womb of our mothers, and before death. This is what in particular, that Neff refers to, even though it has been used in certain contexts to refer to the salt. Now, let me bring your attention to help you understand this to a hadith of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam. For once, when one of his companions passed

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away, his eyes remained opened, the person who passed away had his eyes opened, and Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam said either side, a roof, that's better who another that when the roof is lifted, the eyes follow it. And this is the reason why the eyes were open. Or as was taught to us by Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Another point to note here is Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam didn't say either, so at the knifes, that when the knifes is raised Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said either so at the roof when the soul is raised, because here there's a detachment between the soul and the body. So the soul by itself can only be called through. But when

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it's attached with the body, which we've just defined as the self, then this term nefs, given its comprehensive nature, can be used to describe the room. These are slight nuances in terms of how we find this particular word used in our Sharia in terms of the Quran, and in terms of the student of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So we've understood test here, and we've understood nefs and I think from the outset, we can clearly understand that our discussion in our short series is

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pertaining to the implicit the inner, we're not going to be talking about how to directly beautify our outer, but the cause of discussion is concentrated towards the implicit and the inner. And by default when you fix the inner, the outer becomes beautiful as well and inshallah we will see that as we traverse through our series. Now, if we look in the Quran, my dear brothers and sisters My dear mothers and fathers we see Allah subhanho wa Taala describing for us then and Allah subhanho wa Taala describes it as something that exists in three states. Now some of the scholars have said there's three types of knifes but the

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chosen opinion especially for the series, and this is the view of the mainstream scholars is that the knifes is one, but it exists in three states. When we look from person to person, we see three types of neffs or four to be more particular the left's in three types of states, the knifes in three types of states and this can also apply to a particular human being we find a human being living in his or her life and throughout the stages of their lives. We see them manifesting a particular type of neffs so Allah subhanho wa Taala has taught us in his book that the enough's this neffs can exist in three states in sha Allah. What we will do now is take a short break. I'll leave

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you to digest over this brief introduction and inshallah, when we return, we'll discuss the three states of the neffs as taught to us by Allah subhanho wa Taala in his book, don't go away. Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh