Nouman Ali Khan – Surah Al-Jumuah #28 The Man Who Interrupted The Prophet Muhammad

Nouman Ali Khan
AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the meaning behind social media and distraction, including "tradney" in Arabic and "ENThamia." They also discuss distraction during busy professional career, the importance of not feeling distracted by others, and the negative perception of people speaking Spanish in poor neighborhoods. The narratives of the Karava and the Karava's impact on the economy and people in the city are also discussed. The speakers provide personal examples and explain that "any distraction" can occur when faced with a difficult situation. The segment also touches on sponsorship and the importance of learning the Quran in order to share its meaning with others.
AI: Transcript ©
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Which is why social media is so addictive.

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A lot of times people end up on

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social media for hours and hours because they're

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escaping a reality that they don't want to

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face.

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Right? They're they they can't deal with it.

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A lot of people end up at a

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bar drinking because they can't deal with what's

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going on at home or what's going on

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with their life. They can't face that reality.

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So when the reality becomes difficult, then human

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beings want to find some comfort in,

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you know, and some kind of distraction.

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So it's not just, oh, they saw some

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entertainment they ran towards it, put it in

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its context. They were going through a really

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tough time and in those kinds of times,

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those kinds of things become all the more

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attractive.

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Before you begin this video, just quickly wanted

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also. Thank you.

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Surat Al Juwaz,

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aya number 11.

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A rough translation is what I will start

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with

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and when they see

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trade, when they see trade or

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distraction.

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They run towards it or they disperse towards

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it.

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They leave you standing.

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Tell them what is in the what is

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in Allah's possession is better

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than

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distraction

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and better than trade or business.

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And Allah is the best of all providers

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boys.

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Hey boys.

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Hey you boys.

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Yeah guys they're distracting

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So turn this way.

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Yeah.

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Cool? We're cool?

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I'm cool. Okay. Very good.

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Alright. So,

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InshaAllah, so as we as we wrap up

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this, this ayah, I want to just start

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with a little bit of vocabulary and then

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we'll get into it. There are a few

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keywords,

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tijara, lahu,

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infabbah,

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taraka,

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and then rizq. Those are the few keywords

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that in this ayah. So we'll start with

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tajara so you guys understand that word better.

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The word tajara is one of those words

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in Arabic that is very rare because the

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ta and the jeem,

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they don't really come together in Arabic in

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the beginning of a word. It's the only

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word in Arabic like that.

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So usually Arabic words are made up of

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3 root letters

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most of them and

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there's no other word that has Ta and

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Jeeem together like that except for

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The word Ittajara

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which means to trade or to seek a

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reward.

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Any work you do hoping that you'll get

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paid will be called tajara.

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So that's the first basic meaning.

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When you invest hoping that you'll make some

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profit from it, investments are also called tajara.

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So so far tajara is work, anything you're

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hoping to get paid for, investments.

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When something is a tajiv of something, that

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means they're they're really good at it, and

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they know how to earn from it. So

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like an expert can also be called a

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tajir.

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Okay? Someone is tajir in something, that's their

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trade. You know like their trade their trade

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is so and so, their trade is mechanics,

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their trade is cars etcetera etcetera. So that's

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another meaning.

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Most of the time, the word was actually

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used for the guy that

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sells wine.

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In the old Arabic before Islam, they use

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this word very commonly for the wine seller.

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Which who was he was the one selling

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the wine, he was also the bartender, he

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was the one storing it and they used

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to sit with him and he would pour

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it for them and tell them stories and

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then they would pay him. So he was

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doing all the work.

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Right? So from beginning to end. And from

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it they kind of started using that for

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anybody who makes money doing all kinds of

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work. So it it kind of expanded in

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its meaning. Anyway,

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now this ayah,

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another word that we're gonna see and I'll

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just explain the word to you ahead of

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time, is the word

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actually commonly gets translated

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distraction,

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and you might see for example some short

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Surahs you may remember

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right? So is from this word

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and it means it actually means the back

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of your throat, the uvula, the thing that's

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hanging in your throat dangling

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that's actually called al theha

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and luhwa is they have those grinders that

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make the seed into powder, they make the

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seed into wheat. Right?

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When they drop the seeds in it, the

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thing that's dropped in it that's actually called

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the luhwa. So from it came the idea

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that when you drop something deep inside like

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this thing that's hanging deep inside and you're

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dropping the seed inside the grinder and from

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a team the idea that when you are

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involved in an activity that you get sucked

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into it. You just get pulled into it

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and you kind of get lost in

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it. Right? That kind of an activity is

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called lahu. So for example, if you're, I

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don't know, watching a movie, playing a game,

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you know, you're just just scrolling TikTok on

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your phone or something and you lost track

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of time and you just you got you

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get deeper and deeper in it, and the

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world around you stops to exist.

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Right? And when that happens, then that is

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a form of

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So from it came the idea of distraction.

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This word was used even for the Prophet

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sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

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right from the same origin right so

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the Sahabi Abdulayb ibn Maktoum he was a

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relative of the Prophet

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a distant relative from the in laws side

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and he was also blind

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And he came somehow to ask the Prophet

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a question, sallallahu alaihi wa sallam. And the

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Prophet had a rare opportunity to talk to

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one of the leaders of Quraysh. The leaders

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of the Quraysh, first of all, you can't

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get a hold of them easily. But if

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you do get a rare chance to talk

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to them, you should take full opportunity

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and speak to them as as best chance

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you get. Right? So, the Prophet is taking

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this opportunity to talk to one of the

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leaders about Islam, and Abdullah ibn Umaktoum who's

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one of his family members, who actually because

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your family, you have access.

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So you can talk to him anytime.

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But he came and he interrupted the conversation,

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and But he he's also blind. But the

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thing about being blind is that when you're

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blind, your other senses are more sharp.

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Right? So he's blind but he's not deaf,

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which means he can hear that there's already

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a conversation going on. But it didn't matter

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to him, he was so

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feeling such a need of urgency to ask

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the Prophet whatever question he wanted to ask,

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so he interrupted the conversation.

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Now the Prophet

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did not want to interrupt him

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and say, Hey, Abdullah, let me finish this

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and I'll talk to you. Just give me

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a minute, I'll talk to you. Even that

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much the Prophet thought would be too harsh

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for Abdullah.

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It would be too much for him because

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he would say I came all this way

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to ask the Prophet

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and I've now and he would feel bad

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I interrupted, I didn't realize or he would

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get the wrong idea and say oh, I'm

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not that important

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Right? So the Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi Wasallam did

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not want to make him feel bad,

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and he didn't wanna lose the opportunity of

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talking to the Qurayshi leader. Now he's he's

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stuck in this situation where if he talks

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to Abdullah ibn Umaktum, the Qurayshi leader will

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be like, Oh I guess you're busy right

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now, I'm gonna go, I have other things

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to do. And he's gonna walk away, the

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opportunity is gone. So So the Prophet was

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stressed about what to do,

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and when he was stressed there was a

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bulge on his forehead, this is this is

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called Abas

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like when these lines show up on your

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forehead and this comes together this is Abas

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and the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam just

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kind of turned his head just a little

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bit. You know when you do in frustration?

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But no sound came out of his mouth,

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no word was said, and by the way

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why wouldn't he say a word because if

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he says a word who's gonna hear

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it? Amdulillah will hear it and he's gonna

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feel like something is off and if he

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just does this is called Taawaha

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right? Then he's gonna notice

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he's gonna notice that so he's gonna feel

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hurt So he's not even doing that, but

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Allah captures that and says,

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He frowned,

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he turned his head. But the thing about

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turning your head or even turning your face

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a little bit is, Abdullah

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whose feelings are supposed to be hurt

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can't see it.

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So there's no way he could get hurt

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but Allah captures that still and says nope

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not even that much

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right? Now this is Rasool Allah SAWHAN and

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we're not worth the dust of his feet

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but I can tell you in being in

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a position of public speaking

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one of the things that's been very very

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very difficult is somebody comes and asks me

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a question.

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And they come and ask me a question

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and they tell me that their uncle,

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when they were 5 years old, they took

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them for a walk, and then they said

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this, and then their cousin said this, and

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their brother said this, and also this other

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time their grandma, she was cooking food, and

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then they keep going. Right? And they're they're

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telling me the entire because they they say,

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before I ask my question, I need you

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to understand the background. It all began when

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I was 5 years old.

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And then by the time I was 7,

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and then one time in 9th grade, and

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then one time, and the day I got

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married, and then after my first baby, and

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then okay. You're almost ready for the question.

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Hold on. And as they're doing that, the

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people behind them are like

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and now I have to make a choice

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about

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can I just can you please get to

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your question? Because even if I say can

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you please get to your question? What might

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they feel? Oh my god. He has no

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patience for me. He doesn't wanna hear what

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I have to say. How rude. I listened

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to so many hours of you. I have

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gone to sleep I have gone to sleep

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for 10 years listening to you, and you

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couldn't even hear about my uncle.

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You know? But in my head, I'm thinking

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if I am not going

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to cut this short, then the other person

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is gonna think I'm being rude to them.

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Right? And then there's a few 100 of

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you. There's one of me. Right? So if

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I give each of you one minute,

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right,

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just one minute, that would be how many

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minutes? That'd be 400 minutes,

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and

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each one of you would feel like I

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only got one minute,

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and I would feel like I'm almost dead

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because

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So when you're in a position of any

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kind of leadership, sometimes you are and this

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is not just in public speaking. Parents for

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example, 3 of your kids come and talk

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to you at the same time,

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And you have you can't talk to all

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3 of them because you only have one

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mouth.

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Right? So you decide to pick one of

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them. And what are the other 2 feel

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all of a sudden?

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All of a sudden they feel it, Oh

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yeah? Okay. Yeah. Listen

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to her first. Yeah.

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She's the favorite.

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Right? Or you hear in the background

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you

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hear

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whatever.

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You hear that, just on the little bit

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of you know.

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So there's this difficult position he was put

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in

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and Allah even captured that and said for

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a moment

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you got distracted from

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the blind Sahabi because you were trying to

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get the message across to the leader.

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I don't want you to worry about the

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leaders ever more than I want you to

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worry about the weakest of your companions. They

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are my VIPs.

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That's not my VIP. Those are my VIPs.

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In the world's eyes, the millionaire, the billionaire,

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if I had a chance to give bawa

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to Elon Musk, or if I had a

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chance to talk to Jeff Bezos about zakat

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or something,

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you know,

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That's a huge opportunity. And then there's a

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guy who doesn't have a job,

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who's, you know, he's he's trying to make

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whatever money he can driving an Uber. He's

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not making his expenses, and he has a

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question, and all of a sudden, I'm like,

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what's gonna be a bigger benefit to Islam?

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If I can get Jeff Bezos zakat money

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or if I can,

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you know, talk and Allah is teaching a

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powerful lesson to the Prophet

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that he, you know,

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and Allah says

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and the one who came to you rushing,

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Allah mentions

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You know how hard it is for a

00:12:53 --> 00:12:54

blind person to walk fast?

00:12:55 --> 00:12:56

Allah acknowledges that.

00:12:57 --> 00:12:58

And he says,

00:12:58 --> 00:13:00

and he's afraid that he might disobey Allah.

00:13:00 --> 00:13:02

He's got this full of fear of Allah.

00:13:02 --> 00:13:04

And the more you are mindful of Allah,

00:13:04 --> 00:13:06

the more Allah is. Allah says,

00:13:07 --> 00:13:09

You remember me, I will remember you. So

00:13:09 --> 00:13:11

Allah is now remembering him

00:13:12 --> 00:13:13

and he says,

00:13:14 --> 00:13:16

you got distracted from him,

00:13:17 --> 00:13:18

you got too busy that you couldn't give

00:13:18 --> 00:13:20

him attention. And it's not like the Prophet

00:13:20 --> 00:13:21

wasn't giving him attention, he was

00:13:22 --> 00:13:24

just a head of turn of a head.

00:13:24 --> 00:13:26

But the standard is very high for our

00:13:26 --> 00:13:27

Messenger and

00:13:27 --> 00:13:29

if that's the standard and we say you

00:13:29 --> 00:13:31

know we I hear sometimes I hear things

00:13:31 --> 00:13:34

and I just say, really? Do you really

00:13:34 --> 00:13:36

believe that? Because people say, bro we have

00:13:36 --> 00:13:37

to follow Quran and Sunnah.

00:13:37 --> 00:13:40

Quran and Sunnah. Quran and Sunnah. How many

00:13:40 --> 00:13:42

times do you hear that? Quran and Sunnah.

00:13:42 --> 00:13:43

I was like, okay.

00:13:44 --> 00:13:45

What do you mean by Quran and Sunnah?

00:13:45 --> 00:13:46

Well, you know the miswak,

00:13:48 --> 00:13:50

the beard, the beard size, let's check the

00:13:50 --> 00:13:52

beard size to make sure that it's on

00:13:52 --> 00:13:52

the sunnah,

00:13:53 --> 00:13:55

let's make sure that you know the clothing

00:13:55 --> 00:13:56

and you know what some of those things

00:13:56 --> 00:13:58

can be argued but there are some things

00:13:58 --> 00:13:59

that cannot be argued.

00:13:59 --> 00:14:00

There are multiple

00:14:01 --> 00:14:02

variations of how to interpret some of those

00:14:02 --> 00:14:03

sunnah of the Prophet

00:14:04 --> 00:14:06

fine, But there are some things that are

00:14:06 --> 00:14:06

inarguable

00:14:07 --> 00:14:09

how to treat people, there's no ambiguity.

00:14:10 --> 00:14:11

Sunnahs of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam.

00:14:11 --> 00:14:13

Where are those sunnahs bro?

00:14:14 --> 00:14:16

Where did those sunnahs go?

00:14:16 --> 00:14:19

That's not Quran? That's not Sunnah? You know

00:14:19 --> 00:14:22

so we also get distracted by certain things

00:14:23 --> 00:14:24

in the the face of other things and

00:14:24 --> 00:14:26

we've we've come up with our own you

00:14:26 --> 00:14:27

know we have to do the greater good

00:14:28 --> 00:14:29

and you can do a lot of bad

00:14:29 --> 00:14:30

things and hurt a lot of bad a

00:14:30 --> 00:14:32

lot of people because you're worried about the

00:14:32 --> 00:14:33

greater good

00:14:33 --> 00:14:36

you know so this this anyway so that's

00:14:36 --> 00:14:39

a side note buddy about lahu, lahu actually

00:14:39 --> 00:14:40

means to get distracted

00:14:40 --> 00:14:43

by something that keeps you from something more

00:14:43 --> 00:14:43

important.

00:14:44 --> 00:14:46

Right? It keeps you from something more important.

00:14:46 --> 00:14:49

It's happened sometimes to me like I'm going

00:14:49 --> 00:14:51

to a doctor's appointment or something

00:14:51 --> 00:14:53

and I'm not gonna get a chance to

00:14:53 --> 00:14:55

get this appointment. It was like 6 months

00:14:55 --> 00:14:57

waiting or something and I got a chance

00:14:57 --> 00:14:58

and I have a work meeting. And what

00:14:58 --> 00:15:00

happens with me with work meetings is I

00:15:00 --> 00:15:01

don't know what it is. I have to

00:15:01 --> 00:15:03

drive while I'm having a meeting. I can't

00:15:03 --> 00:15:06

I can't sit and have a meeting. I

00:15:06 --> 00:15:07

have to be walking, driving, doing something.

00:15:08 --> 00:15:10

And the more the more intense the meeting

00:15:10 --> 00:15:11

is, the more straight I drive.

00:15:12 --> 00:15:14

So I missed the exit because I'm having

00:15:14 --> 00:15:15

a meeting, and I'm like, what? What did

00:15:15 --> 00:15:17

you say? I'm like, oh.

00:15:18 --> 00:15:19

There goes the meeting.

00:15:19 --> 00:15:23

That's also Lahuhu. Lahuhu because one thing distracted

00:15:23 --> 00:15:23

me from

00:15:24 --> 00:15:26

something else. That's that's the meaning of the.

00:15:26 --> 00:15:27

Okay? So there's just some vocabulary that I

00:15:27 --> 00:15:29

want you to know

00:15:29 --> 00:15:30

and

00:15:31 --> 00:15:33

to be shayin also means to fall in

00:15:33 --> 00:15:34

love with something.

00:15:34 --> 00:15:36

To actually fall in love with something, like

00:15:36 --> 00:15:38

you're just completely enveloped in it. You know

00:15:38 --> 00:15:40

like you lost in love, the idea of

00:15:40 --> 00:15:43

lost in love? You just fell and fallen

00:15:43 --> 00:15:43

in love?

00:15:44 --> 00:15:45

That's how it's used actually in Arabic.

00:15:47 --> 00:15:49

Just the same way this word is used

00:15:49 --> 00:15:51

in when you just play when you're playing

00:15:51 --> 00:15:53

with something and you're just engrossed in the

00:15:53 --> 00:15:56

play you're lost in the game like some

00:15:56 --> 00:15:57

of you are gamers I'm a gamer I

00:15:57 --> 00:15:59

don't know any other gamers here there's a

00:15:59 --> 00:16:01

few Alhamdulillah okay good it's okay it's okay

00:16:01 --> 00:16:03

we'll have a support session later on

00:16:05 --> 00:16:07

Right? When you're really in the game

00:16:08 --> 00:16:10

and then doesn't matter who the family member

00:16:10 --> 00:16:11

is, they walk in front of you.

00:16:12 --> 00:16:13

Like you have one hit left on the

00:16:13 --> 00:16:15

boss. It took you so long to get

00:16:15 --> 00:16:18

to that one hit. He's crushed you so

00:16:18 --> 00:16:21

many times. You've almost broken the controller 6

00:16:21 --> 00:16:22

or 7 times now.

00:16:22 --> 00:16:25

And finally there's one hit left, and your

00:16:25 --> 00:16:27

mother just walks right by,

00:16:27 --> 00:16:29

and she doesn't just walk right by. They

00:16:29 --> 00:16:30

just they pause for a second.

00:16:41 --> 00:16:43

I don't know I don't know what it

00:16:43 --> 00:16:44

is, but I think the women in our

00:16:44 --> 00:16:44

families,

00:16:45 --> 00:16:46

they know

00:16:47 --> 00:16:48

when to come in front of you.

00:16:50 --> 00:16:51

If you're watching a football game

00:16:52 --> 00:16:53

and it's tied

00:16:53 --> 00:16:56

and there's 30 seconds left and the other

00:16:56 --> 00:16:58

team is marching towards the goal line and

00:16:58 --> 00:17:00

they're already in the penalty, they're in this

00:17:00 --> 00:17:01

area,

00:17:01 --> 00:17:04

that is when your wife will just come

00:17:04 --> 00:17:05

right in front of you,

00:17:05 --> 00:17:06

Do you want some

00:17:06 --> 00:17:09

chips? And you do this, and she'll do

00:17:09 --> 00:17:10

this.

00:17:10 --> 00:17:12

Then you do this, and she'll do this.

00:17:14 --> 00:17:15

It's a test of your iman

00:17:17 --> 00:17:19

and the stability of your marriage.

00:17:24 --> 00:17:26

When you become really busy with something and

00:17:26 --> 00:17:28

you get distracted of all other things you

00:17:28 --> 00:17:30

don't remember any anything else in Ramastufi

00:17:31 --> 00:17:31

himaadamajadwahu

00:17:32 --> 00:17:32

you,

00:17:34 --> 00:17:37

you completely drowned yourself in something

00:17:38 --> 00:17:40

with, you know, with no consequence of anything

00:17:40 --> 00:17:41

besides

00:17:41 --> 00:17:43

it so this is actually the meaning of

00:17:43 --> 00:17:45

lahu okay so now Fadbu we'll talk about

00:17:45 --> 00:17:46

a little bit later I'll come back to

00:17:46 --> 00:17:48

that but I wanna give you the narration

00:17:48 --> 00:17:49

first. So behind this

00:17:50 --> 00:17:52

behind this surah or behind this ayah, there's

00:17:52 --> 00:17:55

a story, there's an event. And for starters,

00:17:55 --> 00:17:57

I will tell you that there's possibility

00:17:57 --> 00:18:00

according to some murals narrations that this happened

00:18:00 --> 00:18:02

3 or more times. So it didn't happen

00:18:02 --> 00:18:03

one time, it actually

00:18:04 --> 00:18:06

happened multiple times. And to set the stage

00:18:06 --> 00:18:08

for this, I'll just read through it and

00:18:08 --> 00:18:10

whatever part needs explanation, I'll give you some

00:18:10 --> 00:18:12

more details. Okay? So this is from Sahih

00:18:12 --> 00:18:13

Muslim,

00:18:13 --> 00:18:14

and then Nabi

00:18:17 --> 00:18:19

Musul used to stand and give the khutba

00:18:19 --> 00:18:21

on the day of Friday.

00:18:25 --> 00:18:27

A caravan came from Syria.

00:18:27 --> 00:18:28

Okay?

00:18:30 --> 00:18:33

So people rush towards the caravan. So we're

00:18:33 --> 00:18:34

not getting the details yet, all we know

00:18:34 --> 00:18:36

is a caravan came from Syria, peep the

00:18:36 --> 00:18:38

prophet shalallahu alaihi wa sallam is giving Khutba,

00:18:38 --> 00:18:39

and people got up and they ran over

00:18:39 --> 00:18:42

to the caravan. Now, just so you understand

00:18:42 --> 00:18:43

what a caravan is, it's a bunch of

00:18:43 --> 00:18:47

camels, donkeys, horses, whatever with carts, and they've

00:18:47 --> 00:18:49

got, you know, wheat, barley, fruits,

00:18:50 --> 00:18:52

you know, they've got clothes, they've got jewelry,

00:18:52 --> 00:18:53

they got all kinds of stuff that they're

00:18:53 --> 00:18:55

gonna sell. It's like a bazaar.

00:18:55 --> 00:18:57

Right? And they're coming and they brought they

00:18:57 --> 00:18:59

brought all these goods with them and what

00:18:59 --> 00:19:01

they usually bring with them are women that

00:19:01 --> 00:19:03

dance and sing or children that dance and

00:19:03 --> 00:19:05

sing like a little circus. They're gonna do

00:19:05 --> 00:19:07

some fire tricks. They're gonna do some somersaults,

00:19:07 --> 00:19:08

entertainment.

00:19:08 --> 00:19:09

They bring a whole

00:19:10 --> 00:19:11

show with them.

00:19:11 --> 00:19:13

Right? So they do that and they bring

00:19:13 --> 00:19:15

that in the middle of the city. There

00:19:15 --> 00:19:17

are some places in the city in Madinah

00:19:17 --> 00:19:19

that were specified for that, and that was

00:19:19 --> 00:19:21

the time for you to go catch some

00:19:21 --> 00:19:22

good shopping.

00:19:25 --> 00:19:28

So people went towards it until only 12

00:19:28 --> 00:19:29

people were left.

00:19:30 --> 00:19:32

So the Prophet SAW is giving Khuba, everybody

00:19:32 --> 00:19:35

runs off only, how many? Twelve people are

00:19:35 --> 00:19:37

left, some narrations say 11, some narrations say

00:19:37 --> 00:19:39

8, some narrations say there's a virus.

00:19:43 --> 00:19:43

And,

00:19:44 --> 00:19:44

then

00:19:45 --> 00:19:47

there so there are, some narrations even say

00:19:47 --> 00:19:48

40.

00:19:48 --> 00:19:49

There were 40 people left but the point

00:19:49 --> 00:19:51

is a bunch of people left we don't

00:19:51 --> 00:19:53

know the number and then Mufassirun got into

00:19:53 --> 00:19:55

a debate who were the 12 that were

00:19:55 --> 00:19:57

left And then Qurtubi for example mentions, these

00:19:57 --> 00:19:59

were the 12, somebody added a 13th, somebody

00:19:59 --> 00:20:01

added a 14th. I won't go into those

00:20:01 --> 00:20:03

details because that's not what Allah focused on.

00:20:04 --> 00:20:06

But the the event itself, the major details

00:20:06 --> 00:20:08

is what we're gonna focus on. Okay. So

00:20:08 --> 00:20:08

anyway.

00:20:09 --> 00:20:09

So

00:20:11 --> 00:20:13

so anyway, Wa'anafihim and Jabir radiAllahu anhu says

00:20:13 --> 00:20:15

12 people were left, I was among them.

00:20:15 --> 00:20:17

That's why he's narrating and he's saying I

00:20:17 --> 00:20:20

was among them. Fa'unzilat hathihil ayaa latifil Jumu'ah

00:20:20 --> 00:20:22

then this ayah came which is in Surat

00:20:22 --> 00:20:24

Al Jumu'ah when they see trade and they

00:20:24 --> 00:20:25

see distraction

00:20:26 --> 00:20:27

they rush towards it, they run towards it

00:20:27 --> 00:20:29

and they leave you standing

00:20:30 --> 00:20:32

So this is related to that incident when

00:20:32 --> 00:20:34

they went off running off the Jummah.

00:20:41 --> 00:20:43

So the guy who brings the caravan, the

00:20:43 --> 00:20:45

business guy that runs the caravan his name

00:20:45 --> 00:20:46

is Dihyah.

00:20:46 --> 00:20:48

Now Dihyah, you might know him from seerah

00:20:48 --> 00:20:50

studies, some of you that may have heard

00:20:50 --> 00:20:52

his name before. He's the person that when

00:20:52 --> 00:20:54

Jibreel alaihis salam used to come in human

00:20:54 --> 00:20:56

form, looked a lot like Dihyah.

00:20:56 --> 00:20:59

Okay. So Dihyah is is kind of related

00:20:59 --> 00:21:01

to some other incidents in the Sira too.

00:21:01 --> 00:21:03

Anyway, so he he comes, he's the one

00:21:03 --> 00:21:04

who does the business and he brings this

00:21:04 --> 00:21:07

trade caravan with him from Syria.

00:21:09 --> 00:21:11

Now this is the important part.

00:21:11 --> 00:21:14

He came from Syria at a time of

00:21:14 --> 00:21:16

great hunger and high prices.

00:21:17 --> 00:21:19

This is the important part now. So this

00:21:19 --> 00:21:21

caravan didn't just come anytime, it came at

00:21:21 --> 00:21:23

a time of great hunger and high prices

00:21:23 --> 00:21:26

according to the narration of Sahih Muslim. Now

00:21:26 --> 00:21:26

why is that important?

00:21:27 --> 00:21:29

It seems pretty clear that this happened

00:21:30 --> 00:21:30

after

00:21:31 --> 00:21:34

Uhud. Some people argue that this happened after

00:21:34 --> 00:21:37

I would strongly disagree because of this, because

00:21:37 --> 00:21:40

of this statement. This happened after uhud. Let

00:21:40 --> 00:21:42

me tell you why. When the Muslims came

00:21:42 --> 00:21:44

back from they became the Muslim

00:21:45 --> 00:21:48

community basically came into 1,000,000 and 1,000,000 and

00:21:48 --> 00:21:49

1,000,000 in wealth.

00:21:49 --> 00:21:51

They had wealth they had never seen before,

00:21:51 --> 00:21:52

after what incident?

00:21:53 --> 00:21:54

Khaybar. Okay?

00:21:55 --> 00:21:57

In fact, the the ayaat that discussed what

00:21:57 --> 00:22:00

happens after Khaybar, talk about and in Arabic

00:22:00 --> 00:22:02

means the distribution of wealth.

00:22:03 --> 00:22:05

So much wealth that we had to now

00:22:05 --> 00:22:08

figure out how to distribute it evenly, and

00:22:08 --> 00:22:10

who's it gonna go to, and basically for

00:22:10 --> 00:22:13

the first time the vaults were filled. For

00:22:13 --> 00:22:15

the first time we had serious amounts of

00:22:15 --> 00:22:16

money that happened after Khayr.

00:22:17 --> 00:22:19

Why would this not have happened after Khayr?

00:22:19 --> 00:22:21

Because he's coming at a time of what?

00:22:22 --> 00:22:24

Hunger and great heavy and high prices.

00:22:24 --> 00:22:26

So so what does that have to do

00:22:26 --> 00:22:27

with Uhud?

00:22:27 --> 00:22:29

The people of Makkah, the Sahaba,

00:22:30 --> 00:22:32

they left basically all of the practically all

00:22:32 --> 00:22:34

of their assets, their property, their businesses, they

00:22:34 --> 00:22:36

left them in Makkah, they moved to Madinah.

00:22:36 --> 00:22:37

So they are basically

00:22:38 --> 00:22:38

refugees.

00:22:39 --> 00:22:41

They don't have any economic benefit that they

00:22:41 --> 00:22:43

bring to Madinah other than being able to

00:22:43 --> 00:22:45

work, but they don't immediately they don't have

00:22:45 --> 00:22:48

any jobs. Now Madinah itself is not a

00:22:48 --> 00:22:51

booming economy, it's basically a farming economy,

00:22:52 --> 00:22:54

and very basic economy. So they're not very

00:22:54 --> 00:22:57

rich people. And they decide that they are

00:22:57 --> 00:22:58

going to sponsor

00:22:58 --> 00:23:00

and give alms to the people of Makkah

00:23:00 --> 00:23:01

the Muhajirun.

00:23:02 --> 00:23:03

And the ones that gave them home, Allah

00:23:03 --> 00:23:04

says about them

00:23:07 --> 00:23:09

They gave them preference over themselves even though

00:23:09 --> 00:23:10

they themselves were starving.

00:23:11 --> 00:23:14

So what Allah says, means, they weren't doing

00:23:14 --> 00:23:15

so well themselves.

00:23:16 --> 00:23:17

There wasn't a lot of wealth to go

00:23:17 --> 00:23:20

around, and now they're already poor to begin

00:23:20 --> 00:23:22

with, and they are now sponsoring, and housing,

00:23:22 --> 00:23:23

and giving hospitality

00:23:24 --> 00:23:25

to the people of Makkah. That was the

00:23:25 --> 00:23:27

situation of the Muhajirun

00:23:27 --> 00:23:30

and the alsar. Now, even then

00:23:30 --> 00:23:33

the they have every family has a head

00:23:33 --> 00:23:35

of household, right? So the man of the

00:23:35 --> 00:23:37

house if you will. The man, the father,

00:23:37 --> 00:23:39

the older sons etc. They're the ones who

00:23:39 --> 00:23:41

work on the farm, they're the ones who

00:23:41 --> 00:23:42

do the trade, they're the ones who go

00:23:42 --> 00:23:44

to the well, and do all the, you

00:23:44 --> 00:23:46

know, the heavy work, the labor outside that

00:23:46 --> 00:23:47

makes them some money.

00:23:48 --> 00:23:51

And you should also know that swords and

00:23:51 --> 00:23:51

shields

00:23:52 --> 00:23:54

and you know, bow and arrow, those kinds

00:23:54 --> 00:23:56

of things were extremely extremely expensive,

00:23:57 --> 00:23:59

And you would spend your lifetime saving to

00:23:59 --> 00:24:01

get a to get a shield.

00:24:02 --> 00:24:03

That's why you know when you read about

00:24:03 --> 00:24:05

the story of Badr and we didn't have

00:24:05 --> 00:24:06

we had like this many shields, we had

00:24:06 --> 00:24:09

like 12 12 swords and 15 this and

00:24:09 --> 00:24:12

5 horses and you get those I'm butchering

00:24:12 --> 00:24:13

the numbers but you get the idea we

00:24:13 --> 00:24:15

didn't have much We didn't have much because

00:24:15 --> 00:24:18

those things are extremely extremely expensive.

00:24:18 --> 00:24:19

You understand?

00:24:19 --> 00:24:21

So the people who did have that stuff,

00:24:21 --> 00:24:23

it was kind of like their life savings

00:24:24 --> 00:24:24

that they had.

00:24:25 --> 00:24:26

Now we go into

00:24:27 --> 00:24:27

And

00:24:28 --> 00:24:28

in 70

00:24:29 --> 00:24:30

are killed,

00:24:30 --> 00:24:32

And the vast majority of the companions that

00:24:32 --> 00:24:35

are killed are actually from Madinah.

00:24:36 --> 00:24:37

They're they're actually

00:24:37 --> 00:24:39

which means they are the heads of households.

00:24:40 --> 00:24:42

And those sahaba that are killed, what are

00:24:42 --> 00:24:43

they wearing?

00:24:44 --> 00:24:44

Shields,

00:24:44 --> 00:24:47

whatever they have. And what do they have

00:24:47 --> 00:24:47

in their hands?

00:24:48 --> 00:24:50

Sword. Basically what they have in their hands,

00:24:50 --> 00:24:52

and on their bodies is the life savings

00:24:52 --> 00:24:53

of their family.

00:24:54 --> 00:24:55

Okay. So when they die,

00:24:56 --> 00:24:58

and the Muqans come and they take everything,

00:24:59 --> 00:25:01

they take everything. So they've taken people's life

00:25:01 --> 00:25:01

savings,

00:25:02 --> 00:25:04

and they've also the people that we've lost

00:25:04 --> 00:25:06

in Madinah are the people that were the

00:25:06 --> 00:25:06

breadwinner,

00:25:07 --> 00:25:09

the earner for the family. 70 heads of

00:25:09 --> 00:25:10

household have disappeared,

00:25:11 --> 00:25:14

and 70 families life savings have disappeared.

00:25:15 --> 00:25:17

In a city that's already struggling economically, you

00:25:17 --> 00:25:18

understand?

00:25:18 --> 00:25:20

So now what's happened in Madinah? Madinah is

00:25:20 --> 00:25:22

basically going through an economic bankruptcy.

00:25:23 --> 00:25:25

Okay. The economy is collapsing.

00:25:26 --> 00:25:28

We're in very very bad situation.

00:25:28 --> 00:25:31

And in that bad situation, prices are high,

00:25:32 --> 00:25:34

somebody comes and is trying to sell some

00:25:34 --> 00:25:36

goods that are not available, they're not they're

00:25:36 --> 00:25:37

not producing as much as they used to

00:25:37 --> 00:25:39

produce because they don't have as many workers

00:25:39 --> 00:25:39

anymore.

00:25:40 --> 00:25:42

You know, people are struggling. And so when

00:25:42 --> 00:25:44

a caravan like this comes and now the

00:25:44 --> 00:25:46

caravan came, and I told you 2 things

00:25:46 --> 00:25:47

with the caravan, they will bring and we

00:25:47 --> 00:25:49

will read what they what they brought.

00:25:49 --> 00:25:51

I'll read this next part so it'll explain

00:25:51 --> 00:25:51

itself.

00:25:56 --> 00:25:59

And He had what people needed of wheat

00:25:59 --> 00:26:02

and barley and basically essential grocery items.

00:26:03 --> 00:26:05

He's saying, he had they they came with

00:26:05 --> 00:26:08

essential grocery items. Why would people run towards

00:26:08 --> 00:26:11

essential grocery items unless those grocery items are

00:26:11 --> 00:26:12

not no longer easily available?

00:26:13 --> 00:26:14

You understand?

00:26:14 --> 00:26:16

So they're running towards the bread, the wheat,

00:26:17 --> 00:26:18

or the rice, or the barley, or whatever

00:26:18 --> 00:26:20

they can catch because that stuff is not

00:26:20 --> 00:26:21

easily available.

00:26:22 --> 00:26:24

And I also told you they brought with

00:26:24 --> 00:26:26

them, you know, singers and circus tricks and

00:26:26 --> 00:26:29

all that other stuff. When the situation is

00:26:29 --> 00:26:30

really bad in somebody's life,

00:26:31 --> 00:26:33

then it's a really an attractive thing to

00:26:33 --> 00:26:35

distract yourself from all the stresses in your

00:26:35 --> 00:26:36

life,

00:26:36 --> 00:26:38

and just get away from it all for

00:26:38 --> 00:26:39

a little bit.

00:26:39 --> 00:26:42

Right? Which is why alcohol is so addictive,

00:26:43 --> 00:26:45

Which is why drugs are so addictive.

00:26:45 --> 00:26:48

Which is why video games are so addictive.

00:26:48 --> 00:26:51

Which is why social media is so addictive.

00:26:51 --> 00:26:52

A lot of times people end up on

00:26:52 --> 00:26:55

social media for hours and hours because they're

00:26:55 --> 00:26:57

escaping a reality that they don't want to

00:26:57 --> 00:26:57

face.

00:26:58 --> 00:27:00

Right? They're they they can't deal with it.

00:27:00 --> 00:27:01

A lot of people end up at a

00:27:01 --> 00:27:03

bar drinking because they can't deal with what's

00:27:03 --> 00:27:05

going on at home, or what's going on

00:27:05 --> 00:27:07

with their life. They can't face that reality.

00:27:07 --> 00:27:10

So when the reality becomes difficult, then human

00:27:10 --> 00:27:12

beings want to find some comfort

00:27:13 --> 00:27:15

in, you know, and some kind of distraction.

00:27:15 --> 00:27:17

You know, if you're if you're going through

00:27:17 --> 00:27:19

a really depressed time, or you for example,

00:27:19 --> 00:27:21

you you were really working hard on some

00:27:21 --> 00:27:23

exam, and you failed your exam, you find

00:27:23 --> 00:27:26

yourself watching something all night,

00:27:26 --> 00:27:27

can't sleep,

00:27:27 --> 00:27:30

distracting yourself because when you're left alone to

00:27:30 --> 00:27:31

your thoughts you have to face the reality

00:27:31 --> 00:27:33

of your failure and it's too hard to

00:27:33 --> 00:27:34

face so you just let me just watch

00:27:34 --> 00:27:36

something let me watch something then you put

00:27:36 --> 00:27:38

your phone down you wanna sleep again, you're

00:27:38 --> 00:27:39

like, no, let me just watch something again,

00:27:39 --> 00:27:42

watch something again. This is lahu, isn't it?

00:27:42 --> 00:27:44

So it happens when people are in difficulty.

00:27:44 --> 00:27:45

So it's not just, oh, they saw some

00:27:45 --> 00:27:47

entertainment, they ran towards it. Put it in

00:27:47 --> 00:27:49

its context. They were going through a really

00:27:49 --> 00:27:51

tough time, and in those kinds of times,

00:27:51 --> 00:27:53

those kinds of things become all the more

00:27:53 --> 00:27:54

attractive.

00:27:54 --> 00:27:56

They become all the more entertaining. And, you

00:27:56 --> 00:27:58

know, I used to I used to work

00:27:58 --> 00:27:59

in a very

00:28:00 --> 00:28:01

weird neighborhood in New York when I was

00:28:01 --> 00:28:03

in high school in 17/36.

00:28:03 --> 00:28:05

It was in it was in Queens, New

00:28:05 --> 00:28:07

York. You might know Queens from Peter Parker

00:28:07 --> 00:28:10

in Spider Man, but Queens is a crazy

00:28:10 --> 00:28:11

place. Queens has

00:28:12 --> 00:28:15

neighborhoods that are entirely Greek. It has neighborhoods

00:28:15 --> 00:28:15

that are entirely,

00:28:16 --> 00:28:17

Puerto Rican,

00:28:17 --> 00:28:20

and neighborhoods that are entirely Dominican. Those are

00:28:20 --> 00:28:22

two different things. And in neighborhoods that are

00:28:22 --> 00:28:25

entirely Bangladeshi, neighborhoods that are entirely Indian, neighborhoods

00:28:25 --> 00:28:27

that are entire like and you walk into

00:28:27 --> 00:28:29

one of those neighborhoods, and you feel like

00:28:29 --> 00:28:30

you just walked into a different country.

00:28:31 --> 00:28:32

Each one of those neighborhoods is like that.

00:28:32 --> 00:28:35

There's entirely Jewish neighborhoods, there's Arab neighborhoods, Steinway

00:28:35 --> 00:28:37

Street is all the Arab neighborhood, all the

00:28:37 --> 00:28:38

signs are in Arabic, everybody talks to you

00:28:38 --> 00:28:40

in Arabic, you wanna go into a restaurant

00:28:40 --> 00:28:41

nobody's speaking in English,

00:28:41 --> 00:28:43

you could do you know, it's great and

00:28:43 --> 00:28:44

then you go to some other neighborhood everybody's

00:28:44 --> 00:28:45

talking in Spanish,

00:28:46 --> 00:28:48

you know, so I used to I used

00:28:48 --> 00:28:50

to because you know I don't come from

00:28:50 --> 00:28:52

like a wealthy family everybody in my family

00:28:52 --> 00:28:53

had a job so even in high school

00:28:53 --> 00:28:54

I had a job I used to work

00:28:54 --> 00:28:55

at a shoe store

00:28:56 --> 00:28:59

in, in Queens, in New York, in in

00:28:59 --> 00:29:01

the Puerto Rican neighborhood, in the Spanish neighborhood,

00:29:01 --> 00:29:03

right, where everybody spoke Spanish

00:29:03 --> 00:29:04

and

00:29:04 --> 00:29:06

I used because I was the guy they

00:29:06 --> 00:29:07

they look at the shoe and they say

00:29:09 --> 00:29:11

you have a size 9?

00:29:11 --> 00:29:13

Like, and I have to go run downstairs

00:29:13 --> 00:29:14

to the warehouse, find the size 9, come

00:29:14 --> 00:29:17

running back up. Right? So sometimes I I

00:29:17 --> 00:29:19

was pretty decent in Spanish, but then sometimes

00:29:19 --> 00:29:20

they just go.

00:29:22 --> 00:29:23

And I'm like,

00:29:24 --> 00:29:24

no.

00:29:28 --> 00:29:29

Like could could you please repeat that? I

00:29:29 --> 00:29:31

I didn't understand and they're

00:29:35 --> 00:29:37

They're like, you live in America, you don't

00:29:37 --> 00:29:38

speak Spanish, what's wrong with you?

00:29:45 --> 00:29:46

So But anyway,

00:29:47 --> 00:29:49

the reason I bring that up is because

00:29:49 --> 00:29:52

the neighborhood was very poor man. It was

00:29:52 --> 00:29:54

a poor people weren't doing well in those

00:29:54 --> 00:29:55

neighborhoods,

00:29:55 --> 00:29:56

right?

00:29:57 --> 00:29:59

But in those neighborhoods, they listen to bachata

00:30:00 --> 00:30:02

and merengue and hip hop all

00:30:02 --> 00:30:03

day,

00:30:03 --> 00:30:04

and they are like

00:30:05 --> 00:30:07

they'll buy a car, they'll buy like an

00:30:07 --> 00:30:08

old car,

00:30:08 --> 00:30:09

but they're gonna

00:30:10 --> 00:30:12

like shine it up

00:30:12 --> 00:30:15

and they're gonna put rims that cost more

00:30:15 --> 00:30:16

than their rent

00:30:16 --> 00:30:18

on each tire.

00:30:18 --> 00:30:20

And if they bought a Honda Civic or

00:30:20 --> 00:30:22

something, they'll put a giant sticker that says

00:30:22 --> 00:30:24

Civic on top. Everybody knows it's a Civic,

00:30:24 --> 00:30:26

bro. They're gonna put your name or something

00:30:26 --> 00:30:27

else but

00:30:28 --> 00:30:29

they'll put that and they'll drive extra slow.

00:30:30 --> 00:30:31

And they'll put the back in the 90s,

00:30:31 --> 00:30:32

they'll put the bumpy on the car like

00:30:34 --> 00:30:34

you know?

00:30:36 --> 00:30:38

Roll down the street

00:30:38 --> 00:30:39

and you look at that and why are

00:30:39 --> 00:30:40

they so

00:30:42 --> 00:30:44

obsessed with this? And then people would come,

00:30:44 --> 00:30:46

they make you know, those are minimum wage

00:30:46 --> 00:30:48

jobs. I had a minimum wage job, we

00:30:48 --> 00:30:50

know what we make. Barely make enough to

00:30:50 --> 00:30:51

pay the rent and stuff And the shoes

00:30:51 --> 00:30:53

they were selling were, like, back in the

00:30:53 --> 00:30:55

day, these were, like, high end, like, you

00:30:55 --> 00:30:56

know, Jordans

00:30:56 --> 00:30:59

and, like, you know, like expensive sneakers. Right?

00:30:59 --> 00:31:01

In a poor poor neighborhood. And people come

00:31:01 --> 00:31:04

and they literally buy they'll get paid on

00:31:04 --> 00:31:06

Friday, and on Saturday they're buying the most

00:31:06 --> 00:31:07

expensive sneakers.

00:31:07 --> 00:31:09

Right? They're blowing their entire

00:31:09 --> 00:31:10

paycheck

00:31:10 --> 00:31:13

on a pair of sneakers. Why though? Why?

00:31:13 --> 00:31:15

You're not gonna live in your sneakers.

00:31:16 --> 00:31:17

But you know

00:31:17 --> 00:31:20

what? The reality of poverty, the reality of

00:31:20 --> 00:31:22

living in a difficult life is so harsh

00:31:22 --> 00:31:25

that when I look at these expensive sneakers,

00:31:25 --> 00:31:28

I get to feel like I have something

00:31:28 --> 00:31:28

of value

00:31:29 --> 00:31:30

I have value

00:31:30 --> 00:31:32

because everything around my life has

00:31:33 --> 00:31:35

no value. I can't afford a nice place,

00:31:35 --> 00:31:38

I can't afford, you know, a decent apartment,

00:31:38 --> 00:31:39

I have to live with 8 of my

00:31:39 --> 00:31:41

cousins or whatever, but my car, the rims

00:31:41 --> 00:31:43

it got man, it's like you live out

00:31:43 --> 00:31:44

of your car.

00:31:44 --> 00:31:46

It becomes an extension of yourselves. And by

00:31:46 --> 00:31:47

the way, even if you get really nice

00:31:47 --> 00:31:49

rims, you can't look at them. You're driving.

00:31:51 --> 00:31:53

It's for other people to look at.

00:31:53 --> 00:31:55

So the perception of me will be I'm

00:31:55 --> 00:31:56

doing well

00:31:56 --> 00:31:58

or I have some kind of status or

00:31:58 --> 00:32:00

position or prestige. And this is an abhorrent.

00:32:01 --> 00:32:03

By the way, people in in higher society,

00:32:03 --> 00:32:05

they have their own problems,

00:32:05 --> 00:32:07

right? They have their own way of showing

00:32:07 --> 00:32:09

prestige and distracting themselves from what's really going

00:32:09 --> 00:32:11

on in their life, right? So people will

00:32:11 --> 00:32:13

say, oh, I have, I'm going through a

00:32:13 --> 00:32:15

lot of depression, I need to go shopping,

00:32:16 --> 00:32:18

right? Life is really hard I need I

00:32:18 --> 00:32:19

need a new Chanel bag

00:32:20 --> 00:32:20

right? So

00:32:21 --> 00:32:23

they'll do that because this is also this

00:32:23 --> 00:32:24

is also

00:32:25 --> 00:32:26

a distraction anyway

00:32:26 --> 00:32:28

so and then let so the the the

00:32:28 --> 00:32:30

people needed these essentials

00:32:33 --> 00:32:34

and he would do the duffle like the

00:32:34 --> 00:32:35

drumbeat

00:32:35 --> 00:32:37

and the you know the hand drums and

00:32:37 --> 00:32:37

stuff

00:32:38 --> 00:32:39

the so that people would know that he's

00:32:39 --> 00:32:40

arrived.

00:32:41 --> 00:32:43

Fannazalah and by the way I did read

00:32:43 --> 00:32:44

that part Fannazalah and the Ahjazalah and the

00:32:44 --> 00:32:46

Ahjazal Zayd This is a location in Madinah

00:32:46 --> 00:32:48

where the market used to be held that's

00:32:48 --> 00:32:49

called Ahjazal Zayd So

00:32:52 --> 00:32:54

people left except 12,

00:32:55 --> 00:32:57

and they they were in the Khutbatul Jum'ah

00:32:59 --> 00:33:01

so they broke away from it and they

00:33:01 --> 00:33:02

went towards it.

00:33:05 --> 00:33:07

So another narration now

00:33:07 --> 00:33:09

mentioned in Adarul Kutni

00:33:14 --> 00:33:15

At the time the Prophet was giving us

00:33:15 --> 00:33:17

a khuba on the day of Friday,

00:33:18 --> 00:33:19

when the

00:33:20 --> 00:33:20

caravan

00:33:21 --> 00:33:22

all all of a sudden the caravan showed

00:33:22 --> 00:33:23

up

00:33:26 --> 00:33:27

It was carrying food

00:33:28 --> 00:33:30

and it just it landed at Baqir

00:33:31 --> 00:33:32

in another location.

00:33:33 --> 00:33:35

So it seems from the narration one time

00:33:35 --> 00:33:38

it comes to Akhjaz's Zayd, another time it

00:33:38 --> 00:33:39

comes to a location called and Baqir and

00:33:39 --> 00:33:42

Nip will be called Baqir also. Right, and

00:33:42 --> 00:33:44

so that it sets up in different places.

00:33:44 --> 00:33:47

From this and other evidences, people derive that

00:33:47 --> 00:33:48

this happened multiple times.

00:33:49 --> 00:33:51

On multiple Fridays the the you know the

00:33:51 --> 00:33:53

the bazaar came and set up. Okay.

00:34:00 --> 00:34:01

This is important.

00:34:01 --> 00:34:03

So Abu Dawud in his

00:34:03 --> 00:34:05

means narrations that are

00:34:06 --> 00:34:08

means there's some break in the chain. So

00:34:08 --> 00:34:10

it's not coming directly a, narrated to b,

00:34:10 --> 00:34:12

narrated to c. There's some break in the

00:34:12 --> 00:34:14

chain. Okay? But regardless, this narration seems to

00:34:14 --> 00:34:16

be a really good explanation of what happened,

00:34:16 --> 00:34:18

so he's mentioning it despite that.

00:34:18 --> 00:34:21

He says, why would they allow themselves to

00:34:21 --> 00:34:22

leave

00:34:22 --> 00:34:23

listening to the Khutba

00:34:24 --> 00:34:25

because of that?

00:34:28 --> 00:34:30

And everybody knows that the Sahaba and the

00:34:30 --> 00:34:32

status that they have, it seems

00:34:33 --> 00:34:34

that given the way they are, and the

00:34:34 --> 00:34:36

character, and the morals, and the manners that

00:34:36 --> 00:34:38

they have, they wouldn't have done that. So

00:34:38 --> 00:34:39

why would they do that?

00:34:41 --> 00:34:43

So he's gonna explain that through a narration,

00:34:43 --> 00:34:43

okay.

00:34:53 --> 00:34:54

So this is these were the names but

00:34:54 --> 00:34:55

anyway,

00:35:00 --> 00:35:01

This is pretty cool.

00:35:02 --> 00:35:04

In the beginning when when Jum'ah first came,

00:35:05 --> 00:35:06

the Prophet

00:35:06 --> 00:35:08

used to pray 2 rakah and then give

00:35:08 --> 00:35:10

the khutbah just like we do in Eid.

00:35:11 --> 00:35:12

Before

00:35:13 --> 00:35:13

the

00:35:14 --> 00:35:15

2 rakah used to be first and the

00:35:15 --> 00:35:18

khutbah used to be second. Okay?

00:35:18 --> 00:35:19

Then

00:35:22 --> 00:35:23

and just like it was there was the

00:35:23 --> 00:35:25

day of Friday and the prophet was giving

00:35:25 --> 00:35:26

the Khutba

00:35:27 --> 00:35:29

and he had already led the Jumu'ah

00:35:30 --> 00:35:31

prayer. The prayer was already done and now

00:35:31 --> 00:35:33

he was giving the speech. Okay.

00:35:38 --> 00:35:40

So a person walked in when he started

00:35:40 --> 00:35:41

his speech and said, By the way,

00:35:42 --> 00:35:44

Dhahya is here. He brought a caravan.

00:35:45 --> 00:35:46

The caravan is here guys.

00:35:46 --> 00:35:48

Somebody walked in and just kind of announced

00:35:52 --> 00:35:55

it. And when Dhihya came, his people came

00:35:55 --> 00:35:56

with doves and drums

00:35:57 --> 00:35:58

people left

00:35:59 --> 00:35:59

People

00:36:00 --> 00:36:00

left

00:36:01 --> 00:36:01

because

00:36:02 --> 00:36:04

they didn't think that leaving the speech of

00:36:04 --> 00:36:05

the Prophet

00:36:06 --> 00:36:08

has any harm on the prayer.

00:36:08 --> 00:36:09

So the Prophet is giving a talk, but

00:36:09 --> 00:36:11

it's not mandatory attendance.

00:36:12 --> 00:36:13

It's just, you know, like if you're sitting

00:36:13 --> 00:36:15

listening to a lecture, you got a phone

00:36:15 --> 00:36:17

call and you walked out. I wouldn't be

00:36:17 --> 00:36:19

like, hey, where are you going? What lecture

00:36:19 --> 00:36:21

is going on over here? Because it's not

00:36:21 --> 00:36:23

part of the thing. Right? So they didn't

00:36:23 --> 00:36:25

think it was part of the prayer which

00:36:25 --> 00:36:26

is why they walked away.

00:36:27 --> 00:36:28

Okay. So

00:36:33 --> 00:36:36

then Allah revealed this meaning Allah could have

00:36:36 --> 00:36:37

revealed beforehand

00:36:38 --> 00:36:40

don't leave the Khuba. He allowed this to

00:36:40 --> 00:36:42

happen and then he revealed it because he

00:36:42 --> 00:36:45

wanted the Sahaba to experience this this incident

00:36:46 --> 00:36:47

where so many of them thought it's harmless,

00:36:47 --> 00:36:49

yeah we'll just go get some things for

00:36:49 --> 00:36:50

our family no problem

00:36:54 --> 00:36:56

and after this ayah came the Prophet

00:36:56 --> 00:36:58

decided that he's going to give the Khuda

00:36:58 --> 00:36:58

first

00:36:59 --> 00:37:01

and then lead the Jum'ah prayer.

00:37:02 --> 00:37:04

So the switch happened after the coming of

00:37:04 --> 00:37:05

this ayah. Okay.

00:37:07 --> 00:37:08

And he delayed the prayer.

00:37:10 --> 00:37:11

Now what happens after this ayah came?

00:37:12 --> 00:37:13

So the next Friday, and the Friday after

00:37:13 --> 00:37:15

that, and the Friday after that.

00:37:15 --> 00:37:17

And then after that no one would leave.

00:37:17 --> 00:37:18

If

00:37:19 --> 00:37:20

their nose started bleeding.

00:37:21 --> 00:37:24

Or anything that happened. Somebody's nose started bleeding

00:37:24 --> 00:37:25

and they're still,

00:37:25 --> 00:37:26

I'm not moving.

00:37:26 --> 00:37:29

Allah gave the aya, they walked away. I

00:37:29 --> 00:37:30

ain't walking away.

00:37:30 --> 00:37:31

Okay.

00:37:31 --> 00:37:33

Oh no matter what happened,

00:37:34 --> 00:37:35

after this prohibition

00:37:37 --> 00:37:39

until they would ask the Prophet permission.

00:37:39 --> 00:37:41

How are they gonna ask permission? They would

00:37:41 --> 00:37:42

have to interrupt the Khuba.

00:37:43 --> 00:37:43

So he says

00:37:48 --> 00:37:50

meaning the finger that is next to the

00:37:50 --> 00:37:52

thumb meaning your index finger somebody who had

00:37:52 --> 00:37:54

to leave would be like

00:37:54 --> 00:37:55

like that to the Prophet

00:37:56 --> 00:37:57

which means you know, inshallah my nose is

00:37:57 --> 00:37:58

bleeding,

00:37:59 --> 00:37:59

I think

00:38:00 --> 00:38:01

I think I need to go

00:38:02 --> 00:38:03

you know, or I think I broke my

00:38:03 --> 00:38:05

pinky or something.

00:38:05 --> 00:38:07

They raise their hand and they just raise

00:38:07 --> 00:38:09

their finger like this and the Prophet

00:38:09 --> 00:38:11

would say would do

00:38:13 --> 00:38:14

and the Prophet would

00:38:16 --> 00:38:18

just indicate with his hand and he can

00:38:18 --> 00:38:20

go and that became the adab of the

00:38:20 --> 00:38:20

Khutba

00:38:21 --> 00:38:22

like if you were gonna get up and

00:38:22 --> 00:38:24

go you can't just walk away you would

00:38:24 --> 00:38:24

just

00:38:25 --> 00:38:26

like indicate to the Prophet quietly and the

00:38:26 --> 00:38:28

Prophet would give you just a gesture by

00:38:28 --> 00:38:30

your hand. It's okay. And then you could

00:38:30 --> 00:38:34

walk out. Right? So, like, immediately

00:38:34 --> 00:38:37

how it how it transformed the culture of

00:38:37 --> 00:38:37

the sahaba

00:38:38 --> 00:38:40

and their their collective culture.

00:38:40 --> 00:38:43

They became just this these people of adab.

00:38:46 --> 00:38:49

So among the hypocrites there were those for

00:38:49 --> 00:38:51

whom the Khutba was really hard to listen

00:38:51 --> 00:38:52

to, like they didn't want to hear the

00:38:52 --> 00:38:53

Khutba, the hypocrites.

00:38:54 --> 00:38:56

Well, Julu Surfin Masjid, then sitting in the

00:38:56 --> 00:38:56

Masjid.

00:38:58 --> 00:39:00

I gotta sit here and this be over

00:39:00 --> 00:39:02

already? You know

00:39:03 --> 00:39:04

by the way the Khuddas of the Prophet

00:39:05 --> 00:39:07

were whatever we have, whatever records we have

00:39:07 --> 00:39:09

of any Khuddas he's given those of you

00:39:09 --> 00:39:11

that are interested in Arabic there's a book

00:39:11 --> 00:39:12

called Khutubur Rasool

00:39:13 --> 00:39:15

it's a nice collection of whatever Khutbas we

00:39:15 --> 00:39:17

do have, not all of them are Khutbatul

00:39:17 --> 00:39:19

Jum'ara some of them are just public speeches

00:39:19 --> 00:39:21

but if you actually take a survey of

00:39:21 --> 00:39:23

them they don't last more than 2 to

00:39:23 --> 00:39:24

3 minutes.

00:39:25 --> 00:39:26

They're not long speeches

00:39:26 --> 00:39:27

at all.

00:39:28 --> 00:39:31

They're just very short speeches, Unless the records

00:39:31 --> 00:39:32

are just on the summary of what he

00:39:32 --> 00:39:33

spoke,

00:39:33 --> 00:39:35

it could be the case too, because the

00:39:35 --> 00:39:37

narrations aren't a transcript of his speech.

00:39:38 --> 00:39:40

Somebody's remembering the key points of his speech.

00:39:40 --> 00:39:41

It could be like that too. Right? So,

00:39:41 --> 00:39:43

but they don't seem like they're very long

00:39:43 --> 00:39:44

speeches at all. Anyway,

00:39:45 --> 00:39:47

Waqana is a is a stat that Ar

00:39:47 --> 00:39:49

Raulun Milam Muslimin So when

00:39:50 --> 00:39:51

one of the Muslims would just kind of

00:39:51 --> 00:39:52

raise their finger for what purpose?

00:39:53 --> 00:39:54

To get permission?

00:39:56 --> 00:39:58

The hypocrite would stand right next to him.

00:40:00 --> 00:40:01

And then

00:40:03 --> 00:40:04

and he would kind of walk right next

00:40:04 --> 00:40:06

to him hiding himself with him until he

00:40:06 --> 00:40:07

could get out too.

00:40:08 --> 00:40:10

Sounds like those kids in school

00:40:11 --> 00:40:13

that like kind of duck and they leave

00:40:13 --> 00:40:14

with the other kid.

00:40:21 --> 00:40:21

Allah

00:40:22 --> 00:40:24

revealed also Allah knows the people that slip

00:40:24 --> 00:40:25

out behind an excuse.

00:40:26 --> 00:40:28

Allah knows those people too

00:40:28 --> 00:40:30

right so that's mentioned in Surah

00:40:36 --> 00:40:39

As Suhaili said even though this narration is

00:40:39 --> 00:40:39

Mursal

00:40:41 --> 00:40:43

it makes it he feels compelled to believe

00:40:43 --> 00:40:45

it because it retains the integrity of the

00:40:45 --> 00:40:46

Sahaba

00:40:46 --> 00:40:48

radiAllahu anhu wa bihi

00:40:51 --> 00:40:54

Okay. Says it has reached us they did

00:40:54 --> 00:40:55

this 3 different times

00:41:01 --> 00:41:03

Every time it would come from Syria. Ah

00:41:03 --> 00:41:04

those Syrians

00:41:04 --> 00:41:07

and then it would every time it would

00:41:07 --> 00:41:09

be right at the time of Friday prayer.

00:41:17 --> 00:41:19

And now it's as if Allah is saying

00:41:19 --> 00:41:20

because He said

00:41:20 --> 00:41:21

trade and distraction,

00:41:22 --> 00:41:25

trade or distraction. Those are 2 separate things,

00:41:25 --> 00:41:27

but one way to interpret it is as

00:41:27 --> 00:41:29

if them looking at that trade opportunity and

00:41:29 --> 00:41:31

going to it amounts to nothing more than

00:41:31 --> 00:41:32

distraction

00:41:32 --> 00:41:34

compared to what they were leaving.

00:41:34 --> 00:41:35

So actually

00:41:35 --> 00:41:38

an alternative term for trade was used as

00:41:38 --> 00:41:38

distraction.

00:41:43 --> 00:41:45

Had it been at any other time there

00:41:45 --> 00:41:46

would have been no sin in doing so

00:41:53 --> 00:41:55

The fact that you are walking away from

00:41:55 --> 00:41:57

the Prophet makes this a big deal.

00:41:58 --> 00:41:59

This this is why it became a big

00:41:59 --> 00:42:01

deal and that's why the ayah was revealed.

00:42:02 --> 00:42:03

Okay. Now,

00:42:04 --> 00:42:06

this is just a little bit of a

00:42:06 --> 00:42:08

poem, very famous among Arabs. I'll read it

00:42:08 --> 00:42:10

to you. So the word mal, anyone know

00:42:10 --> 00:42:11

what mal means?

00:42:12 --> 00:42:15

Mal means money but malah the verb means

00:42:15 --> 00:42:16

to incline

00:42:17 --> 00:42:18

to incline. So it's a play on words.

00:42:26 --> 00:42:28

So you hear Malmala over and over? It's

00:42:28 --> 00:42:31

using both meanings. It says I see people

00:42:32 --> 00:42:34

inclined towards someone who has money

00:42:35 --> 00:42:38

and whoever doesn't have money people don't move

00:42:38 --> 00:42:40

towards him they move away from him.

00:42:43 --> 00:42:46

In Arabic means to go, but Dhab also

00:42:46 --> 00:42:47

means gold.

00:42:48 --> 00:42:50

Means gold. So,

00:42:50 --> 00:42:51

so why does

00:42:52 --> 00:42:54

and have the same spelling? It's actually because

00:42:54 --> 00:42:56

the Arab philosophy is gold doesn't stay with

00:42:56 --> 00:42:57

you

00:42:58 --> 00:43:00

It go somebody gonna kill you, or you're

00:43:00 --> 00:43:02

gonna die, and somebody else gonna take it,

00:43:02 --> 00:43:04

you can't keep it. It's gonna go.

00:43:05 --> 00:43:05

Interestingly,

00:43:06 --> 00:43:09

Fabbah in Arabic, Fabbah means to break apart

00:43:09 --> 00:43:10

and leave.

00:43:10 --> 00:43:11

Fabbah,

00:43:11 --> 00:43:12

and fibba

00:43:13 --> 00:43:14

is silver.

00:43:14 --> 00:43:17

Similar idea you can have the silver but

00:43:17 --> 00:43:17

it's gonna

00:43:18 --> 00:43:19

break apart and leave. You're not gonna keep

00:43:19 --> 00:43:22

the wealth it's gonna go okay so Fabbba

00:43:22 --> 00:43:24

and Fibba, Zahaba and Zahab right?

00:43:25 --> 00:43:27

I saw people they go

00:43:29 --> 00:43:31

they go towards someone who has gold.

00:43:31 --> 00:43:33

They do to someone who has

00:43:39 --> 00:43:41

and whoever doesn't have Dhab well people Dhab

00:43:41 --> 00:43:42

from him.

00:43:47 --> 00:43:48

I see that people

00:43:48 --> 00:43:50

break off and run

00:43:52 --> 00:43:54

they go towards someone who has silver

00:43:56 --> 00:43:58

and someone who doesn't have Fiddha

00:43:59 --> 00:44:01

and people then break away from him you

00:44:01 --> 00:44:03

don't have many people break away from you

00:44:03 --> 00:44:05

it's like you know some of you guys

00:44:05 --> 00:44:08

you live in you know Europe and then

00:44:08 --> 00:44:10

you go back home for vacation or a

00:44:10 --> 00:44:11

wedding

00:44:11 --> 00:44:12

or aqiqa

00:44:13 --> 00:44:14

or your mom's forcing you to marry someone,

00:44:14 --> 00:44:15

whatever

00:44:15 --> 00:44:17

whatever your situation is.

00:44:18 --> 00:44:19

For when you go back,

00:44:20 --> 00:44:22

everybody looks at you like you just came

00:44:23 --> 00:44:24

from you just you were you had climbed

00:44:24 --> 00:44:26

up one of the trees of Jannah, and

00:44:26 --> 00:44:28

you came and you probably have some leaves

00:44:28 --> 00:44:29

of Jannah in your pocket.

00:44:30 --> 00:44:32

So they come to you like so you

00:44:32 --> 00:44:33

got a lot of money, right?

00:44:34 --> 00:44:35

They're always like

00:44:36 --> 00:44:38

let's hang out with him or they're gonna

00:44:38 --> 00:44:40

take us to the expensive restaurant. I wonder

00:44:40 --> 00:44:42

what and when you're unpacking your suitcase to

00:44:42 --> 00:44:43

take out your smelly clothes,

00:44:44 --> 00:44:45

they think that you have a treasure chest

00:44:45 --> 00:44:47

of giveaways for the village.

00:44:49 --> 00:44:51

So they come towards you because you come

00:44:51 --> 00:44:53

from the land of Zahab and Finba,

00:44:54 --> 00:44:54

right?

00:44:55 --> 00:44:57

And then if you decide you're gonna move

00:44:57 --> 00:44:59

back and you're not, you know, you're not

00:44:59 --> 00:45:02

gonna live in Germany or Canada or Australia

00:45:02 --> 00:45:04

or the US. You're just then people are

00:45:04 --> 00:45:04

like,

00:45:05 --> 00:45:06

nah. I'm gonna I'm gonna zahab from you

00:45:06 --> 00:45:08

because you're no longer zahab, bro.

00:45:09 --> 00:45:11

Then your zahab days are over.

00:45:11 --> 00:45:12

The golden days are gone.

00:45:14 --> 00:45:15

Right? So anyway,

00:45:16 --> 00:45:18

the but the idea is that, you know,

00:45:19 --> 00:45:21

trade and money is in fact attractive. Now

00:45:21 --> 00:45:22

let's get to the actual the heart of

00:45:22 --> 00:45:24

the matter. I've read the the narration to

00:45:24 --> 00:45:26

you, but the main lessons I wanna discuss

00:45:26 --> 00:45:28

with you in regards to this ayah.

00:45:29 --> 00:45:33

Assalamu alaikum everyone. There are almost 50,000 students

00:45:33 --> 00:45:35

around the world that are interested on top

00:45:35 --> 00:45:36

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00:45:36 --> 00:45:39

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00:45:40 --> 00:45:42

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of the Quran and the beauty of it

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