The Flourishing & Withering Of The Soul A Tafsir Of Surat al-Shams
Channel: Riyadul Haqq
File Size: 43.60MB
What is the true essence of life? What is the reality of the soul? Who among us has truly succeeded?
This surah will do much to change your perceptions about yourself, your body and soul. It will leave you with an understanding of where we need to be making effort and what it ultimately takes to succeed in life.
Episode Transcript ©
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Today sort of his sort of the shrimps
It's also known as mushrooms, sort of mushroom civil.
But more famously as sort of the shrimps.
one of the
earliest sewers revealed during the early part of the province of the law. It was a Lim's mission in Makkah,
and some narrations suggest, well,
according to the order that a theme of the quarter, it's believed that this was actually the 26th sora to be revealed, after sort of blockable
and before sort of the bulge
I'll quickly read through the Arabic and the implied translation, and then inshallah we'll discuss the
verses of the sword in some detail.
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
by the sun
with its mid morning brightness. Well, comedy either
by the moon, when it follows
when the hurt either
by the day, when it reveals it
well, lately they have shot
by the man.
in shrubs, it was summer it will Nabina
by the sky
and him who
will have the arm out to her by the earth and him who spread
when I've seen warmaster work
by the soul,
and him by him who
proportion bits that allow him or her for Georgia with Aqua.
Then he inspired to
and it's God consciousness. But the flemons
has succeeded. He
who allows the soul to flourish? What are the Herberman the SIR
has lost he
Munda sir Who
stunts the growth of the soul?
The moon with
the moon rejected
because of its transgression because of its rebellion
in America spa when it's most wretched one rose, for Cardinal whom Rasulullah saw the Messenger of Allah
To the mouth of the law, he was
the she cannot have a law.
Beware of the she camel of the law and be where it's drink, forget the ball, who got all her. So they rejected it, Falco her. So they hamstrung it's for them to make him or a woman be them to him or her.
So the Lord
because of their sin.
And he made it equal to
what I have.
And he does not fear its consequence.
That's the simple translation of the verses.
There are in fact, two parts of the surah.
In the first law
speaks mainly about the soul.
And it's wickedness and righteousness, its piety and virtue, in contrast, its transgression and sinfulness.
And this is this topic of the soul, the nuts is preceded by a number of oaths that a law takes. And then the second part of the surah
is concerned with
relating the very brief account of the people
to whom the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam sent,
but the two parts are still
very delicately lent and one leads to the other.
Let me begin the explanation of the actual verses and then inshallah we'll
discuss some of the more detailed aspects in a moment. Well Shamsi, well,
first of all, Allah swears by a number of things, including himself.
And having started from the end of arm, we've already seen this in a number of different solvents.
The last sort of Lady they are Sherwin Hardy, that agenda. And prior to that, we'll have a lady there such a.
throughout the program, Allah swears by a number of objects in his creation, especially at the beginning of the swords. And this is in order to attract and arrest the attention of the listener and the reader.
And to make him reflect and think.
And in reality, the law, the oath that a law takes,
they aren't random.
Again, in a very subtle and delicate manner. There is a relationship between the old that Allah takes and the message that's delivered immediately thereafter.
So here in the surah, wholesale, a lot swears by a number of objects in his creation and ultimately a lot also swears by himself.
So first of all, was shunned
by the sun with its mid morning brightness,
was revealed by Allah as a last thing, message, a universal message appropriate for all ages, all peoples,
all lambs at all times.
And the Koran is such a well,
such as spring of wisdom of knowledge of inspiration,
that a simple reader of the arm can appreciate the beauty of many of its verses.
And an erudite scholar can also appreciate the beauty of the verses of the Quran
when it comes to inviting people to reflect on
on their surroundings,
to reflect on the universe to reflect some natural phenomena to reflect on themselves.
last panel data has kept the message
These phenomena that Allah invites the listeners and the readers to reflect on and ponder, ponder over, are not exclusive to scientists or scholars, or to city dwellers. They're applicable to everybody.
The night, the day the sun, the moon, the sky, the earth,
And these are phenomena. These are natural displays to which we are instinctively attractive.
Despite the scorching heat of the sun, and its brightness, to such a degree that we can't stare at it directly.
We bask in its warmth and its glory. We bask in its warmth, we enjoyed slides, and heat, and we marvel at the sun. Similar to the moon, the sky, the stars, the whole earth, we are drawn and attracted to these natural phenomena. And in fact, we we attempt to feel at one with nature.
So these verses of the Holy Quran, they were appreciated by the better than in the deserts, by the dwellers in the city, by simple folk, by shepherds, as well as by scholars.
And even by the MBR, the mustard and the prophets of Allah.
So here again, what shamcey will do,
and sometimes the greatest truths are well, in fact, the greatest truths are the simplest truths.
And some of LA's blessings are, the greatest blessings are the simplest of all blessings.
Like the gamma of the last panel, or the house of Allah, it's the garba it's the house of Allah.
One would imagine it to be the grandest, the most decorate,
the most plush,
and yet, it's magnificent, in its simplicity, just like water is vital, beautiful, and grand in simplicity.
And similarly, the signs of Allah in the Holy Quran, which he invites us to reflect on and ponder over, are at one in the same time, the simplest, the most easily accessible, the most easily observed and understood, and yet at the same time, the greatest and the most complex
washrooms by the sun, and it's mid morning brightness.
Well, comedy that Allah by the moon when it follows the sun, and the meaning of following the sun, is that we have two planetary bodies around the Earth.
Two major planetary bodies that we can see
planetary in the center heavenly.
Otherwise, of course, the sun is a star and the moon is a natural satellite. But in our everyday observation around the Earth, apart from the distant planets, which appear simply our stars and the distant stars, which are my means, in our view and observation. The two greatest heavenly bodies that we see
are the sun and the moon.
And the sun takes precedence. It's larger, provides heat, it gives us light, and the moon is, in a way,
subservient to the sun. It follows the sun in every way. It doesn't have its own light, it draws its light from the sun itself, and in that way it follows the sun. Furthermore,
the sun rises
and sets and provides light during the day. But the moon also rises and sets and it provides light, albeit faint during the night. So in every way, the moon follows the sun.
And we could expand on this. In fact, if you were to make the month Luna monthly calculations of the
moon rise and Moon sets sunrises and sunsets, and you worked out the different phases of the moon different dates of the lunar month, you would see an amazing pattern of the moon following the sun, in its rising setting, and in its synchrony with the sun. So in every way, the moon follows the sun or chanson
haha well comedy that Allah by the moon, and it's mid morning by the sun and it's mid morning brightness by the moon when it follows the sun
by the day
when it reveals its mount
this means the earth when it reveals everything that we see,
apart from artificial lighting in a natural setting, that is piercing darkness. And then when the sun rises and the darkness clears, the beauty of the Earth is revealed in all its glory.
by the day when it reveals the earth, one lady they have shot her by the night when it envelops and enshrouds and wraps up the earth in its darkness.
These are four things so far,
on which a lot of swarm and they are all related to the phenomena of night, day, light and heat, the sun, the moon, the night and the day.
I've already discussed these four things in that the fear of sort of delayed or later they are sure and before that in the theater sort of lately, there's such a cetera. So I won't repeat myself refer to the discussion then. But it is somewhat detailed. And as I explained, we may think nothing of the night of the day, and the sun and the moon.
But last panel with Allah tells us, I mean, I think he was similar to what
amongst the signs of the creation of the heavens and the earth.
And in various verses last spoken about the alternating of the night and day have that in itself is a sign
how I was sleep, I mean, I had the human animal couldn't believe
how our sleep at night in itself is actually one of the signs of
an hour work. I'm seeking a lot of systems during the day is a sign of Allah has religion, how can our sleeping at night itself, rest be a sign of Allah. Again, the more you look, the more you study how our circadian clock, how in a body clock is in sync with
the moon, with the sun, with the rays of the sun,
with the night and day,
how our body works in tune with
the natural settings around us.
A lot of these things we used to regard as being folklore, but as
and in fact, people dismiss them. And I've given an example of certain herbal remedies, which
people traditionally used to say that these are effective, these plants should be picked only on certain days of the of the month of the lunar month. And
of lakes people were
dismissing these ideas, rather contemptuously saying this is this is old, these are old folklores folk tales. And yet, we've now discovered that indeed, these plants
their healing properties are actually connected to lunar arrays. So depending on the day of the lunar month,
the lunar month, the
rays of the moon actually have a varying effects depend on these plants and their healing properties on different lunar dates of the month.
people before would appreciate nature in all its glory and beauty, even Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, those of you who have attended the commentary of Sahil Bihari at GDC when we were doing cadabra
I explained in thorough detail including giving precise time well approximate or not precise, but as close as we could get timings of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and how his whole day was
tune with nature, sort of look at his Salatu was Salam would rest that night, he will return home after Isha Salah unless he was preoccupied in the affairs of the oma.
Only then would he remain awake. Otherwise, as a wives of the Allahu informers, he would return home. If he needed to discuss anything with the family or speak to them, he would do so otherwise he would immediately retired.
And that's immediately after a shock.
And then he would rise in the middle of the night with that.
is his times of rest, his times of eating, all of these things were in tune with nature is the hours in the morning and evening, reflective nature. When he woke up with the legend, he would rise and he would recite the verses of the holy war in the mouth of the lady one now.
Verily, in the creation of the heavens, in the in the creation of the heavens and the earth, and
in the alternating of the miton day, that same message which I was speaking of earlier,
I think that will BB there are Signs for those who possess intelligence. And the Roma beautifully explained that if, throughout the Holy Quran, Allah repeatedly says, These are the signs, who takes heed, who pays attention, who is admonished
by the gorilla,
and does not take heed except those who possess intelligence.
That is the mean. These are Signs for those who know these are Signs for people of the world. So throughout the Quran, Allah speaks about His Signs being signs being an admonition being an inspiration and a lesson for people of intelligence. So that will amount of said, even though the signs are so simple, if you are unable to appreciate their beauty or their depth and their wisdom, then do not question the signs, or the or an of a law rather question your own intelligence and ability. Because as the law says, indeed, these are Signs for those who possess intelligence. But as I said, I've spoken about these signs of night and day and son in the previous sort of still refer
to that discussion. Just continue. After swearing on the map on the sun, the moon, the night and the day, a lot of xojo further says, What's the Mount, you're gonna buy the sky? What Murnaghan he who create it, he who built it last
spring by himself,
well out of the woods,
by the earth, and by him, Allah who spreads.
So so far, these are six outs, the sun, the moon, the day, the night
and a lot of searching
And now is the final one I've seen one master work, and he loves the ritual expands the oath with a further comment. When I've seen one master work by the soul, and again by himself last each one of us by the soul, one master were her and by him who proportioned it who fashion the soul
and then having fashion so these are the oaths.
So what's the message after this, but there's one more thing, having swarmed by the soul and by himself who created and proportion and fashioned and molded that soul, Allah adds for him or her for Judah how taqwa one addition to the creation of the soul, was that a lot of zildjian
Allah Maha for Judah Howard the last panel that inspired or cast a message,
cast a sense in the soul, of what what a love cast a sense into our soul from the very beginning of creation. For Judah taqwa
the souls ability
to distinguish between truth and falsehood, the souls ability to discern
and transgression from virtue and righteousness.
The souls ability
to detect and see and realize and recognize the fear of Allah His ductwork consciousness of a Lost Planet. And in contrast, sin, transgression, rebellion and weightless
our conscience is part and parcel of our soul, our knifes, our ability to distinguish between falsehood and truth
is part of our instinct. It's actually
part of the DNA of Allen knifes are very soul.
So these are the oaths one of single master well, half of Alabama, half of Georgia with the law by the soul, and hit by him who proportion that and then who inspired it cast in the sense of fool, it's transgression. And it's, it's consciousness of a lost pan of water.
Why do I translate consciousness of a last panel without us? Explain in a few minutes,
these are the oaths so what is that great message that allow wishes to deliver
after having swarmed by the sun, and it's mid morning brightness, the moon when it follows the sun, the day when it reveals the beauty and splendor of the earth
the nights when it casts veil over the earth and in transit.
After having sworn by himself
and the sky
after having sworn by
the earth and himself who created it.
And now after having swarmed by himself by the knifes, and himself again create it. So these are the Earth's what is that great and important message that allow wishes to deliver to us after all of these immense us the messages but a flat Herman's a girl her walk apartments,
has succeeded he
who I'll give a common translation for now has succeeded he who xhaka who purifies yourself
Walk of Harb and indeed has lost he Mandisa
who corrupts the soul.
That's a common translation. So I'll suffice with that for now. But I'll give you a more detailed understanding of the words that's the
so this is a great message. Now how important is this message?
In my humble opinion, this whole sutra
is about the knifes the soul.
And its impact not only on the individual, on the whole of society, this is why the latter part of the sutra is deeply connected.
If one knifes is good,
it has an effect on it. If one soul is corrupt, it has an effect on others. Individual souls that are good and pure, creates a good impure society. Individual souls that are corrupt ultimately create a corrupt society. And what happens
as happens what happens with a corrupt society as happening with the people of
less than slavery?
Which a lot of first at the end of the sore.
That's the connection. So the whole surah is about the myths and the righteousness and piety and virtue of the knifes And in contrast is transgression its sin, its way witness and its rebellion.
So let's look at the knifes
law saves one I've seen Walmart so we're here for Alabama for Georgia. How would the Whopper the fireman's that go how Walk of harbor man
by the knifes by the soul, and by him who proportionately molded it, who fashioned it, in fact, who perfected it.
And then having molded it's fashioned it alight inspired to the soul. It's for jewel, its transgression, its sinfulness as well as its
piety and its consciousness of a lust.
This doesn't mean that Allah guided us to
Both sin and
Now, in fact, in the previous surah to this, which we haven't done yet as being Sharla, which we will do next month.
La has the original says
why Dana, Dane and we guided him to the two paths
and sort of develop
that we guided him to the two paths.
And what are the two paths?
Good and bad, good and evil. Virtue I'm saying. The same thing for jewel and taqwa transgression, or
so Allah Subhana Allah has already guided us to the meaning of guiding us as not to lead us to both sin and virtue, but that Allah has given us that innate ability to distinguish between truth and falsehood. We have a conscience, we have an inner voice.
Now, how do we understand the knifes the soul? What is the soul?
Ultimately the soul is the spirits
and as a last season, sort of let's start with that all mechanical raw wood roofing in America Rocky Mountain feet a minute.
And they asked you about the spirits
the spirits is a matter of my lord
is of the affair of my Lord. And you have not been given accepts very little knowledge.
The reality of the spirits is beyond our comprehension.
No matter how
advanced we may become technologically and scientifically, we will never be able to truly fathom
and truly understand the knifes the rule, the spirits, the soul and its reality.
We believe it, we accept it, we live it.
ultimately, we are only Ottawa and spirits.
That is the essence of life.
And that's why Allah has the vegetal says that the fireman's a girl aka the hub and the server. Indeed successful as he has succeeded, he
was brilliant mind
was beautiful body
was much wealth and belongs now
indeed has succeeded he true success, both in this dunya and in the in this world, and in the next world, in this first life as well as the Second Life true success, true salvation, true joy and happiness and bliss ultimately, is only have the goodness of the room and the laughs
What Holloman the sir, indeed has lost he who corrupts the soul?
Why, why is why does the last panel with Anna delivers such a strong message, that the success ultimate success is the purity of the soul and ultimate destruction and loss is the corruption of the soul and the spirit? Because ultimately that's all we are. We are only spirits Don't misunderstand. I'm not denying our physical presence. But
thing I wish to point out is Who are we ultimately?
Who are we?
Are we our bodies?
Are we our minds?
Ultimately we are only spirits.
The body is a cage. It's a carriage. It's a wrapping
did we or didn't we exist before we were before we were conceived
in our mother's womb.
Did we didn't we exist?
Did we exist before our before we took on a body?
Before we were enclosed in a bottle. Did we or didn't we exist?
Of course we exist.
Just as a rule as a spirit, the spirits was blown into the body.
When we will die,
and this body will disintegrate, the bones will dissolve and disintegrate when this body perishes.
When we die, when all of our limbs and organs fail, when our brain fails, and stops working,
when we disintegrate, do we cease to exist?
Or do we continue to another life.
That means that we are not our bodies,
we may be caged inside our bodies, but we are not our bodies
are we our minds.
The mind itself is a part of the body.
The mind itself is part of the body. When the mind ceases to exist, no matter how beautiful and complex the brain may be, ultimately, we are not even our brain.
We are something else. And that's how our greatest era
we see ourselves as being bodies, we see ourselves as being minds.
And that means that we lavish all our attention on our brains on our minds, and even more than our minds, we lavish all our attention on our politics.
We nourish the body, we sustain it, we feed it, we clothe it, we protect it from the elements.
Whether we succeed or not, in principle, we are obsessed with the health of our bodies, we dread it's sickness.
And we aspire to it's
We do so much for the body.
In any country.
The two biggest budgets of the government,
in all countries of the world
and health care.
In some countries, healthcare firms in others,
defense first, defense and health care and spiraling costs of health care all over the world.
Concerned not only individuals but whole societies.
We worried about the health of our bodies.
And there's nothing wrong in that it's true.
But realistically, and in moderation in proportion, I'm speaking from a spiritual Islamic perspective.
We are spirits are travelers, we are travelers in this world. And this body is a cage. It's a carriage. It's our means of transport. That's all. But we are not our bodies. We are not even our man.
And should I tell you how much we are not our bodies.
We do everything for the pleasure of the mind and the pleasure of the body. We sin for the pleasure of the body, we sin for the pleasure of the mind. But on the day of reckoning a lost power who would die taala will give the same lens and organs, the power of speech. And they will testify
against the purse.
Now that's interesting. It's in the background. And that's interesting. The limbs and the organs will testify against the person. But we always thought the person was the limbs and the organs.
We always thought that. And that's what we always believe.
There is a part of us in sort of our last panel, Donna speaks about the guardian.
We all have a green, a green is our
He's attached to us. He's with us all the time. We have we all have our own little shaper.
who's with us. That's how
and that's also part of Alabama for Georgia. However, we have an angel who whispers good messages to us. And we have our green who's with us.
And that's why we always have these messages. Whenever we wish to do something good. There's always a countering message of negativity
See, of discouragement of dissuasion of that
whenever we do something bad, or we intend to do something bad, again, we always have an inner voice, a conscience, which is warning is telling us. This is why it's rare for a person to embark on something with total confidence.
For there are these
messages of positivity and negativity, of good and evil, of sin and of corruption, that are these messages of encouragement and discouragement, of persuasion and persuasion. And when if this is to do with abstaining from sin, or doing something good, then these are the messages that are inspired to ism whisper tears from the Malaika, the angels and the contrasting negative sinful messages that we receive from our green
and that But even as such, on the day of reckoning, or Kareena hora, banana Alito what I can kind of you bothering by eights, Pamela, this, you know how far the stretches, we follow others,
we follow others.
And we always wish to shift blame.
But he made me do it, she made me do it.
On the day of judgment, there will be many conversations that take place in the fire out of the fire in the plane of reckoning before last panel
at the time of judgment. And many of these conversations are recorded in the Holy Quran. In different sorts. One of those conversations will be
between groups of people, and a lot has religion.
One some of them will say
that and I will Cobra and a half of the lunar Sevilla robina.
Lang Kabira Oh our Lord, we only follow
our leaders and our elders, the great ones amongst us.
They are the ones who led us into error.
And that is onto the erroneous path. So this day or up to him retain him and allow them Oh our Lord inflict a double punishment on when I'm learning Kabira and curse them a great curse.
And then we
those who are accused of leading them astray, will defend themselves and say, we didn't force you or compel you. We merely told you you followed us.
He believes we'll do that with creation. leaders will do that elders will do that with their followers followers will do that with those who are whom they are following and emulating and that's on a wider scale. And then on a more personal scale. We will have another conversation between us and our green and the green will say even the green our own little devil will say garlic Kareena hora, bernama of
Oman Oh our Lord.
I did not lead him astray. I did not cause him to transgress. I did not incite him to rebellion. What I can come if you followed him, but he himself was in clear, clear and distant terror
of lost power. And
he will say my green led me astray, but he will say I did not lead him astray. He went astray himself.
last panel more than I will say la semana de do not bicker and argue before me this day.
What are them to be worried when I warned you beforehand? messages. We are individually responsible. No one will answer on our behalf. No one will accept accountability on our behalf. Nations groups, everyone will separate from each other and a man's own green will separate from him. Then man is left himself. But he won't stop there. Even his body turns against
his green will turn against it leaves will turn against the whole of creation. That's another conversation. It leaves will actually free and people will try to blame the police.
And the police will say to the people I don't believe in you this day.
I do offer with you.
People will try to blame you believe it leaves will flee.
People will try to blame others whom they followed, they will abandon them, and they will be bickering and there will be bitter exchange of recrimination and centering and blame.
a man will try to blame a person will try to blame the brain, the brain will blame the person, even the creator will be separated, and then all a man is left with or the person is left with his himself, and what he thinks is himself, but even that is divided, because before he knows that his own body turns against
on the day, when their hands and their tongues and their feet shall testify against of what they used to do.
So, till now we were thinking that we are our bodies, isn't this the hand that we try to look after? on these legs that we try to look after? Isn't this the body that we did so much for that we nourish? We said, We closed we protected we sheltered? Aren't we the body, you know, on the day of judgment, this body will turn against us. So, if we are not the bodies, and if the bodies will turn against us, who are we?
Who are we
even the body will turn against us, our hands our feeds, our tongues.
So who are we, if we are not these limbs and organs,
we are the knifes
We are the soul, we are the spirits.
Recently, a couple of months ago actually. And
I hinted at this before I read the book
has to do with neurology, neuroscience. And
the authors were discussing
through extensive research and experiments and brain image scanning,
they discovered that whenever we have an impulse, we wish to do something.
Whenever we have a desire or an intention to do something, we wish to do something
the brain sends a signal
to that part of the body.
And we were talking about nanoseconds.
So we have a desire, we have an intention.
So the brain sends a signal to that part of the body. But what they discovered
is that once the brain has
between the actual desire and the intention, there is a short pause
and in that short pause, there is a braking mechanism, ie there is something else which I which either allows that thing to continue or stops it.
And these authors came to the conclusion that this is something beyond the brain.
Now they give it different names.
They give it the night. Some people say it's the mind. Some people say it's the ego.
And this is what we say we say
it's the knifes
something beyond the body and beyond the mind something which ultimately decides Why is there this discussion because
in neuroscience and neurology, that and in modern philosophy, there's this discussion that ultimately
the things that we do our choices, our decisions, our actions, are these just all results in the facts of the brain. Are these just neurons firing off from the brain.
So are we hard, hard wired in the brain to do certain things?
So there's this craze now where you see everything is attributed to the brain.
someone commits a crime. They're hardwired to commit that crime. The brain makes them do it because
These are just neurons firing off in the brain. It's beyond their control.
But there's a dilemma.
from a scientific perspective, there is an increasing amount, there was an increase in belief until recently, that all of this has just to do with the brain, the brain fires off signals and the body reacts.
So, for instance, there were suggestions that if somebody commits a crime, somebody commits a sin, they are predisposed to committing those sins to committing those crimes. And how are they predisposed? Because the belief is only in matter. So it's not the body, it must be the brain.
But then there's a dilemma, if we are to believe that the only the brain that's responsible for these things, and how can we hold anyone responsible, the whole justice system will have to collapse.
Because we can all argue that it's just to do with the brain.
And sometime after reading that,
Pamela, came across a verse of the Holy Quran
was I was teaching the seed. And that model, hello my home they have
the verse of the Quran is speaking about one of the earlier generation speaking about the correct people who are sinning, and that what?
What do their mind
do their brains do their mind, instruct them to committing these things?
Or is it that may they are a people who are transgressing?
Now, what I'm what comes clear from that verse is the it's not the brain that does it. There is a corruption deep within a person, beyond the mind, beyond the brain, which ultimately insights that person to do things. And that is the nuts.
If the nuts is pure, then it's except the person is successful, enough says corrupt person is
corrupt, and do
So ultimately, we are only the rule, we are only the spirits. We are
we are not the body, we are not the mind.
That's our life when the last panel data created, so you're going to add them at a cost to them. He didn't say if once I have created the body fall into frustration before him, like Virgil said that either So wait, who want to * to feed him a rookie for karula husar when I have proportion him, fashioned him and molded him and I have blown into him of my spirits then fall into frustration for him.
the angels and the rest of creation who frustrated see them Adam and Eva Salaam. Allah only told them to prostrate before him after he had breathed
the spirit into the body of Satan.
That's what really makes a person a person. That's what makes us who we are. That's, that's the essence of our life. So
if there is beauty, it's the beauty of the spirits. If there is goodness is the goodness of the spirits. If there is health, it should be the health of spirits.
And that's, that leads us to the discussion of the word does.
Allah Subhana Allah say for the fireman's, aka Hardman, the sir, indeed, has succeeded he who purifies the soul? Now, that's a common translation. It's not wrong. It's not incorrect. But it's the secondary translation. It's not the original or the primary translation.
So Zakah is a God who purifies it, the word that comes from the word the skier.
Geron done the adverb dusky as a guy who's lucky does get them for those of you who are familiar with Arabic. And this is normally translated as purification, which is correct. It's not incorrect, but it's not the original or the primary mean.
If you understand the original meaning of this gear, you will understand its beauty, in its connection with the role and the spirits.
This gear, which we commonly believed to me in purification,
is actually related. Well, it comes from the word zecca your schools aka
Just like Nima Yun Martin, one
of your blue ribbon
we all three words are connected on our very similar. We all know what rebar,
rebar means growth.
We deposit 200 it grows into 110 that 10 pound which we call interest usually that 10 pound is growth. And that's what you call rip.
That's why I lost my rebel layer morphia martynas flower within the law
whatever you deposit with people
will be airborne so that you may grow fee and wildness and the wealth of people fill out your boring the law does not grow with a law.
So Reba means growth. And all of these words are similar about your blue ribbon nama, nama and
Zika. Yes, kousaka. All of these three words refer to the same thing, which means growth, flourishing. That's what zecca originally means. And that's where the where therapy comes from. We normally translate therapy as upbringing.
So when we say therapy, it's in Asian languages as well. We say therapy it therapy. We commonly translated as upbringing. But the word Tobia is related to the variable, just like the word does is related to the guy as to what do all of them mean growth and flourishing? Do you know where they actually come from this concept of growth and flourishing imagine the planet
if you won't see a plant grow, you have to care for it. And these words are used for plants as well. If you have to care for it, you have to provide it with the right amount of light, he needs shelter, shade, exposure to the elements protection, cold heat when
in the right place, for the right amount of time, the correct and sufficient nutrients. In fact,
advice is given because these are all living things. advice is given that if you buy a plant, then when you hazards
in a new place, then you should be very careful with the extra careful in fact, we are advised not to give it nutrients for some while until it settles and overcomes the stress of moving. And that's a plant.
So it's a living thing. And it requires so much love care and attention. And that's why people talk to some people talk to their plans. But it requires care, affection, attention.
right amount of water, he eats lunch, nutrients, food, nourishing, and one has to look after and care for him all the time. It's a constant process. It's a devotion. It's a dedication.
And that's just to do with the plants. When we use the word tarbiyah for children.
There'll be a doesn't just mean upbringing. There'll be a means care, attention,
love, affection, nourishment, protection, shelter, food, clothing, everything, how we bring up a child.
This is exactly the same thing. It means growth, Zacharias gardens growth, and does good means to provide that growth, to provide that flourishing.
And that means our souls have a life just like a plant as alive. Our bodies have a life more important than even our bodies, our souls, our our spirits have a life and that spirits requires everything that is needed in therapy and
it requires nourishment, food, water, drink, attention, love, affection,
nourishment, protection, shade shelter.
No, we may not understand it. If we provide all of these things, to the soul to the rule, what will happen, it will grow it will flourish it will be healthy.
if we starve the soul of its food and nourishment,
of its nutrients of its water, if we
deprive the soul of its love, care, attention and affection.
What will happen? Like any plants, like any living thing, it will become sick, diseased with the wane and eventually die.
This is the meaning of this gear. And it's the meaning of that.
In the Quran, we hear the word I'm used to who Fedorov alasa. Am I speaking about the common? Well, the practice amongst some of the Arab tribes of infanticide, where they would kill their
daughter's newborn daughters for the fear of poverty or shame.
It's the only son and they would bury them alive. So Allah subhanho wa Taala refers to that, um, you're the super Fedora, that should he thrust this
child and baby into the ground and bury it.
the meaning of what could have been the sir, and indeed has lost he who the Sahaba corruption is a secondary meaning, the original meaning of the Sahaba indeed, has lost he who buries the soul. And how does a person bury the soul? He kills the tough, he kills his own soul, and he buries it.
It's lost his life, he's deprived of its life, in his own
by his own hands, he has deprived his own soul of food, of drink of nourishment of care and attention. And what has happened, like a child like a deprived child, it's grown we are hungry, firstly.
Suffering from malnutrition. It wanes it withers, it grows pale. And then it ultimately dies.
That's what we do to our role. Now these bodies, Allah created our bodies from the dust of the earth man, how was he to come
out and we could from its meaning the dust of the earth from the earth we created you and to the earth we shall return you and from the earth, we should extract you once more, we were created from the earth. So our food comes from the earth.
Even if we eat meat meets the needs of animals is nourished on vegetation. So whatever we eat, whether it's meat, whether it's vegetables, ultimately, our food, our nutrients, our nourishment all come from the earth.
Our water comes from the earth, we may see it as falling from the sky, but we know the water cycle, our water comes from the earth, our food comes from here, because we our bodies were created from the earth, we can only be nourished from the same source that we originated from.
The rule is not from the earth, of law created the rule in the heavens.
So the food and drink and the nourishment, of the root and of the spirits can not come from the earth. It can only come from its origin and its source, which is the heavens. So what is the nourishment of the root of the spirits, the holy
religion, spirituality, that is the nourishment of the root.
This is why we are forced in Ramadan because of our negligence. Allah has guided us. For 1111 months of the year, we have been encouraged to fast but we don't.
So for 11 months of the year, whatever we do for one month of the year, Allah has given us a prescription. Allah has given us a course medical cause and what do we do for that one month? Think about Do you know what we actually do for that one month or what we should be doing anyway, for that one month.
We shift our attention from feeding, watering, nourishing and caring for our physical bodies. We shift our attention from that to caring and providing, watering, nurturing and nourishing our spirits
for one whole month. That is why we are told no food, no drink for the whole day. No fulfilling of your desires and your wants.
And instead, do what fast engage in the remembrance of Allah. recite the Quran as much as possible. The whole month of Ramadan is one of spirituality. It's a month of patience as a month of mutual sympathy. It's a month of devotion. It's a month of sacrifice.
It's a month of the remembrance of Allah to sort of learn how to use without or Salaam despite being who he was, of such a pure soul and of such a pure pure state, he himself would seclude himself from the rest of the world, and devote himself to the ibadah. And the remembrance of Allah and His Vic, enact the government.
So, that was what we have been forced to do, by obligation.
so that we may not starve our soul and our rule altogether.
This is, that's our real life, we are not our bodies, we are not our minds. Another interesting thing about that our bodies
our skin is shed and replaced in its entirety each month.
Every month, we actually have new skin
within us, within us, our organs, they may remain the same in their form and in their structure. But the constituents of each of those limbs and organs and even the inner organs constantly change. Imagine a whirlpool, a whirlpool retains shape, it remains as a world. But for every second and moment, water is coming in and water is going.
Never do you have the same water in that Whirlpool. But the Whirlpool retains its form and its shape. We are like Whirlpool.
As they say we made from the stars.
Everything passes through.
So even our skin changes on a monthly basis.
And that means gradually. So minutes by minutes, moment by moment, we shed our skin we developed we grow new skin. And that means even our skin in its entirety changes on a monthly basis. And that's the same for all of our organs, even our brains, the most complex organism known to man, even our brains, shells are constantly shedding and being replaced, even in our brains.
Cells born die, there are factories within us that produce blood cells. And these blood cell cells of all kinds. And these cells have a lifespan, a very short lifespan. And they live, they grow. They reach the end the peak of their growth, they perform their functions and duties, and they die. And then they are replaced. There are millions of living organisms, if not billions in our body, but they're never the same panela never, ever the same. Within one person. We are like world
through which life flows and continues to flow in and out. That's our body. We don't have the same body on a monthly basis how can we claim that we are the body
there is only one constant in this
and that is a
that is what requires our attention. That is what requires our food and drink. That is what requires nourishment. That's who we are.
Imagine a person who buys a car It doesn't even have to be that expensive. And he starves himself.
But he's forever polishing the car.
He actually deprives himself awards of a keeps a full tank of petrol.
He dresses in one rank
and exposes himself to the cold.
But he makes sure that he has leather seats or polished
what would you call such a person
unfit to own a car for one.
we would question his sanity.
Why because he's paying attention to his means of transport is paying more attention to the ride than the rider.
But are we doing exactly the same?
This body is our
This is our car. This is our donkey or mule our homes.
A mule is a meal.
unfortunately the donkey is not considered. Well it's not held in great esteem in some cultures, especially in Africa, in the Middle East.
than in the Far East. So we know what we say about donkeys caught the
hammer. And yet
ultimately, this body
it's a carriage. It's a means of transport. This is our ride. And yet we're doing exactly the same as that person polishing his car and, and clothing himself having a full tank of petrol, but actually starving himself through our food and drink. We're doing exactly the same thing. We paying all our attention on the ride, and we ignoring the ride when neglecting the ride.
And that's what makes a person a person, as these will sort of last alarm it was some of them says in the LA Alejandro de la sorek.
Working on Zorro, Isla Rubik, Mara Mara come a lot, not look at your figures and your appearances and your wealth. Rather, Allah only looks at your hearts and your deeds.
And so lots and lots of them say is
in the field, so that the model is a certain amount of niboshi really allow one very authentic idea recorded by most of the famous authors
in the field, just that they've gotten either some sort of
weather officer that festival just an hour here.
Last I leave with them said that no, lo and behold, in the body that is a piece of flesh, which is pure, and the whole body is pure, and which corrupts the whole body's corrupts and absolute law. And what that will mean is that Allah will heal and lo and behold, know that it is the heart
and we may think of the heart as just this pumping organ. But this is a metaphor through the heart We mean our our spirits, our room.
We we lavish so much attention to our bodies. Look how what last panel what the data says about them one after all. I'm delighted or even more subtle. I explained this in my commentary of the hadith of gamma when an article of the alarm
a few months ago before
soon as was revealed in the Medina tomonaga. And it was to do with the hypocrites, and the leader of the hypocrites was Abdullah hypnobabies.
Now, Abdullah him, or were you gonna say at all
was an error
from the husband's tribe, and he was actually a born leader.
And let me explain how, prior to the arrival of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he was on the verge of being crowned the king of Medina, they had actually prepared a ground for him.
And this is why he was so bitter on a personal level against us all the last Allahu alayhi wa sallam, because he felt along alongside his enmity and his displeasure and his unwillingness to embrace. He also felt a very strong personal animosity towards a sort of loss and the love it was in them, because he felt that he had usurped his authority, his kingdom, and he had a he had robbed him of his monarchy and his crown, right on the verge of being crowned the king of Medina. Now I'm to live in or even a salon prior before that, they wouldn't they, they didn't have a monarchy,
monarchy or system, they actually had what they would call a federation of tribes. So each member of the tribe would be considered as well. each tribe would have its great person as a leader. And then you had a configuration of these tribes so the leaders would gather on an equal basis.
And even amongst those, he rose to the top and he was about to be crowned the king of Medina.
So the point I'm making is, he rose through merit. He didn't inherit this from his father. He wrote, he rose through marriage, how he was a born leader, and in fact, he was well, he was a well endowed personality. In many ways.
He was handsome, strikingly handsome, Abdullah hypnobabies subtle, or strikingly handsome, was so handsome that he would speak someone on dress and one, he would captivate the entire audience, not just with a speech or with his appearance.
So his appearance was better. He
was strikingly handsome. He was a tall, strong, healthy, build.
He was pre possessing captivating hands. When he spoke, he was articulate, smooth, elegant,
he had not yet a natural charisma.
And he was able to be which entire audiences
1000 people left the city, the center of Medina in the morning of the Battle of offered
up to live, not weakness at all, lead a faction amongst them. And he deliberately right towards the end, he spoke to a number of the tribes. And he, in a few words, managed to convince them to abandon or sort of lust and love our legal system and turn back out of 1310 back towards the center of the city.
And that was all done by Abdullah ignoble, even subtle.
at the last minute of the Battle of weapon, he managed to convince almost one third of the army to turn back and abandon sort of law, some of the law it was something
that was underlined or even saw. And that law describes him in the following words. What is our eighth dog pockets?
What in your poodle? The smiley told him. When you see them, their bodies astound you.
And when they speak, you listen attentively to their speech.
But last season, got a non kosher boost.
Within they are like propped up planks of wood.
Imagine rotting wood,
wood, which is no good for anything anymore. It can't hold anything else. Forget holding up anything else, itself is now propped up by something else, because it's rotting from within.
And it's about to disintegrate and collapse. And it's held up by something else, and it's propped up by something else, a last panel more than essays, despite his charisma, despite his beauty, despite his prepossessing handsomeness, despite his articulacy, despite his leadership qualities, despite his speech, despite his smooth talk, despite all the qualities that we aspire to in a person, we all want to be handsome, prepossessing, captivating, intelligent, articulate, and we all wish to be leaders, we all wish to be followed.
Allah has the original says, despite having all of those qualities, his reality was he's about as good as rotting wood which is propped up.
Because it's to do is not to do with the bottle.
it's to do with the spirits. This is our last panel with other essays, one of singleness of Wareham by the soul and by that Allah Who created who proportion the soul and then inspired it, to its good to its corruption and to its taqwa, I mentioned earlier that our Why do I translate that was God consciousness. But why is one of those unique Arabic words which can't be translated into a single word, as I've said on many occasions before, normally we translate it as a fear of love, but that's just a partial translation. The most succinct definition of taqwa is to guard oneself from the displeasure of Allah by guarding oneself from the disobedience of law. That's the meaning of power.
And that means being conscious of a last parameter honor, at all times, in all situations, at all months. So that's
a lot insane is indeed successful is He who
to the soul,
who allows the soul to flourish, and indeed, has lost he who kills and buries the soul.
That's a true mark of success and failure.
If we wish to succeed, let's focus on the roar. If we if we truly fear loss, then let's not fear the loss of our bodies, rather less fear the loss of our spirits. And I'll end there, we'll move on to the final part. The next part is simply a brief
recollection of the story of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam and the Prophet the mood, sorry, the prophet slowly plays that on the home the people of the mood, to whom he was sent. A last panel data says that give the birth mother with the law, her, the mood, the people, they rejected it the message of Allah and the messengers, because of their trend because of their rebellion.
This is what happens when individuals are corrupt society can become corrupt we are all society is simply a collection of individuals. And individual corruption can lead to collective corruption. Collective corruption can lead a person to becoming to people becoming blind to the message of Allah summit. So look what happened with the mood, the mood where a people who lived in an area in central Arabia, known as hedge
capitalists have been more serene and indeed the people of hedge they rejected the messengers and hedge is actually again when I commented on the hadith of gobble nomadic or the Allahu and I hinted them, that when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the ninth year of his travel north towards the walk, he passed by because the hedgehog is actually in an area between Medina pramana water and the walk, he passed by that area. And he told us about the laquan home to pass by quickly and swiftly. And we ping and if they could not pass by we ping them with the appearance of weeping as an act of remorse and contrition and repentance to Allah less of a sort of loss in the law, it
was seldom said, the same punishment that befell the people of the mood, not before you.
So long after suvari Serato Salaam, passed through the valley, valleys of the people of the mood hurriedly, less the same punishment that befell them before the sort of loss of the lover and even some of them and the nobles habit of the alarm. That's how faithful ie the Messenger of Allah was. So they resided in that area. The people in the mood are very strong, powerful, cultivated, they carved in huge homes out of rocks, Allah sent the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam to them and he invited them
to the worship of Allah we love them without harm, sorry, how party maumere Mandala, Malecon Manila and the ladle. And the mood we sent Sally, that brown brother, one of them saw that and he said, Oh, my people,
worship Allah, but you have no God Besides,
but the people rejected him. they mocked him as as a tradition with him. So then they mocked Him, they ridiculed him. They called him a madman. They questioned his sanity. And then eventually, in their belligerence, some of them said that we demand a miracle from you. And they demanded a specific miracle in their sarcasm, they said you see that Boulder, we want you to produce a she camel with a child from the bowl.
So lots so solid today is the prophecy that I started place and I'm prayed to Allah, and said, I will love produce this miracle for
so the boulder splits. And the she camel with a child came out before
and the bolts sealed again. That was the miraculous she camel that's referred to in these verses.
So they were astounded. But even then only some believe, despite beholding and witnessing a miracle, when the heart when the soul is blind. Then it blinds everything.
When the spirit is blind, the blinds everything. These witnessed and beheld the miracle with their own eyes that yet they refuse to believe. And then because they refuse to believe they continue to persecute, saving our silent alayhis salaam, with their evil words, and then their rebellion and their transgression led them to even harming the she camel of Allah because it's referred to as the camel of Allah. naka de la. La se says that she cannot have a law.
It's just merely an attribution of honor and distinction. So what they did is that they plotted to harm the she camel, the she camel, again, this was a test for them. Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam told them Look, do not harm the camel, let it graze freely let it drink freely. So but they refuse to do that. And then eventually, they plotted and they went and hamstrung the camel, and the meaning of hamstringing the camel is that the engine they hamstrung the camel and these larger animals they would normally hamstring them and then the special accounts would hamstring them from their four legs. And when the camel would fall on its four legs, it would make it easier for them to carry out
the slaughter in order to kill the animal. So hamstringing led to slaughter the slaughtering the animal, so they would refer to the killing or the slaughtering of the animal by way of saying
We hamstrung it because that was the first step and first stage. So the meaning of Falco rule how they hamstrung the camel is not that they simply injured it, but they hamstrung it and then they killed it. So they killed the she camel prophesied it had even said I'm told them that Allah warned you that do not harm the she camel because it was a miracle that you yourselves demanded. Now that you have harmed it, this was a test, you failed in your test, wait for three days. And then the last round we're gonna rain down is punishment. The prophet SAW he had a sore arm, and those who believed with him will lead to safety and the rest are guilty. last panel data punish them. And the manner of
punishing was as follows Allah says that the model with the law, the mood rejected, ie the messengers and the message with the law because of its rebellion.
It embarrassed the spa when it's most wretched one rose. The meaning of this is when they plotted, they were egging each other on, and saying, who will go, who will go and do this. So they were all participants in it. But ultimately, the one who carried out the deed was the most wretched one who volunteered to commit this crime and heinous sin against the miracle of Allah. So he wrote, so he was the most wretched in America, when he had the most wretched of them rose for God out of them. rasulillah even then the Messenger of Allah warn them, not the law, he was Sophia her, beware of the sheet camera, love Allah, and it's drinking
for the wall, but they rejected him fat, but all her and they hamstrung the she camel for them, they marry him.
So Allah, the meaning of dum dum,
dum dum, dum dum is
too to cause something to collapse and seal something else I bury it so to completely close.
So it's difficult to translate it directly the word for them, then
you can translate it as a lot overwhelm them with punishment or them the Maryland law covered them with punishment. I gave a loose translation of for them them early. A lot crushed them. In punishments that law crushed them, in punishment them by him because of their sin, for Silva. And he made the punishment equal either we're all participants in it, not just the most wretched one. And then after having punished them and level their dwellings, and they inhabitation. Allah says what I half
and he Allah does not fear the consequence of that punishment.
And that's a warning of a lot of Virgil, he A lot has the visual gives restaurants, a lot of delays, but he does not leave
a lot delay delays, but he does not leave or abandon and allow will take people to account hold them to account and will take them to task for their deeds and their misdeeds. And how is the story of the mood and sorry,
the people of the world and the prophesied behave. So now, how is that related to the knifes? Well this is it. Individual corruption ultimately leads to collective corruption. Individual purity leads to collective spirit.
And this is why one of the messages we are always worried about changing others. We can't change others. No one can change anybody else. Ultimately, we can only change ourselves
we can only truly change ourselves.
I read a quote the other day by an old baller his quote of a wise old man
who said well why is old person who said when I was younger
I wanted to and I attempt to change the whole world by failed so now I only concern myself with changing myself. It's true. And the message is if you change yourself, you will have a positive impact on those around you.
By way of example, we can only change ourselves we do not know how another person's mind works or their body works or their spirits works. Nothing's guaranteed nothing
about another person. We have no control no jurisdiction over anybody else. Father has no control over son or daughter let alone spars.
And that's why on the day of reckoning your your federal employment fee what he what he was sorry that he will be he
The Colibri minyama in shuttling your knee on the day when a man shall flee from his brother, from his mother, from his father,
from his spouse, wife, from his children, they called him written minyama shut me over me. On that day, each one of them will be in such a state, that you will render him heedless and neglectful of everybody else.
And this is why, speaking of the Prophet Alayhi, WA Salaam, the Prophet Muhammad a hustler, his wife rebelled against him. His son rebelled against them. The Prophet North alayhis, salaam, his wife rebelled against, probably more or less alone, his own son rebelled against him. So we cannot change anyone, we are responsible for ourselves. If the individual
is successful, and is pure spirit, this will lead to a collection of pure spirits. Individual purity leads to collect a purity, individual corruption leads to ultimately leads to collective corruption. And that will lead to the consequence of the people.
That's why the two is actually related. And there's one final message in this. These are the MCC consultants and the MCC consultants were revealed. Many of the MCC consultants have the stories of the former Prophet sallahu wa Salaam, and their peoples as a subtle warning to the brush. Because the orange were familiar with these stories. They were aware of the accounts of the people around them the mood and the prophets who them sadly, Hayden was saddam. So this was a reminder to them, that you reject the messenger, you reject the message of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
you are nobody. Look at the mighty people of Arab and look at the wealthy and advanced people of the mood.
When they rejected their Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, a last panel subhanho wa Taala destroyed them in this manner. What are you all for H if you continue to resist and reject the message of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and persecute him the same fate may before you. And in it, there was consolation and comfort to the Sahaba of the Allahu anhu in the early days of Islam, when they were a very small, minority,
disbanded, persecuted, driven, held in contempt, powerless in Macedonia guerrilla.
This was a consolation for them. That your example with the messenger Salalah I think was one of them is just like the example of the former messengers and even with Salaam, with their small band of followers, ultimately, what are able to limit the pain, the end consequence is for those who have done
so this was a consolation and come for them, and a message for them to remain perseverance and patience. And the last round of all data will continue to guide and ultimately deliver them. This is the message and the deceit of sort of the shrimps I pray that the last panel or the other makers amongst those who are successful, by way of allowing their souls to grow and to flourish and to have life full life, and that Allah does not make us of those who lose, who lose by stunting the growth of their souls and thereby eventually killing their own souls and Barry, may Allah make us amongst those whose hearts are guided to the taqwa of Allah subhanho wa Taala and are protected from the
jewel that corruption was the law of the matter after he was sued in the Vietnam agreement. While he was in a lot more communication to alert I learned Mr. filler quantity.
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