Ramadan 2016 – Surat al-Baqarah – Day 12

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Nouman Ali Khan

Channel: Nouman Ali Khan

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Topics: Ramadan

Episode Notes

Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan delves into an explicit lecture dealing with the most well-known story in history which is that of Adam AS – the story of the apple. This is to educate us amply well before delving into the further Ayats of Surah Al Baqarah.

Islam provides us with the astonishing details of the creation of Adam AS. Both Christian and Jewish traditions are remarkably similar yet importantly different from the Quran. Why is this ancient tale important, and what does the Quranic story of Adam and Eve say about humankind?

Satan did not say to Adam and Eve “go eat from that tree” nor did he tell them to disobey God. He whispered into their hearts and planted thoughts and desires. Their minds became filled with thoughts of the tree, and one day they decided to eat from it.  Adam and Eve behaved as all human beings do; they became preoccupied with their own thoughts and the whisperings of Satan and they forgot the warning from Allah SWT. It is at this point that the Jewish and Christian traditions differ greatly from Islam.  At no point do the words of Allah SWT in the Quran, or the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ indicate that Satan came to Adam and Eve in the form of a snake or serpent.

According to the Quran, despite their momentary weakness, both Adam and Eve sincerely repent, and Allah SWT lovingly forgives them providing them words of comfort. Eating the fruit of the tree was a mistake committed by both Adam and Eve. The descendants of Adam AS are not being punished for the sins of their original parents.  

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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reflection and the beauty of the Quran is when you study a single ayah and you ponder over a single ayah. And you look at our incredible tradition of so many scholars that poured over every single ayah, you could literally do a PhD thesis on one ayah, you could, even if you just collected what's been said and didn't do any thinking of your own, you just copied what's been said before you Those would be 1000s of pages on one, right. But that doesn't take away from the fact that we're in fact reading a book. And in a book, there's continuity, right. And when you focus on one thing, and you talk exhaustively about one thing, that one idea or that one statement, it kind of like it becomes a

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chapter. And when you're in a chapter, you lose sight of the fact that there was something before it, and there's something after it. And there's a kind of continuity. To make this easier to understand this challenge. You can think of it like if you're, you know, if you're in a helicopter, or you're on top of forget helicopter, you're on top of a mountain, and you see a field of flowers of all different color flowers, you see the entire picture, it's a beautiful scene, right, and you're a good photographer, you take a picture of this the scene, right? Then you go descend into the valley, and you kind of focus your camera in on like a single flower. And the actually the very

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center of the flower and a petal from within that flower. And you take a color of How marvelous the texture and the color is of that now both of these things have their own beauty, right. But in one picture, you kind of see the beauty of the entire landscape. And then another you you're zooming in on the beauty of this one little piece, but they both have not only an advantage, but also a disadvantage. On the one hand, when you focus in on one thing, what happens you lose sight of the whole thing you don't realize where you are, you know, that becomes a world by itself. And if you look at the whole thing, you do get a big picture, but you lose sight of the beautiful, small

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details. So the study of the Quran is actually a challenge in many ways, because on the one hand, we want to focus on every little detail, right? Everything okay?

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Okay, so you want to focus on every little detail. But at the same time, there's a beauty in the landscape. There's a beauty in, you know, how the Kalam how the speech of allies flowing. So I want to start today in Sharla. With just a little bit of an overview and something I didn't highlight before of where we are, we are now entering and I started it yesterday without formally announcing it. We entered into the story of creation, we entered into the story of Adam alayhis salaam, and the story of, you know, the how Lazarus made the announcement to you to the angels, that he's going to put someone on the earth. And he found the earth we got into that discussion. But what led us to

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that discussion, you had the first passage about believers, I think everybody here remembers that I emphasize that quite a bit. The second passage was about disbelievers. And along with the hypocrites, that was our second discussion, it was a much longer discussion. And I even showed you a screen of how symmetrical that conversation was. The third conversation was actually a call to all of humanity, beginning with Uranus or Pluto. This is number 21 onwards, the story of atomizer design number 30. So what's happening from 21 to 30? there's a there's a proclamation made to all of humanity that they should worship their master. And why should they? And what was the call that

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Allah made, you should be a bit of a law you should become enslaved and worship Allah willingly, because he's the one who made you and made the ones who came much before you, right? And then he said another thing In addition, he said, He's the same one who made the earth as a bedding for you. And Lizzie janela, coming out of the fashion was summer and he put the sky above us as a canopy and he put it up above you as a construct, right?

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Then he said water from the sky, all of that that was in the beginning. You'll notice at the end of this passage, it's exactly those concepts that are repeated. First Allah says, How could you disbelieve you used to be dead? You remember that? And he brought you to life and but the question was, how could you disbelieve? So the passage began worship Allah and it ends. How could you disbelieve? The passage began, Allah said, worship, the one who made you and the ones who the end, and he made the ones who came much before you. And then at the end, he says, look, all of you were dead. And he brought all of you back to life. It's actually the same subject repeating itself. And

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then in the beginning, he said he made the earth and then he said he made the sky as a roof over you. And by the end, he says, well, are the Haleakala Kumasi are the German, so my semester is summer, so who knows about summer what will be collisionally so where that passage began, is actually where it's also ending. It's reviewing everything. And it by the way, started with the story of human beings being created. And it ends with the story of human beings being created. It starts with the skies in the earth, and it ends with the skies in the earth, the next subject matter in that previous chunk that 21 to 30 chunk that we were studying, Allah azza wa jal talked about how

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people are, people disparage or they don't appreciate, or they tend to undermine the revelation of Allah. And Allah challenged humanity and said, Look, if you don't think this is revelation, why don't you do what what was the challenge that he issued? Why don't you make a surah? Why don't you make one for yourself, you know, and call any witnesses you want? Let's let's see what you can do. On the flip side of it, he said, Well, if you can't make a soda, all you do is make complaints about why is the Quran have this example? Why does it have that example? You know, and so on both sides, you have people trying to disparage or undermine the word of Allah. But what fascinates me the most

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about this cluster of if it's symmetrical, right beginning, the beginning and the end match. The second concept and the second last concept match, but what really gets to me is what is in the middle and that's the reason I brought this up. What is in the middle is Rashidi Latina Amina Amina Sally heart and Ella home Jonathan 30 min Tatiana, Kula maroussi comin Harmon thammarat in this pan corlew Hava de Roos economic COVID will to be here moto shabby Han wala hongfa, as well as your moto hora de holiday. That's the middle of that entire series of IR. What is that middle Ayah congratulate believers and those who have done good deeds, that they're going to have gardens, the

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bottoms of which rivers are going to be flowing. Remember the discussion we had about gender, you guys have too much fun. In that night, we talked about gender, that idea of gender is right in the middle. Now think about this for a second. It is in the middle. In the beginning of that passage. There's the creation of the skies and the earth and the human beings. At the end of that passage is the creation of the skies and the earth and the human beings. And in the heart of that passage is what congratulate believers that what is waiting for them, gender is waiting for them. This is beautiful, because this is the perb that center of the passage is actually the heart of the matter.

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Why is Allah telling you all of this? Why is he challenging you to accept guidance? Why is he reminding you He's the one who made you and you used to be in this company, because he wants you back where you used to be where? in Jannah. And so in this next passage, we come back to the heart of the matter. And we begin with the story of Adam alayhis salaam and Adam and Instagram story begins where it begins in Jana. And notice also the description that Allah made of gender in that ayah in that central idea of the previous passage. What was it? What were some elements of that story? A lot as I just said, okay, gardens and rivers flowing. And then a lot of specifically hide

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it. They're going to have any kind of fruit they want. Yeah. Good llama Rosa COVID-19. Tamara team, this car and what do you I think everybody here knows what I'm about to get when you study the story of Adam alayhis salaam, what's the sticking point? Where does the trouble begin with a tree and a fruit with a tree and a fruit and now Allah is actually already alluding to the fact that when I send you back, even that tree is going to be hard.

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Even that even every single one Some are rotten, for the most. Right, right. This is Mr. modifieds called even the Tower Hotel Mara for a single instance of a fruit. But now when when when it started there was that one single fruit as a matter of fact, that tree even don't go near it. So there's a reference to that. Then I added they're gonna have spouses that are purified for them. And you will find what in the story of Adam and Islam ozcan Antigua loduca assuaging Mata hora, the first note was Mata Hara. And that's actually a very important reference from which we're going to begin. So the first thing I wanted to give you is kind of how beautifully the ayat of the Quran and the

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passages of the Quran, mentally prepare the believer for what's coming. If you ponder over them, there's a beautiful flow. There's an absolutely fascinating flow to the word of Allah. Now let's talk about today's conversation. inshallah. I wanted to set the tone for the story of Adam alayhis salam, I'll tell you certain elements of the story today, maybe we won't get to too many IOD but if I have if I can give you that foundational, you know, thought process, then inshallah when we do get into the text,

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You will appreciate it entirely differently. So today is really an educational no a teaching session for the purpose of, you know, understanding the art that are coming. Okay. So the first thing I want to start with is, this is the most known story in human history. You know, like, the story of creation from the Jewish people, then, of course, by the majority population of the world, the Christian people, is one of the most popular stories in history, everybody knows the story of creation. As a matter of fact, I've met many Muslim kids around the world, around the country and around the world, whose concept of the story of creation is influenced by Christian and Jewish

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ideas. Like they don't actually know the Koran or Islamic account, they figure it's all probably the same. So they imagine Adam and Eve wearing some kind of lion skin or something in a garden. And you know, they're they're not entirely appropriately dressed. And there's a tree, it's probably an apple, you know, or something. And there's this, the devil takes what form a snake a certain This is all from Jewish and Christian tradition. This has no there's no serpent in the Quran. There's no there's no snake in the Koran, there is no like this kind of clothing that's described as an animal's skin or anything like that, you know, no, no such description exists. But this, this

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imagery has been made so popular, that it's even entered subconsciously in the minds of even Muslims. But let's not go there for a second, let's understand some basic elements of the story that as the world knows it, the Quran came along and told the story in a way that the world did not know the world had forgotten. The story as it was popular even at the time of the revolution of the Quran, some elements of it, you need to understand and they're still alive. And well, today, most people don't know the Quran version. Most people know the popular version of the story. God creates humanity. And by the way, even I told you, when he asked the angels, should I create men, that's

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actually not part of the popular literature, that's extra biblical text. So most people don't even know that part. God just decides to create the human being, and he puts him in heaven. And you know, the devil takes the form of a serpent, and the serpent goes, and man was lonely. So God took his, you know, a man's rib, and he molded it and he turned it into Eve, and they were living in heaven, happily, and the serpent was very jealous of them. And he went to snake the devil went, and he convinced the woman Eve, he convinced her that she should eat from that tree and that tree, they call it the tree of good and evil, the knowledge of good and evil. And actually, God is very angry

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at me from the very beginning, don't you dare go near that tree. Because that is actually, you know, if they eat from this tree, they'll become like, gods. There, the concept was, if they eat from that tree, they'll become divine beings. And Gods doesn't mean Alia, in all language, Gods even means Angel like beings, so they will become Heavenly Creatures. And God didn't want that he didn't want that goodness for Adam and Eve. So he wanted to keep them away from that tree. Some accounts even say that God had like a guardian angel with a fiery sword standing by the trees, and nobody would come near that tree. Like they had this, this is a very protective situation in the biblical account

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about the tree, right? And don't go near it. And the serpent comes and he doesn't come to both of them, who does he come to, he comes to Eve, and he tells her you need to eat from this tree. Because if you have this tree, if you eat from this tree of the knowledge of good and evil, then you're gonna have eternal life. That's what you need to do, I need you to convince and then she goes, and she convinces Adam, and Adam then directs the decision and goes and eats. And of course, then he blames her, and she blames the devil. Nobody takes responsibility for themselves. That's the account. Actually, the biblical account is, Adam blamed the woman he blamed Eve, and Eve blamed the

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devil. And now there's another additional part, when they did it from the tree. God is extremely angry. Allies extremely angry at them. And he basically it's like an it's a moment of rage in the biblical account. And he, as a punishment, sends them where to the earth, that's this is a punishment for you, you are cursed now because of this crime that you have committed. And he particularly comes after the woman like there's like this extra anger at the woman because at the end of the day, the devil didn't go to Adam, the devil went to Eve and Eve went to Adam, so she seduced him to do wrong. Right. So he has extra anger at her and says, for what you have done, you

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will bleed every month. And you're going to cry when you give birth, and you're going to suffer and man shall have Kingdom or power over you. Man will be in charge of you. And like these are the punishments specifically, and the curses specifically for the female, as humanity is brought to this earth and from then on, they are now going to be born into sin. The humanity is going to pay the price of the sin of Adam. Right and so this world is basically a cursed situation for humanity, the Koran when it speaks of this account. By the way, if you if you accept that account, the Christians and the Jews from there on what they do with the story is interesting. Of course, there are lots of

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denominations of Christians and Jews but just generalizing the Christian account is well human beings are

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Born into sin, we were cursed. And of course, Jesus came, and through his blood were all saved. He sacrificed for the sins of humanity, the sins we could never have paid for the sins that started with who our father, right? On comes along. And from the very beginning, it starts shattering this notion. And it starts, like the way that Allah tells the story, especially in bacala is so unique. Every piece of it is so unique, that I'm going to do a few things. My goal is a few things today, in the beginning, I'm going to tell you a crazy story that has nothing to do with this. And then I'll tell you another crazy story that has nothing to do with this, but they both have something to do

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with it by the end. Okay. That's my goal. Okay. So the first crazy story is something I made up this is entirely my own concoction. It's it is, you know, my own deviation, you can appreciate it you can if not, because I think everybody here basically kind of sort of knows what happened, right? You know, at least for me, however, in general shaitan whispered, they ate from the tree, they were expelled. That's the basic elements of the story everybody here is familiar with, okay, so I'm going to tell you a story. And this is again, my own invention. It's horrible.

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You have somebody who started who got a job at a company, he got a job as mid level. And he started working very hard, very impressed his manager, eventually he was made into manager after a couple of years, after a couple of years after that he was made into a regional manager, then he was made into like the market manager for sales, or head of sales for the entire United States. And then he was granted even US and Europe, and he just keeps moving up 2030 years of service in this company. And this guy keeps getting promoted and promoted and promoted and promoted. Right? Eventually, he's the VP of the company. This guy after 35 years of serving in this company moving up proving himself is

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now the VP there's only one position higher than VP, which is what the owner of the company is the president of the company. Okay, so he's the right hand man. And there's they have a headquarters, which is like this tall sky skyscraper office. And he's got like the one of the best offices on the top floor, right next to the president's office, the CEOs office, that's the VPS office, he enjoys his position there, right. And he's been serving there, everybody shows him respect. You know, people, you know, stand when he walks by, and things like that. And then one day, the president of the company, the CEO, walks in with a 16 year old teenager, who's chewing gum and looking around.

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And he says, Hey, I'd like you to, I'd like to introduce you to our new VP.

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And if you could just get off that chair, because that's his chair now. And I think he likes chocolate milk. So if you could get him some from downstairs, the cafeteria, that'd be good, too.

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The President walks in tells his VP that the 16 year old kid is now the VP and he needs to be at the service of this new, new new hire. Right?

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If you are even like a secretary in the office, and you're on the side, like typing away, you'll start typing for a second, you're like what just happened?

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And you're gonna want to hear what happens next. Now, if I don't even tell you what happens next in the story. Can you imagine what would happen next? Can you imagine the kind of reaction what there will be an abrupt eruption and volcanic eruption coming from who?

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Like, what? Who's he? What are his qualifications? Do you know what I've done for this company? You know, how much time I've put in, you know how much I gave up, like, my family for this company. I give up my life, I get my sweat, blood and tears further, and you're gonna just put me away? Who is he? What is he? what degree does he have? Does he even know how to spell

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you're gonna put him in my place. There's this like, eruption. And anybody watching, if I was if this was a movie that directed by myself produced by myself, my intention would actually be to make you feel bad for who?

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You'd all sympathize with the VP? Like, that's not right. That isn't cool. You know?

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But you know, I'm not talking about a VP

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who I'm talking about.

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But he believes,

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I mean, he was in the service of Allah. And he is a jinn and despite being a jinn being promoted so much that Allah would put him out in the rank of the angels.

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He's proven himself, obviously. And then for a lot of create something made of dirt.

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And then tell him by the way,

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thank you. He's taking your place. He's the one to be promoted to halifa of the earth. He flips out and we're like a soft rush hate on him leaves. If this was a story about a VP, you'd be like, Yeah, man, that ain't cool.

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You know, I, I sympathize with the guy.

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Now, that's one side of the story. Let's hold it there. Because I wanted you to sympathize with the VP. I know it's disturbing that you might sympathize with the devil. Hold on, hold your thoughts. But you need to understand what's happening in the story from a thematic point of view. It's very powerful.

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Now I'll tell you another story.

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Yet another story is you work at a company, and you're doing a good job. You seem to be doing okay. And your boss sends an email to the entire department.

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The only one he doesn't send an email to is who you are.

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And the email says that we're going to transfer Abdullah next week to New Jersey.

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The New Jersey office that's a punishment.

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I think he's better suited not for Texas, he suited for New Jersey in other law when Ella Hello, john. Everybody knows he's about to be transferred. The only one who doesn't know is who, himself. Everybody knows the transfer orders have come. You know, they've already prepared everybody that he's going to be transferred and he doesn't know. Okay.

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Now, what happens is one of his friends who got the email, says, Listen,

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I know you didn't get the email can show you what happened.

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They're going too fast for you.

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They can transfer you.

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The next day. Abdullah comes 10 minutes. He's upset anyway. He comes 10 minutes late to the office. Boss calls him into the office. boss says to him, you're 10 minutes late. I don't think you're suited for Texas. I think we need to transfer you to New Jersey.

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Because what are you talking about? You had already decided that you're going to send me Where?

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To New Jersey? out of Georgia. I'm in Texas.

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You're gonna you're gonna send me out of here. You already issued the memo.

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You're not sending me there because I messed up where I came 10 minutes late. That was always part of your plan.

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This whole drama about Oh, you messed up and that's why I'm sending you down please. I have a copy of the email. My friend gave it to me.

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In other words, this was all pre planned, wasn't it?

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And it's not because I messed up. I'm not really talking about the law in New Jersey.

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What am I talking about?

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salam,

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Allah azza wa jal The first thing we learned is in Ninja I don't kill jannetty halifa.

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Khalifa I'm gonna put someone left behind someone who's going to have children after children after children, someone who shall take responsibility where on the earth? He hasn't eaten from any tree yet he hasn't. He hasn't done anything yet. And yet the plan is and all the angels know he's supposed to go where? on the earth. Now, this portion of the Quran in bakura is not the portion where you find out the conversation between them. And the police. You don't find this conversation here. You find that conversation. So to lead off in other places, there, it bleeds, comes to him and says, Listen, you know, that whole tree thing? Let me tell you what's going on. If you ate from that

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tree, it's impossible to transfer you to New Jersey, you would get permanent residents in Texas. That's why he doesn't want you to eat from the tree because everybody knows that you've been actually the orders for your transfer have already been issued. You are about to go where? To the earth. And you're like is earth like Jenna? No, no, I like this. This this is Jenna.

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You want it the only people who get to stay here are angels or permanent residents. There's only two kinds of people that can stay up here angels are permanent and takuna Molokini out. akuna Minal Holly Dean, either you both convert to angels, or you both become permanent residents and the only way to do that is to eat from that tree.

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Because otherwise Look, the decision has been made final you are sent in the giant for the Day of the Holiday. It's done. That's a commonly known

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now, even though Adam alayhis salam eats from the tree, it allows origin apparently says now as a consequence of your eating from the tree you must go down to the earth Couldn't he turn around and say excuse me? What about Indonesia? I don't fill all the legalese came and told me you were gonna send me anyway.

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You're not sending me because of the tree yourself? Or because I ate from the fruit? I actually I knew I was gonna get sent anyway. Why is that question important? The question is important because until this day, the oldest question in philosophy. And the oldest question in the mind of anyone who has a crisis of faith is if a lord knows already what I'm going to do,

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and where I'm going to end up? Why should I be held responsible?

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The question of predestination is something that's asked for centuries upon centuries upon centuries, if Allah already knows how is it my fault? If Allah already planned everything, why should I be held responsible? And the story the first story, the first man to exist?

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The first human being actually had the opportunity to ask the oldest question in philosophy.

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Because he was put in that position. It was predestined that he will come on the earth. Now, I presented you two very precarious situations. You've got the story of a police who is being demoted apparently unfairly. And you've got the story of Adam who actually is going to be transferred no matter what they're gonna be, he's gonna be sent anyway. And then they're both by the way, both of them. They have a lot in common. This is the next thing I want you to understand. Them Ali Salam and nibblies have a lot in common, at least was ranked above the angels he was given superiority he was given a superior position was Adam alayhis salam given a rank above the angels Yeah, it was truly

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Adam. He was given a superior position

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Iblees was given this honor Adam was given this honor it please ended up disobeying Allah.

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Adam also disobeyed Allah. It believes actually disobeyed Allah that one time, Adam Elisa masala cerveza that one time.

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Now, they're all they're also both sent to the earth. And by the way, both of them had logical explanations, they could have had logical explanations for disobedience.

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Why am I saying that? I compared a police to the VP remember? Does the VP have a logical complaint?

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Does he have a logical complaint? Yeah.

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If Adam alayhis salaam is being sent to the earth, He can also make a logical complaint. Look, you were gonna send me down anyway.

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He can make a logical complaint. So now what they have in common as far as both of them are in a position to challenge the decision of God with a logical complaint. They have that in common.

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What are the differences begin? The differences begin with one of them saying, here's my logical complaint. Here's why your command makes no sense. And the other one says logic or not, whether I think it's fair or not. I know one thing that Trumps my own thinking, I know you're never unfair. And if there's ever been any wrong, it can only be my own, no matter how convinced my mind is, or how convincing it pleases to me that you're the one unfair, I can never get myself to blame you. I will even if I've done wrong, and it seems it's your fault. I will say what I must blame myself. The difference over here is for Bhima awakening, you're the one who made me slip Iblees says And here he

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says about bonobos I'm not unfortunate master we wronged ourselves. They both make a mistake. Making a making a mistake does not make you the devil. It is what happens after the mistake that makes you a follower of shape on when you justify your mistake. When you shift the blame onto Allah. When you refuse to take responsibility yourself when you put your logic above the wisdom of Allah simply because you couldn't grasp it. Because Allah will test you Allah will teach you but at the at the end of the day will love will be goodly say in Aleem what is called Bukola, karate ninja.

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Allah knows everything and then the story of Adam because there are things in the story you just don't know. You just don't know why Allah would issue that command. And then the entire plan, there are things you'll have to relegate your trust to Allah. And if you're not able to do that, then the door of at least is wide open, you can question a lot. It's like he did. And you can follow his path. From here on, you know, all children of Adam are going to make mistakes khulumani Adam hapa on all children of Adam are going to make mistakes. The Prophet told us all about them. But there's the Sunnah of Adam and Islam and the son of Lisa was going to make us different. Every human being is

00:28:37--> 00:28:50

going to relive the story every time they make a mistake. Every time you and I said there's going to be either justification. Well, I was under a lot of pressure. Well, no, it's, I mean, it's really about Allah tells us to do it. Yeah, but we're not angels. We can do everything you know.

00:28:51--> 00:28:59

You know, and if I really wanted to stop me, why didn't he? Why did he make me so weak? That I can't even help myself? It's not my fault. It's his fault.

00:29:00--> 00:29:36

And Phil already knew then why should I be and all these questions? If you go, if you go down that road, what leader Have you already accepted? At least he's giving you the same rationale that he used that he tried to convince Adam of Annie Salaam. But on the other hand, is the flip side of the story. Now, now let's compare some some additional things. I haven't told you the craziest story yet. Actually. I just recently came across it and it's so beautiful. I recommend everybody to find it on YouTube and watch it. It's Professor Jeffrey Ling's lecture on the purpose of life, look it up and just listen to it. It will change your life. It really will. Professor Jeffrey Lang. purpose of

00:29:36--> 00:29:41

life. And I'll tell you a snippet of his story. Now too, but before I do,

00:29:42--> 00:29:55

in this story, when Allah azza wa jal describes why you know in the title of the halifa what we are learning first and foremost is that are coming on this earth is not a punishment.

00:29:56--> 00:30:00

You don't you remember I gave you the example of a manager trusted

00:30:00--> 00:30:15

mean man the store when the owner is gone. It's not a punishment, or a responsibility. Human beings have been deemed capable of carrying a massive responsibility. And as a matter of fact, in the sequence of the story,

00:30:16--> 00:30:54

the human being had to be trained to be ready for that responsibility. The responsibility to carry out the role of Khalifa on this earth is not a small responsibility. It is a massive, massive, massive responsibility in order to prepare the human being for that responsibility. Some elements of this story will inform us, Allah azza wa jal taught Adam Elisa mallamma, Dominus markkula we'll talk about that in depth tomorrow in Sharla. Elisa was taught the names of all things and education was necessary because the human being in order to be a successful halifa on this earth will have to live a life of knowledge. And and the first thing Allah tells us about his favor on humanity in the first

00:30:54--> 00:31:31

revolution is unlevel. In Sanibel column allemaal in Santa millennium, he taught the human being by the pen, our ability to read and write and preserve knowledge, the fact that I can read an author from 2000 years ago, who died, what other creature has the capability of building off of a knowledge of 1000s of years ago, are learning about lands, read about lands that you've never been to, you know, and learn about wisdom that you could never have access to you there are people like I'm reading the seed of Imam Razi, or I'm reading him in our shoe. I've never met these people. I wasn't around when they were around, and I'm reading their words and sometimes will lie. Sometimes I'm

00:31:31--> 00:31:55

reading them. And like, that was awesome. Like they're sitting right there. Because you get so immersed in the text like they're talking to you. I was, I was studying to see the shadow. Hola. He passed away after doing this a sea of salt and najem 53rd pseudo Quran. And I'm really I follow this from the beginning, and then got to sort of the najem. And then there's just a drought of his passing. And I'm like, oh,

00:31:57--> 00:32:32

like he just passed away. When I got to that I felt like he just passed away, like Mahatma is the gift of Allah gave humanity that they can pass knowledge down. You know, this idea that this was part of our preparation for coming on this earth. Another big part of our preparation, there are lots of elements of them as we get to them by the end of today. One of the one of the aspects of our us being ready for this world, is that we're going to have to take responsibility for our choices, we're going to be given lots of choices, and all is going to give us the room to make those choices. And we're gonna have to carry the burden of those choices. And the first test of choice was given to

00:32:33--> 00:33:12

Adam alayhis salam. And now that he learned his lesson from that, from that experience, now he is sent on this earth because now his entire life is just going to be a series of choices. That's all it's going to be from him and for his children, it's constantly going to be choices now let's compare the biblical account and the Quranic account and where it's, it's so vividly different human beings in the biblical account in the most popular version of the story are sent on this earth as a punishment, the bronze account the human beings are sent on this earth as a responsibility as an Amana a trust in the Amana. We passed on the the trust, we entered into the lives of Hamada Helen

00:33:12--> 00:33:21

son, the human being carried that trust carry that responsibility in the in the in the biblical account, who, who they will come to

00:33:23--> 00:33:41

he came to Eve and Eve went to Adam and Adam messed up and Adam blamed Eve and Eve lived the devil and he was angry at all of them, and he curses them and sends them to the earth and he's especially angry at who, ah, he's especially angry at the woman. And he his anger is manifest in the fact that she will go through pains when she does what,

00:33:42--> 00:34:09

when she gives birth. Now when she's pregnant, her stomach is actually called out to him. In Arabic, her stomach is called a ROM and the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam was to tell us in a hadith good see, some need to convince me Allah talk to the womb of the mother and said I named you with my name. Because the last name is our man. And he calls it what Allah

00:34:10--> 00:34:16

Subhana Allah is Allah angry at the woman are extra merciful to the woman. So it's a completely different picture.

00:34:18--> 00:34:42

In the taqwa of Allah, the taqwa of Allah How high is the status of the the concept of the consciousness of Allah. You know, from the very beginning of this book, well then Lin knockin in certain Nyssa What does the law say? What local law and Lolita aluna v. What are hum have Taqwa of Allah and have Taqwa of the womb of the mother? have Taqwa of the wounds?

00:34:43--> 00:34:59

It's a different picture. Human beings are women. Women are not cursed in this religion. The devil is not a serpent, but he does whisper in the Quran. And when he whispers, what does Allah say for as Allah Houma, he caused both of them to slip

00:35:00--> 00:35:09

He calls both of them to slip. He doesn't say he caused her to slip. She caused him to slip. He says, both of them, who does a lot hold responsible,

00:35:10--> 00:35:14

both of them and as a matter of fact, who was the head of the household.

00:35:16--> 00:35:26

And that's why in some places, Allah azza wa jal holds both the responsible and when he does single one out instead of singling out the woman who does he singled out other medicinal

00:35:27--> 00:36:08

for us are admirable, otherwise undeserving even though both of them slipped over as Odin holds the head of the household responsible, this story is completely different. Now. This is not the popular version from who is held responsible for what the role on the earth is, then the life on this earth was a curse and the last origin in this surah Allah, Allah Allah he did the same thing. Here he says, whether the Hanukkah lagoon muffin or the Jamia he made for you, whatever is on the earth, He made it as a gift for you. I kept telling you before also the one who made the earth as a bedding. And you know, he said water from the sky. He produced all kinds of fruit. Did he make this world

00:36:08--> 00:36:26

uncomfortable? Does he doesn't look like this world is a curse. He made this world literally a preview of heaven. A preview of everything Allah describes in general, I think the audience here knows called Can you tell me some things that are described in Jana was described? You can call it out? It's okay.

00:36:27--> 00:36:35

gardens, rivers, fruits, drinks. Beautiful spouse. Yeah.

00:36:37--> 00:36:42

These are things that are described in Jannah. Why do you think these things are attractive to you?

00:36:45--> 00:37:06

Why would fruit be attractive to you? Or my favorite like meat I remember is the one I keep talking about it the flesh of bird that they shall desire? What kind of barbecue? That's gonna be a local item. But why would that even intrigued me? Because I've had chicken? Because I've had roast duck. Because I've had coil. Because I had pigeon. I had, Yes, I have. It's pretty good. You know?

00:37:07--> 00:37:08

You know?

00:37:10--> 00:37:27

Everything Allah describes in general only is only attractive to me, because I can only imagine it in the sense of what I find. Indonesia if a lot talked about some alien pleasures and jhana of things that I've never heard of, or not even got a teaser or nothing, why would I be interested?

00:37:29--> 00:37:37

Why would I? Why would I want I really want to go to gender. It has now it's it's lessons. It has rivers if I had never seen a river, what about what do I care about? Or what's the river anyway?

00:37:39--> 00:37:40

It has beautiful trees, what's a tree?

00:37:42--> 00:38:23

Those words that Allah use, what am I even though the ones in general are incompatible. The fact that a lot put the same exact things on this earth. He did that. So we will remember by looking at this earth, that there's a much better home waiting for you. This is just the trailer, the full feature is later. That was the purpose of this earth. So he didn't put you here as a curse. He puts you here to remind you carry your responsibilities well, and even this place will become wonderful for you. And if you do, you will have the best of this and the best of the next I'm gonna attina for dunya Hashanah. We're here at Hudson Okinawa. That's that's the that's the legacy of humanity. That

00:38:23--> 00:38:26

was the gift Eliza gave. That's why Allah Rafi says what

00:38:29--> 00:38:44

he put in this world for you means of living well. He provided luxuries for you here. He did that for a reason. Is it this is certain most certainly not a curse. That's a second concept I wanted to get across to you. We are not a cursed creation.

00:38:45--> 00:39:17

Then the next problem and this is where I want to share some things from Professor Jeffrey Lyons lecture, fascinating lecture. I'm just blown away by the man really completely just mesmerized by this talk. He was he was raised in a difficult home. His mom was a wonderful lady. She was a nurse used to do extra hours at the hospital. Everybody loved her every time you went to pick her up from the hospital. You know, the patients would sing her praises and say your mother's a saint. She you know and when she passed away, literally people kept coming at the funeral telling him a story about the goodness of his mother. Just a really wonderful human being very source of great positive

00:39:17--> 00:39:43

influence in his life for he and his brothers. Right. And his father was an alcoholic. He was abusive. He used to beat him used to beat his wife regular on a regular basis. Curse and he's never heard his mother curse Not once. And he used to beat him beat it beat the mother and he was a very abusive man. And by the age of 16, he just couldn't figure this out. And he was raised, you know, Catholic and he's like, raised in a faith in his mom was a strong believer and everything. But he said what kind of God

00:39:45--> 00:39:58

lets this happen? What is she ever done deserve this? What have I ever done to deserve this kind of beating all the time? And he kept praying to God to make a situation better but in this situation get better? No. And you keep praying as a child and your prayers don't get answered what's going to happen?

00:40:00--> 00:40:37

Is there even anybody listening? It can't be a god. I mean, if there was, why would this be happening? So he lost his entire faith in humanity because he said, if if there really was a god, why even make us? Why don't you speak is all good? Why, like all this evil happen? why people get and then he said, You know he was his teams were spent in the 60s and the 70s. And so there are race riots. There are gang fights, something he was even he was even a part of, and there's like, you know, the the impeachment of a president, the assassination of a president for this, the world is in chaos. And you know, Vietnam is going on and, you know, the napalm is being thrown and children are

00:40:37--> 00:41:14

burning alive in Vietnam, what are they ever done to burn alive, and he's seen all of this evil and it only reinforces in him, the world is far too corrupt, to corrupt, to evil, to to obsessed with the shedding of blood and doing wrong to one another. For this to be the product of a merciful loving God that that just can't doesn't make any sense to me. He couldn't reconcile those two things. Many years later, he's 2728 years old, somebody gives him a copy of Quran as a president never reads it. One day, he's sitting at home. And he's bored. He ran out of things to read. So he opens up the Koran starts reading from Fatiha. reading, reading, reading, he gets to Baccarat and

00:41:14--> 00:41:19

he's been to Catholic school. He's been to Sunday school, he understands the story the way I told you before.

00:41:20--> 00:41:25

And he reads it and he goes the author, he doesn't know it's God. Right? Because the author must have got it wrong.

00:41:26--> 00:42:01

What do you think? He I think the author missed the point. The point was were sent here as a curse. But he starts off with halifa as an emissary, as someone to represent God's will to do good on the earth. What? This is not a good it's not a happy story. Why is this a happy story here, I don't get it. And he thought the author was confused. So he read the story in translation over again. And then over again, he says 2030 times he kept reading the same story. And he kept finding things that kept messing with him. And he says, God says he's going to put this creature on the earth. And the angel said, what, what the Quran says, what does the angel say?

00:42:03--> 00:42:07

He's gonna cause corruption and spell blood. And Professor Lang says, exactly.

00:42:10--> 00:42:13

That's what I would have said. Why?

00:42:14--> 00:42:26

Because that's what surrounded him. Right? So he's looking at this and saying, Wow, the angels are onto something in this book, The author is retelling the story. I guess he's got the same issues I do.

00:42:27--> 00:42:33

You know, because the angels are asking why did you even do this? Why would you do this? And you know, and they said that

00:42:34--> 00:42:50

the sooner we declare your perfection, look, Yeah, why not just make us all angels? Why do you even have to make an earth? heavens already there? Just make more angels? If you really want to do something, this is working fine. What do you have to make this messy creature who's gonna? And then God comes around and says, I know what you don't? And

00:42:51--> 00:43:05

I know what you don't know. He's like, what does God know that? I don't know. And he starts, he says, as I used to read this over and over, I used to actually start having conversations with the author still being an atheist. What do you know?

00:43:06--> 00:43:11

That I don't know, please tell me because all my life I haven't known. I'd like to know.

00:43:12--> 00:43:27

And then the Crohn's answer. He taught them the names of all things. And then he presented them before the exam summarizing, we're gonna go into depth later on. But I'm giving you the overview now, right? So he taught him the names of all things. And he presented them before the angels and said,

00:43:28--> 00:43:30

Tell me the names of these things. And these people.

00:43:32--> 00:43:34

They said, We can't we I mean, we have no knowledge of this.

00:43:35--> 00:44:00

And he asks Adam rmbs me through all the names out without a problem. Apparently, God said, he has human beings may be capable of corruption, bloodshed, but I'm going to give the human beings something that you don't have angels don't have. I'm going to teach him Allah, Adama. I'm going to teach him and he's going to learn and he's going to have knowledge

00:44:01--> 00:44:16

and this knowledge is going to liberate him. Or he's going to be capable of amazing things because of this first thing that Ally's mentioning, which is what knowledge is intellect is inquiry is the ability to discover on this earth. And even by this point, the professor's like

00:44:17--> 00:44:29

we're just supposed to believe and not question and you can't learn if you don't want. If you don't question if you don't investigate the human being is awesome because he's a learner. Really?

00:44:30--> 00:44:43

And that's the secret that Allah knows what you don't what he does, what he you know, you don't know what the angels don't know. And that's part of that secret is his knowledge, the ability for the human being to learn with the pen to pass knowledge down, to inquire to investigate.

00:44:45--> 00:44:56

And then he says as he's reading even more, when he was when he found fascinating was, unless What did Allah say the other man, he said, I'm here live with your spouse and Jenna, don't go near

00:44:57--> 00:44:58

them. kushala

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

Don't go near this.

00:45:01--> 00:45:08

There is no fiery security guard standing next to the tree. There is no mention of the tree of good and evil that you shall know. It's just a tree.

00:45:09--> 00:45:21

Just a tree arm of a cylinder baffled mark and had no idea to have the shadow what kind of tree? Was it? I wonder if it was pineapple? Or, you know, if a lawyer wanted you to know, what would he have done?

00:45:23--> 00:45:26

All he wanted to tell you is it's a tree.

00:45:27--> 00:45:28

Good enough?

00:45:29--> 00:45:36

Doesn't seem like a huge deal. This look, it's a prohibition it's a test. That's all. I just don't want you to go near this tree. That's it.

00:45:37--> 00:46:07

You know, don't overthink it. And if you do, you'll be among those who do wrong particular minute volume in and there is not, you're going to be the ones who do wrong if you do. So. It's not I'm going to burn you. You're going to suffer, you're going to be punished. I shall curse you. And this is not exactly this. God is not angry. Why is he mad? He's reading this. He's like, why is it is like this God is supposed to like, put the fear of hell into the atom to not go near this tree. But he's simply like, hey, there's a tree. Can you stay away from that one? He seems pretty chill about the whole thing.

00:46:09--> 00:46:25

And then when the angel when when the devil finally does whisper he doesn't whisper to him. He whispers to both. And what does he say? As Allahumma he caused them to slip. So the professor says I couldn't believe it. The biggest mistake made in human history

00:46:26--> 00:46:28

for which we are cursed on this planet.

00:46:30--> 00:46:32

And this book calls it a slip.

00:46:33--> 00:46:37

A slip is I accidentally wore your shoes out of the machine. That's a slip.

00:46:40--> 00:46:49

This is a slip, this not a slip. This must be a bad translation. So he found he says it's so cute. He says I found my Arabian friends.

00:46:52--> 00:46:54

And could you translate this word for word for me? And like

00:46:56--> 00:47:04

so as Allahumma shaitaan shaitaan caused them to cause him to what what is that now? What's that word slip who slit really.

00:47:06--> 00:47:22

He couldn't handle it. Because this is such a big deal. In the biblical account. And the Koran, all shaitaan is able to do is make the human being what slip and if you compare this to other sins, what sins were the angels worried about? Were the angels worried about items going to eat from a fruit you know,

00:47:23--> 00:47:50

they're worried about the spilling of blood the causing of corruption, mass murder, genocide, rape, all kinds of things happened on this earth, compare them to the eating of a tree, eating of a fruit. It is at the end of the day, if from any measure of human intellect, it looks like a slip. It's a slip. So it's accurately described as a time successful in causing them to slip. And by the way, the idea of a slip is once you slip you what

00:47:51--> 00:48:34

you fall. In other words, the slip is the first part of a series of unfortunate events. Let's imagine somebody slips at the top of stairs what happens? They keep falling right? The idea is the first time you disobey a law maybe something small, but it leads you down a path you keep on falling you keep on descending and that's it's interesting that the word as Allah was used and then a B to descend is used later on. Because when you slip you do descend, so there's a literary connection there too. But anyway, so let's test them and he slips and he they mess they mess up. Now it's now he's like now the cursing is going to be now the woman and her boom now the punishment of hell. Now

00:48:34--> 00:48:41

the curse life on earth you shall toil and you shall suffer and all of it and allows oh just says

00:48:43--> 00:48:44

descend from here

00:48:45--> 00:49:10

come down from here you're all you're going to be enemies to each other. Who's he talking to? He's talking to Adam and Adam and how are being enemies to who at least he came to you as a friend. He can eventually lead from that tree pretending to be your friend but the reality is when you live here now you know you are going to be what? enemies to each other. But he will always come to you not as an enemy he will always come to you as a friend. So watch out now that you know

00:49:11--> 00:49:45

and then he says okay, now this now now the next part okay fine they're gonna be we're gonna be enemies to each other great. Now how horrible is the life on the earth can I be welcome? Welcome, fellow the monster calm you're gonna have a place to relax on the earth to stay nice. Well mozzarella here and you're gonna have provision and things to enjoy until a limited time for a temporary while you'll have to stay here. Does that sound like a curse? That sounds like a punishment. He was so underwhelmed, like, Where's the epic anger disappeared? Okay, at least in the next verse or something he's gonna say. Then God showed him what's what's really up and show them

00:49:45--> 00:50:00

the consequences of his deeds. The next words are Fatah, cardamom Arabic Allah Martin Fatah, Bodhi, Adam alayhis salam came into contact with words from his master and illiterate he turned back to Allah, he repented to Allah and Allah accepts repentance all the time. It's all

00:50:00--> 00:50:08

Good, it's okay you slipped. Now you can move on with your life. You don't live in sin you're not cursed. You're not humanity's not descending into evil, and none of

00:50:10--> 00:50:50

Fatah Cardamom Arabic Allah Subhana Allah. But otherwise, I'm used to live where? in Jannah. Now where is he, on earth on earth or emotions, Adam has never felt before. There's fear on the earth. There's sadness on the earth, there's pain on the earth. None of these, none of these experiences exist where, in general, there's hunger on the earth, fear on the earth sadness on the earth. You know, there's concern on the earth, there's stress on the air, there are all these negative emotions. So either they said I was terrified, and I was terrified. What are how are we going to live here? It is difficult. And so what does Allah do? Well, come down. But you know what I'll give

00:50:50--> 00:51:30

you. I'll give you how to manage your life here for MIT and Nick Woodman, Nico Dan, from Entebbe alpha, Hola, hola. him, Well, listen, come on this earth altogether, find the sand here. But whenever I send you any guidance, whoever follows it, they won't have to experience any fear. And they're not going to be sad. The two major emotions that that run humanity into the ground are fear and sadness. Let me tell you, these are the two root you know, negative emotions in the entire human experience. Why do you Why do animals attack sometimes they attack out of fear, right? Sometimes war happened, they say pre emptive war, you know what that means? One Nation was afraid that the other

00:51:30--> 00:52:09

nation was going to attack so they attack ahead of time, we were afraid they might do something. Fear will make a person do crazy things. There's a fear of poverty, or the fear of bankruptcy might make someone take up a heroin job. Fear is a powerful motivator for a lot of evil in the world. On the flip side is what what emotion, sadness. Now fear, by the way is always related to the future, and sadness related to the past. And the past, the sadness of the past, when you're when you're first thing it does is it makes you lose hope. And when you lose hope, then you become a source of hopelessness for the people around you. And when sadness grows inside you, it turns into anger and

00:52:09--> 00:52:10

rage also.

00:52:11--> 00:52:46

And when people are angry, and and and vengeful, then all kinds of evil comes from them. Sadness is actually the root cause of a lot of evil on the earth. So is fear. Allah says I'll give you a manual, it will help you manage your fear, and it will help you manage your sadness. And that's how you'll be able to navigate this temporary existence on the earth, then you can come back home, then you can come back to Ghana. Just live by this this manual this guidance for a little bit. So Allah it's a completely different account from what the world had known. It gives a completely different picture to what the world had known. In these few minutes I have left I do want to share one more

00:52:46--> 00:52:52

overview concept with you and then inshallah from tomorrow on, we get into this just absolutely remarkably beautiful is

00:52:53--> 00:53:26

the last concept I want to share with you rather philosophical, some consider the problem they say the problem of suffering and problem of suffering, you know, in different philosophies and different worldviews suffering is looked at differently. Like there are certain philosophies in which suffering you can only you can only overcome it by meditation. And if you meditate enough, then you will no longer feel pain. And you'll hover in the air and all kinds of stuff, right? Others say, well, suffering is just your fate, you're supposed to suffer because, you know, this world is about suffering. So just accept it. You know, or suffering exists because of your sins is something you

00:53:26--> 00:53:36

did and as a result, you have suffering, but we You and I both know, there are plenty of people that suffer in this world for nothing they did. children suffer their children have cancer.

00:53:37--> 00:54:10

There, you know, there are seniors that have been worshipping Allah their entire lives, and they're suffering from sickness. you're earning a decent living for your family doing the right thing and somebody else comes in Rams their car into you, you're suffering, not because of something you did you were driving just fine. Suffering exists, and a lot of it is not because of what you did. So the question of it is, has always baffled humanity and for a lot of people who don't believe in God, they're actually their number one problem is why is suffering? How does the Quran deal with the problem of suffering? The Quran actually tells humanity to embrace it, you were sent temporarily on

00:54:10--> 00:54:25

this earth and this world will in fact have suffering. Well, not everyone can be shamian. Healthy, while jewelry when oximeter LaValle. Well, unfussy was summarized, we will absolutely test you. We will absolutely put you to the test. With all kinds of suffering.

00:54:27--> 00:55:00

You're going to feel hunger, mental health, you're going to feel terrible, terrified, you're going to feel hunger, you're going to see loss of children, loss of fruit, loss of the fruit of your labor, you're going to work hard and still not get paid. Sometimes your boss swallowed all the money, your partner ran away with the money. All kinds of unfair things will happen to you in this world. This is the world that I've put you in. I didn't put just put any creature on this earth. I put a halifa on this earth. These kinds of challenges, not any creation of a law could handle. You are capable of handling them. you're capable of going through this difficulty.

00:55:00--> 00:55:11

still coming out strong on the other end, these will all be and you will be able to do so with your connection to allow your knowledge and your wisdom. That's how you're going to be able to navigate this, what guidance will help you do?

00:55:12--> 00:55:46

Our we are actually told in this religion not to run from suffering, but to actually embrace it, and to ask a lot of give us the strength to go through it with a bit akadama make our feet firm, help us pass through it, you know, and then you know, there is how fun you are. And you know, there's sadness. But on the other hand, this book, this word of Allah, this connection with Allah, it will help you navigate through all of that sadness. It's a realistic look at life, there is no escape from suffering in the Quran. There's no escape from difficulty, difficulty and challenges and tests will come. But then again, you're qualified to handle them, he would not have no human being suffers

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any difficulty in this world, according to a large surgeon that they were not able to hear. If you were put through something, it's because you weren't capable of it.

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If you went through something as unfair as you and I might think it is, why did I have to go through this? Why did I have to suffer through this, it has a purpose, it has a purpose. And first and foremost, you had to go through it because you were the only one suited for it. You're the only one suited for it. There are some challenges in your life that I don't have. There are some challenges in my life that you don't have the challenges in your life, a life custom designed for you. Because only you could have handled them. The challenges in my life only allowed for me because only I could have handled them well but should have slavery and if people can persevere through them,

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congratulations to them, then they faster test. That's the remarkable accomplishment of the human being. You know, I'm reminded of the story of Robert, some of you are familiar with it became pretty viral back in the day Robert development I when I met with him and you know, all of that. And Robert, sometimes I wonder about it, like, completely paralyzed.

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What could be what possibly could be the good in that.

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And the will is obvious how many countless people are finding their way to guidance and becoming grateful to Allah just by watching a clip of Robert

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just by watching a clip. Like he's doing more good, not moving a single limb of his body than people that are like Olympic athletes couldn't do.

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They couldn't do that much good. That he can do lying in a bed Subhan Allah.

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Allah has his own design, Allah has his own purpose. And all of it is summed up so so beautifully inside of the story. May Allah azza wa jal because of those who rely on him who understand the wisdom in the in the remarkable narrative of the Quran, and are able to enlighten the rest of the world with this beautiful guidance. barakallahu li walakum filco Hakeem when a funny we are coming out with hakima Santa Monica