Amazed by the Quran – Two Forms of Mercy
Channel: Nouman Ali Khan
File Size: 7.87MB
Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato. Welcome to amaze by the Koran a series in which I try to share with you things I find amazing about the Quran. In today's session I want to talk to you about a very powerful expression of the Quran Allah. Allah Rahim. Something that's found in the Fatiha occurs again in Bukhara occurs in certain houses all over the Quran numerous occasions, you find a lessening of Rahman Al Rahim. Both of these words, in one way or the other refer to Allah's mercy. And the challenge with translating these words is that because they belong to the same origin, they almost seem synonymous. And a lot of times in English translation, we actually use words that are
rather ambiguous to translate them. So the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful, or the Most Merciful, the most kind, these kinds of translations are very common, right. And the problem with them is you can't really tell the real essential fundamental difference between the Most Merciful and the most kind. So let's try to explore some of the benefits of these two words together, had I began giving you a talk on just the benefits of automation by itself that will take a while. And its origin and what it comes from and how it's related to the word ROM the womb of the mother. That's a separate subject. But today, just the diff distinction between these two, and the fact that they come
together, what does that produce? Okay.
Think of a Rockman as having three qualities, the first word out of man, think of it as having three qualities words that have that on at the end, that pattern, and the Arabic it's called skeleton, mobile, that's not so important. But it really produces three, you know, connotations, the first of them is that words like these are extreme in their meanings. So for instance, if something has an answer at the end, if you say someone is knowledgeable, and you put on at the end, they're extremely knowledgeable. Okay, so it makes the quality extreme. That's the first. The second is that it makes the quality transient. And what that means is, it's not something permanent. So in the Arabic
language arts Shan, notice the unattend. Out Shan is someone extremely thirsty. But thirst, as you know, is not something that lasts forever. jagaran is someone extremely hungry, and hungry is not something that lasts forever. Similarly, a lot the burn is someone extremely angry. And as we know, anger does not last forever, except in some cases. But anyway, so but extreme anger, at least doesn't last forever. So on is used in extreme cases, and cases where there's something temporary, okay. And then finally, to put it really simply, the art is used for words that are describing something that is taking place at the very moment. In other words, you're not describing someone who
tends to be extremely angry, or tends to be extremely thirsty or tends to be extremely hungry. You're talking about someone who is extremely thirsty or extremely hungry, or extremely angry right? Now. These are the three implications. I'll repeat them very, very quickly, extreme,
temporary, and immediate, extreme, temporary and immediate. Now, if you apply that to the word, man, you'll appreciate something about the word rock man, Allah's mercy, His love, His care is extreme. It's not some, you know, normal mercy. You know, there, there are moments in a person's life where they're demonstrating mercy and care, then their points where they spike, and so on is describing this spike in the amount of Allah, the love and care of Allah. The second, the scary one is that it's transient, but we thought every name of Allah is permanent. So it should always be the case. But as even our boss will describe that man actually refers to Allah's mercy as it manifests on this
earth in this life. It makes sense because this life is not permanent.
Right? So it applies more directly to this life. And we'll see that in a second. Well, how else that applies. But for now, even though temporary sounds a bit philosophically problematic. Leave that aside for a second. And the third thing was it's happening when, immediately. Now let's compare this to the two qualities of Rahim. That's the next word also has to do with mercy love care, but it has two qualities. Now remember, mine had three, or Rahim has to these two qualities are one that it's referring to something that is always the case.
It's not just something happening right now or happening temporarily it is happening. It's taking place or it exists, at least that's the better way of saying it. It exists throughout. So for instance, when you call someone patient, then you've described a quality that they have, or if you describe a car as red, it's a state of the car. It's not something that's going to change. You see what I'm saying? When you describe the sky is blue, then this is a quality of the sky. Okay? Now, or you know, an adjective of water being pure or something like that. These are constant states. Okay, that's the idea of Rahim find that pattern. That's one that it's constant. We'll put it like that.
Simply speaking. It's constant.
The second piece of it is that it's not necessarily taking place, meaning it's not acted out its potential to make this easy to understand if I say about my wife, she's patient.
Right? And that's a quality that she has. But right now she's not here Alhamdulillah. So I can talk about her, but she's not here. Maybe she's not being patient right now. Maybe she's actually being quite the opposite. In other words, she has the quality of patience. But it doesn't necessarily mean that it's being demonstrated, right now. Similarly, you can say somebody who's wise, but while they're sleeping, they're not demonstrating the quality of what wisdom, right? So you can have a quality but it's not being demonstrated, you get what I'm saying. Now, this is very different from mine, isn't it? Because in Iraq, man, it's being demonstrated when immediately. So now three
qualities of a rock man? And what are the two qualities of our theme that it's constant? And it's not necessarily being demonstrated? It's a dormant quality. Okay. Now, think about this. Why is autumn on first human beings put it put it simply human beings, we love, immediacy.
I like to give the example of somebody who works all week and they're getting get their paycheck on Friday. But their boss who hands them the paycheck isn't they're stuck in traffic somewhere.
Right is 445, I need to go five o'clock, because I need to go immediately because I need to catch a flight. And I need this money, I need to deposit it immediately. Because I'm going to need this money. And I don't see my bosses for 45. And somebody comes to me and says Relax, relax for
the boss. He'll be here. He's reliable.
He has a quality of what reliability?
And you're like, Yeah, I know he's reliable, but I wish he was being reliable. Right now. I don't need his quality of reliability to be dormant. I needed to be taking place at the moment. I need it right now. You see what I'm saying? human beings, when they have a problem, they don't think about the constancy of a person's qualities, the one who's helped they need, they don't think about the doormen quality, they want that quality manifest immediate. Our immediate concerns need to be met. So the immediacy, and what we want immediately is not just in small amounts, we want it in big amounts.
We want it in big amounts. That's just human nature. I'll give you an example of hunger. If I'm super hungry, and I'm cranky. I go home. And I called my wife I had to, hey, you have anything at home? She says, Yeah, good, good lunch at home. And I get home. And instead of giving me the lunch that she promised, she says to me, what do you want to eat tomorrow?
I don't care.
I just need food right now.
I'm about to chew off my own arm. Just give me some food, right? I can't think about tomorrow. What am I trying to tell you? human beings, when they have an immediate need, they cannot think about the future. They can only think about the immediate. When the immediate need is met. If I say she ate myself, I eat to myself. How are you thinking about tomorrow? Is that what happens? happens with money if you need to pay the bills, if you need to buy the thing right now, if you need to make the payment, all you can think about is right now, the moment you pay the bill, when would you you know, fill in the tuition, then you start thinking, how is the savings? How are we going to use them? You
have enough for next month? Do we have enough for next week, you start thinking about the future. Look at the beauty of these words of mine is immediate. Because human beings are concerned first and foremost with the immediate. But as soon as the immediate is met and met more than you can imagine, in an extreme way it has met
a lot of love and mercy comes in extreme, you know amounts and it takes care of your immediate need. As soon as your immediate needs are met, you start worrying about what the future and so Allah says he's also on Rahim. It's constant. So one takes care of the immediate and the other takes care of the future. So awesome.
Now imagine if this was flipped? Why isn't it flipped? Why isn't it AHIMA? Rockman? You know, that would actually suggest that right now. You just have to trust a loss potential of being merciful. And eventually it will what manifests? No, no, no, it manifests right now. And you can trust that it will have the potential that occupies something constant, it'll always be there. The last thing I'll share with you that's really beautiful set by some Australian some other scholars is that words that are immediate and extreme. They are acting out, like we said, and words that are adjectives like rahima are constant and level. They're not extreme, and they're not being acted out necessarily. So
he used to compare a man to a violent ocean like waves crashing on top of each other and, you know, like it's it's, it's it's taking on this extreme form. And then he used to compare him to the calm ocean. And he said, I It is beyond my imagination to think of an ocean that is both calm and its waves crashing at the same
Time, I can't do it. And he says it is it is when I think of that, that I realize that I cannot encompass the drama of a lot.
How can he be a Rahman and Rahim at the same time? That is what makes these two words incredible allows it will make us worthy of his Rama in this life and in the next and you'll appreciate the genius of the companion who says out of mind is for this world, famous for the next world look at that. Look at how he said it is mine is temporary. Just like this world is what temporary and over him will always be there because the next life is what permanent they could see it immediately. So their analysis of the Quran was on point without a 10 minute description. They just got it. You know me allows us to help us appreciate and reflect on the power and beauty of the Koran barakallahu li
walakum wa salaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.
salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah. If you enjoyed this video, please do share it with friends and family. If you want to see more videos from this series, click on the box at the top. If you want to see other videos, click on the box at the bottom and don't forget to hit the subscribe button. Thanks