Accountability & Requital A Tafsīr of Sūrat ʾl – Māʿūn
Channel: Riyadul Haqq
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The entire universe has been created in balance. Any disruption to the equilibrium and perfection of the universe brings about anarchy and chaos. When a person loses all sense of accountability before Allah, he does not fail to commit the worst of all crimes. He or she loses all sense of morality and ethics thus resulting in imbalance and destruction to one’s own life and the lives of others.
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sallallahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sahbihi wa barakato
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Long Island and the Wii U and
later Allah Brahim
Ebrahimi. Majeed, Allahumma, barik, ala,
Ibrahim, Ibrahim A
we gather again for the monthly the seed of the Holy Quran.
As has been announced, today's Sora is sort of admiring.
Allah has the vegetal says.
I will be learning in a shape on a regime smaller
or equal to the UK, they will be seen for that unluckily, you don't really attain what I hope to earn in the scheme for a little solina Latino
and Latino whom you're armed, nor
have you seen one
belies the required tool.
So he is that one
violently pushes away the orphan.
And he does not
urge others to the feeding of the poor.
So what will be unto those who pray,
who are neglectful of their prayer.
Those who merely show
and who withhold
the necessity. That's just a very simple and crude translation of these few verses of sort of the mind.
Sort of my own,
since we are doing the seat of the Holy God,
from the back of God,
having started the sort of the massive sort of Faruk
you will obviously recognize that these are the shorter sorts of
those that most people know by hearts in which people frequently recite in their daily prayers.
The surah has a number of names. The most famous name for this sort of historical maryn, taken from the last word of the of the surah.
We're not gonna marry, that's one name. But the surah has actually a number of different names. It's also known as sort of the sort of the sort of the Glebe, sort of creating sort of the all of these names have actually been used for the sort of the two most famous names are sort of sort of a mountain and sort of array or sort of array, the living.
A sort of was revealed
in muckety muck, so it's makansutra from the earlier days of Islam, however, it appears that the final four verses were actually revealed in Medina. So the first three verses were revealed in Makkah, and the final four verses were revealed in Medina, and this is quite common throughout the Koran. Most students went weren't revealed in their entirety, rather different verses were revealed at different stages and the prophets and the love it or send them under divine instruct instruction, actually specified to the companions, where to place the different verses. In fact, this is a case with the very first sort of that was revealed sort of radical, only the first few verses are
revealed on the first occasion, you come up with some Arabic and let the Holocaust
Hello calling Sonam in Allah.
Allah, Allah Allah padam aluminum Santa Madame Yaga. Then from Kerala in Santa, little ha, it's actually a different topic revealed on a much later occasion. so here also, the first three verses were revealed together in Macedon karma. And it's appears that the final four verses were revealed in Medina. However, despite the time difference between various verses of any surah, being the Holy Quran, the theme, the flow, the overall flavor of the surah is a single one, and
the word of mouth of Islam who are experts in the Arabic language, and its deep meanings, its rhetoric, its eloquent topics, etc. They are very familiar. And they have produced a number of volumous, works, voluminous works, expanding the coherence, and the order of the holy book.
And even in between the verses,
sometimes even a single even in just a single verse,
a last panel with Allah has
given believers an instruction,
miraculously shows a progression from one stage to the next. I won't mention it now, because this is irrelevant. But I was thinking of something this morning.
I was actually reading a book this morning about
certain forms of therapy, which produce chemical changes in the brain.
And the author who was a was an expert on the field. He was describing how for the first time in history, they've actually produced certain methods of therapy. And they've tested this under laboratory conditions, with brain scans, where just by speaking to the patients in a therapeutic manner, has actually resulted in chemical brain changes. And once reading that particular chapter of this book, love what they were saying about progression from one stage to the next, I suddenly record a verse of the holy war, in which miraculously, in
in just five words, Allah Subhana, Allah describes progression from one to the second from the first to the second to the third stage. And it's not a verse about the creation of men. It's actually a verse about how people should behave. And Allahu Akbar, when I recall that verse, this new therapeutic method, which was being discussed by neurologists, experts, with the evidence of brain scans, Allah Subhana horadada, has already told us about that 1400 years ago,
only this morning, and I don't wish to say anything further on the topic because it's not related to sort of the marine we're very constrained for time, but inshallah, if and when I speak on that topic, again, I will elaborate in detail.
So, I just recall this now, because even though there are different verses of the same surah revealed at different occasions, the theme the flow is continuous, the flavor of the surah is one and the verses are coherence. And the later verses though revealed in Medina, are actually connected to the earlier verses revealed in muckety muck.
And we will see
the last round of essays are eighth in the UK, they will be deemed
Have you seen.
who belies the required so who rejects the reckoning?
The most important word here is bit Dean.
So, have you seen one who rejects the reckoning, who rejects the requirements or the most accurate translation of badeen is required. So, and this is a very important word, so Allow me to explain it in the context of the surah.
Then, of course, commonly, to most people is known as religion. In reality, even in the Holy Koran, the word Deen is used for different things. It can mean religion. In the Hadith, it's also it's also referred to as just a way of life is referred to as a lifestyle in a hadith
Hold on, Dean is he also used to refer to simple law
in the law of the kink, sort of use of
and then also in a number of verses as here means required and what does require to mean or what do we mean when we say required, so, in the context of the whole, it means recompense, not simply reward rewards for good, retribution is for evil. But either way, whether, whether a person is being recompense and paid their do
good for good deeds bad for bad deeds, this in the Quran is known as the and required so, in salt and fat. Allah subhanho wa Taala says 100 of the land I mean, Manny Rahim man Maliki omit the Master of the Day of requite. Of course, common translation is judgment, but the most accurate translation of the deen taking all shades of the meaning of the word in Arabic into consideration is required.
Why call the day of reckoning the Day of Resurrection the Day of Judgment, as the day of required to
because required means a person will be paid recompensed, repaid, awarded, rewarded or punished with total justice like for like and completely
and that's the most accurate translation of the word the required so so Allah has the original say is our eighth and Lily you'll get there will be Dean Have you seen one who rejects the required song
and in another verse of the whole report and speaking about the date of required so which is obviously the day of reckoning the Day of Judgment, Allah has the original says what my other aka my young would deem through my mother aka Mario Monti. SoCal info
routine, Mama abraca, Mario Dean, yo mala, enough soon enough since a while under Yama, Illa, Allah essays and what do you know
of the date of requirements? And again, what do you know of the day of required so that will be the day
when no soldier shall possess any control for any soul in anything?
Well, unreal, may even lilla and that affair, the command the whole matter will belong to Allah alone on that day.
So that's the day of required so the Day of Judgment, the day of reckoning the day of accountability.
So what is the what you will say is
that they will be Dean he attracts our attention. In fact, the these are quite strong words, Allah says are evenly yoked there will be Dean, have you seen one who rejects
the reckoning who rejects the requirements or so having caught our attention? Allah then tells us who is that person who actually rejects the required so he is one. Allah says for that it can live the adult really attain one so he is the one who violently pushes away who shoves the off.
What I hope Dada miskeen and nor does it encourage others, nor does he urge others to feeding the poor.
four wheeler Lynn Wilson Nene and Lillian whom I'm sorry salatu salam, Allah say so won't be until those who pray, who are neglectful of their prayer.
Those who merely show
and we in our own in my own and who withhold it who refused to give the necessity. Mountain one translation one meaning is necessity and explain everything in a moment.
If you look at the whole verse, absolutely the whole surah what life is telling us is that He's inviting us to look at someone who rejects any concept of accountability, reckoning and judgment and what that does to a person.
So Allah says Come, have you seen one who rejects
accountability who rejects reckoning who rejects required, so either Day of Judgment the day required or
when if you want to see someone who rejects the reckoning, then this is the kind of person who hears he is one who does a number of things and an only alarma alone he mentions three things, or four things actually. And they are as follows one, he violently pushes away the old
he does not encourage others to feed the poor.
Such a person,
even though he may apparently pray,
his prayer is empty and void. And it's performed merely for ostentatious showmanship
for impressing others
merely for showing off. And the fourth thing that this person does, is, well, five things neglectful of the prayer. And even when they do pray, merely showing others. And the fifth and final thing is, they refuse to give even basic items of necessity. Now, before I continue,
let me say a few words about accountability. What we learn from here is that
the Quran is telling us that morality and ethics stem from a sense of responsibility and accountability.
And as believers,
as human beings, a lot has placed a natural feeling, and natural responsibility, and natural, intrinsic inherent conviction in every individual that they are and they should be accountable.
Without accountability, there will be anarchy and chaos.
And that's what we see in the world around us.
We are all held accountable.
Even in a small classroom, even in a small nursery, there will be rules
for how even the children should behave
in a workplace.
In fact, in a coffee room of a workplace, where people simply gather by the watercooler and
by the kettle to boil a cup of tea, there will be notices of rules and how people should behave in the small water cooler area. And in the small canteen area of a workplace, let alone the rest of the building.
There are laws, there are restrictions.
There are obstructions, there are legal obligations, there are legal responsibilities, there are prohibitions, there are prescriptions and prescriptions everywhere in every place, in every walk of life.
A family has a set of rules in the home.
And there is accountability.
And last parameter, Allah has created the entire universe, on a set of laws.
And if there is any disruption to that balance to that equilibrium, to that perfection and harmony of the laws of luck in the universe, the universe would collapse and perish.
And as a reflection of that order in the cosmos, as a reflection of that perfection of that harmony of that balance. Alas panel data has set laws amongst his creation,
laws of living laws of life laws of morality, laws of ethics. And though we may not always understand the wisdom of these laws, a law is a source of the law highly when someone has told us
that if you do not observe these laws, that will be anarchy and there will be chaos.
And one of the problems,
which we face today is that many,
many of us, as individuals as communities or societies at large, as entire nations and countries, we see the harms and the dangers of
certain behaviors, only because the consequences of physical
drugs, drugs lead to intoxication, cry, violence, and what we see as a consequence of drug abuse and substance abuse. And that's just an example. Since we see the physical
and the very damaging and direct and tangible effects and harm effects of something like drugs. There is legislation there is discouragement, there is therapy there is that there are rehabilitation centers, billions are spent on
containing and tackling the ill effects of drugs. And it's considered a major problem.
Simply because we see the physical effects, but since we deny this
ritual world, or even if we don't deny the spiritual world In principle, we act as though there is no spiritual world, we fail to see the moral, ethical and spiritual effects of other behaviors. And since those effects, those consequences, those repercussions, those harms of sins and spiritual behaviors are never seen in the physical, tangible world. We act we live we behave, and we think as though they don't exist. But London is a source of love, it was seldom have told us
that just as you can see, and physically, personally experience the harmful effects of certain behaviors, like intoxication after alcohol intoxication after substance abuse, and the other behaviors that come as a consequence of these of these acts. Or just as you can see the harmful effects of violence, of physical abuse of hitting one another of hurting one another. You legislate in this regard, and you make sure that people don't behave in that manner. But just as you see the harmful effects, know and come to realize that in the law of a last panel with Anna, for he is a Creator of the heavens and the earth, just as there are harmful tangible, disastrous and detrimental
consequences for certain physical behaviors. Similarly, there are even worse, detrimental, harmful and disastrous consequences of sins of ethics and morality and spirituality, though they may not you may not see the effects physically. To give you one example, in a vehicle sort of loss of the law legal system has said is that argument that alone Medina who has a withdrawal Illa confit
la sala la Holly who seldom says, if someone comes to you, this is in relation to marriage, if someone comes to you, whose
and whose character please
then marry those off to such a person for whom you are responsible.
If you do not do so, what sort of loss and alarm it was an MCs that couldn't fit an atom fell out of the facade and there will be great trial and tribulation strife on earth and widespread corruption.
This is just one example. That here in such a case, we would never see the harmful effects. alarm is the source of the law, it has told us there are equally disastrous, if not great, disastrous consequences for sins and for lapses of ethics and morality.
Going back to the topic of accountability, we of course, we have accountability everywhere. You cannot Why do people stop traffic labs
because of accountability,
for the fear of the law for the fear of being fined for the fear of being prosecuted, even in the middle of the night, a person will behave and stop at a traffic light and ensure that they do not cross the lines.
Even though apparently there's no danger.
But no one rationalizes at that moment, that it's three o'clock in the morning, and the only person on the road This is the only vehicle on the road, the traffic lights are showing red and it's horrendously slow. I've been sitting here for three minutes, should I just go?
There's no danger. There's no harm, nobody rationalizes against the law, even at three o'clock in the morning, because it's the law.
We always tend to rationalize or the law of
accountability is such that there is accountability and responsibility everywhere.
why is it that we fear others but not last?
In fact, Allah reminded the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam of this non other he directly told the messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in sort of
imagine the Messenger of Allah being told this. It's in relation to the marriage of Xena, Binky Jascha, the Allahu Allah.
I won't go into any of the details at the moment I've spoken about this before. But the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
was informed by a laugh something
and although he wasn't given an instruction to disclose it to the people
Last a llama it was withheld that personal it wasn't public, that personal information from the people for the fear of the people misunderstanding and
raising fingers at
sort of Rasulullah Salallahu salam wa salam on that occasion, regarding a very personal matter, he feared the reaction of the people. So all he did was withhold the information that Allah had given him, which of course, he was placed under no obligation to actually divulge. But for the fact you see we there's a law has an article about our
carabin that the good deeds of the pious
are considered the ill deeds of the closest one.
Meaning for most people, a certain behavior is not only acceptable, but is actually commendable. For someone who's the closest, that behavior which is considered good and commendable for others, for such a person is actually considered reprehensible and well beneath.
Give you an example. So you're gonna move Sally has sedan, when he was asked Who is the most knowledgeable in the creation? So you're gonna move Sally who Sam said I am. And according to one narration, he was asked, Is there anyone more knowledgeable than you? And he said, There isn't anyone more knowledgeable than me, and which technically is a fact? Because he was the Messenger of Allah, and in any given people at any time, who is the most knowledgeable the prophets of Allah. However,
under any other circumstance, for any of the individual, such an answer would be fine. But being the Messenger of Allah, being the gleam in love, the one with love spoke directly, that such an answer was not befitting his lofty status. Similarly, Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did nothing wrong, but withholding that information, nothing wrong whatsoever. But because of his closeness to Allah, because of his unique position.
Such an option was the lesser of the two preferred options for sort of law for the messenger some of the law and even send them sort of last panel with the ad I wish to remind him of this, and why did the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam withhold this information, simply for the fear of people's reaction? So Allah actually tells them in sort of
what duction mass will allow,
and you feared the people, whereas Allah was more rights for that you should have feared.
If even the holy messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was being reminded, but do not fear the people rather fear Allah subhanho wa Taala than what can be said of us.
And indeed, when a person loses all sense of accountability, there will be anarchy and chaos in such a person's individual life and in other people's lives. And this is exactly what the Quran says here. Allah says, Have you seen one who rejects the reckoning?
Since he does not believe in the Day of Judgment, in the Day of Resurrection? In accountability? What does that person end up doing?
violently shoves away the orphan,
does not encourage others to get it to feed the poor.
Now, these words are not simplistic. I'll explain. I'll elaborate on them in a moment.
And then what else does he do? He does not pray, or if he does pray, not properly, and merely for showmanship and he withholds even the little good and necessity from others. So what he does, when a person loses all sense of accountability before Allah, a person fails to fulfill the rights of laws creation, as well as the rights of the Creator. And tellingly, which rights does Allah mentioned first in the surah, does he mentioned his rights as a creator? Or does he mentioned the rights of the creation? You mentioned the rights of the creation of law scenes, have you seen one who rejects the reckoning? What's the first thing Allah says, He violently pushes away the orphan and he does
not encourage others to give to feed the poor? And only then does Allah speak about his own rights which is prayer and zeca. So when a person loses all sense of accountability before Allah, then there will be chaos, they will be anarchy, there will be moral bankruptcy. There will be moral depravity, no law, no boundaries, no restraints, no constraints, and a person will behave recklessly and harmfully to themselves and to others. But when a person or
remembers Allah subhanho wa Taala and is conscious of that reckoning and accountability before Allah, then for such a person, even if the law is not watching, even if humans are not watching, even if cameras are not monitoring them, they are conscious and very aware of Allah subhanho wa Taala.
And for such a person there will be there will be a case of time
and time and time again a lot of xojo reminders and the whole aim of being conscious of Allah has original and I've been conscious of that reckoning and standing before Allah. Last season sort of the right man, what even half of my camara he
got the ban. And for one who feels the standing before his Lord will be two gardens, so which are witches, it of the blessings of Allah that you deny,
in another verse, what a man and half of my karma he lives. In a gym that the heel mat were asked for one who fears the standing before his Lord, and who prevents the lowest self
who prevents the soul from its desire? What will be the reward for that person in the gym that the hill mattawa
paradise gym is the about.
you see as human beings, we have certain weaknesses, and core behaviors. These are our besty or animal urges.
This is our best reality these are the characteristics that we share with the animals.
This is what bogs us down, this is what reduces us to the lowest of the low. This is what prevents us from rising that and scaling the heights and scaling the heights of spirituality. This is what prevents us from becoming close to Allah. This is what makes us animal the
best deal in our behavior.
And the knifes the soul, the lower self in conjunction misshapen is always trying to pull down always.
And it is always whispering its urges its temptations its seductions.
It could be related to anything.
There is only one way of overcoming this only one way.
And that is by reminding oneself of one's accountability before Allah has the ritual on the Day of Judgment. And that's exactly what that verse says, what a man and half a macom are a big one another sign in our inner ginetta. Here as one who fears the standing before his Lord and prevents the snuffs prevents the soul from its desire than indeed gentlemen, Paradise is the Abode for such a person.
There is only one law, there is only one monitoring system.
There is only one
surveillance, which will ultimately prevent a person from doing something not just apparently, but even in heart and mind and spirit. And that is
not any human form of surveillance, but just the consciousness of Allah Stranahan with Allah, which is just that remembrance that I have to stand before law on a day to answer for ID
In another verse of the Quran, Allah azza wa jal say something very similar to this
way limit of 15 and Medina Dr. O Allah naseous, tofu.
The Omen, Avi Mumia Kumasi.
Allah says won't be unto those who reduce
How do they reduce a levena avocado and naseous tofu? Who when it comes to measuring for themselves from the people, they take their full measure?
What is our God Oh was an awesome you're settling room and when it comes to measuring or weighing in favor of the people, then they reduce the weight or the measure.
So Allah says, allow your room Ola
laomi, Navin Yami upon us. Me, too to these people not think
that they are going to be resurrected on a great day, on a day when they shall stand before the Lord of the worlds IE if they have that remembrance and that consciousness of accountability and standing before long the Day of Judgment, they would not behave in that they would not defraud, they would not cheat.
They would not mislead, they would not annoy
deprive people of that wealth, they would not reduce themselves to such a despicable and lowly act of reducing the measure when it comes to giving the people and taking more when it comes to taking for themselves. How despicable is that a normal human being, when it comes to measuring and weighing gives a bit more on top, just to ensure that they are not fair or unfair, just to show an act of kindness.
However, when a person loses all sense of accountability, their greed, that avarice then loneliness, that despicable behavior becomes so low, that despite their riches, and their wealth, they and their trade in their commerce and business, they will actually reduce themselves to such lowly behavior, that when it comes to measuring, in order to give other people, they'll reduce a few grams.
And when it comes to taking for themselves, they'll actually increase a few grams. I read an article just two days ago, I skim through it, which shows have all our products become slimmer.
Have all our products become slimmer, and they had a whole range of products which 10 years ago, were almost twice the size. So same price, in fact, inflated price now, but gradually, the grams have been shaving off these products over the months and over the years in everything. bread slices, burns, muffins, burgers, cheese slices, whole tins, everything seen a reduction, way lower limit of 50.
And I have like a normal food today not think that they will be resurrected for a great day, on a day when they shall stand before the Lord of the whales. We as Muslims, we have been reminded again and again of accountability. And you know what's the most single,
succinct, comprehensive concise word, the most succinct word for accountability. The
supply is normally translated as the fear of a law. As I've said on numerous occasions, that is just a partial meaning. The most accurate definition I can give adequate after much reflection is dakwah.
to guard oneself from the displeasure of Allah, by guarding, one's by guarding oneself from the disobedience, simple means guarding oneself from the displeasure of Allah. By guarding oneself from the disobedience of law, that's the meaning of
and mental law says yeah, you're living in LA, de la. Another simple word would be God consciousness. Because taqwa isn't just about physical refraining. The choir is about being conscious of a loss of words, in everything, in every single thing.
Time and time again, Allah has told us about how to behave about accountability.
There are so many verses throughout the whole report, which speak about accountability, and the best verses that we are reminded about it again and again and again. In fact, we are reminded about it so much it seems to pass over us. I've mentioned that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would receive he had hotma, which is known as what was the sermon of need.
For some reason, this summer, and sermon and introductory words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam have fallen into disuse elsewhere, except at the time of nigga.
So now most people recognize these words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam at the time of nica
at the time of marriage, even though these words and this introductory sermon of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wasn't restricted to marriage, for him. In the Hadith, in the terminology of heavy This is known as
the hook the sermon of need, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would recite this on many occasions, on the member of the member in gatherings, and even at the time of nigger.
And we've all heard it at the time of Hanukkah. And what is that hopper? It's part of it we mentioned at the beginning of speeches, but the most the greatest part of that, of that sermon.
And of those words, that was sort of lots of love, it was someone would use frequently, including at the time of Hanukkah.
Most of those words are three verses of the Holy Quran.
And you've all heard them. Yeah, you're living in LA party.
Yeah, you know, Sakuraba commander, the
And you don't want to Sir, what the law under the other hand in the law cannot equal Viva
de como philippou become a la hora, Sudoku
Lima. We don't have time to translate or go into the explanation of these verses, but you will hear one word and one theme running through all of these verses which is, Fear Allah be conscious of Allah. Allah, Allah, Allah,
even at the time,
we are never allowed to forget our responsibility of being conscious of a law.
And that is accountability. And I'll end with just one mention about
one great scholar and saints was asked, How do you define taqwa? What is that?
And he said taqwa is that you empty the thoughts of your mind
and the emotions and feelings of your heart onto a large platter. And then you walk around in the marketplace, with your thoughts and your emotions and feelings in full view of the people and you are not the least embarrassed.
That is the.
So, if there is accountability,
there will be morality. If there is a sense of accountability, there will be ethics, there will be good behavior, there will be control.
A person does not need any external control, if there is the consciousness of a last panel or data in one's mind and hearts, that consciousness will be such that it will prevent the person from misbehaving in any way.
We are reminded, Allah says, you know our accountability is such a law says regarding our book of deeds, Allah serene, workability Mustafa, every minor and major deed is recorded on the Day of Judgment. We as humans will explain mainly how they're lucky tabula rasa Hera Tanaka, beton, Illa, overgenomen, how there are what
we will say, What is it with this book of deeds, that it is not left out? It is not admitted.
Neither a small thing or a major thing,
except that he has recorded it and registered it. And that law says, what were Gentlemen, I know how there are and all that they have done in the world. They shall find it before then on the Day of Judgment. When I have limited and your Lord is not unjust to anyone.
Even a single word sort of off law says Mariela for them in all in Atlanta, they hear a
man referring to man, he does not spit out yo fifth means spit amps. He does not spit out a single word.
Except that there is an angel ready there to record.
Every single word. There is an angel they're ready to record.
This is accountability. And the sense of accountability is such you know we have the Holy Quran.
With all its verses revealed over 23 years.
What is the final verse of the Holy Quran?
What are the last words that Allah revealed to mankind?
What are uncovered so many different topics, stories of the people of the past stories of former nations, stories and accounts of the former messengers of former peoples,
what am contains some history
speaks about the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, but and speaks about the heed and shidduch monotheism, idolatry, about the oneness of Allah. But what are mentioned so many laws of life, living social life, public life, private life, inherited inheritance, marriage divorce,
relations between parents, between children, between siblings, between relatives, about an speaks about acts of worship, pray a pilgrimage and charity so much.
But the last verse, which Allah revealed are the holy grail, and sort of Bukhara is what tacoman when he hit in a law firm at the wafaa cauldron of sin, Marcus at the moon, and fear a Day, when you shall all be returned to Allah.
Then each soul shall be required in full repaid in full, whatever it is,
and they shall not suffer any injustice.
So putting everything to one side, the wisdoms the parables, the similitudes, the examples, the stories, the warnings, the encouragement, the expectations of the program, the laws, everything to one side, after 23 years, the last verse which Allah revealed to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the last verse which was revealed to mankind, imagine this was the last communication ever from Allah subhanho wa Taala added to his creation, and what was that?
fear a Day in which you shall all be returned to on
demand will highly recommend to law here lay. His collection of Hadith is widely regarded as being the most authentic, but certainly Muslims. And
until very recently, for the past
11 or 12 years, I've been going through the commentary of cerebral Bukhari
and those of you who've been attending will realize it's a very complex book, and indeed, it reflects the genius of its author. While he is such a work,
that's all a man. There is no book in the world after the Holy Quran, which has received more attention than the story of a man in any language.
No book which has received as much attention as a collection of Mr. McCarty
and the olema have marveled at his genius, his memory. His selection, is referencing His cross referencing his editing his expertise in the field of
Eman Muslim law, here they
are Muslim rattler here they once sat in front of a mumble party
regarding a certain hobbies when emammal hardy Rahmatullah here they answer demand Muslims question. Mr. Muslim, became extremely emotional and began weeping someone of the caliber of Imam Muslim
and he said, Oh, Imam referring to my mahadi
grants me permission allow me
to kiss your forehead, kiss your hands.
Yeah, starving, starving way I see you then had the scene where Ponyville de la, oh teacher of the teachers, our master of all the experts and scholars of hadith of Doctor of the Hadeeth in the flaws and defects of the narrations.
He was widely regarded as being the unparalleled, unrivaled, unchallenged master of headings.
And his genius is reflected in his work. And just parts of his work is that that will Omar have actually tended and reflected over the choice of words which he uses in his chapter headings, and why he chooses any of these under a particular chapter.
And why he chooses one chapter in this book and not in that book.
And you know, one of the discussions is that, finally, what is the final chapter that Mr. Hardy produces in his book of saying, you know what that final chapter is not final book, the final actual chapter heading.
One of that room was in a pista leoneans be
forgotten for the amount of sushi, what you can afford.
I think now we have a
chapter of one of the Mullah Xena Mr. Leo milky armor, that we shall establish the scales of justice on the day of reckoning.
So no soldier shall suffer any injustice. And even if it says something to the measure of a mustard seed,
we shall produces losses, waka Fabiana has been and we are sufficient, as recognized. Now that's the final chapter and then he produces a final Hadeeth there. Now, what am I have always discussed? What is the purpose of Mr. McCarty
mentioning this chapter as a final chapter in this book. And mind standing My opinion is if I can be bold enough to venture and say so, is that what Imam Buhari actually wishes to do here is follow the order of the holy or
that the final verse to be revealed in the Holy Quran was what tokuyama two giant Fie Illa that and I have never seen this anyway, this is just my own understanding. That's why I say it's my bold venture to say so that what a man party is doing here is following the theme and the Order of the Holy Quran.
The final verse of the Holy Quran was, what tokuyama georgianna fee Illa and fear a Day in which you should all be returned to Allah.
And then each soul shall be required and repaid and recompense in full what it says earned. So, after everything, stories and history and laws, and morals and teachings and wisdoms and parables, the holy book, ends with this party with his 1000s of Hadeeth also ends his book with the same message which is a reminder of the day of reckoning, a reminder of the Day of Judgment. This is what accountability is, when a person has this consciousness of Allah in the sense of accountability, what will he or she do, he or she will behave, he or she will be full of morals and ethics, he or she will not do what's mentioned here. And when that accountability is missing, then what happens?
There is no law there is no constraint there is no morality, there is no ethic, there is anarchy and chaos, even in a person's individual life, as Allah says, our eighth under the yoke of the will be Dean, have you seen one who rejects the reckoning? Well, what will he do? What will such a person do? Allah says, For that he can do the team. So he is the one who pushes away that violently pushes away the orphan. I said earlier, the words are not simplistic, the Quran contains much wisdom.
What this means is that you know, even the most heartless of people will have mercy on children.
The most heartless of people will have mercy on children
and they will show compassion and mercy to
an orphan child.
And even if they aren't able to help and spend and give to the orphan child spend on and give to the orphan child, at least they won't mistreat them or abuse them. But a person has to be quite psychopathic, quite low, quite disturbed, quite quite depraved, quite bankrupt of morals, and quite twisted of character that not only do they not show compassion, help, spend on support, aid and assist. White Lee show sympathy and kindness are a good word, or, if not a good word, then at least withhold and not harm and abuse and hurt the orphan. When accountability is missing, then the person sinks to such a low that they will even bully and abuse as an adult, they will bully abuse, misuse
misappropriate the wealth of and tread on and off,
violently pushing them away your door means to violently push them away.
So it hasn't become so low that you've as an as an adult,
will show no compassion and mercy to an orphan child or violently pushing them away hitting them abusing.
This can happen when morality
is missing. When accountabilities absence. So lots things ever seen. One who rejects the reckoning, if a person rejects the reckoning, and what will happen, they will stoop so low that they will even abused children
violently pushing them away and hurt.
What I mean miskeen and nor will he encourage others to give to feed the poor. Again, the words are not simplistic Think about it. But what am doesn't say that if accountability is missing, then a person will fail to feed the poor himself now
we should feed the poor, we should help the poor and needy, we should aid the destitute. And if a person cannot do that, and at least show sympathy and compassion even say a good word.
In sort of Bukhara Allah says,
a good word. And forgiveness is far better than any charity, which is followed by inconveniencing and hurt. So what's the meaning of a good word and forgiveness? If someone comes to you and you can't help them, then at least when you declined to help them, do so politely so that you don't hurt their feelings? Only mouth. So say something like, I really wish I could help you. But unfortunately, I'm not in a position to help you myself. Well my filter and seek their forgiveness to say I apologize, I seek your forgiveness a lot.
So if you can't help,
and you can't even say a good word, and you can't even seek their forgiveness for your failure to help them at least remains
Silence. Imagine how low a person will stoop as the Quran mentions here. But not only what I mean miskeen he does not encourage others to feed the poor. Not only does he refuse to feed the poor himself, not only does he refuse to show any compassion, not only does he refuse to even give the charity of a good word, not only that, not only does he refuse to remain silent and mind his own business, no, this busybody will become so low will stoop so low, that he doesn't want to feed the poor himself, but he'll actually prevent others from feeding.
That's the meaning. Well, I mean, he doesn't even encourage others.
For waylynn, mousseline when, when there is no accountability, a person will abuse the creation of the law
would fail to fulfill the rights of the creation of Allah. Then Allah says, For Waylon Lynn Wilson, lien ledingham, and Serato himself, and
so won't be unto those here. These are the verses that were revealed in Medina, so won't be unto those who pray.
Those who are neglectful of their prayer.
Those merely show
now these words are quite frightening actually. Allah does not curse. This is a curse for we lose a limb, so will be unto those who pray.
The curse is not for those who don't pray. Imagine. The curse is actually for those who pray.
But that prayer is empty.
It's void of meaning.
It's merely for show.
And it's performed in such a way that it's performed carelessly.
They are neglectful of their prayer and what's the meaning of neglect? So, if you pray if one prays and fine if one doesn't pray, then fine. If a person prays and they don't really hope for its reward, if a person doesn't pray them, they don't fear the failure of having prayed nothing.
It becomes a meaningless act.
A person who's neglectful of their prayer if they delay
that's why one heavy related party among Muslim Imam what platonism Emacs American is mortal. From see you them are unnecessarily your loved one, but sort of lots of love it who seldom says about us or prayer DeLuca Salatu Manasa t tilaka salata, Muna 15 till cassata Mana 15 Yes, this is the start of the shrimps.
This is the prayer of the hypocrites. This is the prayer of the hypocrites. This is the prayer of the hypocrites. One of them remain seated until when the sun is on the two homes of shavon or between the two homes have shaped our meaning. It's about to set Barma for an otter Baron de la Ilaha ILA, he stands he rises, and He pecks four times, not remembering Allah, except very little in that prayer.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says, it's very authentic hadith as I said, related by Mulligan's mortal Imam Bukhari Muslim and so he, if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says if a person delays that sort of Salah all the way till the sun is about set, which reflects capsules, and then the person rises, and then quickly performs our prayer. In what manner the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam doesn't even say that for Salah
or for Salah or bang, he prays for what does the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam say find out about and He pecks actually means to peck like a bird
or a chicken would Peck for an herbarium. He pecks four times. So he's rising and falling into sujood. prostration is made to resemble packing quite rapidly, just like a bird pecks and then rises quite rapidly. So his falling into sujood is compared to the packing of a bird. So from a barbarian he packs four times he does not remember Allah except very little in that prayer. How does the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam describe and describe that prayer? This is a prayer of the hypocrites. This is a prayer of the hypocrites. This is the prayer of the hypocrites. So anyone who neglects their prayer, this is what's meant by neglecting a person's prayer, performing it out of
its time delay unnecessarily
and then not forming it properly. And then further,
only performing it to show people just as the hypocrites in Medina would do.
So if a person prays me to show the people, that is a prayer of hypocrites.
And Allah says, of the hypocrites and another vessel
in the monotony howdy Rena la Whoa, whoa, whoa, what is that?
Common in a solar farm kasana Your Honor, NASA is Corona la la karela. Allah says, indeed the hypocrites, they attempt to deceive Allah, whereas Allah is the one who is keeping them in deception.
And way that bomber in a Salah Hammond they rise to prayer amaco Salah, they rise leisurely, your honor nurse merely showing the people and not remembering Allah, except very little in that prayer.
So that's the prayer of hypocrites.
And this is what the surah is about also, when a person loses that accountability and that sense of reckoning, then even if their outward function is that of a Muslim, even if their outward function and behavior is that of a Muslim,
there is a great danger that they will fall into the realm of hypocrisy.
So that prayer will be a shell of prayer, they may fast they may pray, they may perform the pilgrimage, they may give charity, but if that sense of accountability is missing, then it will not be sincere, it will not be genuine, you will not be pure. And then their prayer, their charity, their pilgrimage, in fact, their whole behavior will become hypocritical. And that's what this whole Sora part of the surah is about, won't be unto those who are these people, the hypocrites. We have been warned against hypocrisy, and what is hypocrisy? hypocrisy is when one's words.
There are two kinds of hypocrisy during the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. There was one group of hypocrites, those who believed by tongue, but what unbelievers by heart,
and some of them not all of them, some of them were identified to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
that group ended because after the time of the Prophet sallallahu, alayhi wasallam, apart from doubling the amount of the Allah and who held the secrets of us, who held some of the secrets of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam others did not know who the hypocrites were. That's why I say that a lot of the a lot I would ask for the for the millea man, tell me the names of the hypocrites. And for the for the new man with the alarm, I would say. I will not divulge the secrets which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam has trusted me with not even more
so than a lot of the love on imagine a mural, meaning I would have no hope Bob would say or are they fair? If you refuse to divulge the names of the hypocrites to me, then at least tell me is the name of amadablam hubub in the list of hypocrites.
We should fear hypocrisy, that group has gone because now only Allah knows who is a true unbeliever at heart. However,
the hypocrisy of deeds remains in the summer. And that's what the prophets of the love it was someone's warns against. And what is the hypocrisy of deed? We say one thing and do another.
And this is deadly.
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam says and it is related by Imam Harding, a Muslim from Salem, de la and you don't have to fill us in if I had to forget that what either way that Dominic Han, he says the sign of a hypocrite the signs of a hypocrite are three, one, the first one when he speaks he lies.
Number two, when he makes a promise, he fails to fulfill that promise. And number three, when he is entrusted with a trust, when he proves to be dishonest with that trust, and he betrayed that trust
in another heavy again related by man party in a Muslim from another companion. So you don't have to live in the province of the love it wa sallam says and reflect on the wording of a barren man couldn't the fee condom on African harvest? woman can have three min one, Ghana 3 million The fact
is that Dominica without had difficulty with the other ways our hearts on the fetcher. There are four things four traits if found in a person, then that person will be a pure hypocrites.
And if one of these four traits are found in that person, then he will have in him one of the traits of hypocrisy until he removes things.
And what are those four traits? When he is entrusted with a trust he betrays that trust to when he speaks he lies free when he makes a promise.
He is treacherous and fails to fulfill that promise. These three have already been covered in the first video, but this has these contains a fourth trade which has not been mentioned and that fourth freighters. What is the weather Haslam a fudger when he
falls into a dispute with someone, then he opened this sense. So here are four traits of hypocrisy. When a person lies, when a person speaks, they lie. When a person makes a promise, they fail to fulfill that promise. When they are entrusted with an amount and a trust, they betray that trust. And then before, if they ever argue with anyone for laughs with anyone, then they go, they sin openly in that disagreements.
These are the traits of hypocrisy and Allahu Akbar as a prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, if a person has all four traits in them, then that person is a pure hypocrites. And if a person has one of the traits in them, then a person has one of the traits of hypocrisy until he removes it from their from his character. And I'll end with just one verse. very frightening verse of the Quran, Allah says, For our kupuna, Falcon field, Blue Beam, Illa Yama, yellow Tomahawk poblado Ma Ma Ma Ma. Ma Ma Kamiya. Allah says so he Allah gave them in punishment,
hypocrisy in their hearts.
So he Allah followed them up with punishment of hypocrisy in their hearts,
till the day they shall meet,
because of the fact
that they failed to fulfill the promises they had made to Allah. And because they would lie, what that verse tells us, that some of the hypocrites, Allah subhanho wa Taala, Anna actually
cemented nifa and hypocrisy in their hearts till the Day of Judgment, as a punishment itself for two sins, and one of those two sins, failure to fulfill their promises, and two for life. This means that line can actually lead to hypocrisy.
It can lead to further hypocrisy, failing to fulfill one's promises can actually lead to hypocrisy.
That's as far as hypocrisy is concerned, we end with a final verse we are not on our own and a lot say such people, not only do they not encourage others, to feed the poor, not only do they violently shove and mistreat orphans, not only do they fail to pray properly, merely showing the people in a hypocritical manner, but William Irwin and Marilyn they sink so low, that they do not even give they withhold, and they do not even share the necessity, what's the meaning of ilmarinen, since a surah, has also been called a mountain. In reality, a mountain means any good, any good thing.
Any good thing, that's the meaning of American simple,
this can be saved and I am delighted I'm a student of the law says that during the time of the Prophet, some of the law it was on them, we would call them our own, even the small things that people lend to each other, such as, and you mentioned, bucket x,
what this means is, this is the lowest thing. And then marijuana can mean even greater things like an act of charity, and
even soccer. So my own actually means a good thing. Not in terms of deeds, but rather in terms of wealth, a good physical thing that the person gives or shares, the lowest being even the small things that we lend to each other and share and the greatest being soccer. So Marilyn can actually mean Zakah in its highest form. And mountain can also mean the lowest thing such as a needle or a pen, or even a a stick,
or a shovel or a piece of wood, or a nail. And forget a nail nail you give you don't take back. But think some things you will land and take back. So what the Quran is telling us here is that when a person has no sense of accountability and reckoning, they sink so low, they become so despicable, so stingy, so miserly, so lowly, so mean that not only do they refuse to pay soccer,
not only do they violently treat orphans, not only do they not feed but actually discourage others from feeding the poor and needy. Not only do they fail to fulfill a larger acts, but they become such I mean people that they won't even share the most basic of necessities. So if they're if they actually have
and, of course, we all have, we've all seen such people if they've got something lying in front of them, which they are not using, or belongs to them. And you say to them, can I borrow that for a moment
Action says at all.
last panel with Allah portrays us beautifully when there is no accountability,
when there is no recognition, no sense of reckoning, no sense of accountability, when a person either actually by belief does not accept the day of judgment or even if the person nominally accepts the Day of Judgment, but their actions speak of hypocrisy, then such a person will stoop so low
that they will end up engaging in these despicable behaviors. They will fail to fulfill a large rights they will fail to fulfill the rights of a large creation then
absolutely by that will be meaningless. And let me tell you I'll end with this. I mentioned the hadith of iron after Salah
Ravi Allahu relates at the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
I want Africa follow the signs of a hypocrite are three. Number one is that
when he speaks he lies. Number two, without a word. When he makes a promise, he breaks that promise. And number three way that domina harm. When he is entrusted with a trust, he betrays that trust. In my Muslim Rahmatullah. In his narration of this Hadith, he has the additional wording of the following. You know what the full Hadith is?
One Oh sulla was the AMA Muslim, even though he may pray and claim that he isms
so the Hadith according to my Muslim in history is
item one Africa philosophy that had the
way that domina han willows Salah was
that the signs of the hypocrites are three, when he speaks he lies when he is when he makes a promise, he breaks that promise and when he is entrusted with the trust, he betrayed that trust, even though he may pray and claim that he isn't.
If there is no reckoning, no sense of reckoning, no sense of accountability, if a person actually dismisses and denies the day of judgment and the day of required or, or even if they don't, by belief denied and nominally accepted, but by behavior, by lifestyle, by action by choices, and in every other way, they live as though they don't believe in the afterlife. They don't believe in the day of required so they don't believe in accountability before Allah, then their behaviors will indeed be as low and as despicable as the ones mentioned in the surah. I pray that Allah Subhana Allah enable us to understand the words of Allah makers amongst those who fear last panel who would
add as you should be feared, may Allah grant as the consciousness May Allah grant has his consciousness.
May Allah subhanho wa Taala make us aware and conscious of the law at all times. We are lawmakers amongst those who fall from rejected the day of rejecting the day of reprisal, who believe in it, and who live with the knowledge with the understanding and with the conviction and with the behavior of someone who believes in accountability before Allah on the day of reckoning, I'll translate the sort of melon but this Have you not seen sorry, have you seen one who rejects the reckoning. So he is the one who violently pushes away the orphan and he does not encourage others to feed the poor, so well be unto those who pray, who are neglectful of their prayer. Those who merely show and who
withhold and do not even give the basic necessity was the law who was in the manner after he was sued in Vietnam. While he was in a lot more permanent condition to alert
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