The Dynamics of a Tribal Society

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Riyadul Haqq

Channel: Riyadul Haqq

Topics: Tafsir

Episode Notes

An Excerpt from the Lecture, ‘The Father of the Flame: A Tafsir of Surat 111 – Lahab’

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim.

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These are very important points. The reason being, you can't actually understand the seer. Or what what happened in Makkah and Medina without understanding these dynamics of a tribal society.

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Why were tribes so important? Why were the Arabs so particular about lineage and blood, where everything makes it

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so well sorted where the lineage and the name and the blood and the clan and tribe where these things really mattered?

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The reason is, for them, the family, the clan, the tribe was everything that was their nation. That was their army. That was a security that was that state. That was their law. That was their government. That was the authority. Without family kin and clam, individual would be extremely vulnerable, like a lamb in a pack of wolves.

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In the fourth seventh year of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam his life approach decided to boycotts been harsh. Why?

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Again, the reason was Qin clan and family when the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam declared profited. And three years later, he announced profits are publicly approximately three years later, and people began began embracing Islam. This also explains a very common question. Surely people ask, as I used to ask myself when I was a child, and I used to read the stories of the Sahaba of the love, and their persecution and manga,

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I used to always asked myself as a very small child, why didn't the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Abu Bakar

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Allah

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and the more Senior Companions? Why didn't they protect below the law? horn?

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America? Yes. Will the alarm?

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His father, yes, sir. His mother, Samia and the others. Why was it that there was a division, some of the people in Makkah who were tortured and even killed, martyred like some of the Allahu Allah.

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And yet others like the Allahu Allah, they suffered no physical persecution, per se. And what kind of the labyrinth Did someone like the Allahu Allah did?

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And apart from the inconvenience, etc. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't attacked, per se, or whatever the alarm was. So

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in order to understand the answer this is it, the answer lies in the dynamics of the tribal society and relationship.

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People wouldn't attack

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or persecute or torture, some of the Sahaba of the law, even though they were individuals simply because an attack on that one individual meant an attack on their family, the family would come together, that family if they came together, word and bond meant everything to the Arabs. So if an Arab said to someone, I grant you protection, they would defend the person to whom they had granted protection till they died, unless they renounce their protection. So people would actually go around looking for protection. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in the 15th year of his life and the 10th year have profited three years before Hitler. Why did he go to life, he actually went to Bart

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if to seek the protection of the tribe of the thief, because his uncle of Parliament passed away.

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So

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and with the passing away of

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the

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protection of brainwashing no longer existed, because leadership have been harsh and passed from a Buddha name to who of all people.

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So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam had to go elsewhere to seek protection. And this is the same with one of the ulugh. And you may recall story where he left MacArthur macabre, and someone maps him on the road and said, Where are you going? And he said, I'm leaving Mecca.

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And he said, Well, look, I would be a poorer place without you in every way. So I'm working at a law firm said that, who will protect me? So even though the one who met him was a pagan, he said to him, I grant you protection and he brought him back

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Maka, honey announced in the courtyard of the gamma that I grants protection to abubaker. So if one person granted protection to an individual, that meant they had the protection of that individual, if the one who was protected was attacked, that meant an attack on the protector and the guarantor and attack on the guarantor as an individual meant facing the whole family, and they would rise, they wouldn't, they will not. Some hold on late in this day and age everyone's

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every person for themselves, but now the Arabs. Regardless, they would rise in protection for each other, the family would stand for one individual, and the clan would then stand for that family, and that the other clans of the same sub tribe would stand for that one plan. Because of this balance of power, each attack would mean an endless series of consequences, a chain reaction. This is why the pagans resisted. It was only because of this balance of power and these tribal dynamics where climate was extremely weak or a family was weak, and they never had the protection of other clans. Then, like savages they went, torturing them, murdering them in Makkah.