Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
In this talk Ustadh Nouman explains how the state of believers in janna is contrasted with the fate of those who spread injustice and deny Allah’s message. When they die, their good souls will join the most exalted angels, who will show them their good deeds, guaranteeing that they will enjoy Allah’s endless gifts in janna after resurrection. Allah describes how on that day, they will look down and laugh at those who mocked them in this life, satisfied to know that justice has been served.
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
wilhemina shaytani r rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim ye lil Mota Fifi Allah de dr Lu eilon si esto foon what either occurred who whom was on whom you know
soon, Leo min Avi yo maya Kumu Sunni Arab bill oil me. Rubbish everywhere silly Emily Wagner, Dr. Melissa Neff, Coco Lee hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam, O Allah Ashraf al anbiya even mousseline le he was a huge marine from Ahmedabad once again everyone salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. Today, our intention is to try to complete a study of Surah Al moto 15. This is in sequence of the Muslims surah number 83 of the Quran, one of the relatively longer sutras among the sutras and just ama, this surah is actually uniquely situated also there are three suitors that are very similar in their style. So you've got the Shem sukhumvit, it has some alpha turret, and it is
about one shot cut. And if that's a mountain shot is the one after this one. So two solos that are very similar. And then a fourth one that's also similar to them is coming after and in between those three is this this is similar to situated and in shallow tarla. When we get to the next slide, we'll kind of see the benefit of that sequence as well. But I want to start with a big a small discussion about when the surah was revealed. There's actually quite a bit of debate even among the Sahaba and disagreement about when the surah has been revealed. Some say that when the prophet SAW Selim came to Medina like a CLT comments on this and says, when the Prophet Alayhi Salaam arrived in Medina
ganhou Minh aspersa nasci, Kayla and forenza Lola whaler, Lil moto Fifi that the the the people of Medina were some of the worst when it came to cheating people in business practices. And that's what's talking what's the surah is talking about in the very beginning is talking about criticizing people who cheat in business practices right so the he says it's, it's at that time that the sudo was revealed, shall Will you let the hell be Rahim Allah and some other Allah might have commented, I don't want to get too academic with you guys. But you should know some of these things. Sometimes you read in it I've seen this was happening. And then Allah revealed so and so. Such and such Sula
for unzila often so let's, then this surah came down. That actually doesn't always mean that is when the solar came down. It actually sometimes this paraphrasing for this situation happened and these ions apply to that situation. In other words, it may be that the IRS had come way before but they also applied or they felt like they were they came just for this occasion. So the language is a little bit more flexible when the some of these narrations are found among the Sahaba which is why about this surah you'll find two almost conflicting views of ignore Abbas or the Allahu taala in Houma. On the one hand, he says it's the last sutra revealed in Makkah. On the other hand, he also
says this, the first oil revealed in Medina. And then in another narration, you find a similar statement by him, where he's saying part of this was only a small part of this was revealed in Medina. So there's a bit of a debate about whether this is Mecca, or Medina and but by and large, even Hassan will be allowed on who, and others Hold on a second. So regardless, I will personally share with you what I find more convincing, because this surah is going to talk about bad business practices. And that's actually one of the core concepts inside of this surah that's where the surah begins, we'll talk about that in some detail. I am more inclined to think this is talking about mcca
because they were the center of trade. And Medina was more of a, you know, a farming society. And some of the worst practices of the mccanns were also alluded to, in the ayat of the Quran the deal with the people of Sri Salaam, because everybody sometimes people were, you know, they were they were scamming people with their businesses, and lots of hustle NASA ashia home and that kind of discourse occurs, you know, in quite some detail in mechanical on So in any case, that's a little bit about its its subject matter or its time of Revelation. But now we get to the heart of the matter. Let's get right into the soul itself a lot. So Joe says Waylon, Lil moto 15, the word whale
in Arabic is very hard to translate. I will tell you that it's actually originally not one word. It was originally two words way, luck. The way by itself is a word. So they had they have variations of it way, ways. Week wave. They have multiple variations of it, but the wave heart is always there. And it's used for shinda to hosen while hubbub it's used when somebody is extremely upset when somebody is extremely angry. When they're even cursing at someone, they will use way luck for them. Or if they're really messed up themselves, and they've got they're in a horrible situation. They'll say, yeah, Wally, they'll say it for themselves. So the word has many implications and it used to be
way laka meaning curse you may the worst thing happened to you and they would also use this for
I wish that kind of thing happens to you, I wish you get hit with sadness, that you know that you couldn't feel any more sadness, it couldn't be any worse for you. It's like the really terrible thing to say to somebody. And the Quran then uses it. Like the Arabs, they combine the lamb and made it into one word, it's over time when you use a word over and over again, like when you study English etymology, sometimes there were words that used to be two words, and then they became one word, right? So over time, so that's how the word whale comes about. And that's why it's then when is actually in a sense, artificial, it's actually it was used to be a harder for now became an ism.
So it's called an ism mustard. Now, just to recap, when the pseudo begins this way, Waylon, this is actually a really powerful thing, because in the Arabic language, when you start a sentence, the standard is to begin with an al al wayuu. Little motif, even when you say where you learn, it does a few things. One, it creates that wheel, it creates shock. It, it also creates mystery, there's some kind of terrible thing that's waiting for morphine, almost as though you don't know what that is. But at least you now know it's terrible. And as the surah continues, that mystery will be solved. But the most important part of saying, Waylon, and then anything after that is that it becomes
Callum in Shari. And what that means in Simple English is, there are two kinds of sentences. There's a sentence in which you say a statement of fact, when you're just saying, the weather is hot today, full stop. That's a statement of fact. But when you say well,
what do you say stop. And when you use language like that, you're not just saying a statement of fact you're expressing an emotion. When you start a sentence with the Nikita like this way you learn limit of 15 this is actually Colombian charity, meaning there's an exclamation mark at the end. Quran doesn't have punctuation marks. Its language has punctuation marks, the way Allah expresses himself as punctuation marks. This is an angry Ayah from Allah azza wa jal captured in the fact that it begins with Waylon now, when I get that you know that one day you're going to be reading Waylon liquidly houmous at a lomasa you're going to be reading Waylon yoma is a little Mackenzie bean.
It'll give you a kind of a sense of how Ally's speaking and how a sutra can begin with such rage. Which is yet another reason I feel that this cannot be a Madani Surah At least the beginning part of it can't be a motherly surah because the people of Medina haven't been given extended warnings. And all of a sudden, the first thing they hear is a an extreme anger from Allah azza wa jal. No, Allah azzawajal is the way he gives revelation, his Sunnah, especially Iran, whenever he gives good news he gives he invites softly and then eventually he gives the warning, right, so but these people, the ones that we're dealing with in Makkah, have been given exhaustive warning. So I would be inclined
to think that this kind of a statement is coming way at the end of the McCain era Allahu taala on them. In any case, now wait a little Mackenzie been a little tough even, let's deal with the word buff. Ah, this is a very interesting word of the Arabic language. To make the long story short, there's lots of things that can be said about it. But two main ideas, they would you know, if you pour a bottle, like if you're if somebody asked for juice or something, and you're pouring, or you're filling up a bottle, like it's even better example, you filling up a bottle with a faucet, right, and you're waiting till it's goes to the top. And if it gets to the top, and the part that
steps spills over a little bit before you stop the faucet, that's actually called the fluff. Or when somebody is filling a bag of rice, and they're filling it and filling in and filling in and filling it and then some of it spills over. That's the fluff. Now the word motive means to take a little extra on the top to have some extra or to remove some extra from the top just a little bit. And the idea of that fee because it buffer for the fact Allah forum for the Arabic students here, when you say things like ashara in the Arabic language, or Casa or karada, these are words in which you don't enhance what you also decrease. In other words, stuff could mean to take a little extra or to give a
little extra is one of those two things, okay to give a little extra to take a little extra. Now, how does this work? It actually is, if I if I were to imagine an ancient store or ancient, you know, grocer who sells flour who sells rice, and somebody gives him a bag filled this rice for me, and he's gonna charge by the bag, right. So when the back fills up, he has this kind of, you know, nice looking thing. It's flat, and he scrapes it off the top, so you can close it. Right. And now this knife thing, imagine if it's a little dipped. So when he scrapes it off the top, he doesn't just take cut a straight line, he kind of takes some from the inside to just a little extra. So he was
gonna give 100% but now he's giving 99% he's saving himself his merchandise a little 1% point 5% a little bit. The idea is you take from your customer, just so little that they don't realize you stole
they don't realize it. That's the thief and then on
The flip side if you're if you are the customer, you are haggling and haggling. Okay, fine. I know I just bought this from you, I just went and bought a pizza but the pizza was a little cold throw me an extra slice, I want one for free. I want I want to talk to the manager I want I want something more than what I paid for. I just want something more. I'm the annoying customer that always wants more than what I paid for this is that feed from the consumers point of view. So there's two kinds of multifeed and one of them is okay, you're haggling and you're trying to get the most you can and you want to get every pennies worth fine